How long does it take a pear tree to grow

Growing pears in the home garden

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Quick facts

  • Pears are related to apples, but can be easier to grow than apples.
  • Two varieties are generally needed for successful pollination and fruit set.
  • They can be grown organically in Minnesota.
  • Pear trees require full sun to produce the most fruit.
  • Prune annually to keep the tree healthy, productive and looking its best.
  • It can take 3 to 10 years for trees to begin flowering and producing fruit.
  • Mature pear trees are large and produce a lot of fruit in a short window of time.
  • Fruit should be picked at a mature stage and then allowed to ripen indoors.

Pear trees originated in central Asia. They are relatives of the apple and are propagated and managed in a very similar way. But pears are in some ways easier to grow than apples. Apples can be pestered by many insects and diseases, but pears are relatively trouble-free.

Pear trees can be grown organically simply because they don't require any sprays to keep them healthy and pest-free. Fireblight is the only disease that challenges pear trees, but this is easy to diagnose and manage.

Commercial pear production in the U. S. is centered in Washington and California, where varieties such as Bartlett and Bosc are grown. Those varieties would not survive winters in the average Minnesota garden.

Thanks to cold climate fruit breeders at the University of Minnesota and other northern research stations, there are several varieties that are hardy to our region. Most are best suited to USDA zone 4, but there are a couple varieties that will grow well in USDA zone 3.

If you want consistent fruit it is best to plant two pear varieties with compatible pollen or be certain there is a pear tree in a neighbor's yard. If you're a fan of pears, find an open space in your yard for a couple of these beautiful trees and you'll have fruit for years to come.

Getting started

Select the right tree for your location and use these step-by-step instructions to plant and care for your young trees.


Pear varieties recommended for northern gardens

Variety Hardiness to zones 4 and 3 Fireblight resistance Harvest Description
Golden Spice (1949) Excellent to very good Very resistant Late August Recommended as a pollen source for Ure. Small 1 3/4 inch fruit. Not recommended for zone 4 where other, better flavored varieties grow well. Grows to 20 feet tall. Good for canning.
Gourmet Very good to poor Tolerant Mid to late September Medium-sized fruit that are juicy and sweet with a firm, crisp texture. Cannot be used to pollinate a second pear tree.
Juicy Jewel (2021) Very good in Zone 4, not recommended for Zone 3 Mid-August Best for fresh eating. Asian-type pear. Fruit is attractive with an occasional orange-pink blush. Should be picked ripe, while crisp and with a yellow-green background color. May be used as a pollinator for Summercrisp and vice versa. Available by 2022 or 2023.
Luscious Very good to poor Tolerant Mid to late September Medium-small fruits with a flavor similar to Bartlett. Texture is firm but melting. Cannot be used as a pollen source for another tree.
Parker (1934) Good to poor Susceptible Mid August Fruit similar in size, flavor and texture to Bartlett. May set some fruit without a second variety. Good pollenizer for Luscious. May not be hardy north of the Twin Cities.
Patten Very good to poor Susceptible Mid to late September Large fruit has excellent fresh eating quality, similar to Bartlett. Hardiness is slightly better than Parker. May produce some fruit without a second variety.
Summercrisp (1985) Very good to poor Resistant Mid August Medium-sized, red-blushed fruit with mild flavor and crisp texture strongly reminiscent of an Asian pear.
Ure Very good to good Susceptible Mid August Smaller tree (to 15 feet) produces small Bartlett-type fruit with good flavor. In areas too cold for other pear varieties, Ure can be grown with Golden Spice for pollen.

How to keep your pear trees healthy and productive

Watering, weeding, mulching and pruning will keep your pear trees healthy for years to come.


Diseases, insects and other challenges

Fireblight is the major disease of pears in Minnesota.  

In other areas of the U.S., pear trees are susceptible to a number of insect problems. Because these trees are not common in Minnesota, insect problems are usually not severe for home gardeners.

As more people add pears to their gardens, this may change. But for now, promptly removing and destroying fallen fruit and leaves, and pruning to promote good airflow through the tree are all that is normally needed to grow a satisfying crop in most years.


Emily E. Hoover, Extension horticulturalist; Emily S. Tepe, horticulture researcher and Doug Foulk

Reviewed in 2018

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When Do Pear Trees Begin To Produce Fruit?

Like many orchard fruit trees, pear trees may take a bit of time before they start to produce that fruit you want. However, the great thing about pear trees is that they’re often easier to take care of than many other fruit trees. If you know how to take care of your pear trees, and when the perfect time to harvest from them is, you can enjoy a huge bounty of these delicious fruits for a long time into the future. Perhaps you’re wondering, “When do pear trees begin to bear fruit?” There’s a little more to the question than simply giving you a time frame.

Like all fruit-bearing trees, pear trees bear their fruit according to a wide variety of different factors. In this article, we’ll go over some of the most important things to keep in mind when you’re waiting for your pear tree to bear its fruit, especially for the first time. Plant Me Green wants you to have all the information you could need regarding these beautiful trees and how to take care of them.

What Time of Year Do Pear Trees Bear Fruit?

While there are many factors that can affect exactly when your pear tree bears its fruit, almost all varieties of pear trees produce fruit in the same time frame. Your location and climate will also affect the timing, but you can expect any variety of pear tree to produce fruit somewhere between the middle of the summer and the middle of autumn. Some pear trees will produce fruit as early as the month of July, but there are some varieties that will take longer and won’t produce fruit until October. It’s important to know approximately when your variety of pear tree will bear its fruit, as you don’t want to wait too long to harvest from them once they do.

Factors Affecting Your Pear Tree’s Harvest

If you want to know when pear trees begin to bear fruit, you need to understand the multiple different determining factors that affect a tree’s ability to produce. Some of the more important factors to consider are your tree’s age, the specific variety of pear it grows, the surrounding climate and weather, and whether or not it’s able to pollinate properly. We’ll dive a little deeper into some of these factors so you can get a better idea of what’s going on with your tree as it matures and starts to bear fruit.

Tree Age

Pear trees need a few years before they can start to bear fruit properly. Usually, a pear tree will begin to bear fruit somewhere between 3 and 7 years of age, depending on its size and variety. Pear tree saplings that you buy from nurseries such as ours are usually already 1 to 2 years old when you buy them. If you want to plant a new pear tree from a pear seed, you may need to wait up to 10 years before it starts to bear fruit, if it ever actually does.

Pear Tree Variety

If you’re new to growing your own fruit, it’s important to know which variety of pear your tree produces. While you may not see as wide a variety of them in your local supermarket, there are many different varieties of pears, just like the many varieties of apples you normally see at the store. Each variety has a slightly different time of the year when you want to harvest them. For example, the Hood variety of pear tree we sell here at Plant Me Green usually bears its fruit earlier in the year, around the middle of July. On the other hand, Baldwin pear trees bear fruit a little bit later, usually between August and September. The better you understand your pear variety, the better your fruit yield will be.

Pear Blossom Pollination

Pollination is a necessary element for your trees to bear fruit. Most pear varieties can’t pollinate with the same variety that they are. This means that you can’t expect pollination from two pear trees that are of the same variety. Proper pollination of these kinds of pear trees requires two different varieties of pears to be close to each other. There are some pear varieties that are self-fertile, but you can’t use these trees to pollinate other varieties of pears. Also, be wary of certain pear varieties that simply aren’t compatible—for example, Bartlett and Seckel varieties are incompatible with one another and won’t pollinate each other.

Chilling Hours

If you want your pear trees to blossom as they should when spring comes around, they need to enter a dormant state during the winter months. Different cultivars require different numbers of chilling hours to stimulate blossom growth when the weather starts to warm back up. Typically for pear trees, you’ll need them to have somewhere between 200 and 1,000 chilling hours for proper blossoming, depending on the variety.

Weather Conditions

The weather plays a big role in the development of your pear tree’s fruit. A winter that’s too mild will draw out the blossoming stage and possibly even stunt their growth. A spring that doesn’t get warm enough can also make it so that fruit can’t grow properly. Pear trees need a lot of sun, and you’ll need to make sure you water them very deeply.

How To Harvest Your Pears

Unless you grow Asian varieties, pears don’t ripen fully when they are on the tree. Pears need to be picked from the tree while they are mature but still hard to the touch. Waiting too long to pick the fruit will cause them to get mushy or grainy, the kind of texture that isn’t pleasant for anyone. You’ll know when they are ready to pick when you can snap them off the tree without too much effort. You can chill pears after picking them, but to ripen them fully, keep them at room temperature.

If you want to buy a pear tree for your home that you can enjoy for many years to come, Plant Me Green can help you find the perfect one for you. Check out our different varieties in our store to find one that will work best for your climate so you can get started growing right away.

Tags: Pear Trees

How many times a pear bears fruit: the lifespan of a fruit tree

The lifespan depends on the conditions in the garden.


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    • How many times does a pear bear fruit
    • Conclusion

    What determines the life of a tree

    There are a number of factors that determine the life of a fruit tree. These include:

    • grade;
    • soil type;
    • correct fit;
    • climate features;
    • sufficient nutrition and moisture;
    • place of growth.

    Long-lived tree

    The pear tree is considered one of the long-lived trees. The age of a pear can be 120-150 years. The maximum recorded age of culture is 200 years. But such indicators are achieved only in wild pear, which, near such an honorable age, has maximum fruiting.

    Wild pears are long-lived trees.

    Dependence on rootstock

    Seed trees live longer than grafted ones. But most often these are tall, large trees that come into fruiting late.

    Productive period

    There are concepts of maximum age, but there are concepts of productive age. This is the period in which the pear tree bears fruit as fruitfully as possible. These data are directly dependent on the rootstock.

    A pear can continue to grow in the garden for a long time, but still not bear fruit. Then the whole point of growing will be lost. In fact, a large tree will remain in the garden, creating a shadow and taking up space.

    Vigorous rootstock

    Trees on a vigorous rootstock begin to bear fruit only 6-8 years after planting. Then the fruitful period, that is, the period of maximum fruiting, reaches from 25 to 35 years. And the life span of a tree reaches 60 years maximum.

    Medium-sized rootstock

    Pears on a medium-sized rootstock begin to bear fruit 3 to 5 years after planting, and the productive period is about 20 years. At the same time, the tree itself can grow only 50 years.

    Low-growing rootstock

    This compact-sized tree begins to bear fruit already in the third year. At the same time, the productive age is up to 15 years, and the life span is up to 20 years. This rootstock is preferred by gardeners for the successful combination of abundant fruiting and compact size.


    These crops bear fruit early, some even in the first year. But their lifespan also ends at 12-15 years. Of course, they continue to grow further and please the eye, but you can no longer get fruits from them.

    Harvest columns.

    How to increase the life of a tree

    In order for a tree to bear fruit well, a number of measures must be observed.

    1. A tree spends a lot of energy on fruiting, so you need to feed it regularly.
    2. Timely pruning will help keep the tree healthy and rejuvenated.
    3. It is necessary to fight tree diseases, take care of the condition of the trunk, treat cracks and frost holes.
    4. Tree ring care, undergrowth removal and soil improvement.
    5. Prevention of diseases that can provoke infection.

    But it is worth understanding that the main thing in the life of a pear is its correct fit, which must be approached with all responsibility.

    How many times does a pear bear fruit

    From the beginning of fruiting, it makes sense to wait for the harvest every year. Unless the varietal features are cyclical. You can learn about this only when you get acquainted with the characteristics and features of the variety.

    Annual yield is a varietal feature.


    The life span and fruiting of a pear depends on many factors. The main thing is its variety and size, as well as proper tree care. In good conditions, a pear tree can please several generations of gardeners with its fruits.


    Q&A Weight per pear: maximum and minimum values ​​


    Q&A0000 when it blooms and how long it grows before fruiting

    Sergey Fedorovich is an amateur gardener.

    Sergey Fedorovich, good afternoon! What, in your opinion, affects the fruiting of a pear the most?

    Hello! The start of fruiting is the precocity of the tree. It is different for different varieties. But there are a number of factors on which the speed of fruiting depends.

    The right place and timing of planting The pear requires a warm, sunny place, away from groundwater and at a distance from other plants.
    Selection of varieties for placement in climatic conditions Thus, heat-loving varieties will not bear fruit in cold climates. This seems to be understandable, but many neglect such a simple rule.
    The size of the tree itself The culture first increases the root mass and vegetative system, then it gains strength for fruiting. So, low-growing varieties begin to bear fruit earlier.
    Varieties Some pears can start fruiting even at 10 years old. It depends on the characteristics of the variety. Earlier, trees grafted onto quince come into fruition.
    Presence of plants on the site that serve as pollinators These may be other pears or apple trees. In the presence of pollination, pears can form ovaries and bear fruit.

    The first thing that affects the beginning of fruiting is the pear variety.

    And how to understand when to expect fruits from this or that tree?

    In order to get some bearings in this matter, it is necessary to understand the scheme of the beginning of fruiting depending on the size of the tree:

    • columns begin to bear fruit for 2-3 years;
    • short and dwarf for 3-4 years;
    • tall ones can bear fruit from the age of 6;
    • Ussuri pears bear fruit only after 15 years.

    But it happens that a tree seems to start bearing fruit, but after some time or even the next year it stops. Why?

    It should be understood that the appearance of the first fruits on the tree does not mean at all that now they will be harvested regularly. Under good conditions, pear trees will delight in the harvest.

    But some varieties are prone to periodicity of fruiting. This means that in some years the culture will rest and set a minimum of fruit.

    Are there any other factors that negatively affect the amount of fruit on a pear tree?

    There are a number of reasons why a mature tree that has already produced a crop has stopped bearing fruit.

    1. Infested or sick.

      The plant often suffers from carelessness of people.

    2. Affected by cutting too much.
    3. Frozen over the winter.
    4. Received an excess of nitrogen fertilizers, which provoke the growth of vegetative parts.
    5. Did not receive enough mineral elements.
    6. Crown too dense.

    To summarize, how do you see what are the main reasons for the lack of fruit?

    There are several of them: too young age, incorrect fit, tendency to periodicity. And of course, the most important factor is people - our oversight.

    What do you mean by oversight?

    In order for a tree to fully develop and bear fruit, it must be properly looked after. These include:

    • timely pruning;
    • normalized dressings;
    • winter insulation;
    • protection against pests and diseases.

    Is it possible to speed up the process of pear fruiting?

    There are measures that will help make the tree bear fruit faster.

    1. The furrowing of the bark is suitable for a young pear.
    2. Mature crops respond favorably to branch bending.
    3. Some shoots can be wrapped with a fruit belt, a kind of tourniquet that will retain the juices and stimulate the appearance of buds.
    4. Retardant - a solution that replaces the development of branches by stimulating fruiting.

    Can you advise our readers on pears that are characterized by precocity?

    Columnar pear varieties are among the first to bear fruit.

    Learn more