How long do queen palm trees live


Plant Care & Growing Guide

By

Vanessa Richins Myers

Vanessa Richins Myers

Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, writer, and educator with over 10 years of training and experience as a professional horticulturist and gardener. She has a Bachelor of Science degree in horticulture, with an emphasis in landscape design and urban horticulture. She volunteers as a community garden specialist.

Learn more about The Spruce's Editorial Process

Updated on 07/27/21

The Spruce / Gyscha Rendy

The elegant single-trunk queen palm tree is often used in landscapes throughout tropical and subtropical landscapes like Southern California and South Florida because it offers color throughout the year. Plumes of creamy white flowers are produced in the summer, and trailing clusters of orange fruit appear at the beginning of winter. The tree will reach a mature height that is up to 60 feet depending on the site conditions. It has the standard palm tree shape, featuring graceful arching fronds at the top of the trunk. The feathery, glossy green fronds are pinnately compound, each up to 15 feet long. The fronds may turn yellow or brown as they age and die.

The queen palm is a fast-growing tree once planted in any warm season, growing around two to six feet a year after it's established and depending on its site.

Botanical Name Syagrus romanzoffiana
Common Name Queen palm, cocos palm, cocos plumosa, jeriva
Plant Type Tree
Mature Size 50-60 feet high
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Sandy
Soil pH Acidic (6.0 to 6.5)
Bloom Time Summer
Flower Color White
Hardiness Zones 9-11 (USDA)
Native Area South America

Queen Palm Care

Queen palms are suitable for commercial and residential plantings. They live between 70 to 100 years in tropical environments. It isn't uncommon to see them used along streets and sidewalks. Its fruit, called dates, is commonly eaten by birds and mammals. The dates fall in large, heavy clusters and turn into sticky piles of rotting fruit, which may also cause tiny unwanted seedlings to sprout from the abundance of seeds. So consider this when planning yard care.

Warning

Some areas consider this tree to be invasive, including Florida. Contact your local extension office or nursery to check on the status in your location.

The Spruce / Gyscha Rendy

The Spruce / Gyscha Rendy

The Spruce / Gyscha Rendy

Light

Plant your queen palm in a location that will receive full sun. Some light shade will not harm the tree.

Soil

The best growth occurs in sandy, acidic soils. These palms can have problems with retrieving enough minerals from alkaline soils. The deficiency of various minerals in the soil will present itself in the following ways and indicate the need for soil amendment:

  • Potassium deficiency: can cause the tips of the oldest fronds to frizzle
  • Magnesium deficiency: can cause the bases of new fronds to frizzle
  • Iron deficiency: can cause uniformly new yellow leaves

Water

Queen palms need moderate watering, with more attention when they are young. After the tree is established, water a few times a week in the summer and winter.

Temperature and Humidity

The queen palm loves the hot and humid environment, especially that of South Florida because it is also moderately tolerant of salt spray. The tree may be susceptible to frosts in zone 9, but a well-established tree can temporarily tolerate colder temperatures that dip to 15 degrees.

Fertilizer

Use a fertilizer two times a year. Choose one that offers the trace elements, especially if the soil is not sandy. Fertilizers that are specifically made for palm trees are available. Before you fertilize for the first time, it is a good idea to send your soil off to the extension service for testing to assess the current soil makeup.

Queen Palm Varieties

Varieties of the queen palm for zones 10 to 11 include the following:

  • Arikury palm, a smaller tree that grows 12 feet high
  • Licury palm, with olive green and silvery green spiral leaves, grows 35 feet high
  • Overtop palm, with a tall gray trunk, grows 60 feet high

Pruning

Do not take off too many green fronds at once or the tree will struggle. The fronds tend to stay on the tree after they turn brown and die, so be prepared to prune them to keep pests and diseases at bay. The queen palm is not considered a "self-cleaning" palm that sheds its fronds. It will also approve the appearance of your palm tree.

The tree may be damaged by freezing temperatures. These can be pruned away if the damage is severe.

How to Grow Queen Palm From Seed

You can propagate this tree by collecting and planting the seeds from the fruit.

  1. When the fruit falls to the ground and is nearly or fully ripe, remove the fruit pulp from the seeds.
  2. Soak the seeds in water for a few days (you may need to do this first to soften the fruit pulp, then soak again after pulp removal).
  3. Plant seeds in well-drained, moist potting soil.
  4. Keep them germinating in a spot that's hot to at least 90 degrees.
  5. Germination is slow and usually erratic, taking place anywhere from six weeks up to six months.
  6. When the seedling looks strong, plant it in a sunny location.

Common Pests and Diseases

Possible pests include the palm leaf skeletonizer (a caterpillar/moth), which hides and feeds under a silk mat that needs to be removed from leaves with water from a high-pressure garden hose. Insecticides will not help eliminate this pest. Other pest problems that can affect queen palm include scale and spider mites.

Happily, the queen palm does not succumb to lethal yellowing disease, which affects many other types of palms. But take care of the queen palm tree trunk because it is susceptible to damage, which could spread disease. Potential diseases include:

  • Fusarium fungus and wilt
  • Ganoderma butt rot
  • Oak root rot
  • Pink rot

How Long Do Palm Trees Live? [And how to tell their age]

You've seen pictures of the palms lining Sunset Boulevard. Who wouldn't want that kind of luxurious beauty in their front yard? The good news is you don't have to move to California to enjoy the shade of a palm tree. How long do homegrown palm trees live, though? We have researched this topic to find the answers that you seek!

The lifespan of a palm tree will depend entirely on its species. On average, palm trees grown in tropical or warm environments will live between 70 and 100 years.

What can you do to ensure that your palm lives a long and healthy life? Choose your species wisely and have the right tools on hand, and the palm tree you grow from seed might outlive you.

What Palm Trees Can You Plant Around Your Home?

There isn't just one kind of palm tree in the world. When you ask, "what's the lifespan of a palm tree?" you have to specify what type of palm tree you mean. There are dozens of different palm trees that you can landscape with. Some of the most common include:

  • Jelly Palms
  • Coconut Palms
  • Hurricane or Princess Palms
  • Bamboo Palms
  • Spindle Palms
  • Bottle Palms
  • Triangle Palms
  • Wild Date Palms
  • Canary Island Date Palms
  • Solitaire Palms
  • Royal Palms
  • Cocos Plumosas
  • Miniature Royal Palms (or Christmas Palms)
  • Mexican Fan Palms
  • Areca Palms

As you're preparing your lawn for a palm, be sure to know what type will flourish in your yard.

How Long Do Palm Trees Live?

Your palm tree's life span will vary based on its type. For example, Mexican fan palms live for an average of 100 years, give or take a few years depending on the environment in which they've grown. Comparatively, coconut palms live for between 80 and 90 years. Date palms typically live for 100 years, but they often fall (due to their extensive height) before they reach old age.

The palm with the shortest life span is the Areca palm. These palms tend to live for 40 years at a time and are the most common palms to find inside people's homes. These palms are also significantly smaller than their longer-lived cousins, explaining why their lifespans are so much shorter.

What Is The Life Cycle of a Palm Tree?

So, each breed of palm tree has its own life span and preferred ecosystem. The life cycle of each palm tree, then, must be unique, right? Sort of. Palm trees as a species, however, have similar life cycles - you'll be able to identify key developmental moments regardless of the type of palm you bring home.

The life cycle of a palm tree typically involves the following:

Germination

During the germination process, the seed from which the palm grows takes root. No matter what kind of palm tree you bring home, you'll be working with a monocot or a plant who's original growth sprouts with only a single leaf.

That said, not all palm tree germination looks the same. Your palm can germinate in one of two ways. It can germinate remotely, a process during which the palm seed will sprout a stem before sprouting its roots. Alternatively, your palm can sprout adjacently. Adjacent germination sees your palm's first leaf partially emerge from the seed. After that, the palm's root system will grow out of the "button," or the part of the palm leaf that's already started to grow.

Vertical growth

The germination process is the most complicated part of a palm's growth. After your palm's sprouted, you can expect to watch it shoot for the sun over the next several years. You'll be able to encourage new leaves to grow upward, while old leaves will fall away from the rapidly-thickening trunk.

Caliper growth

Technically speaking, palm trees aren't trees. The trunk of a palm tree doesn't have the same wood that, say, a maple tree, does. As a result, your palm will need to expand the tissues that make up its caliper, or stem, if it's going to remain upright and study. Your palm tree will widen as it gets older, as caliper growth never really stops.

Flowering

As your palm tree matures, it will start to produce flowers during the warmer months of the year. Now, these flowers won't be as prolific or prodigious as they would be on other types of trees. Palm flowers are tiny. You may be able to spot them from a distance, though, as they tend to grow in clusters.

Your palm tree won't necessarily flower every year. Some species of palm trees only flower once during their lifetime. Other palm trees will have their flowers transform into fruit every year.

Fruiting

Speaking of fruit: if local pollinators like bees or bats can carry pollen from one palm tree to another, your palm tree's flowers may turn into fruit. Palm fruit, like dates, grow in clusters. You'll be able to harvest these fruits once they've ripened. If you don't, the animals who inhabit your local ecosystem will make quick work of your palm's tasty treats.

Death

Your palm tree will repeat the flowering and fruiting process for the vast majority of its life. Once your tree reaches the end of its life, you'll notice fronds and the caliper beginning to die away. That said, your palm may die more quickly if it's exposed to a significant amount of stress. Natural disasters can also uproot and kill palm trees before their time.

Once your palm has died, you can either opt to replace it with a different kind of tree or plant a new seed to start the process all over again.

How Can You Tell a Palm Tree's Age?

It's more complicated than you might think to determine the age of a palm tree. If you planted the palm yourself, it's best to record the year you planted it and keep track of its age manually. However, if you want to determine the age of a pre-planted or wild palm, you're going to have to get creative.

Dendrologists have found that the best - if not the most reliable - way to age a palm tree that you didn't plant yourself is to count the frond scars. A palm will shed its older fronds as it grows, and by counting them, you'll be able to tell when your palm reached a new stage of maturity.

When aging other types of trees, you can easily count a tree's rings to determine how old one is. This doesn't work with palms, unfortunately, because palm tree "trunks" aren't actually trunks. The trunk of your palm tree is technically considered a stem, as it doesn't consist of wood and instead is made entirely of tissue. If the trunk was made out of wood, dendrologists would be able to determine the age of unrecorded palm trees much more easily.

Are Palm Trees Dangerous?

The palm trees you see lining Hollywood Boulevard wouldn't make you think that a palm tree could be dangerous. There are some species of palm, however, that can not only stab you with sharp thorns, but that can put you in contact with harmful bacteria and fungi. Some of the more dangerous species of palms include:

  • Copernicia alba
  • Acrocomia aculeata
  • Aiphanes minima
  • Phoenix loureiroi

If you're stabbed by one of these types of palm trees or another species, you'll want to head to the doctor's office immediately. Sometimes, a palm stab wound will be nothing more than a minor irritant. Other times, palms can release toxins into your stab wound that'll trigger an allergic reaction or severe pain.

Do Palm Trees Increase the Value of a Property?

Palm trees are aesthetically-pleasing additions to any property. That said, will planting palm trees increase the value of your home? That depends entirely on the market you're working with. In general, palm trees do not add immediate, objective value to your home and property. If you happen to attract a potential buyer who loves the look of palm trees, then you may be able to use your landscaping to your financial advantage. Otherwise, palm trees are another environmental feature that'll make your lawn look good without netting you any extra dough.

What Tools Help Palm Trees Thrive?

Your standard gardener's tools will help your palm tree get a start in life. As your tree grows, though, you'll want to consider adding some specialized gear to your toolbox. Tools that'll help your palm tree thrive include:

A Serrated Knife

If you want to prune your palm tree during the early stages of its life, it's recommended that you remove fronds with a serrated knife.

You can find plant-appropriate knives like the one pictured here through Amazon.

A Hand Saw

As your palm tree gets older, you're going to need heartier gear to keep it pruned. Hand saws help you remove dead or dying fronds from your palm tree as it grows.

You can find hand saws like the one pictured here through Amazon.

Climbing Gear

If you're feeling adventurous (or don't want to have the city pruning your palms for you), you'll want to invest in climbing gear to better take care of your palm tree. This gear, when used safely, will help you continuing pruning your palm even as it reaches extreme heights.

You can find safe climbing kits like the one pictured here through Amazon.

A Tree Brace

Palm trees don't start as 50-foot wonders. If you're growing your palm from a seed, then you're going to need to invest in a tree brace to keep it upright during its first few years of growth.

You can find tree braces like the one pictured here through Amazon.

Winter Tree Wrapping Material

Palm owners who live in colder climates are going to have to work hard to get their palms through the winter. One of the best ways to protect your palm tree from a cold snap is to invest in some manner of overwintering wrapping material. This material can be burlap or another form of waterproof fabric.

If you're feeling fancy, you can purchase specialized wrapping material to keep your palm safe in the wintertime. You can find overwinter wrapping material like the goods pictured here through Amazon.

Old or young, palm trees will make excellent additions to your yard. Be prepared for a long-term commitment, though - if cared for properly, palm trees of all species will grow alongside your family for decades.

Introducing the Cuban Royal Palm - the perfect plant for your garden

Image - Wikimedia / Kumar83

It's a pity that with so many different types of palms, we tend to consider only four or five as part of the "urban flora". On this occasion, I am going to introduce you to something that in the communities in the south of the Iberian Peninsula and on the coast of the Canary Islands can be used to decorate this place in a very original and, above all, very successful way: Royal Cuban Palm .

Would you like to know more about her?

Index

  • 1 Origin and characteristics of Roystonea regia
  • 2 What are the concerns?
    • 2.1 ubicación
    • 2. 2 Irration of the imperial palm tree
    • 2.3 Earth
    • 2.4 Subscriber
    • 2.5 Multiplication
    • 2.6
    • 2.7 POLOLOVSKY
9ATH can reach an extraordinary height of 25 meters , rarely 40 meters; although in cultivation it usually does not exceed 10 m.

It has a very beautiful trunk, light brown, almost glaucous, which widens at the base - up to 50 or 60 cm in diameter - and narrows as it grows. The stalk, that is, the connection of the trunk with the crown of leaves, is green in color and also usually thickens towards the center.

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Its leaves … And what about its leaves? They are pinnate in shape, slightly pinnate in appearance and they measure about three to four meters . They are perennial, like all palm trees, dark green in color.

Flowers are grouped into cobs. , that is, in a group of flowers branched two by three times, which are protected by a cover (modified leaf) of a similar length. These flowers are lanceolate, consisting of 5 tepals on the outside and 5 on the inside. They can be females and males, the latter have 6 to 9 stamens.

The fruit is an elongated berry about 10 mm long and 9 mm widemm. is purple in color and contains one slightly smaller brown seed.

It is commonly known as Cuban royal palm, imperial palm, kernel palm, Cuban chaguaramo or royal palm.

What worries?

Two conditions are essential for prosperity: a mild, frost-free climate and moderate watering. But, like all plants, it has its own needs, which are convenient to know about. This will make you healthier:

Ubicacion

  • Outdoor Lighting : likes partial shade when young, but full sun as an adult. Of course, you need to gradually and gradually get used to it, as this will prevent the burning of its leaves.
  • Indoor Lighting : This is a palm tree that likes moisture but always protected from frost. Indoors, it can live for several years in a very bright room, but due to the fact that it can reach height, it is not recommended to have it at home, unless you have a high-ceilinged patio.

Irrigation of the imperial palm

Image - Wikimedia / Dinesh Valke of Thane, India

Irrigation should be frequent but not excessive. Generally, it is recommended to water 3-4 times a week in summer and 1-2 times a week in the rest of the year. . In any case, if in doubt, you can check the moisture content of the soil, for example by inserting a thin wooden stick: if you take it out, you can see that it comes out practically clean, this is because the soil is dry and therefore can be watered.

Likewise, it is necessary to avoid getting its leaves wet during watering, especially if the sun falls on them at this time or if the palm tree is indoors, otherwise they will rot. For this reason, it should NOT be planted in pots without holes or placed in any kind of pot.

The plate under the bowl is useful, but only if it is outside.

Soil

  • Flowerpot : Cover with mulch or an all-purpose substrate mixed with 30% perlite.
  • orchard : grows in soil rich in organic matter, loose and well drained.

subscriber

Fertilize your Roystonea throughout the growing season - from spring to autumn - with Special Palm Fertilizer (available here) and see how beautiful it looks on you!

multiplication

Cuban royal palm propagated by seed in spring-summer following step by step:

  1. First they are placed in a glass of water for 24 hours.
  2. The next day, those that remain floating are discarded, as they most likely will not germinate.
  3. Then a transparent plastic bag with a zipper is filled with pre-moistened vermiculite.
  4. Finally, the seeds are brought in, burying them a little, and placing the bag next to the heat source.

Keeping the substrate moist, if all goes well, they will germinate in about 15 days, although this may take two to three months.

Poda

Not needed . In such a case, you can remove dry leaves in late winter or autumn.

Plagues and diseases

When young, it is vulnerable to mealybugs, but you must control watering a lot throughout its life so that the fungi do not rot by the roots. It also cannot be ruled out that the Red Weevil and/or Paisandisia Archon could cause you serious problems.

Country style

Very sensitive to cold, but also frost. . Protection is needed if the temperature drops below 0 degrees.

What is the use of the Cuban royal palm?

Image - Wikimedia / David J. Stang

La Roystonea vodka has several uses, for example:

ornamental

Single pattern, in groups or rows. This is a palm tree that looks great in any garden - medium / large. It is often used to delimit roads or even parcels.

food

On the one hand, delicate bud is eaten as a vegetable in Cuba ; and on the other hand, the fruits are used to feed livestock, especially pigs. And that's not to mention that the flowers are very attractive to the bees, who do not hesitate to come to them to feed on their pollen.

healing

In Cuba the boiled root is used as a diuretic and in diabetes.

National Emblem

This is a palm tree that Considered the national tree of Cuba. . Although it must be said that palm trees are not trees at all, but giant grasses (here you have more information about this).

Other uses

In its country of origin, it was and is still used in the construction of houses. For example, boards are made from a trunk, and leaves serve as a roof.

Another interesting use: non-woven baskets . They are made with floral ribbons.

What do you think of this palm tree?


Introducing the Cuban Royal Palm - the perfect plant for your garden

Image - Wikimedia / Kumar83

It's a pity that with so many different types of palms, we tend to consider only four or five as part of the "urban flora". On this occasion, I am going to introduce you to something that in the communities in the south of the Iberian Peninsula and on the coast of the Canary Islands can be used to decorate this place in a very original and, above all, very successful way: Royal Cuban Palm .

Would you like to know more about her?

Index

  • 1 Origin and characteristics of Roystonea regia
  • 2 What are the concerns?
    • 2.1 ubicación
    • 2.2 Irration of the imperial palm tree
    • 2. 3 Earth
    • 2.4 Subscriber
    • 2.5 Multiplication
    • 2.6
    • 2.7 POLOLOVSKY
9ATH can reach an extraordinary height of 25 meters , rarely 40 meters; although in cultivation it usually does not exceed 10 m.

It has a very beautiful trunk, light brown, almost glaucous, which widens at the base - up to 50 or 60 cm in diameter - and narrows as it grows. The stalk, that is, the connection of the trunk with the crown of leaves, is green in color and also usually thickens towards the center.

Subscribe to our Youtube channel

Its leaves … And what about its leaves? They are pinnate in shape, slightly pinnate in appearance and they measure about three to four meters . They are perennial, like all palm trees, dark green in color.

Flowers are grouped into cobs. , that is, in a group of flowers branched two by three times, which are protected by a cover (modified leaf) of a similar length. These flowers are lanceolate, consisting of 5 tepals on the outside and 5 on the inside. They can be females and males, the latter have 6 to 9 stamens.

The fruit is an elongated berry about 10 mm long and 9 mm widemm. is purple in color and contains one slightly smaller brown seed.

It is commonly known as Cuban royal palm, imperial palm, kernel palm, Cuban chaguaramo or royal palm.

What worries?

Two conditions are essential for prosperity: a mild, frost-free climate and moderate watering. But, like all plants, it has its own needs, which are convenient to know about. This will make you healthier:

Ubicacion

  • Outdoor Lighting : likes partial shade when young, but full sun as an adult. Of course, you need to gradually and gradually get used to it, as this will prevent the burning of its leaves.
  • Indoor Lighting : This is a palm tree that likes moisture but always protected from frost. Indoors, it can live for several years in a very bright room, but due to the fact that it can reach height, it is not recommended to have it at home, unless you have a high-ceilinged patio.

Irrigation of the imperial palm

Image - Wikimedia / Dinesh Valke of Thane, India

Irrigation should be frequent but not excessive. Generally, it is recommended to water 3-4 times a week in summer and 1-2 times a week in the rest of the year. . In any case, if in doubt, you can check the moisture content of the soil, for example by inserting a thin wooden stick: if you take it out, you can see that it comes out practically clean, this is because the soil is dry and therefore can be watered.

Likewise, it is necessary to avoid getting its leaves wet during watering, especially if the sun falls on them at this time or if the palm tree is indoors, otherwise they will rot. For this reason, it should NOT be planted in pots without holes or placed in any kind of pot.

The plate under the bowl is useful, but only if it is outside.

Soil

  • Flowerpot : Cover with mulch or an all-purpose substrate mixed with 30% perlite.
  • orchard : grows in soil rich in organic matter, loose and well drained.

subscriber

Fertilize your Roystonea throughout the growing season - from spring to autumn - with Special Palm Fertilizer (available here) and see how beautiful it looks on you!

multiplication

Cuban royal palm propagated by seed in spring-summer following step by step:

  1. First they are placed in a glass of water for 24 hours.
  2. The next day, those that remain floating are discarded, as they most likely will not germinate.
  3. Then a transparent plastic bag with a zipper is filled with pre-moistened vermiculite.
  4. Finally, the seeds are brought in, burying them a little, and placing the bag next to the heat source.

Keeping the substrate moist, if all goes well, they will germinate in about 15 days, although this may take two to three months.

Poda

Not needed . In such a case, you can remove dry leaves in late winter or autumn.

Plagues and diseases

When young, it is vulnerable to mealybugs, but you must control watering a lot throughout its life so that the fungi do not rot by the roots. It also cannot be ruled out that the Red Weevil and/or Paisandisia Archon could cause you serious problems.

Country style

Very sensitive to cold, but also frost. . Protection is needed if the temperature drops below 0 degrees.

What is the use of the Cuban royal palm?

Image - Wikimedia / David J. Stang

La Roystonea vodka has several uses, for example:

ornamental

Single pattern, in groups or rows. This is a palm tree that looks great in any garden - medium / large. It is often used to delimit roads or even parcels.

food

On the one hand, delicate bud is eaten as a vegetable in Cuba ; and on the other hand, the fruits are used to feed livestock, especially pigs. And that's not to mention that the flowers are very attractive to the bees, who do not hesitate to come to them to feed on their pollen.

healing

In Cuba the boiled root is used as a diuretic and in diabetes.

National Emblem

This is a palm tree that Considered the national tree of Cuba. . Although it must be said that palm trees are not trees at all, but giant grasses (here you have more information about this).

Other uses

In its country of origin, it was and is still used in the construction of houses. For example, boards are made from a trunk, and leaves serve as a roof.


Learn more