How fast do yoshino cherry trees grow
Yoshino Flowering Cherry | How To Care And More
Few trees put on a performance in spring like the Yoshino Flowering Cherry. Oh, how those magical blooms, also known as sakura, welcome spring with a grand breathtaking display! This flowering cherry tree is beautiful in home landscapes. Yoshino Flowering Cherry Tree Care is fairly straightforward once your tree is established.
The cherry tree blossoms are white-pink, prolific, and smell faintly of almond. This tree has a lovely shape that is symmetrical, spreading, and generally rounded. The bark is smooth and gray, and as it matures has interesting dashed lines that break up the even surface. After flowering the Yoshino Flowering Cherry does produce a small black fruit that birds love (which is why we rarely catch a glimpse of these relatively insignificant drupes). These fruits are nontoxic and edible, but not very yummy to humans. The green oval leaves turn a warm yellow in fall. Now on to important topic of Yoshino Flowering Cherry Tree care.
Yoshino Flowering Cherry Tree Care
Location. Location. Location. Before planting your Yoshino Cherry tree be sure you have the right location and conditions for your new tree to thrive.
Spring and fall are ideal times to plant. However, if you avoid freezing temperatures and extreme heat you can plant your cherry tree almost any time of the year depending on your location.
Yoshino Cherry trees thrive in full sun and are adaptable to most soil as long as it drains well. Water deeply when planting and about twice weekly for 2 to 3 months while your new tree is establishing. Once your tree is established you will only need to water during dry periods. When the soil is dry (especially during high temperatures) water deeply once weekly as needed to keep the soil moist. Adding a layer of mulch is recommended especially with newly planted trees. This will help keep the soil moist and cool in summer and protect the roots in winter as well. Do not allow the mulch to touch the trunk as this can increase the chances of pests and disease.
Fertilize in early spring and when planting to give your tree a boost. Choose a good quality balanced, slow release fertilizer.
Pruning is generally not recommended for ornamental cherry trees, but, if needed, prune in winter or early spring to remove any dead, dying, or crowded branches.
Pests and Disease
The best way to prevent disease and pests is by providing good care for your tree. Proper location choice, watering, and fertilization are the keys to your success!
Scale, Aphids and Mites are insects that can affect flowering cherry trees. You can treat these pests naturally with horticultural oil, neem oil, or insecticidal soap. For severe infections you can use pesticides like carbaryl, also known as Sevin. Tent Caterpillars and Cankerworms are sometimes an issue for cherry trees. These can be treated with an organic pesticide spray, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).
Occasionally fungal issues can arise. Generally, treating after infection isn't extremely effective, so if you have problems yearly treat in early spring with fungicides to prevent infection. Neem Oil is an organic method of treating and preventing some fungal diseases and pests. It can be effective, but the entire tree must be coated in order for this method to be effective.Yoshino Flowering Cherry in the Landscape
The Yoshino Cherry Tree is the perfect focal tree for your front yard. Build your landscape around this beauty and you will have a look you love and your neighbors admire.
This ornamental tree is beautiful as a focal by itself or in a group. A group of three in a corner of your yard or a line of Yoshino Cherry trees going up a long driveway is a glorious sight in spring that will welcome you home.
While this Japanese cherry blosson tree is known for its phenomenal blooms and ornamental appeal, it is also a great shade tree since it grows quickly and reaches 30 feet at maturity. Plant near a deck or patio to add shade and beauty in a spot where it can be admired.
Yoshino Flowering Cherry Tree Facts
- This flowering cherry tree, botanically known as Prunus x yedoensis, is a clone of a single tree and propagated by grafting.
- The gorgeous Yoshino Cherry is native to Japan, but is grown throughout the United States where it was introduced in the early 1900’s. It is specifically recommended for growing zones 5 to 8 here in the US.
- The National Cherry Blossom Festival in Washington, DC commemorates the 1912 gift of 3,000 cherry trees from Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo to the city of Washington, DC. This was and continues to be a symbol of friendship between Japan and the United States.
- The Yoshino cherry blossom tree grows quickly especially when it is young. Under optimal conditions it can grow 3 to 4 feet per year!
Yoshino Flowering Cherry Tree Lifespan
You will read and hear over and over that cherry trees including Yoshinos have short lifespans. There are many, many Yoshino Cherry trees that are well over 100 years old in existence. With proper care these trees easily live AND look lovely for about 80 years. So, no, they aren’t long-lived, but they can definitely be enjoyed for a lifetime and beyond. The reputation of Yoshino Cherry trees having a short lifespan of 20 years likely comes from them being planted in highly trafficked areas where they receive unintended abuse from soil compaction and bark damage. In the average homeowner’s yard this tree holds up much better.
Bloom Time of the Yoshino Flowering Cherry
When do Yoshino trees bloom? They flower in March to April. How long will the flowers last? This is such a common question that it seems important to address here. About 2 to 3 weeks depending on the weather. Here in NC it is generally about 3 weeks with the blooms often turning a deeper pink before dropping. High winds and heavy rain can cut the bloom time shorter to that 2 week season. This short bloom period is why these stunning blooms are a symbol of the ephemeral, yet beautiful nature of life. Yoshino Cherry blooms are a treasure, just like life. So, soak it all in and enjoy those blooms while they're here!
Be sure to browse our online plant nursery and Flowering Cherry Trees collection!
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Everything You Need to Know About Yoshino Cherry Trees
Yoshino cherry trees, or Japanese flowering cherry trees, are a standout at cherry blossom festivals across the world for their almond-scented, whitish pink blossoms that bloom in spring on stunning bare branches. While their small berries are too bitter for people to eat, they attract birds and butterflies to your garden. Yoshino cherry trees grow in a unique, exotic shape and are heat-tolerant.
Yoshino Cherry Trees at a Glance
- Fragrant, almond-scented whitish-pink flowers in spring
- One of the first cherry trees to bloom
- Staple of the National Cherry Blossom Festival and Washington, D. C., Cherry Blossom Festival
- Attracts birds and butterflies with small dark berries
- Exotic branching pattern and vase-like canopy
Yoshino cherry trees have a stunning shape, with a vase-shaped canopy unfurling from an exotic, upright branching pattern and smooth, gray bark. In March and April, Yoshino cherry blossoms bloom for two to three weeks and are one of the first cherry varieties to bloom. Each blossom has five petals that open pale pink and mature into white in clusters of five to six blossoms.
In summer, serrated, ovate, glossy green leaves emerge. In fall, the leaves change to yellow, orange, and red before dropping in winter. Yoshino cherry trees grow to be 30-50 feet tall with a spread of 25-40 feet.
|Appearance||Vase-shaped canopy with oriental branching pattern. Whitish-pink flowers in spring, glossy green serrated leaves in summer that turn yellow, orange, and red in fall|
|Hardiness Zones||Zones 5-8|
|Type of tree||Deciduous|
|Sunlight requirements||Full sun to partial shade|
|Soil composition||Highly adaptable, but prefers moist soil|
USDA Hardiness Zones indicate the regions where plants can grow, based on minimum winter temperatures. Yoshino cherry trees grow in Zones 5-8, from the West Coast to the East Coast, except for the coldest and hottest climates.
The best times to plant Yoshino cherry trees are spring and fall. We recommend following these steps:
- Choose an area that receives full sun to partial shade—full sun is preferable.
- Clear away any debris, turfgrass, or weeds.
- Dig a hole twice the depth and the same width as your Yoshino cherry root ball, leaving a small mound of dirt in the middle.
- Spread out the root ball using your hands or a small spade, and place the root ball carefully on the mound. The tip of the root ball should be an inch above the surrounding soil.
- Backfill the hole with soil ½ of the way, then soak the hole until the water drains away.
- Fill the rest of the hole with soil.
- Finish by spreading a 2-3 inch layer of mulch over the roots, being careful not to let it touch the trunk.
Yoshino cherry trees must be kept moist but are tolerant of a wide variety of soil types.
Sun and shade
Yoshino cherry trees flourish in full sun, or at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. They can also grow in partial shade, but they will have fewer flowers.
Yoshino cherry trees’ only true requirement of soil is that it’s moist. They can grow in acidic, moist, sandy, loamy, and clay soils.
The soil should be consistently moist, especially as your Yoshino cherry tree is getting established and growing its root system. When the top two inches of soil are dry—you can test this by inserting your index finger into the soil—water with a garden hose for roughly 30 minutes. That translates to roughly every two weeks in the summer and every three or so weeks in fall and spring.
Applying a 2-3 inch layer of mulch can help prevent the moisture from evaporating and allow you to space out waterings more. Always be sure to leave a several-inch gap between the mulch and the trunk.
Your Yoshino cherry tree will not need to be fed for the first two years. After that, you can fertilize with nitrogen each year, with 1/10 of a pound per year of the tree’s age. You can either spread it out into two or four feedings over spring and summer or do the entire application just once in spring.
Yoshino cherry trees do not require pruning, but if you see any dead, diseased, or crowded branches, you should prune them when they appear. If you want to prune for aesthetic reasons, early summer is the time—that way, you won’t prune any buds.
Frequently Asked Questions
How fast do they grow?
Yoshino cherry trees grow at a rate of roughly 1-2 feet per year.
Do they bear fruit?
Yes, but the fruit is too bitter for people to enjoy. However, it is very appealing to birds, including robins.
How tall do they get?
Yoshino cherry trees can reach a maximum height of 30-50 feet.
How long do they bloom?
Yoshino cherry trees bloom for two to three weeks.
To share feedback or ask a question about this article, send a note to our Reviews Team at [email protected] com.
Prunus serrulata - frwiki.wiki
Japanese cherry tree
For the Japanese cherry tree in Japanese culture, see Sakura.
Prunus serrulata is a species of cherry tree native to Asia (Japan, Korea, China) belonging to the Rosaceae family . It is widely used as an ornamental tree due to its magnificent spring bloom and colorful fall foliage. From XV - th century, its many cultures and hybridization have allowed the development of a large number of varieties whose ornamental beauty is the main concern. In French it is called 9or . Its flowering marks the return of spring.
- 1 Denominations
- 1.1 Full valid scientific name
- 1.2 Common vulgar names
- 1.3 Etymology of
- 2 Features
- 2.1 Related species
- 2.1.1 Sargent Cherry
- 2. 1.2 Yoshino Cherry
- 2.1.3 Izu Oshima Cherry Tree
- 2.1.4 Japanese dwarf sakura
- 2.2 Species with common names which may be confusing
- 2.1 Related species
- 3 Taxonomy and classification(s)
- 3.1 Synonyms
- 3.2 Varieties
- 3.3 Botanical hybrids and varieties
- 3.3.1 Prunus serrulata 'Acolade'
- 3.3.2 Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa'
- 3.3.3 Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan'
- 3.3.4 Prunus serrulata 'Kiku Shidare Sakura'
- 3.3.5 Prunus serrulata 'Kojo No Mai'
- 3.3.6 Prunus serrulata 'Pink perfection'
- 3.3.7 Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy', Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy'
- 3.3.8 Prunus serrulata 'Shirofugen'
- 3.3.9 Prunus serrulata 'Shirotae' or 'Mount Fuji'
- 3.3.10 Prunus serrulata 'Tai Haku'
- 3.3.11 Prunus serrulata 'Ukon'
- 4 Ecology
- 4. 1 Geographic distribution
- 4.1.1 Native
- 4.1.2 Presented [ 14 ]
- 4.2 Habitat
- 4.3 Life cycle
- 4.4 Interactions with other organisms
- 4. 1 Geographic distribution
- 5 uses
- 5.1 Medicinal use
- 5.2 Essential oil
- 5.3 Ornamental plant
- 6 Agriculture and horticulture
- 6.1 Culture method
- 6.2 Enemies (diseases and pests)
- 6.2.1 Moniliosis
- 6.2.2 Corii
- 6.2.3 Apoplexy
- 6.2.4 Nutrient deficiency
- 6.2.5 Pests
- 7 Cultural-historical aspects
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 See also
- 9.1 Bibliography
- 9.2 Related Articles
- 9.3 External links
Full valid scientific name
Prunus serrulata Lindl. (1830)
Common vulgar names
- English: Japanese Cherry, Japanese Cherry Blossom, Mountain Cherry, Oriental Cherry
- Spanish: Japanese Cerezo
- English: Japanese Cherry, Japanese Flowering Cherry, Oriental Cherry, Scalloped Leaf Cherry, Tibetan Cherry.
- Italian: Ciliegio giapponese
- German: Japanische Blütenkirsche, Japanische Nelkenkirsche, Grannenkirsche
- Dutch: Japanese Sirers
- Swedish: Japanskt Prydnadskörsbär
- Chinese (transcription): Shan Ying Hua
The scientific name comes from the Latin. Prunus means "plum tree" but is also used to refer to cherry trees, and serrulata comes from serrula, meaning "little saw" and refers to the shape of the leaf edge, which is serrated.
Prunus serrulata (Latin for "finely serrated") owes its name to the shape of its leaves.
Flower Prunus serrulata .
This is a small tree 3 to 4 m in Western Europe and 8 to 12 m in its natural environment (in humid subtropical temperate climates) with a dense crown. It has an upright growth with a flattened crown, but some cultivars have a columnar or weeping appearance. The trunk is straight and smooth, the bark is small, brown, but may acquire reddish hues. Its deciduous leaves are simple, long (up to 12 cm), lanceolate, alternate, and elliptical, with a serrated margin. Their petiole is short. They are pale green when they develop in spring and turn yellow-orange in autumn. Japanese cherry begins to bloom profusely from the first heat of April until withering around mid-May. Flower color varies from white to pink. They are small, terry or single (depending on the variety), grouped in bunches of 3 to 5 pieces. They completely cover the branches (branches and twigs). Often the buds that precede flowering are deep pink. Solitary flowers produce small black fruits (drupes). The double flowers of the cultivar are barren and sterile. Fruits Prunus serratula not have nutritional value.
Prunus sargentii is an upright, spreading variety that can reach 4 m in height. The light pink flowers are profuse and disappear after three weeks. The fruits are small black drupes. The leaves are bronze red and turn dark green. It can withstand temperatures up to - 30 ° C .
Yoshino cherry tree
Prunus x yedoensis - spreading hybrid with spreading crown. Its size ranges from 4 to 8 m in height. The buds are light pink and the flowers are white and fragrant. Flowering is especially abundant in April. The leaves are very light green, turning yellow in autumn. Their size ranges from 6 to 12 cm . Grows in isolation, in a hedge or in a bouquet. It can withstand temperatures up to - 20 ° C .
Cherry Tree Izu Oshima
Prunus speciosa is a species measuring 4 to 12 m in height. The flowers are white and profusely developed. The fruit is a small cherry.
Japanese dwarf cherry
Prunus incisa (en)
Species with vernacular names that can be confusing
Many species of Prunus are commonly known as the Japanese cherry. However, they are not identical to Prunus serratula . Many of them are hybrids or varieties Prunus serratula .
Taxonomy and classification(s)
- Padus serrulata (Lindl.) Sokolov
- Cerasus serrulata (Lindl.) Loudon.
- Prunus puddum Miq.
- Cerasus serrulata
- Cerasus serrulata (Lindl.) G. Don
- Prunus serrulata var. hupehensis (Ingram) Ingram
- Prunus serrulata var. lannesiana (Quarry) Makino - Japanese late flowering cherry.
- Prunus serrulata var. pubescens (Makino) Nakai - Hairy Mountain Cherry, Korean Cherry, Chinese Cherry
- Prunus serrulata var. Quelpaertensis Uieki - Korean Cherry
- Prunus serrulata var. serrulata - Chinese cherry
- Prunus serrulata var. spontaneous
- Prunus serrulata var. tomentalla Nakai - Korean Cherry
Botanical hybrids and varieties
Most Japanese cherries in our stores are varieties or hybrids Prunus serrulata . Differences often appear in colors (color and shape), size and silhouette.
Prunus serrulata 'Acolade'
Prunus serrulata 'Hisakura' (tree) in the Botanical Gardens in Paris.
This is a hybrid variety that can reach 3 m in height. Carmine pink buds appear in April and develop into clusters of large semi-double pale pink flowers. It grows in isolation, in beds, hedges or rockeries, and must be exposed to direct sunlight. It can withstand temperatures up to - 20 ° C .
Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa', Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa', Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa'
This is a columnar variety that can grow up to 3.5 m (or more up to 6 m in height). Pale pink flowers may be single or double. They are fragrant and develop from March to mid-April. The leaves are yellowish-bronze, turning green, red or yellow in autumn. It grows in a pot, insulated, rock garden or beds and should be exposed to direct sunlight. It can withstand temperatures up to - 20 ° C .
Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan', Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan'
Prunus Serrulata "Kanzan" in Ponta Grossa, southern Brazil.
This is a variety with an expanding port that can be up to 6 meters high. It grows rapidly and spreads more and more with age. Carmine-red buds form clusters of large dark pink double flowers. The color of the leaves varies from copper red to reddish. Can grow in isolation, in groups, rows or pots. It can withstand temperatures up to -20 °C . This is the most popular variety.
Prunus serrulata 'Kiku Shidare Sakura'
Prunus serrulata 'Hisakura' (flower) in the Jardin des Plantes in Paris.
Spreading and weeping variety, can reach 3 m in height. Flowering is plentiful, terry, dark pink. It develops from late March to mid-May. The leaves are bronze-green, then turn bright green and yellow-orange. It grows in isolation, in groups, in rockeries or in pots. It can withstand temperatures up to -20 °C .
Prunus serrulata 'Kojo No Mai', Prunus serrulata 'Kojo no Mai'
A small variety (about 2 m by 2 m ), slow growing. In spring, the buds are red and the flowers are white. The leaves are green, turning red in autumn. It grows singly or in groups, and can also develop in an aquarium. It's bonsaifiable. It can withstand temperatures up to - 15 ° C .
Prunus serrulata 'Pink perfection', Prunus serrulata 'Pink perfection'
This is a variety with almost red buds.
Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy', Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy', Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy'
Prunus serrulata 'Shirotae' in the Botanical Gardens in Paris.
This is a variety that reaches about 1 meter in height. Terry flowers are fragrant, pink. Leaves dark purple, 6 to 12 cm long . It can be grown in a tub or pot, isolated, in hedges, or in rockeries. It can withstand temperatures up to - 20 ° C .
Prunus serrulata 'Shirofugen'
This variety has very double white flowers.
Prunus serrulata 'Shirotae' or 'Mount Fuji'
This is a large umbel-forming variety that can reach up to 6 m in height. Flowers single or semi-double, white.
Prunus serrulata 'Tai Haku'
This variety has single white flowers.
Prunus serrulata 'Ukon'
This is a cultivar that has semi-double cream-coloured flowers flushed with green.
- China: Anhui, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang.
- Japan: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
- North Korea
- South Korea
- USA (California, Massachusetts)
- Chatham Islands
Wild varieties are not common in crops outside of Asia, but cultivars are found on all continents. They are highly valued in Europe and North America.
Japanese cherries are very hardy and can withstand temperatures down to -26 °C . He is not very demanding. It can grow on clay, limestone, stony or humus soils. It can grow well in alkaline, neutral or acidic soil, but will prefer the first two. Requires well-drained soil with cool moisture and good sunlight.
Japanese cherry can live from 40 to over 100 years, depending on the variety. Varieties do not live that long. Its longevity is due to the fact that its culture is not very demanding.
Interaction with other organisms
In the natural environment, the flowers of Prunus serratula are pollinated by insects. Among them, bumblebees, andrens, bee worms, hoverflies and honey bees are the most active pollinators. The actions of these pollinating insects are very important because they increase the yield of the cherry tree.
Cultivars are most often grafted or cuttings.
In traditional Asian medicine, the fruit has been shown to be beneficial for a variety of ailments, including heart disease, dropsy, toothache, and gout. Modern analysis of the fetus has revealed strong antiviral, antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. Korean studies consider cherries to be a valuable addition to the diet.
Cherry blossom essential oil has two main uses. Due to its excellent fragrance quality, it is used as a perfume as well as an aromatherapy agent for relaxation and stress relief.
Japanese cherry is used mainly for its beauty. Its first use is decorative. For this, it is often planted in parks and gardens. In Japan, cherry blossoms are a symbol of ephemeral beauty.
Agriculture and horticulture
Prunus serrulata and its varieties are propagated by grafting. In Europe and North America, they are usually grafted against Prunus avium and its derivative MF12/1, which is cultivated without viruses in specialist nurseries. Cultivars mostly have double or full flowers as a result of the mutation of the stamens into additional petals. Therefore, these flowers are sterile and therefore bear no fruit.
Depending on the variety, it can be grown in a pot or in the ground and can even be bonsai resistant.
Planting / transplanting / grafting should be done in spring or autumn.
Enemies (diseases and pests)
Brown rot is observed only in fruit-producing varieties. It is caused by the microscopic fungus Monilia laxa . May appear after a cold and rainy spring. The fruits rot and mummify. The tips of young shoots turn brown and then dry up, curling up.
Screening for Coryneum caused by another fungus, Coryneum beijerinckii . This results in small brown-red and then black spots that develop into holes in the leaves, which turn yellow and fall off. Observed in spring and/or autumn.
This is the sudden death of the cherry tree. After a few days, the plant begins to get thirsty, then the leaves turn brown, and the tree dies.
Some leaf damage is caused by nutrient deficiencies, and observing leaf color will help find missing nutrients.
Frequent pests such as small black aphids may invade branches in spring. Other potential insects include scale insects, moths, cicadas, caterpillars and Japanese beetles. Ticks can also be a concern.
Cultural and historical aspects
Hanami at the foot of Himeji Castle.
Cherry tree in Ponta Grossa, southern Brazil.
Cherry trees are of great cultural importance in Asia, especially in Japan. "The beauty of cherry blossoms is a powerful symbol, equated with the frailty of human life, and represents the transformation of Japanese culture over the centuries." In April, the Japanese celebrate the flowering of this tree at events called " hanami " (or " ohana ").
Cherry tree in the garden of Marie-Thérèse Offret in Paris (14th arrondissement).
Apparently serrated cherry "Kwanzan" has been actively cultivated for its beauty since XV - century, Japan. During the medieval period, the warrior class (samurai) used cherry blossoms to symbolize the essence of the samurai. The cherry blossoms were beautiful, complex and short-lived. Unlike other flowers that wither, wither and die, cherry blossoms scatter their petals at their peak of beauty. For the samurai, this quality meant a glorious death in battle before reaching old age.
In the late XIX - centuries, many Americans were interested in the beauty of cherry tree varieties. Asiatic cherries were first introduced for personal gardens. In 1912, American writer, environmentalist, and the first woman on the Board of Directors of National Geographic, Eliza Scudmore, arranged for a donation from the Japanese government of more than 3,000 cherry trees of various varieties. They were planned to be planted along the Potomac in Washington (USA). Since then, cherry blossoms have been celebrated in Washington DC with festivals and ceremonies. Some believe that the cherry blossom period is the end of the winter season and the return of spring.
In the traditional Japanese card game: hanafuda , Japanese cherry blossoms and branches are featured on the March four-card series.
Notes and links
- ↑ a and b (ru) B.-B. Lee, M.-R. Cha, S.-Yu. Kim, E. Park, H.-R. Park and S.-K. Li, " Antioxidant and anticancer activity of cherry blossom extracts (Prunus serrulata var. Spontanea) ", Herbal products for human nutrition , , page 80
- ↑ a b c d e f g and h « Common names for Prunus serrulata Lindl. ", At Tela Botanica
- ↑ French vernacular name after Dictionary common (folk) names on Nomen.at
- ↑ a b c d e f g h and i « Taxon: Prunus serrulata Lindl. ", About the US National Plant Germplasm System
- ↑ (in) ' Prunus serrulata ' at the Missouri Botanical Garden
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j and k " Japanese Cherry ", on auJardin. info
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r and s " Japanese cherry ", on Ooreka.fr
- ↑ a b c d i e (ru) K.-S. Chang, K.-S. Chang, T.Yu. Park, M.S. Roh, " Revision of the Prunus serrulata (Rosaceae) complex and related taxa in East Asia ", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society , , pp. 35, 36, 38, 42 and 45
- ↑ (in) R.A. Balsamo, A.M. Bauer, S.D. B.M. Davis and Rice, “ Biomechanics of Liszt Morphology and anatomy of the leaf -bearing mesophytic ryrolets Prunus (Rosaceae) and the evergreen sclerophillus bush Heteromeles arbutifolia (Rosaceae) ”, Botany magazine ,
- ↑ a b c d e and f (en) " Cherry Blossom ", about Suny Orange
- ↑ a b c d e f g and h " Prunus serrulata ", on EOL.
- ↑ a b c d i e « Prunus serrulata Lindl. ", In the tropics
- ↑ " Cerasus serrulata (Lindley) ", about the Flora of China.
- ↑ a and b " Species details: Prunus serrulata Lindl. » , About Life Catalog
- ↑ G. D. Fuller, " Japanese Vegetation ", Botanical Gazette ,
- ↑ A. Faye, " Cherry Tree Pollination", Fruit Trees, Technical Sheet ", Technical Sheet , , pp. 24 (read online)
- ↑ a and b L. Gaoming, W. Longhu, L. Xueson and Z. Anyong, “ Chemical composition of essential oils and hydrosols from fresh flowers of Cerasus subhirtella and Cerasus serratula from East China ", Natural Products Research: Formerly Natural Products Letters , , pp. 1923
- ↑ J. Joshua and M.T. Mmbaga, " Preservation of cherry leaf spot in ornamental cherries ", Journal of Phytopathology , , pp. 194–201.
- ↑ A.S. Aiello, " Japanese Cherry Blossoms - 100 Years Romance ", Arnoldia , , page 4.
- ↑ (c) " Cherry Blossom Champion" Eliza Scidmore, Led a Life of Adventure ", in The Washington Post.
- ↑ (in) Eliza Skidmore Cherry Blossom Society, " The History of Cherry Blossoms Bridged Japan and the United States - 100th Anniversary of Cherry Blossom Donation ", Naka Ward City News ,
- A. A. Lindsey, "Temperature duration summation accuracy and its use for Prunus serrulata ", Ecology , Vol. 44, No. 1, 1963, pp. 149 - 151.
- B. Choto: “Japanese cherry of countless parents, prunes can be found in every garden! ", Jardins & Décors Aquatiques , No. 41, 2008, pp. 26-41.
- BF Slade, "Leaf development in relation to venation as shown in Cercis siliquastrum L., Prunus serrulata Lindl. and Acer pseudoplatanus L.", "New Phytologist" , Volume 56, No. 3, 1957, p. 281 - 300.
- M. N. Beidokhti, "55 anti-cancer fruits, vegetables, drinks, oils and spices", International Journal of Phytomedicine , Vol. 5, No. 4, 2013, p. 415 - 434.
- MW Chase, MJM Christenhusz, MF Fay, JW Byng, WS Judd, DE Soltis, DJ Mabberley, AN Sennikov, PS Soltis, and PF Stevens, "An updated classification of the angiosperm phylogenetic group for orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", Botanical Journal of the Linnaean Society , Volume 181, 2016, p. 1–20. [https://academic.oup.com/botlinnean/article/181/1/1/2416499#]
- R. Kartik, S.-M. Chen, A. Elangovan, P. Muthukrishnan, R. Shanmugam, and B.-S. Lu, "Phyto-mediated biogenic synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Cerasus serrulata and its utility in hydrazine detection, microbial activity, and DFT studies", Journal of Colloid and Interface Science , Volume 468, 2016, p. 163 - 175.
- R. Kartik, Yu.-S. Howe, S.-M. Chen, A. Elangovan, M. Ganesan, and P. Mutukrishnan, "Sustainable Synthesis of Ag-NP Using Plant Extract Cerasus serrulata - Its Catalytic, Electrochemical 4-NPh Reduction and Antibacterial Activity", Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry . Volume 37, 2016, p. 330 - 339.
- R. Pohl, C. Gasia and M. Roche, “Distribution of 45 Ca and 32 P after injection into the trunk of young Japanese cherry trees ( Prunus serrulata Lindl.), Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique , Volume 115, front. 2, 1982, p. 251 - 262.
- auJardin.info: Japanese Cherry
- CalPhotos database: Prunus serrulata
- Life Catalog: Prunus serrulata Lindl.
- EOL: Prunus serrulata.
- Flora of China: Cerasus serrulata (Lindley).
- GREEN: Prunus serrulata Lindl.
- ITIS: Prunus serrulata Lindl.
- NCBI: Prunus serrulata.
- Oreka: Japanese Cherry
- Tela Botanica: Prunus serrulata Lindl., 1830
- Reed trees: cherry / plum
- USDA: Prunus serrulata Lindl.
- Japanese Cherry and Cherry Trees Page
Mt. Yoshino, Japan's most beautiful cherry blossom spot
From Yoshimizu Shrine on Mount Yoshino, thousands of cherry blossom trees can be seen at the same time.
The Most Scenic Cherry Blossom Spot in Japan
Mount Yoshino in Nara Prefecture in central Japan is renowned for its natural beauty, as well as being a sacred site for practitioners of the ascetic practice of Shugendo and an area where certain types of wood are grown. In 2004, the complex of monuments in this region was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List as "Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountains (Nara Prefecture, Wakayama, Mie)". These places have long been famous for admiring Japanese cherry blossoms; numerous poems praising the beauty of Yoshino flowers are included in the famous poetic anthology "Collection of Old and New Songs of Japan" (Kokin wakashū, early 10th century).
About 30,000 cherry trees of 200 varieties bloom on Mt. Yoshino, Shiro-yamazakura, a variety of wild cherry, predominates
Mt. the view from Yoshimizu Shrine, which is a World Heritage Site. Cherry blossoms are subdivided according to high-altitude tiers into shimo-senbon , "the bottom thousand trees" growing on the lowlands near Yoshino Station of the Kintetsu Yoshino Railway Line and on mountain slopes; naka-senbon (middle thousand), kami-senbon (upper thousand) and oku-senbon (far thousand). Mount Yoshino is characterized by a long flowering period, as cherry trees begin to bloom from the base of the mountain, and gradually the flowering moves higher and higher along the slopes.
People enjoy taking pictures of "thousand trees at a glance" view from Yoshimizu Shrine
Onodachi-ato Viewpoint is located next to the tourist parking in the lower tier simo sambon . As its full name suggests, Shoken kotaigō Onodachi-ato, Empress Dowager Shoken, wife of Emperor Meiji, once enjoyed cherry blossom viewing from this spot. Benches for rest are arranged here, this is a great place to take a breath.
Onodachi-ato viewpoint where you can enjoy flowers and relax
View of the “lower thousand trees” shimo-senbon
Free seating area in the shimo-senbon zone
Yoshimizu Temple is located in the Yoshimizu Thousand Zone naka senbon . This is a World Heritage Site, and from here you can see the view of "a thousand trees at a glance. " From the vicinity of the temple, you can admire the cherry tiers naka-senbon and kami-senbon , which allows you to enjoy the view of the entire mountain in its spring decoration.
Spectacular view from Yoshimizu Shrine, a World Heritage Site
Nara-Osaka Prefecture Border Views
Wonderful views of Mt. Yoshino can also be enjoyed from Tier 9 Hanayagura Viewpoint0934 kami sambon . From here, visitors can view Mount Kongozan on the border between Nara and Osaka prefectures. To see the cherry blossoms downhill, you have to climb up the steep Shishiozaka slope, but the view is worth the effort. Kimpu Shrine and Saigyoan Temple, where the famous poet Saigyo-hoshi (1118-1190) is said to have lived, is considered a "place of power". Dozens of mountain cherries grow in the vicinity.
View from Hanayagura observation deck, located 600 meters above sea level
As a souvenir at Yoshino Mountain, you can buy a three-layer Japanese sweet yamazakura-yokan with a cherry-flavored gelatin top, a middle of yoshino-kudzu starch in the middle and a bottom layer of adzuki beans, satcha green tea with cherry flavor and fresh green leaves.