How get rid of tree stump
How To Kill a Tree Stump (2022 Guide)
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From home remedies to professional solutions, here’s everything you need to know about getting rid of a tree stump in your yard.
Reviews by This Old House Reviews Team 10/05/2022 2:05 pm
Cutting down trees in your yard is a great way to improve the natural lighting for other plants and make way for new trees to grow. If you’ve removed a tree in your yard, you know how pesky its leftover stump can be.
While you could leave it alone, it could start to grow, sprouting annoying shoots from its roots, or it may take years to naturally rot and decompose. Try the following techniques to kill the tree stump and remove it from your yard or find a tree removal expert to take care of it for you.
Home Remedies for Tree Stump Removal
Here are a few ways you can get rid of a tree stump before getting your hands dirty with physical removal.
This is a common DIY method for killing tree trunks, as it accelerates the decomposition process to 6–12 months, as opposed to three to seven years for natural rotting. Epsom salt contains magnesium and sulfur, which are beneficial to plants but deadly in large quantities. Overdosing the stump with Epsom salt pulls the moisture out of it, killing it and accelerating the decaying process.
Here’s how to use Epsom salt to kill a tree stump:
- Drill deep holes in the stump about an inch wide with a power drill and a wide drill bit.
- Sprinkle the stump with water after covering the top of the stump with Epsom salt.
- Cover the stump with a tarp to keep the rain from washing away the substance.
- Repeat this process every few weeks to ensure its success.
If this process is successful, the stump will die within two to three months and be close to full decay after a year. This is a great solution for homeowners who want a slower, natural approach to killing their tree stump.
Similar to Epsom salt, rock salt can help kill and decay a stump with minimal effort. Here’s how to kill a tree stump with rock salt:
- Drill holes into the stump.
- Pack the holes with rock salt.
- After all of the holes are packed and the stump is covered in salt, pour soil and mulch over the stump.
- Then, pour water over the mulch—this will dissolve the salt, help the roots absorb the solution, and pack the soil.
Keep watering the stump every few days for one to two months to keep the stump moist with the saltwater solution, promoting absorption and the growth of fungi that can accelerate the stump’s decomposition. You can also add a potassium nitrate fertilizer to further support the growing fungi.
Plastic Bag or Tarp
Perhaps the easiest method to kill a tree stump is forcing darkness on it. Without sunlight, the tree stump will die, accelerating the decomposition process. Rotting should start to take place in two to three months.
Here’s how to kill a tree stump with a plastic bag or tarp:
- Similar to other methods, cut the stump as close to the roots as possible with a chainsaw, hatchet, or handsaw.
- Cover the stump with a black trash bag.
- Weigh the bag down with heavy rocks or bricks. For a smaller stump, use a dark-colored bucket or container to cover the stump.
This technique requires little to no effort, but it can be slower compared with the physical removal methods.
You don’t need to purchase any substance or solution to try this remedy—all you need is hot water.
- Expose as much of the stump’s root structure as possible.
- Drill holes into the roots and on top of the stump—this will help the scalding water reach as much of the root system as possible and kill the roots with heat.
- Once all the roots are exposed, pour boiling water over them. The heat from the water will shock the root system, severely damaging it and killing it.
Once the stump and roots are dead, the natural decomposition process can begin.
Techniques To Physically Remove a Tree Stump
If you have the time and resources to use physical methods to kill and remove your tree stump, consider the following techniques. Compared to home remedies, they are much quicker but take a bit more effort, tools, and money to perform.
Use Fire To Kill a Tree Stump
Use some kindling or kerosene to burn the stump so that it doesn’t protrude from the ground. This method will kill the tree, but it won’t completely get rid of the tree roots and stump. Keep in mind that this may not be an option if you live in an area with a dry climate that’s prone to wildfires. Check with your local fire department to see if burning a tree stump falls in line with the local fire code.
Once you have approval to burn your tree stump, there are a few ways you can move forward. You can drill holes into the trunk, pour kerosene into each hole, light scrap wood on the surface of the stump, and carefully monitor the wood as it burns. This method is slower, but it burns the wood from deeper within the stump.
You can also cut criss-cross lines in the wood that are about five to six inches deep with a chainsaw, then simply light some kindling on top and monitor the stump until it’s burned down below ground level.
Dig the Tree Stump Out of the Ground
Digging out a tree stump is one way to remove it from your yard, but it can require time-consuming work that can be potentially destructive to your yard or garden. This method allows you to remove as many tree roots as possible and ensure that the stump doesn’t continue to grow. To save time and effort, consider hiring a professional with digging equipment to handle the job.
Here’s how to dig a tree stump out of the ground:
- Dig around the stump, exposing as many roots as possible.
- Use a chainsaw, hatchet, or handsaw to cut the larger roots. As you continue digging, you may find smaller roots that can be cut with clippers or loppers.
- Once you’ve cut all of the roots around the stump, lift and remove the stump from the ground.
- Fill the hole with dirt and cover it with topsoil or mulch.
Note: This process can take multiple hours of labor, depending on the size of the tree stump and the root structure.
Free Quote: Get your free quote on professional stump removal today
Grinding the Tree Stump
This is the quickest method for killing and removing tree stumps. It involves hiring a tree removal specialist or renting a stump grinder machine to break apart the wood in the trunk and tree roots. Typical prices for this job are around $100–$400. Stump grinder machine rental costs typically fall between $80 and $150 for a four-hour window.
To grind a tree stump, start by trimming the stump with a chainsaw, digging around it and removing any rocks. Then, use the machine’s cutter blade to chip away at the wood and cut any roots that are connected to the stump. This process can take anywhere from two to six hours depending on the size of the stump. Once you’re finished, spread dirt in and over the hole, adding topsoil or mulch if desired.
What To Avoid When Killing Tree Stumps
Here are a few factors to consider when removing or killing tree stumps to ensure safety and effectiveness:
- Bleach—Bleach can be used to kill a stump when poured over it in high quantities, but we recommend avoiding this method since it can be detrimental to the surrounding plants. It would be much healthier for the environment of your yard to use a more natural method like Epsom salt, as this can be beneficial to plants and soil.
- Diesel fuel—Avoid using diesel fuel or gasoline to burn tree trunks, since these solutions don’t offer a slow, effective burn needed to properly break down the wood. Diesel fuel and gasoline can also be toxic for the surrounding plants in your yard. Instead, we suggest using minimal amounts of kerosene and kindling wood for your stump fires.
- Potential dangers—Even if your city allows for burning a stump, monitor and maintain the fire until it’s finished burning to keep it from spreading beyond the controlled area. You should also take safety precautions when using tree removal equipment, such as a chainsaw or stump grinder, and wear the proper protective gear.
- Proximity to other plants—If your stump is located near plants that you wish to protect, be careful when adding chemicals to the stump and keep them off any surrounding plants. For example, even though the magnesium sulfate in Epsom salt can be good for plants, too much of it can dry them out.
The Bottom Line
If you’re trying to remove a tree stump from your yard, try one of the above methods. While we recommend the DIY techniques if you’re not in a hurry, renting a machine or hiring a professional to help grind the stump is the fastest solution.
Free Quote: Get your free quote on professional stump removal today
Enter your ZIP code into the tool below to find tree removal experts in your area that can help you get rid of your pesky stump.
Frequently Asked Questions
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5 Ways to Remove a Tree Stump
You eliminated the tree that just didn’t work in your yard, but now you have the stump to contend with. Surprisingly, removing it is no easy task. In fact, it’s left you, well — stumped. But never fear! Here are 5 ways to remove a tree stump.
- No. 1: Use Chemicals
- No. 2: Remove Stump Manually
- No. 3: Burn the Stump
- No. 4: Use a Stump Grinder
- No. 5: Call in the Pros
- Best Way to Remove a Tree Stump
- FAQ About Tree Stump Removal
No. 1: Use Chemicals
Using chemicals to remove a tree stump is the least labor-intensive way to get rid of it. However, this process does take time, especially if the size of the stump is large.
In some cases, it could take up to a year for the stump removal process to be complete because you are literally rotting the pesky stump. But the good news is that this method is inexpensive if you already have a chainsaw and drill.
The materials you need to purchase will cost you less than $20. Here are our five picks for stump removal chemicals.
To get your tree stump out this way, you’ll need the following:
- A chainsaw and a drill
- Potassium nitrate
- Plastic tarp
- Garden mulch
- An ax
How to Remove a Tree Stump Using Chemicals
Once you’ve got your materials, you can begin. But remember, when you use a chemical stump remover, be patient as it will take at least four weeks in most cases to see results. If you are looking for a way to rot a tree stump fast, this is it. Normally, it takes three to seven years for a stump to rot.
Step 1: Using your chainsaw, take off as much of the stump that’s above ground level as possible. Be sure to have protective safety gear on such as safety goggles and steel toe boots.
Step 2: Next, it’s time to drill holes through what is left of the tree stump. Space the holes closely together and use the largest drill bit that you can. Go as deep and wide as you can with these holes.
Step 3: Fill the holes using water first, then add the potassium nitrate. You could also use another type of fertilizer high in nitrogen, or even stump remover granules designed for this process.
Step 4: Soak the ground all around the tree stump with water to get it nice and saturated, then cover the area with a plastic tarp. The tarp will help to keep moisture in and accelerate the rotting process.
Step 5: Cover the tarp with mulch, preferably an organic variety, and water again to help retain moisture and soak the area.
Step 6: Check on the progress periodically and add more water and nitrogen to your tree stump, then recover with mulch and more water.
Step 7: After four to six weeks have passed, your tree stump should become spongy. If so, you can use an ax to speed up the process and remove portions of the tree stump. If enough of it comes loose, you can cover what remains with dirt, and create a flower bed or even plant grass seed. If the stump is still firm, repeat the process.
If you discover that the old tree stump hasn’t progressed as far as you’d like, you can always move on to the burn method listed below.
Or, if you want to avoid harsh chemicals, fuel oil, or anything else that’s not natural, you could use the Epsom salt method. Follow the steps above but switch out Epsom salt for the potassium nitrate.
No. 2: Remove Stump Manually
If you don’t want to use chemical stump removal or wait too long to get rid of the tree stump, it may be possible to remove it manually. Again, it’s not expensive to do it this way if you already have the tools. It may take around three to 12 hours to finish the project, but once you are done, that stump will be history.
The tools that you need to gather or purchase include:
- Digging bar ($30 to $50).
- Bow saw ($10 to $30).
- Ax ($30 to $40).
- Mattock ($15 to $50).
Be sure to wear safety gear such as work gloves and steel toe boots for this project.
How to Manually Remove a Tree Stump
Manually removing a stump is definitely more labor-intensive, but it will get the job done fast. This method is best used on small to medium-sized tree trunks. If your stump is larger, then you’ll probably need a stump grinder, which we will talk about later.
Step 1: Use the broad end of the mattock to dig around the stump and loosen the dirt.
Step 2: Remove the loosened dirt with a shovel so that you see the tree roots.
Step 3: With your mattock (or a small bow) sever the tree roots from your tree trunk.
Step 4: Continue to dig and chop until you reach the taproot and clear an area around it.
Step 5: Using an ax or bow saw, cut through the taproot.
Once you’ve cut through the taproot, you can wiggle the tree stump around and pull it out of the topsoil. This process will take hours, but when it’s over, your tree stump will be gone.
Another strategy for removing a tree stump manually is to use a wedge, which this video illustrates.
No. 3: Burn the Stump
Another do-it-yourself option is the burn method. This may be used alone or in conjunction with one of the two stump removal methods listed above. The supplies you’ll need to burn your stump include:
- A tree stump removal product such as Stump Out (which you can find on Amazon).
- Kerosene or fuel oil.
- Power drill.
How to Burn a Tree Stump
Burning the stump may seem daunting, but as long as safety measures are followed, this is an effective method to remove a tree stump. Carefully follow the instructions:
Step 1: Drill holes in the stump and sprinkle your powdered tree stump removal product inside. This will help to make the wood porous.
Step 2: Pour kerosene or fuel oil into the holes. Soak the tree stump completely, allowing the porous wood to absorb the fuel.
Step 3: Ignite the tree stump and let it burn. Watch it closely and make sure that the flame smolders. Once it is just about finished, you can cover it with topsoil to help put out any remnants of the fire.
This is a fast method for removal, but if you live in a neighborhood, you may want to check first that it’s acceptable to use kerosene on your tree stump.
No.4: Use a Stump Grinder
If you are dealing with a larger stump, or have multiple old tree stumps to remove, renting a stump grinder may be your best DIY bet. Stump grinders that are available at your local home improvement store generally cost between $100 and $200 to rent. You’ll also need a few extra tools including:
How to Remove a Tree Stump With a Stump Grinder
Stump grinders are large machines that can weigh around 1,000 pounds. So before you rent one, make sure you have a vehicle that can transport it to and from your home, or that the rental company can deliver it and take it away.
Step 1: Clear dirt, debris, and rocks away from the tree stump using your mattock or shovel.
Step 2: Using your chainsaw, cut as much of the stump as possible. Ground-level is ideal.
Step 3: Place the stump grinder wheel a few inches above the stump and turn it on.
Step 4: Lower it about 3 inches and move it from side to side using its lever.
Step 5: Grind it down about 4 inches using the grinder wheel and repeat until the entire perimeter of the stump is 4 inches below the ground.
Step 6: Fill the hole with the wood chips which are the remnants of your stump then cover with topsoil and/or grass.
While this is a home improvement project that you can do yourself, be sure to do your research before you begin. These machines can be a challenge to operate and you will need the proper safety gear and attire.
No. 5: Call in the Pros
If waiting weeks, working on it for hours, lighting fires, or operating heavy equipment don’t appeal to you, you can always hire a local tree care professional. If you’re already getting a tree cut down, ask that company to remove the trunk. They will charge you an additional fee, but you may be able to negotiate a favorable rate since you are already working with them.
It generally costs between $175 and $516 per stump for removal. To get a good estimate, measure the diameter of the stump and multiply this by $2 to $5. The average cost for professional removal is $326.
Stump grinding costs from $158 to $450 depending on the size of the stump. The average cost of stump grinding is $313.
Advice from a Pro
Since the cost to rent a stump grinder ranges from $200 to $400, you could actually come out ahead by hiring a service instead. Gerald Williams, owner of C-Trees & More in Houston, Texas said that in many cases the stump grinders available for rent at places like Home Depot are not big enough for most jobs.
“I’ve seen people rent these machines and try to do it themselves,” he said. “They get worked to death trying to remove the stump with one of these small grinders, and then they still end up calling a professional in to do the job. ”
He said that you can rent a stronger, professional-grade stump grinder, but warns that these can cost around $400 or more. Additionally, he said that the commercial-grade grinders require skill to operate as well as the proper equipment to haul them.
The Bottom Line: By calling a professional, you’ll not only avoid hauling heavy equipment, but you’ll also avoid safety glasses, sawdust, and the local fire department.
How to Choose the Best Way to Remove a Tree Stump
There are several aspects to consider when choosing how to remove a tree stump. Does it have a deep root system? Is the stump small, medium, or large? Large tree stumps may not come out as easily as smaller stumps with some of these methods.
And why do you want to get rid of it? Is it an eyesore that you are ready to eliminate, or are you willing to wait? Once you have the details and reasoning behind the stump removal, you’re ready to choose your tree stump killer.
- Best ways to remove a small stump: Chemicals, remove manually, or burn
- Best ways to remove a medium stump: You could use any of these five methods, depending on the size, age of the stump, and root system. Probably wouldn’t need to call in a pro, unless you prefer for someone else to do the work.
- Best ways to remove a large stump: Call in the pros for the fastest results. Chemicals or burning may also work, depending on the size, age of the stump, and root system.
- Cheapest ways to remove a stump: Remove the stump manually, or burn the stump. Compared to renting heavy equipment or hiring a pro, using chemicals is also inexpensive.
- Fastest ways to remove a stump: Remove the stump manually or call in the pros
FAQ About Tree Stump Removal
How Far Down Should a Stump be Ground?
Generally, tree stumps are ground from between 4 inches to 6 inches below the surface. This length is ideal because it’s deep enough for the lawn to regrow over the remaining stump and roots. Further grinding can be done, but it can be challenging for a DIYer and cost more if you hire a professional.
Can I Leave a Tree Stump in the Ground?
If you leave a tree stump and its roots in the ground, it’ll decay. Sometimes it can take up to a decade for the decay process to start, but it will eventually start. In the meantime, it’ll be vulnerable to organisms, fungi, diseases, and pests like termites and other wood-destroying insects.
Can you Remove a Tree Stump with Epsom Salt?
Yes. It is a long, drawn-out process, but you can use Epson salt to remove a tree stump. You can either drill a few holes on the top of the stump, dump in the salt, and then add enough water to moisten the salt. The other option is to make a 2:1 water: salt solution and dump it on the stump, then cover it with a tarp, and repeat the process a week later. Both methods will slowly draw the moisture out of the stump and kill it. Chip away at the dead pieces as they form until, eventually, the stump shrinks enough to pull out of the ground.
If I Grind the Stump, What will Happen to the Roots?
Eventually, they’ll decay and break down, returning to the environment. Because the roots are below ground, they don’t cause the same issues as leaving the tree stump. However, if you’re concerned, you can use most the same methods to remove the roots as you would the stump.
If I use a Herbicide, How Long will it Take to Work?
It depends on a few factors. How new is the stump? How big is the stump? What product did you use? On average, results should appear in 6 to 8 weeks. However, it may take several months for the stump to decompose.
No Longer Stumped
If you’ve got an annoying stump in your yard that you are ready to remove, you have options. This final stage of tree care really depends on how quickly you want the stump removed, how much work you are willing to put into it, and of course, how much you want to spend to remove it.
If you’re ready to take action, contact a local tree care professional to remove the stump and take this chore off your lawn care to-do list.
* LawnStarter participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program. LawnStarter may earn revenue from products promoted in this article.
LawnStarter writer Nicki DeStasi updated this article.
Main photo credit: Shutterstock
Jennifer Lester is a freelance writer and social media strategist who covers a variety of home and garden topics. She’s a graduate of Texas A&M University and the proud mom of three boys. In her spare time, she volunteers in her community and her children’s schools.
Posts by Jennifer Lester
How to get rid of stumps and tree roots on the site: 4 ways
Sooner or later, every owner of the site is faced with the problem of removing stumps. Even if they didn’t exist initially, they will definitely appear over time. Aging and diseases of fruit trees, the need for redevelopment of the territory - there can be a lot of reasons. We will analyze several working methods on how to remove a stump from the site quickly and easily.
All about uprooting stumps yourself
Is it always necessary
4 working methods
— Manual uprooting
— Chemical destruction
The easiest way to solve the problem of removing large and small stumps is during the development of the site. If the territory has not yet been ennobled, special equipment is ordered. With its help, in just a few hours, they clean the site. The disadvantage of this method is obvious: heavy machinery and destructive mechanical uprooting will leave numerous marks on the site. But if the territory is still going to be ennobled, it's not scary.
It is much more difficult to choose the right solution, how to get rid of a stump in an already developed area. There can be a lot of options, but each of them has certain disadvantages. First of all, you need to understand whether it is really necessary to get rid of a piece of wood. After all, you can benefit from them. For example, an interesting landscape decor is obtained from the rest of the trunk. In order to make it, the core is hollowed out and a fertile substrate is poured into the cavity. The resulting "bed" is used to grow flowers, vegetables or berries. Such a flower bed or garden bed can become the center of an interesting multi-tiered composition. A good option is growing mushrooms. Their spores are inhabited by the remains of wood, where mushroom families germinate very quickly.
It turns out an unusual and useful "decoration". Honey mushrooms or oyster mushrooms will give several harvests over the summer. At the same time, the mycelium actively destroys wood, because it needs food for growth. In five to six years, mushrooms will completely destroy the remains of the tree. Flowers or vegetables "work" in a similar way, however, they need much more time to destroy.
Making flower beds in the garden with your own hands: useful tips and photos that you will love
If the stump stands where it is planned to set up a flower garden or beds, or somehow interferes with the improvement, you have to think about how to uproot the stump on the site. You can invite specialists with a cutter. A powerful technique will crush the wood, deepening 20-30 cm. This is enough to get rid of the roots. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to use the services of specialists. Then use the methods available for independent use.
1. Manual uprooting
In order not to mess with the remains of the tree, when sawing, you can cut the trunk at ground level. This is done if they do not interfere and it is possible to leave them to rot in the soil. To speed up the process, the cut is chopped with an ax. Sooner or later, the rhizomes will rot, but this will not happen very soon. All the time, while the processes of overheating are going on, it will not be possible to break a garden bed, put up any building, etc. at this place.
When there is no time to wait, choose manual uprooting. This is a very labor intensive method. To begin with, they dig a hole around the hemp, exposing the rhizome. It is important to expose all root processes in the trunk area. You can not remove the soil with a shovel, but wash it off. To do this, put a drain chute in the pit and “wash” the rhizome with a stream of water under strong pressure. The bare root shoots are cut. This must be done very carefully so as not to get hurt. It is extremely inconvenient to work in the pit, the roots are most often mixed up and very hard. But it is imperative to cut them, otherwise, when the hemp is pulled out, the long rhizome will easily destroy the adjacent path, fence or building foundation. A snag with chopped roots is fixed to a winch or any other lifting mechanism and pulled out of the ground. If it is not possible to use mechanical devices, the stump is split, loosened and untwisted fragments, removed from the ground.
Uprooting takes a lot of time and effort, so not everyone is ready to do it. There are ways to remove the stump without uprooting. They are much easier. Let's analyze the most effective of them.
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2. Use of fire
A very simple but rather dangerous method. It can be used with certain restrictions. First of all, the remains of the tree must be removed from buildings, fences, underground and air communications, power lines. It is impossible to carry out the procedure on peat soils (peat bogs ignite quickly and can smolder for a long time). Putting out an underground fire is very difficult, almost impossible.
Burning is carried out in calm, dry weather. All flammable items are removed to a safe distance and be sure to prepare a supply of water in case the situation gets out of control. Start by drilling two channels inside the hemp. Drill to the maximum possible depth. One is lowered strictly vertically, and the second is placed at an angle to it. In the first there will be a fire, through the second it will receive the air necessary for combustion. In large snags, it is advisable to drill several holes for air. This will speed up the burning.
A flammable liquid is poured into the central cavity. It is best to take lighter fluid or diesel fuel. Gasoline will burn very quickly, which will not give the desired effect. A cotton wick is lowered inside the hole and lit. The only thing left to do is keep the fire going. Depending on the condition of the wood, it will last from 13 to 16 hours.
You can speed up the process if you remove the stump using the Tsiolkovsky method. In this case, "caramel fuel" is used as fuel. This is a mixture of ammonium nitrate and sugar in a ratio of 7:3. The ingredients are mixed and carefully poured into the drilled hole. You need to know that the mixture gives a very strong flame. In a matter of minutes, the entire snag, including the roots, burns out. Therefore, it is imperative to take precautions: you need to ignite the fuel from a certain distance; for this, a gasoline “path” is laid to it.
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The essence of the method is the decomposition of root residues with the help of chemicals. This is an effective, but slow way to get rid of tree roots. Different preparations are used for destruction, but the method of their application is approximately the same. To begin with, as many deep holes as possible are drilled in the saw cut. This is best done in the fall, two to four weeks before the first frost. The chemical substance will have time to penetrate into the most remote root shoots before the cold weather and will destroy them all winter.
Chemical reagent is poured into the holes. Most often it is carbamide, aka urea. This is a well-known fertilizer that decomposes wood in large quantities. The granules are tightly packed in the cavity, spilled with water, covered with plastic cut and the film is securely fixed. You can plug filled holes with corks or cover with clay. After a few months, the snag will soften, it will be easier to remove it from the ground. Urea, even in large quantities, is relatively safe for the site.
The same cannot be said about potassium or sodium nitrate. They are also used to destroy wood residues. Nitrogen salts are toxic in large doses, so the technique is not suitable for areas where there are new plantations near tree residues. Saltpeters act differently than urea. They dry up the root, which is then easily taken out of the ground. If the soil is not peaty, you can simply burn it, because it is saturated with a substance that stimulates combustion. To destroy a hemp with a diameter of 15-16 cm, it is necessary to lay 2,000 g of any reagent.
Salt will help solve the problem of how to remove stumps from freshly cut trees. Tree juices will quickly spread it throughout the rhizome, which the salt will “dry out” in a year and a half. The removal procedure is the same as described above. You need to know that a high concentration of salt will not allow plants to develop in this place for several years.
Copper or iron sulphate can also be used as a chemical agent. Each of these preparations is a highly effective insecticide and fungicide, toxic in large doses. Vitriol is used for chemical uprooting of diseased stumps. No other way can prevent infection of nearby plantings.
Herbicides work quickly and effectively. They process only a fresh cut, pour the roots with a solution. Autumn processing allows you to remove the rhizomes from the ground in the spring without any problems. But the soil turns out to be contaminated with herbicides, nothing will grow here for several years.
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The essence of the technique is that the mulch layer blocks the access of air to the saw cut. Without oxygen, the roots slowly die. True, it takes a lot of time. Mulching is more suitable for destroying small stumps. For example, it will be a good solution for getting rid of cherry or plum roots.
The trunk is cut at ground level or slightly above. The saw cut is covered with a dense layer of mulch 20-25 cm high. It is desirable to cover the entire near-trunk circle. Any organic matter is suitable as mulch: chopped grass, leaves, plant debris. The rhizomes will rot for a long time, for several years. All this time, organic matter will have to be added, as its layer is thinning.
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There are many ways to uproot trees. The optimal one is chosen taking into account the prevailing conditions. So, effective mechanical uprooting is not suitable for an already ennobled area, but on a newly developed area it will help to get rid of rhizomes quickly and easily. In order not to spoil the landscape design, they invite specialists with a cutter, they can remove any stumps in a short time. Or use the safest chemical uprooting. Burning is effective, but it must be done very carefully. The risk of fire and fire is too great.
How to get rid of tree stump without uprooting, using chemicals
Every gardener periodically needs to remove a tree. The reasons for this may be different, but problems with the roots remaining in the ground will definitely arise.
The task is greatly complicated by the fact that, as a rule, it is not possible to organize the entrance of special equipment in the conditions of a summer cottage, removal by physical means is far from possible for every owner, or owner, of a suburban area. Naturally, the question arises of how to get rid of tree stump without uprooting. How complex and costly this process should be considered in more detail.
- Choosing the best option for removing a stump from a tree
- In what cases is it possible to use special equipment
- Uprooting by hand - pros and cons
- Removing tree roots chemically
- How to burn a stump with saltpeter 902 urea stumps, what are the advantages
- How to get rid of tree stump without uprooting, using table salt
- We use herbicides instead of uprooting
- Non-standard, but quite effective options
- Some useful tips
Choosing the best option for removing the stump
The part of the trunk and root remaining after cutting down the tree, if desired, can not be removed, they can serve as an unusual attractive element of the decor of the site.
In particular - a support for climbing plants, they can be used to make a decorative table or bench, other, no less original options are possible. The choice is often dictated by the features of decorating the garden or the entire plot.
Landscape designers generally recommend not to get rid of stumps, but to collect their most attractive specimens and create rutaria, i.e. root gardens. If this option is approached with imagination, then a composition created on the basis of not uprooted remains of sawn trees can become a highlight of a landscape garden.
But if the old tree was infected with pests or diseases, then the removal of the stump is a mandatory procedure. Even a small part of it left in the ground can become a source of infection for all plants on the site.
In a small garden, leaving stumps from old trees is also not rational - they will take up too much space.
In what cases it is possible to use special equipment
Which removal methods are better to resort to is not an easy question. Of course, if the tree to be removed is large, it is possible to attract specialists and equipment, but it is possible to incline to this option only if the site has a solid size, there are no buildings and young plantations on it.
From a cost point of view, this option is only justified if a lot of trees or stumps need to be removed. Usually, this method is resorted to if it is planned to build up a plot previously allocated for growing fruit or ornamental trees.
Manual uprooting - pros and cons
Before deciding to manually uproot a stump, you should evaluate your strength and acquire auxiliary tools. The application of this method does not require financial costs, the work can be done within one or two days, but it will require considerable physical effort.
Strong arguments in favor of uprooting by hand are:
- very limited space for action
- close placement of vegetable beds, buildings, trees
- uprooting of young trees, the roots of which have not yet grown very much
3 There are cases when and special equipment cannot be adjusted and chemicals or fire cannot be used, manual labor will have to be used. But this method is now considered obsolete.
Under certain conditions, experts still recommend using chemical reagents to remove stumps.
Chemical removal of tree roots
The point is that wood under the influence of chemically active substances quickly turns into dust, which greatly simplifies the process of cleaning the area from stumps.
The following are used as chemical agents:
- table salt
It is recommended to plan planting on the site of removed stumps no earlier than in a couple of years, they will be needed for the complete destruction of wood.
How to burn out a stump with saltpeter
Sodium or potassium nitrate can be used as a chemical agent. Their penetration deep into the wood will lead to the complete death of the tree's horse system, regardless of its size. It should be noted that saltpeter, in the end, will penetrate deep into the soil along the root and accumulate in it.
The task is to drill several holes on the surface of the hemp, 35-40 cm deep and 1 cm in diameter. At least 100 g of saltpeter is poured into each of them. Next, water is poured.
It is best to close the holes tightly with wooden plugs - so that the saltpeter is not washed out by rain. If this procedure is carried out in the summer, then in the spring of next year you can start burning the stump.
With the onset of heat, the holes are opened and gasoline is poured into them, then set on fire. Be sure to follow the precautions!
Since saltpeter releases oxygen as a result of exposure to high temperatures, the flame actively spreads in the ground, even small roots burn out.
It should not be forgotten that it is absolutely impossible to use saltpeter for uprooting stumps in peat soils. Such actions may cause a fire!
The advantages of the method include:
- fairly quick results
- no shoots appear from the roots
- labor costs are minimal
The costs will not be so much, you just need to purchase saltpeter in a specialized gardening store.
How urea stumps are removed, what are the advantages
The work is carried out in the same way as when burning out with saltpeter. More holes will speed up the work of the chemical. This method is not fraught with danger; it is not required to set fire to the stump. It will simply decompose from exposure to urea. Sprouts from the root will not appear.
Such an object can be covered with soil and planted next to a tree or bushes. Decayed wood and urea accumulated in the ground will be excellent food sources for them.
The advantages of using urea are obvious:
- no brute force is required
- the soil is not polluted with chemicals
- the remains of the root system are completely removed
The option of removing stumps with urea can be used on any type of soil, including peat.
How to get rid of tree stump without uprooting, with table salt
To destroy tree roots, it is not necessary to buy special chemicals, you can use those tools that are used in household use. Let's figure out how to turn a stump into dust using ordinary salt.
The procedure is as follows:
- in the autumn it is required to drill holes in the stump, add salt, up to 300 g of salt will be needed per stump
- then add water to the holes, as much as you like
- cover the top of the stump with soil
- soil pollution
- long period of wood decomposition removing it with herbicides, take the most popular Roundup or Tornado.
Operation is as follows:
- the upper part of the stump is cut at such a height that a fresh cut is obtained
- the resulting surface is poured with herbicide
- the entire stump is tightly wrapped with plastic wrap
in about a year.
The method is quite simple and effective, the costs will not be significant, for the purchase of herbicide and polyethylene film.
Non-standard, but quite effective options
Discussing options for turning a stump into dust, one should also remember other methods, they are not used so often, but the results are good.
You can even get rid of an old stump with water. Before the onset of winter frosts, the wood is plentifully watered. Under the influence of negative temperature, the water that has nourished the wood crystallizes, increases in volume and breaks the stump from the inside.
By spring, the stump usually decomposes to such an extent that it is easily pulled from the ground with minimal effort.
The second method, using water, will require digging a hole about half a meter away from the stump to be removed. With good pressure, water is supplied from the hose under the root, quickly washing it out of the ground. At the same time, the dirt flows into the pit prepared in advance.
As a result of such actions, the roots will be cleared of the soil. Next, you just need to chop them with an ax and pull the remains of the tree to the surface.
Turning a stump into a site for growing mushrooms
Incisions are made in the remains of a tree trunk, filled with honey mushroom or oyster mushroom spores. After abundant watering of the stump, it is wrapped with a film for the whole winter.
In the spring it will be possible to collect a good harvest of mushrooms. It is possible to operate the stumps in this way for 4-5 years, during which time they will completely shrivel. Then they can be removed from the ground without much effort.
Using this option, you can get a double benefit, and without any special financial costs.
Using machine oil scraping
Consider how to break up a stump using mining. Previously, the stump will need to be dug to a depth of 15-20 cm.
Remove the bark from the trunk, smear it with mining and attach it back to the trunk, then sprinkle with soil.
It may take several years to destroy a stump with this method.
Growing new trees in place of old stumps
Experienced gardeners use this method to grow young trees in place of old ones. With the help of a chainsaw, the stump is cut off at ground level, a recess is made in the trunk, complex mineral fertilizers are applied and a seedling is planted.
Developing, the roots of a young plant destroy rotten wood and obtain fertilizer from it.
In a few years, in place of the old plant, we get a strong, new tree.
Using a chainsaw
Using a tool, remove all accessible rhizome fragments. The method is cheap and not complicated, but not very effective, it can be used as a temporary measure. Usually, soon after such work, young shoots appear.
This special tool is capable of cutting wood up to a depth of 40 cm without damaging the roots of nearby plants. The work is done quickly.
The device itself is small. Wood shredding is done by milling. The root crusher is more difficult to use if the stumps are very large in diameter.
But with such obvious advantages, the device has no less significant drawbacks - a very high cost, even renting such a unit is not a cheap pleasure.
If the purchase of a shredder is a settled matter, then you should contact stores specializing in the sale of lawnmowers, chainsaws and other similar equipment, or place an order via the Internet.
Some useful tips
Before starting work, you should analyze the situation and choose the cheapest method with the least labor costs.
If the site is intended for building - it is rational to use saltpeter, it acts faster than urea. On the territory of future beds or flower beds, it is better to use urea, because. saltpeter will burn out all the vegetation around the stump. The negative effect of the use of urea in the garden is minimal.
To facilitate the removal of rhizomes, it is sometimes rational to use a winch. But during work, you should be extremely careful, injury can be obtained from a suddenly bursting cable or rope, and from a stump that has jumped out of the ground sharply. It is better to stay away from the places of the possible trajectory of its flight.
If an ax is used in the work, other participants in the process should be at a safe distance.
When working with chemicals, do not refuse to use personal protective equipment and overalls, it is especially important to protect your eyes and hands from the substances used. Moreover, hand protection is important not only in the case of working with saltpeter, urea should also not be scattered with unprotected hands.
As for the timing of the work, we can recommend the following:
The optimal time for applying chemical reagents is autumn or late summer, when the fruits from the plants growing nearby have already been harvested.
8 For the process
8 decomposition will take about a year, the stump treated in the spring will completely decompose by the next spring. We should not forget that removing stumps with salt is a process that causes clogging of the soil; for several years, vegetables or flowers cannot be planted on the site of the former stump.
As positive aspects, the cheapness of the method can be noted, the simplicity of its implementation, but at the same time, the negative aspects will be: