How big does a pecan tree get


Pecan Tree Grow Guide | Pecan Trees Online – Perfect Plants Nursery

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Grow Guide for Pecans

Who doesn’t love pecan pie? You CAN grow your own pecan trees. All you need is some land and commitment. (Passion is recommended.)

Pecan trees (carya illinoinensis) take 20 to 25 years to reach full maturity and get 60-100 feet tall, with a spread of 30-50 feet across. But don’t get discouraged yet: Pecan trees started from container grown stock (such as the ones Perfect Plants offers) will begin to produce nuts in as little as 4-8 years. Check out our blog on How Long Will it Take a Pecan Nut to Produce for more info.

Many people ask us how do pecans grow? This grow guide will teach you everything you need to know about growing pecans.

Getting Started

Select at least two different varieties since fruit set is improved by cross-pollination. Perfect Plants offers no fewer than fourteen differen varieties of pecan trees for sale. We recommend choosing at least one each of Type 1 and Type 2 varieties. Type 1 pecan trees shed pollen first and their flowers are receptive of pollen later in the growing season.  Conversely, type 2 pecan trees are receptive to pollen first. Their pecan tree catkins shed pollen later in the season through the wind.

Choose a planting spot with full sun and plenty of room. Pecan trees get very large and their root systems run deep and wide, at least twice as wide as the canopy. Space pecan trees 65-80 feet apart, and be careful to stay away from buildings and other trees that could be damaged by falling limbs. They can be planted in most areas of the southeastern United States. Check out our blog on How Many Pecan Trees Per Acre for more info.

The soil at the planting site should be a well-drained soil with a rich sandy loam and at least 3-5 feet deep with a porous subsoil. Soil pH should be 6. 0-7.0. They like neutral to slightly acidic soils. Pecan trees grown in such soils likely will not need any nutrient fertilizers except nitrogen and zinc. If in doubt, have the soil tested to determine what other nutrients you may need to add. If your soil is very dry or very sandy, you will have to irrigate more often. Zinc deficiency is common in some trees.

Pecan tree growth rate is very fast. Some trees can gain up to 3-5 feet per year. Choose a site where your tree will be able to stay for many years to come.

Pecan Varieties

Amling: A type 1 pollinator that is extremely easy to grow with low maintenance. A hybrid variety that provides great shade. Highest recommended pecan tree by UGA.edu
Cape fear pecans
Cape Fear: Starts producing it’s high-quality nuts relatively early in it’s life cycle. Exhibits rigorous and upright growth and is extremely disease resistant. A type 1 pollinator.

Creek: Incredibly productive and the most disease resistant variety. To ensure high nut quality, pruning during the early years in necessary. A type 1 pollinator.
Caddo pecan
Caddo: Has one of the highest yield potentials of all pecan trees. Type 1 pollinator and thrives in both heat and cold hardy environments. A very versatile fruit tree that is excellent for home yards.

Desirable: A perfect contender for southern states due to its heat resistance and self-sufficient tendencies. This type 1 pollinator does have a flaw though- most pecan scab susceptible cultivar (fungicides are necessary). As the nut tree matures it exhibits higher yield.

Elliot: This type 2 pollinator exhibits delicious tasting nuts and is an easy at-home grower. Incredibly scab and disease-resistant characteristics make this a low maintenance tree.

Gloria Grande: Type 2 pollinator with the highest scab resistance, consistent yields, and lowest alternate bearing. Popular among commercial pecan farmers but excellent for home orchards as well.
Kanza pecans already shelled
Kanza: Incredibly disease resistant, heat/cold tolerant, and shade-providing pecan cultivar! This type 2 pollinator has high yields with delicious tasting nuts and golden kernels.

Kiowa: This precocious variety is also low maintenance and displays large, hearty nuts and kernels. A type 2 pollinator that has good resistance to disease and starts producing heavily at a young age.

Lakota: A new nut variety that is renowned for high nut quality, high yield potential, early nut maturity, and excellent tree strength. It is also very disease resistant making it a great addition to your pecan family. A type 2 pollinator.
Mandan pecan kernel
Mandan: This type 1 pollinator offers high nut quality, exceptional yield potential, scab and disease resistance, early nut maturity and enormous tree strength—what more could you ask for from a pecan tree?

McMillan: High, sustained levels of production and excellent pest resistance. This type 2 pollinator produces well early in life and proves to be an excellent homeowner variety.
Oconee pecan kernels
Oconee: Excellent yield potential compared to other varieties. Fairly low maintenance, moderately scab, and disease resistant. Type 1 pollinator.

Pawnee: Type 1 pollinator is extremely heat tolerant making it great for the Southern states. It matures early and is pest/disease resistant making it one of the most popular and loved pecan trees in the US.

Stuart: An old, time favorite grown for its low-maintenance qualities such as less pruning and training compared to other varieties. This type 2 pollinator will take a little more time to start producing nuts.
Sumner pecan kernels
Sumner: Strong tree provides high yields in large sizes. This pecan cultivar is scab and disease resistant and is an ideal choice for backyard planting. Type 2 pollinator.

Zinner: This type 2 pollinator needs plenty of room to grow and can reach heights of 70 feet high and 50 feet wide as a mature tree. Scab resistant and has good yields even in the early ages of the tree.

Planting Pecan Trees

Plant pecan trees when they are dormant, in late winter or early spring. Thoroughly water the little pecan tree in its container before starting. Remove the tree from the container and straighten out the taproot if necessary. Spread out the other roots, trimming if needed. Dig a hole as deep as the taproot and wide enough to accommodate the other roots spread out. Do not add fertilizer or soil amendments.

Place the tree in the hole without damaging the fragile taproot, and spread out the side roots. Next, fill the hole 3/4 deep with water. Backfill soil as the water is running until the hole is full. (The water helps to prevent air pockets around the roots.) Be sure to keep the tree at the same depth it was in the container. Don’t pack the soil too hard.

Spread a layer of organic mulch over the root zone to help hold moisture in and keep the weeds away. Cut off about 1/3 of the top of the tree to encourage the tree to spend more of its energy growing roots, instead of keeping the top alive.

The little tree will need protection from sun scald and nibbling rodents. Paint the trunk with a white latex paint or use a sleeve-like growing tube for the first three years.

Pecan Tree Care

Did we say growing pecan trees requires commitment? Keeping up with the maintenance and care for pecan trees ensures that your tree will thrive and be healthy for many years to come. Properly fertilized and pruned trees will exhibit the best nut production and will live to be huge, beautiful nut trees.

How to Fertilize Pecan Trees

Large trees should be treated with an NZn or zinc sulfate foliar spray every 2-4 weeks starting at bud break in March until June. (Applying fertilizer can get difficult as the tree gets taller.) If the newly planted tree is growing well by midsummer, apply a half pound of ammonium nitrogen based fertilizer about a foot from the trunk. If it hasn’t grown at least a foot taller, don’t fertilize until the second year.

Beginning in the second year and continuing for 15 years, apply a small amount of nitrogen fertilizer each month from March through June. See notes below for rates of various fertilizers. After 15 years, fertilize only in March and again in May. Broadcast the pecan tree fertilizer evenly out to the drip line and a little beyond, but do not place it within 10 inches of the trunk diameter.

Alternatively, use one of the commercial pecan fertilizers that combine zinc and nitrogen, according to label directions.

Your young pecan tree will need about an inch of rain or 15-25 gallons of water, per week. Mature pecan trees need 1-2 inches of rain per week, especially during the heat of summer. If rainfall is insufficient, you will have to irrigate, preferably with a drip system. See sidebar for rates of supplemental watering.

Pruning Pecan Trees

Pecan trees should be trained to a central leader with surrounding branches (the scaffold branches) spiraling outward and upward.  Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring while the trees are dormant and before the active growing season. Start training as young trees. Avoid summer pruning as this is when pecan nuts are being formed. The pruning site should be clean-cut to stay free of insects and diseases such as pecan phylloxera.

Here are some tips for training your tree. Retain side branches that come off the central leader at an angle of around 45 degrees, and remove those that come off more horizontally outward or more sharply upward. The scaffold branches should be tip-pruned to encourage branching. Eventually, the lowest scaffold branches should be 6-8 feet above ground, and evenly spaced around the tree. This may take 5-10 years of annual pruning.

Pecan trees tend to exhibit alternate bearing. This means they will produce a heavy crop of pecan nuts one year and one of less pecan production the next. This is one of the many challenges for pecan growers. Annual fertilization and pruning will help to alleviate this problem.

Bareroot Pecans

Pecan trees are most commonly planted as bare-root transplants. This means that they are dug from the ground while they are dormant and have had the soil shaken off to expose the root. Bare-root trees should be transplanted between December and March while dormant which helps with transplant shock and less transpiration (water loss) immediately after planting.

Bare-root pecan trees have long taproots and require a deep planting hole. In most situations, the hole should be at least three feet deep and 12 to 24 inches wide so that all side roots can be properly positioned as the hole is refilled. It is best to plant them as soon as possible.

Allow your tree’s roots to soak in water for 1-2 hours before planting. Spread out the roots to encourage outward growth. Refill the hole with native soil (what was removed at the time of digging). Gently release any air pockets. The last step is to thoroughly water.

Nut production will begin after 4 years if it is a grafted pecan tree. Allow the nuts to fall to the ground or you can use a mechanical picker to pull them from the trees. Read more on How to Harvest Pecans!

Good luck with your new pecan trees! And remember, the County Cooperative Extension office is your friend!

Can you Grow A Pecan Tree from a Pecan Nut? Find out in that blog.

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How Long Does it Take a Pecan Tree to Produce Nuts – Perfect Plants Nursery

The pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis) is a large hardwood tree native to the mixed forests and bottomland hardwood swamps along large rivers from the Mississippi westward into East Texas and Mexico.

They can get 70-100 feet tall and spread as much as 70 feet wide across. Pecans are widely grown commercially and in the home landscape in United States department of agriculture plant hardiness zones 6-9.

Many people ask us how long it takes for a pecan tree to produce quality nuts and how to increase pecan nut production per tree. If you are wondering these questions please read ahead!

Best Selling Pecan Trees

Hybrid American Chestnut Tree

$ 79.99

Elliot Pecan Tree | Type 2 Pollinator

$74.95

Amling Pecan Tree | Type 1 Pollinator

$ 79.95

Oconee Pecan Tree | Type 1 Pollinator

$ 29.99

Growing a Pecan Tree

You can grow your own pecan tree by planting a pecan nut, but it can take 10 to 15 years or more before you get your first crop of pecans. On the other hand, if you plant a grafted tree, such as the ones available from Perfect Plants Nursery, your tree can start pecan production in as little as 3 or 4 years. See our Pecan Grow Guide, and our Blog about growing pecans from the nut for more details. Our pecan trees ship rooted in soil and they are not bare root. Plant pecan trees in late winter or early spring for best results.

The pecan nut consists of a soft edible kernel, enclosed in a hard woody shell, that is itself enclosed in a leathery husk with a diameter of 2 to 3 inches.

When the nuts are mature, generally from September through November, the husks turn from green to brown and split open, releasing the nuts which drop to the ground. This is before the leaves begin to drop in the fall.

Pecan trees tend to exhibit a strong crop one year and less of a crop the next, this is known as alternate bearing. The causes of this is unknown. The best way to conquer this is by planting trees of different pollinator types and varieties of pecan trees..

When to Pick Pecans

Pecan pickers can start harvesting pecans in the early to middle fall months. Search around the trees as wind can carry them but not too far away.
In early September, start looking for pecans on the ground under your trees. It will be helpful if you have kept the grass mowed low beneath the trees. Pecans are ready for harvest when the outer husks have fallen off and or the nuts have fallen to the ground.

Once your trees have started dropping nuts, you can speed up the harvest by shaking the tree’s branches and knocking them with long poles. If you are picking up pecans by hand, they will be easier to see and pick up if you spread a sheet or tarp out underneath the tree. A pecan pick up tool or mechanical harvester/tree shaker can make it even easier. Harvesters may be hand operated (like an old style reel-type lawn mower) or larger models that are pulled behind a tractor.
Squirrels and other wildlife love to munch of fallen nuts
Pecan nuts will drop continuously for a couple weeks or more, so you need to check frequently if you are to beat the squirrels and deer. Allowing the nuts to lie on the ground for extended periods will invite rot as well as various marauding critters.

How to Store Pecans

This pecan farmer is sifting through the nuts for bad or imperfect nuts to not process.
Pecans must be air dried at room temperature before use or going into pecan storage. Pecan nuts are encased in a leathery hull that may or may not split open on its own. Ensure that the hulls are removed, and the nuts are sound, then spread them out on a tarp or other smooth surface to dry.

Stir the nuts every day. It should take about 10 days for the nuts to dry. Test the nuts by cracking open: the shells should be dry and brittle, and the kernels should snap in two (not flex) when bent.

You can store fresh pecans in their shells in air-tight containers or plastic bags for several months. Keep them in a cool, dry place to avoid absorbing oils. Shelled pecan nuts can be kept in the refrigerator for up to a year or frozen for two years or more.
Pecans that fall prematurely can still be encased in their husks due to poor pollination.
Sometimes pecan nuts drop from the tree prematurely before they are ripe. This can be caused by poor pollination. Ensure that two or more pecan varieties are growing within a couple hundred yards or less of each other for proper pollination and nut size. If you are growing a pecan orchard, you will typically need 12-48 trees per acre and a long term commitment. Read more about this in our Pollination in Nut Trees blog.

If there is a long period of little or no rain during the spring and/or summer, some nuts may be aborted. Pecan trees should get 1-2 inches of rain or supplemental watering per week during spring and summer once the tree is established. You may have to irrigate during droughts to provide adequate moisture to the growing roots. Young pecan trees need 1-3 gallons of water per week.

Pecan Disease and Pests

Pecan trees that have a large crop of developing nuts sometimes suffer from nutrient deficiency, causing some nuts to abort. Fertilize pecan trees in early spring with a 10-10-10 fertilizer that also contains 2% zinc sulfate. The zinc is important for nut production and aids in preventing diseases.
Those bumps on pecan tree leaves are caused by phylloxera insects.
Insect damage can lead to premature nut drop. There are several kinds of insects that attack pecan foliage, twigs, and/or developing nuts. Among the worst are stink bugs, and the pecan leaf phylloxera, a tiny aphid-like insect that feeds on the foliage and causes unsightly bumps on the leaves. You may need an insecticide spraying program to combat serious infestations depending on environmental factors.

Pecan scab, a fungus disease, is the most significant pest in commercial pecan orchards. Always select pecan varieties that are resistant to the disease. You still may need to instigate a fungicide spray program in some years.

If you have gotten this far, you must be serious about pecan growing! Growing grafted trees is the best option for getting pecan nuts fast. Other trees may take way more time to produce nuts. Planting pecans of different varieties will help increase pecan nut production per tree.

Good Luck, and Happy Harvesting!

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description, cultivation in the suburbs, photo

Content

  • 1 Where pecans grow in Russia
  • 2 Description of pecans
  • 3 Popular varieties
  • 4 How to grow pecans from seeds
  • 5 900
    • 5.1 Planting material and site preparation
    • 5.2 Planting rules
    • 5.3 Watering and fertilizing
    • 5.4 Pruning and shaping
    • 5.5 Winterizing
  • 6 Features of growing pecans in the Moscow region
  • 7 Harvest
  • 8 Reproduction
  • 9 Diseases and pests
  • 10 Conclusion

Common pecan remains an exotic crop for Russia. The tree is popular in North America and its fruit has nutritional value. For growing pecans in the middle lane, winter-hardy varieties are chosen and the plantings are provided with good care.

Where the pecan grows in Russia

The common pecan comes from the southeastern United States. On the territory of Russia, it grows in the Crimea, subject to abundant watering. The tree is also found on the Black Sea coast from Sochi to Batumi. In Russia, it has no industrial significance.

Growers cultivate the common pecan in other southern regions. Walnut needs moist hot air and plenty of sun. There are cases of successful cultivation in the middle lane and the Moscow region.

Description of the pecan

The common pecan is a member of the Nut family. A tree of deciduous type with a height of 25 to 60 m. In a hot climate it grows up to 40 m, in the middle lane - up to 15 m. The fruiting period is up to 300 years.

Spreading, wide, tent-shaped crown, up to 40 m in girth. Trunk 2 to 3 m in diameter, straight, with brown-gray bark. There are numerous cracks on the surface of the trunk. Shoots are brown, glabrous. Leaves 5 cm long, bright green, alternate. The leaf plate is shiny, smooth, compacted.

Photo of a common pecan tree growing in its natural environment:

Male and female flowers. Male flowers drooping, in the form of earrings, appear at the base of the shoots. Women's - collected by 3 - 10 pcs. in spike-shaped inflorescences that grow at the ends of young branches. Flowering begins in May and ends in June.

The fruits are oblong, 7 cm long and 3 cm wide. The average weight is 20 g. They are covered with a leathery shell, which becomes hard and cracks as it ripens. The fruits grow in bunches of 3-10 pieces, have an oval shape, a pointed top and a length of 2 cm. The nuts are wrinkled, brown, contain a kernel. They differ from the walnut in the absence of partitions and less pronounced convolutions.

Pecan nuts are rich in vitamins, minerals, folic acid, tannins. They also contain cholesterol-lowering ingredients. The kernels are useful for beriberi, anemia, physical exhaustion, diseases of the heart and blood vessels.

Popular varieties

There are over 150 varieties of the common pecan. Most of them are bred in the USA and Canada. Northern pecans are chosen for cultivation in Russia. They are highly winter hardy and adapted to temperate climates.

Attention! Northern hybrids have smaller nuts. At the same time, the kernels are oily and have a good taste.

The best varieties of common pecan for Russia:

  • Indiana. The oldest hybrid obtained in 1830 in America. Fruits weighing up to 16 g. The variety has a good taste, reminiscent of chocolate. Taste improves a month after harvest. Fruiting in mid-October. The tree tolerates frosts down to -35 ° C.
  • Carlson 3 (Carlson 3). The hybrid was bred in Canada. This is one of the most northern varieties of pecans. According to the description, it gives small elongated nuts. The kernel is light brown in color and of good quality. Flowering and fruiting early.
  • Stuart. A large variety of common pecan, it produces nuts 45 mm long and 20 mm wide. The core is yellow, dense, with a slight sweetish aftertaste. The fruits ripen at the end of September. Growth strength is moderate. Walnut is disease resistant. Tolerates frost down to -35 °C.
  • Busseron. French hybrid, bred in 1890. Differs in productivity and unpretentiousness in leaving. Fruit weight 12 g. The taste is pleasant, chestnut. The variety has a high immunity to diseases. Frost resistance up to -35 °С.
  • Major. In early October, the tree bears wide, rounded fruits. The color is gray-brown, weight up to 12 g. The kernels are easily removed and have a unique spicy taste. The hybrid is widespread. Frost resistance down to -36 °С.
  • Green River. The famous American Pecan. Within 2 years after planting, the tree grows slowly, grows rapidly. Fruits with a thin shell, light brown in color. Weight of nuts 15 g. Harvest ripens in early October. The Green River variety withstands frosts down to -36 ° С.

How to Grow Pecans from Seeds

Material for growing pecans from seeds is harvested in late autumn. In warm climates, they are immediately planted in the garden. In the middle lane, it is recommended to germinate the seeds first. The strongest seedlings are transferred to the ground.

Furrow beds are prepared for autumn planting. Seeds are buried by 5-7 cm. When shoots appear, they are thinned out and the strongest plants are left.

Seedling method of growing common pecan from seeds:

  1. In December, the seeds are placed in moist sand and kept in a refrigerator or cellar.
  2. At the beginning of March, the material is poured with warm water and left for 2-3 days at room temperature.
  3. The seeds are then poured into a container and kept warm. Every day they are washed with water. It is important to ensure that the seeds remain moist and mold does not form on them.
  4. When rotki appear, they are transplanted into containers with soil.

In the first year, the nut develops a root. In height, such plants reach 20 - 30 cm. Seedlings require constant watering. In autumn they are planted in open ground.

Planting and caring for pecans

It is important to choose a suitable location for growing common pecans. Plants are cared for throughout the season. In autumn, the nut is prepared for wintering.

Planting material and site preparation

Growers usually buy seedlings or grafted pecan seedlings. When choosing a plant, it is evaluated visually. Choose a copy without mold, cracks and other damage. Work is carried out in spring or autumn, when the sap flow slows down in the trees.

It is recommended to plant at least two types of this nut to get a high yield. For cross-pollination between seedlings, 8-10 m are left. Grafting of different varieties on one stock is allowed.

Important! The common pecan prefers sunny areas. Possibility of landing in partial shade.

Walnut is undemanding to the composition of the primer. The main condition is to avoid wetlands. It grows best in fertile loose soils. Before planting, the beds are dug up, humus and mineral fertilizers are applied.

Planting rules

Planting order for pecans:

  1. First dig a hole 50 cm deep and 60 cm in diameter.
  2. Fertile soil is prepared to fill it. Humus and mineral fertilizers can be added to the soil.
  3. The hole is filled with earth and a support is placed, then a small mound is formed.
  4. A seedling is placed on top, its roots are covered with soil and compacted.
  5. The plant is tied to a support.

Watering and fertilizing

The soil in the walnut circle is regularly moistened. Watering is especially important for young seedlings. At the same time, moisture stagnation is not allowed, which leads to the death of the tree.

Common pecan responds positively to top dressing. In the spring, mullein or a solution of urea is introduced. When forming ovaries, the nut is fertilized with potassium salt and superphosphate. The consumption of each substance per 10 liters of water is 35 g.

Pruning and shaping

Every year, weak, dry and frozen shoots are cut off from the common pecan. Processing is carried out in spring or autumn. For young plantations, formative pruning is performed. The shoots are removed completely. The branches are not shortened, as inflorescences form on them.

Winterizing

Most common pecan varieties are highly winter hardy. Warming is required for young seedlings. Their trunk is wrapped with agrofibre to protect against frost and rodents. In late autumn, the walnut is watered abundantly. Then they spud the trunk and pour a layer of mulch from humus.

Features of growing pecans in the Moscow region

To grow northern pecans in the Moscow region, it is important to consider a number of nuances:

  • choose a winter-hardy grafted variety;
  • when growing from seeds, they must be stratified;
  • allocate an open sunny place under the tree;
  • Nitrogen fertilizers are applied only in spring, be sure to feed the tree in summer and late autumn.

Pecan is resistant to spring frosts due to early flowering. However, it is recommended to carefully prepare the trees for winter, especially young plantings.

In the conditions of the Moscow region, pecans do not always have time to produce a crop over the summer. An alternative option for planting is heart-shaped hazel. It is a wild relative of the pecan nut that can withstand the winter cold without any problems. Its fruits have a bitter taste.

Harvest

Pecan ripens in September-October. Ripe fruits fall to the ground. Harvest is formed annually. When grown from seeds, fruiting begins at the 9th year. In the case of grafting, the tree produces a crop for 4 years. A young plant brings up to 5 kg of nuts, an adult - about 15 kg. The maximum yield is 200 kg.

Nuts are consumed raw, dried and roasted. In the shell, pecans are stored for no more than a year at a temperature of 10 - 14 ° C. The peeled kernels are kept in the refrigerator for 6 months, at room conditions - no more than 3-4 weeks.

Propagation

The following methods are used to propagate common pecans:

  • Seeds. Pecans are propagated by seedlings or seeds are planted immediately in open ground. Planting material is processed to increase its germination. The strongest seedlings are chosen for cultivation.
  • Cutting. Several young shoots are selected from a young tree and cut off to a length of 15 cm. The cuttings are rooted in a greenhouse or at home. They are constantly looked after: watered, fed with mineral fertilizers, loosened the soil.
  • Vaccination. The common pecan is grafted in July or February. As a stock, two-year-old winter-hardy seedlings are used. Healthy cuttings obtained from annual shoots are grafted onto the tree.

Diseases and pests

The most common diseases of the common pecan are scab and spot. These are fungal diseases that spread in cool weather with high humidity. Scab has the appearance of a brown plaque that spreads throughout the tree. Signs of spotting are dark spots on leaves and shoots.

To combat diseases, special preparations are used: Bordeaux mixture, blue vitriol, Topaz, Oksihom, Fundazol. Processing is carried out no more than 2 times a month.

Tip! For prevention, trees are sprayed with fungicides in the spring after the snow melts.

Pecan nuts grow in a dense shell that reliably protects the kernel from pests. In North America, the tree suffers from black aphids, scale insects, and pecan weevil. In Russia, the plant does not have ethnic pests, so it is rarely attacked by insects.

Conclusion

Common pecan is valued for its nuts containing a complex of nutrients. The tree prefers humid and warm climates. Northern varieties are able to grow in Russia. Walnut care includes watering, top dressing, pruning and shelter for the winter.

description and cultivation in Russia

Description and properties of fruits

Fruits in the scientific world are called drupes. They are collected on a tree in bundles (5-10 pieces each), the length of each nut is about 4 cm. The shell is smooth, dense. When ripe, it turns brown, dries and cracks, exposing a walnut-like kernel. But pecans are sweeter and do not contain partitions inside.

You can learn about the beneficial properties of pecans in the video from the JitZdorovo channel.

Nutritional value

The fat content in 100 g of nuts is close to 72%. For comparison, walnuts - 62%, hazelnuts - 61%, peanuts - 49%. Therefore, pecans are a kind of vegetable fuel containing 690 kcal of energy per 100 g.

Most of these oils consist of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids. A tenth of a kilogram of this product contains Vit. C 1.1 1.3 6.3 Vit. B12 0.1 0.2

Exotic pecan - contains a high amount of valuable fat-soluble vitamins A and E. Pecan nuts have long been used as food by Indian tribes. The fruits were harvested for the future, they were eaten in case of an unsuccessful hunt. Priests and healers, rubbing nuts, received "milk", which was given to wounded soldiers, treated the weakened and strengthened the health of children.

But the main thing about pecans is their beneficial effect on the body, which is why they are recommended to be added to food for patients with diseases of the heart, eyes, and all the elderly.

Vitamin A (retinol) - ensures the functioning of the retina, maintains visual acuity and the health of our eyes. In addition, retinol is involved in the development of all systems of the child's body.

Vitamin E (tocopherol) - natural antioxidant:

  • stabilizes membranes, protects them from oxidation;
  • maintains health at the cellular level.

Deficiency of this vitamin causes aging and deterioration of the body. Tocopherol, together with unsaturated fatty acids, protects the walls of arteries from damage and inflammation, slows down the growth of cholesterol plaques, saving from heart attacks and strokes. Moreover, pecan vegetable oils literally remove “bad” high-density cholesterol from the bloodstream, while the content of “useful” increases.

The same substances, balanced by a complex of other vitamins and minerals, regulate the functions of human immunity. Reducing the strength of radical reactions that damage membranes and DNA. Tocopherol and fatty acids are involved in antitumor protection.

The benefits of pecans are explained in a video published by the Prosperity Culture channel.

Pecan oil can also be obtained from:

  1. Pecan oil. Use inside for colds, heart disease. Outwardly - for skin diseases, as well as during massage procedures.
  2. Trunk wood. Appreciated by furniture manufacturers. It is believed that it is harder than oak.

Harmful

Even these healthy nuts can be harmful:

  1. Body shape and weight. People who watch their weight need to remember that Kariya fruits are a very high-calorie product.
  2. Allergies. Do not eat this product if you cannot tolerate peanuts, hazelnuts or walnuts. Cases of allergic reactions in children suffering from diathesis are also described.
  3. Digestive disorders. They occur with the uncontrolled use of nuts.

What is a pecan and what is it for?

The pecan is a fast growing deciduous fruit tree that grows up to 60 meters in nature. During the first three years, the plant develops slowly, the root system is only being formed and reaches the water, so at this age the height of the plant is 45-50 cm. The table of the tree is upright and strongly branched. If you do not carry out forming pruning, the crown acquires the usual spherical or elongated shape. The bark of the tree is grayish, with time it begins to crack. The leaves are green, consist of 11-17 elongated feathers with a pointed tip.

Pecan is a monoecious plant, its male flowers are located on two-year-old shoots, and female flowers are formed on shoots of this year. The tree blooms from late spring to early summer. The fruits ripen until mid-autumn, these are nuts in the form of an ellipse with a pointed tip. Depending on the type, nuts are also oval, spherical or elongated.

When the fleshy brown-reddish shell of the fruit cracks, the nut appears to pop out. Inside the nut are two cotyledons. The core of the fruit is brown-golden in color, inside - cream. The fruits are edible, sweetish in taste. When the nuts ripen, the fruits fall like walnuts. Their main difference is a strong shell without slits and holes, which is difficult to crack. Thanks to this property, no insects will harm the fruits of the tree.

The tree bears fruit every year. If it is grown from seeds, the first harvests will be after 9-14 years. The young plant yields up to 5 kg. In the USA, a tree at the age of 15 produces up to 15 kg of nuts annually. The fruiting of an old tree is much more abundant - up to 250 kg of nuts. The tree is grown using the same technology as the walnut. The plant needs good lighting, although it can grow in partial shade. Resistant to dry climates and short-term severe frosts. Cannot be grown in areas where groundwater stagnates, tk. the root system will rot and the tree will die.

Winter sowing of pecans

Nuts need to be stratified before sowing. They are soaked for 3 days in water, and then planted before winter in pits with sand. Sprinkle with compost.

But the nuts fell into my hands before the New Year, when it was already snowing. So after soaking, I put them in a pot of wet sawdust and put them in the fridge. And in April I planted it in the country, deepening 5-7 cm into the soil. A month later, 5 strong seedlings sprouted. Now they are a year old. If you believe the information that I found, the seedlings will begin to bear fruit only at the age of 8-11 years.

In the south, pecans are also propagated by budding, grafting onto other varieties of the same crop, and cuttings. And then the trees begin to bear fruit after 4-5 years.

Reference by topic: Manchurian walnut (photo) - cultivation

Reproduction and cultivation

Pecan (Illinoian hazel) belongs to undemanding plants. Perhaps the most important condition for its cultivation will be the correct determination of the landing site. The tree belongs to centenarians, which are characterized by large growth (50-60 meters) and an extensive crown. Therefore, when planting seedlings, this feature must be taken into account.

Pecan can be planted as a seedling purchased from specialized crop farms, or grown independently, since the nut has a good ability to propagate using seeds or vegetatively.

And so, you can get an adult tree on your own using the following propagation methods:

  • cuttings;
  • stock;
  • budding;
  • grow from seed.

Consider the seed method. Ripe walnut fruits that have fallen off on their own are taken as planting material. They can be planted in both autumn and spring.

Autumn planting is carried out as follows. Holes are prepared in the soil about ten centimeters deep, nuts are planted in them, watered and sprinkled with earth. Shoots appear in spring. It should be noted that planting seeds before winter gives good results, in spring the germination rate reaches almost one hundred percent, and the seedlings are strong and viable.

In order to carry out spring planting, it is necessary to carry out a number of preparatory measures. Nuts need to be stratified. To do this, they are kept for two days in cool water, and then placed in wet sawdust and left in a cool place for two months, moistening periodically. Then they are brought into the room, and in the spring, in mid-April, they are planted in open ground.

In order for seedlings to grow and develop well, they must be planted in a well-lit place, and the soil must be fertilized with compost before planting.

Pecan grows quite slowly. Therefore, for the first three years, it can not be transplanted to a permanent place, but grown in the same place where the seeds were planted. At the initial stage, seedlings form a root. Therefore, the increase in plant size is negligible. By the age of three, a walnut seedling grows only up to half a meter. Now you can continue growing in a permanent place. Trees are planted in planting pits, the size of which should be at least sixty centimeters in depth and width. In order to achieve neutrality, a little lime and compost are added to the ground for nutrition. Then a walnut tree is carefully planted in the hole, while leveling its roots. Soil is sprinkled on top, compacted a little and watered well. It is recommended to mulch the soil around the seedling with peat. In order for the trees to take root faster and begin to actively grow, they need to be watered and fed regularly.

In spring, the walnut needs nitrogen fertilizers. And in the fall, you need to feed the pecan with phosphorus and potassium. This applies to young trees, and adult specimens that have been growing for more than twenty-five years need to be fed with potassium salt, saltpeter, superphosphate.

Pecan care, in addition to watering and fertilizing, should also include care for its crown. With the onset of spring, it is necessary to carry out sanitary and formative pruning, removing dry and damaged branches.

With proper care, a self-grown walnut from seeds begins to bear fruit no earlier than ten years later.

Early fruiting, at the age of four or five years, can be achieved if Pecans are grown by grafting or budding. But these methods of reproduction require a little more knowledge and skills, so most often gardeners use either the seed method of reproduction or acquire already quite adult seedlings at the age of three to five years.

The walnut has a strong immunity, and it is not afraid of almost any garden pests and diseases. Under favorable growing conditions and sufficient space, this specimen will bear a fairly large number of fruits (an adult tree can produce up to two hundred kilograms of nuts) up to the age of three hundred.

In the area where the pecan grows, it is easily recognizable by its large, elongated leaves that reach 50 centimeters in length. They have a smooth texture and slightly shine in the sun. It should be noted that during the flowering period, both male and female inflorescences can be found. Women have a more sitting position and are located side by side in an amount of three to ten pieces. They can be found at the ends of each shoot. The period of ripening flowers in a country with a warm climate lasts from May to June. Just a few gusts of wind are sufficient for pollination

At the same time, it is important that trees of different sexes are located nearby

Description

This plant is a representative of the Walnut family. A deciduous tree that can grow up to 60 meters in height. In a hot climate, it usually grows up to forty meters, and in the middle lane - up to fifteen meters in length. Pecan in Russia is capable of fruiting up to three hundred years.

Spreading crown, tent-shaped. It is capable of reaching a girth of forty meters. The leaves are about five centimeters long, bright green. Their surface is smooth. The trunk varies in diameter from two to three meters.

The flowers are scientifically defined as bisexual, female and male. They have significant differences. Male flowers have the form of earrings that appear at the base of the shoots. Women's are collected up to 10 pcs. in spike-shaped inflorescences. They are at the ends of branches. The flowering process begins in May. It lasts until the end of June.

During the cultivation of pecans, fruits can be observed that have an elongated appearance. Their approximate size is seven centimeters long and three centimeters wide. Their average weight reaches twenty grams. The fruits are covered with a leathery shell. As it matures, it hardens and cracks. The fruit is oval in shape with a pointed apex. They grow in groups of up to 10 pieces, have a brown tint and contain a core. Unlike walnuts, pecans do not have baffles. And this is a big plus.

These nuts are very rich in minerals and vitamins, they also contain folic acid and tannins. They have cholesterol-lowering ingredients. Pecan kernels have a positive effect on the body with beriberi, anemia, heart failure, as well as other diseases of the heart and blood vessels.

What is a pecan?

The pecan is a close relative of the walnut, the fruit of the common pecan tree. At home and in many countries, it is grown on an industrial scale. It is valued for its rich composition, high fat content and beneficial properties. It is considered one of the most expensive nuts. It was eaten by the ancient Indians and even used as an exchange currency. We offer you to learn more about what a pecan is and how it looks.

Tree appearance

Pecan is a large, spreading tree that grows up to 50-60 meters in height in its homeland. In a cooler climate - up to 20-30 meters. It is considered a heat-loving crop, but there are many frost-resistant varieties. In our area, it grows in the same place as the usual white acacia. Lives up to 250-300 years.

The pecan itself is a fast growing plant, but grows slowly in the early years. Up to 15 years, the average height is about 15 meters.

Pecan tree photo

The crown is dense, spreading, about 30-40 meters in volume. The bark is gray-brown, the trunk is straight, dense, with a diameter of about 2-2.5 meters. The leaves are beautiful, dense, bright green or emerald green.

Inflorescences are located in the upper part of the shoots and are divided into male and female. Cross pollination occurs due to wind and insects.

For more information on how a pecan grows, see the video from the Borber Borysov channel.

Pecan nuts: fruit description

Pecans bear fruit from 5-6 years old if grown from seeds, and grafted trees from 4-5 years old. In the first years they give from 1 to 5 kg of fruit. At the age of 10-20 years, the average yield is 10-15 kg. Old trees can produce up to 250 kg of nuts. Fruiting begins in September and continues until the end of October: ripe nuts themselves fall to the ground.

On the outside, pecans resemble olives, which is why the name "olive nuts" is sometimes found. The shell is thin, oval in shape with a sharp tip. The size of the nut is about 8 cm. The average fruit weight is 15-20 grams.

Pecan nuts photo

Pecan centers resemble common walnuts, only 2 times larger. They are also similar in taste, but pecans have a milder and more delicate taste. Contains up to 72% fat. Pecans also have a thin shell and no partitions inside.

Benefits of Pecans

Like other nuts, pecans are rich in nutrients. Contains a lot of micro and macro elements, fiber and healthy vegetable fats. They are often consumed by vegetarians and people leading a healthy lifestyle. Nuts are useful for anemia, to increase immunity, beriberi, children and pregnant women.

Numerous studies have shown that regular consumption of pecans supports the health of the cardiovascular system, prevents the appearance of varicose veins, atherosclerosis. Nuts also contain antioxidant substances that inhibit cancer cells. It is recommended as a natural energy booster and antidepressant. Due to the high content of zinc (about 250% of the daily requirement), it is recommended for the beauty and health of the skin, as well as a means of stimulating male potency.

Whole pecan kernels

Use of the fruit

Pecan nuts are used both fresh and in cooking. They are fried, dried, added to pastries and desserts. Healthy oil is also extracted from pecans, which is used for dressing dishes and salads, for cosmetic purposes.

The shell is also useful: activated charcoal is prepared from it.

Pecan: where it grows

Scientists have found that Pecan belongs to a very ancient genus of trees - the Tertiary preglacial period. North America is considered its homeland. However, the area where the pecan grows today is quite extensive. All thanks to the selection and cultivation, thanks to which the nut is grown on large industrial plantations in the USA, Central Asia and Canada.

In Europe, the exotic walnut of kings appeared in the middle of the 18th century. Commercial cultivation began in 1881. At the beginning of the 20th century, the first seedlings came to the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus: Batumi, Sukhumi, Sochi. So in the Soviet Union, the first pecans began to be grown in the Batumi Botanical Garden. A little later, seedlings were planted in many southern regions of Central Asia.

Pecan fruits on a tree

Pecans require a humid hot climate to grow. But the tree also feels good in Central Asia, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus. Today it is successfully grown even in central Russia, Belarus and Ukraine, in the Moscow region and the Novgorod region.

Health Benefits of Pecans

In recent years, as a healthy diet has become fashionable, pecans have become especially popular. And all this is due to its beneficial and nutritious properties. In terms of its composition, this overseas nut can compete with most medicinal crops. Pecans contain a huge amount of healthy fats that help control blood cholesterol levels. The nut also contains a sufficient amount of lutein and beta-carotene, which have an antioxidant effect, help cleanse the blood at a deep cellular level. The mineral composition of the nut also deserves special attention. It contains zinc, iron, potassium and calcium. Pecans are also high in magnesium and folic acid. Pecans also contain vitamins. For example, vitamin E, with regular use, allows you to cleanse the body of harmful and toxic substances, as well as from the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation. Nuts contain B vitamins that regulate proper metabolism, have a significant effect on the transformation of carbohydrates into fats and thus allow you to regulate weight. The B vitamins in pecans have a beneficial effect on the human nervous system, help increase muscle tone and maintain overall human immunity. In addition, pecans are often used as an animal protein substitute. It is considered a real storehouse of energy. Its calorie content is 691 kcal per 100 g of product.

Application of pecans

According to historical data, the Indians are considered to be the discoverers of this useful nut. For this reason, over the years they have invented more than one way to use pecans. Women who have given birth use pecans to feed their babies. The nuts are finely ground to a pulp, then squeezed out and the result is a nutritious liquid that can be an excellent substitute for breast milk. However, the use of pecans is not limited to this. A similar remedy is also used for eating by the elderly. With its help, old people regain their strength and health. In addition, pecans help older people recover from severe injuries and illnesses. The pecan is also very popular in cooking. Many culinary delights are prepared on its basis. And in North America and Mexico, this ingredient is part of most national dishes. The world-famous pecan pie is made from the nut, and poultry and fish are also baked with its addition. Pecans are very commonly used in salads. The combination of walnut with cheese and vegetables is especially harmonious. Useful properties of nuts are actively used for the manufacture of various cosmetics. Pecan oil perfectly copes with the signs of aging, absorbs and regenerates skin cells. Often, pecan extract is part of creams and nourishing masks.

How to choose a pecan: Tips

Many people who try pecans for the first time may find it difficult to choose a product. There are some secrets of choosing pecans, which are better to follow in order not to buy a bad and frankly spoiled product

And first of all, in the process of choosing pecans, you should pay attention to the appearance of the nut. A good product should be whole, without various cracks and irregularities

If there are spots on the nut shell, it can be said with certainty that such a nut has a disease or was stored incorrectly. Accordingly, the useful properties of such a nut will be much lower. As for the purchase of shelled nuts, here you need to buy goods only from trusted sellers. Good nuts should be freshly shelled. It is even better to buy nuts in special packages that can provide them with long-term storage.

Learn more about pecans in this video. Leave yours and express your wishes for the material.

Description and characteristics of the best varieties

Early-bearing

Ideal

Ideal grows up to 4-5 m, begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting. Frost-resistant, high-yielding (an adult tree produces up to 120 kg of nuts per year), large-fruited, can grow on acidic and saline soil. The fruits are oval, large, with a thin shell, sweetish in taste, ripen in September. It bears fruit twice a year, a pollinator variety is not needed.

Korenovsky

Trees of the Korenovsky variety are undersized, withstand frost down to -35 degrees. Fruits in clusters up to 25 pieces from one brush for 2-3 years. Nuts are large, with a thin shell, sweet. In one growing season, it can produce a crop twice.

Levina

Bred by the Voronezh breeder IP Levin from the variety Ideal. A distinctive feature of this tree is high frost resistance (up to -38 degrees). At prolonged temperatures below -35 degrees, it can freeze slightly, but quickly recovers after pruning. Likes fertile soils. Begins to bear fruit 2-4 years after planting. The nuts are thin-skinned, the shell is easy to crush with your fingers, the weight of the fruit is 8-14 grams.

Breeder

Suitable for growing in southern regions, does not tolerate frost. The first harvest gives in 4-5 years. The fruits are small, ripen in early September. The yield of an 8-10-year-old tree is about 20 kg. The tree is disease and pest resistant.

Saratov Ideal

Winter-hardy variety Saratov Ideal (can withstand temperatures down to -37 degrees), bred by Saratov gardener EB Evangelista. The fruits are round, weighing about 10 grams. The shell is thin, the core is easily separated. Fruits for 4-5 years. Productivity is high - up to 80 kg. The fruits begin to be harvested in September.

Chandler

Chandler was bred in California and is the most popular species in America. The tree begins to bear fruit after 3 years. The fruits are oval in shape, weighing about 14 grams. The variety is heat-, drought-resistant. Flowering time - late (mid-late May). The yield is high - about 90 kg per mature tree. Suitable for growing in southern areas.

Medium-fruited

Productive

It got its name due to its high fertility. It is characterized by good frost resistance, disease resistance is average. 5 years after planting, it can produce up to 10 kg of yield, with time the yield grows to 24-28 kg of fruit per year. The collection of nuts begins at the end of September. The weight of the fruit is about 8 grams, the shell is thin.

Pamyat Minov

The tree is tall, bears fruit 5 years after planting. The nuts are slightly flattened, the average weight is 18 grams. The shell is thin and easily broken. The fruits ripen in the last decade of September.

Aurora

Strong trees up to 6.5 m high, disease resistant. The first ovaries appear after 4-5 years. Drought and frost resistance is average. Fruits with a thin shell, sweet, weighing about 13 grams. Productivity from one tree - 18-24 kg. The collection of nuts is carried out at the end of September.

Maslenichny

The variety was bred by A. A. Petrosyan and G. A. Antonenko. Suitable for cultivation in the Krasnodar Territory. The tree is vigorous with a spreading crown, tolerates winter well. The fruits are barrel-shaped, weighing about 13 grams. The shell is thin, the internal partitions are poorly developed. The core contains 74.4% fat. The first crop appears after 4-5 years. The fruits ripen in the third decade of September.

Canadian Dessert

Hardy American selection. Withstands frosts down to -35 degrees. Fruits weigh 12-14 grams, have a sweetish taste. Resistant to bacteriosis. You can plant in Moscow and the Moscow region.

Late-ripening

Giant

Powerful Giant walnut tree up to 7-8 m high with a spreading crown, resistant to frost (down to -30 degrees). After planting, the first fruits appear after 6 years. The weight of the fruit is about 35 grams, the nuts are easily cracked, the kernels are extracted whole. An adult tree has a high yield - about 40 kg per year. Ripening occurs at the end of September or in the first decade of October.

Bityug

Biryug is a frost-resistant variety. Begins to bear fruit at 6 years old. Fruits of an elongated shape, weighing up to 15 grams, with a thin shell. Productivity is high - up to 100 kg per tree.

Bosporus

Vigorous tree, medium resistance to low temperatures and drought. The first harvest can be harvested after 8 years. The fruits are oblong, weighing about 11 grams. The shell is thin, smooth, strong, the separability of the kernel is good.

Crimean Large

It reaches a height of 11 m, starts fruiting at the age of 7. Walnut weight - 12 grams. The shell is thin and strong. The yield of the kernel is 63.5%.

Arkad

Medium-sized tree. The first crop appears 7 years after planting. An adult tree is characterized by high productivity - up to 50 kg. Nuts are medium, weight about 10 grams, oval, hard shell.

Planting and caring for pecans

It is important to choose a suitable location for growing common pecans. Plants are cared for during the season

In autumn, the walnut is prepared for wintering.

Planting material and site preparation

Growers usually buy seedlings or grafted pecan seedlings. When choosing a plant, it is evaluated visually. Choose a copy without mold, cracks and other damage. Work is carried out in spring or autumn, when the sap flow slows down in the trees.

It is recommended to plant at least two types of this nut to get a high yield. For cross-pollination between seedlings, 8 - 10 m are left. Grafting of different varieties on one stock is allowed.

Walnut is undemanding to the composition of the primer. The main condition is to avoid wetlands. It grows best in fertile loose soils. Before planting, the beds are dug up, humus and mineral fertilizers are applied.

Planting Rules

Pecan Planting Order:

  1. First dig a hole 50 cm deep and 60 cm in diameter.
  2. Fertile soil is prepared to fill it. Humus and mineral fertilizers can be added to the soil.
  3. The pit is filled with earth and a support is placed, then a small mound is formed.
  4. A seedling is placed on top, its roots are covered with soil and compacted.
  5. The plant is tied to a support.

Watering and top dressing

The soil in the walnut tree trunk is regularly moistened. Watering is especially important for young seedlings. At the same time, moisture stagnation is not allowed, which leads to the death of the tree.

Common pecan responds positively to top dressing. In the spring, mullein or a solution of urea is introduced. When forming ovaries, the nut is fertilized with potassium salt and superphosphate. The consumption of each substance per 10 liters of water is 35 g.

Pruning and shaping

Every year, weak, dry and frozen shoots are cut off from the common pecan. Processing is carried out in spring or autumn. For young plantations, formative pruning is performed. The shoots are removed completely. The branches are not shortened, as inflorescences form on them.

Winterizing

Most common pecan varieties are highly winter hardy. Warming is required for young seedlings. Their trunk is wrapped with agrofibre to protect against frost and rodents. In late autumn, the walnut is watered abundantly. Then they spud the trunk and pour a layer of mulch from humus.

Growing procedure


Pecan seedlings quickly adapt to different weather conditions. There are varieties that are grown in cold or severe drought. The plant is unpretentious. However, it is rarely seen in our country. This is due to the fact that not many people know exactly how to create the right growing conditions.

Need to know for those who want to plant a pecan nut - planting and growing it can be done from seeds, by grafting, from cuttings or budding

It is important to transplant the resulting sprout into the ground no later than three months after its appearance. Seeds must be buried seven centimeters into the ground

A special mulch layer is used for this. The first shoots should appear within a month.

The scheme is similar to how to grow a pecan from a fruit. After the appearance of the first sprouts, it is necessary to ensure proper care for them. The roots are regularly treated with moisture until the tree gets stronger and takes root. This will take two to three years. If necessary, a layer of fertilizer is applied to the soil.

The procedure for growing a tree from seedlings is more complicated, because they instantly react to changes in external living conditions. The root system can at any time suffer from external influences. It is best to root the plant in mixed soil. The seedling is tied up near the support, and then covered in a circle with a thick layer of mulch. Some growers vaccinate. For this, a white pecan rootstock is used. It will be possible to get the first fruits from it no earlier than in four years and only if the necessary care is provided.

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Pecans… have you heard of this one? The pecan is rightfully considered a superfood. Today you will learn about the benefits and harms of this amazing product for orgasm. Pecans are one of the most popular edible nuts in the United States and are native to North America and Mexico. Pecan trees, native to South and Central North America, were used as a food source by Native Americans for many centuries before the arrival of the colonists. Until the 17th century, pecans were not domesticated, the first plantations of this plant appeared in Mexico. The pecan tree is a large deciduous tree belonging to the walnut family that can bear fruit for 300 years. Nuts appear in autumn.

What a pecan looks like

In appearance, a pecan resembles the familiar walnut, only the size of the pecan is larger. The nut itself has an elongated oblong shape and a smooth surface of the shell. Behind the golden brown shell is a beige core with a corrugated surface. The core occupies from 40% to 60% of the internal space of the nut. Nuts have a characteristic creamy, buttery flavor and texture due to their high content of monounsaturated fatty acids. The rich buttery flavor makes them suitable for both sweet and savory recipes. The famous pecan pie is a classic South American dish that features pecans as the main ingredient. Raw pecans can be salted or sweetened and used as a healthy snack. In America, pecans are widely used in the confectionery industry as an additive to cookies, sweets, pastries, and cakes.

What are the health benefits of pecans?

My grandmother's story

My grandmother lived in the last century. The war and the post-war famine fell to its lot. While still a schoolgirl, I listened to her stories about life, but for some reason I could not believe that people could live like this: after all, I lived in a different time, when it was already possible to buy everything and people were not starving. Now, with my adult mind and worldly experience, I understand how hard it was to live in those days.

So, it was only thanks to young nettles and picans that people then could survive these difficult times. This grass was a salvation for the dispossessed and the obvious poor. In summer, in hot weather, the grass helped to hold out for a month and a half, until green onions, cucumbers and young potatoes grew in the garden.

As soon as the pickans appeared, and this is the end of April - the beginning of May, old people and small children went to the forest to collect them - the rest were busy in the field or on the farm. We collected pickans in large quantities at once, so as not to once again go after them again. They boiled and stored them in the cellar.

My grandmother was a deeply pious person, she strictly observed all the fasts, so pikans were taken out of the refrigerator at that time and this was an obligatory dish on Petrov Lent and on ordinary fasting days of the week.

Propagation by seeds

Ripe, self-fallen fruits can be used for planting. Their planting is carried out in spring or autumn.

Read also: Tomato seedlings in a bottle

In autumn, it is necessary to prepare planting holes up to 10 centimeters deep and plant ripened fruits in them. With the onset of spring, shoots appear. Seeds are highly viable. Plants planted in autumn grow strong and healthy.

For spring planting, nuts are stratified by placing them in cool water for two days, and then in sawdust, where they stay for two months. In mid-April, nuts are planted on a personal plot.

The plant is planted in a sunny, well-lit place. Before planting, the soil is dug up and organic fertilizers are applied.

The tree is very slow growing. During the first three years, a transplant is not required for the plant. At the beginning of development, the root system is formed in young plants, in connection with this, the growth of seedlings is insignificant. At three years, the height of a young plant does not exceed half a meter.

After three years, seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place. For planting, planting pits should be prepared with a depth and width of 60 centimeters. Pecans love neutral soil, so slaked lime and compost are added to the pits. After planting, the plant is watered abundantly, the soil around it is mulched with peat.

For better rooting, the young tree should be systematically watered and fed. In the spring, fertilizers with a high nitrogen content are applied, in the fall - potash and phosphorus fertilizers. Trees over 25 years old need to be fed with potassium salt and saltpeter.

Sanitary pruning is necessary in spring. during which to remove dried and damaged branches.

With proper care of the plant, the pecan tree begins to bear fruit after 10 years. It is possible to achieve fruiting at the age of five years if the plant is propagated by grafting or budding. These methods require some knowledge from gardeners, so many prefer to purchase 3-5-year-old seedlings from nurseries.


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