How big are peach trees
How to Grow a Peach Tree
Peach trees are rewarding fruit trees that call for some care to yield a robust peach harvest. There’s hardly a more satisfying experience than picking a ripened peach right off of the tree right in your backyard. They’re fresh, juicy treats that are easy to grow organically. Explore our comprehensive guide on how to grow a peach tree and get started on a journey that will keep on giving year after year.
Planting a Peach Tree
First, choose a planting site that provides your peach sapling with full sun, excellent drainage, and protection from harsh conditions like frost pockets and harsh winds. When planting any tree, it is essential to remember that your young tree will become a large mature tree. For peach trees, this can mean a 20-foot tree or larger, so be sure to take that into account when you choose your planting site.
Plant your tree in Spring or early Summer for the best success. Dig your hole as deep as the plant’s root ball and two to three times its width. If the plant looks to be root-bound, gently loosen the tightly wound roots and clip some of the roots to aid in loosening them. Place the root ball into the hole and fill in the hole with fertile soil, pressing firmly with your boot as you go until all air pockets are gone, and the soil base is firm and level with the ground.
Spacing is essential when it comes to planting trees. Trees need room to stretch out their branches as they grow toward full maturity. Proper spacing can also keep fungal diseases to a minimum. Standard-sized peach trees can be spaced 15 to 20 feet apart, while dwarf varieties should be planted 10 to 12 feet apart.
Peaches prefer a soil pH of between 6.0 to 7.0. on the pH scale. Obtain a soil test before planting and amend accordingly to ensure that the peach tree gets its best start. Try using a soil naturally enriched with fertilizer to provide a healthy boost to your tree. Peach trees thrive best in lightweight loamy, well-draining soil. It is vital to not plant peach trees in low spots in the landscape where water pools, as this can contribute to problems like root rot, which can cause the demise of your tree.
Most peach tree varieties are self-pollinators, so all that you need is one tree for fruit production. Maintaining an organic growing space will encourage bees to thrive and assist in the fertilization of your peach tree.
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Work to thin out your fruits so that they are about 6 inches apart on each branch. Overcrowding of fruit on any given branch will decrease the overall size and quality of the fruit in your yield. Thinning out the fruit may be a surprising suggestion, but the practice encourages the tree to focus its energy on the remaining fruit instead of spreading itself too thin.
Prune and fertilize to bolster up to 18 inches of new growth during the spring and summer months.
Peach trees require regular watering for an average of three times per week as the young tree gets established. As time goes on and the tree takes hold in the ground, the young tree should be watered-in well on a less frequent basis, soaking the soil generously only when the soil is relatively dry. This will encourage the roots to reach deeper into the ground, making for a sturdier, more robust tree.
Peach trees are susceptible to an array of troublesome pests that peach gardeners will, unfortunately, contend with as they grow their crops. Such insects damage peach flowers and fruit, bore into limbs, and cause trunk damage. Some of the most prevalent pests are aphids, plum curculio, leafhoppers, Oriental fruit moths, peachtree borers, scale, and Japanese beetles.
Pests can be prevented by instituting a variety of cultural practices. Employing proper watering habits will keep trees healthy and less susceptible to pest infestations. Prune peach tree branches so that air can flow freely through them, thereby preventing fungus growth on perpetually wet leaves. Remove any diseased wood from tree as soon as it is noticed.
There are also organic products like jojoba and neem oils that you can purchase from your local garden center, which counteract peach trees and other garden pests. These are great products that are non-toxic and won’t leave behind any chemical residue.
Annual pruning is a crucial component of peach growing. Pruning bolsters productivity and helps to ensure a yearly bumper crop of juicy peaches. Fruits develop on new growth, so it is essential to continually cut back your branches to encourage new growth and regular annual fruiting.
Prune your tree to an open centered shape. Early in the summer months of the first year of growth, prune back the shoots that grow up from the top of the tree at the 2nd bud.
As the tree grows, pay attention to the three predominant branches. They will be the core structure of your fruit tree. In the early summer of months of the 2nd year, aggressively prune the branches in the middle of the tree nice and short, and clip off any sucker shoots that sprout out below the three main branches. Continue to prune your peach tree annually.
There are hundreds of peach cultivars, but they can be broken down into three main categories: clingstone, freestone, and semi-freestone. These categories point to how much the flesh adheres to the peach pit. Freestone varieties pull away from the pit with ease and are an obvious favorite. Check out some of our highlighted standout varieties of peaches worth growing.
‘Elberta’ produces a sizeable golden-yellow fruit that is blushed with red tones. It is known for its firm sweet flesh and is fantastic for canning or eating freshly picked.
‘Glohaven’ produces large, bright, yellow-colored peaches that are super smooth without all of the fuzzy peachy characteristics. This variety is less susceptible to freezing temperatures than some other types.
‘Redhaven’ is a delicious yellow peach with some blushing red tones. It has a sweet flesh that freezes well and is excellent for canning and eating fresh. It is one of the most favored and standard varieties of peaches.
‘White Heath Cling’ is a late-season favorite that produces medium to large fruit with an intriguing white skin and a slight blush. The flesh is juicy, and the fruit has a distinctive flavor. This is a cold-hardy variety.
Where Do Peaches Grow?
Peaches are successfully grown around the world. China is the world’s leading producer of peaches, and the United States boasts being the fifth leading producer of the juicy and delectable fruit. In the United States, peaches do their best growing in USDA zones 5 through 9, where you find hot summers and winters with temperatures that dip below 40°F for an extended period. In fact, most peach tree varieties require this cold spell each winter to set their fruit for spring.
The top four states for peach production in the United States are California, South Carolina, Georgia, and New Jersey. But peaches can be grown in USDA Zones 4 through 9; they just do particularly well in USDA Zones 6 through 8.
How Big Do Peach Trees Get?
A peach tree can attain heights of up to 25 feet tall, and almost as wide if left unpruned. Dwarf varieties of peach trees can grow 6 feet in height and width. Ideally, however, you should keep your standard peach tree pruned to 12-15 feet for best airflow and reachability. A standard peach tree can easily yield 100 to 150 pounds of fruit per year, and a dwarf variety can yield 50-60 pounds of peaches, respectively. So, pick your most appealing variety of peach and get planting, so you are one step closer to a bountiful harvest.
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How Big Do Peach Trees Get? (And How to Control Their Growth)
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Having a peach tree in your yard is something that could provide you with a lot of joy. Peach trees are actually very pretty and you could make your yard look that much nicer if you decide to plant one.
It’ll also be nice to be able to harvest peaches from the tree once the tree is mature enough. Many people absolutely adore baking homemade peach desserts using fresh peaches from their own trees.
However, you might be concerned about whether you have enough space in your yard to fit a peach tree. If you’re working with limited space, then it might not be a good idea to get a peach tree if it is going to become large eventually.
How big do peach trees get? Are there certain peach trees that are smaller and some that are larger?
Keep reading to learn more about peach trees and how big they get on average. This should help you to decide whether planting a peach tree in your yard is right for you.
Standard Peach Trees Can Grow Very Large
If you’re talking about a standard peach tree, then you should know that they can get quite large. A peach tree has the potential to grow up to twenty-five feet tall.
It’s also going to be close to twenty-five feet wide if you don’t take the time to prune it. Peach trees can take up a lot of space if you plant a standard peach tree in your yard.
You’ll need to ensure that you have enough room to accommodate a peach tree both vertically and horizontally. If you’re only able to plant a tree in a very small space, then it might not be a good idea to go with a standard peach tree.
If you do a good job of pruning a peach tree, then you can try to keep it down to between twelve and fifteen feet tall. This is actually better for the tree overall because the airflow is going to be substantially better.
You’ll also have an easier time reaching certain spots of the tree when you need to harvest peaches and do other things. Twenty-five feet is quite high up and it can make many things more complicated.
Even fifteen feet is quite high and it’s possible that this might be too big for your yard. It really depends on the amount of space that you have to work with; if you have a smaller yard, a normal peach tree might not be a practical choice.
This doesn’t mean that you have to give up on peach trees entirely, though. There are actually dwarf varieties that will make peach trees more practical for certain people.
Dwarf Peach Trees
Dwarf peach trees are going to be significantly smaller than standard peach trees. If you’re looking for an aesthetically pleasing tree that isn’t quite so big, then looking into the dwarf varieties will be a very sensible choice.
If you buy a dwarf peach tree, then it might wind up growing as tall as six feet. This is a lot more manageable and you’ll also be happy to hear that it can grow to be six feet wide.
You can prune a dwarf peach tree so that it won’t be quite so wide if you want to. In fact, this is recommended because you want to give the tree a defined shape to keep it looking as nice as possible.
For many people with standard yards, it’s going to be better to plant dwarf peach trees. You might only feel like you have room for a normal peach tree if you have a larger yard or if your yard happens to be fairly empty right now.
You Can Keep Fruit Trees at a Specific Height Via Pruning
Now you know how big peach trees can get. If you don’t have a lot of space in your yard, then it’s generally going to make more sense to buy a dwarf peach tree.
However, if you have a decent amount of space, then you might not be so worried about whether you can fit the tree. You just might be worried about the practicality of having a tall tree.
With regular pruning, you can easily keep a peach tree or any other type of fruit tree at a specific height. That doesn’t mean that you can make a regular peach tree as small as a dwarf peach tree, though.
As mentioned earlier, you can get a standard peach tree down to about twelve feet tall if you prune it very regularly. You need the peach tree to be able to spread out enough so that the fruit can grow properly and it can do what it needs to do, though.
Not everyone has a lot of time on their hands, though. Sometimes pruning is not easy because you might wind up not being able to prune the tree yourself as regularly as you need to.
People often hire companies to take care of trees for them. You can hire professionals to prune your peach trees and other types of trees on a schedule.
Of course, this is going to cost a good bit of money if you decide to go this route. If you don’t wish to pay professionals to trim your trees for you, then it’ll be necessary to handle things yourself using the proper tools.
You’ll always need to be careful when pruning tall trees. In fact, it’s going to be wise to only do this when you have someone around who can help you out.
It’ll be safer to have someone there to steady the ladder for you. Also, you’ll have someone to help you if you do have an accident and fall.
Always err on the side of caution even when you’re experienced. It’ll help you to avoid mishaps and you’ll be able to get consistent results.
How Much Fruit Can You Expect to Get From Peach Trees?
Another important question that people ask is how much fruit can be expected from peach trees? The answer depends on the type of peach tree that you decide to plant in your yard.
A standard peach tree is capable of producing between one hundred and one hundred and fifty pounds of fruit in just one year. A dwarf peach tree will only produce between fifty and sixty pounds of peaches in a year.
For an average person or a small household, a dwarf peach tree is going to produce more than enough viable peaches. Of course, you’ll need to care for the peach tree properly and have the peach tree treated to ensure that the peaches are good and safe to eat.
You now know how big peach trees can get. The standard peach trees can grow as tall as twenty-five feet while dwarf peach trees can grow to six feet tall.
Peach trees can grow out to be just as wide as they are tall. If you want to keep things in check, then you’re going to have to prune the peach trees regularly.
With pruning, you can keep a standard peach tree between twelve and fifteen feet tall. Things will be more manageable if you decide to do that.
Always be careful when pruning peach trees so that you don’t have any accidents. It’s best to do this when someone else is home to help you out.
You can also hire people to do the job, but this might cost more money than you will want to pay. Just make the right decision based on your budget and how much time you have to do maintenance jobs such as this.
How many, where and how do peaches grow? Photo and why is it growing poorly?
Contents of the article
- 1 Where do peaches grow?
- 2 Preparing for planting
- 2.1 Selecting seedlings
- 2.2 When to plant a peach?
- 2.3 Choosing a planting site
- 2. 4 Preparing the soil
- 3 How to grow peaches in the field?
- 3.1 Spring peach planting
- 3.2 Autumn planting
- 4 How to care for a peach tree?
- 4.1 Care for young peach
- 4.2 Watering
- 4.3 Feeding
- 4.4 Vaccation Persian
- 4.5 Wintering Persian
- 5 Pension Persian 9000 5,000 5,000 in ground
- 6.1 Spring pruning
- 6.2 Autumn pruning
- 9.1 Cort for growing
- 9,0005 9.2 Cords for the northern regions
Ripe peach fruit tastes very juicy, and looks spherical, velvety with a groove along one edge. Ripening and fruit growth occurs in July and August. The initial place of peach growth should be considered Northern China. The first country that became interested how peaches grow was Italy.
Where do peaches grow?
Peaches grow in countries with a warm climate:
In such areas, peaches grow even without proper care.
Huge peach plantations can be seen in the Caucasus, Asia, Ukraine and Moldova. Peaches are a very heat-loving plant, so growing such a crop in central Russia is not an easy task.
But the facts show otherwise:
|Leningrad region, Moscow region and central Russia||Gardener Koretsky grew 20 peach trees grafted onto almonds in the Moscow region. I planted seedlings in 2001, and in 2011 I collected 30 kilograms of juicy fruits from each tree.|
|Crimea||The famous Crimean Nikitinsky Garden, which has recently begun its active work. About 15 varieties of varieties fill not only store shelves, but are also exported to other countries.|
|Ural and Siberia||The experience of Nikolai Sergeev from the city of Yuzhnouralsk shows that with proper cultivation care and frost-resistant varieties, it is possible to get juicy fruits, even at the beginning of autumn.|
Thus, peaches grow with competent agricultural technology not only in the South, but also in the North.
Preparation for planting
Selection of seedlings
Tips for selecting seedlings:
- It is advisable to purchase peach seedlings from nurseries and local growers.
- When buying a seedling, pay attention to the root system. The cut at the root should be light, not dark. A light green cut indicates that the plant is alive and has not been stored anywhere for a long time.
- A good root has strong branches. A bad sign when too small, multiple roots.
- The stem itself must be free of sores and sores. The skin of a healthy trunk should be even and gray in color.
- If you pay attention to the kidneys, they should be large, not dried, without damage.
When to plant a peach?
Many years of experience show that not only the peach tree, but also all fruit plants should be planted in autumn. During the autumn-winter period, the plant manages to take root, and in the spring, in any weather, it begins to grow.
Planted seedlings produce white roots that cannot be injured and replanted. When planting for the winter, the soil has time to compact around the seedling, thanks to which the roots and buds begin to grow and develop normally.
Choosing a landing site
It is better to choose a landing site that is well lit, not shaded by mature trees and protected from the wind. On the summer cottage, it is advisable to choose a place on the south side , since the peach begins to bloom one of the first fruit trees.
Cold air stagnates in lowlands, waterlogged and swampy places, which does not allow the development and growth of the future peach. In such places, buds do not form and do not ripen in time; as a result, fruit trees grow poorly and die.
Do not plant for 2-3 years on soil that was previously used for growing crops such as:
It is not scary if fruit crops grow next to a peach, at a distance of 3-5 meters from each other, the main thing is that they do not shade and do not interfere with growth and fruiting.
Various types of soil are suitable for peach cultivation, the main thing is to create good drainage. Fill the planting pit with stone, broken brick and rusty iron.
The soil is first freed from weeds and carefully dug up. In good soil, you can simply add any fertilizer, and depleted soil must be plentifully fed with mineral fertilizers.
For planting one seedling you will need:
- Organic humus or compost-7 kg.
- Wood ash 250 grams.
- Mineral superphosphate fertilizers - 200 gamma.
- Mineral potash or nitrogen fertilizers - 100 grams.
How to grow peaches in the garden?
The establishment and growth of peach depends on various factors. Peaches grow in warm regions, but despite this, they are frost-resistant. In order for the plant to begin to grow and bear fruit after 3 years, it is necessary to cover a fragile seedling for the winter.
This method applies to columnar, dwarf varieties. When planting, it is advisable to fix the seedling at an angle, for convenient shelter for the winter. Let's get acquainted with a step-by-step guide to spring and autumn peach planting.
Spring planting peach
For early spring planting, the soil should be dug up in the spring. If the climate is warm, the landing is already carried out at the end of February. The size of the pit should be one meter wide and at least 60 cm deep.
- Cover the bottom of the pit with the necessary fertilizer , and you can also add rusty nails and small pebbles.
- After checking, the seedling is placed in the hole strictly vertically , fix, trample down and cover with earth. The root collar should be at ground level.
- Tie the seedling to stakes for stability and trim.
- Then water generously to the planting depth and observe how it grows.
Winter planting is more suitable for southern regions, as winters are not too severe. The root will grow over the winter and adapt to new conditions. Gardeners advise planting a seedling in a permanent place. It is better to choose such a place where peaches grow well: on the south, well-lit side, closer to the edge of the fence.
Step-by-step technology for autumn peach planting:
- Prepare a hole for planting. Pit width 70 cm, depth 70 cm.
- Attach a peg to the bottom of the pit to tie up the seedling.
- Cover the bottom with manure, ash or humus mixed with the ground.
- Roots will grow well if carefully spread and fixed in the planting hole so that the root collar is slightly raised above the ground.
- Cover the seedling with earth and tie it to a peg.
- Water generously, this will require 4 buckets of water.
- Leaves or sawdust can be sprinkled on top.
How to care for a peach tree?
Caring for a young peach
After planting a peach, it is important to ensure that the soil around it is not too wet or dry. It is in such soil that peach crops grow.
To get the necessary air and moisture to the roots, you need to regularly plow the soil around the tree. In loose and oxygen-rich soil, grass does not grow and erosion does not form. And in cold weather, the plant is covered with special insulated bags.
Water is the most important factor in which all fruit crops grow and bear fruit, but even here a norm is needed. Both a lack and an excess of moisture leads to a deterioration in the fertility and vital activity of the entire plant.
- After planting, water on average once a week based on climatic conditions.
- Fertilizers with proper watering will bring the desired result, in which peaches grow and bear fruit.
- For irrigation along the beds make furrows in the form of depressions.
- During the vegetative period, when the buds grow and swell, it is advisable to water 3 times: on time, before and after peach blossom.
- Depending on the rainfall, the garden is watered all spring and summer, as needed.
Especially in spring, fruit trees need nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, which can be added in the form of fertilizers. An important factor in which buds, flowers and fruits successfully grow and develop is phosphorus. Potassium helps plants absorb carbon dioxide and nitrogen, and also helps the tree resist frost and drought.
To feed the seedling, the soil around it is loosened and a groove is made into which diluted ammonium nitrate is poured. Before flowering, the leaves and crown are treated with a phosphorus solution.
Organic fertilizers in the form of compost, manure or vitamin slurry play a very important role. Depleted soil should be enriched once a year with organic or chemical fertilizers, and in subsequent years one top dressing in 2-3 years is enough. It should be applied early in the spring or when digging in the fall.
Bark grafting is a very simple and common method for growing peaches. Such cultivation is suitable for young shoots of cherry plum, plum or peach. For this, spring time is suitable, in the morning or in the evening.
- To begin, prepare a peach sprig, 3-5 cm long. Using a garden knife, make an oblique cut located between the buds.
- A small cut is made on the grafted seedling.
- Place a cut peach twig at the incision site.
- Fix with cloth or tape.
- After one month, when the twigs have grown, the bandage should be removed and the graft site should be treated with garden pitch.
Preparation of trees for the winter takes place in autumn. To begin with, diseased, dry, broken branches are cut. Water thoroughly for the last time.
Just before frost, the roots are sprinkled with mulch to protect them from freezing. If possible, cover and tie with burlap or natural material (needles, spruce branches or leaves).
Propagation of peaches
Seedlings grow well and bear fruit due to some types of propagation: seed method, grafting and cuttings.
Propagation by stone
For propagation, it is better to take fruits that grow in the northern regions, or ask for seeds from a local grower. The fruits bought in the market grow in the southern regions, and as a result, they turn out to be a barren flower.
Seeds can be planted directly into the ground. Or in early spring, in March, plant as seedlings in a greenhouse or in a pot at home.
In the ground, some seeds may die, so it is recommended to sow many seeds at once. With the seedling method, in early spring, gardeners recommend sowing the kernels (seed), separated from the seeds, for quick germination.
And in mid-May, seedlings from the greenhouse are planted in a permanent place in the ground, where they then grow. During the summer period, seedlings from the stone can reach one meter.
Propagation by grafting cuttings
Rootstock fruit trees are suitable for grafting cuttings:
- wild peach;
- felt cherry;
Cuttings must be prepared in advance, before the first frost and stored covered in the basement. And in early spring, graft to the stock and wrap tightly with a dense cloth. When the branch grows to 25 cm, remove the bandage and treat with garden pitch.
Planting cuttings in the ground
Cuttings cut in autumn can be planted in pots at home, where they grow on the windowsill. During the winter, the stalk will give roots and leaves, and in the spring it will be planted in open ground in the chosen place.
The same method can be done, but only stick the stalk into a medium potato and plant it in a pot. With this convenient method, the potatoes grow and help the peaches grow.
Cuttings can be done in the spring. Place a cut branch (25-30 cm) in good soil, water it abundantly and put a plastic bottle on it. When the first leaves appear, the bottle is removed.
Pruning and shaping
It is important to remember that the peach is painful to cut. The cut is performed at a time, with a tool treated with alcohol, and after that the cut itself is processed with a garden pitch.
The best time for spring pruning is between swelling and bud flowering. Spring pruning is not as damaging to the plant as winter pruning. Because in the warm season, the plant has a greater ability to fight diseases and injuries.
Shortening is done in order to form a beautiful crown, convenient for care and harvesting. Thinning is suitable for mature trees with dense branches.
- It is important to remember the first rule: those branches that gained growth last year will be fruitful.
- The principle of substitution works here: a knot with two shoots, the first shoot should bear fruit this year, it is kept, and the second shoot, which will bear fruit next year, is removed.
This method of pruning gives a good harvest and inhibits the excess growth of young branches.
If it is not clear which branch to remove before flowering, then you can use this option during flowering. A branch on which too many flowers grow, respectively, will bring small fruits. Such a branch is removed, and the cut is processed.
Free Spindle type formation has become widespread today. In the fifth year, the height of the seedling reaches 3 meters, a tree grows in the shape of a Christmas tree.
The sequence of work looks like this :
- 4 main frame branches are left in the lower tier of branches.
- Leave 5 branches in the second tier.
- All branches are cut by one third. Remove all the frozen and sick.
Autumn pruning is done after the harvest but before the first frost.
The scheme is as follows:
- The number of branches on the tree should not exceed 80 pieces.
- Prune all fruit-bearing branches.
- Remove dry and bacterially affected branches.
- If winters are severe, fragile twigs should be removed.
Diseases and pests of peach
Main enemies of peach:
|Disease or pest||Description and treatment|
|Clusterosporiasis|| Manifested as spots on the fruits and leaves of a reddish-orange color, convex ugly shape. |
Start fighting in autumn, after harvest:
|Leaf curl|| Attacks newly emerging leaves and shoots. The leaves begin to acquire an amber-pink uneven color. After two weeks, a white coating appears, a sign of the development of the fungus. Affected areas do not grow and die. |
Infected areas should be cut and burned, then sprayed liberally with one of the following:
|Powdery mildew|| It affects everything: leaves, shoots and fruits. Signs appear in the form of a white coating and lead to the death of the affected areas. |
If detected, required:
|Garden aphid|| Often appears in July as small light insects. The leaves are deformed and folded into a tube. |
Easy way to fight:
|Shield|| Affecting the bark of the peach tree. |
Insect control is carried out in early spring, before the first leaves appear, using mineral oil emulsions. And during the vegetative period, the treatment is carried out with karbofos.
How do peaches grow in a greenhouse?
There are many benefits to growing peaches in a greenhouse all year round.
Gardener Evgeny Fedotov from the Moscow region shared this:
- The greenhouse protects the plant from diaper rash which kills many plants.
- Constant temperature: no burns or frostbite. The film scatters the sun's rays well.
- When peaches are grown in a greenhouse, they are not susceptible to leaf curl, which can destroy the crop.
- Very high yield of peaches.
- No intensive watering required because peach roots grow deep enough outside the greenhouse.
- You don't even need to install a special heater in the greenhouse for peaches, the temperature in the greenhouse is enough.
But, among the difficulties in leaving, the gardener noted:
- Constant pruning of trees throughout the year. The branches grow and rest against the walls and ceiling and this should not be allowed.
- Flowering is so abundant that you have to remove a good half of flowering branches, otherwise the fruits will grow small.
- During flowering it is necessary to constantly open the windows in the greenhouse to allow pollination by insects. Otherwise, you will need to pollinate each flower manually.
Find out more about how peaches grow in a greenhouse in the video:
Tips for choosing a peach variety
Peach fruits are classified according to growth intensity, precocity and yield. Peach fruits ripen after cherries, apricots, quinces and plums, and finish their ripening before the start of harvesting late varieties of apple trees.
For planting and cultivation, it is recommended to choose the most popular and unpretentious types of peaches.
- Common peach . Tree height from 5 to 8 meters. The fruit is semicircular in shape, 3.5 to 12 cm in size. The skin is rough, yellow-orange in color, powdered with a blush.
- Nectarine . Distinctive features of Nectarine are in its smooth skin. This mutation occurs when a common peach tree self-pollinates. Fruit color varies from orange to bright burgundy.
- Potatin . The Potatin peach tree does not even grow to a height of two meters. The fruits are semi-circular, yellow-orange in color. The nutritional value is not in demand, therefore it is not widely used in retail chains.
- Fig . Unusual, flat peach shape with a small seed pit. The color, taste and smell are the same as those of an ordinary peach.
Varieties for growing in the southern regions
- Veteran , short tree up to 3 m tall. The mass of one peach is 150 g. The skin is yellow, with a burgundy blush. The pulp is juicy with sweet sourness. The ripening period falls on August 15, with an output of up to 50 kg per tree.
Redhaven , short, spreading plant. Fruits weighing one peach grow up to 150 g. Thickened skin with a yellowish and red blush. Very pleasant taste. The ripening period occurs in mid-August.
- Domestic . Fruits weighing 100 grams. The skin is creamy, dense and velvety. The pulp is loose and sweet. Ripens at the end of July.
- Lola - Uzbek variety. The plant rises up to 6 meters. Fruits grow up to 100 g, have a wide oval shape. Skin with greenish and red hues, easily separated from the pulp. The plant is early, with good resistance to conditions.
- Skif - tall tree up to 8-10 m long. Fruits grow up to 160 g. Ripens in August. Skiff is in demand for periodic and high fertility.
Varieties for northern regions
Cultivation of peach crops in northern and central Russia is not an easy task. Varieties suitable for growing in this region are limited, so new ones are being developed that have proven themselves in frosty conditions.
- Jelgava . Well-established, high-yielding, winter-hardy variety.
- Variety Kyiv early
Kyiv early . A low tree that grows up to 3 meters in length. The fruits are round, weighing 50-100 grams. Creamy to pale yellow in color. The taste is sweet, with a slight sourness. The harvest takes place at the end of July. Fruitfulness reaches up to 55 kg from each tree. This species is resistant to frost and pathogenic pests.
- Nectarine Krasnoslobodsky . The crown grows 4-5 meters in length with lush spreading branches. The fruits are medium, weighing up to 50 g. The skin is rough, orange-light, with a bright blush. The taste is normal, sweet-sour. Productivity reaches 60 kg from one plant.
- Dneprovskiy . A tall plant with wide branches. The fruits are large, weighty up to 200 grams. The color is creamy yellow. The skin is velvety, easily separated. The yield is high. Saplings are frost-resistant.
- Voronezh Bush . The seedling is usually grafted onto the cherry plum and brings its first fruit after 3 years. The growth of a tree can be formed in height, like a shrub. The fruits are medium, yellowish, pleasant to the taste. Highly disease and cold resistant.
- White swan , growing to medium size. The fruits are massive, up to 200 g. The skin is yellow, with a pinkish blush. The variety is considered to be dessert, based on the high concentration of sugar. Ripening occurs at the end of August. The plant is high-yielding, tolerates drought and frost down to -25C. Mostly grows in the northern regions of Russia.
Under favorable conditions, peaches grow on average 20-25 years, and the fecundity is 30-40 kg of fruit per tree. To achieve such results and enjoy the harvest, it is worth trying, making an effort and knowing how peaches grow and how to properly care for them.
what a peach tree looks like, where it grows and when it bears fruit, a description of fruits and flowers, as well as varieties grown in Russia
- 1 place of growth
- 2 Description of peach
- 2. 1 The appearance of the tree
- 2.2 What the fruits look like
- 3 Stages of development
- 3.1 when a peach blooms 9000
- 3.2 period of fruiting 9000.3
- 4 What varieties are grown in Russia
Peach is a tree from the Almond subgenus of the Rosaceae family. It is a capricious culture. It is believed that the birthplace of the plant is China. It is there that the wild form of the peach grows. The planting prefers a warm climate, but breeders have bred frost-resistant species. The fruits are large, with a velvety surface.
Places of growth
Not everyone understands whether a peach is a tree or a shrub. It is the fruit, and the plant itself is the tree. From here it becomes clear what the peach grows on. The undersized species are most strongly similar to shrubs. Their height reaches 2 meters.
Distant relatives of the capricious culture are the wild rose and the rose, and the nearest is the almond. The plantation belongs to deciduous trees with a wide crown. The flowering of the peach tree coincides with the period when the leaves begin to bloom.
Description of the peach
The peach tree looks like a tall and dense bush. The plant is perennial. It is considered a capricious culture, therefore, it needs proper care for high yields.
The plantation, which is called the peach tree, is deciduous and upright. A plant with a lush and dense crown, the diameter of which is 6 meters.
The peach tree in the photo looks like a tall bush. This is due to its miniature size. The height of the tree depends on the variety. Usually planting grows up to 3-4 meters maximum. However, sometimes it grows up to 7-9m.
The representative of the flora belongs to the Almond family. This is due to the fact that it looks like an almond. It is the closest relative of the fruit plant.
Old branches are rough to the touch. A seedling up to 5 years old has thin and smooth branches. The roots lie at a depth of 40-60 cm. The foliage of the tree is bright green, lanceolate.
Flowers and their characteristics
When determining what color the flowers of a plant are, the subspecies of the plantation should be taken into account. It can be from soft pink to saturated. The peach tree in blossom looks very decorative.
The flowering of the peach tree is valued in Feng Shui. It is believed that its flowers bring happiness and good luck, as well as attract wealth and symbolize balance.
When determining when and how a plantation blooms, the variety must be taken into account. The growing region plays an important role. The tree blooms in spring, at the end of April. Flowering begins 10-15 days later than apricot. Late flowering eliminates the death of fruits from unexpectedly returning frosts.
In the photo, the peach blossom looks mesmerizing. A healthy tree is completely strewn with miniature flowers.
Peach blossoms for 5-15 days. In cold spring, the period stretches to 3 weeks. The process of sap flow begins only at temperatures above 6-8 degrees.
The peach flower shown has rounded petals. The shape is bell-shaped or rose-shaped. Some grow peaches only because of their decorative effect.
What the fruits look like
In the photo, the fruits may have different shapes: round, elongated-round, ovoid, flattened. There is a groove on one side. The peel is thin, and its color is from light green to burgundy.
The flesh is white or red, aromatic and very juicy. According to the description, the diameter of the fruit is 6-13 cm.
According to the biological characteristics, 2 types of fruits are distinguished:
- peaches with soft pubescence on the peel;
- fruits with smooth skin.
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A close relative of the nectarine, like the peach, it grows on a tree and has almost the same taste. In the photo, peach leaves are lanceolate. Their surface is smooth and green. There are brown spots. Flowering begins with the opening of the leaves. Fruiting begins in 3-4 months.
A stone is present inside the fruit. The surface is hard and dense with deep furrows. The aroma of the seeds is reminiscent of almond. Often they are used in the alcohol industry.
The surface of the fruit is pleasant to the touch. The composition contains, depending on the variety, 60-90% water. The aroma of the fruit gives a mixture of esters and organic acids. For this reason, the fruits are not only tasty, but also healthy. They are often used to create essential oils.
Stages of development
The plantation belongs to the southern crops and does not tolerate cold well. It is necessary to consider where peaches grow in order to ensure proper care for the plantation. At temperatures below -16 degrees, the roots and branches freeze over. Yields are reduced or peaches do not appear on the tree at all. In severe frosts, the plant dies.
The culture does not tolerate waterlogged soil. With a lack of air, the root system dies. Planting should be at a distance of 3 meters from other crops.
When the peach blossoms
The seedling begins to bloom in mid-April. Blooming peach will decorate the garden for 2 weeks. The term varies depending on the variety and region of growth.
The plantation blooms in one inflorescence. They are divided into:
- large flowers with a diameter of 3.5 cm;
- small bells.
Fruits ripen on the 80-150th day. Flowering takes a lot of energy, so top dressing is necessary.
Flowering may be absent for the following reasons:
- freezing of the root system;
- frostbite on trunk and branches;
- infestation with parasites or fungus.
Finding out after how many years the plant bears fruit, the variety should be taken into account. Peaches ripen in July-August. Early ripe seedlings give a harvest in 2-3 years. With an average ripening period, this occurs only for 3-4 years. The planting has a high yield. With proper care, 35-65 kg of fruits are harvested from one plant.
How a plant grows depends on care. Subject to all measures, the plant will bear fruit for up to 20 years. After that, the culture will begin to age. There were cases when trees yielded crops even at 30 years old.
When it goes dormant
The crop has a longer dormant period than apricot. Sap flow begins only in mid-April. After that, flowering is activated.
The tree goes dormant in October.
What varieties are grown in Russia
In Russia, peaches grow mainly in the southern regions and where winters are warm. More often they can be found in the Krasnodar Territory, Crimea. Regions are suitable for culture, where in summer the temperature is not lower than 24 degrees.
The seedling dies at temperatures below -25 degrees.