How do i protect my banana tree in the winter


How to Overwinter Banana Plants

Before we talk about how to overwinter banana plants, the first thing we need to get straight is that the banana tree (Musa spp.) is not actually a tree. It’s an herb! A rather sizeable herb.

Its “trunk” is actually a cylinder of tightly layered leaves called a pseudostem.

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The banana is an attractive herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a mature height of 12 to 18 feet tall. Its large leaves, purple flowers, and brightly colored fruit make a dramatic statement in the garden.

How to Overwinter Your Banana Tree

  • It’s a Tropical Plant
  • Keeping Your Banana Plant Alive
    • Container Growing
    • Cover It
    • Dig It Up

It’s a Tropical Plant

There are about 70 species of the genus Musa, and they are indigenous to tropical areas of India, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia.

They are now grown in more than 135 countries, mostly for their fruit, which is enjoyed around the world.

Given their native climate, it is unsurprising that banana plants are cold intolerant. They need mild temperatures in order to grow; their leaves will stop growing at around 55°F.

They will suffer leaf damage at 32°F, and their underground rhizomes will die at sustained temperatures of 22°F or lower.

Having said that, we would be remiss if we didn’t mention that there are indeed a few cold-tolerant varieties available.

For example, the ‘Japanese Fiber’ variety (M. basjoo) can withstand sub-zero temperatures. It’s hardy to Zone 5 or 6, and can be overwintered in colder areas by cutting it back and providing a protective mulch around the stem.

Nevertheless, most banana plants like it hot, and if you don’t live in USDA Hardiness Zone 9 or higher, you may wonder how you can add one of these tropical beauties to your landscape and keep it alive over winter.

Let’s learn more!

Keeping Your Banana Plant Alive

Here, we’ll offer three ways you can protect and preserve your banana plant over the winter months:

Container Growing

Perhaps the most obvious way to successfully overwinter a banana tree is to grow it in a container and bring it indoors when temperatures drop.

It is best to select a dwarf variety for container growing. A 15-foot “tree” in a pot would be a bit unwieldy!

Simply enjoy your potted plant on the patio or deck all summer, and then bring it indoors when outdoor temperatures begin to drop.

You have a couple options in terms of where you place it indoors.

If you’d like to adorn an empty corner of your living room, make sure it’s a sunny spot and be sure to keep the soil moist, but not soggy.

Provide humidity by misting the leaves via a squirt bottle filled with water.

Expect to see slow growth during this period.

If an attached garage or crawl space makes more sense for overwintering your container grown banana, begin preparing the plant by gradually reducing irrigation as the weather cools.

Before the first frost, cut the stem back to about six inches tall, and place it in a cool, dark place – approximately 40-50°F.

Water just enough so that the soil doesn’t separate from the sides of the container.

It will go dormant through the cold months, and you can take it outdoors again and start watering it properly once temperatures start to climb and all risk of frost has passed.

Cover It

If your plant is growing in the ground, one option for safely overwintering it is to protect it with thick layers of mulch.

The goal here is to protect the large rhizome at the base of the pseudostem, which is known as the “corm.” The corm has several growing points that will sprout new rhizomes – or “pups” – which can be transplanted.

Cut the plant back to about 4-6 inches above the ground, and then pile on at least a foot of leaves, straw, or other mulching material.

You might also cover the pile with plastic sheeting, row cover material, or a cloche for more protection, and to keep the mulch in place.

If you can’t bear to cut your plant down, you can leave it intact and fashion a wire cage around the pseudostem, leaving one to two feet of horizontal clearance from the stem to the cage.

Make the cage as high as the amount of pseudostem you want to protect.

After the first light frost, fill the cage with shredded leaves or straw. Make sure you pack it in well, so it completely surrounds the stem.

You may lose any portion of the plant that sticks out above the cage, but the covered portions and the rhizome underground should be protected.

You can also wrap hessian or row cover material around the outside of the wire cage to add insulation and keep the material in place.

Remove the cage and mulching material when warm weather returns and the plant shows signs of regrowth.

Trim off any dead material and start watering.

You can spread the shredded leaves or straw around the base of the plant to provide some extra organic material to the soil.

Dig It Up

Another way to protect your banana plant during wintertime is to dig it up and move it to a cellar, crawlspace, or similar area where the temperature is consistently 45-50°F. Ideally, this should be done before the first frost.

Before you start moving earth, though, you’ll want to cut the plant back to about six inches tall. When that’s done, carefully dig out the rhizomes and roots. Make sure you dig out at least 6-8 inches on either side of the base of the stem.

Place the root ball in a container of slightly moist sand. The tree will go dormant so it won’t need light, and you shouldn’t water it at all during this time.

Banana trees with pseudostems that are larger than five inches in diameter can be dug up and stored without lopping off the top first. Shake the soil from the roots and lay the plant on its side on top of a tarp or newspaper in your chosen location.

Replant when all danger of frost has passed. You’ll want to give your tree plenty of water to revive it.

A Statement Plant that Deserves a Second Life

With their large leaves and impressive height, banana plants can make a spectacular statement in the landscape. But for most of us in the United States, the beauty fades when the winter’s chill approaches.

Rather than simply abandoning your bananas to the whims of weather, you have several choices for protecting them for a return engagement come springtime.

Have you successfully overwintered one of these tropical beauties? How do you revive them after winter? Share your tips in the comments section below.

Do you have other plants you need to protect from the cold? Check out these guides:

  • Guide to Clematis Winter Care: Protect Your Vines From Freezing and Frost
  • Lemongrass Winter Care: How to Prepare for the Cold
  • How to Protect Rosemary Plants in the Winter
  • How to Prepare Fruit Trees for Winter

© Ask the Experts, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Originally published on December 29, 2019. [lastupdated]. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock.

How to Care for a Banana Plant in Winter Where it Gets Down to Freezing | Home Guides

By Susan Lundman Updated November 28, 2018

Whether you grow an ornamental flowering banana (Musa ornata) or an edible variety (Musa x paradisiaca), you need to plan carefully if you don't want to lose the plant when the temperature drops. Both plants grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, but even in these fairly moderate climate zones, an occasional extended heavy frost can damage or kill your plant unless you take the proper precautions.

Tip

You have options if you need a more cold-hardy variety, such as Japanese banana (Musa basjoo), USDA zones 5 through 10, or Musa 'Orinoco,' USDA zones 7 through 10.

Damage from Freezing

Temperatures above freezing, beginning at around 53 F, may stunt a banana plant's growth; freezing temperatures can darken and kill the plant's foliage. Luckily, banana plants of all types rarely die completely in freezing temperatures because their underground rhizomes remain alive and the plants reemerge in spring. But if the temperature drops much below freezing, under 22 F, for example, or if the freeze lasts for an extended period, such as a week, the rhizome may die along with the leaves.

Protection for an In-Ground Plant

You have alternatives for protecting outdoor bananas, depending on their size. If your plant is small, you can wrap its trunk or cover the entire plant with blankets in the event that an extended frost or cold spell is forecast. To further ensure that your banana lives through the winter, dig it up, place the root ball in a black plastic bag and leave the plant in a cool, frost-protected spot, such as a basement or garage. Force the plant into dormancy by keeping the soil around the root ball on the dry side, applying only small amounts of water, as needed, to prevent it from completely drying out. In the spring, cut the plant back to about 4 inches and replant it.

Protection for a Container Plant

If your plant is movable and you have space, transfer it to an indoor location for the winter, give it direct sun for 6 to 8 hours a day and water it about once a week. For a container plant that you're not able to move indoors, cut the foliage down to soil level after the first frost. In areas with mild winters and only one or two days of freezing temperatures, leave the container outdoors and protect the soil with a thick layer of mulch; wrap the pot if a heavy frost is predicted. For areas with continual heavy frosts, dig up the root ball and store the plant as you would an in-ground plant.

Tip

If you're interested in a dwarf banana variety that grows well in a container, try the dwarf Cavendish banana (Musa 'Dwarf Cavendish'), USDA zones 9 through 11.

In the Spring

When the root ball stored in your garage or basement begins to send up new shoots – and if all threat of frost has passed – transfer the banana plant back outdoors. Give it abundant water and rich soil with plenty of organic matter, and the plant will begin growing again.

References

  • Missouri Botanical Garden: Genus - Musa
  • California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc.: Banana
  • University of Illinois Extension Gardener's Corner: Overwintering Tropical Plants
  • Monrovia: Dwarf Cavendish Banana

Resources

  • Fruit Gardener Magazine: Going Bananas
  • University of Illinois Extension: Overwintering Tropical Plants

Writer Bio

Susan Lundman began writing about her love of gardening and landscape design after working for 20 years at a nonprofit agency. She has written about plants, garden design and gardening tips online professionally for ten years on numerous websites. Lundman belongs to numerous gardening groups, tends her home garden on 2/3 acre and volunteers with professional horticulturists at a 180 acre public garden where she lives on Bainbridge Island in Washington State.

Do you cut down the banana tree after fruiting?

banana trees live for six years, but each stem only lives long enough to produce fruit. After selecting the fruit, the stem will die and a new one will grow from the rhizome to give you the next round of bananas.

will my banana tree return?

may not be as big as a plant that will outperform its stem, but at least it will be alive for the new season. Hardy Banana Tips usually return normally , but any dead growth may need to be trimmed if it has been left on.

How many times does a banana tree bear fruit?

Once the banana flowers and its fruit are harvested, you can cut it into the ground to make room for new, productive trees to grow from the creeping underground stem. Each individual tree will flower and bear fruit only once .

Is the coffee ghoul suitable for banana trees?

Coffee ghoul is an excellent source of nitrogen for banana trees and can be added directly to soil or your organic compost. Coffee trails are pH neutral, so they shouldn't change the acidity of the soil.

How many years does a banana tree produce fruit?

In the best conditions, you can expect fruit for 18 months, but if your climate is a little cooler, plant growth will slow down and no fruit for two years or longer.

Should I cut dead leaves from banana trees?

Although banana trees do not need a lot of pruning, cutting off old, dead leaves helps to stimulate growth . Removing the leaves that are rubbed over the banana group helps in fruit production. As the banana trees stand quite tall, be prepared to climb in your effort to prune the topmost leaves.

Will banana trees come back after a hard freeze?

Most bananas are root hardy in USDA Plant Zones 7, 8 and 9 where winter frost and freeze are common. Even if the banana leaves and trunk are killed by frost, the roots will remain alive but dormant during the mild but cold winter months and re-voicing in mid-spring when the soil temperature warms up considerably. / P>

How can I protect my banana tree in winter?

In areas with mild winters and only one or two days of freezing temperatures, leave the container outside and protect the soil with a thick layer of mulch; Wrap the pot if a severe frost is predicted. For areas with persistent hard frosts, dig out the root ball and store the plant as it would be on the ground.

What are the stages of a banana tree?

rather than a distinct growing season, bananas have three growth stages according to Lima Europe: vegetative development (about six months) , flowering (about three months) and fruiting (about three months), which means under ideal conditions planting for harvest takes about a year.

Why is my banana tree not producing?

If your soil is bad, Your tree may grow normally but not produce fruit . Your soil should be rich, non-saline, and have a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. Banana plants also require continuous heat to grow. The banana plant can survive until freezing, but it will not grow or set fruit below 50 lbs.

Can you grow a banana tree from a banana?

You cannot grow a banana tree from commercially cultivated banana fruits. But you can purchase seeds from a supplier to propagate the banana tree.

When should I cut flowers from my banana tree?

Cut the flower while fruiting

Wait until the flower stalk has plump fruit that is full-sized but still green before you cut the rest of the flower stalk.

How to increase the size of banana fruit?

often convenient, four to six times during the season to produce the largest fruit. Apply 1/2 lb. to a 3-1-6 ratio every two months. Apply 4 to 6 pounds of Fertilizer when bananas begin to produce fruit. This burst of fertilizer increases the size of the fruit produced.

How do I know when my bananas are ready to pick?

bananas are ready to pick when they look nicely rounded between the ribs and the little flowers at the end are dry and easy to rub . It is best to cut off the entire stem of the bananas. Hang your banana stem in a shady place to finish ripening. They usually ripen from top to bottom, going from green to yellow.

How cold is it too cold for banana trees?

Considering their native climate, it is not surprising that banana plants are cold. They need light temperatures to grow; Their leaves will stop growing around 55°F. They will suffer leaf damage at 32°F and their underground rhizomes will die at or below sustained temperatures of 22°F.

Which banana tree is with Hardy Hardy?

musa basjoo which is the biggest variety and the coldest. Musella Lasiocarpa or Dwarf Banana, a relative of the banana tree with giant, yellow, artichoke fruit.

Do bananas like full sun?

Banana plants need a lot of bright light. BloomScape plant delivery service recommends a south window and a minimum of 4-6 hours of full sunlight per day . You can also keep them outside during the summer.

What is the best fertilizer for a banana tree?

The best fertilizer for banana trees with a high content of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, such as 8-10-8 fertilizer . Because their fertilizer needs are so unusually high, the most common problems bananas face are potassium and nitrogen deficiency.

How often do you water your banana plant?

Bananas require an average of 4 to 6 inches of water each month , or 1 to 1 1/2 inches per week, depending on the season. However, over-treatment can cause root rot. Make sure the soil drains well and has no standing water.

where should you store your banana plant at home?

According to Vastu Shastra, the banana tree should be in the direction of in the northeast . This plant provides funding and windfall benefits. Be sure to plant this plant in the direction of the east north of the house.

How many bananas do banana trees produce?

Each stem grows from 9 to 12 arms, which means that one banana plant can produce to 240 bananas .

Are banana trees widespread?

Over time, no matter if your banana plant is ground grown or ground grown, it will send banana puppies. … New puppies may also start growing to replace the dying parent plant. Often, however, a perfectly healthy banana plant will only produce puppies because reproduction is part of nature.

banana trees produce one group?

only one group of bananas grows on each plant, but a group often weighs 45 kilograms or more. Bananas are not allowed to ripen on the plant, as they may burst and spoil before they can be picked. Thus, they are always cut while green.

banana palm care at home. Growing bananas

Banana plant , which bears the fruit of the same name, the most popular fruit grown. People began to cultivate bananas many millennia ago: some researchers give a date of eight thousand years, others say more than nine.
Banana is the fourth most cultivated crop in the world, behind only three cereals (rice, corn and wheat). Banana grass: flower and ovary >

Systematics and names

The genus Banana (Latin name Musa) belongs to the class Monocotyledonous, the department of Angiosperms. More than sixty species of wild bananas belong to this genus. No more than ten species are used in culture, the main ones being Musa acuminata (pointy banana) and Musa X paradisiaca (paradisiac banana).
Banana paradise is not a natural species, but a man-made hybrid based on several wild species. Since this process took place several thousand years ago, scientists cannot reliably say which wild species served as the basis for this hybrid.
On the basis of Musa acuminata and Musa X paradisiaca, hundreds of different varieties have been selected by selection, which differ in size, taste, color and even the content of organic components.
The number of wild species is difficult to determine: many species are considered subspecies, hybrids or variations. Some scientists believe that the genus Banana includes 40-45 species, others give a figure above 70. Banana plantation >

Natural range and current distribution

All wild banana species originated from two centers of origin of cultivated plants: tropical and East Asian. This is the territory of Korea, Japan, South China, the islands of Southeast Asia (Malay Archipelago), India, Indochina.
At present, bananas are distributed in tropical, subtropical and equatorial regions of the Old and New Worlds.
Bananas can grow almost anywhere, as long as there is warmth, nutrient substrates and moisture (large leaves allow for strong water evaporation).
Some types of bananas have sufficient cold resistance, and can withstand temperatures down to 0 degrees. They were introduced in the Caucasus and the South Coast, but they are used only for decorative purposes: the fruits of these bananas do not have time to ripen during the warm period. The fruits of the banana plant are called bananas >
Note: there is only one unusual type of banana that comes from Abyssinia (West Africa).

Benefits of bananas
Arabian Coffee Tree
Perseus americana (Avocado)

Banana morphology

Life form banana is a perennial herbaceous plant, the stem of which is located underground. The vertical "trunk" is formed by spirally arranged leaves that fit one into the other. The height of a banana depends on the variety or variety, it can reach 8-10 m, but there are also decorative dwarf forms that are grown in pots. Their height is 50-70 cm.
Root system banana is fibrous, well developed in width (up to 5 m), but it penetrates only 1-1.5 m deep. Because of such a root system, the plant often suffers from strong winds that pull it out of the ground. Therefore, on banana plantations, in anticipation of strong hurricanes, plants are cut almost to the root. Bananas grow quickly, under suitable conditions, one leaf per week, and the owners do not have to plant a new plantation.
Leaves bananas are simple, whole, without stipules, with parallel venation, 2-5 m long, up to 70 cm wide. In a strong wind, they are torn, which gives the impression that the leaves are dissected. Torn leaves reduce windage, which saves the plant from strong winds and heavy rains.
Flowers there are three types of banana: small male, bisexual sterile medium-sized and large female. All three types of flowers are collected in one large racemose inflorescence, the size of which can exceed a couple of meters.
Flowers are arranged in tiers, each of which is collected in a cluster of 10-20 flowers.
Female flowers bright, pink, lilac or reddish, very showy, located at the top of the inflorescence. All flowers are irregular, three-membered, tubular. The gynoecium is also three-membered, forming a three-chambered ovary.
Flowers are rich in nectar, they are pollinated by birds (ornithophilia) or animals (zoophilia).
Bananas that are pollinated by bats start flowering in the evening. Bananas that are pollinated by other mammals or birds bloom in the morning. Banana blossom >
Fruit bananas are multi-seeded berries, they develop only from female flowers. The shape of the fruit is usually trihedral - according to the number of carpels. Most banana hearths are elongated (slightly or strongly), bent, from 4 to 40 cm long. One fruiting inflorescence can produce up to 300 bananas.
Seeds single cotyledon bananas, firm, rounded, up to 15 mm long, brown. In nature, their distribution is facilitated by animals - zoochory.
Wild bananas have so many seeds in their fruits that their mass can exceed the weight of the pulp.
Fruiting and reproduction . Banana is a monocarpic plant, that is, it bears fruit only once in a lifetime. After flowering and fruiting, the ground part of the banana dies off. But in the process of growing the main plant, under the ground, the banana forms many dormant buds. Some of them germinate, forming new individuals. This vegetative propagation is very efficient as it takes less time than seed propagation. In addition, most cultivated bananas have no seeds and the plants reproduce exclusively vegetatively.
Geotropism . Bananas have a rare biological phenomenon - negative geotropism. The axis on which fruits are formed, growing downwards, under the influence of phytohormones, begins to grow upwards.

Banana - grass or palm?

All representatives of the monocotyledons class do not have a cambium, so thickening occurs due to the secondary meristem. The banana does not have a woody thickening, and the pseudo-stem is only part of the leaf cuttings. One of the tallest banana grasses in the world >
Another distinguishing feature of the banana from any kind of palm tree is the simple leaves.
A banana is mistaken for a palm because it has a smooth “trunk” and the top ends with a bunch of leaves, such as an adult coconut or date palm.
The height of bananas also contributed to the confusion of people: Musa itinerans (giant banana) can have a "stem" up to 2 meters in diameter, reaching a height of 12 meters - it is difficult to imagine grass of this size.
Banana is one of the largest herbaceous plants in the world.

Banana palm - growing at home

Do you want to give your home a little bit of exotic? Then try to grow a banana palm at home - it is also called a banana tree. Of course, these are not at all the trees that can be seen in tropical forests, but ornamental plants.

Varieties

There are several varieties of the banana tree. They can be tall with large leaves or short with thick stems and small leaves.

This is a beautiful indoor plant that will delight you for many years, as it blooms continuously for about four months. You just need to ensure proper care, which is not very difficult. You only need to know a few small rules for caring for this plant.

Caring for the purchased palm tree

Let's start with the fact that if you have already grown a young plant, then try to find a warm and bright place for it.

Lighting and temperature

If there is a desire to get fruits, then it is necessary to arrange additional highlighting. The banana palm should be illuminated for at least 12 hours during the day, and the air temperature in the house during the day should be maintained at twenty-five degrees or more. At night, conditions can be colder, but still the temperature should not fall below 20 degrees C. This is about fruitfulness.

Banana palms can be grown for ornamental purposes at room temperature and do not require any additional lighting. The plant will bloom without it, beautifully and for a long time. But since the banana comes from warm countries, a temperature of less than 16 degrees C can slow down its growth.

Watering

Now a little about watering. You need to water it like this: summer watering should be frequent and plentiful, and winter watering should be very moderate. Here you need to focus on the degree of drying of the earthen coma. However, this will be so noticeable, because in summer the plant will need much more water, it will drink more, and the earth in the pot will dry out much faster. In winter, the plant needs much less water, so the drying of the earthen coma slows down, and therefore, it needs to be watered less often.

Water for irrigation should be used only if it has settled for half a day, and its temperature should be several degrees higher than normal room temperature (2-3 degrees will be enough). Under these conditions, your banana palm will be able to grow and develop without any complications.

If you provide your pet with good and constant care, then every week she will delight you with a new beautiful leaf. By the way, thanks to this, the banana tree is the champion in the speed of development among indoor plants.

Humidification

If the leaves or edges of the banana tree begin to fade and dry out, this means that the air in the room where it is located is too dry. Therefore, the humidity of the air should be increased immediately. To do this, a banana tree needs to arrange water procedures: wash in the shower, spray, wipe the leaves with a soft and damp cloth. Therefore, regular water procedures will save your plant from drying out and it will have a luxurious green look, especially since doing it at home is not difficult at all.

There is another simple way to humidify the air. You need to take a large container (like a pallet), put a pot with a palm tree in it, cover it with pebbles, expanded clay or any other material that absorbs moisture well and retains it (wet moss can be used). Thus, your tree will constantly be in a humid environment, and this is very useful for him.

We talked about how to monitor the purchased young plant. Now let's talk about how you can grow it yourself (from scratch).

Grow your own

For this you will need: a palm tree shoot or seeds, fertilized soil, a large container, complex fertilizers.

I would like to warn against trying to plant the seeds that you took from an overripe banana bought in the supermarket, they are considered not able to germinate and this requires special seeds from a dwarf banana or cuttings.

But there is also an opposite opinion on this matter:

Soil preparation and containers

Prepare the pot and soil for planting. The soil should be light and of course fertile. A small pot is suitable for planting at first, and then, as it grows, the plant needs to be moved to a larger and more spacious pot.

Protective skin

Banana seeds have a very hard protective skin. In order for a seed to sprout, its crust must be broken so that water can penetrate to its embryo. This can be done with a knife, needle, sandpaper. Make sure that the crust is not completely pierced, as this will completely kill the seed.

Disinfection of seeds and soil

Then the seeds should be treated for half an hour with thick potassium permanganate. She should shed the prepared soil. Remember that the soil and the pot in which you will plant the banana was completely sterile. After all, the seed will germinate for a long time (about three months) and during this time no infections and pests should form in the soil, otherwise the seed will die.

Making a mini-greenhouse

For planting, you should take a small plastic cup, fill it with drainage. It can be small pebbles, expanded clay, broken dishes or tiles.

On top of the drainage we place a layer of soil mixture 5 cm thick, consisting of ¾ of well-washed river sand and ¼ of peat. There must be a hole in the bottom of the cup so that water does not stagnate and, as a result, the roots do not rot.

We cover the glass with glass, so there must be some distance between the surface of the soil mixture and the glass so that the sprouts do not rest against the glass.

Mini-greenhouse lighting

Place an impromptu mini-greenhouse in a bright place. During the entire time that the seeds germinate, the soil mixture will need constant moisture through the pan, since it is not recommended to open the glass.

Temperature

Do not allow the mini-greenhouse to overheat, because the high temperature can simply boil the young sprouts.

Mold control

If suddenly any signs of mold appear in the greenhouse, then the soil mixture should be shed with a solution of manganese, and the glass should be thoroughly washed with detergent.

Don't despair, all these precautions should be taken only for a while, until the seeds germinate and the young shoots take root. In just a year, small young sprouts will become a large and strong plant with a stem diameter of up to 15 cm, resting on the ceiling and will become your pride, as it is grown at home. The thick stem of the banana palm, consisting of several leaf petioles, is a false tree trunk. It is formed by twisting the leaves during the development of the plant.

Watering

A young plant should be watered frequently, but care must be taken not to get water on the stem of the banana palm, as there is a risk of rotting. Yes, and it is not necessary to fill it so that the water does not linger in the pan, since this can cause the roots to rot.

Spraying and air baths

Spray the leaves every day with a spray bottle. From time to time, the palm tree needs to be taken out into the fresh air for a walk (if there is no wind outside).

Watering and temperature

In winter, the banana palm needs much less moisture. If you have an insulated loggia or veranda at your disposal, then it is better to move the plant there and water it every one and a half weeks. At the same time, the air in the room where the palm tree is kept should be warmed up to 17 degrees C, and in summer the most acceptable temperature for the palm tree is 23 degrees C.

Top dressing

In early spring, you need to feed the palm tree with complex fertilizers. You don't need to do this in winter. The banana tree responds very well to fertilizing with a solution of mullein. Watered with a solution in a ratio of 1:10. But you need to be careful, as too much fertilizer can burn the root system.

Transplant

Although the ornamental banana is long-lived, its lifespan is still relatively short. Bananas grow quickly, begin to bear fruit and die just as quickly. But instead of an obsolete plant, many shoots may appear that can be planted in other pots.

Transferring the banana palm to another container, or at least changing the old soil to a new fertile one, should be done in autumn. This procedure must be carried out every year, since the palm tree pulls all useful substances from the soil and stops growing and developing. As soon as development slows down, it should be transferred to a larger container. After a year, with proper care, a banana palm will need a 40-liter container.

Fruiting

If you take care of all the rules, then after some time, even at home, fruits may appear. This can happen when the plant has at least 15 leaves.

The fruits of the banana palm have the appearance of berries with a variety of colors: from bright green to yellow and red. The taste of fruits is also very diverse from sweet to sweet and sour and even apple.

Diseases

In case of non-compliance with the watering and ventilation regime, pests such as spider mites, thrips, scale insects may appear. Therefore, it is not necessary to flood the plants and avoid drafts.

Well, now you have learned how to grow a banana palm at home and take care of it. And now you can choose what you like best: care for an adult plant or grow it from scratch.

Every year more and more people become interested in growing vegetables, fruits and other horticultural crops. For some, this is an opportunity to reduce their food costs by producing them on their own. For others, growing horticultural crops is an opportunity to eat live, organic food. For the third - this is the only joy in life, their favorite thing. We are all different, but one thing unites us - work on the ground. And the Internet magazine Dela Ogorodnye is making every effort to ensure that work on the earth is a joy to you, our dear readers.

http://delaogorodnie.ru

We all love to eat bananas, and probably many of you have wondered whether it is possible to grow a banana at home in a pot on the windowsill, I hasten to answer. Growing a banana from seeds at home in a pot is quite easy.

There are varieties of bananas that can withstand large temperature fluctuations and grow well in small pots, such as the dwarf banana variety. The first question usually asked is, will a banana tree grown produce fruit? And the answer is yes, a grown banana from the seeds of the fruit will bear fruit for 3-5 years of cultivation.

Banana tree A lush green, fast growing plant with large oblong leaves, the banana tree can give any place a tropical feel. Because a banana is not a tree, but a herb. Many varieties make excellent houseplants that don't need a lot of care and grow very quickly. Dwarf varieties of banana can grow up to 4 meters in height. Compared to regular banana trees which can reach up to 15 meters in height.

How to plant a banana?

We sell Cavendish bananas hybrid bananas in our shops and bazaars, which do not contain seeds, more precisely, there are seeds in a banana, but they are so small that they are not noticeable. These bananas are grown specifically for commercial purposes. Cavendish bananas bananas are propagated only by root shoots or pieces of rhizome, which are separated from the mother plant. In the wild, bananas are spread through seeds, and varieties that contain seeds tend to have little to no edible pulp, and they don't taste very good, to say the least.

If you want to grow a banana at home and get edible fruits, you need to buy an ornamental banana seedling, and if the goal is to grow only an ornamental plant, then you can plant a banana from a seed

Banana varieties that can be grown at home

Here is a small list of banana varieties that grow well at home. These dwarf varieties of banana tree grow to a height of no more than 1.5 m - 4 meters, and feel great in a hill.

Plant the seeds in small pots 8 to 10 cm wide. Fill the pot halfway with a light potting mix enriched with plenty of organic compost, place a banana seed in it, and top with a small ball of soil. Remember to water generously until excess water comes out of the bottom of the pot, and keep the soil constantly moist.

The time it takes for seeds to germinate depends on the variety. Some germinate in 2-3 weeks and some varieties take over 2 months, so be patient.

After the seed germinates and reaches a height of 10 - 12 centimeters, bananas need to be transplanted into a larger pot, the plants need to be transplanted using the transshipment method so as not to damage the root system.

Propagation of banana by root shoots

As mentioned above, banana is a giant herbaceous plant that sprouts from an earthen bulb. And over time, the rhizome bulb grows and sprouts new shoots, for reproduction, a young shoot is broken off with a small piece of root and transplanted into a separate pot.

It is worth mentioning that you can tear off the shoots only after all the bananas have ripened on the plant, and in no case should you cut off all the shoots, it is important to leave one. If you tear off all the shoots from the rhizome of a banana, the mother plant will die.

Transplant the cut bulb into a pot with drainage and a light potting mix to prevent standing water in the pot and provide adequate ventilation for the developing roots.

After the bananas are transplanted, they need to be provided with bright light, temperatures in the range of 20 - 30 degrees and high humidity of 60 - 90%.

Care and conditions for growing a banana

Light / sun

Banana trees grow in tropical and subtropical parts of the world, and therefore they love the sun, heat and high humidity. If you want to grow a banana tree at home, you need to place the plant pot in a sunny location, preferably the south side of the house. For good banana growth, it needs to provide at least 13 - 14 hour daylight hours. If your windows face north or daylight hours are less than 13 hours (winter time of the year), you need to take care of lighting the plant.

Banana Soil

Banana tree likes a “light” soil mix, the soil should be slightly acidic or even neutral, the soil pH should be around 6-7. But store-bought soil contains a lot of coconut fiber, so AinoGarden recommends making your own soil mix.

To do this, you need to take equal proportions of sand, perlite and compost or manure (manure can be replaced with peat). Such soil will be well moisture permeable and rich in organic matter.

Banana watering, humidity

Banana loves moisture. Watering a banana tree should be regular and plentiful, it is advisable to combine root watering and leaf watering (spray the plant), while there should be no standing water in the pot. In summer, bananas are watered every day, if it is very hot, then even twice a day. In winter, watering is reduced, and watered after the topsoil dries out.

To grow a banana at home, in an apartment (or house) you need to constantly maintain high humidity in the aisles 60-90%. To increase the level of humidity around the plant, you can put a container of water near the banana or carry out constant spraying.

Banana tree overwintering

The banana tree stops growing when the ambient temperature drops below 10°C, but if the temperature drops below 0°C the plant dies. Before the onset of winter, you need to perform heavy mulching of the soil and trim the leaves a little. The prepared plant is transferred to a cool but bright room, away from radiators.

banana fertilizer

Banana, like any grass, is a fast growing plant and requires constant fertilization to maintain growth. For a young plant to quickly gain green mass, it is necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizer, organic - urea or mineral with NPK 30:10:10, with a frequency of one to two times a month. After the banana grows foliage, you should apply mineral fertilizer for a banana with more potassium, for a good growth of fruits (bananas) NPK 15: 5: 30 with a frequency of 1-2 times a month.

Banana Pests and Diseases

Bananas are very disease resistant and the worst thing that can happen to them is root flooding or too much/lack of fertilizer. If the banana leaves have darkened and dried around the edges, this is definitely a bay and the roots begin to rot. If the leaves turn yellow, the plant is deficient in nutrients.

The main pest of the banana tree in our area is the common aphid, weevil and spider mite. It is very easy to get rid of all these pests with the help of pesticides, I use Aktara on an ongoing basis.

Each of us knows what a banana is. These tasty, edible fruits are sold in most grocery stores and make up a significant part of our diet. Children and adults are very fond of bananas and willingly buy them, and enthusiastic flower growers grow bananas on their own windowsill. Yes, yes, you heard right, you can grow your own homemade banana , and the process will not cause much trouble. Want details? Read the article and you will learn all the secrets of growing an indoor banana.

Perhaps we should start with the botanical classification of the banana, because it depends on how to care for the plant. So, banana (lat. Musa) is the name of perennial plants of the same genus of the Banana family (lat. Musaceae).

Despite its size (under conditions of natural cultivation, bananas reach a height of 10 meters), a banana is not a palm tree or a tree at all, but a grass, while the fruit of a banana, oddly enough, is a berry. Banana has a fairly powerful root system, a short stem hidden underground, and oval-elongated large leaves, the number of which varies from 6 to 18 per plant.

[!] What appears to be the trunk of a banana is actually its leaves, the lower part of which is tightly wrapped around each other.

[!] In nature, there are also real trees, called banana trees - plants from the genus Azimin. The taste of their fruits is very reminiscent of banana and papaya.

The exact origin of the Latin name is unknown - according to one theory, the plant is named after the court physician of the Roman Emperor Anthony Musa, according to another, the word has Arabic roots. The common name for the fruit is borrowed from West African languages.

Bananas are native to the islands of Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Over time, the plant, the fruits of which were very liked by the seafarers who visited those places, spread throughout the world. Now bananas are grown in many countries with a tropical climate and are one of the main export products. For example, the main exporters of bananas to Russia are Ecuador, Costa Rica, the Philippines, and Mexico.

For us, the banana is just a tasty fruit, but in the southern countries the plant is used for a variety of purposes. In addition to eating, banana is used in folk medicine, as a basis for fishing tackle and rafts, for making ropes, and so on. We can say that people have learned to process every part of this wonderful plant, getting a lot of the necessary products. And of course, one cannot fail to note the culinary value of the fruit - bananas are eaten raw, fried, boiled, dried, baked. They are the basis of the diet of a number of countries and, in terms of importance, as agricultural crops, can be compared with potatoes in the northern regions.

But back to the main question of the publication - how to grow a banana at home? Perhaps you should start by choosing the right variety.

Banana species suitable for home cultivation

Homemade banana can still be classified as a houseplant. And yet, year by year, the popularity of fruit exotics is growing. This happens, among other things, thanks to the work of breeders who breed low-growing species and varieties adapted to room conditions. To date, all types of homemade bananas can be divided into two groups:

  • ornamental foliage,
  • flowering,
  • fruit.

Indeed, some growers grow bananas just for the beautiful leaves or flowers. The fruits of such plants, if they are formed, do not have the usual delicate, sweet taste and contain too many hard seeds. Ornamental species include:

Bloody banana (lat. Musa sumatrana Zebrina) - wide leaves are covered with a beautiful green-burgundy pattern. The fruits are small, red, inedible;

Chinese dwarf banana (lat. Musella lasiocarpa). Other names are rough-fruited musella, golden lotus. It has bright green large leaves and a beautiful bright yellow inflorescence. The maximum height of the plant is about one meter;

Banana bright red (lat. Musa coccinea Andrews) - like the previous species, it is flowering. Attention is drawn to the rich scarlet bract, favorably shaded by green foliage;


B. bloody, B. chinese dwarf, B. bright red

Velvet banana (lat. Musa velutina) is also known as purple, dwarf pink or velvet pink banana. Differs in oval light green leaves, often decorated with red edging and bright pink large flowers. The skin of the fruit also has an unusual crimson hue. The variety is grown as a flowering one, but, if desired, the fruits can be eaten;

Lavender or pink banana (lat. Musa ornata Roxb), as well as Musa velutina, is valued for its beautiful flowers and pale pink fruits.


B. velvet, B. pink

Fruit species and varieties of domestic exotic are not so diverse. Almost all of them, as well as their counterparts. growing outdoors, bred on the basis of two species - pointed banana (lat. Musa acuminata) and Balbis (lat. Musa balbisiana). Most often on sale you can find the following representatives of an edible indoor banana:

Dwarf Cavendish banana (lat. Musa acuminata Dwarf Cavendish)

Cavendish super dwarf banana (lat. Musa acuminata super Dwarf Cavendish)

Both varieties are characterized by short stature, which allows them to be grown indoors, and abundant fruiting. The leaves of the plants are large, dense, bright green, oval in shape. Peduncle - bright burgundy in the shape of a candle.


B. Cavendish dwarf, B. Cavendish super dwarf

Caring for a homemade banana

The first thing flower growers who decide to get a homemade banana should pay attention to is the size of the plant. Even dwarf varieties have an impressive height (up to one and a half meters) and large spreading leaves. Therefore, it is best to grow a banana in large rooms with high and wide windows.

Secondly, when caring for a banana, you need to remember that its homeland is the hot tropics. This means that the ideal room conditions for the plant are warm, good lighting, high humidity. Let's consider each parameter in more detail.

Temperature and lighting

Unlike many other indoor plants, this southern guest is very, very thermophilic, and the comfortable temperature range for him is 25-30°C. The banana does not have a dormant period and such a high air temperature is necessary almost all year round. Only in winter it can be a little cooler - about 20 ° C.

Countries in Latin America, Southeast Asia and Africa, where the banana grows naturally, have a large average annual number of sunny days. In our climate, the sun is much less, so the banana must be placed on the most illuminated window sills - south, southeast or southwest. On a too hot sunny day, so that burns do not appear on the leaves, the location of the plant can be shaded a little.

[!] The health and appearance of an indoor banana directly depends on the amount of sun. In the shade, home exotics will stop growing, blooming and, of course, set fruits.

Watering and air humidity

Banana can not be attributed either to very moisture-loving representatives of the flora, or to those who prefer drought. Rather, the banana gives preference to abundant, but at the same time quite rare watering - on average, once or twice a week. At the same time, it is useful to simulate a warm tropical downpour with the help of a shower in the bathroom. After such a procedure, it is necessary to leave the plant for about half an hour in order for excess water to drain.

One of the most important parameters for keeping a banana at home is high humidity. The air in our apartments, especially during the heating period, is too dry. This negatively affects the well-being of most domestic plants. In order for the southern flower not to suffer from dry air, it is recommended:

  • put the bowl with the plant on a tray filled with wet pebbles,
  • place a banana next to the aquarium,
  • spray the leaves at least once a day with water from a fine spray bottle,
  • use household humidifier.

Additional moisture is vital for a banana, so you should never forget about humidifying the air.

[!] In the warm season, to replenish moisture, a banana can and should be taken out into the open air.

Soil, replanting and top dressing

As for the soil, here indoor exotic shows unpretentiousness. Any universal soil from a specialized store is suitable, which has sufficient friability, which means water and air permeability, and neutral acidity.

One of the most common plant problems is root rot. To prevent this disease, a high, at least a third of the total volume of the pot, drainage layer is required. Expanded clay, broken brick or clay shards can act in this capacity.

You can prepare the substrate yourself by mixing leafy soil, soddy soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 2:1:1:1. Small amounts of coconut fiber and vermiculite added to the soil will help reduce the risk of root rot.

As a rule, a home banana develops quite quickly, so an adult plant needs to be transplanted annually. In some cases, when the banana is growing very actively, the indoor exotic should be relocated twice a year. The capacity for transplantation should be only a few centimeters larger than the previous one.

[!] Pots that are too large to grow can cause acidification of the soil and, as a result, rotting of the roots. In a bowl that is too small, the banana will stop growing and blooming.

During the period of active growth and development (spring, summer), the banana must be actively fed. For additional plant nutrition, you can use universal mineral and organic top dressing, alternating with each other. In general, the frequency of fertilizing during the growing season is once a week. With the onset of autumn and during the winter, fertilizers should be excluded.

Propagation

Propagating a banana at home is not an easy task. There are only three ways to get a new young plant:

  • using seeds,
  • with extensions,
  • by dividing the mother plant,

each of which has its own subtleties and secrets. Let's consider them in more detail.

Propagation of indoor banana seeds

First of all, it is worth saying that banana seeds are rather unusual - they look like small nuts covered with a hard shell. It is because of the shell that the seeds germinate rather poorly - not every sprout is able to break through a strong shell. In order to facilitate the germination process, nuts can be scarified.

[!] Scarification is a mechanical or chemical violation of the integrity of the hard shell of seeds.

This is done as follows:

  1. The seeds are soaked in warm water for two days.
  2. The swollen casing is carefully, trying not to pierce, grind off with sandpaper or a nail file.

Experienced growers who grow indoor bananas often express the opinion that it is not necessary to scarify the seeds of a tropical plant, just keep them in water for a little longer, about a week, for better swelling. As an experiment, some of the seeds can be scarified, and some can be planted without scarification.

After the above manipulations, banana seeds are planted directly in the ground:

  1. For germination, it is recommended to use a peat-sand mixture (1: 1), coconut fiber, sphagnum moss.
  2. As a container, you can take a plastic food container with a lid, which is quite suitable for the role of a mini-greenhouse, or buy a ready-made greenhouse from a specialized store.
  3. For better germination, banana seeds are laid with a notch on their side and slightly buried in the substrate.
  4. The greenhouse is moved to a bright and warm (25-30°C) place and waiting for seedlings, which should appear in about 1-3 months.

During the entire period of germination, the soil with seeds should be slightly moistened, but without excessive stagnant water, and the greenhouse should be aired about once a day.

Sprouting banana seeds is a rather long process. Growers who want faster results can try planting young shoots of the plant.

Propagation of a banana by cuttings and division

As a rule, a house banana produces a rather dense root shoot, with which the banana reproduces in natural conditions. In home cultivation, these root cuttings can also be used to produce a new plant.

For planting, a well-formed shoot with several leaves is selected, carefully removed from the ground and cut off from the mother plant along with the rhizome from which it grows.

[!] Rhizome is a part of a branched rhizome that does not have a central stem.

To prevent decay, the cut points are sprinkled with crushed coal, after which the shoot is planted in a new container with the same soil as for an adult plant. Usually young shoots of a banana take root well and do not require special care.

Propagation of the banana by division is done at the time of plant transplantation. An adult plant is cut into two or three parts, each of which should have a healthy, formed process and rhizome, after which the resulting specimens are seated in a separate bowl. In general, reproduction by division is a procedure similar to planting shoots.

Homemade banana fruiting

Before waiting for indoor exotic fruits, it is worth knowing the timing of its fruiting. On average, a banana grown from seeds will only bear fruit in the third or fourth year. A plant obtained from a shoot will bear fruit earlier - within one to two years.

In order to get delicious fruits, you need:

  • maintain high air humidity all year round,
  • regularly feed homemade banana.
  • Pests and growing problems

    When it comes to diseases, the root of all plant health problems is improper care. The main banana diseases and their symptoms:

    Banana does not grow. Most likely, the case is too small a pot. If there is not enough soil, the homemade banana stops developing. In addition, the reason for this phenomenon may be a lack of sunlight.

    Black-brown spots appear on the banana leaves, the leaf plate loses turgor. The reason is the bay and waterlogging of the soil. This is a dangerous sign indicating the possible occurrence of root rot. It is necessary to get the plant out of the ground, carefully examine it, cut off the rotten areas, sprinkle the cut points with crushed coal and plant them in new soil. In the future, the frequency and intensity of watering should be reduced.

    Banana leaves dry at the edges. These symptoms indicate that the air humidity is too low. Especially often, a room banana suffers from a lack of moisture during the heating season.

    If dries up and subsequently dies off with the base of a homemade banana sprout , but at the same time, young shoots are developing well, do not worry - this is not a disease, but a completely normal phenomenon. The growth, development and reproduction of a banana in natural conditions occurs in exactly the same way. As a rule, the largest sprout dies off immediately after fruiting.

    Dark spots on the leaves of young seedlings. This feature is found in some varieties of indoor exotic. The spots have a characteristic red-brown color and are located along the lateral veins of the leaf plate. Usually, as the plant matures, the spots disappear and the leaf turns into a uniform rich green color.

    Do you know that, according to an ancient Indian legend, an insidious snake-tempter seduced Eve not with an apple, but with a banana? So, a banana can be considered a heavenly fruit that you and I can grow at home.

    (4 ratings, average: 4.50 out of 5)

    Care after purchase

    After purchasing a germinated houseplant, it is kept in peace for a few days exactly where the banana will grow. Then the plant follows transplant in a suitable pot.

    IMPORTANT! When buying a plant, find out if the variety you choose produces edible fruits . Unfortunately, not all homemade and garden bananas can be eaten.

    Pruning

    Home and garden banana does not need trimmed. It is cut off only in case of rejuvenation of the plant or to cut off the damaged ground part.

    Flowering

    Well-developed banana, producing 18 large leaves up to , blooms. Rosettes appear in which red-violet flower buds bloom. They last from 3 months to 1 year, eventually starting to lean towards the ground.

    How a banana blooms - photo:

    Lighting

    A tropical plant needs good diffused lighting - then it will develop and bear fruit safely. Therefore, it is better to place a homemade banana in the southern , Eastern or southeast windowsill. Or next to the appropriate windows, if the plant has already reached a large size.

    If this is not possible and the only option available is north window , you need to resort to additional lighting .

    However, even such a light-loving plant as a banana needs to be protected from direct sunlight, so that they do not burn its leaves.

    Therefore, home and garden (as well as balcony) bananas need to be shaded from direct sunlight with gauze.

    Temperature

    Indoor heat-loving southerner grows poorly if the temperature becomes below 16 degrees Celsius .

    Therefore, in summer it must be surrounded by heat at 24-26 degrees . It is also important to protect the banana from drafts.

    Humidity

    Another important factor for successful cultivation is high humidity . In summer, indoor banana should be sprayed at least once a day.

    It will also be relevant to place a container with wet expanded clay next to it. In winter, the issue of humidity becomes less important: spraying can be done only once every 7 days.

    For a garden banana, you can shower with a hose once a week.

    Watering

    Banana needs a lot of water , but the main rule of watering remains unchanged: moisture should not stagnate in the soil. Therefore, you need to water the plant when the 2-centimeter upper soil layer dries out (this is easily checked by touch).

    Even more infrequent watering is required in winter. Tap water for irrigation is quite suitable, but it must be settled for at least a day and the temperature should be close to room temperature (or even slightly exceed it by a couple of degrees).

    IMPORTANT! For a better supply of water and air to the roots, the earth must be gently loosened periodically. In the case of a room representative, a stick with a blunt end can be used for these purposes.

    Soil

    Banana prefers neutral to slightly acidic soil. For a home copy, it is prepared from the following components:

    • 1 bucket of lime, walnut or acacia soil;
    • 0.5 liters of ash;
    • 1 liter of humus;
    • 2 liters of coarse sand.

    The resulting mixture should be poured with boiling water to get rid of possible pests .


    Regarding garden banana , then, in case of unsuitable soil on the site, a couple of buckets of rotted manure, a handful of complex fertilizer and half a bucket of sand should be added to the planting hole.

    Fertilizers

    The banana boasts good growth and a corresponding good appetite. He needs top dressing once a week in summer and once a month in winter.

    How to feed him at home? For this purpose alternate:

    1. Humus (only cow): dilute 200 g of manure with 1 liter of boiling water and leave for 24 hours.
    2. Ash: 1 tablespoon diluted with 1 liter of water.
    3. Green manure: Pour 1 tablespoon of chopped herbs with 1 liter of boiling water and leave for 24 hours.

    IMPORTANT! Chemical fertilizers are contraindicated for bananas - they can damage its root system.

    Banana fertilizer is applied immediately after watering.

    Plant growth

    Banana grows extremely fast . The plant puts out a new leaf every two weeks. In less than a year, it can overcome the two-meter height of (if required by the species and variety). Therefore, in the early stages of plant care, more than frequent transplantation may be necessary. .

    Winter care

    Before the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to insulate the banana for the winter: the roots of the garden banana should be sprinkled dry sawdust , and cover the ground part with a cardboard box, wrap it with a film on the outside and secure the shelter well so that is not blown away by the wind .

    The main thing is that the roots do not freeze : everything else relating to the ground part of the plant is fixable and recoverable.

    If the winter is warm, it may continue to grow - in this case, the young tender shoots should also be sheltered from the cold.

    Homemade banana in winter does not need under no special conditions. The only difference from summer care is significantly reduced watering. Protect the plant from the cold.

    Transplanting

    For short specimens homemade banana (10 to 20 cm) will fit a 1 or 2 liter pot, respectively. Large plants 60-70 cm high are planted in a container with a volume of 10-15 liters.

    It is better not to neglect these recommendations , since too big a pot for a small plant is an excess of excess soil and stagnant water in them, which will lead to souring the earth and, as a result, root rot.

    At the bottom of any pot, a drainage layer of 7 cm of expanded clay or red brick fragments is laid out, which must be sprinkled with sand. Put the pot on the stand to allow more air to reach the root system through the drainage holes .

    IMPORTANT! Banana is transferred to a new container without destroying the old soil clod. They plant a couple of centimeters deeper than in the old pot.

    If optimal conditions are created for a banana, it will grow very, quickly and will have to be replanted every year. As a rule, transplantation is carried out in the spring, if there is no urgent reason to do it earlier.

    Planting and growing from seed

    At home, only the wild type of banana with inedible fruits can be germinated from seed. It bears little resemblance to the fruit familiar to us and is generously filled with seeds, from which a houseplant is grown, which has only a decorative function.

    Seeds - photo:

    For better germination, the hard shell of the seeds can be slightly damaged with a nail file. Banana seeds are kept in warm water for a couple of days to germinate, and only after that they are sown in the soil. Its composition may include 4 parts of river sand mixed with 1 part peat . A good drainage layer is also required. .

    Seeds are sown on the surface of the earth, slightly pressing them, but not sprinkled on top. Then the container must be covered with glass or a transparent film. Keep the container with seeds in a well-lit place, but they must be protected from direct sun.

    Periodically "greenhouse" should be ventilated, as the soil dries up, moisten the soil with a spray gun. Do not overdo it: moisture should not stagnate. If traces of decay appear, the damaged area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe soil is removed, and the surface of the remaining one is treated with a manganese solution. Seedlings should be expected after 3 or 4 months .

    If you are wondering where the banana seeds are, then take a look at the following photo:


    How to grow indoor banana from seeds, you can find out by watching an interesting video:

    Ripening

    Banana bunch starts to ripen from the top. Do not be surprised that the taste of your bananas will be different from the store ones: your fruits will ripen on the plant, and for stores, bananas are still unripe and “reach” after transportation - in gas chambers.

    How are bananas treated for ripening? A mixture of nitrogen and ethylene.

    At home a kind of "gassing" is also possible bananas, which for some reason did not have time to ripen on a garden or indoor plant. Such bananas are placed in a plastic bag together with ripe apples . It is these fruits that will start the process of fruit ripening. The success of this procedure is not guaranteed but quite is real .

    Diseases


    Bananas rarely get sick and are attacked by insects.

    Due to the dryness of the air, spider mites may appear on the leaves, for the same reason the leaf blades may dry out at the edges. But all this is easily fixable.

    Dry areas are carefully cut off, the yellowing leaf is cut off completely.

    Reproduction

    They reproduce by basal offspring (they are also called “kids”). They are separated in the spring, when they grow 10-15 centimeters in height, and they have fairly strong roots.


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