How long does it take to grow a durian tree
Growing Durian Fruit In Backyard - At Home
Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
Hello gardeners, today we are here with a new article that is growing durian fruit in the backyard. We also discuss the related topics in this article.
Introduction to Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
Durian is named in some regions as the “king of fruits”, the durian is very distinctive for its large size, strong odour, and thorn-covered rind. The durian fruit can grow as large as 30 centimetres or 12 inches long and 15 cm or 6 inches in diameter, and it also weighs 1 to 3 kilograms or 2 to 7 pounds per fruit. The fruit shape ranges from oblong to round and the colour of it is husk green to brown, and its flesh is a pale yellow to red, depending on the species you choose or select.A Step By Step Guide for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
Durian belongs to the Malvaceae family. Durian trees are very large, they grow up to 25–50 meters or 80–165 feet in height depending on the species you choose or select. It has many health benefits. This includes the ability to boost your immune system. It prevents cancer and inhibits free radical activity in the body and improves digestion, strengthens bones, improves signs of anaemia, prevents premature aging, lowers blood pressure, and protect against cardiovascular diseases and many other.Types/Varieties for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
- D101 – It tastes mildly sweet, buttery
- D13 – It tastes fragrant, sweet, sticky
- Tekka – It tastes sweet, floral
- D24 – It tastes sultan Bittersweet, creamy
- Golden Phoenix – It tastes sharp, bitter
- D1 – It tastes mildly sweet
- Black Pearl – It tastes slightly bitter, creamy
- Black Thorn – It tastes intense, bitter
- D17 – It tastes fairly bitter, soft
- Hor Lor – It tastes mildly sweet
- Red Prawn – It tastes sweet
Durian trees grow very well in rich, deep, well-drained sandy clay or in loamy clay that means deep alluvial or loamy soil and which is high in organic matter, a pH range of 6 – 7. Heavy clay soils are not so supportive of good durian tree growth and for its good health, as they do not drain very well.Suitable Site or Area for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
Plant your durian tree in an area with full shade.
Young and small durian trees can easily wither with too much sunlight. Find a spot or place where your durian tree can receive high temperatures without high sunlight. So, better consider planting the tree in the shadow of other trees.Durian Plant Care before Planning in Backyard
Measure or test the pH level of the soil before planting. To successfully grow durian, you must measure that the soil under the tree is not too alkaline or too acidic. You need to perform a soil test to check your soil’s pH balance in the soil.
If the soil’s pH balance is below 6.0, then add a cup of dolomite or quick lime to improve pH, then test it again.
If the soil’s pH balance is above 7. 0, then add a cup of peat moss or compost, then test it again.Propagation for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
Propagation of durian can be done in two methods. They are listed below:
- Seeds or seedlings
- budding or grafting onto a rootstock
Dig a hole of 1.5 ft. or 46 cm and then combine the soil with compost. Dig up the soil to extend where you want to plant your durian seed at least 1.5 ft. or 46 cm down and across the ground. Then combine 1 part soil with 1 part organic compost and refill the hole with the mixture.
This can ensure that your durian tree has well-draining organic soil to grow from.
Set the seeds directly from the fruit on the top of the soil. Without burying it place the seed on top of the soil. Then simply push the seed down a little with the help of your finger; the majority of the seed should still be seen on top of the soil.
Seeds from the durian fruit should be planted outside immediately after taking them out of the fruit, with no germination period required.
The seed should sprout out and attach itself to the soil after a day or 2 days.How To Plant Durian By Using Budding Or Grafting Method?
Durian trees are commonly propagated by budding or grafting onto a rootstock. They are budded nearly about 5-10 cm from the soil level. Budding and grafting are only different means to an equivalent end. In both cases, a bit of a spread to be grown as a replacement tree is taken from a tree of the specified variety and is joined to a rootstock where it unites and grows. For budding, one bud is taken, while for grafting a shoot with several buds is taken. Rootstocks from 7 weeks old seedlings are suitable for grafting and 4 months old seedlings are suitable for budding.
Another, less popular method of grafting is that the union technique. The union technique requires the rootstock to be brought on the brink of the shoot as illustrated within the figure below. Similar cuts are made on the scion and therefore the rootstock. The 2 cut parts are fused with strong tape. Support is important to tend to the shoot seedling. After 3-4 weeks, the shoots from the rootstock are removed and therefore the shoot from the specified variety is separated from the mother plants below the fusion point. The seedlings are ready for planting after 3 months.How to Germinate Seeds of Durian in a Paper Towel?Durian Fruit Seed Germination (Image credit: Pixabay)
Put your seeds in a plastic bag or cover with a soaked paper towel and seal the bag. This will allow the bag or cover to develop condensation, which will keep the seeds moist and more likely to germinate fast.
Place the plastic bag in an area or location that gets 4-6 hours of direct sun. Try to keep near a windowsill or outside: the point is to get heat into the plastic bag so that the water in the paper towel will evaporate soon, creating a water cycle that will nourish the seed well to germinate.
If you’re not able to keep your seeds on a windowsill or outside, try to keep them under a grow light.
Then check for roots after 4-5 days. After 4-5 days, the durian seeds will be growing roots. You need to look and wait for small yellow or brown tendrils coming out of the seeds and then plant them when the roots are longer than the seed itself.Temperature Requirement for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
You need to keep the temperature around 24–29°C. A durian tree’s native environment temperature stays around 24–29°C, so if you want your plant to survive well, you should mimic that environment. Remember one thing that durian plants can wither and die in temperatures below 7°C.Keep Weeds Away From Your Durian Plant in Backyard
You should weed around your durian tree once a day. Check for small weeds every day around your durian tree, because weeds will compete with the durian tree for water and nutrients and even for other requirements. Pull out the weeds with your hands, since more invasive techniques might scrape or damage the durian tree’s delicate roots.Water and Pruning Requirement for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
Ample water at about 6-8 litres per day per plant is necessary during the stage of fruit development. Excess water can also encourage vegetative growth which may result in premature fruit drop or fall from the tree. Pruning should be done a year after planting the plant. Most durian clones bear fruit on primary and secondary branches only.Fertilizer Requirement for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
You need to apply fertilizers to nourish the fruits/leaves of the durian plant. The fertilizer ratio should be like 12:12:17:2 or 4:16:24:4 at 2-3 kg/tree at 60 days after the flowering open on the tree. Apply 50% of potassium sulphate at a rate of 0.5 kg/tree at 30-45 days before the fruit ripens on the tree.Pests and Diseases of Durian Tree
The durian diseases are listed below:
- Durian patch canker is also known as root rot, foot rot, and leaf blight. This is one of the most dreaded diseases that affect the durian tree. The disease is very common in the wet season
- Durian leaf spot disease
- Durian root disease
- Durian leaf blight
- Phytophthora botryose
The durian pests are listed below:
- Bark beetles
- Fruit borers
- Stem borers
- Thrips and scale insects
To harvest durian fruits, the stem should be cut from 3 to 4 cm or more above the abscission layer. The stem is commonly needed to cut with a sharp knife or a pair of secateurs. For tall branches, a long pole is fitted with a cutting device is used. Fruits can also be harvested by climbing the trees also.Commonly Asked Questions for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard
In case if you miss this: Growing Mulberries Indoors.Questions for Growing Durian Fruit in Backyard (Image source: Pixabay)
How long does it take for a durian tree to bear fruit out?
Durian trees that grow from seed begin to bear fruit at 8-10 years. Grafted trees will begin to bear fruit out at 4-6 years. It takes about 110-120 days from flowering to harvest that is a complete process.
How many fruits does one durian tree produce?
One durian tree can produce nearly 50durian fruits.
What fertilizer makes durian fruit bigger?
Potassium is the key or main thing of fruit size and alongside nitrogen is much required in large quantities throughout the fruit development and growth. However, an excessive or more amount of nitrogen at a late growth stage can restrict fruit size; therefore a balanced nutrient application is very crucial to this plant. Even phosphorus can restrict fruit growth too.
How to stimulate durian to flower?
For induction of late flowering, the following treatments were applied: applying 16-16-16 ratio fertilizer in the dry time or dry period continued watering over the in-season flowering period until physiological mature leaves were produced.
How to take care of a durian tree?
The root system of a durian tree is very sensitive to standing water, and good drainage is much essential to this plant, which is well taken care of by such sloping situations. Durian trees grow very well in a rich, deep, well-drained sandy clay or a clay loam that means deep alluvial or loamy soil, and need high in organic matter, pH range should be from 6 to 7.
How to prune a durian tree?
Step 1: Prune wood around the trunk area and near the ground so that you have the best visibility of the tree.
Step 2: Remove all the water-shoots around the trunk.
Step 3: You need to remove all branches that hang too close or touches the ground. Prune them out at the supporting limb.
How big does a durian tree get?
It grows up to 90 to 130 ft. in height.
The durian tree reaches 90 to 130 ft. or 27-40 m tall in tropical areas. It’s usually erect with short, straight, rough, peeling trunk to 4 ft. or 1.2 m in diameter, and an irregular dense or open crown of rough branches, and thin branch lets coated with coppery or grey scales when young.
What time does durian drop?
Durians usually harvest from July to August also as of October to November. During its harvesting season, durians tend to ripe and drop more in the dark. This is often because the temperature is high at noontime, hence when already dark arrives, the sudden natural process will increase the probabilities of durians dropping.
Are Jackfruit and durian the same?
No, Durian and Jackfruit are not related they are different.
Botanically, durian may be a part of the Malvaceae, whereas jackfruit belongs to the Moraceae. Overall, the jackfruits are more popular and documented than durians, and you’ll more commonly mistake durian to be jackfruit but not the opposite way around.
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Durian Tree: Divisive But Strangely Popular
Table of Contents
Durian fruit gets a bad rap sometimes. Some people think the ripe edible fruit smells like sewage or rot, while others think the opposite and really appreciate it. The flesh is described as custard-like and sweet by lovers of the fruit or like onion sauce by those who aren’t fans. Love it or hate it, durian fruit grows on a durian tree, and you can grow your own at home if you desire.
It’s a divisive fruit that polarizes people who come into contact with it. It’s considered the “King of Fruits” in Southeast Asia, where several cultivars exist. In the United States, durian fruit is generally only one species of this multifaceted fruit. It may have a distinctive aroma, but eating durian can nourish the body with a wealth of nutrients.
If you live in tropical regions with climates similar to Southeastern Asia, you can grow your own edible fruits from durian trees and enjoy raw fruit, durian chips, durian paste, and durian leaf juice. It’s such a versatile fruit, despite its reputation. Why not try growing it yourself?
Good Products At Amazon For Growing Durian Trees:
- Neem Bliss 100% Cold Pressed Neem Oil
- Southern Ag Liquid Copper Fungicide
Quick Care GuideThe durian tree is a very tropical tree with gigantic spiked fruit. Source: Sam’s Photography
|Common Name(s)||Durian, civet cat tree|
|Scientific Name||Durio zibethinus|
|Days to Harvest||90 to 150 days from flower|
|Water||2 inches per week|
|Soil||Rich, loamy, well-drained|
|Fertilizer||Slow-release, NPK dependant on stage of fruiting|
|Pests||Psyllids, shot hole borer|
All About The Durian TreeThese unripe durians still haven’t fully formed their spines yet. Source: ElCapitan
Durio zibethinus is one species of fruit trees found in markets in North America, while other species are located throughout Asia. Durian is in the family Bombacaceae and is commonly referred to as the civet cat tree. The species zibethinus is named after the civet, a feline creature that hangs out in durian trees on the resident durian plantation in Malaysia.
The origin of durian fruit trees is really interesting! It came from the Malay Peninsula, where it was called dûrî, the Malaysian word for thorn. This refers directly to the thorny outer layer of durian fruit, which often must be handled with gloves. Today, there are at least 9 different trees in the genus Durio that produce the durian sold commercially.
Durian trees grow up to 165 feet tall in their native tropical environment, though their roots are shallow. The leaves are evergreen, comparable to coffee leaves in shape, and up to 8 inches long at full maturity. Durian trees have two fruiting and flowering periods where bats pollinate the nodding, yellow, and lily-like flowers. When pollination is successful, the flowers fall to the ground leaving only the durian fruit. In areas outside of their native habitat, the trees can be hand-pollinated or may be pollinated by moths.
Durian trees fruit and flower in three to five years. It takes 3 to 5 months for fruits to mature after the flower grows. Durian flesh is covered in a hard external husk covered in spines. Inside the shell is another layer that protects the tender flesh and durian seeds. Raw durian has a cream-colored pulp and is highly fragrant with a rich glutinous smoothness. People eat durian in many ways. It’s eaten fresh, made into a paste, or occasionally cooked into delicious desserts like rich custard.
In some parts of Asia where durian is commonly cultivated, it’s banned for sale in markets due to its overpowering pungent odor. But it’s great for treating a fever patient. Some people think it smells like rotten onions, Limburger cheese, rotting flesh, and sewage. Others eat durians and find the aroma pleasant, and the flavor of the fruit very desirable. If you want to grow one, make sure you have the right conditions. Durian (Durio zibethinus) doesn’t get large enough to produce fruit outside of tropical and climate-controlled areas.
PlantingIt takes a while for durian to fully ripen. Source: Hella Delicious
Plant durian seeds either indoors or outdoors. It’s also possible to plant durian trees from your local nursery. Unless you live in the tropics, plant your seeds or sapling indoors or in a greenhouse. Durian seeds do not have a long lifespan and are only viable up to a few days after extraction from the fruit. There are seed distributors who sell vacuum-sealed seeds that keep longer than a few days. Wait to plant your seed until the hottest and wettest part of the season at 30 to 50 feet apart. Plant the seed in a 1.5 foot wide and deep hole, prepared with compost. Push the seed in halfway, leaving the top half exposed. If you’re planting outdoors, plant the seed under a tree branch to simulate the shade canopy they would be under in the wild. Water it frequently to keep the ground moist for the first two years while the tree gets acclimated.
Inside, germinate seeds in a wet paper towel sealed in a plastic bag at room temperature. Give the bag at least 4 hours of direct sunlight and add moisture as needed to keep the paper towel moist. When the sprouted roots are longer than the seed, transplant them in rich, loamy, well-draining media. Water them daily to keep them moist. Make sure your container has good drainage holes.
Since durian likes warm climates, substitute environmental controls indoors or in a greenhouse as needed. Plant trees from a local nursery in the same setting as seeds. Use the same balance of compost and loam soil. Graduate the containers for potted durian as the tree grows, providing a few more inches of width and depth for each transplant.
CareThese fruit are the right size and color and ready to harvest. Source: Kaeru
Just because this tree is from Southeast Asia doesn’t mean it can’t be grown elsewhere. Let’s cover a few of its basic needs.
Sun and Temperature
Durian grows in direct sunlight, and trees need at least 6 hours of full sun per day. Like other tropical plants, durian only grows and produces fruit successfully in USDA zones 10 to 12. Ideal temperatures range from 75 degrees to 86 degrees Fahrenheit. Durian can take higher heat as long as adequate humidity is present. Temperatures below 75 degrees will kill durian. Do not put your plant outdoors if you live outside tropical zones. Just a few degrees below 75 results in fruit and flower drop and slowed pollination.
Water and Humidity
Water your trees daily and generously, keeping the ground moist but not overly wet. Make sure your media soaks in and drains water easily and quickly. Pooled water around the trunk of a durian tree causes root rot. Drip irrigation is a great way to provide adequate moisture without disturbing the ground or soaking it too much. When the tree flowers, stop watering and allow at least 1 month of dryness, up to 2 months total. When the fruit forms, resume watering. Make sure these plants have at least 70 to 90 percent humidity.
The medium for your durian tree should be rich, loamy, and well-draining. As long as there are no floods, you can cultivate it in poor soil. However, they will do best when you adequately prepare the ground with good, well-rotted compost and a little bit of sand. Use a pH tester to assure the soil is slightly acidic at 5.5 to 6.5. Make sure you have loamy soil!
Nitrogen and potassium are the two most essential nutrients for your durian tree, but it does need phosphorous as well. For trees over 6 years of age, 1-2 kilograms of nitrogen and 2-4 kilograms of phosphorous are necessary every year, although not all at once.
There are two NPK levels that are used at certain stages of growth if doing liquid fertilization (or “fertigating”). At 1-2 months before flowering, during fruit set, and after the harvest, a 9-27-27 liquid fertilizer diluted in the irrigation system is considered ideal. This is lower in nitrogen but very high in both the phosphorous and potassium that the tree needs for fruit production or initial recovery from fruiting.
During the flowering stage, the post-flowering stage prior to fruiting, and the flushing stage when the tree is going into its non-fruiting period each year, a 14-7-28 liquid fertilizer is better. This provides the higher nitrogen the tree needs to recover and to produce new leaf growth.
If using a slow-release granular fertilizer rather than a liquid, you can opt for a higher P-K ratio for the flowering and fruiting stages, and a higher N-K ratio for the rest of the year. Pay attention to the timing that your fertilizer takes to release its nutrients and apply accordingly. Remember that there will be a period of time when the tree is not producing fruit where it will need much less fertilizer, as with all other tree species; this is when the tree is resting and recuperating from the fruiting stage, and it’s less nutrient-hungry at that time although not truly dormant.
Prune your durian in the first two years to avoid the need to cut back the tree severely when it’s mature and too tall. In Malaysia, people prune the trees in cone, elliptical, and dome-like fashions. They’re generally pruned at various other stages during their lifespan. If you’re concerned about pruning a large tree yourself, consult an arborist.
As a tropical tree, it’s not deciduous. Leaves will not fall to the ground in cooler seasons. Old fruits can be thinned about one to two months after fruit is set.
As mentioned in the planting section, you can propagate durian by seed. You can also graft two species of durian: one, an older plant, and one, an embryonic tree that is about 2 months old. This tree could come from a seed you planted, or from a nearby durian farm.
When the sapling shows signs of new leaf growth, graft another durian branch onto it. Use sanitized cutting shears to remove a 6 to 8-inch section of branch from the older plant. Remove the leaves, and cut the end into a point with a sharp knife. Then, bisect the baby durian and put the pointed branch into the bisected area. Secure the branches with a rubber band and cover with plastic wrap. If you’ve managed to propagate the two, they’ll produce young leaves in one week.
Harvesting and StoringThe spiky rinds of durian make them difficult to handle without gloves. Source: douglemoine
You’ve cultivated your Musang King for years and finally, there’s fruit. Let’s talk about how to harvest and store your fruit for your favorite meals.
When your fruit is between 4 and 11 pounds, snip them off to eat the flesh. Either use a ladder to reach the fruits or use a cutting implement on a long pole to cut them off from the ground. Leave a small 1 inch bit of stem at the top of the fruit. Do not eat fruits that have fallen to the ground, as they will be damaged. Despite their gnarly appearance, durians are sensitive. Keep the fruits in a basket and avoid touching them to the ground. Place them in containers while they wait to be eaten. Durians should rest for about 1 week before they are cracked open. If you feel inclined, open one and do a few occasional wafts to see if the flesh is right for you. If so, great! If not, give it away, or sell it at local markets.
Whole durians don’t smell when uncut and whole and will keep for a few days at room temperature. Because they can be stinky, the cut flesh of these fruits should be wrapped in plastic wrap, and then sealed in plastic bags. This goes for whole or sliced thin. They’ll keep in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. Frozen, they keep for 2 months.
Unless you want to contaminate your dehydrator with the intense smell of durians, it’s not recommended to dehydrate. The same goes for when you are canning.
TroubleshootingA few overripe fruit remain on this tree. Source: Ikhlasul Amal
There are a few things to keep in mind when you grow durian. Keep these in mind and you’ll have sweet fruit multiple times a year.
As mentioned before, flowers and fruit drop if it gets too cold. For durian, that’s under 75 degrees. One other bad effect that comes from the wrong conditions is root rot from fungally-infested planting media that doesn’t drain well. Ensure your tree has well-draining soil. Another thing to look out for: don’t over-prune saplings. This prevents production. The fleshy arils turn brown and decay in trees that are not planted properly. Try to remove them and hope they will produce in future seasons by transplanting the tree, ensuring the roots are placed correctly.
Psyllids are insects that resemble whiteflies, or flat green scale. They congregate in large groups on the trunks of durian and scatter when disturbed. In large numbers, they cause sap-sucking damage. Neem oil is recommended in spray form applied every 7 to 10 days on affected areas until psyllids are gone.
Shot hole borers are beetles that drill small holes in the trunk of durian. They enter and consume the sap and trunk matter, causing branch wilting and loss of leaves at the end stages of their infestation. Unless you catch them on the surface of the trunk, you may lose the plant. Contact your local extension office to determine which treatments are best for your region. Prevention by maintaining a healthy tree is usually better than trying to treat them once they’ve moved in.
Leaf blight is caused by a fungal pathogen. The first symptoms show on the center of leaves in yellow or red blotches that travel to the edges. The best treatment for these is copper fungicide in spray form applied every 7 to 10 days. If the disease does not improve, contact your extension office for removal tips.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How long does it take for durian tree to bear fruit?
A: After the flowers grow, it takes about 3 to 5 months for the fruit to form.
Q: Where do durian trees grow?
A: They love Southeast Asia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia.
Q: Is durian grown in USA?
A: Yes, but only in greenhouses or in tropical regions.
Durian - description of the plant / Growing the plant at home / Harvesting and harvesting
Exotic fruits literally filled the shelves of our stores and supermarkets. Some of them have firmly entered our daily menu, for example, bananas, others, such as kumquat, papaya, passion fruit, we buy only on holidays or to pamper ourselves and our loved ones. But there are also such fruits, berries, which you can enjoy only after visiting those countries where they are grown. One of the main reasons preventing their export is the extraordinary tenderness of fruits, the impossibility of their long-term transportation fresh. But durian (Durio) is not exported for a very prosaic reason. Not a single transport company in the world agrees to transport fruits, as they smell very bad. This is perhaps the only negative quality, although the properties of durian have not yet been fully studied by scientists.
Description of the plant
This unusual fruit grows on trees whose distribution area includes the tropical countries of Southeast Asia, Central Africa, South America: Brazil, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, India, Cambodia, Laos, Philippines, Sri Lanka. It belongs to the mallow family, which includes 245 genera of various plants: shrubs, trees, herbs. Among them are a large number of types of ornamental crops, such as mallow, hibiscus, and other flowering plants, which are widely grown by both professional gardeners and amateurs to decorate parks, squares, gardens, and home gardens. There are also industrial crops in this family. For example, cotton, which "supplies" the fiber used for the production of cotton fabrics and for a number of other tasks.
The genus Durio includes more than 30 plant species. All of them are evergreen, straight-stemmed, weakly branching trees up to 40-50 m high, with supporting roots. Simple regular glossy leaves 25 cm long and 7.5 cm wide. The upper surface of the leaf is colored green, and the lower one has a silver or bronze tint.
Depending on the place of growth in March-April, large lateral branches (ramifloria) or directly on the trunk (caulifloria) form large flowers, collected in 3-30 pieces. in clusters (inflorescences). Petals are white or red. As evening falls, the flowers open. Their smell attracts bats of the genus Eonycteris spelea, which pollinate them.
After flowering, round fruits are formed, which in 2.5-3 months reach a diameter of 20-30 cm, and their weight ranges from 1.5-3 to 5-8 kg.
Externally, the fruit resembles a chestnut: the surface of a very hard green-brown shell is studded with powerful pyramidal prickly spines designed to protect the unripe fruit from being eaten by animals. If you think that the name of the plant is associated with a well-known Russian word, then you are deeply mistaken. Durio means "thorn" in Malay.
After falling to the ground, the fruit takes a few more days to reach full maturity, after which the shell bursts and opens into 5 wings. Along the edge of each segment, large dark seeds are provided with arylluses (fleshy appendages). Inside there is a yellowish, pinkish, reddish, creamy milky tender pulp.
Of the variety of durian species, only 8 varieties of trees produce edible fruits. From one plant per year you can collect no more than 50 pieces. It is impossible to keep them fresh, so even in the local market you can buy durian fruit for a short time.
Locals say that the taste of this unusual fruit is a "heavenly delight". Delicate texture, depending on the type of wood, has a multifaceted taste. People's opinions differ significantly, because everyone can catch the notes that he likes: mango, papaya, pineapple, strawberry, ice cream, dried persimmon, persimmon, vanilla, even onion.
But people's opinions are almost the same about the "aroma" of the ripe durian fruit: it causes visions of hell. Of course, a persistent and bright smell evokes various associations, but they are all equally unpleasant: it is disgusting and almost unbearable! And so much so that with the purchase you will not be allowed not only on board the aircraft, but also on the subway, bus, and so on.
Cultivation of the plant
Optimal conditions for tree growth are high average annual temperature (not lower than +20-22°C) and high humidity (about 1500-2000 mm per year). At the same time, the soil must be fertile, rich in organic matter and well-drained so that moisture does not stagnate and does not provoke the formation of root rot. Durian grows well along streams and rivers where its roots have access to water throughout the year. In our country, it is impossible to select sites with the climatic conditions necessary for a plant for growing on open ground.
These fruit trees reproduce in two ways.
- contains organic sulfur - a substance that is not found in any other fruit, but at the same time it is very important for the life of the body, ensuring optimal blood sugar levels, the formation of cartilage, bone, nervous tissues, the removal of toxins, toxins, the proper course of various biochemical reactions . By the way, according to scientists, it is sulfur and its compounds, as well as ketones, esters that are “responsible” for the unpleasant smell of the fetus;
- it also contains other trace elements - zinc, magnesium, calcium, potassium, which ensure the uninterrupted activity of the immune, nervous, cardiovascular systems;
- serves as a source of B and C vitamins, fiber, antioxidants that prevent the aging of body cells;
- contains indole, which increases sexual activity, and estrogens, which increase the likelihood of pregnancy;
- has an anthelmintic effect;
- helps to cleanse the upper respiratory tract, lungs.
Planting material should be kept moist, but even then it will quickly lose its viability. If the seeds dry out, then they will not become viable at all. After sowing, the first sprouts appear within a week. Seedlings grow rapidly, but begin to bear fruit only after 15 years.
Grafted plants have a more compact size, so they can be used for growing indoors: botanical gardens, winter gardens, greenhouses. As a scion, plants of the same genus Durio are used, which have inedible fruits and are resistant to late blight. Grafted seedlings give the first fruits already 4-5 years after planting.
Plants require additional watering during dry periods. They also need fertilizer. Trunk circles mulch.
In "Larousse Gastronomique" - gastronomic encyclopedia, it is said that the ripeness of the fruit can be judged by the cod of the dense shell of the fruit. Fruit pickers wear protective helmets to prevent injury from falling fruits. The fruit that has fallen from the tree must lie down for another 2-4 days in order to reach final ripeness. But already on the 5th-6th day, it can become overripe, become tasteless, bitter.
Fresh durian fruits are not stored, because the corrosive smell of sewerage, rotten fish coming from them is simply impossible to endure for a long time. Scientists have not yet fully investigated the composition of the pulp of the fruit, but the locals call durian the "king of fruits" and are confident in its value to the human body. They consider it an exquisite delicacy and use it not only fresh, but also canned, used to make jam, sweets, added to ice cream, fried in coconut oil to get a delicious side dish for meat dishes.
Already existing data indicate that the pulp of the fruit:
The leaves of the tree are also used. They contain mustard oil, serotonin. When bile spills, local healers prescribe baths with a decoction of the leaves for their patients. A decoction is also used as an anti-inflammatory agent, applied to inflamed areas of the body, as an antipyretic. It is believed that after eating the pulp in the stomach, the temperature rises and a person can do without a blanket at night. Aborigines prepare honey from nectar and hoops of flowers.
The bark from the tree is dried and used in smoking to give the product a beautiful color and pleasant aroma. Ash is used to maintain the strength of women after childbirth. In addition, it is an excellent tool for bleaching silk fabrics.
The dried seeds are crushed and used as a seasoning. Thais add pumpkin to the pulp of durian and prepare a delicious thick paste. It is stored for a long time and used as a spice. In Indonesia, the pulp is combined with mint to make rice sauce. Canned fruits are exported to Europe, the Middle East.
Rough soft wood with a reddish-brown heart used in the construction of rural houses, for the manufacture of masts.
The locals believe in the miraculous properties of the unique durian fruit. They arrange fairs in his honor, and his fruits are the most expensive in local markets. However, before eating an exotic fruit, you need to make sure that it does not lead to an allergic reaction. In addition, people with hypertension, pregnant and breastfeeding women should refrain from using it. Fresh seeds can cause shortness of breath.
Even if the body has responded adequately to a small amount of exotic, it is not necessary to eat a large amount of pulp at one time. After the tasting has taken place, you can not drink alcoholic beverages for an hour.
When buying fruit at a colorful local market, first tap on it with a special stick that the seller should give you. Only after making sure that the sound is deaf can you make a purchase. You need to eat the fruit immediately after cutting. Do not buy pieces of pre-cut fruit packaged in plastic bags.
✅ How to grow durian from a bone at home
- 1 How to grow durian from a bone at home
- 1.1 How to grow durian from a bone
- 1.1.1 Light articles:
- 1. 2 Forum indoor flowers and plants
- 1.3 Durian
- 1.4 Like Dislike Jekky 04 May 2005
- 1.5 Like Dislike Elena Elena 08 Feb 2007
- 1.6 Like Dislike Jekky 08 Feb 2007
- 1.7 Like Dislike Jah 09 Feb 2007
- 1.8 Like Dislike Alex Feb 10, 2007
- 1.9 Like Dislike Jekky Feb 11, 2007
- 1.10 Like Dislike Guava Jun 06, 2007
- 1.11 Like Dislike Guava Mar 22, 2008
- 1.12 Like Dislike Guava Mar 22, 2008
- 1.13 Like Dislike Guava 08 Apr 2008
- 1.14 Like Dislike Guava 03 May 2008
- 1.15 Like Dislike Guava Dec 13, 2008
- 1.16 Like Dislike Lily st 05 Jan 2009
- 1.17 Like Dislikes Guava 05 Jan 2009
- 1.18 How durian grows. Description of a tropical fruit.
- 1.19 Durian is the royal tropical fruit.
- 1.20 Fruit Durian - Paradise Fruit with restrictions
- 1.21 Description and features
- 1.22 Durian - Paradise Fruit with a diabolical shell
- 1. 23 Legend
- 1.24 Useful qualities of Duriana
- 1.25 Who cannot be consumed by durian?
- 1.26 How can I eat durian?
- 1.27 How to choose the right durian in Thailand and India?
- 1.28 What fruits can be raised houses
- 1.29 Citruses
- 1.30 Hurmma
- 1.31 LICH
- 1.32 Mango
- 1.1 How to grow durian from a bone
How to grow durian from bone
In the first days of Augusta, we plant Bone montong. And now what a mini tree has already grown from this bone. At the base it is very strong, solid, and so it began to grow immediately, initially. And already at the very top thin twigs. It is very interesting to watch how durian grows from such a small bone into a tree!
And here is another durian that we planted recently, Red Brunei chocolate variety:
And another durian tree, from a different angle:
Similar articles :
Hello! Please tell me in what latitudes do you grow durian? Thank you.
I wonder if durian will grow at home? And yet, how many days does it sprout, otherwise I pomaded a pitahaya at home and it sprouted in 4 days. Durian grows in the tropics and equatorial regions: Southeast Asia, South America, Australia and probably in Portugal.
In general, it sprouts rather quickly, in a few days. And it rises so funny - a brown arc)) and a sprout is already coming out of it. I think it's worth trying to grow it at home;)
Instead of durian, I have pitahaya, passion fruit, pineapple 5, Japanese banana, pomelo and many other exotics at home. And who realties tried to grow them at home? Who has what? I'm planting carambola today. When he ate, she had a delicious smell, but the taste of an unripe and sour tomato. Ate the green variety.
great, a whole greenhouse! Personally, I have not tried to grow durians at home:)
I read an interesting article in the August issue of the magazine Flowers in the House, here it is: “Having been in Vietnam, I brought jackfruit seeds with me. I soaked them for a few days, weeded them out, and then sown them in the soil mixture for palm trees and placed the pot near the battery with a temperature of 26○. Seeds germinated in two weeks. Seedlings have grown by 50 cm in six months. They are not demanding in care, they only drink a lot of water. Growing together in the summer on the balcony, a dozen jack seedlings asked me a difficult task: where to put them in the winter? After all, the window sills are not rubber and a new vacation is planned, which means that the apartment will be filled with new guests brought from distant countries. I had to go to the botonic garden and give part of the jacks there. Others left for work, while a couple stayed at home, as reminders of distant lands. Y. Polovnikov from Yekaterinburg. Is it really a great story? I was told on my bot mug that with good care, the jackfruit house will bear fruit! :)
wow, I can't believe that jackfruit can bear fruit))))) it needs a lot of space, a lot of food))
I also have coffee, pampas grass, many citrus fruits, monstera, etc.
I dream of trying monsterra fruits!!
I have brought a lot of plants from Sochi in autumn. Kiwi, kumquat, feijoa, gingko tree and all of them will quietly grow and bear fruit at home. Bananas bear fruit only once in a lifetime, then the grass dies, but it has babies that will grow up quickly.
is strange, we have fruiting bananas many times in the Philippines :)
Forum indoor flowers and plants
- I do not like
Jekky 04 May 2005
at the end of December bought Durian. I found 2 seeds in it. Planted them. They started growing pretty fast. Within 2 weeks, they emerged from the ground. And then they stopped growing. I waited about a week, then I touched the seeds, they were easily removed.
As a result, there were 2 thin shoots on thick legs. One shoot was already dry, the other fresh.
The fresh one began to dry out little by little, and the leg, on the contrary, began to straighten. I covered it with a bag. For 4 days now, the seedlings have been standing under the package, but they show no signs of life. A couple of days ago I sprayed them with epin - I thought it would help. The pot is not far from the heating pipe, it heats it up, I hope that they do not dry out from dry air.
Can anyone help to revive them somehow? Is there any hope for this?
I don't even know. Thick legs are still a trunk or a root, maybe spud it so that it does not dry out?
- I do not like
Elena Elena 08 Feb 2007
Personal experience in this issue, I can only cite the content of the contents, which is subtarted from the literature, may be deducted from this. make some assumptions.
Grow it in the lowland humid tropics. Soil: leaf, humus and sand in equal volumes.
Not much, but as far as I can tell, they cannot be left without a bag, the soil should be quite light, but nutritious. Bottom heating required. 4 days is not a long time.
How did the durian itself taste?
Jekky 08 Feb 2007
Elena Elena (8.2.2007, 12:20) wrote:
Didn't smell of rotten onions, so there was a slight smell. Weighed probably 3.9 kilograms0003
The taste is hard to describe. It kind of reminds me of a pumpkin and something else. But the taste does not exactly resemble bananas with pineapples. You don’t eat a lot of it right away, some kind of cloying is felt. Basically, I expected more from him.
- I do not like
Jah 09 Feb 2007
- I do not like
Alex 10 Feb 2007
I did not find a lot about durian and I write about what is.
Durian is an extremely popular crop among the people of tropical Southeast Asia, especially on the islands of Indonesia, which are considered the birthplace of durian. Many species grow wild here. All species are large trees with fruit-laden branches that require props. A total of 27 species are known, 6 of which produce edible fruits.
D. zibethinus Murr. - durian, tree up to 45 m in height, complex inflorescence, bisexual flowers, fruit weighing up to 4 kg and up to 30 cm long, thick peel densely covered with spikes of 1-1.5 cm. The flesh is white or cream; the taste is exceptional, but the smell is repulsive. The species in the wild is located in the western part of the Malay Peninsula.
D. kutejensis (Hassk.) Beccari - tree up to 25 m high, yellow fruit up to 20 cm long and 12 cm in diameter, covered with soft thorns and can be held in hands; the pulp is fleshy, juicy, without bad smell; cultivated in his homeland - o.Kalimantan; fails on other islands.
D. oxeayanus Griffits is a large tree up to 40 m high, the trunk has disc-shaped supporting roots, the fruit is spherical, up to 20 cm in diameter, with 4 valves, with long thin and curved spines; the taste of the fruit is excellent, with a slight smell. In the wild, it grows on the Malay Peninsula, the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan.
D. graveolens Beccari - the trunk also has disc-shaped supporting roots, fruits are sweetish, odorless; the species grows in Kalimantan, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula.
D.zibethinus is the most widely cultivated species. It is cultivated on a limited scale in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myama, Vietnam, Thailand and many countries in the tropical belt of Southeast Asia. A significant number of fruits are obtained from wild trees. Due to the high height of the tree, falling fruits pose a great danger to humans.
The strong and unpleasant aroma of the fruit resembles the smell of rotten meat and rotten eggs. Even many locals cannot eat the durian fruit, but most consider it the king of fruits. The bad smell can be eliminated by immersing the pulp of the fruit for one day in coconut milk. The fruit ripening season is short (July-September), and they cannot be stored for a long time; the harvest of one tree is up to 50 fruits per year.
The fruits contain about 34% carbohydrates (of which 12% are sugars), 3.9% oils, 2.8% protein, Vitamins C and A. The local population salts the fruits and prepares various dishes from them. Unripe fruits are used as vegetables. Like a mangosteen, durian grows well and bears fruit in a humid tropical climate, on fertile soils with an abundance of soil moisture throughout the year .
Usually durian is propagated by seeds, although the properties of the original variety are not preserved. Of the vegetative propagation methods, grafting by proximity is most often used, as well as budding during the rainy season. Seedlings of local varieties are used as rootstocks. Trees are planted at a distance of 12-15 m from one another. Like the mangosteen, the durian enters the fruiting period quite late.
JEKKY , I agree with the opinion of Elena Elena
- I do not like
Jekky 11 Feb 2007 9000 9000
Here is a photo from a Thai supermarket. By the way, gourmets eat them no later than 3 hours after the fruit has fallen. Well, everyone else, which one they will buy.
Guava Mar 22, 2008
Durian is sprouting. Planted February 19th.
- I do not like
GuAVA 22 Mar 2008
Jekky (8.2.2007, 10:36) wrote:
- I do not like
Guava 08 Apr 2008
My durian is still alive. Looking forward to the leaves coming out
Guava May 03, 2008
Durian has grown a little, but the leaves appear very slowly.
Close-up photo of leaves.
Guava 13 Dec 2008
Durian continues to grow successfully. I didn’t even expect
- I like
- I do not like
Lily ST 05 Jan 2009
- I do not like
http://www.ww. f. heavenly-taste/
A good durian has a sweet taste, smooth texture, rich custard-like flavor reminiscent of banana, mango, pineapple, overripe papaya and vanilla. The disgusting smell comes from a thick prickly peel, studded with thorns of a menacing appearance and size. Inside, the fruit is divided into slices with white walls, in each section there are three to four large shiny seeds from beige to bright yellow (depending on the variety and ripeness of the durian). They will reward with their taste everyone who can cope with the smell. Beginning gourmets and tourists most often come to the aid of a seller who can advise the right fruit - not overripe or rotten on the side, not with clots, because they usually smell strongly of hydrogen sulfide, and not underripe.
From myself I will add: I took out the bone that I managed to germinate from the pulp of durian. I eat it every time I'm in Thailand. I do not argue that it really smells like rotten onions. but. When we were on a pineapple plantation, we also saw durians at the owners. They asked for a meal. When we cleaned the fruit and there was practically no smell, the pulp tasted awesome and there was no smell either. From this I can conclude: you need to eat freshly peeled pulp. In Thailand, for example, it is not customary to cook food at home, it is cooked mainly on the street. Therefore, any odorous food in the room is undesirable. By the way, Jack fruit also smells like an onion, and herring, for example, smells like viburnum bugs. But the taste is pleasant.
How durian grows. Description of a tropical fruit.
Civet durian, this plant belongs to the Malvaceae family, which has about 30 species, famous for their showy flowers and thin-walled capsule fruits filled with small seeds. Durian, is the only representative of the family, characterized by the presence of large seeds, surrounded by an impressive peel and pulp.
The durian tree is huge and can reach 40 meters in height in tropical forests, with a trunk growing up to 1.2 meters in diameter. Durian leaves are evergreen, oblong and rounded at the base, grow from 6 to 15 cm in length, leathery dark green on the outside, the inner surface is covered with shaggy scales of gray or reddish color. Durian flowers have an unpleasant odor, have 3 golden brown petals. Buds are formed on pendant clusters at the base of old branches in the amount of 3 to 30 pieces each.
In the natural environment, durian pollination is believed to be due to the activity of nectar-eating bats. Pollination is possible only at night, when the flower is fully opened and the pistil becomes receptive to pollen. Under natural conditions, the norm for the formation of durian ovaries is 20%, artificial pollination gives the best results.
Durian is the royal tropical fruit.
Durian fruits are ovoid, oval or almost round in shape and grow 15-30 cm long and up to 15 cm wide. Their weight can reach 8 kg. The yellow or yellow-green rind is rather thick and dense, semi-woody, densely covered with pointed spines. Inside the fruit there are usually five compartments containing creamy white, yellowish, pinkish or orange flesh with 1-7 seeds inside, resembling chestnut seeds, with a glossy brown shell. In quality fruit, most durian seeds do not grow and remain undeveloped.
There are some cultivars of durian whose fruits are odorless, but in general, durian fruits exude a powerful odor when grown, with unpleasant tinges reminiscent of putrefactive processes. At the same time, the pulp of an optimally ripe durian has the consistency of a custard, and tastes like cream cheese with hints of onions, nuts, bananas, spices, etc. Not everyone likes durian, especially for the first time, but if you become addicted to it, you will get a real object of food desire. At full natural ripening, the durian fruits split into 5 segments, exposing the foul-smelling pulp to the outside, some remain closed, but all the fruits fall to the ground.
Durian is an exclusively tropical plant and cannot grow above 700 m above sea level. The tree needs abundant rainfall and prefers to grow in places where its roots can reach a permanent source of water. The best specimens of durian trees develop on deep loamy and alluvial soils in floodplains.
As the harvest season approaches, varying by location, weather and durian variety, locals clear the surface under the canopy of the tree and set up makeshift shelters near the plantings to be ready to pick up every fallen fruit. Care must be taken when harvesting durians, as falling heavy fruit can cause serious injury. Fallen durian fruit attracts animals and many bird species, which in turn attract hunters.
Durian is propagated, as a rule, by seeds, which have an extremely short viability period - about 7 days, in a humid environment. Seed germination is quite high, up to 70% of them germinate, but cuttings and grafts take root in rare cases. Due to the limited habitat of trees and the short shelf life of fruits, durian is predominantly a South Asian fruit and appears before us when visiting tropical resort countries.
Fruit durian - fruit of paradise with restrictions
The exotic durian is the king of tropical fruits. It is an exotic evergreen tree with a spreading crown. For the first time this plant of the Malvaceae family appeared on the territory of South Asia six hundred years ago. Currently, the durian fruit is grown in Thailand, India, Indochina, Bangkok, the Philippines and Malaysia, in regions with a humid tropical climate.
Description and features
There are over thirty varieties of durian, but only nine of them are considered edible. Each variety is distinguished by the taste and aroma of fruits, the beneficial properties of which are almost the same.
The durian tree has a slightly branched crown with simple leathery leaves arranged alternately. This plant can reach forty meters in height. Exotic durian blooms with large flowers of white, golden or red color, which develop on the shoots of the current year and old trunks. The peak of decorative flowering can be seen only in the evening, when the flowers are fully opened. The duration of flowering is only a few hours. By morning, flower buds fall. Blooming decorative flowers emit a sour smell. They are pollinated by bees or bats.
Durian fruits are large, spherical, slightly elongated. The surface of the fruit is dense, consists of pyramidal spines. The size of one fruit reaches thirty centimeters with a weight of up to ten kilograms. Inside contains a dense, yellowish-cream pulp, which is divided into five parts by white veins. Unripe fruit emits the smell of fresh grass, in ripe fruits - the pulp has a sweetish and putrefactive aroma. The fruit ripening period begins in May and ends at the end of August.
It is almost impossible to grow durian at home. Even if the seeds germinate, the seedling rarely survives to a year. This is a capricious plant and in its homeland grows only where it likes.
Durian - a heavenly fruit with a devil's shell
Durian has a specific and rather unpleasant smell. And in many Asian countries, this fruit is forbidden to be brought into public places - elevators, shops, hotels, etc. In tourist countries, special signs have been installed with a warning sign, which depicts the durian fruit crossed out with a red line. The aroma of durian is so pungent that it is not easy to get rid of it even with the help of special cosmetics.
But! At the same time, in Thailand there is a ban on the export of this fruit from the country. Such a warning can be seen at airports, railway stations and seaports. Despite these specific properties, durian fruits contain amazing and flavorful pulp. This fruit is recognized as one of the main delicacies of tourist Thailand.
There are several legends about the origin of this fruit. But the most beautiful of them is the story of a king and his beloved.
Long ago, the king of Asia fell in love with a very sweet girl. But, unfortunately, she did not reciprocate. Then the ruler turned to the magician for help. He gave him an unusual fruit with a specific aroma and very tasty pulp. After his lover tasted this fruit, she immediately fell in love with it. The king was so carried away by his love that he even forgot to thank his "savior". In anger, the wizard placed a curse on the fruits of the tree. When the ruler returned to the garden to pick another “fruit of love”, he saw fruits covered with thorns, thinning with an unpleasant odor, on the tree. Enraged, the Asiatic lord plucked the fruit and threw it on the ground. To his surprise, the split fruit remained just as tasty and fragrant. So he gave it the name "durian".
Useful properties of durian
Useful properties of durian are unique. This is an amazing Thai product that contains all the nutrients necessary for the human body.
It contains: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, fiber and ash substances. And this is not all the useful properties of durian. The pulp of the fruit is saturated with vitamins: A, B, C, contains folic acid and micro and macro elements.
The people of Thailand revere this fruit for its beneficial and nutritious properties. Thai durian removes harmful substances from the body, has an antibacterial effect, enhances potency in men and helps women become pregnant.
The pulp of the fruit has an anthelmintic effect, and the seeds help cure diarrhea. The roots of the plant are used as a raw material for the preparation of antiviral drugs.
Plus, Thai durian has a rejuvenating effect. Therefore, its use is useful for those who want to live long and healthy.
Who should not eat durian?
Durian has not only useful properties, but also contraindications.
- It is not recommended to abuse this fruit, at one time - no more than 2 pieces.
- It is also worth remembering that alcohol and Thai durian are incompatible products. Alcoholic drinks can be consumed no earlier than an hour after eating a tropical fruit, otherwise there will be heart problems - tachycardia, arrhythmia and dizziness.
- Durian is contraindicated for pregnant women, nursing mothers, hypertensive patients and in case of individual intolerance.
- This is a satisfying product that quickly satisfies the feeling of hunger. And its nutritional properties will not benefit everyone. For example, overweight people are not recommended to regularly eat this product.
How can I eat durian?
There are many opinions about the taste of this fruit. The tender flesh has both a nutty and cheesy flavor with banana and mango flavors. Other durian gourmets describe its taste as a mixture of persimmon and strawberries, and some - like a mixture of vanilla ice cream with onions.
Durian seeds, like the pulp, are highly valued for their beneficial properties. They are readily used in cooking as a spice for various dishes. Fruit pulp is an excellent raw material for making milkshakes, mousses, jams, ice cream and chips.
Unripe durian flesh cut into pieces and fried with spices. This product goes well with pumpkin. From these two products, Thais prepare amazing pasta for various dishes.
How to choose the right durian in Thailand and India?
When buying this exotic fruit, not everyone knows how to choose ripe fruits with well-ripened pulp. Particular attention should be paid to buying durian in the off-season. After all, it is during this period that you can often “run into” a bad product, even in Thailand. Ripe fruit will be slightly soft when pressed. Unripe fruits will be too hard. Do not buy too soft durian, most likely it will be overripe.
You can tell the ripeness of a fruit by its spines. When pressed, they should move. In a green fruit, the spines are motionless. Some connoisseurs determine the ripeness of a fruit by its smell. The stronger it is, the more likely it is that the pulp is overripe and liquid in consistency. But it is not worth evaluating the maturity of durian by color, since there are several varieties of this plant, and each of them has fruits of a different color.
When it comes to storage, the Thai fruit durian does not keep well. The maximum shelf life under normal room conditions is no more than five days. Residents of Thailand recommend eating the fruit immediately after cutting to preserve all the beneficial properties.
Undoubtedly, the most delicious durian fruits can only be tasted in Thailand. Here, this fruit is considered the most expensive. Since the export of durian is prohibited here, dried or canned fruits are exported.
This fruit is so valued by the people of Thailand that they even arrange a holiday in its honor. No other country has such a variety of this exotic as here. In Thailand, there are over two hundred varieties of this plant. The abundance of durian on the shelves of shops and markets in Thailand can be seen from May to August. The rest of the time, we do not recommend buying this fruit - at best, you will get frozen porridge or rot dangerous with diarrhea.
Fruits you can grow at home
Lemons, tangerines, oranges, grapefruits, sweets and pomelo are the easiest fruits to grow at home from seeds. They are sown in pots to a depth of 1 cm in loose soil. Pots should be kept warm at a temperature of about 25 ° C. Before germination, it is important to keep the soil moist, so it is better to cover the crops with a film.
Seedlings usually appear within a week. As soon as the sprouts hatch, they need to be placed on the lightest window sill or provided with a phytolamp.
At home, citruses bear fruit well, but the first fruits of seedlings appear in 10-15 years. But even without them, the tree will please you: if it is formed correctly, it will be fluffy. And what is even more pleasant, all citruses purify the air in the premises, because they release phytoncides.
This subtropical tree is more difficult to grow: several important points must be taken into account. First, the fruits must be ripe, otherwise the seeds will not sprout. And in stores they often sell immature ones, because they last longer. To bring the fruit to ripeness, put the fruit in a bag along with a banana or an apple: they release ethylene, which speeds up the ripening of persimmons. It is impossible to freeze persimmons: the seeds from such fruits will not sprout.
Soak the extracted seeds for two days in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then conduct a warm stratification - for two months to withstand at a temperature of 50 ° C (for example, you can put it on a battery). Before sowing, the seeds must be filed with sandpaper hard ribs.
Persimmon seeds are planted at a depth of 1.5 cm in a pot with loose soil - it is better to use a mixture of sand and peat in a ratio of 1:1. Since persimmon is a deciduous tree, in winter (from the second year of life) it needs a cool content at a temperature of 5-10 ° C. You can remove the pot with the plant in the cellar or put it in the refrigerator (during the dormant period, the plant does not need light).
Persimmon grown from seed begins to bear fruit in the 5-7th year.
This tree can also be grown at home, and without unnecessary tricks.
Lychee seeds removed from the fruit lose their viability within 4 to 5 days, so they should be sown as soon as possible. The stone is embedded in loose soil to a depth of 2 cm. Until shoots appear, soil moisture should be high. And the temperature is also - in the range of 25 - 34 ° C. Sprouts usually appear within 1 to 4 weeks, but sometimes longer. The first leaves of the lychee are reddish in color. As soon as they appear, the pot must be placed in a bright place.
At first, the lychee grows rapidly, in just a few weeks they reach a height of 20 cm. But then growth slows down: in the first two years, the seedling barely reaches 30 cm. This is also the norm, the plant actively grows roots.
Litchi from the stone begins to bear fruit in the 8th - 10th year.
Growing a mango from a stone is not an easy task, but an exciting one. Seeds from ripe fruits are suitable for germination. Determining the degree of ripeness of a mango is simple: if the pulp is easily separated from the stone, the fruit is ripe. The removed bone should be washed well, and the remaining pulp should be scraped off with a knife.