How long does a ficus tree live


How to Care for a Ficus Tree

If your home is suffering from a sense of drab lifelessness, what it probably needs are a few plants. From adorable succulents to kitchen herbs, every home feels warmer and more welcoming with a few indoor plants.

One of the most popular living room plants for decades have been graceful ficuses or figs, with their glossy leaves and light gray trunks. Though they typically grow to about 10 feet tall indoors, in the wild, certain species can reach heights of 60 feet tall! Sometimes the trunks of ficus trees are twisted or braided or trained as a bonsai.

“If you give [a ficus] what it needs, it’s the closest you come to having a tree indoors,” says Barbara Pleasant, author of The Complete Houseplant Survival Manual. “With the right care, a ficus tree can live for about 20 years.”

Here’s how to care for a ficus tree, plus everything else you need to know about this popular (but somewhat finicky!) houseplant.

How much light does my ficus tree need?

As a tropical plant, a ficus tree, also called "weeping fig," need lots of bright indirect light. Place it near your brightest windows, typically south- or west-facing, or give it supplemental light with a grow light. Once it’s situated, leave it be. It’s a little fussy and doesn’t respond well to changes. Ficus trees will sulk by dropping leaves anytime light levels or temperatures change. It also drops leaves seasonally, so be prepared with a good dustpan.

Tetiana Soares//Getty Images

How do I care for a ficus tree?

Typically, a new ficus will come in a black plastic pot with drain holes. Simply place it into a pretty, decorative clay planter. The plant shouldn't need repotting for several years.

To water your ficus, simply give it a good soaking and let it dry out before watering again. If you overwater, the leaves will turn yellow and drop. If you underwater, the green leaves will begin to drop. A way to judge whether it’s time to water is to tip the pot and feel its weight; if it’s really light, it’s probably time to give it a drink, says Pleasant. You’ll get the hang of it after a few weeks. After watering, always dump out any water that gathers in the tray beneath the pot; no plant likes soggy feet.

To feed your ficus tree give it a liquid all-purpose fertilizer during its growing season from April to September.

The sticky sap may irritate tummies, so keep this plant away from curious pets who like to nibble on houseplants. Occasionally, dust or spray its leaves with a damp cloth or a gentle spray from the shower head.

Adél Békefi//Getty Images

Can I take my ficus plant outdoors in summer?

You can, but it’s not the best idea, says Pleasant. For starters, it will likely drop leaves, being the diva that it is! It also can’t cook in hot sun, so you would need to find a shady spot. Finally, you’ll have to bring it indoors before the night temperatures drop into the 50s in the fall. Take it aside, and spray it with neem oil about a week before you bring it in to kill any hitchhikers such as aphids, scale, mealy bugs, or spider mites, that potentially could infest your other indoor plants. Also, expect it to drop leaves again when it comes inside until it readjusts to the light levels indoors.

Does the ficus tree have any particular problems?

Keep an eye out for an infestation of scale insects. These insects have a waxy exterior appearance, and you might see them attached to leaf surfaces. There’s also a sticky substance called honeydew, which you’ll find on your table or floor, that’s excreted by the scale when feeding. Try controlling a minor infestation by using a soft cloth dipped in warm, soapy water to wipe these insects away, says Pleasant. If that’s has too much work, treat an insecticidal soap or neem oil. Retreat in 10 days.

Ficus Trees for Your Home
Mini Fiddle Leaf Ficus

$22 at Amazon

Credit: Courtesy Amazon
Bonsai Ficus Tree

$36 at Amazon

Benjamina Ficus Tree

$80 at Amazon

Braided Wintergreen Weeping Fig Tree

Shop at Amazon

Credit: Courtesy Amazon

Arricca Elin Sansone

Arricca SanSone has written about health and lifestyle topics for Prevention, Country Living, Woman's Day, and more. She’s passionate about gardening, baking, reading, and spending time with the people and dogs she loves.

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How Long Do Ficus Trees Live? (Ideal Time!)

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With over 850 species worldwide, Ficus trees are easily one of the most popular tropical indoor trees available. Not only are Ficus excellent at removing harmful toxins from the air, but they also make for beginner-friendly bonsai trees. One question then a lot of you might have before you purchase your Ficus are how long do Ficus trees live? 

The average lifespan for most species of Ficus is 25 years if kept indoors. Most Ficus trees will live between 20 and 40 years. Ficus trees such as Ginseng that are used in bonsai can live over 100 years due to the miniaturization process. 

These then will live significantly longer than other indoor tree varieties.

Trees that are kept outdoors in warmer climates in their natural environments can live significantly longer between 100 to 200 years.  

So how long do different Ficus species live? And what can you do to ensure your Ficus lives longer? Keep reading to find out more. 

How long do Ficus trees live? 

To get to the bottom of how long Ficus trees live, I decided to grow my own Ficus, get in touch with my local botanical gardens, and even asked 20 Plant Paladin readers how old their Ficus trees are.  

To summarize: 

  • Ficus trees typically live for between 20 and 40 years, with most Ficus trees grown indoors living around 25 to 30 years. 
  • These species tend to live for longer when kept in a pot as opposed to growing in the ground. 
  • Ficus trees that are used for bonsai trees, such as Ginseng Ficus will live for significantly longer due to the miniaturization process. 
  • Ginseng Ficus bonsai then can live up to 100 years with some Ficus bonsai being grown for well over 200 years. 
  • These trees will thrive and also live longer when kept in warmer, tropical climates with temperatures that are higher than 50 to 54 degrees Fahrenhighet (10 degrees celsius). 
  • Should you live in a temperate climate, you may be reducing your Ficus’ lifespan.  
  • Ficus trees are relatively fast-growing when not used for bonsai, they will take about 3 years to mature, then be productive for about 10 to 15 years before they start to deteriorate. 
  • Poor aftercare, such as lack or repotting, watering, fertilizer, or lack of sunlight will also significantly reduce your Ficus’ lifespan. 

Ficus tree lifespan 

The average lifespan of a Ficus tree regardless of species is between 20 to 40 years. The first 2 to 3 years will be spent maturing the tree. Your tree will then be productive for 10 to 15 years and the slow decline in health for the remainder of its life. 

Hopefully, the table below will help explain its process:

Lifespan

Infancy

Adulthood/maturity

Slow decline

Steep decline

How long do Ficus trees live – Years 1-3

During the first few years of your Ficus life, it will be maturing.  

At this stage, your Ficus will grow faster than at any other point during its life. 

How long do Ficus trees live – Years 3 – 20

At this stage of your Ficus life, your tree will be at its most productive. During this stage (if cared for correctly) your Ficus can add between 5 to 35 inches of growth per year). 

This is when your Ficus tree will be at its strongest. 

How long do Ficus trees live – Years 20 – 40

At this stage, your Ficus will still be productive and can be cared for, however, it will be a little less productive and efficient at things like nutrient absorption and photosynthesis. Think of this as a slow decline. 

How long do Ficus trees live – Years 40+

It is rare for Ficus trees that have not been transformed into bonsai trees to live beyond 40 years. 

That being said, it is not impossible, At over 40 years, Ficus will grow significantly less and take longer to recover from things like watering, pruning, and other general activities you will do with your tree.

What can make your Ficus tree live longer? 

So a lot of you are likely reading this post as your Ficus tree is in the process of dying or getting on its life a bit. 

If this is the case with you, fret not, there are still a few things you can do to keep your Ficus alive and have a longer lifespan. 

These include the following 

Maintain the right temperature

So Ficus trees are traditionally found in warmer tropical climates. 

As such, they need warmer conditions to thrive. 

If then you live in a more temperate climate such as the UK for example, when temperatures only rise above 10 to 15 degrees Celsius in the summer, then it’s super important to maintain a warm temperature for your tree to thrive. 

Growing your Ficus then in a greenhouse or temperature-controlled space will be vital. 

Word to the wise, however, during the winter, you want to avoid cranking up the heating in your house too high as this can cause your Ficus to dry out.  

Ensure your tree gets enough sunlight 

So next up, is ensuring your Ficus gets enough sunlight. 

Similar to the point above, Ficus are tropical species and require a lot of direct sunlight to get enough food through photosynthesis. 

If you keep your Ficus, in a dark room with no windows then this can significantly impact your tree’s lifespan. 

Ensure then that your Ficus gets between 4 to 8 hours of sunlight per day. 

Using artificial grow light can help improve this too. 

Water regularly

Watering a Ficus can sometimes be a tricky challenge. 

For example, if you have transferred your Ficus into a bonsai tree, then you want to ensure you only water when your tree is dry. 

Alternatively, if you grow your Ficus regularly then watering that often can potentially cause overwatering in your tree. 

Overeating or underwatering can both cause shriveling dry branches, yellowing leaves, and just impact your Ficus’ energy levels.  

To prevent then, check your topsoil every other day and see if it needs watering. 

A good rule of thumb to water your Ficus for a longer lifespan would be to water twice per week when the topsoil is dry to touch. 

This may need to be increased during the warmer periods. 

Remove pests and infections

Nothing will cause your Ficus tree to die early, and have a shorter lifespan than insect infestations and infections. 

Bugs like Aphids, Scale, Spider Mites, and even Caterpillars love attacking Ficus and so it’s important to be prudent and check regularly for these types of bugs. 

To remove them, you can use things like parasitic wasps, neem oil, pesticides, or blasting them with water. 

Now fungal infections (usually displayed as white or yellow spots on the leaves of your tree) are another problem, often caused by overwatering or root rot. 

If left unchecked this can kill your tree prematurely. 

To prevent then take care carefully pruning your tree so all the leaves that have an infection on them are removed.  

Now pets such as cats also like attacking Ficus so to read up on how to prevent this, check out my post here. 

Repotting your Ficus regularly 

Finally, the older your Ficus gets the larger it becomes. 

One reason why your Ficus might have a shorter lifespan is its roots are getting crushed in the pot you keep it in. 

To prevent then be sure to repot your Ficus regularly, say every 2 to 3 years once your tree is mature. 

This will allow your tree to spread its roots and continue growing. 

What can kill your Ficus tree prematurely? 

Insect infestations, mold infections lack of sunlight, water, and repotting can all lead to your Ficus tree dying prematurely. Maintain correct care to increase your Ficus tree’s lifespan. 

Do Ficus bonsai live longer theme regular trees? 

Ficus bonsai trees will typically live a lot longer than regular Ficus trees that are kept indoors. The average lifespan of a Ficus bonsai can be 50 to 100 years when compared to the average lifespan of a Ficus which is between 20 and 40 years.  

So why do Ficus bonsai live longer than regular Ficus? 

Well if you think about it, all trees have energy stores inside their trunks that push out new leaves, grow the roots of your tree, and help will all its primary functions.

As bonsai trees are designed to be miniature trees, they do not have to support a larger tree structure. 

As such, the energy it would have used to grow into a large indoor Ficus can then be spent on increasing the tree’s overall lifespan. 

Just be aware that you still have to maintain the health of your Ficus tree through correct aftercare. 

Typically then Ficus bonsai will live for 50 to 100 years, with some Ficus bonsai outliving their indoor counterparts by hundreds of years. 

Do all Ficus sub-species live the same length?

Most Ficus trees will live for between 20 and 40 years. Some subspecies of Ficus however will have much longer lifespans. For example. Ficus Elastica and ginseng Ficus have been known to live on some occasions for hundreds of years.  

How long does Ginseng Ficus live?

Ginseng Ficus will typically live for 40 years if kept indoors and 100 years if kept as a bonsai tree. It is not uncommon for Ficus trees that have been transferred into bonsai to live for hundreds of years, with some of the oldest Ginseng Ficus living for over 1000 years. 

How long does Ficus Elastica live?

Another popular species of Ficus, commonly found indoors is Ficus Elastica, also known as the rubber tree. 

Ficus Elastica can live for hundreds of years in the wild and 50 years in indoor conditions. The rubber from the tree can be harvested after the first 7 years of the growth of the tree. 

How long does Ficus Retusa live?

Ficus Retusa will typically live for 50 years if kept indoors and 100 years if kept as a bonsai tree. It is not uncommon for Ficus Retusa trees that have been transferred into bonsai to live for hundreds of years, with some of the oldest Ficus Retusa living for over 1000 years.  

How long do Ficus trees live indoors? 

Ficus trees that are kept indoors will typically live for 20 to 40 years. This is significantly longer than keeping Ficus trees outdoors in colder more temperate climates. 

How long do Ficus trees live outdoors? 

Ficus trees that are kept outdoors in warmer, tropical climates can live for 50 to 60 years. Ficus trees that are kept outdoors in colder climates will typically thrive and can die in as little as three to five years. 

How long do Ficus trees live in cold climates? 

Ficus trees need warmer temperatures to grow, and so do not thrive in colder climates if planted outdoors. As such, Ficus trees will either not sprout in cooler climates or die after a few short years if kept in lower temperatures. 

How long do Ficus trees live in warm climates? 

Ficus trees in warmer, tropical climates can thrive and live for hundreds of years, typically between 150 to 200 years.  

Do Ficus trees with figs live longer than Ficus without figs? 

There is no difference in the lifespan of a Ficus tree that produces figs/fruit when compared with Ficus trees that do not produce figs/fruit. 

The general thought process is that, because Ficus trees that produce figs use more energy in doing so, this would impact their life expectancy. 

This is not the case with some fig trees in the wild (grown in warm conditions mind you) living for over 200 years. 

The Roscoff Fig over in France continues to produce figs regularly at over 200 years old before it was cut down. 

How fast do Ficus trees grow? 

Ficus trees will typically add 12 to 36 inches of growth per year if kept in the right conditions. Ficus trees that have been transformed into bonsai trees such as Ginseng Ficus, grow at a much slower rate, averaging between 3 to 5 inches of growth per year.  

Signs your Ficus is dying 

The main signs that your Ficus ree may be nearing the end of its lifespan and is slowly dying are as follows: 

Yellowing shriveled leaves 

Yellowing, shriveled leaves are most often a sign that your Ficus tree has been overwatered.  

This can significantly impact your tree’s ability to grow and if left unchecked will kill your tree

Dry, brittle branches 

Dry branches, where the bark falls off easily or unhealthy branches that your tree has received all of a sudden are usually a sign of underwatering. 

That being said, if your tree is older and you start noticing that more and more of its branches are starting to shrivel up get twisted and just look more gnarly, then remove these trees with some shears. 

This will hopefully help promote new growth 

No new figs 

Now the vast majority of your will have Ficus trees that do not produce figs/berries and will not be able to grow them even if you plant their seeds.  

This is because Ficus trees need fig wasps to pollinate them. 

If you keep your Ficus tree outside and have your tree pollinated by Fig wasps in the past that produces fruit, notice that your tree is no longer producing fruit, then this is a surefire tree that your tree is starting to wind down as it gets older.  

More insect infestations 

Ficus trees are usually pretty good at avoiding insect infestations and usually have a natural defense to prevent them from getting infected. 

It’s one of the reasons that makes them very good for beginners to grow. 

That being said, if you notice that over time, your tree is getting infected more and more, then this too is a sign that your tree is dying. 

How to care for a Ficus Tree? 

Now whilst I cover how to care for a Ficus tree in my post on the topic, hopefully, the table below will help give you some quick pointers: 

Ginseng Ficus Bonsai tree Requirements

Explained

Once per day in the spring-summer or if kept indoors. Once per week if kept outdoors during the winter. Only water if dry to touch.

Sunlight

4 hours of direct sunlight in the summer. LED grow light can also be used.

Temperature

Between 60 degrees F and 100 degrees F

Fertilizer

Fertilize 18 times per year, twice per month between spring and summer. Once per month in the fall and winter

Repotting

Once every 2 to 3 years in the first 10 years. You can then report once every 5 years

Placement

Can be placed outdoors in direct sunlight or indoors in a bright spot.

Wire type

Both copper and aluminum wire can be used.

Time to grow from scratch into maturity

8 to 12 years to reach full maturity

Potting soil

An inorganic Akdama, volcanic ash soil mix works best.

Growth type

Slow growing, averaging 3-5 inches per year

Average store-bought trees are size is one or two-handed bonsai trees - 3 to 10 inches in size, 2 to 8 inches wide

Lifespan

50 to 150 years

Study on how long Ficus trees live? 

Finally, undertook a quick survey of 20 plant paladin readers and asked them how long their Ficus trees were – here were the results:

This post was written by Fehed Nicass who has been passionate about bonsai for over 3 years. He currently resides in the UK and works in sales.

Ficus Selo.Guru - Internet portal about agriculture

Description

Ficus is a representative of the Mulberry family . The plant has become widespread - there are about 900 species. There are evergreen and deciduous types of ficuses.

As for where and in what countries this indoor flower grows in the wild, it feels best in regions with a tropical and subtropical climate.

Ficus native to Borneo, Southeast Asia, Ceylon . How the ficus got to Russia, history is silent, but since the beginning of the 19th century, this plant has stood in a wooden tub or box in almost every house.

The tree can reach a height of 30 meters, and the size of their leaves often approaches a meter mark.

Depending on the species, ficus leaves can be green or two-color, large or vice versa, very small.

We offer you to learn more about some types of ficus grown at home.

Read all about Ficus Benjamin, Rubbery, Ampelous, Varietis, Karika, Lyrata, Creeping, Retuza, Amstel King, De Gantel, Triangular, Ginseng, Ali, Microcarp.

Inflorescences have a very unusual structure - pear-shaped axis or capitate form can be hollow, with a hole at the top. Flowers located inside the wall, they are pollinated by insects . After pollination, small fruits can develop, which form a seed. At home, the fruits can be seen quite rarely.

Help! Many people are interested in how many years the plant lives. At home, with proper care, ficus can live for about 15 years.

Photo

Look at the photo of how ficus grows at home.

And a photo of how it grows in the wild.

Prerequisites

Ficus is not a very capricious plant. For him, you should choose a sufficiently lit place, but the light should not be direct. Western and eastern windows are considered favorable for ficus. With a lack of lighting, the plant will have fewer leaves.

Ficus - thermophilic plant . In the summer, when all the flowers are put on the balcony, it is left in the apartment. It does not tolerate drafts and strong winds. A comfortable temperature is considered to be from 15 to 20 degrees, and in summer - no more than 30.

Ficus is not the only decorative leafy plant that is successfully grown in our apartments.

We bring to your attention a series of materials about indoor flowers of the same group: avocado, banana, trees, bushy plants, vines, false palms, orchids, ferns. As well as plants with spear-shaped leaves, plants with cereal leaves, carnivorous plants.

How does it bloom?

Blooming ficus is a rather rare phenomenon, but with proper care, large white flowers appear on the plant (in some species they are pinkish.) .

Ficus can be given almost any shape, the main thing is to know the basic rules of pruning :

  • the event is held only in spring, before the start of active growth;
  • not all ficus species fork after pruning;
  • the cut is made horizontally above the internode bud in a young plant and obliquely if the shoot is already hardened;
  • tall stumps not only look ugly when pruned, but can also harbor fungal infections;
  • Sections after trimming must be processed.

As for sanitary pruning, weak and dry shoots can be removed all year round.

It is not uncommon for very mature plants to undergo anti-aging pruning “under the stump”.

Ficus pruning for plant rejuvenation

Below is a video with a detailed description of ficus pruning:

Hedge

You can weave spikelets and spirals from ficus, even make a hedge out of them. To do this, young plants can be planted in an even row at the same distance. Ficuses that were planted in a circle look very beautiful.

All about what variations of the elegant planting of ficus exist, read here.

Planting

Mature plant

To transplant a store-bought adult ficus into a permanent pot, :

  1. Tilt the plant to one side so that it can be pulled out of the pot without damage.
  2. Next, the roots are released, and the root neck is cleaned of the transport soil.
  3. It is important to cover the drainage hole with mesh, then pour a drainage layer of expanded clay and sand on top.
  4. Then a thin layer of earth is covered and compacted with fingers. Without fanaticism, there is no need to deprive the soil of permeability.
  5. To make it easy to water the plant, do not add soil to the very top - leave 2 cm to the edge of the pot.

Do not deepen the collar of the plant too much. This can cause leaf shedding and brown spots.

Attention! When transplanting, it is necessary to provide for the installation of a support that will support the crown of the plant.

How to properly and painlessly transplant ficus, read this article.

Seeds

Soak ficus seeds for a day in a special solution. The use of Humate, Heteroauxin, Epin will increase the germination of seeds and help increase resistance to diseases.

Plant the prepared seeds in the soil, which you need to prepare yourself. It is better to use light soil, adding some sand to it . The substrate must be homogeneous, crumbly.

Sprouting containers are best chosen wide and shallow. It is worth planting a few seeds, then the germination will be one hundred percent, and from the resulting seedlings it will be possible to select several of the tallest and strongest specimens.

  • Plant the seeds to a depth of about 1 cm.
  • The distance between them should be 1.5 cm.
  • Sprinkle with substrate or coarse sand, it will absorb excess moisture.
  • Cover with a greenhouse, ventilate from time to time.

We also invite you to read another article on growing ficuses at home.

Transplantation

The first ficus transplantation is done on the 3rd year of the plant's life. Further, young ficuses need to be transplanted every year. It is enough for an adult plant to change the pot every 3 years. Remember that after transplanting, the growth of plant slows down for a while.

Reproduction

Ficus can be propagated in the following ways:

  • Cuttings.
  • Air outlets.
  • Sheet.

The procedure can be carried out in the warm season.

Cuttings

Cuttings are carried out in this way :

  1. Top shoots with three pairs of leaves are cut off. Length about 10 cm, the bottom sheets must be removed.
  2. Pour the prepared soil (sandy earth or peat with perlite) into the pot.
  3. Cuttings are planted in pots.
  4. Covered with a greenhouse.
  5. After one and a half to two weeks roots will appear and the plant can be planted in small pots.

Ficus species with green leaves take root faster than variegated ones. Rooting is best at a temperature of about 25 degrees. Rooting cuttings can also be carried out in water.

Air outlets

Ficus can be propagated by air layering if the stem is very bare at the base.

What to do :

  1. Choose a straight and long shoot, excess leaves can be removed.
  2. With a sharp knife, make two cuts on the shoot 3 cm apart.
  3. Clean the bark between cuts and powder the surface with Kornevin.
  4. Wrap the cut with sphagnum.
  5. Cover the moss with foil and tie tightly on both sides.

    Important! Moss should always be wet.

  6. After some time, the roots will appear, the shoot should be cut off under them and the plant should be planted in a pot.

All about the reproduction of ficus at home, read this material.

Soil

Soil must contain:

  • Peat.
  • Sod land.
  • Sand.
  • Humus.

Winter and autumn care

At this time, it is important to provide him with the following conditions:

  1. The lack of light must be compensated for with additional lighting.
  2. The air humidity must be optimal.
  3. It is important that the plant tolerates the cold well.

All about the dangers of ficus in winter, read here.

Benefits and harms of indoor flower

The flower will bring health benefits because it filters the air in the room, removing all the dust. In folk medicine, it is used to treat sciatica, arthritis. According to the results of the research, it was found that ficus is one of the three in terms of the number of allergens. The most detailed material on this topic is collected here.

Diseases and pests

Ficus pests are numerous:

  • Shchitovka.
  • Spider mite.
  • Mealy worm.
  • Thrips.

Why do leaves dry and turn yellow?

Dry shriveled leaves of ficuses can be ampelous. Leaves may turn yellow for natural reasons - this process may affect the lower leaves. This may be due to the redirection of vital juices to young foliage. If the leaves turn yellow massively, then the problem lies elsewhere. Read more about the problem in this article.

home care, photo, types, transplant, flower diseases

Earlier in Soviet Russia, ficuses were a sign of the bourgeoisie. Now this plant is treated quite differently. In Asian countries, where the ficus comes from, they attach special importance to it. For example, if you give a ficus in China, it means that by default you wish the owner long life and prosperity. In Thailand, ficus is a symbol of the state capital. And in Sri Lanka there is a 150-year-old ficus, which is revered almost like a deity.

Oriental signs also say: if you give a ficus to a childless couple, and it will take root well and begin to grow rapidly, then a long-awaited baby will soon appear in the house.

- When buying Benjamin's ficus, remember - it is small and compact only for the first 5 - 7 years, - warns the chairman of the club "Flowers of Moscow" Tatyana Zhashkova. - My ficus is already more than 20 years old, and it has already become a powerful, sprawling tree with a voluminous trunk and a crown to the very ceiling. So be prepared for the fact that over time your pet may require much more space.

Varieties of Ficus Benjamina

Ficus benjamina is valued for its beautiful leaves – in species plants they are dark green, oval, 5–12 cm long and 2–5 cm wide (1). There are a lot of varieties of this ficus, which is not surprising - this plant is very popular with flower growers. And breeders, trying to please requests, brought out very interesting options:

  • Anastasia (Anastasia) - with green leaves decorated with a light green border;
  • Barok - a small-leaved variety with leaves twisted into a tube;
  • Buklee - with leaves slightly curled inwards;
  • Wiandi is a small-leaved cultivar with green leaves and a crooked trunk, making the plant look like a bonsai;
  • Golden King - it has green leaves with a bright yellow stripe along the edge;
  • Golden Monique - with light green-golden leaves, strongly corrugated along the edge, and dark green strokes along the central vein;
  • Curly slow growing variety with heavily deformed leaves mostly white;
  • Monique - with green corrugated leaves;
  • Naomi (Naomi) - with dark green leaves, slightly wavy along the edge;
  • Naomi Gold - its young leaves are light green with dark strokes in the middle, but with age they turn green;
  • Samantha - with grayish-green leaves with a thin white stripe along the edge;
  • Safari (Safari) - small-leaved variety with green leaves, decorated with cream specks;
  • Starlight - with mostly white leaves, very beautiful, but whimsical: at the slightest disturbance of care, its leaves crumble.
Lighting Bright ambient light
Temperature 0354
Watering Moderate-the soil is not allowed and waterlogging
Air humidity It is advisable to spray 2 to week
3 MEDERAL PRODUCATIONS for decoration soddy soil, sand, leaf humus
Top dressing April-September - 1 time in 2 weeks with complex fertilizer for decorative leafy crops or especially for ficuses, October-March - 1 time in 1.5 months with the same fertilizers
Transplant Young, up to 7 years - annually, in March-April, adults - 1 time in 3-4 years does not bloom
period of rest October-March
Distribution CHICS, seizures
PARTICALS, mORTITIONS STRITITION0354
Diseases Root rot, anthracnose, cercospora
Ficus Benjamin Starlight. Photo: commons.wikimedia.org

Caring for Benjamin's ficus at home

Benjamin's ficus is generally unpretentious, but sensitive to serious violations of agricultural technology. And most often rare varieties are capricious.

Soil

Soil for Ficus Benjamin should be fertile, moisture-absorbing and breathable. You can buy soil for decorative leafy plants in the store, but it is useful to add soddy soil, sand, and leaf humus to it.

Temperature

Ficus Benjamin is thermophilic - in summer it needs a temperature of 22 - 28 °C, in winter a little lower - 12 - 16 °C (2). If it gets colder, the plant will shed its leaves. And he can't stand drafts.

Light

This plant needs indirect light. Direct sunlight is contraindicated for him, so he has no place on the southern and eastern windowsills. On these cardinal points, it is better to put it on the floor near the window. And on the western and northern windows, it may well grow on the windowsill.

But this applies to varieties with green leaves. If the leaves of your ficus are decorated with white strokes, spots or a neat border, then this plant needs more light to keep the color. But still, avoid direct sunlight so as not to burn the plant.

Humidity

Ficus Benjamin categorically does not tolerate both drought and overflow. If there is not enough moisture, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off rapidly. And if there is frequent stagnation of moisture in the pan, then the plant begins to hurt - the roots rot. Therefore, half an hour after watering, excess water is poured out of the pan.

Photo: pixabay.com

In winter, when the batteries are running, you need to spray the plant more often than in summer. You can put a container of water next to the pot if there is no humidifier. But in winter you can water less often - once a week or even one and a half.

Fertilizers and top dressings

In summer, Benjamin's ficus is fed once every 2 weeks with a complex fertilizer for decorative and deciduous crops or especially for ficuses. In winter, top dressing is also needed, but much less often - 1 time in 6 - 7 weeks.

Pruning

Ficus grows quickly, young shoots are very flexible. And if they are not shortened in time, the plant will stretch excessively in length. Therefore, you need to trim it regularly. Moreover, the younger the tree, the better. It will be much more difficult to shape the grown stiff giant.

Pruning is done in the spring, at the end of March - beginning of April. Moreover, they act with ficus, as with trees in the country - they shorten excessively long branches, cut out branches directed inside the crown. In the summer, prune or pinch shoots that are out of the overall neat picture. Pruning and pinching stops at the end of September in order to preserve the nutrients in the branches and leaves.

To prevent fungal diseases, sections can be sprinkled with activated charcoal or covered with garden pitch.

Propagating Ficus Benjamin at home

There are two ways to propagate Ficus Benjamin at home and neither of them can be called easy.

Cuttings. It is not necessary to cut only the top for this. Side rails will work too. But it is important to take into account a few nuances:

  • the plant must be mature;
  • the base of the future seedling should be semi-lignified, that is, still flexible, but no longer green (green cuttings will not take root, but simply die), however, if only lignified branches are available, then there is also a chance with them;
  • The stalk should have 4 to 6 unfolded leaves.

The milky juice on the cut must be washed well or removed with a tissue, the lower leaves can also be removed.

If only lignified branches are available, carefully cut the base into several pieces with a sharp knife. To prevent the cuts from touching, a match can be laid between them. Thus, we, as it were, form future roots and stimulate root formation.

The cuttings should then be placed in water or planted in a light seedling substrate or perlite. If planting cuttings in the soil, arrange something like a greenhouse, covering the top with either a plastic bag or a tall plastic cup or a cut plastic bottle.

If the apartment is warm enough (not lower than 20 °C), roots will form in 2-3 weeks. When they become strong (after another couple of weeks), you can transplant the stalk to a permanent place in a pot. The first couple of weeks you can still continue the greenhouse effect, covering the seedling, then remove it and send it to the "adult" swimming.

Layers. This option is suitable for an old adult plant that is reluctant to form young shoots, but everything is covered with mature lignified shoots.

Carefully, being careful not to touch the wood, make a ring-shaped incision in the bark of one of the shoots, carefully peeling off the top layer. Treat the exposed plant tissue with a growth stimulator and wrap it with wet sphagnum or a mixture based on it. Carefully fix the structure with a film, firmly fixing the edges with wire or tape.

After some time, the formed roots will become visible through the film. It must be carefully cut below the roots and planted in the usual way. The cut site on an adult plant must be treated with activated charcoal or garden pitch.

Benjamin's ficus transplant at home

The younger the ficus, the more often it needs to be transplanted, because the roots grow as rapidly as the branches. It is advisable to transplant young plants (up to 7 years old) every year by transshipment into a slightly larger pot (approximately 2–3 cm larger in diameter, since the roots are actively growing).

Photo: pixabay.com

Older plants are transplanted once every 2-3 years, or even less often. Make sure that the roots do not show up from the drainage hole - this will be a sign that the pot for your ficus is already too small.

If the plant is over 12 years old, instead of transplanting, you can simply replace the layer of top substrate.

Ficus Benjamin Diseases

This type of ficus is susceptible to diseases, so it is important to recognize them as early as possible in order to start timely treatment.

Root rot. If the roots of a ficus are rotten, the leaves very quickly begin to turn yellow, then darken and fall off. And the cause of this disease is usually waterlogging of the soil.

Root rot can only be treated in the early stages. It is necessary to take out the affected plant, cut off all rotten roots, wash the roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, dry them, and then plant them in a new pot with fresh soil.

In case of severe damage, the plant cannot be saved. But you can cut cuttings from it and try to root them.

Anthracnose. Signs of this fungal disease are brown spots on the leaves. Gradually, they grow and become like ulcers. Leaves fall. With severe damage, the plant dies.

Phytosporin or Alirin are suitable drugs for the treatment of this disease (3).

Cercosporosis. This is also a fungal disease, and its first symptoms appear on the underside of the leaves - these are black dots. In a diseased plant, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off, which can lead to its death.

This disease can be cured with the same drugs that are used to treat anthracnose - Fitosporin and Alirin (3).

Benjamin's ficus pests

Most often, Benjamin's ficus is affected by scale insects, mealybugs and spider mites. You can get rid of them with the help of one drug - Aktellika (3). But in the case of a scale insect or in case of mass infection with other pests, several treatments will be required.

Popular questions and answers

We talked to agronomist-breeder Svetlana Mikhailova about the problems in growing ficus Benjamin.

Where is the homeland of the ficus Benjamin?

This ficus has a rather extensive habitat. It grows in the tropical regions of Asia - in India, China, Indonesia, the Philippines and northern Australia.

How to choose Benjamin ficus?

The main thing is that the plant is healthy - without spots on the leaves and bare shoots, which may indicate leaf fall. If possible, remove the plant from the pot and inspect the roots - they should be healthy, without rot.

And remember that varieties with unusual leaf color are more whimsical, they often do not forgive mistakes in care.

Why do ficus benjamin leaves fall?

The main causes are lack of light, lack of moisture or, on the contrary, excessive watering, drafts, diseases and pests. To cope with the problem, you need to adjust the care or treat the plant.

Why do ficus Benjamin's leaves turn yellow?

The reasons are the same as those that cause leaf fall - improper watering, an unfortunate place where ficus grows (it may not have enough light), drafts, diseases and pests. To prevent this from happening, it is important to find a suitable place for the ficus, follow the recommendations for care and treat in time.

Sources

  1. Visyashcheva L.V., Sokolova T.A. Industrial floriculture. Textbook for technical schools // M.

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