How fast do trees grow per year
How Fast Does A Tree Grow?
Tree Talk| 3 min read
There are many, many different types of trees found around the world.
There are many, many different types of trees found around the world. Recent studies have suggested that there are at least sixty thousand unique tree species on Earth. This is amazing! Another interesting statistic is that of all these different species, more than half of them can only be found growing in one single country somewhere. However, some species are very diverse and can be found in many countries.
There are also a lot of tree species that are currently threatened with extinction, because they are only found in very small areas. This is very unfortunate. When people think about a species going extinct, they usually think of different types of animals. Trees can go extinct too. There is a project called the Global Tree Assessment project, which hopes by the year 2020 to classify the extinction risk of every one of the different tree species found around the world. After that is done, it will be easier to start deciding how to protect each of the species that are at risk.
Just as there is a lot of variety in the appearance of different species of trees, there can be a lot of variety in the size and growth rates. People often ask, “How fast does a tree grow?” Well, the answer is, “It depends.” Some trees grow very quickly, and some grow very slowly. The main two things that determine the growth rate are the species and the location of the tree.
When we say that the location of a tree affects the rate of growth, this is because the location influences several factors. On a large scale or “macro” level, the location of a tree determines the climate that the tree grows in. In general, trees and other plants grow faster in warmer climates. Many species of trees that grow near the equator can grow several meters per year. Many trees at the equator reach maturity in as little as ten to twenty years. In contrast, trees in northern latitudes usually grow a lot more slowly, often less than a meter or two per year. In addition, for a tree to reach maturity in the boreal forests of Canada or parts of Europe, it usually takes 80-120 years!
The tree’s location can also be considered in a site-specific context. A tree that is growing in the shade may grow more slowly than a tree that is growing in open sunlight a few meters away. A tree growing at the top of a hill may grow faster or more slowly than a similar tree of the same species at the bottom of the hill.
Many factors affect the growth rate of a tree. Trees at the equator have the benefit of a much longer growing season (twelve months long) compared to trees at latitudes of sixty degrees (three months long). Equatorial trees benefit from having so much sunlight for photosynthesis. Related to sunlight is heat. Higher temperatures often lead to faster growth. This means that trees in Costa Rica would usually grow faster than trees in Norway. Temperature is also affected by elevation. Trees growing at low elevations often grow faster than those high on slopes in alpine regions.
The most important factor affecting the growth of trees is the amount of precipitation that they get. Warm rains are great, but colder rains work too. If you look at the west coast of North America, parts of British Columbia and the western United States are in what is called a “temperate rain forest zone.” This area gets a lot more rain than the rest of North America. And guess what? Some of Earth’s tallest trees grow there, such as the Redwood, the Giant Sequoia, the Douglas Fir, and the Sitka Spruce. Of course, the amount of precipitation affects the rate of growth, not just the eventual height.
In the end then, there really isn’t any one answer to how fast a tree grows, because the answer is different for every species. The trees that Ten Tree plants in different countries all grow at different rates. Make a comment on our post. Tell us what species grow where you live, and how fast they seem to grow.
To see some of the projects that Ten Tree is involved in, visit: www. tentree.ca/pages/projects
Tree Growth Information | Missouri Department of Conservation
Missouri Department of Conservation
Missouri Department of Conservation
- Fast: Has the potential to grow 24 inches or more annually.
- Slow: Has an annual growth increment of 12 inches or less.
- Medium: Between 12 and 24 inches of growth per year.
|American sycamore||Over 60 feet||Wet||Partial||Fast|
|Black gum||Over 60 feet||Moist||Full||Slow|
|Black haw||Under 30 feet||Average||Full||Slow|
|Black locust||30-60 feet||Wide||Full||Fast|
|Black oak||Over 60 feet||Average||Partial||Medium|
|Black walnut||Over 60 feet||Moist||Full||Medium|
|Blackberry||Under 10 feet||Average||Shade||Fast|
|Bur oak||Over 60 feet||Moist||Full||Slow|
|Cherrybark oak||Over 60 feet||Wet||Full||Fast|
|Deciduous holly||Under 30 feet||Wide||Partial||Slow|
|Downy serviceberry||30-60 feet||Average||Shade||Medium|
|Eastern cottonwood||Over 60 feet||Wet||Full||Fast|
|Eastern redbud||Under 30 feet||Average||Shade||Medium|
|Flowering dogwood||Under 30 feet||Moist||Shade||Medium|
|Gray dogwood||Under 30 feet||Wide range||Shade||Medium|
|Hackberry||Over 60 feet||Wide range||Partial||Medium|
|Hawthorn||Under 30 feet||Average||Full||Slow|
|Kentucky coffee tree||Over 60 feet||Moist||Full||Slow|
|Nannyberry viburnum||Under 30 feet||Average||Partial||Fast|
|Northern red oak||Over 60 feet||Moist||Partial||Medium|
|Nuttall oak||Over 60 feet||Wet||Full||Fast|
|Osage orange||30-60 feet||Wide range||Full||Fast|
|Pecan||Over 60 feet||Moist||Full||Slow|
|Pin oak||Over 60 feet||Wet||Full||Fast|
|Red mulberry||30-60 feet||Average||Partial||Fast|
|River birch||30-60 feet||Moist||Full||Fast|
|Roughleaf dogwood||Under 30 feet||Average||Shade||Medium|
|Scarlet oak||Over 60 feet||Average||Full||Medium|
|Shagbark hickory||Over 60 feet||Average||Partial||Slow|
|Shellbark hickory||Over 60 feet||Moist||Partial||Slow|
|Shumard oak||Over 60 feet||Moist||Partial||Medium|
|Silver maple||Over 60 feet||Wet||Partial||Fast|
|Sweet gum||Over 60 feet||Moist||Full||Medium|
|Tulip tree||30-60 feet||Moist||Partial||Medium|
|Ward's willow||Under 30 feet||Wet||Full||Fast|
|White oak||Over 60 feet||Moist||Partial||Slow|
|Wild plum||Under 30 feet||Average||Full||Fast|
|Bald cypress||Over 60 feet||Wet||Full||Medium|
|Eastern red cedar||Under 30 feet||Wide range||Full||Slow|
|Eastern white pine||Over 60 feet||Moist||Partial||Fast|
|Jack pine||30-60 feet||Average||Full||Fast|
|Red pine||Over 60 feet||Average||Partial||Medium|
|Shortleaf pine||Over 60 feet||Dry||Full||Fast|
|American hazelnut||10-20 feet||Wide range||Shade||Medium|
|Arrowwood viburnum||10-20 feet||Moist||Shade||Medium|
|Fragrant sumac||Under 10 feet||Average||Full||Medium|
|Meadow willow||10-20 feet||Wet||Full||Fast|
|Ninebark||Under 10 feet||Wide||Full||Fast|
|Ozark witch hazel||10-20 feet||Moist||Partial||Medium|
|Sandbar willow||10-20 feet||Wide range||Full||Fast|
|Shrub lespedeza||Under 10 feet||Average||Full||Medium|
|Shining sumac||10-20 feet||Average||Full||Fast|
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what to choose for the garden – Plod
Drinking tea, listening to the silence and the sounds of singing birds, in the shade of the spreading crown of a tree grown by one's own hands is a dream that seems unattainable to hundreds of people, because it can take decades to grow one tree. In fact, such an idea is quite feasible, because in a matter of years some tree crops will turn the uneven and bare terrain of the acquired land into a park area where you can place a bench and drink the same tea.
Moreover, fast-growing trees are very unpretentious and can withstand any growing conditions. Among them are fruit and ornamental. What are these cultures?
Trees that grow quickly and do not require maintenance are birches. Perhaps the first place in any rating of fast-growing trees should be occupied by a beauty with green braids, because the average growth of a birch in height in one year can be 1-2 meters. At the same time, it should be understood that birch has long been not only a tree from a golden field, but a huge family of plants, among which you can find a wide variety of crowns, leaf shapes and heights.
Another important fact is that birch is a very unpretentious tree form that loves light and does not tolerate soil compaction, i. e. you should avoid planting it next to asphalt paths, it is resistant to cold weather and diseases.
Interesting: designers recommend planting birches next to conifers, thus creating a luxurious backdrop of mixed groups of trees on the site.
The fastest growing tree is the willow. Willow, Rakita, Goat Willow - all these varieties of tree forms have long proven themselves among landscape designers. Willow is a fast-growing group of trees, the growth of which at a young age can reach up to 1 meter per year. At the same time, these are durable trees, extremely resistant to frost, diseases and smoke, as well as having a high ability to regenerate.
One has only to remember that all willows do not tolerate stagnant water, and it is better to plant them in sunny places with slightly alkaline soil.
Important - gardeners should take into account that willows are excellent honey plants, so the fragrance that appears with golden earrings on trees in the spring attracts a huge number of pollinating insects.
The Tatar maple is gaining more and more popularity among gardeners and summer residents - a low deciduous tree form, famous for its fiery red autumn foliage. These are the fastest growing trees in Ukraine. This is a very unpretentious plant, from which medium (up to 10 meters) hedges are obtained, which, however, do not like moisture very much and are exposed to diseases in water areas.
You can also pay attention to the holly maple, which in the spring will delight the eye with all shades of green, yellow, purple and fiery red. At the same time, the sharp-leaved maple is considered a shade-tolerant and frost-resistant plant, which is why, today, it is very common in Europe. The annual growth of the sharp-leaved maple in height, under the creation of favorable conditions, can be up to 80 cm.
A beauty that has long been loved by landscape designers, as well as owners of green farms and the woodworking industry. White acacia is a shrubby, deciduous, honey-bearing form that grows like a tree in natural conditions. It is famous for its spreading and openwork crown, as well as incredibly beautiful flowering. An unpretentious, fast-growing shrub that can grow up to one and a half meters in a year. Acacia does not need careful care, so it is suitable for those people who cannot pay much attention to the garden. Ornamental varieties of acacia have fragrant, honey-bearing flowers that attract bees to the site. And, it is very useful for fruit trees and berry bushes. The result - the tree is completely unpretentious, is resistant to frost, drought and soil salinization.
Fast growing shrubs
The snowberry has thin, flexible gray-brown shoots and a dense crown. This shrub is not only fast growing, but also very beautiful at any time of the year. In spring, it is covered with dense foliage and delicate, white-pink flowers. Then the flowers turn into large, white or pink berries with a waxy coating, similar to precious pearls. In autumn, the leaves fall off, and the berries stay on the bushes until frost, until they are eaten by birds.
Tall, tree-like shrub, growing 1.5-2 meters per year. The plant is unpretentious, does not require formation and constant care. The foliage of privet is dense and dark green. And black berries collected in brushes give decorativeness. The shrub gives a good, dense shade, and the fruits will become a delicacy for bullfinches and waxwings, which will arrive with the onset of winter.
No garden is complete without this beauty. Lilac is unusually decorative. Her fragrant flowers, collected in a brush, will be beautiful not only on the branches, but also in the cut. With good care, lilacs can easily add one and a half meters in height per year.
Many gardeners have undeservedly forgotten about this plant. Ah, in vain! With good care and regular watering, hazel grows quickly. Its carved foliage provides good shade. And in the fall, real nuts ripen on the hazel, which can be harvested and harvested. In the thickets of hazel, birds are very fond of making nests. Therefore, in the spring you can enjoy singing and chirping.
Gray branches and foliage with a bluish bloom look very unusual. Honeysuckle adds about one and a half meters per year. The shade from it is not very thick, but in spring the bushes are strewn with delicate, fragrant flowers, and in summer useful berries ripen on them. Honeysuckle is very loved by gardeners and is widespread in almost all regions.
Fast growing shrub with green, carved foliage. In summer, the viburnum is covered with snow-white, large crowns of flowers. And, in autumn, healing, glossy red berries hang on the bushes, which can be harvested for the winter. Kalina grows well even in the absence of care.
What fast-growing trees will help close the neighbor's house? Description of varieties and photos - Botanichka
Having moved to a country house with a garden, we, like many people, strove for peace and solitude in nature. But everything turned out like a bad joke. Soon the neighboring plot was bought out, and the new neighbors erected a three-story house with windows overlooking our garden. But I did not despair. In this article I will tell you what trees I acquired in order to hide the neighbor's house from our eyes as soon as possible, or rather, to close our garden from prying eyes.What fast-growing trees will help close the neighbor's house?
By what criteria did I choose the trees?
When it is necessary to decorate neighboring buildings as quickly as possible, the main quality of the selected trees is their high growth rate. But it is important to take into account other characteristics of the plant. Here are the criteria by which I chose the trees:
- This should not be a breed of the first or second order. That is, a 20-40-meter tree on the site will certainly cope with the function of a screen from a neighbor's house, but at the same time, there will be nothing in my garden except shady flower beds. And this is not quite what I dreamed of.
- The tree must be unproblematic. From time to time, any crop can be affected by diseases and pests, but if the breed is famous for its propensity for any disease, for example, like Weymouth pine, suffering from rust, then this option will not suit me. Also, the breed should not actively grow or be "garbage", such as black locust (locust) or American maple.
- The plant must fit into the design of the garden, have an appropriate character, color and not stand out from the general mood of my site.
- The crown should have a predominantly columnar shape, that is, not be too wide so as not to "steal" a significant part of the territory of my garden, but grow mostly vertically, like a living tall fence.
- It is desirable that the breed be consistently decorative and have an attractive appearance for most of the year. It is also nice if the tree is evergreen, so that I can calmly walk around the garden “without prying eyes” in winter.
So, what breeds did I consider for the role of a screen from a neighbor's house and what did I end up with?
Deltoid poplar "Purple Tower"
Sapling deltoid poplar "Purple Tower" ( Purple Tower ) I first saw in the nursery, and he literally sunk into my soul. The plant had huge burgundy-red glossy leaves and a very stately appearance. However, I was in no hurry to plant this plant in my garden due to the fact that it is still a poplar, and it grows quite large. As an adult it is described as 10-15 m tall.Delta poplar (Populus deltoides), cultivar 'Purple Tower'. © Janusz Radecki
It grows like all poplars, it is literally before our eyes (an increase of 50 cm per year), you can cut it, but you will have to do it quite often. And now, in connection with the appearance of a tall neighbor's house, I again remembered this variety and seriously thought about it. However, I still didn't buy it.
The main reason is poplar's windfall (just recently a hurricane raged not far from us, and poplars were literally broken in half, while other trees survived). Another problem is poplar's superficial root system, and I didn't really want its roots to climb into my flower beds and lawn. And the third reason - after all, poplar looks too formal and is subconsciously perceived as a marker of urban landscaping.
Willow ( Salix ) is another fast growing tree that can be quite acceptable in wet areas. At present, there is a great variety of decorative types of willows (in Moscow you can even find a nursery specializing in interesting types and varieties of willows). They look very attractive and will not grow into gigantic trees. But in our new garden, the soil is still very dry, and the willow, I think, would not be too comfortable with such conditions. I don't plan to water much in my garden.Willow (Salix)
In addition, willow tends to have a wide crown and will take up too much space. Another problem is that willow is famous as a plant that attracts a huge number of insects, including pests. There is even a saying that a good gardener will never plant a willow in his garden. Also, these trees do not really correspond to the general style of my site and are often short-lived, they can suffer from strong winds.
Read also our article Iva Matsudana - an openwork beauty for your garden.
Apricot ( Prunus armeniaca ) is one of the fastest growing fruit trees, whose growth rate is simply amazing. When we bought the plot, two apricot seedlings were growing on them, reaching a height of about 1.5 m. By the end of the season, these were already trees of almost three meters in height, and we took the first crop from them. That is, in one summer, apricots of the varieties "Orlovchanin" and "Kompotny" gave an increase of 1-1.5 m and significantly overtook the cherries, apples and pears growing nearby.Apricot (Prunus armeniaca). © CowboysMomma
Therefore, if your conditions allow you to grow an apricot, and you need a fast-growing tree, then you can opt for it. Apricot not only gives delicious fruits, but is also certainly beautiful (one of the first to bloom profusely in spring, decorates the garden with bright foliage in autumn). But since I already have two apricots in my garden, I decided not to increase their number, fearing not to cope with the harvest. Yes, and as planned, that part of the garden where the neighbor's house appeared should be decorative, not fruit.
A few years ago at an exhibition-fair I bought a seedling of an unusual Rumelian pine ( Pinus peuce ), seduced by a very low price, and planted it in my dacha. As it turned out later, the low cost of this tree is due to the fact that it is a species, not a varietal specimen, and the seedlings of the breed grow incredibly fast. Now, looking at my pine tree, I just can't believe my eyes.Rumelian pine (Pinus peuce). © stringfixer.com
Even "yesterday" it was a "blade" 20 cm high, and today it is already a two-meter tree, and it has become so in three years. This year it even got its first bump. I have not seen such long growths in any of my coniferous pets. Therefore, if you think that all conifers grow slowly, then the Rumelian pine will cross out these ideas.
The appearance of this pine cannot leave you indifferent, it has very thin bluish needles, pleasant to the touch and not prickly at all (I really like to stroke it). The cones are long and slender, the trunk is smooth, and the crown is like that of Scots pine. Outwardly, it is very similar to the Weymouth pine, but it is not at all affected by rust.
I would definitely plant a similar pine tree on a new site to close the neighbor's house, if not for one "but". It is a species, not a variety, and its height can be unpredictable. In particular, in the encyclopedia it is described as a tree 10-20 m high. And this, you see, is too wide a spread. And 20 meters for 10 acres, especially on the south side, is still too much.
Flexible pine "VanderWulf Pyramid"
Having studied the entire range of nurseries in our city, I came to the conclusion that 9 fully meets my requirements0094 Pinus flexilis ‘Vanderwolf’s Pyramid’ ( Pinus flexilis ‘Vanderwolf’s Pyramid’ ). First, it is one of the fastest growing. Its growth can be about a meter per year, and after 5 years the height of the seedlings will be about 4 m, which will practically close the neighboring windows. At the same time, this tree has a rather narrow crown, up to 3 m in diameter, and if over time it raises its crown, then it will not take up much space on the site.Flexible pine (Pinus flexilis), Vanderwolf's Pyramid cultivar. © plantmaster
In addition, this variety is completely winter-hardy (up to -34 degrees) in our area, does not burn or freeze slightly, is rarely affected by diseases and pests. And, finally, it is an extremely beautiful tree with bluish, soft-touch needles and a regular pyramidal crown.
I am also pleased that this is an evergreen tree, that is, it will perform its masking function all year round. And, of course, pine is a long-liver, and in a good scenario, it can remind descendants of me for 300 years or more. The final height of the tree will have to be 10-13 m. This is a lot, but quite tolerable compared to 20-40-meter species pines.
Read also our article Spectacular pines on the site - planting, formation, types and varieties.
Bird cherry 'Shubert'
Bird cherry 'Shubert' ( Prunus virginiana ‘Shubert’ ) is another good variant of a fast growing, relatively low tree, but this species has some reservations. I liked this bird cherry for a very long time, and it's really hard not to fall in love with it. Bird cherry "Schubert" has dense large leaf blades up to 13 cm long. It blooms very beautifully in spring with clusters of white flowers, exuding the same bird cherry aroma, and large black berries appear to replace the flowers. They are larger and sweeter than those of the "wild" bird cherry and, as they say, do not knit at all in the mouth.Red-leaved bird cherry (Prunus virginiana), variety "Shubert" (Shubert). © Todd_Boland
In the spring, the leaves of the Schubert bird cherry are green, but around the end of June they gradually begin to turn burgundy, and the tree is so elegant almost all summer, the autumn color is orange-red.
Bird cherry is a record holder in terms of growth rate and can produce growths of about 1 m per year or more. The height of an adult tree is 6-10 m. The crown is narrow – up to 2-3 m. It would seem that not plants, but a dream. But not everything is so smooth. Unfortunately, the main scourge of this plant is fungal diseases, in particular, clasterosporiasis (holes in leaf blades) and powdery mildew.
In search of the truth, I studied many reviews of gardeners who grow red-leaved bird cherry, and concluded for myself that the plant has much more advantages, and diseases can be successfully fought. Moreover, usually they only slightly spoil the view, but do not completely destroy the tree. In addition, I often met red-leaved bird cherry in front gardens, and it looked great, and did not at all give the impression of a diseased tree.
What did I choose?
So, what kind of plants did I end up buying to cover my neighbor's house? As you might have guessed, they turned out to be two seedlings of the VanderWulf Pyramid pine.