How long does it take for a fig tree to give fruit


When Does A Fig Tree Produce Fruit? (4 Things To Know) – greenupside

If you have newly planted fig trees in your yard, you may not have any fruit on the branches just yet.  If that is the case, you might be wondering when fig trees bear fruit and when to expect your first crop.

So, when does a fig tree produce fruit?  A fig tree bears fruit 3 to 4 years after planting. An immature tree may produce fruit that never ripens. Fig trees produce fruit as early as May and continue as late as the first frost (November in some areas). Some fig varieties produce fruit twice a year: once in spring or summer & once in fall.

Of course, it may take longer for your fig tree to produce fruit, depending on the variety.  There are also factors such as improper pruning, over fertilizing and environmental conditions that can delay fruit from forming.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at fig trees, when they bear fruit, and the factors that affect your harvest.   We’ll also look at some fig tree varieties you might want to try growing.

Let’s begin.

When Does A Fig Tree Produce Fruit?

A fig tree will bear fruit 3 to 4 years after planting, but this can vary a bit depending on variety and environmental conditions (more on this later).

Some fig trees bear fruit as early as May or June, and continue producing until the first frost of the season (as late as November in some areas).  It is also important to remember that some varieties of fig trees can produce fruit twice per year once they are mature.

The first harvest of figs is called the Breba crop, and it usually occurs in May or early June.  According to Rutgers, this early Breba crop of figs ripens on the previous year’s branches.

Sometimes, these early Breba figs are inedible, or they might have a poor flavor.

The second harvest of figs usually occurs in late September to early November.  This late crop of figs ripens on the current year’s branches.

Common fig trees, or ficus carica, are self-pollinating.  However, keep in mind that self-pollination does not mean guaranteed pollination (more on this later!)

The purple figs here are ripe, while the green and red ones are not quite ready yet.

Do Fig Trees Produce Fruit Every Year?

Fig trees do not produce fruit every year.  Most fig trees will need at least 3 to 4 years before they grow to maturity and start producing fruit that ripens fully.

Remember that many immature fig trees will produce fruit that never ripens. You will just have to wait until they mature in a few years to get ripe fruit!

Also, keep in mind that common problems such as frost injury, excessive heat, over pruning, and over fertilizing can further delay the production of fruit (sometimes by a year or more).

For example, Clemson University suggests that dry, hot weather can cause poor fruit on fig trees (avoid this by mulching and watering when the mulch or soil below it is dry).

If you plant a seed harvested from a fig tree, you may end up growing a tree that will never bear fruit.  To ensure fruit production on fig trees, buy established trees from nurseries such as Stark Brothers or Gurney’s.

For more information, check out my article on the difference between organic and heirloom seeds, and my article on the pros and cons of hybrid seeds.

To ensure fruit production on your fig tree, buy an established tree from a nursery.

How Much Fruit Does A Fig Tree Produce?

Generally, a mature fig tree that is 3 to 4 years old will produce 20 to 60 figs per tree in a year.  Assuming each fig weighs 1.4 ounces on average, you would expect 28 to 84 ounces or 1.75 to 5.25 pounds of figs per tree in a year.

Commercial growers expect much more from their fig trees. According to the Purdue University Extension, a tree in India can bear 180 to 360 figs per year, while growers in Venezuela get 13 to 18 pounds of figs per tree.

As the tree matures and grows larger, you can expect more figs over time.   However, keep in mind that if you buy a dwarf fig tree, the size of the tree will be much more limited, as will your harvest of figs.

A large, mature fig tree can produce hundreds of figs in a year. On the other hand, a small fig tree whose size is confined to a small container (pot) will produce fewer fruits.

The fruit on a fig tree can be yellow, yellow-green, purple, or brown, depending on the variety. Fig trees can grow up to 30 feet tall or higher and live up to 200 years, so you can definitely get your money’s worth in the long run by buying a fig tree!

Depending on the variety, mature figs can be yellow, yellow-green, purple, or brown.

What Kind Of Fig Tree Should I Buy?

When selecting a fig tree, make sure to choose one that you can grow in your climate!  For more information, check out the USDA Zone Hardiness Map to find out which zone you are in.

Here are some different varieties of fig trees that you might want to try.

  • Brown Turkey Fig – this tree grows in Zones 5 to 9, and produces small to medium brown fruit that matures in June.   Bears fruit in 1 to 2 years.  Can produce two harvests per year.  For more information, check out the Brown Turkey Fig on the Stark Brothers website.
  • Celeste Fig – this tree grows in Zones 6 to 9, and produces small to medium brown fruit that matures in July.  Bears fruit in 1 to 2 years.  For more information, check out the Celeste Fig on the Stark Brothers website.
  • Chicago Hardy Fig – this tree grows in Zones 5 to 10, and produces medium purple fruit that matures in July through first frost.  Bears fruit in 1 to 2 years.  Can produce two harvests per year.  For more information, check out the Chicago Hardy Fig on the Stark Brothers website.
  • Kadota Fig – this tree grows in Zones 7 to 9, and produces yellow-green fruit that matures in July through first frost.  Bears fruit in 1 to 2 years.  For more information, check out the Kadota Fig on the Stark Brothers website.
  • LSU Gold Fig – this tree grows in Zones 7 to 10, and produces large yellow fruit that matures in July to August.   Bears fruit in 2 to 3 years.  For more information, check out the LSU Gold Fig on the Stark Brothers website.
  • LSU Purple Fig – this tree grows in Zones 7 to 10, and produces medium purple fruit that matures in July through first frost.  Bears fruit in 1 to 2 years.  For more information, check out the LSU Purple Fig on the Stark Brothers website.

All of the fig trees listed here are self-pollinating (more on this below).  You may want to grow your fig trees in containers, especially if you need to bring them indoors for the winter in Zones 5 to 6 or lower.

For more information, check out this article about growing figs in containers on the Stark Brothers website.

A common fig tree is self-pollinating, and most nurseries will only sell this type.

Do You Need Two Fig Trees To Produce Fruit?

You do not need two fig trees to produce fruit.  The reason is that fig trees are self-pollinating.

A self-pollinating tree has flowers that contain both a male and a female part.   When conditions are right, the male part of the flower will release pollen onto the female part of the flower.

However, self-pollination does not mean guaranteed pollination.  The flowers still require some sort of stimulus, such as a bee’s buzzing wings or the wind, to pollinate properly.

You can provide this stimulus with an electric toothbrush if there are not many bees in your area.

Without bees, pollination may not occur, even for self-pollinating flowers.

For more information, check out this article on common figs from Wikipedia.

In addition to common figs, there are 3 other types:

  • San Pedro figs
  • Caduceus (or Smyrna) figs
  • Capri (Male) figs

Each of these fig types has different pollination requirements:

  • San Pedro fig trees do not need pollination for the first (Breba) crop of figs.  However, they do require pollination for the second crop of figs.
  • Caduceus (Smyrna) fig trees need pollination for both the first (Breba) and second crops of figs.   Without pollination, they will produce no fruit at all.
  • Capri (Male) fig trees produce non-edible figs.

The table below summarizes the four types of figs and their pollination requirements.

Fig
Type
First
Crop
(Breba)
Pollination
Needed
For Fruit?
Second
Crop
(Fall)
Pollination
Needed
For Fruit?
CommonNoNo
San
Pedro
NoYes
Caduceus
(Smyrna)
YesYes
Capri
(Male)
Fruit
not
edible
Fruit
not
edible
This table summarizes the four types of
figs and their pollination requirements.

What Other Factors Affect Fruit On Fig Trees?

Of course, the quality of care that you provide to your fig trees will play a large role in determining how much fruit you get each year.  Some important factors that affect fruit yield include:

  • Temperature
  • Watering
  • Fertilizing
  • Pruning

Let’s begin with temperature.

Temperature

Fig trees historically developed in warmer climates, such as the Mediterranean and the Middle East.  As a result, some fig trees cannot tolerate excessive cold or frost.

It is wise to avoid exposing your fig tree to extreme cold or frosts.

Some fig trees are hardy to Zone 5 (-20 to -10 degrees Fahrenheit). However, some fig trees are only hardy to Zone 7 (0 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit).

If you live in a cold climate, fig trees in a container should be brought indoors for the winter.  However, this may become impractical as the tree ages and grows larger.

Remember that fig trees put down deep roots very quickly.  If your container has holes in the bottom, a fig tree can easily root itself to the ground outside in a single season.

Some fig trees can withstand cold temperatures.  However, if temperatures threaten to drop into the single digits (less than 10 degrees Fahrenheit, or -12 degrees Celsius), it is wise to bring the trees inside if possible.

Also, remember that young fig trees are more sensitive to cold and frost damage. If a frost threatens after flowers or fruit have formed on your tree, consider using row covers to provide some protection.

For more information, check out my article on protecting plants from cold and frost.

Watering

Keep an eye on young fig trees – you may need to water them frequently.  Avoid letting the soil get too dry, and also avoid keeping the soil constantly soggy.

For more information, check out my article on over watering.

Make sure not to over water or under water your fig tree!

Clemson University suggests that figs need watering for the entire summer to maximize fruit production. A sign that it may need water is wilted grass beneath the fig tree.

For older fig trees, give them deep, infrequent waterings.  This stimulates the root system to grow deeper and wider, rather than remaining shallow and staying near the surface of the soil.

This will help the tree to survive periods of drought or neglect.

For more information, check out this article on figs from the California Rare Fruit Growers website.

Fertilizing

Before planting your fig tree, work some compost into your soil.  This will provide organic material for your tree, along with some important nutrients needed for growth.

For more information, check out my article on how to make your own compost.

Compost can provide organic material and nutrients to your soil.

You may also need to use fertilizer to supplement certain nutrients, especially if you have poor soil in your yard.  The best way to determine how to proceed with fertilizer is by getting a soil test.

For more information, check out my article on how to do a soil test.

Clemson University suggests 1/3 pound of 10-10-10 fertilizer per month during growth for fig trees that are 1 or 2 years old. They also suggest using half as much fertilizer for a tree in an area where it is likely to suffer cold damage.

Finally, remember that it is possible to over fertilize your fig trees.  For example, too much nitrogen can prevent your tree from producing fruit.

For more information, check out my article on over fertilizing, and my article on low-nitrogen fertilizers.

Pruning

Pruning is recommended for young fig trees.  Prune your fig trees in the winter, and make sure to do so before March.  When pruning, wear gloves for protection, since sap from cut branches can irritate your skin.

The Alabama A&M Extension suggests pruning the roots and tops of fig trees every year if you grow them in containers.

For more information on pruning figs, check out this article from the Permaculture Research Institute on growing figs.

You can also espalier your fig tree using a trellis.   For more information on trellises, check out my article on how tall a trellis should be.

Prune a fig tree’s roots and tops every year if you are growing in a container.

Conclusion

Now you have a good idea of when figs are mature enough to produce fruit, along with what time of the year to expect fruit.  You also know a bit more about how to take care of them and avoid problems that can affect your harvest.

I hope you found this article helpful – if so, please share it with someone who can use the information.

If you have other types of fruit trees, you might want to check out my article on when a pear tree bears fruit, my article on when a cherry tree bears fruit, and my article on when a peach tree bears fruit.

You can learn about dwarf fruit trees, which are easier to maintain and harvest from, in my article here.

If you want to read some of my most popular posts, check out the “Best of GreenUpSide” page here.  Enjoy!

Click here to
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popular posts!

~Jonathon

How to grow a fig tree |

(Image credit: Future/Frank Tozier, Joe Blossom/Alamy)

Wondering how to grow a fig tree? With their glossy green, fan-shaped leaves, scented foliage and sweet, fleshy fruit, fig trees bring a touch of the exotic to the backyard.

One of the best fruit trees to grow, these Mediterranean plants enjoy hot weather and well-drained rocky soil – but you can replicate these conditions in any yard with a little care.

Here, we provide expert advice on how to grow a fig tree in the ground or a container, how to care for it, and how long it will take to bear fruit.

How to grow a fig tree

Planting fruit trees successfully means considering your location and climate. In a cooler climate (zone 5 and below), a container-grown fig that can be brought inside to overwinter will have the best chance of growing well and providing an abundant harvest. In zone 6, they can be grown in a yard with winter protection. And they are hardy in zones 7 and 8. This is what you need to know about how to grow a fig tree.

How to grow a fig tree in a container

(Image credit: Blickwinkel/Alamy)

For a reliable crop and easy protection of your plant, growing a fig tree in a container is the best option. The restricted root growth actually works to your benefit, as it means the tree produces more fruit.

Pot a young fig tree in early spring in a deep container around 12 to 15in (30 to 38cm) in diameter. The plant will flourish best in a rich compost with adequate drainage. Drill additional holes in the base of the container to prevent waterlogging, put a layer of crocks at the base, and raise the pot on feet to allow water to drain away. Don’t forget to water the tree, though – it doesn’t like to sit in water but if it’s left too dry, its fruit will suffer.

‘A half-barrel with drainage holes drilled in the bottom makes the ideal container for a fig, as long as it can be moved inside a cool glasshouse or a polytunnel over the winter,’ says sustainability and horticultural expert Tom Petherick, author of Sufficient: A Modern Guide to Sustainable Living . 

Container-grown figs are best kept compact, so should be grown as a bush with a short stem.

‘Choose the less vigorous varieties of fig for growing in containers. They like a free-draining compost and any roots that protrude from the drainage holes must be removed as fig roots are very vigorous. Trees restricted in this way will fruit more readily.’

Established plants may need repotting every two to three years. Prep your fig tree for the move by shaking or brushing any loose compost from the roots, then trimming thicker roots before replanting in a slightly larger container.

How to grow a fig tree in the ground

(Image credit: Peter Jordan/Alamy)

Even if a fig tree is growing in the ground, rather than in a container, you will need to ensure its vigorous roots are restricted. Dig a deep hole, then part fill it with rubble or line the hole with paving slabs – the tree’s long tap root will be able to source the water it needs.

Put well-rotted manure in the base of the hole, position the tree, then fill around it with compost before firming it in and watering well.

Where to position a fig tree

(Image credit: Joe Blossom/Alamy)

Whether in a pot or the ground, fig trees need a warm and sunny location in order to thrive. ‘During the summer months, figs must have access to full sun at all times to give the fruit a chance to ripen,’ explains Tom Petherick.

The advantage of growing a fig tree in a container is that it can be moved to a protected spot during the cooler months, but you may decide to enjoy its lush leaves and spreading branches in your garden all year round.

Place a tree close to a wall, where warmth can radiate from the brickwork at night to help the development of the fruit.

‘Fig trees can be grown up a wall but have strong roots that can cause damage to foundations, so be mindful of this and never plant them less than 3ft (1m) from a building,’ says horticulturist and botanist Frances Tophill, author of The Modern Gardener . 

Looking after a fig tree

‘It takes three years of pruning to establish the shape of a fig tree – goblet shaped is ideal. The center of the tree must be kept open to let in light and air and to prevent disease,’ says Tom Petherrick. This can be achieved when pruning a fig tree.

Feed the tree every fortnight with a potassium-based food to help with formation of the fruit. In addition, mulch annually with compost or well-rotted manure to enrich the soil around the fig tree. This will also help control weeds around the base of the tree.

Figs are native to Syria and Persia, so do best in a warm climate – which can be a challenge in some states in the winter months. Unless your garden is blessed with year-round mild weather, you’ll need to protect a fig tree from frost, snow and harsh conditions.

Container-grown plants can be moved into a greenhouse, conservatory, garage, shed or barn in the winter months. If you can’t move the pot, or the fig tree is growing in the ground, then carefully wrap the tree’s branches in bubble wrap, straw and hessian sacking, or horticultural fleece. Remove when the risk of frost has passed.

How fig trees are pollinated for fruiting

(Image credit: Future)

‘Figs are majestic and lush trees. The fruit itself has a fascinating life cycle that is not for the faint-hearted,’ says Frances Tophill.

Fig trees are self-fertile, which means you only need one tree in order for fruit to grow.

‘A pregnant fig wasp enters the developing fruit with pollen on her. This fertilizes the fruit and allows it to develop,' explains Frances. 'Inside the fruit, the wasp lays her eggs and then dies. So in every fertilized fig there is dead wasp. Don’t let that put you off, though – they are still delicious.’ 

Get the best fruit from your fig tree

(Image credit: Frank Tozier/Alamy)

In cooler climates, you can expect just one fig crop per year from an outdoor tree. In warm climates, you can be fortunate enough to get two crops of figs per year. 

After pruning in the summer, the fruits will begin to grow on the new shoots. They will be pea-sized by late summer, and will remain on the plant throughout the fall and winter, as long as they are protected from frost.

These overwintered fruitlets are known as ‘embryo’ figs. When spring comes around again, the embryo figs will begin to grow and ripen – they will be ready for harvest from August through late October.

Protect your crop from hungry birds and squirrels by covering your fig tree with netting.

Are figs easy to grow?

Yes, figs are easy to grow so long as they are in a sunny position, are fed regularly during the growing season, and watered – but not waterlogged – they should do well. What’s essential unless you live in a warm, Mediterranean-style climate, is that you protect the tree from frost and cold in the winter months.

How long does it take a fig tree to bear fruit?

It may take two or three years for a young fig tree to establish and to bear fruit. After that, you can expect to harvest figs – one crop a year – or more if you live somewhere warm and sunny. 

Andrea has been immersed in the world of homes, interiors and lifestyle since her first job in journalism, on Ideal Home. She went from women's magazine Options to Frank. From there it was on to the launch of Red magazine, where she stayed for 10 years and became Assistant Editor. She then shifted into freelancing, and spent 14 years writing for everyone from The Telegraph to The Sunday Times, Livingetc, Stylist and Woman & Home. She was then offered the job as Editor on Country Homes & Interiors, and now combines that role with writing for sister title homesandgardens.com. 

Fig tree - tree of paradise

Fig tree - tree of paradise

As one of the most revered plants, the fig tree, along with the olive, can often be found near the mosque.

“By the fig tree and the olive tree! I swear on Mount Sinai! I swear by this safe city (Mecca)! We have created man in the most beautiful form” (Sura “The Fig Tree”, 95/1-4).

The fig tree, the fig tree, the fig tree, the fig tree, the Smyrna berry, and finally the fig tree are the names of the same plant known to man since ancient times. The Quran tells that the first man and the prophet Adam and his wife Havva (peace be upon them), who lived in paradise, disobeyed the order of Allah and followed the instigation of Iblis: “Your Lord forbade you this tree only so that you would not become angels or immortal " ( Sura "Barriers", 7/20 ). What happened was what had to happen by the will of Allah: “They both ate from him, and then their shameful places became visible to them. They began to stick heavenly leaves on themselves. Adam disobeyed his Lord and fell into error” ( Sura Taha, 20/121 ).

According to the opinion of most authoritative interpreters of the Qur'an, this tree of paradise was most likely a fig tree, and its broad leaves can be considered the first clothing of man.

As one of the most revered plants, the fig tree, along with the olive, can often be found near the mosque. In Mecca itself you can see the growing fig trees, but since it is located almost in the desert, fig fruits, like other fresh fruits, are brought to the bazaars of the city from the city of Taif, located 100 km to the east, located on a plateau, at an altitude of two thousand four hundred feet above sea level, and which has a favorable climate suitable for growing figs in the vicinity of the city. Near the fortress wall of the Medina and in the city itself, you can also admire the olive trees, figs and date palms growing nearby.

In Jerusalem, which is the third holiest city for Muslims after Mecca and Medina, on the Temple Mount there is a "Planet of the Fig Tree", which was built in 1760 by Ahmed Kul-Lari, a man from the guards of Sultan Mustafa III (1757-1774). This building is used as an open summer mosque. There are a lot of such sites on the Temple Mount, but they are all located below, under the main “platform”, rising to a height of 4 meters, on which the main Shrine, the Umar Mosque, is located.

The fig tree, Ficus carica, common fig (Ficus carica L) from the mulberry family (Moraceae) is a tree 10–15 m high with smooth light gray bark. In favorable conditions, from branches with large palmate-lobed dark green leaves, it forms a beautiful, wide and spreading crown, from under which the sky is not visible. The leaves of the fig tree fall at the beginning of winter, and for most of the winter rainy season the tree remains bare until buds begin to open in early April, heralding the approach of summer. The powerful root system of the tree allows the tree to extract moisture from great depths, and therefore it can grow anywhere - on scree, on mountain slopes, in rock crevices and even in stone wall crevices, where only dust and occasional rain moisture and night dew get. On fertile soils, near groundwater outlets, in river valleys, powerful, abundantly fruiting trees develop, from which up to 100 kg of fruits are harvested. The tree lives from 30 to 300 years and begins to bear fruit from 2-3 years, which makes its cultivation a very profitable business. Fig trees grow slowly but bear fruit for almost ten months of the year.

The natural conditions of the Mediterranean and some parts of the Arabian Peninsula were favorable for the fig tree, and it grew wild everywhere here. Most likely, it was in Southern, the so-called Happy Arabia, where, thanks to irrigation during the last millennium BC, there were relatively fertile lands and a fairly developed civilization, the wild fig was finally turned into a cultivated plant that gives abundant fruits. Archaeologists have discovered that, apparently, figs are one of the first fruit plants on earth, which our distant ancestors learned to grow. It was its dried fruits that were found at the sites of the ancient man's sites next to the grains of barley, oats and wheat.

From Arabia, figs spread to Phenicia, Syria and Egypt, e. was brought to Hellas. Fruits called "fig", originating from the Church Slavonic language, appeared in Russia in the 17th century. from the east and began to be used as a delicacy on ordinary days and as a sweet dish during numerous fasts. This plant also had other names in Russia - a wine berry, because wine could be made from figs, and a Smyrna berry, because, basically, figs were delivered to Russia from Smyrna, the ancient Greek city and port of Asia Minor. Archaeological research has suggested that the first settlers of this city settled here in the third millennium BC. Located in the depths of the bay of the Aegean Sea, at the end of the caravan routes, it was the most important trading post and cultural center on the western coast of Asia Minor, where trade routes leading from countries adjacent to the eastern Mediterranean and northern Africa crossed. Through the port of Smyrna, goods from the Middle East and Africa got to Europe and Russia. Currently, the city belongs to Turkey and is called Izmir.

In the Russian language of the 18th century, the generic scientific name of the plant “Ficus Carian” appeared, given to it by the Swedish taxonomist K. Linnaeus, which rather quickly turned into a “fig”, and hence the common name “fig tree” until the beginning of the 20th century .

The fig tree has its own characteristics of flowering, pollination and fruit formation. Without going into details that are of interest only to narrow specialists or meticulous botanists, we only note that during the year 3 generations of inflorescences develop on a tree, in the pollination of which small blastophagous wasps take an indispensable part. From pollinated inflorescences, seedlings of green, yellow, brown, purple or black color develop later, with yellowish-green or reddish tasty, sweet flesh inside.

Growth and ripening phases

In April, before the leaves, small young fruits appear on the trees, the so-called “early figs”, symbolizing the end of winter. These not very juicy early fruits are eaten only because other fresh fruits are scarce at this time of the year.

At the end of May – beginning of June, extraordinarily tasty and juicy fruits ripen on fig trees covered with lush foliage, which, alas, cannot be stored for a long time. At this time, passing by Arab villages, you can see many enterprising young Arabs selling fresh figs right on the highway.

In August, “late figs” ripen – the most delicious ones that are eaten fresh, dried and stored in bunches. These are the well-known figs, figs, figs or figs, which are now almost always sold in stores all over the world, and with which it is so tasty and healthy to drink good tea.

The fig tree is a favorite tree of the inhabitants of the Islamic world, the abundant fruits of which were distinguished by a special taste, nutritional value, healing properties and served as a symbol of spiritual and worldly prosperity.

At all times, its fruits have been very important foodstuffs. Figs were eaten fresh, dried and pressed into cakes. Cakes made from dried figs are a very satisfying and compact food that perfectly retains its nutritional and taste qualities in a hot climate. These were a kind of "canned food", indispensable for a traveler and a warrior.

The tradition from the life of Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Riz says: “The fruit of the fig tree removes bad breath, strengthens the gums and bones, promotes hair growth and, without any additional medicine, cures some diseases” .

In 1968-1970 from the remains of an ancient ship lying at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea, not far from the coastal city of Kerenia, located in the north of the island of Cyprus, 404 ancient sharp-bottomed amphorae were raised to the surface. After careful research, it was found that they had lain under water for the 23rd century and were transporting wine and olive oil. But the most interesting thing is that garlic cloves, 18 olive pits, 14,760 fig (fig) seeds and about 10,000 almonds were found on the ship, indicating that garlic, dried figs, olives and almonds served as food for the crew of the ship, which made a long-distance at that time sailing between Cyprus, the Greek islands and, possibly, reaching the ports of Syria.

Nutritional benefits of figs

Ripe figs come in a variety of colors ranging from almost white to dark purple. For drying, light fruits with golden skin and white flesh, about 5 cm in diameter, are more suitable. They are dried for 3-4 days under the sun, always up with a hole located on the top of the fruit.

Jam is made from fig fruits. Puree from figs is used for filling sweets and for making oriental sweets and marshmallows. Vinegar is obtained from low-grade varieties. Compotes are boiled from dried figs, flour is made, which is used in the confectionery industry as an additive to cakes and pastries. Fresh and dried fruits are added to pilaf, salads and poultry dishes.

Fresh fruits contain 83% water, up to 1% protein, 0.5% fat, 12% sugar, 3% pectin and dietary fiber; organic acids, anthocyanins, coumarins, flavonoids, triterpene compounds, sterols, provitamin A (carotenoids), B1, B2, B6, Bs (B9), C, P, PP (niacin, B3), D, macro- and microelements: iron , potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium phosphorus, zinc; enzymes protease, lipase, amylase. In dried fruits, the proportion of sugars increases to 40-70%, which gives them a rich sweet taste.

Figs are well absorbed by the body and have great nutritional value, give strength, strengthen memory, improve thinking.

Since ancient times, figs have been known to have a mild laxative, diuretic and expectorant effect. In a tradition from the life of Imam Ali ibn Musa ar-Riz, it is said: “The fruit of the fig tree removes bad breath, strengthens the gums and bones, promotes hair growth and, without any additional medicine, cures some diseases.” And further it says: “The fig, more than all other fruits, is similar to the fruits of the Heavenly Gardens” ( Bihar al-Anwar, volume 66, page 184 ).

Modern research has confirmed what was known several centuries ago, and added to the main therapeutic properties the ability of biologically active substances contained in fruits to have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, exhibit antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects.

Fresh and dried fruits can be used in dietary nutrition for people with impaired digestion, accompanied by habitual or chronic constipation, as well as in the presence of chronic, low-grade inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, a tendency to form blood clots and fluid retention in the body. Figs as a tasty dietary remedy are useful for people who are weakened by diseases, suffering from anemia, anemia, and also for those who, due to old age, suffer from a breakdown. Figs, containing a large amount of easily digestible fructose, quickly restore the lack of energy in the body, eliminate mental and physical overwork. At the same time, it should not be eaten in case of acute diseases or exacerbation of chronic inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and patients with diabetes mellitus.

The special mention in the Qur'an by Almighty Allah of the fig tree, which He created and bestowed on people, indicates the great benefits and importance of the fruits of this tree for people's health. The nutritional value of figs and its health benefits have been fully confirmed in the past few decades, thanks to the new possibilities of medical science, which once again shows us the amazing wisdom and infinity of knowledge of the Supreme Creator.

The word "fig tree" is mentioned in the Qur'an once, but the whole sura bears the name of this tree, while the word "olive" occurs in the text of the Holy Qur'an six times and is mentioned once more in an indirect form: "We have grown a tree that grows on Mount Sinai and gives oil and spices for those who eat” ( Sura "The Believers", 23/20 ). Even if you take an oath by the fig tree and the olive in the literal sense, because their fruits, which have extraordinary nutritional properties that give a person physical and spiritual strength and are always of high value to the people of the desert, the meaning of their mention retains its enormous depth and significance, because they Almighty Allah himself chose for the oath, for it is said: “Is not Allah the Most Wise Judge?”

Tin-fig

Essence. The fig itself has a special nature, and its leaves and milky juice have the properties of yattu. If they do not find its leaves, then they boil the branches of wild figs, broken and crushed, and use their juice. Squeezed juice from figs is extracted in the same way as it is extracted from other woody plants. Condensed fig juice acts like honey.

Choice. The best figs are white, then red figs and finally black. The most ripe figs are the best and are almost harmless. Dried figs are praiseworthy in their actions; but only the blood that springs from it is not good. Therefore, figs cause lice, unless you use it with nuts, then the chyme from it will be good. Almonds follow nuts in this respect. The lightest figs are white.

Nature. Red figs are a little hot, while fresh figs have a lot of wateriness and little medicinal properties. Unripe figs cleanse, except for their milky juice, but they are somewhat cold. Dried figs are hot in the first degree, at the limit of it, and rarefied.

Properties. Dry figs, especially pungent ones, strongly purify, promote the ripening of juices and dissolve, while fleshy figs are more conducive to ripening, and there is nutrition in it, it opens the juices and thins, and wild figs are even sharper, and they have a stronger effect in this respect. Figs are more nutritious than all fruits. Very ripe figs are close to not harming at all, but they have the ability to puff. Sharp dry figs sometimes go beyond cleansing and lead to ulceration. Dry fig leaves, if boiled in an infusion of black wolf's bast, even become a remedy for jarab in animals. The juice squeezed from the leaves of figs is very warming, cleansing, and produces a great emollient, which drives the putrid juices to the skin and causes perspiration, so its use, I think, should soothe the heat. Dry figs also drive the juices out and cause perspiration, and the milky juice of figs thickens thinned blood and milk and thins thickened juices. Although the nutrient content of figs is not as dense as the nutrient content of meat and cereals, it is still denser than the nutrient content of other fruits. The strength of the squeezed juice of its branches, before they are covered with leaves, is close to the strength of its milky juice. From the coagulation of milk in the stomach, they give to drink water twice infused with the ashes of a fig tree. Water infused with oak tree ashes is close to figs in this regard. Fig wine is rarefied and gives rise to bad juice. Fig sprigs are so rarefied that they even boil meat if they are boiled with meat. The fig tree has a power that draws the juices from the depths and absorbs what is drawn out.

Applications for figs

Cosmetics. Unripe figs are smeared and applied as a medicinal dressing on birthmarks, all kinds of warts and on bachs, fig leaves also act. The use of figs corrects the complexion spoiled by diseases and hot friable tumors, and promotes the maturation of abscesses. It is especially good to apply it with orris root, soda, lime and pomegranate peel with a nail-eater. The milky juice of the fig tree helps with difficult-to-absorb tumors, mumps and abscesses; so does a decoction of the fig tree.

Figs help against tusa, but the fig tree is especially good. The squeezed juice of its leaves erases the traces of the tattoo. With wax ointment, figs are also applied to cracks from the cold. In all these cases, its milky juice also acts.

The fig causes a large deposition of fat, which quickly dissolves and contributes to the appearance of lice, they say due to the corruption of its juice, and they say because the fig quickly rushes out and that its juice is favorable for the development of animal strength.

Tumors. From figs, apply medicinal dressings to hard tumors; so does figs in a decoction with fig fruits and barley flour. Unripe figs are applied to bahak. It contributes to the ripening of boils: fresh figs, when consumed, cause prickly heat. A decoction of it as a gargle is useful for swellings in the throat and for swellings at the base of the ears. Figs with pomegranate peel and fanise are applied with a nail-biter. Dry figs, due to their sweetness, are harmful for tumors of the liver and spleen. When the tumor is hard, it is not harmful and not useful, unless mixed with thinning and resolving agents; in this case is very useful. The fruits of the fig tree strongly dissolve difficult-to-treat tumors.

Wounds and ulcers. Squeezed juice of fig leaves ulcerates; its decoction with mustard foam is smeared with scabies. Casting it helps with lichen.

They are used for urticaria and ulcers containing thick fluids. Water, twice infused with the ashes of its wood, corrodes and cleanses rotting old ulcers. Pomegranate rind figs are used to cure nail-eaters, and in combination with calcanth it is used for malignant leg ulcers. The milky juice of the fig tree heals wounds.

Joint organs. Sleeping poppy leaves are added to unripe figs and their leaves; this composition is applied in diseases of the periosteum. Water, twice infused on the ashes of fig wood, is poured over the aching nerve. Sometimes it is given to drink in the amount of one and a half ukiy.

Head organs. Fresh and dried figs help with epilepsy, and its decoction with mustard foam is allowed into the ear, in which noise is heard. The milky juice of a fig, or the juice squeezed from its twigs before they are covered with leaves, helps if applied to a corroded tooth. It is useful to use it in the form of a medicinal bandage for swelling under the ear; fresh fig powder cures ulcers on the head.

Organs of the eye. The milky juice of figs with honey helps with wet shroud, with the onset of cataracts, with thickening of the eyelids and thickening of the membranes of the eye. Fig leaves are rubbed with hardening of the eyelids and trachoma.

Breast organs. Fresh and dried figs are good for rough throat and suitable for chest and lung tube. Fig wine enhances milk flow, and also helps with chronic coughs, chest pains, and lung and lung tube tumors.

Food organs. Figs open blockages in the liver and spleen. Galen says: “Fresh figs are bad for the stomach, but dry ones are not bad; if eaten with murri, it cleanses the stomach of excess.”

Figs are one of the remedies that stop thirst from salty phlegm. Dry figs stimulate thirst and help against dropsy, especially with wormwood. Drinking fig wine is also good for the stomach, but it discourages the appetite for food. Figs quickly descend and quickly pass into the vessels due to their cleansing properties. Dry figs are harmful to a swollen liver and spleen only because of their sweetness, and if the swelling is hard, then it is neither harmful nor beneficial. Eating figs on an empty stomach, especially when combined with nuts and almonds, is amazingly helpful in opening nutrient pathways, however, the nutritional value of figs combined with nuts is greater than that of figs combined with almonds. If there is a fig with food that thickens the juices, its harmfulness becomes very significant. The fruits of the fig tree are very harmful to the stomach and have little nutrition, but in the form of a medicinal dressing with ushshak or with the milky juice of the fig tree, they are useful in hardening of the spleen. All varieties of figs are not suitable for pouring excess into the stomach.

Eruption organs. Figs, fresh and dried, are good for the kidneys and bladder. It helps to endure the retention of urine, but is not suitable for the outpouring of matter into the intestines. The squeezed juice of fig leaves opens the mouths of the vessels in the anus, and fresh figs soften and slightly loosen, especially when taken with crushed almonds. This is also its action in the hardening of the uterus, if mixed with soda and dyeing safflower and taken before meals. Its milky juice with egg yolk is injected into the vagina, it cleanses the uterus and drives menstruation and urine. Figs are also used to make medicinal dressings with fenugreek for diseases of the uterus. Mixed with rue, it is included in enemas from pain in the intestines. Figs, and especially its milky juice, if consumed, drive sand out of the kidneys. If you take curd whey with milky juice and drop it into milk, which is lightly stirred with a fig tree branch, then it releases the nature more strongly and cleanses the kidneys. Water, twice infused on the ashes of fig wood, is given to a person suffering from diarrhea and dysentery in the amount of one and a half cuki or an enema is made from it; in both cases water is mixed with olive oil.

Fig wine drives away urine and menstruation and softens the nature. Due to its cleansing properties, it quickly descends from the stomach and quickly penetrates into the vessels.

Poisons. The milky juice of figs in the form of a vitamin helps against a scorpion sting, and also helps against a sting of a karakurt. Unripe figs or fresh fig leaves are applied to the bite of a rabid dog and this helps. They are applied in the form of a medicinal dressing with vetch to the weasel bite, and this is beneficial. Water, twice infused with the ashes of fig wood, helps in the form of drinking or rubbing from a bite of a karakurt. Fig fruit in the form of a drink or ointment helps against the bites of poisonous animals.

Home remedy
  • Boil dry fruit in a glass of milk until completely softened and grind thoroughly. Take a mixture of ½ cup in a warm form 2-4 times a day as an expectorant for dry cough, and cough accompanying bronchitis, tracheitis and whooping cough.
  • 2 dry fruits pour 250 ml of water, bring to a boil, cook for 10 minutes, leave for 1 hour, strain. Take 100 ml 2 times a day for painful urination.
  • Apply boiled figs to abscesses to speed up their maturation.

I.N. Sokolsky

Figs - wine berry. Growing at home. Photo - Botanichka

How many names does this wonderful plant have! This is a fig tree, and a fig tree, and just a fig. Fig fruits are called fig, fig, and fig, respectively. And yet, the most common name for the tree itself and its wonderful fruits is figs. Did you know that figs are successfully grown indoors? It bears fruit twice a year! We have described the features of growing indoor figs in this article.

Indoor fig (Ficus carica). © GardenTags

Contents:

  • Fig Cultivation History
  • Features of growing figs in room conditions
  • Propagation of figs
  • Health benefits of figs

History of fig cultivation

Fig, Latin - Ficus carica, folk - fig, fig tree, fig tree, wine berry. Subtropical deciduous ficus. The carian ficus is named after the place that is considered the birthplace of figs - the mountainous region of ancient Caria, a province of Asia Minor. In Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Crimea, it is grown in open ground as a valuable fruit plant that produces fruits - wine berries. It is widely distributed in the Mediterranean countries, on the Absheron Peninsula in Azerbaijan.

Figs are one of the most ancient cultivated plants. According to the Bible, Adam and Eve, having eaten the forbidden fruit, revealed their nakedness and made loincloths from its broad leaves.

In culture, figs were first grown in Arabia, from where they were borrowed by Phoenicia, Syria and Egypt. In the 9th century BC. e. was brought to Hellas - Greece, and came to America only at the end of the 16th century. The name "ficus" came to the Russian language in the 18th century and already somewhat changed - "fig", hence - "fig tree". There were other names for this plant in Russia - fig tree, fig, wine berry.

Features of growing figs in room conditions

Transplanting figs

Figs are thermophilic, undemanding to the soil and adapt well to dry room air. Young plants are transplanted annually, and 4-5-year-olds - as the root system grows. For mature trees, wooden boxes are usually made.

Compared to citrus fruits, figs require more capacity, but they should not be planted in large pots before fruiting: they will grow strongly and fruiting periods will be delayed, and care for large plants will become much more complicated. And when the plant begins to bear fruit, its growth will slow down.

With each transplant of young plants, the capacity is increased by approx. 1 liter. So, for a 5-year-old fig bush, a 5-7-liter container is required. In the future, with each transplant, its volume is increased by 2-2.5 liters.

The figs are replanted using the transshipment method, although slight destruction of the earth clod is allowed, removal of the old soil and replacing it with new. When transplanting, a soil mixture is prepared from soddy soil, leaf humus, peat and sand in a ratio of 2:2:1:1; The pH of this mixture is 5-7.

Fig, or Fig tree in natural growing conditions. © Inspired Room

Requirements of figs for growing conditions

Figs are light and moisture-loving plants, so during the growing season it is better to keep them in a bright room and water them abundantly. With a lack of moisture, twisting of the leaves is observed, and then their partial fall; when the clod of earth dries out, the leaves can crumble completely, and although they subsequently grow again with abundant watering, this is undesirable.

In room conditions, figs bear fruit 2 times a year: the first time the fruits are tied in March and ripen in June, the second - in early August and late October, respectively. For the summer, it is advisable to take the plant to the loggia or garden.

Wintering of figs

At the beginning of November, figs shed their leaves and go dormant. At this time, it is placed in a cool place (in the cellar, basement) or placed on the windowsill closer to the glass and fenced off from the warm room air with plastic wrap.

It is watered very rarely, not allowing the soil to dry out completely. The temperature of the water for irrigation should not be higher than +16..+18 ° С, so that the buds do not grow. If in autumn the fig stands with green leaves, then a dormant period should be artificially caused: a deciduous culture needs rest, even if it is insignificant. To induce a dormant period, reduce watering and allow the soil to dry slightly - then the leaves will begin to turn yellow and crumble.

If the plant was in the room in winter, it starts growing in December-early January, if in the basement or cellar - in February.

Forming the crown of figs

If necessary (if the fig grows only upwards, without giving side shoots), the crown of the plant is formed by pinching the top of the central stem. Lateral shoots are also pinched, and long ones are shortened. Thus, conditions are created for the growth of side shoots.

Top dressing of indoor figs

For good development and fruiting, figs are fed with organic and mineral fertilizers, but not during the dormant period.

When the buds begin to open after winter rest, the plant is watered with manure infusion, and after 10-15 days it is fed with liquid nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer. You can use the following solution for watering figs: dissolve 3 g of double superphosphate in 1 liter of water and boil for 20 minutes, then add boiled water to the original volume and add 4 g of urea.

During the growing season, figs are fed regularly (2 times a month) with organic fertilizers (slurry infusion, wood ash, herbal infusion). In order for the leaves to have a bright green color, 2 times a year (in spring and summer), the plant is watered with a solution of iron sulfate (2 g per 1 liter of water) or the entire crown is sprayed with it. In spring and summer, it is fed with microelements.

Pests and diseases of figs

The main pests are fig moth, fig psyllid, mealybug. Of the diseases, brown spot and gray rot are the most common.

Fig, fig, or fig tree, or common fig tree. © 9roots

Propagation of Figs

Figs can be propagated by seeds and cuttings. Sememes of figs are propagated most often when breeding a new variety. With this method of reproduction, firstly, a significant investment of time and great patience are required for an amateur, since seedlings do not form inflorescences until the age of 4-6 years; secondly, it is difficult, without tasting a ripe fruit, to judge its quality. But on the other hand, only with the seed method of breeding figs, it is possible to achieve the selection of the most suitable for room culture and abundantly fruiting varieties.

Propagation of figs by seeds

It is advisable to take fig seeds from table, early-ripening, two-yielding varieties, in which seedlings are formed parthenocarpically.

Fig seeds are very small (only 0.3-0.5 mm in diameter), light yellow, sometimes light brown, round, somewhat irregular in shape.

Sow fig seeds in late February-early March in boxes with soil to a depth of 0.5-0.8 cm with a distance between grooves of 5-8 cm. Seeds are best sown 1.5-2 cm apart, which in the future will facilitate the picking of seedlings. After sowing, the furrows are covered with earth and the earth is lightly compacted with a wooden ruler or other object.

After sowing, the soil is abundantly watered with water from a garden watering can or a spray bottle, and the boxes are placed in a warm and bright place.

After sowing fig seeds and the first watering, it is better to sprinkle the earth in boxes with coal dust (finely grated charcoal) in a layer of 3-5 mm to prevent the formation of mold.

Fig sprouts appear 15-20 days after sowing at ground temperature ranging from +18 to +20°C. In some cases, when the soil is supercooled, seedlings may appear after a longer period of time.

After the fig seeds have sprouted and seedlings have appeared on the soil surface, young plants should be shaded to avoid being burned by direct sunlight. If the seeds in the row were sown completely, then the seedlings should be immediately thinned out, leaving no more than one or two shoots per linear centimeter of the groove.

After the fig seedlings have the third leaf (not counting the cotyledons), the plants must be picked. Usually, seedlings dive 1-1.5 months after sowing, either in pre-prepared flower pots (10-12 cm in diameter at the top), or in larger boxes. Before picking, seedlings are abundantly watered with water. Fig seedlings are taken out, in order to avoid damage to young roots, carefully, using wooden spatulas. The main root is shortened by 1/4-1/3, and the seedlings are planted in the prepared dishes.

Fig cuttings. © flatbushnelson

Propagation of figs from cuttings

Propagation of figs from cuttings is the most affordable, fast and reliable method. Cuttings propagate varieties that are most adapted to room conditions, already tested by amateurs, giving the highest yields of tasty and large fruits.

The mother plant from which the cuttings are taken must bear fruit for at least 5 years, be well developed, produce large seedlings of good quality and taste, bear fruit abundantly and, finally, have a relatively small (dwarf) growth.

Material for cuttings is taken as soon as the leaves begin to bloom, but cuttings of figs can be rooted by the end of spring and summer. Lignified or green cuttings 10-15 cm long should have 3-4 buds.

An oblique lower cut is made 1-1.5 cm below the kidney, an even upper cut is 1 cm higher. For better rooting of the cutting, several longitudinal scratches are applied to the lower part. After cutting, the fig cuttings are kept for 5-6 hours in a cool, dry place so that the milky juice released at the cut site dries up, and then placed for 10-12 hours in a heteroauxin solution (1 tablet per 1 liter of water) and planted in pots.

Small expanded clay is poured on the bottom of the pot with a layer of 1 cm, then a pre-steamed nutritious earth mixture (leaf humus - 2 parts, turf - 1 part, sand - 1 part) with a layer of 6 cm. Pure calcined river sand is poured over the earth mixture with a layer of 3 -4 cm, moisturize it well and make holes in it 3 cm deep at a distance of 8 cm from each other.

The bottom of each fig cutting is dipped in wood ash. The cuttings are placed in holes. Around the cuttings, the sand is pressed tightly with your fingers, and then both the sand and the cuttings are sprayed with water. Plants planted in pots are covered with a glass jar, and in boxes - with a special wire frame covered with a transparent plastic film.

Sand in boxes and pots must be kept moderately moist at all times. The temperature in the room is maintained at +22…+25°C. As a rule, after 4-5 weeks, the cuttings take root, and after another month they are planted from the box in separate pots with a diameter of 10-12 cm. Sometimes shoots grow from the root - they can be separated and planted in separate pots, which are covered with a transparent plastic bag. Usually after 3-4 weeks the process takes root. Then the film is slightly opened for a while, accustoming the plant to the outside air. Gradually, this period of time is increased.

Fig cuttings can also be rooted in water, but this method is rarely used when there is no prepared soil or sand in February-March. The cuttings are placed in a jar of water, and their ends should be immersed in water by about 3 cm. The water is changed every 2-3 days. If this is done less frequently, the cuttings will rot. After 3-4 weeks, when good roots appear, the cuttings are planted in pots with a capacity of 0.5-0.7 liters and covered with plastic bags on top.

If cuttings from fruiting figs are not available, they can be grown from seed. Fig seeds for a very long time (even after 2 years) retain their germination capacity. Seeds are sown in pots at a distance of 1. 5-2 cm from each other to a depth of 2-3 cm. The soil mixture is made up of humus and sand in equal parts.

After sowing fig seeds, the soil is well moistened and the pots are covered with glass or transparent plastic wrap. The earth must be constantly kept moist. The air temperature in the room should be + 25 ... + 27 ° С. Shoots appear in 2-3 weeks. Monthly seedlings are planted in separate pots with a diameter of 9-10 cm. It is better to transplant figs before the start of the growing season.

Fig cut

Useful properties of figs

Dried and dried fruits become like a concentrate, and not only carbohydrates. Some varieties of dried figs contain 6 g of protein, 1.5 g of fat (represented by unsaturated fatty acids) and 70 g of sugars. The energy value is 340 kcal per 100 g of product. Dried, dried figs are primarily a highly nutritious food product.

Figs are especially useful in diseases of the cardiovascular system. The fruits contain the enzyme ficin, which has a beneficial effect in the treatment of vascular thrombosis.


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