How long does it take for a feijoa tree to fruit


How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Feijoa Pineapple Guava

Young pineapple guava fruit

Feijo, also called pineapple guava, is a small oval fruit with smooth, gray-green skin and creamy white flesh that is juicy and pearlike. The flavor of feijoa is sweet and reminiscent of pineapple, pear, and banana.

Feijo fruit resembles unripe medium-size guava from a distance. The fruit is 2½ inches long and 2 inches in diameter

Feijo can be peeled and sliced and added to fruit salads or used in preserves, jellies, sorbets, and mousses.

The botanical name for feijoa is Feijoa sellowiana (Acca sellowiana). The plant is a medium-size, slow-growing, evergreen shrub, never more than 15 feet tall. Feijo can be trained as a small tree. Feijo is native to South America and is grown widely in California and the South Pacific.

Here is your complete guide for growing feijo pineapple guava

Best Climate and Site for Growing Feijo
  • Feijoas grow best where average summer temperatures range between 80° and 90° Feijos can withstand temperatures as low as 15°F. Flower and fruit production requires 50 chilling hours each year, that is temperatures of 43°F or less.
  • Plant feijoa in full sun; plants can tolerate partial shade.
  • Plant feijoas in compost-rich, loamy soil that is well-drained.
  • Feijoas grow best with a soil pH between 5.5 and 7.0.
  • Avoid planting feijoas in low spots were cold air or frost can settle. Spring blossoms and fall fruit can be harmed by frost.
Pineapple guava fruit

Planting Feijo
  • Plant container-grown feijoa in spring or early summer before hot, dry weather comes. Feijo also can be planted in the fall.
  • Prepare a planting site in full sun that is sheltered from a prevailing breeze or wind.
  • Work well-rotted compost or manure into the soil.
  • Dig a hole half again as deep and twice as wide as the plant’s roots. Add a cupful of all-purpose fertilizer to the bottom of the hole.
  • Set the plant in the hole so that the soil mark from the nursery pot on the stem is at the surface level of the surrounding soil. Spread the roots out in all directions.
  • Re-fill the hole with half native soil and half aged compost or commercial organic planting mix; firm in the soil so that there are no air pockets among the roots. Water in the soil and create a modest soil basin around the plant to hold water at watering time.
  • After planting, water each tree thoroughly and fertilize with a high-phosphorus liquid starter fertilizer.

Spacing Feijoa
  • Feijoas can grow to 15 feet tall and wide but are commonly smaller.
  • Feijoas can be planted close together as a hedge or trained to a single trunk as a small tree.
  • Space plants 10 to 15 feet apart.

Container Growing Feijoa
  • Feijoas can be grown in containers. Choose a container 24 inches wide and deep. Repot feijoas every year or two to avoid roots becoming crowded.

Feijoa Pollination
  • Feijoas are pollinated by bees and birds that visit the flowers.
  • Flowers can also be hand pollinated.
  • Plant feijoas close together to ensure cross-pollination; poor fruit set is the result of inadequate pollination.

Feijo Care, Nutrients, and Water
  • Keep feijoas well-watered; lack of water can cause fruit drop. Water deeply regularly.
  • Mulch around plant with aged compost to protect shallow roots and slow soil moisture evaporation.
  • Feed feijoa a balanced 10-10-10 all-purpose fertilizer once every two months.

Pruning and Thinning Feijoa
  • Feijoas will benefit from light maintenance pruning each year. Remove dead, broken, and diseased branches.
  • Thin crowded interior growth to allow sunlight to reach developing and ripening fruit. Thinning also makes fruit harvest easier.
  • Feijoas grown as a hedge can be sheared, but fruit production will be reduced.

Harvest and Storing Feijoa
  • Feijoas bear fruit 3 to 5 years after germination.
  • Fruits are ripe and ready for harvest 4½ to 6 months after flowering usually in late summer into early winter.
  • Fruits do not make a significant color change as they mature and ripen; harvest fruits by giving the plant a shake; ripe fruits will drop to the ground. Spread a tarp or sheet on the ground to catch ripe fruit. Give plants a shake every few days to gather newly ripened fruit.
  • Ripe fruit is fragrant and gives slightly to gentle pressure. The unripe fruit is firm.
  • Ripe feijoa fruit will keep in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for about one week.
  • Unripe fruit will ripen at room temperature.
  • Peeled fruit should be dipped in water with lemon juice to keep the flesh from turning brown.
  • Feijoas can be eaten fresh in deserts and salads; they can also be cooked.

Propagating Feijoa
  • Feijo is easily grown from seed. Separate seeds from the pulp. Dry seeds before sowing.
  • Feijo can be propagated by softwood cuttings. Dip cutting in a rooting hormone before planting.

Feijoa Problems and Control
  • Feijo is generally pest and disease-resistant.
  • Birds may feed on ripe fruit. Bird netting will exclude birds.
  • Black scale may attack stems and branches. Smother scale with horticultural oil.

Fall and Winter Feijoa Care
  • Feijo is an evergreen plant. Thin and prune plants following harvest.

Feijoa Varieties to Grow

There are numerous named cultivars of feijoa. Here are six that have excellent flavor.

  • ‘Apollo’: medium to large oval fruit; smooth light-green with blue skin; slightly gritty pulp; pleasant to excellent flavor.
  • ‘Edenvale Improved Coolidge’: large, oblong fruit; excellent flavor; ripens in autumn; slow-growing tree; self-fruitful; grows best in cool, coastal areas.
  • ‘Edenvale Late’: medium size, oblong fruit; excellent flavor and quality; ripens in winter; slow-growing tree; self-fruitful; grows best in cool, coastal areas.
  • ‘Edenvale Supreme’: medium-sized, oblong fruit; excellent flavor and quality; ripens in late autumn; slow-growing tree; self-fruitful.
  • ‘Gemini’: small to medium, egg-shaped fruit; smooth, thin, dark green skin; flavor and texture excellent; fruit ripens in early autumn; the tree grows to 8 feet; self-fruitful.
  • ‘Triumph’: short, oval, plump fruit; uneven skin; gritty flesh; excellent flavor; ripens late autumn; bears heavily if pollinated.

Also of interest:

How to Grow Citrus

How to Grow Pears

How to Grow Loquats

All About Feijoas - growing, harvesting + recipes

Hooray, it’s feijoa season! Perfumed green fruits like no other, and the final harvest of our autumn. Here’s a few tips for growing, harvesting and eating them, including our favourite recipes.

The feijoa is a smallish, evergreen tree that hails from Brazil. It produces stacks of beautiful (and tasty) pink flowers in spring, which are followed by pendulous, egg-sized green fruit in late autumn – which drop to the ground when ripe. And they are dee-licious. If you can get your hands on some, we highly recommend doing so.

When feijoa trees crop, they do it properly. The fruit will be literally everywhere, dropping underneath the tree and rolling off under nearby shrubs. Which is why having a few recipes and methods for preserving them up your sleeve is a fine idea, if you have a feijoa tree about.

No space to grow? No problem. Learn to recognise the leaf, fruit and flower shapes of feijoas, and keep your eyes out for likely trees as you walk around your neighbourhood. We have found feijoas in every city and town we’ve lived in, many of them big old things in frontyards with no-one picking up the fruit (until we came along). So learn your leaf shapes, that the food may find you.

The feijoa is a hardy customer which has spread all over the world from its native Brazil, due to its attractiveness as a hedge tree, and also for its flowers and fruit. Feijoas will grow in sub-tropical to cool temperate climates, though for the fruit to set properly, a minimum of 50 chill hours is considered necessary for most cultivars.

Like many other kinds of fruit trees, feijoas can be grown from seed, but don’t grow true to type. So if it’s fruit you’re after, consider buying a named variety (there are quite a few), or get some cuttings from an established tree that’s fruiting well and propagate those.

Feijoas are a fairly easygoing customer when it comes to tree care – they like regular water and nutrients, but don’t need special attention. They will also tolerate a range of soil types, and should begin to fruit somewhere between 2-6 years of age (it depends on the cultivar apparently, and good care and attention will obviously help).

Pollination of feijoas can be tricky. Some cultivars are self-pollinating, and some are not-so-much, so need another tree to pollinate them. If you have a few feijoa trees which are not really fruiting (or not fruiting at all) buying another named variety from a nursery is considered a good strategy. Pruning to open up the canopy and to allow for more pollinators is also recommended.

In some places, bees are considered the primary pollinators of feijoas. However, where we live, the wattlebirds (and other small birds) have figured out how tasty the petals of the flowers are, so they’re forever eating them, getting feijoa pollen all over the tops of their heads, and then moving on to the next flower, inadvertently pollinating it in the process.

That title was just an excuse to say the word Fedge an extra time. But fedges are actually brilliant. A fedge, of course, is a Feijoa Hedge (or any type of fruit hedge). And a fedge is something that you should definitely plant, if you have space in your garden.

Planting a fedge is a great idea for a couple of reasons. Firstly, feijoa trees make a great windbreak when planted in this way, and are perfect for sheltering a veggie patch, chookyard, or playspace. Shelter with bonus fruit snacks!

Secondly, feijoas are fire-retardant. Which is a very good reason to grow a row of them near your house, and near anything else that needs protecting, especially on the side of prevailing summer winds or your fire sector (permaculture design can help you figure this out).

Thirdly, a fedge allows for great pollination, and helps centralise the ground area that you will creep across on a daily basis come feijoa harvest season, slowly attempting to fill your basket with green fruit which gets eaten as quickly as you can pick it up, if you have enough kids around.

This was one of the biggest discoveries of last spring, for me. Feijoa flower petals taste like sherbert! Yum. I think it was Hannah who clued me into this delightful secret. And now, no feijoa is safe from my family in spring. They taste a bit marshmallow-y too. Yum.

Of course, if you want feijoa fruits aplenty (and you do) – go easy on the petal predation. But a few plucked here and there – eaten straight up, or used to dress desserts, or to flavour water kefir – are a delightful addition to homegrown, early spring flavours at our place.

If you do know a feijoa tree that’s fruiting well, you’ll know that when feijoas fruit, they really, really fruit. You will have many. More than many.

Conveniently, feijoas fruit right at the end of our fruit season here in Victoria – in late autumn, from April until June. This is a time when the apples and pears are nearly done, we’ve eaten our fill of chestnuts, and we’ve thankfully just recovered from the end of tomato season. So we’re up for a bit more preserving (but only for you, feijoas) before autumn ends.

But how to tell when are they ripe? They’re so hardish and greenish…

Feijoas fall off the tree when ripe (generally speaking) so the easiest way to tell if they’re ripe is if they’re on the ground. They will also smell AMAZING when ripe – we’re talking pungent aromatic guava/pineapple/feijoa vibes. Apparently that smell is actually methyl benzoate, but whatever you call it, it’s good. And signifies that your feijoas are ready for the eating.

Feijoas will also be a little soft when ripe – not squishy, just a bit of give when you squeeze them. If they’re still rock hard, put the feijoas together in a bowl on your table for a day or two. You’ll get high from their lucious smell and before you know it they will be slightly squeezy. Proceed.

Feijoas can be eaten straight up, but the flavour of the skin is too strong for some. Other popular ways to get at them is to slice in half crosswise and then scoop out the flesh with a teaspoon, or slice into quarters and eat in segments.

The inside of a feijoa consists of slightly grainy flesh harbouring a goopy interior which contains the small seeds. Eat the whole thing, or the whole thing minus the skin if you prefer.

Strangely (and we’ve tested this extensively, if inadvertently) feijoas seem to be one of the few fruits which can be eaten until you are truly sick of them – without stomach ache or a scurrying off to the toilet. Good information to know, should you find yourself eating a bowlful of them with friends.

Feijoas won’t keep terribly long – 7 days at most – so are best eaten or preserved as you harvest them. They also make excellent barter with feijoa-starved folks nearby.

If you have too many feijoas, there’s lots of things you can do with them. Here are the two core things you need to know:

Firstly, do not dehydrate your feijoas in slices. Just don’t. Unless small, extremely hard, brown, grainy disks that no-one wants to eat are your thing.

Secondly (and it’s difficult not to shout this revelation) you DON’T need to peel feijoas if you are stewing or jamming them. Really, you don’t. Even if you prefer not to eat the skins when eating feijoas fresh, leaving the skins on for preserving is fine. More than fine, even – the skins add aroma and a robust taste that would otherwise diminish by cooking. This one tip can give you back literally hours of your life, if not days, by not having to scoop or skin all your feijoas before you proceed to preserve them. Hooray.

So. to the recipes.

Stewing

Most often, we preserve the feijoa harvest by stewing, then bottling. We slice them in quarters (taking off the flower end) and add to a big pot with a good splash of water, then heat slowly until they are lightly stewed. At this point we add sugar to taste (maybe 1 cup to 10 litres of stewed fruit? It varies with the season, and taste), stir it in, and then decant while hot into clean bottles with good metal lids, that we then waterbath for 30 minutes at 85ºc. We then use them year-round in cakes, on porridge, with yogurt, with pudding, with other cakes, or whenever feijoas are called for.

Jamming

The start of the feijoa harvest often lines up with the last of the figs here at Melliodora, so we make feijoa, fig and ginger jam. We’re more the ‘stick it all in a pot on the stove and stir slowly when we think it’s ready or we’re ready for bed, add sugar and then bottle it’ type jam makers, which I realise may not be very helpful if you are a beginner. Here is a good recipe to start off with.

Also, New Zealanders love their feijoas so here is a cache of feijoa jam and chutney recipes. Just disregard the instructions to peel them, if you wish to maintain your sanity. Also, leaving the skins on makes the resulting jam green, not brown. Green jam! Awesome.

Fermenting

  • Feijoas are perfect for flavouring water kefir
  • You can also follow a basic wild fermented fruit soda recipe with feijoas (do it!)
  • Wild fermented country wine – follow our recipe
  • Here’s a non-wild (but still looks good) Feijoa wine recipe

Drunken feijoas

Fruit liqueur, meet feijoas. We’re going to be good friends:

Fill a jar with quartered feijoas, and pour over enough 40% vodka to cover feijoas and fill jar. Label with the date and put under the stairs (or similar out of the way place). Come back in 2 months, and taste. At this point, we drain off the feijoa-flavoured vodka into a seperate bottle and add sugar or honey to taste, then label, store and sip with friends as required (it’s amazing with mineral water and a squeeze of lemon).

The drunken feijoas at this point get put back in their jar, mashed up, and then more vodka is poured over. In two months this mix is sieved and the vodka sweetened to taste.

And then there’s

  • Feijoa paste (think quince paste but not)
  • Feijoa, coconut and lemon cake
  • Feijoa doughnuts
  • Any banana cake recipe – substitute same amount of feijoas

Whew! What do you do with your feijoas? Any killer recipes or techniques that we should know about? We’d love to hear about them (we have a whole month left in feijoa-ville here, at time of writing)… thanks in advance!

  • Feijoa Fact sheet 
  • The feijoa feijoa website
  • NZ feijoa growers association

Cultivation of feijoa at home, as well as plant care features

What used to be exotic for us has already firmly entered our lives. Until relatively recently, the names of most tropical fruits were unknown to us, but now we can buy them in any supermarket. In addition, many plant lovers grow exotic trees at home, and even in their backyards. For example, a plant with an interesting name feijoa. It turns out that it can be grown in our climate, however, only indoors. We invite you to study the features of growing this tree and discuss what difficulties you may encounter in the process.

Contents

  • 1 Growing feijoa at home: to what extent is it possible?

  • 2 Breeding methods for feijoa at home

    • 2.1 Propagation by seed

    • 2.2 Video: home made feijoa seed

    • 2.3 Propagation by cuttings

    • 2.4 Propagation by root shoots

  • 3 Feijoa fruiting

  • 4 Plant care

    • 4.1 Suitable location

    • 4.2 Temperature and humidity

    • 4.3 Feijoa soil

    • 4.4 Top dressings and fertilizers

    • 4. 5 How to properly water feijoas

    • 4.6 Transplant rules

    • 4.7 Crown formation

    • 4.8 Diseases and pests and their control

  • 5 Video: how to grow feijoa at home

Growing feijoa at home: is it possible?

Feijoa was first discovered in Brazil in the 90th century. It is this country that is traditionally considered the birthplace of the plant, although it is found on the territory of almost all of Central and South America. Now feijoa is grown in Australia, in the Caucasus, in the southern regions of Europe. Under natural growing conditions, the plant can reach a height of you are 3–6 m, and its crown becomes very spreading.

Under natural conditions, feijoa can reach large sizes

Based on the above, feijoa belongs to tropical plants, which means it loves the sun, constant heat, high humidity and large spaces. It is this aspect that suggests that this exotic guest has no place in an apartment on the windowsill, and it is almost impossible to grow it at home, especially in order to obtain a fruit crop. However, experience shows that many flower growers are engaged in the cultivation of feijoa, and quite successfully. To do this, it is enough to provide the plant with all the conditions and observe agricultural technology, and this is not at all difficult.

Feijoa has several other names: Akka and pineapple grass. In addition to the decorative appearance and tasty, healthy fruits, the plant has another positive quality - luxurious flowering, which lasts from May to July. Feijoa flowers are very beautiful and have a subtle, unobtrusive pleasant aroma.

Feijoa flowers are very beautiful and smell nice

Growing a tropical beauty at home is not only possible, but also necessary. Feijoa will decorate the room with itself, and you will be provided with delicious berries full of vitamins and microelements.

Feijoa breeding methods at home

You can propagate an exotic plant in several ways:

  • seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • root shoots.

Each of them has its own characteristics, which must be taken into account by the future owner of an unusual tree.

Propagation from seeds

Experience shows that growing feijoa from seeds is the easiest way to propagate this plant. Its peculiarity is that the seeds must be taken fresh. Seeds that are more than a year old will not germinate.

For sowing it is better to take fresh seeds from a ripe fruit

Pay attention! For feijoa, the best planting time is winter (February) or summer (end of May - June). In the first case, the seeds germinate a month later, in the second - 3 weeks after sowing. To guarantee a harvest, it is better to grow several specimens at once, since not all plants bear fruit, but only self-pollinating ones.

  1. Take a feijoa fruit, ripe but not overripe, cut off the stalk with a sharp knife. Carefully remove the seeds from the pulp by squeezing them out with your hand or using a spoon for this.

    Feijoa fruit seeds are easy to take out with a spoon

  2. Prepare a pink solution of potassium permanganate and wash the seeds in it. After that, lay them out on a piece of paper or a piece of cloth and put them in a dark place for 3-5 days to dry.

    Dry seeds washed in potassium permanganate for several days

  3. Prepare the substrate by mixing 2 parts peat moss and leafy soil with 1 part coarse sand. Place the prepared soil in a wide, shallow plastic container with drainage holes pre-drilled in the bottom.
  4. Since feijoa seeds are very small, they are not buried in the ground, but scattered on the surface. From above they need to be crushed with a small amount of soil mixture. After planting, cover the container with glass or plastic wrap and place in a place well lit by the sun. The air temperature should be + 23- + 25 ° C.

    Cover the seed container with glass or a plastic cap to create a greenhouse effect

  5. The first watering of crops is carried out immediately after planting, then it should be watered 1-2 times a week, as the soil dries up. Glass or film provides a greenhouse effect, so that the required level of humidity is maintained in the container for a long time. Small seeds can wash out of the soil, so the best way to water is to spray the soil with a spray bottle.

    Watering is best done with a spray bottle so that the seeds do not wash out of the soil

  6. When 4 true leaves appear on the seedlings, they must be swooped down and planted in separate containers. To do this, it is better to take a heavier and more fertile soil by buying it in a specialized store.

    Seedlings should be transplanted into separate containers after 4 true leaves are formed on them

Video: home made feijoa seed

Propagation by cuttings

Feijoa propagation by cuttings is also simple. Thanks to him, you will get a new plant that will retain all the properties of the mother.

  1. Cuttings for planting should be harvested in autumn. To do this, cut off the branches from the middle semi-lignified part of the bush, remove all leaves from them, except for 1-2 at the very top. Place them in Kornevin's solution for 14–15 hours: this will help them take root faster.

    This chart will help you properly prepare your feijoa stalk for planting

  2. Prepare a nutrient substrate from equal parts of leafy soil and coarse river sand. Fill them with a shallow container, plant the cuttings, deepening them into the ground by 2/3 of the length. Water generously, sprinkle evenly on top with a little wood ash and place the container in a warm place with good light and a temperature of +25° C.
  3. Cover the cutting with a clear plastic cup of a suitable size to give the developing roots a greenhouse effect. Every day in the evening, remove the shelter for 15-20 minutes to ventilate the seedling and spray it.
  4. When the seedlings develop roots, transplant them along with the earthen clod into permanent pots filled with the same soil mixture.

    Feijoa cuttings can be transplanted to a permanent place as soon as they take root

Propagation by root shoots

This method is used during the transplantation of an already mature plant. When transferring the bush to a large container, you need to cut off a few roots and place them in pots with a nutrient substrate. Its composition should be the same as when propagated by cuttings. Install a greenhouse over the container and ensure daily ventilation and spraying in good light conditions at a temperature of +25 ° C. The roots will take root well and sprout.

Fruiting feijoa

In home cultivation, feijoa begins to bear fruit 5-6 years after planting. In this case, the plant must be self-pollinating - this is the main condition. When grown from cuttings, the ovary may form in the third or fourth year.

You can significantly increase your chances of a good harvest if you pollinate the flowers yourself. To do this, it is most convenient to use a thin brush for painting, transferring pollen from one bush to another. This procedure produces more large fruits than self-pollination.

Feijoa bears its first fruits in the 5th or 6th year of growth

As you can see, for good fruiting you will need at least two feijoa bushes. But if for some reason you don’t have such an opportunity, try growing domestic hybrid varieties, for example, Nikitsky fragrant, Crimean early, Akka Sellova (Zellova). They were bred specifically for our conditions, in which feijoa can only be grown in the house, and the size of the room does not always allow enough space for several large plants. From the experience of my friends I can say that these varieties grow and bear fruit quite successfully.

Feijoa berries are shaped like lemons 4-7 cm in size. Their slightly sour rich taste combines strawberries, kiwi and pineapple at the same time. The fruits ripen from October to December, and when fully ripe, they fall off the branches.

Feijoa fruit looks like lemons, but tastes like kiwi, strawberries and pineapple at the same time

In the natural environment, under favorable conditions, one plant can produce up to 30 kg of fruit. With home cultivation, of course, you don’t have to wait for such a crop, but you can count on 5 kg of fragrant juicy berries.

Feijoa fruits are not only tasty, but also very useful, because they contain a lot of elements necessary for our body:

  • vitamins, especially C;
  • pectin;
  • fiber;
  • sugar, acids, essential oils;
  • iodine.

By the way, there is a lot of iodine in berries, and what is characteristic, it is contained in water-soluble compounds that are easily absorbed by the body. Therefore, for an adult, 2 fruits are enough to provide the body with a daily norm of this substance. And one more good news: feijoa does not cause allergies, unlike many other exotic and southern fruits that are not characteristic of our latitudes, and therefore unusual for our organisms.

It is very important to know the maturity of the fruit. It can be identified by the appearance of the pulp. In a ripe fruit, it is transparent, a bit like jelly. The white color of the pulp indicates incomplete maturity, but these fruits will reach in a few days at home. Darkened pulp is a sign of overripeness, such fruits cannot be eaten.

Ripe feijoa fruit has a transparent but not dark flesh

Pay attention! Feijoa fruits have a very short shelf life. Without a refrigerator, they can only be stored for up to two weeks.

You can eat feijoa fresh or make jams, compotes, jams, marmalade and even wine or tincture.

By the way, there is an opinion that the most delicious and healthy fruits are feijoa growing near the sea. This is not surprising: in addition to the sun and heat, the plant receives a huge amount of minerals and nutrients that are rich in sea water and soil on the coast.

Care of the plant

Since feijoa is a tropical plant, it needs to be provided in the house as close to its native conditions as possible. This is not difficult, but you will have to take into account some features, otherwise the exotic guest will not please you with a harvest, and in some cases may die.

Suitable location

Above, we said that when growing seedlings, plantings need good sunlight. A rooted cutting or adult bush will need constant but diffused light. The best choice would be windows on the southwest or southeast side. If this is not possible, consider the following rules.

Growing feijoa trees need a well-lit, but not too hot place.

  1. When placing the plant pot on the south side, shade it slightly in the afternoon by placing a screen or a wide sheet of paper near the glass.
  2. If the pot is on the north side, feijoa will need additional highlighting with special phytolamps.

Illumination may be needed in autumn and winter. This will help prevent leaf fall.

Air temperature and humidity

Despite the fact that the feijoa is native to the tropics, the plant tolerates not only high temperatures (up to +30° C), but also low temperatures, down to negative values. And yet it is better if in winter the temperature does not exceed + 12 ° C, and in summer - + 20 ° C. If you ensure proper watering, then higher temperatures will not harm the plant.

During the summer, feijoa can be taken outside.

In summer, it is advisable to keep the feijoa pot outside or on an open balcony. In addition, the plant needs high humidity in the room, not lower than 80%. To do this, you will need to spray the bush abundantly every day from roots to leaves.

Spray feijoas regularly to ensure the plant receives adequate moisture.

Feijoa Soil

There are no special soil requirements for home feijoa cultivation. You can buy ready-made potting soil for flowering plants, such as azaleas, or you can make your own. For it you will need:

  • 1 part of leaf ground;
  • 1 piece turf;
  • 1 part humus;
  • some river sand;
  • some peat.

Mix all components thoroughly to make the mass homogeneous. Be sure to bake the soil mix in an oven at at least 150°C for about 15-20 minutes. This is necessary in order to get rid of the harmful bacteria contained in the soil.

At the bottom of the pot in which the feijoa will be planted, be sure to lay a layer of expanded clay or small pebbles for drainage.

Remember that feijoa, like many other plants, needs a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.

Feeding and Fertilizing

Feijoa especially need to be fed during the period of active growth and flowering. Nitrogen, potash and phosphorus fertilizers will be optimal for it. They need to be applied separately, with an interval of 2-3 weeks. Every time before top dressing, the plant must be properly watered.

You can make your own fertilizers for feijoas

Pay attention! The first time fertilizers are applied no earlier than 3 years after the plant is transplanted.

You can prepare all fertilizers yourself.

  1. Mullein is well suited for nitrogen fertilizer, which is diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10. It is enough to make 100 g of funds for each tree.
  2. After 2 weeks, apply a phosphate fertilizer to the soil. To prepare it, dissolve 1 teaspoon of superphosphate granules in 1 liter of boiling water. Wait until the solution cools down, and pour 1 liter of warm boiled water into it. For each tree, you need to add about 50 g of the solution.
  3. Wood ash can be used as a potash fertilizer. Dissolve one tablespoon of ash in 1 liter of water and infuse for a week. Pour the solution over the soil around the feijoa.

How to properly water your feijoa

Soil moisture is essential for plant health. In the hot season, you will have to water the feijoa often and abundantly, otherwise the roots may dry out. The consequence of this will be the dropping of leaves and the death of the plant.

The feijoa pot is best placed in a deep bowl. This is where excess water will drain through the drainage holes. It does not need to be drained, it will eventually be absorbed into the soil if necessary. Excessive watering can also harm the plant: poorly absorbing water roots can begin to rot.

Feijoa go into dormancy in winter. At this time, watering should be drastically reduced.

Use soft water at room temperature for watering. It is advisable to pre-filter or defend.

Rules for transplanting

In the first 3 years of life, the plant needs to be transplanted annually, and then only once every three years. The best time for the procedure is April or May. The soil is prepared in advance.

Transplantation is carried out by transferring the plant from one container to another, without damaging the earthen coma. In case of disease infection or noticeable root rot, all soil must be cleaned and damaged areas removed. Since feijoa branches are fragile and thin, be careful when transplanting.

Feijoas should be repotted every year for the first three years. Each new container should be 8-10 cm larger in diameter. It is not recommended to bury the roots too much during planting, as this will harm the healthy growth of the feijoa. Therefore, too large a pot is also not suitable.

Crown shaping

Because feijoa can grow to large sizes even in indoor growing conditions, it needs crown shaping. The first pinching is carried out when the seedling reaches a height of 15–20 cm. Thus, the growth point is removed at the very top of the young plant. Two buds will appear at the cut site, which will give side shoots. The branches that will appear from them over time also need to be pinched. Further, two more buds are formed at the places of cuts, after pruning - two more, and so on. Within 3-4 years, regularly pinching the shoots, you will form a beautiful compact crown.

Proper pruning and pinching will help you form a beautiful feijoa crown

Remember to remove elongated weak shoots and root shoots in a timely manner.

When the feijoa first begins to bloom, crown formation can be stopped. From now on, only preventive pruning of old, damaged and diseased branches will be required.

I have often come across the opinion that pinching and pruning interfere with feijoa fruiting. Allegedly, the ovary is formed only on young shoots, and cutting them to form a crown, we leave only old branches. I was not too lazy and turned to a friend who a few years ago became interested in growing this tree in her apartment. She has several specimens grown both from seeds and from cuttings, and she pinches half of them according to the scheme described above. So, some of them fruited last year, and they are 4 years old! She promised to treat me when the fruits ripen.

Diseases and pests and their control

Like any plant, feijoa can be susceptible to specific diseases or attack by harmful insects. The reason for this is most often violations of the conditions of detention, improper care or landing errors.

Feijoa are at risk of fungal infections in home-grown conditions. To destroy the fungus without harming the plant, use fungicidal preparations that can be purchased at flower shops. Remember to strictly follow the instructions on the package.

Fungicides will help you cope with fungal infections in case of feijoa infestation

Insect pests that are dangerous to feijoa are:

  • brown false scale;
  • red spider mite;
  • worm.

To prevent the appearance of the false shield or to prevent its reproduction at the first appearance, wipe the branches and leaves of the plant with a cotton swab dipped in soapy water. At the same time, be careful that the soap does not get on the soil.

If time has been lost and the false shield has become a problem for the plant, spray with a solution of Karbofos in the ratio of 5 g of the substance per 1 liter of water. processing will need to be done 2-3 times with an interval of a week.

The solution of Karbofos will help to get rid of the proliferating false shield.

Spider mite infects young feijoa shoots at low humidity in the room and insufficient watering. To completely get rid of this insect, it is enough to treat the leaves and branches once with a solution of Keltan in a ratio of 2 g of the substance per 1 liter of water. Please note that this treatment should be carried out on a cloudy day, as exposure to the drug and sunlight can lead to burns on the leaves.

Plants affected by the mite gradually wither

The mealybug very rarely harms feijoa. But if this happens, any broad-spectrum insecticide will help to cope with the pest.

The mealybug rarely attacks feijoa, but can cause irreparable damage. Most likely, the soil either dried up or was waterlogged for a long time.

Too intense sunlight causes burns in the form of yellow spots on the leaves. It is advisable to set the pot so that the leaves do not come into contact with the window glass: this also leads to burns. On the other hand, the lack of lighting leads to a significant deterioration in crop growth.

Video: how to grow feijoa at home

Feijoa fruits are not only tasty, but also healthy. Studies have shown that the substances contained in them prevent the emergence and development of cancer cells. Isn't this a reason to enrich your diet with an exotic berry? And this beautiful plant will decorate your room and saturate the air with a pleasant aroma during flowering. And as you can see, growing feijoa at home is not difficult. Maybe you have experience in caring for this interesting plant? Share with us in the comments, or ask your questions.

  • Author: Svetlana Grishkina