How far apart to plant italian cypress trees
How Far Apart to Plant Italian Cypress? | Home Guides
By Judy Kilpatrick
Native to southern Europe, columnar forms of evergreen Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) dot Mediterranean landscapes. Although the species has horizontal branches, columnar varieties provide strong vertical accents for both large and small landscape designs in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8a through 10b. Planting distances depend upon your design, with closer distances for hedging or fencing, and greater distances for specimen groupings.
Certain varieties of Italian cypress grow as tall as 60 feet with a spread of 5 to 10 feet. Cupressus sempervirens "Stricta" and Cupressus sempervirens "Glauca" grow with a narrow habit, spreading up to 10 feet wide. Plant these trees more than 10 feet apart for separation between them at maturity such as in specimen groupings, or for a formal allee with a row of Italian cypress trees on either side of a driveway or walkway. Closer spacing allows the trees to touch each other and form a solid fence when they reach mature size. Leave more than half a tree's mature width as the distance from a building, driveway, walkway or other structure to give it plenty of growing room and prevent interference with traffic.
Fast-growing tall varieties of Italian cypress put on as much as 3 feet per year, while slower-growing Cupressus sempervirens "Tiny Tower" reaches a height of 10 feet and a spread of 2 feet in 10 years. The leaves of Italian cypress are scalelike and form densely packed sprays of branchlets. A gymnosperm, Italian cypress produces 1- to 1 1/2-inch-long brown, seed-bearing, cone-like fruit in autumn. Besides dark green and blue-green leaves, Italian cypress is also available with golden foliage. Cupressus sempervirens "Swane's Golden" has yellow leaves and grows up to 20 feet tall with a 3-foot spread.
When planted within its hardiness zone in full sun or partial shade, Italian cypress grows in various types of soil -- clay, loam or sand -- that is highly acidic to highly alkaline. Italian cypress grows best in well-drained soil, and it is tolerant of drought and smog. Living from 50 to 150 years, Italian cypress requires very little care. Minimal leaf drop makes this tree acceptable near pools and fountains.
Diseases and Pests
When optimal growing requirements are met, Italian cypress does not generally succumb to disease. Wet conditions contribute to the development of Phytophthora root rot, but this can be avoided by planting Italian cypress in well-drained soil and treating the soil with fungicide if unusually wet weather prevails. Avoid touching the root collar with soil or mulch, which can result in root girdling and fungal diseases. Italian cypress trees planted in full sun are generally less susceptible to disease. Although moisture is the most common cause of disease, extended dry periods can increase susceptibility to spider mites (Tetranychus spp.). Irrigate to prevent drought stress and hose off the foliage of Italian cypress trees to remove dust and interrupt spider mite infestations.
- The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor
- California Polytechnic State University: Italian Cypress
- The American Horticultural Society A to Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants; Christopher Brickell and Judith D. Zuk
- Moon Valley Nurseries: Italian Cypress
- Bartlett Tree Experts: Plant Health Care Recommendations for Italian Cypress
- University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Spider Mites
- Temple College Landscape: Italian Cypress
For Judy Kilpatrick, gardening is the best mental health therapy of all. Combining her interests in both of these fields, Kilpatrick is a professional flower grower and a practicing, licensed mental health therapist. A graduate of East Carolina University, Kilpatrick writes for national and regional publications.
Italian Cypress For Sale Online
There are often times in planning our gardens that we need plants that are tall, but narrow. With evergreens, we can do this by trimming regularly, but that can become a big job on tall trees, so it makes a lot of sense to plant instead something that is naturally tall and narrow. That way we can leave the trimmers in the garage and simply enjoy our gardens. This can also be a real issue when we need a tall screen, but only have a narrow space available to plant it.
If this sounds like your situation, the Italian Cypress sounds like the plant you need. This beautiful but tough plant will stay as a narrow column, no wider than a tenth of its height, with no trimming from you. If you have traveled to, or seen images of Italy, then you have seen these trees, like dark fingers on the hillsides, pointing up into the clear blue sky.
As long as you live in zone 7 or warmer, you can enjoy these wonderful trees in your own garden too. They make a great narrow screen or hedge – you can trim them for an even tighter and more formal look – or a wonderful accent plant among your other plants, or on either side of an entrance. They make great plants for large pots too, giving a classic look to any space.
About the Italian Cypress
The Italian Cypress is a tall, narrow evergreen tree that grows wild across the Mediterranean region, originally in the east, in countries like Turkey, Lebanon, Israel and Greece. However, for centuries it has been cultivated further west, especially in Italy, where it has reached iconic status in the landscape. It also grows in gardens and in the wild in France and Spain, as well as around the world wherever the climate is suitable.
The narrow upright ‘dark finger’ is a prominent feature in the landscape wherever it grows. Other names for this tree are the Mediterranean Cypress, Tuscan Cypress or Pencil Pine. It is closely related to the Monterey cypress, (Cupressus macrocarpa), which grows wild in the southwestern states of America.
The wild trees vary in width and some can be broad, but selection over the centuries has developed the very narrow, pencil-like form grown today in gardens. The tree has a strong central trunk, with branches almost to the ground. The foliage and branches stay on the lowest parts of the tree for many years, but eventually a thick trunk with dark-brown, stringy bark will develop.
The foliage is a very dark, gray-green color and grows in dense, upright sprays. The tiny leaves cling tightly to the stems. Older trees produce round cones, one or two inches across, which eventually fall to the ground. Trees are typically about 40 feet tall, if left unclipped, although old trees can be 100 feet tall. It is always about a tenth of its height in width, so a 30 feet tree will only be about 3 feet wide.
The garden form of this tree – narrow, dense and upright – developed through many years of gardening. Trees grown from seed are variable, so instead our skilled growers select upright pieces from perfect plants and grow young plants from those stem pieces. This means that every plant is identical and gives you the perfect look you want. These perfect plants take longer to produce, so avoid cheaper seedling trees, which vary in width and density.
Italian Cypress Growth Rate
This cypress is a fast growing tree when young, adding as much as 3 feet to its height in a single year under ideal conditions, but it slows as it reaches maturity. For maximum growth during the development stages of your plants, fertilize regularly and water well during dry spells. So when you first plant a hedge or barrier with this tree, it will quickly develop and fill in to give you the barrier you need as soon as possible.
Once established, the trees will naturally slow in growth, so your barrier or hedge will not need constant clipping to keep it under control. This is an ideal situation and helps keep your garden attractive but low maintenance.
Hardiness of the Italian Cypress
The Italian Cypress grows from zone 7, with average winter low temperatures of 0°F, all the way to zone 11, where it never freezes at all in winter. This makes it a great choice for your garden if you live in any of the warmer to hot areas of the country. Combined with its drought-resistance, this is a fantastic tree for xeric or low-water plantings, which are becoming more common, and even required, in some states, such as California.
Even if you live in a cooler area, you can grow this tree in a pot as a lovely specimen for your terrace, where it brings a touch of European charm. For the winter you can store the plants in a cold building during the coldest months. It would be best if there was some light, but if the soil in the pots is dry and the temperatures are cold, ideally below freezing, it will be happy for a couple of months in the dark.
Another feature of the Italian Cypress is how drought resistant it is. Of course, when young and recently planted, you should water your new trees regularly, once or twice a week if the weather is hot. For the first few years, it is best to also water them during long dry periods, both in summer and during winter. In milder areas, plants continue to grow in winter, so if the weather is warm and dry some watering will help your plants.
Once established, this is a truly drought tolerant tree, that will go for long periods without any water at all. This makes it ideally suited for hot, dry areas, like California, New Mexico and southern Texas. There it will grow through long droughts with little or no watering needed at all. This does not mean these are the only places it will grow – not at all. It also grows well in Florida and the Deep South.
Best Soil Type for the Italian Cypress
This tough tree will grow in all types of soil. It will thrive in sandy soils, but also in clay, and of course in every soil in between. The only conditions that are not suitable are poorly drained and wet soils. For those soils, if you are looking for a hedge or barrier, we recommend Thuja Green Giant, which is happy in wetter conditions.
Pests, Diseases and Deer
Serious pests or diseases do not attack Italian Cypress. Deer usually leave them alone, and this tree is even fire-resistant. There are some tips for keeping your trees healthy, especially if you live in areas that can be humid and wet. In those areas, it is best to plant your trees in well-drained soil, and perhaps build a low mound for planting, or a ridge for planting a hedge. This will keep the roots drier and healthy. In humid areas, to avoid disease, do not spray the foliage regularly and adjust your sprinkler system to avoid spraying the trees every time it runs.
Using Italian Cypress as a Hedge or Barrier
With its naturally narrow form, it is easy to make a barrier or hedge with Italian Cypress – a hedge that needs little or no trimming to look good and not become overgrown. This gives the plant a big advantage for low maintenance gardening, since many other fast growing trees need regular trimming. With its narrow profile it can even be used in an area with limited space, and still need little trimming. However, to create an impenetrable barrier with the densest growth, trimming once or twice a year is best.
Because of that narrow form, do not leave a lot of space between plants in a hedge or screen, since they will fill in sideways slowly. The upside to this is that you greatly reduce your overall maintenance when you choose this plant for a hedge. This also means that you can plant closer to walls and fences than with many other evergreens. So you can fit a hedge into a narrower space overall. This is a great benefit in smaller gardens or in urban settings where spaces tend to be reduced. Allow 12 to 18 inches as a minimum distance from a wall or fence or the back part of your plants will eventually lose their branches, making them look thinner and more open.
Using Italian Cypress as an Informal Barrier
For the perfect privacy screen or background, plant your trees between 3 and 5 feet apart. Do not exceed 5 feet or you will wait a long time for the spaces between the trees to fill in. A good way to get a denser screen quicker is to plant a double row. Space the rows 3 feet apart and put the plants 6 to 7 feet apart in the rows. Stagger the planting so that each plant is in the space between the plants in the other row – a zigzag arrangement.
With the Italian Cypress you have chosen, you will not need to trim the trees at all to see an informal but dense screen develop quickly over the course of a few years. It will always stay narrow for a restricted space, and always look graceful and elegant with no trimming needed.
If you want to develop a denser coverage quicker, trim twice a year for the first few years and then once a year after that. Always trim so that there is a slight inward flat slope to the face of the plants. This way light will reach the lower parts and keep them strong and healthy.
Using Italian Cypress as a Hedge
You can also create a wonderful formal hedge with this cypress tree. Plant your trees 2 to 3 feet apart in a single row, or 3 to 4 feet apart in a double row, with the rows 2 feet apart. These distances will give you the best results in the shortest time, as well as keep your hedge healthy for many years.
It can be tempting to push the plants as close together as possible, but this will never produce the dense, thick hedge you are looking for. If you do not want a very tall hedge – perhaps less than 6 feet tall, then planting at 2 feet apart will give good results. For anything taller than this, it is best to use the 3 feet spacing, or plant a double row.
How to Plant the Italian Cypress
You can plant your Italian Cypress trees at any time of year and as soon as you receive them, as long as the ground is not frozen hard. If you need to leave them in the pots for a while, that is OK too; just make sure you water them every few days.
Prepare the ground by digging or tilling an area 2 to 3 feet wide, and 8 to 12 inches deep, taking out weed roots as you go. Do not worry about any stones you see, unless they are bigger than your clenched fist – remove those. Smaller stones help with drainage, so leave them where they are. Add some organic material, such as garden compost, rotted manure, peat moss; or whatever kind of material is available to you locally. Add some starter fertilizer for evergreen trees while preparing the soil.
If you are planting specimen or accent trees, dig or till each spot in a circle 2 to 3 feet across and otherwise do the same things as for a hedge.
For planting a hedge, the best way is to dig out a trench in your prepared area, a little wider than the pots and the same depth as they are. Use a tight string to keep it straight, and measure out from a wall so that it is parallel. Now put the plants into the trench and adjust the spacing to keep them even. If you are using 3-foot spacing, place the first plant 18 inches from where you want the hedge to start. That first plant should always be at half the distance you are using between the plants.
Once you have all your plants spaced out evenly and standing upright, go along the trench and push back about two-thirds of the soil, firming it down around the roots as you go. Then flood the trench with water, filling it to the top. Once the water has drained away completely, put back the rest of the soil. You don’t need to water again unless the soil is very dry. Check that all your plants are standing upright and you are done.
Caring for Your Italian Cypress
Italian Cypress is a tough plant, so it does not take much care to keep them healthy. However paying attention to a few simple things will make the difference between good and fantastic.
In the first season after planting, you should water your trees well once a week. During very hot weather water twice a week. After that, as the trees develop, water as only needed during hot and dry periods. Even young trees are very drought hardy, but they will grow faster if you give them some water during dry weather. Once they are completely established, this is such a hardy tree that you probably will never need to even think about watering it – a great low maintenance plant.
During the first few years, to get the fastest and healthiest growth possible, use a fertilizer suitable for evergreen trees in early spring and again in late summer. These come as granules, slow-release granules or liquids. The slow-release forms are the easiest to use, but regular granular fertilizers work well too.
Liquid fertilizers will give you fast growth when plants are young, but they need to be used every few weeks, so when you plants are more established, switch to a granular form. Follow the recommendations given for the particular fertilizer you use, and do not use too much – more is not usually better when it comes to feeding your trees and shrubs.
Pruning and Trimming
Your Italian Cypress trees will grow perfectly into upright, dense columns without any trimming. The same is true for a privacy screen, but if you want to have the densest and neatest specimens, hedges or screens, some trimming is a good idea. With regular trimming, your plants will always look their perfect best, and grace your garden and home with elegance and style.
Trim your trees at any time of year except during mid-winter. If you do have regular periods below freezing in your area, then stop trimming about a month before the coldest weather usually arrives, and start again once the warmer weather returns. Otherwise, you can trim whenever you wish. Early spring and late summer are the best seasons, but if you need to trim outside those times, that is fine too.
Common Pruning and Trimming Mistakes
The most common mistake is to wait until the trees are the height you want before starting to trim. It is much better to start trimming right from the beginning. This will give you the best and densest hedge possible. Just remove one or two inches of growth, encouraging the shape you want. Trim from side to side, not just upwards, or you will create long upright shoots that can break.
Another good reason for starting early is that this tree will not re-sprout from wood that has no leaves on it. If you cut so hard that you have a woody stump, it will never re-grow leaves. So if you start trimming when plants are young, you will never have to face this problem.
Always trim so that the top of your plants is narrower than the bottom. This is easy to do with the Italian Cypress, as the tree naturally grows this way. Keep a flat front on your hedge that slopes inwards by a few degrees. The sun will be able to reach the lowest parts, and they will stay healthy and green, giving you a hedge that is dense and strong right to the ground.
Interesting Facts About the Italian Cypress
Wild trees of the Italian Cypress grow in Iran. They are widely grown in famous gardens there and the oldest tree is believed to be 4,000 years old. This tree has grown in gardens in Europe since the times of the ancient Greeks and Romans, and it is still a feature today, especially in Italian gardens.
The wood is strong and fragrant. Wine barrels were made of it, as well as doors and furniture. Spectacular doors made of this wood stood at St Peter’s Basilica, at the Vatican, in Rome, for over a thousand years. When replaced in the 19th century, they were still strong.
Buying Italian Cypress at The Tree Center
We sell only trees that are true to the original form and we have a wide range of sizes to give you the best plants, whatever your purpose. Our stock is constantly renewed so that our customers get fresh, healthy plants. This means that supplies of this tree may be limited. To avoid disappointment order now.
How big can a European cypress be?
How big can a European cypress be? Up to 15 feet high and 5 feet wide.
How fast does European cypress grow? Dirr classifies his growth rate as fast, which means he gains 25 inches or more per year. When young, it can grow up to 36 inches per year.
How big does a European cypress grow? Cypress trees grow in temperate coastal regions where summer temperatures rarely exceed 80° F (27° C). European Tree® is a low-growing variety that grows six to ten feet tall when grown in the right landscape conditions.
How long does it take for cypress to mature? Using a minimum growth rate of 13 inches per year and a minimum height of 40 feet for the Arizona cypress, this species will take at least 37 years to reach maturity. Italian cypress grows to a minimum of 30 feet tall and will take at least 30 years to reach a minimum mature height.
Can cypresses be kept small?
Pruning Leyland cypress to create a hedge is a common practice. The tree can withstand severe pruning and pruning. If you're wondering when to prune Leyland cypress, summer is the best time to prune. During the first year, trim the top and sides to begin shaping the desired shape.
Why is my European cypress turning brown?
Waterlogged or under-watered plants will lose needles. Darkening may be a sign of overwatering.
Is there a dwarf cypress?
Dwarf Hinoki Cypress
Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) is a slow growing dwarf ornamental evergreen tree. In many countries, hinoki cypress is an evergreen tree planted in small gardens for its ornamental appearance and rich foliage.
Is cypress a pine?
Cypress refers to an evergreen conifer with small, round woody cones and flattened shoots with small, scaly leaves, while pine refers to an evergreen conifer with clusters of long, needle-like leaves, and many species are cultivated for softwood. which is widely used for furniture and
Are European cypress trees poisonous to cats?
All information I have been able to find indicates that cypress trees are not specifically toxic to cats. However, digestive irritation is likely with ingestion of many plants, and I expect the same from cypress that has been chewed.
How far apart should Italian cypresses be planted?
Italian Cypress in Landscape
Plant about 3 feet apart to create an effective and stylish screen or windbreak. Give them more room (5 to 6 feet) if you want to show off each tree for a really chic look.
How far from the fence should I plant Leyland cypress?
How far apart should they be planted? To give them enough room to grow, you should plant Leyland cypress trees at least 6 to 10 feet apart.
Do cypresses have invasive roots?
Although the roots of the Italian cypress are not invasive, the tree has two enemies that will easily kill it: spider mites and overwatering. Keep the soil around the tree well-drained by watering established trees once or twice a month.
Do I need to prune Italian cypress trees?
Italian cypresses require full sun and well-drained soil and can be used in landscapes to frame driveways or sidewalks. Although Italian cypresses do not require regular pruning, there are times when pruning is necessary.
How to keep a cypress tree small?
Use garden shears or hedge clippers to trim Italian cypress. Shears are ideal if you're tending a tree and just removing a few stray branches. However, if you want to shape or cut off the top of a tree, hedge trimmers will make your job easier.
Does cypress need sunlight?
Light requirements: Cypress loves full and bright sun (at least 4-5 hours) and moist soil for good growth. It also does well in patchy shade or very bright indirect light.
How to care for Ellwoodii European Cypress?
A lover of full sun and partial shade, this plant grows easily in medium, moist, well-drained soils. Tolerant of chalky soils, but prefers slightly acidic soils. Keep away from strong wind.
Where do cypresses grow best?
Cypresses grow best in full sun for at least eight hours a day. They do not require nutrient-rich soils. They do best in moist, well-drained soils. A notable exception to this list is the famous swamp dweller, the bald cypress, which survives flooding for extended periods of time.
Is it possible to pour bald cypress?
Young bald cypress will thrive if the soil remains saturated or even flooded at this time until the tree is completely flooded.
Could the brown evergreen come back?
Will brown evergreens ever return? The answer is yes, depending on the reason. When an evergreen turns brown, it can be both surprising and discouraging. The good news is that a brown evergreen can turn green as early as next year, although it may take a little work to help it through the process.
How do you know if a cypress tree is dying?
Dead cypress has brown needles that fall off when in bloom, while the needles should be green and lush. The tree with brown needles is dead throughout the year and must be removed.
Which tree stays green all year round?
Evergreens do not shed their leaves and stay green all year round. These include conifers such as pine, spruce and cedar. Evergreens can add drama to landscapes, especially in winter when they create a beautiful backdrop against white snow.
Can cypress trees grow in pots?
Plant cypresses where they can get full sun and in well-drained soil. If you are using a container, potting soil-based compost is ideal. Container plants need regular watering.
Is pine or cypress more expensive?
Cedar cypress pine - Natural wood fencing prices
Even cypress plank or swamp cypress plank is cheaper than pine. Fake cedar, fir, cypress all cost less than pressure treated pine and after 12 months all fences will be gray anyway so what a BIG DIFFERENCE!
Is the European cypress poisonous?
None of the trees with the word "cypress" in their name is considered edible. At the same time, no cypress trees are listed as toxic to humans by the California Poison Control Authority.
Is the spider toxic to cats?
In fact, the spider plant is listed as non-toxic to cats and other pets on the ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) website, along with many other educational sites. However, it is still recommended that cats eating spider plant leaves may pose a potential risk.
Description and Care, photo
- 1 Description of pyramidal cypress
- 2 Cypris Pyramidal in landscape design
- 3 PIEDAL CRYMIDAL
- 3.1 3.1 POSSITION OF THE SARE and Planting POSS planting
- 3. 3 Watering and fertilizing
- 3.4 Pruning
- 3.5 Winterizing
Pyramidal cypress is an evergreen, tall coniferous tree common on the Crimean coast. Belongs to the cypress family. The arrow-like crown inherent in the pyramidal evergreen cypress was bred by the Greeks of Ancient Hellas. It does not occur in the wild in nature, the pyramidal cypress was bred by breeders of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. The parent tree is an evergreen cypress, which differs from the pyramidal arrangement of branches, is found in Northern Iran, Asia on the Mediterranean coast.
Description of pyramidal cypress
Evergreen cypress is sometimes called Italian cypress, because it is believed that it first appeared in the eastern Mediterranean, and from there migrated to European regions.
Evergreen pyramidal cypress is a centenarian, its life span is calculated not in decades, but in several centuries. This coniferous tree grows very slowly, reaching a height of 20 to 40 m by the centenary of its existence. The greatest growth is noted at the beginning of the tree's life. In the first three years, the cypress grows up to 1-2 m in height. By the age of fifty, the growth falls, and the evergreen pyramidal cypress reaches its maximum point of growth by the age of 100.
Trunk of evergreen pyramidal cypress is upright, covered with dark gray or brown bark. Young trees have light brown bark, darkening with age and turning brown.
The narrow pyramidal crown is formed by branches that are close to the trunk and directed vertically. The leaves of evergreen cypress are scale-like, small. The needles are elongated-rhombic in shape. The needles are attached crosswise.
Pyramidal evergreen cypress produces rounded cones with a gray-brown color. Cones in appearance resemble a ball. The scales covering the cone are equipped with spikes. Seeds are formed inside the cones, the number of which varies from 20 to 30 pieces each.
Cones mature in the second year after emergence. Seeds are small, equipped with wings for better distribution throughout the territory. Seeds remain viable for 5-6 years.
Evergreen pyramidal cypress belongs to shade-tolerant and drought-resistant conifers. Prefers a mild warm climate, but can survive temperatures as low as -20°C.
Cypress Evergreen Pyramid tolerates shaping pruning well and is therefore often used by landscape designers. The tree tolerates atmospheric pollution and cleans the air well from exhaust gases and dust.
Flowering begins at the end of March and continues until May. On the side branches you can see bright yellow spikelets. Pollen that falls on the needles changes its shade to a dirty greenish.
Important! For some people, evergreen cypress pollen becomes an allergen that causes swelling of the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx and eyes.
Cypress aroma does not tolerate moths and carpenter beetles, but the smell is considered to be healing for humans. In people suffering from lung pathologies, when inhaling the smell of cypress needles, an improvement is noted.
Evergreen cypress essential oil has bactericidal properties that can suppress the development of staphylococcus aureus, tuberculosis and other pathogens.
Cones have astringent properties, so decoctions from them are prescribed for bleeding. And baths with decoction are used for problems with the joints.
Pyramid cypress in landscape design
Pyramid cypress (pictured) has a beautiful crown shape, tolerates pruning well, so it is used for landscaping adjoining territories, parks, squares, alleys and even highways. Air pollution does not harm the evergreen conifer.
Pyramidal cypress is often used in group plantings, favorably setting off other coniferous and deciduous trees and shrubs.
When densely planted, pyramidal cypress closes into a hedge. Group plantings are used to decorate the walls of buildings or fences.
Planting and caring for pyramidal cypress
Evergreen cypress belongs to light-loving plants, but for planting it is better to choose a place with periodic shading, otherwise the color of the needles may change, and the plant will lose its decorative effect. Proper site selection and site preparation will help the tree acclimate.
Preparing the seedling and planting site
The soil for planting cypress trees should be light, sandy or sandy loam. Clay soil can lead to stagnant water and root rot. It is advisable to dig up the area before planting. This will help get rid of weeds and saturate the soil with oxygen. In the process of digging, you can add humus.
It is better to buy a seedling with a closed root system. The pyramidal cypress does not respond well to damage to the root system, so when transplanting, you should be careful not to harm the seedling.
If the tree is purchased bare-rooted, soak it for several hours in warm water or a solution that improves root growth.
Please note that evergreen pyramidal cypress is a drought-resistant tree, so it is important for it to have drainage in the hole. Expanded clay or gravel is poured into the bottom of the excavated landing pit; broken brick and a layer of sand can be used.
The distance between adjacent trees depends on the required planting density. For large-sized plants, it is advisable to leave at least 2-2.5 m between seedlings, so that with age they do not shade each other and do not interfere with air circulation around the crown.
The size of the planting hole depends on the earthen ball on the roots. Approximate dimensions of the pit: diameter - 80-90 cm, depth - 60-70 cm. You can use a different composition:
- peat - 1 part;
- sod land - 1 part;
- sheet earth - 2 parts;
- river sand - 1 part.
The components are mixed and poured into the well. A support peg is driven in, then the seedling is set vertically and covered with the remaining soil mixture, carefully tamping each layer and watering it with warm water.
Attention! The root neck should not be underground, otherwise the tree may die.
After planting, the tree is tied with soft ropes to the support post. This will protect the barrel from breakage during windy weather.
Watering and feeding
Seedlings need regular soil moisture, but excessive watering is unacceptable. Mature trees can not be watered, they have enough seasonal rainfall. During the dry period, it is allowed to carry out 2-3 waterings per season.
Water the seedlings with warm water, preferably in the evening after sunset or early in the morning. In the daytime, watering seedlings is not recommended, because this leads to rapid evaporation of moisture.
To avoid yellowing of the needles, you can periodically spray the crown of young seedlings. Once every 14 days, epin can be added to the water for spraying. For 10 liters of water, 0.5 mg of the drug is required.
Cypress does not need to be fed, but if the seedling is sick, you can try to feed it with special formulations containing magnesium. Organic feeding of cypress can be harmful, so it is better to refuse the use of mullein (manure).
Formative pruning is best done in early spring, so the plants will better tolerate the intervention. Shoots are cut no more than 1/3.
Broken branches can be trimmed in autumn or spring. Sanitary pruning involves pruning damaged, frozen and diseased branches.
Preparing for winter
Preparatory measures include mulching the tree trunk. Peat, sawdust, foliage or chopped needles are used as mulch.
Young trees need reliable crown cover. They are covered with burlap or agrofibre, and rewound with soft twine to avoid breaking branches from snow.
Evergreen pyramidal cypress can be propagated in several ways: using seeds or cuttings.
Propagation by seeds is long, so cuttings are more often used. It is advisable to use several cuttings for rooting at once, since the probability of rooting one cutting is low. For the rapid appearance of roots, it is recommended to use special compounds - growth accelerators.
Diseases and pests
Evergreen pyramidal cypress is characterized by increased resistance to diseases and pests. Its wood contains a lot of fungicides that prevent the development of spores and fungi, the aroma of needles repels most insects.
The yellowing of the foliage most often indicates improper care. With very dry air, the crown begins to turn yellow, spraying is required. Yellowing may be due to increased calcium content in the soil.
If the needles dry and crumble, then the site for planting is incorrectly selected. Excessive ultraviolet light can cause the needles to dry out. It is advisable to transplant the tree in partial shade.
Insect pests on cypress include scale insects and spider mites. To combat them, they use Aktellik, Aktara, Karbofos.
Pyramid cypress is a tall tree used for landscaping adjacent territories, parks, squares, and playgrounds. The seedling can be grown at home or purchased from a nursery.