How far apart to plant willow trees
Willow Planting Instructions -
GROWING WILLOW SUCCESSFULLY DEPENDS ON FIVE MAIN FACTORS
Site Location: Preparation: Weed Control: Spacing: Planting:
An open sunny site where willow will grow well, it prefers good moisture retentive soils ( with good drainage ) which remain damp all year round as willow thrives in such conditions. It will grow well in a wide variety of soils and is fairly tolerant with regard to soil pH. We grow on a loamy clay with a pH of 6.2 – 7.0 approx.
NB The colour of the willow will vary slightly depending upon the soil type and pH value.
CAUTION DO NOT plant WILLOW close to buildings, walls, stone structures, drains & septic tanks where their roots may cause damage, as willow needs plenty of water and the roots actively seek it. We suggest a planting distance of 1.5 times the maximum height that the plant will be allowed to grow. This applies to cuttings, whips, rods and trees, especially the more vigorous varieties.
The soil should be free from grass weeds and other vegetation, this can be achieved either spraying overall with a contact or translocated herbicide or better still removing them by hand. The site needs to be cultivated to a minimum of 25.cm to provide a good free soil structure for the new willows to become established. It is advisable at this time to add some organic material at this time to give the willow a ready source of nutrients.We use organic farm yard manure.
Salix ( Willow) is in general is a vigorous species, however during the first two or three years it is important to minimize competition from weeds giving the new plants time to become established. There are four principal weed control alternatives:
Hand Weeding on small scale planting using a hoe is practical however it is time consuming which needs to be undertaken on a regular basis throughout the growing season and can be demanding.
Mowing is also an option for large plantings as it controls weeds between the rows and the clippings can be left behind as a form of mulching. This system increases the amount of natural insect life to thrive many of which are beneficial.
Mulching by using either landscape fabric or heavy grade silage sheeting, the landscape fabric has the advantage of letting rain water penetrate as well as near 100% weed control. Both materials are black and speed up the process of soil warming in spring. This method has the advantage of giving an early boost to spring growth as well as good moisture retention throughout.
Choice of spacing depends upon the vigour of the variety chosen and the size of the rods you want to produce and almost every grower will give slight variations dependent on their personal experience.
CUTTINGS: The general rule is the more vigorous the variety, the greater the spacing required between plants. For larger scale planting we use row widths 30 – 45 cms ( 12-18 inches ) with cuttings spaced between 30-50 cm ( 12-20 inches ) apart. However for planting in the garden these spacings can be much more flexible.
LIVING RODS: Spacing of approx.15 cm ( 6 inches ) is about average, however this can be greater or smaller depending on the type of structure and personal choice.
The best time for planting is from the middle of November until early April.
CUTTINGS: The cuttings we supply are 25-30 cm (10-12 inches ) in length and should be planted with the triangular shaped buds pointing upwards with at least three buds showing above ground level, which is on average 5 cm ( 2 inches ).
Make a vertical hole in the bed with a metal spike with a diameter at least equal to the cutting and to a depth of approx 25 cm ( 10 inches ). If planting through plastic etc. the spike will punch a hole through the sheet / fabric, thus leaving virtually no gap for weeds to grow through. Push the cutting into the ground first leaving a minimum of three buds showing
( about 5 cm ) 2 inches and firm the soil around it. If you are using mulch remember to allow for the depth of the mulch.
Everything You Need to Know About Weeping Willow Trees
Weeping willow trees have long been prized for their delicate, weeping branches that graze the ground with fluttering, silver-tinged leaves. Their form flows into a pleasing, round canopy. Not only do they provide food for rabbits and deer, their branches are ideal for nesting birds. Weeping willows do very well planted near water, where they can prevent soil erosion.
Weeping Willow Trees at a Glance
- Classic, graceful shape
- Help prevent soil erosion
- Tolerate many soil types
- Leaves turn warm yellow in the fall
- Provides excellent shade
- Prone to pest issues
Weeping willow trees are famed for their dramatic, elegant appearance. Their long, graceful branches “weep” into an arch, creating a round canopy that grazes the ground gently. Their narrow leaves are light green on top, with silvery undersides until they turn yellow in autumn. The bark is rough, gray, and ridged. Yellow flowers bloom in late winter or spring.
Weeping willow trees grow to be 30-50 feet tall, with a spread of roughly 30-40 feet.
|Appearance||Graceful, ground-sweeping branches form a rounded shape. Long, narrow, light-green leaves with silvery undersides that turn yellow in fall. Yellow flowers in late winter/spring|
|Hardiness Zones||Zones 4-10|
|Type of tree||Deciduous|
|Sunlight requirements||Full sun to partial shade|
|Soil composition||Widely adaptable, but prefers slightly acidic, well-draining, and moist soil|
USDA Hardiness Zones indicate the regions where different plants grow best, depending on their lowest winter temperatures. Weeping willows thrive in Zones 4-10, across most of the country.
Choose a growing site that receives full sun to partial shade, with moist, well-draining, slightly acidic soil. Pull any weeds and remove any turfgrass and debris. Do not plant near any underground power lines or sewers, since weeping willows have very long roots.
Dig a whole twice the width of your root ball, but about the same depth. Take the root ball out of the container and gently tease apart its roots, then place it in the middle of the hole. Backfill the hole with soil halfway, then pour 2 gallons of water into it. Finish filling the hole with soil, tamping down lightly to remove any air bubbles.
Weeping willow trees grow very well when planted near water, such as ponds or streams.
Weeping willow trees can thrive in full sun to partial shade, and are tolerant of many soil types.
Sun and shade
Weeping willow trees flourish in full sun to partial shade, meaning they need at least four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day.
Weeping willows are tolerant of many soil types, including alkaline, loamy, sandy, and clay soils. However, their preference is for moist, well-draining, slightly acidic soils. If your soil is too alkaline, you can make it more acidic by amending it with sulfur.
You need to water your weeping willow weekly for the first year after planting. Afterwards, you only need to water it enough so that the soil doesn’t dry out. You can test this by sticking your index finger into the surrounding soil. If the top two inches don’t feel moist, you need to water.
In general, weeping willows do not need fertilizer to grow healthy and hardy. If your weeping willow tree’s leaves are looking pale, you can apply a balanced fertilizer, with an NPK ratio of 20-20-20, in spring.
For best growth, prune your weeping willow when it is young, cutting it so that there is one central leader. Snipping back all branches in late winter or early spring is advisable, because it will encourage new branch growth and invigorate your tree.
Disease and pest issues
Weeping willows are susceptible to willow scab, willow blight, black canker, fungi, powdery mildew, root rot, and more. Pest issues include aphids, gypsy moths, and borers. Targeted spraying can help alleviate this issue.
Frequently Asked Questions
Where should I plant them?
Weeping willow trees do best when planted in areas that receive full sun to partial shade, in slightly acidic, moist soil. They should only be planted in Hardiness Zones 4-10.
How far should I plant one from my house?
Make sure to plant your weeping willow at least 50 feet away from your house.
Do they have problems?
Weeping willows can have lots of pest and disease issues, and they can invade underground pipes and powerlines.
Are all willow trees weeping?
No, some of them have more traditional shapes.
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How to plant willow - weeping and white
Willow - can be tree-like and shrubby.
Willow is called willow, vine, talba and willow. She has flexible branches from which you can weave various crafts.
Shrub willow is planted in the plots because the tree grows and can cover fruit trees, ornamental shrubs and berry bushes.
Therefore, a tree can be planted if the plot is large. Or next to the site, at a distance not covering the plants.
Willow purple Pendula (Pendula)
Willow whole-leaved Pendula (Pendula)
Popular landscape willow species
Willow provides a backdrop for many ornamental shrubs and enhances the beauty of the site and landscape views. She has many species - more than 300. Tall species and shrubby - these are the two main types of willows. Tall willows are planted near ponds, in city parks, in city gardens.
Shrub willows are planted on plots to create beautiful landscape views. They can serve as a background for other bushes, and be the center of the composition. So, what kind of willows are used in the landscape of the cottage.
Whole-leaved willow Haruko H ikishi - shrub 3 m high, with spreading branches. It has a wide trunk at the base, tapering upwards. The leaves are elongated, oblong, yellow in autumn. The branches grow upwards, always in such a way that a ball is formed. The bark of the whole-leaved willow is gray-green, turning gray with age. There are varieties with drooping branches. The flowering of this species of willows is fragrant.
Curvy Willow Matsudana - an exotic tree species, it has sinuous branches that form a fabulous tree look, the leaves are also twisted and sinuous. It is caused by a thickening that occurs on the shoots at the very beginning of growth. Willow looks fabulous and colorful throughout the year.
It needs to be trimmed because the height is not set and the shape is also not set. From it you can form bonsai, and standard trees. Curved branches look very nice when composing bouquets. Yellow flowers are not very pretty.
Creeping willow - shrubs grow up to a height of only 1 m, sometimes not even up to this height. the crown spreads in different directions up to 1.5 m wide.
There are a lot of leaves, they are fluffy and voluminous and form something like a pillow, due to the high foliage. There are a lot of side shoots, and they grow very actively. The leaves are oblong, elongated, green above, silver below, soft and pubescent.
Purple willow - low shrub, ideal for landscaping. absolutely undemanding in care. Needs shaping. After pruning, it keeps its shape perfectly for several years.
Shrub height - 2 m. All branches are deep red. Leaves with a lilac tint color - green. From below, the leaves are gray, narrow, long - 15 cm. Purple earrings grow in it, thanks to which the willow is called that. As soon as the leaves bloom, the flowering begins immediately.
Dwarf willow - small willow is one of the undemanding plants. Height - from half a meter to a meter. It grows on dry soil in the south, in moist soil and in rocky soil.
Does not tolerate heat, dries quickly, needs watering. She has small leaves, a lot of them grow, as well as side shoots. Because of this growth, it takes root perfectly in rockeries and on alpine slides. Lateral shoots creep.
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How to plant a weeping willow
Since the weeping willow is a completely independent tree, it is best to plant separately, or calculate planting for landscaping, so that the tree takes its place.
The best soils are loamy and sandy. If you want, then humus, biohumus can be added to the pit during planting. Grow will be more magnificent and better. To avoid watering your willow too often, choose moist soils. Willow propagates by cuttings or ready-made seedlings can be planted. Cuttings grow quickly.
Cuttings are cut in March, before the start of sap flow. The twigs should be young, flexible, just such will be perfectly accepted. Cuttings are cut not from the base, but from the middle of the branch. The length of the cuttings reaches 30 cm.
The cuttings are placed in the water in the room and wait until the roots grow. It is necessary to plant cuttings in the ground when they have a good root system. Plant in the spring when the snow has melted and the soil is warm enough. The size of the pit should be half a meter - width, height, depth. This is for a stunted willow.
For a tall willow, make a larger hole - up to 70 cm in all respects. The soil needs to be saturated with fertilizers and humus. Definitely needs to be watered.
The soil is loosened to facilitate air access. The root of the cutting is placed at the bottom of the pit and buried. After planting, the willow is watered once a week.
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Willow care in the country house
If the summer is hot, the willow should be watered regularly. It is better to do this abundantly so that the soil remains moist, even after a while. they love moist soil and the soil should remain moist at all times. This moisture must be maintained. It is very good to pour water also on the crown of the tree.
The willow also needs to be cut. But this does not apply to tall trees. Trim only low-growing trees. The first two years, the willow is not sheared, only growth is monitored. If all is well, then the willow should be cut in the spring before flowering or after flowering has ended. Better after flowering.
Cut off frozen branches, broken branches, branches with manifestations of the disease on the branches. You need to cut to fit the shape into which you form the tree. Cut off by 10 cm, after the cuts, side shoots begin to grow more actively at the willow.
Willow hybrid Ideal (Ideal)
Willow Matsudana Erythroflexuosa (Erythroflexuosa)
Diseases and pests of willow
The most common diseases of willow are scab, rust, spotting. These are fungal diseases. They arise from high humidity in a rainy summer. To avoid them, you need to treat the tree with fungicides in the spring.
Branches of drooping willows must not touch the ground. Since fungal spores hibernate in the ground among the foliage, which was not removed in the fall. If you do not remove dirt, leaves, humus, and do not cut the branches so that they do not touch the ground, then the trees can become infected. When you find infected branches, delete them. Process the cut.
Pests are also found on the willow. For example, caterpillars of the willow silkworm can eat a tree so much that it loses its decorative appearance.
Clusters of pests found on branches should be removed. Larvae and butterflies must be collected and destroyed. To prevent aphids from appearing, the willow should be sprayed with insecticides once a year - either in autumn or spring.
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planting and care, important recommendations in 2022 at GoodGrunt
- Features: sophistication and unpretentiousness
- Growing: 100% survival rate
- Planting: moving to the lawn couldn't be easier
For garden owners, planting willow will be the solution to many problems. With its help, you can strengthen the banks of streams and ponds, make a beautiful frame for the paths, grow a hedge and even a gazebo. For lovers of bonsai technology, the tree will serve as an object for using their creative possibilities - its crown is easily amenable to decorative pruning. When grown as a bush, willow looks great in group plantings.
Features: sophistication and unpretentiousness
The difference between the globular willow and many other plants is the possibility of planting in places where groundwater accumulates. The resistance of its roots to the occurrence of rot in an environment of high humidity is used by the owners of lowland garden plots for landscaping the territory. The tree grows well in deciduous mass even in partial shade, but prefers to grow in places that are well lit by the sun. The dense fastening of the leaves to the petioles allows cultivation in open windy areas.
Tip! Further care of the tree will be greatly facilitated if it is planted on a site flooded by groundwater. The entire summer period can be dispensed with without watering.
The spherical willow differs from other types of willow in the arrangement of gray branches - they do not droop during growth, but rush upwards. The main mass of emerald pointed leaves is located on the upper shoots of the crown, resembling a three-dimensional ball. When growing shrubs, gardeners leave several main thick shoots, and if they want to get a miniature tree, they remove all branches except for one central one. It will form the future crown.
Growing: 100% survival rate
Globular willow is propagated by seeds only by those gardeners who have nowhere to take cuttings. In spring, the plant is covered with many fluffy light clouds, this is exactly what its inflorescences look like. Ripened seeds are difficult to collect; at the slightest breath of wind, they are carried throughout the district. In addition, after a few days, the seeds are not suitable for germination.
Tip! It must be borne in mind that an adult tree can grow up to 6-7 m in height. If it was planned to grow a compact specimen during planting, then care is needed with regular pruning of shoots in spring to a length of up to 0. 5 m.
To prevent the cuttings from growing roots, you need to try very hard - willow easily takes root in water or wet sand. Before the start of sap flow, annual shoots are cut off and cuttings 30-40 cm long are cut. Each of them should have from 3 to 6 healthy buds. Further actions:
- Oblique sections of shoots are dried and sprinkled with crushed coal.
- Prepare containers of calcined river sand.
- Plant cuttings at a distance of 10-20 cm from each other.
- Abundantly moisten the sand.
At room temperature, willow seedlings will begin to grow in a month. Care for them consists only in periodic watering. The best time to plant is in early spring, once the topsoil has thawed. But even with the summer arrangement of seedlings on the site, the tree will take root perfectly.
Landing: moving to the lawn
The globular willow grows especially well in slightly acidic loamy soils. If the soil is too dense, a couple of buckets of sand are added to it and mixed thoroughly. When growing a compact ornamental tree, you can play it safe and lay a layer of expanded clay (10-20 cm) on the bottom of the hole. A hole is dug corresponding to the size of the seedling - usually about half a meter deep and the same width is enough.
Tip! Trees are not taken out of peat pots, but planted directly in them. When grown in cups, planting is carried out by transshipment (together with an earthen clod).
Two-thirds of the excavated earth is mixed with a bucket of rotted manure and a small amount of any mineral fertilizer, then the mixture is placed back into the hole. The seedling perfectly tolerates deepening into several buds, thereby growing additional roots. Sprinkle the landing site with soil and tamp well. It remains to pour a few buckets of water under the willow root.
Maintenance couldn't be easier
Water the willow as needed. It is usually sufficient to apply 10 liters of water weekly in the morning or evening. An adult willow is very fond of regular spraying, but only such a procedure cannot be carried out in direct sunlight. The plant responds remarkably to regular pruning. Beginning gardeners usually do not dare to take such drastic actions when leaving, but in vain. In gratitude, the tree will grow more powerful branches, and the crown will turn out to be dense, compact.
Tip! When carrying out the autumn planting, it is necessary to cut off all the leaves. Then the tree will not waste its energy on sap flow and will winter well.
Usually fertilization at planting is sufficient for plant development. Only when grown in poor soils additional feeding is needed. Twice during the summer, 200 g of dissolved complex fertilizers are applied under the root. The spherical willow was attacked by pests if the following symptoms are found during a preventive examination:
- shiny cobwebs between branches;
- accumulation of insects near the tender parts of shoots;
- various cortical lesions;
- brown spots on leaves;
- many drooping twigs.
In summer, especially during the dry period, various harmful insects can settle on the tree. Once a week, you need to spray the willow with a solution of any modern insecticide. To minimize the likelihood of their attack, it is necessary to remove fallen leaves in a timely manner. Also, a mandatory care procedure is loosening the soil to a depth of about 20 cm.
After the willow grows up to 1.5 m, you can start artistic creativity. The branches of willows planted on different sides of the garden path are intertwined with each other at a sufficient height. Now they will grow as a whole, and in a year you can walk under the canopy of their shady crowns. For a hedge, young plants are immediately planted at a distance of 40-60 cm and the shoots are intertwined as they grow.
Globular willow is easy to care for and can be grown in a variety of ways. Willow spherical feels great among bushes of undersized roses. Conifers of compact trees also have a beneficial effect on the plant, protecting the bare trunk and repelling rodents with a peculiar aroma.