How big do guava trees grow
Ruby Supreme Guava Trees for Sale – FastGrowingTrees.com
The guava tree (Psidium guajava 'Ruby Supreme’) is a tropical tree commonly found in areas like Hawaii, the Virgin Islands, Texas and Florida. The deliciously sweet fruit is commonly used in beverages, desserts and smoothies. The fast growing tree can mature to a height of 10 feet tall and roughly 15 feet wide. It can be grown outside in zones 8-11, but it could also be container grown for zones 4-11 and brought indoors when the winter season approaches. If you are lucky enough to live in an area where the tree can be planted outside, be sure to find a spot where the tree will have an ample amount of space. A soil pH range between 5.0-7.0 is ideal.
Choosing a location: Guava is a tropical native tree so be sure to select a spot that has full sun. Drainage is essential so avoid areas where water may pool. To test your location for drainage, you can dig a 1 foot wide by 1 foot deep hole and fill it with water. After an hour, if there is any water retained, you will need to amend your soil with sand and perlite to improve the drainage.
Planting directions (in ground):
1) Make your hole twice as wide as the root ball and just as deep.
2) Carefully place your tree into the hole and hold it straight as you begin to back fill the hole.
3) Tamp down on the soil with your hand as you back fill to prevent any air pockets from forming.
4) Water the planting site to help settle the soil and then spread a 2-3 inch layer of mulch to help conserve moisture and prevent competitive weeds from growing. Wood chips or bark pieces will suffice.
Planting directions (potted): Like goldfish, a guava tree will only grow to as big as the space it’s allotted. The pot will confine the roots allowing you to keep the tree to a smaller more maintainable height.
1) It is not recommended to get a pot much bigger than the one the tree is delivered in. Select a pot that is the same size, or about 2-3 inches larger (at most), than its existing pot.
2) Be sure that there is an adequate amount of drainage holes in the bottom of the pot, drainage is essential to the tree’s survival. You can also line the bottom of your pot with a couple inches of gravel/pebbles to assure proper drainage of the soil.
3) A citrus or an organic potting soil is best for the guava. Regular potting soil can be a bit heavier and therefore retain more moisture. The extra moisture can be harmful to the guava’s roots. Be sure to press down as you fill in the pot with soil to avoid air pockets.
4) Place your tree next to a south facing window to ensure it gets the full sun exposure it needs.
*Tip* The tree will most likely require re-potting once a year.
Watering: Give your guava tree a deep soaking and then hold off on watering again until the top two inches of the soil begins to dry. These trees will like to dry slightly in between waterings. In the hotter seasons you might need to water more frequently but DO NOT overly saturate the soil. Guava (like citrus) hate to have “wet feet” and are susceptible to root rot if left in standing water.
Potted guava also likes to dry slightly in between waterings. If the top 2-3 inches of the soil feels like it’s starting to dry out, add just enough water to where you see it escaping the drainage holes and stop.
Pruning: You can trim your guava tree throughout the year. Using sterilized cutters, remove any low growths that appear near the base of the tree. This will encourage a healthier, stronger trunk making a more stable tree. Prune away any branches that are crossing and dead limbs. Potted guava should not require much pruning but it can be done to maintain a particular shape.
Fertilizing: Guava are semi-heavy feeders and will require fertilizing once every 1-2 months in its younger years. Once the tree becomes more established, it will only need to be fertilized 3-4 times a year. Just before the growing season begins, work a 6-6-6 or 8-8-8 fertilizer into the soil. Guavas like high levels of nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash, and magnesium for the best results. Potted guavas will benefit from being fed an organic, granular fertilizer every three months.
Growing Guava in Pots | Guava Tree Care and Information
SearchGrowing Guava in Pots is the best way to enjoy these tasty fruits in a small space like a balcony or a patio! Here’s all you need to know!
Growing Guava in Pots is not only easy but rewarding too! All you need is a small container and this plant will give you enough harvest for the entire family!Check out our article on growing blueberries in pots here
Guava Tree Information
Guava is a small tropical tree that grows 5-6 meters high on average, but if properly pruned it does not exceed the height of 3 meters. This makes it perfect for growing in containers.
Its leaves are born in pairs with a pale green color and leathery texture. Fruit shape, size, the color of flesh and skin usually depends on the variety. Maturity is observed when the shell reaches a yellowish-green, yellow, pink, or pale color.
Other Names: Amrood, Amrut Phala, Araçá-Goiaba, Araçá-Guaçú, Banjiro, Brazilian Guava, Brazilian Red Guava, Common Guava, Fan Shi Liu, Feuille de Goyavier, Goiaba, Goiabeiro, Goyabe, Goyave, Goyave Jaune, Goyave Rouge, Goyavier, Goyavier du Brésil, Guaiaba, Guaiava, Guajava, Guava Leaf, Guava Leaves, Guava Peel, Guava Pulp, Guava Seed, Guava Seed Protein, Guavas, Guave, Guavenbaum, Guayaba, Guayabo, Guayave, Koejawel, Lemon Guava, Pépin de Goyave, Psidium, Psidium guajava, Pulpe de Goyave, Red Guava, Yellow Guava, Bihi
Best Guava Varieties to Grow in Pots
Over 100 varieties of guavas are identified in the world, different from each other by their flavor and appearance.
Guava Ruby Supreme, Lucknow 49, Psidium Guajava Nana (Dwarf Guava), Tikal Guava, Red Malaysian (Also grown for ornamental purposes), Patricia, Indonesian Seedless, Indonesian White, and Safeda are some of the best ones you can grow in pots.
Propagating Guava Tree
Growing guava from cuttings requires specific temperature and humidity, this method is suitable in warm climates. Just snip away 4-6 inches long cutting and plant it in a well-draining growing medium in bright light.
Guava seeds are propagated easily with high germination rate. The main thing is that they must be fresh and obtained from a quality source. You can also use seed fresh seeds collected from the fruit but it is better to buy seeds from a seed store or online.
Guava tree grown from seeds take 3-4 years to mature and start to form fruits. From cuttings, it grows more quickly. However, our recommendation for you is to buy a grafted guava tree. Most of the grafted trees start to bear fruit in the same year and remain healthy.
Best Pot Size for a Guava Tree
Guava grows large, around 15 to 20 feet, but in pots, it can be reduced to 5 to 8 feet. A standard 12 to 14 inches pot will be good to start a medium-sized plant available in plant nurseries. Then, you can re-pot it within a couple of years, depending more on the growth, into one size bigger container than the previous one.
Eventually, a large 20 to 24 inches pot can easily accommodate a grown-up guava tree.
Requirements for Growing Guava Tree in a Pot
While growing guava in a container, choose a location that gets at least 6-7 hours of direct sunlight daily. The more sun it gets, the better it will be for healthy growth and more fruiting.
For growing guava in pots, choose a quality potting mix or make your own substrate using equal parts compost, sand, and soil. The pH should be between 5.5 to 7.5. Amend the growing medium with plenty of organic matter such as well-rotted cow manure at the time of starting the plant.
When the plant is young or forming flowers, water it regularly and deeply to keep the soil slightly moist. It helps in developing more juicy and sweet fruits. Always water when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch.
A mature guava tree (at least 3 years old) can bear temperatures down to 20 F (-6 C). Keep it safe from cold drafts. It would be a good idea to bring the plant indoors if you live in a climate with cold weather conditions in winter.
Guava Tree Care
Pruning is essential to keep the guava tree in desired shape and size. Dry, dead, damaged, or diseased branches can be pruned anytime.
The best is to cut back long, unbranched shoots and branches that are crossing each other and blocking the penetration of sun rays after the harvest or at the beginning of the growing season.
Allow no more than four fruits per branch. Also, thin out the fruits if they are developing on a small and weak branch.
Guava responds well to the monthly fertilizing. When the tree is young and is not bearing fruits, fertilize your potted guava tree with 6:6:6:2 [N P K Mg] to speed up the growth of the plant.
When the tree starts to bear fruits change the composition to 8:3:9:2 [N P K Mg].
Do mulching with organic matter so that the plant retains moisture. It also helps in insulating the roots in winter.
Pests and Diseases
The guava tree is very tough, but you should keep an eye on common garden pests. Mealybugs, guava scales, white flies, fruit flies, and thrips can affect it.
In diseases, the guava plant suffers from rust, which occurs in too warm weather and high humidity. Besides this, anthracnose and leaf spots can be a problem too.
To avoid these issues, avoid overwatering and keep the plant at a location with proper air circulation.
Most of the guava tree varieties are self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens year-round in tropical and arid climates (except in summer). Guava fruits usually mature in 3 to 4 months after flowering.
In India, generally, the main crop arrives in winter and after the summer in the rainy season. The winter crop is more flavorsome and sweet.
Guava fruits taste better when picked earlier than they are fully mature. Fruits are highly nutritious, rich in vitamin C, and can be eaten raw – the seeds are edible too.
Ripened fruits can be used to make guava ice cream, juice, jam, chutney, sauce, or desserts.
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YouTube90,000 Readers ask: How big do guava pineapple trees get?
Pineapple guava can be easily cut into a dense hedge or shaped into a small tree with a single trunk. It can go to uncut 15 feet long and 15 feet wide .
How fast do guava pineapple trees grow?
Known for its versatility, pineapple guava is native to South America but is well suited to USDA 8-10 climates where it grows at an average speed of about 24 inches. in year.
Is guava pineapple a bush or a tree?
Pineapple guava (Feijoa Sellowiana) is an attractive evergreen tree or shrub that can be used in a variety of landscapes. It is ideal for warm western climates and well suited to home gardens. The plant grows up to 3.5-4.5 m in height and width.
How tall are guava pineapple trees?
As a large shrub, the pineapple guava can grow 12 to 15 feet tall and wide. If pruned to a tree structure (one or more main stems with the undergrowth trimmed), feijoas can grow to 20 feet or more over time!
Do I need two pineapple guavas?
First, despite being self-fertile, none of the pineapple and guava varieties are completely self-fertile. The percentage will vary depending on variety, weather, cross-pollination, bird and bee activity, etc. All varieties, including species, tend to produce larger and better fruits when a second variety is planted nearby.
How long does it take for a guava to bear fruit?
Although guava can be grown from seed, it is not loyal to its parents and it can take up to 8 years before it bears fruit. Usually trees are propagated by cuttings and layering. In this case, the fruiting of guava should occur at the age of 3-4 years.
Do guava trees have invasive roots?
It does not require much maintenance to thrive, making it a suitable choice for brown finger gardeners looking for an easy to care for tropical fruit tree. In fact, it is so hardy that it can be prone to invasiveness with seedlings growing throughout the landscape from seeds scattered by local wildlife.
How big is a guava tree?
Be aware that guava trees can grow up to 6.1m tall if not trimmed to size.
Do you need pineapple guavas in the sun?
Pineapple guava does well in zones 8-11. You will enjoy full sun, but if you are in an area with very hot summers, midday shade will be required. Once planted, they are quite drought tolerant, but you will get better fruit every week with deep watering.
How fast does a guava tree grow?
Guava trees (Psidium guajava) grow well in climate zones 9 (protected) to 11, where they are cultivated for their fruit. It takes about 20 years to reach a mature height of 10 feet.
Can guava grow in cold weather?
Protect the plants and trees in your tropical garden, such as the guava tree, because winter cold is needed even in mild climates. Tropical guava (Psidium guajava) cannot tolerate frost and will die at the roots at temperatures below 24 degrees Fahrenheit.
How often do you water your pineapple guava?
Although pineapple guava is drought tolerant, I water it regularly (20 minutes three times a week during the summer months) to optimize fruiting.
Do you need a male and female feijoa tree?
All others require two or more trees for successful pollination and fruiting, but even then it may not be worth relying on birds or bees. It depends where you live. In case you forgot, pollination is the transfer of pollen from the male part of the flower to the female part.
Do guava trees need a lot of water?
They prefer full sun. The guava has survived dry summers without water, although regular, abundant watering works best. Allow the soil to dry out to a depth of a few inches before watering again. Lack of moisture delays flowering and leads to fruit drop.
#photo ?, #useful properties ?, #what does it look like, #what does it taste like
- Useful properties
- Where does it grow?
- Why do strawberry guava leaves become uneven?
- How the plant looks like, photo
- Guava fruit: useful properties and contraindications
- Useful properties for the woman's body
- Benefits and harm to men's health
- Guava for pregnant women: benefits and contraindications
- Benefits and harms of dried guava:
- Benefits of Guava Nectar
- Benefits and Healing Benefits of Guava
- Can I take dietary supplements to get the right amount of vitamin C?
- How does an overdose of vitamin C manifest itself?
- What is the daily value of vitamin C?
- How does vitamin C deficiency manifest itself?
- Kettle guava or strawberry guava
- How the fruit is eaten
- Culinary use
- What is the useful guava
- for men
- Benefits of guava for women
- Can Guaava during pregnancy and GV
- Is the guaava to children
- Taste and smell
- Composition and calorie content
- Useful properties of guava
- Calorie content of guava
- Buy guava
- Pear-shaped guava. Guava (guava)
- Composition of fruits and leaves
- Selection and storage of fruits
The benefits of such a plant at home are enormous, since the houseplant guava is a natural air freshener, it saturates it with useful ions. The leaves are very beneficial. This is a good antiseptic. They are brewed and drunk as tea, which helps with coughs, intestinal infections, including dysentery. It prevents the development of inflammatory processes in the body, lowers the temperature.
If there is bad breath or toothache, chewing a leaf of the guava tree is enough, and everything goes away. Guava restores the body's strength, as it has a number of useful trace elements, a complex of vitamins and amino acids. It has recently occupied a leading position among fruits in terms of the composition of nutrients. Its special value over other fruits is that none of them has such an amount of vitamin C and potassium. In addition, it contains all types of vitamin B, vitamins A and E, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus.
This fruit strengthens the immune system, tones the body, has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system and central nervous system. Removes excess cholesterol, which normalizes blood pressure and reduces the risk of atherosclerosis. Guava is able to regulate the digestion process, which will work like clockwork. Gastritis attacks, constipation pass, irritation of the stomach and intestines calms down.
Guava is also used to treat infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, even dysentery. Fruits are low-calorie, 100 grams contain only 78 kcal. Therefore, they can be consumed in dietary nutrition. This moment is relevant today. Therefore, if you take into account the amount of useful elements at a low calorie content, it will be a good help for the body.
Where does it grow?
Papaya: description and useful properties of a tropical fruit
Guava is an ancient plant whose homeland is actually unknown. Experts say that the trees originally grew in Central and South America. Gradually spread to South Asia, including Thailand, where this fruit is considered a local attraction. An exotic fruit grows throughout America, in Asia, Portugal, Spain, India, Guam, the Bahamas, Bermuda. Guava is actively grown in Algeria, Palestine, along the entire Pacific coast. For commercial purposes, the tree is grown in Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, and Florida. Thickets of an exotic plant are present in Cuba, Malaysia, Hawaii, Fiji, and the Virgin Islands.
Guava grows well in dry, humid climates. Suits clay soil, sand, stones, limestone. It thrives where other plants die. The trees are drought-resistant, but without moisture, productivity decreases. It tolerates only small frosts, therefore it grows exclusively in countries with a warm climate. The tree grows for about 40 years, but after 15 it reduces the yield. In countries where guava is grown commercially, gardens are pruned regularly.
Why do strawberry guava leaves become uneven?
Feijoa: what it is and how it looks like photo, useful properties and contraindications, gardeners' advice on how to grow feijoa at home
The plant is unpretentious, does not require increased care, but if elementary rules are violated, it begins to fade and dry.
Uneven leaves become if:
- Not enough moisture;
- Light deficiency;
- Too cold or too hot;
- Feeding required;
- Roots rot from excessive moisture;
- The plant is infested with pests.
It is necessary to carefully examine the Kettley psidium for parasites, cut off old branches, and ensure proper care. Excess moisture must be removed from the pot or, on the contrary, watered. Top dressing is needed if all the conditions of care are met, and the leaves still become uneven, the plant weakens, does not want to bloom.
What the plant looks like, photo
Feijoa: cultivation and properties of the fruit
Psidium Catley is an evergreen, slow-growing tree 2-4 m high. Leathery, dense, glossy, dark green leaves resemble laurel. On young shoots, round fruits of red, yellow, purple color appear. The skin is thin. The flesh is white, reddish or yellowish from the edges. The fruit is juicy, smells like strawberries. Hence the name. Berry diameter 2-5 cm.
In its natural habitat, Psidium Ketley grows anywhere where there is bright light, crumbly soil. It is considered a poisonous tree because it releases a toxic substance into the ground that destroys other plants. Outwardly, the Peruvian guava looks attractive. In the process of flowering, a pleasant aroma will be released, and ripe fruits smell deliciously of strawberries. A photo of an unusual plant is presented below.
Guava fruit: useful properties and contraindications
The composition of the fruit completely determines its beneficial properties. The fruit is called the most valuable source of potassium and lycopene: banana or tomato also contain similar substances, but in smaller quantities.
What else is useful fruit extract:
- The main focus of the fruit is a large amount of vitamin C. It affects the general condition of the body, and is also known for its immunomodulatory effect. The use of a tropical apple is a good prevention of seasonal colds.
- Guava is taken during pneumonia to quickly activate the internal reserves of the body.
- Thanks to copper, which is part of the fruit, the pulp promotes the production of collagen, which has a rejuvenating effect.
Another known effect of guava is its positive effect on the endocrine system. Fruit contributes to the proper production of hormones.
The tropical apple also has its contraindications. In rare cases, the use of a new product is accompanied by a severe or moderate allergic reaction. How to recognize allergies: skin rashes, urticaria, disruption of the digestive tract. Unripe fruits adversely affect the kidneys and adrenal glands.
Useful properties for a woman's body
Fresh fruits are a source of vitamin C. How it helps the female body: allows you to quickly and effectively speed up metabolic processes, improve skin condition, increase body elasticity. Another little-known property of vitamin C is the fight against ingrown hairs.
Tropical apple affects the hormonal background, so the fruit will be especially useful for women during menopause or a broken cycle. The rich mineral composition allows you to improve the appearance of the skin, nourish it from the inside. The production of collagen also immediately affects the appearance of a woman.
Benefits and harms for men's health
Another effect of guava is to help in the fight against stress. Psycho-emotional stress is one of the causes of many diseases in men. Fresh pulp improves brain activity and increases energy.
Tropical apple improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract: relevant for men suffering from constipation. The fruit is suitable for complex diets.
Guava for pregnant women: benefits and contraindications
Tropical apple is not contraindicated for pregnant women, unless they have an individual reaction. To test the reaction, it is better to introduce a new product gradually and in small quantities.
Dried guava: benefits and harms
Dry the tropical apple for long-term storage. The dried product retains many useful properties. The dried product is used to support the cardiovascular system and the digestive system.
The negative properties of the dried product are associated only with personal intolerance to individual components of the fruit.
Benefits of Guava Nectar
Guava syrup or nectar also allows you to use the fortified product throughout the year. The drink retains all the beneficial properties - especially the rejuvenating and anti-inflammatory effect.
It is important to look at the composition of the syrup - sugar and various preservatives are often added to it, which is not always useful. The purity of the composition guarantees the preservation of all the beneficial properties of a natural product
Useful and healing properties of guava
Guava is an incredibly useful fruit, for example, the main value of tomatoes - lycopene, is contained in guava in much larger quantities, and potassium in it is more than in banana by 68%.
Benefits of guava fruit:
Guava is a low-calorie fruit that is also very rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as flavonoids, polyphenols, fatty acids, regular fats, which do not help to gain extra pounds, but on the contrary, to lose weight.
It has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and immune-boosting properties - a real "super fruit":
- In Panama, guava, like lemon in our country, is used to treat bronchitis, pneumonia and even asthma;
- In Thailand, the fruit is used for indigestion. It regulates bowel function.
- Stimulates the work of the heart;
- Strengthens the immune system,
- Normalizes pressure;
- A strong tea is brewed from the bark of the roots of the guava tree and it cures many diseases. This tea is also useful for diarrhea.
- Contains easily digestible copper, a trace element that is needed in the process of collagen synthesis and also for the formation of red blood cells.
- When consumed regularly, it regulates the production of hormones, which improves the processes of the endocrine system.
- Helps with constipation and bloating, improves digestion.
- This is just the perfect fruit for pregnant women as it contains a balanced mix of vitamins and minerals, especially folic acid.
- Soothes, helps relieve stress and relax.
- A large amount of vitamin A has a beneficial effect on vision and improves eye health.
- Guava contains a sufficient amount of vitamins B3 and B6, which improve blood circulation and brain function.
- This fruit is very useful for diabetics. Studies have shown that in patients of the first stage, with regular consumption of guava, the level of glucose in the blood decreases.
- If possible, make a face mask out of guava pulp. Such a storehouse of vitamins and nutrients cannot but have a positive effect on the skin of the face.
Calories. One serving of guava, or 160 grams, contains only 112 calories. With this amount of nutrients, it is very, very little.
Can I take dietary supplements to get the right amount of vitamin C?
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Dietary supplements can really supplement a balanced diet with useful components, including ascorbic acid.
How does an overdose of vitamin C manifest itself?
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Many beverages and other ready-to-drink foods available in grocery stores can be fortified with ascorbic acid. Natural and added vitamin C, which is found in foods, does not accumulate, its excess is easily excreted from the body, so it is impossible to get an overdose of it with food.
What is the daily value of vitamin C?
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On average, it is recommended for women to receive 80-90 mg of vitamin C per day, regardless of the season of the year, for men - 100-110 mg.
Special periods in the life of women - the period of pregnancy, breastfeeding require an increase in its intake by 10 - 25 mg per day, respectively.
Smokers are known to have approximately 30% higher vitamin C requirements than non-smokers.
How does vitamin C deficiency manifest itself?
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Susceptibility to colds, fatigue, easy bruising are the signs that are characteristic of his insufficient level and which can be with an unbalanced diet. Vitamin C deficiency is called scurvy and does not occur today.
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Guava Kettley, or strawberry guava
Among the plants of the genus Guava (Psidium), the Kettley guava, or Psidium cattleianum, is widely cultivated, named after the famous English gardener William Kettley. Its other names are also often used - Peruvian, or strawberry guava (strawberry guava). A synonym is the name coastal guava, or coastal psidium (Psidium littorale). In the literature you can often find the name Psidium littorale var. Cattleianum for the red-fruited variety, strawberry guava, and Psidium littorale var. Littorale - for the yellow-fruited variety (lemon guava).
Native to the coastal regions of eastern Brazil, the strawberry guava has rapidly spread and adapted to many tropical climates, and is now recognized as an invasive species in Hawaii and the Caribbean where it forms dense thickets. Psidium Kettley is very prolific, shade-tolerant, aggressive in its vegetative growth, easily produces basal shoots and vigorous leaf litter, which appears to contain substances toxic to seedlings of other plant species.
In ancient times, Kettley's guava was brought by the Portuguese to South China, from there it came to Europe, hence another incorrect name appeared - Chinese guava, or Chinese psidium (Psidium chinense). In Europe, it now successfully grows in the south of France and in Spain.
Strawberry guava is a very beautiful, dense, compact evergreen plant, rarely exceeding 4 meters in height, growing as a shrub or small tree, with cinnamon-colored bark that flakes off with age. Young shoots are rounded (in contrast to the tetrahedral guava psidium), pubescent. Glossy dark green, thick, leathery, fragrant leaves are arranged oppositely and quite densely on the branch. In the axils of the leaves bloom, often solitary, white fragrant flowers with many white-yellow stamens. The fruits are round, 3-6 cm in diameter. with numerous seeds, ripen 5-6 months after flowering.
Red-skinned fruits are usually sweeter, with a pronounced strawberry flavor, translucent and very juicy flesh. The yellow-skinned fruit (Lucidum) is slightly larger, yellow-fleshed and lemon-scented. Their taste is softer than common guava (Psidium guajava), without pronounced musky notes, for this reason some people prefer Kettley guava, widely grown as a fruit crop.
In addition to tasty and plentiful fruits, this species has a number of remarkable qualities. Strawberry guava forms dense screens, its foliage is much more attractive than that of guava psidium. Very beautiful sheared plants can be formed from it, pruning does not interfere with fruiting next year, since the flowers are located on young growths. Widely used for outdoor gardening in tropical and sub-tropical countries, easily fruiting in small containers. The plant is extremely undemanding to soils, can grow even on limestone and very poor soils, tolerates a low salt content, puts up with fairly long periods of drought (but young plants should be watered regularly) and with short periods of waterlogging, is practically not affected by pests. More cold-resistant than guava, a plant - some varieties can withstand short frosts down to -5 o C. In countries with a hot tropical climate, Psidium Kettley prefers to grow at a certain height, where the average temperature is much lower. Shade-tolerant, however, it reaches all its beauty and abundant fruiting only in direct sun.
Yellow varieties are slightly less hardy and prefer warmer climates. Successfully grown together with citrus crops, prefers a dry subtropical climate with irrigation.
Fruits of strawberry guava in nature serve as a good fodder aid for many species of birds and animals. And people use them fresh and for making jams, fruit purees and drinks, since plucked fruits do not keep for a long time.
How the fruit is eaten
If you have never tried guava, read reviews about this fruit. People write that the fruits of the plant have a different taste, depending on the variety. Their flesh can resemble strawberries, pine needles, pineapple, raspberries, strawberries or lemons. Taste qualities are especially pronounced in fresh fruits.
Sliced guava and served on skewers or cut in half and scooped out with a spoon. This fruit is eaten peeled or peeled. For healing, it is better to take unripe fruits and eat them with the skin.
But keep in mind that unripe guava skins have a bitter taste. If you bought fruits from the supermarket, it's best to peel them. Large stores treat fruits with antibiotics and wax for long-term storage. Therefore, you can eat the whole product only if you buy it on the market in Thailand or other countries where it grows.
Fruit seeds may not be spit out. They cleanse the stomach well and saturate the body with essential oils and iodine. Swallow guava seeds whole without trying to bite them. These bones are very hard. You can damage your teeth with them.
Guava ‘Thai maroon’, Red Apple Guava
In Mexico and other Latin American countries, the popular drink agua fresca is often made from guava. Whole fruit is a key punch ingredient, and the juice is often used in cooking sauces (hot or cold), ales, candies, dried snacks, fruit bars, and desserts, or seasoned with chum. Pulque de guava is a popular alcoholic drink in these regions.
In many countries, guava is eaten raw, usually cut into quarters or eaten like an apple; it is also eaten with a pinch of salt and pepper, or cayenne powder. In the Philippines, ripe guava is used to make shinigang . Guava is a popular snack in Taiwan, sold in many streets and night markets during hot weather, accompanied by packets of dried plum powder mixed with sugar and dipping salt. In East Asia, guava is commonly eaten with sweet and sour dried plums. Guava juice is popular in many countries. The fruit is also often added to fruit salads.
Because of its high levels of pectin, guava is widely used in candies, preserves, and marmalade (such as Brazilian goiabada, Colombian and Venezuelan bocadillos ), and as a jam for toast.
Red guavas can be used as a base for savory foods such as sauces in place of tomatoes, especially to minimize acidity. The drink can be made from an infusion of guava fruit and leaves, which in Brazil is called chá-de-goiabeira , i.e. "tea" from the leaves of the guava tree, which is considered medicinal.
Benefits of guava
Useful properties of the fruit are very diverse. When used on a regular basis, exotic fruit:
- has an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect;
- regulates blood pressure and strengthens the heart system;
- protects vision and prevents the development of cataracts;
- helps with constipation and slow digestion;
- increases brain activity and improves memory;
Fruit is recommended for stress and a tendency to depression, in the season of vitamin deficiency.
Psidium has a beneficial effect on the nervous system and helps to cope with anxiety
The cardiovascular system of men is especially vulnerable, it is the men who often suffer from strokes and heart attacks at a young age. Guava fruits cleanse blood vessels and lower cholesterol, strengthen the heart.
The properties of the fruit are also beneficial for the reproductive system - improved blood circulation has a beneficial effect on potency. The anti-inflammatory properties of guava help with infectious and bacterial processes in the genitourinary system, and the antioxidants in the fruit protect men from the development of prostatitis.
The benefits of guava for women
The beneficial properties of the fruit are highly valued by women. Eating fruit fruits, as well as decoctions and teas based on psidium, is recommended for menstrual irregularities and painful periods.
Guava for women is beneficial in inflammatory processes in the urogenital area. The use of fruit increases the effectiveness of any diet aimed at losing weight, and you can use guava for cosmetic purposes to rejuvenate and moisturize the skin.
Important! The fruit has a beneficial effect on the nervous system and helps reduce stress, this is very important for women with increased emotional sensitivity.
Is it possible to use guava during pregnancy and breastfeeding
During pregnancy, psidium is very useful for the woman and the fetus. The product contains a large amount of folic acid, which not only supports the health of the expectant mother, but is also responsible for the development of the baby's nervous system in the womb. Also, guava can strengthen a woman's immunity and prevent the onset of beriberi in her.
Guava is allowed during pregnancy
Keep in mind that guava is a tropical fruit and can cause allergies. Before adding fruit to your diet during pregnancy, you should consult your doctor.
When breastfeeding, it is better to avoid the use of guava, despite all the benefits of the product. With a high probability, the fruit will cause a negative reaction in the baby.
Is guava possible for children
Useful properties of the fruit may be in demand for a child. In the absence of allergies, psidium will strengthen the baby's immunity, contribute to mental development and help prevent constipation.
But you can offer guava to a child not earlier than 2 years, like any other exotic fruit. Tropical psidium can provoke allergies. In addition, organic acids, which are present in large quantities in the composition of the fruit, simply will not be absorbed by the baby's body.
Attention! Since guava has strict contraindications, you should consult a pediatrician before offering it even to a grown child.
Guava fruit description
The fruit is grown in Thailand and Asia. Thais call guava farang - and this product is extremely popular in the East. Outwardly, the fruit looks like an apple with a heterogeneous peel. Guava also shares similarities with pear or lemon.
External resemblance has nothing to do with taste. The fruit has an unusual, incomparable taste.
Tropical apple grows like a tree or dense shrub. Its height reaches 4 m. If you take care of the shrub correctly, it grows rapidly. The fruits are small, their color is similar to the color of the leaves.
The skin color depends on the species. It is both light and dark. In some species, the peel is even raspberry, with a red tint. The color of the pulp also varies - from light to white. Strawberry pulp is also found, but this is a sign of immaturity. Each species has its own ripening period, basic properties and methods for planting seeds.
Guava fruits are always small. Their average size is 10-15 cm in diameter. The fruit has an elongated shape. Some species are more round in shape. The fruit looks like a dense ball. Usually it is covered with large and dense leaves.
Other fruit characteristics:
- wrinkled skin;
- thick but thin skin;
- moderately soft pulp and bones inside.
Tropical apple only looks very hard on the outside - it gives the impression of having a bumpy skin. It is dense, but very thin, easily cut. Inside is soft and juicy pulp. The pulp itself contains a large number of seeds, but they are also small, not particularly affecting the taste.
Botanists once did a whole study trying to calculate the number of seeds inside one fruit. According to average estimates, in one fruit up to 500 grains. Fruit is best eaten raw, but ripe.
Taste and smell
Tropical apple is an interesting fruit. Guava is not like other exotic foods. It is also difficult to describe the taste with accuracy: the subtlety of taste directly depends on the degree of ripeness of the fruit, on its type, method of preparation.
The most delicious, according to the Thais, are soft and fully ripe fruits. Their taste has coniferous notes. Guava also resembles raspberries in sweetness and juiciness. Only the peel gives off coniferous notes - it is also eaten because of its beneficial properties.
The most common type is strawberry. To taste, the variety resembles a mixture of pineapple and strawberries. The fruit smells of needles and fresh, green peel.
Composition and calorie content
Tropical apple juice is used even in dietary nutrition, because the calorie content of the fresh product is minimal - only 68 kcal per 100 g. It contains 2.6 g of protein, 1 g of fat, almost 9 g of carbohydrates.
Most of the fruit consists of water - thanks to it, the fruit quenches thirst well. What else is in guava:
- fruit sugar - not as harmful as regular sugar;
- B vitamins;
- vitamin A;
According to some studies, a tropical apple contains 5 times more vitamin C than an orange. Due to the balanced composition, the fruit allows you to maintain the body's natural defenses, especially in the cold season.
With daily use of even a small amount of guava, it is possible to normalize blood pressure, improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, and prevent infectious diseases.
Useful properties of guava
It will be especially pleasant for me to describe some of the main beneficial properties of guava, since there are quite a lot of them. At the same time, the situation is somewhat similar with the sweet fruit. As I wrote earlier, when scientists came to grips with the study of the suite, they were surprised at how many useful properties it has.
Same with guava. When nutritionists and everyone involved in health and nutrition studied this fruit, they immediately began to include it in their nutrition programs and treatment methods. And, all this is no accident. So, if we break down the useful properties into groups, now it is used for:
- treatment of weakness and weakened immunity,
- prevention and treatment of the lymphatic system,
- for the prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular system, as well as to improve its functioning,
- to increase appetite,
- normalization of metabolic processes and digestion in general,
- improve the condition of the skin,
- getting rid of excess calories.
And, this is not the whole list of areas where this fruit is used. As you can see for yourself, not only nutritionists, but also cosmetologists even took up it. With all, at the same time, the population of the tropics uses essential oils obtained from these fruits to treat colds.
True, other means are included in the healing process, but that's another story. And what explains all this, you ask? The thing is that the guava fruit contains in its composition very, very many different useful compounds, which are used for treatment and proper nutrition.
In addition to vitamins and minerals, there are also many antioxidants, fiber, essential oils and more. But, now we will not talk about this, since I devoted a separate article to this topic, in which we consider all these components. Therefore, about all trace elements, fats, and so on, you can learn from the article - everything about the guava fruit.
If we talk about the calorie content of guava, then there are no single digits. This is due to the fact that the fruit is consumed both fresh and dried, as well as cooked. And, as you understand, their properties will be different. At the same time, they also use it fresh in different ways:
- fully ripe.
Therefore, based on the method of consumption, I present you some calorie values:
- fresh in a ripe state - 67 kcal. The value also depends on the specific variety and growing area,
- fresh in an unripe state - 20 kcal. Due to the fact that there are few sugar compounds,
- in cooked (boiled) - 40 - 45 kcal,
- dried - 260 - 280 kcal.
To be honest, they contain no more than 50 - 60% of useful fruits from full-fledged fruits. I hope that from the previous paragraphs you have learned that the properties of unripe fruits are also different. Therefore, first think: “Are you ready to give a lot of money for the immature and incomprehensible?”
If you are ready, then you can buy guava through the Internet, if you do not live in a metropolis. If your city is huge, then there are probably shops specializing in exotics. Only not those shops that sell only dried apricots and persimmons, but those in which there are a lot of exotic things, for example, medlar or rambutan.
Well, if you visit tropical countries, then it would be a sin not to try these tasty and healthy fruits, which have such a variety of good properties.
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Pear guava. Guava (guayava)
Guava (psidium) is a tropical superfruit with a delicate taste and pleasant aroma, rich in vitamins, minerals, amino acids.
Latin name: Psidium guajava.
Synonym: psidium guava, yellow guava, lemon guava.
English name: guavas, psidium guajava, the common guava, yellow guava, or lemon guava.
Family: Myrtle - Myrtaceae.
Parts used: fruits, leaves, bark.
Photo, useful properties of fruits and leaves of a tropical plant Guava (guayava) vulgaris.
Botanical description. Guava (guayava) is a shrubby evergreen tree up to 10 meters high, with a smooth reddish-brown bark. This heat-loving tropical plant has opposite oblong leathery leaves and fragrant white five-petalled flowers (large, about 4 cm in diameter) with bright white thread-like stamens. The fruits are edible, yellow and round (sometimes pear-shaped), 3 to 10 cm in diameter.
Guava fruit is a berry but is perceived by the consumer as a fruit. The fruit has a thin, yellow, slightly sour, edible layer under the skin, followed by yellow seeds (more than 3-5 mm long) in juicy pink or yellow pulp.
The fruits ripen 90-150 days after flowering. The size as well as the shape of the fruits are very variable. Outwardly, the guava is similar to a bumpy yellow or green apple. The shape of the fruit is pear-shaped or round, they have a bright yellow, green or reddish thin skin, dark pink flesh. By weight, the fruits of cultivated varieties reach 70-160 grams. Guava fruits are sweet with a strong pleasant aroma. Plants produce up to 120 kg of fruit in the sixth year of fruiting.
Habitat . Peru is considered the birthplace of guava, the Spaniards discovered guava in Colombia and Peru, and then spread the plant throughout the tropical zone. Currently, guava is grown in Central and South America, the Caribbean, in tropical and even subtropical regions of Africa and Asia.
Composition of fruits and leaves
Sesquiterpenes, tannins and leucocyanidin were found in all parts of the plant. In addition, b-sitosterol, quercetin, tannin were found in the roots. Essential oils containing cineol, benzaldehyde, caryophyllene and other compounds have been isolated from the leaves.
Psidium guajava leaves contain the flavonoid morin, Morin-3-O-lyxoside, morin-3-O-arabinoside, quercetin and quercetin-3-O-arabinoside.
Guava fruit contains a lot of vitamins A and B (see table below), especially high content of vitamin C - it is about 10 times more when compared.
The shoot bark and immature fruits have the highest biological activity. The bark contains ellagic acid diglycosides, ellagic acid, leukodelphinidin, and saponins. The chemical composition of the bark varies greatly depending on the age of the plant. Unripe fruits contain a lot of insoluble calcium oxalate, soluble salts of potassium and sodium oxalate, protein, carotenoids, quercetin, hyarivin, galic acid, cyanidin, ellagic acid, free sugar (up to 7.2%), etc.
Immature fruits are very acidic (pH 4.0), contain hexahydroxydiphenic acid ester of arabinose, which disappears in mature fruits.
Photograph of the fruit guava (guava) vulgaris.
Fruit selection and storage
When buying guava, first of all pay attention to:
- Peel. It should be glossy, elastic and smooth to the touch. The skin should not be damaged, dark spots and dents.