How fast does a yoshino cherry tree grow


Everything You Need to Know About Yoshino Cherry Trees

Yoshino cherry trees, or Japanese flowering cherry trees, are a standout at cherry blossom festivals across the world for their almond-scented, whitish pink blossoms that bloom in spring on stunning bare branches. While their small berries are too bitter for people to eat, they attract birds and butterflies to your garden. Yoshino cherry trees grow in a unique, exotic shape and are heat-tolerant.

Yoshino Cherry Trees at a Glance

  • Fragrant, almond-scented whitish-pink flowers in spring
  • One of the first cherry trees to bloom
  • Staple of the National Cherry Blossom Festival and Washington, D.C., Cherry Blossom Festival
  • Attracts birds and butterflies with small dark berries
  • Heat-tolerant
  • Exotic branching pattern and vase-like canopy

Appearance

Yoshino cherry trees have a stunning shape, with a vase-shaped canopy unfurling from an exotic, upright branching pattern and smooth, gray bark. In March and April, Yoshino cherry blossoms bloom for two to three weeks and are one of the first cherry varieties to bloom. Each blossom has five petals that open pale pink and mature into white in clusters of five to six blossoms.

In summer, serrated, ovate, glossy green leaves emerge. In fall, the leaves change to yellow, orange, and red before dropping in winter. Yoshino cherry trees grow to be 30-50 feet tall with a spread of 25-40 feet.

Specifications

AppearanceVase-shaped canopy with oriental branching pattern. Whitish-pink flowers in spring, glossy green serrated leaves in summer that turn yellow, orange, and red in fall
Height30-50 feet
Hardiness ZonesZones 5-8
Type of treeDeciduous
Sunlight requirementsFull sun to partial shade
Soil compositionHighly adaptable, but prefers moist soil

Hardiness Zones

USDA Hardiness Zones indicate the regions where plants can grow, based on minimum winter temperatures. Yoshino cherry trees grow in Zones 5-8, from the West Coast to the East Coast, except for the coldest and hottest climates.

Planting

The best times to plant Yoshino cherry trees are spring and fall. We recommend following these steps:

  • Choose an area that receives full sun to partial shade—full sun is preferable.
  • Clear away any debris, turfgrass, or weeds.
  • Dig a hole twice the depth and the same width as your Yoshino cherry root ball, leaving a small mound of dirt in the middle.
  • Spread out the root ball using your hands or a small spade, and place the root ball carefully on the mound. The tip of the root ball should be an inch above the surrounding soil.
  • Backfill the hole with soil ½ of the way, then soak the hole until the water drains away.
  • Fill the rest of the hole with soil.
  • Finish by spreading a 2-3 inch layer of mulch over the roots, being careful not to let it touch the trunk.

Growing Conditions

Yoshino cherry trees must be kept moist but are tolerant of a wide variety of soil types.

Sun and shade

Yoshino cherry trees flourish in full sun, or at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. They can also grow in partial shade, but they will have fewer flowers.

Soil

Yoshino cherry trees’ only true requirement of soil is that it’s moist. They can grow in acidic, moist, sandy, loamy, and clay soils.

Watering

The soil should be consistently moist, especially as your Yoshino cherry tree is getting established and growing its root system. When the top two inches of soil are dry—you can test this by inserting your index finger into the soil—water with a garden hose for roughly 30 minutes. That translates to roughly every two weeks in the summer and every three or so weeks in fall and spring.

Applying a 2-3 inch layer of mulch can help prevent the moisture from evaporating and allow you to space out waterings more. Always be sure to leave a several-inch gap between the mulch and the trunk.

Fertilizing

Your Yoshino cherry tree will not need to be fed for the first two years. After that, you can fertilize with nitrogen each year, with 1/10 of a pound per year of the tree’s age. You can either spread it out into two or four feedings over spring and summer or do the entire application just once in spring.

Pruning

Yoshino cherry trees do not require pruning, but if you see any dead, diseased, or crowded branches, you should prune them when they appear. If you want to prune for aesthetic reasons, early summer is the time—that way, you won’t prune any buds.

Frequently Asked Questions

How fast do they grow?

Yoshino cherry trees grow at a rate of roughly 1-2 feet per year.

Do they bear fruit?

Yes, but the fruit is too bitter for people to enjoy. However, it is very appealing to birds, including robins.

How tall do they get?

Yoshino cherry trees can reach a maximum height of 30-50 feet.

How long do they bloom?

Yoshino cherry trees bloom for two to three weeks.

To share feedback or ask a question about this article, send a note to our Reviews Team at [email protected] com.

Yoshino Cherry Tree for Sale

Receive free shipping on all orders over $150 | Check out our best sellers

  • Home >
  • Cherry Trees >
  • Yoshino Cherry Tree

1 of 3

Prunus x yedoensis

8 reviews
  • Cherry Trees
  • Edible Plants
  • Flowering Cherry Trees
  • Ornamental Trees

Add To Cart

Plant Care

Sunlight

Yoshino cherries flourish in full sun: 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day.

Watering

Newly-planted Yoshino cherries need frequent watering; after they are established, water when the soil is very dry.

Fertilizing

Nitrogen is the most important nutrient for this plant. Use a slow-release fertilizer formulated for flowering trees in spring; add compost yearly around the tree.

Planting and Care

by John Haryasz | Horticulture Writer and Landscape Designer – last update on January 11, 2022

Planting instructions

The best time to plant your Yoshino cherry tree is in the spring or fall. Choose a planting location that receives full sun and has moist, well-draining soil. Dig a wide, deep hole with a mound of soil at the center. Set the tree on the soil mound, and spread out the roots. Starting with a nutrient-rich topsoil, backfill the hole to cover the roots, and water when the hole is about two-thirds full. Fill in the rest of the hole, without covering the crown. Spread a 3-inch layer of mulch over the tree’s root zone, keeping the mulch approximately 8 inches from the trunk.

Watering and nutrients

Yoshino cherry trees need consistently moist soil, especially in their infancy. However, they do not tolerate waterlogged soil, so plant them in well-draining soil. Water the tree at the trunk base whenever the top layer of soil dries out. To help the soil retain moisture, add a layer of mulch over the soil. When mulching, leave a gap of a few inches around the trunk to prevent the trunk from rotting. If your soil is not naturally rich in nutrients, you can use a standard liquid fertilizer as recommended, or add compost rich in organic materials to the top of your soil annually.

Pruning

This tree performs best when left to its own devices, so don’t feel the need to prune on a regular basis. However, you should ensure good maintenance of the tree by removing any dead, damaged, or diseased branches as they appear.

These trees have an upright growth habit with outward spreading branches that result in a dense vase-shaped canopy. Their natural shape is very appealing, so you shouldn’t need to prune for any aesthetic reason. However, if you do decide to prune your Yoshino cherry tree to shape it, then always do so in early summer to avoid removing any flower buds.

Pests and diseases

These trees can be affected by insects like scale, aphids, and mites. Natural remedies include neem oil, horticultural oil, or insecticidal soap applied thoroughly to the tree. Yoshino cherry trees are also susceptible to leaf-eating caterpillars and tent caterpillars, which can be controlled with Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis).

acterial diseases like leaf spot and twig cankers, as well as fungal diseases, can affect Yoshino cherry trees. You can prevent these diseases with proper tree care and maintenance. If your tree becomes infected with a bacterial disease, immediately remove infected branches, and fertilize the tree. For fungal infections, treat the entire tree with 2 tablespoons of neem oil mixed with 1 gallon of water.

Fun Facts

Do Yoshino cherry trees produce fruit?

Yes, these trees do produce cherries, but not the kind you will find in the grocery store. Yoshinos produce small, black cherries that, while edible, are not appealing to the human palette. However, many different types of birds, including cardinals, robins, and waxwings, as well as other small wildlife, are big fans of the fruit. If you want to attract some feathered and furry friends to your yard, a Yoshino cherry tree is a good choice.

Are Yoshino cherry trees toxic to dogs?

Yes, the stems, leaves, and blossoms of this tree are toxic to dogs, which may mean these are not an ideal tree for dog-owners. The stems, leaves, and blossoms contain Cyanogenic glycosides, a toxin which prevents oxygen from being properly absorbed and transported by cells (meaning they are also toxic to humans as well). It’s best to keep dogs and these trees separated, or clean up any blossoms, leaves, or stems immediately after they fall.

How long do Yoshino cherry trees live?

With proper attention and care, Yoshino cherry trees can live and flower for about 80 years. Although this is a relatively short lifespan compared to other trees, which can live for hundreds of years, it is certainly long enough for a few generations to enjoy. To improve the longevity of your Yoshino cherry tree, plant it in an area where it will not be harmed by heavy foot traffic or other abuse.

Are Yoshino cherry trees fast-growing?

Given their relatively short lifespans, the answer is yes. These trees grow rather quickly, at a pace of about 3 to 4 feet per year in optimal conditions. Given that Yoshino cherry trees typically grow to be between 25 and 35 feet high, this can mean that you will have a fully grown tree in less than 10 years, giving you plenty of time to enjoy this enchanting, ornamental tree.

Compare Similar Products

Customer Reviews

Anonymous

Verified Buyer May 8, 2021 at 3:22pm

Yoshino Cherry

Excellent condition on arrival.

Anonymous

Verified Buyer May 6, 2021 at 10:23am

Great tree

Excellent. Packing and health of tree

Anonymous

Verified Buyer April 30, 2021 at 12:05pm

Cherry tree

One is okay and one was pretty banged up and is not looking very good.

Anonymous

Verified Buyer April 29, 2021 at 6:35pm

Great service

Just planted a little over a week ago, and they look pretty happy. I felt like I got great service, excited to see how they grow and bloom!

Anonymous

Verified Buyer April 13, 2021 at 6:08pm

So far. .... Not sure yet.

So far, it's doing ok I guess. Kinda slow in the growth. I know it will take a few years. But, I'm wondering how long will it take for new branches to form.

Anonymous

Verified Buyer January 26, 2021 at 4:43pm

Excellent Experience

Excellent. No problems.

Anonymous

Verified Buyer June 20, 2020 at 4:11pm

4' Yoshino cherry

So far so good.... showed up in good shape and appears healthy. One comment is that there were no planting / care instructions we're included. Would have liked that. All in all I am happy with it as long as it lives.

Anonymous

Verified Buyer May 30, 2020 at 7:34pm

Yoshino Cherry Streep and Crape Myrtle

While we were concerned about the holes in the leaves on the cherry tree, I was told by your staff that new growth should appear. It is looking healthier by the day. Crape Myrtle was perfect. We are happy with our purchases and will order from you again in the future.

Everything you need to know about Yoshino cherry trees

Contents

  • Yoshino cherry trees at a glance
  • Appearance of
  • Stability zones
  • Landing
  • Growing conditions

Yoshino Cherry Trees, or Japanese Cherry Blossom Trees, stand out at cherry blossom festivals around the world for their whitish-pink, almond-scented flowers that bloom in spring on stunning bare branches. Although their small berries are too bitter for humans, they attract birds and butterflies to your garden. Yoshino cherry trees have a unique exotic shape and are resistant to high temperatures.

Yoshino cherry trees at a glance

  • Fragrant, whitish-pink flowers with almond scent in spring
  • One of the first flowering cherry trees
  • National Cherry Blossom Festival staple and Washington DC Cherry Blossom Festival
  • Attracts birds and butterflies with small dark berries
  • Heat resistant
  • Exotic branching pattern and vase-like canopy

Appearance

Yoshino cherry trees are stunningly shaped with a vase-shaped canopy unfolding from exotic vertical branches and smooth gray bark. In March and April, the Yoshino cherry blossoms for two to three weeks and is one of the first cherry varieties. Each flower has five petals that open pale pink and turn white in clusters of five to six flowers.

Serrated, ovate, glossy green leaves appear in summer. Leaves turn yellow, orange and red in autumn and fall off in winter. Yoshino cherry trees grow to 30-50 feet tall and 25-40 feet wide.

Characteristics

Appearance Vase-shaped canopy with oriental branching pattern. Whitish-pink flowers in spring, shiny green serrated leaves in summer that turn yellow, orange and red in autumn.
Appearance Vase-shaped canopy with oriental branching pattern. Whitish-pink flowers in spring, shiny green serrated leaves in summer that turn yellow, orange and red in autumn.
Height 30-50 feet
Stability zones Zones 5-8
Wood type Deciduous
Sunlight requirement Full sun to partial shade
Soil composition Adapts well, but prefers moist soil.

Hardiness Zones

USDA hardiness zones indicate regions where plants can grow based on winter minimum temperatures. Yoshino cherry trees grow in Zones 5-8, from the West Coast to the East Coast, except in the coldest and hottest climates.

Planting

The best time to plant Yoshino cherries is spring and autumn. We recommend doing the following:

  • Select an area that receives full sun rather than partial shade, and full sun is preferred.
  • Remove debris, lawn or weeds.
  • Dig a hole twice as deep and as wide as a clump of Yoshino cherry root, leaving a small mound of earth in the center.
  • Spread the root ball with your hands or a small spatula and carefully place the root ball on the mound. The tip of the root ball should be an inch above the surrounding soil.
  • Fill the hole ½ full with earth, then soak the hole until the water drains.
  • Fill the rest of the hole with earth.
  • Finish by applying a 2-3 inch thick layer of mulch to the roots, being careful not to let it touch the trunk.

Growing Conditions

Yoshino cherry trees need to be kept moist, but they are tolerant of a wide variety of soil types.

Sun and shade

Yoshino cherry trees thrive in full sun or at least six hours of direct unfiltered sunlight per day. They can also grow in partial shade, but they will have fewer flowers.

Soil

Yoshino cherry tree's only true requirement for soil is moisture. They can grow in acidic, moist, sandy, loamy and clay soils.

Watering

Keep the soil constantly moist, especially as your Yoshino cherry tree takes root and its root system grows. When the top two inches of soil are dry, you can test this by dipping your index finger into the water with soil with a garden hose for about 30 minutes. This is about every two weeks in the summer and about every three weeks in the fall and spring.

Applying a 2-3 inch thick layer of mulch will help prevent evaporation and extend the interval between waterings. Always leave a gap of a few inches between the mulch and the trunk.

Fertilizer

Yoshino cherry tree does not need to be fed for the first two years. After that, you can fertilize with nitrogen every year, adding 1/10 pound per year of tree age. You can spread it out over two or four feedings during the spring and summer, or do a full application only once in the spring.

Pruning

Yoshino cherry trees do not need to be pruned, but if you see dead, diseased, or crowded branches, you should prune them as soon as they appear. If you want to prune for aesthetic reasons, the time is early summer, then you will not prune the buds.

Frequently Asked Questions

How fast do they grow?

Yoshino cherry trees grow at a rate of approximately 1-2 feet per year.

Do they bear fruit?

Yes, but the fruit is too bitter for people to enjoy. However, it is very popular with birds, including robins.

How tall are they?

Yoshino cherry trees can reach a maximum height of 30-50 feet.

How long do they bloom?

Yoshino cherry trees bloom for two to three weeks.

To provide feedback or questions about this article, send a message to our review team at [email protected] .

Prunus serrulata - frwiki.wiki

Japanese cherry tree

For the Japanese cherry tree in Japanese culture, see Sakura.

Prunus serrulata is a species of cherry tree native to Asia (Japan, Korea, China) belonging to the Rosaceae family . It is widely used as an ornamental tree due to its magnificent spring bloom and colorful fall foliage. From XV - th century, its many cultures and hybridization have allowed the development of a large number of varieties whose ornamental beauty is the main concern. In French it is called 9or . Its flowering marks the return of spring.

Summary

  • 1 Denominations
    • 1.1 Full valid scientific name
    • 1.2 Common vulgar names
    • 1.3 Etymology of
  • 2 Features
    • 2.1 Related species
      • 2.1.1 Sargent Cherry
      • 2.1.2 Yoshino Cherry
      • 2.1.3 Izu Oshima Cherry Tree
      • 2.1.4 Japanese dwarf sakura
    • 2.2 Species with common names which may be confusing
  • 3 Taxonomy and classification(s)
    • 3.1 Synonyms
    • 3.2 Varieties
    • 3.3 Botanical hybrids and varieties
      • 3.3.1 Prunus serrulata 'Acolade'
      • 3.3.2 Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa'
      • 3.3.3 Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan'
      • 3.3.4 Prunus serrulata 'Kiku Shidare Sakura'
      • 3.3.5 Prunus serrulata 'Kojo No Mai'
      • 3.3.6 Prunus serrulata 'Pink perfection'
      • 3. 3.7 Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy', Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy'
      • 3.3.8 Prunus serrulata 'Shirofugen'
      • 3.3.9 Prunus serrulata 'Shirotae' or 'Mount Fuji'
      • 3.3.10 Prunus serrulata 'Tai Haku'
      • 3.3.11 Prunus serrulata 'Ukon'
  • 4 Ecology
    • 4.1 Geographic distribution
      • 4.1.1 Native
      • 4.1.2 Presented [ 14 ]
    • 4.2 Habitat
    • 4.3 Life cycle
    • 4.4 Interactions with other organisms
  • 5 uses
    • 5.1 Medicinal use
    • 5.2 Essential oil
    • 5.3 Ornamental plant
  • 6 Agriculture and horticulture
    • 6.1 Culture method
    • 6.2 Enemies (diseases and pests)
      • 6.2.1 Moniliosis
      • 6.2.2 Korii
      • 6.2.3 Apoplexy
      • 6.2.4 Nutrient deficiency
      • 6.2.5 Pests
  • 7 Cultural-historical aspects
  • 8 Notes and references
  • 9 See also
    • 9. 1 Bibliography
    • 9.2 Related Articles
    • 9.3 External links

Names

Full valid scientific name

Prunus serrulata Lindl. (1830)

Common vulgar names

  • English: Japanese Cherry, Japanese Cherry Blossom, Mountain Cherry, Oriental Cherry
  • Spanish: Japanese Cerezo
  • English: Japanese Cherry, Japanese Flowering Cherry, Oriental Cherry, Scalloped Leaf Cherry, Tibetan Cherry.
  • Italian: Ciliegio giapponese
  • German: Japanische Blütenkirsche, Japanische Nelkenkirsche, Grannenkirsche
  • Dutch: Japanese Sirers
  • Swedish: Japanskt Prydnadskörsbär
  • Chinese (transcription): Shan Ying Hua

Etymology

The scientific name comes from the Latin. Prunus means "plum tree" but is also used for cherry trees, and serrulata comes from serrula, which means "little saw" and refers to the shape of the leaf edge, which is serrated.

Characteristics

Prunus serrulata (Latin for "finely serrated") owes its name to the shape of its leaves.

Flower Prunus serrulata .

This is a small tree 3 to 4 m in Western Europe and 8 to 12 m in its natural environment (in humid subtropical temperate climates) with a dense crown. It has an upright growth with a flattened crown, but some cultivars have a columnar or weeping appearance. The trunk is straight and smooth, the bark is small, brown, but may acquire reddish hues. Its deciduous leaves are simple, long (up to 12 cm), lanceolate, alternate, and elliptical, with a serrated margin. Their petiole is short. They are pale green when they develop in spring and turn yellow-orange in autumn. Japanese cherry begins to bloom profusely from the first heat of April until withering around mid-May. Flower color varies from white to pink. They are small, terry or single (depending on the variety), grouped in bunches of 3 to 5 pieces. They completely cover the branches (branches and twigs). Often the buds that precede flowering are deep pink. Solitary flowers produce small black fruits (drupes). The double flowers of the cultivar are barren and sterile. Fruits Prunus serratula not have nutritional value.

Related species

Sargent Cherry

Prunus sargentii is an upright, spreading variety that can reach 4 m in height. The light pink flowers are profuse and disappear after three weeks. The fruits are small black drupes. The leaves are bronze red and turn dark green. It can withstand temperatures up to - 30 ° C .

Yoshino cherry tree

Prunus x yedoensis - spreading hybrid with spreading crown. Its size ranges from 4 to 8 m in height. The buds are light pink and the flowers are white and fragrant. Flowering is especially abundant in April. The leaves are very light green, turning yellow in autumn. Their size ranges from 6 to 12 cm . Grows in isolation, in a hedge or in a bouquet. It can withstand temperatures up to - 20 ° C .

Cherry Tree Izu Oshima

Prunus speciosa is a species measuring 4 to 12 m in height. The flowers are white and profusely developed. The fruit is a small cherry.

Japanese dwarf cherry

Prunus incisa (en)

Species with vernacular names that can be confusing

Many species of Prunus are commonly known as the Japanese cherry. However, they are not identical to Prunus serratula . Many of them are hybrids or varieties Prunus serratula .

Taxonomy and classification(s)

Synonyms

  • Padus serrulata (Lindl.) Sokolov
  • Cerasus serrulata (Lindl.) Loudon.
  • Prunus puddum Miq.
  • Cerasus serrulata
  • Cerasus serrulata (Lindl.) G. Don

Varieties

  • Prunus serrulata var. hupehensis (Ingram) Ingram
  • Prunus serrulata var. lannesiana (Quarry) Makino - Japanese late flowering cherry.
  • Prunus serrulata var. pubescens (Makino) Nakai - Hairy Mountain Cherry, Korean Cherry, Chinese Cherry
  • Prunus serrulata var. Quelpaertensis Uieki - Korean Cherry
  • Prunus serrulata var. serrulata - Chinese cherry
  • Prunus serrulata var. spontaneous
  • Prunus serrulata var. tomentalla Nakai - Korean Cherry

Botanical hybrids and varieties

Most Japanese cherries in our stores are varieties or hybrids Prunus serrulata . Differences often appear in colors (color and shape), size and silhouette.

Prunus serrulata 'Acolade'

Prunus serrulata 'Hisakura' (tree) in the Botanical Gardens in Paris.

This is a hybrid variety that can reach 3 m in height. Carmine pink buds appear in April and develop into clusters of large semi-double pale pink flowers. It grows in isolation, in beds, hedges or rockeries, and must be exposed to direct sunlight. It can withstand temperatures up to - 20 ° C .

Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa', Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa', Prunus serrulata 'Amanogawa'

This is a columnar variety that can grow up to 3. 5 m (or more up to 6 m in height). Pale pink flowers may be single or double. They are fragrant and develop from March to mid-April. The leaves are yellowish-bronze, turning green, red or yellow in autumn. It grows in a pot, insulated, rock garden or beds and should be exposed to direct sunlight. It can withstand temperatures up to - 20 ° C .

Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan', Prunus serrulata 'Kanzan'

Prunus Serrulata "Kanzan" in Ponta Grossa, southern Brazil.

This is a flared port variety that can be up to 6 meters high. It grows rapidly and spreads more and more with age. Carmine-red buds form clusters of large dark pink double flowers. The color of the leaves varies from copper red to reddish. Can grow in isolation, in groups, rows or pots. It can withstand temperatures up to -20 °C . This is the most popular variety.

Prunus serrulata 'Kiku Shidare Sakura'

Prunus serrulata 'Hisakura' (flower) in the Jardin des Plantes in Paris.

Spreading and weeping variety, can reach 3 m in height. Flowering is plentiful, terry, dark pink. It develops from late March to mid-May. The leaves are bronze-green, then turn bright green and yellow-orange. It grows in isolation, in groups, in rockeries or in pots. It can withstand temperatures up to -20 °C .

Prunus serrulata 'Kojo No Mai', Prunus serrulata 'Kojo no Mai'

A small variety (about 2 m x 2 m ), slow growing. In spring, the buds are red and the flowers are white. The leaves are green, turning red in autumn. It grows singly or in groups, and can also develop in an aquarium. It's bonsaifiable. It can withstand temperatures up to - 15 ° C .

Prunus serrulata 'Pink perfection', Prunus serrulata 'Pink perfection'

This is a variety with almost red buds.

Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy', Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy', Prunus serrulata 'Royal Burgundy'

Prunus serrulata 'Shirotae' in the Botanical Gardens in Paris.

This is a variety that reaches about 1 meter in height. Terry flowers are fragrant, pink. Leaves dark purple, 6 to 12 cm long . It can be grown in a tub or pot, isolated, in hedges, or in rockeries. It can withstand temperatures up to - 20 ° C .

Prunus serrulata 'Shirofugen'

This is a variety with very double white flowers.

Prunus serrulata 'Shirotae' or 'Mount Fuji'

This is a large umbel-forming variety that can reach up to 6 m in height. Flowers single or semi-double, white.

Prunus serrulata 'Tai Haku'

This variety has single white flowers.

Prunus serrulata 'Ukon'

This is a cultivar that has semi-double cream-coloured flowers flushed with green.

Ecology

Geographic distribution

Native
  • China: Anhui, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang.
  • Japan: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
  • North Korea
  • South Korea
Introduced
  • USA (California, Massachusetts)
  • Bolivia
  • Chatham Islands
  • Slovakia

Wild varieties are not common in crops outside of Asia, but cultivars are found on all continents. They are highly valued in Europe and North America.

Habitat

Japanese cherries are very hardy and can withstand temperatures down to -26 °C . He is not very demanding. It can grow on clay, limestone, stony or humus soils. It can grow well in alkaline, neutral or acidic soil, but will prefer the first two. Requires well-drained soil with cool moisture and good sunlight.

Life cycle

Japanese cherry can live from 40 to over 100 years depending on the variety. Varieties do not live that long. Its longevity is due to the fact that its culture is not very demanding.

Interaction with other organisms

In the natural environment, the flowers of Prunus serratula are pollinated by insects. Among them, bumblebees, andrens, bee worms, hoverflies and honey bees are the most active pollinators. The actions of these pollinating insects are very important because they increase the yield of the cherry tree.

Cultivars are most often grafted or cuttings.

Uses

medicinal use

In traditional Asian medicine, the fruit has been shown to be beneficial for a variety of ailments, including heart disease, dropsy, toothache, and gout. Modern analysis of the fetus has revealed strong antiviral, antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. Korean studies consider cherries to be a valuable addition to the diet.

Essential oil

Cherry blossom essential oil has two main uses. Due to its excellent fragrance quality, it is used as a perfume and also as an aromatherapy agent for relaxation and stress relief.

Ornamental plant

Japanese cherry is used mainly for its beauty. Its first use is decorative. For this, it is often planted in parks and gardens. In Japan, cherry blossoms are a symbol of ephemeral beauty.

Agriculture and horticulture

Growing method

Prunus serrulata and its varieties are propagated by grafting. In Europe and North America, they are usually grafted against Prunus avium and its derivative MF12/1, which is cultivated without viruses in specialist nurseries. Cultivars mostly have double or full flowers as a result of the mutation of the stamens into additional petals. Therefore, these flowers are sterile and therefore bear no fruit.

Depending on the variety, it can be grown in a pot or in the ground and can even be bonsai resistant.

Planting / transplanting / grafting should be done in spring or autumn.

Enemies (diseases and pests)

Moniliosis

Brown rot is observed only in fruit-producing varieties. It is caused by the microscopic fungus Monilia laxa . May appear after a cold and rainy spring. The fruits rot and mummify. The tips of young shoots turn brown and then dry up, curling up.

Coryneum

Screening for Coryneum caused by another fungus, Coryneum beijerinckii . This results in small brown-red and then black spots that develop into holes in the leaves, which turn yellow and fall off. Observed in spring and/or autumn.

Apoplexy

This is the sudden death of the cherry tree. After a few days, the plant begins to get thirsty, then the leaves turn brown, and the tree dies.

Nutrient deficiency

Some leaf damage is caused by nutrient deficiencies, and observing leaf color will help you find missing nutrients.

Pests

Frequent pests such as small black aphids may invade branches in spring. Other potential insects include scale insects, moths, cicadas, caterpillars and Japanese beetles. Ticks can also be a concern.

Cultural and historical aspects

Hanami at the foot of Himeji Castle.

Cherry tree in Ponta Grossa, southern Brazil.

Cherry trees are of great cultural importance in Asia, especially in Japan. "The beauty of cherry blossoms is a powerful symbol, equated with the frailty of human life, and represents the transformation of Japanese culture over the centuries. " In April, the Japanese celebrate the flowering of this tree at events called " hanami " (or " ohana ").

Cherry tree in the garden of Marie-Thérèse Offret in Paris (14th arrondissement).

Apparently serrated cherry "Kwanzan" has been actively cultivated for its beauty since XV - century, Japan. During the medieval period, the warrior class (samurai) used cherry blossoms to symbolize the essence of the samurai. The cherry blossoms were beautiful, complex and short-lived. Unlike other flowers that wither, wither and die, cherry blossoms scatter their petals at their peak of beauty. For the samurai, this quality meant a glorious death in battle before reaching old age.

In the late XIX - th centuries, many Americans were interested in the beauty of cherry tree varieties. Asiatic cherries were first introduced for personal gardens. In 1912, American writer, environmentalist, and the first woman on the Board of Directors of National Geographic, Eliza Scudmore, arranged for a donation from the Japanese government of more than 3,000 cherry trees of various varieties. They were planned to be planted along the Potomac in Washington (USA). Since then, cherry blossoms have been celebrated in Washington DC with festivals and ceremonies. Some believe that the cherry blossom period is the end of the winter season and the return of spring.

In the traditional Japanese card game: hanafuda , Japanese cherry blossoms and branches are featured on the March four-card series.

Notes and links

  1. a and b (ru) B.-B. Lee, M.-R. Cha, S.-Yu. Kim, E. Park, H.-R. Park and S.-K. Lee, " Antioxidant and anticancer activity of cherry blossom extracts (Prunus serrulata var. Spontanea) ", Herbal products for human nutrition , , page 80
  2. a b c d e f g and h " Common names for Prunus serrulata Lindl. ", At Tela Botanica
  3. ↑ French vernacular name after Dictionary common (folk) names on Nomen.at
  4. a b c d e f g h and i « Taxon: Prunus serrulata Lindl. ", About the US National Plant Germplasm System
  5. (in) ' Prunus serrulata ' at the Missouri Botanical Garden
  6. a b c d e f g h i j and k " Japanese Cherry ", on auJardin.info
  7. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r and s " Japanese cherry ", on Ooreka.fr
  8. a b c d i e (ru) K. -S. Chang, K.-S. Chang, T.Yu. Park, M.S. Roh, " Revision of the Prunus serrulata (Rosaceae) complex and related taxa in East Asia ", Botanical Journal of the Linnaean Society , , pp. 35, 36, 38, 42 and 45
  9. (in) P.A. Balsamo, A.M. Bauer, S.D. B.M. Davis and Rice, “ biomechanics of leaf morphology and anatomy of the leaf -winged mesophytic ryrolets Prunus (Rosaceae) and the evergreen sclerophillus bush Heteromeles arbutifolia (Rosaceae) , ,
  10. , 2003, 04 2003, 04 2003, 04 2003, 04 2003, 04 2003, 04, 2003
  11. a b c d e and f (en) " Cherry Blossom ", about Suny Orange
  12. a b c d e f g and h " Prunus serrulata ", on EOL.
  13. a b c d i e Prunus serrulata Lindl. ", In the tropics
  14. ↑ " Cerasus serrulata (Lindley) ", on the Flora of China.
  15. a and b " Species details: Prunus serrulata Lindl. » , About Life Catalog
  16. ↑ G. D. Fuller, " Japanese Vegetation ", Botanical Gazette ,
  17. ↑ A. Faye, " Cherry Tree Pollination", Fruit Trees, Technical Sheet ", Technical Sheet , , pp. 24 (read online)
  18. a and b L. Gaoming, W. Longhu, L. Xueson, and Z. Anyong, “ Chemical composition of essential oils and hydrosols from fresh flowers of Cerasus subhirtella and Cerasus serratula from East China ", Research on natural products: earlier letters on natural products
  19. ↑ J. Joshua and M.T. Mmbaga, " Preservation of cherry leaf spot in ornamental cherries ", Journal of Phytopathology , , pp. 194–201.
  20. ↑ A.S. Aiello, " Japanese Cherry Blossoms - A 100-Year Romance ", Arnoldia , , page 4.
  21. (c) " Cherry Blossom Champion" Eliza Scidmore, Led a Life of Adventure ", in The Washington Post.
  22. (in) Eliza Skidmore's Cherry Blossom Society, " History of Cherry Blossoms Bridged Japan and the United States - Cherry Blossom Donation ", Naka Ward City News ,

See also

Bibliography

  • A. A. Lindsey, "Temperature duration summation accuracy and its use for Prunus serrulata ", Ecology , Vol. 44, No. 1, 1963, pp. 149 - 151.
  • B. Choto: “Japanese cherry of countless parents, prunes can be found in every garden! ”, Jardins & Décors Aquatiques , No. 41, 2008, pp. 26-41.
  • BF Slade, "Leaf development in relation to venation as shown in Cercis siliquastrum L., Prunus serrulata Lindl. and Acer pseudoplatanus L.", "New Phytologist" , Volume 56, No. 3, 1957, p. 281 - 300.
  • M. N. Beidokhti, "55 anti-cancer fruits, vegetables, drinks, oils and spices", International Journal of Phytomedicine , Vol. 5, No. 4, 2013, p. 415 - 434.
  • MW Chase, MJM Christenhusz, MF Fay, JW Byng, WS Judd, DE Soltis, DJ Mabberley, AN Sennikov, PS Soltis, and PF Stevens, "An updated classification of the angiosperm phylogenetic group for orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society , Volume 181, 2016, p. 1–20. [https://academic.oup.com/botlinnean/article/181/1/1/2416499#]
  • R. Kartik, S.-M. Chen, A. Elangovan, P. Muthukrishnan, R. Shanmugam, and B.-S. Lu, "Phyto-mediated biogenic synthesis of gold nanoparticles using Cerasus serrulata and its utility in hydrazine detection, microbial activity, and DFT studies", Journal of Colloid and Interface Science , Volume 468, 2016, p. 163 - 175.
  • R. Kartik, Yu.-S. Howe, S.-M. Chen, A. Elangovan, M. Ganesan, and P. Mutukrishnan, "Sustainable synthesis of Ag-NP using Cerasus serrulata plant extract - its catalytic, electrochemical 4-NPh reduction and antibacterial activity", Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry . Volume 37, 2016, p. 330 - 339.
  • R. Paul, C. Gasia and M. Roche, "Distribution of 45 Ca and 32 P after injection into the trunk of young Japanese cherry trees ( Prunus serrulata Lindl.), Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique , Volume 115, front.

    Learn more