How long does it take to plant a lemon tree


Lemon Tree Timeline: How Long Does It Take Lemons To Grow?

Growing a lemon tree is way easier than you think. The trees require very little to thrive as long as they are in the right environment. While getting them to produce lemons may take some time, the wait will easily be worth it.

It takes about 20 to 25 years for a lemon tree to reach its peak height, and could take anywhere from 4 to 6 years for the tree to produce lemons. Lemon trees need to develop fully before they produce fruit. The type of tree and variety of lemon will decide how fast your tree will grow.

Continue reading to learn more about how to help your lemon tree thrive, what to watch out for to keep it healthy, and some general lemon tree information!

Just to add – when you shop using links from Tree Journey, we may earn affiliate commissions if you make a purchase. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases.

Which Lemon Tree Should You Plant?

Not sure what kind of lemon tree you should plant? There are many varieties, and it can get a little overwhelming. Let’s look at the different varieties and what suits your needs and growing community. 

So, where do you even start when deciding what variety of lemon trees to buy?

The best way to figure this out is to see if your neighbors have figured it out first. Look around your neighborhood and see if you can spot any lemon trees. If you see some, you know you have the right growing conditions for a tree to thrive. 

If you cannot spot any trees, head to your local arborist or gardening center and ask for their advice. They know the area, climate, and plants well, so they can give you an informed answer. 

Different varieties of lemon trees need various elements to thrive. Most trees need full sunlight, well-drained soil, and a warm climate. You can also bring many varieties of lemon trees inside and plant them in pots.

Some varieties of lemon trees also have shallow roots, which is preferable in some situations. To learn more about this and other fruit trees, take a look at our piece 6 Best Fruit Trees That Have Shallow Roots: Identification Guide.

However, lemon trees grow very tall, so it is best to keep them outside if it is an option for you. 

How Quickly Will A Lemon Tree Grow Each Year?

Each variety of lemon tree has a different rate of growth. With many varieties to choose from, you can also pick one that suits your timetable for growth. 

The majority of lemon trees grow around 6 to 12 inches each year. Over time they can reach up to 20 feet tall, or sometimes even higher depending on the variety. It all depends on what kind of lemon tree you are growing and the conditions they are living in. 

Having the proper conditions to grow a lemon tree lets it reach its full potential each season. If you plant the lemon tree in a spot with heavy sun and proper drainage, it will likely grow about 6 to 12 inches each season. If the lemon tree is in the shade or sitting near a puddle every day, it is less likely to thrive in those conditions, making it grow poorly and take longer to produce fruit.  

Some variety of lemons do well in warmer climates or better indoors in planters. You can read about the best variety of lemons to plant for your zone here. 

How Long Does It Take To Grow A Lemon Tree?

So, you’ve narrowed the search down and are ready to plant a lemon tree and enjoy fresh lemons right in your backyard. How long will it take to get fruit? What kind of care does it need?

Overall, lemon trees will take 20 to 25 years to reach their full height of approximately 20 feet.

Lemon trees are rather simple to grow if you give them the proper conditions. They do not require a lot of maintenance and can support themselves. If you are not great with plants but curious about a citrus tree, start with a basic variety of lemon and see how it goes. 

When Will Lemons Arrive On Your Lemon Tree Once Fully Grown?

Now that your tree is in the ground or a container, you must be curious when the lemons will start rolling in? Depending on the maturity, size, and type of tree you bought, you could wait some time for lemons.  

Fruits on a fully grown lemon tree typically take about a year to show up. A few tiny lemons may fall off the tree as well before any fruit makes an appearance. This is the natural cycle of the tree, so do not worry if the tiny fruits start to fall. 

The best thing that you could do is stay patient when waiting for your fruits to grow and ripe on the tree. Once the fruits appear on the tree, you may think you will have lemons soon. However, you may have to wait a bit longer. 

Lemons can take a long time to ripen and come to their full potential as fruit. It could take up to a year for the lemons to grow and then another 6 to 9 months for the lemons to be fully ripe and ready for consumption. It will be worth the wait, and the satisfaction will be excellent when you pick the first lemon. 

When Should I Pick Lemons Off My Tree?

Okay, so you finally have a few lemons on your tree. After what seems like years of waiting, you are only a few steps away from adding the tangy citrus into your diet. But how do you know when to pick them off the tree?

It may surprise you to find out not all lemons are bright yellow when they are ready to be picked from a tree. In fact, many of them are slightly green, just like their cousin the lime.

According to the University of Florida, you typically pick lemons when they are green and 1 ½ to 2 inches in diameter. After picking them, you cure them, which involves placing the green fruit out at room temperature and allowing it to ripen. While they ripen, the peel smooths out, and the fruit becomes juicer.

When the fruits are ready, you can store them at room temperature or in polyethylene bags in the refrigerator, where they will last several weeks. 

What Kind Of Lemon Tree Should I Buy?

The first step in your journey is to decide what kind of lemon tree works in your zone and climate. If you live in an area where it is cold in the winter, look to buy a smaller variety you can transport indoors when it gets cold.  

According to the University of Vermont, citrus trees thrive in temperatures between 50 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, but 65 is their ideal temperature. If your growing season cannot sustain those temperatures in the winter, look for a tree you can manage indoors. 

The best time to plant a lemon tree is in the early spring. Planting lemon trees from fruit seeds may not yield lemons, so you are better off buying one that has already begun growing. Plus, it could take years until the seed grows into a tree, so buying a tree already on its journey will yield fruit sooner. 

Look for a lemon tree with strong and healthy leaves. They should be a vibrant green and not wilted. Also, check out the roots on the lemon tree and make sure they look strong and not rotted. 

The next step is figuring out the right variety. Do you live in a warm climate where you can keep the tree outdoors all year long? Or do you live somewhere where it is not sustainable year-round? These will all be important factors when figuring out what variety of lemon trees to buy.  

Let’s look at a few examples of the different lemons you can grow. 

Eureka Lemon Trees

Eureka lemons are very common around the world and are rather simple to grow, especially for newbies. They do better outdoors and love a warm climate.

Meyer Lemon Trees

Meyer lemons are very sweet for the lemon variety. The trees produce fruit all year round but do not do well in the cold weather. Luckily, they are prime trees for growing in containers and can come inside during the winter months to continue growth. 

Verna Lemon Trees

If you are looking to keep your lemon tree outside all year long, you might want to pick a Verna lemon tree. The variety, which is like the eureka, only produces fruit twice a year. Sometimes you will end up with a third crop, but with limited production.

The lemons are super juicy and have very thick skin. Do not underestimate the size of this tree, either. It can grow up to 12 feet when it has reached its full maturity!

Primofiori Lemon Trees

If you are looking for a lemon that will yield a lot of fruits, the primofiori lemon is for you. This tree produces fruit year-round.

It thrives in a raised garden bed, or a container for easy transport come the winter. If you are bringing it inside, you must make sure you trim the leaves back regularly. 

How To Plant A Lemon Tree 

If you plan to keep your lemon tree outdoors year-round, then look for a large spot it can live for years to come. If you plan to plant the lemon tree in a container, pick a large container with good drainage and place it in a very sunny spot. 

According to Clemson University, a custom soil mixture is best for your citrus tree. They claim it should contain 4 parts shredded aged pine bark and 1 part peat moss or coir. This combination provides proper drainage and organic matter, but you can substitute it with a well-draining potting mix.

If you are planting the lemon tree in a container, make sure your container is at least 2 inches bigger than the original container the tree came in. Over time, the tree will have to be repotted and moved into a bigger container as it continues to grow. 

Your lemon tree will have to come inside before the weather turns cold. Lemons do not hold up well in cold temperatures, so it is better to bring them inside a few weeks before the first frost of the season hits.

The same goes for putting it back outside in the warmer months. Wait until the last frost of the season has passed and the temperatures are warming up again. When the temperature is at a steady warmth, it is okay to put the lemon tree back outside. 

You might have to juggle the timeline depending on the weather and keep it inside longer than you want to. While this may sound annoying, it is better to keep the tree inside longer so it does not freeze over. This way, none of your hard work goes to waste!

Do Lemon Trees Need To Be Pollinated?

Now that you have picked out the variety of lemon trees to plant and you have it all ready to grow, you may wonder about lemon tree pollination.  

Lemon trees, like most citrus trees, are self-pollinators and do not need to be pollinated by another source to produce fruit. While it will be helpful to have many other citrus trees nearby, it will not stop your lemon tree from growing and start producing lemons. 

Another lemon tree or citrus tree will typically help increase the production of your tree. The timeline will not change, but you may yield more fruit in the long run. 

Keeping Your Lemon Tree Healthy

Just like any other plant, lemon trees are not strangers to pests and diseases. Especially if you keep them outside. 

If planted in the right conditions, you may avoid pests and ailments near your lemon tree. However, we cannot all be lucky. Here’s what you have to watch out for with your lemon tree. 

A common thing that citrus plants grown in containers experience is root rot. Root rot can occur when a plant is over-watered and does not have the proper draining in place to keep a solid flow for the roots at hand.

To avoid root rot, you will want to make sure you have a pot with a strong drainage system. Also, make sure you are not over-watering your plant. 

Another issue you may see on your lemon tree is citrus greening. The issue first came to light thanks to an insect called the Asian citrus psyllid. The bug is rather small, as it is similar to a gnat, but can cause a lot of damage. 

Aphids are probably one of the most common pests in a garden. While it seems like they will never go away, there are useful tools to help keep them out of your garden. A simple insecticidal soap treatment or a neem oil spray will help deter these tiny creatures. 

If soap is not removing the aphids, try out a product like Natria Neem Oil Spray for Plants. You can spray this oil directly on plants and it will help repel aphids and other pests. 

Caterpillars are also a big no for your lemon tree. They are fond of the leaves on the tree and can go through them rather quickly. The damage is usually minor, but it will be smart to keep a lookout for the crawling creatures. 

What Should I Do With My Lemons? 

Okay, so you finally have a lemon fruit. But now, what do you do with it? Sure, you have the lemon juice, but there are so many more ways you can use the lemon. Let’s look! 

Lemon Blossom

If you are super impatient while waiting for the lemon to fruit, pick a few lemon blossoms off your tree.

The super fragrant flowers make great decorations for food and dessert and give off an incredible scent. While they are not edible, they make an excellent decorative garnish while you are waiting for your lemons to fruit. 

Lemon Oil 

Lemon oil goes a long way. You can use it in cooking and baking to enhance flavor and increase the lemon scent. However, you can also use it outside of the kitchen, in beauty products, cleaning materials, and in certain furniture polishes. 

Lemon Rind 

The lemon rind may secretly be the best part of the lemon. The rind is so beautifully fragrant and adds an incredible flavor to whatever you are cooking with. It brings such a bright flavor to anything you are eating and instantly elevates any dish. 

Lemon Peel 

Do you love making lemon candies and jellies? Then you are going to want to keep the peel of the lemon around.

The lemon peel is the rind with the white pith attached. It contains a large amount of citric acid and pectin, which is one of the key ingredients for making jellies and marmalades. 

So When Can I Enjoy My Lemons?

So, as you probably noticed by now, there is not a specific answer to how long it takes to grow lemons on a lemon tree. It could take 1 year, or it could take 6 years! It all depends on many, many factors. 

If you are starting from seed, it may take around 4 to 6 years before you get any fruit on the tree. However, most people are starting with a plant that has already been around for a few years, so you will probably not have to wait as long.  

Remember to keep your plant in a fully sunny area with proper drainage. If you see any pests or issues near the plant, treat it with the proper material to help bring it back to its natural state. 

When your lemons finally appear on your tree, remember you are not done yet! The fruit will still take time to grow on the tree and will be ready when they are slightly green.

You can either pick them or let them ripen more on the vine. Whatever you do, the long wait is over, and you finally have lemons you can enjoy! 

References

Beridze, T. R. “The effect of organic fertilizers on lemon tree productivity.” Subtropicheskie Kul’tury 3 (1990): 83-86.

Domingo, R., et al. “Water relations, growth and yield of Fino lemon trees under regulated deficit irrigation.” Irrigation Science 16.3 (1996): 115-123.

Dubey, A. K., and R. M. Sharma. “Effect of rootstocks on tree growth, yield, quality and leaf mineral composition of lemon (Citrus limon (L. ) Burm.).” Scientia horticulturae 200 (2016): 131-136.

Ortuno, M. Fernanda, et al. “Stem and leaf water potentials, gas exchange, sap flow, and trunk diameter fluctuations for detecting water stress in lemon trees.” Trees 20.1 (2006): 1-8.

How to Grow and Care for an Indoor Lemon Tree

With sweet-smelling flowers, glossy foliage and tart, tasty fruit, an indoor lemon tree rewards your attention year-round. Regardless of your climate, you can grow a container lemon tree indoors and enjoy your own homegrown lemons. Growing indoor lemons isn't hard as long as you choose the right tree and meet its special needs. These basics on how to grow and care for an indoor lemon tree can have you drinking lemonade in no time.

  • Selecting the Best Lemon Tree for Indoors
  • Picking the Perfect Indoor Lemon Tree Pot
  • Planting Your Indoor Lemon Tree
  • Placing Your Indoor Lemon Tree
  • Watering and Fertilizing Your Indoor Lemon Tree
  • Pollinating and Pruning Your Indoor Lemon Tree

When grown outdoors in warm climates, regular lemon trees grow 20 feet tall and take up to six years to bear fruit. 1 For indoor lemons, you need a tree that stays small and delivers lemons sooner. Growers graft indoor lemon tree varieties onto special dwarfing roots that speed up fruit-bearing ability and keep trees small.

Some of the easiest, most popular indoor lemon trees are actually crosses with other fruits, but some are true lemon trees that do well in pots. The best dwarf indoor lemon tree varieties include:

  • Dwarf Improved Meyer – The easiest indoor lemon tree, this cross between lemon and mandarin orange offers sweet, tangy lemons.
  • Dwarf Ponderosa – Another popular indoor choice, this lemon and citron cross bears large lemony fruit.
  • Dwarf Variegated Pink Lemonade – The green-and-yellow variegated fruit on this true lemon tree has pink flesh (but clear juice).

Most dwarf lemon trees sold by nurseries are two to three years old — old enough to start bearing fruit, but still immature. Container size helps limit a tree's eventual height, but most indoor dwarf Meyer lemon trees grow to at least 3 to 4 feet tall. Other indoor varieties can grow to 6 feet or more.

If you plan to grow a lemon tree from a seed, understand that the new tree won't be the same as the one the seed came from. Starting a lemon tree from a cutting will yield the same tree — from the ground up — but the process is challenging. Either way, your new tree won't have the small size and disease resistance of grafted dwarf trees, and you won't see fruit for many years.


Lemon trees fill your home with fragrance and fruit.


It's tempting to start your lemon tree in a pot worthy of its final size, but it's better to start out small. Overly large pots with excess soil make it difficult to tell when your indoor lemon tree needs water. For most young, nursery-grown trees, start with a 12-inch diameter container. As your tree grows over the years, slowly progress to pots double that size in width and depth.

Lemon trees do well in all kinds of pots, from porous terra cotta to lightweight resin. Just make sure the container has large, unobstructed drainage holes. Like other citrus trees, lemons prefer cool roots, so avoid black pots and other dark colors that heat up in sunlight.

Always use a deep saucer under your container to protect indoor floors from excess water. Consider putting a wheeled plant dolly underneath. Lemon trees get heavy and hard to move as they grow.


Lemon tree roots demand abundant oxygen, so proper planting and excellent drainage are key. When planting your tree, the flare at the base of the trunk should sit slightly above your eventual soil line.

Start by filling the new container's bottom with soil, then lightly tamp it down. Repeat until you reach the right depth for your tree's root ball. This helps provide a good foundation so your tree won't settle in too deeply. Always leave a few inches at the top for watering.

Indoor lemon trees do best when their soil stays evenly moist. Choose a well-draining potting mix designed for indoor palm trees or citrus. These mixes help prevent soggy soil while still retaining moisture, so roots don't get too wet or too dry.

As a final step, treat your newly planted lemon tree to Pennington UltraGreen Plant Starter with Vitamin B1, which provides micronutrients and reduces transplant shock.


Nursery-grown dwarf lemons bear fruit at a young age.


Once your lemon tree is in its new container, it's ready for its new environment. These two factors are critical to a successful indoor lemon tree:

  • Light: For peak performance — from blooms to fruit — your indoor lemon tree needs close to eight hours of sunlight each day. The more light it gets, the better your results will be. Lemons generally do well in front of unobstructed south- or southwest-facing windows. You can also add artificial light if needed.
  • Temperature: Indoor lemon trees grow best with nightly temperatures near 65 degrees Fahrenheit, which suits most homes fine. Lemon trees won't tolerate hot or cold drafts, so place them away from all air conditioning and heating ducts.

During warm summer months, consider giving your indoor lemon tree an outdoor vacation. Once all danger of spring frost passes, gradually acclimate it to the outdoors. The extra sunlight will do it good — and reward you with fruit. Before fall frost comes, move it back inside. Always move lemon trees gradually. Abrupt changes in light and temperature can make fruit drop.


To keep your lemon tree healthy, allow the soil to dry out about 3 inches deep before you water. Then water thoroughly until it runs through the pot's drainage holes. Keep the soil moist, not overly wet, but never let it dry out completely. Test soil with a moisture meter (available online and in garden centers) or use your index finger instead.

During active growth, especially if they're outdoors during summer, container lemon trees may need daily watering. During winter, water only as needed to keep soil moist. Timing varies depending on your indoor temperatures, your container and your tree size. Watch for warning signs such as yellow leaves, which signal soggy roots or nutrient problems.

To grow tasty fruit and beautiful foliage, your indoor lemon tree needs proper food. Like other citrus trees, lemon trees require plentiful nitrogen as well as other essential nutrients, including magnesium and iron.1 This is especially important for indoor lemon trees, which are restricted to containers.

A premium citrus fertilizer such as Pennington UltraGreen Citrus and Avocado Plant Food 10-5-5 provides indoor lemon trees with an ideal blend of primary nutrients and micronutrients at planting time, then it keeps feeding for up to four months.

As your tree grows older its needs will change, so follow label instructions for your indoor lemon tree's age and pot size. Feed container lemon trees every three to four months. Avoid disturbing shallow roots when you feed.


Indoor lemon trees look as good as their fruit tastes.


Unlike some fruit trees, lemons are self-pollinating. That means they don't need pollen from another lemon tree in order to bear fruit. But in nature, lemon trees rely on insects to pollinate their blossoms. Better pollination translates to more and better fruit.

With popular indoor varieties your tree should bear fruit on its own, but you can also help it along. When flowers are blooming and you stop to inhale the intoxicating fragrance, gently shake the branches to help spread pollen within the blossoms.

Indoor lemon trees typically need little to no pruning. Most indoor varieties are thornless, but some lemon trees have thorns. Wear long sleeves and gloves to prune away thorns and all shoots or roots near soil level. Most lemon trees fruit on outer branches, so wait until after fruit sets to avoid pruning away your prize.

By learning how to grow and care for a lemon tree indoors, you can enjoy a year-round parade of beautiful foliage, fragrant blossoms and shareable lemony treats. At Pennington, we're committed to bringing you premium plant fertilizers and expert advice to help you grow the indoor lemon tree of your dreams.

Always read product labels thoroughly and follow the instructions carefully.

UltraGreen is a registered trademark of Central Garden & Pet Company.

Pennington is a registered trademark of Pennington Seed, Inc.


Resources:

1. J.H. Crane, "Lemon Growing in the Florida Home Landscape," University of Florida IFAS Extension.

Practical tips for growing a lemon tree in a pot

Tips

Photo
Getty Images

Next time you eat a lemon, save a few seeds to grow your own tree. Even in the cold season, a productive lemon tree can grow in your home. Lemon, an evergreen citrus plant with a pleasant fresh aroma and large snow-white flowers, is not only a beautiful decorative element, but also a source of delicious, natural fruits that will give you and your loved ones a vitamin boost at any time of the year.

Photo
Getty Images

BEFORE PLANTING

Carefully cut the lemon and remove the seeds. Select 12-15 large seeds with a smooth surface without deformation, otherwise they will either not germinate at all, or will not give healthy shoots. The bones must be washed to get rid of the mucous membrane: it can cause rotting of the seeds. It is best to leave the seeds in a glass of warm water overnight, this will not only clean them, but also help them germinate faster.

Photo
Getty Images

GETTING READY FOR LANDING

The main criterion in choosing a pot for a lemon tree is the presence of drainage holes. Excess water should not accumulate in the pot, as this will lead to the death of the plant. Place a large tray under the pot and pour water into it: this will help maintain the necessary humidity. The depth of the pot should be chosen based on the estimated height of the lemon tree. For seed germination, a container with a volume of 0.5 liters or more is considered the best option, and already germinated seedlings are recommended to be placed in a larger pot. Choose a low-acid potting mix to fill the pot: Lemons grow well in peat moss soil and in soil designed for growing cacti.

Photo
Getty Images

Find a well-lit, warm place to plant your tree. A place that receives direct sunlight for 8-12 hours a day is suitable. If there is no such place in the house, you can use special phyto-lamps for plants. At a temperature of + 25-28 ° C, the first shoots will appear in two weeks. Since lemon trees grow in humid climates, it's a good idea to install a humidifier in the room.

Picture
Getty Images

PLANTING

  1. Fill the pot with soil 2 cm from the edge.

  2. Gently spray the soil with warm water from a spray bottle.

  3. Cover the pot with plastic wrap or a plastic bag, secure the edges and make small holes. Do not forget to monitor soil moisture: periodically remove the film and moisten the soil.

  4. After two weeks, when the first sprouts appear, remove the film. When the tree has grown significantly, choose a suitable size pot for it.

Photo
https://flo.discus-club.ru

MAINTENANCE

Water the lemon tree once a week. It is important to monitor the level of humidity: the soil should not be wet, because of this, brown rot may develop, but if it is too dry, natural salts that the tree itself secretes will accumulate, which will lead to its death. Remember to ventilate the room in which you grow lemons. If it's too cold outside, put a fan near the plant - this will mimic its natural habitat. It is useful to periodically fertilize the soil with compounds rich in nitrogen. Fertilize the tree every three weeks in warm weather and once every six weeks in the fall and winter.

Photo
Getty Images

When fragrant white flowers bloom on the tree, pollinate them with a brush. Run the brush over the stamens and transfer the pollen to the center of the flower on the pistil. Repeat artificial pollination every day. A lemon tree can bear fruit without it, but by carrying out such manipulations, you increase the likelihood of large, juicy fruits.

Photo
Getty Images

HARVESTING THE FRUIT

The lemon tree usually bears fruit about three years after planting. When clusters with fruits appear on the plant, remove about 2/3 of them. This will make room for the others and the lemons will grow bigger. In addition, a large number of fruits can overload the tree, leading to its exhaustion. To understand that the fruit is ripe, pay attention to its color: it should be bright yellow. You can also touch the fruit: a ripe lemon is soft to the touch. Once harvested, fruits can be stored for 1-2 months in a cupboard or refrigerator.

Photo
Getty Images

Ekaterina Sobko


Tags

  • Plants in the interior

How to grow a lemon tree from a seed - a lemon tree at home. Care

Hello!

Today I want to tell you in detail how to grow a lemon from a seed at home. Yes, not just a lemon, but a real tree with fragrant and healthy fruits. Last year I wrote about growing tangerine from the stone and in the comments there was a request to tell about a lemon. There are some points to consider in order to drink tea with your lemons in a few years.

Lemon is an evergreen shrub with glossy, fleshy leaves. On them and the branches of the bush there are many pores that release essential oils and phytoncides - this is a wonderful lemon aroma familiar to everyone.

Lemon grows at home as a small tree, but can be up to three meters. On the branches it has small spines, the leaves are dark green. Lemons have beautiful little flowers that are pink-red or purple on top and white on the inside.

Lemon flower

You won't surprise anyone with a lemon tree now, but a tree with fruits is not so common. But this is quite a feasible task for everyone.

Landing

Let's start from the beginning. You need to choose the right seeds for planting and prepare the land. We choose a beautiful, even, ripe lemon fruit. From it we choose the best - large seeds. And we plant in a wet state - it is not necessary to dry, otherwise they will sprout for a long time or not germinate at all.

It is possible to treat the seeds with any biostimulant before planting for fast germination and good root formation in the future. To do this, prepare the solution according to the instructions for the preparation - and soak the seeds overnight.

Seed containers and good soil need to be prepared. You can buy seedling pots at the store or use yogurt or sour cream cups for this, cut plastic bottles. At the bottom you need to make holes and put drainage. These can be shards from pots, nut shells, pebbles, a layer of vermiculite up to 1.5 cm.

Plant many lemon seeds at once - a couple of dozen at once. Firstly, not everyone will sprout, and secondly, you will have the opportunity to choose the best ones for further cultivation, and finally, not everyone can tolerate the vaccination well.

It may seem to someone that the information about holes in cups, about the need for drainage is known to everyone and there is no need to write about it in such detail. But I remember myself as a novice gardener and I didn’t always know all the intricacies of planting and care. And the plants died.

Now you need to prepare loose, fertile soil. No problem, you can plant lemons in purchased soil for citrus fruits or cook it yourself. We mix humus, leafy soil in equal amounts and add peat and sand for lightness. We moisten the earth and lay out the bones in pots. We plant seeds to a depth of about 2 cm.

The temperature for the germination of lemon pips must be at least 18°C. To create the best conditions for germination and development of lemons, cover them with cut plastic bottles. Or just cover the cups with seeds with a film and put in a warm place. This will create the conditions for a greenhouse for lemons.

Lemons under plastic bottles - mini-greenhouse

No need to fill the seeds after sowing - they can suffocate and become moldy. It is better not to water at all, but simply spray the ground with a spray bottle. Water only when the ground begins to crack. And after the emergence of lemon shoots, it is also better to observe a low watering regime so that the roots do not rot.

Growing lemon from seed at home

Sprouts appear in the apartment in different ways. It can take from two weeks to a month. Until the appearance of 4 leaves, young seedlings are kept in mini-greenhouses. We gradually accustom the seedlings to room air - we spray more often. Then we move the pot to a bright place, but without direct sunlight, otherwise the young sprout will die.

Do not forget about watering, in the sense that do not get carried away

Water the seedlings only after the soil has dried.

First sprouts and small seedlings of lemon

Useful tips:

  1. Use settled water at room temperature. Rain and melt water is good for irrigation - but not cold.
  2. Little lemon is not fed during the first months. In spring and summer, you need to water with bio-fertilizer. But always remember that it is better to underfeed than overfeed.
  3. Don't forget that the lemon tree is a fussy and demanding plant when grown indoors. It likes constant temperature or humidity. Sudden changes in climate and care will immediately be reflected in the deterioration of the health of the lemon.
  4. Hot, dry climate, exposure to direct sunlight, drafts and cooling of the air, wind - these factors can lead to the loss of all leaves and the death of the plant.
  5. By the fall, watering is completely reduced, only after the earth has dried out, the earth clod is moistened. Be sure to make sure that the water does not stagnate, and the excess flows freely. Feed once a month in autumn.
  6. Already in the first year of growth, the seedling begins to form its crown. Remove all deformed, growing inwards, weak branches.

Growing lemon at home in a pot

When the seedlings have 2-3 true leaves, the strongest ones are selected and transplanted into pots. For lemon, it is better to grow only in clay pots. The diameter and depth increase as the tree grows. A few hours before transplanting, the pot must be soaked in water. Be sure to put a layer of drainage on the bottom. You can cover the hole with a shard, putting it with the convex side up. From above we pour small shards, pebbles, coarse sand, coal, expanded clay.

We fill in the soil the same as was prepared when planting lemon seeds. After transplanting, we again cover the seedlings with a jar or half a bottle. We remove it only after the complete engraftment of the seedling. This will start to grow new leaves.

How to choose the best seedlings for transplanting . Here is the main thing to pay attention to:

  • We look at the density of the crown. See the distance between the buds on the seedling - take with the smallest ones.
  • Presence of needles. Less is better.
  • Leaf quality. There are many of them, hold on tight, do not fall off when touched.
  • We immediately reject all weak, thin shoots with bad leaves.

Lemon tree - care and growing problems

At home, growing lemons requires special care. Subject to all the rules, you can get flowering and fruiting plants.

  • Lemon requires additional lighting, especially in early spring and autumn.
  • The room needs to create a humid climate. To do this, spray the plant more often. Give him a shower, wash the leaves - lemons are tropical inhabitants and love high humidity.
  • Frequent transplants are important for a young lemon. We prepare the earth, as for the first landing. Plants are transplanted necessarily with a clod of earth. A new pot is taken 5-7 cm more. Young ones - once a year, an adult plant can be transplanted every 2-3 years. The best time in summer is in June, and in winter we transplant in February.
  • In the period from February to September, the lemon grows more actively - so you need to feed the bushes at this time with bio-fertilizers, alternating with mineral ones. We feed only with liquid fertilizers. Do not forget about the rule: less is better than more.
  • Forming plants correctly. In order for the tree to be more magnificent and the lateral shoots to grow actively, they pinch the top of the head. It is better to do this in the first year of growth.
  • Rotate the pot a quarter every week for proper crown formation. In the future, a well-formed trunk will affect the quality of the fruit.
  • If a lemon at home began to bloom in the first year, then you need to cut off all the flowers - do not regret it. Lemon spend all his strength on flowers and then wither away. Lemon can be allowed to bloom when the plant has at least 15 leaves per flower!

Will a lemon grown from a stone bear fruit? Seedlings grown from seeds are more adaptable to home conditions. They are more hardy compared to cuttings.

Lemons can be grafted onto other citrus fruits to start bearing early fruit. For example: tangerine, grapefruit. The optimal time for this operation is the beginning of summer or spring.

Another important factor is the formation of the crown. As I already wrote, in the first year they pinch the top of the head - more precisely, when the seedling grows to 20 cm. Then the branches of the second order begin to grow, they are pinched at a height of 18 cm. Then the process is repeated until branches of the 4th order appear - the first flowers and fruits appear on them .

Fruiting lemon at home

And yet, before flowering, the lemon needs to rest. To do this, put it in a cool place for several months in winter. And in the spring put in a warm, bright place.

Types of room lemon

Many varieties can be grown at home - these are Pavlovsky, Maikopsky, Eureka, Genoa, Meyer, Novogruzinsky. The most fruitful is Maykopsky. And the Genoa and Eureka varieties are low and can grow even on a warm windowsill.

Lemon variety Pavlovsky
Pavlovsky lemon

This is an old variety of folk selection. Bred in the village of Pavlovo more than 100 years ago. The variety is very unpretentious, well adapted to home conditions - dry air and insufficient lighting.

Meyer lemon variety
Meyer lemon variety

Appeared in Russia in 1929. It became widespread in Europe, as it gave rich harvests in the open field. It is considered a natural hybrid of lemon and orange.

Chinese lemon
Chinese lemon

This is a low tree - usually about a meter. Differs in high productivity. Begins to bear fruit early - for 2-3 years. The fruits are early, blooms on old and young shoots, blooms early.

Does not tolerate shade well - should be grown on south and southwest windows. It tolerates heat well, but during the dormant period, coolness and moistening of the leaves are needed.

Anniversary lemon variety
Anniversary lemon variety

Unpretentious, fruitful, ornamental variety. Grows up to 1.5 meters. It blooms very profusely - it looks like a white ball from an abundance of flowers. Fruits weighing 500 gr with a thick, yellow skin. Begins to bear fruit in the 2nd year of life. Shade-tolerant, grows quickly and adapts well to different conditions. The fruits are tied in any conditions.

Genoa lemon variety
Genoa lemon variety

This variety can be from 1 to 3 meters, without thorns. Fruiting begins at 4-5 years. Usually about 50 fruits are harvested per year. On an adult tree up to 100 pieces. It blooms several times a year, Genoa lemons are medium-sized up to 100-120 gr. Differs in high palatability of fruits.

Maikopsky lemon variety
Maikopsky lemon variety

The variety is common for growing at home, as it is very unpretentious and productive. Tolerates cold well. The mass of lemons is 120-160 gr., 200-300 fruits are harvested per year. Trees at the age of 30 produce 700 fruits per year. Branches without thorns.

Lemon variety Novogruzinsky
Lemon variety Novogruzinsky

Tall tree up to 3 meters. Begins to bear fruit at 4-5 years. The fruits are very fragrant, with a thin crust, without seeds. With good care, it produces up to 200 fruits per year.

How to graft a lemon at home

The grafting is the best. I suggest watching a video on how to carry out this operation.

Indoor lemon pests and diseases

The most common lemon pests at home are scale insects, aphids, spider mites, and mealybugs. All of them suck the juice from the plants, leading to the curvature of the shoots, drying out of the leaves.

With all pests, there are general rules for fighting to save the lemon:

  • Brush off insects from twigs with a soft toothbrush. Leaves can be removed with a cotton swab. We wet the instruments in a soapy solution of anabazine sulfate.
  • After a day, wash off the solution from the plant. We repeat the treatment in a week.
  • In case of severe damage by pests, we treat the bushes with infusions of onions, garlic, celandine, tobacco. Or we use drugs Actellik, Fitoverm (biological product). Use chemicals at home very carefully - these are strong poisons.

    Diseases of lemon

The main diseases of all citrus fruits at home are soot fungus and gommosis. From the fungus, the leaves are covered with a gray coating, in which their nutrition is disturbed. And with homosis, gum appears at the sites of damage to the bark - branches and leaves gradually dry out.

Actions for diseases:

  1. We clean the bark or the place of the disease - we treat it with vitriol (copper).
  2. Coat with RanNet (or garden pitch).
  3. We wipe the leaves with the fungus with a wet cloth.
  4. We feed with fertilizers to maintain the strength of the plant to fight the disease.

How and in what quantities to use preparations for plant treatment or pest control can always be read on the packaging of each preparation. In any specialized store you will find them in large quantities.

Growing lemon in a greenhouse

As mentioned before, the lemon tree loves:

  • Strong, but diffused light
  • Good root breathing
  • Constant positive temperature all year round

All these conditions can be observed in the best possible way in a greenhouse, loggia or balcony with glazing, in a conservatory or winter garden.

Growing lemons and other citrus fruits in a greenhouse has its own challenges. Lemons can be planted directly in the ground or planted in pots. For cultivation in the ground, the greenhouse must be heated.

Let's take a closer look at the requirements for a greenhouse in which a lemon will grow:

  1. A prerequisite is that even in severe frosts the temperature should not fall below +6°С, and preferably + 10°С.
  2. Needs a lot of ambient light. In the autumn-winter period, additional lighting should be used, and in spring and summer, on the contrary, shade from direct sunlight.
  3. Remember that lemons do not tolerate stagnant air, with high humidity - you need to ventilate the greenhouse. But do not create drafts!

In an apartment, the most suitable place for planting and growing lemons is a glazed and insulated balcony or loggia.

The rest of the cultivation and care of plants is exactly the same as described in the article.

Lemon in a greenhouse

I will repeat the main points that are important for obtaining full-fledged seedlings :

  • Choosing beautiful fruits
  • We sow freshly harvested wet seeds - do not dry!
  • Carefully water as the soil dries up
  • Cover the pots with foil or bottles to create a mini-greenhouse.
  • When fertilizing, remember the rule: it is better to underfeed than overfeed.
  • We form and transplant young lemons in time

Plant and grow lemons with pleasure!

I end here. How to grow a lemon from a stone is now no secret to you.


Learn more