How long do lemon trees live


Lemon Trees - Minneopa Orchards

We all know the saying, when life gives you lemons, make lemonade—but did you know that life really did give us lemon trees for the first time thousands of years ago? That’s right: thought to be originally from north-east India, lemons supposedly made their way through the Mediterranean to reach southern Italy in 200 AD. 

And we’ve loved them ever since! Thanks to their beautiful trees, aesthetic fruits, seducing perfume, and variability in the kitchen, lemons are one of the most popular citrus fruits out there.   

There’s a lot to learn about this sour yellow fruit, but have no fear. With a little determination and attention to detail, anyone can grow their own lemon trees. 


Table of Contents

Growing a Lemon Tree: Care, Pruning, Pests, and Diseases

So you’ve got yourself a young lemon plant, and you’re ready to make it at home in your garden, patio, or greenhouse. You can already imagine the glasses of sweet, cold lemonade you’ll be making next summer!

Here are some important things to keep in mind before you get too dreamy.  

How To Grow a Lemon Tree

If you want your own fresh-grown lemons, you’ll need to put in a little work before reaping the reward. It’s not too difficult, but you do need to be mindful! This post will guide you step-by-step on how to set up for lemon tree for successful growth.

The Best Time to Plant a Lemon Tree Anywhere in the World

When it comes to planting lemon trees, timing is essential. They are so reliant on sunlight and warmth (and so sensitive to the cold and frost!) that getting the timing right is not only recommended but absolutely necessary, depending on where in the world you are geographically located.

This post will help you get the timing right depending on your location, lemon tree, and even planting preferences.

The Best Lemon Tree Soil: 10 Important Factors to Consider

Using the right kind of soil is one of the best things you can do not just for lemon trees, but for your entire vegetable and/or fruit garden. For example, watering isn’t nearly as helpful if the soil has no water retention!

This article will help you think about ten different things to consider while choosing potting or gardening soil for your lemon tree.  

The 9 Best Lemon Tree Fertilizers for Backyard Growers

Fertilizer is important for lemon trees because it helps deliver the nutrients they need to thrive. In this post, you’ll learn what ingredients you should look out for in fertilizers, the types of fertilizers out there, and the brands I think are best. 

Here I’ve highlighted three of our favorites for you:

Down to Earth Organic Citrus Fertilizer Mix

Miracle-Gro Shake ‘N Feed Citrus, Avocado, Mango Plant Food

Jobe’s 1612 Fruit & Citrus Tree Spikes

Buy Lemon Tree Fertilizer!

Lemon Tree Pests: How to Identify and Prevent

Though it’s not something you like to hear about, it’s something you need to prepare for. Unfortunately, the threat of pests is all to real among lemons, so it’s important to always be one step ahead of them. 

Lemon Tree Diseases: Everything You Need To Know

Much like pests, the best way to fight lemon tree diseases is prevention, which starts with educating yourself through posts like this one.  

How To Prune A Lemon Tree

Just like all fruit trees, pruning your lemon tree is an important routine to maintain the tree’s overall health and vigor. 

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Harvesting Lemons 

Now comes one of the best parts about growing a fruit tree: harvesting its fruits! 

5 Important Facts About How to Harvest Lemons

Not only does this post walk you through important information regarding the harvesting of lemons, it also outlines the tools you need to get the job done. 

When Is the Right Time to Pick Lemons?

Learn the tips and tricks to decide when is the right time to pick lemons. That way you avoid the risk of picking them too early, or when they’re no good anymore!


Health Benefits of Lemons

What’s better than learning that lemonade (the pure, natural kind) is actually great for you?

Lemon Nutrition: A Guide to Calories, Vitamins, and Health Benefits

Take a closer look at exactly what’s going on beneath that wonderfully scented peel.  

The Incredible Health Benefits Of Lemons

That’s right, you heard me. Lemons are healthy for you! Discover why through this informational guide. 

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Lemons in the Kitchen

If you’re ready to add a little zest to your recipes, you’ll want to take a look at these posts. 


Lemon Varieties 

As you might have guessed, not all lemons are one and the same. Learn about the different varieties out there!

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Lemon FAQs

When Do Lemon Trees Bloom?

While lemon trees can bloom at any time of the year, they usually grow flowers in the spring. These beautiful blooms last for a couple of days or up to a week, depending on the type of tree and its age, climate, and health. Following the springtime blooms, the fruit grows throughout summer and slowly turns color in fall and winter to reach its signature yellow shade.

Some lemon trees bloom in the fall, and if it’s too cold outside when blooms appear, it’s important to tuck the trees indoors for shelter. Also, keep in mind that it’s normal for lemon trees to start blooming when they are three or four years old, as young trees need time to build sufficient roots.

When To Prune Lemon Trees?

It’s most common to prune lemon trees in the spring or autumn. Mature lemon trees should be pruned 1-2 times a year after harvest. While it may be a few years before baby lemon trees bear fruit, it’s important to regularly prune these growing trees to maintain their structure.

If you notice an abundance of leaves and foliage growing in different directions, your lemon tree is probably ready for pruning. Pruning encourages healthier growth and bigger lemons by balancing the leaves and ensuring they receive enough sunlight.

How Big Do Lemon Trees Get?

Domestic lemon trees grow 10-20 feet tall on average. The heights can vary depending on which type of lemon tree you have and its age, as some trees take up to six years to reach their mature height and bear fruit.

You can get standard and dwarf lemon trees, and the smaller variety is often recommended for indoor growing. While 8-10 feet is the average for dwarf lemon trees, some standard trees can reach up to 30 feet in ideal growing conditions.

Where do Lemon Trees Grow?

Lemon trees are believed to have originated in India but now flourish in warm climates around the globe, including Arizona, California, Florida, and Italy. Lemon and other citrus trees are relatively low-maintenance when grown in their ideal temperatures between 55-90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Lemons are more sensitive to the cold than other citrus fruit, so hardiness zones 9-11 are the preferred growing locations. If you’re outside these regions, you can grow lemons as container trees inside a greenhouse or sunroom to protect against the cold temperature and still produce fruit.

How Much Sun Do Lemon Trees Need?

Lemon trees love the sun and should get around 6-8 hours a day. That’s the ideal amount of daily sunlight for lemon trees, so they are best planted on your home’s south-facing side. These trees are sensitive to the cold so the more sun they can have, the better.

If you are growing them inside to protect them from the cold, a solarium or greenhouse is preferred, otherwise find a sunny spot close to the window so the lemons can thrive.

When To Fertilize Lemon Trees?

The best time to fertilize lemon trees and other citrus plants is once every month or two months throughout active growth in the spring and summer. Also, fertilize once every 2-3 months in the fall and winter when the tree is dormant.

If your climate and growing conditions lead to flowering and harvesting in other parts of the year, you can follow the same fertilizing schedule during both the active and dormant periods. You can always check with the specific instructions for your tree variety to ensure you are fertilizing correctly.

Where To Buy Lemon Trees?

You can buy lemon trees from your local nursery, at online nurseries such as Nature Hills Nursery. A few things to keep in mind when purchasing lemon trees is whether you want seedlings or pre-planted trees. It’s easier to get started with home-growing young lemon trees that are already on their way to maturity.

Keep in mind where you will be planting the trees and what you need to ensure the citrus thrives in your region’s growing conditions.

When Do Lemon Trees Produce Fruit?

Most lemon trees produce fruit when they are 3-5 years old. Lemons ripen anywhere from four months to a full year after flowering. For the typical lemon tree that blooms in the spring, the fruit grows over the summer before turning from green to yellow throughout the fall and autumn months.

Growing conditions and the region’s climate may impact a lemon tree’s flowering and fruit production. In some places where flowering occurs in the fall, the fruit will be ready for picking in the spring.

How Long Do Lemon Trees Live?

Lemon trees typically live around 50 years, but they can live up to 100 years when grown in optimal conditions and maintained regularly. Disease prevention and adequate care can boost a lemon tree’s lifespan, including fertilizer and pruning.

To ensure a long and healthy life for your lemon tree, it’s important not to overwater it and cause detrimental rot. Make sure the soil drains properly too.

How Much Do Lemon Trees Cost?

Lemon trees range in price from $20-$200 or more. It depends on which variety you buy and where you buy them from. Sometimes purchasing citrus trees in bulk can save money in the long run, or if you plan to grow from scratch, seedlings are less expensive.

Also keep in mind the cost of fertilizer, watering, and pruning, which can easily add up over the lemon tree’s average lifespan of 50 years.

How Long Do Lemon Trees Take To Grow?

Generally, it takes at least a few years for lemon trees to reach their mature height. Standard trees can take up to six years to reach 20 feet and begin bearing fruit. Indoor lemon trees are smaller and may grow to 3-6 feet tall within a year or two.

The growing times vary based on the temperature, climate, sun exposure, pruning, and other environmental conditions. If you buy lemon trees from a nursery, it will take less time for them to finish growing and produce fruit than if you plant the seedlings yourself, but it depends on personal preferences and home growing goals.

When Do Lemon Trees Flower?

Lemon trees can flower throughout the year depending on the growing conditions, but flowers most commonly appear in the early spring or fall.

Coastal regions with slight temperature fluctuations may have longer harvest seasons with more fluctuation in flowering times and landlocked locations with more distinct seasons usually yield lemon trees at predictable times each season. Drought stress may also impact flowering and lead to a longer time in between blooms.

Can my pets eat lemons?

It’s perfectly normal to wonder if your four-legged friends can eat the same food that you do. Take a look at these two posts to see what our research says about dogs and cats eating lemons. 

Can Cats Eat Lemons? Your Big Question Answered!

Can Dogs Eat Lemons? Your Important Question Answered!

Can I grow lemon trees from seed? 

 The short answer is yes, you can grow a lemon tree from the seeds you find within a lemon fruit you purchase at the store (or harvest from a tree). The more complicated answer is that the tree that will germinate from that seed is not guaranteed to be exactly like the tree the lemon from which you collected the seeds. 

In fact, growing a lemon tree from seed isn’t difficult (think of it as an experiment with a surprise ending! but it will be many long years before you are able to harvest lemons from it. This differs greatly from grafted lemon trees, which will bear fruit within a couple of years.  

Can I grow lemon trees outside?

Whether or not you can or should grow lemon trees outside depends on your geographic location. Lemons aren’t cold-resistant trees, so you don’t want to risk them being stuck outside during freezing nights!

Our The Best Time to Plant a Lemon Tree Anywhere in the World post talks about factors that you should consider when deciding whether to plant a lemon tree outside or in a container. 

Are lemons healthy?

The short and exciting answer is yes! Take a look at our “Health Benefits of Lemons” section for a more detailed response. 

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When Life Gives You Lemons

We are continuously adding lemon content, so check back often to find new posts about your favorite sour citrus!

Next, discover planting and growing tips, care guidance, recipes, destinations, and more related to these great nature goodies:

How Long Do Lemon Trees Live?

Most lemon trees will live around 50 years but some can live up to 100 in ideal conditions. The lifespan of your tree depends on the type of lemon tree you’re growing. Some lemon trees, like the Meyer lemon tree, may only live for around 30 years. Dwarf lemon trees also tend to live for shorter periods of time than full-sized trees. Learn to recognize how long different lemon tree varieties live before deciding what is right for you. 

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Do Lemon Trees Last Forever?

Sadly, lemon trees can’t live forever. However, they are very long-lived for citrus trees. You can increase your lemon tree’s lifespan by providing ideal conditions for your citrus plant to grow in. This means planting your lemon tree in a warm climate with an ideal temperature between 50–80℉ (10–27℃). Lemon trees lack cold hardiness, so avoiding cold temperatures is vital. A 50% humidity level, partial-to-full sun (4–8 hours of sunlight each day), and frequent watering are also key for prolonging your lemon tree’s lifespan.

  • Lemon trees do not live forever.
  • The average lemon tree lifespan ranges from 30 to 100 years, depending on the variety.
  • Healthy lemon trees need warm temperatures, moderate humidity, and 4–8 hours of daily sun to live as long as possible.
  • Be sure to give your lemon tree direct sunlight, frequent watering, and balanced fertilizer

On top of these basic needs, you can provide additional nutrients to help increase plant hardiness. Most varieties of lemon trees will need 6-3-3 fertilizer. Dwarf lemon trees prefer 10-10-8 fertilizer. Use this organic true lemon tree fertilizer to keep your citrus tree healthy.

Down to Earth Organic Citrus Fertilizer Mix 6-3-3, 5 lb

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We earn a commission if you click this link and make a purchase at no additional cost to you.

How Long Does a Potted Lemon Tree Live?

A potted lemon tree can live up to 50 years, but most container-grown lemons won’t reach this age. Dwarf lemon varieties generally don’t live as long as their full-sized counterparts. This means your dwarf citrus trees most likely won’t live past 30. Especially not if grown as indoor plants. Being grown indoors deprives lemon trees of certain ideal growing conditions, which can shorten their lifespan. 

  • Indoor plants rarely live as long as outdoor-grown lemon trees.
  • Potted lemon fruit trees live up to 30 years.

The lifespan of your lemon tree can depend on things like pot size, since the root ball needs space to grow. If you are providing enough space for growth, the plant will live longer. If you’re not providing enough, you will shorten your lemon tree’s lifespan. 

How Can You Tell How Old a Lemon Tree Is?

The only surefire way to tell a tree’s age is to cut it down and count the growth rings on the tree trunk. Without killing your tree, your only choice is to make educated guesses. Lemon trees won’t reach the mature tree stage until around 3 years old. Before this, they won’t bear any of their famous tasty fruit. So, a tree that isn’t of fruit-bearing age is typically less than 3 years old.

  • It can be difficult to pinpoint a lemon tree’s age without cutting it down.
  • Lemon trees won’t bear fruit until they’re a 2–3-year-old tree. Trees that haven’t yet borne fruit are very young.
  • After a lemon tree begins bearing fruit, it will be difficult to distinguish the age of one mature tree from another

Once a lemon tree starts to produce lemons, it can be very hard to determine the age. Smaller trees are typically younger, but some lemon varieties grow larger and faster than others. You won’t be able to tell a 10-year-old tree from a 50-year-old one just by looking at it. Each mature tree will be virtually indistinguishable from every other mature tree.

One sign that your mature lemon tree may be dying is if it stops yielding fruit. Lemon trees are supposed to bear fruit for their entire adult lives. If they suddenly stop producing, that’s a big red flag. Another sign of a dying lemon tree is discolored leaves or intense leaf drop. If a lemon tree is losing its leaves, it won’t be able to photosynthesize. The loss of energy from this will lead to a death spiral. Remember, citrus trees are evergreens, so they do not naturally lose all their leaves in fall.

  • Failure to produce lemons.
  • Dead or dying leaves.
  • Stunted growth.
  • Signs of rot.

If your tree is experiencing stunted growth, it’s a sign your lemon may be in trouble. During the juvenile stage, lemon trees should grow around 3–4 feet (90–120 cm) each year until they hit their max height around 6 years old. If your tree is young and growing far less than this, it may be starting to die. Look for signs of root rot to see if your tree has any diseases that may be stunting its growth.

How Do You Rejuvenate a Lemon Tree?

To revive a struggling lemon tree, create ideal growing conditions. Provide direct sunlight, frequent watering, warm temperatures, and a citrus-specific fertilizer. Check for signs of overwatering though. If your plant leaves are yellowing, you may need to scale back on watering frequency. If the temperature has been dropping recently, try wrapping your tree in fleece to warm it up. 

  • Check for the most common problems including overwatering, lack of sunlight, and exposure to cold temperatures
  • Consult a plant specialist if providing ideal conditions is not solving the problem

If these solutions don’t result in a healthy lemon tree within 3–4 weeks, you’ll know the trouble is serious. Consult a plant specialist if you have tried all of these tips and nothing is working. A plant specialist will be able to diagnose severe problems and prescribe more drastic solutions. 

How Long Do Lemon Trees Last?

Lemon trees can live anywhere from 30–100 years depending on what cultivar you grow and where it is grown. Here are a few tips to remember when it comes to lemon tree lifespan:

  • Lemon trees don’t last forever, but they can live for a century in ideal conditions.
  • An indoor lemon tree, especially a potted one, will usually live around 30 years.
  • It’s extremely difficult to tell a lemon tree’s age after they start bearing fruit.
  • Learn to recognize the signs of a lemon tree dying: no fruit, dead or dying leaves, stunted growth, and rot.
  • Rejuvenate dying lemon trees by providing ideal growing conditions.

A properly cared-for lemon tree will continue producing crops of lemons every year until it dies naturally. If you’ve planted a new lemon tree, wait 2–3 years before you expect to see any fruit. Once it begins producing lemons, you should be able to harvest lemons yearly for at least 25 years.

home care, diseases and pests

The first indoor lemons were brought to us during the time of Peter I. Therefore, this means that their history in Russia is already about three hundred years. Now the fans of this plant have not decreased. It is grown in loggias and in rooms.

Contents

  1. General information
  2. Flowering
  3. Growing at home
  4. Lemon development stages
  5. Bud setting
  6. The appearance of fruits
  7. Fruits ripening
  8. How to bring the fruiting period
  9. How much lives the citrus tree
  10. Care for indoor lemon
  11. Humidity
  12. Light

    Lemon is a shrub plant or tree.

    It has strong and usually thorny branches. The upper parts of new shoots turn purple. Leaves in the form of an elongated oval. On its surface it contains a large number of glands that generate essential oil in themselves. One leaf lives on average about two to three years. As they age, there is a gradual change in foliage.

    Lemon tree flowers are bisexual. Can be located in inflorescences, in pairs or singly. Quite large, about 5 centimeters in size. Bud growth lasts about 5 weeks. The duration of flowering is from 7 to 9 weeks.

    See also: How to grow pineapple at home.

    Flowering

    The tree is a perennial. Indoor lemon blooms strongly all year round, but usually this process is lost against the background of large leaves. And this is not the main thing, since the air around is miraculously filled with a delicious citrus aroma. Even when the flower is among a large number of other house plants, it always attracts special attention to itself. Even a wild ungrafted lemon is decorative, as it has beautiful glossy leaves.

    Interestingly, in countries where citrus crops are grown, the bride's head is decorated with a wreath of blossoming orange and lemon branches for a wedding. The white apple orchard is visible to us from afar, and the aroma from the lemon grove spreads for kilometers.

    Peculiarities of growing at home

    Growing and maintaining indoor lemon at home is quite a difficult task. First of all, you need a lot of space and normal, sufficient lighting.

    Tree care is also more complex and requires more attention than many varieties of house flowers. But still, the lemon is very hardy, it saturates the atmosphere with useful essential oils and has amazing beauty.

    The most mature lemon trees in indoor conditions reach a height of one and a half meters. In large, spacious and very bright rooms, they can reach up to three meters.

    To get the fruits of indoor lemon, you have to work long and hard. Over time, when the tree gains strength, blooms, the formation of bright fruits of normal size will occur.

    In the process of growing citrus trees, it is imperative to rely on the characteristics according to the origin and variety. It is important to know and understand the agrotechnical rules for its cultivation: how to water it, protect it from pests and diseases. And also how to propagate it and much more. This will help to perform high-quality care for indoor lemon.

    After a few years of growing the plant at home, it will be possible to harvest your own citrus fruits. A well-formed and healthy tree, whose age is 5-7 years, produces from 15 to 50 lemons in 12 months. The amount mainly depends on the variety.

    Stages of development of a lemon

    After planting a room lemon, a lot of time passes. The stage of fruit ripening from the moment it is set is up to 240 days at the beginning of flowering in spring and up to seven months in summer.

    Bud setting

    In the first year of a young tree, it is recommended to pick off the flowers at the bud stage. This is done so that it does not waste strength and can continue to develop normally. When flowering begins a second time, then this is no longer necessary. The tree already knows for itself how many buds it needs to throw off, and how many fruits it can feed. These rules apply both when growing from seeds, and if seedlings of indoor lemons were planted.

    There are recommendations that flowering should be allowed only when the plant has two dozen full leaves.

    Emergence of fruits

    Emergence of lemon citrus fruits is possible both with and without pollination. In the second case, lemons will not have seeds inside them. They have an oval shape. When fully ripe, they have a bright yellow skin and a pronounced lemon aroma.

    The flesh has a shade closer to green, consists of 10-14 segments. Known for its sourness and abundance of juice. Lemon seeds are oval, covered with a white peel that resembles parchment. The number of fruits depends on the abundance of leaves on the tree. Specialists have identified a connection that for the high-quality ripening of one fruit, there should be about a dozen active mature leaves in the crown.

    Indoor lemon care is primarily aimed at preserving the crown. It is important to prevent them from falling by all means. This often happens in winter. The splendor of foliage is the main indicator of the condition of a citrus tree.

    The greater the number of healthy and mature leaves, the better the growth and development of the fruit. Without this, fruition is impossible. If, due to any problems, the crown of the tree has significantly crumbled, then the formation of the citrus fruits themselves will not occur next year.

    Therefore, the main task of winter care, and indeed care in general, is to preserve the fullness and health of the tree crown.

    Fruit ripening

    The final ripening of the fruit is characterized by a golden skin. It is painted in this color due to the abundant content of vitamin A (carotenoids). Even at full maturity, the fruits usually do not fall, but continue to grow in the next year. But as they get bigger, they get worse. The peel thickens, the pulp becomes less juicy, the acidity decreases.

    Under normal conditions, fruiting lasts throughout the year. Therefore, there are both mature citruses, and young ones, and only growing buds on the tree at the same time. The rate of maturation directly depends on the period of setting. If this happened in the summer, then it will take a month and a half less than in the spring. In general, the growth of the fetus can take from six months to a year.

    How to speed up the fruiting period

    Many experienced flower growers know how to care for indoor lemon so that the period is reduced. For example, forced drying of the tree is performed until the first stage of drying of the leaves. In this case, the tree stops its growth, flowering goes into sleep mode. For some time, the lemon is kept in this state. Then, carry out abundant watering. Active, strong growth and flowering begins in full force.

    If the lemon is grown in tubs, it must be dwarfed. The tree is able to form long and powerful shoots that must be cut regularly. If this is not done, then the crown will be too voluminous and heavy. All strong branches are pruned after 6-7 leaves. Thus, it will be possible to form a more shaped, strong and beautiful crown of a citrus plant.

    When transplanting a house tree, the root system is examined and cared for. It is important to periodically carry out these actions to ensure normal development. If the roots are in poor condition, then growth will be slow, the color of the leaves will change, the appearance as a whole will become sick and weak.

    In another article we discussed growing avocados.

    How long does a citrus tree live

    A lemon lives a very long time. In good conditions, the duration of the existence of the plant may well last up to 45 years. On a thirty-year-old tree, several hundred fruits can be observed at the same time.

    Diseases of indoor lemons and a variety of insect pests have a tangible negative impact on these indicators. But with a sensitive attitude to the tree as a “pet”, carefully taking care of it and loving it, it is quite possible to achieve a half-century life cycle.

    Indoor Lemon Care

    The lemon tree is of southern origin. Therefore, proper care requires the observance of certain conditions corresponding to its origins. The plant is quite demanding on the indicators of its environment. If you know how to properly plant an indoor lemon, and how to care for it, you can achieve good results.

    Temperature

    For the formation of shoots, the most optimal mark is about 17 degrees Celsius. During fruit formation, maintaining 20-22 degrees is ideal. The heat has a negative effect. Worst of all, when the temperature rises suddenly, and the humidity level is low. The occurrence of such phenomena is usually possible in May-June with a sharp warming. The tree may respond by dropping ovaries and flowers. Temperature fluctuations in autumn and winter cause foliage to die.

    The lemon substrate must be suitable for the air temperature. A large difference in the indicators of the environment and the soil also have a negative impact. This can happen if a tree grown by the tub method has been outside all summer, and when it gets colder it is abruptly brought into a warm room. Such actions may lead to the dropping of foliage.

    Humidity

    Keep the humidity level stable too. It is important not to allow the indicators to drop. Dry air has a strong effect, especially if the temperature is high. The lemon tree will quickly shed its ovaries and flowers. Experts say that the higher the level of humidity, the longer the period of healthy productive leaf life.

    In summer it is useful to wash the leaves under the shower. The procedure is performed approximately every 10-14 days. Can be wiped with a soft damp cloth. So that the surface is dust-free and well passes oxygen.

    Lighting

    1. The lemon tree tolerates short daylight hours very well. It perceives the lack of sunlight very easily.
    2. If the day is long, then there is an increase in growth. But the fruiting process is slowing down.
    3. East and south facing window sills are a good location option. But in the summer, on the side from the south, contact with open sunlight should be avoided.
    4. It is especially important to control for a slight blackout between noon and two o'clock. Many gardeners and experts argue that the east side is the best option. The morning rays of the sun will be quite enough for a room lemon.

    Rotate the plant slightly every two weeks. This will prevent the tree from growing lopsided. Although it will slow down growth a bit. But the crown will be even and beautiful.

    The citrus tree is also sensitive to sudden changes in light conditions. New leaves increase in size as intensity decreases.

    In winter it is desirable to provide artificial lighting for 6 hours every day. Fluorescent lamps are well suited for these purposes.

    How to propagate

    Indoor lemons are propagated by cuttings.

    1. First you need to cut it. These actions must be performed after the time of the active period.
    2. For planting, you need to choose a strong, but not old sprout. The trunk of the branch is half woody, but still green. It is enough to have about 5 good sheets on it.
    3. In order for the tree to direct all its forces to the development of the root system, the leaves are cut in half.
    4. Before planting, it is advisable to soak the twig overnight in any growth stimulant.
    5. Further planted in prepared loose soil.
    6. After that, the stalk is sprayed with water and a small greenhouse is organized. You can make it with a jar or a bag.

    It is important to keep the heat in the range of 20-25 degrees. A week later, the greenhouse is removed. Cared for as an adult plant.

    Winter period

    Mid-autumn to spring is the most difficult time for the lemon tree. Often the plant dies at this time, as the conditions of detention are not properly observed.

    Batteries dry out the air. Therefore, do not place a container with a tree near heating appliances. It is good if you can use a humidifier. Be sure to regularly spray the leaves. But it also needs to be done in moderation. High humidity increases the risk of fungal infections.

    Periodically fertilize with specialized products. Replanting the plant is not often required. For several years, it may well live in the same soil.

    Earlier we answered the question: How to care for figs at home.

    Lemon tree - how to care for at home


    Lemon tree is a long-lived plant. Under favorable conditions, it can live up to 150 years. In nature, it lives in the tropical and subtropical zones, therefore it loves warmth and moisture. Without these two indicators, it is very difficult to achieve flowering, and even more so the formation of fruits.

    Indoor lemon is a hybrid, so it is easier to care for. The leaves contain essential oils that release phytoncides into the air and disinfect it. There are two ways to plant a lemon in a pot at home - buy an already grafted plant, or grow it from a seed. Both methods have advantages - more on that later.

    Contents

    Description of the plant

    Lemon at home is able to bear fruit - this is its main value. Before setting citrus fruits, the plant blooms, exuding a strong aroma. The pulp of lemons contains many useful vitamins and minerals.

    Interesting! There are special plantations where organic products are grown. These are soils of volcanic origin, rich in minerals. Trees there rarely get sick and do not need to be fed

    The homeland of the lemon tree is India and China. From these countries, the plant came to the Mediterranean, where it is now grown industrially, for example, in Italy.

    Lemon leaves are dark, leathery, with a glossy sheen. Elongated in shape, with a pointed tip. When growing a lemon at home, each leaf lives from 2 to 3 years.

    Bud setting occurs within 5 weeks, then it opens and blooms for another 2 months. Fruit ripening lasts up to 9 months, that is, the fruiting period falls on the winter months.

    Lemon care and growing in a pot at home requires a lot of effort. Professional agronomists do not recommend it as a houseplant, since it is extremely difficult to create the necessary indicators of temperature, light, and humidity.

    Do not forget that the Tropicans all without exception need a dormant period with low temperatures: 8 to 10 degrees. If this is not done, the culture will feel bad, not bloom or get sick. Therefore, before deciding to take such a step, you should think about where the plant will be during the dormant period.

    Varieties for apartments

    Varieties of indoor lemons are different, specially bred for growing in an apartment, they are distinguished by dwarfism. They do not grow large, but please with high yields. On such plants, you can see flowers, fruit ovaries and already ripening citruses at the same time. This is one of the unique features of this plant.

    Care of a lemon in a pot requires a lot of attention. If the owners do not have one, it is better not to risk it - the culture will die either due to a lack of moisture, light, or it will be hit by pests who love to drink juice from the leaves.

    It is worth paying attention to the following varieties, which are specially designed for the apartment.

    Pavlovsky

    Semi-dwarf variety. Lemon tree at home grows up to 2 meters. Flowering usually starts in the third year if conditions are right. Productivity - up to 15 fruits of medium size with a thin skin, which is important.

    The variety tolerates partial shade well, but needs a cool dormant period.

    Lunario

    Growing Lunario lemon at home in a pot is quite possible due to its small size up to 1.5 m.

    The fruits are elongated, not very acidic. There are very few bones in the middle, maybe not at all. A feature of the variety are long branches that must be tied to supports so that they do not break off under the weight of ripening lemons.

    Panderose

    This hybrid plant is a mixture of grapefruit and citron. The branches are prickly. The yield when grown at home is very high, is able to bloom up to 3 times a year. This is a large-fruited variety, but has a thick skin.

    Meyer

    The most popular lemon: home care does not require so much attention and effort. Fruits all year round with thin-skinned medium-sized citrus fruits. Pulp of low acidity, orange shade. If you buy a Meyer lemon, leaving will not bring so much experience, you may be able to grow a crop on the windowsill.

    Lisbon

    A high yielding variety that bears fruit all year round. The tree grows large, so it is better to buy it with the expectation of high ceilings in a private house, where it is possible to take the plant to a cool room in winter.

    It can be a glazed porch with a large window for light. In an apartment, this variety will not feel comfortable, since a large number of leaves require an influx of sunlight at least 12 hours a day.

    Novogruzinsky

    The Novogruzinsky variety belongs to tall varieties, produces large fruits. This species is not for indoor cultivation - it requires too much space and lighting. For him, landing in a permanent place in a winter garden or greenhouse is suitable.

    Kursky

    Kursky variety is the result of selection work on Novogruzinsky lemon. Previously, it was grown by citrus lovers. With the advent of Chinese dwarfs, interest in the domestic indoor species disappeared.

    The lack of Kursk lemon is a wide crown, which sooner or later grows, no matter how you cut it. For such a plant, you need a separate place at home or in an apartment.

    Positive quality - resistance to shading and dry air, which is very valuable when grown indoors near radiators.

    Genoa and Eureka

    The varieties Genoa and Eureka are twins because Eureka was used in breeding work to develop the Genoa variety. It is almost impossible to distinguish them, since the crown and fruits are very similar.

    Tree growth is limited 1 m in the apartment, so it can exist on the windowsill. The foliage is very dense, so the plant is naughty in terms of lighting. It is kept only on the southern and southeastern windowsills.

    The crown can not be formed: since the plant was grown in Chile on rich soils, it has acquired compactness and new properties - it has become denser, but branching has slowed down.

    Maikopsky

    The variety was purposefully created for growing lemons at home - in a tub. It has never been industrially cultivated. A feature of one of the clones of the Maikop variety is horizontally located, almost drooping branches. They need to be tied up so that they do not break under the weight of the fruit.

    There are also standard varieties, but it is necessary to form a crown immediately, while the branches are still thin, they heal quickly when pruned.

    Video: Lemon Care and Mistakes

    Like a true indoor lemon, a plant native to Maykop endures drought and lack of light. You should not abuse warm wintering, since the plant, with all its endurance, can lose its immunity, refuse to bloom and bear fruit.

    Is it better to grow or buy and care for

    If you buy a lemon tree already with fruits, it will look beautiful in the interior. In order to get a crop a second time, you will have to try by organizing comfortable conditions for the plant for further flowering and fruiting.

    What are the disadvantages of buying an adult plant:

    • It is used to a certain mode of vegetation. Retraining to your own conditions does not always end well for the lemon, as the metabolism is being restructured - good, if for the better. Often plants die after purchase, as they do not receive enough light and nutrition.
    • Wood is expensive.

    Pros:

    • You can get a crop right away.
    • The plant has been grafted by professional agricultural technicians and can continue to bear fruit.
    • Lemon from a grafted seedling retains maternal properties during propagation.

    The cutting from a purchased plant bears fruit faster - after 3 years.

    Home-grown indoor lemon will bear fruit after 10 years. In addition, it must be grafted with a cutting from an already fruiting plant - it is difficult to find such an opportunity. The advantage is that the culture adapts to the conditions of the apartment.

    Lemon grafting - methods

    Lemon is grown at home in a pot for harvest, home care allows this, provided that the graft is available. Otherwise, the tree will be thorny, wild, the fruits small and bitter.

    Grafting methods:

    • Split To do this, you need to cut one branch of a wild lemon. Make an incision in cambium to a depth of 2 cm.
    • Kidney vaccination. One bud with cambium and bark is cut off, then a similar section is cut on a wild lemon. The stock and scion are matched by cambium and fixed with a damp cloth, electrical tape.

    These are the simplest types of inoculation and give the best chance of success. Be sure to use a garden var to cover the wounds so that the infection does not get there.

    After grafting, it is necessary to properly cut branches that are located above the grafting site. Thus, a new fruiting shoot is formed. A cultivated orange or mandarin is sometimes grafted onto a lemon.

    The Needs of a Lemon

    If, after all this reading, you still want to try yourself as a citrus agronomist, you need to learn how to care for a lemon at home in a pot so that it bears fruit.

    The first requirement is light and warmth. Further watering and spraying. Top dressing is necessary, since the formation of ovaries requires enhanced nutrition, otherwise the plant will drop buds.

    Light

    Lighting needs balance. Direct sunlight provokes leaf burns, and a lack of light leads to diseases. The best place in the apartment will be the southeast window, if any. If not, then the southern one will do. In this case, the plant needs to be shaded with blinds or a light tulle curtain.

    On the west and north windows, the lemon will not receive enough light and will begin to shed its leaves. Here you need to organize artificial lighting, for example, a phytolamp.

    When caring for a lemon tree at home, care must be taken that the entire crown receives sunlight, otherwise it will grow asymmetrically.

    Important! The less light, the more sour fruits

    Heat

    The lemon tree is a southern plant, so it tolerates high air temperatures well, which is not uncommon for apartments in summer. In hot weather, you need to spray the air around the lemon twice a day - in the morning and in the evening, to increase evaporation and reduce the temperature in the tissues.

    The most important condition for vegetation is a cold winter - no higher than 16 degrees and no lower than 14. In this case, there is a chance to see how the lemon blooms at home.

    The temperature must be kept at 17 degrees in order for the buds to start. If the air is dry, flowering will not occur. During the period of pouring and ripening of fruits - the minimum temperature threshold is 20 degrees.

    Without observing such a "tropical" regime, the plant will get sick, be affected by pests, drop buds and ovaries. Many novice flower growers immediately take on a difficult task, without understanding the needs of citrus fruits. In this case, a diseased dried plant is obtained.

    Watering and spraying

    Room lemon should be watered three times a week in summer and once in winter. Water should settle, you can collect and melt the snow from the street, but before watering it needs to be heated. When watering with cold liquid in winter, the roots of the plant may rot. A lot of moisture is not required for the roots - just so as not to dry out.

    An important part of the event is caring for lemons in summer. At this time, he needs additional moisture for the leaves. The liquid should be soft, without excess calcium salts - they are deposited on the foliage, preventing breathing.

    Spray several times a day, if no humidifier is available. In winter, it may also be needed, especially in the presence of steel, aluminum or bimetallic radiators with convection. They dry the air a lot, no means help.

    Caution! Soil overflow must not be allowed. This leads to fungal diseases, which are difficult to remove

    Top dressing

    Attention should be paid to the absorption of nutrients by room lemon. There are no hairs on its roots, but microscopic fungi live - mycorrhiza, through which nutrition enters the plant tissues.

    Mycorrhiza feed on organic matter, feeding with microelements is dangerous for them, because of this, the fungi die, after which the nutrition of the lemon stops.

    Feed:

    • Slurry solution, diluted 1:15.
    • Old manure or store bought.
    • Urea or ammonium nitrate, but be careful, as citrus fruits do not like high nitrogen dosages. Especially true in the spring and in the first year of growth. Further feeding should be reduced.
    • Superphosphate is a must. It is scattered on the surface of the soil, when watering, nutrients come to the roots. In order for phosphorus to enter the tissues, the soil must have a slightly acidic environment, since it does not dissolve in an alkaline one - there is fertilizer, but the lemon cannot get it.
    • Potassium is found in humus, you can use sulfate from the second year of vegetation.

    On a fruit-bearing tree, fruits ripen by autumn. They can be removed, but do not feed the lemon in winter, so as not to weaken it.

    Pruning

    Crown pruning is carried out to form an easy-to-cultivate tree. It also prevents thickening, which provokes the growth of pests and the reproduction of fungal spores. The sun's rays must freely illuminate all shoots, leaves, trunk.

    Usually home-grown lemon is not pruned, because they are afraid to remove an extra leaf from the shoot. This is bad, as the culture will grow shapeless, often with a single branch stretching across the room.

    Beware! Buds usually form at the tips of new branches. It is important not to cut them, as flowering is a rare occurrence in the apartment. It means that conditions are suitable for lemon

    Diseases, pests

    Indoor lemon often gets sick when cared for at home. Almost all sores and pests “stick” to it. It is important to notice in time that something is wrong with the plant.

    What diseases are typical for citrus fruits in the middle lane:

    • Root rot. Manifested by falling leaves. The reason is non-compliance with irrigation rules.
    • Sooty mold. The leaves turn black due to a dark coating. It usually appears after a scale insect settles on the trunk, so you will have to fight both.
    • Tristeza. Poorly cared for citrus virus. The plant will have to be destroyed, as the disease is not treated.
    • Cancer of citrus. Only preventive measures can be carried out - treatment with copper-based fungicides. The disease has no cure.
    • Mosaic is a virus. Also not treated, the tree stops growing.
    • Scab. A fungal disease in which a lemon sheds flowers and fruits. It is treated with copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid.

    Lemons are inhabited by aphids, spider mites, scale insects and other insects. The plant must be inspected daily in order to notice aliens and have time to spray them with chemicals.

    No bloom

    If the lemon tree does not bloom - it was already bearing fruit and suddenly stopped, should be analyzed:

    • When was the last transplant.
    • How to water. Cold water in hot weather is stressful for citrus fruits, so they can drop ovaries and buds.
    • Inspect for parasites and intact roots.