How large do cherry trees grow
How To Grow Cherry Trees
With a fruiting cherry tree, you can enjoy more than just the cherry blossoms this year.
by Amy StrossApril 6, 2016
Cherry trees can be an excellent food crop for the backyard or small-farm setting. The most important decision when planting cherry trees is whether to plant the sweet cherry (Prunus avium) or the tart cherry (Prunus cerasus). By knowing the differences between the two species you can determine which will be right for you.
The Sweet Cherry
Sweet cherries are more challenging to grow. Sort of the Goldilocks of fruit trees, they require everything to be “just right”—excellent drainage and a drier climate but not too hot—in order to thrive. Because of the heat factor, they don’t tend to grow well in the southern United States, instead being relegated to hardiness zones 5 to 9, west of the Rocky Mountains in low-humidity areas, where they have fewer pest threats.
Standard-sized sweet cherry trees reach 20 to 40 feet tall, while dwarf or semi-dwarf trees reach 8 to 15 feet tall. The sweet cherry requires at least two different cultivars for cross pollination.
Sweet Cherry Varieties:
- Bing: large, dark-red, meaty fruit commonly seen in stores; prone to cracking in wet weather
- Black Tartarian: juicy, sweet black cherry with an early ripening season
- Emperor Francis: yellow skin with a red flush; among the sweetest of cherries; tolerant of various soil types
- Kristin: sweet red fruit; resistant to cracking in wet weather; cold-hardy
- Stella: dark-fleshed fruit; prone to cracking in wet weather but is self-fertile
The Tart Cherry
The tart cherry is more widely adaptable to various climates. It prefers well-drained soil but can tolerate a rainier, more humid climate than the sweet cherry. Tart cherries grow best in hardiness zones 4 to 8.
Tart cherries, aka pie cherries, are not as tart as the name implies and can be quite enjoyable eaten straight off the tree. Those with a penchant for sweeter fruit will find that cooking them for just a few minutes on the stove with a tablespoon of water will mellow their flavor and turn them into something akin to pie filling without the added sweetener.
Standard-sized tart-cherry trees are considerably smaller than their sweet counterparts, reaching only up to 20 feet tall. Dwarf or semi-dwarf tart cherry trees will reach 8-12 feet tall. Tart cherry trees are self-pollinating, meaning there’s no need to plant two different cultivars for cross pollination.
Tart Cherry Varieties:
- Meteor: a natural dwarf variety; large, bright-red fruit; cold-hardy and disease-resistant
- Montmorency: the standard pie cherry with large, bright-red fruits; early ripening season; fruit resists cracking in wet weather
- North Star: a compact tree that produces medium-sized red fruit; cold-hardy and resistant to cracking and disease; does well in rainy, humid conditions
Which Rootstock Is Right For You?
As you begin your search for the perfect cherry tree keep consider whether a standard-sized tree or a dwarf or semi-dwarf variety is best for you. Both have their advantages and disadvantages that you’ll need to weigh for your climate, growing space and use of the fruit.
Standard Cherry Trees
Standard-sized cherry trees will generally be more vigorous and resilient and have a longer lifespan and higher yield than dwarf varieties. Although they take up more space, they can be pruned to remain small if you’re growing in a smaller urban or suburban plot. Keep in mind that the larger the tree, the more difficult it will be to harvest from.
Standard-sized trees will begin bearing at 3 to 7 years of age and yield around 150 to 300 pounds of fruit per year once they start producing.
Dwarf and Semi-Dwarf Cherry Trees
Dwarf and semi-dwarf trees will be naturally smaller, taking up less space, and will yield fruit at a younger age. However, they typically have a shorter lifespan, yield less and can be more finicky about their growing conditions. Because they have a less vigorous root system, they will be more likely to need supplemental irrigation and fertilization, making them the less likely candidate for remote locations.
Planting A Cherry Tree
When To Plant
Fall is the most advantageous time to plant fruit trees, and cherry trees are no different. The summer heat can be taxing to a new tree, so when planted in the fall, they’ll have extra time to adapt to their new home and develop a strong root system that will help them thrive through hot, dry spells. If you’re planting in the spring, be sure to give your new tree enough water throughout its first summer when there isn’t sufficient rainfall.
Where to Plant
Cherry trees need well-drained soil. If you have high groundwater or live in a rainy, humid climate, plant your tree in a raised mound so the roots will sit above standing water.
Both sweet and tart cherries prefer a location in full sun. Although tart cherry trees can tolerate some shade, the more full sun they can get, the better chance you’ll have against pest and disease problems. Access the morning sun, in particular, allows the dew to dry from their leaves, reducing fungal issues.
A late-spring frost can threaten to kill cherry blossoms, which would mean no fruit that year. To protect your trees from frost damage, plant them on the northeast side of a building or slope.
When the proper care is taken, cherry trees can be a beautiful, delicious, and productive addition to the backyard garden or small farm. The hardest part will be deciding which type to grow—sweet or tart.
Once your trees are fruiting, try out these recipes:
- Goat’s Milk & Cherry Spiced Smoothie
- Quince & Cherry Strudel
- Tart-Cherry Cinnamon Soda
- Cinnamon Cherry Muffins
How to Grow a Cherry Tree: The Complete Guide
Have you ever wondered how to grow a cherry tree or why you would want to grow a cherry tree at all? The answer to “why” is because cherry trees are invariably attractive and produce useful fruit. Cherries are particularly lovely fruit trees — the blossoms are beautiful (the reason for cherry blossom festivals all over the world each year), the fruit is tasty, and the trees are quite easy to grow, with just a little care and knowledge.
As for “how,” this article will share what you need to know order to grow a cherry tree and enjoy the (literal) fruits of your labor!When To Plant Cherry Trees
Cherry trees prefer sun and will grow strongly during the warmer month. When the tree is established, it will adapt its growth to the seasons, but when it is younger it may need some more tending.
To give your tree an advantage when it is young, plant it in spring, so that it can become relatively established over the spring, summer and early fall. If you live in a warmer climate, then you can plant in late winter, if the ground has not been frozen.
If the ground is frozen in the area where you live, wait until the ground is workable before planting. Always look out for the warning of a late frost. Take note of the general climate in your area and plan the planting accordingly.Where To Plant Your Cherry Trees
When you choose to plant a cherry tree, there are a few things to consider. One is the size of the tree. Cherry trees can grow tall (up to 35 feet/10 meters) and most have a broad spread of branches (12-14 feet/ 3.5-4.5 meters) and have widespread branches.
This means that you must make sure you plant your tree far enough away from other trees, or larger plants, to allow the tree room for its fully mature spread.
The other thing to consider is the root system. You don’t want the roots to cause trouble with any structure in your garden, particularly a wall or even your house. Cherry trees tend to have a relatively shallow root system, but it does grow outward quite substantially as the roots look for oxygen.
The roots of a cherry tree can spread underground over an area that is even wider than the spread of the branches. So you must consider the spread of the tree above and below ground when you choose where to plant the tree.Soil
Cherry trees prefer a soft, well-drained soil that is quite fertile. Trees with sweet fruit require better drainage, while sour cherries are not quite so fussy.
When you plant a tree, the soil should be kept moist for a few days. This will keep the soil soft and draining effectively, but the tree will have enough water to absorb.Light
Cherry trees need a lot of light, so make sure you plant your tree in a sunny spot, where they will receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight a day.
Once cherry trees are established, they don’t need a lot of water. However, for the first year, or so, after planting, you will need to make sure that the sapling is watered regularly, keeping the soil damp.
When you water your cherry tree, remember the broad spread of the roots and don’t only concentrate the water around the trunk. You don’t need to dampen the entire area of the roots, but do try to keep a slightly wider spread of water, possibly up to a meter around the trunk.
Because the root system of a cherry tree is relatively shallow, it will need to look for water mostly above the water table, so it is important that it receives water from above the soil as well – including rain, of course, but also from you watering it. Usually, cherry trees will be able to access water from a greater number of sources in summer, so take this into account when you water the tree.Temperature and Humidity
Cherry trees are quite hardy and different cultivars, or varieties can tolerate different temperatures and weather conditions. Generally, though, cherries prefer generally cooler, drier climates. In fact, part of their growth cycle is to have a period of dormancy during a cold winter, which they will not get in a hotter, humid climate.
Even younger trees can tolerate frost quite well, but they can be sensitive to a late frost. This is because they come out of their dormancy period as the weather warms up and are not prepared to cope with very low temperatures.
Sweet cherries, in particular, are susceptible to a late frost. If a tree has started to bud when the late frost arrives, it will be hit harder than before budding. This makes late frost an important thing to take into consideration when you plan to plant your tree. With younger trees, protect your tree by using something like a burlap tree wrap.Planting Multiple Trees: Cross-Pollination
Most cherry trees are not self-pollinating, so you need to have two trees, of different varieties, so that they can pollinate each other. Some types of cherry trees are not compatible, so you will need to do some solid research to make sure that the varieties of trees you choose will be able to cross-pollinate.
There are some varieties of sour cherries that are self-pollinating, but sweet cherries are generally not self-pollinating. However, the BlackGold and WhiteGold varieties are self-pollinating and can even be used as ‘universal pollinators’, as they are compatible with any variety of cherry.
Bees pollinate cherry trees and the period of blossoming and fertility is quite limited. Bees usually work in the earlier morning, so keep away from the trees during this period. Cooler weather may prolong the period of fertility, so keep an eye on your trees and the bees’ activity.Varieties of Cherry Tree To Plant
Where you live will determine, to a degree, what variety of cherry tree you plant.
The Benton Cherry tree is a popular variety of cherry to grow in your garden. This is mainly because it is a relatively easy tree to grow. They are quite big trees, with wide-spreading branches and are remarkably hardy, requiring almost minimal maintenance. They are also quite resistant to frost.
The Blackgold Cherry tree is another popular and hardy cherry to consider grow at home. It is quite frost-resistant and not as susceptible to diseases and pests as some other varieties. The tree needs to be watered regularly in the first year of growth. As they grow, the trees do not need to be watered very regularly.
Montmorency Cherry Tree
Lapins Cherry Tree
Rainier Cherry Tree
BUY NOWHow To Grow Your Cherry Trees
Cherry trees can be grown from three basics: the pit, a seedling/young tree, a bare root tree.Bare root trees
Bare root trees are small trees that have had the soil removed from their roots, which are covered in plastic to protect them. These trees are usually available during winter and should be planted when the weather is still cold.
The soil you plant your bare root tree into cannot be hard, so you will either have to prepare a patch by working on it and making sure it is loose before you buy the trees, or you can place the trees in a small patch of loose soil until you are ready to plant them. This should not be longer than a few days.Seedlings or young trees
You can buy cherry tree seedlings, or a young tree, to plant out. Seedlings will need more care, so keep them in a pot in a protected area until they are ready to establish themselves. Young trees can be planted out quite easily.From the pit
If you really do want to grow your own cherry tree from the beginning, then you can do so from the pit. You should begin with a few pits, as some of them may not sprout.
Make sure that the pits are clean of any trace of the fruit by soaking them thoroughly. Leave them to dry for a few days. After that keep them in a sealed container in the fridge for 7-10 days. This will simulate the dormancy period of winter.
The pits can be planted in pots that are full of loose soil, that is mixed with fertilizer. Before you do this, you must take them back to room temperature. Push the pits into the soil and water them enough so that the soil is moist. Do not over-water them. When the pits sprout and establish themselves as seedlings, you can plant them outPlanting the Trees
To plant your tree from any of these sources, you must make sure that the soil is loose. Do this by working the soil over with a garden fork. It should be loose to at least a foot (30cms) below the surface.
Dig a hole that is deep and wide enough to accommodate the root ball. This will usually be about 18 inches (45 cms) in diameter and 24 inches (60 cms) deep.
Place the roots of the plant into the hole and cover them, but keep some of the root ball showing – about 1 inch (2.5 cms) above the surface. Compact the soil around the tree gently, making sure that it does stay relatively loose. Do not tamp it down.
The level of the soil around the tree must be the same level as the surrounding area. Fruit trees must not sit in water, so there can’t be a hollow around the stem.
Make sure that you water the tree thoroughly for the first few weeks after it is planted. This does not mean keeping it in a pool of water, but making sure that the area around the stem is kept damp.
How To Grow a Cherry Tree In a Pot
There are some varieties of cherry trees that are dwarf, which can be grown in pots. Remember that these can grow to about 6 feet high, so you will need to prune and contain the trees carefully, to make sure that they don’t grow too big for your house.
One advantage that growing a cherry tree in a pot is that you will be able to move it inside during cold weather.
When you plant a young tree/seedling in a pot, make sure that you water it regularly to keep the soil damp. Do not overwater it, because if the roots sit in water, the tree’s growth will be affected. You will need to fertilize the tree at least every couple of months.Fertilizing your cherry Tree
To keep your cherry tree healthy, you need to feed it regularly, by using the appropriate fertilizer. Cherry trees are ‘light feeders’, which means that they don’t use a lot of nutrients.
Like most plants, cherry trees need nitrogen, phosphate and potassium to grow, so make sure that the fertilizer you use contains all of these (just make sure the fertilizer is low in nitrogen). Phosphate and potassium boost the tree’s ability to fight diseases.
You can use a chemical fertilizer, but you could prefer to use organic options, which are based on compost and natural additives.Pruning your cherry tree
All fruit trees need to be pruned regularly during the winter months. This promotes new growth in the spring and you’ll have a good crop of fruit in summer. For our complete guide to pruning your cherry tree, visit this link.Harvesting your cherries
The whole point of growing a cherry tree is to enjoy the fruit, isn’t it? Once you have a lovely crop on your tree, you’ll need to harvest them. Knowing when and how to pick them will keep you from damaging the fruit.
You’ll know your cherries are ripe when they turn red. The darker red they are, the riper they are. If you pull gently on a cherry and it comes away easily, then it’s fully ripe. Don’t pick cherries when they still have any green on them, because they don’t continue to ripen once picked off the tree.
For more in-depth information about harvesting cherries, read our guide on picking cherries.
However, if you’re harvesting sour cherries for cooking, you can pick them when they’re not quite ripe. Make sure you cut the fruit off the tree, though.
Put the harvested cherries into a container, but don’t over-fill it or squash the cherries because you may damage them. Keep the cherries in the fridge as soon after as picking them as possible. This will keep the fruit fresh longer.Cherry Tree Pests and Disease
Cherry tree pests and disease can come in a variety of forms and each one requires specialized action to treat and prevent them. Some pose greater threats than others to your cherry harvest, so educating yourself about each one is a necessary part of growing cherry trees in your garden.
PestsLeaf damage caused by black cherry aphids.
Here are some of the common types of pests that you may have to deal with as you grow a cherry tree.Birds
One of the greatest threats to the fruit on your cherry tree are birds, which are not easy to control. The best protection against losing your cherries to birds is to cover your tree with netting.Black Cherry Aphids
In winter, keep an eye out for tiny black bugs clustering on the stems or under the leaves on your cherry tree. If your tree is a sweet cherry, then you must be even more vigilant, because they are more susceptible to this pest.
You should treat your tree for black cherry aphids by spraying it with horticultural oil. If you notice the leaves on your tree curling, then you must treat it. It is easier to get rid of the aphids before the leaves actually curl.Borers
The American Plum Borer bores into the trunks of weakened trees.
The Peachtree borer goes for the base of the trunk of a cherry tree and affects the flow of nutrients to the tree. You can dig out the larvae, but it may be more effective to use a pesticide. You will need to get advice on what to use.
Shot hole borers dig into weakened branches in the tree, or into the trunk. If they are only in one/two branches, they can be removed. However, if the whole tree is affected, then it may not be possible to save the tree.
Pests tend to attack cherry trees that are weakened, so you keep your tree properly watered and fertilized.
Want to know more about other pests you may encounter? Click here to read our blog post on how to identify, treat, and prevent ten common cherry tree pests.DiseasesCherries suffering from brown rot caused by a fungus.
Any plant can be infected by diseases, and cherry trees are no exception.
Leaf spot, canker and brown spot are some of these diseases. You will recognize these by leaves that develop dark spots, or begin to die. You should remove any diseased leaves, or even branches. When you do this, dip the pruning shears in a bleach solution to sterilize them before making the next cut, so that the disease doesn’t spread.
You can spray your tree with a fungicide to protect against these diseases. A fungicide will also help to prevent ripe fruit rot, brown rot, or twig blight. Consult your nursery or garden center to find out what fungicide you should use. If there is a lot of rain, you may need to repeat the spray of fungicide.
Most of the diseases that affect cherry trees are the result of over-watering. Make sure that the soil is kept moist, not very wet. The soil must be well-drained and kept quite loose.
For a more in-depth read about the identification, treatment, and prevention of the ten most common cherry tree diseases, visit our blog article here.FAQsAre cherry trees easy to grow?
Cherry trees need to be established carefully. After that, they are relatively easy to look after. Keep them healthy by watering regularly, but not too much, and fertilizing them periodically.Can I grow a cherry tree at home?
Cherry trees tend to be large trees, so you’ll need a good size space in your yard to grow one of them. As long as you have the right conditions for the tree, including at least 6 hours of direct sunlight, then this is a lovely tree to have at home.What kind of soil do cherry trees prefer?
Cherry trees prefer to grow in well-drained soil that contains nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium.
Make Cherry Trees Part of Your Garden!
A cherry tree makes a great (and tasty) addition to a home garden. Our guides can help you pick just the right one.
Now that you know how to grow a cherry tree, visit our Cherry Trees hub page to read about different cherry tree varieties you can grow, plus other cherry-related informational articles.
Cherry: reproduction, planting and careThere are several types of cherries: common cherries (aka sour cherries), bird cherries (better known as cherries), sakura (small serrated cherries) - trees; felt cherries and steppe cherries are shrubs.
Our story is dedicated to common cherry (Prunus cerasus), so wonderfully suitable for fragrant and tasty compotes, jams, juices and pies. In this article, we will pay special attention to planting cherries, proper crown formation, subsequent care and receiving a long-awaited harvest as a reward.
After you, following the characteristics of your region, have chosen a variety suitable for your climate, which is described in detail in my other article, we begin to prepare for planting cherries.Ads by
Cherries are best planted in spring. From autumn you buy seedlings and dig in for the winter. Shelter for them can serve as spruce branches. When choosing a seedling, make sure that the trunk is about 60 cm, at least 2-2.5 cm in diameter, with a length of skeletal main branches of about 60 cm (this is the size of a two-year-old tree cherry seedling). Cherry seedlings are planted when the soil warms up and the buds have not yet blossomed. Landing pits, as a rule, are prepared already in the fall.
Cherry planting. Photo from the site dachnaya-zhizn.ru
- The soil should be neutral in acidity, sandy, sandy or loamy drained. (The article How to find out the type of soil and why is it necessary will help determine its type).
- Do not plant cherries in lowlands where damp, windy microclimates prevail. She loves illuminated places.
- Lime the soil beforehand (to reduce its acidity if it is acidic). To do this, scatter about 400 g of lime or dolomite flour per 1 sq. m, dig the soil to the depth of a shovel bayonet, mix with organic fertilizers. It can be manure or compost about 15 kg per 1 sq. m. Mineral fertilizers are also added.
Important: Lime and manure are applied at different times , lime the soil before organic fertilizers are applied to it!
When planting, take a distance between plants of about 3 m. For cross-pollinated varieties, consider the possibility of pollination. To do this, you will have to plant a total of at least 4 varieties of cherries. They are placed in the garden according to the scheme 2.5 x 3 m with tall trees and 2.5 x 2 m with low ones. The exception is self-pollinated varieties.
- Dig a planting hole about 80 cm in diameter, about 50 cm deep, maybe 60. When digging the hole, lay the top layer of earth to one side, mix it with organic and mineral fertilizers, and wood ash (about). Important: Do not add lime and nitrogen fertilizers to the planting hole so as not to damage the roots!
- Drive a peg into the center, place the planting mixture in the hole, pouring a cone around the peg to make it easier to spread the roots over this pile, then lower the seedling there and spread its roots. It is necessary to ensure that the root neck is at the level of the soil, you can plant centimeters 4 higher, since then the earth will settle. This is done so that there is no decay of the seedling, because the cherry does not like deep planting.
- Plant the trunk of the tree on the north side of the peg strictly vertically. Sprinkle the roots with earth and slap a little.
- Next, make a hole near the seedling, fill the edges with a roller of earth, pour a bucket of water into the hole, and after watering, mulch the soil of the tree circle with humus or peat. Tie the seedling carefully to the stake.
A young tree of the first year after planting is watered, the soil is loosened and mulched with peat or humus
Fertilization is usually started when the cherry begins to bear fruit. The rate of fertilizer is selected based on the condition of the plant and its age. Organic fertilizers are applied every few years, it can be rotted manure or compost. In autumn, feed fruit-bearing cherries with phosphorus and potash fertilizers, and in spring, apply nitrogen (with a lack of nitrogen).
After flowering, the first top dressing is applied
During the growing season, as a rule, two top dressings are carried out. One after flowering, the other two weeks after the first. Fertilizers are applied to young cherries in the near-trunk circle, and when the garden is already full-fledged, then throughout the site. If the acidity level is above the norm, then the soil is limed with dolomite flour, lime. I scatter the ashes from the burning of birch, branches of plums.
After flowering, the trees are watered. This helps them nourish the fruit. Water so that the soil is not acidic, but moistened 40-45 cm deep.
After flowering, the trees are watered
Cherry is characterized by rapid growth of shoots, due to which the crown is strongly thickened and a large number of small branches are formed. If the crown is sparse, the fruits are larger, the bouquet twigs live longer (it is on them that cherries form) and the foliage is healthier. Therefore, you need to cut the branches if the shoots are more than 50 cm long, by the way, this will help to avoid baring the branches when the bouquet branches die off. Publications will help you master the intricacies of cropping:
- Measure seven times, or the ABC of pruning
- Pruning trees and shrubs: choosing tactics
- Techniques and techniques for spring pruning of the garden
- Spring pruning of trees, shrubs and flowers - a selection of videos
- Saving young fruit trees from overload: instructions for pruning
- How to prune fruit trees: 10 tips from Nikolay Kurdyumov
- An ideal fruit tree. What to strive for when forming a crown?
- Pruning in the orchard: which branches should be removed immediately
- Autumn pruning of trees and shrubs
The best option for cherries is a sparse-tiered crown. Prune cherries in early spring three weeks before buds swell.
Cut cherries before the buds swell!
Important: fusiform and flat crown is not suitable for cherries.
Begin to form a crown immediately after planting.
Pruning cherry seedling after planting. Photo from the site housecomputer.ru
- Start forming the crown from the height of the stem, below 40 cm in height there should be no branches and overgrowth.
- About 7 branches are formed above the trunk, which you leave as skeletal during pruning. Place the skeletal branches evenly along the trunk. The lower tier - three branches, the second - two, above - a single branch. In this case, it is necessary to cut the central conductor over a single branch. The remaining interfering branches are cut into a ring. As the tree matures, skeletal branches will be added, by the end of crown formation, an adult tree will have 10 of them.
- Branches growing inside the crown are cut out. Sometimes branches that do not grow in their sector are directed to the center of the crown.
Read more about the forms of crowns in the article Crowns are different, or How a tree is arranged.
To prevent the tree from giving up its nutrients, remove root growth. It can be used for rootstocks.
Cherry seed propagation is extremely rare. It is only good for growing the rootstock you will be grafting onto. Most often, cuttings, grafting or propagation by root shoots are used for propagation.
- Take cuttings in mid-July, cut in the morning, before heat, from the trees you want to grow. Green shoots that grow upwards on the south side of a tree or bush work well.
- Wet cut cuttings with water, remove the upper part with underdeveloped leaves, then cut off a cutting about 12 cm long with 4 leaves from the remaining shoot.
- Plant the cutting vertically into the potting mix, deepen the end 3 cm, and lightly pat the soil around the cutting. They are planted from each other at a distance of about 7 cm.
- Place the seedlings in a bright, warm room away from direct sunlight for best rooting. You can put supports on the box, and a film on them.
- After rooting, the cuttings are hardened by removing the film.
- Cuttings overwinter in pits.
- In the spring, you can grow them in a permanent place or grow them.
Rootstocks are grown from seeds. To do this, the seeds are selected, dried, and stratified for about 150 days before planting at a temperature of +1 to -7 °C. You can sow in autumn or early spring before frost.
The figure shows the methods of grafting: 1) improved copulation; 2) cleavage; 3) in a side cut; 4) for the bark.
Methods of grafting
Propagation by root shoots
In early spring, dig a root cutting from the mother tree at a distance of 1-1. 5 m from the stem. Dig in, slightly tilting, the stalk and grow to the formation of young shoots, then you can transplant into the ground to a permanent place.
Propagation by root shoots. Photo from bigslide.ru
Articles will help you understand the intricacies of grafting:
- What a gardener needs to know about grafting
- Grafting in an orchard: why is it needed and how to carry it out?
- An easy way to graft trees and shrubs - copulation
- Split grafting - a simple and versatile method
- How to properly prepare cuttings for grafting and save them until spring
- Rootstock: what it is, how it happens and how to grow it
You can learn more about the varieties and types of cherries from my other article: Varieties of cherries.
You may also be interested in the following publications:
- Cherry and its problems
- We will restore cherry orchards in the northwest
- Secrets of felt cherries
- how to cut out cherries and how to process cherries them from dangerous diseases
- Is it worth rejuvenating old cherries? And how to do it without damaging it?
- The secret of growing large and sweet cherries
- How to get a seedling of felt cherry from the stone
- Ferrous cherry - sakura of the middle strip
Do cherries grow in your garden? Description of variety, photos, reviews, planting and care0033
- 2. 1 Drying resistance, frost resistance
- 2.2 Products
- 2.2.1 for what year after planting is fruiting miracle cute
- 2.3 DPDIs and disadvantages 9003
- 3 Behind the duke Miracle Cherry
- 3.1 Recommended timing
- 3.2 Site selection and soil preparation
- 3.3 How to plant Miracle Cherry
- 4 Features of care
- 4.1 Watering schedule
- 4.2 How to trim the miracle cute
- 4.3 Preparation for winter
- 5 Diseases and pests
- 6 Conclusion
- 7 Reviews about Cherevishna miraculous Wash growing and fruit-attractive hybrid tree. With proper care, the culture brings very tasty fruits, but in order to obtain them, it is important to know agricultural technology.
Cherry description Chudo
Cherry Miracle, cherry or duke, was first bred in the 17th century in England, to obtain it, Duke of May cherries were crossed with cherries. On the territory of Russia, the first sweet cherry was obtained by the famous breeder Michurin in 1888, but his experience was not entirely successful - the plant had high cold resistance, but low yield. The Miracle variety was bred in 1980 by breeders Taranenko and Sychev, who crossed Griot cherry and Valery Chkalov cherry.
Cherry-cherry hybrid combines the best features of both plants
Cherry Chudo inherited the best qualities from both parent crops. It is characterized by high frost resistance, characteristic of cherries, and good yields with sweet fruits - this is inherent in sweet cherries. It is recommended to grow Cherry Chudo in the Central region, the Moscow region and the middle lane, it calmly tolerates frosts down to -20 ° C. The variety is also suitable for breeding in Siberia, but there the Miracle must be carefully sheltered from frost.
Cherry-cherry hybrid Wonder-cherry is a tree with medium height and moderately dense crown, rounded in shape. Cherry shoots are straight, smooth and covered with dark brown bark, the leaves are dark green and large, similar to cherry. Miracle blooms with large flowers of 5-8 pieces in each brush.
How big is the Miracle cherry tree
On average, the Miracle grows up to 3 m in height. The crown of a tree at a young age is pyramidal, and over the years it becomes more sprawling and rounded.
The height of an adult sweet cherry is average, about 3 m
Description of fruits
Ripe berries of the Chudo cherry are large in size, each of them can reach 10 g in weight. The shape of the fruit is flat-round, the color is dark red. According to the photo and description of the fruits of the Miracle Cherry variety, the berries are covered with a dense, shiny skin, the juicy pulp has a pronounced cherry aroma and a sweet taste with a slight sourness. The tasting score of the fruit is about 5 points, the berries are considered dessert.
When ripe, Miracle Cherries can remain on the branches for quite a long time, so there is no need to rush to pick them. Since the tree belongs to the sun-loving category, the fruits tolerate bright sunlight well and do not bake under the rays.
Cherries produce very large and juicy berries
The best pollinators for cherries Miracle
Cherry blossoms Miracle usually begins in mid-May. The variety is self-infertile, which means that with a single planting, it will set a maximum of 5% of the fruits of the possible number. Therefore, in order to obtain a crop near the Miracle, it is imperative to plant cherries with similar flowering periods. Sweet cherries Tenderness, Yaroslavna, Iput and Donchanka are best suited for the role of pollinators of Duke Miracle Cherry.
Important! Theoretically, next to the Miracle for pollination, you can also plant cherries with similar flowering periods. But in practice, this is rarely done - pollination from cherries or other dukes often does not perceive the Miracle.
Without pollinators, the cherry will not be able to produce
The main characteristics of the Miracle Cherry cherry
Before planting a hybrid plant on your site, you need to get acquainted with the characteristics, description of the variety and photo of the Chudo cherry variety. This will allow you to understand whether the variety is suitable for growing in a particular garden.
Like most cherry and sweet cherry trees, Miracle takes the lack of moisture calmly. Short-term droughts do not harm the plant and do not affect its yield, but waterlogging of the soil can lead to rot.
Description of the variety of cherries Miracle and reviews claim that the frost resistance of cherries is quite high. It tolerates temperatures up to -20 ° C very well, and can be grown in more severe conditions. However, in the latter case, the yield will be lower, since part of the fruit-bearing shoots and flower buds will die during the cold weather.
Miracle Cherry bears fruit annually, and the fruits ripen on average at the end of June. Up to 10 kg of fresh berries can be removed from an adult healthy tree.
The yield of cherries directly depends on the growing conditions. Plants growing in the southern regions or the Central region bear fruit best of all, on fertile soils and with regular top dressing. If the Miracle cherry grows in the north, freezes in winter and during spring frosts, and also lacks nutrients, its fruiting volumes will be lower.
Chudo Cherry has a high yield
Attention! One of the main factors that determine the yield is the quality of pollination. You can get large volumes of fruits from cherries only if there are pollinators nearby.
What year after planting does Miracle Cherry bear fruit? However, at the time of full fruiting, the cherry enters the 4th year after planting.
Advantages and disadvantages
Reviews of Chudo-cherry in the Moscow region and other regions note the following positive qualities:
- early fruit ripening;
- very large and massive berries with dessert flavor;
- relative frost resistance;
- good resistance to fungal diseases.
But the tree also has disadvantages. These are:
- freezing of buds and shoots at temperatures below -20 °C;
- self-infertility and need for pollinators.
Cherries also tend to thicken quickly, so they require shaping pruning.
Planting and caring for duke Miracle Cherry
Algorithms for planting and subsequent care for sweet cherries are standard and differ little from the rules for caring for cherries and sweet cherries. However, simple recommendations should be studied more carefully.
Planting rules for duke are the same as for most cherries
The optimal timing for planting seedlings depends on the region where the cherry is grown. In the Moscow region and the middle lane, the Chudo cherry variety should be planted in early spring after the establishment of stable positive temperatures - in March or early April. In Siberia, the dates are slightly postponed; planting should begin at the end of April, since spring comes later here.
Description of the variety and reviews of the duke Miracle Cherry recommend autumn planting only in the southern regions. Otherwise, the tree will not have time to take root before the onset of cold weather.
Site selection and soil preparation
For growing cherries, you need to choose elevated areas of the garden with good natural light. It is desirable that a building and a fence be located nearby - this will provide the plant with cover from the wind. You can not plant a Miracle in swampy lowlands and too close to groundwater.
The best soil for cherry is sandy loamy, rather loose and ventilated. Shortly before planting, it is necessary to dig a hole with dimensions of 60 by 80 cm, mix the earth with 1 kg of humus and add 400 g of wood ash, 150 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium sulfate. If the soil at the planting site of the cherry is too wet, you can also pour a bucket of sand into the bottom of the hole.
The duke needs a sufficiently loose and not waterlogged soil
How to plant a Miracle Cherry
Immediately before planting, the seedling of the plant is soaked for a couple of hours in water with a growth stimulator to revive the roots. After that, it is necessary:
- half fill the planting hole with the prepared soil mixture;
- lower the seedling into the hole, spreading the roots in different directions;
- place a peg on the side to support the tree and backfill the hole to the end;
- tamp down the soil, tie the seedling to a support and water abundantly.
Immediately after planting, the Miracle should be mulched with straw so that the moisture does not evaporate too quickly. It is important to ensure that the root neck of the seedling remains about 5 cm above the ground.
Care instructions for
Planting and caring for Cherry Miracle Cherry is quite simple. It is necessary to adhere to the basic rules of agricultural technology, and then the tree will please with good health and good harvests.
Watering and fertilizing schedule
At a young age, miracle cherry seedlings are watered every week, about 4 buckets of water are poured under the trunk. At the time of fruiting, it is enough to water the tree three or four times per season - before flowering, before fruit formation in hot weather and after fruit picking. The last watering is organized in the fall to saturate the earth with moisture and increase the winter hardiness of the plant.
Waterlogging is more dangerous for sweet cherries than drought
Cherries need to be fed in small portions and only from the 3rd year of life - at first the plant has enough fertilizer added during planting.
In spring, a little urea or ammonium nitrate is added to the soil at the roots, superphosphate is added before the buds open. After flowering, the Miracle can be fed with nitrophoska, and with the onset of autumn, fertilize again with superphosphate and add potassium sulfide.
Shortly before the onset of winter, organic top dressing is scattered under the trunk of the plant - humus, which can also serve as a heater.
How to prune Miracle Cherry
Without pruning, Miracle's crown thickens, stretches upwards and acquires a pyramidal shape. Therefore, every spring it is recommended to cut the overgrown branches, keeping the crown compact and well ventilated. You can also shorten annual shoots by a third - this stimulates the formation of new bouquet branches.
Miracle Cherry needs an annual sanitary haircut. It is usually carried out in the fall, during pruning, all diseased and weakened branches are eliminated, and shoots growing towards the trunk are also removed.
The crown of the duke needs to be shaped
Preparing for winter
With the onset of autumn, several measures must be taken to increase the frost resistance of the cherry Miracle:
- Shortly before the cold weather, the tree can be sprayed with Novosil or Epin-Extroy - this will improve the Miracle's resistance to cold .
- Cherry trunks are whitened in autumn to a height of about 1.5 m from the ground - this protects the tree from sunburn and cracking of the bark, as well as from damage by rodents.
- Humus is scattered under the roots of cherries in a layer of 10 cm. In Siberia and other cold regions, you can additionally cover the cherry trunk with fir branches or non-woven light material.
Tip! It is better to remove the shelter of the trunk when positive temperatures occur, otherwise the wood may ban and begin to rot.
Diseases and pests
In general, Cherry Chudo has good immunity to fungal diseases, in particular, it almost does not suffer from coccomycosis and moniliosis. However, for preventive purposes, cherries should still be treated in autumn and spring with fungicidal preparations, for example, copper sulfate and Bordeaux mixture.
Plant pests include aphids, slimy sawflies and cherry flies. Insect control is carried out with the help of insecticidal solutions. Thunder, Karbofos, Fufanon and others help well if you use them according to the instructions.
Miracle Cherry is a fruit plant with very tasty berries and good varietal characteristics. It is better to grow Miracle in the Central region and the middle lane, but if you wish, you can try to plant cherries even in Siberia.