How do coconut trees reproduce


Is a coconut a fruit, nut or seed?

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Answer

Botanically speaking, a coconut is a fibrous one-seeded drupe, also known as a dry drupe. However, when using loose definitions, the coconut can be all three: a fruit, a nut, and a seed.

A Manila dwarf coconut palm on the grounds of the Tropical Agriculture Research Station in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.  Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture

Botanists love classification. However, classification of plants can be a complicated matter for the average person. Coconuts are classified as a fibrous one-seeded drupe. A drupe is a fruit with a hard stony covering enclosing the seed (like a peach or olive) and comes from the word drupa meaning overripe olive. A coconut, and all drupes, have three layers: the exocarp (outer layer), the mesocarp (fleshy middle layer), and the endocarp (hard, woody layer that surrounds the seed).

Florida – Cocoanut grove. George Barker,  photographer, 1891. Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

The coconut we buy in the store does not resemble the coconut you find growing on a coconut palm. An untouched coconut has three layers. The outermost layer, which is typically smooth with a greenish color, is called the exocarp. The next layer is the fibrous husk, or mesocarp, which ultimately surrounds the hard woody layer called the endocarp. The endocarp surrounds the seed. Generally speaking, when you buy a coconut at the supermarket the exocarp and the mesocarp are removed and what you see is the endocarp.

Coconuts, Key West, Florida. Arthur Rothstein,  photographer, 1938. Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

Some scientists like to refer to the coconut as a water dispersal fruit and seed. A seed is the reproductive unit of a flowering plant. From a reproductive point of view, a seed has the “baby” plant inside, with two basic parts: the embryo root (hypocotyl) and the embryo leaves (epicotyl). In the coconut’s case, if you look at one end of the coconut, you’ll see three pores (also called eyes). The coconut seed germinates and a shoot emerges from one of the pores. In addition to the “baby” plant in the seed, there is the food to kick off its life called the endosperm. The endosperm is what makes up most of the seed and, in the coconut’s case, is the yummy white stuff we eat.

The word coconut itself can also be confusing because the word “nut” is contained in the word. A nut can be defined as a one- seeded fruit. With that loose definition, a coconut can also be a nut. However, a coconut is not a true nut. A true nut, such as the acorn, are indehiscent or do not open at maturity to release its seeds. The seeds are released when the fruit wall decays or are digested by an animal.

An overactive coconut palm, Philippine Islands. Leonard Johnson, 1926.  Historic Coast & Geodetic Survey Collection, NOAA Photo Library.

Yet another interesting aspect of the coconut that has baffled scientists for over 200 years is where did it originate? Is it of Old World or New World origin? Scientists have used art, botany, entomology, etymology, folklore, fossils, genetics, and travel records to try to figure out where the coconut first appeared.

Odoardo Beccari, a renowned palm specialist from the early 20th century, suggests that the coconut is of Old World origin and more than likely came from the Indian Archipelago or Polynesia. To strengthen his argument, there are more varieties of coconut palms in the Eastern hemisphere than in the Americas.

A Peace Corps Volunteer prepares a coconut with her counterpart in Tonga.External link  Peace Corps Flickr Photostream.

However, some scientists (O.F. Cook , H.B. Guppy, K.F.P. von Martius,) argue that the coconut is of New World origins, having migrated westward across the Pacific.

Interesting Coconut Facts

  • Every bit of the coconut is used. As a result, coconuts are called the “Tree of Life” and can produce drink, fiber, food, fuel, utensils, musical instruments, and much more.
  • When intra-venous (IV) solution was in short supply, doctors during World War II and Vietnam used coconut water in substitution of IV solutions.
  • Botanically, the coconut palm is not a tree since there is no bark, no branches, or secondary growth. A coconut palm is a woody perennial monocotyledon with the trunk being the stem.
  • Possibly the oldest reference is from Cosmas, a 5th century AD Egyptian traveler. He wrote about the “Indian nut” or “nut of India” after visiting India and Ceylon. Some scholars believe Cosmas was describing a coconut.
  • Soleyman, an Arab merchant, visited China in the 9th century and describes the use of coir fiber and toddy made from coconuts.
  • In the 16th century, Sir Francis Drake called coconut “nargils”, which was the common term used until the 1700’s when the word coconut was established.
  • It takes 11 -12 months for the coconut to mature.
  • At one time scientists identified over 60 species of Cocos palm. Today, the coconut is a monotypic with one species, nucifera. However, there are over 80 varieties of coconut palms, which are defined by characteristics such as dwarf and tall.
  • Coconut growing regions are as far north as Hawaii and as far south as Madagascar.

Published: 11/19/2019. Author: Science Reference Section, Library of Congress

Related Websites

  • Coconut Palms from Seed External (College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa) - This fact sheet provides information on how to grow a coconut palm. (PDF)
  • Coconut Timeline External (Coconut Knowledge Network) - This website lists references to publications about the coconut.
  • Fruits Called Nuts External (Wayne’s World, Palomar College) - Scroll down to the section on the coconut.
  • Coco nucifera L. / coconut palm (USDA Plants Profiles) - The plant profile provides information on the classification, distribution (U.S), and images of the coconut palm.
  • Deep History of Coconuts Decoded External (By Diana Lutz, Washington University in St. Louis, the SOURCE. June 24, 2011) - Written in coconut DNA are two origins of cultivation, several ancient trade routes, and the history of the colonization of the Americas.
  • The Coconut Palm in Florida External (University of Florida IFAS Extension)
  • Coconut External (University of Hawai’i at Mᾱnoa Library) - In Traditional Pacific Island Crops.
  • Coconut External (U.S. Postal Museum, Smithsonian Institution) - The story of a coconut that went through the U.S. Mail..

Further Reading

  • Beccari, O. "The origin and dispersal of cocos nucifera." The Philippine journal of science, C. Botany, v. 7, Jan. 1917: 27-43.
  • Davidson, Alan. Coconut. In Penguin companion to food. New York, Penguin Reference, c2002. p. 239-241.
  • Duke, James A. "Cocos nucifera L." Handbook of nuts. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, c2001. p. 100-109.
  • Hill, Arthur W. "The original home and mode of dispersal of the coconut." Nature, v. 124, July 27, 1929: 133-134, 151-153.
  • Macbean, Valerie. Coconut cookery: a practical cookbook encompassing innovative uses of the tropical drupe Cocus nucifera, accompanied by assorted information and anecdotes ranging from hard data to the frankly frivolous. Berkeley, Frog Ltd., Distributed by North Atlantic Books, c2001. 198 p.
  • Modern coconut management: palm cultivation and products. Edited by J. G. Ohler. London, Intermediate Technology Publications, 1999. 458 p.
  • Rosengarten, Frederic. "Coconuts." The book of edible nuts. Mineola, NY, Dover Publications, 2004. p. 65-93.
  • Woodroof, Jasper Guy. Coconuts: production, processing, products. Westport, CT, AVI Publishing Co., 1970. 241 p.

Search Terms

  • Coconut.
  • Coconut palm.
  • Cooking (coconut).

Life Cycle of a Coconut Palm Tree | Taste Nirvana - Taste Nirvana

Before we get into the life cycle of a coconut palm tree, we want to give you an introduction to this magical fruit!

First, we want to clear the air — coconuts are not really nuts… they are drupes. A drupe is a type of fruit in which an outer fleshy part surrounds a shell (or a pit) with seeds inside. Some examples of drupes are peaches, cherries, plums, pecans, and almonds!

Coconut palm trees are grown in over 90 countries of the world, with a total production of 61 millions tons a year. However, most of the production is in tropical Asia. No one knows exactly when the first coconut came from a palm tree, but scientists say the oldest coconut fossils were found up to 55 million years ago.
Now widely available all over the world, coconuts provide many culinary and non-culinary uses. Coconuts provide us with food, water, construction material, and even sustainable materials and energy. In fact, virtually every part of the coconut palm can be used by humans in some manner and has significant economic value.

The life cycle of a coconut palm tree

Photo courtesy of Coconut Handbook

Most often identified by its towering height and production of coconuts, coconut palm trees take a long time to reach full maturity. If you’re interested in the life cycle of a coconut palm tree, keep reading!

Germination

The growth of a coconut palm tree starts with germination of the seed. On beaches in and in jungles,

where coconuts grow naturally, the process starts when a coconut falls from a tree and becomes partially buried into the soil below. After several weeks to months, the outer husk of the coconut begins to split. This is when roots shoot out of the bottom of the coconut and a palm tree begins to break out of the top of the seed.

Newly Sprouted Plant

Once a coconut seed puts down roots and begins to sprout, it grows quickly. Within just a couple months of sprouting, the palm fronds can reach 2 to 3 feet in length. This is also when the trunk grows taller and starts to increase in width.

Coconut Flowers

After five to seven years, the tree begins to flower. Compared to other plants, palm flowers are tiny. But, they make up for their size by growing in large clusters called inflorescences. These tiny flowers produce fruits, which become fully formed coconuts after about nine months. The ideal time to harvest is about 7.5 months after a flower blooms. Once they are fully ripened, the coconuts drop to the ground. A typical coconut harvest is every 23 days, equating to 15 harvests a year. One coconut palm tree produces 15 coconuts per harvest, the equivalent to 150 coconuts per tree, per year.

Overall, the life cycle of a coconut palm tree is long and fruitful (pun intended). If you are looking for a good coconut water to try, look no further than Taste Nirvana! Our award-winning taste sets us apart from others. We use the most premium, supreme varietal of naturally sweet coconuts called “Nam Hom”, which translates to “Fragrant Water” Thai coconuts. Sweetly crisp and refreshing – every Taste Nirvana offering is approved by the experienced taste buds of our multi-generational Thai family business.

If you have any questions or comments, we would love to read your responses in the comments below!

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drupe
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut
  3. https://nilaeslit.com/2012/09/05/coconut-wood-building-material/
  4. http://www.ciriaf.it/ft/File/Pubblicazioni/pdf/1279.pdf
  5. https://www.livestrong.com/article/128275-coconut-oil-energy/
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3532018/
  7. https://www. hunker.com/13428983/the-growth-stages-of-a-coconut-palm-tree
  8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflorescence
  9. http://coconuthandbook.tetrapak.com/chapter/plantation

How the coconut tree reproduces in the wild. Coconut at home. Growing a lemon from a seed at home

Tropical plants have long ceased to be a rarity in our interiors. And we are talking not only about flowers or vines, but also about real trees. For example, a coconut tree at home can be the main decoration of the design. Everyone can grow it on their own, the main thing is to know the features of germination, follow the rules of planting and care, and understand that not everyone can get a beautiful plant.

Coconut palm, or Cocos nucifera, belongs to the genus Coconut, the Palm family and is considered one of the most common plants on planet Earth. Her homeland is Malaysia. Under natural growing conditions, the Nucifera coconut grows up to 30 meters in height, the leaves of the tree reach 6 meters in length, and the life span can exceed 100 years.
Indoor coconut palm is more modest in size and grows slowly in an apartment. It has long, sparse leaves grouped in pairs, which form vayu directly from the nut. The fruit, half hidden in the ground, is in the planting pot.


Indoor coconut palms look very attractive: the contrast between the half-buried nut, from which rises at first a slender and small, and then more and more elegant and interesting tree, adds to its decorative effect.

For domestic cultivation, of all the varieties of this exotic tree, the following are mainly used:

  1. Coconut (Cocos nucifera). It is the most real coconut palm, differing from it only in smaller sizes (it grows up to 3 meters in height indoors). The leaves are bright green, glossy, large.
  2. Green nut-bearing coconut (Cocos nucifera viridis). From the second option (as the name implies) it differs mainly in the color of the fruit. They are not brown, but green.
  3. Weddelian coconut (Syagrus weddeliana). This is not quite a coconut, but only its closest relative. A small tree, many even mistake it for a flower, with deep green leaves on the front side and silvery leaves on the inside, the ends of which are down.

A tropical beauty is grown from a stone. Rather, from a coconut - a spherical or oval drupe, covered with a thin but strong shell on the outside and a hard shell inside. Its length can reach 30 centimeters, and its weight exceeds 2 kilograms. In addition, coconut palm seeds include a fleshy layer that is 1.2 millimeters thick and coconut water. When the fetus ripens, it turns into milk and gradually hardens.

If we talk about how to grow a coconut at home, then most often a young palm tree is purchased ready-made, in a pot, since the process of its germination is quite long. Not everyone has the patience for it. And the focus should be on care. In this case, it is especially important to protect the part of the coconut located above the soil surface from decay. To do this, it is necessary to ensure that moisture does not get on it during watering or spraying.

Coconut propagation: germination and preparation for planting

Coconut palms are propagated by seeds (from the pit) and cuttings. The second method of coconut reproduction is very rare, when an adult palm tree gives a daughter shoot. The main and practically the only way to propagate at home is to grow a palm tree from an ordinary coconut (seed method).

Coconut palm seeds (suitable fruit) can be purchased at the store. The fruit must be unprocessed and its outer shell must not be damaged. Only a mature coconut full of liquid can germinate. Its presence is easy to determine by the characteristic gurgling, which is clearly audible if the fetus is shaken.

Only coated walnut is suitable for planting. Stores sell already peeled coconuts. The top layers - exocarp and coir - are always removed before the product hits the counter. This valuable raw material is used in industry.

Before planting an achene in a permanent place, it must be germinated. There are 3 holes in the coconut shell for planting and germination - these are germinal pores. They look like small holes in the shell. Only one of them will be active, and the other two will overgrow.

To germinate a coconut, it is pre-soaked for 2-3 days in warm water. Then they put it on a wet substrate (peat or sand) in a greenhouse or container, bury it halfway and keep it at a temperature of 24-25 ° C. This temperature is closest to natural and optimal for germination. The nut must be laid horizontally, so that the germinal pores are on the side.

To speed up the germination process, it is recommended to keep the substrate moist. The nut itself can be periodically sprayed with warm slightly salted water. Sea salt should be used. The container in which the nut is germinated can be wrapped in a plastic bag to create a greenhouse effect inside (the required temperature and humidity) and do not forget to open it daily for ventilation, otherwise the fruit may become moldy. In this way, the conditions that are natural for the germination of coconut in its habitat are imitated.

If everything is done correctly, after a certain time, the nut will give roots, and green sprouts will appear from the stone. A fresh mature nut takes 1 to 2 months to germinate. But in principle, this process can take up to six months. If after 5-6 months the sprouts did not appear, it means that the fetus was immature and it is pointless to wait further that it will germinate.

How to plant a coconut in a pot

After the coconut palm sprouts with 2-3 first leaves appear, the germinated fruit can be transplanted to a permanent place.

Before planting a coconut palm in the soil, you need to choose the “right” pot. It should be wide, twice the size of the walnut. There should be drainage holes in the bottom so that excess water can flow out. Accordingly, a pallet is also needed. If there are no such holes, you will have to do them yourself.

Coconut germination requires patience and special conditions. If there is no desire to do this, then you can always purchase a young plant of an ornamental variety in the garden center.

A drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the pot (shards or expanded clay are suitable), the substrate is poured on top. The soil seven should be loose and well-drained and not acidic. The best option is special soil for indoor plants interspersed with sand or light loam, humus, peat mixture, sand and charcoal in a ratio of 2:2:1:1:1. The soil for tropical plants should not be acidic.

Before planting sprouted coconut, the soil must be moistened. The germinated nut is buried halfway into the ground, in the same position and to the same depth as during germination. That is, only the lower part is covered with the substrate, and the upper part remains on its surface. It is not necessary to separate the seedling from the nut. A young palm uses its stored nutrients during the first 3 years of growth.

As the tree grows and develops, its lower branches begin to die off. New ones are formed at the top of the main stem. So over time, the formation of the trunk. It is smooth, straight, and may lean slightly to the side. The trunk is surrounded by scars remaining from fallen leaves.

A suitable place in the house should be chosen for the tropical tree. The best option is a winter garden or greenhouse. But the plant can also feel comfortable on the windowsill, especially if it faces south. It is important that it receives enough light and moisture and does not suffer from cold.

Caring for a potted coconut tree

To decorate the interior of the house with a beautiful exotic guest, you will have to surround her with tireless care, which is not easy. Caring for a coconut palm comes down to a few basic aspects.

Lighting

The coconut tree needs bright and continuous light all year round. Therefore, it is recommended to keep it on the southern windowsill, and when the daylight hours become shorter, apply additional lighting. If the light falls on the coconut palm from only one angle, its crown will form asymmetrically. To avoid this, the tub with the plant should be rotated 2 times a month.

The best lighting is diffused. The direct rays of the sun can burn a young palm tree, so direct sunlight should be avoided in the middle of the day and, although the shade of a coconut is contraindicated, partial shade is quite acceptable. As the tropical guest grows older, it becomes more tolerant of the steady effects of the hot sun, and in this regard, caring for it becomes easier.

Room temperature

A guest from tropical latitudes feels comfortable only in warmth. The optimum air temperature in the room where it grows varies between +23 - + 280 C and should not fall below this mark. This palm tree needs an influx of fresh air, so it is important to provide it with regular ventilation.

If the air temperature drops to +16 °C and below, palm growth will stop. The plant will withstand a short-term decrease to 0 degrees, but at sub-zero temperatures it is guaranteed to die.

Irrigation

In the process of caring for a coconut, it is important to strictly observe the watering regimen. Short-term or long-term drought is just as detrimental to coconut as excessive moisture.

The frequency of watering depends on the time of year:

  • from mid-spring to late summer it is important not to allow the soil to dry out. The soil in the pot at this time should always be moistened;
  • from the beginning of autumn to the end of winter, the plant is watered as the soil dries up.

It is important that the air in the room is always humid. The best way to solve this problem would be drip irrigation, as well as installing a special humidifier. You can also prepare a solution of sea salt and periodically moisten the air with it. For any water procedures, only soft, settled water at room temperature can be used.

Top dressing

Coconut palms do not need to be over-fertilized, but they should not be neglected either. With a lack of nutrients, the coconut loses its decorative appearance.

There are two options to choose from:

  1. Once a year, in early spring, place granulated top dressing into the substrate. During the year, it will slowly dissolve, giving the useful substances necessary for the palm tree to the soil.
  2. From the beginning of April to the end of August, once every 3 weeks, feed the plant with a specialized solution for palms.

Scraps

It is not necessary to artificially shape the crown and cut the leaves of the coconut palm. The need for cutting arises only if the sheet is completely dry or broken.
Yellowing, drying, color-changing leaves do not need to be removed. Until they are completely dried out, the plant takes nutrients from them. To maintain decorativeness, you can cut off the shrunken tips if they have turned brown, and it is better to leave the sheet itself.

The formation of the palm tree crown is not required, but it is necessary to clean the plant from dried leaves. It is important to remove only completely dry ones, without touching those that are just starting to change color.

How to transplant a coconut tree at home

Periodically transplant the coke palm into a larger pot. There may be several reasons to transplant a tropical beauty. And each of them has its own characteristics.

As you grow

You can determine that the plant has become crowded in a pot by the following signs:

  1. The palm tree stops growing.
  2. Water stagnates in the tub on the surface of the substrate.
  3. Roots sticking out.

Young plants are usually transplanted once a year, in April. By this time, the coconut, as a rule, is fully adapted to the new growing conditions. At the same time, the earth around the roots and the shell are preserved. Mature palms that have dropped a nut require a transplant once every 2-3 years.

When the age of a palm tree becomes 5-6 years old, transplants are stopped, and instead of them, high-quality humus is added in a tub on the soil surface.

The new pot should be at least 5-6 centimeters larger than the old one (15-20% larger than the previous one). The transplantation procedure is standard: the tree, together with a clod of old earth, is transferred to another container and the free volume is filled with new earth. In order for the coconut not to be damaged, it must be done carefully, so as not to damage the trunk and roots. When transferring a coconut palm from one pot to another, it is also important to ensure that the nut does not go deeper into the soil by more than half.

If the plant is purchased already grown in a pot, it is planned to transplant it at home in the coming spring. In the future, it can be transplanted according to the standard scheme - once every 2 years.

For soil replacement

If the substrate has deteriorated or become too old, which, in general, is the same thing, the palm tree also needs to be replanted. You can determine the improper condition of the soil by a white coating on the surface, an unpleasant odor, and poor water absorption.

The pot in this case is taken of the same size. You can leave the old pot, after washing it and treating it with an antifungal solution.

If the plant rots

It looks like this: the soil in the pot is moist, even if it is not watered, the trunk is easily loosened; the soil is constantly wet, an unpleasant smell emanates from the palm tree, its trunk staggers from a light touch.

The first thing to do in this case is to cut off the rotting roots. With such a transplant, you can also not change the pot or take another container of the same size.

Diseases and pests of domestic coconut

Coconuts at home are most often affected by various types of rot, mealybugs, as well as spider mites and scale insects. If the cultivation technique is followed, diseases and pests rarely affect coconuts. As a rule, improper watering serves as a catalyst for their development.

There are few serious diseases in coconut trees, these are:

  1. Phytoplasma infection. This is an incurable disease. You can diagnose it by the appearance of the crown - it turns yellow from the bottom up. It will not be possible to save the palm tree, it will have to be burned.
  2. Pink and black rot (spore infestation). The tree becomes weak, the leaves and shoots begin to rot. If the process is running, the trunk also rots. Depending on the type of infection, putrefactive masses are dark brown, black or pink.
  3. If the coconut tree is properly managed, problems rarely occur, but any moisture and temperature disturbances become catalysts for the development of diseases and the reproduction of pests.

    Household coconuts may also experience the following problems:

  • The leaves are withering. The reason may be too low ambient temperature.
  • Leaves begin to turn yellow and dry up. So that the coconut does not turn yellow, it is important to observe the watering regimen.
  • The tree is not growing. The growth of a palm tree may stop due to improper fertilization or too small a pot.
  • Leaf curl. Occurs with excess or deficiency of moisture.

Growing a coconut tree at home is not easy, but incredibly exciting. Tropical beauty is a demanding and capricious plant. But if you strictly follow the rules of care, she will settle in your apartment for a long time, and even in the coldest winters you will be next to her, as if on a warm sea coast.

How to open, cut, butcher a coconut at home

We will give you useful tips on how to grow a coconut tree at home. You will also learn the basic rules for caring for this exotic plant.

In order to make our home more comfortable, we grow different plants and care for them carefully. But each plant is different and requires special care. Often, lovers of large green flowerpots acquire a coconut palm, but not everyone knows the features of its care. After all, if this is done correctly, it grows big, beautiful and pleases its owners.

The origin of the coconut palm is believed to be Malaysia. Inhabited in the tropics, it can grow up to 20-30 m. If the palm tree is grown in apartment conditions, then its height reaches no more than 5 m. Flowering and fruits can only be in tropical conditions, where the coconut fully grows and ripens.

You can grow your own coconut tree at home. This is done with the help of a nut, the fruit of a coconut, which should be in a greenhouse or other warm place at a temperature of about 30 degrees. It is necessary to keep it until it sprouts, after that, place it in a pot of earth. As a rule, the germination process lasts about 6 months. When a palm tree grows several centimeters, it is important to provide optimal conditions for its growth:

  • you need to grow it at a temperature of 23-26 degrees , since the coconut tree loves warmth very much. In winter, the temperature should not be below 17 degrees, because the plant may die;
  • Coir substrate must be soft and half peat and humus . It is very important when planting a nut in the ground not to completely immerse it in the soil, only its lower part should be in the ground;
  • palm tree should be placed in a bright place, but at the same time protect it from sunlight. Also, if possible, it can be additionally illuminated with special devices. This plant responds quite well to light;
  • special attention should be paid to the humidity where the palm tree is located. Since it mainly lives in the tropics, it needs humidified air (about 70-80%) . Therefore, if possible, spray it with water at least every other day. Make sure that water does not fall on the nut, otherwise the plant will begin to rot and disappear;
  • since coconut grows for a very long time, it needs to be fed . For this, it is best to use only organic fertilizers. This should be done no more than once a month. For older plants, it is advisable to start top dressing in the spring and do this throughout the summer. In winter, it is recommended to leave the coconut at rest, as the process of its growth itself decreases.

After you managed to grow your own coconut at home, it is now important to properly care for it so that it is beautiful and healthy. One of the important points is watering. To determine if a palm tree needs water, try the top of the substrate - it should always be slightly damp. But in winter, it is best to reduce watering, while allowing a slight dryness of the top ball of the earth. It is unacceptable that there is water in the pot, its stagnation can lead to various diseases of the palm tree.

Repotting should be done every year in order for the plant to grow well. As with all houseplants, this is best done in the spring, this is the best time to get used to the new soil. But when the palm reaches the age of about 3-4 years, it can no longer be touched. During this time, she becomes quite strong and needs rest in order to actively grow. Also, when transplanting, it is important to ensure good drainage for the palm tree. To do this, you can use sand, pebbles or granite.

Coconut grown at home is characterized by the appearance of dry and yellow leaves. They are recommended to be cut off immediately, because they can interfere with the growth of healthy leaves. Pruning must be done very carefully so as not to damage the nut or the stem of the plant.

Adhering to the conditions for proper care of the coconut palm is very important, because its future depends on it. Considering that the palm tree is an exotic plant, it can be difficult to grow it under normal conditions. Often the cause of her death is various diseases that appear when her care is violated, for example:

  • emergence of various pests;
  • the appearance of various types of rot, which mainly affects the fruit of the palm tree - a nut;
  • fungal diseases on leaves;
  • lack of vitamin microelements, which lead to disruption of photosynthesis. A significant indicator is the change in color of palm leaves, which become a pale yellow hue.

Video on how to properly care for a palm tree - nut-bearing coconut (in Latin "Cocos Nucifera"):

Growing a coconut tree at home is not difficult. Just in order for your plant to be beautiful and healthy, you need to follow some rules that will help you cope with this task. Take these simple tips into service and your palm tree will become a subject of admiration.

The coconut tree is easy to find in flower shops and is popular with flower growers, but how long does an exotic beauty stay in the average apartment? Unfortunately, she is measured no more than 2 - 3 years, and all because most people have no idea what a capricious pet they bring into the house. The coconut palm looks attractive and original, reminiscent of distant hot countries, is associated with its sweet fresh fruits, from which many manage to get a plant on their own, and it suffers precisely because of its attractiveness. To change the situation, we propose to consider in detail all aspects of caring for a coconut palm. Spoiler - it's not just complicated, it's super complicated!

Coconut

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Arriving at a flower shop, you can see a lot of plants that are passed off as coconut palms either unknowingly or intentionally. Usually on the shelves are Weddel coconuts, lithocarias, butias. These are also palm trees, they are difficult to care for, but the difficulties cannot be compared with those that await the owners of real Cocos nucifera.

In nature, coconuts grow in the tropics, but not everywhere, only on the coasts. Their sizes are amazing, but in the conditions of greenhouses more than three meters they do not stretch, and in a very mature state. Palm trees rarely live up to it, so they usually look much more modest.

From the point of view of decorativeness, a young coconut is very beautiful. The nut from which it grows protrudes above the soil surface and sharply contrasts with its rough surface with the tenderness of the greenery of a slender sprout. Gradually, the palm tree becomes more elegant and impressive, the leaves turn from whole to pinnate. In nature, they can reach 2 - 3 meters in length, at home - much less. Palm trees do not bloom within the four walls, no matter how careful the care is, so, of course, you cannot count on getting your own coconuts. But the nut from which they grow is preserved throughout almost the entire life, respectively, and the impressive original appearance is not lost.

See also:

How and when to water the plants in the garden - tips to increase the yield

Coconut palm care at home

Coconut could be an interesting interior detail if it could exist in this interior. In principle, if your goal is to decorate, and not to get a beautiful healthy plant, you can buy a pet and replace it about once every two years. But even with such plans, one cannot do without tireless care and the creation of the maximum possible comfortable conditions. We repeat - it will be possible to grow a more or less normal specimen exclusively in a greenhouse.


Coconut care

Coconut lighting

The first problem when working with a palm tree is the organization of lighting. It should be bright, intense, year-round and with a long daylight hours. If this condition is not met, the plant will die. You can create something close to the declared one by placing a tub on a south-facing windowsill and organizing artificial illumination.

Comfort temperature

Coconut is not only the most light-loving, but also the biggest fan of heat. Throughout the year, it requires heat - from 23 degrees and above. It can survive short-term drops in temperature, but not less than 17 degrees.

This palm needs fresh air. The issue is solved by regular ventilation, but the organization of the process is a separate difficulty, because the slightest draft can slow down the growth of a plant, affect its appearance and even kill. A sharp drop in temperature and humidity is also detrimental - this makes winter ventilation almost impossible.

Irrigation of the coconut tree and air humidity

Since coconut is a tropical plant, regular watering is essential. Moreover, any deviation can result in the loss of the plant: one-time or prolonged drying of the soil, the lack of a stable application of liquid. The soil should always be moist, only a few upper centimeters can dry out. It is important to monitor this constantly and take action in time.

Irrigation of the coconut palm

It is not possible to water the palm tree for the future - it does not like excessive moisture just like drought. When setting a schedule, be guided by summer watering 3 times a week, winter - one. But each situation must be considered individually.

See also:

Cumin: planting, care, propagation

The issue of watering, in principle, is easily solved with the help of responsibility and regularity, which cannot be said about the level of humidity. For the proper development of a palm tree, an indicator of at least 70% is needed! As soon as it drops, problems with decorativeness begin: first the tips of the leaves dry out, then the entire canvas, the shoots die off. Therefore, maintaining humidity levels is vital.

To achieve the desired effect, you need to install a special humidifier, otherwise you will have to spray the plant at least 6 times a day.

For all procedures, only settled water of the same temperature as the environment is used, exceptionally soft.

Coconut Nut

Fertilizers are an important point in growing. There are many special products for palm trees on sale, but flower growers note that they do not give the desired effect. Based on many years of experience, the ideal top dressing was determined - a mixture of fertilizers for citrus plants and bonsai.

The composition is applied during the period of active growth, that is, almost all the time of life at home. If you refuse top dressing, the risk of losing the attractive appearance of the plant increases, so it is better not to risk it. Some flower growers recommend limiting themselves to fertilization in early spring, mid-autumn and summer, but in this case concentrated formulations are needed, which often adversely affect the condition of the plant.

Coconut pruning

The formation of the palm tree crown is not required, but it is necessary to clean the plant from dried leaves. It is important to remove only completely dry ones, without touching those that are just starting to change color.

No crowning required

Coconut transplant and substrate

Young palm trees should not be transplanted more than once every two years. If the plant has already dropped the nut, once every 6 years is enough. At the same time, it is important not to damage the roots of the plant, so it is transshipped, trying not to touch them at all.

For purchased palms, the first transplant into a permanent tub is carried out next spring, but always after the end of the adaptation period. In the future - according to the schedule indicated above. In years when there is no procedure, it is necessary to replace the topsoil.

During transplanting, it is important to ensure that the nut is no more than half buried in the ground. Excessive deepening is dangerous, it is better if the protruding part is larger. When moving an old plant, the depth level is maintained.

If spruce is considered a symbol of evergreen dark coniferous taiga, then coconut palm is considered a symbol of hot sunny tropics. Classic is the white sand of a coral atoll, blue sky, scorching sun, turquoise, clear water and .... a palm tree.

The coconut tree was supposedly born somewhere in the Malaysian archipelago. This is the most common and necessary in the tropics. It is called the "tree of life" - and these are not just words. The inhabitants of the tropics use almost all parts of this tree.

Distribution of the coconut palm in the world

Leaves and wood are used for building, fruits are used for food. But for many people, the coconut palm may not be the tree of life at all, but the tree of death, since a coconut falling on a person’s head can be fatal. Every year about 150 people die from falling nuts! For comparison, 10 times less deaths from sharks, but at the same time everyone is afraid of sharks, and no one is particularly afraid to rest under palm trees. Also, falling it, for example, on a car can also be unpleasant, a dent is guaranteed. An average coconut weighing about 1 kg hits the ground with a force of 1 ton. The weight of a coconut can reach 3 kg.

Let's take a closer look at its structure:

Coconut

What we are used to seeing on supermarket shelves is a peeled nut (more precisely, it is a drupe, or an edible bone, a fruit inside a fruit), but in a whole nut looks much larger . The outer shell of the nut (exocarp) is permeated with fibers, it protects the integrity of the nut when it falls. Then comes the inner shell (endocarp) - this is the coconut shell with 3 pores resembling eyes. These pores lead to 3 ovules, one of which then develops into a seed. The seed consists of a fleshy white surface layer about 12 mm thick (pulp, or copra) and endosperm. The endosperm is liquid and transparent (coconut water), with the appearance of drops of oil secreted by copra, gradually turns into a milky emulsion, then thickens and hardens. The fruits grow in groups of 15 - 20 pieces, fully ripening within 8 - 10 months. In a cultivated form, the palm tree begins to bear fruit from 7 to 9years and continues for about 50 years. One palm tree produces from 60 to 120 fruits per year.

How to properly open a coconut?

Immature nuts with a green shell have the most liquid and the least white pulp. It is easily cut at the point where the coconut is attached to the tree, and it can also be split with a strong blow against a stone, but this way you can spill the necessary liquid.

Green unripe coconuts

Green coconut prepared for drinking

Young coconuts on a pedicel

Mature coconuts have a sweeter liquid. The outer smooth layer, together with the fibrous layer, is cleaned with a stake driven into the ground, and it can also be cleaned with a knife, a laborious process.

How to open a mature coconut

Mature fruits have a darker color of the outer shell and a brown color of the inner shell, which is what we are used to seeing in supermarkets. The shape of the walnut is sometimes similar to an American football.

Coconut eyes

Here we see the same 3 pores that look like eyes. You can get to the treasured liquid by piercing these eyes with something sharp. It is recommended to pierce 2 eyes so that liquid flows out of one and air enters the other. By the same principle, it is recommended to open a juice box by making a hole next to the main one.

Open ripe coconut

After all the liquid has been poured out of the nut, it must be opened to get to the copra. To do this, you need to tap on its circumference with some object, for example, a machete or even a hammer. We got to the copra - we cut it off and eat it, or for other purposes. Enjoy your meal!

What is "Uto"?

This is how the Polynesians of the Cook Islands call sprouted coconuts. The inside of a sprouted coconut has a more tender flesh, and when cooked on charcoal, it tastes like a pudding. After charcoal cooking, it is easier to split the nut, and this is done in the same way that is used for a mature coconut, without piercing the "eyes".

Coconut sprout, young palm

Coconut endosperm is initially liquid and transparent, in fact, this is coconut water - our longed-for liquid. As it matures, drops of oil secreted by copra get into the endosperm, and then this liquid turns into a solid core. At this time, a sprout is already visible outside.

Young coconut water

Kukur - copra rubbing tool

Pressing grated copra - coconut milk

Coconut milk is the product of grated copra. Mature copra is rubbed on a grater, then the resulting shavings are thoroughly squeezed and milk is obtained. You can make it more liquid by adding plain water or raw coconut water. A fatty concentrate of copra (coconut sauce) can cause stomach upset if you are not used to it. When sugar is added, a very tasty product is obtained.

Germinated endosperm (Uto)

What is copra used for?

Where coconut water is the inside of the endosperm, copra is the outside. Copra is a source of coconut oil, which is a valuable product due to its content of various fatty acids. It is used for cosmetic and health purposes.

Copra stock

Harvesting of copra has become almost the main occupation of the inhabitants of tropical islands. Tropical atolls were specially planted with coconut palms, where there were few of them, and copra was harvested. It was a valuable commercial product of the merchants of the South Seas and South Asia. Copra is harvested to this day.

Copra is ground and then boiled in water to produce coconut oil. Copra contains 70% coconut oil. The by-product contains 18 - 25% protein and is used as animal feed. One palm tree is planted at a distance of 9 m from another palm tree, which allows a density of 100-160 trees per hectare. The average salary in Vanuatu is $0.20 per kilogram of nuts, which is equal to 8 fruits. Total 320 dollars per year per hectare. The Philippines is the largest producer of copra. The annual production value exceeds 80 million dollars. Copra is harvested by both large companies and private farmers.

Improper drying of the copra can lead to mold fungi of the Aspergillus family, which produce the deadly poison Aflatoxin. According to some reports, it is considered the most powerful carcinogen and causes liver disease. Aflatoxin can be transmitted to humans through the milk and meat of animals that have eaten copra. However, the presence of mold on dried copra is not the reason for its marriage (!) It cannot be eaten, but it is suitable for sale. The oil obtained industrially from such copra will not be affected by aflatoxin!

Other parts of the coconut tree

The coconut tree has other useful parts. The leaves, like the wood of the coconut tree, are used for construction. The leaves are woven and then built into the roof of a tropical hut. Baskets and other various items are also woven from leaves. From the shell of coconuts, you can make the simplest dishes.

Chemical composition of coconut palm components

During the Pacific War of 1941-45, coconut water was regularly used by the conflicting parties as an "alternative" to blood plasma for the wounded. Coconut water is a universal donor, it is identical to human blood plasma. Coconut water is a natural isotonic drink with the same electrolyte balance as our blood. Coconut water is more nutritious than whole milk: less fat and no cholesterol! Coconut water has a unique chlorine content (118 mg) compared to sports drinks of about (39mg).

Coconut water contains about 294 mg of potassium, more than nearly all sports drinks (117 mg) and energy drinks. At the same time, it has less sodium (25 mg) than sports (41 mg) and energy (200 mg) drinks.

Natural sugars in coconut water - 5 mg, in sports and energy drinks - from 10-25 mg of modified sugars. Chloride - 118 mg compared to 39 mg of chloride in sports drinks.

Contains: saturated fat, dietary fiber, sugars, proteins, vitamin C, riboflavin, thiamin, viacin, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, choline, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, zinc, sodium, selenium, copper, manganese.

Coconut oil

1.0 - 3.0% stearic, 7.5 - 10.5% palmitic, 13 - 19% myristic, 44 - 52% lauric, 0.2 - 2.0% caproic, 6.0 - 9.7% caprylic, 4.5 - 10% capric, 5 - 8% oleic , 1.5 - 2.8% linoleic, up to 1.3% hexadecenoic acids.

Palms of the coco subfamily.

Where do coconut trees grow? They grow not only on the coast, but also in arid regions of the tropical zone.

Is it possible to grow a coconut tree at home? Only two species are grown at home coconuts.

Veddel . Dwarf palm from the forests of Brazil. It grows slowly, rarely exceeding 2 m. A very elegant tree that can be grown in a small apartment. To fully emphasize the charm of the Weddel coconut, surround it with a white background.

Nutty . Coconut is distributed throughout the tropical coast. It grows slowly, but can reach a height of up to 5 m. It is better not to grow this species in small apartments, it is more suitable for greenhouses and spacious winter gardens.

Coconut care at home

Care after purchase . Purchase only healthy plants. Leaves should be a uniform green color. Pay special attention to the growth bud, if it is damaged, the palm tree will die. If there is an unpleasant smell from the coconut, refuse to buy, just likewise, reject specimens with damage to the trunk. Often the roots are in a bag or a small container, in which case the palm must be immediately transplanted into a large pot.

Lighting . A visitor from the tropical zone is accustomed to sunlight and the same length of day and night. In winter, in the northern latitudes, the palm tree does not have enough lighting. Turn on bright lights so that the “day” is at least 12 hours.

Place the plant in a south facing window and lightly shade in the summer months two hours before and after noon. If the leaves began to curl and turn yellow, perhaps this is a sunburn, hang tulle on the window.

If you don't want to have a lopsided plant with leaves pointing to one side, turn it the other side to the window twice a month.

Flowering . Do not expect exotic flowers and delicious fruits from homemade coconut. Such processes occur only in their native land. In nature, a palm tree throws out a long sprout from the top, on which clusters of small flowers turn yellow.

Temperature . In summer it is desirable to keep the palm at 25-28⁰, in winter a slight decrease in temperature is acceptable, but not colder than 18⁰.

Humidity . In nature, coconut palms grow along the shores of the seas and oceans and are accustomed to high air humidity of about 80%. The air in the apartment is much drier.

Spray the plant daily and wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. Since humans and palm trees need different humidity regimes, it is best to grow coconut in greenhouses or conservatories.

Watering . Watch the soil, it serves as an indicator that the plant needs watering. In summer, the top layer of the earth should be slightly damp; in winter, let the soil dry out a little. With excessive moisture, the plant may die, so take soil preparation seriously. If the composition is chosen correctly, excess water will not linger in it.

Fertilizers . In winter, the plant rests, to maintain vital activity, one top dressing per month is enough. In summer, during the period of intensive growth, it is necessary to fertilize twice as often with a special composition for palm trees.

Don't want to mess around with food often? Purchase a long-acting granular fertilizer, one top dressing is enough for the whole season.

Transplant . Palm roots need a lot of space and should be repotted every year. The best time for this work is the middle of spring. Take a container 10% larger than the previous one, remove a palm tree with a clod of earth from the container, remove part of the felt roots.

It is very important to plant the palm at the same depth as before transplanting. If you accidentally exposed or damaged the roots, cut off half of the leaves, otherwise the weakened root system will not be able to supply them with moisture.

It is better to use special primer for palm trees. If you can't find one for sale, make it yourself. Mix in equal parts :

  • soddy soil,
  • humus,
  • leaf soil,
  • peat,
  • perlite,
  • tree bark.

In nature, palm trees grow on sand, you can use it without other additives, but then the soil must be well fertilized, since sand does not contain nutrients.

Cutting . The palm tree does not need regular pruning, only completely dead or broken leaves need to be removed. Do not cut leaves that have begun to change color, from which the plant receives nutrients. Only dried feather tips can be removed.

Walnut Palm Growing

How to grow a coconut tree from a coconut? To do everything right, needs to know how coconuts reproduce in their homeland.

Palm trees grow on the ocean and drop nuts into the water. The fruits of the coconut palm are covered with a thick fibrous shell and contain little air inside, so they are able to stay on the water and float away to a new place.

Coconuts must be fresh, store bought fruit is unlikely to sprout. If you decide to take a chance - shake the selected nut, take the one in which a splash of liquid is heard. Purchase the fruit only in the fibrous shell. Soak the coconut for a day in warm water, then plant it in a pot.

Landing position will prompt the nut itself: put it on the table, as it is located, and put it on the ground. It is not necessary to bury completely, cover with earth up to half of the coconut.

Be patient, the nut will sprout when you have lost all hope, perhaps in six months. Do not be surprised that instead of a tree, you will observe only a bunch of leaves for a long time. This is not a defect, the trunk will appear when the plant matures.

Diseases and pests

Palm trees may be damaged mealybug, mites and scale insects. If you notice pests, treat the plant with insecticides.

Coconuts sometimes develop black or pink rot. For treatment, once a week, treat the plant with fungicides. The best disease prevention is proper care, strong palm trees usually do not get sick.

Watch the coconut tree, it will report your mistakes :

  • Leaves turn yellow or their tips turn brown - little moisture.
  • Brown spots appeared on the leaves - the tree is cold or the soil is waterlogged.

Don't let the palm tree bloom and give nuts. Coconuts can be purchased at the store, and sitting under a tropical tree, enjoy the exotic taste of overseas fruits.

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Coconut palm at home, planting, care, cultivation and reproduction (+ photo and description)

Contents

  • Varieties, varieties and forms with photo
  • Coconut palm cultivation at home
  • Propagation and how to germinate
  • Home care features
  • Plant transplantation Coconut tree diseases and pests
  • them

Coconut palm is the only species from the genus Coconut of the Palm family or Arecaceae. The origin of the name "coconut" is associated with the time of the famous Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama because of the similarity of nuts with the muzzle of a monkey (soso). Malaysia is believed to be her homeland. Another name for the tree is lithocarium.

Coconut palm grows up to 6 meters under proper conditions and care. But in an unsuitable room can withstand no more than two years. This plant is photophilous, therefore it feels more comfortable in winter gardens and greenhouses.

Edible oval, large fruits (nuts) weighing up to 2.5 kg are especially valued. In nature, the crop is harvested twice - in the first half of summer and at the end of autumn. One tree produces an average of a hundred fruits per season.

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Harvest is rare in greenhouse conditions. The domestic coconut palm is grown as an ornamental tub plant.

Interesting! Often palm trees grow on sea coasts, their nuts, thanks to a waterproof shell, can “travel” over the waves for long distances, while remaining edible and not losing their germination.

Varieties, varieties and forms with photo

Of the dozens of varieties of coconut palms (common and dwarf), only a few can be grown at home:

  1. Real palm (C. nucifera) – in natural conditions it is a tall and powerful tree with a giant crown. It grows slowly in greenhouses, reaching a height of three meters. A young palm tree has narrow and long leaves resembling fish tails; in a mature plant, they are large and pinnate. The plant does not take root well.
  2. C. Weddeliana Coconut is a Brazilian dwarf variety with arched fronds and narrow leaves. Above - glossy green, and below - matte silver. This unpretentious plant in nature grows on rocky soil, so pebbles must be added to the clay-soddy soil. Feels good at the east window with not direct sunlight. With abundant watering without stagnant moisture, it holds up to 12 leaves. Looks good in the garden in a bottle. Loves heat, does not tolerate damage to the roots.
  3. Only some varieties of coconut palm are cultivated at home.

    Rumyantsev Coconut (C. Romanzoffiana) is an elegant plant with long fronds adorned with lush, feathery leaves. He hails from Brazil. At home, it grows above 3 meters. Considered to be one of the best indoor growing palms.

  4. Excellent coconut (Cocos insignis) is a fairly rare variety of coconut trees. Fits well in living quarters. It is similar to the Weddel coconut, but larger. He loves the sun very much, he is afraid of abundant watering with stagnant water in the roots.
  5. Cirrus coco (C. plumosa) and flex (C. flexuosa) their wai reach sizes up to 5 m.

Coconut growing at home

Coconut growing at home is carried out with the help of a fruit or a nut. The question of how many seeds are in the fruit of a coconut palm can be unequivocally answered - only one. The process of its germination can last up to six months.

Only ripe, unpeeled fruit is suitable for sprouting. There should be a lot of liquid inside it. Before planting, the fruit is soaked for at least three days. For successful germination, special conditions are needed: a temperature close to 30 degrees. It is best to keep it in a greenhouse with constantly high humidity.

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When a sprout emerges from a nut, the fruit is placed in a container with soil, while the upper part of it remains above the ground.

Conditions for growing seedlings:

  1. The soil should be loose, it is good to dilute the universal flower soil by half with sand.
  2. The container must be 2 times the size of the fruit.
  3. Drainage is laid on its bottom, a hole is required to drain excess liquid.
  4. The temperature should be 23-26 degrees.
  5. When planting, a part of the nut is left above the ground.

    The plant needs light, but not direct light. It is desirable to artificially lengthen the daylight hours with special lighting.

  6. Sprout needs constant, high humidity (up to 80%). Regular spraying of air helps with this. For the first time, you can cover the pot with a transparent container or film.
  7. Once a month, seedlings need top dressing with organic water-soluble fertilizers. For the prevention of fungi, they are combined with fungicides.
  8. After the appearance of two true leaves, it is transplanted into a large container with a clod of earth, without disturbing the roots.

Propagation and how to germinate

There are two main methods for germinating seeds:

  • In a container. It is often used in nurseries. Seeds in large quantities are placed in a large container. At home, you can put it in a greenhouse. The plants are easy to observe and can be selectively transplanted into separate containers.
  • Germination in a closed bag. This method is more suitable for indoor palm growing. In this case, the seeds planted in moist (but not wet) peat are lowered into a plastic bag, which is placed next to the heater. In addition to warmth, they need good lighting, ventilation and moderate moisture.

The composition and structure of the soil is especially important for young plants. This should be a light, well-drained mix (preferably sandy loam) with a pH of 5.5-8. The composition of equal parts of sod and leafy soil, humus, perlite, peat and tree bark will be successful. You can even grow palm trees in the sand, but then pay special attention to their top dressing.

Coconut at home can be sprouted in a bag or container.

Sometimes the palm gives daughter plants.

Propagation by cuttings is carried out as follows:

  • They are separated from the mature plant by cutting, without disturbing its roots.
  • The shoot is planted on a peat-sand substrate and covered with a transparent greenhouse.
  • Rooting lasts up to 12 weeks. At this time, they are watered little.
  • When a new shoot appears, the plants are aired daily, gradually increasing their time.
  • After the final removal of the greenhouse, watering is increased, once a month the seedlings are fed with organic matter during watering.
  • Transplant the palm into a large container next spring.

Interesting! The term "coconut" is not accurate. In fact, it is a drupe fruit with an outer, fibrous shell and an inner hard shell. It has three pores and three ovules. Only one of them develops a seed.

Home Care Features

The following conditions are required for growing coconut trees:

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  1. Lighting. The plant loves light, with its lack, artificial lighting is needed. Light day should be 12 hours. When growing perennials on the south side at noon, light shading is necessary, otherwise the leaves dry and curl.
  2. The temperature of must not be below 17 degrees, otherwise the palm tree will die. In summer, the favorable temperature is 22-28 degrees.
  3. Germinated coconut is regularly watered and sprayed.

    Humidity must be constantly high. To do this, carry out regular spraying and wet rubbing of the leaves. It is desirable at the same time that water does not fall on the soil.

  4. Watering. Water the plant with warm, settled water. The frequency of watering is determined by the condition of the soil: in summer it should be a little wet, and in winter just not dry out.
  5. Top dressing. Palm, although it grows slowly, due to lack of space at home, it needs regular feeding. To do this, use special fertilizers for palm trees. In spring and summer, they are applied twice a month, in autumn - half as often, and in winter they are completely stopped.
  6. Cutting. Damaged and dry leaves are removed. But if they only turned yellow or darkened, then they leave it. This is necessary for the proper nutrition of plants.

Important. To avoid one-sidedness, the palm tree is rotated twice a month.

Plant transplant

Young plants are transplanted annually for better growth. Do it in the middle of spring. The new capacity should be only a couple of centimeters or 10% larger than the previous one.

The plant is removed from the tub with a clod of earth, only damaged roots are removed. The palm tree is planted at the same depth as before. The earth mixture and drainage layer should be the same as in the old place. If the roots are exposed or damaged during transplantation, then for better survival in a new place, some of the leaves are cut off near the palm tree.

Perennials that have reached the age of 3-4 are transplanted only if necessary. A mature palm does not like to be disturbed and its roots damaged. In response, she may stop growing.

Help. It is interesting to know how much the coconut palm grows. Under natural conditions, tall varieties develop up to 80 years, and dwarf ones - up to 40 years. In residential areas, with good care, they continue to grow for 2-3 decades.

The grown palm must be replanted every year.

Diseases and pests of the coconut tree and methods of their control

Potted coconut trees can be affected by pests: scale insects, spider mites, mealybugs, thrips. Preventive measures are wet wiping the leaves. Young plants are "bathed" in a warm solution of Persian chamomile or green soap, and after a while they are washed away.

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Pest control measures:

  1. Scale insects and mealybugs are removed by mechanical cleaning with a hard sponge and soap, spraying with tobacco solution or actellik (1 ml per liter of water).
  2. A warm shower, a soapy solution, an infusion of citrus peel or the same concentration of Actellic helps against spider mites.
  3. In case of powdery mildew infection, diseased plants are isolated and wet pollinated with sulfur powder, repeating the treatment after 10 days.
  4. Get rid of thrips and aphids by spraying with 3% chlorophos or infusions of tobacco, ash.

Treatments with home remedies are also effective: infusions of chamomile, mustard, potato tops, onions, garlic and others.


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