How long do spruce trees take to grow

Norway Spruce — Windbreak Trees

The Norway Spruce is our favorite and best large evergreen for windbreaks in the eastern 2/3 of America, and in much of the world in the proper climate. We love this tree!!

15 year old Norway Spruce 35 ft tall.

The Norway Spruce is a fast growing (2-3’ per year) evergreen that has dark green needles that are 1 inch long, and can grow up to 5 ft a year in a good weather year. It never drops its needles but keeps them on for up to 10 years. Its branches extend to the ground, giving excellent wind protection. It is a native of Europe where it grows throughout the region and is the most common evergreen in the Alps area in Europe, the Black Forest of Germany, and the Carpathian mountains of Romania, Serbia and Ukraine.  In Europe it is commonly called the Mountain Spruce and can be seen growing everywhere.

It will grow to 100+ ft tall and 25+ ft wide, it is very wind firm due to its large spreading root system, and tough flexible wood. It can live a very long life in windbreaks of over 100 years in most soils, and is the most common old windbreak tree in the midwest.  Due to its shape, heavy snow and ice storms cause little damage. Deer will not normally eat this species unless there is nothing else available.

It will grow well in hardiness zones from 2-7 with some sites in the southern areas being too warm for this spruce as they enjoy colder climates better. I have seen them growing in a variety of soils, even rocky, and sandy soils that hold moisture, and does well in clay soils where pine and fir would not do well. They will grow in a soil PH of up to 9 but does prefer a 7.5 and lower for best growth rates. It is able to take more moisture than other species and should be considered where soils can stay moist and where the land is level and does not drain as well. Does not do well where the soil is constantly wet or swampy.

Seed cones are about 6 inches long. Seed shown in middle and branch with its 1 inch long needles.

Cones and foliage hang down from the branch, very characteristic of Norways.

In areas where the summer can be hot and dry (Nebraska, Montana, Wyoming) they will not do well unless they have adequate moisture, for best growth rates they should have 25” of rain per year or more. They Norway Spruce have few disease problems unless stressed. Fungal diseases that effect other spruces do not effect it, and insect pests occur rarely except on older or stressed trees.

A 2’ tall potted tree can be over 10 ft tall in 5 years, in good soil, with adequate moisture and weed and grass control around the base. Spacing- single row 16’ apart, double row 20’ apart between rows and trees in the row. multiple rows 26 ‘or more apart with the trees staggered from the other row.

Norway Spruce grow everywhere in Europe, and commonly called the Mountain Spruce there.

80+ year old Norway Spruce

Norway Spruce rarely need to be trimmed but it can be done to help even out the growth.  I think the best time is right before the new growth starts in the springtime and this is anytime after March 1st until the new growth starts to grow out.  I recommend taking off only one inch of the growth from last year, as this puts the least stress on the tree and will accomplish what you want to do. If you have a double leader pick out the strongest one and cut the other one back 1/2 of the previously years growth.  Sometime birds land on the top leader and break if off, and many new leaders will try to form.  Again pick out the best one and trim the others back by 1/2 and it will be fine. Even on bigger trees try to allow only one leader, for if you have two trunks form one can be broken off in a strong wind.  Contact us if you have any questions on trimming the Norway Spruce or watch our video on our “things to consider when planting trees” section.

Here in Iowa and in most of the eastern 2/3 of the US it is a superior windbreak tree and I highly recommend it.

I am holding a 2-3 ft Norway
Spruce. On the right is what it looks like after 5 years of growth. Notice weed and grass control around tree, very important for good growth.

Potted 4+ ft size Norway Spruce. Perfect for getting that new windbreak started. We grow them so they are not too thick so they will not blow over the first year after planting.


Every year at Christmas time, a tree is placed in the Rockefeller center in New York City. They look for the largest, most beautiful tree they can find. Year after year their favorite is the Norway Spruce. Its strong branches are able to hold up the thousands of lights and ornaments, and being outside the needles stay on the tree for a long time. The tallest tree ever used was a 100-foot Norway Spruce from Killingworth, Conn. in 1948. After X-Mas the tree is cut into lumber and used to build a house. For 2020 the tree was 75 ft tall and 47 ft wide and weighed 12 tons

Bare root-left-seedling, /center-18"-24" Transplant./ right- 2'-3' Transplant

Kelly Tree Farm, 191 Quincy Ave. Clarence IA 52216 - PH: 563-452-4300 - [email protected]

How to Grow and Care for Colorado Blue Spruce

Colorado blue spruce (Picea pungens) is a coniferous evergreen tree with sharp and short needles that belongs to the pine family. The official state tree of Colorado, this slow-growing spruce is native to the Rocky Mountains, where it was first discovered in 1862. In the wild the Colorado blue spruce can grow up to 75 feet tall. In parks and gardens it usually tops out from 30 to 60 feet high. Colorado blue spruce is one of the most widely used trees both for holiday decorations and landscaped backyards. Its pyramid shape, silvery-blue foliage color, and wonderful smell make it a classic choice for a Christmas tree. Then, when the holidays are over, seasoned gardeners like to use the tree's boughs to make a shrub shelter to overwinter garden bushes.

The best time to plant a Colorado blue spruce tree depends on your climate. You can plant spruce year-round in mild climates, but if you live in an area with harsh winters and frosts, it's best to plant this tree during the late winter or early spring (late February through April), when it's dormant. If you plant blue spruce in the early fall, there's a chance it will become susceptible to winter injury and die-back.

Common Name Blue Spruce, Green Spruce, White Spruce, Colorado Spruce, Colorado Blue Spruce
Botanical Name Picea pungens
Family Pinaceae
Plant Type Tree
Mature Size 75 ft. high, 15-20 ft. wide.
Sun Exposure Full
Soil Type Loamy, clay, sandy, moist, rich, well-drained
Soil pH Acidic, neutral
Hardiness Zones 2-7 (USDA)
Native Area North America

Colorado Blue Spruce Care

An established Colorado blue spruce tree is easily maintained, as it only needs regular watering when it is first planted. Providing 2 inches of garden mulch around the base of the tree helps it retain moisture in between waterings or during drought years. Spruce trees benefit from a high-nitrogen fertilizer once a year in the form of compost, and they thrive in areas with several hours of filtered sunlight a day.

The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

The Spruce / Adrienne Legault

The Spruce / Adrienne Legault


Plant Colorado blue spruce trees in full sun, ensuring they get at least six hours of unfiltered sun per day to reach their full growth potential. Blue spruce can tolerate some shade, but planting in a low-light area can increase disease incidence and severity.


A spruce tree grows best in a location with moist, well-drained soil made fertile through the use of soil amendments. However, this tree can adapt to a variety of soils—loamy, sandy, or clay. As for soil pH, spruce thrive in a range between 6.0 and 7.5, but its unfussy nature makes this tree able to tolerate extremely acidic or alkaline soils.


Once established, this tree is drought-tolerant and can survive periods of low water, but it thrives with scheduled waterings. During the first season, water the tree regularly to keep the soil moist. Once the tree is established, water it only during dry spells. Avoid waterlogging the tree or creating areas with standing water at its base.

Temperature and Humidity

A native to high mountain areas, Colorado blue spruce is tolerant of dry, cold weather. Still, this tree variety can tolerate heat and humidity better than other spruces. Blue spruce will not thrive in extremely hot conditions, however, as its needles will turn brown and fall.


These trees do not need frequent fertilization. That said, spring fertilization will give the tree an added nutrition boost and likely increase the length of the needles and improve needle color. Sprinkle 10-10-10 slow-release granulated fertilizer over the soil in the root zone. Then, water with about 2 inches of water to prevent fertilizer burn. Better yet, use a natural and pet-friendly option like compost, fish emulsion, cottonseed meal, or alfalfa meal, to avoid burn altogether. For fertilizer amounts, follow the product label instructions.

Types of Colorado Blue Spruce Trees

Colorado blue spruce comes in several varieties, all with beautiful silvery-blue needles:

  • Picea pungens "Baby Blue Eyes" is a semi-dwarf cultivar that grows 15 to 20 feet tall.
  • Picea pungens"Bakeri" features a deep blue color and grows 12 to 20 feet high.
  • The dwarf variety Picea pungens "Glauca Globusa" grows 3 to 5 feet high, 3 to 6 feet wide, and rarely produces cones.
  • Picea pungens "Moerheimii" has branches that droop and grows to a maximum of 30 feet tall.
  • Picea pungens "Montgomery" is another dwarf variety that grows 5 to 6 feet high and has dense, blue needles.


Colorado blue spruce has a slow to medium growth rate, growing less than 12 to 24 inches annually. This tree does not need to be pruned, but can be if you want denser foliage. In this instance, prune off half of the fresh growth on each candle (the tip where branch growth occurs each year) in the spring.

Propagating Colorado Blue Spruce

Colorado blue spruce grows well from cuttings taken mid-summer and then planted in the fall. Cuttings take a while to root (two to three months) and need to be treated with a strong rooting hormone. Grow cuttings in cool and humid conditions for successful propagation. Here's how:

  1. Gather your garden shears, an alcohol wipe, a paintbrush, a potting container, peat, medium-grit sand, 0.6-percent indolebutyric acid rooting talc, and a spray bottle.
  2. Combine equal parts peat and sand in a bucket. Cover the mix with water and let it sit until the peat swells. After that, fill your potting container with the mixture.
  3. Clean the blades of your shears with alcohol and cut a tip 4 to 5 inches long from one of the tree's side branches. Make an angled cut between two sets of needles.
  4. Strip the needles from the bottom half of the cutting and peel the bark from the end. Brush the end with rooting hormone.
  5. Poke a hole in the potting container equal to half the length of your cutting. Insert the cutting into the hole and backfill it with the peat mixture.
  6. Place the pot in a cool indoor spot with filtered light. Avoid direct sun.
  7. Drizzle water regularly onto the peat's surface, and mist the air above the cutting, allowing the water to fall onto the needles.
  8. Check for roots after two months (it could actually take up to four months to root), and then move the pot outside into direct sun to acclimatize for a week, bringing it in each night.
  9. Transplant the cutting into the ground in early autumn by digging a small hole, placing the baby tree and the contents of the pot into the hole, backfilling it, and then spreading a thick layer of mulch around the base. Water the tree regularly for three years until it's established.

How to Grow Colorado Blue Spruce from Seed

With patience, Colorado blue spruce can be grown from seed after collecting and drying pinecones to obtain the seeds. Come spring, soak the seeds in water for 24 hours and then wrap them in a moist paper towel and store them in the refrigerator for six weeks. Next, place a seed in a container filled with moist seed starting mixture, cover it with 1/4 inch of the mixture, place plastic wrap over the container, and relocate it to a sunny spot. Keep the mixture moist until the seed germinates and grows about an inch, then remove the plastic wrap. In all stages of growth, Colorado blue spruce is slow so this may take a while. Harden off the seedling by bringing it outside into direct sunlight for several days. Transplant the seedling to the ground once it's acclimatized, mulch around the baby tree, and water regularly for three years.


Colorado blue spruce is native to cold climates, therefore established trees do not need special care in the winter, as the tree will go dormant during this season. You can, however, spread a layer of mulch around the tree's base in the fall and wrap its trunk in burlap to protect it from hungry animals. Also, make sure to shake the branches after a heavy or wet snowfall to prevent them from snapping due to the snow's weight.

Common Pests & Diseases

The two most common issues affecting Colorado blue spruce trees are fungal blight and beetle kill. Among the pests, they are also affected by aphids and the Cooley spruce gall adelgid. The former will cause the needles to grow yellow blotches and become sticky, while the latter can be identified by the presence of a cotton-like substance on the spruce's branches. To ward off pests, hire a company to spray the tree with a non-toxic horticultural oil that won't endanger birds, pets, or humans.

This variety of tree can also be affected by disease, the most common and destructive of which is Cytospora canker. This fungal disease typically moves into trees that are 15 to 20 years or old, causing the needles to turn brown and drop from the branches. Cytospora canker is a stress-induced disease, so manage it by amending the soil regularly and not overwatering.

Common Problems with Colorado Blue Spruce

While blue spruce trees need ample watering during the first several years, it's easy to overwater them with this mindset. Signs of overwatering include browning needles, wilting branches, and die-off. To prevent this from happening, make sure the tree never sits in standing water, and provide ample mulch to keep moisture around the tree's base, allowing you to go longer in between waterings.

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Blue Spruce: Common Health Issues in the Landscape. University of Massachusetts Amherst Extension Landscape, Nursery and Urban Forestry Program.

How many years does a tree grow to decorate the holidays for a couple of days?

06.01.2016 / 15:01


“A Christmas tree was born in the forest...” – just before the New Year the forestry enterprises of the Minsk region sold more than 41,000 Christmas trees. For coniferous beauties to reach a height of 1.5 m, you have to wait about 10 years. Ten days before the New Year, they are cut down. Then they are taken to Christmas markets. Many of us don't think about0010 how much work it takes to grow a Christmas tree so that it decorates the holiday for just a few days ...

Today, many other options are offered to replace a living New Year tree: from artificial spruce to trees in tubs and do-it-yourself from improvised materials . There is a choice: you can create a New Year's mood, and save the life of spruce, which, by the way, has a number of useful properties, in addition to decorating the holiday.

Christmas tree birth

According to Yevgeny Oleinik on the Minsk-Novosti website, in late January - early February, foresters collect cones in their territories, which are then transported from all regions of the country to the Republican Forest Selection and Seed Center in the village of Shchomyslitsa near Minsk - to the incubator for future trees. About 150 tons of cones are processed here annually.

  • Electric eel lights the Christmas garland: video
  • 100 years for your Christmas tree

In special chambers, the buds are dried until they open, so that the seeds fall out. The seed material is placed in a refrigerator for storage and only in April is transported across Belarus for subsequent planting in forestry nurseries. There, the seeds spend another two weeks in a warm room. When the soil warms up enough and becomes loose, they are strengthened in the sowing department - a kind of manger. Seeds are watered, fertilized. A year later, seedlings grow, which are then planted at intervals of about a meter, so as not to interfere with each other's growth.

SEE PHOTO REPORT: Mysteries of nature: How are spruces born and growing?

What are the beneficial properties of the green beauty?


Employees of Minskzelenstroy cover flowers and roots of fruit trees with them to protect against rodents, as well as to protect the soil from freezing and erosion. There is a popular belief that good bath brooms are obtained from paws. In fact, they are best made from juniper and fir.


It used to be chewed to avoid scurvy. Now used in medicines for the treatment of rheumatism, viral infections, kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, seizures, optic nerve atrophy, multiple sclerosis.

Once upon a time Belarusian leshozes were brought up to the standards for harvesting needles, from which they made flour rich in carotene and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E). It was added to livestock feed. Now, after the holidays, you can bring your Christmas tree to the Minsk Zoo for connoisseurs of needles - camels.


Used primarily for the manufacture of therapeutic agents for diseases of the upper respiratory tract and lungs: cough, bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis. They will also help with urolithiasis, tonsillitis, SARS, influenza, colds. Substances from spruce cones help to strengthen the immune system.


Indispensable for the production of paper and pulp, suitable for making furniture, building materials and as firewood.

SEE ALSO : How foresters prepare Christmas trees in the Rechitsa region (video)

How are they?

Practical Berliners use used Christmas trees in thermal power plants instead of coal. Employees of the municipal services of the city believe that this is not only profitable, since coal is saved, but also good for the environment, because Christmas trees are an environmentally friendly product that practically does not emit carbon dioxide during combustion.

In the US, all Christmas trees not sold before the New Year and handed over for recycling will be placed in water bodies to create places where fish can hide and spawn.

And in St. Petersburg, citizens who have served Christmas trees can be handed over in special places, and activists of the environmental movement "Garbage. More. No" will send them to bison.


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Spruce growth rates

  • Growth factors
  • Spruce growth for the season
  • Dwarf
  • Medium height
  • Ordinary
  • How many years will it grow to 2 meters
  • How many grows to maturity
  • How to increase or decrease your growth rate

  • Coniferous trees
  • Spruce
  • spruce botany
  • Spruce growth rate


Today, spruces are popular ornamental plants that are often used to decorate summer cottages, household plots, and city parks. In culture, a huge number of species and varieties of this plant are represented with different stem heights and growth rates. About what ways you can slow down or accelerate the growth of a plant, it is written in the material.


  • Growth factors
  • Elevation at
    • dwarf
    • Medarly
    • Ordinary
      • For how many years it will grow to 2 meters
    • How to grow to a mature
    • , how much is it to mature to mature
    • , how much is it to mature to the mature

    Growth factors

    The speed at which spruces grow is influenced by several factors:

    • species and variety;
    • climate in the area where coniferous culture grows;
    • weather conditions;
    • location and degree of illumination of the area where the tree grows;
    • quality of care;
    • presence of supplements;
    • absence of diseases and harmful insects capable of slowing down the rate of growth and development;
    • plant age;
    • condition of planting material.

    Given the above factors, each tree will grow individually. And we can only talk about approximate growth rates. It is impossible to calculate exactly how many centimeters or meters a plant can grow after a year or another period of time.

    Spruce growth per season

    Different species and varieties of conifers have different growth rates. Among them there are fast-growing, plants with a moderate and slow growth rate. As a rule, low-growing trees grow longer and slower than tall ones. It is worth considering the difference in growth on the example of some species: dwarf, medium and ordinary.


    Miniature forms of spruce grow no more than 2 m in height and 2-3 m in width. There are varieties that at the age of 10 can grow only 0.5 m above the ground.

    Dwarf forms grow slowly. For 12 months, their shoots can lengthen by 10-15 cm, the trunk - up to 5-7 cm.

    Medium height

    Medium-sized species can produce shoot growth of 30–50 cm. The trunk grows 10–15 cm per year. The crown expands by 8–15 cm.


    In the first year after planting, the common or European species grows 2-3 cm per year. Until reaching 10-15 years, it grows slowly. An increase of 5–7 cm in height and 2 cm in width is recorded annually. From 15 to 20 years, moderate growth rates are observed.

    During this period of the year, the trunk grows by 8 cm in height, and the crown expands by 3 cm. Upon reaching the age of 20, European spruce begins to grow rapidly and adds 16 cm in height, 6 cm in width.

    How many years will it take to grow up to 2 meters

    It is important to understand that it is impossible to say unequivocally how much in height and width a particular tree will reach. Can only be roughly determined by comparison with the same species, but already grown to the desired height. People who have had experience in cultivating common spruce in their area claim that a two-meter tall plant grown from 70–9A 0-centimeter seedling is overcome at the age of 15–17.

    Important! Rooters are capable of accelerating the growth of the root system of conifers, for example, Novofert, Kornevin, Agrecol, Heteroauxin, Radifarm.

    How many grows to maturity

    An adult tree of this species reaches its maximum height at the age of 40–60 years. It is at this age that spruce reaches maturity. In general, it can grow for 250-300 years. This tree is considered a long-lived plant. Individual specimens can live up to 600 years. They are able to bear fruit until the age of 60.

    How to increase or decrease your growth rate

    Accelerated growth rates are observed in those plants that are under the rays of the sun for most of the day and are well heated. Top dressing also affects the acceleration of the growth of the Christmas tree. For this crop, only mineral fertilizers are suitable, which contain a minimum amount of nitrogen. In order for the plant to grow and develop well, in the spring (in May) it is worth using Uniflor-bud, Uniflor-cactus (2-3 ml / 1-5 l of water). In summer or autumn, "Uniflor-micro" (0.5 ml / 1 plant) is applied to the soil. Other fertilizers are also suitable, for example, Agricol, Florovit.

    Foliar top dressings are very effective. For them, you should choose chelate products designed specifically for conifers (for example, Spring-Summer, Autumn, Quantum, Oracle, Brexil Combi, etc.). It is also allowed to use growth stimulants on conifers, for example, Pro BioTech Reanimator, Megafol, Kendal.

    Important! Disease development can be prevented by pruning with previously disinfected garden tools. The treatment of the resulting wounds should be done with a solution of copper sulfate, garden pitch or the RanNet preparation.

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