How long to grow an olive tree
Olive Tree Timeline: How Long Does It Take Olives To Grow?
Olives are most comfortable growing in Mediterranean climates. But did you know you can grow olives in North America? Not only can you grow them in specific areas in the United States, but you can also grow them indoors.
It takes around 3 to 6 years for olives to grow on outdoor trees and around 1 year indoors. The negative aspect of indoor trees is they don’t get to experience the natural season cycles that outdoor trees receive. Olive trees can be transplanted outside in warm climates once mature.
Growing olive trees is not difficult but they do require certain provisions to provide you with the best harvest. Let’s dive in to learn more about how long it takes olives to grow and how best to facilitate that growth!
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Where Do Most Olive Trees Grow In The World?
Olives like to be warm and cozy so they like growing up in Mediterranean countries. You can’t blame them! You will notice when buying olive oil most of the best brands come from that area. The top places for growing the best olives are Spain, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, Chile, and Argentina.
Olive trees thrive in places that enjoy warm spring and summer months and cool winters but nothing below 15 degrees. While they like it warm they don’t like it too hot and they still need some cool air for the olives to reach their optimum size and taste. Olive trees do not do well in tropical temperatures.
What Areas Of The US Are The Best Places To Grow Olive Trees?
California leads the way in the United States with the highest number of olive trees making it the top producer of olive oil. The other areas that are the best places that successfully grow olive trees are Georgia, Texas, Arizona, Florida, Alabama, Oregon, and Hawaii.
Texas is next in line with more than 250 olive oil growers across the state!
If you want to know where the olive oil you are interested in purchasing is from making sure you check the label on the bottle. It should tell you everything from where the oil was produced to the date of the press and when it expires.
What Zones Are Best For Growing Olive Trees Outdoors In The US?
If you are an experienced gardener you are already familiar with this, but if you are just starting, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has a map of where you can find out what you can and cannot plant in your area. The USDA Planting Map posts a complete map of the United States with the zone numbers listed for every area.
The best places to grow olives outdoors in the US are in zones 7 to 10. You can find the map on the USDA’s site and just locate your state and area where you live to see if you are living within this range. The following list tells you what each zone encompasses and which olive trees will grow well in these areas.
The zones listed may show a state but you will have to look up your specific area to see if it is part of this zone hardiness area.
- Zone 7 includes areas in the Pacific Northwest, Utah, Nevada, California, Arkansas, Texas, Arizona, Virginia, Tennessee, New Mexico, New Jersey. and Pennsylvania.
The best olive trees for Zone 7 are Mission, Picual, Arbequina, and Manzanilla.
- Zone 8 includes South Carolina, North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arizona, Washington, Oregon, Florida, Georgia, Arkansas, California, and Arizona.
The best olive trees to grow in Zone 8 are Arbosana, Arbequina, and Koroneika.
- Zone 9 includes areas in California, Louisiana, Texas, Florida, and Arizona.
The best olive trees you can grow in Zone 9 are Frantoio, Mission, Ascolano, and Manzanillo.
- Zone 10 includes much of South Florida, coastal California, and a bit of south-central Arizona.
The best olive trees you can grow in Zone 10 include the Mediterranean tree, the Arbequina olive tree, the Pendolino olive tree, the Koroneiki Greek Olive tree, and the Mission olive tree.
Do Olive Trees Need To Be Pollinated?
Pollination of olive trees happens when the trees have flowers. The pollen from the male portion of the plant, the anthers, joins the female portion of the plant, the stigma. These spring flowers will later become ripened olives.
Not all olive trees need to pollinate because many are considered self-pollinating. This process means that instead of having to be planted next to another similar tree to produce olives, pollination can occur via the wind or even by bees.
Make sure you purchase your olive trees from a reputable nursery. Most of the olive trees sold are self-pollinating but the professionals will be able to confirm that for you.
How Do You Plant An Olive Tree?
If you have found that you live in a zone that is conducive to growing olive trees, the next step is to find just the right area to plant them. Find an area in your yard or garden that gets at least 6 to 8 hours of full sun each day.
Make sure that the soil you are using for your olive trees is light enough to remain drained at all times. Olive trees will not thrive in heavy soil that is thick and clay-like. Most importantly, give your tree plenty of room to expand so the roots have a good amount of space to spread out through the years.
Can You Plant an Olive Tree from Seeds?
The quick answer is yes, you can plant an olive tree from seeds. The long answer is you have to get a fresh olive and not one that you purchased from a grocery store and just finished eating. If you know someone who already has an olive tree you may be able to get fresh seeds from this person’s tree.
Popular Florida horticulturist, Stan DeFreitas, will guide you in planting olive trees with seeds in this informational YouTube video Gardening from Seeds: How to Plant an Olive Seed. If you have the patience, you can do it, but it’s not cheating if you buy the tree already growing!
How Do You Plant Indoor Olive Trees In Pots?
The first thing you need to do to grow an olive tree indoors is to find a type of tree that will grow well indoors. When purchasing a new tree at your local nursery, make sure that someone who specializes in indoor plants and trees helps you make your selection.
Next, look for a window that gets at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight every day. Transfer the tree into a pot that is large enough for the roots to fit but also provides them with room to grow. Before you leave the nursery pick up a bag of potting soil that drains freely.
Water your olive tree thoroughly every week. Put another container under the pot so you can let the water drain out of the bottom. When the tree starts to grow more slowly, during the fall and winter seasons, you can cut back on watering it to one time a month.
During these slow-growing months, you can give it a dose of a houseplant fertilizer that includes nitrogen once a month a well. In the spring you can increase the type of fertilizer to one that provides a slow-release twice a month.
8 Olive Trees That Are Perfect For Growing In Pots Indoors
Koroneiki Olive Trees
Koroneiki olive trees are perfect for growing in pots in your home as they are easy to grow and virtually maintenance-free. Their leaves are larger than most olive trees but you will be able to see olives by the first year. Talk about immediate gratification!
This tree should be placed in an area that gets full sun but it can also thrive in partial sun as long as it is at least for 6 hours a day. You can fertilize it between 4 to 6 weeks later when the tree becomes dry but you can cut that down during the winter season.
Perfect for making olive oil.
Arbequina Olive Trees
This tree is the most popular olive tree for growing indoors. They are self-pollinating and the colors they offer make them an asset to your interior décor. Look for the beautiful flowers that begin to bloom in spring and change colors until they become yummy ripe olives.
Place the pot in front of a window that faces the south and gets sunlight for a minimum of 4 to 8 hours every day. Water when dry and you can enjoy your first olives in the first year.
Perfect for curing and making olive oil.
Mission Olive Trees
Mission olive trees started as popular trees in Spain but they have become equally as popular in California. They are already self-pollinated so they are ready to grow and produce great-tasting olives.
Mission olive trees can take cooler temperatures so if you don’t live in an area that is warm most of the time this will is the perfect olive tree for you to grow indoors.
Mission olive trees make great indoor plants, they have pretty leaves that are both green and gray, and they remain free of diseases as they grow indoors.
Perfect for making your olive oil or brining the olives for a snack.
French Picholine Olive Trees
This tree bears the most popular olives in France. When the fruit of this tree grow and ripen they have a flavor that is nutty with a spicy kick. The olives are picked when they are still green to use as a snack or stay on the tree until they turn black to make a nice olive oil out of them.
The Picholine is well suited to be an indoor plant as it is easy to grow and will thrive if you keep it pruned.
Perfect for snacking as well as making olive oil.
Manzanilla Olive Trees
These olives may hail from Spain but they have achieved the status as the number one olive in the United States. They are almost always brined and topped with a red pimiento.
They can be eaten in foods, like potato or tossed salads, in martinis, or even snacked on alone.
Their requirements are few – they don’t need to be pruned much but they do like warm air rather than cool air.
Perfect for snacking, charcuterie boards, salads, and martinis.
Amfissa Olive Trees
This olive tree comes from Greece and is one of the most popular olives in that area. It makes a great indoor plant because it is self-pollinated and compact so you can slip it into a corner as long as it gets enough sunlight.
While you may not see olives for a couple of years when they do ripen they will have a purplish-brown color with a buttery, salty flavor.
Perfect for making olive oil or brining the olives.
Nicoise Olive Trees
If you have ever had a niçoise salad you will know why the name of this olive sounds familiar. They come from France but they are Ligurian olives from Italy. Once these olives reach maturity they are dark brown and are brined with a variety of herbs enhancing their smoky flavor.
They love the warm weather and thrive in dry heat. You can expect to see olives on your inside pot in about two years.
Perfect for niçoise salad, tapenade, and on a variety of salads.
Kalamata Olive Trees
Another favorite among olive enthusiasts in the US, Kalamata olives grow primarily in Greece. They have dark skin that is shiny and purple in color.
They like warm conditions but not too hot and keep their soil wet but do not overwater (they are like the Goldilocks of olives, everything needs to be just right!)
These olives are rich in vitamins making them a healthy and nutritious snack. The trees do not grow very fast and it could take about three years to see your first edible olives.
Perfect for snacking, Greek salads, topping pizza, and adding to pasta dishes.
What You Can Do With Your Ripe Olives
- Eat them raw – many olive purists don’t need anything done to their favorite varieties. Most olives have enough of a unique flavor to make them enjoyable to munch on just as they are. However, we don’t recommend eating olives straight from the tree.
- Marinate them – in a mason jar, combine about ¼ cup of olive oil with a couple of tablespoons of red wine vinegar. Add in garlic, bay leaves, fresh rosemary, and some lemon rinds along with about 2-3 cups of olives. Refrigerate from two hours to two weeks. Enjoy!
- Make your own olive oil – this is completely doable but it is time-consuming for a fairly small yield. The easiest instructions that I found online were this video: How to Make Olive Oil at Home. It is just over three minutes and is easy to follow with no special equipment needed.
- Make a tapenade – slathering homemade tapenade on crusty Italian bread will give you the ultimate olive-tasting experience!
Supplies You Need To Grow Your Own Olive Tree
You can find everything right here on the Internet to get started – from the pots to grow them in, to the olive trees themselves!
- Arbequina Olive Tree– this live plant comes with a special blend of food, especially for this type of tree, as well as a planting guide. You can expect a tree that is around 2 – 3 feet tall.
- TreeHelp Annual Care Kit for Olive Trees – for a nominal amount this care kit will make sure your trees are healthy and give you the tastiest olives. It includes a bag of premium fertilizer and can take care of one large tree or a couple of smaller ones.
- Large Outdoor Tall Planter – this 20-inch planter is just the thing for indoor trees that may need to go outside every once in a while. It includes a drainage tray so your tree does not sit in water.
To learn more about how long it takes other trees to produce, check out our article Here’s How Long It Takes To Grow An Avocado Tree (Timeline).
That’s A Wrap!
We hope this guide helps broaden your knowledge about olives! Feel free to refer back to it as needed to know how long it takes olives to grow and which ones grow best indoors.
I don’t know about you, but now I’m in the mood for some tapenade! Until next time!
Chiraz, M. C. (2013). Growth of young olive trees: water requirements in relation to canopy and root development.
Eleftheriou, E. P. (1987). A comparative study of the leaf anatomy of olive trees growing in the city and the country. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 27(1), 105-117.
Sofo, A., Dichio, B., Xiloyannis, C., & Masia, A. (2005). Antioxidant defences in olive trees during drought stress: changes in activity of some antioxidant enzymes. Functional Plant Biology, 32(1), 45-53.
Perpetuini, G., Prete, R., Garcia-Gonzalez, N., Khairul Alam, M., & Corsetti, A. (2020). Table olives more than a fermented food. Foods, 9(2), 178.
Olive Tree Growth Rates | Home Guides
By Jann Seal Updated October 30, 2019
If it’s olives for your martini that you’re looking to harvest or oil for cooking, planting an olive tree (Olea europaea) isn’t the way to go, unless you have a lot of time to stand around watching the tree grow to maturity. Growing at less than 12 inches per year, the olive tree is found most abundantly in Mediterranean climates and in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 11. In the United States, it’s abundant in California and Arizona. Producing anywhere between 30 through 100 pounds of fruit per year, a well-tended mature olive tree will keep your martinis garnished for hundreds of years.
Dispelling Olive Myths
There are no “green olive” trees or “black olive” trees. All olives are green and turn to black or copper as they mature. There are different varieties, but the color transformation is true for all olives. If you are looking for edible olives, be sure your tree is a European olive tree. Don’t expect to pluck an olive from your tree and pop it into your mouth. The taste is bitter until the olives are processed.
Olives – The Ancient Fruit
More than likely, your olive tree isn’t 6,000 years old, but that’s how long the olive has been known to exist. Originating in Asia Minor, most particularly, Iran and Palestine, the storied history of olives reports they were growing in Crete over 3,000 years ago. The Phoenicians transported them throughout southern Europe, Africa and into the tombs of Egyptian pharaohs. The Romans continued the olive expansion as they conquered most of southern Europe.
Olive trees were growing in Southern California by the early 1800s, after they were introduced to the region by the Franciscan missionaries. Groves were discovered still standing in the ruins of the Franciscan Mission San Fernando in 1842, but the plantings were pushed farther north as development moved into the southern part of the state.
Growing Olive Trees Today
The olive tree is a dry-weather plant, but it doesn’t grow well in desert conditions. It needs frequent watering and at least 6 hours of sunlight every day.
Dig a hole just the size of the container. Remove the tree and place it in the hole. Don’t add fertilizers, nutrients or even organic material to the hole. Just plop the tree in it, tamp down the surrounding earth, give it some water, and walk away until it’s time to water again.
As the tree grows, it’ll need staking to prevent it from falling over. Use green landscaping tape, not string or wire. Once the trunk is thick enough to support the tree, you can remove the stake.
Feeding an Olive Tree
If you’ve planted between August and March, hold off on fertilizer until its growing season in the spring. Determine the amount of nutrients in the soil by having your soil tested. Use a slow-release fertilizer and water after fertilizing. Mulch with gravel, not an organic product, to prevent a buildup of moisture. And don’t place the gravel too close to the trunk.
Harvesting Your Olives
Some trees produce olives after the age of 3, while others need anywhere between five and 12 years to fully mature. If you planted from seed, you most likely won’t get any fruit. The trees need a pollinator of another variety of olive to bear fruit.
You know your olives are ripe if the juice flowing out of them is cloudy. They usually reach green-olive maturity in September. If you hold off on harvesting them for another few months, they’ll turn black, and you can harvest them in November and December.
- Olive Tree Growers: Frequently Asked Questions
- University of Florida Extension: Gardening Solutions: Olives
- Olive Tree Growers: The Care and Feeding of Olive Trees
- Olive Oil Source: History of the Olive
- Arbor Day Foundation: European Olive
A versatile writer, Jann enjoys research as well as doing the actual writing. A career in television writing, as a magazine contributor and editor and celebrity interviewer, Jann adapts to her environment, having traveled the world, living overseas and packing and unpacking her treasures for a new location over 30 times.
How long does an olive tree live?
Image - Wikimedia / David Brühlmeier
The olive tree, scientifically named Olea Europaea , is an evergreen fruit tree native to the Mediterranean region and cultivated in all warm temperate regions of the world. In addition to producing such delicious olives, this species has become more and more beautiful over time.
Scars, cracks and even holes left by some birds and insects make the old trunk of this tree spectacular. We can tell it has a long lifespan just by looking at it, but... How long does an olive tree live?
- 1 What is your life expectancy?
- 2 What is the oldest olive tree in the world?
- 3 How long does an olive tree grow in a year?
- 3.1 What is the length of the roots of a mature olive tree?
What is your life expectancy?
árboles which are slow growing, such as oak, las sequoia or beech, although they are very different from each other, they have something in common: they can live for over a thousand years In fact, to give us an idea of how long they can be, giant sequoia specimens have been found that are 3,200 years old. Much more than any animal. But there are no oak or beech resources in our main tree.
Olive , a native tree of the Mediterranean, It grows not because of the cold, but because the annual rainfall is so low and the soil is so poor in nutrients that it simply cannot grow faster. . When grown in a pot or in a fertilized garden, the plant does look noticeably larger year after year, but if left to its own devices, it will take several decades to grow into a wonderful specimen.
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However, their lifespan is just as staggering: around 3,000 years. . Yes, yes, three thousand years. Incredible age for an evergreen tree.
What is the oldest olive tree in the world?
In Spain we have "La Farga de Arion", an example found in the city of Uldecona in Tarragona, which was planted in 314 by order of Emperor Constantine I (306-337 AD), who, hence over 1700 years old. In addition, a 2310-year-old baby is growing on the island of Menorca; And we have another remarkable thing in our country: Approximately 20 km north of Lisbon, a 2850-year-old man was found. But... even they are young compared to others in the Iberian Peninsula and the rest of the world.
Leaving Spanish territory and heading to Portugal, we find one known as Mouchao olive tree, which is about 3350 years old according to researcher José Luis Lusada of UTAD (University of Trás os Montes). Its height is 3.2 meters, and the trunk is very thick, with a perimeter of 11 meters.
But we need to go to Palestine to see the oldest olive tree in the world. The city of Bethlehem is said to have been inhabited for 4,000 to 5,000 years.
How much does an olive tree grow in a year?
The olive tree is a tree that grows slowly, but if the climatic and soil conditions are adequate and it receives water every time it needs it, in its youth and especially. During the first two years of life (from seed) it will grow at a good rate, about 40 centimeters per year.
From the third and, most importantly, the fifth year, he will begin to slow down, so it is normal for him to increase his height by about 30 centimeters per season. As soon as it blooms for the first time, which it will do in about five years, its growth will slow down even more.
When it reaches its final height, it will continue to expend energy to thicken its trunk and produce branches, flowers, and fruit. but not in continued vertical growth. On the other hand, it is important to know that the development of its roots will continue, which brings me to the next question:
How long are the roots of an adult olive tree?
Image - Wikimedia / Vicenç Salvador Torres Gerola
The roots of Mediterranean trees are usually very long and deep. Drought is such a serious problem that it can take months for it to rain again (for example, in my area it usually takes five to six months to get back to normal). Therefore, it is very important that the roots grow strongly in order to be able to reach an area with some moisture.
Therefore, when planting an olive tree in the garden It must be taken into account that it can have roots that grow up to 12 meters horizontally. and about 6 meters vertically into the ground.
Did you know that olive trees can live that long?
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Olive tree at home, cultivation
Olive tree, olive family, grows in countries with a warm subtropical climate, in Russia it is cultivated in the southern regions: in the Crimea and the Krasnodar Territory. The middle zone of our country is not suitable for growing olive crops, but you can grow an olive tree in a greenhouse or at home with a minimum of effort.
Table varieties of olives with proper care will delight you with fruits for a long time, because olive trees are long-lived plants. An example is the Gardens of Gethsemane, with olive trees over one and a half thousand years old.
Greece is called the birthplace of olive culture, there is a legend that the Greek goddess Athena sent an olive branch as a gift to the fertile land, which gave rise to the first olive gardens.
- Species and varieties of olive trees
- Olive tree at home. Growing from seeds, seedlings and cuttings
- Olive trees in Russia, cultivation history
- Olive fruit benefits
Types and varieties of olive trees
The olive tree has more than 30 types of cultivation. The most common species is the European olive, as well as golden-leaved and Cape.
Olive tree varieties can be divided into several groups:
Oilseed - a varietal group of olives grown for the production of olive oil.
Combined (universal olive variety) - designed for both oil production and preservation.
Table varietal group - intended for conservation and consumption.
Names of olive varieties, often similar to where the crop was grown. Wild varieties of olives are unknown, the explanation can be that people have long, in order to increase the yield, grafted branches of a cultivated olive to a wild variety, thereby completely destroying the primitive species. A species is an evolutionarily established set of individuals, characterized by a single ... olive trees. Today, a European high-yielding variety of olives is grown on an industrial scale.
Major producers of olives include Spain, Greece, Italy, Tunisia, Syria, Morocco. All cultivars differ in their characteristic features (composition of olives, size, color), destination group, the quality of the final product directly depends on the variety of olive raw materials.
Table olive varieties include Spanish, Ascolana, Cerignola, Zinzala, Lucca, Sabina. And oilseed varieties include: Frantogno, Tajasca, Caione, Biancolilla.
For indoor olive growing, choose European table varieties. The most suitable are recognized: Della Madonna, Urtinsky, Nikitinsky, Crimean, Razzo. To the question: “How long does an olive tree live?”, We can safely say that it is more than a hundred years old.
Potted varieties of olive trees have been obtained through the painstaking work of breeders, allowing you to grow an indoor olive tree in a pot. Such trees differ from their relatives only in size. These are evergreen, undersized trees with a lush, dark green crown. The harvest of olives, of course, will not please you, since the variety has a decorative function, but you can still collect 10-15 homemade olives from a tree.
Olive tree at home. Growing from seeds, seedlings and cuttings
Growing an olive tree indoors is quite a painstaking job. It's all about the temperature regime, if it is not observed, the tree will not bear fruit. In order for the buds to appear, the indoor tree, like its soil counterparts, must fall into a winter sleep, so the olive must be exposed to low temperatures, but hypothermia of the culture must be excluded. The optimal temperature for sleeping will be from +1 to +5 degrees.
The flowering of the olive tree is accompanied by the appearance of large white inflorescences, the first flowers appear from April, May. Ripening of indoor fruits after flowering occurs after four months.
A good yield of an olive tree is considered to be about 30 kg., while a houseplant is considered fruitful if it yields about 600 gr. olives.
The indoor olive tree remains evergreen throughout its life, however, like its large relatives, it can shed its leaves, this is considered the norm and does not require resuscitation.
Growing an olive tree from seed is not an easy process, requiring patience and attention. First you need to purchase olive seeds (pits), canned foods will not work, olives for planting can be fresh or dried.
So, having obtained and cleaned the olives, it is necessary to soak the resulting bones in a weak solution of alkali for a day, then rinse them with water and dry with a paper towel. Before planting, file the olive seed coat to facilitate germination. It is better to plant in a pot, it is easier to control seed germination, humidity and temperature.
Sawed seeds are placed in a pot with soil to a depth of 3 cm, do not allow the seed to dry out and become excessively wet. The first shoots will appear within six months.
Olive trees do not tolerate low temperatures, so seed propagation is carried out in a warm room or in summer.
To speed up the process of growing an olive tree from the pit, germinate the seeds before planting in the ground by placing them in a shallow container of compost, standing on a sunny windowsill and moistening daily.
When the seeds germinate, you can start planting in the soil. It is necessary to mix black soil and sand in equal proportions, add peat, dry crushed lime and plant seeds in the resulting mixture. Before planting, do not forget about the presence of drainage (the olive does not tolerate stagnant water) and hardening of a young plant by alternating temperatures.
When the olive seedling is strong and growing, it can be planted in the ground, along with the contents of the pot, so as not to damage the root system. The olive tree is planted in the spring in well-warmed and moistened soil, in a calm and sunny area. Fruiting should be expected three to four years after planting.
Caring for a young oilseed plant consists in cutting off the lower shoots so that the tree grows upwards and does not turn into a bush, in daily watering and top dressing with fertilizers.
When the olive is propagated by cuttings, the tree inherits all the "mother" qualities, this method of planting simplifies further cultivation and speeds up the fruiting process of a young plant.
Cuttings should be carried out from older shoots, the cut points are treated with succinic acid or other rooting agent before planting. Planting material is planted in a moist sod-sand mixture to a depth of 15 cm. Plantings should be watered daily, preferably with settled water. Rooting of the plant will occur no earlier than four months later. If the olive stalk does not take root for a long time, but retains its fresh appearance. The species is an evolutionarily established set of individuals, characterized by a single ..., then some more time is needed, but if the stalk is withered and turned brown, then death has come. When the stalk takes root, the olive can be transplanted into the ground.
Landing on a permanent place of growth should be done at the end of August. The seedling is carefully removed from the previously moistened substrate, and placed in a new prepared place. It is necessary to plant the stalk carefully, without damaging the roots and not overloading it with soil, until the plant takes root in a new place.
Many novice gardeners ask themselves: "How to care for an olive tree"? The olive tree is not capricious, but the “southerner” still requires attention. Watering is done daily, but without stagnation of moisture in the soil. When the olive tree begins to grow actively, feed it with mineral fertilizers and nitrogen. The seedling should have enough heat and light, otherwise the olive will shed its leaves and fade.
In winter, the olive plant in the open field should not be left without proper protection. A young tree should be protected from the cold by wrapping the trunk with heat-insulating material, stop watering and top dressing.
Olive tree potted crops need to artificially create winter conditions, and in the process of healing the tree, cutting off dry twigs, you can shape the foliage crown to your liking and learn the art of bonsai on your olive tree. An olive bonsai tree can also be purchased at a specialized supermarket, small-leaved varieties look especially impressive.
Olive trees in Russia, the history of cultivation
Greek colonists began to cultivate the olive in the Caucasus as early as the 8th century. The debate about when and by whom the olive was brought to the Caucasus continues to this day, however, there is an assumption that the first seedlings of the olive tree appeared in our latitudes from Asia Minor, which suggests the origin of the olive in the Caucasus, earlier than in Greece .
The desolation of the ancient Greek colonies led to the fact that the olive gardens ceased to exist until the 15th century, and only with the arrival of the colonizers of Genoa, a new rise in the cultivation of the olive tree and the establishment of the production of olive products began. Subsequently, viticulture displaced the olive from the southern latitudes. Today, the olive is found on the entire Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar Territory.
Olive trees in Russia are also grown in the Crimea, they are found on the peninsula, adding zest to the local southern flavor. For the production of oil on an industrial scale, olives are not grown in our country due to difficult climatic conditions.
Benefits of olive fruit
Olives or olives are the fruits of the olive tree, they look like small plums. Changing color during ripening, from green to dark purple, olives become a storehouse of vitamins and trace elements. Olives are rich in unsaturated fatty acids and iodine. Olive oil, obtained from olives during the production process, is rich in pectin, iron and oleic acid.
The inclusion of olive oil in the diet will help get rid of cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gallstone disease, thyroid disease, help strengthen the immune system and cope with constipation. Olive oil perfectly moisturizes the skin and has a regenerating ability in combination with rosehip and sea buckthorn oils.
In cosmetology, olive oil is used to prepare masks and conduct relaxing procedures, olive extracts are added to soaps and shower products. Hand wrapping with olive oil tones the skin, moisturizes, saturates and nourishes, makes nails healthy.
Olive oil hair masks prevent hair loss, get rid of dandruff, brittleness and dullness.
Olive leaves contain oleuropein, an antiseptic and antimicrobial substance, and are in demand in the form of powder and infusions. There is an opinion that olive oil, namely the content of oleuropein in it, helps in the fight against skin cancer.
Table olive oil is produced from the fruits of the olive, which is used to season various dishes. Raw olives are of little use for consumption, because of bitterness, in order to get rid of the bitter taste, the olives are soaked in a special solution or subjected to preservation.
Oil-bearing varieties of olives, due to their varietal affiliation, are processed to obtain oil. With the help of cold pressing, the first batch of oil is obtained, which is considered the most useful. Further, by thermal treatment, the pomace is used to produce second-pressed oil, yellowish and less aromatic than first-class olive oil. From the remaining raw materials after the first and second extraction, the third grade oil is squeezed out, it is not eaten, but used for technical purposes.
The composition of olives of different varieties is different, and depends not only on the type of olive tree, but also on the growing conditions and climate. All olives of a table grade are exposed to conservation or dry salting.