How long do tree frogs live for


Tree Frogs | National Wildlife Federation

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Tree Frogs

Family: Hylidae

Status: Not Listed

Classification: Amphibian

Description

Tree frogs are a diverse family of amphibians that includes over 800 species. Not all tree frogs live in trees. Rather, the feature that unites them has to do with their feet—the last bone in their toes (called the terminal phalanx) is shaped like a claw. Tree frogs also have toe pads to help them climb and many have extra skeletal structures in their toes. Tree frogs can be a variety of colors, but most of the species found in the United States are green, gray, or brown. Some of them, like the squirrel tree frog (Hyla squirella), are chameleon-like in their ability to change color.

Although tree frogs can grow to be a range of sizes, most arboreal species are very small because they rely on leaves and slender branches to hold their weight. At 4 to 5.5 inches (10 to 14 centimeters) long, the white-lipped tree frog (Litoria infrafrenata) from Australia and Oceania is the largest tree frog in the world. The largest tree frog in the United States is the non-native Cuban tree frog, which reaches 1.5 to 5 inches (3.8 to 12.7 centimeters) in length. The world’s smallest tree frogs are less than an inch (2.5 centimeters) long!

Range

Tree frogs are found on every continent except Antarctica, but they’re most diverse in the tropics of the western hemisphere. About 30 species live in the United States, and over 600 can be found in South and Central America. Not surprisingly, lots of tree frogs are arboreal, meaning they live in trees. Special adaptations like toe pads and long legs aid them in climbing and jumping. Non-arboreal tree frogs find habitats in lakes and ponds or among moist ground cover.

Tree frogs are consumed by many different carnivorous animals. Mammals, reptiles, birds, and fish all eat tree frogs. Many of the frogs rely on camouflage to protect themselves from predators, and the more arboreal species escape ground-dwelling predators by hiding in trees.

Diet

Adult tree frogs are insectivores that eat flies, ants, crickets, beetles, moths, and other small invertebrates. However, as tadpoles, most of them are herbivores.

Life History

Almost all male frogs attract mates with advertisement calls. Each frog species has its own call so female frogs can listen for potential suitors of their own species. The frog call that most people are familiar with—“Ribbet!”—belongs to the Baja California tree frog (Pseudacris hypochondriaca). The ribbeting call has been incorporated into outdoor scenes of many Hollywood movies, even outside of the frog’s range.

Some frogs hatch as miniature adults. More commonly, however, tadpoles emerge from frog eggs. As tadpoles mature, they lose their tail and grow legs until they eventually reach their adult form. The lifespan of tree frogs varies among species. Some of them are long-lived, such as the Australian green tree frog (Litoria caerulea), which is often kept in captivity for upward of 15 years. Species with lifespans of less than three years are considered short-lived. North America’s gray tree frogs (Hyla versicolor and Hyla chrysoscelis) are somewhere in the middle with a lifespan of five to nine years.

Conservation

Amphibians are declining worldwide and are collectively one of the most at-risk groups for extinction. They breathe through their skin, which makes them especially sensitive to environmental change. Threats to tree frogs include habitat destruction, pollution, climate change, and diseases like chytridiomycosis.

Fun Fact

Not all members of the tree frog family Hylidae live in trees, and not all frogs that live in trees are in the hylid family.

Sources

Amphibian Ark

AmphibiaWeb

Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology

EDGE of Existence, Zoological Society of London

Florida Wildlife Extension

World Association of Zoos and Aquariums

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Tree Frog Lifespan - How Long Do Tree Frogs Live

Tree frogs may be common visitors to your yard. There are numerous species of the tree frog with varying lifespans. Some are long-lived; some are short-lived.

Their lifespans vary depending on whether they live in the wild where they are exposed to predators or in the comfort of an enclosure in your home.

Continue reading to find out more about the lifespan of the interesting tree frog.

Tree Frog Lifespan

Tree frog’s lifespans are varied based on the species. Some can live for fifteen years or more, while others may only live a few years. The smaller species tend to only live a year or two, which are considered short-lived.

The short answer is that their lives often vary between three and six years, but when they live in the comfort of an enclosure protected inside your home, they can live up to twenty years.

Common Tree Frog Lifespans

Frog

Lifespan in the wild

Lifespan in the captivity

White Tree Frog

2 – 5 years

7 – 15 years
Red Eyed Tree Frog5 years

8 – 12 years

Gray Tree Frog

7 years7 – 9 years
Cope’s Gray Tree Frog7 years

7 – 9 years

Green Tree Frog

6 – 8 years16 – 20 years
Cuban Gray Tree Frog5 – 10 years

7 – 13 years

Barking Tree Frog

5 – 7 years8 – 12 years
Waxy Monkey Tree Frog3 – 5 years

8 – 10 years

Blanchards Cricket Frog

1 year5 – 7 years
Spotted Chorus Frog5 years

5 – 10 years

Strecker’s Chorus Frog

5 years

6 – 10 years

Mexican Wild Tree Frog

6 years6 – 10 years
Mountain Chorus Frog5 years

5 – 9 years

Western Chorus Frog

5 years5 – 9 years
European Tree Frog5 years

5 – 15 years

* Please note these are average lifespans and may not be 100% accurate.

Oldest Tree Frog In The World

The oldest tree frog in the world lives in Australia and his name is Fred. Fred was rescued in 1977 by a three-year-old and the frog celebrated its fortieth birthday three years ago in 2017, making it the oldest tree frog in the world.

Chris Humfrey found Fred climbing the walls of a toilet block in Coffs Harbor, when on vacation and raised him in captivity to ensure the best life for his amphibian pet.

The common life expectancy of the Australian green tree frog is around twenty years.

Fred has exceeded scientific expectations with his extensive lifespan and forty-three years of happy terrarium living in Melbourne, Australia.

How to Increase Lifespan Of A Tree Frog

If you intend to house a tree frog and you want to extend its lifespan, then there are some very important factors to take into consideration to ensure your frog is comfortable, happy, and healthy.

Enclosure/Terrarium

Frogs are best kept in a glass enclosure, which helps to maintain humidity levels and keep your frog happy and comfortable.

The size of the terrarium is determined by the species of frog and how many frogs you intend keeping in one enclosure. Do not overcrowd, as this can result in stress, which can lead to a lack of appetite and illness.

Ensure you provide a mesh lid, which is secure to reduce the risk of your amphibian pet escaping. The mesh lid allows for ample airflow, while an organic substrate, such as coconut fibers can be useful in helping to manage humidity levels.

Add some climbing branches and vines for climbing frogs, along with some logs, rocks, and plants.

Ongoing Care

Frogs cannot just be placed in an enclosure and be expected to survive. In order to extend the lifespan of your amphibian pet, you will want to ensure you provide adequate temperatures and humidity levels to keep your frog comfortable and happy.

You will want two sides, a warm and a cool side with temperatures as follows:

  • Hot side – 28ºC to 30ºC
  • Cool side – 22º to 24ºC.
  • Ambient – 26ºC

There are numerous heating tools you can use in the enclosure from ceramic heaters to heat mats. It’s important to use a thermostat to ensure you keep the temperatures at optimum.

You will need three lights:

  • UVA – helps with appetite, growth, activity, and reproduction
  • UVB – Absorb vitamin D3 and calcium.
  • White light – natural daylight to create a twelve-hour day and night cycle.

Provide filtered water that must be changed daily. Remember frogs absorb through their skin, so ensure you provide clean water without the risk of chemicals or toxins.

Use a spray bottle and mist the enclosure daily to increase humidity levels. Misting should be gentle, not soaking.

Feeding

A varied diet is important to ensure your frog remains happy and healthy and extend its life.

Of course, in captivity, you will provide ample food to keep your frog strong including insects, such as crickets, silkworms, and roaches. Provide live food to encourage natural hunting behavior.

The amount you feed is based on the size and age of your frog.

Young frogs should be fed once a day until they mature, while adults should be fed every couple of days. Feed at night as most tree frogs are nocturnal and will spend their night feeding.

The size of insects you feed should not be wider than the space between your frog’s eyes.

Dust insects with a calcium supplement.

Important Tips

In order to increase the lifespan of your tree frog do not use insecticides in the room where you keep them, bearing in mind that they absorb water through the skin and do not drink it like other animals.

When touching them, wash your hands thoroughly and remove any soap, chemicals, and toxins.

Know what to look for to quickly identify an unhealthy frog to provide your amphibian with the best care to extend its lifespan in the long run.

Things to look for in an unhealthy frog includes:

  • Active during the daytime
  • Lack of appetite
  • Dull coloration
  • Hind legs go stiff
  • Breathing is abnormal
  • Eyes become cloudy

If you see any of these signs, get your tree frog to the vet to help improve lifespan in the long run.

WOOD FROG ᐈ Photo and description ✔

Amphibians repel many. Few people are enthusiastic about snakes, frogs and toads. However, among them there are very interesting, unusual animals with a bright, memorable color. Such creatures often attract attention, but they are quite dangerous for others. Tree Frog stands out among them.

Species origin and description

Photo: Tree frog

The tree frog comes from the Latin word "Hylidae", which refers to the ancient Greek character Hylas ("forest"). We often call such amphibians tree frogs or tree frogs. The Russian name tree frog appeared solely because of the behavior of these animals. Tree frogs, regardless of gender, croak very loudly.

This animal belongs to the order of tailless amphibians, the tree frog family. It is widely present in nature. To date, there are more than eight hundred species of tree frogs. Each species has some external features, habits and characteristic behavior. All representatives of this family are distinguished by extraordinary external data, unique abilities to change color depending on temperature and climatic conditions.

Video: Tree frog

Unlike other varieties of frogs, tree frogs are distinguished by their slenderness and unusual habitat. These amphibians spend almost their entire lives in bushes, trees that grow on the banks of water bodies. They are also small in size. Most species of tree frogs do not exceed seven centimeters in length. However, there are exceptions. In nature, there were individuals whose length reached forty centimeters.

The species is also characterized by the presence of special suckers on the legs, a very bright color. Suction cups help the amphibian to climb vertical surfaces. The coloring of the body is very unusual, attracting attention. However, it is precisely such a bright color that warns enemies that this creature can be poisonous and it is better to immediately abandon the idea of ​​\u200b\u200bdining on tree frogs.

Appearance and features

Photo: Green tree frog

The appearance of a tree frog can be described as follows:

  • suction discs on the legs. This feature unites all types of tree frogs. Suckers create a vacuum that allows the animal to climb trees, bushes, leaves. At the same time, some individuals have a very underdeveloped ability to “stick” to a vertical surface. But here, too, nature has provided for everything - such frogs have a special structure of fingers on their limbs. It is with their help that an amphibian can cling to branches, plants;
  • bright coloring. The color of the tree depends on the species. There are individuals with colors from green to bright red with various divorces, stripes. Most have a camouflage color: green-brown. It helps the little frog to easily get lost in the pile of leaves on the trees;
  • relatively small body length. Usually it is about seven centimeters, only occasionally there are larger individuals;
  • large, protruding eyes, mostly with horizontal pupils. Such an eye structure allows amphibians to have a large scope of vision, hunt with ease, and safely jump from one branch to another;
  • the presence of a throat pouch in males. It is quite easy to distinguish between a female and a male in a woodworm. The most important sign is the presence of a throat bag. It is only found in males. When inflated, such a bag may make sounds. Moreover, males are always much smaller than females.

Tree frog is unique! Her body is able to withstand almost complete freezing. This is possible due to the presence of glycine in the body. It protects the cells of the body from possible damage, loss of their qualities, viability.

Where does the tree frog live?

Photo: tree frog tree frog

The tree frog's natural habitat is not so small. They prefer to live in temperate climates. They mainly inhabit Asia and Europe. Their habitat includes northwest Africa, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine, Poland, Russia, North and South America. In Russia, such frogs can be found only in the central part. Their family on the Russian territory is represented by only two species - ordinary and Far Eastern.

A huge number of tree species can be found in Tunisia, China, Korea, Turkey and Australia. The Caribbean islands are also inhabited by similar amphibians in large numbers. Where this species was not represented, it was populated artificially. For example, tree frogs appeared in this way in New Zealand, Guam, New Caledonia, and Vanuatu. Individual representatives, in particular the red wood tree, were found in small numbers in the jungles of Costa Rica and Panama.

Today the tree frog can become an inhabitant of any home. These animals are sold in many major pet stores. However, keeping such amphibians at home requires considerable investment, special knowledge and skills. It is important to maintain a comfortable temperature - about 23 degrees, provide the necessary humidity (at least 70%), equip the terrarium with snags, twigs, plants. If these conditions are not met, the animal may die.

Woodworms choose regions with a temperate climate, humid mixed and tropical forests for life. Only a few species prefer to settle directly in lakes and ponds. In this case, they give preference to reservoirs, lakes, ponds with dense vegetation, where many insects live.

What does the tree frog eat?

Photo: Poison tree frog

Absolutely all amphibians are carnivores. Tree frogs are no exception. The diet depends on the species of the individual, its size. They usually eat small insects. The diet includes flies, ground beetles, cockroaches, crickets, mosquitoes. Woodworms also feed on some invertebrates: small wood lice, slugs, earthworms. Only occasionally can frogs eat mice, young lizards.

Like most representatives of the order Anurans, cases of cannibalism occur among some species of treewort. This is usually the case for large adults that may eat the young. Today, tree frogs often become pets. However, this does not change their diet much. The owner of the animal must ensure an adequate supply of small insects. For the convenience of feeding, you can purchase special tweezers.

Woodworts eat insects and other food during the warm season. For hunting, they choose secluded places, disguise themselves among the greenery. The tree frog can wait for prey for several hours absolutely immobile. These amphibians usually hunt at dusk, at night. They catch small insects with a very long tongue, and they help themselves to eat and swallow larger prey with their front paws.

Frogs do not hunt in winter. They first find shelter for themselves and hibernate. During hibernation, the body's metabolism slows down significantly. Tree frogs survive solely on their own internal reserves. At the same time, the animal can withstand any temperature. Woodworts return to their usual habitat around mid-March.

Features of character and lifestyle

Photo: Red-eyed tree frog

The tree frog spends its entire life in more often mixed, tropical, broad-leaved forests, river valleys, in bushes on the banks of reservoirs and rivers. Less commonly, it can be found in parks, gardens and even vineyards. In the mountains, such an animal lives at a maximum height of 1500 meters above sea level. A tree frog can be called a terrestrial creature, because it spends most of its time on the branches of bushes, on trees and in dense grassy thickets.

Some species of the family are diurnal, others are predominantly nocturnal. Amphibians are not afraid of heat, cold, which is associated with their cold-bloodedness. Only at critically low temperatures do tree frogs go to the shelter for the winter. They hide under tree roots, in silt, in hollows or abandoned burrows. There, animals fall into suspended animation, and wake up only in the spring.

Since ancient times, the wood tree has been considered a true “predictor” of rain. The body of an amphibian reacts to a change in the weather. Its color becomes darker. At the same time, tree frogs begin to scream more intensely.

A special feature of the tree is the presence of poisonous mucus on the skin. It protects them from various bacteria, viruses, natural enemies. Such mucus is produced more intensively at the moment of danger. In some countries, tree frog mucus is used to make medicine. It helps to cure diabetes, acts as a prophylactic against blood clots, strengthens the immune system. Also, on the basis of the mucus of the tree, quite expensive preparations are made to increase libido.

Social structure and reproduction

Photo: Tree frog

The tree frog's breeding season begins at the end of March. Lasts until mid-June. However, the season and its duration depend on the habitat of the frogs. In the mountains, the mating season begins about a month later. During the mating season, members of the family behave differently, depending on the species. However, one thing is the same for everyone - males attract females with the help of a throat bag that makes a special sound. Each type of tree frog has its own sound of the bag, so the “necessary” frogs respond to it.

If tree frogs spend most of their free time in trees, then for mating they descend to the ground and go to the water. It is in the water that eggs are laid, where the male fertilizes them. Only a few varieties of treeworts mate on the ground. In this case, the eggs are hidden in the leaves or carried on themselves until the tadpoles hatch. At one time, female frogs are able to lay more than two thousand eggs.

After ten days, the first tadpoles emerge from the eggs. Maturity may be shorter. In some species of tree frogs, it is only a few days. Within fifty to one hundred days, the tadpoles gradually become similar to adult woodworms. Full maturation occurs only in the second or third year of life. The overall lifespan of tree frogs also varies. Some species live only three years, others - about nine years. In captivity, such animals live longer - up to twenty years.

Natural enemies of tree frogs

Photo: Animal tree frog

The tree frog, despite its poisonous mucus, has quite a few natural enemies. They surround her from all sides. Birds, terrestrial predators, and larger amphibians prey on woodworts. Among birds, the most dangerous enemies of tree frogs are representatives of corvids, ducks, pheasants. Also occasionally they are attacked by storks, ibis, herons. They can pick up an animal right on the fly.

On the ground, on the trees, no less danger awaits them. They are not averse to eating foxes, otters, raccoons, wild boars, and smaller predators. The worst enemies are snakes. From them, the wood tree cannot hide even on a tree. The snakes are good at climbing them. A certain danger to tree frogs is represented by larger frogs, marsh turtles. In some way, the natural enemy of tree frogs are people. Many animals die at the hands of man during their capture or attempts to domesticate.

While adults have every chance to save their lives, run away and hide from predators, tadpoles are practically defenseless. They die in large numbers from various water beetles, snakes, predatory fish and dragonflies. In general, they are not averse to eating almost all the inhabitants of reservoirs. From complete extinction, the offspring of frogs saves their number. At one time, the female lays about two thousand eggs.

Population and species status

Photo: Green tree frog

The tree frog is an amphibian that is widely distributed throughout the planet. It is represented by more than 800 varieties. In general, this family is currently not threatened with extinction. The tree frog population is at a fairly high level due to their abundance and excellent fecundity. The species has been given a conservation status of "Least Concern". The risk of extinction of the species is very low. Despite this, the population of this animal in some regions is still declining.

This is influenced by the following negative factors:

  • frequent attacks from natural enemies. Predators, birds, large amphibians kill and eat a large number of tree frogs;
  • captured by humans. The venom of woodworms is not dangerous to humans. Such extraordinary frogs are often caught for keeping at home. In captivity, tree frogs can live for about twenty years. However, this requires the creation of all necessary conditions. With the wrong approach, animals quickly die;
  • water pollution. Despite the fact that tree frogs live mainly on the ground, the pollution of water bodies affects their population. It is in rivers, reservoirs, ponds that most members of the family breed;
  • massive deforestation. Uncontrolled logging deprives tree frogs of their habitat.

Tree frog is a very beautiful, extraordinary amphibian. Their interesting appearance is very attractive, but deceptive. Behind the bright colors, small size, there is a danger - the body of the frog secretes poisonous mucus. However, such mucus does not threaten human life, but after meeting with this frog, it is better to wash your hands with soap and water.

Date of publication: 19. 04.2019

Date of update: 19.09.2019 at 21:59

Author: Alekseeva Inna

Tree frog. Life and habitat of wood frog

1. The appearance of a wood frog

2. Hailing wood frog

3. The lifestyle of a wood frog

4. Foods of wood frog

5. Propagation and life expectancy of

9000 9000

2 Many of us dislike amphibians - snakes, toads, frogs. But among them there are very nice, bright, extraordinary creatures. However, just they, usually, are really dangerous. Among them, a well-known representative of the amphibian family - tree frog , or, simply, tree frog.

Tree frog appearance

Tree frogs belong to the family of anurans, and include more than 800 tree frog species. The main difference between these frogs and the rest is the presence of special suction cups on their paws, thanks to which they are able to move vertically.

These suction cups on the fingers are equipped with additional muscles that relax them and allow them to cling more tightly to the substrate. In addition to such Velcro, there are also sticky areas on the skin of the abdomen and throat.

The second difference between tree frogs is that many species are brightly colored, this can be seen in the photo. Outrageous neon green, bright yellow, green-orange, red colors highlight this amphibian, warning those who want to dine with it that this dinner will be the last not only in the life of a frog, because they are usually very poisonous.

Tree frogs are most often brightly colored

But there are also less visible species - gray or brown, for example, American tree frog . And the squirrel tree frog can even change color, adjusting to the world around it.

The size of these amphibians depends on the species, and the largest of them are only up to 14 cm long. On average, their size is only 2-4 cm, and pygmy tree frogs are generally a little more than a centimeter.

This is not surprising, because thin branches and leaves of trees cannot withstand the heavy weight of the climbing frog. Males are smaller than females, but they have a leather bag under their neck, which they can inflate beautifully and make sounds to them.

Tree frogs usually have eyes protruding from their heads, providing binocular vision. Pupils are most often located vertically. The tongue is long and sticky, very handy for hunting insects.

Separately, it is worth mentioning the poisonousness of the tree frog - not everything is so scary for a person. Some even just disguise themselves as dangerous. To get poisoned, you need to allow the poison to enter the body.

Touching with hands can be unpleasant and painful, but not fatal. It is believed that poisonousness is not an innate quality of a frog. Studies have shown that the poison is adsorbed from insects, which are contained in minimal doses.

Tree frog habitat

Tree frogs live in the temperate climate zone of Europe and Asia. The Netherlands, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine - this is their habitat. In our country they live in the central part.

Pictured are American tree frogs

Many species live in Korea and China, Tunisia, the Japanese Islands and Northwest Africa. North and South America, Turkey, Australia, the Caribbean islands are also the home of these amphibians.

Over time, they settled in New Caledonia, New Zealand. The red tree frog has been found in the jungles of Panama and Costa Rica. Simply put, these amphibians live everywhere except Antarctica.

Tree frogs like to settle in humid tropical, mixed forests. The banks of reservoirs, swamps, large wet ravines are also suitable for them. They live both in trees and in the forest floor, and some species in lakes and ponds. This species of amphibians chooses hot and humid thickets for life, where there are a lot of insects.

Tree frog lifestyle

Tree frogs are both diurnal and nocturnal. Frogs are cold-blooded, and their body temperature depends on the environment. Therefore, they are not afraid of either cold or heat.

Tree frog with swollen throat sac

When the air temperature becomes critically low, these amphibians fall into suspended animation, burrowing into the ground. Tree frogs also live in the hot desert, and can go without water for many years. No wonder these creatures survived for 200 million years.

The toxic mucus that forms on the skin of these frogs protects them from viruses and bacteria. And also, secretions are formed on the skin at times of danger. As usual, poisonous creatures can be both useful and healing.

Thus, tree frog fat is used to prepare drugs against diabetes mellitus, hypertension, blood clots, to increase immunity and much more. Even in medicine, oil from the caviar of a tree frog is used. Based on it, drugs are made to treat stroke and increase libido.

Tree frog diet

Baby tree frog tadpoles eat plant foods. Adults are insectivorous. Any bugs and spiders living in this ecosystem are suitable as food.

Frogs eat butterflies, ants, flies, caterpillars, beetles, grasshoppers. They use a long and sticky tongue to catch prey. There are also cannibals in the family - golden tree frog , instead of insects, it eats its own kind.

Beautiful and unusual representatives of amphibians are also kept in home aquariums, where they are fed with live insects such as worms, ground beetles, crickets and other small invertebrates with tweezers.

Remains of food should be periodically removed from the terrarium, clean water should be put in the drinking bowl and for bathing, and mucus harmful to frogs should be removed from the walls.

Reproduction and longevity

Males use their secret weapon to attract females - songs with their throat pouch. Different species sing differently, so only the “necessary” brides react.

As for behavior during the mating season, it is also different for different species.


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