How long before avocado trees bear fruit


How to Grow Your Own Avocado Tree

Everything you need to know about how to grow an avocado tree. Really!

Everything you need to know about how to grow an avocado tree. Really! Want your own avocado tree or houseplant? There are a few ways to do it. This comprehensive guide tells you all you need to know, whether you’re starting from a seed or planting a young tree.

  • Planting
  • Soil
  • Watering
  • Mulching/fertilizing
  • Other growing tips


Planting: Houseplant*

You can start with an avocado seed. Wash it. Use three toothpicks to suspend it broad end down over a water-filled glass to cover about an inch of the seed. Put the glass in a warm place out of direct sunlight and replenish water as needed. You should see the roots and stem start to sprout in about two to six weeks. (If you’ve followed this process so far and have not seen roots or a stem sprout in more than six to eight weeks, try another seed. ) When the stem is 6 to 7 inches long, cut it back to about 3 inches. When the roots are thick and the stem has leaves again, plant it in a rich humus soil in a 10½-inch-diameter pot, leaving the seed half exposed. Water it frequently, with an occasional deep soak. The soil should be moist but not saturated. And don’t forget: the more sunlight, the better. If the plant turns yellow, you may be over-watering; let it dry out for a few days. If the leaves turn brown and fry at the tips, too much salt has accumulated in the soil. Let water run freely into the pot, and drain it for several minutes. When the stem is 12 inches high, cut it back to 6 inches to encourage the growth of new shoots.

*Please note that the odds that your tree will bear fruit are very small.

Planting: Young tree

Remember that avocado trees do best at moderately warm temperatures (60 F to 85 F) with moderate humidity. They can tolerate temperatures, once established, of around 28 F to 32 F with minimal damage. Avoid freezing temperatures. Plant your tree in March through June. If you plant during the summer, there is always the risk of sun damage, because avocado trees don’t absorb water very well when they’re young. Plant it in a non-lawn area and away from sidewalks and, if you can, plant it in a spot protected from wind and frost. Remember, full sun is best. Dig a hole as deep as the current root ball and just as wide as the width plus a little extra so you can get your hands into the hole to plant it. The avocado is a shallow-rooted tree with most of its feeder roots in the top 6 inches of soil, so give it good aeration. Its root system is very sensitive, and great care should be taken not to disturb it when transplanting. If the tree is root-bound, however, loosen up the soil around the edges and clip the roots that are going in circles.

Soil

Avocado trees like the soil’s pH around 6 to 6.5. If you have a heavy clay soil, elevate the tree in a mound for better drainage. Make the mound 1 to 2 feet high and 3 to 5 feet around. Don’t put gravel or anything else like planting media in the hole. The sooner the roots get into the bulk soil, the better the tree will do.

Watering

Trees typically need to be watered two to three times a week. As the roots reach out into the bulk soil, more water can be applied and the frequency of watering can diminish to about once a week after a year. When watering the tree, soak the soil well, and then allow it to dry out somewhat before watering again. As with most plants, you don’t want the tree to get too dry. The rule of thumb for mature trees is about 20 gallons of water a day during the irrigation season. Seedlings will require quite a bit less water, of course. Check the soil before watering each time to make sure it has dried somewhat. If the soil from around the roots can hold the impression of a hand when squeezed, it has enough water.

Mulching and Fertilizing

Mulch with coarse yard mulch. Redwood bark or cocoa bean husks and shredded tree bark will work. Choose something that is woody and about 2 inches in diameter. Coarse yard mulch is available at some garden-supply centers and through tree-trimming operations. Tree-trimming operations sometimes have material that has been pruned from the tops of trees and doesn’t contain any diseased roots. Use online search engines to find a local tree service. Put 20 pounds of gypsum spread around the tree base, and mulch the area with 6 inches of mulch, keeping the material about 6 to 8 inches away from the tree trunk. Fertilize your young avocado trees with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per tree per year. You can spread it out over several applications as long as it totals ½ to 1 pound of nitrogen. The other important nutrient for avocado trees is zinc. Ordinary home fertilizer for houseplants will normally work.

Other growing tips

Be patient about seeing fruit. If you have purchased and planted a tree, you can probably expect to see your first fruit three to four years after planting. If you are growing from a seed, it can take anywhere from five to 13 years before the tree is mature enough to set fruit. When the tree does flower, expect a lot of flowers to fall without setting fruit. This is natural.


FAQs and Troubleshooting
Should I plant a “B” type avocado with an “A” type avocado to help with good pollination?

Avocado flowering patterns fall into two groups: “A” type and “B” type flowers. A-type flowers open female in the morning and male in the afternoon, B-type are male in the morning and female in the afternoon.
It is widely accepted that fruit production can be helped with the presence of another avocado variety, but it isn’t always required.

How does temperature influence pollination and fruit set?

Optimum fruit set occurs at temperatures between about 65 – 75 F. Cooler or warmer temperatures are less ideal.
Under some conditions, you may get a fruit from a flower that did not pollinate properly. These small, elongated fruit will often fall from the tree on their own, but if they “hang on” you can pick them and eat them. These fruit are called “cukes” but are sometimes marketed in stores as “Cocktail” or “Finger” avocados.

What can I do about my avocado tree dropping fruit?

This is called fruit drop. An avocado tree typically produces about one million flowers, but only 100-200 pieces of fruit per tree. In other words, 1 fruit in 10,000 will set and mature. Sometimes the tree will set fruit but drop them when they are pea to walnut size. This is typical.
To minimize fruit drop of good “fertilized” fruit, avoid stressing the tree. Don’t under or overwater it. Research suggests that fruit retention is also better when there are other avocado varieties present to provide cross-pollination, and that these crossed fruit have a higher tendency to stay on the tree.
There is also some indication that over-fertilizing with Nitrogen during the early fruit stages can also somewhat influence fruit drop. Check with your master gardener for help with fertilizers for your climate/location.

How can I tell when my avocados are ripe and ready to pick?

Avocados do not “ripen” on the tree, that is, they do not get soft while on the tree. They mature on the tree.
Once you pick an avocado, it can take from 7-21 days for it to soften when left at room temperature. You can speed the process up slightly by placing the avocado in a bag with some other ripe fruit (like an apple or banana) or slow the process down by keeping the fruit in the refrigerator. More on how to ripen avocados.

So, when should I pick my avocados?

Pick a couple of avocados and try to ripen them. If they shrivel up or seem rubbery instead of soft, they are not mature yet. Keep picking fruit every few weeks. Note on the calendar when they soften instead of turning rubbery.

Also, note the taste of the fruit. The oil content of the fruit usually increases through the season, and there will be a certain point when it tastes “just right. ” That date will usually vary somewhat due to climate conditions, and some years will be better than others. Some varieties can also reach a point where they have too much oil and some will turn rancid (although many types fall from the tree before reaching that point).

The Hass Avocado in California typically comes to maturity in February and is good through September or October. These dates depend a lot on where you live and climate conditions.

How many fruit will a mature tree produce in one year?

It is possible for an avocado tree to produce 200 to 300 fruit per tree once it is about 5-7 years of age. The avocado tree, however, alternates bearing. This means that the tree may produce a large crop one year, and then produce a small crop the following year. There are lots of variables that influence this.

How many years will a normal avocado tree produce fruit?

Typically, an avocado tree will continue to grow and produce fruit until something kills the tree.

When is the best time to prune avocado trees?

Avocados can be pruned any time of the year, but there tends to be less vigorous regrowth if it is done after cold weather in the winter, sometime around February.

How large will my avocado tree get?

Growth is reflected in rootstock, variety, soil depth and texture, windiness, irrigation and pruning. Reed, Bacon and Hass trees can ultimately grow to 35 feet in 30 years. Pruning can keep the trees to a manageable size, under 15 feet, but it must be done on a regular basis.

What’s the creamy-white foamy looking stuff that grows out of the bark where there are cuts, or small branches have died and dropped off?

It is just sap coming from a wound. It dries into that sugary white, fluffy stuff.

What areas of California are most hospitable to avocados?

Most areas of Southern California are suitable for avocados, except for the mountains and high deserts, where it gets too cold and too dry for fruit set. Outside of Southern California, it depends on the climate. Cold is most often the problem faced in other parts of the state. Still, there are home growers with avocado trees in and around San Francisco. There is also an area along the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains where avocados are being grown in Fresno and Tulare Counties. Growing areas in Southern California include:

  • San Diego County
  • Orange County
  • Los Angeles County
  • Riverside County
  • Western San Bernardino County
  • Ventura County
  • Santa Barbara County
  • Some parts of San Luis Obispo and Santa Cruz Counties


More Resources

Not finding what you are looking for? Contact a master gardener* or see the below resources. All links open a new window:

  1. Tips for the Backyard Avocado Grower (PDF) 
    This sheet, developed by the California Avocado Commission, was designed to provide Do-It-Yourself tips on growing an avocado tree
  2. Ventura County Avocado Handbook* 
    This helpful handbook, hosted by the University of California Cooperative Extension, provides text book-like information on growing an avocado tree including grafting, planting, flowering and more
  3. Growing Avocados (YouTube)*
    YouTube offers a helpful selection of avocado growing tips and videos from avocado enthusiasts all over the world
  4. Avocado Source*
    The free, virtual library of avocado knowledge. Search for documents, research and more
  5. Avocado Variety Information*
    Almost 1,000 varieties of avocados are identified on this page. Also available through this site is general avocado information, resources on flowering, irrigation, phenology and rootstocks

For cultural advice on your avocado tree or plant, please contact a master gardener* or nursery nearest you.

For assistance over the phone from a Master Gardner, try one of the following hotlines:

LOS ANGELES323-260-3238
ORANGE COUNTY714-708-1646
SAN DIEGO858-694-2860
SAN LUIS OBISPO805-781-5939 or 805-781-1429
SANTA BARBARA(805) 781-5940
SANTA CLARA408-299-2636
VENTURA805-645-1455

The California Avocado Commission does not sell, produce or have avocados, seeds or trees available for purchase. For information on where avocado trees are sold, please contact a nursery nearest you.

* Please note: The California Avocado Commission provides this information as a convenience to you; it should not be considered an endorsement by the Commission of a third-party website or the company who owns it. The Commission is not responsible for the quality, safety, completeness, or accuracy or nature of the content of the linked websites.

How long until an avocado tree fruits?

I just planted the avocado tree in the photo above, on February 10, 2017. It’s a Hass from a five-gallon container. How long can I expect to wait for an avocado tree like this to bear fruit?

Short answer: three to four years.

I get such an expectation from the fact that the last Hass tree I planted was in July 2013, and we are currently eating its first fruit here in 2017. So, four years of waiting and we now have 73 Hass avocados on that tree.

But I planted some other avocado trees in July 2013 as well, and we ate the first fruit from two of them last year. That’s three years from planting to eating the first fruit — although we did only get from them a combined 15 avocados. This year, they have a more respectable 63. Here they are, the early birds, the Reed and Lamb:

Four-year old Reed and Lamb trees with their second crops of 35 and 28 avocados, respectively.

My trees seem to be average. A couple of people with much more avocado experience than me, Mary Lu Arpaia and Ben Faber, also say that new trees start to bear fruit in three or four years. (This linked page contains a great list of other frequently asked questions about avocados, by the way.)

Factors that will make your avocado tree fruit earlier

While trees typically bear in three to four years, you may get fruit earlier or later for a few reasons. One reason you might get fruit earlier is if you buy a bigger tree — 15-gallon size or more. That’s because the bigger tree will produce more flowers and therefore potential fruit. (For more on this, see my post, “Should you buy a big or small avocado tree?”)

Also, if you have an excellent environment for pollination, with many other avocado trees around and many pollinators like honeybees visiting the flowers, you’re likely to get fruit earlier. Avocado trees of the five-gallon size will often set fruit at nurseries each spring for this reason.

Some varieties of avocado are also known to be precocious, such as the Pinkerton, GEM, Lamb, and Carmen.

This Pinkerton was planted from a five-gallon container in March 2016 and it set fruit that spring that we’ll eat at the end of 2017. That’s less than two years.

Pinkerton avocado tree

Factors that will make your avocado tree fruit later

On the other hand, your tree might take longer than four years to give you fruit for a number of reasons. If you prune it hard or if a winter freeze kills many branches or if it is otherwise stressed — for example, by poor irrigation — then it’s not going to fruit as early as it otherwise would.

At the same time that I planted the Reed and Lamb trees above, in July 2013, I also planted a Sir-Prize avocado tree, but the Sir-Prize has yet to give us fruit and it’s partly because I’ve pruned it hard the last couple years in order to shape it. Avocados flower mostly toward the outside of their canopies, at the ends of their branches, so pruning inevitably reduces their potential to flower and set fruit. Every spring, my Sir-Prize has flowered lightly, but only next year will it flower heavily because I didn’t prune it this year, and it ought to finally set its first crop. (Sir-Prize is also known as a variety that starts bearing later than other varieties.)

One final reason an avocado tree might take more than four years to bear fruit is if it is grown from seed and not grafted. In general, seedlings take longer to bear fruit than grafted trees. A seedling in my mom’s backyard took about six years before it produced fruit.

Does waiting the typical three to four years for an avocado tree to bear fruit seem like a short or long time to you? It seemed like forever when I planted those trees back in 2013. But forever has arrived, and it tastes amazing.

You might also like to read my posts:

Fertilizing avocado trees

Growing avocados in Southern California

How much and how often to water avocado trees in California

How to grow an avocado from a stone, how to grow an avocado at home, is it possible to grow an avocado in a pot, how long does an avocado tree bear fruit, how does an avocado grow | 74.

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Oh, how many cool salads you can make if you have an avocado tree at home Instagram.com

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Avocado, with its recognizable taste and buttery texture, rightfully occupies one of the first places in the list of products for a healthy and balanced diet. This superfood is rich in saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, contains a supply of potassium and vitamins E, K and group B, serves as a source of antioxidants and accelerates the absorption of nutrients. If you have space in your living room or kitchen, try growing this tropical plant in your home and in a few years you will not only enjoy the lush foliage of the tree, but also eat ripe fruits from your garden. Our colleagues from Elle Decoration magazine have prepared a step-by-step guide.

The scientific name of the avocado tree is Persea americana. The plant comes from Mexico. In hot tropical forests, it can reach 18 meters in height, but this does not mean that you cannot grow it at home - just get a suitable planter and cut the plant in time to adjust its growth.

The avocado tree loves warmth and sun, therefore, taking into account the weather conditions, it is better to grow it not in the backyard, but at home, where it will be possible to provide humidity and temperature that are comfortable for the plant.

One of the easiest ways to grow an avocado is to use the pit of a ripe avocado, anything you can buy at your local supermarket will do. The seeds sprout quickly and easily, so you will definitely be able to start a seedling. However, remember that it takes up to 3-6 years for a tree to give its first crop, and at home, an avocado will not always bear fruit.

1. Select a healthy, ripe avocado of your favorite variety and carefully remove the pit. Be careful, the seed will not germinate if the outer brown shell is damaged.

2. Turn the bone with the narrow part up, pierce it with three wooden toothpicks at an equal distance at a slight angle.

This photo shows how the toothpicks should be positioned

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3. Fill the container with water and set the stone so that its lower part is submerged in water.

4. Place the container on the windowsill and change the water every five days.

5. It usually takes four weeks for a seed to sprout. But if this does not happen, do not despair and be patient!

6. Roots and sprouts appear almost simultaneously. Wait until the future tree is 15 cm tall and then cut it in half. This will cause the avocado to sprout more.

7. Prepare a pot of fertile soil in a well-lit area.

8. Dig a hole and plant the avocado in it, leaving only the green part of the plant above the ground.

9. Water the avocado and continue to care for it. If you want to grow fruit, find out if your variety is self-pollinating or if it needs another plant nearby.

This is what the intermediate stage looks like. As for pH, it should be neutral or slightly acidic, as with most other garden plants.

In the first few years of life, the avocado tree needs a lot of water. Water the plant two to three times a week. After the tree is rooted, watering can be reduced, as the roots will get the necessary moisture from the soil. Understanding when a tree needs additional moisture is quite simple - pay attention to soil moisture, as soon as it dries, water the plant.

Avocado grows well in fertile soil and requires regular fertilization throughout its life. In the early stages, in order for the tree to grow healthy and strong, use a fertilizer rich in nitrogen once a month. Such top dressing can be replaced with organic compost, which is applied every three months. Continue to fertilize the plant during flowering and throughout the growing season. When the fruits are ripe, fertilizers can be postponed until the next season.

Avocado care depends on where you grow it. An outdoor tree will require minimal pruning. Potted plants, on the other hand, need to be pruned regularly to keep them compact. In addition to the main branches, pay attention to side shoots so that the avocado does not lose shape.

Although the avocado tree has a high content of toxic persin, to which only humans and cats are immune, it does not repel pests. Spider mites, thrips and caterpillars can settle on the plant. Treat your avocado with neem oil to combat them.

Another danger is diseases, the most common of which are root rot and bay wilt. Root rot is caused by overwatering or the accumulation of salts in the soil as a result of excessive fertilization. Laurel wilt is a deadly fungal infection spread by ragweed beetles, so keep them out.

It is not always clear from the appearance of avocados when they are sufficiently ripe. Up to a certain point, they can sing on a tree, but usually ripen after harvest. If the fruits are left on the tree for too long, they can become soft and overripe.

You are almost there!

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To test the ripeness of an avocado, pick the largest fruit and leave it in a dark place for a few days. Try lightly pressing down on the avocado with your thumb. If it is soft and the flesh has become creamy, the fruit is fully ripe. If the flesh is hard and bitter in taste, then the fruits are not yet ready to serve, give them a little more time.

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    Avocado at home - bears fruit or not, when, at what age it will start to bear fruit and what is needed for this

    Avocado is a tropical plant that requires care. Its bones germinate easily, quickly take root and begin to grow, but with improper care and in inappropriate conditions, they die in 1-2 years. Caring flower growers manage to grow large avocados that will delight for many years.

    The main question of indoor plant lovers: will an avocado grown from the stone at home bear fruit? It is difficult to achieve this from a culture, but some agricultural practices will help.

    Content of Article

    • Whether the avocado will be fruitful at home
    • when the avocado grown from the bone
    • begins to ensure that the avocado in the pot gives fruits
      • Avocado

      Will an avocado bear fruit at home

      Avocado grown in nature (in the garden under suitable conditions) produces up to 200 kg of fruit per year . At the same time, about 2,000,000 flowers are formed on a plant per season, but only from every 5,000 a fruit is tied. The remaining inflorescences fall off.

      Avocados have a complex pollination mechanism . Each of its flowers opens twice. On the first day they function as women, and on the second day they function as men. If under natural conditions such a mechanism does not prevent pollination, then it is very difficult to achieve fruiting in a pot.

      Help. Avocados are also called alligator pear, American perseus, and agate.

      It is possible to get fruits only after the plant has blossomed. In order to produce flowers on an exotic tree, it is important to grow it correctly and follow the basic rules of care. :

      1. Watering. The plant is watered as the soil dries. In the warm season, on average, the soil is moistened 1 time in 10 days, in winter - 1 time in 2-3 weeks.
      2. Maintaining a humid climate. A pot of avocados is placed on a pallet of wet sand. In the warm season, the plant is sprayed annually. During the heating season, a humidifier is installed in the room.
      3. Suitable temperature range. In summer, comfortable temperature ranges from +16…+30°C, and in winter — +10…+12°C. In the cold season, the plant goes into a dormant state, begins to turn yellow, dry and shed its leaves.
      4. Formation. When grown, they form an avocado crown. Pinch its top when the tree reaches the optimum height, if necessary, remove excess shoots.
      5. Transplant. Every year, the tree is transplanted into a new, larger pot. In a cramped container, the plant will not bloom and bear fruit. Transplantation is carried out by the method of transshipment.

      Interesting site:

      Incredible Avocado Benefits for Women

      How to lose weight with the avocado diet

      How to properly store a cut avocado

      When does an avocado grown from the pit begin to bear fruit

      At what age does an avocado begin to bear fruit? The tree is ready for this phase 3–6 years after planting .

      It is impossible to say more precisely what year an avocado bears fruit. It depends on the conditions in which the plant is located, the correct care of it, the use of additional means to accelerate fruiting.

      How to make an avocado fruit in a pot

      Even with proper care, it is not often possible to achieve fruiting . Most indoor plant lovers believe that this is simply impossible. In fact, there are several tricks that will help you get the desired result.

      Stimulation of fruiting

      In order for an exotic tree to bear fruit, it is important to stimulate its flowering.

      To do this, use a few simple tricks :

      1. Pinching . This procedure stimulates the growth of lateral shoots on which fruits are formed. To do this, pinch the top in the spring. The remaining part should reach a height of at least 15 cm, 4 buds or shoots are left on it.
      2. Top dressing . Regular fertilization allows the plant to receive enough nutrients and strength for flowering. Use complex means for exotic cultures. The composition should contain phosphorus and potassium.
      3. Artificial pollination . When flowering, large light green corollas appear on the plant. To pollinate plants, mature pollen is transferred between inflorescences, picking it up with a soft brush. Do this for 3 days in a row, pollinating each new flower. If possible, pollen is spread between several trees. Another way is to mark the flowers. The first time they are revealed as female, they are marked with a green marker. The next day they are already male. Pollen is transferred between male and female flowers.
      4. Planting a few trees . The chances of fruiting increase when growing multiple avocados. They are planted in pots standing side by side, or in one container, twisting the trunks.

      When an avocado is fruiting, it needs regular watering and good lighting . So that the plant does not throw off the ovaries at the first fruiting, some of them are removed, leaving 1-2.

      Grafting avocados

      The most effective way to stimulate fruiting is grafting . It is important to graft the bud of an already fruitful tree.

      The procedure is also carried out in a split. Experienced gardeners say that in this case the scion takes root better.

      Grafting instructions :

      1. The top of an avocado grown from the pit is cut at a right angle.
      2. A stalk is taken from a fruit-bearing plant, on which at least 3-4 buds should remain. The leaves are cut along with the cuttings.
      3. The lower part of the scion is sharpened with a flat double-sided wedge.
      4. A split is made in the rootstock, the depth of which is equal to or slightly greater than the length of the scion wedge. If the diameter of the scion is larger, the split is not made in the center, but in such a way that the cambial layers coincide on at least one side of the parts.
      5. The rootstock wedge is inserted into the scion split. The cambial layers must match completely.
      6. The junction is wrapped with garden tape or electrical tape with a sticky layer on the outside. The winding is made airtight so that air does not get into the sections. Some gardeners use film and continue wrapping the entire length of the scion, leaving only the buds exposed.

      See also:

      Instructions for growing figs at home

      Planting indoor grapes and care at home

      Conclusion

      It is difficult to achieve fruiting of an avocado grown from seed at home. In nature, a cultivated plant begins to bear fruit already 2–4 years after planting, and a generatively propagated wild plant may never please with a harvest.

      To increase the chances of fruiting, use different techniques and monitor the correct care. However, even when the fetuses appear, they are unlikely to inherit maternal characteristics.


      Learn more