How big do banana trees get


Bananas: From the Bunch to Your Breakfast

Rainforest Stories

Where do bananas come from?

Bananas originated in the Malay Archipelago in Southeast Asia. Today they are grown in tropical regions across the globe, from South and Central America to India, China and Africa.

Bananas grow in hot, tropical climates. Banana plants look like trees but are actually giant herbs related to lilies and orchids. The plant grows from a root clump (rhizome), similar to a tulip bulb. There are over 500 types of bananas! People cultivate mostly cooking bananas and plantains (the starchy cousins of the sweet banana). Over 500 million people depend on the banana trade to support themselves and their families.

The dessert banana, also called the Cavendish, is the most popular type of banana in North America and Europe. When Americans were introduced to bananas in the 1880s, they were considered an exotic luxury and eaten with a knife and fork. Today, the average person in the U.S. eats more than 75 bananas a year. Tarantulas like to hide in banana leaves.

Banana plants grow quickly and can reach their full height of 20-40 feet in only 9 months. After growing for about 6-8 months, the plant develops a nice crown of leaves. Then a flowering stem emerges from the top, and a large bud begins to develop.

As the bud unfolds, it reveals double rows of tiny flowers. Each of these flowers will become an individual banana, or a “finger.” Each row of bananas is call a “hand” and is made up of 14 to 20 fingers. Each stem grows 9 to 12 hands, which means that a single banana plant can produce up to 240 bananas.

Bagging the Fruit

About 14 days after the stem has emerged, the weight of the growing bananas causes the stem to hang upside down. At this stage, many farmers cover the fruit with a bag to help protect it from insects and sun damage. Farmers also support the plant by tying it to neighboring plants with twine. This helps prevent the plant from toppling over from the weight of the bananas.

Harvesting

About 12 weeks after bagging, the green-colored fruit is ready to harvest. In order to harvest the bananas, one worker cuts the stem from the plant while another stands underneath to catch the falling stem on his shoulder. After one growth cycle, the banana plant will be cut down and a new plant will grow from the root clump (rhizome) left behind.

Once cut from the plant, the bananas are carried to the processing plant by horse or by workers.

After harvest, the plastic bags are recycled on Rainforest Alliance certified banana farms.

Processing

At the processing plant, workers remove bananas from their stems by hand and break them into smaller clusters. The workers must be very careful to cut neatly and accurately in order to prevent breaking the skin, which can cause rotting.

The workers submerge the bananas in large tanks of cold water. The cool water lowers the temperature of the bananas and washes off sap and latex from the cut stems.

Next, the bananas get stickers. Workers carefully pack the bananas in boxes so they do not bump against each other. This helps to minimize bruising before they arrive at their destination.

Finally, the boxes are carefully loaded into refrigerated ships, called reefers. The ship’s storage area is kept cold enough to prevent the bananas from ripening, a technique called “putting the bananas to sleep.”

Upon arrival, the bananas are placed into ripening rooms for 3 to 8 days before being brought to the markets. The bananas are loaded into a truck and shipped off to be offered to banana lovers on grocery shelves.

Rainforest Alliance Certification

Banana farmers that wish to be certified through the Rainforest Alliance must are required to:

  • Protect ecosystems
  • Conserve water, soil and forests
  • Provide decent working conditions for all workers, safety training and protective equipment
  • Maintain positive relationships with local communities
  • Establish an integrated system of waste management
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Plant Care & Growing Guide

Bring a tropical flair to your home with these easy-growing fruit plants

By

Vanessa Richins Myers

Vanessa Richins Myers

Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, writer, and educator with over 10 years of training and experience as a professional horticulturist and gardener. She has a Bachelor of Science degree in horticulture, with an emphasis in landscape design and urban horticulture. She volunteers as a community garden specialist.

Learn more about The Spruce's Editorial Process

Updated on 08/21/22

Reviewed by

Barbara Gillette

Reviewed by Barbara Gillette

Barbara Gillette is a master gardener, herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist. She has 30 years of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals.

Learn more about The Spruce's Review Board

​The Spruce / Phoebe Cheong

In This Article

  • Care

  • Varieties

  • Pruning

  • Propagating

  • Potting

  • Common Pests & Diseases

  • Frequently Asked Questions

There are dozens of species and varieties of banana and plantain trees (Musa spp.). While these tropical fruiting plants, including the banana plant, are commonly referred to as trees, they’re technically huge herbaceous plants, meaning they don’t have a woody stem. Instead, they have fleshy, upright stalks from which large, oblong, bright green leaves grow. Showy flowers appear typically in the spring, giving way to the fleshy, elongated, green or yellow fruit.

No matter the size of your yard or home, there is a banana tree to fit. Plus, banana trees can make good indoor plants with enough light, though they typically don't bear fruit indoors. Banana trees generally have a fast growth rate and should be planted in the spring.

Common Names Banana tree, plantain tree
Botanical Name Musa spp.
Family Musaceae
Plant Type Herbaceous, perennial
Mature Size 2–30 ft. tall, 1–15 ft. wide (varies widely by species)
Sun Exposure Full
Soil Type Loamy, well-drained
Soil pH Acidic
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color White, purple, orange
Hardiness Zones 9–11 (USDA)
Native Area Asia, Africa, Australia

Watch Now: How to Grow and Care for a Banana Tree Plant

Banana Tree Care

While most species of banana trees grow best in warm climates, there also are somewhat cold-hardy banana trees. If you're planting the banana tree outdoors, choosing the right planting site is key to making care easy. Grow this plant in a location where it will be sheltered from strong winds, as it is very susceptible to damaged leaves. Prepare your planting site by mixing some compost into the soil. And make sure you have enough space for the height and spread of your particular species.

During the growing season (spring to fall), banana trees are water hogs. You might have to water daily, especially during hot weather, to maintain adequate soil moisture. The plants also will need regular fertilization throughout the growing season. Bananas form in the late summer in a cluster called a hand. Once the fruit is green but plumped up, it can be cut off the stalk and placed in a cool, dry space to finish ripening.

The Spruce / Phoebe Cheong

​The Spruce / Phoebe Cheong

​The Spruce / Phoebe Cheong 

Light

Most types of banana plants prefer to grow in full sun, meaning at least six hours of direct sunlight on most days. However, some varieties can scorch easily and will do better in partial shade.

Soil

These plants love organically rich, deep soil with good drainage and a slightly acidic soil pH. They typically have poor tolerance for salt in the soil.

Water

Banana trees are tropical and originate in rainforests, so they need a lot of water and plenty of moisture in the air. They do best when planted in groups fairly close together, as this helps to retain moisture in the leaves. Water regularly to make sure the soil stays evenly moist but not soggy. Avoid overwatering, which can cause root rot.

Temperature and Humidity

These plants thrive in warm, humid conditions, but they don't like temperature extremes. Even the hardy, cold-tolerant banana tree species prefer consistent temperatures ranging between 75 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Cold temperatures and dry conditions can cause the plants to quickly die back. To increase the level of humidity, mist the leaves daily.

Fertilizer

Banana trees are heavy feeders. Apply a balanced fertilizer regularly throughout the growing season, following label instructions. Also, mix compost into the soil annually to raise the level of organic matter.

Types of Banana Trees

There are roughly 70 species and even more varieties of banana trees, including:

  • Musa acuminata: This species reaches around 12 to 20 feet tall and is often grown for its ornamental foliage thanks to its paddle-shaped leaves that can reach around 6 to 10 inches long.
  • Musa ornata: Commonly referred to as the flowering banana tree, this species is mostly grown for its ornamental value; its small fruit is not typically eaten.
  • Musa basjoo: Known as the Japanese banana, this species has fairly good cold tolerance and reaches around 6 to 14 feet tall.

Pruning

Before the banana tree fruits, prune it so there is only one main stem. After it has been growing for six to eight months, leave one sucker (small shoot at the base of the stem). This plant will replace the main stem in the next growing season. After the fruit is removed, cut the main stem down to 2.5 feet. Remove the rest of the stem in a few weeks, leaving the replacement sucker intact.

Propagating Banana Trees

The best method of propagation is division. To divide banana plants, separate the suckers from the rhizome (horizontal underground stem) using a sharp spade. Before you do this, wait until the suckers are at least 3 feet tall and have their own roots. Once you separate a sucker from the parent plant, allow the surface of the rhizome section to dry for a day or so. At this point, it will be ready for replanting in any appropriate location.

Potting and Repotting Banana Trees

Banana trees can grow in containers, but they generally will need at least a 15-gallon pot at minimum for optimal growth. Ensure that the pot has drainage holes, and use a loose, organically rich potting mix. A benefit to potting your banana tree is you will be able to bring it indoors to shelter it from cold and inclement weather. However, potted banana trees tend to have higher watering and feeding needs, as they will use up what is in their limited soil faster than banana trees in the ground. In addition, they likely won't reach their maximum size and might not bear fruit. Still, many people prefer them for their foliage. You typically will need to divide and repot container banana trees every three years, separating any suckers from the parent plant.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases

Owners of banana trees need to stay vigilant of the many pests and diseases that can afflict a banana tree. Pests include the following:

  • Aphids: These pests cause curled and shriveled foliage and can also transmit other diseases that will affect any fruit produced.
  • Black weevils: If you see jelly-like sap oozing from the plant, you may have black weevils that can be eliminated with pesticides.
  • Nematodes: This is the banana tree's most common pest that will rot the plant and fruit.
  • Sap-sucking insects: Mealybugs and red spider mites are also common to banana trees.
  • Scarring beetle: This pest invades bunches of the plant's fruit and can be eliminated with pesticide.
  • Thrips: This pest will stain and split the peel of the plant's fruit.

There are many diseases common to banana trees in large orchards and are taken care of with commercial fungicides and pesticides. As for indoor potted banana trees, be on the lookout for root rot, leaf-spot disease, wilt, and powdery mildew.

FAQ

  • Banana trees are easy to grow if they have optimal conditions (indoors or outdoors) to thrive. Giving your banana tree lots of water and light are the key to helping it grow strong.

  • A banana tree's height can grow quite large, so try the dwarf Cavendish banana, which grows 8 to 10 feet tall.

  • A banana tree, like the papaya plant, can make an excellent houseplant, just don't expect it to produce fruit as an indoor plant. To produce fruit, the plant needs tropical conditions outdoors. With the right conditions, a banana tree may bear fruit in around a year. Make sure you plant a type of banana tree that bears edible fruit, as not all types do.

  • Though you might find a few tiny "seeds" in a banana you buy from the grocery store, you can't grow a banana from those seeds. The commercially sold bananas are genetically altered so they do not produce seeds. If you find wild bananas with seeds, you might try growing a tree from those.

Banana palm tree. Bananas: contraindications and harm

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Banana palm is an exotic plant that many people associate with summer holidays. A wonderful fruit - a banana - is known to everyone, but few have seen the plant itself. Also, not everyone knows that a banana is a huge grass, not a palm tree. Those who have been to tropical countries could see its thickets, which remain cool. Large leaves create shade, which is very important for hot places. Some people, having become acquainted with this plant, show a desire to grow it at home.

Banana palm is very photophilous and needs a lot of space.

How to grow a banana palm at home? It must be taken into account that it is photophilous, and if there is not enough light, its growth will slow down greatly, the leaves will lose color. If the conditions are not changed, the palm may die. In addition to light, the plant needs a lot of space. While it is small in size, it can be placed on the windowsill, and when it gets crowded there, you can move the plant to the floor, while the distance from the window to the palm tree should be no more than 0.5 m. If you create the right conditions, then after 1-2 years it can grow up to 2 m and above. Each new leaf grows larger than the previous one. Over time, the leaves can reach 2-3 m in length.

The banana palm can be grown from cuttings or seeds. Most lovers of this plant buy small shoots. Some people immediately acquire a large plant in order to quickly grow fruits and enjoy the beauty, but after a while they encounter difficulties. The fact is that banana palms hardly adapt to new conditions, so it is recommended to purchase a young shoot for growing at home.

Plant care

Palm should be watered frequently in summer and sparingly in winter.

Palm trees grow naturally in direct sunlight.

At home, it is also necessary to provide the plant with bright lighting and avoid lack of light. The temperature in the room should be at least 16°C, in summer 22-25°C is enough.

A little about watering. The plant should be watered frequently in summer and sparingly in winter.

The degree of soil drying must be taken into account. Water should be used only settled during the day, its temperature should be slightly higher than room temperature. Under suitable conditions, a palm tree can grow one new leaf per week.

The soil should be slightly acidic or neutral. You can make a mixture of equal parts of leafy and soddy soil, peat with sand. It is useful to add rotted compost or shavings to reduce density.

Banana fertilizer must contain nitrogen.

If the leaves begin to fade or dry out, this may mean that the air is dry and you need to increase its humidity. To do this, the plant must be washed in the shower, sprayed with water, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.

Such procedures can protect the palm tree from drying out and it will have a beautiful view.

Another way to humidify the air is to place a pot with a palm tree in a large tray and cover it with expanded clay. So the plant will be in a humid environment.

Banana palms are fertilized throughout the growth period. The fertilizer must contain nitrogen.

Transplant the plant as it grows, when it becomes crowded in the pot, even several times a year.

Bananas have long ceased to be an exotic fruit for the domestic buyer, they are so democratic and affordable. Let us consider in more detail how correct it is to call bananas fruits, how they grow, and what types exist.

What is this plant?

Banana is a herbaceous plant on which the fruits of the same name ripen. Even though the plant looks like a tree, it is a herb. Moreover, it is quite high, the second tallest after bamboo.

Banana grass is called because of the lack of wood on the above-ground part of the plant. In fact, the trunk (it is more correct to say “false trunk”) is formed precisely by leaves superimposed on each other. It is not surprising that in this case it does not have growth rings and branches. Over time, the banana leaves that form the trunk dry out, become brown and more and more, indeed, resemble the trunk.


The herb belongs to the banana family, genus Banana. It has branched rhizomes that spread up to 5 m and can go 1-1. 5 m deep into the soil. Banana is often called a tree because of the high false trunk, which reaches 2-12 m and has a diameter of up to 40 cm.

Banana also boasts impressive leaves - they reach 3 m in length and 1 m in width. These are “ovals” with a pronounced longitudinal vein and many thinner veins extending from it.

By the way, during a strong wind, the leaves are torn along the veins, which reduces the pressure on them and avoids the threat of the plant being pulled out of the ground by a strong gust of wind.


Leaf color can vary considerably depending on the plant variety. There is grass with dark and light green leaves, sometimes crimson spots are located on top of the green color. There are varieties that are characterized by two-color leaves - they are crimson below and bright green above.

These huge leaves have a waxy coating on the outside, which prevents excessive evaporation of moisture from the leaves. As the leaves age, they fall off, and in their place new ones appear from the axils of the trunk. On average, it takes a week to develop a new leaf.


Often the plant is called banana palm, which is due to some external similarity of plants. However, such a classification is erroneous - the banana has nothing to do with palm trees.

Banana grows in areas with a tropical and subtropical climate. The world's largest banana suppliers are Pakistan, India, China, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Brazil. Under natural conditions, it is also possible to grow a crop near Sochi, but the winter temperatures here are still too low for it.


To date, about 70 varieties of bananas are known, all of them can be attributed to one of three groups.

Ornamental

These plants are cultivated not for their fruits (they are not edible), but for their attractive appearance, especially during the flowering period. In addition, the leaves and elements of the false trunk are used in industry - car seats and fishing gear are made from them.

Among the most famous ornamental varieties are the following:

  • Pointed Banana has beautiful dark green leaves with notches, so that the leaf resembles a bird's feather, bears fruit in a warm climate, the fruits can be eaten;
  • Blue Burmese Banana features an attractive purple-green trunk with a silvery sheen, rich green leaves, and purple or blue-skinned fruits.



Plantano

Bananas of this variety grow large and are suitable for eating, but usually require cooking. Such fruits are fried, baked, deep-fried, dipped in batter. By the way, it is from these varieties of bananas that banana chips are prepared.

Since the fruits of platano are quite dense, they are subjected to heat treatment, but the ripe peel can be consumed fresh. To do this, choose a plane tree with a black peel.

Unlike dessert bananas, sycamores have firmer, unsweetened flesh and firmer skins. In addition to being eaten, they are grown as livestock feed.

In turn, planano bananas are divided into 4 groups - French, French horn-shaped, false horn-shaped and horn-shaped.


Dessert

Bananas, well-known in our country, which can be found most often on store shelves in the fruit section. They are consumed fresh, you can also dry and wither the pulp of such bananas.

Among the most famous dessert varieties are "Paradise", "Gros-Michel", "Ice-cream". Miniature bananas are a variety of "Lady's fingers" (fruit length is 10-12 cm).




How does it bloom and bear fruit?

The plant is demanding on temperature conditions. The optimal daytime temperature ranges from + 27-35C, and the night temperature should not fall below + 25-28C. Even a short-term cooling can provoke not only the fall of the inflorescences, but also the death of the entire plant.

A decrease in humidity can also cause similar negative effects. This can cause banana growth to stop.

Optimum soils are fertile, slightly acidic. Particular attention is paid to weed control, for which they use special compounds, resort to soil mulching and the help of geese. These poultry actively eat weeds, but are indifferent to bananas.


Grass starts flowering after 8-10 months of active growth. By this period, from the tuber, which is located underground, a peduncle breaks through the entire trunk. By the flowering phase, it throws out a peduncle of complex structure, outwardly similar to a large bud. The color is purple, sometimes greenish.

Flowers form at the bottom of the 'bud'. They are located in several tiers. Above - the largest, female flowers, the second tier are smaller bisexual, and at the very bottom - male flowers, which are the smallest.

Despite the difference in size, all flowers have the same structure and include 3 tubular petals and a sepal. In addition, erect and drooping inflorescences are distinguished, which depends on the banana variety.


The female flowers are pollinated by insects, and this process does not stop even at night, since bats pollinate at night. With the attraction of insects and birds, pollinating mice to banana inflorescences, there are no problems - their nectar is very sweet and fragrant. Over time, when the ovaries are formed from the inflorescences, the “bud” begins to look like a hand with many fingers.

As they mature, the “fingers” turn into the well-known slightly elongated fruit with a yellow skin. However, at first it is green, and turns yellow as it matures. The size and appearance of the fruit varies and depends on the variety. In the process of aging, the pulp also changes - it acquires a creamy shade, softness, juiciness.



Botanically speaking, the fruits of the banana plant are berries. This is due to the fact that inside the pulp there are seeds located in an arbitrary or ordered form. Seeds are absent in cultivated fruits, while they are easy to detect in wild ones. However, if you cut the flesh of a cultivated banana lengthwise, you will find small dark spots - these are the seeds.

One inflorescence can produce up to 700 bananas, the total weight of which can reach 70-80 kg. After the fruiting period is completed, and the crop is harvested from the plant, the false trunk dies off, in the place of which a new one will then appear.



The average time from planting to harvest is 16-19 months. During the fruiting period, the stem of the plant is strengthened with props so that it does not break under the weight of the crop. Harvesting begins at a time when the ripeness of bananas is 75%. They are cooled down and transported. To preserve the freshness of fruits, special conditions are necessary - a gas-air chamber with a temperature not higher than + 14C. Under such conditions, bananas are able to maintain freshness and their properties for up to 50 days.



How does it reproduce?

In the wild, bananas are propagated by seeds. They are carried over long distances by animals that live nearby and eat bananas.

Since cultivated plants do not have seeds (only dark spots indicated their presence in ancient times, which can be found on the cut of the pulp), they cannot be propagated in this way. In this case, resort to vegetative propagation.

If we talk about propagation at home, then this is done by vegetation or with the help of seeds. However, contrary to some sources, cannot grow a banana "tree" from the pit of a purchased banana. This will require varietal seeds. They have a dense skin, so they are first rubbed and rumpled slightly so that a sprout can break through the skin, and then soaked in water.



Dwarf species for indoor cultivation

For home cultivation, decorative mini-trees should be chosen. It should be understood that even dwarf varieties reach a height of 1.5-2.5 m. Unlike wild and plantation-grown "relatives", this, of course, is not much. But in a small apartment, such plants can hardly be considered "dwarf".

Dwarf bananas are good for growing in a greenhouse, conservatory, while smaller super-dwarf ones are suitable for a house or apartment.



Bananas are planted at home, which give a crop, while the height of the false trunk reaches 2-2.5 m.

  • "Dwarf Cavendish". A compact plant that grows up to 1.5-2 m. When the right conditions are created, it will please with a crop of dessert bananas, each 12-25 cm long. The fruits have a well-known appearance - bright yellow skin with dark spots. There is another variety of variety - "Cavendish superdwarf".

  • Kyiv dwarf. Another cold hardy variety that produces edible fruits. The height of the plant reaches 1. 7 m, and if this seems excessive to you, pay attention to the Superdwarf variety related to it. The height of the latter is not more than 1 m.

Ornamental varieties do not produce edible fruits, but grow a little less than the described varieties - on average, their height is 1-1.5 m. These include several varieties.

  • Velvety. The plant forms a false trunk 1.5 m high and 7 cm in diameter. The leaves are rich green in color and have a red border, elongated. A velvety banana blooms literally all year round, this period can last for several months. Inflorescences are replaced by small fruits that acquire a pinkish skin as they ripen. During the period of technical maturity, the peel opens, revealing a creamy pulp with seeds. This variety can survive a short-term drop in temperature.


Among the varieties popular for home cultivation, one can also name the "Dwarf Blood Banana", which received a similar name due to the color of the leaves - their upper part is traditionally green, the lower one is crimson.

Among the miniature varieties, we can distinguish those plants that have an interesting appearance of leaves and those that are especially attractive during flowering and fruiting. The latter include the variety "Pink Velvet". The plant is characterized by low growth (1.2-1.5 m) and beautiful pink inflorescences and fruits. The latter are very fragrant, but contain many seeds and are unpleasant in taste.

The Scarlet Banana variety also demonstrates special beauty during flowering. The combination of bright green narrowed leaves and fragrant scarlet inflorescences will leave few indifferent.

The Manna plant also produces beautiful scarlet inflorescences, while the height of the “tree” does not exceed 1.2 m.


You can choose not dwarf varieties, but ordinary, but very slow growing. For example, Banana Yellow. It pleases with attractive yellow inflorescences that do not fall off for several months. But it is unlikely that it will be possible to get a harvest, it is too difficult to recreate suitable conditions in a private house and apartment.

Seeds can be used for growing at home. Unlike the vegetative method, the plant obtained in this way will be more resistant and strong, but its growth will take longer, and it will not be possible to grow edible fruits.

If you want to grow edible fruits, look at the vegetative propagation method of the plant. To do this, after the death of the banana trunk, the “bud” should be removed from the ground, from which a new sprout will develop, and divided into 2 parts. One part is sent to the old place of growth, the second is rooted in a new pot.


How to grow a banana at home, you can see in the next video.

Do you know how bananas grow? Most of us, eating another banana, probably thought about what path this same fruit had traveled from distant warm countries, how it grew on a huge banana palm, with huge leaves, ripening for a long time under the scorching African rays, surrounded by its many brethren, and miraculously survived from raids of ubiquitous monkeys and elephants. .. No matter how!

For starters, a banana is a herbaceous plant, a herb with a huge trunk and giant leaves, not a palm tree at all. Such grass sizes suggest unusual and rather interesting processes of development and reproduction of bananas. How do bananas grow in more detail?

Banana (Musa-lat.) is a genus of fast-growing herbaceous perennials, numbering about 40 species. We are more interested in the very bananas that we eat every day. In nature, oddly enough, such wild-growing bananas do not exist. What we see on store shelves are the fruits of plants bred by breeders. Real bananas have inedible fruits, usually oval in shape, filled with seeds.

The visible trunk of a banana tree is formed from massive leaf stalks that grow rapidly and die off as they grow. In warm weather, one leaf grows in a week, reaching a width of 60 cm and a length of up to 2.5 m. After the appearance of about 45 leaves, after 8-10 months, the banana releases one single peduncle.

Usually blooming at night or in the morning, commercial varieties of bananas reveal many tubular white flowers filled with a lot of sweet nectar. Banana flowers grow in tiers: below are several rows of female flowers, they are larger; above - the flowers are bisexual, and even higher are the tiers of the smallest male flowers. After pollination, the upper flowers fall off, the fruits are obtained only from the female flowers of the banana.

Banana fruits also develop in tiers called hands. In the process of ripening, a banana fruit (technically a berry) goes from light green to yellow or red, depending on the variety. The flesh is white, cream or orange. Bananas are cut while still green, so they can be stored longer, protected from rodents and transported for export.

After the end of fruiting, the entire visible above-ground part of the banana tree dies off. The following year, the banana repeats the growth cycle.
In nature, some types of bananas live for about a hundred years. Artificial plantations need to be updated every 10-15 years. The fruits of breeding bananas are sterile, therefore reproduction is carried out vegetatively, by shoots or by dividing rhizomes. Don't look for seeds in bananas, they aren't there.

We all love to eat bananas, and probably many of you have wondered whether it is possible to grow a banana at home in a pot on the windowsill, I hasten to answer. Growing a banana from seeds at home in a pot is quite easy.

There are varieties of bananas that can withstand large temperature fluctuations and grow well in small pots, such as the dwarf banana variety. The first question usually asked is, will a banana tree grown produce fruit? And the answer is yes, a grown banana from the seeds of the fruit will bear fruit for 3-5 years of cultivation.

Banana tree A lush green, fast growing plant with large oblong leaves, the banana tree can give any place a tropical feel. Because a banana is not a tree, but a herb. Many varieties make excellent houseplants that don't need a lot of care and grow very quickly. Dwarf varieties of banana can grow up to 4 meters in height. Compared to regular banana trees which can reach up to 15 meters in height.

How to plant a banana?

We sell Cavendish bananas hybrid bananas in our stores and bazaars, which do not contain seeds, more precisely, there are seeds in a banana, but they are so small that they are not noticeable. These bananas are grown specifically for commercial purposes. Cavendish bananas bananas are propagated only by root shoots or pieces of rhizome, which are separated from the mother plant. In the wild, bananas are spread through seeds, and varieties that contain seeds tend to have little to no edible pulp, and they don't taste very good, to say the least.

If you want to grow a banana at home and get edible fruits, you need to buy an ornamental banana seedling, and if the goal is to grow only an ornamental plant, then you can plant a banana from a seed

Banana varieties that can be grown at home

Here is a small list of banana varieties that grow well at home. These dwarf varieties of banana tree grow to a height of no more than 1. 5 m - 4 meters, and feel great in a hill.

Banana dwarf red
banana dwarf cavendish
Banana Brazilian Brazilian
Banana Yamaisky
Banana Rajapuri
Banana Williams
Gran Naina
Banan 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 2 plant a banana from seeds

Before planting banana seeds in the ground, they need to be “awakened”, for this, the hard skin of the seeds is cut on one side with a knife (this allows the seed to germinate easily and quickly) and the seeds are soaked in warm water for a day ( 24 hours).

Plant the seeds in small pots 8 to 10 cm wide. Fill the pot halfway with a light potting mix enriched with plenty of organic compost, place a banana seed in it, and top with a small ball of soil. Remember to water generously until excess water comes out of the bottom of the pot, and keep the soil constantly moist.

The time it takes for seeds to germinate depends on the variety. Some germinate in 2-3 weeks and some varieties take over 2 months, so be patient.

After the seed germinates and reaches a height of 10 - 12 centimeters, bananas need to be transplanted into a larger pot, the plants need to be transplanted using the transshipment method so as not to damage the root system.

Propagation of bananas by root shoots

As mentioned above, the banana is a giant herbaceous plant that sprouts from an earthen bulb. And over time, the rhizome bulb grows and sprouts new shoots, for reproduction, a young shoot is broken off with a small piece of root and transplanted into a separate pot.

It is worth mentioning that you can tear off the shoots only after all the bananas have ripened on the plant, and in no case should you cut off all the shoots, it is important to leave one. If you tear off all the shoots from the rhizome of a banana, the mother plant will die.

Transplant the cut bulb into a pot with drainage and a light potting mix to prevent standing water in the pot and provide adequate ventilation for the developing roots.

After the bananas are transplanted, they need to be provided with bright light, temperatures in the range of 20 - 30 degrees and high humidity of 60 - 90%.

Care and conditions for growing a banana

Light / sun

Banana trees grow in tropical and subtropical parts of the world, and therefore they love the sun, heat and high humidity. If you want to grow a banana tree at home, you need to place the plant pot in a sunny location, preferably the south side of the house. For good banana growth, it needs to provide at least 13 - 14 hour daylight hours. If your windows face north or daylight hours are less than 13 hours (winter time of the year), you need to take care of lighting the plant.

Banana Soil

Banana tree likes a “light” soil mix, the soil should be slightly acidic or even neutral, the soil pH should be around 6-7. But store-bought soil contains a lot of coconut fiber, so AinoGarden recommends making your own soil mix.

To do this, you need to take equal proportions of sand, perlite and compost or manure (manure can be replaced with peat). Such soil will be well moisture permeable and rich in organic matter.

Watering a banana, humidity

Banana loves moisture. Watering a banana tree should be regular and plentiful, it is advisable to combine root watering and leaf watering (spray the plant), while there should be no standing water in the pot. In summer, bananas are watered every day, if it is very hot, then even twice a day. In winter, watering is reduced, and watered after the topsoil dries out.

To grow a banana at home, in an apartment (or house) you need to constantly maintain high humidity in the aisles 60-90%. To increase the level of humidity around the plant, you can put a container of water near the banana or carry out constant spraying.

Banana tree overwintering

The banana tree stops growing when the ambient temperature drops below 10°C, but if the temperature drops below 0°C the plant dies. Before the onset of winter, you need to perform heavy mulching of the soil and trim the leaves a little. The prepared plant is transferred to a cool but bright room, away from radiators.

banana fertilizer

Banana, like any grass, is a fast growing plant and requires constant fertilization to maintain growth. For a young plant to quickly gain green mass, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizer, organic - urea or mineral with NPK 30:10:10, with a frequency of one to two times a month. After the banana grows foliage, you should apply mineral fertilizer for a banana with more potassium, for a good growth of fruits (bananas) NPK 15: 5: 30 with a frequency of 1-2 times a month.

Banana Pests and Diseases

Bananas are very disease resistant and the worst thing that can happen to them is root flooding or too much/lack of fertilizer. If the banana leaves have darkened and dried around the edges, this is definitely a bay and the roots begin to rot. If the leaves turn yellow, the plant is deficient in nutrients.

The main pest of the banana tree in our area is the common aphid, weevil and spider mite. It is very easy to get rid of all these pests with the help of pesticides, I use Aktara on an ongoing basis.

The banana or palm tree is a very beautiful indoor perennial. With proper care, in addition to green leaves, the palm tree will give an exotic flower of an unusual shape that will delight you for 3-4 months.

Growing a banana palm at home is not that difficult. Following the advice and recommendations of experts, this is quite realistic. If you want to have such a tree at home, there are two solutions - plant banana seeds yourself or buy a young plant in a store.

Let's look at first option
You will need: peat, peat soil, expanded clay, sphagnum moss, hardwood, river sand, potassium permanganate, dwarf banana seeds, nail file, thermometer.

The seeds must be treated first. This is done with a file: the skin is grinded from the seeds. Then they are soaked for 2 days in boiled water. Seeds can be planted together or separately. In the prepared container, small holes are made at the bottom, then expanded clay is laid out by 2-3 cm, a substrate 4 cm thick is laid on top. The main condition is that a distance of approximately 4 cm should remain between the ground and the lid of the container (so that the seedlings are spacious).

The substrate is prepared from 4 parts of washed and calcined sand with one part of steamed peat. An hour before planting, it is shed with a hot solution of potassium permanganate, and 30 minutes before sowing, the seeds are treated with the same solution. Then the seeds are laid out on the substrate and easily pressed into it. The container is closed and placed in a bright place. The temperature regime must be maintained within such limits - during the day 27-30 degrees, at night about 25. It is necessary to ensure that the substrate does not dry out. If everything is done correctly, then after one and a half to two months you will see the first shoots. Once the seedlings have their first three leaves, they can be transplanted into separate pots with good drainage, sand and peaty soil. With proper care, in six months you will get an adult tree.

Second option
When you bring a young plant home, immediately find a warm and bright place for it. For a palm tree, daylight hours must be at least 12 hours. If this does not work for you, you need to add additional lighting. This is especially important if you want to get results. The temperature regime for the palm tree is as follows: during the day 25-30 degrees, at night a little less, but not lower than 20 degrees. As for watering, there are also some nuances here. Water should be taken settled (at least 12 hours) and a few degrees above room temperature. In summer, the plant needs to be watered more often, in winter - less often.

With proper care, the banana palm will give you one leaf every 7-8 days. Thanks to this fact, she is the champion of growth among indoor plants. If you suddenly notice faded leaves or drying tips on them, pay attention to the humidity of the air. Similar phenomena are indicators of dry air. How to increase humidity? There are two ways. The first is spraying a palm tree or wiping the leaves with a damp cloth. The second one is more simple. Place the palm in a wide tray and line the plant pot with pebbles, expanded clay, wet sphagnum, or any other material that retains moisture for a long time. Staying in such an atmosphere will improve the general condition of the palm tree and moisten the air around it.

Palm trees can be fed with complex fertilizers in spring and summer. A good effect is observed when watering with mullein (1:10). The plant is transplanted annually in the fall.

Home grown banana palm will delight you, and if you follow all the recommendations, perhaps after a while it will begin to bear fruit.

And if you need to buy more classic flowers, then welcome to

How to grow a banana at home. How to grow a banana at home: exotic within walking distance

Contents

  • 1 Banana palm is a tree or herb
  • 2 Useful properties
  • 3 How to grow a banana at home
  • 4 What a homemade banana looks like
  • 5 Varieties for growing indoors
  • 7 Lighting
  • 8 Temperature
  • 9 Air Humidity
  • 10 Watering Features
  • 11 Top dressing
  • 12 How to germinate seeds from commercial fruit?
  • 13 Transplanting and aftercare
  • 14 Benefits of bananas
  • 15 What variety of banana plant is best for growing at home?
  • 16 How to prune indoor banana plant
  • 17 About banana pests and diseases
  • 18 Growing problems:
  • 19 Other problems
  • 20 How to propagate indoor banana
  • 21 How does a banana bloom?
  • 22 Making a mini greenhouse
  • 23 Aesthetic side
  • 24 In horticulture
  • 25 In medicine
  • 26 Why it is impossible to bury a store-bought banana and grow a palm tree
  • 27 Conclusion

Banana palm is a tree or grass

In fact, it is a grass, albeit a large one. Its short and wide stem is underground, and what is usually mistaken for a trunk is actually banana leaves wrapped one inside the other.

Botanically, a banana is a berry

Useful properties

The main property of bananas, due to which it has become so widespread throughout the world, is its high calorie content. According to this indicator, it overtakes even potatoes.

Banana is recommended in the diet of ulcers, as a natural and mild laxative for the elderly. This berry is also a source of antioxidants, so its use is an excellent prevention of cancer. Banana contains vitamins and minerals that are necessary for the human body.

Interesting! The high content of phosphorus and potassium in the peel makes it possible to use the banana as a fertilizer for plants.

How to grow a banana at home

Growing a banana at home takes some effort. But it's worth it, because these plants will bring a touch of originality and unusualness to the interior of any apartment.

Home grown banana tree

What a home grown banana looks like

An exotic plant can be recognized by the following features:

  • in tropical climates banana trees reach 12 m in height, but at home they do not grow above 2 m;
  • the length of the sheet reaches 2 m, and the width can be 1 m;
  • the bases of the leaves are tightly adjacent to each other, due to which a pseudostem is formed;
  • the stem itself is underground, it also functions as a root;
  • inflorescences are formed in the middle of the ground stem, always die off after flowering.

Interesting! A banana tree is called a "tree" only because of its resemblance. In fact, a banana is a herbaceous perennial. Its ground part lives no longer than 40 years.

Varieties for growing indoors

There are several varieties of indoor bananas. Some of them, with proper care, are able to bear fruit:

  • Pointy banana;
  • Cavendish dwarf;
  • Cavendish superdwarf;
  • Kyiv dwarf;
  • Kyiv superkalik.

Indoor pointed banana with fruits

In addition to fruit-bearing varieties, decorative indoor varieties are also grown:

  • Velvety;
  • Lavender;
  • Chinese dwarf;
  • Bright red.

Ornamental varieties are grown for their stunning flowers. Fruits on some of them are formed, but they are inedible.

Attention! To grow an ornamental variety, you can simply buy seeds. For fruit-bearing species, it is better to purchase ready-made seedlings.

Types of indoor bananas

They can be divided into two main categories - decorative and fruit.

Remarkably, both of them bear fruit. But the fruits of an ornamental banana are completely inedible. At the same time, the decorative banana outwardly looks more impressive. Yes, and it is smaller than a fruiting banana. Its species suitable for growing at home rarely exceed one and a half meters, which is comparable to the size of the usual monster, ficus, dieffenbachia, yucca, dracaena. These types include velvety banana and lavender banana. But the most popular banana among flower growers is bright red. In addition to being very beautiful, its height does not exceed a meter, which is not so much even by the standards of a city apartment.

But even among fruit bananas there are compact varieties that are quite suitable for indoor cultivation. For quite a long time there have been varieties "Kyiv Dwarf" and "Kyiv Super Dwarf". These are full-fledged bananas, giving the same full-fledged, edible fruits as we buy in stores. The height of the "dwarf" is one and a half meters, and the "super dwarf" is a meter. If the room allows, then you can pay attention to the varieties "Cavendish dwarf" and "Velvet pointed". With good care and appropriate conditions, they can grow up to two and a half meters.

Lighting

When choosing a place for this plant, one should be guided by the fact that the banana is still grass and grows very quickly. In two or three years, it will reach that same maximum size. But at the same time, this will be possible only if there is good lighting. Therefore, for him it is necessary to allocate a spacious, well-lit throughout the day, part of the room. If necessary, provide artificial lighting. Banana reacts very painfully to the lack of light. The plant looks depressed, growth stops.

Temperature

It should not be thought that if the banana plant is tropical, then it needs constant heat. In winter, it will easily endure a drop in temperature and up to +16 degrees. But such a reduction should not be allowed. Ordinary room temperature is quite acceptable for him. In summer it can be hotter, up to +30 degrees. Beware of cold drafts!

Humidity

Thinking about how to grow a banana at home, take care of this element of care first of all. It is perhaps the most difficult to organize. Bananas cannot grow normally without high humidity. The normal air of our apartments is unsuitable for the full growth of bananas. Raise the humidity constantly, by all available means. This can be regular wiping of the leaves with a damp cloth, the operation of an electric humidifier, systematic spraying.

Important! On warm summer days, and even nights, it is useful to put a banana on an open balcony. This significantly stimulates its development.

Features of watering

They lie in the fact that bananas need to be watered not so often, but plentifully. It will be great if you give him a warm shower, in which both the foliage and the soil will receive their portion of moisture. The main thing after such a shower is to let the excess water drain well so that it does not stagnate in the pot. Always water with soft water and only with a temperature a few degrees higher than the ambient temperature.

If the weather is dry and hot, watering can even be done twice a day. In winter, their frequency is significantly reduced, waiting for the upper third of the soil layer to dry thoroughly.

Top dressings

Bananas need active additional top dressing when they are growing, flowering or fruiting. It is advisable to alternate universal mineral mixtures for flowering plants with organic top dressings. In the midst of the growing season, it is advised to feed bananas once a week. With the onset of late autumn, as well as in winter, top dressing is completely stopped.

How to germinate seeds from commercial fruit?

You need to choose the right fruit, find wild bananas, they are small in size, as well as dark seeds in the pulp. Simple fruits will not work, since only those that have a presentation, which means that there are no seeds in the pulp, get on store shelves.

When choosing, pay attention to the skin - it is better to take undamaged fruits.

Seed extraction is as follows:

  • the full ripening of the fruit to a dark peel is expected, this can be done by putting a banana in a plastic bag;
  • the finished fruit must be cut in half, after cleaning, and then remove the seeds with a sharp knife, this must be done carefully;
  • seeds should be washed and immersed in warm water;
  • waiting time - three days. Subsequently, the seeds are dried and the soil is prepared for germination.

An inert substrate is required for this purpose. You can use sphagnum, which is popular among gardeners, otherwise a combination of coarse-grained sand and peat in a 3: 1 ratio will do.

The pot is filled with drainage and substrate. Seeds are pressed into the mixture, watered abundantly. The average germination time is 2.5 months.

Transplanting and aftercare

After the seeds have germinated, they need to be replanted. To do this:

  • collect and use a layer of soil from above from under linden, birch or hazel;
  • add sand, humus and ash to the prepared soil in a ratio of 10:2:1:0.5;
  • mix the composition and bake in the oven for no more than 10 minutes.

The bottom of the selected pot is filled with pebbles, styrofoam or other drainage, after which moistened sand and warm soil are added. The germinated seed is placed in a pot and watered abundantly.

To grow a strong and healthy plant, it is important to follow simple rules:

  • the soil must be loosened regularly;
  • watering - plentiful, but not frequent;
  • daily foliar spraying in summer and once a week in winter;
  • optimal temperature - 25-30 degrees;
  • systematic top dressing, however, it is important to avoid inorganic fertilizers.

With proper care, the tree blooms after 11-12 leaves. Do not forget about lighting, especially in winter.

The Benefits of Bananas

The nutritional value of bananas has been recognized for centuries. Due to the fact that they are rich in potassium and magnesium, they significantly help both the cardiovascular and digestive systems, strengthening heart health, and promote proper metabolism. Bananas lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of stroke. With their high levels of fiber and pectins, bananas create positive intestinal flora and help support overall digestive health.

Banana trees are beautiful even if they don't produce any fruit. They are very beautiful houseplants in their own right and bring a tropical feel to any home. Their unusual appearance adds a special touch to any home, and because they are fairly easy to grow, they are also popular with many home gardeners.

Which variety of banana plant is best for growing at home?

When deciding which type of banana plant you want to grow indoors, you should be aware that not all varieties will produce fruit.

Also, remember that full-sized banana plants can grow quite large, so I always recommend a dwarf indoor variety.

Different types of bananas have different flavors. Therefore, you may want to research this before deciding which variety to grow.

The most popular indoor banana variety is the Super Dwarf Cavendish, as it grows to only 1.2 meters.

Other varieties suitable for indoor cultivation are "dwarf Cavendish" (2.7 meters), "dwarf Lady Finger" (2. 7 meters), "Grand Nain" (2.4 meters), "dwarf Brazilian "(4.6 meters), "dwarf Jamaican" (2.4 meters), "Williams hybrid" (2.4 meters) and "Rajapuri" (3 meters).

How to prune a banana houseplant

Pruning a banana plant is important because it promotes growth and will cause your banana to produce more fruit.

You should prune your plant twice a year. Before your plant begins to grow, and once after you have harvested the fruit per season.

The main purpose of pruning your banana plant is to remove the extra shoots that grow on the stem from under the soil.

You want the plant energy to go mostly into the fruit, not these excessive offshoots.

Remove the shoots with a sharp knife.

These cuttings can be planted to grow a new plant.

Make sure the knife you use is sharp, as this will make the scars heal faster.

Always leave 5 or 6 shoots, they will produce fruit.

When it comes to leaves, only remove leaves when they are completely dead and shriveled.

About pests and diseases of bananas

Representatives of this genus are rather strong plants with good immunity. But, at home, they can get sick and most often this happens due to waterlogging of the soil, stagnation of water in it, as well as excess or deficiency of useful elements.

Warning signs of disease - darkening and drying of the edges of leaf blades. This means that the root system of the banana is rotten. If the foliage turns yellow, then the plant does not have enough fertilizer.

These tropical guests are not often attacked by pests, however, common aphids, weevils and spider mites can attack bananas. You can get rid of parasites with the help of pesticides, the most popular drug in this group is Aktara.

Growing problems:

  • Brown edges of the leaves, drying out indicates frequent watering, as a result of which the banana roots have rotted. It is also possible to stop the growth and development of the plant even under favorable conditions. An urgent transplant and removal of damaged parts of the root system and powdering with activated or charcoal is necessary.
  • Leaves dry, lack of foliage shine due to low air humidity.
  • Foliage yellowing occurs when the temperature drops to unfavorable.

Other problems

Dark spots on banana leaves indicate too much watering. If the plant has stopped growing, it means that it has become cramped and needs a new pot.

The banana tree as a house plant is still exotic. But you shouldn't be afraid of it. In addition to the unusual appearance, its edible varieties can bring not only aesthetic, but also gastronomic pleasure. And the absurdity of the question “is a banana a tree or a shrub” will cause a condescending smile from the owner of a home exotic.

How to propagate an indoor banana

There are several ways to propagate a banana at home - each has its pros and cons.

Seed germination

Seed germination is a troublesome and time-consuming business. A few days before planting, the seeds themselves are soaked, after which they are filed. After that, they are planted in a moist, nutritious substrate prepared from equal parts of leafy soil and sand, peat and charcoal. The depth of planting in the soil of the seed is equal to the size of the latter.

Seeds should be covered with glass or film, put in a warm place with enough light - the temperature under the glass should vary between 24-25 degrees. Periodically, the glass is raised and ventilated, and after the appearance of 3-4 true leaves, it is planted in separate flowerpots.

Babies

Banana vegetative reproduction is a separation from the main mother bush of babies. This method is applicable when transplanting a plant into a new flowerpot, simply making a cut on the rhizome and thus cutting off the shoot. The place of the fresh cut is sprinkled with coal, after which the shoot is planted in the ground - an equal mixture of leafy soil, sand and peat.

How does a banana bloom?

Active growth of bananas lasts from 8 to 10 months, after which the flowering phase begins. At this time, a long peduncle sprouts up from the underground tuberous stem up through the entire trunk. Having made its way out, it forms a complex inflorescence, which in its shape resembles a kind of large bud, painted in purple or green shades.

Regardless of size, the banana flower consists of 3 tubular petals with 3 sepals. Most bananas have white petals, the outer surface of the leaves that cover them is purple, and the inner surface is dark red. Depending on the type or variety of banana, inflorescences are of two types: upright and drooping.

At night, pollination of female flowers occurs, and in the morning and afternoon by small mammals or birds. As the banana fruits develop, they become similar to a hand with many fingers growing on it.

At its core, the banana fruit is a berry. Its appearance depends on the species and cultivar. It can be oblong cylindrical or triangular in shape and have a length of 3 to 40 centimeters. Banana skin color can be green, yellow, red and with a silvery tint. As it ripens, the firm flesh becomes soft and juicy.

About 300 fruits with a total weight of up to 70 kg can develop from one inflorescence. Banana flesh is creamy, white, orange, or yellow. Banana seeds can be found in wild fruits, and in cultivated species they are almost completely absent. After fruiting is completed, the false stem of the plant dies off, and a new one grows in its place.

Interesting! Flowers are male, female and bisexual.

The plant is demanding on temperature conditions. The optimal daytime temperature ranges from 27-35C, and the night temperature should not fall below 25-28C. Even a short-term cooling can provoke not only the fall of the inflorescences, but also the death of the entire plant.

A decrease in humidity levels can also provoke similar negative effects. This can cause banana growth to stop.

Optimum soils are fertile, slightly acidic. Particular attention is paid to weed control, for which they use special compounds, resort to soil mulching and the help of geese. These poultry actively eat weeds, but are indifferent to bananas.

Grass starts flowering after 8-10 months of active growth. By this period, from the tuber, which is located underground, a peduncle breaks through the entire trunk. By the flowering phase, it throws out a peduncle of complex structure, outwardly similar to a large bud. The color is purple, sometimes greenish.

Flowers form at the bottom of the 'bud'. They are located in several tiers. Above - the largest, female flowers, the second tier are smaller bisexual, and at the very bottom - male flowers, which are the smallest.

Despite the difference in size, all flowers have the same structure and include 3 tubular petals and a sepal. In addition, erect and drooping inflorescences are distinguished, which depends on the banana variety.

The female flowers are pollinated by insects, and this process does not stop even at night, since bats pollinate at night. With the attraction of insects and birds, pollinating mice to banana inflorescences, there are no problems - their nectar is very sweet and fragrant. Over time, when the ovaries are formed from the inflorescences, the “bud” begins to look like a hand with many fingers.

As they mature, the “fingers” turn into the well-known slightly elongated fruit with a yellow skin. However, at first it is green, and turns yellow as it matures. The size and appearance of the fruit varies and depends on the variety. In the process of aging, the pulp also changes - it acquires a creamy shade, softness, juiciness.

Botanically speaking, the fruits of the banana plant are berries. This is due to the fact that inside the pulp there are seeds located in an arbitrary or ordered form. Seeds are absent in cultivated fruits, while they are easy to detect in wild ones. However, if you cut the flesh of a cultivated banana lengthwise, you will find small dark spots - these are the seeds.

The average time from planting to harvest is 16-19 months. During the fruiting period, the stem of the plant is strengthened with props so that it does not break under the weight of the crop. Harvesting begins at a time when the ripeness of bananas is 75%. They are cooled down and transported. To preserve the freshness of fruits, special conditions are necessary - a gas-air chamber with a temperature not higher than 14C. Under such conditions, bananas are able to maintain freshness and their properties for up to 50 days.

The female flowers are pollinated at night by bats, and in the morning and afternoon by small mammals or birds. As the banana fruits develop, they become similar to a hand with many fingers growing on it.

We make a mini-greenhouse

If you want to get fruits, then you need to arrange additional highlighting. The banana palm should be illuminated for at least 12 hours during the day, and the air temperature in the house during the day should be maintained at twenty-five degrees or more. At night, conditions can be colder, but still the temperature should not fall below 20 degrees C. This is about fruitfulness.

For ornamental purposes, banana palms can be grown at room temperature and do not need additional lighting at all. The plant will bloom without it, beautifully and for a long time. But since the banana comes from warm countries, a temperature of less than 16 degrees C can slow down its growth.

For planting, take a small plastic cup and fill it with drainage. It can be small pebbles, expanded clay, broken dishes or tiles.

On top of the drainage we place a layer of soil mixture 5 cm thick, consisting of ¾ of well-washed river sand and ¼ of peat. There must be a hole in the bottom of the cup so that water does not stagnate and, as a result, the roots do not rot.

We cover the glass with glass, so there must be some distance between the surface of the soil mixture and the glass so that the sprouts do not rest against the glass.

We place an improvised mini-greenhouse in a bright place. During the entire time that the seeds germinate, the soil mixture will need constant moisture through the pan, since it is not recommended to open the glass.

The mini-greenhouse must not be allowed to overheat, because the high temperature can simply boil the young sprouts.

In winter, the banana palm needs much less moisture. If you have an insulated loggia or veranda at your disposal, then it is better to move the plant there and water it every one and a half weeks. At the same time, the air in the room where the palm tree is kept should be warmed up to 17 degrees C, and in summer the most acceptable temperature for a palm tree is 23 degrees C.

For ornamental purposes, banana palms can be grown at room temperature and do not need additional lighting at all. The plant will bloom without it, beautifully and for a long time. But since the banana comes from warm countries, a temperature of less than 16 degrees C can slow down its growth.

For planting, take a small plastic cup and fill it with drainage. It can be small pebbles, expanded clay, broken dishes or tiles.

We cover the glass with glass, so there must be some distance between the surface of the soil mixture and the glass so that the sprouts do not rest against the glass.

We place an improvised mini-greenhouse in a bright place. During the entire time that the seeds germinate, the soil mixture will need constant moisture through the pan, since it is not recommended to open the glass.

Aesthetic side

Decorative banana tree cannot leave indifferent any picky grower! It should be noted that these plants are quite tenacious and hardy, and besides, a real find for the interior, because they allow you to show off exotic berries when receiving guests!

In horticulture

Banana fruits can also be used as a fertilizer for indoor and garden plants. Everything is clear with garden plants, I threw the skins into the compost pit and fertilized the beds the next year, but how to fertilize or feed indoor plants with a banana? Its peel contains a lot of potassium, which is so necessary for the growth and development of plants.
Banana peel can be used as a dry top dressing for house flowers. To do this, the skin is dried, then ground or ground into powder. The resulting mass can be mixed with the ground or sprinkled directly under the root of the flowers.

Catalog b-v, banana, medicine, palm, digestion, heart, herbaceous, fertilizer, berry How to prune a Mandarin tree for sweet fruits

In medicine

This fruit has many useful properties! Traditional medicine says that a banana is one of the most acceptable products for gallstone disease. Bananas are useful in diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal diseases. The pulp of this berry is saturated with fiber and dietary fiber, which has a beneficial effect on the digestion process, as well as potassium salts, which contribute to the removal of fluid from the body and good heart function. Scientists have proven that people who consume a banana every day are more optimistic and focused.

Why it is impossible to bury a purchased banana and grow a palm tree

The plant is classified as a cereal, in fact - a banana tree is a grass. It grows well and its reproduction in the natural environment occurs with bananas - the fruits fall and after a certain time they can germinate. However, bananas sold in shops, markets and supermarkets, even when fully ripe, are fruitless. This is due to the following factors:

  1. Imported fruits do not contain seeds, as they were taken from varietal plants that are propagated in a different way.
  2. Bananas in the store are treated with certain chemicals that eliminate the possibility of their germination.
  3. Ordinary store-bought fruits that are sold everywhere are not suitable - you need to look for specific ones where there are seeds.

Note!

A yellow banana, even if a variety with seeds in its fruit, will not grow into a tree. It is necessary to help the fruit ripen first, and then extract the seeds from it.

Conclusion

  1. The probability that it will be possible to grow a banana at home is, if we are talking about a young seedling of a dwarf variety.
  2. The best way: dividing the rhizome or from a ready-made dwarf variety.
  3. Thinking about how to grow from seeds of a purchased fruit is the prerogative of gardeners-dreamers. But decorative varieties are successfully grown from seeds, but do not bear fruit.
  4. A young plant needs watering, lighting, temperature balance, top dressing, but in general it does not cause much trouble to the owners.
  5. With the help of dwarf varieties, you can grow fruits of a regular size, and it is convenient to place such plants right in a city apartment.

Sources