How many bananas does a banana tree produce
Bananas: From the Bunch to Your Breakfast
Where do bananas come from?
Bananas originated in the Malay Archipelago in Southeast Asia. Today they are grown in tropical regions across the globe, from South and Central America to India, China and Africa.
Bananas grow in hot, tropical climates. Banana plants look like trees but are actually giant herbs related to lilies and orchids. The plant grows from a root clump (rhizome), similar to a tulip bulb. There are over 500 types of bananas! People cultivate mostly cooking bananas and plantains (the starchy cousins of the sweet banana). Over 500 million people depend on the banana trade to support themselves and their families.
The dessert banana, also called the Cavendish, is the most popular type of banana in North America and Europe. When Americans were introduced to bananas in the 1880s, they were considered an exotic luxury and eaten with a knife and fork. Today, the average person in the U.S. eats more than 75 bananas a year. Tarantulas like to hide in banana leaves.
Banana plants grow quickly and can reach their full height of 20-40 feet in only 9 months. After growing for about 6-8 months, the plant develops a nice crown of leaves. Then a flowering stem emerges from the top, and a large bud begins to develop.
As the bud unfolds, it reveals double rows of tiny flowers. Each of these flowers will become an individual banana, or a “finger.” Each row of bananas is call a “hand” and is made up of 14 to 20 fingers. Each stem grows 9 to 12 hands, which means that a single banana plant can produce up to 240 bananas.
Bagging the Fruit
About 14 days after the stem has emerged, the weight of the growing bananas causes the stem to hang upside down. At this stage, many farmers cover the fruit with a bag to help protect it from insects and sun damage. Farmers also support the plant by tying it to neighboring plants with twine. This helps prevent the plant from toppling over from the weight of the bananas.
About 12 weeks after bagging, the green-colored fruit is ready to harvest. In order to harvest the bananas, one worker cuts the stem from the plant while another stands underneath to catch the falling stem on his shoulder. After one growth cycle, the banana plant will be cut down and a new plant will grow from the root clump (rhizome) left behind.
Once cut from the plant, the bananas are carried to the processing plant by horse or by workers.
After harvest, the plastic bags are recycled on Rainforest Alliance certified banana farms.
At the processing plant, workers remove bananas from their stems by hand and break them into smaller clusters. The workers must be very careful to cut neatly and accurately in order to prevent breaking the skin, which can cause rotting.
The workers submerge the bananas in large tanks of cold water. The cool water lowers the temperature of the bananas and washes off sap and latex from the cut stems.
Next, the bananas get stickers. Workers carefully pack the bananas in boxes so they do not bump against each other. This helps to minimize bruising before they arrive at their destination.
Finally, the boxes are carefully loaded into refrigerated ships, called reefers. The ship’s storage area is kept cold enough to prevent the bananas from ripening, a technique called “putting the bananas to sleep.”
Upon arrival, the bananas are placed into ripening rooms for 3 to 8 days before being brought to the markets. The bananas are loaded into a truck and shipped off to be offered to banana lovers on grocery shelves.
Rainforest Alliance Certification
Banana farmers that wish to be certified through the Rainforest Alliance must are required to:
- Protect ecosystems
- Conserve water, soil and forests
- Provide decent working conditions for all workers, safety training and protective equipment
- Maintain positive relationships with local communities
- Establish an integrated system of waste management
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How Many Bananas Does a Tree Produce in a Year?
Banana trees can produce over 200 bananas per bunch in a year. Bananas are technically herbs and each stem can produce a bunch of bananas made up of ‘hands’ of bananas. Each hand contains around 10-20 bananas. Each bunch can grow 10 or more hands each. Each individual banana is called a finger and can be separated from the bunch once picked.
Banana bunches are usually picked when the bananas are green, they are hung and then separated into hands. The hands will naturally ripen themselves as the bananas naturally release ethylene, a gas that ripens the bananas and any other fruit around it.
You can put your unripe pear in a bag with a ripe banana and it will usually ripen within a day due to the ethylene.
Here are some fun facts about how many bananas are produced by each tree or plant per year
1. Banana stems produce 1 bunch each
Banana plants are usually made up of multiple stems as they mature. They grow from an underground rhizome like a potato which will continue to send up new stems as long as the plant has water, warmth and free draining soil and organic matter to grow in.
Each stem is actually a modified leaf stem which has grouped together to form the long trunk and leaves out of the top. Each banana stem can produce 1 bunch of bananas.
It is difficult to know when the banana plant will grow a bunch of bananas but they usually look tall, thick and heavy. The banana stems can even start to bend or fall over as they develop a heavy bunch of bananas.
Banana stems can be propped or tied up to keep them from falling and breaking off. For more on this check out my previous article here: Why Banana Trees Fall Over | 5 Ways to Prevent It
Once the stem has produce the bunch of bananas it will gradually die back. The stem can be left on until it turns yellow or brown. This allows the rhizome to reabsorb the nutrients before the stems is removed.
2. Bananas produce multiple flower groups which turn into hands
Each banana bunch will be made up of hands of bananas which come from multiple flower groups. These flowers produce both male and female flowers. The flowers will form into the bananas and the male flowers are within the red bud at the end of the plant.
The flowers on most edible banana plants are not fertilized but wild forms of bananas are, usually by bats or birds.
3. Each bunch of bananas is made up of 10 or more hands
Large bunches of bananas are usually only seen in markets or on tropical islands where huge banana plantations are growing. If you are lucky enough to be able to grow bananas at home, then you will get to experience a whole bunch growing at the same time, giving you 10 or more hands of bananas with over 200 individual bananas.
These will ripen gradually so a hungry family could probably get through them if they tried. Share them with your neighbors if you get too many and you will be very popular.
4. The banana stem will reproduce when the old stem is finished
Once a banana stem has grown its bunch of bananas it will die back. Banana trees will naturally reproduce and grow new stems from their underground rhizome. These usually grow to the side of the stem where there is room.
This means that healthy banana trees will keep producing and growing as long as they have the space, water and soil to support them. My banana tree started off in a small pot and has gradually busted its way out. It has pushed its roots into the ground soil and is solidly growing now.
I like to trim the excess stems from my banana plant to keep it under control and fitting in the space it has. Leaving 3-4 mature stems gives you the best chance of getting bananas in the next year. Each stem can take 18 months or more before they grow a bunch of bananas.
5. Banana plants are easy to care for
One of the biggest surprises for me after getting my first banana plant is how easy it is to grow. If you are living in an area that is tropical or sub-tropical then bananas seem to just grow on their own. They love warm, humid weather and plenty of rainfall over summer.
Planting them in good quality, well-draining soil is essential and they can grow well in pots. They will enjoy some organic fertilizer over summer, pelleted chicken manure, aged cow manure and compost will all help.
I have hardly fertilized my banana tree this year and it is thriving. There has been high rainfall which will carry nitrogen from the atmosphere, giving the tree free fertilizer.
How many bananas does a tree produce in a year? | Summary
Bananas are an incredibly rewarding plant, technically a herb and not a tree it will grow huge bunches of bananas if it is grown in the right conditions. It looks great in a tropical backyard and will grow easily on its own. Plant it in well-draining soil and keep it well watered over summer.
You will be rewarded over time as the banana stems produce 100 or more bananas each year.
Banana tree - features of care, use in the interior, interesting facts
Banana tree is one of the exotic indoor plants that immediately attract attention. The plant has a very unusual appearance, indoors it can bloom and bear fruit. Many common misconceptions and interesting facts are associated with indoor bananas.
Banana tree - description
Sweet yellow bananas have long ceased to be exotic on store shelves and are evaluated by compatriots as a familiar and affordable fruit. It is not so easy to meet a banana tree in houses and apartments of temperate latitudes, although it is quite suitable for pot growing. According to the international classification, this plant belongs to herbs, and not to trees at all. After bamboo, it is the tallest grass in the world. Another surprise is that the banana fruit is not a fruit at all, but a berry, according to botanists. Homeland are places with a tropical and subtropical climate.
The height of a banana tree in nature can reach 12 m, while indoor specimens do not exceed 2.5 m. Scientists count about 60 varieties of banana grass, which can be conditionally divided into:
- Decorative. They have an attractive appearance, bloom beautifully and form small fruits that are not suitable for food. The most popular variety is considered to be musa ensete (indoor banana), which is distinguished by huge decorative leaves of a beautiful color.
- Fruits that produce berries and can be eaten.
What does a banana tree look like?
The plant really has a resemblance to a tree or a palm tree. Banana grass does not have a true stem. It is imitated by long leaves that are intertwined with each other, gradually thickening and changing color, more and more resembling a stem. In botany, such a formation is called a pseudostem. A home-grown banana tree is not much different from its wild counterpart:
- Long and wide leaf blades at the base tightly adjoin each other, forming a pseudostem.
- The height of indoor varieties fluctuates around 2.5 m. The dwarf banana tree is more adapted to city apartments and rarely grows above 1. 5 m.
- The real stem is underground and at the same time performs the function of a rhizome.
- The root system is massive, spherical.
- Long peduncles with beautiful inflorescences are formed from the center of the pseudostem.
- After the formation of fruits, the peduncles die off.
How does a banana tree bloom?
After planting, indoor banana tree begins to bloom after 10-12 months. A long peduncle is formed from a special bud, on which small female, bisexual and male flowers of yellow or pale green color are arranged in a special order. The complex inflorescence is covered on the outside with dense dark purple leaves. In nature, insects and small mammals like bats pollinate the plant. After pollination, male flowers fall off, and only female flowers form fruits.
How many times does a banana tree bear fruit?
Every year, the indoor banana and its natural variety bear fruit only once. After that, the aerial part of the shoot dies off. After a while, new leaves begin to develop from the rhizome, which will form a pseudostem. The vegetative process begins to repeat itself again. A banana tree, depending on the conditions of detention, can develop up to 40 years. Scientists have found wild counterparts about a century old. However, on banana plantations, renewal is carried out every 10-15 years for better fruiting.
How to grow a banana tree from a banana?
Some flower growers claim that fruit varieties of bananas are sterile and propagate vegetatively, so it is useless to look for banana tree seeds in purchased fruits. Others show good results of seed cultivation. In order to get a houseplant from a purchased fruit, you need:
- Select a healthy yellow banana and place it in a plastic bag.
- After the skin has completely darkened, peel the fruit and cut it lengthwise.
- Seeds will be distributed along the entire berry in the form of small dark dense formations. If not, then you will have to buy a new planting material.
- The banana tree can only be grown from round seeds.
- Planting material is separated from the pulp and washed.
- The resulting seeds are soaked in warm water for 48-76 hours.
- Then they are dried and placed in a special germination substrate.
How to plant a banana tree?
Before planting a banana house tree, you need to know one thing. The thing is that the seed coat is very dense, therefore, for better germination, it must be slightly damaged with sandpaper or a sharp sewing needle. You should not be too zealous, so as not to spoil the core itself. The prepared planting material is placed in:
- an inert substrate of sphagnum moss or coconut fibres;
- mixtures of coarse river sand and peat in a ratio of 3:1.
Main stages of work:
- The prepared mixture is disinfected with steam and potassium permanganate solution.
- The usual drainage is lined at the bottom of the pot and a layer of substrate 5-6 cm high is laid.
- Each seed is pressed into the soil and watered abundantly.
- Banana tree plant will only grow in conditions close to tropical. To do this, be sure to cover the plantings with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect.
- The first sprouts should be expected no earlier than in 2-3 months. after landing.
- When mold forms on the film due to high humidity, the surface must be treated with potassium permanganate.
How to grow a banana tree at home?
The very technology of how to grow a banana tree after seed germination includes several simple steps:
- Maintaining optimal air temperature. During the day it should be within +28...+30°C, and at night it should not fall below +22°C.
- Under all conditions, the first sprouts will appear after 60 days.
- The shoots are transplanted into a mixture of soddy soil with sand, humus and ash.
- At the bottom of the prepared pot, a drainage layer, river sand and ready-made soil mixture are lined.
- The shoot is buried in the ground by about 2 cm, sprinkled with earth and watered abundantly.
- Banana tree houseplant has an interesting feature. Its roots need oxygen, so small stones or mesh should be placed between the pot and the pan for better ventilation.
How long does a banana tree grow?
After each fruiting cycle, the banana tree plant sheds leaves and flower stalks with a bunch of fruits collected in a cluster. That is, every year in nature, this grass renews its ground part. The rhizome, under favorable conditions, has a long lifespan of at least 4-5 decades. Indoor varieties grow more modestly. The average age of an ornamental banana in a pot does not exceed 20 years.
Banana tree - home care
Sometimes even experienced flower growers do not have the necessary knowledge of how to grow a banana tree at home. A tropical plant is extremely whimsical to the conditions of detention. However, if you follow all the recommendations, you can get a large exotic with outstanding decorative qualities at home. The main requirements of a banana tree for the conditions of detention are:
- Lighting. The culture is very light-loving. It is better to place pots on the southern windows, and in winter and autumn, additionally illuminate with fluorescent lamps.
- Air temperature. It should simulate the climate of the tropics all year round, fluctuating within + 28 ° С. Some varieties are able to withstand short-term temperature drops to +16°C.
- Humidity. The plant should be sprayed every day or wiped with a damp cloth. To maintain optimal humidity, you can use a tray with wet pebbles. Banana grass loves regular warm showers.
- Watering should be plentiful. The topsoil is always best kept slightly moist. In autumn, the irrigation regime is adjusted depending on the temperature.
- Banana tree is fed regularly throughout the growing season with mineral fertilizers for tropical crops at least twice a month.
- Houseplant does not require pruning.
- As the root system grows, the culture must be transplanted into a larger pot.
Banana tree disease
The main diseases of the plant are associated with improper care:
- When waterlogged, gray rot may appear on the roots. The affected areas should be removed, and the banana tree home plant should be transplanted into new soil.
- Growth retardation may be due to lack of moisture and sunlight.
- The edges of the sheet plates dry out at low air humidity, especially near heaters.
- Spider mites, scale insects, thrips and aphids can attack banana trees. To combat them, it is worth spraying the plant and its neighbors with special insecticides, for example, Actellik or Fitoverm. Prevention of infection can be considered a regular warm shower.
Replanting a banana tree
An important step in the process of growing a banana tree is timely replanting. In a cramped pot, the culture stops growing and developing. Experts advise to carry out the procedure annually in early spring:
- The banana tree plant has a powerful and rapidly growing root system, which fills the entire space of the pot in a short time. The new planter should be 1-2 cm wider and deeper than the previous one.
- Drainage of crushed stone or expanded clay must be poured onto the bottom.
- A plant is placed on a thin layer of substrate by transshipment and sprinkled with the remnants of the soil mixture.
- It is better to deepen the root neck a little into the ground.
- After transplanting, the soil must be abundantly moistened.
Banana tree - reproduction by children
In addition to the seed method of cultivation, the homemade banana tree can also be divided vegetatively. Lateral processes, which are also called children, are separated from an adult plant during a spring transplant:
- Only sharp sterile instruments are used for the procedure.
- The young shoot, together with part of the rhizome, is cut from the mother plant.
- The cut must be treated with activated carbon.
- A new plant is planted in a small pot with a drainage layer and a substrate of a mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions.
Banana tree in the interior
In the interior of a house, a banana tree always stands out for its size and interesting leaf shape. The plant is often used in the decoration of rooms with a large area. Since it is useful for this culture to spend the summer outside, it is great for country houses with their own yard or apartments with spacious balconies. Not only leaves are of decorative value, but also flowers and fruits, which can be of different shades from pale green to bright pink.
Banana tree - interesting facts
Many interesting facts are connected with the exotic plant, which not everyone knows about:
- Many fruits have a non-standard curved shape. They can be even and elongated, almost round or with slightly square edges.
- Often the name banana tree refers to a plant of the genus Asimina because of the similarity of the fruit.
- Bananas themselves are much tastier and healthier if they ripen in artificial conditions, plucked while still green.
- The most popular variety of banana tree is Cavendish, sterile. It will not be possible to get a new plant from the seeds of the fruit.
50 interesting facts about bananas
2. From a botanical point of view, bananas are berries, like, for example, watermelons, but still, everyone has long been accustomed to considering them fruits.
3. There are about a thousand kinds of bananas, but not all of them are edible.
4. Bananas are the world's second largest annual crop by weight, behind oranges, which are even more grown.
5. About 100 billion bananas are consumed worldwide every year.
6. The banana is one of the most popular crops in the world. It ranks fourth in popularity, behind rice, corn and wheat in the top three.
7. India and Brazil produce more bananas than any other country in the world.
8. Up to 40 tons of bananas are sometimes harvested from one hectare of a banana plantation.
9. Bananas are fruits of a perennial herbaceous plant of the banana family, cultivated since the 4th century BC.
10. Banana is the only fruit that does not give an allergic reaction even in babies.
11. There are many different types of bananas, and although they are all roughly the same shape, they are not all yellow.
12. There are an estimated 1,000 different types of bananas in the world. The yellow we all know and love is the Cavendish type, but there are many other types that are much less well known.
Low Calorie Bananas
12. Bananas taste better when they ripen when picked and still green.
13. One banana contains up to 300 milligrams of potassium, which helps fight high blood pressure and strengthens the heart muscle. Each of us needs 3 or 4 grams of potassium per day.
14. The vast majority of bananas are part of a subgroup called Cavendish and are sterile.
15. They are soft, ideal for eating, but unable to breed. In the past, farmers have kept bananas from extinction by transplanting cuttings, but these plants are usually very vulnerable to diseases and pests.
16. A banana tree, strictly speaking, is not a tree, but a grass. The banana plant is the largest plant without a hard stem. The stalk of banana grass sometimes reaches 10 meters in height, and 40 centimeters in diameter. On one such stem hangs, as a rule, 300 fruits with a total weight of 500 kilograms.
17. Originally from South India, bananas have been cultivated for about 3000 years, but in Europe until the 20th century they were considered a luxury.
18. Bananas are now imported from many countries. They are transported green and brought to maturity at room temperature.
19. Mait Lepik from Estonia won the world's first banana-eating speed competition. He managed to eat.
10 bananas in 3 minutes. His secret was eating the bananas with the peel on, saving time.
20. The world record for eating bananas in 1 hour is 81 bananas.
21. Ecuador supplies the most bananas to other countries. Most likely, those bananas that we buy are grown in this country.
22. Bananas are the most radioactive fruit on Earth, they contain a large amount of the radioactive potassium isotope. True, it is only large in comparison with other cultures, so there is no need to worry - even if you eat only bananas all your life, you will not be able to eat so many of them that this radiation will harm you.
23. Bananas ripen for a very long time - from ten to eighteen months, depending on the variety. That is why bananas, although they grow in the south of Russia, in the vicinity of Sochi, do not ripen, since the Sochi winter is too cold for bananas.
24. Bananas are almost one and a half times more nutritious than potatoes.
25. Bananas help to get rid of such problems as heartburn.
26. Bananas are not only yellow, but also red. Reds have a more tender flesh and they do not tolerate transportation.
27. The red banana has dark red skin and is grown in Ecuador and Colombia.
28. Another type of banana with unusual coloration is the Blue Java, which comes from the Hawaiian Islands and has a characteristic blue hue before ripening. This type of banana is known for its extreme cold weather tolerance and is nicknamed "ice cream bananas" because the ripe fruit is very similar to vanilla ice cream.
29. Even products such as flour and ketchup are made from bananas.
30. Banana ketchup became popular in the Philippines during the Second World War, when real ketchup became an expensive rarity.
In the African country of Burundi
31. Most bananas are eaten in the African country of Burundi - here their average consumption is just under 200 kilograms per person per year.
32. Jules Verne played a key role in the popularization of bananas. In his 1873 novel Around the World in Eighty Days, the French writer included enthusiastic descriptions of bananas, which first sparked interest in the fruit among Europeans and Americans.
33. During the ripening phase, a banana plant begins to form an inflorescence, most banana trees form only one inflorescence, from which a large bunch of bananas grows. In 2008, there was a unique case in the Philippines when five clusters of bananas formed at once on one banana tree.
34. The high content of potassium in the pulp of a banana saves those who exercise a lot from cramps in the calf muscles.
35. Those suffering from diarrhea are advised to eat bananas. This is a very good restorative product.
36. In Honduras, in the town of La Lima, there is a collection of almost five hundred varieties of bananas.
37. Banana peel can act as a water purifier, removing heavy metal impurities. To do this, the rind must either be dried, crushed, and then added to water or used to create water filters.
38. Bananas increase mental abilities. The high content of potassium in bananas makes a person receptive to new information, this is necessary when preparing for exams.
39. Dried bananas have five times more calories than raw ones.
40. Once the most popular varieties of bananas, they practically died out in the 20th century due to the spread of diseases that affect these plants.
41. Bananas are not always used exclusively as food. One example of this can be seen in Latin America, where banana tree leaves are often turned upside down and become a temporary coat or umbrella during rainy periods.
42. In the Philippines, fabric is made from the fibers of the banana plant. From the fibers of the bark and stem, banana paper is made on an industrial scale.
43. A more unusual alternative use of bananas is found in parts of Central America, where people drink the juice of a red banana before a romantic night, believing it contains an aphrodisiac.
44. Eating bananas significantly reduces swelling in those who suffer from it.
45. Bananas help quit smoking. When weaning from nicotine addiction, you need to eat bananas. A large amount of vitamins, potassium, magnesium help to remove the remnants of nicotine from the body and adapt to life without cigarettes.
46. Dessert bananas are mainly consumed raw in home cooking. In addition, they are used to make wine, beer, vinegar, marmalade, confiture, and ice cream.
47. Banana peel is used in the manufacture of soap.
48. Bananas should never be refrigerated as they turn black at low temperatures.
49. Bananas retain calcium in the body, it is not excreted with urine, but remains in the body and is used to strengthen bones.