How fast do basjoo banana trees grow
How Fast Do Banana Trees Grow?
Considering that the banana tree can be successfully grown indoors or outdoors, you may have a few questions about how long it takes them to grow. After all, banana trees can reach an average of 16 feet or higher, unless you are growing a manicured dwarf variety. We decided to do some digging to figure out exactly how fast banana trees grow, so you will know what to expect.
If you were curious about how long it takes a banana tree to grow, you could expect to see a mature plant after 10 to 15 months. If a banana plant has optimal growing conditions, 12 hours of sunlight, plenty of water, and space to grow, most varieties of banana trees mature reasonably quickly. The variety of banana you grow, whether it is an ornamental or fruit-bearing type, and if it is grown indoors or outdoors, may impact the growth period.
A banana tree that is well cared for, adequately fertilized, and is in a hot and humid environment will quickly mature, bear flowers, and may develop fruit. Banana trees must be protected from strong winds, frigid temperatures, disease, and should be grown in well-draining soil that is rich, fertilized, and has enough room for healthy root systems to establish themselves. Read on to learn some more fine points about the life cycle of the majestic and magical banana plant.
The tropical banana tree is a popular source of nutrition for both humans and animals and is best grown in zones 9 and 11. The banana tree is not a tree at all but is, in fact, a clumping, perennial herbaceous plant. There are around 70 different varieties of the banana plant, or the Musa genus, which is a native of Southeastern Asia. There are many wonderful ornamental and fruit-bearing banana plants that gardeners can grow indoors and outdoors. Depending on the variety of banana plants selected will influence how long it takes to reach maturity.
On average, most banana trees need a minimum of 10 to 15 months to reach maturity, but some plants may need 3 to 4 years before they begin to develop fruit. Banana trees require constant warmth, humidity, frequent watering, nutrient-rich, well-draining soil, and plenty of sunshine. A mother banana plant may reach maturity, produce fruit, and then perish after as little as 13 months. However, any pups that spring up can transform into viable pseudostems or stalks which may produce flowers and fruit.
Check out different varieties of the banana plant before you commit to growing this tropical beauty, as the time it takes for each type to mature and bear fruit may vary.
- Super Dwarf Cavendish- After 9 to 15 months, this fruit-bearing plant will produce flowers and then eventually, fruit.
- Ice Cream or Blue Havana- Blooms will appear after 15 to 24 months, and fruit arrives after 115 to 150 days
- Cuban Red- Be patient and expect to wait up to 20 months for this banana plant to reach maturity.
Once a pseudostem of a banana plant has produced a clump of flowers that later become the banana fruit, it will die. The healthy rhizome of the banana plant can continue to nurture multiple pseudostems capable of producing fruit for years to come. Protect a banana plant from the winter cold, keep it under optimal growing conditions, and maintain it with pruning, fertilizing, watering, and adequate light to prolong a banana plant's lifespan.
How Can I Make My Banana Tree Grow Faster?
Banana trees need lots of TLC to grow healthy, tall, and stays lush and beautiful. Be prepared to remove any dead, diseased, or damaged leaves as needed. If you desire, knock off unwanted suckers so that the strongest sections of the banana survive and will produce bigger fruit if a fruit-bearing variety. Otherwise, ensure that your banana plant is thoroughly and deeply watered as needed, receives plenty of sunlight, at least 6 hours, but ideally up to 12 hours. The soil is nutrient-rich but drains well.
A banana plant is sensitive to cold temperatures, so it is essential to protect it from frost and keep it at 68 degrees Fahrenheit or higher at all times. Watering a banana plant frequently and giving it fertilizer can help it grow faster. Also, banana trees that are grown outdoors are more likely to grow faster with enough space versus an indoor variety. Plant banana trees in groups of three or more use an acidic soil that is between 5.5. and 6.5 pH, and protect them from the shade, strong wind, disease, and pests.
Check out this water-soluble fertilizer on Amazon.
Check out this fertilizer for your banana plant on Amazon.
How Tall Do Banana Trees Get?
The banana tree is a native of tropical environments, so this beautiful leafy herbaceous plant can easily reach heights of 16 feet or more. Dwarf varieties of banana trees grown indoors will reach a shorter height than their outdoor counterparts. Here are some guidelines for different types of banana trees and their average height.
- Dwarf Cavendish Banana - Grows an average of 5 to 9 feet.
- Ice Cream or Blue Havana Banana - Reaches between 12 and 15 feet tall.
- Red Cuban Banana and 'Lady Fingers' - Both varieties can reach a lofty 25 feet in height.
- Manzana - Grows to 12 feet in height.
If a banana is exposed to cold temperatures, lacks adequate water, or the pH balance is less than desirable, it can limit the plant's optimal growth. Make sure to take steps to protect banana plants during the winter and get to know the needs of your specific banana plant variety.
Check out this variety of banana plant on Amazon.
Check out this Dwarf Cavendish variety of banana on Amazon.
When Do Banana Trees Produce Fruit?
The average banana plant will produce fruit after 10 to 15 months. First, the plant must be mature and should avoid exposure to frost or prolonged cold temperatures, which can slow fruit production or cause irreparable harm. Keep a banana warm, watered, well lit, and healthy to enjoy a rich yield of delicious fruit.
Do Banana Trees Die After They Produce Fruit?
A banana tree doesn't exactly die after it produces fruit, but the pseudostem that bears its clump of berries, or the bananas, will die. However, a healthy banana plant with a robust rhizome will support new pseudostems that can bear fruit in the future. Typically, after two years of producing bananas, many banana trees slow down on flowering and bearing bananas. Unless a banana is diseased, damaged from frost or cold, or is scorched from lack of moisture, drought, and overheating, banana trees will produce fruit for a few years.
How Fast Do Banana Trees Grow + Quick Growth Tips
Knowing that the banana tree can be grown successfully both indoors and outdoors, you may be wondering how?
Don’t you want to know how fast do banana trees grow and how do they fit in indoors? So, to add to your knowledge of the plant, let us tell you that banana trees may grow to be as tall as 16 feet.
We have done ample research to figure out the accurate banana tree growth rate. You might expect a full-fledged banana tree after 10 to 15 months. That’s how quickly do banana trees grow.
However, not all banana tree varieties come bearing fruits. Some are small in size and can be kept indoors. They have blooming white flowers.
In This Article:
- Banana Tree Overview
- How Fast Do Banana Plants Grow (Different Varieties)
- Ideal Conditions for Growing Banana
- How To Make Banana Tree Grow Faster?
- Tips To Take Care of Banana Trees
- Commonly Asked Questions
- Final Thought
Banana Plant Overview
|Height||2 to 30 feet tall|
|Preferred soil||Well drained loamy soil|
|Water requirement||4 to 6 inches of water every month|
|Temperature||Suitable temperature is 70-87 degrees Fahrenheit (28-32 degrees Celsius)|
|Fruit season||Spring to early summer|
|Originally from (Native)||Tropical region of Southeast Asia|
How Fast Do Banana Trees Grow?
If you’re on the lookout to answer yourself how fast do banana plants grow, you should expect to see a fully grown plant after 10 to 15 months. Most banana trees mature rapidly if they are given ideal growing circumstances, such as 12 hours of sunlight, lots of water, and plenty of space to expand.
The type of banana you cultivate, whether decorative or fruit-bearing, and whether it is grown inside or outdoors, can all affect the growth period. Let us have a look at different types and banana tree growth rates.
- Cold Hardy Banana Trees: If you are unsure how fast do cold hardy banana trees grow, then here is the answer. Hardy banana trees may grow up to 12 feet tall with 6-inch leaves in a single season.
- Dwarf Cavendish Banana Trees Growth Rate: Are you too tired of searching ‘how fast do dwarf cavendish banana trees grow?’ Read it here and be ready to serve one. It requires nine to fifteen months for the dwarf cavendish tree to blossom and another two to six months for the bananas to be ready for picking.
- Musa Basjoo: When properly cared for, Musa Basjoo banana trees can produce up to one large new leaf per week during the growing season. If you allow it enough room, it won’t be long until you have a gigantic and full-looking plant.It is considered as a fast-growing plant with a growth rate of 2 feet per week. Isn’t it amazing to know how fast does Musa Basjoo grows?
- Red Banana Tree: Allow nine to fifteen months to witness a red banana tree. Choose a sunny location and keep watering them religiously to enhance the red banana tree growth rate.
- Ice Cream Banana Trees: Let us address the big question that how fast do ice cream banana trees grow? Ice cream banana trees take around a year and a half to two years to mature from the moment they are planted in soil.
Now, we have understood how fast do banana trees grow based on their variety. Let us quickly jump to the next section.
Ideal Conditions For Growing Banana
Banana trees grow well between 70°F-80°F (night-day). Along with the right temperature, banana plants also need 50% or higher humidity levels in the air.
Choose a location that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight, to say the least.
However, bananas will fruit under not so ideal conditions, too, but the quality will deteriorate. So, it is not wrong to state that how good and how quickly do banana trees grow depends on environmental factors and plant care.
Keep in mind the following factors to serve the best version of the banana plant:
- Sunlight: Banana is a tree that actually enjoys full sun for at least 6 hours a day. So, plant it somewhere where you receive sunlight but not too much.
- Soil: deal soil pH for bananas is 5.5 to 7. They grow best in a rich, well-drained loamy soil. You could have a mix of peat, perlite, and vermiculite for banana plantation.
- Water: Banana plants grow well with 4-6 inches of water each month. Check the top 1-inch soil every 2-3 days for moisture and water accordingly.
- Block planting: You can plant several banana plants together. This method enables the plants to support each other by creating a friendly and protective environment.
- Guarding the plant: If you live in a colder climate, it is very likely that your plant can be damaged by extreme weather conditions. It is best to be well prepared in advance for that. You can put on a protective sheet around the plantation to do so.
- Feeding with nutrients: You should feed your banana plant with a good fruit fertilizer. You can use a good quality 8-10-8 NPK once a month.
How To Make Banana Tree Grow Faster?
Banana trees grow faster when they are cared for. Watering and fertilizing a banana plant often help to enhance the banana tree growth rate.
Furthermore, banana trees cultivated outside are more likely to grow quickly with the adequate room than indoor plantations.
Banana trees require a lot of care to become healthy, tall, lush and gorgeous. Prepare to pick any dead, sick, or broken leaves as needed. If desired, remove undesired suckers so that the stronger areas of the banana survive and produce larger fruit if it is a fruit-bearing type.
Otherwise, make sure your banana plant is properly and deeply watered as needed and that it gets enough sunlight. The soil is nutrient-rich yet drains nicely.
How fast do banana plants grow depends on the temperature as well? Yes, it does because banana plants are susceptible to cold temperatures. It is critical to protect them from frost, especially if you live in slightly colder regions. It is ideal to keep them at 70 degrees Fahrenheit or above.
Plant banana trees in clusters in acidic soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7, and shield them from the shade, high winds, disease, and pests in order to make banana trees grow faster.
How To Take Care of Banana Trees?
After learning how to enhance the banana tree growth rate, let us head to learn a few caring tips. It’s quite a straightforward task to take care of the plant. Just make sure you follow the below-mentioned pointers.
- Banana plant houseplants demand constant feeding, especially during vigorous development in warm conditions. As a result, you should feed them a balanced soluble fertilizer once a month.
- The banana trees should never be seated in water, as this will ultimately cause root rot. Let the plant dry out between waterings. Spritzing their foliage may help to keep them nourished and happy.
- A moist towel or sponge should be used to clean off the leaves of an indoor banana plant on a regular basis to gather any dust that has accumulated.
- Grow the banana plant in a place where it will be protected from severe winds, as it is prone to leaf damage.
- Before the banana tree bears fruit, trim it so that there is just one main stem. After six to eight months, leave one bud at the base of the stem.
Check out how fast the following trees grow: Fiddle Leaf Fig, Snake Plant, Pine Trees, Palm Trees.
Commonly Asked Questions
Ques. How long does it take for a banana tree to bear fruit?
Ans. The time a banana tree takes to bear fruit is determined by the variety of bananas you have. Ideally, on an average, it should expect a fruit in around 10 to 15 months.
Ques. Do Banana Trees Die After They Produce Fruit?
Ans. The answer is yes and no. The ‘pseudostem’ that contains the cluster of bananas dies after fruiting. But, you will notice multiple infant banana plants rising from the base of the tree, which can be replanted later. So, when one tree completes its life cycle, it leaves behind multiple baby trees to be taken care of.
Ques. How tall do dwarf banana trees grow?
Ans. Dwarf banana trees grow up to 8 to 10 feet in height, which makes them easy to transport from one location to another.
Ques. Is it possible to grow banana trees indoors? If yes, how fast do banana trees grow indoors?
Ans. Yes, it is possible to grow banana trees indoors. Depending on the variety, it will take at least 9 months to 2 years of time to witness any bananas at all. You could try Dwarf Cavendish banana trees for indoor plantation. You will actually be surprised to see how fast do dwarf banana trees grow.
Ques. How much does a banana tree grow each year?
Ans. A banana tree grows up to 15 to 20 feet in a year’s time.
Ques. Do you cut down banana trees in winter?
Ans. No, you should not cut down your banana trees in winter. Trim off the wounded leaves and do not drastically cut the trunk if you want your trees to blossom and produce fruit.
Ques. Do banana trees come back every year?
Ans. Banana plants do die and come back every year after harvesting. Banana plants require around nine months to mature and yield banana tree fruit, after which the plant dies, leaving behind mini banana plants. These infant plants further grow back into fruit bearing trees.
Now that you know how quickly do banana trees grow, get an indoor banana plant and get ready to relish the fruit in a year or so. Also, keep in mind to take care of the baby plant like that of your own baby.
Japanese banana, Musa basju: grow, grow, multiply 🌿 All about gardening and garden design
The Japanese banana is one of the rare types of bananas grown in our latitudes. Relatively hardy, it can even tolerate some mild frosts. Banana tree from the land of the rising sun musa basjoo or musa japonica is part of the family...
0011 Banana Tree from the Land of the Rising Sun Latin name: Musa BAZHA Synonymous: Musa Japanese Family: Musa
Latin name: Musa BAZHA
Synonymous: Musa Japanese
Family: Musa9000 9000 : summer
Flower color: White-yellow
Plant type: Decorative perennial
Type of vegetation: year-round
Type of foliage: Persistent, deciduous outside regions with a soft climate
Higher: from 4 to 5 m
toxicity: edible fruits, latex
Plant and grow
frost resistance: -15° C for a well established foot. Leaves disappear at 0°C. Take care of the trunk formed by the leaves in winter.
Exposition: The full sun protected from the wind that breaks its foliage
Type of soil: is rich in humus, is well drained
Acidity of the soil: Neutral
Use pan, veranda, isolated, massive
Planting, planting: spring
Multiplication method: seeding, bounce division on Musa baju
Diseases and pests: milk bugs, aphids
The Japanese banana is one of the rare banana species grown in our latitudes. Relatively hardy, it can even tolerate some mild frosts.
Banana Tree from the Land of the Rising Sun
Musa Baju or Japanese Musa is part of the Musaceae family, which has about forty species of perennial suckers.
This comes from light woods and the edges of Japanese forests. This banana is cultivated for its strong ornamental power and huge bright green to greenish leaves up to 2.5m long. Musa basju is a fast growing plant that under good growing conditions can easily reach 4 feet tall for such a large spread. In late summer, large, drooping brown bracts appear with small white or pale yellow tubular flowers. They will be followed by small fruits (3 to 6 cm) with an unpleasant but edible taste.
The banana tree of Japan is the most rustic of its kind, and its plantations can be envisaged a little everywhere in France, provided that the temperature does not fall below -10°C, and this within a very short period of time. Below 0° C the foliage will disappear; it will be necessary to protect the leg with a thick mulch and the above-ground part with a winter veil.
Plant your banana in very fertile, well-drained and cool soil when the risk of late frost spreads in late spring. Choose a sunny location and protected from prevailing winds, which will quickly tear the leaves. During growth periods, water the plant very often and plentifully, as musa basjoo is greedy for water.
After flowering, the main stem that carried the flower will disappear to make room for peripheral stems that have grown well during the summer. Cut it down to the core.
From the first frost, install the above protective systems and stop watering, except in case of prolonged drought.
In cooler climates, grow a Japanese banana in a large pot filled with potting soil to which you've added ground horn powder and compost to make it richer. A drainage layer should be provided at the bottom of the pan to facilitate the flow of water.
Place your banana in a greenhouse, porch or conservatory with full light. Watering, again, will be plentiful and regular, as well as fertilizing during growth, because, as you can see, the banana grows quickly! In winter, let the mixture dry 2/3 before watering again. Transplant the plants in the spring or apply a surface mixture if they are large.
Remove waste from the base in early spring, leaving some roots, and repot immediately.
Sowing is also possible in hot (24°C) after soaking the seeds for 48 hours.
Do you know?
The Japanese banana was once grown in China and Japan for its fibers, which were extracted from fabric for the textile industry.
Species and varieties of Musa
The genus includes 40 species
- Musa Baju the type species is the most common
- Musa x Paradisiaca banana, which is grown for its fruits
Express. Bonsai. Tips for buying goods.
How to plant a banana at home and in the garden?
Many exotic fruits can not only be bought in the store, but also grown at home. It is enough to make some efforts to enjoy sweet fruits in a couple of years.
Growing a banana at home is not difficult if you take into account some of the features of growing this exotic plant at home.
- 1 What is a banana
- 1.1 Dwarf Cavendish variety
- 1.2 Variety "Lakatan"
- 1.3 variety "Grom Michel"
- 1.4 variety "robusta"
- 2 features of raising banana at home
- 3 how to care for banana
What is a banana
Banana is a perennial plant
Banana is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Banana family. The plant reaches a height of 15 meters. The stem of the plant is thick and powerful, almost does not protrude above the soil surface. Leaf blades are located at the top of the plant. They are very large, elliptical in shape and light green in color. Leaves length is about 270 cm, width is about 50 cm.
At the top of the plant there is a racemose inflorescence, the length of which varies from 70 to 150 cm. The inflorescence consists of a large number of yellowish-green flowers, which are collected in tiers. Gradually, most of the inflorescences of the plant begin to bend down.
Bananas bloom all year round, each flower lives for about 1-3 months. After the flowers fall, the fruits begin to ripen and turn into bunches of bananas. The fruit in length can reach from 6 to 30 cm, and in width 2-5 cm. The shape of the fruit is cylindrical, oblong, slightly curved. Due to the large mass of fruits, the stem droops, as a result, the bananas turn upside down.
After the plant bears fruit, its vegetative part dies off. A new plant is formed from the underground part of the plant - a spherical stem with a rhizome.
The optimal temperature for growing bananas is 25-35 degrees. Grows predominantly in drained, acidic soils and can withstand drought for about 3 months.
There are many cultivated varieties of bananas that can be eaten or used as ornamentals.
One of the varieties of banana that you can grow yourself
Variety "Dwarf Cavendish"
Reaches a height of 2.5 meters. The fruits are bright yellow, medium in size. Unlike other varieties, it can withstand temperatures down to 0 degrees. Like other varieties from the Cavendish group, the dwarf species has brown spots on the peel of already ripened fruits.
This type of banana belongs to the group of varieties "Cavendish". This is the tallest plant: it can reach 490 cm. Fruit size ranges from 15 to 20 cm. Fruits are poorly stored, so this variety is rarely grown.
Fruit length is 10-15 cm. Fruit pulp is yellow-cream in color with high sugar content and juiciness. There are 3 fruits in one nucleus.
This type of banana looks very good at home, greening the room
Included in the Cavendish variety group. According to its characteristics, it is similar to the Lakatan variety. A distinctive feature from the Lakatan variety is its small height. It is actively grown in tropical and subtropical regions.
Ornamental bananas are grown only for decorating or landscaping a room or summer cottage. These varieties should not be eaten. These include: lavender banana, velvety banana and others.
Features of growing a banana at home
Banana can be propagated in several ways: using seeds, by dividing the rhizome or shoots.
The core of a banana contains seeds that resemble small black beads. These bananas reproduce only vegetatively. If you extract these seeds, then there will be no result.
Planting material for growing bananas at home can be purchased at a flower shop. These seeds are designed specifically for growing indoors, they are no more than 1.5 meters in height.
Before planting, the seeds should be soaked in warm water and left for a couple of days. The temperature should be around 35 degrees. When the soaking period has come to an end and the seeds have sprouted, they are cleaned of mucus and pulp residues. After that, bleach should be prepared and the seeds should be disinfected in solution. Then rinse thoroughly with running water.
To grow a banana, the temperature must be at least 35 degrees
For the preparation of the substrate, you need good soil. It can be dug out from under trees such as linden, birch, acacia. It is recommended to take only the top layer.
Dilute prepared soil with wood ash (500 g), humus (1 kg) and river sand (2 kg). Such an amount must be taken to a bucket of earth. The resulting earth mixture should be poured with boiling water to get rid of harmful microflora.
Before planting, the soil must be moistened, and then not watered at all for several days. This is done so that the sprouts can adapt to new conditions.
The choice of pot is important. For plants that are about 20 cm long, you will need a 2-3 liter pot.
Pour the drainage layer, wet river sand, and then the prepared soil mixture into each separate container. Place banana seeds to a depth of about 1 cm.
Do not plant seeds deeper than 1 cm into the ground
It is important to remember one feature: in order for air to flow to the roots, it is recommended to place the pot on a wire rack, and not in a tray. Seeds germinate in the soil for a long time. The first leaves may appear in 3-4 months.
Banana should be planted in the ground at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other.
The process of growing bananas at home is simple. It is necessary to properly prepare the soil and plant the seeds.
How to care for a banana
Banana is a heat-loving and moisture-loving plant that requires special care and attention. It is necessary to water the plant rarely, but plentifully when the topsoil becomes dry. Water for irrigation should not be cold. The optimum temperature for water is 25-30 degrees.
Humidity must be high. With its lack, the plant begins to dry. In hot weather, the leaves must be constantly sprayed and wiped from dust. For spraying, you should take settled water at room temperature.
Temperatures drop in winter. In this case, it is necessary to water even less frequently so as not to cause root rot.
Banana grows in a well lit area. Lack of light leads to the appearance of yellowness and loss of color. As a result, the plant may die. It is especially important to comply with this requirement when the plant reaches a length of 1-1.5 meters. For good banana growth and fruit ripening, light on the windowsill will not be enough. In this case, you can use artificial lighting.
A plant of this size requires a lot of space. If bananas do not have enough space and space, then the growth of the plant begins to slow down.
Don't forget that the banana needs to be fed regularly.
Every plant needs to be fed. Fertilizer can be purchased at a specialized store. For this purpose, it is better to use humus. Sometimes herbal nutrient solutions based on lupine or quinoa are used.