How many bananas does one tree produce


Bananas: From the Bunch to Your Breakfast

Rainforest Stories

Where do bananas come from?

Bananas originated in the Malay Archipelago in Southeast Asia. Today they are grown in tropical regions across the globe, from South and Central America to India, China and Africa.

Bananas grow in hot, tropical climates. Banana plants look like trees but are actually giant herbs related to lilies and orchids. The plant grows from a root clump (rhizome), similar to a tulip bulb. There are over 500 types of bananas! People cultivate mostly cooking bananas and plantains (the starchy cousins of the sweet banana). Over 500 million people depend on the banana trade to support themselves and their families.

The dessert banana, also called the Cavendish, is the most popular type of banana in North America and Europe. When Americans were introduced to bananas in the 1880s, they were considered an exotic luxury and eaten with a knife and fork. Today, the average person in the U.S. eats more than 75 bananas a year. Tarantulas like to hide in banana leaves.

Banana plants grow quickly and can reach their full height of 20-40 feet in only 9 months. After growing for about 6-8 months, the plant develops a nice crown of leaves. Then a flowering stem emerges from the top, and a large bud begins to develop.

As the bud unfolds, it reveals double rows of tiny flowers. Each of these flowers will become an individual banana, or a “finger.” Each row of bananas is call a “hand” and is made up of 14 to 20 fingers. Each stem grows 9 to 12 hands, which means that a single banana plant can produce up to 240 bananas.

Bagging the Fruit

About 14 days after the stem has emerged, the weight of the growing bananas causes the stem to hang upside down. At this stage, many farmers cover the fruit with a bag to help protect it from insects and sun damage. Farmers also support the plant by tying it to neighboring plants with twine. This helps prevent the plant from toppling over from the weight of the bananas.

Harvesting

About 12 weeks after bagging, the green-colored fruit is ready to harvest. In order to harvest the bananas, one worker cuts the stem from the plant while another stands underneath to catch the falling stem on his shoulder. After one growth cycle, the banana plant will be cut down and a new plant will grow from the root clump (rhizome) left behind.

Once cut from the plant, the bananas are carried to the processing plant by horse or by workers.

After harvest, the plastic bags are recycled on Rainforest Alliance certified banana farms.

Processing

At the processing plant, workers remove bananas from their stems by hand and break them into smaller clusters. The workers must be very careful to cut neatly and accurately in order to prevent breaking the skin, which can cause rotting.

The workers submerge the bananas in large tanks of cold water. The cool water lowers the temperature of the bananas and washes off sap and latex from the cut stems.

Next, the bananas get stickers. Workers carefully pack the bananas in boxes so they do not bump against each other. This helps to minimize bruising before they arrive at their destination.

Finally, the boxes are carefully loaded into refrigerated ships, called reefers. The ship’s storage area is kept cold enough to prevent the bananas from ripening, a technique called “putting the bananas to sleep.”

Upon arrival, the bananas are placed into ripening rooms for 3 to 8 days before being brought to the markets. The bananas are loaded into a truck and shipped off to be offered to banana lovers on grocery shelves.

Rainforest Alliance Certification

Banana farmers that wish to be certified through the Rainforest Alliance must are required to:

  • Protect ecosystems
  • Conserve water, soil and forests
  • Provide decent working conditions for all workers, safety training and protective equipment
  • Maintain positive relationships with local communities
  • Establish an integrated system of waste management
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How Many Bananas Does a Tree Produce in a Year?

Banana trees can produce over 200 bananas per bunch in a year. Bananas are technically herbs and each stem can produce a bunch of bananas made up of ‘hands’ of bananas. Each hand contains around 10-20 bananas. Each bunch can grow 10 or more hands each. Each individual banana is called a finger and can be separated from the bunch once picked.

Banana bunches are usually picked when the bananas are green, they are hung and then separated into hands. The hands will naturally ripen themselves as the bananas naturally release ethylene, a gas that ripens the bananas and any other fruit around it.

You can put your unripe pear in a bag with a ripe banana and it will usually ripen within a day due to the ethylene.

Here are some fun facts about how many bananas are produced by each tree or plant per year

1. Banana stems produce 1 bunch each

Banana plants are usually made up of multiple stems as they mature. They grow from an underground rhizome like a potato which will continue to send up new stems as long as the plant has water, warmth and free draining soil and organic matter to grow in.

Each stem is actually a modified leaf stem which has grouped together to form the long trunk and leaves out of the top. Each banana stem can produce 1 bunch of bananas.

It is difficult to know when the banana plant will grow a bunch of bananas but they usually look tall, thick and heavy. The banana stems can even start to bend or fall over as they develop a heavy bunch of bananas.

Banana stems can be propped or tied up to keep them from falling and breaking off. For more on this check out my previous article here: Why Banana Trees Fall Over | 5 Ways to Prevent It

Once the stem has produce the bunch of bananas it will gradually die back. The stem can be left on until it turns yellow or brown. This allows the rhizome to reabsorb the nutrients before the stems is removed.

2. Bananas produce multiple flower groups which turn into hands

Each banana bunch will be made up of hands of bananas which come from multiple flower groups. These flowers produce both male and female flowers. The flowers will form into the bananas and the male flowers are within the red bud at the end of the plant.

The flowers on most edible banana plants are not fertilized but wild forms of bananas are, usually by bats or birds.

3. Each bunch of bananas is made up of 10 or more hands

Large bunches of bananas are usually only seen in markets or on tropical islands where huge banana plantations are growing. If you are lucky enough to be able to grow bananas at home, then you will get to experience a whole bunch growing at the same time, giving you 10 or more hands of bananas with over 200 individual bananas.

These will ripen gradually so a hungry family could probably get through them if they tried. Share them with your neighbors if you get too many and you will be very popular.

4. The banana stem will reproduce when the old stem is finished

Once a banana stem has grown its bunch of bananas it will die back. Banana trees will naturally reproduce and grow new stems from their underground rhizome. These usually grow to the side of the stem where there is room.

This means that healthy banana trees will keep producing and growing as long as they have the space, water and soil to support them. My banana tree started off in a small pot and has gradually busted its way out. It has pushed its roots into the ground soil and is solidly growing now.

I like to trim the excess stems from my banana plant to keep it under control and fitting in the space it has. Leaving 3-4 mature stems gives you the best chance of getting bananas in the next year. Each stem can take 18 months or more before they grow a bunch of bananas.

5. Banana plants are easy to care for

One of the biggest surprises for me after getting my first banana plant is how easy it is to grow. If you are living in an area that is tropical or sub-tropical then bananas seem to just grow on their own. They love warm, humid weather and plenty of rainfall over summer.

Planting them in good quality, well-draining soil is essential and they can grow well in pots. They will enjoy some organic fertilizer over summer, pelleted chicken manure, aged cow manure and compost will all help.

I have hardly fertilized my banana tree this year and it is thriving. There has been high rainfall which will carry nitrogen from the atmosphere, giving the tree free fertilizer.

How many bananas does a tree produce in a year? | Summary

Bananas are an incredibly rewarding plant, technically a herb and not a tree it will grow huge bunches of bananas if it is grown in the right conditions. It looks great in a tropical backyard and will grow easily on its own. Plant it in well-draining soil and keep it well watered over summer.

You will be rewarded over time as the banana stems produce 100 or more bananas each year.

Happy growing.

50 interesting facts about bananas

2. From a botanical point of view, bananas are berries, like, for example, watermelons, but still, everyone has long been accustomed to considering them fruits.

3. There are about a thousand kinds of bananas, but not all of them are edible.

4. Bananas are the world's second largest by weight of annual harvest, behind oranges, which are grown even more.

5. About 100 billion bananas are consumed worldwide every year.

Cavendish bananas

6. The banana is one of the most popular crops in the world. It ranks fourth in popularity, behind rice, corn and wheat in the top three.

7. India and Brazil produce more bananas than any other country in the world.

8. Up to 40 tons of bananas are sometimes harvested from one hectare of a banana plantation.

9. Bananas are the fruits of a perennial herbaceous plant of the banana family, cultivated since the 4th century BC.

10. Banana is the only fruit that does not give an allergic reaction even in babies.

11. There are many different types of bananas, and although they are all roughly the same shape, they are not all yellow.

12. It is estimated that there are about 1,000 different types of bananas in the world. The yellow we all know and love is the Cavendish type, but there are many other types that are much less well known.

Low Calorie Bananas

12. Bananas taste better when they ripen when picked and still green.

13. One banana contains up to 300 milligrams of potassium, which helps fight high blood pressure and strengthens the heart muscle. Each of us needs 3 or 4 grams of potassium per day.

14. The vast majority of bananas are part of a subgroup called the Cavendish and are sterile.

15. They are soft, ideal for eating, but unable to reproduce. In the past, farmers have kept bananas from extinction by transplanting cuttings, but these plants are usually very vulnerable to diseases and pests.

16. A banana tree, strictly speaking, is not a tree, but a grass. The banana plant is the largest plant without a hard stem. The stalk of banana grass sometimes reaches 10 meters in height, and 40 centimeters in diameter. On one such stem hangs, as a rule, 300 fruits with a total weight of 500 kilograms.

17. Originally from South India, bananas have been cultivated for about 3000 years, but in Europe until the 20th century they were considered a luxury.

18. Bananas are now imported from many countries. They are transported green and brought to maturity at room temperature.

19. Mait Lepik from Estonia won the world's first banana-eating speed competition. He managed to eat.

10 bananas in 3 minutes. His secret was eating the bananas with the peel on, saving time.

20. The world record for eating bananas in 1 hour is 81 bananas.

21. Ecuador supplies the most bananas to other countries. Most likely, those bananas that we buy are grown in this country.

22. Bananas are the most radioactive fruit on Earth, they contain a large amount of the radioactive potassium isotope. True, it is only large in comparison with other cultures, so there is no need to worry - even if you eat only bananas all your life, you will not be able to eat so many of them that this radiation will harm you.

23. Bananas ripen for a very long time - from ten to eighteen months, depending on the variety. That is why bananas, although they grow in the south of Russia, in the vicinity of Sochi, do not ripen, since the Sochi winter is too cold for bananas.

24. Bananas are almost one and a half times more nutritious than potatoes.

25. Bananas help to get rid of such problems as heartburn.

26. Bananas are not only yellow, but also red. Reds have a more tender flesh and they do not tolerate transportation.

27. The red banana has dark red skin and is grown in Ecuador and Colombia.

28. Another type of banana with unusual coloration is the Blue Java, which comes from the Hawaiian Islands and has a characteristic blue hue before ripening. This type of banana is known for its extreme cold weather tolerance and is nicknamed "ice cream bananas" because the ripe fruit is very similar to vanilla ice cream.

29. Even products such as flour and ketchup are made from bananas.

30. Banana ketchup became popular in the Philippines during the Second World War, when real ketchup became an expensive rarity.

In the African country of Burundi

31. Most people eat bananas in the African country of Burundi, where they average just under 200 kilograms per person per year.

32. Jules Verne played a key role in the popularization of bananas. In his 1873 novel Around the World in Eighty Days, the French writer included enthusiastic descriptions of bananas, which first sparked interest in the fruit among Europeans and Americans.

33. During the ripening phase, a banana plant begins to form an inflorescence, most banana trees form only one inflorescence, from which a large bunch of bananas grows. In 2008, there was a unique case in the Philippines when five clusters of bananas formed at once on one banana tree.

34. The high content of potassium in the pulp of a banana saves those who exercise a lot from cramps in the calf muscles.

35. Those suffering from diarrhea are advised to eat bananas. This is a very good restorative product.

Banana Museum

36. In Honduras, in the town of La Lima, there is a collection of almost five hundred varieties of bananas.

37. Banana peel can act as a water purifier, removing heavy metal impurities. To do this, the rind must either be dried, crushed, and then added to water or used to create water filters.

38. Bananas increase mental abilities. The high content of potassium in bananas makes a person receptive to new information, this is necessary when preparing for exams.

39. Dried bananas have five times more calories than raw ones.

40. Once the most popular varieties of bananas, they practically died out in the 20th century due to the spread of diseases that affect these plants.

41. Bananas are not always used exclusively as food. One example of this can be seen in Latin America, where banana tree leaves are often turned upside down and become a temporary coat or umbrella during rainy periods.

42. In the Philippines, fabric is made from the fibers of the banana plant. From the fibers of the bark and stem, banana paper is made on an industrial scale.

43. A more unusual alternative use of bananas is found in parts of Central America, where people drink the juice of a red banana before a romantic night, believing it contains an aphrodisiac.

44. Eating bananas significantly reduces swelling in those who suffer from it.

45. Bananas help quit smoking. When weaning from nicotine addiction, you need to eat bananas. A large amount of vitamins, potassium, magnesium help to remove the remnants of nicotine from the body and adapt to life without cigarettes.

Banana pie

46. Dessert bananas are mainly consumed raw in home cooking. In addition, they are used to make wine, beer, vinegar, marmalade, confiture, and ice cream.

47. Banana peel is used in the manufacture of soap.

48. Bananas should never be refrigerated as they turn black at low temperatures.

49. Bananas retain calcium in the body, it is not excreted with urine, but remains in the body and is used to strengthen bones. This is especially important for coffee lovers, which, on the contrary, leaches calcium from the body.

50. When peeling a banana, it is recommended to remove all white threads as well.

photo from the Internet

propagation and care at home, suitable for this variety and species

According to the botanical classification, banana is a herbaceous plant with a fast development of the aerial part, consisting of the green mass of leaves. The banana plant is widely distributed in tropical regions. There are even the notorious "banana republics" that are engaged in the cultivation of this crop. To grow an indoor banana, caring for it at home should include the formation of conditions close to tropical. This article talks about how to grow a banana plant at home: what containers, crop varieties and agricultural rules should be used for this. The main care for a banana is timely watering and spraying the foliage. By including regular application of mineral and organic fertilizers in the care of a banana at home, you can achieve a rapid growth rate of the crop. The material tells about the propagation of bananas and the correct choice of variety for indoor breeding.

Where and how bananas grow: in which country (with video and photo)

"Banana" is a common name for many species and hybrids of the banana genus. This is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the tropics, cultivated since the 4th-7th centuries. BC. The homeland of cultivated bananas is India, and now they are grown in all humid tropical regions. In Victorian times, the banana was the centerpiece of home greenhouses, and there is a resurgence of interest these days. There are few plants whose leaves would give a room such a uniquely tropical look. However, for home maintenance, undersized species and forms should be chosen.

Before you know where bananas grow, in which country, you should understand that most cultivated bananas arose as a result of crossing the pointed banana with the Balbis banana. Both wild ancestors of cultivated bananas are widespread in India. In cultivated forms, the fruits do not contain seeds, but in wild bananas, the entire fruit is clogged with "pits" the size of a cherry. English-speaking consumers use the name banana for the yellow fruits of "fruity" bananas eaten fresh, and plantain for large-fruited vegetable varieties whose fruits are baked in banana leaves, boiled or prepared in other ways. In India, these types are not distinguished. See how bananas grow in photos and videos that will take you to a tropical paradise in an equatorial country.

What kind of banana plant: what does grass and fruit look like (description and photo)

A perennial plant (grass) banana grows very beautifully. It is not in vain that many ornamental plant varieties have been bred. Starting the description of a banana, I would like to note that the giant "saber" leaves on a powerful trunk look very impressive. Approximately every six months, the rhizome gives new shoots. Each rhizome lives from two to five years. The time from the beginning of the growth of the stem to the flowering of the plant is usually 6 - 8 months. A stem with a flower grows inside a hollow "trunk" and, growing to its height and outgrowing it, bends under its own weight. At the end of this stem is a large bud surrounded by purple leaves. What a banana looks like can be seen in the numerous images that illustrate this page.

Over time, they fall off, and yellowish flowers appear, from which banana fruits are formed: they, like flowers, are arranged in dense clusters and develop in a spiral from the base to the top of the inflorescence. It is curious that in a banana at the same time and on the same bunch, male, female and hermaphroditic inflorescences appear, and the birth of the fruit occurs without fertilization. Here is a banana plant that quickly reaches its maturity, and by the end of the first year of life flowering occurs, so it has hermaphroditic inflorescences. Bananas are a derivative of the female part of the flower, and the pistils that appear at the same time are cut off as unnecessary. After 4 - 6 months, depending on the condition of the site, lighting, watering, etc. The bunch of fruits is ready for picking. See how bananas grow in the photo showing the plant in different periods of development:

Ripening fruits closely adjoin each other, forming a large cluster (buncha). In a bunch, the fruits are arranged in separate brushes of 10-15 pieces each. The number of brushes in a bunch depends on the variety and growing conditions and can vary from 6 to 14. In total, one bunch grows on one banana blade of grass, which can contain up to 300 fruits. This is 50 - 60 kg. The mass of one fruit, depending on the order of the brush on which it is located, is 70 - 110 g. There are fruits weighing up to 200 g. The shape of the fruit in bananas of the most common varieties is crescent-bent, somewhat ribbed, elongated. The length of one fruit of the Lakatan and Gros Michel varieties imported to Russia is from 15 to 25 cm. Banana fruits consist of a dense peel and pulp. In mature bananas, the edible pulp is 68 - 70% by weight. The rest is for the peel. The pulp of ripe bananas (depending on the botanical variety) has a white, light yellow or yellow-cream color, a delicate texture, a pleasant sweet taste with a delicate aroma.

Look at the banana plant in the photo, which shows different types of tropical crops:

According to statistics, now more than 42 million tons of bananas of dozens of varieties are grown annually in the world. Two-thirds of world production is in Latin America. The largest banana producing countries today are Ecuador, Costa Rica, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Panama, Honduras, China and India. And this is not a complete list.

For several years now, Russia has become one of the world's largest banana consumers. This fruit also appealed to us, the Russians. In such a short time, the banana has become like a native to us. Now it is the most popular imported fruit in Russia.

How the banana is used

Banana is now grown almost all over the world, even in climates far from tropical. This plant is used not only for food, but also for the manufacture of ropes, as livestock feed, even beer is brewed from a banana, wine, chips and tea bags are made. In addition, there are many ornamental types of banana that can be grown at home. Such plants have unusually beautiful flowers that appear in winter and remain in bloom for up to 6 months.

No other plant will create such a vivid feeling of a tropical landscape as a banana.

Why the banana is considered an herb

Botanists consider the banana an herb because the stem of the plant does not contain wood. On the cut of the "trunk" there is no pattern of annual rings, like trees, it does not have branches. A leaf rolled up into a dense tube immediately grows from the rhizome. Gradually, the tube expands, and the following leaves grow out of it one after another, the bases of which are also tightly pressed against each other, which gives the impression of a “banana tree trunk”. However, if you are not a botanist, then you can safely call a banana plant a palm - no one will accuse you of ignorance. Outwardly, a banana is so similar to a tree (and a palm tree is a tree) that it is very easy for an uninitiated person to make a mistake. The bases, or stems of the leaves, turn brown over time, so it's hard not to call them a trunk. The hollow tube they form can be up to 37 cm in diameter. And dark green oblong leaves reach a length of 3.6 meters, and grow up to 60 cm wide. Just imagine how huge banana grass can grow. That is why it is simply not possible to call it grass.

Secondly, a banana is considered a berry by botanists because its pits are inside and scattered throughout the pulp of the fruit, just like watermelon, which is also a berry. True, scattered is not quite the right word. More precisely, they are arranged in a certain order. “Excuse me, what kind of bones? They are not in a banana, ”you object. And you will be right. You did not know that only seedless varieties of bananas are supplied to Russia. But this does not mean that bananas do not contain them at all. Have you ever noticed small black dots on the cut of banana pulp? This is where the bones are. Only, of course, a banana will not grow out of them if they are planted in the ground. Even extracting them from the fetus is almost impossible. Real banana seeds are much larger, they have a very hard shell, which is scarified before planting - they are destroyed a little so that the seeds swell faster and sprout.

What we see in the average banana from the Russian market is just a hint of a stone. A real seed banana can contain up to 40 seeds. Imagine, to eat one banana, you have to spit out the pit 40 times. And how much space is left in it for the pulp? It's easier to eat an apple. That is why seedless varieties were bred. And such bananas reproduce by shoots.

How to plant a banana for growing at home

Before planting a banana at home, you need to know that these plants are inhabitants of open sunny meadows, forest edges, river banks. Obviously, in room conditions, they need a lot of light. Most bananas come from the humid tropics, so they are accustomed to high humidity, and their leaves require frequent spraying.

Of course, on huge plantations nobody sprays bananas, they are covered with plastic wrap. It turns out a greenhouse in which the plants feel their best. Also covered with a film and tied unripe fruits. Each bunch is wrapped in a layer of thick polyethylene so that the fruits develop faster. In addition, bananas need abundant watering, the soil must be well moistened all the time. The conditions for growing bananas are very difficult and it is difficult to recreate them at home. The temperature, like for many tropical plants, needs to be constant throughout the year - 22-25 (C. The soil requires neutral or slightly acidic, loose or medium density, nutritious. In this regard, growing bananas at home is a rather exotic and rarely giving positive results

Is it possible to grow a banana at home

The answer to the question of whether it is possible to grow a banana at home is, of course, yes. But this true inhabitant of the tropics develops best in greenhouse conditions. Banana prefers bright light and tolerates direct sunlight well. The air temperature in the greenhouse should not fall below 16 °C. In this case, it is necessary to constantly maintain high humidity. Cold dry air, even for a short time, is detrimental to this plant.

Abundant watering required throughout the year. In addition, a banana should be regularly sprayed with tepid water, moistening not only the leaves, but also the air around the plant. In order not to spray every day, you can put a container with a plant on a pallet with wet pebbles.

Complex mineral fertilizers, which must be applied to the soil once a month, have a favorable effect on the development of the banana. In summer, fertilizing watering with slurry is very useful. Land for tub culture should consist of turf, humus, foliage and sand.

In spring and summer, the plant should be transplanted into a large container (as needed). The soil mixture for transplanting a banana must be prepared from soddy, leafy, humus soil - two parts each - and one part sand.

How bananas are propagated

Banana is propagated by seeds or shoots. Plantations where bananas would be propagated by seeds are now almost non-existent. This method of cultivation is used only for ornamental and industrial varieties. We learned how bananas reproduce, the only thing left is to understand the agricultural technology of this process.

Seeds are scarified before sowing, i.e. lightly rubbed with sandpaper so that they swell faster. They do this because the shell of the seeds is very hard. Then they are soaked in warm water for two days. Seeds are planted in soil made up of different components. For example, it can be leaf and peat soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. Or medium-density soil - sod, compost and sand in a ratio of 4: 1: 1. The acidity of the soil should not go beyond 4.5 - 7, 5pH.

The best temperature for plant germination is 25-30°C. But even with strict observance of all these requirements, you have to wait a long time. And this is also one of the reasons why bananas on plantations are propagated by shoots. Seeds germinate only after 3-4 months. But when they break through the ground, rapid growth begins. One can only be surprised at how fast a young plant grows.

As you know, a banana is a herb with a powerful rhizome. When the aerial part bears fruit, the tuber is preparing for the growth of new blades of grass. By the time a bunch of ripe bananas are removed from the plant, its aerial part dies off, and new shoots appear from the rhizome. These are the ones that propagate banana plants on plantations. The tuber with shoots and roots is cut into pieces. But usually not all sprouts are planted, but only the strongest of them.

Most table and dessert varieties propagate by offshoots. These are just the bananas that we buy in our market. This propagation method is much easier and faster and is used in banana plantations in Latin America, China, Spain and India.

In the wild, bananas are propagated by seeds that develop inside the fruit. When the fruits ripen, they fall to the ground under their own weight. Over time, the pulp of the fruit, which is also a nutrient medium for seeds, rots and mixes with the ground, and the seeds germinate. But the fruits of such bananas, alas, are inedible.

Diseases and pests

The banana has its own diseases and pests. First of all, these are small bugs, the larvae of which - nematodes penetrate inside the stem and gnaw it. Cosmopolites sordidus, or black weevil, is the second major banana pest. It is introduced into the base of the stem and makes its way up. In places where the pest enters the plant, a jelly-like juice is released. They deal with them differently. Plants are pollinated with special disinfectant mixtures, moisten the soil with pesticides, and sometimes even destroy infected plants.

Growing and caring for homemade bananas from seeds

Banana is a polycarpic plant, after flowering and fruiting, the leaves and false stem die off, and offspring grow from the roots. There are the following types of this plant, cultivated in room conditions: paradise banana, Japanese banana, sage banana, Manna banana.

If you want to grow bananas from seeds, then know that it is difficult, but not impossible. It just takes some effort, of course. Growing an ordinary table banana at home does not make sense. It has a large height and, having reached the ceiling of your apartment, the plant will die. Decorative species were specially bred for home cultivation. Plants of such varieties do not grow up to 2 - 3 m, as usual. Caring for a homemade banana is quite simple and we will consider it in detail later in the material.

How to grow a banana from seed at home (with video)

There are many techniques for growing a banana from seed in a climate far from tropical. For example, Ukrainian Anatoly Patiy, who has been growing bananas at home for quite a long time, offers a simple technology that allows you to grow small banana plants. He even independently developed two new varieties. In 1998, the Kyiv Dwarf and Super Dwarf saw the light. The most amazing thing is that they still bear fruit! Plant height - 1.5 - 1.7 m and 0.8 - 1 m, their fruits reach 15 cm in length and weigh 150 g. These bananas grow and fruit in small apartments and produce a bunch containing up to 150 fruits. We offer you to learn how to properly grow a banana at home and at the same time get not just a green bush, but also delicious fruits.

But the most important thing is that in a winter garden or greenhouse one plant of the "Kyiv dwarf" variety can produce up to 400 fruits, and "super dwarf" - up to 300! And all this in the conditions of the middle climatic zone, where long and severe winters with short daylight hours prevail. Of great importance is the fact that additional highlighting can not be used. According to the technology of A. Patia, one banana tree can produce 50 kg of fruits per season.

According to the breeder, these varieties have increased resistance to disease and cold. They bloom and grow even at a temperature of +15 - +16 °C, although for all existing world varieties the optimum temperature for growth and fruiting is +25 - +30 °C, and at temperatures below +16 ° they completely stop growing, which affects possible fruiting.

So you can grow a fruitful banana at home.

According to A. Patiy, the technology of growing bananas is quite simple. It consists of the following. A small dwarf banana plant (up to 20 cm) must be planted in a pot with a capacity of no more than 2 - 3 liters. If the size of the plant is 50 - 70 cm, then it can immediately be planted in a pot with a capacity of 15 - 20 liters. Sprouts of 10 - 20 cm in size begin to bear fruit in 2 - 3 years, and 50 - 70 cm in size already in the first year. Deciduous soil should be used for transplanting.

1 liter of good humus or biohumus, 2 liters of river sand and 0.5 liters of wood ash (ash) are added to a bucket of such earth. In order to kill pests, the resulting mixture is poured with boiling water. After transplanting, the banana is abundantly watered with warm settled water and placed in a well-lit place.

The second time the banana is watered only when the soil in the pot dries out to a depth of 1 - 2 cm. It should be noted that abundant watering leads to acidification of the soil and rotting of the roots of the plant. In addition, it is not recommended to water a lot, it is worse than not watering at all, since in this case the earth will become waterlogged and the roots will die. Water for irrigation should be settled and heated to +25 - +30 °.

In winter, the banana is watered less often, especially if the temperature in the apartment is below +18 °. Frequent watering can lead to rotting of the root system, while the leaves of the plant turn brown and dry out, and growth stops even at high temperatures and good lighting in the warm season.

In this case, the plant must be immediately transplanted into a new soil, after washing the roots with water and cutting off the rotten parts. Root pruning sites are sprinkled with crushed charcoal or ashes to avoid further decay.

In summer, the banana can be placed on a glazed balcony or taken out into the garden under the shade of trees.

It is advisable to cover the plant with tulle or gauze so that there is no burn from direct sunlight.

In autumn, the banana should be brought indoors in advance, because the cool weather can cause the leaves to turn yellow and fruiting will take a long time.

In winter, the banana is fertilized once a month. In spring and summer more often - once a week, alternately with biohumus, ash, fish broth and green manure fertilizers. It should be noted that any top dressing should be carried out only when the earth in the pot is wet, otherwise you can burn the root of the plant.

Biohumus should be taken in the proportion of 200 g (glass) per 1 liter of boiling water, but preliminarily infuse the solution for a day. Humus can be any, except for chicken and pork. Ashes must be dissolved in 1 liter of water.

Fish broth is poured over already mature plants, at least 1 m high, to enhance fruiting.

To prepare it, boil 200 g of fish waste or small unsalted fish for half an hour in two liters of water.

Then dilute the solution with cold water in a ratio of 1:1 and strain through cheesecloth. The solution must be used together with biohumus.

Green manure is any green grass. It is cut into small pieces and poured with boiling water in the proportion: 1 cup of grass per 1 liter of boiling water. Infuse the solution for one day, then filter through gauze and feed the plant.

Chemical fertilizers are not recommended as they burn the banana roots.

For good growth, it is recommended to loosen the soil after watering on the second or third day. For successful cultivation, it is also better to protect the plant from drafts and direct sunlight. It is useful to spray the leaves of the plant every day in summer, and once a week in winter.

One of the most attractive factors in the cultivation of bananas, according to A. Patia, is that there are almost no banana pests and diseases in our conditions.

For the prevention of diseases A. Paty recommends once every two months to sprinkle the soil in a pot with tobacco dust or tobacco from cigarettes; more often loosen the soil to a depth of no more than 1 cm; once every six months, water with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate. But all this applies only to varieties bred by Ukrainian botanists.

There are other varieties of ornamental, though not fruit-bearing bananas, which are grown using a different technology. This variety is called musa basjoo.

You will need a large wide pot to grow this herb. Ordinary land for flowers will not like a banana either. Mix soddy, leafy soil and humus with expanded clay in a ratio of 2:2:2:1. Most importantly - do not forget to water the plant and spray the leaves. If it does not have enough moisture in the soil or air, its leaves will drop and wrap themselves inside. However, he also does not need extra moisture, especially in combination with a low temperature for him (from 20 ° C and below). In such unfavorable conditions, a banana can become ill with fusarium, a fungal disease.

In this case, it is urgent to increase the temperature in the room where the plant is located and spray it with an antifungal agent.

If the bright rays of the hot midday sun illuminate your room in summer, place a banana plant directly below them. Shiny leaves will reflect the sun's rays and partial shade will reign in the room.

Such bananas bloom and bear fruit in our climate very rarely. Too cold for them. But don't be upset. Even if your banana blooms and then bears fruit, they will still be inedible, unlike the Ukrainian variety. In addition, banana is a monocarpic plant. This means that one plant produces only one inflorescence, which after a while becomes a seed, or bunch, that is, a bunch that consists of brushes of banana berries. After the bunch grows, the grass dies off, and only the rhizome remains. And propagating a decorative banana with home shoots is risky - they may not take root. Therefore, flowering is the beginning of dying for an ornamental banana. And you will surely want to admire this tropical miracle for a longer time.

It is not easy to achieve fruiting from a banana in room conditions, but it is quite possible. Unfortunately, the fruits of most ornamental bananas are inedible. In room conditions, bananas are grown more often as ornamental plants than for the sake of its fruits. If you still intend to get fruits that can be eaten, you should choose the type of plant very carefully. We can recommend the popular dwarf variety "Dwarf Cavendish", which is known as the Chinese banana, dwarf banana or Cavendish banana, its height is about a meter.

Watch how to grow a banana at home in the video, which clearly shows all the agricultural techniques for crop care:

Types and varieties of bananas (with photo)

Banana as a plant has a long history and a wide geography of distribution. The first botanist in history to describe a banana was K. Linnaeus. In 1753, he recorded in history the cultural species "Paradise Banana" (Musa paradisiaca). But in his diaries, this famous Swedish scientist gave the banana a peculiar name - "Musa safientum", which in Latin means "muse of the wise."

Each species has been selected for specific purposes. Some types and varieties of bananas, such as the Japanese Musa Basjoo and Zuccro and Musa ornata Roxb, distributed from Pakistan to Burma, are grown only as ornamental plants or for fiber. The Philippine Musa textilis, or abaca, is cultivated solely for its fiber, which is used to make strong rope (manila hemp) and tea bag fabric. The Abyssinian banana, Ensete ventricosum Cheesman, formerly Musa edule Horan, Musa ensete Gmel, is cultivated in Ethiopia for its fiber, young sprouts and stem bases for food.

Fruit Musa balbisiana Colla from South and Southeast Asia, though hard seeded, is prized for its disease resistance and is therefore often used as one of the "parents" in developing new forms of edible seedless varieties. Look at the types of bananas in the photo, which shows the external attractiveness and variety of fruits:

And recently, scientists even brought out a special variety of banana with strawberry flavor.

In addition, there is also a division into table, dessert and vegetable bananas.

Among dessert bananas, the most famous are the following varieties of bananas: "Gros Michel", "Lakatan", "Lady Finger", "Red Dhaka".

Gros Michel was until recently grown on the vast majority of plantations in the world. Its seedlings are quite large. It is easy to peel such bananas, they have a yellow-cream color, are quite sweet in taste, and very fragrant. Thanks to its excellent palatability and adaptability to transportation, Gros Michel is considered an excellent raw material for export. But plants of this variety are very sensitive to drafts, and, most importantly, they are easily infected with the so-called "Panama disease". In the past few decades, this has led to a significant reduction in the plantations where such bananas are grown. Grade "Gros Michel" refers to the type of brahmin bananas.

Lacatan bananas are approximately the same quality as Gros Michel bananas, but are more disease resistant.

Lady Finger fruits are thick, slightly ribbed, with a pleasant sweet taste and delicate pulp texture. However, they are less adapted to long hauls than Gros Michel bananas.

Red Dhaka bananas, unlike all other varieties, have an almost straight shape. Also, they are somewhat longer. Usually the number of such bananas in the brush does not exceed nine pieces. They taste good and are easy to transport.

These varieties are grown mainly in Latin America and Africa, from where they are successfully exported all over the world. Look at these varieties of bananas with photos and brief descriptions - you will understand how diverse this culture is.

Among dessert bananas, we can only know Cavendish variety . They are also called dwarf, or sugar, or Canary bananas, since for the first time after East Asia they began to be grown in the Canary Islands. "Cavendish" has an irregularly shaped bunch. Fruits 10 - 15 cm long, thin-skinned, excellent taste. On mature fruits of this variety, small brown spots usually appear.

Vegetable bananas need a warm, humid climate; they grow only in the equatorial zone of the Earth. In many countries they are used for food in the same way as we use potatoes. It is one of the staple foods for common people. They are sold still green, but they acquire their very delicate aroma only after they have reached a certain degree of maturity, that is, they turn yellow. To do this, they are wrapped in a newspaper and placed in a dark place. Peeling such a banana, even a ripe one, is very difficult. The easiest way is to cut off the tips of the fruit, then cut it into three parts, make several longitudinal cuts, and then remove the peel in parts.

Ripe vegetable bananas have a very slight sweet taste with a hint of starch. They are boiled in salted water or fried like potatoes. They are best served as a side dish with pork and chicken. If you see such bananas for sale, then most likely they were brought from Brazil. It is this country that is the main importer of this variety. But in Russia, such bananas are very rare.

Bananas of the vegetable group, or the so-called garden bananas, and their varieties are the most common on the world market. This group also includes such species and varieties as the banana of the sages, or the Indian banana, up to 10 m high, the Chinese banana, or the Cavendish banana (it is also called the dwarf or Canarian banana), the numerous varieties of which are characterized by short stature, barely reaching 2 m. in height.

The banana of paradise or dessert belongs to the group of mealy bananas.

The group of textile or fibrous bananas includes two types: textile banana (Musa textiles) and Bazio banana (Musa basjoo).

The main species - sage banana (Musa sapientum) is a food source for several hundred million people in tropical countries. The Chinese banana (Musa cavendischii) is smaller in fruit mass and thinner-skinned. It is much more widespread than the sage banana, due to its adaptability to a cooler climate. This species can be successfully cultivated indoors. Moreover, with the timely preparation of seedlings and proper cultivation, it bears fruit already after 9-10 months after planting. Its development cycle is 3-4 months shorter than that of the sage banana. It can be kept in bright rooms.

The main representative of mealy bananas is paradise banana (Musa paradisiaca) .


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