How far apart to plant red maple trees
Learn How to Plant a Maple Tree With These Tips & Tricks – Perfect Plants Nursery
No other tree can outshine a maple when it comes to spectacular fall colors, shade production, and overall landscape beauty. Use these tips for planting a maple tree so you can get off to a great start this planting season.
Most of us are familiar with the large-growing varieties of maple trees and have probably enjoyed maple syrup from the Sugar Maple tree but there are many more varieties of maple trees growing in the United States.
Tall or short, shade or syrup producing, red or yellow, all maple tree varieties have a few things in common. The proper way to plant them is one of those common threads among the varieties.
Most Popular Maple Tree Varieties
Dwarf Japanese Maple Tree$ 29.99
Autumn Blaze Maple Tree$69.95
Brandywine Maple Tree$ 84.95
Bloodgood Japanese Maple Tree$ 104.95
Maple Tree Size Chart
|Tree||Light Requirements||Mature Height||Mature Width||USDA Hardiness Zone||Foliage Cycle||Annual Growth Rate|
|Dwarf Japanese Maple||Full Sun||15 Feet||15 Feet||5-9||Deciduous||3-6 Inches|
|Autumn Blaze Maple||Full Sun||40-55 Feet||30-40 Feet||4-8||Deciduous||2-4 Feet|
|Brandywine Maple||Full Sun||25-35 Feet||15-25 Feet||4-8||Deciduous||3 Feet|
|October Glory Maple||Full Sun||40-50 Feet||25-35 Feet||3-9||Deciduous||1-2 Feet|
|Bloodgood Japanese Maple||Full Sun||15-20 Feet||15-20 Feet||5-8||Deciduous||1-2 Feet|
|Red Emperor Japanese Maple||Full Sun||10-15 Feet||10-15 Feet||5-9||Deciduous||2-3 Feet|
|Red Maple||Full Sun||40-60 Feet||40 Feet||3-9||Deciduous||1-2 Feet|
Finding the right planting area for your maple tree is imperative for it to thrive. All varieties of maple trees grow best in well- drained soil that is slightly acidic and kept moist. These hardwood trees grow best in a full sun location with one exception – the Japanese Maple. The Japanese Maple tree is a smaller, ornamental variety of maple tree and grows best when planted in a location that will provide the tree with afternoon shade.Maple Tree Size
Height of a Maple Tree| Photo By Consider how large the tree will be when mature when selecting a planting site. A mature October Glory Red Maple will be 50-feet tall and have a spread of 35-feet. The Bloodgood Japanese Maples will be 15-feet tall and equally as wide when mature. All other maple varieties will mature to a size range somewhere between the Red and Japanese varieties, so consider that when planting.Maple Seeds & Cuttings
Young maple trees can be purchased ready to plant or can be started from either a seed or a cutting. Seeds mature in either spring to early summer or late fall, depending on the species. Cuttings are taken in mid-summer or early fall.
Seeds from the maple tree develop and fall off in spring or fall. The seeds are in little pods that float and spin their way down to the ground. Pods are officially called ‘nutlets’, but are commonly referred to as ‘helicopters’, ‘whirlygigs’ or many other fun names. Open the pod and remove seed or plant with pod intact.
Fill a small container with peat moss and press seed 1-inch down into the center of the container. Water seed and place entire container in a plastic bag and place in the refrigerator for 60 days. This is called ‘cold stratification’ and mimics what the seed would go through in nature before it germinates.
After the seed germinates, place the container in a sunny indoor location. Keep soil moist.
To start a new tree from a cutting, snip off a 4-inch branch tip from a young tree in mid-summer or early fall. Remove the leaves from the lower half of the stem and scrape off all the bark. Place the scraped end into a container of rooting medium, water well and place a plastic bag over the entire container.
Place container in a warm location but away from direct sunlight. In 2-4 weeks the cutting will develop roots. Remove the plastic bag when roots develop and place cutting in direct sunlight. Keep soil moist until ready to transplant tree outdoors.
When seedling or cutting reaches 6-8 inches tall transplant it into a container filled with good quality potting soil. The potting soil will provide the young tree with all of the nutrients needed until its time to transplant the maple tree outdoors.How to Plant a Maple Tree
Maple trees can be planted anytime except winter, but the ideal planting season for these beauties is spring or fall.
First you will need to dig a hole that is as deep as the container and 3-feet wide. Remove the sapling from the container and place it in the planting hole, making sure the soil line on the stem is even with the surrounding soil. If the root ball is buried too deep the roots may rot. Bloodgood Japanese Maple Backfill the hole with the removed soil, and gently tamp the soil as you are backfilling the hole to ensure there are no air pockets. Level the soil surface and water thoroughly.
Place 2-inches of organic mulch around the base of the trunk to help retain soil moisture. Straw or tree bark are good organic mulch products to use, since they will add nutrients to the soil as they decompose.Maple Tree Spacing
Maple trees need a lot of above-ground and below-ground space in which to grow. The root system of a maple tree can extend 4-5 times its height, but the trees can be planted closer together than that.
Space large growing red, yellow, and sugar maples 25-feet apart. The smaller growing varieties can be spaced about 10-feet apart. This will allow plenty of air circulation between the trees and minimal competition for soil nutrients.Maple Tree Fertilizer
Do not feed maple trees for the first two years to allow the tree to develop a strong root system instead of an abundance of branch growth.
Mulching with compost or organic matter in the second spring is all the food a maple tree will ever need. Feeding them after this will promote rapid growth that will create strong branches in the years to come.
How to Prune a Maple Tree
Maple trees can be pruned but only when a tree is dormant to prevent excessive sap loss. Tree sap will run freely from any cuts made to the tree during the growing season and could cause the tree to die.
Prune off any diseased or dead branches to keep the tree healthy, then trim it up to the desired size and shape.
We hope you found this blog on how to a plant maple tree useful and informative. Let us know your strategies and struggles in the comments below.
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How Far Apart To Plant Maple Trees - By Type Of Maple
Maple trees provide the well-known colors that come along with Fall. If you grew up in a location with four seasons, you probably jumped in a pile of Maple leaves at least once. These beautiful, large-leafed trees need space to reach their full potential, and the room required needs to be considered when planting. If you are picking out your Maple saplings or getting ready to sprout some seeds, you may be wondering how much room you need exactly. We researched the topic thoroughly to give you the typical distance between Maple trees and what other aspects to consider when planting.
When deciding on how far apart to plant trees, you should consider their expected canopy spread. Different species of Maples have varying space requirements. Smaller species should be at least 25 feet (ca. 8 m) apart, while larger species need to have closer to 40 feet (ca. 12 m) of space between them.
We have laid out the general space needed between plants, but there are other obstacles and characteristics to consider when plating your Maple trees. Read on as we discuss the role roots play in planting considerations and break down specific space requirements based on tree species.
How To Space A Maple Tree
Maple trees are a pretty addition to a landscape, create the best summer shade and produce a tasty syrup. To have the opportunity to enjoy what a Maple has to offer, appropriate planting and care need to be followed through. When you are planting a seedling, you need to keep in mind the width of the trunk and the height of the tree at full maturity.
The general rule of spacing Maple trees is that trees need to be planted at intervals that are the size of their leaf and root spread. If your species of Maple has an expected leaf spread of 40 feet (ca. 12 m), then your trees need to be planted with at least that distance between them. Spread them farther if you can or want to. More space away from other plants ensures your Maple tree will not have to compete with other plants.
Varying species of Maple trees will have different height and width ranges. When you decide on which species of Maple to plant, you should get familiar with their characteristics. This will help you determine the space they need and the care they will require of you. We will break down some of the most common Maples and what you should expect when planting.
How Much Space Does A Red Maple Need?
The Red Maple (Acer rubrum), also called the Swamp Maple, has been considered one of the most abundant trees in North America. This tree can grow 40 to 70 feet (ca. 21 m) tall and have a canopy spread of 30 to 50 feet (ca. 15 m). Ideally, Red Maples should be planted at least 40 feet (ca. 12 m) apart.
Red Maples have strong roots that can grow above the soil. Exposed roots can easily be damaged by lawn mowers or become a tripping hazard. This is important to keep in mind when planting. You'll want enough space away from sidewalks or other concrete fixtures as roots can raise these surfaces over time.
Learn more on our blog post: What Soil Is Best For Maple Trees?
How Far Apart To Plant Sugar Maple Trees?
This species of Maple is part of the lychee family, Sapindaceae. The Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) or Sweet Maple is the national tree of Canada and the state tree for at least four states in the USA. This tree typically reaches heights of 60-75 feet with a spread of 40-50 feet. To allow enough space and air circulation, you should plant Sugar Maples 35-50 feet apart.
Like most species of Maple, these trees love well-drained, deep soil. When you plant your tree, allow for enough space and make sure you pick a location with plenty of full sun. When your Sugar Maple has been well taken care of, you can expect them to flower in April and May, dropping their winged seeds.
Read more on our blog post: How Fast Does A Sugar Maple Grow?
How Much Space Does A Silver Maple Need?
The Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) is also known as a Soft Maple. This fast-growing tree can grow up to 50-80 feet and a width of 35-50 feet. You should give at least 40 feet (ca. 12 m) of space in between trees. Silver Maples have grown in a vase shape and become a primary food source for squirrels in the Spring.
The root system of a Silver Maple is noted to be quite extensive or massive. When planting this tree, you want enough space from one another as well as any housing, sewer lines, or concrete pavements. Why is it called the Silver Maple? If you flip a leaf over, you will notice the underside is a shade of silver.
How Far From A House To Plant A Maple Tree?
When planting a Maple, being too close to one another is not the only thing to worry about. With some species, their root systems can be extravagant, ranging several feet. This can disrupt homes, pavement, pipelines, and other structures that may be around the tree.
To keep structures protected and give the tree roots enough room to thrive, you need to provide enough space. Most trees should be planted at least 30 feet (ca. 9 m) away from your house to avoid roots bulging into your space. Like the Silver Maple, some larger species should be planted 100 feet (ca. 30 m) away from any building.
You can seek smaller species of Maples if you are looking to plant a little closer to your home. Species such as the Japanese Maple offer a less invasive root system and need far less space than most other species of Maple trees.
Can Maple Tree Roots Damage The Foundation?
Maple tree roots can damage the foundation, but some species are more likely than others to do so. Norway Maple trees and Silver Maples have been known to cause foundation damage. It is highly recommended to plant these trees far away from any structures to avoid potential damage.
It's hard to know what is going on beneath the ground. Learning about a specific tree's root system before planting can help you determine how much space they need and plan for possible issues. Some signs of foundation damage to look out for, such as cracks in the walls or warped floor surfaces.
Read more details on our blog post, Can Maple Tree Roots Damage Foundation?
Do Maple Trees Have Invasive Roots?
Certain species of Maple trees do have invasive roots and have become issues for many homeowners and garden enthusiasts. Both Norway Maples and Silver Maple trees are incredibly invasive. They have been reported to invade foundations, sewer lines, and other structures from over 90 feet (ca. 27 m) away.
When planting a tree with invasive roots, you should use extreme care and planning to avoid damaging its surroundings. Luckily, there are plenty of other species of Maples to plant that are just as beautiful and are not invasive. Some examples include Sugar and Red Maples.
Learn more on our blog post: Do Sugar Maple Trees Have Invasive Roots?
How Far Do Maple Roots Spread?
Maple trees have a root system that grows out versus down. This is why it is common to see exposed roots or roots that are nearing the surface of the soil. This adds to the effect these root systems have on buildings and their foundation. The length of root spread will vary with species of Maple. Keep in mind, the larger the tree, typically, the larger the root system.
On average, Maple roots will spread at least 25 feet (ca. 8 m) away from the tree. In extreme cases, large Maple roots have spread over 90 feet (ca. 27 m) away from the start of the tree.
Read more on our blog post: How Long Do Maple Trees Live [By Type Of Maple]
How far apart to plant your Maple trees will depend on the species you are working with. With every tree, think about the height, width, and canopy spread this tree will have at full maturity. These numbers often give you the answer as to how much space your tree will need.
When adding a tree to your landscape, avoid putting them too close to your home or any other structure you have in the yard. Invasive roots can damage foundations and interfere with piping or sewer lines. We hope you found this article insightful when it comes to planting some Maples of your own. Happy planting!
Looking for more landscaping ideas? Have a look at our blog post: 12 Types Of Pine Trees For Landscaping.
Red maple: planting and care, photo
- Planting and caring for red maple
An old maple knocks on the window, affably waving its leaves, palms, inviting us and friends for a walk. So habitual and familiar - “helicopters” and greenish-yellow crumbling flowers in spring, the gentle shadow of green giants in summer and a riot of colors in autumn. And like a break in the pattern, like a mockery of the very concept of "green spaces", a cheeky and peremptory chord in the calm harmony of lard is red maple.
Beet red, fiery, orange-scarlet, pink-plum - all the colors and shades of what we habitually and casually call red are mixed in this amazing gift of nature.
Red maple, or red-leaved, is one of more than one hundred and fifty species of plants belonging to the maple family. Red maple comes from Southeast Asia and has gained particular popularity in Japan, where it grows not only in open ground, but is also successfully cultivated in a pot culture, grown in tubs to decorate verandas, terraces and balconies.
Under the general name of red maple, or Japanese red maple, there are several types of maple with a characteristic leaf color. The most famous of them are Japanese red maple, Shirasavi maple and palm-shaped maple (fan maple or palm-leaved maple).
Red maple owes its beauty and exotic leaf color to a special biochemical composition characteristic of these trees. In addition to chlorophyll, which is known to provide green pigmentation, red maple is high in carotenoids, which produce yellows, reds, and oranges. In addition, there are a lot of anthocyanins in the cell sap of the plant, which color the foliage in purple and carmine colors, which harmonize so beautifully with the gray tint of the tree bark.
Incredibly beautiful leaves
The crown of red-leaved maples is usually found in a round or oval shape, sometimes in the form of a mushroom. The cut, finger-like leaves look like lace gloves. Everything in this plant is decorative - the foliage, which changes color saturation from spring to autumn, and the silver-gray bark, and even the delicate branches with leaves that have fallen in winter.
This beautiful ornamental plant is very hardy, but it does not like direct sunlight, drafts and frosts below -15 degrees. The ideal place for a red maple in a garden is a wind-sheltered area with mosaic lighting.
Plantings of red maple are used in "mountain" gardens, where they are harmoniously combined with dark perennial conifers. At the foot of tall varieties, reaching a height of four to five meters, perennial flowers are planted that do not require bright lighting. The umbrella crown creates a cozy shade in the corner of the rest, contrasting beautifully with the greenery of plants typical of the middle zone.
Planting and Caring for Red Maple
These red-leaved trees look very pretty in single or limited group plantings. When planting, it is necessary to maintain a distance between seedlings from one and a half to three and a half meters. A pit for planting is prepared with a depth of fifty to seventy centimeters. In the case of landing in a wetland, be sure to think about good drainage. When planting, the hole must be half filled with water and complex fertilizers must be applied to the soil.
Some varieties of red maple are specially bred by breeders for growing in tubs or containers. These plants do not exceed a height of one and a half meters. Maple is planted in clay or plastic pots in a lush, humus-rich soil made from equal parts compost, soddy soil, and peat. A plant grown in pots does not like excessive waterlogging of the soil. Watering red maples, both those that grow in tubs and those growing in open ground, must be combined with fertilization. The frequency of watering depends on the growing area and the weather. With a lack of watering, red maple plantings survive, but lose their decorative effect.
When caring for red maple, pruning is of the utmost importance. Maple does not require radical pruning, it is enough to file damaged and dry branches in a timely manner. It is also necessary to seal the environment and damage on the bark in a timely manner with the help of a garden pitch in order to protect the tree from pests and diseases. But this garden plant acquires a special decorative effect, having been in the hands, or rather in scissors, of a skilled gardener. Thanks to the haircut, the trees take on truly fantastic shapes, and in combination with the color of the foliage, this creates a fabulously beautiful result.
Red maple, like many other garden ornamental plants, is propagated by seeds and cuttings.
When choosing the method of propagation by cuttings, they are cut in autumn and added dropwise to the hole until spring. In the spring, overwintered cuttings are planted in pots with light soil mixed with sand.
When growing red-leaved maple, “helicopters” with seeds are harvested from seeds and kept in winter at a temperature of 0--3 degrees. In the spring, on the eve of planting, the seeds are soaked, and when they hatch, they are sown in holes to a depth of five centimeters. In summer, sprouted seedlings should be shaded and moderately watered. When the seedlings reach a height of 50-80 centimeters, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
Maple planting and care. How to grow maple in the country. -Landscape design studio
- Which maple to plant on the site
- Preparatory work before planting a tree
- Maple Planting and Care
Due to its extraordinary decorative effect and docile character, maple is often used in the landscape design of the Moscow region. Planting and caring for maple does not cause any particular difficulties, and the return from it is very high. The tree is undemanding to soils and endures frosts. And if in winter the young shoots freeze, in the spring it will grow new ones.
Landscape design studio STROY-GAZON offers you to create a design project for your site, as well as professionally perform planting and landscaping. 8 (916) 999-99-20
Elegant foliage attracts attention throughout the warm season. In spring, against the background of blossoming burgundy leaves, inflorescences of small bright yellow fragrant flowers stand out clearly. The grown leaves turn green and acquire the shape characteristic of each species and variety: five-fingered, carved, pointed. There are variegated forms of maples with variegated foliage. All summer long, against the background of maple greenery, bright red, pinkish, yellowish-green clusters of lionfish fruits stand out. In September, ripened seeds lose their brightness, but it is then that the leaves begin to change their color. In different species, they are scarlet, yellow, orange, pink, burgundy.
And even the trunks of these trees can be decorative. The bark of the Tatar maple is black, while the bark of the fan maple is greenish, light brown, beige. There are several varieties of serpentine maples. Their trunks are covered with an unusual "serpentine" pattern: alternating white and green or brown vertical stripes.
Maple tree planting and maintenance does not include cutting. This is one of the few trees that independently form a beautiful, dense, symmetrical crown. If the plant is not used in a green hedge, it does not need to be trimmed annually. The trunk grows even and slender, and the fertile shadow of the dense crown saves the surrounding area from the heat.
- Ginnala Maple
- Maple Globoza on a low trunk
- Maple Royal Red
Which maple tree to plant on the plot
Several dozen species and varieties of maple are used in landscaping plots. To make a spectacular hedge, you can plant a bush maple undersized on the site. In small areas, in rockeries, mini-gardens, trees about 3 m high are planted. If the area is large enough, the owner chooses large trees with a height of 10 m or more.
The most popular maple species:
- Far Eastern
- Holly or Sycamore
Shrubs or small trees:
- Bearded - up to 5 m
- Ginnala or Prirechny - up to 5 m
- Tatar - up to 7 m
- Ash-leaved - up to 7 m
- False sibolds - up to 8 m
Japanese garden maples - undersized, tiered, with asymmetrical crown and horizontal branching:
- fan or palmate
- Green bark
- Reddish Veined
Breeders divided almost every species into several varieties that differ in the color of foliage, shoots and bark, crown shape, and trunk height. After consulting with a specialist in a landscape studio, you can pick up and plant a maple tree in the country, which is optimal for it in size and shape.
Preparatory work before planting a tree
Before planting a maple tree on the site, you need to make sure that the grown tree will not become a problem in the future.
An open sunny area should be chosen for the tree in order to get a beautiful lush crown and be able to admire it. Spreading maple growing close to the house can greatly obscure the premises. Its shadow will be detrimental to sun-loving flowering perennials and shrubs.
The second possible inconvenience from maple is the numerous shoots of its seeds. They are carried by the wind and thrive in cultivated soil. If there are flowerbeds or beds in the immediate vicinity, you need to be prepared to deal with additional weeds.
It is possible to plant a maple on a permanent site at the age of 2-3 years, when the tree will show its varietal qualities and become an independent viable organism.
Maple loves fertile soil. If a sufficient amount of humus or compost is prepared for planting, the question of how to grow a maple tree strong and healthy will be resolved.
It is not difficult when and how to plant a maple so that it quickly takes root and gives growth. Maple with an open root system is planted in spring or autumn. A seedling grown in a container culture can be placed in a permanent place at any time of the year. It is better to plant a large-sized plant in winter, when the earth ball is guaranteed not to crumble from the roots.
- Maple Flamingo
- Maple Fassen Black
Planting and caring for maple
Planting and caring for maple starts at least 2-3 weeks before the purchase of the tree. Under the seedling, they dig a landing hole 70 cm deep in advance. The excavated earth is mixed with humus. If the soil is dense clayey, sand and peat are added to the planting soil. In areas flooded with groundwater, drainage from crushed stone and sand is arranged in a pit with a layer of at least 20 cm.
A stake is driven into the bottom of the pit, 100-150 g of mineral fertilizer is poured and partially filled with enriched earth mixture. The root system is freed from the strapping or container, placed on the poured soil so that its root collar rises 5 cm above the site. The roots are straightened and covered with the remnants of the earth, compacting with the foot. After watering the seedling with 10-20 liters of water, the soil will settle, the neck will drop to the edge of the pit. The tree is tied to a stake.
Maple planting and caring for the seedling on the first day are completed, if necessary, with partial pruning. In spring and summer, during the period of solar activity, a freshly planted tree should be shaded so that it does not expend energy on evaporation, but on the development of roots and shoots. You need to water the seedling monthly with 10 liters of water, and in hot summer - weekly.