How big do crepe myrtle trees get
PLEASE STOP PLANTING CRAPE MYRTLES!!
The way crape myrtles look in February and March is a travesty (a distorted representation of a tree) and a tragedy (an event causing great suffering destruction and distress) to the individual plants. To what am I referring, but the way the trees get brutally whacked and chopped by loppers and saws, and then get loaded into a large trailer adding to the landfill!! If they are too tall, pull them out and plant shorter varieties, but Crape Myrtles rarely or never need pruning.
Crape Myrtles are TREES and that means they grow TALL from 20 – 40’ in height. They have been lovingly referred to as the Lilac of the South (with no fragrance) with a very long bloom time in the summer. Crape myrtles have wonderful exfoliating bark in late spring/early summer that as a kid, I loved to peel off the trunk to reveal a beautiful, velvety, cinnamon colored trunk. The leaves also provide great fall color from yellow to orange to red if the weather cooperates. So here we have a plant that give us an exceptionally long summer bloom period, great fall foliage (not many trees do that here) and a beautiful sculptured trunk when allowed to grow naturally.
There are two types of Crape Myrtle frequently planted; there is Lagerstroemia indica and Lagerstroemia hybrid (indica x fauriei). The first species L. indica has small round leaves and is terribly susceptible to powdery mildew which is a white powder that causes the leaves to curl up and distort, stops photosynthesis and occurs in spring AND fall. Powdery mildew must be sprayed with several fungicide applications OR you can plant the National Arboretum Hybrids which are totally resistant to powdery mildew.
The Hybrid Crape Myrtle, Lagerstroemia indica x fauriei, (Indian Tribe Hybrids and named so) was started by Dr. Donald Egolf of the National Arboretum beginning in 1959. He started a research project to develop disease resistance (powdery mildew), hardiness (because fauriei species was more frost tender that indica) rebloomers, true flower color and unique inheritable dark trunk colors. The hybrid crape is easily distinguished from the species as it has larger rectangle leaves, larger flowers and flower clusters and is totally resistant to powdery mildew – never spray fungicide again!
Some of the National Arboretum hybrids you may be familiar with are:
Muskogee – to 30’ – light lavender flower – red orange fall color
Tuscarora – to 20’ – dark coral pink flower – red orange fall color
Natchez – to 30’ – white flower – cinnamon colored trunk – yellow to red to orange fall color
Arapaho – 20-30’ – true red flower – maroon tinged leaves
Fantasy – 25-40’ – white flower, fragrance emits a sweet nectar for bees, cinnamon trunk
If you do not have the space for a 20 or 30 foot tree try using one of the shrub or dwarf varieties.
Chickasaw – 1-3’ shrub – light lavender pink
Chica – 2-4’ shrub – deep red
Pokomoke – 3-5’ shrub – deep rose pink
Hopi – 5-10’ large shrub – clear light pink
Dynamite – 6-8’ dense shrub – true red
Acoma – 6-10’ – white flowers – semi- dwarf weeping habit
Catawba – 8-10’ – violet purple – dense shrub
CRAPE MYRTLE TIPS:
1) Do not plant in the flower beds next to the house; INSTEAD use a tall variety in the middle of the yard to provide summer shade on the west side of the house.
2) Crape Myrtles are either single trunk or multi-trunked and it can take a long time to turn a multi trunk into a single trunk, so purchase single trunk to begin with if that is what you need.
3) Plant the hybrids with the large leaves to avoid powdery mildew in the spring and fall.
4) Crape Myrtles need at least 6 hours of DIRECT SUN for good, long summer bloom.
5) Watch for Crape Myrtle Asian Bark Scale, it turns the trunks completely black and must be treated systemically and topically. Severe pruning seems to attract these sucking insects.
6) Pruning should only be done when trees are young to shape the tree by removing crossing and rubbing branches and dead wood. You could remove seed heads in the winter but this is how all the abuse started, because it was too time consuming to snip the tips and progressed into the crape murder we have come to recognize today. (If you have trees that have been chopped down to shoulder or waist height, remove it for it will never be beautiful again. )
Finally, you be the teacher and help educate those holding the chain saws and pruners to stop the horrible disfiguring of our beautiful sculptured trees and know, no pruning is necessary if the trees have never been pruned.
Have a great spring!!
How Big Does A Crepe Myrtle Get?
The crepe myrtle tree is one of the most popular trees in gardens across the country. Their flowers are beloved for their vibrant colors and fragrant blooms that last into the fall season. But just how big do crepe myrtles get? We did the research to bring you the answer.
Crepe myrtles can range in height from 10-25 feet depending on what variety you choose. These trees can grow to be very large if not pruned properly.
If you're considering planting a crepe myrtle tree near your home, it's best to take measurements around your home and garden beforehand. These trees can grow very tall and wide which can be cumbersome for homes with tight spaces around driveways and entrances. Continue reading to learn more about them.
How big does a Natchez crepe myrtle get?
The Natchez crepe myrtle is a relatively small tree that can reach heights of up to 25-30 feet. These trees grow at an average rate and are often used as shade trees in landscaping.
How wide does a crepe myrtle get?
Crepe myrtles can reach widths of 15-25 feet. They're known for their relatively wide growth pattern, which includes a lot of outward branching.
This creates a wide shape, but not necessarily a tall one. Crepe myrtles are considered fast growers, but not super fast. If you want to keep your crepe myrtle narrower, prune it once each year in late winter or early spring.
How big does a dwarf crepe myrtle get?
These "Baby Myrtles" typically grow to be between 4-8 feet tall, with the average being 6 feet tall. The width of these trees is generally about half of that height due to the small leaves on the tree.
These smaller trees are perfect for gardens, front yards, backyards, and patio areas. The maintenance and training required for these trees are similar to that of regular crepe myrtles.
Can you plant a crepe myrtle near your house?
Crepe myrtles are wide-planted trees. They can easily take up a space of 15-30 feet in a matter of a few years. Overall, they are excellent shade providers and offer long-lasting colors throughout the year.
So if you're looking to provide a bit of shade near your home's patio or front porch, having a crepe myrtle plant nearby may be beneficial.
However, you want to be cautious of planting it closer than 6-10 feet from your home, as its wide-spanning crown may cause a bit of crowding. It is also important to note that the branches of a crepe myrtle can be quite brittle.
If you have young children that often play around your front lawn or backyard, you may want to tend to the myrtle tree often, as there may be broken branches on the ground beneath which can create tripping and falling hazards.
Can you keep a crepe myrtle small?
It is easy to keep a crepe myrtle small. However, it's also easy to overzealously prune the tree, which can severely damage it.
It's best not to prune the tree too aggressively and to prune no more than a third of it at a time. Doing so can cause it to develop unsightly growths, knobs, and make it more susceptible to infestation and various plant diseases.
Click here to see these pruning shears on Amazon.
Why do you want to keep a crepe myrtle small?
The crepe myrtle tree can grow pretty wide. So if you have a crepe myrtle that is too big for your lawn area, you may want to keep an eye on it. If not, you may find that the tree's canopy has grown significantly and is causing crowding for shading in undesirable areas.
The most common reason for keeping a crepe myrtle small is that it has grown too large for the space you have allotted for it. It may be growing into a neighboring yard, or it may be getting too close to your house. In some cases, you may be able to even root prune the tree, which will keep it small.
You may also want to prune the tree regularly for aesthetic reasons. If this is the case, be sure to prune the tree starting at the bottom and work your way to the top.
It's best, however, to prune the tree so that it maintains its natural form and grows in a healthy and consistent way. If you're pruning it for aesthetic reasons, you'll also want to train the tree's trunk to complement your pruning method.
Tips For Pruning a Crepe Myrtle
The best way to keep a crepe myrtle small is to prune the plant regularly. Pruning can be carried out during any time of year, but it is best to prune in the spring if you don't want to delay flowering.
- Be sure to cut off any branches that are growing diagonally or toward the ground. When pruning the branches, cut them back to a node. A node is where a leaf or branch is attached to the stem. This will encourage new growth and help keep your crepe myrtle small. It'll also help the tree recover quickly, and it will be less stressful for the plant.
- After pruning, water the plant well, and monitor it over the next few weeks. If you notice any thinning limbs on the tree (with girth less than that of a pencil) be sure to remove them, as they will eventually become brittle and only suck up extra energy from the tree.
What happens if you don't prune crepe myrtles?
If you don't prune your tree, it'll likely grow thinner with brittle branches. The branches will grow wider and wider and many will eventually break. Also, from an aesthetic perspective, the tree will look a bit tattered and unkempt.
It's also worth noting that neglecting to prune the tree won't make it grow faster. Pruning the tree will encourage it to bloom more fully.
It's much easier to purchase a tree that would meet the ideal growth height for the area it's allowed for. This will not only prevent the tree from being pruned excessively but it can prevent the ends of the tree from growing back thicker and deformed.
Should crepe myrtles be trimmed every year?
There's nothing wrong with the pruning crepe myrtles every year to prevent them from growing too invasively. However, this isn't necessary if they're not becoming a burden. These trees can grow for about a year without requiring trimming. But it's best to prune it no more than twice in one year.
And in some cases, you may only need to remove any new sucker growths around the tree's bass or cross branches. Note that crepe myrtles have a naturally graceful form and look best when pruned lightly.
How far apart should crepe myrtles be planted?
Because of their wide canopies, it's best to plant crepe myrtles at least 15 feet apart. This way, the canopy can grow without overcrowding the next tree, and the trees' roots won't become entangled.
It'll also prevent the tree from sucking up nutrients and sunlight from adjacent trees, which can lead to deficiencies and infection. They should be planted to accommodate their mature width with at least 15 feet between each trunk.
Wrapping things up
Crepe myrtles can grow to become wide-spanning trees, which is why it's best to plan out their planting location before you purchase them. However, if you want to keep your tree smaller, it's best to prune it once or twice a year.
Before you go, be sure to check out our other posts:
When To Transplant Crepe Myrtle Trees And How To
7 Great Trees That Grow Well In Sandy Soil
flower care at home. Content Features
Myrtle is an evergreen plant belonging to the Myrtle family. The translation of the name from Greek sounds like "balm". The bush grows very slowly: a maximum of 10-15 centimeters per year. At the same time, the evergreen shrub is a long-liver. Often there are 300-year-old trees.
The description says that the leaves of the bush are dark green, located on short petioles. A characteristic feature of the plant is the presence of glands that secrete essential oils, due to which a characteristic smell is noticeable when the leaf is rubbed.
In June-July, the bush is covered with white (rarely pink) flowers, emitting a pronounced pleasant aroma. Flowering lasts until mid-autumn. After some time, black berries form in place of the flowers, which can be used as food. Berries ripen in November-December.
Outdoors, flowers are pollinated by insects. In the apartment they should be pollinated with a brush.
In nature, myrtle trees can be seen in southern Europe, western Asia, northern Africa, the Caribbean and the Azores.
The genus myrtle includes about 40 species, but only ordinary myrtle (another name is communis) can grow in room conditions. In nature, it can reach 5 meters in height, and indoors its height is 40–60 centimeters (occasionally a meter).
Based on common myrtle, breeders have created several varieties that differ in height, color and leaf shape.
The most common varieties:
- variegata - characterized by bicolor leaves;
- small-leaved - leaves are small (up to 2 centimeters in length), the maximum height of the plant is 60 centimeters;
- large-leaved - the leaves are large (up to 5 centimeters in length), can grow up to three to four meters in height;
- Ralph - pink flowers and red berries.
Myrtle grows in nature:
- swamp (it is also known under other names - Kassandra, or Hamedafna) - grows only near swamps, the leaves contain toxic substances, crumble in the winter;
- lush - characterized by exfoliating bark;
- luma - a giant that grows up to 25 meters in height;
- Hekven is the hardiest.
The benefits of the myrtle tree
In addition to its decorative appearance, this unique plant also has a healing effect. Due to the presence of essential oil, myrtle destroys pathogenic bacteria (staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus, E. coli and tuberculosis bacillus) and viruses in the air, protecting the inhabitants of the house from infectious diseases. Myrtle oil is widely used in folk medicine. It is used for colds, runny nose, sore throat, weakened immune system. The tincture of the plant acts like coffee, energizing. A decoction of the leaves treats diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Myrtle is also used in cooking. Its leaves add an exquisite aroma and original taste to poultry and fish dishes.
If you put a couple of sprigs of myrtle in the grill, the shish kebab will acquire an incomparable taste and aroma.
Myrtle is often referred to as the "Tree of family well-being and happiness", as it is believed that it improves the atmosphere in the house, promotes prosperity, strengthens family ties, makes the family more friendly. Another name is "Bride Tree". In many cultures, myrtle is added to the wedding bouquet.
How to take care of the myrtle tree at home
The bush is very demanding on growing conditions and problems often arise during its cultivation. Any errors in care appear in appearance and can cause the death of the plant. Therefore, it is necessary to study some of the nuances in order to create suitable conditions for growth and flowering. First of all, it should be remembered that myrtle needs a dormant period, which is why care for it at different times of the year should be different.
Although the myrtle tree is very capricious, it is very tenacious - it can come to life after a fire and freezing.
Location and lighting
The tree loves bright light. The lack of lighting provokes the loss of leaves. But in hot weather it needs to be slightly shaded.
It is undesirable to put a myrtle tree in the bedroom. The fragrance emitted from the leaves can trigger migraines and cause insomnia.
Humidity and temperature
Myrtle prefers cool weather and high humidity. Therefore, it requires constant spraying, which is especially important in the spring and autumn period - it is at this time that it grows intensively.
In summer, the myrtle tree should be kept at a temperature of 18-20⁰, in winter - at 6-8 degrees Celsius. It can also overwinter at room temperature, but in this case, abundant watering and regular spraying are required (the plant is not sprayed in a cool room).
Myrtle often loses leaves in a warm, dry place. But if you provide him with the necessary moisture, he will soon turn green again.
Soil and pot
The best substrate is humus, sand, peat and soddy soil mixed in equal proportions. Another option for the soil mixture is sand, humus, peat, turf and clay soil, taken in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 2: 2. You can take store soil, but its acidity should fluctuate between 5-6.
A pot should be taken half the size of the tree crown, capable of placing the entire root system. It should have enough holes for drainage. Expanded clay, polystyrene foam, broken bricks or walnut shells must be poured at the bottom to avoid stagnant water.
How to water
Water the shrub immediately after the top layer of soil has dried. The earth should be constantly kept moist.
Do not allow both drying of the soil and stagnant water. Both situations will lead to the death of the plant.
Irrigation requires well-settled soft water, always at room temperature.
If the soil is dry, put the plant together with the pot in a bowl filled with water for several hours.
Fertilizers and supplements
Feed myrtle weekly. When choosing fertilizers, you need to consider the desired result. If you want to get a miniature profusely flowering tree, then use phosphate fertilizers. If you prefer a tall tree with rare flowering, then nitrogen supplements will be required. You can use complex fertilizers, but only those that are intended for indoor plants with decorative foliage.
Fertilize only in liquid form, the day after dilution.
Pay special attention to pruning and pinching the plant to give it the desired shape. With constant cutting of the top, the myrtle will look like a shrub, and when cutting the sides, it will turn into a lush tree. If you do not form a crown, then it will become pyramidal.
If you constantly pinch the edges of the branches, the plant will acquire a special splendor. But at the same time, flowering will be less abundant.
The best time for pruning is spring. But in this case, the plant will bloom only next year. To enjoy the annual flowering, it is recommended to prune the plant after flowering. You can pinch all year round.
Fertilizer must be applied immediately after pruning. At the same time, planned feeding is not canceled.
Young bushes require annual repotting. Mature plants need to be repotted every three to four years. A transplant is required for purchased myrtles.
Repot the bush when the roots begin to peek out of the drainage holes.
The best time to transplant is early spring.
WHEN REPLACING THE PLANT, MAKE SURE THE ROOT NECK IS ABOVE THE SOIL LEVEL. OTHERWISE, THE DEVELOPMENT OF VARIOUS DISEASES, ESPECIALLY ROT, IS POSSIBLE.
In order for a myrtle tree to please with its beauty for a long time, it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the plant and provide timely assistance.
|leaves curl, turn yellow and fall off||lack of light and moisture|
|the stems are stretched out, the foliage becomes smaller and fades||poor lighting|
|leaves lose their shine, turn yellow, deform and curl, the edges become wavy||too bright light|
|leaves fall off||low light, lack of moisture, high air temperature|
|root rot||stagnant moisture|
|no bloom||irregular watering, low humidity, improper lighting, frequent rearrangement or pruning, diseases, parasites|
home care, replanting and propagation, photo
The myrtle plant (Myrtus) belongs to the genus of evergreen shrubs and trees of the Myrtle family, which includes several dozen different species. It grows in North Africa, Western Asia, the Caribbean, Florida, the Azores and Europe, preferring the warmest places. Myrtle in Greek means "balm".
1 Description of myrta
2 Features of myrtle tree
3 Brief Rules for growing myrta
4 MITAL CAREMENTS IN HOMETIC
4.5 4.5 Soil
4.6 Top dressing
5 Is myrtle poisonous?
6 Propagation of myrtle
6.1 Growing from seeds
7 diseases and pests
8 Difficulties when growing MIRT
8.1 MIRTALITY GROUND or Twist
8.2 MIRTALITIONS FROM
9 VIDS AND PHOTOS AND PHOTOS and NAMES
9.1 Common myrtle (Myrtus communis)
9.2 Luxurious myrtle (Myrtus apiculata)
9. 3 Hekven myrtle (Myrtus chequen)
9.4 Ralph myrtle (Myrtus ralfii)
10 Useful properties of myrtle
Description of myrtle
Myrtle is usually a low evergreen tree or shrub. Its leathery foliage is arranged oppositely on the branches. Each plate has a number of glands that secrete fragrant essential oils. Fragrant flowers may appear from the leaf axils, from which short inflorescences-brushes are sometimes formed. Later, edible berries appear in their place.
Myrtle is appreciated not only by flower growers: such plants have a lot of useful properties. The essential oil contained in the stems and leaves of such a bush is used in medicine, as well as for the manufacture of incense and perfume compositions. Even the name of the genus itself is translated as "balm". Dried leaves or fruits of myrtle sometimes act as spices.
Myrtle itself is revered in many countries as a symbol of peace, love and bliss. Wreaths and bouquets are made from it. A gift from myrtle is given to brides, so the plant was given the name - "Bride Tree". The myrtle tree is also called the “Tree of family well-being and happiness”, which personifies a friendly and strong family.
Features of the myrtle tree
When buying myrtle, you need to understand that the plant has a pronounced dormant period. This means that care in summer and winter needs to be different. Because of this feature, myrtle can be in different places depending on the temperature in the house and the time of year. The most favorable time for the plant is summer. Myrtle is very fond of fresh air, so the plant can even be buried with a pot in the ground, for example, in the garden. Before you dig in, you need to think and decide on the place where it will grow.
Myrtle is in great demand among flower lovers. But quite often when growing at home, various problems occur. For example, a plant sheds leaves. This may be due to incorrect content. Caring for indoor myrtle is quite simple, but still has its own nuances.
Myrtle.Features of myrtle tree care
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Brief rules for growing myrtle
The table shows brief rules for caring for myrtle at home.
|Light level||Requires moderately bright, diffused light.|
|Temperature content||In the warm season, about 18-20 degrees. In winter, a cool wintering is preferable - no more than 10-12 degrees.|
|Watering schedule||From the beginning of growth until the end of summer, as the topsoil dries out. If the myrtle hibernates in a cold room, it should be watered rarely and little by little. At the same time, it is impossible to overdry the earth.|
|Humidity||Wet the leaves regularly with lukewarm water. In winter, the bush is not sprayed.|
|Soil||The optimal soil is a mixture of peat with clay, humus, turf and half of the sand. You can use an equal mixture of sand, humus, turf and peat.|
|Top dressing||Weekly during the warm season. Mineral compounds are used. In winter, top dressing is not carried out.|
|Transplantation||Young bushes are transplanted annually, mature plants - once every 2-3 years.|
|Pruning||The crown is formed in early spring.|
|Flowering||Flowering occurs at the beginning of summer.|
|Dormant period||The dormant period occurs in winter, but the duration depends on the placement of the plant. On the north side, it can last about 3 months, on the south - about 1.5 months.|
|Pests||Spider mite, whitefly, thrips, scale insects, mealybugs.|
|Diseases||Diseases are most often caused by improper watering or insufficient moisture levels.|
The myrtle plant has a number of valuable properties and perfectly disinfects the air.
Caring for myrtle at home
Growing myrtle at home is not too difficult, although the plant will require certain conditions. If the myrtle is properly cared for, it will not only look elegant, but also fill the air with valuable phytoncides.
Myrtle needs a lot of light, but it must be diffused. The plant should be shaded from direct sunlight during the hot season. If you want to get flowers from a plant, then you need to consider that the myrtle should be in a well-lit place.
If the myrtle grows in a room on the windowsill, then the best option would be the western and eastern windows. On the south side, the plant can get sunburn. The north side will make flowering more scarce: the flowers will be faded and quickly fall off. It can also be noted that the light acts on the myrtle as a wake-up call.
In winter, give the plant as much light as possible. If the myrtle stands on the south side, then the dormant period will last only a month, if on the north side - 3 months. If you had to change a permanent place, then you need to do it gradually. After all, in another place the level of light will be different. Myrtle can lose light or, on the contrary, receive an excess of it, so you need to approach the rearrangement of the tree carefully and gradually. The plant does not like a sharp change in location. It is worth starting with the fact that little by little the myrtle can be placed a little further from the window, so it will quickly get used to the new conditions of detention.
In summer, you can take the myrtle pot outside or onto the balcony. Sometimes the plant is dug into the garden along with the pot, choosing a place sheltered from the scorching midday sun. At the same time, the plant must be accustomed to changing the lighting regime gradually.
From spring to late summer, myrtle requires moderately warm room temperature. In general, the plant likes coolness and does not like heat. The most favorable air temperature is 18-20 degrees. To make the flower's stay in the house more comfortable, the room with it is regularly ventilated.
In winter, the myrtle tree is best moved to a cool room. The optimum temperature is considered to be about 6-8 degrees, but warming up to 10-12 degrees is also acceptable. Under such conditions, the myrtle will bloom profusely in summer. You can, of course, arrange the wintering of the plant at room temperature, but in this case, you will need abundant watering and constant spraying.
When the air is warm and dry in winter, myrtle leaves often fall off, although you should not despair. If you continue to moderately water the tree, in the spring it will turn green again, but most likely the myrtle will not bloom after a warm winter.
Myrtle can be watered only with soft water that has settled for at least a day. From spring to the beginning of the dormant period, you need to water the plant as the topsoil dries up. If myrtle spends the winter in a cool room, the irrigation regime is significantly changed. It is necessary to moisten the substrate much less often. At the same time, it is impossible to overdry the earth in the same way as to allow the liquid to stagnate in the soil. If the soil lump is still dry, it is necessary to immerse the pot of myrtle in water and wait until it restores the necessary balance of liquid.
Regardless of the time of year, the pot should always have moist soil. At the same time, care must be taken that the water does not stagnate in the pot.
Myrtle needs high humidity. In the warm season, the foliage is regularly moistened by spraying with soft, properly settled water. By the end of autumn, when the myrtle is transferred to a cool room, spraying is stopped.
Several types of mixtures can be used as soil. The first may include turf, humus and clay with the addition of half the sand. For the second, they take equal shares of sand, turf, peat and humus. It is permissible to use greenhouse land.
From spring to autumn, the myrtle should be fed every week. Depending on what kind of tree you want to get and top dressing is selected. If you want the plant to please with its flowering, you need to use a fertilizer with a high level of phosphorus. If you like a miniature ornamental tree, then it is better to use nitrogen fertilizers. In general, conventional liquid compound fertilizers for ornamental foliage plants can be used.
The growth rate of the myrtle allows it to gain full strength by the second year of life. Because of this, small plants need more frequent, annual transplants. Adult bushes are moved less often by 2 or 3 times.
The pot for planting should be proportionate to the volume of the plant's root system. You can also navigate by the width of the crown, choosing half the size of the pot. When moving a bush to a new container, it is important to maintain the same level of penetration. Otherwise, the root neck of the bush may begin to rot. A layer of drainage must be laid at the bottom of the tank.
Myrtle is fast growing and needs regular crowning. Appropriate pruning is carried out in the spring. Without this procedure, the plant will acquire a pyramidal shape. If you cut off the side shoots of the myrtle, you can form a small tree out of it, and removing the top branches will turn it into a bush.
Myrtle tree is one of those plants that can be easily defragmented. It can always be cut in different ways and thus give a unique look. But it's important not to overdo it. Too frequent pruning of the side branches of a young myrtle is considered harmful to the plant. Its trunk may not yet have sufficient strength to support a lush crown. Therefore, you need to wait until the tree gets stronger, and only then engage in pruning and crown formation.
Small pinching of young shoots is possible throughout the year. But you should not get carried away with this procedure: too frequent pinching can have a bad effect on flowering.
CUTTING MYRTLE AT HOME IS EASY. MIRT FORMATION. EXOTIC ON THE WINDOWSILL
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Summer and winter care for myrtle differs significantly. In addition to coolness during the dormant period, the bush should be provided with a sufficient amount of light. The duration of rest of the myrtle tree directly depends on the location of the pot. In darker corners on the north side, the plant can rest for about 3 months. On bright southern windows, the dormant period can be almost 2 times shorter. Proper maintenance at this time will positively affect the health of the plant and the abundance of its subsequent flowering.
If the myrtle remains to winter in a warm room, the bush must be watered and its leaves moistened as before. In this case, the plant will most likely begin to shed some of the foliage. In the spring, leaf blades will grow back, but flowering after such a winter may not occur.
Is myrtle poisonous?
Despite the high benefits of the plant, the leaves of the myrtle, used for the preparation of folk remedies, contain a certain amount of toxic substances. In sensitive people or children, it can cause nausea or headaches, or cause dermatitis or irritation. For these reasons, self-medication is not worth it.
Sometimes dried myrtle leaves are added in small amounts to tea. The fruits are considered edible, but have a specific and tart taste. In addition, you should not eat berries or leaves of a plant that has been treated with chemicals.
Myrtle propagation methods
Growing from seeds
A mixture of peat with sand or any other leavening agents is used as a planting substrate for seed propagation. Before sowing, it is watered with water, and then additionally moistened with a fungicide solution. Myrtle seeds are sown superficially. You can only lightly sprinkle them with a thin layer of the same soil. The crops are covered with a film and placed in moderate heat (about 19degrees). They need to be aired regularly.
The first shoots should appear within two weeks. After the formation of the first full-fledged leaves, they dive into their own pots. In this case, a mixture of peat, turf and humus with sand is used as the soil. Such picking can slightly slow down the growth rate of seedlings, but then they will begin to actively gain green mass.
As soon as the young bushes outgrow their pots, they are transferred to larger containers. From this period, myrtle seedlings are looked after as full-fledged adult bushes. Such plants begin to bloom only in the 5th year of life. At the same time, they may not retain the varietal characteristics of the mother bush.
Myrtle can be propagated by cuttings twice a year: in July and January. Usually, slightly woody cuttings 5 to 8 cm long are chosen for this. They should be taken from the lower or central part of the bush. Most of the foliage is removed from the cuttings, and the remaining plates are shortened. This method reduces the level of evaporation of moisture.
Before planting, the cuttings can be additionally treated with a growth stimulator. The prepared material is planted in a shallow container filled with a mixture of sand and leafy soil. After that, the seedlings are covered with a film or a transparent jar and placed in a shady place where it keeps about 20 degrees. Rooting of such cuttings takes from 3 weeks to a month. After roots form on the seedlings, they can be transplanted into pots with a diameter of about 7 cm. They are filled with a substrate, including turf, sand, humus and peat. When the seedlings outgrow these containers, they are moved to slightly larger ones.
Myrtle, obtained from cuttings, starts flowering in the 3rd or 4th year of life. To stimulate it, the plant must receive enough water. The correct timely pinching will also help.
The easiest and most reliable way to propagate myrtle.
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Diseases and pests
Constant exposure to heat reduces the immunity of the myrtle. In such conditions, pests can settle on the bush. Among them are thrips, mealybugs, whiteflies, scale insects, and in dry air and insufficient moisture, spider mites.
The scale insect is almost invisible at an early stage, but it multiplies rapidly, covering the stems and leaves with dark spots. The scale insect is removed with a damp swab, but it is still necessary to treat the entire plant with an insecticide or soapy water.
Aphids often settle on the underside of the leaf and feed on plant sap, causing the leaves to dry and curl. Aphids are destroyed by insecticidal agents.
The spider mite appears on the underside of the leaves and wraps them in thin white cobwebs. It is destroyed by spraying and washing the leaves, especially from the underside, with water or a weak tobacco infusion. It can also be treated with ready-made universal insecticides.
Difficulty growing myrtle
Myrtle leaves turn yellow or curl
This may be caused by improper lighting. With a lack of light, its foliage begins to shrink, and the shoots themselves become more elongated. If the bush is illuminated too much, the foliage begins to turn yellow and curl. Flying around can be caused by an excessively high temperature in the room, combined with insufficient lighting.
Myrtle leaves fall off
The substrate may be too dry. If it was not possible to prevent complete drying of the soil, such a plant must be looked after especially carefully, watered more often, and sprayed regularly. Some flower growers at the same time cut the branches of the bush by about half. In a couple of weeks, fresh foliage should appear on them. If the myrtle is sick due to waterlogging, it should be transplanted into fresh soil, after removing the affected roots.
Types and varieties of myrtle with photos and names
Common myrtle (Myrtus communis)
This species is most often grown as a houseplant. It has a small branching trunk. Its bark is covered with layered reddish-brown scales. The oval-lanceolate foliage is painted green. It has a glossy sheen and a leathery surface. The leaves give off a pleasant scent.
The flowers of this species have prominent stamens and are white or light pink. Later, dark red berries form in their place. The flowering period lasts almost all summer. Popularity is the variety "Tarentina". This is a more compact plant that produces more berries than the original species. However, they are smaller in size. There is also a variegated form, the leaves of which have a light border around the edges.
Myrtle (Myrtus apiculata)
This species may appear as a tree or shrub with brown flaky bark. The trunk under the scales of the bark is painted in light colors. The foliage has a rich green color and a matte surface. Single flowers are painted white. They appear in the second half of summer. The dark berries that form in their place are considered edible.
It is a small tree with glossy green foliage. The edges of each plate are slightly wrinkled. This species is considered the most persistent of all.
Ralph's myrtle (Myrtus ralfii)
Forms a shrub with a straight stem. It has pinkish flowers that turn into red berries. They can be eaten.