How fast does a ficus tree grow
How Fast Do Ficus Trees Grow? (How Big They Become?)
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Ask 100 people what their favorite indoor tree is and I’m sure the vast majority of them will say some type of Ficus. With over 850 species worldwide, Ficus is easily one of the most popular trees out there. One consideration you might want to know before buying any however is exactly how fast do Ficus trees grow?
Ficus trees will typically grow between 12 to 36 inches (30 to 91cm) per year depending on the species. If left unpruned most Ficus will grow to 25 feet (7.6m) in 10 years, when they are most productive. Following this, Ficus can reach up to 70 feet (21m) over the next 40 years.
So how can you make your Ficus grow faster and live longer? Do Ficus you keep indoors grow at the same rate as Ficus that is grown in the wild? And are Ficus trees that are used for bonsai faster or slower growing? Keep reading to find out more!How fast do Ficus trees grow?
Now despite having grown a few Ficus trees myself these past years, I wanted to get the most comprehensive answer on how fast Ficus trees grow.
As such, I got in touch with a fere horticultural experts, reached out to my local botanical gardens, and did a quick survey of 20 Plant Paladin readers who keep Ficus.
- Most Ficus trees will grow between 12 and 36 inches per year.
- This is between 30cm to 91cm per year
- Depending on the health of your tree it will grow faster or slower
- Ficus trees then will grow best when kept in an environment closer to their natural habitat – hot tropical conditions.
- Most of the Ficus trees that are kept indoors have been specially bred to grow near the bottom end of the spectrum (12 to 15 inches) to make them practical for indoor use.
- Ficus however that are grown in the wild will grow at the higher end of the spectrum, between 30 to 36 inches.
- The speed at which a Ficus grows however will vary greatly from species to species
- Ginseng Ficus for example, which is commonly used for bonsai keeping will typically grow between 1 to 5 inches per year when compared to Ficus Macrophylla (commonly known as Moreton Bay Fig) which can add 20 to 30 feet of growth in one year.
- Most Ficus will grow the most in their first 10 years when they are most productive.
So as mentioned I didn’t want to just give the measurements that I have seen with my own Ficus trees, or go off some commonplace guidance found online on how fast Ficus trees grow.
As such, I did a quick survey of 20 plant paladin readers asking them how fast their Ficus trees grow.How fast do Ficus trees grow – survey methodology
Now to summarize the method I used, the three main questions I asked were:
- How much height their Ficus adds per year
- The total height of their Ficus
- If they keep their Ficus indoors or outdoors
- If they use their Ficus for bonsai trees
These questions were asked for a few reasons.
First, having grown bonsai trees in the past, I know that my Ficus bonsai tends to grow at a much slower rate than my other Ficus trees, as such, it would prove if this trend was true or not.
Secondly, with there being well over 850 species of Ficus out there, it would give a practical indication of what most people keep as a Ficus – it’s unlikely that a lot of you reading this will be growing a super fast-growing Ficus like the Moreton Bay Fig.
Finally, it will show if there is any significant difference between growing a Ficus indoors and outdoors.How fast do Ficus trees grow – survey resultsHow much height does a Ficus add per year
Most Ficus trees according to the survey grow between 15 and 25 inches (38 to 63cm) per year – this is well in between the range of 12 to 36 inches (30 to 91cm)Total height of a Ficus
The responses to this question showed that most people’s Ficus were between 11 inches (30cm) to 65 inches (167cm).
This suggests that whilst Ficus can grow large, most people keeping Ficus tend to prune them to keep them indoorsIs Ficus kept indoors or outdoors?
The vast majority of people in the survey keep their Ficus indoors, which can help explain the smaller growth and smaller size of the Ficus. If Ficus were kept in the wild or outdoors, we could expect larger sizesIf they use their Ficus for bonsai trees.
As you can see, there is a pretty even split between keeping Ficus for bonsai and keeping them as a general houseplant.
From this, we can derive that most people keep their trees indoors.
Problems with the survey
So whilst the survey did a good job of backing up the recommendations of between 12 to 36 inches (30 to 91cm) per year, the survey should only be seen as anecdotal at best.
This is because we didn’t go into too much information about the different species of Ficus and had a very small sample size of 20 participants only.How fast do Ficus trees grow – what do the experts say
As mentioned, I also got in touch with my local botanical gardens and spoke with one of the employees who worked there about how fast Ficus trees grow.
Their response was:
What species of Ficus grows the fastest
“Ficus used in bonsai will typically grow about 5 inches per year but Ficus used generally indoors can add about 30cm per year”
Moreton Bay Figs are typically the fastest-growing Ficus species and can add up to 20 to 30 feet of growth per year in their first ten years. As such Moreton Bay Figs can exceed 200 feet in height in the wild.
Rubber Figs (Ficus Elastica), are also fast-growing and can add 10 to 15 feet (3 to 4.5M) of growth per year, reaching over 100 feet in the wild.
Now with there being well over 850 species of Ficus, there will be a huge difference in the variation of how fast Ficus trees grow.
As such, I’ve put together a table below that highlights some of the most common Ficus species, how fast they grow per year, and what their maximum height is:
Average growth per year
1-5 inches per year
10 to 15 feet
10 to 15 feet
Fiddle Leaf Fig
12 to 36 inches
12 to 36 inches
Red Leaf Fig
12 to 36 inches
12 to 36 inches
Moreton Bay Figs
20 to 30 feet
12 to 36 inches
Ficus Benjamina (Weeping Fig)
12 to 36 inches
Ficus trees grow between 12 and 36 inches (30 to 91cm). When kept indoors. This is because most Ficus trees that are kept indoors ornamentally have been bred to grow slower than outdoor Ficus.
Indoor Ficus typically grows to 40 inches in their first ten years and max out at around 70 inches if left unpruned.How fast do Ficus trees grow outdoors?
Ficus trees that are grown outdoors, planted in the ground, and grown in their natural environment typically grow between 10 to 30 feet per year and can reach upwards of 100 feet.
Potted Ficus species that are grown outdoors in warmer climates will grow between 12 to 36 inches per year.
Ficus trees grown outdoors in cooler climates will grow substantially less and in some cases fail to spout new growth.How big do Ficus trees become?
Ficus trees that have been manufactured to grow indoors will typically reach a maximum height of 144 inches. Wild Ficus trees can reach upwards of 100 feet in some species such as Moreton Bay Figs.How fast does commercial Ficus grow?
Commercially grown Ficus are Ficus that has been grown on fields in their native climates such as India, Turkey, and Africa.
These trees are mainly grown for the fruit they grow (figs also known as berries) and as such, will typically grow faster than homegrown commercial Ficus trees.
Commercial Ficus then will typically add around 10 feet of growth per year and will be productive for about 10 to 15 years.How fast does ornamental Ficus grow?
On the other side of things, we have ornamental Ficus.
Ornamental Ficus is the everyday Ficus trees you see in homes and gardening stores.
These Ficus have been purpose-bred to make the perfect indoor trees.
Now that being said, if you were to live in a warmer climate and plant these in the ground they would grow to about 70 feet tall and wide.
Most people however will be growing these types of trees indoors, in climates that are much cooler than what they are accustomed to.
As such, these trees will typically add between 12 to 36 inches of growth per year. These trees will be most productive in their first 20 years.
Most Ficus however will be pruned when kept indoors and so it is rare to find an ornamental Ficus that is larger than 144 inches in height indoors.How fast do wild Ficus trees grow?
Wild Ficus trees will typically grow between 3 and 30 feet per year depending on the species. Most Ficus will add 10 feet of growth in the wild per year and will reach a maximum height of between 70 and 150 feet.When will Ficus trees grow the most?
Ficus trees will grow the most during the first 10 to 20 years of their lives when they are most productive. After this, they can grow about half as much in the remaining life as they did in the first 10 to 20 years.
Ficus will also grow the most during the spring and summer when they have the most access to direct sunlight.How fast will Ficus hedges grow?
Ficus hedges on average grow 2 feet per year (24 inches, 61cm). In total Ficus, hedges can reach 25 feet tall. The best species to plant for Ficus hedges would be Ficus Microcarpa.How fast do Ficus bonsai trees grow?
Ficus used for bonsai, such as Ginseng Ficus, will typically grow between 3 to 5 inches per year. This is significantly less than Ficus used for other horticultural activities. This is due to the miniaturization process that slows down the tree’s growth cycle.
Ficus bonsai, however, do live significantly longer than regular Ficus trees, averaging 100 years in age with some Ficus bonsai living for thousands of years.What species of Ficus grows the fastest?
Moreton Bay Figs, also known as Ficus Macrophylla, are the fastest-growing species of Ficus. These trees can add 20 to 30 feet of growth per year and reach heights over 200 feet in the wild.What species of Ficus grows the slowest?
Ginseng Ficus is typically the slowest growing species of Ficus. This Ficus will only grow between 3 and 5 inches per year and reach a maximum height of 70 inches if left unpruned. This is one of the reasons why Ginseng’s Ficus is so popular for its use in the art of bonsai.How to make your Ficus grow faster?
To make your Ficus grow faster, you must maintain regular care of your Ficus.
One of the problems that a lot of you reading this will run into, keeping your Ficus indoors is not managing the sunlight levels of your Ficus.
Ficus tres require a lot of sunlight if kept indoors.
Aim to place them near a south-facing window and allow it to get 4 to 6 hours of light per day.
Now, this can be manipulated to further speed up how fast your Ficus grows by adding a grow light with a full light spectrum which will drastically improve the photosynthesis process of your tree indoors.
Keeping Ficus indoors means that it is a lot more likely to dry out due to the dry air in a lot of our homes.
As such, check the topsoil of your Ficus trees regularly.
Most Ficus will benefit from being watered around once to twice per week.
Now a sneaky trick you can follow to further make your Ficus grow faster is just regularly defoliate the leaves of your tree. This will force new leaf growth, causing faster tree growth.
Finally, to whack your Ficus tree in high gear and make it grow faster, consider fertilizing your tree.
Using something like liquid fertilizer can rapidly speed up the process of growth in your tree.Ficus care guide
Now to help with the points I laid out above, I’ve included a care guide for Ficus in the table below.
Whilst this is focused solely on Ginseng Ficus, most Ficus will benefit from the care requirements below:
Ginseng Ficus Bonsai tree Requirements
Once per day in the spring-summer or if kept indoors. Once per week if kept outdoors during the winter. Only water if dry to touch.
4 hours of direct sunlight in the summer. LED grow light can also be used.
Between 60 degrees F and 100 degrees F
Fertilize 18 times per year, twice per month between spring and summer. Once per month in the fall and winter
Once every 2 to 3 years in the first 10 years. You can then report once every 5 years
Can be placed outdoors in direct sunlight or indoors in a bright spot.
Both copper and aluminum wire can be used.
Time to grow from scratch into maturity
8 to 12 years to reach full maturity
An inorganic Akdama, volcanic ash soil mix works best.
Slow growing, averaging 3-5 inches per year
Average store-bought trees are size is one or two-handed bonsai trees - 3 to 10 inches in size, 2 to 8 inches wide
50 to 150 years
Ficus trees, grown both indoors and outdoors will typically take about 10 years to mature, and reach 20 to 30 feet in height. Ficus trees used in bonsai will typically mature in 3 to five years.
There is no correlation between the growth rate of Ficus trees that produce figs and Ficus trees that do not produce figs. The most important factor in the growth of Ficus is the care and species of the Ficus
Also, just a heads up, Ficus does not typically produce flowers either, so this will not impact the speed of the growth of your tree.
This post was written by Fehed Nicass who has been passionate about bonsai for over 3 years. He currently resides in the UK and works in sales.
How Fast Do Ficus Trees Grow? Ooh!
Ficus trees, otherwise known as fig trees, are excellent plants for beginning gardeners due to their rapid growth rate, but the speed of growth can vary between Ficus species.
Whether you have recently planted a full-sized Ficus tree in your yard or have a smaller bonsai plant in your home, you may want to know how long it will take for the plant to reach its full adult size.
Fortunately, when it comes to Ficus trees and plants, you won’t need to wait patiently for too long.
Here we will explore the length of time it takes for Ficus trees to grow as well as steps that you can take as a gardener to speed up the growth process.
How Fast Do Ficus Trees Grow?
Full-sized Ficus trees can reach a height of at least 25 feet tall (7.6m) within a 10 year period and reach a height and circumference of 70 feet (21.4m) within the next 40 years. The precise rate of growth for Ficus trees varies greatly between species, but proper care can encourage the growth of Ficus trees.
Full-Sized Ficus Trees Grow Rapidly in Size
Ficus trees have a fast rate of growth, and can quickly sprout within a brief period of time. If you have recently planted a Ficus tree in your yard, you need to make sure that you have provided plenty of adequate space for the tree to expand in height and circumference.
A Ficus tree typically reaches approximately 25 feet in height within only 10 years and will continue to grow to 70 feet within a 40-year time span.
While this does indeed mean that you will have a full-sized shade tree in your yard within the next ten years, you also need to use caution when planting a Ficus tree outdoors due to its large size and shallow roots.
Ficus trees need sufficient room to grow in order to reach their maximum size.
Ficus trees often thrive in subtropical and tropical climates, but if a storm was to come, these large trees could easily topple over and destroy roofs and vehicles thanks to their shallow roots.
Therefore, it’s advisable to plant Ficus trees away from your home or driveway to prevent the possibility of damage caused by fallen trees or roots that compromise your indoor plumbing.
Ficus trees fare best in warmer temperatures where they are exposed to a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight per day.
Although Ficus trees do need an adequate amount of watering, you should allow your tree plenty of time to sufficiently dry out in between watering to prevent the growth of fungi.
While indoor Ficus plants are unlikely to produce figs, larger outdoor Ficus trees usually produce two harvests of figs each season with a period of maximum productivity that lasts between 10 to 15 years.
A Ficus tree will not bear fruit throughout its entire lifespan, but you can still expect to enjoy fresh-grown figs for quite a while.
Indoor Ficus Plants Have a Slower Rate of Growth
Ficus plants are an excellent choice for those who are beginners at gardening, but if you simply want a fast-growing ornamental houseplant rather than a monstrous shade tree in your yard, the secret is in the pruning.
Regular pruning of both the shoots and the roots of your indoor Ficus plant will keep your plant at a manageable size by restricting its growth.
If you choose to keep your Ficus plant small and house it indoors, you will still need to keep the area surrounding your Ficus plant at a warm temperature and expose the plant to several hours of indirect sunlight per day.
Ideally, your Ficus plant should be kept on the porch or on top of a window sill, so that it receives a sufficient amount of sunlight. Once again, allow your Ficus plants to dry in between watering sessions.
Since Ficus plants are extremely bushy, you can get creative in trimming the leaves into various shapes.
Although the growth rate will be stunted by keeping your plant indoors and potted, it will still continue to grow outwards and produce a large bundle of bushy leaves.
Indoor Ficus plants can grow beautifully if they are properly cared for.
Frequently Asked Questions about How Fast Ficus Trees Grow
What Conditions Do Ficus Trees Like?
Ficus trees do not fare well in cooler temperatures or when exposed to draft. They thrive at temperatures that are well above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Although Ficus trees are common in subtropical climates, such as that of Florida, temperatures that are too hot can actually result in the leaves being scalded. However, you’ll need to expose Ficus trees to bright light.
What’s the Best Watering Schedule For a Ficus Tree?
Ficus trees should not be watered any more frequently than every 7 to 10 days, as too much watering can result in the growth of bacteria and fungi and can ultimately kill the plant. You need to allow adequate time for full draining before re-watering a Ficus tree.
How Long Does a Ficus Tree Live?
Indoor Ficus plants usually live for up to 20 to 30 years. However, outdoor ficus trees can live for much longer than that. The lifespan of a Ficus tree can also vary between species.
The bottom line is that Ficus trees are extremely fast-growing plants that can provide beautiful ornamentation indoors or a shady sanctuary and seasonal figs when planted outdoors.
While the Ficus tree is known to be a good plant for beginners, its rapid growth rate means that you will get plenty of pruning practice if you decide to grow indoors.
Fortunately, the Ficus trees’ fast growth rate means that you’ll be enjoying fresh figs, cool backyard shade, or a gorgeous houseplant within a short period of time.
One of the most common indoor plants is Ficus Benjamina. Among ficuses, this is the most popular species. In nature, it is found in China, India, Australia, as well as in the Philippines, Hawaii.
Ficus are evergreen shrubs and trees. In nature, they grow to a height of up to 20 meters. In a humid tropical climate, numerous aerial roots extend from its trunk and branches, which become an additional support and often form a multi-stemmed banyan tree.
At home, ficus benjamina can be quite large - the entire height of the room, with the help of trimming its crown can be shaped as needed. White milky juice stands out on the cut.
Like other ficuses, the leaves of this species are shiny, leathery, with short petioles. The color is dark green, there are many variegated forms - they have leaves with spots of white or yellowish milky color.
Ficus benjamin has small leaf blades, 6-10 cm long and 3-5 cm wide, pointed at the ends. The stems are drooping, the plant branches well.
The young shoots of this ficus species are very flexible. Often several cuttings are planted in one pot, as they grow, the stems are twisted into a pigtail. The contiguous stems grow together over time and form beautiful growths.
In areas with a tropical climate, ficus benjamina is actively used for landscaping, creating garden sculptural forms and trimmed hedges.
Ficus benjamina does not require special care and is quite suitable for growing as a bonsai.
In recent decades, many new varieties of this ficus have been bred. They differ in the shape, size and color of the leaves.
Ficus benjamin does not bloom or bear fruit at home.
Ficus benjamina is easy to care for. You just need to remember well that this plant does not tolerate cold drafts. At the ficus, the leaves begin to fall, and this leaf fall can last for a long time.
Ficus is a photophilous plant, variegated forms are especially sensitive to light. In autumn and winter, it is better to keep it on the south window. But at the same time, even in a fairly shaded place, Benjamin's green-leaved ficus grows and develops normally, but its crown will be so lush. The most suitable windows are east and west. In summer, this ficus can grow on a balcony or veranda
The plant is thermophilic. Watering at high air temperatures is plentiful. A large mass of leaves evaporates a lot of moisture and needs to be replenished. In winter, the ficus can be in a cool room (temperature not lower than 10 degrees). It needs to be watered less.
Spraying is useful. Water for spraying and watering is taken slightly lukewarm
A newly transplanted ficus should be watered carefully, its roots can easily rot in moist soil. But when the ficus roots reach the walls of the pot and wrap around an earthen ball, then excess moisture is not terrible for him - all excess water quickly flows out of the pot.
Transplant ficus when its roots completely fill the pot. The new container should be only slightly larger than the previous one. Good drainage is a must.
Ficus benjamina at home grows quite quickly, so the soil must be sufficiently nutritious. Fertilizers for ornamental plants are regularly applied in spring and summer.
Earth mixture for ficus is made up of 2 parts of leafy soil and 1 part of peat and humus. The top layer of the earth is replaced when a white crust appears on it - a salt coating.
Ficus benjamin itself has a beautiful crown, good branching, many varieties do not require any special shaping. But if the ficus has lost some of the leaves, its trunk is bare, you can stimulate the formation of new shoots and leaves by pruning. Pruning should be done in February, before the start of spring growth. The younger the ficus tree, the easier it is to form pruning.
Cut shoots are used for propagation. You can root cuttings in water during the warm season. Roots appear in 3-4 weeks. In some varieties, rooting is poor, it is advisable to use root stimulants.
One of the common pests of ficuses is an insect - scale insect. The infected plant gradually weakens and sheds leaves. It is almost impossible to manually clean the leaves; insecticide treatment is needed.
Ficus benjamina reacts to all home care errors in the same way - sheds leaves.
The most common cause of ficus leaf fall is a cold draft. A window open in winter can cause the death of a plant. Cold window sills are also dangerous for the plant - cold, wet earth can destroy ficus roots.
Leaf fall can occur from a lack of moisture in the air and in the soil. Often the leaves of ficus benjamin begin to crumble a little in the spring with the onset of warm sunny days. Thus, the plant suggests that it needs to be watered more.
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growing rules, why not grow, replanting and propagation
Among the variety of indoor plants, ficus is very popular, which can be an excellent decoration for a winter garden or living space. Some people almost attribute magical properties to ficuses.
Information has reached our days that this plant can keep the air clean in the room, eliminate negative emotions and negative energy, and also keep the idyll of family life in the house.
A very interesting variety is Benjamin's ficus, which is perceived by many flower lovers as a plant that can attract wealth and prosperity to the house. But most often this plant is planted for decoration, because it stands out for its decorative properties, besides, many people appreciate its accessibility and unpretentiousness in care.
1 Description of Ficus Benjamin
2 Plant care
2.1 Light and temperature for the plant
2.2 Air humidity
3 Ficus transplant
3.1 Preparation of capacity and soil, transplant rules
5.1 How to braid Ficus trunks
Description of Ficus Benjamin
In nature, you can often find specimens of Ficus Benjamin, which reach 25 meters in height. A characteristic feature of the plant is dark gray bark , which is decorated with transverse brown strokes.
Small petioles adorn oblong leaves with pointed apex. Having a smooth glossy shape, the leaves are arranged on the shrub in alternating order. They are small in size, reaching 4–12 cm in length and 3–6 cm in width. The root system has invasive character of formation .
Different Benjamin ficuses have roots that can grow not only vertically, but also horizontally. Indoor specimens are able to form a fairly developed root system.
The genus of ficus Benjamin includes many varieties , which differ from each other in size, shape, leaf color, as well as the nature of adaptability to growing in certain conditions. All these nuances must be taken into account when choosing ficus Benjamin.
Caring for the plant
This houseplant will only thrive if it is provided with favorable conditions .
Watering. Ficus benjamina is not a plant that can grow and develop well if it is watered in accordance with a rigid schedule. It is necessary to plan this event taking into account such factors as the age of the ficus, illumination, air humidity, temperature and season.
It is also very important to water in moderation. A sign that the time has come for the next watering is the drying of the earth to a depth of 2-3 cm.
Ficus benjamina must be grown in pots with a drain hole through which excess moisture can go into the pan, from where it can be drained.
Ficus Benjamin should not be watered too often in winter. At this time of the year, due to low activity, the plant requires a minimum amount of moisture.
During care, it is useful to combine watering with top dressing, for which you can add liquid mineral fertilizers to the water prepared for irrigation .
This plant responds well to warm showers, which should be done every two to three weeks. To do this, the flower must be transferred to the bathroom, cover its soil layer with a film, and then thoroughly spill it with a stream of water.
Plant lighting and temperature
Proper care of Benjamin's Ficus involves providing maximum light. Indeed, with its lack, changes in the color of the leaves and the general condition of the ficus are possible. In terms of lighting, there are a number of requirements that must be met:
- Good lighting. It is recommended to grow ficus Benjamin in the most light and well-lit places.
- Possibility to protect the plant from direct sunlight.
- In some cases, the flower may grow normally in diffused light or partial shade, however, this only applies to ficus varieties with dark green leaves.
Ficus Benjamin feels best at a temperature of 20-25 degrees . At the same time, drafts, hypothermia from windows, window sills and open windows cause growth retardation.
In winter, a significant decrease in temperature to 16-18 degrees is allowed, which does not cause serious harm to the plant.
Ficus Benjamin can be made comfortable at home by creating high humidity. First of all, you need to take care of this in the summer.
For this purpose, during maintenance, it is necessary to regularly spray the crown of the plant . The best effect is provided by settled water cooled to room temperature.
In winter, the flower should be kept as far away from heating devices as possible. It is useful to place devices near the ficus that help maintain the necessary air humidity. They can also be replaced with a regular can of water.
Ficus benjamina will grow best if it is provided with 70% humidity. Also, this houseplant responds positively to top dressing. They must be carried out every spring and summer with a frequency of 2-3 weeks.
Moreover, both mineral and organic fertilizers must be applied alternately to the soil. In the spring, when the plant enters a phase of active growth, it is recommended to apply nitrogen-rich fertilizers to the soil.
The need to transplant ficus Benjamin usually arises in the following cases:
- lack of space in the pot for a mature plant;
- the roots are completely enveloped in an earthen ball;
- the plant needs fertilizer or better drainage;
- during plant propagation.
To avoid the difficulties of growing Ficus Benjamin, it is recommended to repot once a year . The best time to plan is in the spring.
Transplantation of specimens 4 years of age and older can be done every two to three years. In summer, it is necessary to update the top layer of soil in a pot from time to time.
When transplanting young plants, it is recommended to fill a new container with leaf soil or with universal soil primer available from specialty stores. Older specimens require dense nutrient soil.
Tank and soil preparation, rules for transplanting
It is very important for transplanting to choose the right pot, which should be the same size as plant and not be bulky. To do this, we must proceed from the fact that the new container should be 2-3 cm wider than the previous one.
Make sure the bottom of the pot has good drainage before filling. You also need to pay attention to the fact that the prepared soil should have a neutral acidity reaction (ph = 5.5-6.5). All other substrates will negatively affect the plant, so it is recommended to avoid use for transplanted ficus alkaline soil and with high acidity.
When transplanting a plant, every effort should be made to injure the root system as little as possible. The easiest way to achieve this is if use the transshipment method .
With it, you can transfer an old earthen ball to a new pot, preserving its integrity as much as possible. Then, after transplantation, the flower takes root quite quickly and begins to grow.
During transplantation the plant must not be watered , after its completion it is necessary to maintain a “dry” mode for two days, after which watering is resumed. If this event is held in the summer, when the room is quite hot and stuffy, then you can spray the plant to increase the humidity.
If this is a recently purchased plant, it is recommended to transplant after 3-4 weeks. By this time, he will be able to adapt as much as possible to lighting, humidity, temperature, so transplanting does not become a serious test for him.
Propagation of Ficus Benjamin
Plants propagated by cuttings demonstrate the best survival rate. Shoots quickly form roots, for which they can be placed in water or soil .
In the first case, it is necessary to ensure that the water is constantly fresh. If the propagation method is used through planting cuttings in the ground, it is recommended to install a jar on the container in order to maintain the greenhouse effect. Before placing the cutting in the soil, the cut point is washed with warm water.
Experts recommend propagating Ficus Benjamin in spring or early summer . This can be explained by the fact that it is at this time of the year that the plant enters the active phase of the formation of roots and foliage.
The strongest flowers are obtained when propagating a cutting with 2−3 knots with leaves. It is not recommended to use a cutting that is too large or small, as it will be less likely to quickly adapt and take root.
Propagation of ficus by leaf is somewhat different. To do this, first prepare a leaf on the lowest part of the trunk and transfer it to a jar of water. Acetylsalicylic acid or activated charcoal must be added to it in order to prevent decay.
In some cases, it is allowed to grow a ficus leaf in the ground. However, in order for it to take root well, it is necessary to maintain favorable conditions in the container where it grows - temperature, lighting and humidity.
Ficus shaping, pruning
Pruning is a popular method to shape Benjamin's ficus. Most often, the following types of crown formation are used for these plants:
- Spherical crown shape.
- In the form of a single or multi-tiered trunk.
- Bonsai style.
- In the form of various sculptures.
Experts recommend planning ficus pruning in spring or early summer , since it is at this time of the year that its accelerated growth begins.
When forming the crown, it is necessary to take into account the age of the plant . The easiest way to give the desired shape of the crown in young specimens. This, in turn, is a guarantee that, as a result of pruning, the plant will acquire the desired shape.
Ficus benjamin pruning is usually considered for those plants that have a fairly overgrown crown, or specimens that, due to their unusually large size, have lost their former attractiveness.
In order not to face unpleasant consequences after pruning ficus Benjamin, it is necessary to carry out this operation taking into account the following rules:
- try to make sure that after the operation the plant does not lose its naturalness;
- before removing the branches, try to imagine what the ficus will look like without them;
- only remove branches with a sterile instrument;
- the bark must be kept intact;
- when pruning ficus, care must be taken that the leaves do not get damaged;
- Ficus branches must be removed at an angle to the top edge.
How to braid ficus stems
Crown shaping is not the only method that allows to return the plant to its former attractiveness . Another method is the interlacing of tables.
To do this, you will have to choose a pair of young specimens with a similar thickness and height of the tables, which are subsequently transplanted into a common pot.
Since the trunks of such plants become semi-lignified and at the same time retain their flexibility, there are can easily be woven . Where the side shoots will join, be sure to cut off all the leaves.
When creating a spiral and pigtail, you need to leave a lot of space, counting on the subsequent thickening of the trunks. Favorable time to start weaving trunks occurs when the lower part of the flower grows to 13 cm.
Growing it at home is quite simple , however, there are some issues regarding care.