How deep do ficus tree roots grow


How Deep Do Ficus Roots Grow? (feet/meters)

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One of the most versatile and common houseplants people keep both indoor and outdoor are Ficus trees. With over 800 species, you likely own one of these trees or know someone who does. With these trees being so commonplace, a question you will have if you are thinking of growing a Ficus is how deep do Ficus roots grow? 

Ficus roots will only grow 2 feet deep for most Ficus tree species. Most Ficus trees will burrow between one and 3 feet deep if planted in the ground. Ficus trees can be much more invasive laterally, spreading their roots to over 50 feet. 

So why do Ficus trees have shallow roots? And how easy is it to dig up these Ficus roots? Keep reading to find out more. 

How deep do Ficus roots grow 

Ficus roots have a reputation for being invasive and fast growing (this tends to be with roots that spread out laterally rather than deep into the ground. )

A common question then that I had then before deciding if I should plant a Ficus tree in my backyard was precisely how deep Ficus tree roots would burrow. 

After all, if these trees are destructive laterally picking up things like walls, pools, pavements, and sidewalks, what damage could they do deep underground. 

To get to the bottom of this, I got in touch with a few tree experts and visited my local botanical gardens. 

I even undertook a quick survey of 10 plant paladin readers. 

To summarize: 

  • Ficus tree roots will not burrow or grow very deep underground. 
  • Most Ficus tree roots descend about one or two feet below the ground and have shallow roots. 
  • The problem with Ficus roots is how far these tree roots can spread laterally. 
  • Ficus roots will typically expand to about three times as wide as the size of the tree’s canopy. 
  • In more giant Ficus trees, this can be around 50 to 100 feet.  
  • Removing Ficus tree roots, even shallow ones on trees older than two or three years, is almost impossible as the tree roots strengthen very quickly. 
  • The only way to dig up roots is by killing the tree. 
  • Some Ficus trees will grow much deeper roots if grown in suitable environments in optimal conditions. 

Let’s explore these points in more detail:

Which species of Ficus has the deepest roots? 

Florida strangler fig, Indian Banyan, Brown Turkey, Moreton Bay Figs, Fiddle Leaf Figs, and Ficus Benjamin and Ficus Nitida are amongst the fastest growing species of Ficus and so will grow the deepest roots. 

To summarize exactly how deep these roots can grow, I’ve put together a table with these species as well as a few other popular Ficus trees to give you an idea of how deep these roots can grow: 

Species

Root depth

Ginseng Ficus

1 foot

Florida Strangler Fig

3 feet

Brown Turkey

2 feet

Indian Banyan

3 feet

Moreton bay figs

3 feet

Fiddle leaf figs

2 feet

Ficus Benjamina

3 feet

Common Fig

1 foot

Sycamore fig

1 foot

What is the deepest a Ficus tree roots have gone? 

So while most medium-sized Ficus trees grown in the ground in your backyard will have roots that are 1 to 3 feet deep ( while being a lot more expansive laterally, how deep are the world’s deepest Ficus roots?

After all, many of us will be growing Ficus trees, not in their native climates but much milder temperate climates.  

While it is a characteristic of these trees to have far spreading lateral roots, do the giant trees also have shallow roots? 

Even shallow roots have limitations when it comes to giant Ficus trees. 

Look no further than a giant Indiana Banyan Ficus tree currently in India. 

Located in a tiny corner of Anantapur District, this tree has the Guinness world record for being the largest tree in the world. 

This tree has a canopy spreading 4.5 acres broad or a range of about 18,000 square meters. 

If we were to use the invasiveness of the roots of this tree, we can assume that this tree would have a whopping root range of 54000 square meters. 

Thankfully, as Ficus trees are shallow, these tree roots would not be that deep, spreading wide. 

While there is no official information about how deep these giant tree roots go, we estimate that these tree rotos would burrow as deep as about 30 to 50 feet to support the massive tree. 

So precisely how deep do Ficus roots grow?

Ficus roots will grow about 1 to 3 feet deep for most medium to large-sized Ficus tres outdoors. This is regardless of sub-species. Giant Ficus trees are grown in the wild in optimal conditions and still have shallow roots. 

These giant trees then will have roots between ten and 25 feet deep. 

Finding Ficus trees, however, with roots this deep is a rarity. 

Ficus tree roots do, however, grow out laterally much more than they do downwards. 

Are Ficus roots shallow? 

All Ficus trees, regardless of subspecies, have shallow roots. Most Ficus tree roots typically only burrow between one and three feet deep. The shallow roots, however, mean that the roots expand rapidly laterally, causing damage to surrounding objects. 

It’s easy then for these shallow roots to unearth sidewalks, drainpipes, and even foundations if not taken care of correctly. 

Ficus tree roots will grow to about three times the size of the canopy of a tree laterally. 

How deep do Ficus bonsai roots grow?

Ficus trees commonly used in Bosnia, such as Ginseng Ficus, also have shallow roots. These roots then only reach a few inches deep. Due to the miniaturization process, Ficus bonsai roots are less invasive than their regular-sized tree counterparts. 

Why do Ficus roots not grow that deep 

The biggest reason why Ficus tree roots do now grow that deep is because they expand out very wide. 

You might think with shallow roots, Ficus trees will not be able to support themselves, but the truth is that by having a root system that can expand out more than three times the size of the canopy of a tree. It can spread its weight across a larger surface area. 

However, this can lead to Ficus trees becoming invasive, so care needs to be taken when plating them, so they do not disturb surrounding items such as pipes, drainage, sidewalks, driveways, or pools. 

On top of this, other trees can also be at risk if planted near a Ficus tree due to the expanding root system absorbing the nutrients from the soil from surrounding trees. 

Are Ficus roots easy to rip up? 

Ficus tree roots are not easy to dig up and can only be done during the first 2 to 3 years of a Ficus tree’s life. Removing Ficus trees older than this will become exponentially more difficult due to the roots toughening as they grow older. 

Remove expensive Ficus roots or dig them up when they are young to prevent future problems. 

I recommend plating your Ficus tree in a pot to prevent the root issue. 

Planting in a pot means the root growth will be stunted and not impact surrounding areas or items. 

Ensure, however, that you repot your Ficus tree once every two years to ensure the cramped roots don’t kill the tree. 

Survey on how deep do Ficus roots grow? 

Finally, I undertook a quick anecdotal survey of 10 plant paladin readers who grew Ficus trees and asked them how deep their Ficus trees’ roots grow. 

Here are the results: 

A lot of you reading this are also in the process of growing your ficus trees, so hopefully, the following table and posts will also be helpful: 

Ginseng Ficus Bonsai tree Requirements

Explained

Once per day in the spring-summer or if kept indoors. Once per week if kept outdoors during the winter. Only water if dry to touch.

Sunlight

4 hours of direct sunlight in the summer. LED grow light can also be used.

Temperature

Between 60 degrees F and 100 degrees F

Fertilizer

Fertilize 18 times per year, twice per month between spring and summer. Once per month in the fall and winter

Repotting

Once every 2 to 3 years in the first 10 years. You can then report once every 5 years

Placement

Can be placed outdoors in direct sunlight or indoors in a bright spot.

Wire type

Both copper and aluminum wire can be used.

Time to grow from scratch into maturity

8 to 12 years to reach full maturity

Potting soil

An inorganic Akdama, volcanic ash soil mix works best.

Growth type

Slow growing, averaging 3-5 inches per year

Average store-bought trees are size is one or two-handed bonsai trees - 3 to 10 inches in size, 2 to 8 inches wide

Lifespan

50 to 150 years

  • Do Ficus trees grow in Florida? 
  • How to take care of a fake Ficus 
  • How to straighten a Ficus 
  • Do Ficus trees like coffee grounds? 
  • Is Ficus toxic to cats? 
  • Why is my Ficus turning yellow 
  • Do ficus trees have berries 
  • Do ficus trees have seeds? 

 

This post was written by Fehed Nicass who has been passionate about bonsai for over 3 years. He currently resides in the UK and works in sales.

Do Ficus Trees Have Invasive Roots? (All You Need To Know!)

This website is supported by its readers. If you click one of my links I may earn a commission. I am also a participant in the Amazon affiliates program and I will also earn a commission from qualified purchases.

Without a doubt, Ficus trees also referred to as Fig trees, are one of the most common indoor and outdoor home plants many of us own. With over 800 different sub-species, it can be easy to find a tree that suits your home. One common problem, however, that these trees can have is their roots. So do Ficus trees have invasive roots? 

Ficus trees planted outdoors have incredibly invasive roots, regardless of sub-species. The tree’s roots will typically expand to three times the tree’s canopy. Ficus tree roots can quickly impact drains, paving, sidewalks, fences, and neighboring trees and plants. 

So what species of Ficus tree have the most invasive roots? And how do you prevent your Ficus tree roots from becoming invasive? Keep reading to find out more!

Do Ficus trees have invasive roots?

So, having some success growing Ginseng Ficus bonsai, I decided to branch out (no pun intended) into the wider Ficus/Fig-tree species.  

Having moved home recently, I want to add my stamp both indoors and outdoors and add a few new Ficus trees to my home. 

However, one problem adult Ficus trees have when compared to Ficus bonsai trees is invasive roots. 

I wanted to ensure I did my homework before investing in any new Fig trees. 

I got in touch with a few tree experts, went on a quick trip to my local botanical gardens, and even undertook a survey of 20 plant paladin readers who own Ficus. 

All to ask them do Ficus trees have invasive roots. 

  • Almost all Ficus tree species have invasive roots. 
  • These roots typically grow relatively fast, adding around 5 meters (16 feet) of growth yearly until they mature.
  • When fully grown, the growth rate of roots in Ficus trees will typically drop to about 1 meter per year (3 feet). 
  • The deepest Ficus roots can grow to about 3 feet, with most Ficus trees growing only 1- 3 feet deep.  
  • Most of the problem with Ficus roots comes with how far these roots can spread laterally. 
  • Ficus tree’s roots then will typically expand to about 50 feet wide (15 meters) in non-permeable soil and around 20 feet (6 meters) in porous soil. 
  • The exact growth rate will vary from species to species. 
  • In the right conditions, ficus trees will typically spread their roots to about three times the size of the widest point of your Fig trees canopy.
  • While all Ficus trees have invasive roots, Florida Strangler Fig, Brown Turkey,  Ficus Nitida, and Moreton Bay Figs are particularly fast growing. 
  • While keeping a Ficus tree in a pot will limit its root growth, ensure you repot every one to two years to prevent damaging your tree.  
  • Ficus tree roots will be at their most invasive during the spring and summer growing seasons

Now, this is quite a lot of information to take in, so let’s break down these points in more detail below: 

How deep do Ficus tree roots grow? 

Most Ficus tree roots grow 1 foot deep. The typical range of depth for Ficus tree roots is 1 to 3 feet deep. Ficus tree roots are incredibly invasive and can grow up to 50 feet ( 20 meters) wide. 

How wide do Ficus tree roots grow?  

Ficus tree roots, regardless of sub-species, typically grow three times as wide as the tree’s canopy at its widest point. It’s not uncommon for fully grown adult Ficus tree roots to spread as wide as 50 feet or 15 meters. Ficus tree roots are invasive. 

What season are Ficus tree roots the most invasive?  

So now you know that Ficus trees have invasive roots. Is there anything you can do to manage these roots throughout the year? (aside from buying a fake Ficus tree, that is)  

After all, trees don’t necessarily grow at an even pace throughout the year.  

So when exactly do Ficus tree roots grow the fastest and become the most invasive? 

To summarize, I’ve made a table below: 

Season

Growth rate

Spring

2 to 3 meters if immature, 50cm if mature

Summer

1 to 2 meters if immature, 30cm if mature

0. 5 meters if immature, 20 cm if mature

Winter

Low growth

The exact root growth rate/invasiveness will vary from species to species. this is a good rule of thumbs

Spring 

Ficus tree roots will be the most invasive during the spring. These roots can grow as much as 2 to 3 meters when maturing during the seasons. If the Ficus is mature, you can expect around 50cm of growth between March and May. 

Summer

Ficus trees love bright, sunny, and, most importantly, hot conditions. 

As such, the roots can still grow significantly when other tree species might slow their growth a little 

It’s not uncommon for Ficus tree roots to grow as prominent in the summer as they do in the spring. 

With most of us living in milder conditions, however, it is more accurate these trees will grow around 1 to 2 meters if immature and around 30cm if mature.  

Fall

During the fall, a Ficus tree’s growth rate will slow as it prepares to store its energy for the winter months. 

The same goes for the roots of Fig trees, which will grow significantly less than in the previous two seasons. 

Expect a root growth rate of around 20cm to 50cm, depending on the age of the Ficus. 

Winter

Ficus tree roots will grow very slowly, if at all, during the winter. 

The trees will try to store as much energy as possible during winter. 

Some species, however, may show some signs of root growth during the winter and can average between 5 to 10cm of new root growth. 

Does heat impact invasive Ficus roots? 

Ficus trees are tropical trees and thrive in bright sun and warm conditions. 

While most of us keep these trees indoors, if you live in ideal conditions for them, such as in Florida, which has year-round sun, Ficus trees will grow at their fastest rates. 

The roots of a Ficus will be significantly more invasive in these warmer conditions than in more temperate, mild climates such as the UK.  

As a general rule of thumb then, the warmer and hotter the climate, the more invasive the roots of a Ficus tree will be. 

Ficus trees grow between 60 Degrees F and 100 degrees F, so if you live in a climate with those temperatures year round, take note that your Ficus tree may produce invasive roots. 

How fast do Ficus tree roots grow?

Ficus tree roots will expand at a rate of 5 meters per year in the tree’s first 10 to 15 years. Once the tree is mature, this growth rate will reduce to around 1 meter per year. The roots will grow faster during the spring and summer. 

Ficus tree roots can reach as wide as 50 feet. 

The  roots, however, do not typically grow that deep, growing only 1 to 3 feet deep and adding about 5 to 10cm of downward root growth per year. 

It is very much a case of Ficus roots being invasive laterally rather than causing deep damage. 

However, the exact growth speed of a Ficus tree will vary from species to species.  

Ficus trees, in general, can be incredibly fast-growing if grown in the right conditions. 

How to prevent invasive roots in a Ficus? 

So now we know that Ficus treed have invasive roots; what are some quick tips you can implement today to either work with the invasive roots or not make the roots so invasive? 

Let’s explore these in more detail: 

Plant your Ficus tree in a pot 

Now, for the vast majority of you, noticing Ficus tree have invasive roots might be something you might not have witnessed. 

The main reason for this is most people who live in cooler climates keep their Ficus trees in pots indoors. 

Your roots will never grow out to be as invasive in pots as they would do if planted in the ground outdoors. 

An easy step to prevent your outdoor Ficus trees from having invasive roots would be to place them in a pot.   

Placing in a pot works incredibly well if your Ficus tree is 1.5 meters tall or less, making it a lot more manageable to move.  

I’ve written a post if you are interested in learning how to repot your Ficus tree. 

To summarize

Use a root hook to pry your Ficus tree from the ground. 

Add a good potting soil mix to a pot with several drainage holes. Wire your pot through the drainage holes to prevent your Ficus tree from moving. 

Place your Ficus tree in your pot, and use copper wire to hold it in place. 

Fill with topsoil and maintain good aftercare.  

Now while placing a Ficus tree in a pot will significantly reduce the invasiveness of its roots, you still need to repot the tree once every one to two years. 

Repotting will prevent the Ficus tree roots from getting crushed in the pot, which can lead to health problems for your Ficus tree.  

Move your Ficus indoors 

So if you have managed to move your Ficus tree from being planted into the ground to a pot but still notice excessive root growth, then consider moving your Ficus tree indoors. 

As mentioned, Ficus trees in more temperate climates are usually kept indoors due to the cooler temperatures outdoors. 

Excessive roots will typically grow in hotter brighter conditions, so moving your Ficus tree indoors will limit the sunlight reducing the growth rate of said roots. 

Create a trench 

So, while the above two methods are fantastic for dealing with Ficus trees that are smaller in size, if you have an older Ficus tree, then I do not doubt that these trees will be significantly larger. 

In these situations, repotting is not a viable option. 

As such, we need to do what we can to limit the existing roots in the ground. 

One of the best methods to do this would be to create a trench around the perimeter of your Ficus tree roots to create a root barrier to prevent surrounding destruction.   

To do this, dig a trench that is about 1 foot deep near the perimeter of items that the roots can end up disturbing. 

Typical items it can damage include fences, pavements or sidewalks, swimming pools, nearby gutters, or even brickwork such as walls. 

Aim for this trench to be expansive, around 12 feet long, and around the perimeter of the items, you want to protect. 

You will also want to ensure that the trench is futureproofed, so build the trench at least 6 feet away from the tree canopy. 

As mentioned earlier, Ficus tree roots can grow three times the size of the canopy so keep that in mind. 

Once the trench is built, you will then need to fill this up with material to reinforce the trench. 

Potting soil typically works best, but I prefer to use inorganic soil mixes filled with wood chips, grit, or stones to make the trench as dense as possible. 

Cut the roots 

Now, while the trench method is incredibly effective at preventing excessive root growth, it too is not a viable solution for everyone.  

After all, digging a 12-foot barrier around the Ficus means you need a pretty large backyard. 

So what do you do if you have limited garden space? 

Simply put, trim back the roots. 

One of the advantages of Ficus tree roots, when compared with, say, oak tree roots, is that they tend to be closer to the ground than deep inside. 

Trimming the roots back can prevent excessive invasive roots from spreading outwards. 

How many roots should you cut? 

Aim to cut only 30% of the visible roots from your Ficus tree. Removing too many roots will kill your tree. 

How close to the tree should you remove the roots?

The closer you remove the roots from the tree, the more damage it will cause to the tree. 

As such, you will need to find the balance of trimming the roots far away from your tree so it won’t cause damage but close enough that you stop the roots from becoming invasive. 

Aim then to trim the roots until they are about double the size of the canopy of your trees.  

For example, if the canopy of your trees at its widest point is 10 meters, its root structure will be 30 meters ( Ficus tree roots can grow as large as three times the size of the tree’s canopy). Aim to trim these roots back to 20 meters. 

However, you will need trial and error to find the perfect balance, which is why I recommend starting at double the size of the canopy of your trees and then gradually removing the distance over time. 

For example, in your first year, you might stick to double the trees canopy. In your second year, you might aim for 1.75 the tree canopy size. 

How often should you trim the roots of invasive Ficus trees? 

Invasive Ficus tree roots should only be trimmed once per year during the spring/summer growing season. Trimming during the spring/summer will give your Ficus tree enough time to recover from the invasive produce during the summer months. 

How to trim invasive Ficus tree roots?

Set a perimeter around the tree to trim invasive Ficus tree roots.  

Aim for this to be twice the size of the tree’s canopy. 

This will create a border between the roots you will remove and the roots you cannot see. 

Mark this with either string or masking tape. 

Then, dig up the roots from outside the perimeter using a shovel or trowel. 

These roots will be further away from the tree, so they should be easier to remove. 

Aim to dig about 1 foot deep, which is as deep as these roots can burrow. 

Then using either loppers or root cutters, aim to make a sharp cut at the perimeter of these roots. 

Repeat until the roots from the perimeter are removed. 

However, this method will only really work if the Ficus tree is still relatively young, around two years or less. 

This is because old Ficus tree roots are almost near impossible to move due to their strength, and new Ficus trees sprout from the older roots. 

Kill the tree 

Finally, the most powerful method of preventing your Ficus tree from having invasive roots is to kill the tree.  

To do so, trim the tree with a chainsaw until you are left with a stump.

Then drill several holes in the stump and apply a herbicide, saltwater, or copper nail into the stump. 

Cover with a blag bag, and after a few weeks, try to dig up.

The black bag will prevent sunlight or water from going near the tree. 

Now while this is effective at killing the stump., Ficus trees are survival specialists, and many new Ficus tree seedlings may sprout from the existing root structure. 

I recommend covering the existing root structure with a tarp to prevent sunlight and kill back roots before digging them up. 

Once again, this method will only work for Ficus trees about a year or two old. 

Older Ficus trees will have significantly thicker roots, making it almost impossible to lift them. 

Are Ficus tree roots easy to dig up?

Ficus tree roots are not easy to dig up. The older a Ficus tree, the stronger and more difficult it becomes to remove the roots. Ficus roots can only be trimmed back or dug up in the first one to three years while the roots are still growing. 

These roots are so tough, in fact that the California Invasive Plant Council has suggested: 

“Efficient control method for edible Fig has not yet been developed.”

Why you need to deal with invasive Ficus roots 

Invasive Ficus roots must be dealt with to prevent damage to surrounding items. Drainpipes, pavements and sidewalks, guttering, pools, and other plants and trees are all easily dug up by invasive Ficus roots, causing thousands of dollars worth of damage. 

Do indoor Ficus trees have invasive roots too? 

Ficus trees kept indoors do not have anywhere near as invasive a root structure as Ficus trees are grown outdoors in the ground. These trees’ pots are kept indoors to prevent the roots from expanding outwards, stunting their growth.  

Ensure you repot an indoor Ficus tree once every one or two years. 

Will Ficus roots grow back? 

Ficus tree roots will grow back over time, regardless of if you have trimmed them back. 

The root structure is so expansive on Ficus trees that they will likely still be attached to the tree’s stump. The stump of the Ficus tree can also push new seedlings or suckers through and restart new growth. 

The only accurate way then to kill Ficus tree roots is to remove and kill the tree altogether. 

If, however, you want to keep your Ficus tree, and your tree is older, know that it will be a yearly endeavor to try and trim it back. 

What species have the most invasive roots? 

All species of Ficus tree have invasive roots if planted outdoors. 

That being said, some specific Ficus grow faster than others. 

The following end to be the worst when it comes to invasive roots: 

  • Florida Strangler Fig 
  • Indian Banyan 
  • Brown Turkey 
  • Moreton Bay Figs 
  • Fiddle Leaf Figs 
  • Ficus Benjamina

On the other hand, Ficus trees used for bonsai, such as Ginseng Ficus tend to have the least invasive root growth.  

How close to the house should you plant a Ficus Tree? 

You should plant Ficus trees about 50 feet away from your home. This is because the root structure can be incredibly invasive, expanding three times the size of the tree’s canopy. To prevent extensive damage, ensure your tree does not grow too large. 

For example, let’s say you want to plant a Ficus tree in your backyard. 

I would recommend not growing this tree to more than 2 meters tall. 

This will ensure that the tree’s root structure grows no bigger than around 6 meters wide. 

You can then plant or pave items 6 meters away from the tree. 

Do Ficus trees damage foundations 

If Ficus trees are planted close enough to your home, they can damage the foundations. This is especially true in older, taller Ficus trees. The roots of these trees can be complicated to trim once they reach maturity. 

When planting a Ficus tree, ensure that you do so either in a pot or as far away from surrounding items.  

Does Ficus Benjamina have invasive roots? 

Ficus Benjamina is incredibly invasive and one of the most invasive species of Ficus available. These trees can kick up driveways, sidewalks, piping, drainage, fences, swimming pools, and most items they come into contact with. 

To prevent excess roots, plant in a pot or keep the tree short and away from items it can easily damage. 

Do Ficus bonsai have invasive roots? 

Due to the miniaturization process, Ficus trees commonly used in bonsai, such as Ginseng Ficus, do not have invasive roots. This is so long as the tree is kept relatively small in size and grown in a bonsai pot instead of planted outdoors in the ground. 

Survey on do Ficus trees have invasive roots? 

Finally, I wanted to finish up by doing a quick survey of 20 plant paladin readers who own Ficus trees and asked them directly if Ficus trees have invasive roots.  

To summarize: 

Many of you are in the process of growing/caring for Ficus trees; hopefully, the table below can help give a quick care guide: 

I’d also recommend having a look at the following if you are running into problems with your Ficus: 

How to care for a Ficus

Ginseng Ficus Bonsai tree Requirements

Explained

Once per day in the spring-summer or if kept indoors. Once per week if kept outdoors during the winter. Only water if dry to touch.

Sunlight

4 hours of direct sunlight in the summer. LED grow light can also be used.

Temperature

Between 60 degrees F and 100 degrees F

Fertilizer

Fertilize 18 times per year, twice per month between spring and summer. Once per month in the fall and winter

Repotting

Once every 2 to 3 years in the first 10 years. You can then report once every 5 years

Placement

Can be placed outdoors in direct sunlight or indoors in a bright spot.

Wire type

Both copper and aluminum wire can be used.

Time to grow from scratch into maturity

8 to 12 years to reach full maturity

Potting soil

An inorganic Akdama, volcanic ash soil mix works best.

Growth type

Slow growing, averaging 3-5 inches per year

Average store-bought trees are size is one or two-handed bonsai trees - 3 to 10 inches in size, 2 to 8 inches wide

Lifespan

50 to 150 years

  • How to straighten a Ficus tree 
  • Do Ficus trees like coffee grounds? 
  • How long do Ficus trees live? 
  • Are Ficus trees toxic to cats
  • Why are my Ficus leaves turning yellow 
  • Do Ficus trees have berries 
  • Do Ficus produce seeds

 

This post was written by Fehed Nicass who has been passionate about bonsai for over 3 years. He currently resides in the UK and works in sales.

Which pot to plant ficus and how to choose the right place in the room

Which pot to plant ficus? Of particular importance, from what material the pot for the plant will be, is not.

It is important to pay more attention to dimensions. Do not forget about the correct placement of the ficus pot. Care for him and timely transplantation will help keep the plant in proper form.

Contents:

  • 1 Which pot to plant ficus in
  • 2 How to transplant ficus
  • 3 Care
  • 4 Propagation of ficus
  • 5 Plant conditions
  • 6 How to replant ficus if it is sick?

Which pot to plant ficus in

Domestic ficuses are represented by a wide variety of types and sizes. Therefore, the question often arises, which ficus pot to choose. To do this correctly, you need:

  • Calculate the size
  • Select the shape
  • Select the material

Plastic pot for ficus

The size of the pot directly depends on the state of development of the roots of the plant. The optimal size will be the size in which they, by about two centimeters, will not reach the walls of the selected container. You need to purchase a not too large vessel, with a good drainage system.

There is no ideal dish shape for growing ficuses. In most cases, ordinary classic-shaped products sold in stores will do.

However, for those who like to grow a plant using the "bonsai" technology, flat models are needed, with sides from 10 cm.

What the dishes are made of, in which the “tree” will grow, does not matter much.

This can be plastic, clay or ceramic, and for extra large specimens, wooden tubs will do. The main thing when choosing a material is the absence of a chemical effect on the flower.

From the foregoing, we can conclude that when choosing a pot, you need to remember the condition of the roots, the size of the ficus and the method of growing it. The vessel should not be treated with chemical compounds and fit into the interior.

Expert opinion

Yuliya Yuryevna

I have a large garden and vegetable garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, and I share my experience.

Ask a question

It is easy to determine in which pot to plant a young ficus. For such a plant, you will need a standard small pot with good drainage. If you need to transplant a grown plant or a copy recently bought in a store, you need to know how to choose a container.

Wondering in which pot to plant a ficus, which is purchased in a store, you need 3-4 weeks after a new pet has appeared in the house. The plant is already experiencing stress from a change in microclimate, if you add a transplant to this, the flower may weaken or get sick.

It is important to keep the new specimen away from other houseplants. In flower shops, greenhouses and greenhouses, sometimes pests appear or plants are attacked by an infection.

It is important to leave the new pet in quarantine for about a month to make sure it is healthy and will not infect other flowers. After all, there are insects that affect almost all crops and are difficult to remove. An example is spider mites.

Thinking about what kind of pot is needed for ficus, we recommend choosing a container that has the following proportions - the height is equal to its diameter. This recommendation applies to container selection for Ficus Benjamin and Rubber Crops.

Do not try to delay the next transplant by choosing too large a "home" for the described plant. This can have several negative consequences. So, the flower will begin to spend a lot of energy on building up the root system, which can adversely affect its decorative effect.

Also, when watering in too large a container, water may begin to accumulate, which the roots cannot reach. This will provoke moisture stagnation, and, as a result, rotting of the roots and flower disease.

Ficus pots can be used for decoration purposes. They are made by hand or purchased in specialized stores. In the first case, you can use a vine for weaving, decoupage and other techniques.

How to replant ficus

If the plant grows well and does not get sick, there is still a need to transplant ficus. Usually for a ficus, the following terms of "moving" can be determined:

  • 3-year-olds - once a year
  • five-year-olds - no more than once every three years
  • Older adults - once every six years

A new "apartment" is chosen about a couple of centimeters in volume, more than the previous one.

In order for the transplantation to be successful, you need to adhere to the following simple rules:

Your flower will not experience much stress if everything is done carefully and competently.

Care

Although it is not a very fastidious plant, ficus care requires certain knowledge:

  • Must be located in a bright room without direct light.
  • The temperature must not exceed 30º in summer and not fall below 16º in winter.
  • The room must be well ventilated.

Ficus does not require frequent watering. In summer, it will be enough to water as the earth dries. However, this must be done in abundance. In winter, do not allow an excess of moisture, as this has a bad effect on the root system.

The soil for mature plants should be of a fairly firm consistency. For bait, organic fertilizers and mineral mixtures are used.

Settling dust is washed off with a warm shower a couple of times a month, and you can wipe the leaves with a wet sponge every day.

Timely care of the plant will enable it to develop harmoniously.

Propagation of ficus

Ficus, like all plants in nature, propagates by seeds. But at home, this process is easier and more efficient to produce vegetatively. There are three main possibilities for how to reproduce ficus at home:

Ficus cutting, ready for planting

By cutting. The shoot is cut off (14-17 cm), the leaves are removed. The cut site should be washed and dried.

The prepared cutting is placed in the ground or in a water solution. At the initial stage, the process must be kept in the dark and under the film, creating the effect of a greenhouse.

Using a cutting with a leaf. The shoot is cut off with a leaf. The main thing is that the cut was made at an angle along the trunk node.

After the shoot is placed in the pot, the leaf is rolled up and fixed. Then it is also covered with a film.

Creating air layers. An incision is made around the circle of the shoot, and the crust is removed. Moss is attached to the damaged area and wrapped in a film.

Top and bottom parts are tied. Moss must be kept constantly moist. Soon roots will appear in this place. Next comes the transplantation of the shoot with a layer into the ground.

Young shoots should be transplanted into pots without glaze, as it does not allow air and moisture to pass through.

Breed at home in the spring, with good soil for planting.

Conditions for plants

When creating conditions for ficus, remember that the plant loves warmth. Therefore, you need to monitor the temperature in the room. Especially in winter time.

Ventilate the room in time without creating strong drafts. The location of the flower should not be exposed to direct sunlight, but be well lit.

There should not be too dry and waterlogged soil in a pot. The container itself should be comfortable and suitable in terms of parameters to the size of the plant.

All this will help keep the flower healthy and respectable.

Expert opinion

Yuliya Yuryevna

I have a large garden and vegetable garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, and I share my experience.

Ask a question

How to transplant a ficus if it gets sick?

Sometimes, as a result of care errors, the plants start to get sick. The root system of a ficus can rot and become infected with a fungus if there is no quality drainage in the pot, the soil is too dense, or regular overflows were present.

Also, diseases are promoted by low temperature or its fluctuations, the presence of drafts, and the wrong mode of fertilizing.

If the roots begin to rot, the aerial part looks sluggish. Leaves may turn yellow and fall off. The soil will acquire a characteristic unpleasant odor. In the described case, a plant transplant will be required.

How to plant ficus at home? You need to start by carefully removing the plant from the ground. Next, we recommend rinsing the root system under slightly warm water.

The root system must then be inspected and damaged parts removed. A flower that has undergone sanitation is transplanted into clean soil and a new pot. In the next two waterings, it is better to moisten the plant with a fungicide solution. You can use manganese or boric acid.

While watching the video, you will learn about growing ficus.

Ficus is rightfully one of the most beautiful and spectacular types of home flora.

Properly chosen potty and care, timely transplantation, well-executed reproduction - the key to a prosperous and long life of your pet.

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This surprised me

Indoor plants

How to transplant Benjamin's ficus - step by step instructions

The evergreen bushy tree - Benjamin's ficus - has long been popular as an interior decoration. Its lush crown does an excellent job of its decorative role.

Breeders have bred so many varieties of Benjamin that it is impossible to remember all of them.

I bought my ficus (Kinky variety) at the flower market. He attracted my attention by the fact that even then he looked like a small tree, although he barely reached 10 cm in height. And I have a weakness for such tree-like dwarf plants, similar to bonsai.

By the way, Benjamin ficus is ideal for bonsai formation. I have been thinking about doing it for a long time, but I do not have enough knowledge and experience. I think he would make a good copy.

One way to grow Ficus Benjamin

Ficuses are also spectacular, which are grown by weaving a pigtail from young thin trunks, i.e. twist them in a spiral. After some time, these stems grow together, and such a dwarf tree is obtained with a thick (as if very old) trunk.

This is one of the easiest bonsai shaping methods. In addition, the ficus can be periodically cut, thus forming a lush crown.

The new pot should be slightly larger than the old one

My Benjamin Kinky is relatively young - about 3 years old. Such young ficuses are recommended to be transplanted every year by transshipment, into a container slightly larger than the previous one (I picked up a pot 3 cm larger than the old one), because. they love tightness. This should be done in early spring, in February-March.

When it's time to transplant Benjamin's ficus

Adult indoor plants, meaning ficuses that are over 4 years old, are moved every 2-3 years into larger pots (by 3-4 cm). Old specimens are generally transplanted every 5-6 years.

Venus flytrap at home - photo and video

There are very large Benjamins growing in huge tubs with a diameter of more than 50 cm. How to transplant Benjamin ficus of this size?

As a rule, they are not transplanted, but the top old layer of earth (3 cm) is replaced annually with a new one, with the addition of 20% organic fertilizer.

The top layer of the substrate is also replaced in cases where a white salt coating appears on it.

Ficus Benjamin should be transplanted only when you are convinced of the existence of the following 3 signs:

1. Earth ball completely covered with roots;

2. Soil dries out very quickly after watering;

3. Roots are starting to show through the drain holes.

Roots braided the pot not only inside, but also outside

In my case, apart from the first two, there was a very large third sign, which, in fact, can be seen in the photo.

I haven't looked under the pot for so long that when I saw this "snake curled up", I was simply horrified.

The ficus root turned out to be about 20 cm long

At first I wanted to cut, but still decided to try to pull out the lump along with the root.

Oddly enough, I managed to pull it through the drain hole with minimal loss. As you can see, Benjamin's ficus has fairly strong roots.

Drainage

My further actions are no different from the usual transshipment of any indoor plants. At the bottom of the pot with a layer of 1.5-2 cm we lay out expanded clay (I have it together with pebbles, because expanded clay is already running out).

Place the plant in a new pot

Cover with a little earth on top.

If you prepare the soil yourself, then mix humus, peat and leaf soil in equal proportions.


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