How big do flowering plum trees get


Garden Guides | How Big Do Flowering Plum Trees Get?

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By: Jennifer Loucks

21 September, 2017

white flowers of plum-tree image by Maria Brzostowska from Fotolia.com

The purple flowering plum is a deciduous tree that creates an attractive focal point in the home landscape. The flowering plum grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture growing zones 5 through 9, where it is produces an upright form. Flowering plum trees are attractive to birds and wildlife once the fruit appears in mid to late summer.

Characteristics

A purple flowering plum tree is a fast-growing tree variety that reaches a height of 15 to 25 feet. The tree crown takes a round shape and reaches a width of 15 to 25 feet at the largest point. Flowering plum trees produce purple leaf foliage and a fragrant, white or pink colored flowers in spring. The flower blossoms turn into small purple fruit during the summer growing season.

  • The purple flowering plum is a deciduous tree that creates an attractive focal point in the home landscape.
  • Flowering plum trees are attractive to birds and wildlife once the fruit appears in mid to late summer.

Planting Location

Plant the flowering plum tree in an area that receives full sunlight and has no overhead wires or obstructions so the tree is able to reach a full height potential. Flowering plums grow best in a well-draining loam soil with an acidic pH of 4.5 to 7.5. Amend the soil with ground rock sulfur to lower the pH prior to planting to create an optimal soil for tree growth and foliage color. Work organic compost into the planting hole to increase the water draining properties in sandy or clay soils.

How to Plant

Proper planting of a purple flowering plum tree ensures a good start for tree growth and height. Set the tree in a hole that is two to three times wider than the root ball and the same depth. Make sure the top of the root ball remains at ground level. Add organic compost and a phosphorous fertilizer to the removed soil to stimulate root establishment and the start of tree growth. Water the tree well after planting and for the first two months of growth to prevent stress that limits growth.

  • Plant the flowering plum tree in an area that receives full sunlight and has no overhead wires or obstructions so the tree is able to reach a full height potential.
  • Amend the soil with ground rock sulfur to lower the pH prior to planting to create an optimal soil for tree growth and foliage color.

Care and Maintenance

Provide supplemental water to the flowering plum once a week during the growing season when the rainfall is less than 1 inch. Soak the soak with a drip irrigation system to make sure the water remains available for the root system. Make a tree drip irrigator by drilling a hole into the bottom of a 5-gallon bucket and placing the water-filled bucket under the tree. Apply 3 to 4 inches of organic mulch over the root ball area of the flowering plum to assist with moisture retention and limit weed growth that competes with moisture. Fertilize the flowering plum once a year in spring with a balanced tree fertilizer to promote growth and maintain tree health.

Problems

Monitor the flowering plum for problems with wood boring insects or aphids. Wood boring insects form tunnels under the tree bark, which creates deep, damaging grooves that may limit tree growth and height if not treated. Apply a tree insecticide to the trunk and branches to eliminate a wood boring insect problem. Aphids infest flowering plum trees by sticking to the leaves and leaving a residue. The insect does not damage the tree, but are a nuisance. Treat an aphid problem by spraying the foliage with water to remove the insects.

  • Provide supplemental water to the flowering plum once a week during the growing season when the rainfall is less than 1 inch.
  • Apply 3 to 4 inches of organic mulch over the root ball area of the flowering plum to assist with moisture retention and limit weed growth that competes with moisture.
Related Articles

References

  • University of Florida: Prunus Cerasifera ‘Thundercloud’
  • Backyard Gardener: Prunus Cerasifera
  • Arbor Day Foundation: Plum, Purpleleaf Prunus cerasifera

Writer Bio

Jennifer Loucks has been writing since 1998. She previously worked as a technical writer for a software development company, creating software documentation, help documents and training curriculum. She now writes hobby-based articles on cooking, gardening, sewing and running. Loucks also trains for full marathons, half-marathons and shorter distance running. She holds a Bachelor of Science in animal science and business from University of Wisconsin-River Falls.

Types of Flowering Plum Trees and Useful Tips for Their Care

A flowering plum tree in the garden is every gardener’s dream. Not only are they attractive, but the full bloom display they hold can have quite a startling effect on the beholder.

A flowering plum tree with its beautiful spray of pink flowers and purple foliage is one of the most beautiful ornamental garden tree that is used for decorative purposes in many landscaping designs. It is attractive as single specimen or massed together to line avenues and driveways.

The plum tree is a medium-sized tree which will reach 20 to 25 feet in height. It has a crown of 15 feet that comes to life every spring and winter. The flowers on the trees are a beautiful shade of pink, red or white, and have a strong fragrance. Unlike their productive counterparts, the ornamental or flowering plum trees do not produce any fruits.

While most of them are bred not to produce any fruit, some of them may have a small amount of fruit on it nevertheless. It is a must have for all those who like their landscape to go through transitions of colors and sing a different tune at the change of every season.

Types of Flowering Plum Trees

With Pink Flowers

Thundercloud Purple Leaf Plum

Scientific name: Prunus cerasifera
Synonyms:
Cherry plum, myrobalan plum.
Size: 15 to 25 feet height

Description
hundercloud Purple Leaf Plum is deciduous tree with deep purple leaves and solitary, pink flowers. The bowl shaped flowers grow about 1-inch long, along the bare shoots of the tree in early spring.

Blireana Plum

Scientific name: Prunus × blireana
Synonyms: Purple-leafed plum
Size: 15 to 25 feet height

Description
The deciduous tree with ovate bronze or purple-red leaves has beautiful, showy dark-pink flowers in winter and spring.

Pissard Plum

Scientific name: Prunus cerasifera ‘Atropurpurea’
Synonyms: Purple cherry plum, purple leaf plum, Newport cherry plum
Size: 15 to 25 feet height

Description
A small deciduous tree with alternate leaf arrangement and pinkish-white fragrant flowers that bloom in January and February.

Krauter Vesuvius Purple Leaf Plum

Scientific name: Prunus cerasifera ‘Krauter Vesuvius’
Synonyms: Cherry plum
Size: 15 to 20 feet height

Description
‘Krauter Vesuvius’ with its dark reddish-purple leaves and pink bloom is a cultivar that typically grows as a dense, upright-rounded tree.

With White Flowers

Pigeon Plum Tree

Scientific name: Coccoloba diversifolia
Synonyms: Pigeon Seagrape, doveplum, tietongue
Size: Medium to large (about 30 feet in height)

Description
A broadleaf-evergreen tree with dense, rounded canopy that produces small white-green flowers.

Chickasaw Plum Tree

Scientific name: Prunus angustifolia
Synonyms: Cherokee plum, sand plum, mountain cherry, Florida sand plum, sandhill plum
Size: 12 to 20 feet tall

Description
A plum tree that is native to North America, the Chickasaw Plum tree has a scaly-black bark with reddish side branches, and small oval-green leaves. In the months of February, March, April and May, the tree has fragrant, small-white blossoms with reddish-orange antlers.

Flatwoods Plum Tree

Scientific name: Prunus umbellata
Synonyms: Hog plum
Size: 12 to 20 feet height

Description
A small tree with oblong-lance shaped leaves, smooth, red brown to black bark, the Flatwoods plum tree has masses of showy white flowers in early spring. The flowers have five petals and multiple stamens and are borne in single or groups of five.

Other than these common flowering plum tree variants there are a number of dwarf and semi-dwarf plum trees like the Dwarf “Red-Leaf” plum (P. x cistena) and the “Dwarf Natal Plum” (Carissa macrocarpa) which grow to height of 5 to 7 feet. They are thus perfect for small yards and gardens.

Springtime sees the plum tree filled with clusters of white, pink or purple bloom that last several days. The flowers are sweet smelling with ability to spread their fragrance to quite a distance. The leaves sprout after the bloom fades away from the trees. With the approach of summer time, the leaves of the tree will change color from glossy green to deep, bright burgundy. The change in the foliage color leaves an everlasting impression on the eyes of the beholder. The fruits begin to appear late in the summer. The juicy fruits grow in clusters and are held together lightly. The fruits are small in size and upon reaching maturity turn red, pink or have tinges of purple.

Tree Care

These trees are easy to grow and maintain. Good well drained soil, slightly acidic soil with a pH balance between three and six will result in good flower, as well as fruit production. They are not that fussy about soil, however, avoid places where water tends to stagnate. Young plants are especially partial to moist and well-drained soils. A sunny or a partially shaded location is best for growing a plum tree. Young plants need more water than established ones. Once the tree is established, water as per requirement. Fertilize before the flower bloom begins, and reduce when the tree has borne fruit and is in its dormant period. When adding fertilizer, spread it to the ends of each branch. While a young plum tree grows around 16 inches each year, an older tree will grow about 10 inches with proper care.

Diseases and Pests

Black Knot: The most common disease that can affect this tree is the black knot. This disease can cause extensive damage to the entire tree, at times it may even kill it. Black knot is a fungus that occurs as black, rough galls or knots on the succulent stems and branches. It grows in the spring by the spores spread by air from any nearby tree that has been infected with black knot. The knots first appear green in color, and look like swelling in the stems. If unchecked, they infect the older branches and stems turning them black and hard. To deal with this fungus, remove the knots as soon as they appear. Cut the infected branch or trunk, and dispose them with proper care. During spring the fungus propagates actively and therefore all damage control measures need to be taken before spring sets in. An application of lime and sulfur, or any other fungicide will not only help eliminate the infection, but will also curb its spread.

Powdery mildew: It is a term to describe the fungal disease that results in white residue which coats leaf surfaces.

Prunus Ringspot: One of the most common viruses that affect all plum flowering trees, Prunus ringspot leads to yellow spots, rings and mottling. It results in stunted growth of the tree. The only way to prevent the virus from spreading is by removing the infected trees.

Bacterial Diseases: Certain bacterial pathogens like Xanthomonas lead to foliar diseases in the plum trees. If the leaves of the plum trees appear with small, round holes then it could be a result of the Shothole disease.

Pests: The most common pests that affect ornamental plum trees are tiny, soft-bodied insects known as aphids. Using some insecticides can kill insects that prey on aphids like lacewigs and ladybugs. To control the problem, spray them off with water. Prune out heavily infested leaves and stems. Other pests that affect the plum trees are tent caterpillars, spider mites and fruit-tree borers.

Pruning

Pruning is essential for not just maintaining the shape and training the tree to a desired size but also in promoting healthy plant tissue especially when there are dead or dying branches. Pruning also helps in flower bud and fruit growth. There are three ways to prune; by crown reduction, thinning and pinching. Thinning helps in removal of weak limbs and stems while pinching of flower heads and twiggy offshoots help in controlling the plant’s size. To maintain the tree’s canopy and shape use crown reduction which involves removal of top portion of the tree has to be done.

Start pruning to shape young trees, just make sure you don’t cut the main branch. Just snip out a few lateral steams to either maintain a design or encourage strong growth. The best time to prune a flowering plum is during their dormant period. Remove all diseased, damaged and weak branches. If a well-shaped crown is what you are aiming for then prune lower branches, or in dense crowns cut away some of the larger branches at the top of the tree. Use sharp garden tools like shears, lopping shears, hand saws, etc to get a good job done. For shorter branches use clippers like scissor action pruners, and pole pruners for large branches. If the branches are thicker than one-inch, use curved pruning saws. For well-established trees ask for professional help if you are not too sure about the way to go.

Fruitless flowering plum trees with their beautiful blooms decorate and add beauty to your landscape.Selecting the right plum tree and maintaining it well allows you to enjoy these blooms for years to come.

All about plum: history, benefits, properties, calories and more

How does the Queen of Great Britain start her day? Two plums from the garden of his own estate, and only then a traditional English breakfast. In these fruits, the British believe, lies the secret of longevity of Elizabeth II. And the Chinese are in solidarity with the inhabitants of Foggy Albion, where the plum blossom symbolizes peace and prosperity. In order not to fall into symbolism, REDMOND Club decided to study the royal fruit in detail. In addition, in our garden, the plum is always its own and dear.

In the United Kingdom, the plum is not only the favorite of the Queen Mother. Everyone here loves her. The sweet fruit is used to make puddings, pies, sweets and alcoholic cocktails. If you happened to visit England, then you could personally see the love of the English for the plum, without even tasting plum delicacies. More than 20 pubs in London have "plum" names: for example, "Wild Plum", "Plum in Love", "Drunken Cook and Plum Tree" or one of Winston Churchill's favorite places - "Yellow Plum".

In England, as in other countries, the plum was imported from Western Asia. And in Russia, it appeared only in the 17th century - the first tree was planted in the garden of Tsar Alexei Romanov, and already in the 18th century, plums began to be cultivated in large quantities.

Global Purification

Ask the first person you meet what is the use of plums? And he will answer you without hesitation: plum weakens. By this it is worth understanding not only what you thought. In addition to toxins and toxins, sweet varieties of plums remove bad cholesterol, heavy metal salts and excess water from the body. Therefore, with atherosclerosis, heart and kidney diseases, plum is what, as they say, the doctor ordered!

100 grams of plum contains on average:
  • Proteins - 0.8 g
  • Fats - 0.2 g
  • Carbohydrates - 9 g
  • Calories - 45 kcal »

Due to the high fiber content, a delicious fruit has a positive effect on the digestion process. Actually, this is another reason for people losing weight to pay close attention to the plum. For harmony, it can be eaten fresh and dried, stewed and baked along with other products, and also added to steamed dishes, washing down all this deliciousness, of course, with plum juice or herbal tea.

Many, many vitamins

Cleansing isn't the only thing this little sweet and sour fruit can do. Plum is rich in vitamins and minerals such as potassium, iron, iodine, copper and zinc. We need them every day, both for physical and mental activity. Vitamin C is essential for strong immunity. Carotene is needed to make the eye look like a diamond. Vitamin B - for good mood and nervous system. And vitamin E is important for the health of the arteries and all the young ladies, whose years, as the poets would say, go and leave their mark. Simply put, this vitamin gives plum rejuvenating properties - it has a beneficial effect on the skin, prevents the appearance of wrinkles and age spots. It is no coincidence that plum fruits are often used in cosmetics for hair and skin.

You can, but be careful!

Plum - one more fruit! Neither adults nor children should eat them to satiety - in large quantities, plums can cause severe pain in the stomach and lead to intestinal disorders. But to whom it definitely does not bring joy, it is for people with high acidity of gastric juice. Diabetics should not lean on plums either: they purify the blood - this is a plus, they contain a lot of sugar - and this is a minus. The main rule is the same for everyone - take only ripe specimens, since there is little benefit from “very green” fruits. To gain juicy sweetness and plenty of vitamins, plums need time. And for us - often patience, so as not to tear them ahead of time. Start harvesting plums in early autumn - this is the season!

Plums are different

Black, yellow, red. And also purple, dark green and blue. There are more than 2 thousand varieties of this crop in the world, which differ not only in color, but also in taste. They are divided into edible, wild - they are very sour in taste, and decorative, whose magical flowering can become a real decoration of the garden.

There are three categories among edible plums: dessert plums can be eaten fresh, culinary plums make excellent compotes and jams, and universal ones will find their place both fresh and cooked. The most popular type of fruit tree in Russia and Europe is the domestic plum, it has varieties visibly-invisibly - and flowers, respectively, too. Absolute favorites in our latitudes are purple with a white bloom "Hungarian", yellow and very sweet "honey white" and yellow-red the size of a large cherry plum.

My sweetie

You can come up with a whole menu of dishes with plums and many options for harvesting this fruit for the winter. But, it is interesting to know that one of them has been known to the world since the "golden age" of Athens. Turning plums into prunes began in the 5th century BC. Today, despite the variety of plums, only Hungarian is taken to dry. The fact is that many plums are sweet when raw - there is no doubt about it, but when dried, they become tough and not so pleasant to the taste.

For prunes, the most ripe and juicy fruits of the "Hungarian" are selected. They are doused with boiling water, cooled with running water and then dried. For 1 kg of prunes, 5 kg of fresh fruits are consumed. At home, plums are dried in the oven, laid out on a baking sheet. First, this is done at a temperature of 50°C for 3-4 hours. Then the plums are cooled and again set to dry, but at a temperature of 60-70 ° C for 5 hours. After this time, they are cooled again and dried again for 4-5 hours, increasing the temperature to 80-90 ° C and adding a degree shortly before the end of drying. A treat with a sweet-sweet taste in black gloss is ready!

In 100 g of prunes 256 kcal

Despite the high calorie content, prunes are one of the leaders in various diets. For losing weight, this product is a real find. You drink tea with sweets and you don’t get fat at all! With what other sugar product will such a trick come out?


Plum diseases: how to deal with them

Every year plum becomes more and more popular among amateur gardeners in the northern regions of our country.

Created by domestic and foreign breeders, the newest varieties with large, tender, sweet and fragrant fruits are in no way inferior in taste to the best southern representatives of plums.

They grow well and bear fruit in regions with very cold winters, as their progenitor was the most frost-resistant Ussuri plum , which can withstand temperatures as low as -52 degrees.

All varieties that we offer you have an increased resistance to fungal plum diseases at the genetic level. However, with improper care and in very strong heat, they can sometimes be affected by some kind of disease.

Read our published articles about the history of the creation of plum cultivars, about the beneficial properties of its fruits, about planting and caring for this beloved stone fruit crop:

“How to grow plums on your site”;

How to prune fruit trees;

How to fertilize fruit trees in spring;

“Autumn fertilizer for fruit trees”.

In this article we will talk in detail about plum diseases and how to treat them. In conclusion, we will present you the best varieties of this beloved stone fruit crop from our unique collection of fruit trees.

PLUM DISEASES AND THEIR CONTROL MEASURES

All plum diseases can be divided into three groups: fungal, bacterial and viral. If agricultural practices are violated, plums can get sick with non-infectious , but no less dangerous diseases.

The most common plum diseases are fungal diseases, so let's talk about them first.

Fungal diseases

Clusterosporiasis (perforated spotting). This fungal disease affects leaves, flowers, fruits and bark.

The first signs are the appearance of rusty-brown spots with a red border on the leaves. The spots dry up and begin to crumble, numerous holes form on the leaves.

Brown ulcers form on the bark of shoots and trunk. The bark swells and cracks. Gum starts to flow out of it. If the disease hit the trees during the fruiting period, then they dry out and shrivel, becoming inedible.

Prevention primarily prevents crown thickening and weed growth around plum trees. Also, for prevention, we recommend in the fall to carry out a single treatment of the orchard with 1% Bordeaux liquid.

Control measures . Immediately cut off diseased branches and burn. Treat the wounds with potassium permanganate. Spray the whole tree with solutions of copper oxychloride (40 g per bucket of water), the preparation "Skor" or Bordeaux mixture.

In severe lesions, use the solution of the drug "Fundazol". But keep in mind that it is very toxic, so use goggles, gloves and a protective mask.

Moniliosis (gray rot or monilial scorch) . One of the most terrible diseases of all stone fruits.

When diseased, the shoots dry quickly and look like they have been burned by fire. The fruits darken, wrinkle, the pulp becomes squishy. Gray swellings with spores of the fungus appear on them.

The fruits do not fall off, but can hang on the tree until spring, representing a dangerous source of infection for other plants.

Control measures . Immediately collect and burn all affected fruits and “burnt” branches. Treat the diseased tree and the ground under it twice (with an interval of 2 weeks) with a solution of the Chorus preparation.

In spring and autumn, treat all stone fruits in your garden with 3% Bordeaux mixture.

Plum pockets. This fungal disease affects only fruits. They grow, stretch, taking the form of a tied bag, but do not form a bone. A white waxy coating appears on the skin.

Control measures . Branches with ugly fruits urgently cut and burn. Treat the whole tree twice (with an interval of 10 days) with the Strobi biological product. In autumn and spring (at the beginning of budding), treat both diseased and healthy plum trees with a 3% Bordeaux mixture.

Do not interfere with the double treatment of soil under plants (in spring and autumn) with Alirin B.

Coccomycosis. One of the most dangerous fungal diseases. First of all, it affects the leaves, in the last stages - shoots and fruits. As a rule, it appears in the middle of summer.

Small reddish-violet or rusty-brown spots appear on the upper side of the leaf, which quickly increase and merge with each other.

A white-pink bumpy coating forms on the bottom of the leaves, in which the spores of the fungus are concentrated.

Leaves darken and fall off. The fruits stop growing, soften and dry out.

Control measures . Carefully collect all fallen leaves, and also cut out any diseased branches and burn. Treat the diseased tree twice with solutions of the Strobi or Horus preparations (or better, first first, then second). Spill the earth in near-stem circles with Alirin B solution.

If you stopped the disease at the very beginning, try limiting yourself to treatments with 3% Bordeaux liquid and copper oxychloride solution.

Milky shine. Leaves become swollen and silvery white when infected. They form air voids. Leaves die and fall off. Brown spots form on the branches and trunk. Further, the bark darkens and dries out.

Milky shine cannot be cured!

Prophylaxis . In autumn and early spring, whiten the trunks and forks of the lower branches to avoid sunburn and frost. This is where the spores of the fungus settle.

Follow all agricultural practices, apply fertilizers and growth stimulants.

Fruit rot . The disease usually occurs in warm, damp and cloudy weather. The causative fungus primarily affects plum fruits.

Rapidly expanding brown-brown spots appear on the fruit. Gray tubercles with fungal spores appear on them.

In strong winds, the spores break off the fruit and quickly spread around the garden, infecting other fruit plants.

Control measures . At the first sign of disease, collect all affected fruits and burn. Treat diseased trees with Strobe or 3% Bordeaux liquid.

In autumn and spring, treat the orchard with Vectra solution or 3% Bordeaux liquid.

Rust. The disease appears in mid-summer and affects plum leaves. On their upper side, swollen red-brown spots appear, resembling blisters, which increase in size very quickly.

Then the leaves become rusty-brown, dry up and fall off.

Control measures . If rusty spots appear on the leaves, cut off the damaged branches with them and burn them. Treat the affected tree with copper chloride (80 g per 10 liters of water) or a solution of the drug "Skor".

Treat your garden with 3% Bordeaux liquid in autumn and spring.

Sooty fungus. Leaves, twigs and fruits develop a black coating, as if they had been smeared with soot. In fact, this is what a soot fungus defeat looks like.

Plaque clogs the pores of leaves and tissue of branches, preventing the access of oxygen and sunlight. But it washes and rinses well.

Control measures . Gently wipe off the soot deposits with a damp sponge or cloth soaked in soapy water. Then treat the tree with a solution of copper oxychloride or 3% Bordeaux mixture.

After harvest, spray the affected tree with Strobi.

Bacterial diseases

Bacterial spot. Appears on the leaves in the form of small round spots, which, growing, lose their regular shape. Then the stains dry out and become thinner.

The fruits are covered with dark small tubercles surrounded by a white border.

Bacterial necrosis The disease manifests itself on the branches and trunk of the plum tree. In the spring they look slightly burnt. Then ulcers appear on the bark of the trunk and branches, from which the gum begins to flow. If the disease is started, then the wood of the tree begins to blacken, and it will die.

Control measures . All bacterial diseases can be cured only at the beginning of their occurrence. The treatment is the same.

Cut out diseased branches and burn. Treat affected trees with a solution of some strong antibiotic intended for injection (for example, Ceftriaxone).

Non-communicable diseases

Gum medicine (hommosis) . The disease occurs when the cortex is damaged. A viscous liquid of amber color begins to flow out of them. In this way, the plum tries to seal its wounds.

Gum bleeding can be caused by: incorrect pruning, wounds not smeared with garden pitch, frost cracks on unwhitewashed trunks and other mechanical damage.

If you do not heal the damage to the tree in time, it will weaken as a result of the drying of the gum or the defeat of some bacterial or viral disease, the pathogens of which will easily penetrate into the tissues of the plum through open wounds.

Control measures . Immediately disinfect the wounds with a strong solution of potassium permanganate or 1% Bordeaux mixture, and then cover with garden pitch.

Viral diseases

The most common viral diseases of the plum are sharka (pox), witch's broom, mosaic.

It is impossible to cure them. Uproot affected trees immediately and burn.

THE BEST PLUM VARIETIES FROM OUR COLLECTION

We talked about plum diseases and how they should be treated. In conclusion, we would like to present you the best varieties of this culture, beloved by all gardeners, which are the pride of our collection of fruit trees.

All varieties offered by us have increased resistance to fungal diseases of plums at the genetic level. Their large fruits are unusually sweet, tasty and fragrant, and the trees themselves are distinguished by increased productivity and frost resistance.

Common plum

Tall varieties: Generalskaya, Svetlyachok, Volzhskaya beauty, Yellow Khopty, Uralskaya red.

Plums on a semi-dwarf rootstock: Zavet, Duduka, Blue bird, Amur rose, Scarlet dawn, Xenia, Scarlet swallow.

Russian plum: July rose, a gift to St. Petersburg.

Canadian plum: Ural Hungarian, Seligran.

Ternosliva: Bilasuvar, Yermak.


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