How do trees grow fruit


How Does a Fruit Tree Grow Fruit?

Updated July 21, 2017

By Donald Miller

Virtually all broad-leaved trees bear fruit of one kind or another. But when gardeners speak of “fruit trees,” whether deciduous or evergreen, they’re referring to trees with edible fruits. There are a variety of aspects involved in fruit trees producing fruit.

Growth Requirements

Although the flower is a crucial element in the process of fruit development, many other factors are just as important because without them the flowers might never form. Fruit trees must have all their growth requirements met in order to produce flowers and, eventually, fruit. Adequate light and water, proper soil conditions -- including nutrients -- and favorable temperatures all work in concert to shepherd the tree to that stage. After all the conditions that get the fruit tree to the flowering phase are met, the process of fruit development can then begin.

Flower Types

Fruit develops from flowers, so aside from the overall plant at large, flowers are the starting point in growing fruit. Some kinds of plants have male and female flowers on separate individual plants. Others have separate male and female flowers on the same plant, and still other plants have flowers with male and female parts contained within the same flower. Many fruit trees in question here have this last type of flower -- the kind botanists call perfect flowers.

Pollination

In any case, there can be no fruit production until flower pollination occurs. Pollination is the flowering-plant equivalent of fertilization. Male flower parts produce pollen, and female flower parts receive the pollen. The shorter the distance the pollen has to travel increases the likelihood of pollination.

Some fruit trees are what botanists and horticulturists call self-fruitful. This means that the female part of the flower can receive pollen from the same variety of tree and be successfully pollinated. Only one tree is required for the production of fruit. Others are partially self-fruitful. These kinds can receive pollen from the same variety and bear fruit but are only mildly productive if only one tree is planted. Production of fruit increases when another variety is planted. Self-sterile kinds will only bear fruit if cross-pollinated by different varieties.

After pollination occurs, if conditions remain favorable, an embryo begins to grow, eventually progressing and developing into the mature fruit.

Other Factors

Many other factors can influence fruit formation, some positively, some negatively.

Pruning and Shaping

Fruit tree growers often practice one of many pruning methods to encourage the tree to produce so-called fruiting wood. Left to its own devices, a fruit tree is likely to develop many non-fruiting shoots and branches at the expense of fruiting wood.

Pest and Disease Control

Pests, including insects and rodents, may weaken or kill the tree, or even attack the fruit directly. Some form of control is often necessary to help ensure good fruit production.

Temperature and Nutrients

Unseasonable frosts can damage blossoms and reduce or even prevent fruit production. In such a case, the backyard grower might have the option of covering trees for these brief but damaging events.

  • Like all plants, fruit trees require nutrients. And, as with other plants in which the fruit is the gardener's objective, too much nitrogen can spur shoots and leaves rather than flowers. A low-nitrogen or a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer is generally best for fruit trees.

Growing Fruit Plants from Seed

What about taking the seed from the fruit and planting it to grow out into a tree for their garden? Unfortunately, fruit trees do not grow out from seeds in the fruit. If you collect seed from a plant, the seeds will produce plants that will be a hybrid of two plants. The new plant will be the same kind of plant, but its fruit and vegetative portions may not look or taste the same as the parent because the plant is "heterozygous. " The seed is a product of the union of the pollen (male organ) from one plant and the flower (female organ) of the tree that produced the fruit.

Therefore, all fruit trees must be vegetatively propagated by either grafting or budding methods. You can purchase rootstocks from specialized nurseries to graft a bud or shoot of the female plant onto to produce a tree that will produce the exact same fruit as the one that you enjoyed. Commercial fruit growers choose specific rootstocks because they produce trees with specific characteristics such as smaller trees or trees that produce fruit at an earlier age.

Suppose, however, you cannot or do not want to purchase the rootstock you want. You can produce your own rootstock from the seed of the same type of fruit; therefore, you could grow your own rootstock.

The seeds of all common tree fruits (apple, pear, peach, and cherry) require a chilling period before they will germinate and form new plants. The chilling period, known as dormancy or after-ripening, occurs after the fruit portion is ripe. During this period the embryo develops until it is mature. The necessary after ripening could be accomplished by the following two systems.

Method One: Refrigerator

Extract seeds and/or pits from the fruit you want to reproduce. Remove all adhering fruit portions and allow seeds to air-dry. Then, place them in a glass jar or other suitable container to which a loosely fitted lid or cover may be added. Set the seeds aside in a cool place until mid-January. Seeds require after-ripening. The length of this period varies by type of fruit (Table 1). The temperature at which the seeds are stored will also impact the success of germination. Seeds should be stored dry in a sealed container at the appropriate temperature. Most seeds can be stored in airtight containers for up to 1 year if the temperature is controlled. Be sure that you use a container that is airtight. If using your home refrigerator, do not expose the seeds to any climacteric fruit, those that produce ethylene gas. Climacteric fruit include: apple, banana, pear, apricot, peach, plum, nectarine, blueberry, cantaloupe, mango, papaya, avocado, guava, passion fruit, and plantain. If seeds have not previously received a cold treatment, mix the seeds with either moist (not wet) peat moss, sand, or shredded paper towels in mid-January. Return the mixture to the container and replace the lid. Place container and seeds in the refrigerator until after the last severe spring frosts. The seeds should remain in the refrigerator for at least 60 days. In early April prepare a garden-soil seedbed with furrows as described above and plant the seeds. Keep the soil moist but not wet. Do not add fertilizer.

Table 1. After-ripening requirements for certain fruit tree seeds

Tree TypeEffective Temp.Best Temp. (°F)Days Required
Apple 40 - 50 40 - 41 70 - 80
Apricot 40 - 50 45 60 - 70
Cherry 33 - 50 41 90 - 140
Peach 33 - 50 45 120 - 130
Pear 33 - 41 40 60 - 90

Method Two: Outdoors

Prepare a garden-soil plot in the fall as you would for planting any other type of seeds. Make a furrow no deeper than one or two times the longest dimension of the seed. Cover the seeds with a light cover of soil and add an inch or two of sand over the row. The sand will prevent the soil from crusting, which inhibits germination. Next, place a wire screen, or hardware cloth, over the row—be sure that all of the edges are pushed several inches into the soil and that the ends are closed. This prevents chipmunks and squirrels from digging up the seeds. The following April watch the seeded area closely for newly germinated seedlings. As the seedlings grow, remove the wire screen to prevent restricting the new plants.

Handling in the Nursery

When the plants are 6 to 8 inches tall, apply 1 to 2 tablespoons of urea along every 12 inches of the row in a band on one side of the seedlings. Keep the fertilizer about 3 inches away from the seedlings. Water thoroughly every 10 to 12 days. The new seedling has a taproot. To facilitate transplanting, cut the taproot by pushing a spade under each plant. Push the blade into the soil to cut the taproot about 5 to 6 inches below the surface. Peach, nectarine, almond, and apricot seedlings may be budded the first summer, usually in late July or early August. Apples, cherries, pears, and plums should be allowed to grow through to the July-August period of the second year before budding is done.

15 fruits we eat but don't know how they grow - Botanichka

Thanks to world trade and the rapid development of transport flows, today we can enjoy the fruits of plants that do not grow in our climatic conditions. At the same time, some of them are so fond of that they have firmly entered our daily diet. And what do we know about how these "overseas dishes" grow?

Pear-shaped peduncle (so-called kazh apple). Below is a real fruit - a cashew nut. © Amar Bangladesh

Our publication will tell you the fruits of which plants are 15 well-known products. At the same time, it should be noted that some of them, from the point of view of biology, are not considered fruits.

1. Capers

Capers

Capers, for example, are not fruits at all, but the unblown buds of the herbaceous plant Caper prickly. If they are allowed to bloom, then you can admire the white flowers of stunning beauty for a long time, and then collect the fruits. True, they are considered less tasty than buds, therefore, usually, when purchasing canned capers, we buy exactly unblown flower buds of prickly caper.

Collection of prickly caper buds. © Bellina Alimentari

Prickly caper is an extremely hardy plant. Its roots reach groundwater, growing up to 20 meters, the length of the branches reaches 1.5 meters. He lives in nature on stones, in cracks in walls, therefore he brings significant trouble to historical architectural monuments in his homeland - in Central Asia. It is grown on an industrial scale today, mainly in the Mediterranean countries of Europe, whose cuisines are rich in dishes with capers. The original recipe for the famous Olivier salad, by the way, used capers, not pickles. It grows in the wild in the Caucasus, Crimea, Kazakhstan.

2. Figs

Figs, fruits of the fig tree. © Maximilian

Figs originate from India and the Mediterranean. These fruits grow in the subtropics on trees or large shrubs, reaching a height of ten meters. Along the banks of the rivers, fig trees or fig trees (other names for figs) form impenetrable thickets. These plants are also loved by the southern slopes of the mountains, where they can grow at an altitude of up to 2000 meters above sea level.

Fig, or Fig, or Fig tree (Ficus carica). © Get Horty

In Russia, figs are cultivated only in the southern regions, and the main industrial plantations of fig trees are located in Turkey, Greece, Tunisia, South America, Portugal and Italy. This plant does not withstand frosts below -12 degrees Celsius. But you can grow figs successfully at home, as an ornamental crop. Tub fig trees grow no higher than 3 - 4 meters.

How to grow figs, read the article: Figs - figs.

3. Papaya

Ripe papaya fruit

Melon tree, also known as the plant on which the papaya fruit grows, is native to Central America and Mexico. Papaya absolutely does not tolerate sub-zero temperatures, even the most minimal ones, therefore it grows only in the tropics. The plant looks like a palm tree, but it is not. It is a tree reaching 15 meters in height. The diameter of the hollow inside the trunk at the base is 30 cm, and the side branches are completely absent.

Cultivation of papaya or melon tree on a plantation (Carica papaya). © cnseed

Papaya leaves are formed only at the top of the trunk and can grow up to 90 cm in length. Interestingly, the plant has male and female flowers. In this case, more often flowers of only one sex grow on one tree. But during high summer temperatures, the sex of flowers can change from female to male and vice versa.

4. Brazil nut

Brazil nut. © zoom50

The Brazil nut is a tree that grows in the wild forests of Brazil, but also in Peru, Colombia, Bolivia and Venezuela. This plant has two features that, like its fruits, deserve great attention. Firstly, Bertoletia (another name for it) is one of the largest plants on our planet. It reaches a height of 30-45 meters, and the diameter of the brazil nut trunk can be about two meters. Secondly, this tree is an absolute long-liver. Although it is officially believed that the bartoletia lives only half a millennium, the Brazilians claim that this tree grows and bears fruit for up to 1000 years. And they even show such specimens to tourists, although, of course, it is difficult to verify the accuracy of this information.

Bertholletia, Brazil nut (Bertholletia). © Aspruder

Another feature of the Brazil nut is that it only bears fruit in the wild. And the richest crops are harvested not in Brazil, as one might think, but in Bolivia. The fruit itself looks like a large box, reaching 15 cm in diameter and two kilograms of weight. And the so-called nuts are the grains of this fruit.

5. Pitahaya (dragon fruit)

Pitahaya (dragon fruit). © Jordan Steadman

Dragonfruit grows on a cactus. True, not quite ordinary. Pitahaya is a vine-shaped climbing cactus, successfully grown today in Central and South America, Australia and Southeast Asia. It is interesting that these cacti are very prolific - about thirty tons of crop can be obtained from one hectare of plantations per year. Pitahaya bears fruit up to six times a year!

Plantation of hylocereus, plants that produce pitahaya fruits. © thejakartapost

Another feature of the plant that gives us these sweet fruits with incredibly tender creamy pulp is that it blooms only at night. Large white flowers have a very pleasant persistent smell.

6. Wasabi

Wasabi paste and eutrema japonica root. © maguro

Eutrema japonica is a perennial herbaceous plant, from the rhizome of which the world-famous spice for Japanese cuisine, wasabi, grows up to half a meter tall. It is noteworthy that the rhizome itself grows very slowly, at most, gaining a length of 3 cm per year. It is customary to consider the root as mature only in the 3rd - 4th year. Wasabi is popularly called Japanese horseradish, although this plant has little in common with horseradish - only belonging to the same family.

Wasabi, or Japanese Eutrema (Eutrema japonicum). © Maria

Another peculiarity of wasabi is that the rhizome has different sharpness in different parts. But this is a feature of only real wasabi - a plant that grows exclusively in the flowing waters of mountain streams. A vegetable grown in the garden does not have even a tenth of the beneficial properties that “honwasabi” (as the Japanese call real wasabi) has, however, such garden wasabi costs much less.

How to grow Japanese eutherma - wasabi, read the article: Japanese eutherma - "Japanese horseradish" wasabi.

7. Turmeric

Turmeric root and dried powder

Turmeric, a perennial plant from the ginger family, can reach a height of up to one meter. On an industrial scale, it is now grown in Japan and China, India and Indonesia. In these parts, turmeric is considered the most popular seasoning.

Turmeric plant (Curcuma)

For the preparation of spices, only the rhizome of Indian saffron (the second name of the plant) is used, but the plant itself is quite decorative. Small flowers are combined into large (up to 20 cm in length) inflorescences and boast very beautiful bracts. One turmeric bush (long leaves grow straight from the soil) can have several of these inflorescences. At the same time, the flowering of turmeric is very long - up to three months. Therefore, today this plant is gaining popularity in home floriculture.

To learn how to grow turmeric, read the article: Daring forms of room turmeric.

8. Clove

Clove is a spice. © Thamizhpparithi Maari

The world famous clove spice is the unopened flower buds of a large evergreen tree (up to 20 meters high), which grows mainly on the islands of Pemba and Madagascar. A third of the world's supply of cloves comes from there.

Buds (flower buds) of clove (Syzygium aromaticum)

Carnation blooms and, accordingly, “fruits with buds” twice a year. The assembly process is simple, so this spice is relatively inexpensive. In greenhouse conditions, cloves are also grown, but this is a rather troublesome process. However, as well as caring for any exotic house plants.

9. Avocado

Avocado fruit

Avocado is a drupe berry in terms of biology. It grows on an evergreen tropical tree with a wide crown and a height of up to 15 meters. Most growers regularly trim avocado trees to about 5 meters to make harvesting easier.

Avocado inflorescences and fruits on a Persea americana tree branch. © agric.wa.gov

Avocados are unique in that they never fully ripen on the tree. After picking the fruits, at least 1-2 weeks pass, during which they reach the desired condition at room temperature. Therefore, if you bought an unripe avocado, this is normal. Just put it in a dark locker for a few days.

How to grow avocados, read the article: Secrets of growing avocados at home.

10. Black pepper

Black pepper: green, dried without peel and dried with peel. © Liliana Usvat

The most common spice on planet Earth is black pepper. These are the fruits of a perennial evergreen tree vine of the pepper family.

Malabar berry (also known as black pepper) grows in tropical forests, wrapping around trees and reaching 15 meters in length. On an industrial scale, black pepper is grown on special trellises or supports.

Black pepper plantation (Piper nigrum). © Liliana Usvat

At the beginning of ripening, the fruits of the plant have a green color, darkening with time and acquiring a more intense aroma. If the pepper berries are overripe, the peel is removed from them, leaving only the white core. Such black pepper is called commercially "white". Its taste is not so sharp, but the smell is more intense.

How to grow black pepper, read the article: Black pepper, or "Malabar berry".

11.

Quinoa Quinoa Seeds

The quinoa plant looks like tall grass. It grows up to four meters, has a rigid branching stem, large round leaves and large inflorescences. Biologists classify the culture as pseudocereal, due to the absence of a hard shell on the fruit. Hundreds of varieties of quinoa are known today, but only three are commercially grown.

Quinoa plantation. © Michael Hermann

Quinoa has been proven to be a staple of the ancient Indian diet. "Golden grain", as the Incas called it, who considered these fruits as important a product as potatoes and corn. At the beginning of the 21st century, quinoa became popular all over the world thanks to the adherents of healthy eating. However, this product must be introduced into your diet very carefully: it is a strong allergen.

To learn how to grow quinoa, read the article: Quinoa is a diet crop in your garden.

12. Vanilla

Vanilla powder and pods. © lafaza

Real vanilla has little in common with vanilla or vanilla sugar, which we buy in supermarkets for baking. It is obscenely expensive, because its cultivation is very difficult, and the yields are meager - a maximum of two centners per hectare. Vanillin is a product of the chemical industry, and vanilla is the dried and powdered fruits of a perennial liana of the orchid family.

Vanilla orchid: flower, green and dried pods. © Aveter

This plant, twisting around a tree, climbs to a height of up to 15 meters. The vanilla stem is very thin and the leaves are fleshy and flat, long and oval. They grow directly from the stem, which does not branch. Vanilla flowers bloom no more than one day. After fertilization, the ovary is found only on the 7th - 9th month! Vanilla fruit is a narrow oblong cylinder about 25 cm long and one and a half cm wide with small seeds inside. Difficulties with the cultivation of vanilla are associated, first of all, with the problems of its pollination. Oddly enough, but in the wild, only one species of hummingbird and bees of the same genus, which live only in Mexico, can pollinate it. Commercially, vanilla is pollinated by hand. To do this, use a special brush. This is a very lengthy and not always effective process. Only half of the flowers pollinated artificially produce an ovary.

13. Ginger

Ginger root

Ginger, a perennial herbaceous plant with long narrow leaves and a valuable rhizome, is now rarely found in the wild. What we eat is a crop grown mainly on plantations in India and Southeast Asia. Ginger flowers are slightly reminiscent of the well-known irises.

Rooted ginger plant (Zingiber officinale). © Eric

Interestingly, in the Middle Ages, ginger was brought to Europe, where it became famous as the most effective prophylactic against the plague. Its price was simply fabulous. In cooking, ginger began to be used much later than in medicine.

To learn how to grow ginger, read the article: Ginger is a seasoning and medicine. Growing methods.

14. Pistachios

Pistachios

We are accustomed to consider pistachios as nuts, although the science of Botany claims that these are the seeds of a fruit - a drupe. They grow on small trees, often called bushes, with a dense crown. The pistachio tree blooms in April, the fruits ripen by September-November, depending on the variety and region of growth.

Plantation of real pistachio or pistachio tree (Pistacia vera)

In the wild, pistachios grow almost everywhere in Asia, in areas of North-West Africa. The nature of Syria, Mesopotamia, Iran and Central America is rich in pistachios. This plant is cultivated in southern Europe.

Pistachio trees are long-lived. It is believed that in favorable conditions they live for at least 400 years.

Read more about how pistachios grow in the article: How do pistachios grow?

15. Cinnamon

Cinnamon stick and cinnamon powder

The spice cinnamon is not a fruit, but the dried inner part of the bark of the Ceylon cinnamon tree, which belongs to the laurel family and the cinnamon genus. Cultural plantings of cinnamon look like shrub plantations. Twice a year, bark is removed from young shoots of plantings. This is a very troublesome business. Firstly, you need to wait until the end of the rainy season, then it is not so difficult to remove the bark and its smell is the most intense. Secondly, it must be removed in strips with the exact parameters of length and width - 30 cm and 1-2 cm, respectively.

Young cinnamon tree. © 7_Heads

Sri Lanka is considered the birthplace of cinnamon, but today it is grown everywhere in India, Brazil and the countries of Southeast Asia. The best varieties of Ceylon cinnamon are those that have a paper-thin bark.

Trees can grow not only apples, but also strawberries, bread, cucumbers, sweets and even sausages. My Planet talks about the strangest trees in the world

Trees can grow not only apples, but also strawberries, bread, cucumbers, sweets and even sausage. These miracles exist in the real world. Telling

Bread tree

Fruits: green, pimples, up to 4 kg and higher, in diameter-up to 30 cm.
Growth, the islands of the Okestenia, the islands of the Okestenia

Outwardly, the breadfruit resembles a durian, but not so prickly and, most importantly, not smelly. And the taste is completely similar to potatoes. Why bread then? Because the fruits are high-calorie, nutritious and affordable: up to 200 "buns" per year can be harvested from one tree. And yet they are stored - however, in a peculiar way.

In addition to the simple option - to turn the fruits into crackers that can be stored for up to several years - there is also a complex one. So, Polynesians preserve fresh fruits. They are cleaned, cut, tightly wrapped in heliconia or banana leaves, and then buried in the ground, where as a result of fermentation they safely turn into a dough-like mass. This semi-finished product remains edible for several years. Before serving, the "dough" is wrapped in leaves and fried in coconut oil. The fruits can also be stewed, boiled or eaten raw. And yes, pancakes are also made from them, after grinding the dried fruits into flour.

Interesting fact
Breadfruit is not pollinated by insects, but by bats. And its fruits served to create a new nation, albeit a small one. These are Caucasoid-Polynesian descendants of the crew of the famous Bounty ship, whose members at the end of the 18th century, after a famine in Jamaica, set sail for breadfruit seedlings, managed to fight several times and partially self-destruct. But their descendants live and live well in the Southern Hemisphere, in particular on Pitcairn Island. Details can be found in our material "The most impossible cities".

Cucumber tree

Fruit: elongated with thorns, inedible.
Growth: endemic of Socotra Island (Yemen).

Exotic cucumber tree, or Dendrositsios Socotransky, like our garden cucumber, belongs to the gourd family. This is generally the only woody plant of the family: something like a pumpkin, only a tree. And also succulent and up to 7 m high, with a bare, elephant-like leg, and a trunk swollen with milky juice. Its diameter can reach 1 m. At the same time, the trunk is easily cut with a knife, so the pulp is even used as livestock feed. Above - a crown of prickly leaves, similar to pumpkin, but smaller. All together vaguely resembles either a thickened birch, or a balding baobab.

Interesting fact
Cucumber is also called the bilimbi tree, which grows in Southeast Asia. And although it has nothing to do with the pumpkin family, its fruits, growing not only on the branches, but also on the trunk itself, also resemble cucumbers. Not as strong as dendrositsios, but they can be eaten. True, not raw (they are too sour), but as a side dish for various dishes. They also make jam and jelly.

Candy tree

Fruit: brown, dry, pitted.
Growth: Japan, East China, Korea, foothills of the Himalayas.

The delicious folk name of this tree contrasts quite sharply with its biological name - sweet govenia (at least the second word is still connected with something from the world of caramel).

This huge tree reaches 10–20 m in height and has a very decorative spreading crown. In July, this beauty blooms with small creamy inflorescences, from which fleshy stalks are then formed with dry stone fruits at the ends. So it’s not these fruits that are tasty, but the stalks themselves! And straight from the branch - raw. In taste, they resemble either candy or sour raisins, which is why govenia is also called the Japanese raisin tree. The stalks are also dried, like raisins.

Interesting fact
In ancient Egypt, Babylon and Rome, candy tree was considered a cure for “1000 diseases”, ranging from “fallen spirit” to anemia. Yes, and in Russia, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich at one time ordered pharmacists to grow it in their gardens. To what extent this was brought to life - history is silent: the tree still prefers a milder and sunny climate than the one that prevails in most of the territory of our country.

Sausage tree

Fruit: oblong, up to 60 cm long.

Kigelia africanus looks like an ordinary acacia. But after flowering, long “sausages” appear on the branches, hanging down just like a servelat on the market. The weight of one such "stick" reaches 8 kg! It has nothing to do with salami, doctoral or Krakow. You can't eat it at all. Unless the seeds, and even then fried, because they are poisonous when raw. However, this is not a problem for the local fauna: hippos, monkeys and giraffes eat the sausage with pleasure. Parrots love seeds, and elephants and antelopes love flowers and leaves.

Interesting fact
Sausage tree fruits contain kigelin protein, which promotes the production of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid by the skin. Therefore, the African "sausage" is actively used in the cosmetic industry. Locals use it to treat rheumatism, snake bites, syphilis, exorcise evil spirits and even stop tornadoes!

Strawberry tree

Fruit: spherical, 2–3 cm in size.
Growth: the slopes of the Himalayas in India and the southern part of Central China, Australia, New Zealand, the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, Crimea.

The scientific name of this evergreen tree is not so romantic - capitate dogwood. But for the characteristic red fruits it is called strawberry - outwardly they really look like this berry. But the inner content is ambiguous. The pulp is jelly-like and slimy with many rather large seeds, the taste is specific, for an amateur - however, sweet.

Interesting fact
Dogwood is often called a devil's berry. An eastern legend says that the greedy Shaitan begged from Allah the early-blooming dogwood (this tree blooms long before the leaves bloom - in very early spring), but he did not have the patience to wait for the berries. This prompted him to take a strange step - to give dogwood to people, and in late autumn they gathered sweet fruits, laughing at the stupid Shaitan.

Raspberry

Fruit: 2.5–5 cm in diameter, red or maroon.
Growth: East Asia, Afghanistan, Iran, China, the Black Sea coast in the subtropical zone.

The fruits of the Triwall Curling really do look like raspberries, but taste more like persimmon. Interestingly, the red flesh (as well as branches and leaves) of these fruits contains white juice, while the seeds are brown and very similar to hemp nuts. On the Black Sea coast, this "raspberry" ripens as early as November, when all the foliage has fallen from the tree.

Interesting fact
In China, silkworms are fed with quince leaves, because the tree belongs to the mulberry family. Curd berries are unlikely to be found on store shelves in the northern regions. They are so juicy and soft that they are not suitable for transportation - they must be eaten within a few hours after collection. But to cook jam from such a "raspberry" is very possible.

Do you know how common foods grow: peanuts, Brussels sprouts, saffron, cashews or vanilla? Read about it in the material "My Planet" "How products grow."

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