How large does a peach tree grow


How Big Do Peach Trees Get? (And How to Control Their Growth)

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Having a peach tree in your yard is something that could provide you with a lot of joy. Peach trees are actually very pretty and you could make your yard look that much nicer if you decide to plant one.

It’ll also be nice to be able to harvest peaches from the tree once the tree is mature enough. Many people absolutely adore baking homemade peach desserts using fresh peaches from their own trees.

However, you might be concerned about whether you have enough space in your yard to fit a peach tree. If you’re working with limited space, then it might not be a good idea to get a peach tree if it is going to become large eventually.

How big do peach trees get? Are there certain peach trees that are smaller and some that are larger?

Keep reading to learn more about peach trees and how big they get on average. This should help you to decide whether planting a peach tree in your yard is right for you.

Standard Peach Trees Can Grow Very Large

If you’re talking about a standard peach tree, then you should know that they can get quite large. A peach tree has the potential to grow up to twenty-five feet tall.

It’s also going to be close to twenty-five feet wide if you don’t take the time to prune it. Peach trees can take up a lot of space if you plant a standard peach tree in your yard.

You’ll need to ensure that you have enough room to accommodate a peach tree both vertically and horizontally. If you’re only able to plant a tree in a very small space, then it might not be a good idea to go with a standard peach tree.

If you do a good job of pruning a peach tree, then you can try to keep it down to between twelve and fifteen feet tall. This is actually better for the tree overall because the airflow is going to be substantially better.

You’ll also have an easier time reaching certain spots of the tree when you need to harvest peaches and do other things. Twenty-five feet is quite high up and it can make many things more complicated.

Even fifteen feet is quite high and it’s possible that this might be too big for your yard. It really depends on the amount of space that you have to work with; if you have a smaller yard, a normal peach tree might not be a practical choice.

This doesn’t mean that you have to give up on peach trees entirely, though. There are actually dwarf varieties that will make peach trees more practical for certain people.

Dwarf Peach Trees

Dwarf peach trees are going to be significantly smaller than standard peach trees. If you’re looking for an aesthetically pleasing tree that isn’t quite so big, then looking into the dwarf varieties will be a very sensible choice.

If you buy a dwarf peach tree, then it might wind up growing as tall as six feet. This is a lot more manageable and you’ll also be happy to hear that it can grow to be six feet wide.

You can prune a dwarf peach tree so that it won’t be quite so wide if you want to. In fact, this is recommended because you want to give the tree a defined shape to keep it looking as nice as possible.

For many people with standard yards, it’s going to be better to plant dwarf peach trees. You might only feel like you have room for a normal peach tree if you have a larger yard or if your yard happens to be fairly empty right now.

You Can Keep Fruit Trees at a Specific Height Via Pruning

Now you know how big peach trees can get. If you don’t have a lot of space in your yard, then it’s generally going to make more sense to buy a dwarf peach tree.

However, if you have a decent amount of space, then you might not be so worried about whether you can fit the tree. You just might be worried about the practicality of having a tall tree.

With regular pruning, you can easily keep a peach tree or any other type of fruit tree at a specific height. That doesn’t mean that you can make a regular peach tree as small as a dwarf peach tree, though.

As mentioned earlier, you can get a standard peach tree down to about twelve feet tall if you prune it very regularly. You need the peach tree to be able to spread out enough so that the fruit can grow properly and it can do what it needs to do, though.

Not everyone has a lot of time on their hands, though. Sometimes pruning is not easy because you might wind up not being able to prune the tree yourself as regularly as you need to.

People often hire companies to take care of trees for them. You can hire professionals to prune your peach trees and other types of trees on a schedule.

Of course, this is going to cost a good bit of money if you decide to go this route. If you don’t wish to pay professionals to trim your trees for you, then it’ll be necessary to handle things yourself using the proper tools.

You’ll always need to be careful when pruning tall trees. In fact, it’s going to be wise to only do this when you have someone around who can help you out.

It’ll be safer to have someone there to steady the ladder for you. Also, you’ll have someone to help you if you do have an accident and fall.

Always err on the side of caution even when you’re experienced. It’ll help you to avoid mishaps and you’ll be able to get consistent results.

How Much Fruit Can You Expect to Get From Peach Trees?

Another important question that people ask is how much fruit can be expected from peach trees? The answer depends on the type of peach tree that you decide to plant in your yard.

A standard peach tree is capable of producing between one hundred and one hundred and fifty pounds of fruit in just one year. A dwarf peach tree will only produce between fifty and sixty pounds of peaches in a year.

For an average person or a small household, a dwarf peach tree is going to produce more than enough viable peaches. Of course, you’ll need to care for the peach tree properly and have the peach tree treated to ensure that the peaches are good and safe to eat.

Final Thoughts

You now know how big peach trees can get. The standard peach trees can grow as tall as twenty-five feet while dwarf peach trees can grow to six feet tall.

Peach trees can grow out to be just as wide as they are tall. If you want to keep things in check, then you’re going to have to prune the peach trees regularly.

With pruning, you can keep a standard peach tree between twelve and fifteen feet tall. Things will be more manageable if you decide to do that.

Always be careful when pruning peach trees so that you don’t have any accidents. It’s best to do this when someone else is home to help you out.

You can also hire people to do the job, but this might cost more money than you will want to pay. Just make the right decision based on your budget and how much time you have to do maintenance jobs such as this.

How to Grow a Peach Tree

Peach trees are rewarding fruit trees that call for some care to yield a robust peach harvest. There’s hardly a more satisfying experience than picking a ripened peach right off of the tree right in your backyard. They’re fresh, juicy treats that are easy to grow organically. Explore our comprehensive guide on how to grow a peach tree and get started on a journey that will keep on giving year after year.

Planting a Peach Tree

First, choose a planting site that provides your peach sapling with full sun, excellent drainage, and protection from harsh conditions like frost pockets and harsh winds. When planting any tree, it is essential to remember that your young tree will become a large mature tree. For peach trees, this can mean a 20-foot tree or larger, so be sure to take that into account when you choose your planting site.

Plant your tree in Spring or early Summer for the best success. Dig your hole as deep as the plant’s root ball and two to three times its width. If the plant looks to be root-bound, gently loosen the tightly wound roots and clip some of the roots to aid in loosening them. Place the root ball into the hole and fill in the hole with fertile soil, pressing firmly with your boot as you go until all air pockets are gone, and the soil base is firm and level with the ground.

Spacing

Spacing is essential when it comes to planting trees. Trees need room to stretch out their branches as they grow toward full maturity. Proper spacing can also keep fungal diseases to a minimum. Standard-sized peach trees can be spaced 15 to 20 feet apart, while dwarf varieties should be planted  10 to 12 feet apart.

Soil

Peaches prefer a soil pH of between 6.0 to 7.0. on the pH scale. Obtain a soil test before planting and amend accordingly to ensure that the peach tree gets its best start. Try using a soil naturally enriched with fertilizer to provide a healthy boost to your tree. Peach trees thrive best in lightweight loamy, well-draining soil. It is vital to not plant peach trees in low spots in the landscape where water pools, as this can contribute to problems like root rot, which can cause the demise of your tree.

Pollination

Most peach tree varieties are self-pollinators, so all that you need is one tree for fruit production. Maintaining an organic growing space will encourage bees to thrive and assist in the fertilization of your peach tree.

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Maintenance

Work to thin out your fruits so that they are about 6 inches apart on each branch. Overcrowding of fruit on any given branch will decrease the overall size and quality of the fruit in your yield. Thinning out the fruit may be a surprising suggestion, but the practice encourages the tree to focus its energy on the remaining fruit instead of spreading itself too thin.

Prune and fertilize to bolster up to 18 inches of new growth during the spring and summer months.

Watering

Peach trees require regular watering for an average of three times per week as the young tree gets established. As time goes on and the tree takes hold in the ground, the young tree should be watered-in well on a  less frequent basis, soaking the soil generously only when the soil is relatively dry. This will encourage the roots to reach deeper into the ground, making for a sturdier, more robust tree.

Pests

Peach trees are susceptible to an array of troublesome pests that peach gardeners will, unfortunately, contend with as they grow their crops. Such insects damage peach flowers and fruit, bore into limbs, and cause trunk damage.  Some of the most prevalent pests are aphids, plum curculio, leafhoppers, Oriental fruit moths, peachtree borers, scale, and Japanese beetles.

Pests can be prevented by instituting a variety of cultural practices. Employing proper watering habits will keep trees healthy and less susceptible to pest infestations. Prune peach tree branches so that air can flow freely through them, thereby preventing fungus growth on perpetually wet leaves. Remove any diseased wood from tree as soon as it is noticed.

There are also organic products like jojoba and neem oils that you can purchase from your local garden center, which counteract peach trees and other garden pests. These are great products that are non-toxic and won’t leave behind any chemical residue.

Pruning

Annual pruning is a crucial component of peach growing. Pruning bolsters productivity and helps to ensure a yearly bumper crop of juicy peaches. Fruits develop on new growth, so it is essential to continually cut back your branches to encourage new growth and regular annual fruiting.

Prune your tree to an open centered shape. Early in the summer months of the first year of growth, prune back the shoots that grow up from the top of the tree at the 2nd bud.

As the tree grows, pay attention to the three predominant branches. They will be the core structure of your fruit tree. In the early summer of months of the 2nd year, aggressively prune the branches in the middle of the tree nice and short, and clip off any sucker shoots that sprout out below the three main branches. Continue to prune your peach tree annually.

Recommended Varieties

There are hundreds of peach cultivars, but they can be broken down into three main categories: clingstone, freestone, and semi-freestone. These categories point to how much the flesh adheres to the peach pit. Freestone varieties pull away from the pit with ease and are an obvious favorite. Check out some of our highlighted standout varieties of peaches worth growing.

Freestone

‘Elberta’ produces a sizeable golden-yellow fruit that is blushed with red tones. It is known for its firm sweet flesh and is fantastic for canning or eating freshly picked.

‘Glohaven’ produces large, bright, yellow-colored peaches that are super smooth without all of the fuzzy peachy characteristics. This variety is less susceptible to freezing temperatures than some other types.

Semi-freestone

‘Redhaven’ is a delicious yellow peach with some blushing red tones. It has a sweet flesh that freezes well and is excellent for canning and eating fresh. It is one of the most favored and standard varieties of peaches.

Clingstone

‘White Heath Cling’ is a late-season favorite that produces medium to large fruit with an intriguing white skin and a slight blush.   The flesh is juicy, and the fruit has a distinctive flavor. This is a cold-hardy variety.

Where Do Peaches Grow?

Peaches are successfully grown around the world. China is the world’s leading producer of peaches, and the United States boasts being the fifth leading producer of the juicy and delectable fruit. In the United States, peaches do their best growing in USDA zones 5 through 9, where you find hot summers and winters with temperatures that dip below 40°F for an extended period. In fact, most peach tree varieties require this cold spell each winter to set their fruit for spring.

The top four states for peach production in the United States are California, South Carolina, Georgia, and New Jersey. But peaches can be grown in USDA Zones 4 through 9; they just do particularly well in USDA Zones 6 through 8.

How Big Do Peach Trees Get?

A peach tree can attain heights of up to 25 feet tall, and almost as wide if left unpruned. Dwarf varieties of peach trees can grow 6 feet in height and width. Ideally, however, you should keep your standard peach tree pruned to 12-15 feet for best airflow and reachability. A standard peach tree can easily yield 100 to 150 pounds of fruit per year, and a dwarf variety can yield 50-60 pounds of peaches, respectively. So, pick your most appealing variety of peach and get planting, so you are one step closer to a bountiful harvest.


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If you still have any questions, here is a list of FAQ’s for tree planting. Make sure you take a look here for a bunch of answers to questions that you might not have even known you had.

Peach - cultivation and care. Planting, reproduction, protection. Varieties for different regions. Photo — Botanichka

Peach is an ancient culture native to northern China. The main peach plantations are concentrated in the subtropics and warm regions of the Caucasus, European and Asian states. The peach culture stepped into the expanses of the southern and some middle regions in the second half of the last century. There is a real peach boom going on right now. Many gardeners prefer peaches to apricots. Peaches are more hardy during spring return frosts. The advantages of peach include the possibility of obtaining a full-fledged crop with the inheritance of maternal characteristics (large fruit, pulp taste, aroma, etc.) when propagated by seeds.

Peach tree with fruits. © M. Denise Wilmer Barreto

Health Benefits of Peach

Sweet and sour, honey-sweet peach flesh, tender and aromatic, is not only delicious, but also medicinal. These fruits are high in vitamins, sugars, pectin and organic acids, including quinic, tartaric, citric, and malic. Pectins and antioxidants protect the body from aging. High content of B vitamins, A, PP, K, C, E, a fairly large list of minerals, including potassium, magnesium, iron, copper, calcium, sodium, zinc, fluorine, manganese, selenium, silicon, chlorine, phosphorus, aluminum, sulfur, contribute to the resistance to various diseases, including anemia.

Doctors prescribe peach juice for anemia and heart rhythm disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, neurodermatitis, asthma, influenza and many other diseases. The iodine contained in peach fruits contributes to the normalization of the thyroid gland, which is responsible for the body's immune system. From the seeds, peach oil is obtained, which is used in the manufacture of cosmetics and medicines.

Briefly about the botanical characteristics of peach

Garden or cultivar varieties of peach, which are descended from the common peach (Persica vulgaris), are mainly grown in dachas. These are woody or shrubby forms of perennial fruit crops. Usually 3 - 4 meters in height, but some varieties can grow up to 8-9m. The peach root system does not go deeper into the soil more than 60-70 cm and therefore the crop needs to be watered in dry hot weather.

Skeletal branches of the peach crown have a large angle of deviation from the main trunk, which contributes to the formation of a wide spreading crown. This feature must be taken into account when planting plants. Peaches don't like thickening.

Peach belongs to the group of cross pollinated plants and needs a partner. To get full yields in the country, you need to plant several different varieties. Fruiting begins in the 2nd - 3rd year and lasts up to 20 years with proper care.

The fruits of some varieties of peach reach a mass of 150-200 g of pulp of different colors (from white to yellow and yellow-orange) and fruit colors - from white, pink, yellow with colored red cheeks to red-carmine. When planting different varieties of peach (early, medium, late), fresh fruits can be obtained from July to the end of September. The keeping quality of fruits is determined by the biological properties of the variety, but does not differ in duration.

According to biological features, peaches are divided into 2 varieties.

  • Genuine peaches with soft hairy fruit. A varietal sign can be a slight separation of the stone from the pulp. (In some varieties, the stone does not separate from the pulp).
  • Nectarines, the main difference of which is the naked fruit (like a plum) and the ability to separate or not separate the pulp from the stone.

Planting peach seedlings by region

Farming peach in country conditions is somewhat different from cultivation in industrial quantities, mainly in terms of protection against diseases and pests.

Peach is a southern plant, belongs to warm and sun-loving crops. The crown and root system are frosted over at frosts of -15 ..-20 ° С. With return spring frosts, last year's growth freezes over, but quickly recovers. Best of all, the peach grows and bears fruit in areas with a warm climate and a large number of sunny days a year.

Planted peach trees. © Larry Reynolds

Southern regions

In the southern regions, it is better to plant peach seedlings in autumn in September-October. Weather conditions allow the seedling to adapt to a new planting site before the onset of cold weather, grow young roots, and prepare for an active life when spring comes.

If peach seedlings are planted in the south in spring, they most often fall under the hot May-June sun. Dry air and the sun's rays dry out the kidneys, the bark and subcortical layers coarsen and dry out. To save the spring planting (and at this time there are a lot of other works in the garden and in the garden), you need to protect the peach seedling from the sun's rays with any breathable shelter, spray it with water (not cold), and keep the soil constantly moist, that is, water it 2 once a week. Over time, the shelter is removed, watering is transferred to a one-time per week and the young leaves are sprayed with cineb or 1% Bordeaux mixture. During autumn planting, blossoming peach leaves are also sprayed with this composition. This technique prevents the appearance of leaf curl.

Regions of the middle and northern lanes

In the middle lane, peach seedlings can be planted in autumn and spring, depending on the weather. With the onset of early cold weather with prolonged rains, it is better to dig in the seedlings and plant them in the spring, as soon as the spring frosts have passed. The soil in the upper layer should warm up to + 12 .. + 15 ° С.

To the north, frost-resistant peach varieties take root normally only during spring plantings. Moreover, there is no need to rush to plant young trees early. The soil and air should be warm enough. Having grown stronger during the spring-summer period, peaches more easily endure the winter cold in the middle regions and the northern regions adjacent to them. When grown in cold areas, peaches are covered for the winter.

Purchase and preparation of peach seedlings for planting

1-2 year old peach seedlings provide a high survival rate. Their height ranges from 1.0 to 1.5 meters, the stem in circumference is 1.5-2.0 cm. On the trunk and side shoots, the bark should be smooth, uniform, without gum dots, which after 1-2 years can infect the plant with gum disease.

If peach seedlings are planted in spring in a permanent place, then already on the market the seller can cut the root system and shorten the trunk to 80-90 cm, and side shoots by 1/3. At night, the seedling is placed in a container with a root (you can use another available stimulant) and planted on the second day.

When peach is planted in autumn, the root system is shortened and the aerial part is not touched. The crown in this case is cut in the spring of next year. If 2-4-year-old peach seedlings with normally developed leaves are purchased, it is advisable to cut them off. Reception is necessary so as not to dry out the main trunk and side shoots until the root system of the planted seedling is working.

Soil preparation and peach planting rules

Planting pits for planting peach seedlings are prepared 4-6 months in advance, placing them every 3-4-5 m, depending on the variety type. Thickened plantings form a low-quality crop in taste and often get sick. The pit is dug 40x40x40 or other sizes. Finally, the volume of the planting pit is prepared for the size of the root system of the purchased seedling.

Peaches can grow on any type of soil except saline and acidic. In heavy soils, add 1-2 buckets of humus or 0.5-1.0 bucket of mature compost and up to 100 g of nitrophoska or other complex mineral fertilizer with a low nitrogen content. The introduced humus will increase the air and water permeability of clay soils. If the soil is light, you can use up to 1 bucket of humus or only mineral fertilizers.

Drive a 1.0-1.5 meter wooden stake into the middle of the prepared pit, or preferably a flat support 1-2 cm wide. When planting, the peach seedling must be positioned relative to the support so that it shaded the young plant during the day from the sun's rays. At the bottom of the pit, drainage is formed from crushed stone, sand and other small materials up to 10-15 cm high so that water does not stagnate, and a mound of prepared soil is poured. The roots of the seedling are straightened along the mound, covered up to 2/3 with soil, slightly compressed and a bucket of settled water is poured. After soaking, the pit is completely filled up.

When planting, the root collar should be 3-4 cm above the ground. Some gardeners recommend deepening the root collar to this depth. When freezing from the scion shoots, you can form a new crown or switch to a bushy form of growing a crop. A 5-6 cm shaft is formed around the planted seedling and another 1-2 buckets of water are poured. After water has been absorbed, the soil is mulched without closing the bole. When peach is planted in spring, the buds swell within a month, the leaves unfold. Sometimes a peach seedling does not “wake up”, but the stem remains elastic, the bark does not change color. In this state, the seedling can "sleep" until the next spring, and then begin normal development.

Peach tree sapling

Peach care

Watering and fertilizing

Post-plant care needs special attention in the first 2-3 years. Watering without stagnant water should be carried out 2 times a month, top dressing - 2 times during the growing season. The first feeding of peaches is carried out before flowering in the budding phase with a complete mineral fertilizer. Use nitrophoska, nitroammophoska, urea, kemira and other fats at the rate of 30-40 g under a tree; the second top dressing - after July 15-20 with a phosphorus-potassium mixture, respectively, 50 and 25 g under the tree of superphosphate and potassium sulfate. You can repeat the introduction of Kemira, nitrophoska.

With the onset of fruiting, the number of peach dressings is increased to three. The rate of solid fertilizers is gradually increased to 150-200 g each under a tree. Fertilizers are scattered along the edge of the crown for digging or brought into dug grooves, holes, followed by closure, watering and mulching. One of the top dressings is usually carried out by spraying the tree crown with microelements or by adding a glass of wood ash for irrigation. It is carried out at the beginning of fruit growth, shifting the introduction of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers to the beginning of ripening. Humus, compost, chicken manure (in solution) are applied in autumn or spring once every 3-4 years, 1-2 buckets each. In the year of organic matter introduction, nitrogen fertilizers are not used for top dressing.

Fruiting peaches are sprayed annually before bud break and after leaf fall with a 2-3% solution of Bordeaux mixture. You can use cineb or other preparations containing copper or zinc for spraying. It is useful to spray peaches during the growing season with boric acid or ash extract (a glass / bucket of water). Potassium permanganate and a few drops of iodine can be added to boric acid.

Peach crown formation and annual pruning

Formative peach pruning begins the year following planting. When forming a cup-shaped wide crown, pruning is carried out in March. On the central peach stem, all side shoots are cut to a height of 40-50 cm. A tree stem is formed. Above the trunk, 3-6 shoots are left - these are the future skeletal branches of the first order. Above these branches, the central trunk is removed. The following year, second-order shoots will form on them. The rest of the shoots, especially those growing inward and thickening, are cut into a ring. Shoots of the 1st and 2nd orders are cut to 50-60 cm. On the remaining part of the peach skeletal branches of any order, young shoots grow during the warm season, forming the crop for the next year. These shoots are called fruiting shoots. Fruiting shoots are left after 15-20 cm, the rest are cut into a ring. If you leave a denser arrangement, the crop will be small-fruited.

There is another scheme for the formation of a peach tree. It is called "formation according to the principle of the fruit link." Use this method of crown formation more often in cold areas. The formed link can be tilted to the ground and covered for the winter. The planting pattern is called "meadow garden". Landing pattern thickened. The distance between rows is 2 m, in a row 0.5 m. Each peach tree forms up to 15 fruits.

When forming a fruit link, the crown, as such, is absent. In the first year after planting, the peach is not pruned. It grows freely, forms a large number of shoots. Seedlings are fed and watered in a timely manner, mulched.

In the second year, in April, a peach seedling is cut at a height of 10 cm from the soil, leaving the 2 most developed stems located closer to the ground. One will be the main for fruiting, and the second spare. In summer, thinning is carried out densely located on these 2 branches of lateral shoots, you can shorten them. In this case, the lower 2 do not touch. In autumn, after leaf fall, the peach shoot, left as a spare, is cut to 2 lower branches, and the second is left for fruiting. The following year, in the fall, the fruiting shoot is removed, and the 2 lowest shoots are left on the spare and the rest of the growth is removed. That is, every year they form a fruit link.

Recently, more and more gardeners are turning to growing peach in the form of a bush. This form is most convenient in cold regions. Peach is easy to shelter from winter frosts. They form an above-ground mass of 4-5 to 10 most developed shoots. The rest are cut out. On each shoot, shoots of this year are left, which will form a crop next year. Old branches that practically do not form a crop are periodically removed.

Peach fruits on the tree. © Jessica

Propagation of peach in the country

Peaches in the dacha are propagated by grafted seedlings purchased from the relevant companies and seeds.

Moreover, the second is the most common technique that does not require complex manipulations during planting and growing seedlings. Seed propagation of peach is beneficial in that trees grow more resistant to the vagaries of weather and disease. With seed propagation, not all planted seeds can form a culture with maternal characteristics. The ovary in peaches is formed as a result of cross-pollination, and some of the seeds may bear signs of a rootstock. To reduce the selection error, a large number of seeds must be sown. When the first leaves appear on the seedlings, those with a wider leaf blade should be selected. Of course, this is not 100% reliable, but still there is a possibility of selection. When sowing in pots, not one peach seed is also sown, but 3-4, and after germination, 1 strongest seedling is left, and the rest are cut off at the soil surface.

Peach seeds in open ground in the southern regions are sown from October 15 to November 10-15. Previously, the bones are scarified or soaked for 2-3 days in warm water, which is changed daily. For planting seeds, zoned peach varieties are chosen, which is especially important in the middle lane. Seeds of such varieties will be a guarantee of obtaining a crop that forms a crop and is resistant to climatic conditions. Under shelter, plants will freeze less. Imported varieties that are not adapted to our climate may turn out to be barren or freeze out in the first winter. In order for peaches to successfully develop and form a high-quality crop, it is necessary to comply with the requirements of agricultural technology and cover the crop for the period of cold weather.

A sunny place is chosen for the school, the soil is fertilized with humus or mature compost. Peach seeds are placed in holes to a depth of 6-8 cm. The holes are placed at a distance of 7-10 cm. During the winter, the seed undergoes natural stratification, and shoots appear in spring. Peach seedlings grow quickly, but require careful care. The soil should be loose, weed-free, constantly moist (not wet). During the summer season, 3-4 top dressings are carried out, preferably with kemira or crystal at the rate of 30-40 g / sq. m.

When growing peach seedlings at home, after sowing the seeds, containers are placed in a warm place, which is equipped according to the principle of a mini-greenhouse. Before germination, the temperature in the room is maintained at +10..+15 °С, and after germination it is gradually raised to +18..+20 °С. The soil must be constantly moist. When seedlings appear, containers with seedlings must be placed in well-lit places. Peach seedlings are planted in open or closed ground in the spring by transshipment at a soil temperature in the root layer of at least +12 .. +14 ° С with a constant high air temperature.

Varieties of peach for different regions

Like other crops, peaches are classified according to the speed of ripening of the crop into early, medium and late. In the south, crops are formed according to the biological ripeness of all three variety groups, in the middle lane and, especially in the cold zone, even when grown in heated greenhouses and greenhouses, they are limited to growing early and much less often - medium and medium-early varieties.

In the southern regions and areas close to them in the middle zone, the following early and mid-early peach varieties are most acceptable: early Kyiv, Redhaven, Collins, Juicy, Favorit, May flower, Early Sycheva, Rossoshanskaya early ripening, Nadezhny, Fluffy early and others.

Of the mid-ripening in the southern region, the peach variety Cardinal forms high yields of good quality, the fruits of which reach a weight of 140-150 g. Large-fruited. The fruits reach a mass of more than 200 g. Of the other varieties, Veteran, Skazka, Zakatny, Smolensky are in demand.

We can recommend winter-hardy varieties of peaches of American and Canadian selection (nectarines, peaches with fig fruits) - Harbinger, Harnas, Inka, Harko, Suncrest and others for growing on their own plots. Naturally, the listed varieties are given as examples. The market annually offers new, more improved varieties for winter hardiness and resistance to diseases and pests. Before purchasing a new peach variety, it is necessary to carefully familiarize yourself with its characteristics so as not to get into trouble in a few years, when it turns out that the variety is unsuitable for the region.

Treatment of peach trees from pests and diseases. © Mary H. Dyer

Protecting Peach from Diseases and Pests

The most common peach diseases are leaf curl, moniliosis, powdery mildew, fruit rot, gum disease. Diseases are caused by pathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses.

Of the pests, aphids, spider mites, scale insects, codling moths cause the greatest damage to the crop and the condition of the crop. According to the way of feeding, they belong to gnawing and sucking pests.

It is not recommended to use chemicals to kill diseases and pests in dachas and adjacent areas. You can get an environmentally friendly crop by using biological products developed on the basis of soil Effective Microorganisms (EM or biological products) to protect against diseases and pests. They are harmless to humans and animals. They can be used almost until harvest. However, using only preparations, the garden cannot be cleared of diseases and pests, because their adult forms, eggs successfully overwinter on weeds and under vegetable garden and garden residues, in fallen fruits and leaves.

Pest and disease control must begin with preventive measures. After harvesting, it is necessary to remove all fruit and leaf litter from under the crown of the fruit-bearing crop. Carry out sanitary pruning of trees (in late autumn or early spring), removing diseased, cracked shoots, covered with points of incipient gum disease. Take it outside the site and burn it.

From diseases to bud break in spring and leaf fall in autumn, peaches should be sprinkled with 2-3% Bordeaux mixture. And after the leaves bloom, switch to treatment with tank mixtures of biofungicides and bioinsecticides. Bioinsecticides lepidocid, fitoverm, bitoxibacillin can be combined with biofungicides mikosan, phytosporin, hamair, alirin. Each of the biological products has its own limits of effective action on plants. Therefore, before proceeding with the preparation of solutions, it is necessary to study the instructions and check the biological products for compatibility.

Tank mixes or individual biological preparations start treatment of plants from the phase of bud break and finish a few days before harvest. Adhesives must be added to the prepared solution so that the preparation does not roll down and is not washed off the leaves. After rains, spraying of plants is repeated. The treatment is carried out after 7-10 days by fine spraying. Proper preparation and use of biological products qualitatively protects the crop from pests and diseases.

How much, where and how do peaches grow? Photo and why is it growing poorly?

Contents of the article

  • 1 Where do peaches grow?
  • 2 Preparing for planting
    • 2. 1 Selecting seedlings
    • 2.2 When to plant a peach?
    • 2.3 Selecting a planting site
    • 2.4 Preparing the soil
  • 3 How to grow peaches in the field?
    • 3.1 Spring peach planting
    • 3.2 Autumn planting
  • 4 How to care for a peach tree?
  • 8 How do peaches grow in a greenhouse?
  • 9 Tips for choosing a peach variety
    • 9.1 Cort for growing in the southern regions
    • 9.2 Cords for the northern regions
  • 10 Conclusion

Persian - a plant from the pink family, is included in the breed of almonds. The almond tree differs from the peach in the properties and shape of the fruit. This is a heat-loving, undersized plant with a wide crown and lanceolate, serrated leaves along the edges. The flowering of the tree begins before the development of the leaves.

Ripe peach fruit tastes very juicy, and looks spherical, velvety with a groove along one edge. Ripening and fruit growth occurs in July and August. The initial place of peach growth should be considered Northern China. The first country that became interested in how peaches grow was Italy.

Where do peaches grow?

Peaches grow in countries with a warm climate:

  • China;
  • Syria;
  • India;
  • Afghanistan.

In such areas, peaches grow even without proper care.

Huge peach plantations can be seen in the Caucasus, Asia, Ukraine and Moldova. Peaches are a very heat-loving plant, so growing such a crop in central Russia is not an easy task.

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But the facts show otherwise:

Region Peach experience
Leningrad region, Moscow region and central Russia In the suburbs, gardener Koretsky grew 20 peach trees grafted onto almonds. I planted seedlings in 2001, and in 2011 I collected 30 kilograms of juicy fruits from each tree.
Crimea The famous Crimean Nikitinsky Garden, which has recently begun its active work. About 15 varieties of varieties fill not only store shelves, but are also exported to other countries.
Ural and Siberia The experience of Nikolai Sergeev from the city of Yuzhnouralsk shows that with proper cultivation care and frost-resistant varieties, it is possible to get juicy fruits, even at the beginning of autumn.

Thus, peaches grow with competent agricultural technology not only in the South, but also in the North.

Preparation for planting

Selection of seedlings

Tips for selecting seedlings:

  1. It is advisable to purchase peach seedlings from nurseries and local growers.
  2. When buying a seedling, pay attention to the root system. The cut at the root should be light, not dark. A light green cut indicates that the plant is alive and has not been stored anywhere for a long time.
  3. A good root has strong branches. A bad sign when too small, multiple roots.
  4. The stem itself must be free of sores and sores. The rind of a healthy trunk should be even and gray in color.
  5. If you pay attention to the kidneys, they should be large, not dried, without damage.

When to plant a peach?

Many years of experience show that not only the peach tree, but also all fruit plants should be planted in autumn. During the autumn-winter period, the plant manages to take root, and in the spring, in any weather, it begins to grow.

Planted seedlings produce white roots that cannot be injured and replanted. When planting for the winter, the soil has time to compact around the seedling, thanks to which the roots and buds begin to grow and develop normally.

Choosing a landing site

It is better to choose a landing site that is well lit, not shaded by mature trees and sheltered from the wind. On the summer cottage, it is advisable to choose a place on the south side , since the peach begins to bloom one of the first fruit trees.

Cold air stagnates in lowlands, waterlogged and swampy places, which does not allow the development and growth of the future peach. In such places, buds do not form and do not ripen in time; as a result, fruit trees grow poorly and die.

Do not plant for 2-3 years on soil that was previously used for growing crops such as:

  • potatoes;
  • gourds;
  • strawberry;
  • clover;
  • alfalfa.

It is not scary if fruit crops grow next to a peach, at a distance of 3-5 meters from each other, the main thing is that they do not shade and do not interfere with growth and fruiting.

Soil preparation

Various types of soil are suitable for peach cultivation, the main thing is to create good drainage. Fill the planting pit with stone, broken brick and rusty iron.

The soil is first freed from weeds and carefully dug up. In good soil, you can simply add any fertilizer, and depleted soil must be plentifully fed with mineral fertilizers.

For planting one seedling you will need:

  1. Organic humus or compost-7 kg.
  2. Wood ash 250 grams.
  3. Mineral superphosphate fertilizers - 200 gamma.
  4. Mineral potash or nitrogen fertilizers - 100 grams.

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How to grow peaches in the garden?

The establishment and growth of peach depends on various factors. Peaches grow in warm regions, but despite this, they are frost-resistant. In order for the plant to begin to grow and bear fruit after 3 years, it is necessary to cover a fragile seedling for the winter.

This method applies to columnar, dwarf varieties. When planting, it is advisable to fix the seedling at an angle, for convenient shelter for the winter. Let's get acquainted with a step-by-step guide to spring and autumn peach planting.

Spring planting peach

For early spring planting, the soil should be dug up in spring. If the climate is warm, the landing is already carried out at the end of February. The size of the pit should be one meter wide and at least 60 cm deep.

Planting steps:

  1. Fill the bottom of the pit with the necessary fertilizer , and you can also add rusty nails and small pebbles.
  2. After checking, the seedling is placed in a hole strictly vertically , fix, trample down and cover with earth. The root collar should be at ground level.
  3. Tie the seedling to stakes for stability and trim.
  4. Then water generously with to the planting depth and observe how it grows.

Autumn planting

Winter planting is more suitable for southern regions, as winters are not too severe. The root will grow over the winter and adapt to new conditions. Gardeners advise planting a seedling in a permanent place. It is better to choose such a place where peaches grow well: on the south, well-lit side, closer to the edge of the fence.

Step-by-step technology for autumn peach planting:

  1. Prepare a hole for planting. Pit width 70 cm, depth 70 cm.
  2. Attach a peg to the bottom of the pit to tie up the seedling.
  3. Cover the bottom with manure, ash or humus mixed with the ground.
  4. Roots will grow well if carefully straightened and fixed in the planting hole so that the root collar rises slightly above the ground.
  5. Cover the seedling with earth and tie it to a peg.
  6. Water generously, this will require 4 buckets of water.
  7. Leaves or sawdust can be sprinkled on top.

How to care for a peach tree?

Caring for a young peach

After planting a peach, it is important to ensure that the soil around it is not too wet or dry. It is in such soil that peach crops grow.

To get the necessary air and moisture to the roots, you need to regularly plow the soil around the tree. In loose and oxygen-rich soil, grass does not grow and erosion does not form. And in cold weather, the plant is covered with special insulated bags.

Watering

Water is the most important factor in which all fruit crops grow and bear fruit, but even here a norm is needed. Both a lack and an excess of moisture leads to a deterioration in the fertility and vital activity of the whole plant.

Watering recommendation:

  1. After planting, water on average once a week based on climatic conditions.
  2. Fertilizers with proper watering will bring the desired result, in which peaches grow and bear fruit.
  3. For irrigation along the beds make furrows in the form of depressions.
  4. During the vegetative period, when the buds grow and swell, it is advisable to water 3 times: on time, before and after peach blossom.
  5. Depending on the rainfall, the garden is watered all spring and summer, as needed.

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Top dressing

Especially in spring, fruit trees need nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, which can be added in the form of fertilizers. An important factor in which buds, flowers and fruits successfully grow and develop is phosphorus. Potassium helps plants absorb carbon dioxide and nitrogen, and also helps the tree resist frost and drought.

To feed the seedling, the soil around it is loosened and a groove is made into which dilute ammonium nitrate is poured. Before flowering, the leaves and crown are treated with a phosphorus solution.

Organic fertilizers in the form of compost, manure or vitamin slurry play a very important role. Depleted soil should be enriched once a year with organic or chemical fertilizers, and in subsequent years one top dressing in 2-3 years is enough. It should be applied early in the spring or when digging in the fall.

Peach grafting

Bark grafting is a very simple and common method for growing peaches. Such cultivation is suitable for young shoots of cherry plum, plum or peach. For this, spring time is suitable, in the morning or in the evening.

Grafting Instructions:

  1. First, prepare a peach sprig, 3-5 cm long. Using a garden knife, make an oblique cut located between the buds.
  2. A small cut is made on the grafted seedling.
  3. A cut peach twig is placed at the incision site.
  4. Fix with a bandage with a cloth or film.
  5. After one month, when the twigs have grown, remove the bandage and treat the graft site with garden pitch.

Peach wintering

Preparation of trees for the winter takes place in autumn. To begin with, diseased, dry, broken branches are cut. Water thoroughly for the last time.

Just before frost, the roots are sprinkled with mulch to protect them from freezing. If possible, cover and tie with burlap or natural material (needles, spruce branches or leaves).

Propagation of peaches

Seedlings grow well and bear fruit due to some types of propagation: seed method, grafting and cuttings.

Propagation by stone

For propagation, it is better to take fruits that grow in the northern regions, or ask the local grower for seeds. The fruits bought in the market grow in the southern regions, and as a result, they turn out to be a barren flower.

Seeds can be planted directly into the ground. Or in early spring, in March, plant as seedlings in a greenhouse or in a pot at home.

In the ground, some seeds may die, so it is recommended to sow many seeds at once. With the seedling method, in early spring, gardeners recommend sowing the kernels (seed), separated from the seeds, for quick germination.

And in mid-May, seedlings from the greenhouse are planted in a permanent place in the ground, where they then grow. During the summer period, seedlings from the stone can reach one meter.

Propagation by grafting cuttings

Rootstock fruit trees are suitable for grafting cuttings:

  • wild peach;
  • felt cherry;
  • apricot;
  • turn.

Cuttings should be prepared in advance, before the first frost and stored covered in the basement. And in early spring, graft to the stock and wrap tightly with a dense cloth. When the branch grows to 25 cm, remove the bandage and treat with garden pitch.

Planting cuttings in the ground

You can plant cuttings cut in autumn in pots at home, where they grow on the windowsill. During the winter, the stalk will give roots and leaves, and in the spring it will be planted in open ground in the chosen place.

The same method can be done, but only stick the stalk into a medium potato and plant it in a pot. With this convenient method, the potatoes grow and help the peaches grow.

Cuttings can be done in the spring. Place a cut branch (25-30 cm) in good soil, water it abundantly and put a plastic bottle on it. When the first leaves appear, the bottle is removed.

Pruning and shaping

It is important to remember that the peach is painful to cut. The cut is performed at a time, with a tool treated with alcohol, and after that the cut itself is processed with a garden pitch.

Spring pruning

The best time for spring pruning is between swelling and bud flowering. Spring pruning is not as damaging to the plant as winter pruning. Because in the warm season, the plant has a greater ability to fight diseases and injuries.

Shortening is done in order to form a beautiful crown, convenient for care and harvesting. Thinning is suitable for mature trees with dense branches.

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Pruning principles:

  1. It is important to remember the first rule: those branches that gained growth last year will be fruitful.
  2. The principle of substitution works here: a knot with two shoots, the first shoot should bear fruit this year, it is kept, and the second shoot, which will bear fruit next year, is removed.

This method of pruning gives a good harvest and inhibits the excess growth of young branches.

If it is not clear which branch to remove before flowering, then you can use this option during flowering. A branch on which too many flowers grow, respectively, will bring small fruits. Such a branch is removed, and the cut is processed.

Free Spindle type formation has become widespread today. In the fifth year, the height of the seedling reaches 3 meters, a tree grows in the shape of a Christmas tree.

The sequence of work looks like this :

  1. 4 main frame branches are left in the lower tier of branches.
  2. Leave 5 branches in the second tier.
  3. All branches are cut by one third. Remove all the frozen and sick.

Pruning in autumn

Peach pruning in autumn is done after the harvest but before the first frost.

The scheme is as follows:

  1. The number of branches on the tree should not exceed 80 pieces.
  2. Prune all fruit-bearing branches.
  3. Remove dry and bacterially affected branches.
  4. If winters are severe, fragile twigs should be removed.
Peach pruning chart by years

Diseases and pests of peach

Main enemies of peach:

Disease or pest Description and treatment
Clusterosporiasis Manifested as spots on the fruits and leaves of a reddish-orange color, convex ugly shape.

Start fighting in autumn, after harvest:

  • Remove and burn the affected branches and disinfect the sections with lime mortar, with the addition of 2% copper sulphate.
  • In the spring, when the buds swell, the trees are treated with 90% copper oxychloride and 70% meteor.
Leaf curl Affects barely emerging leaves and shoots. The leaves begin to acquire an amber-pink uneven color. After two weeks, a white coating appears, a sign of the development of the fungus. Affected areas do not grow and die.

Infected areas should be cut and burned, then sprayed liberally with one of the following:

  • Bordeaux mixture 3%;
  • copper oxychloride 9%;
  • copper sulfate 1%, 2 times in 5 days;
  • a special drug against plant diseases DNOC, 100g per 10l of water.
Powdery mildew Affects everything: leaves, shoots and fruits. Signs appear in the form of a white coating and lead to the death of the affected areas.

If found, required:

  • Remove and destroy affected leaves immediately and dig up the soil around the tree.
  • At the end of flowering, Topaz, Bordeaux solution 3% or copper sulphate are treated.
Garden aphid Often appears in July as small light insects. The leaves are deformed and folded into a tube.

An easy way to fight:

  • Soak 1 bar of laundry soap in a bucket of water and spray the affected trees with this solution.
  • For spraying peach, you can use karbofos.
Shield Affecting the bark of the peach tree.

Insect control is carried out in early spring, before the first leaves appear, using mineral oil emulsions. And during the vegetative period, the treatment is carried out with karbofos.

How do peaches grow in a greenhouse?

There are many benefits to growing peaches in greenhouse conditions all year round.

Gardener Evgeny Fedotov from the Moscow region shared this:

  1. The greenhouse protects the plant from diaper rash , which kills many plants.
  2. Constant temperature: no burns or frostbite. The film scatters the sun's rays well.
  3. When peaches are grown in a greenhouse, they are not susceptible to leaf curl disease, which can destroy the crop.
  4. Very high yield of peaches.
  5. No intensive watering required because peach roots grow deep enough outside the greenhouse.
  6. You don't even need to put a special heater into the greenhouse for peaches, the temperature in the greenhouse is enough.

But, and among the difficulties in leaving, the gardener noted:

  1. Constant pruning of trees throughout the year. The branches grow and rest against the walls and ceiling and this should not be allowed.
  2. Flowering is so abundant that you have to remove a good half of flowering branches, otherwise the fruits will grow small.
  3. During flowering it is necessary to constantly open the windows in the greenhouse to allow pollination by insects. Otherwise, you will need to pollinate each flower manually.

Learn more about how peaches grow in a greenhouse in the video:

Tips for choosing a peach variety

Peach fruits are classified according to growth intensity, precocity and yield. Peach fruits ripen after cherries, apricots, quinces and plums, and finish their ripening before the start of harvesting late varieties of apple trees.

For planting and cultivation, it is recommended to choose the most popular and unpretentious types of peaches.

Maturity Grade
Early
  • Juicy;
  • Kyiv;
  • Redhaven;
  • Crimean;
  • Collins;
  • Moretini Favorite.
Medium
  • Redhaven, Kyiv;
  • Kremlin;
  • Cardinal;
  • Delica;
  • Fairy tale.
Late
  • Golden Moscow;
  • Tourist.
Variety Delica Variety Collins Variety Moretini Favorit Variety Cardinal Variety Tale Variety Golden Moscow

Peach subspecies:

  1. Common peach . Tree height from 5 to 8 meters. The fruit is semicircular in shape, 3.5 to 12 cm in size. The skin is rough, yellow-orange in color, powdered with a blush.
  2. Nectarine . Distinctive features of Nectarine are in its smooth skin. This mutation occurs when a common peach tree self-pollinates. Fruit color varies from orange to bright burgundy.
  3. Potatin . The Potatin peach tree does not even grow to a height of two meters. The fruits are semi-circular, yellow-orange in color. The nutritional value is not in demand, therefore it is not widely used in retail chains.
  4. Fig . Unusual, flat peach shape with a small seed pit. The color, taste and smell are the same as those of an ordinary peach.

Varieties for growing in the southern regions

  1. Veteran , low growing tree up to 3 m tall. The mass of one peach is 150 g. The skin is yellow, with a burgundy blush. The pulp is juicy with sweet sourness. The ripening period falls on August 15, with an output of up to 50 kg per tree.
  2. Redhaven variety

    Redhaven , short spreading plant. Fruits weighing one peach grow up to 150 g. Thickened skin with a yellowish and red blush. Very pleasant taste. The ripening period occurs in mid-August.

  3. Domestic . Fruits weighing 100 grams. The skin is creamy, dense and velvety. The pulp is loose and sweet. Ripens at the end of July.
  4. Lola - Uzbek variety. The plant rises up to 6 meters. Fruits grow up to 100 g, have a wide oval shape. Skin with greenish and red hues, easily separated from the pulp. The plant is early, with good resistance to conditions.
  5. Skif - tall tree up to 8-10 m long. Fruits grow up to 160 g. Ripens in August. Skiff is in demand for periodic and high fertility.

Varieties for northern regions

Cultivation of peach crops in northern and central Russia is not an easy task. Varieties suitable for growing in this region are limited, so new ones are being developed that have proven themselves in frosty conditions.

Frost-resistant varieties:

  1. Jelgava . Well-established, high-yielding, winter-hardy variety.
  2. Variety Kyiv early

    Kyiv early . A low tree that grows up to 3 meters in length. The fruits are round, weighing 50-100 grams. Creamy to pale yellow in color. The taste is sweet, with a slight sourness. The harvest takes place at the end of July. Fruitfulness reaches up to 55 kg from each tree. This species is resistant to frost and pathogenic pests.

  3. Nectarine Krasnoslobodsky . The crown grows 4-5 meters in length with lush spreading branches. The fruits are medium, weighing up to 50 g. The skin is rough, orange-light, with a bright blush. The taste is normal, sweet-sour. Productivity reaches 60 kg from one plant.
  4. Dneprovskiy . A tall plant with wide branches. The fruits are large, weighty up to 200 grams. The color is creamy yellow. The skin is velvety, easily separated. The yield is high. Saplings are frost-resistant.
  5. Voronezh Bush . The seedling is usually grafted onto the cherry plum and brings its first fruit after 3 years. The growth of a tree can be formed in height, like a shrub. The fruits are medium, yellowish, pleasant to the taste.

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