How far apart to plant spruce trees
How Far Apart to Plant Evergreen Trees
Are you thinking on planting evergreen trees in your garden? Perhaps you should know how far apart to plant evergreen trees before you begin. Read the following article for details…
Anyone who has ever had the flair for gardening or watched their grandparents working in their gardens, will know that there are specific steps to planting trees, shrubs, hedge plants, and ornamental trees. Gardening isn’t just a hobby; proper skills are required and following the correct technique is necessary. While planting flower plants, ornamental grass, or any other type of plants and trees, the same concept is applied because it guarantees your garden will have beautiful blossoms and stays green for a longer time. And no wonder, there are so many tools and guidelines required to make any space into a garden.
Now, when you have to plant evergreen trees, proper care and planting instructions need to be followed. The reason – evergreen trees continue having leaves all year round, granted they are planted in temperate climates. After these trees have been planted properly, they seldom require constant attention; they are capable of growing themselves, without the need of constant care. Now evergreen trees don’t necessarily require highly nutritious soil to flourish, because these trees slowly grow new leaves throughout the year.
So, if you reside in a region where nutrients are low, planting evergreen trees is a good option because the leaves from the trees help in fertilizing themselves. As the leaves of the trees are rich in nutrients, when they fall to the ground, they inversely replenish the soil and protect the roots by acting like mulch. Since growing evergreen trees has many benefits, without you having to work too hard, what you need to know for the initial stages is – understanding the exact distance needed between two trees. Read the following section to find out more.
There are different types of evergreen trees. Which is why, before you select the area to plant them, decide which evergreen trees you’ll like to plant. This way, if there are any specific planting requirements (pertaining to that variety), you can follow them accordingly. What I mean by requirements is that you need to take the trees’ root system and crown growth into consideration. None of these factors should hinder trees planted next to each other. This is why it’s important to allow adequate spacing among evergreen trees.
- To make sure the root system has enough space to spread out and attach itself with the earth, dig the holes (not too deep) and keep the diameter two times bigger than the roots.
- We want the roots to penetrate deep into the soil and grow freely. Hence, use a shovel to scrape the edges of the holes.
- While planting saplings, don’t keep them close to one another. Even at this moment, their sizes aren’t that big; but once they grow, they will make the trees next to themselves weak. Also, the fight for adequate sunlight and nutrients will begin.
- Generally, you should keep evergreen trees about 10 to 12 feet far from each other. This way, the roots of each tree have enough space to penetrate in the soil and expand. However, certain evergreen trees can also be planted about 8 feet far from each other.
- If you have a larger space to plant evergreen trees, you can opt to plant them in rows as well. Depending on the number of trees to be planted, divide them equally into length of rows. While spacing one row to the other, keep the spacing ranging from 12 to 20 feet apart.
Now the spacing requirement applies to planting evergreen trees in a big garden or closer to buildings (like offices and homes). All you need to make sure is that the trees get ample sunlight, even partial sunlight is fine, and no buildings are hindering the sunlight.
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How Far Apart Should You Plant Blue Spruce Trees? – World of Garden Plants
Blue spruces are quite large trees and many gardeners make the mistake of planting them at a small distance from each other. In this article, you will learn all the necessary information about the proper placement of these trees.
You should plant a Blue Spruce at least 25-30 feet apart so it can develop properly. If possible, give it more space to get even better results.
This recommendation applies to the standard Blue Spruce (Picea pungens). While some varieties need a little less space.
Regular pruning allows the Blue Spruce to grow fairly close to other trees.
|Name||Planting distance (center to center)|
|Blue Spruce (Picea pungens)||25-30 ft (7.5-9 m) apart|
|Baby Blue Spruce||10-15 ft (3-4.5 m) apart|
|Fat Albert Blue Spruce||20 ft (6 m) apart|
|Hoopsii Blue Spruce||20 ft (6 m) apart|
You can also follow the universal rule that says that the distance between a tree and any other object should not be less than the width of the crown of the tree at maturity.
How close to a house can you plant Blue spruce?
You can plant a Blue Spruce as close as 25 feet from the house, but no less. In this case, the tree will have plenty of room to develop. In addition, the roots will also have room to grow and absorb minerals.
But if you can, plant the Blue Spruce as far away from the house as possible so there is no shade from the house. Even if you plant it far enough away from the building, the tree may not be comfortable because the house can shade it.
As a result, the tree may have enough room to grow but not enough sunlight. Blue spruce is a sun-loving tree and the more sun it gets the more blue the needles will be and the thicker the crown will be.
For more on this tree’s sunlight needs, see How Much Sun Does A Blue Spruce Tree Need?
Can Blue spruce tree roots damage the foundation?
In theory, Blue Spruce roots could damage the foundation. But that’s if the tree grows too close to it.
However, it is unlikely to happen in reality because the root system needs a lot of force to do damage. The crown of the tree must be very large to provide a powerful root system.
Since spruce branches grow horizontally, they are more likely to bore into walls and windows than roots into foundations. This means that you have to deal with the above-ground part of the spruce before you have to deal with the roots.
What if you plant Blue spruce too close together?
If your spruce is growing too close to trees or other objects you need to solve this before the spruce is too big. There are several ways to fix the issue.
If your Blue Spruce is up to 7 feet tall you can move it yourself to a place where there is more free space. But if the tree is larger, use the services of a landscaping company.
For transplanting to be successful, do it only in early spring before the tree wakes up. When digging out, avoid severely damaging the roots. The larger the root ball, the easier it will be for the tree.
Plant the tree in its new location and water it with a few gallons. Place a shading net over the spruce for the hot months in the year of transplanting. Be sure to mulch the root zone with organic matter to prevent the soil from drying out quickly.
The second way to solve the problem of too dense a planting is to reduce the size of the spruce.
You can cut back the young shoots of spruce by half each year and the growth rate will slow down considerably. This way you get a compact tree that can grow in a very small area.
The main thing is not to cut off branches that are more than two years old because they will not grow back and there will be a hole. Cut only the young, soft shoots in the spring or summer. As a result, the spruce will be more dense and compact.
Use only sharp tools for pruning. Before working, treat it with alcohol. It is better to prune in dry weather to avoid the infection of fungal disease.
Removing the lower branches of the Blue Spruce frees up a lot of space around and underneath it. In addition, the width of the crown is reduced, allowing the spruce to grow closer to other trees or objects.
By removing 1-2 lower tiers of branches you will get a lot of free space and reduce the size of the spruce. But the appearance of the spruce will change, it will no longer have a classic conical shape. This is described in more detail in the article Trimming bottom branches of Blue Spruce.
It is possible to grow other plants under such spruce but they will need special care. Coral Bells or hostas are best suited for this purpose.
You need to check the soil moisture as often as possible and water as soon as it is 2 inches dry. Also, be sure to feed the plants under the spruce with a slow-release multipurpose fertilizer.
How far from a fence or septic tank should you plant Blue spruce?
You must plant Blue Spruce as far as 20 feet from both the fence and the septic tank.
In the case of a fence, the spruce needs enough space to grow and get plenty of sunlight. If the distance is short, the spruce may not grow properly.
In addition, if the spruce grows too close to the fence the air exchange around its crown will deteriorate. As a result, fungal diseases will affect the tree much more often, and you will have to deal with the preventive treatment of the needles and branches.
If we’re talking about a septic tank, there needs to be enough distance as well. Even though the roots are not very deep and aggressive, it is better if the distance is maintained. It is necessary so that the roots do not block the normal functioning of this device.
Read more: Planting And Caring For Blue Spruce
What Distance to Plant Trees
Why is it important to respect the distance to plant trees?
We all know at least in general the structure of a tree. This is the central part - the trunk, from which the crown goes up, and down - the root system. The main reason why it is important to maintain distances is your safety and the integrity of various structures.
In the process of growth and development, a tree with its powerful roots can damage the pavement of a path or driveway, the foundation of a fence and other buildings, and if it is a light wooden building (shed, utility block, etc.), then the roots can even lift it.
Close proximity to power lines is dangerous for many reasons . For example, a strong gale-force wind can knock down a tree and it will fall onto the line, causing the wires to break. And this is an emergency.
In addition, your neighbors will not be very happy about the lack of electricity, which was due to your neglect of the rules for planting trees. An overgrown crown will also be a hindrance, as it will cling to the wires with branches. This is also a violation of the safety of the operation of power lines.
A tree that grows very close to the walls and windows of building can interfere with fire fighting and fire engines. In addition, the branches will obscure the sunlight, which will lead to a violation of the insolation of the premises.
It should also be taken into account that various communications are laid in the ground . And how can you, for example, repair a water pipe if necessary, if a tree grows on it or very close to it? It will have to be cut down, and it will also turn out that the water supply has broken due to strongly overgrown powerful roots.
It is well known that plants are a very strong living organism.
From the above, it is clear that it is very important to keep the distance for planting trees.
At what distance should trees be planted from landscape and architectural objects?
Landscaping your site is no less responsible business than building a house.
There are many things to consider when planting green plants.
Today we will look at how far to plant trees from various objects, as well as from each other, depending on the species.
At first glance, this issue may seem insignificant and does not require attention, but it is not.
In the article we will explain the importance of this moment, and also tell you what the neglect of existing norms can result in.
At what distance should trees be planted from each other and from various structures?
In order for landscape objects to remain intact, it is necessary to exclude, if possible, the risk of damage to them by trees. For this, minimum distances must be observed.
Thus, a tree must grow no closer than 5 m (from external walls) from a house and other structures, and it must not obscure windows and impede the passage of a fire truck. This will also save the foundation.
Which is better: underfloor heating or batteries?
1.5 m from the edge of the path . If there is a mast or lighting network support on the site, then a distance of at least 4 m must be set aside from it.
In addition, not all areas have even surfaces. Sometimes the relief is very steep, there are slopes and terraces. 1 m must be retreated from their base, and 3 m from the retaining walls (from the inner edge).
From the gas pipeline, sewerage and lighting cable, the tree should grow at a distance of 1.5 m or more. From the heat pipeline, water supply, communication cable, as well as the power cable, at least 2 m must be retreated.
It is also important to correctly plant a tree in relation to the border of the plot . Imagine a picture when a sprawling apple tree that grows right next to the fence hung its branches to a neighbor. After all, this is already reason enough to quarrel.
Therefore, in order not to interfere with your neighbors, and to keep the foundation of the fence from destruction by roots, plant a tree from the fence at a distance of 2.5-3 m. area boundaries.
The optimal distance between the trees must also be observed . Their decorative state, fertility and health will depend on this. How far from the place? Let's give an example: a pine tree in a forest and a pine tree in a field.
In the first case, these are tall trees, elongated in the vertical direction, with bare trunks and a small sparse crown at the top. This appearance is associated with a dense planting, where there are about 2 m between them. The trees are crowded, they fight for sunlight, reach for it, and try to place their crowns higher.
But the pine in the field will have a very beautiful and decorative look. She has no one to compete with, all the sunlight goes to her, so she has a thick, wide crown and short stature.
So it is in your area. Try to plant fruit trees further away from each other (5 m or more) , because fruits need a lot of sunlight to ripen. Shade-tolerant species can be planted close enough to each other - 2-3 m. And some low species with a narrow crown (thuja, yew, cypress, ornamental spruce) can be planted at a distance of 1 m.
If you decide to plant oak, decorative maple, willow on the site, try to place them alone or at a great distance from other plants. After all, their decorative effect is in a spreading crown, which needs a lot of space.
How to plant a spruce on your plot: choose the time and place
Any gardener would like to plant something original on his plot. And to plant not for the season, but so that the new green pet settles down in its place and pleases the eye for many years. This also applies to all kinds of spruce.
This coniferous beauty is not so often seen on plots - people do not dare to plant it, either because of a small area where it will look strange, or because of superstition. However, those who have already done so assure that planting spruce was the right decision. For those who doubt or seriously plan to acquire a thorny and fragrant tree on their hundred square meters, we will tell you how to securely plant.
Simplicity and beauty (video)
In fact, planting a Christmas tree on your site is hardly more difficult than any other tree. It is only important to follow the rules and do everything with love, then the result will come. Not only that, with proper care, the spruce will grow into a real beauty, but with its aroma, it will purify the air of toxins and microbes, making your stay in the summer cottage even more pleasant.
This will especially please those who like to walk in the woods, but do not have the opportunity to go there often.
Christmas tree under the snow in winter. So what do you think? At least for the sake of this, it is worth planting this green joy on the plot
For this method, we need a two-year-old tree seedling, organic fertilizers, dry sawdust as mulch, sand as drainage material, stake and rope. It makes no sense to mention a shovel and a watering can - it should be by default.
- First you need to find a two-year-old tree seedling. The easiest way to buy it in a nursery, where the business is put on a grand scale, and the reputation is impeccable. Usually large nurseries with many years of experience are just the right place to buy. If you do not want to spend money on a seedling, but among your friends or acquaintances there are gardeners or foresters, ask them for help - they will tell you where it is better to look for and dig out a tree of interest. And the forester will also dig it out himself, observing all the rules.
Fortunately, spruce is a rather unpretentious plant, and in our latitudes it is possible to grow both ordinary spruce and Canadian, blue and others.
- When buying or digging, the seedling must be with an earthen clod. At what distance to weld the hinges on the gate? A plant with a root system in a container is just what you need. If the roots are freed from the soil, check them - the white tips indicate that everything is in order with the plant.
- The end of April - the beginning of May is the best time for planting spruce. At this time, her kidneys are still in a dormant state, and the tree will endure the transplant process much easier. Also, spruces are often planted in late August - early September, when their roots are actively growing.
There is an opinion that it is better to plant blue spruce in winter for the best adaptation of its root system to a new place, however, the time given in this article is suitable for transplanting any type of spruce, whether blue, Canadian or any other.
By the way, there is a category of gardeners who claims that spring planting is the only correct period for replanting spruce, autumn transplanting will not lead to anything good.
- The pit for planting the seedling needs to be prepared two more weeks in advance. For a two-year-old seedling, it is usually a meter deep and 60-70cm in diameter. Pour a mixture of compost and humus into the pit along with bone meal and needles. Many gardeners recommend applying mineral fertilizers in the spring, when the tree is already well rooted.
- Place a seedling on top of the fertile soil poured into the pit. The root ball should fit freely in the hole. It is recommended to carefully spread the roots before backfilling the earth. How far apart should trees be planted? Before backfilling, the tree is slightly raised and the pit is covered with earth. It is important to tamp the earth with high quality, so that when it settles and compacts, the seedling does not settle with it. The root neck of the seedling should always be at ground level.
- After the Christmas tree is planted, it is recommended to dig a peg next to it and tie the plant to it. Around the seedling, you need to create an earthen roller and fill the interior with sawdust. The Christmas tree needs to be well watered - this is done not only to quench the thirst of the plant, but also to get rid of air cavities in the ground after planting.
Although a planted Christmas tree needs a lot of moisture, it is not worth overdoing it - if the earth is clay, it should be mixed with sand or simply drained from the sand so that the water does not stagnate in the roots.
How to water and care
If in the first weeks after planting the spruce needs abundant watering, then in winter the situation is different - mother nature will do everything for you. In summer, the Christmas tree needs to be watered like any other plant, especially in hot, dry weather.
The height of the tree can be limited according to your wishes . This is done due to the impact on its top. The upper shoots are twisted as they appear, and the entire supply of nutrients is distributed over the remaining crown.
So the Christmas tree will be slender and fluffy and stop shedding needles from the lower branches.
Just like other conifers, spruce can be cut to your liking if you want to achieve an unusual shape
The subtleties of transplanting
If you want to shade some part of the site - better than spruce, you are unlikely to be able to find anything
There are some interesting points that should be considered when planting a Christmas tree on your site:
- If the spruce is small, decorative, it can be planted not far from the house. But if we are talking about common spruce, then you need to remember about its superficial root system, which will take moisture from other plants. Such a tree is best planted outside the site. However, if you want to see the Christmas tree closer to home, you will have to cut its roots every year;
- If you want to increase the chance of a tree surviving, then when digging it in the forest, orient yourself to the cardinal points and, in accordance with them, plant spruce on your site.
One way to get a Christmas tree on the site is to dig it in the forest, the main thing is to do it carefully
Before choosing a planting site, discuss this issue with your neighbors. Spruce will grow over time and should be at a safe distance from the neighbor's house and not cause inconvenience to anyone.
Try to keep the spruce away from the house, unless of course it is a low-growing variety that performs decorative tasks on the site. An ordinary Christmas tree is a solid tree, it grows in its place up to 250-300 years and can grow up to 20 meters in height. Given that this tree is one of the windfall trees, largely due to its superficial root system, a planting site should be chosen no closer than twenty meters from the house.
Coniferous beauty loves illuminated places, so in an open space, fully illuminated by the sun, she will show herself in all her glory. However, this can play a trick on other plants that may fall into her shadow. Therefore, when choosing a place, carefully consider such trifles as the direction of the sun and the location of the tree relative to other fruit and vegetable crops.
Photo-gallery of different varieties of spruces
Your actions and efforts will determine how quickly and well the seedling will take root on the site. But the quality of the planting material is also important, as well as the climatic conditions and how fertile the soil (it must be slightly acidic or have a neutral reaction) at the landing site. If all the conditions are met, a new green inhabitant will appear on your site, who will delight you with its needles and a pleasant forest aroma for many years.
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Planting blue spruce - advice from Greensad
If you decide to decorate your dacha or country house with blue spruces, you need to do it according to all the rules and very carefully. It is impossible to grow spruce on any soil that came to hand. For example, spruce should not be grown in a place where corn, potatoes, tomatoes, and other vegetable crops have recently grown. The soil after these crops is often infected and can provoke infection of spruce seedlings with a fungus of the Fusarium genus. There are certain rules for planting this coniferous plant.
The choice of soil for planting seedlings depends on the type of blue spruce. For large varieties, very nutritious soil is needed, but for undersized spruces it will not work, an excess of nutrients will not allow the crown to form properly, and the tree will stretch too far up. It is undesirable to plant blue spruce in calcareous soils. If there is such a soil on the site, it should be acidified before planting. The acidifying agents may be ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride or ammonium sulfate. But you need to do everything in moderation, otherwise you risk ruining the plant, spruce prefers slightly acidic soil. The surest remedy is to apply ahead of time to the site where the blue spruce will be planted with the soil of their coniferous forest, and in large quantities. In addition to the fact that this soil has the right acid value, it is also populated with beneficial fungi - mycorrhiza, which will help your tree absorb nutrients from the soil.
Don't forget good drainage. Blue spruce does not tolerate long standing water. Drainage can be the most common: broken brick or rubble, at least 20 cm thick. This will prevent the roots from getting wet and rotting during especially rainy periods. In addition to excessive wetting of the soil, drying out was detrimental to the root system.
Trees cannot be planted too close. The most successful is the distance between blue spruce seedlings of 2-3 meters. If a transplant is necessary, it can be done during the rest period.
Blue spruces for planting should only be selected with a closed root system (plant in a container) and only in garden centers.
Experts consider 55-65 cm to be the most optimal planting depth for blue spruce. This value is common for all types of spruce. Although it is more correct to focus on the size of the earthy coma that surrounds the root system. If we consider the ideal option for each tree, there are the following recommendations: the pit should be 25 cm deeper and 25 cm wider than the root ball. When planting, you need to loosen the ground in a hole by 10 cm.
When planting coniferous plants, it is worth remembering that in no case should the root collar be buried under the ground. It must remain at ground level. Immediately after planting, it is necessary to water the blue spruce seedling abundantly, pouring from 10 to 20 liters of water, depending on the size and age of the seedling. After all the water has been absorbed, or the next day, it is necessary to mulch the trunk circle. Sprinkle around peat, sawdust or compost with a total layer of about 7 cm. This fact should be paid close attention to when planting blue spruce, especially in autumn. Approximately at intervals of 3-4 years, after the snow melts, in the spring it is necessary to feed the root system of the tree with fertilizers. But this must be done carefully and in no case overdo it. Categorically do not use manure and nitrogen fertilizers. They can cause the tree to grow strongly, and by winter its wood will not mature and be damaged by frost.
Try to plant spruces in open places, because this plant loves the sun very much. Although the first 3 years, young seedlings must be shaded to avoid burns of young needles. By the way, the most insidious time in this regard is the end of winter - the beginning of spring. The fact is that the ground under the tree is still deeply frozen and the root system is not able to deliver moisture to the needles. At the same time, the sun is already shining brightly and literally dries up the needles, which then (in May) crumble and the tree loses its attractiveness. After planting, it is necessary to tie the plant to a stake driven into the ground, a fence or other support so that a strong wind does not twist your seedling out of the ground.
Growing blue spruce from seeds and cuttings
But you can plant not only a blue spruce seedling, but also seeds and cuttings and also get an excellent result. If you decide to grow blue spruce from seed, be patient and expect that only 30% of the seedlings will be blue. And preparations should begin a few months before landing. From winter cones, you need to remove the seeds and prepare them. Seeds need to be soaked for a day in water or a pink solution of potassium permanganate. After soaking, the seeds are subjected to stratification under snow or in the refrigerator. This contributes to the hardening of the plant in the future. Seeds should be planted in loose sandy soil to a depth of 1 cm. After 20-25 days, shoots can be seen. Sow seeds should be subject to frost: seedlings should sprout after the end of frost. Sow the seeds should be thick enough, thin out the seedlings so that there is a distance of at least 15 cm between them.
Planting cuttings gives 100% results in terms of similarity to the mother plant. The most suitable time for harvesting cuttings is the spring period, around the end of April, when the expansion of the covering scales of the buds begins and the green cone advances. The stalk is “peeled off” from the mother plant, always with a “heel”. Harvesting should be done in cloudy weather, early in the morning or late in the evening. Harvested cuttings need to be treated with substances to root and create a good root system. Rooting is done in a greenhouse. The cuttings need to be planted in a greenhouse, at an angle of 30 degrees to a depth of 1 cm and at a distance of 5 cm. After the cuttings are planted, they need to be covered with a film, and covered with gauze or burlap to darken it.