How do you grow a pomegranate tree
How to Grow Pomegranates - Growing In The Garden
In this post, I answer common questions about how to grow pomegranates successfully, including how to plant and care for pomegranates, how to eat pomegranates, and questions about typical problems with pomegranates such as dried out or rotten fruit, and what to do about leaf-footed bugs.
I’ve partnered with Kellogg Garden to bring you this post about how to grow pomegranates.
One of the oldest cultivated fruits, there are literary references to pomegranates dating back to Old Testament times and beyond. Pomegranate fruit has leather-like smooth skin that ranges from pink and green to red and brown surrounding the arils.
Arils are the edible part of the fruit and are surrounded by sweet, juicy pulp. Even without the nutritious fruit, pomegranates are a beautiful tree that provide shiny green foliage, crimson blossoms, and stunning yellow foliage each year just before the leaves fall.
Pomegranate leaves turn yellow before they fall
Heat-loving and drought-tolerant pomegranate trees are especially suited to growing in warm arid regions such as parts of Arizona and California. Learn how to grow a pomegranate tree and enjoy it for years.
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11 of your top “How to Grow Pomegranates” questions answered:
1. Is a pomegranate a bush or a tree?
Typically pomegranates are grown as a tree, but they can be grown as a large bush by allowing suckers to grow, and keeping it pruned for size.
Prune as trees by selectively removing suckers and training it into a multi-trunked tree. [/right]Either way you choose to grow them, pomegranates (Punica granatum) are deciduous with a height and spread of 12 to 20 feet. Dwarf varieties can be grown in large containers.
2. What type of pomegranate should I plant?
Choose a type suited for your climate (some do well in cooler zones), and choose dwarf varieties for containers if you want to move them to protected locations for the winter.
- Balegal – Large fruits with pale pink skin; sweet flavored flesh, hardy to zone 7.
- Crab – Medium to large fruit with bronze skin; tart but rich flavor; productive.
- Early Wonderful – Large fruits with thin red skin; tart flavor; very productive.
- Granada – Medium fruit with crimson skin; semi-sweet; matures early; hardy to zone 7.
- Sweet – Medium fruit with pink skin; green skin with red flush; very sweet; productive; bears at a young age.
- Utah Sweet – Medium-sized fruit with pink skin; sweet flavor and soft seeds; pink flowers.
- Wonderful – Large fruits with red skin; tangy, flavorful, soft seeds; large red flowers; productive. This variety grows well in the low desert of Arizona.
3. How do you plant pomegranates?
- It’s best to plant trees in the spring or fall in warm places like Arizona.
- Pomegranates need plenty of sun to thrive and produce fruit. Look for an area that gets at least 6 hours of direct sun.
- Good drainage is crucial for pomegranate trees, but they tolerate almost any soil, even poor or alkaline ones.
- Plant pomegranates in a hole as deep as the nursery pot and twice as wide.
- In cooler climates, grow pomegranates near a south-facing wall or in a large container that can be moved to a protected location during cold weather.
4. How do you care for pomegranates?
Pomegranate trees are generally easy to care for, requiring minimal maintenance once planted.
- Water newly-planted trees more often until established. Water pomegranates deeply during the heat of the summer.
- Fertilize pomegranates just as they leaf out (around February) with a large covering of compost (preferred) or use an organic fertilizer 2-3 times per year.
- For the first 3 years, it is recommended to shorten shoots to encourage a strong, sturdy plant.
- Pruning pomegranate trees is not necessary. However, if desired you can prune pomegranates for size, to remove crossing branches and suckers, or to train against a wall or trellis.
- The best time to prune pomegranate trees is after they have dropped all their leaves, just before they begin to leaf out in the spring. Pomegranate trees can also be pruned lightly throughout the year.
- Thin pomegranate fruit to 1 fruit about every 6 inches. Thinning the fruit promotes large fruit and prevents limb damage from heavy fruit.
5. It’s spring and my pomegranate tree still doesn’t have leaves; is it dead?
Be patient. Pomegranate trees are often slow to leaf out each spring. However, if you had temperatures lower than 10 °F, your pomegranate tree may have experienced frost damage. Wait until late spring to see if one or more of the trunks are damaged. Remove dead wood.
6. I had plenty of blossoms but no fruit; what is wrong with my pomegranate tree?
Pomegranate trees begin to yield fruit about 3 years after planting. More mature plants hold onto the flowers and fruits better (less drop). Conditions that adversely affect yield in older trees include excess watering, poor drainage, over-fertilization, and not enough sunlight.
Cross-pollination is not required with pomegranate trees, but planting more than 1 tree (even the same type) can increase fruit set.
7. How can I tell when a pomegranate is ready to harvest?
Different varieties of pomegranates begin to be ready beginning in August through November.
- Learn when the typical time and color of ripeness is for your type of tree.
- The color of the rind and arils are good indicators that pomegranates are ready to pick.
- As the pomegranate ripens it changes from being perfectly round to more hexagonal in shape as seeds swell.
- The stem and blossom ends of the fruit begin to flatten.
- The fruit’s skin changes from a glossy sheen to more of a matte or rough finish.
- Ripe fruits easily twist off the stem. (it’s best to cut fruit off the tree)
- Still not sure? Try one to see if it’s ripe.
- If fruit begins to split – it’s time to harvest!
- Ripe fruits left on the tree will often fall – telling you it’s time to harvest!
- Listen for a metallic sound when you tap the fruit to help determine readiness.
- Once fruits ripen on tree, do not leave on the tree as they may begin to split.
What’s the best way to eat a pomegranate?
Here is my favorite method:
To quickly harvest pomegranate seeds: cut the pomegranate in half, score each ridge on the outside rind, and hold it in your hand (peel side up) over a bowl of water. Hit the rind with a flat wooden spoon – the seeds should fall into the bowl and leave just a few seeds in the rind.
Looking for a great way to use your freshly harvested pomegranate arils? This Pomegranate Jalapeño Cream Cheese Dip is a family favorite.
9. Why is my pomegranate fruit splitting?
- Fruit that is left on the tree too long can begin to split.
- Splitting fruit can also be caused by fluctuations in soil moisture. Mulch pomegranate trees well to help keep soil evenly moist.
- Water on nearly-ripe fruits can cause splitting.
10. Why does my pomegranate fruit look rotten inside?
- Pomegranates are susceptible to Alternaria fruit rot and Aspergillus fruit rot; both cause the fruit to rot as fungus can grow inside fruits after rainfall.
- Leaf-footed bugs can carry a fungal yeast that may cause arils to darken and wither.
- Be diligent about removal of old fruit, cracked fruit, and dead branches to reduce the incidence of the fungus.
- Avoid overwatering and water stress which can cause cracked fruit and allow entrance for the disease.
11. What can I do about leaf-footed bugs on my pomegranate tree?
Leaf-footed bugs have piercing/sucking mouthparts that suck juices from ripe fruit. These pests can damage entire crops if not controlled. If they are a problem for your tree, the following tips may help:
- Learn to identify all stages of leaf-footed bugs: eggs, nymph, and adult.
- Examine plants early in the season and often (daily or several times a week) for all stages of the bug. Remove and destroy all forms of leaf-footed bugs. Early detection and elimination is key in controlling them.
- For best results, look for the pests in the morning since the bugs are less likely to fly away.
- Look for their rope-like eggs under leaves.
- Neem oil or insecticidal soap can help, but only at the young nymph stage.
- Remove overwintering locations for leaf-footed bugs such as woodpiles, weeds, debris, and hollowed out pomegranates left on the tree or on the ground.
- Leaf-footed bug eggs
- Leaf-footed bug nymph
- Adult leaf-footed bug
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How to Grow Pomegranate Trees
Pomegranate trees (Punica granatum) produce delicious fruit, and if you have the right warm climate, they are easy to maintain and not affected by many pests or diseases. The fruits have a red, leathery rind, and the sweet, edible seeds are full of antioxidants and have many health benefits.
The pomegranate can range from a dwarf shrub of 3 feet to a tree of 20 to 30 feet. The average size of a standard pomegranate shrub is 12 to 16 feet tall with a round shape. In most places, they are deciduous, but in warmer climates, they may be evergreen. They are also attractive ornamentally, with glossy leaves and scarlet red, tube-shaped flowers that are attractive to hummingbirds and other pollinators. The pomegranate is a popular choice for bonsai. The bark is a red-brown color, and branches may have spines.
Somewhat drought tolerant, a pomegranate tree is perfect for the sunniest and warmest locations in the yard that might scorch other plants. Young trees should be planted in the spring after any danger of late frost has passed. They usually take two to three years to bear fruit.
|Botanical Name||Punica granatum|
|Plant Type||Shrub, small tree|
|Size||From 3 ft. dwarf forms to 30 ft tall trees|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun|
|Soil Type||Grows in most types, but must be well-drained|
|Soil pH||Acidic, neutral, alkaline (5.5 to 7)|
|Hardiness Zones||7-10 (USDA)|
|Native Area||Iran to northern India|
How to Plant Pomegranate Trees
When planting, make sure the soil is loose and not too wet. The spacing will depend on how you plan to use your pomegranate tree. Some growers use them as a spreading shrub hedge, and they can be spaced around 6 to 9 feet apart. For those being used for fruit production, it is better to space them around 15 feet apart.
Pomegranate Tree Care
The Spruce / K. Dave
The Spruce / K. Dave
The Spruce / K. Dave
Pomegranate shrubs may be grown in part shade but ideally should be placed somewhere with as much sun and warmth as possible. For a good harvest, your tree should get at least six hours of full sun per day.
The pomegranate needs well-drained soil, though it is able to thrive in a wide variety of soils from acid loam (preferred) to poor quality alkaline types.
The pomegranate tree is drought tolerant, though irrigation is needed for proper fruit production. Water deeply every two to four weeks during the dry season when you are establishing new trees.
Be careful, however, not to overwater. Excess water and soggy conditions can lead to a poor harvest. The fruit will also be more prone to splitting, increasing the chances of problems with pests and fungal diseases.
Temperature and Humidity
The optimal growing areas for this fruit are USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 7 to 10. They appreciate cool winters and hot, dry summers. They thrive when growing season temperatures are above 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Pomegranate trees are more cold tolerant than citrus trees, but the levels vary depending on the cultivar. Some can cope with winter temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit. However, when they dip this low, it would be prudent to grow them in containers so they can be moved into a garage or other sheltered location to minimize the chance of frost damage occurring.
Fertilize in November and March for the first two years. Otherwise, not much fertilizer is usually needed in subsequent years. In fact, over-fertilization can result in a poor harvest.
Pomegranate Tree Varieties
There are many cultivars to choose from, including some that are more cold hardy. Some of the popular types include:
- 'Nana': A dwarf form that is cold hardy to zone 7 and typically grows to just 4 feet tall
- 'Sweet': Produces fruit earlier than some cultivars and, as the name suggests, has a very sweet flavor and usually provides a prolific harvest
- 'Wonderful': The most popular cultivar grown in the U. S.; produces large, flavorful, red fruits in abundance late in the season
It takes around three years for a pomegranate tree to produce a proper harvest. You'll know the fruits are ready to be picked when the color has developed, they have a matte rather than glossy sheen, they change from a round to a more hexagonal shape, and they make a metallic sound when tapped. Use a pair of pruning shears to cut the stem above the fruit instead of pulling it off. They can be stored for a long time if kept between 32 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
Pomegranates are prone to producing suckers, so remove them as they appear. If you choose not to prune your pomegranate tree, it will develop a wider spreading bushy, shrub-like form. Regular pruning of branches in the first few years especially will help to encourage healthy new shoot development and a more abundant harvest.
After the tree is established, it may be enough only to prune away any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. It is a good idea to thin out the fruits growing on the branches. This will ensure the pomegranates can grow to full size and reduces the chance of a limb breaking because of excess weight.
Propagating Pomegranate Trees
Propagation is best done through hardwood cuttings taken in winter as those grown from seeds may not stay true to type.
Common Pests and Diseases
Pomegranate shrubs are one of the easier fruits to work with since they are not usually affected by many pests or diseases.
Possible occasional pests include pomegranate butterfly, thrips, scale, mealy bugs, and whiteflies. Diseases are rare in well-maintained trees but include leaf spot, fruit spot, twig dieback, dry rot, and soft rot.90,000 landing, care, how to achieve its fruiting
- How to grow a grenade from a bone of
- Planting bones
- Soil and capacity
- Sowing seeds and conditions of germination
- Care for abundant flowering how to achieve abundant flowering how to achieve abundant flowering. and pomegranate fruiting
- Lots of light
- Formative pruning
- Dormant period
- Planting and transplanting
- Indoor care for pomegranate
- Watering and fertilizing
- Site selection
- Diseases and pests
Pomegranate is a very thermophilic plant. It will not be possible to grow it in open ground on the territory of Russia far from everywhere. However, exotic lovers can grow this tree right on their windowsill! How to grow a pomegranate from a seed, read our article.
How to grow a pomegranate from seed
Growing a pomegranate at home from a stone is a simple and pleasant task. Sprouts appear within three weeks after planting, and even a child can master their care.
The easiest way is to buy a ripe pomegranate in the store and get the seeds from the fruit. Try to choose the largest and juiciest fruit. Let us consider in detail how the landing of a pomegranate should take place at home.
Soil and container
Pomegranate soil should be light and rich in nutrients. Store-bought mix is perfect. Pots for seedlings in height should be at least 10 cm, drainage holes are required. Expanded clay or polystyrene is placed at the bottom of the pot, completely covering the bottom.
Sowing seeds and germination conditions
Planting a pomegranate from a stone at home is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Dried seeds are planted in the ground to a depth of one and a half centimeters.
- Lightly water the soil.
- Cover the container with foil and place it in the sunniest place in the house.
Depending on the season, seeds germinate from two weeks to several months (for example, when seeds are planted in late autumn).
Care of seedlings
Small pomegranate sprouts need to be provided with a temperature of +20…+25 degrees and daylight hours of at least ten full hours. It is best to additionally illuminate the plants with a phytolamp, then they will develop faster.
Monitor the humidity in the room where the plants are, use humidifiers. Do not forget to spray the seedlings at least once every two days. Young shoots are watered sparingly, as the soil dries up
Future trees are planted when two or three pairs of leaves appear on them. At the same time, all weak and small plants are removed. A month after picking, the tops of the pomegranates are shortened by ⅓ of the length. As a result of this event, the roots grow better and more actively capture the space of the pot.
How to achieve abundant flowering and fruiting of pomegranate
How to grow pomegranate at home so that it starts to bear fruit as soon as possible? Follow the tree care instructions below. A properly grown plant will bloom within 10–12 months after planting, and I will delight you with the first fruits in three years. To speed up fruiting, cut off the first flowers of the tree, because it gives all its strength to their formation, stopping in growth for this period.
A lot of light
The abundance of light is of great importance both for growth and for flowering and fruiting of the plant. The more sunlight a tree receives, the faster it grows. In summer, during the hot period, pomegranate leaves are very vulnerable to mercilessly scorching rays. Therefore, from noon, it is recommended to lightly shade the plant or move it to a less lit corner of the room for several hours. Do not grow a pomegranate in the twilight, it will be weak and painful.
For your little pet to flower, he needs to grow strong shoots. Future flowers and fruits are formed on them. To help the pomegranate grow branches faster, formative pruning is done. Without it, the cultivation of pomegranate from the seed to obtain fruits will be delayed for a long time.
Pruning is done throughout the life of the plant. Conventionally, the following periods are distinguished:
- Pruning-pinching the tops of seedlings at a height of 15–20 centimeters.
- Pruning a one-year-old plant to form supporting branches. Usually, 4-5 main shoots are left with it, growing in different directions.
- When pruning mature trees, old branches and growing branches at the bottom of the plant are removed, as they will not be able to receive enough light, but will only take away the strength of the plant.
Some gardeners form a pomegranate tree into a bonsai style. To do this, weave three sprouts into a braid and secure them with a thin elastic band. As a result, a beautiful tree with a twisted trunk is formed.
How to grow a pomegranate at home from a seed so that it bears fruit? An exotic plant does not need to be grafted: male and female flowers are formed on it at the same time. Some - with a short pestle, others (fruitful) - with a long one. Pollination is easy to do with a cotton swab.
Some varieties specially bred for indoor cultivation are capable of self-pollination. But experienced gardeners who know exactly how to grow pomegranates at home recommend pollinating the flowers artificially anyway.
When autumn comes, pomegranates shed their leaves. Do not be surprised or worried about this. This only means that the plant has a dormant period. Place the pet in a well-lit, cool place and reduce the amount of watering to 1 time per two weeks (provided that the topsoil is completely dry). Feeding should not be carried out before spring, as they will activate growth, which at this stage will not benefit the tree.
Planting and transplanting
Pomegranates are transplanted once a year. The capacity for transplantation is chosen close, in which the plants feel most comfortable. Upon reaching the age of five, grenades cease to be transplanted, from time to time replacing the top layer of the earth with a new substrate.
Indoor care of pomegranate
Growing a healthy and strong pomegranate from the seed at home requires proper care. Below you will find recommendations from experienced gardeners.
Watering and fertilizing
Plants are watered with warm settled water, more often in summer, less often in winter. Additionally, the leaves are sprayed every two days, as the pomegranate loves moisture very much.
Regular pomegranate feeding is important if you are seriously puzzled by the question of how to grow pomegranates from seeds and not be disappointed with the result? Pomegranate is fertilized from spring to late autumn once every one and a half to two weeks. For top dressing choose complex fertilizers for indoor plants and flowers.
Spray the leaves of plants with settled, soft warm water. It is better to carry out water procedures in the morning or in the evening. Spraying at noon can scorch tender pomegranate leaves.
Choosing a location
To grow a pomegranate from a stone at home quickly and without hassle, choose a place for your pet responsibly. The ideal location is the sunny south side of the house. If the seeds were planted in the ground in the fall, be sure to illuminate them with fitolamps.
Diseases and pests
Many people want to know how to grow a pomegranate from a seed and protect it from diseases and pests. Unfortunately, none of the solutions can guarantee its protection one hundred percent. However, it is easy to solve the problem in the early stages.
- To protect against insects, spray the tree with chemical preparations three times with breaks of 5 days.
- If signs of disease appear - cracking of the bark, drying out of branches, formation of wounds, all affected diseased parts should be immediately removed and the cut sites should be treated with vitriol and garden pitch. In advanced cases, it is recommended to cut down the tree at the root, so you can try to save it and grow it again.
How to grow a pomegranate from seed at home, planting and care, growing instructions, how to plant, etc.
The word "pomegranate" in Latin means "grainy". Pomegranate fruits were called "grainy apples" in ancient times, and later - "seed apples". Pomegranate grows mainly in subtropical climates, preferring heat, humidity and plenty of sun. In nature, the tree can reach a height of 6 meters. At home, a pomegranate is a small decorative bush up to 1 meter high with fruits up to 6 centimeters in diameter.
1 Which pomegranate can be grown at home
2 Collection and preparation of seeds for planting
3 Fitting instructions
3.0.1 Video: preparation and sowing of pomegranate seeds
4 Seedling Care
4.1 Video: sowing seeds and forming a pomegranate
5 Transplanting the seedling into a larger pot
5.1 Video: how to replant indoor pomegranate
6 How to Graft a Pomegranate
Which pomegranate can be grown at home
Pomegranate is an exotic plant, and many do not know that it can also be grown at home from a seed, like lemon and other citrus fruits. This is quite easy to do, as the pomegranate does not need special soil and care. The plant is hardy and grows well. The best place to place it at home is a sunny window or heated balcony.
You may not get good tasting berries from purchased fruits, since almost all commercially available pomegranates are hybrids. But it is worth growing such an exotic, if only for the sake of magnificent flowering, when the whole tree is literally dressed in purple inflorescences or individual flowers. The pomegranate tree blooms all summer.
The pomegranate tree can bloom all summer
The most commonly grown dwarf pomegranate at home, the flowering of which begins in the first year after sowing . It is recommended to pick off the first flowers so that the plant gets stronger. Fruit will set next year. But a dwarf stone pomegranate may not bloom for several years. In this case, it should be vaccinated.
Pomegranate tree is resistant to dry air and compact, its height does not exceed 1 meter. Such a pomegranate is often grown as an ornamental plant. It blooms for a long time and beautifully, makes it possible to practice creating bonsai.
Dwarf pomegranate can be used as a decorative bonsai
The following varieties are grown in room culture:
Collection and preparation of seeds for planting
Favorable time for sowing pomegranate seeds, according to the observations of gardeners, are November and February. Seeds sown during these periods can sprout in a week; at other times, seedlings can be expected for more than one month.
It is better to plant closer to spring, the seedlings are stronger, and there is no need to suffer with additional lighting all winter.
Seeds for sowing are taken from a large mature fruit without signs of rot and damage. Ripe seeds are hard and smooth, the stones are white or cream in color. If the color is green and the seeds are soft to the touch, then they are not suitable for planting.
Choose hard and smooth seeds for planting
When buying ready-made seeds, be sure to check the expiration date, seed weight, company logo, variety. All this should be indicated on the packaging. It is better to make a purchase in a specialized store, and not in the market from strangers.
Seed preparation for planting:
- Seeds are de-pulped and washed well with water. To properly clean the pulp to prevent rot later, the bones are rubbed with a paper towel.
Seeds should be washed with water and carefully cleaned of pulp
- Then they are soaked in a small amount of water on a saucer with the addition of two or three drops of Epin or Zircon to stimulate germination. Seeds should be half covered with water and remain so for 12 hours. Water should be added as it evaporates, preventing the seeds from drying out.
Water is added as it evaporates
- The container is placed in a cool place without drafts.
To sow pomegranate seeds at home, follow these steps:
- Prepare the soil. It can be anything, the main condition is looseness, moisture and breathability, preferably slightly acidic or neutral (pH from 6.0 to 7.0). But this does not mean that the pomegranate will not be able to take root on other soils; under natural conditions, it grows on both clay and sand. Of the ready-made soils, the best choice is for roses or begonias. Recommended mixture in equal parts:
- Prepare the sowing container. It can be a plastic container, a wooden flower box or a flower pot. The dishes for sowing are chosen shallow, as the root system of the pomegranate grows in breadth. The container size depends on the number of seeds to be sown, taking into account a certain distance between them (about 2 cm).
- Lay a layer of drainage on the bottom. As a drain, you can use:
- Fill the container with soil and pour clear water over the top.
- Spread the stones evenly over the surface and bury them carefully into the ground by 1–1.5 cm. The soil on top should be loose, it is not necessary to compact it.
The soil must be loose
- Close the container with a lid or film to create a greenhouse effect, put in a warm, bright place.
Video: preparation and sowing of pomegranate seeds
The first shoots appear after about 1-2 weeks. As they grow, the film must be periodically opened, gradually increasing the opening time, and when the leaves appear, remove completely. Seedlings need to be moistened regularly, preventing the soil from drying out.
After the appearance of leaves, the film is removed
In winter, when the day is short, use fluorescent lamps for additional lighting, increasing daylight hours to 12 hours.
Video: sowing seeds and forming a pomegranate
Transplanting a seedling into a larger pot
Seedlings should be planted in separate pots after the appearance of two or three true leaves. Choose the strongest and healthiest plants. The pot for the first planting should not be large, a diameter of 7-10 cm is enough.
Pomegranate plants do not tolerate transplantation very well, usually they are transferred together with a clod of earth.
Seedlings are transplanted in the following order:
- Prepare a pot 2-3 cm larger than the previous one.
- Drainage is placed on the bottom of the pot with a layer of 1–2 cm, then soil up to half.
- Seedlings are carefully removed with a spoon or spatula along with the earth near the roots.
Pomegranate seedlings are taken out together with a clod of earth
- Place the plant on the ground in the center of the new pot and fill the free space on the sides with soil at the level of the earthen coma. It is not necessary to deepen - they will not bloom.
Each seedling is planted in the center of a separate pot
- Watered with warm water and placed in a sunny place.
In the first three years, the plants are transplanted every year, gradually increasing the size of the pot. Transplantation is carried out in the spring when the kidneys swell. Trees older than three years are transplanted every three years or as needed. A 5 liter pot is sufficient for an adult houseplant. Too big a pot can lead to the cessation of flowering.
Please note that the pomegranate grows and blooms better in a slightly cramped pot.
Video: how to transplant indoor pomegranate
How to graft a pomegranate
Pomegranate grown from seed rarely retains its maternal properties. And if this is a stone of an ordinary pomegranate bought in a store or on the market, then it will begin to bloom and bear fruit only after 7–8 years.
To obtain a varietal plant, a varietal cutting is grafted onto it. Vaccination is done in the spring, during the awakening of the kidneys. The scion cutting must have the same diameter as the rootstock.
There are more than 150 types of vaccination. You can choose any depending on the thickness of the rootstock (seedling) and scion (cutting). Consider a popular option for thin rootstocks - simple copulation.
Thin rootstocks are young wild trees that need to be developed into varietal trees. The essence of copulation is very simple: make oblique cuts of the same size on the rootstock and scion and press them tightly against each other to grow together .
Rootstock and scion must match in diameter
- Wipe the stock with a damp, clean cloth. On a smooth area, make an oblique even cut at an acute angle of 20-25 degrees. The cut is made with a sharp knife moving towards itself. The cut length is much larger than the diameter to increase the contact area between the rootstock and scion.
The cut is made at an acute angle
- Make a cut on the handle the same as on the rootstock, retreating 1 cm down from the lower kidney. At the top of the cutting above the third kidney, make a cut at an angle of 45 ° towards the kidney.
- Connect the graft to the rootstock so that the cut surfaces match, and press them firmly together.
- Secure the inoculation site by wrapping it tightly with elastic tape or polyethylene film. It is very important to prevent displacement of the connected parts. If there is a kidney in the winding area, it is better to leave it open .