How many bananas in a tree
Bananas: From the Bunch to Your Breakfast
Where do bananas come from?
Bananas originated in the Malay Archipelago in Southeast Asia. Today they are grown in tropical regions across the globe, from South and Central America to India, China and Africa.
Bananas grow in hot, tropical climates. Banana plants look like trees but are actually giant herbs related to lilies and orchids. The plant grows from a root clump (rhizome), similar to a tulip bulb. There are over 500 types of bananas! People cultivate mostly cooking bananas and plantains (the starchy cousins of the sweet banana). Over 500 million people depend on the banana trade to support themselves and their families.
The dessert banana, also called the Cavendish, is the most popular type of banana in North America and Europe. When Americans were introduced to bananas in the 1880s, they were considered an exotic luxury and eaten with a knife and fork. Today, the average person in the U.S. eats more than 75 bananas a year. Tarantulas like to hide in banana leaves.
Banana plants grow quickly and can reach their full height of 20-40 feet in only 9 months. After growing for about 6-8 months, the plant develops a nice crown of leaves. Then a flowering stem emerges from the top, and a large bud begins to develop.
As the bud unfolds, it reveals double rows of tiny flowers. Each of these flowers will become an individual banana, or a “finger.” Each row of bananas is call a “hand” and is made up of 14 to 20 fingers. Each stem grows 9 to 12 hands, which means that a single banana plant can produce up to 240 bananas.
Bagging the Fruit
About 14 days after the stem has emerged, the weight of the growing bananas causes the stem to hang upside down. At this stage, many farmers cover the fruit with a bag to help protect it from insects and sun damage. Farmers also support the plant by tying it to neighboring plants with twine. This helps prevent the plant from toppling over from the weight of the bananas.
About 12 weeks after bagging, the green-colored fruit is ready to harvest. In order to harvest the bananas, one worker cuts the stem from the plant while another stands underneath to catch the falling stem on his shoulder. After one growth cycle, the banana plant will be cut down and a new plant will grow from the root clump (rhizome) left behind.
Once cut from the plant, the bananas are carried to the processing plant by horse or by workers.
After harvest, the plastic bags are recycled on Rainforest Alliance certified banana farms.
At the processing plant, workers remove bananas from their stems by hand and break them into smaller clusters. The workers must be very careful to cut neatly and accurately in order to prevent breaking the skin, which can cause rotting.
The workers submerge the bananas in large tanks of cold water. The cool water lowers the temperature of the bananas and washes off sap and latex from the cut stems.
Next, the bananas get stickers. Workers carefully pack the bananas in boxes so they do not bump against each other. This helps to minimize bruising before they arrive at their destination.
Finally, the boxes are carefully loaded into refrigerated ships, called reefers. The ship’s storage area is kept cold enough to prevent the bananas from ripening, a technique called “putting the bananas to sleep.”
Upon arrival, the bananas are placed into ripening rooms for 3 to 8 days before being brought to the markets. The bananas are loaded into a truck and shipped off to be offered to banana lovers on grocery shelves.
Rainforest Alliance Certification
Banana farmers that wish to be certified through the Rainforest Alliance must are required to:
- Protect ecosystems
- Conserve water, soil and forests
- Provide decent working conditions for all workers, safety training and protective equipment
- Maintain positive relationships with local communities
- Establish an integrated system of waste management
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How Many Bananas Are There In A Bunch? (Explained)
Bananas are one of the most popular fruits eaten today.
Part of the reason that bananas are so popular is that they are very versatile and can be used for a variety of things.
When you head to the grocery store to purchase bananas, you will very likely see that the bananas are sold in small groups.
Have you ever wondered if this is how bananas grow or if they are actually part of a larger bunch of bananas?
We have all the answers you need about how bananas grow and what you can use this wonderful fruit for.
How Many Bananas Are There In A Bunch?
When bananas grow on trees, there are actually close to 100 bananas in a bunch.
Each of these bunches is made up of hands.
The hands can have anywhere from four to 15 bananas apiece.
When you purchase bananas in a store, you are buying a hand, not a bunch.
The entire bunch is how you will see the bananas growing on the tree, and these bunches can weigh well over 100 pounds.
Those who have to climb bananas trees and cut down the large bunches have quite a bit of strenuous work in front of them.
Bananas tend to be one of the more affordable fruits in our grocery stores, and that is partly because of how they can produce so many in a short period.
Some bananas plants can make close to 300 bananas in a period of about four to six months.
The overall time it takes to grow a banana is quite fast, and when they produce this many at once, it helps to lower the pricing of the bananas.
Where Are Bananas Grown?
Like many other fruits, bananas need warm tropical weather to be able to grow.
The only areas where you will see bananas growing are the tropical regions around the world.
It is very popular to see bananas growing in south and central America.
In addition, there are parts of India, China, and Africa that will grow bananas.
Some people in the warmer climates in the United States will also grow their own bananas.
As you can see, the widespread production of bananas is quite helpful to make them a food that is accessible to a wide range of people.
Although a banana tree is often called a tree, it is not a tree.
The banana grows on a plant that is related to an orchid.
When planting a banana plant, you will notice that it is more like a bulb that starts under the ground and eventually breaks through the soil.
Can I Grow Bananas?
If you live in an area where there are high temperatures and tropical climates, the process of growing a banana plant should not be very difficult.
Growing bananas is not all that hard, but there are some steps that you will have to be sure you take to be successful with your banana plants.
Banana plants need dark and fertile soils.
The area where you plant the banana plant is going to have to have been well prepared to accommodate it.
In addition, you will need to make sure you have lots of mulch and organic matter around the plant.
This is what the banana plants really like, and if you want them to produce, they will need to have these things in place.
It’s essential to keep a banana plant well-watered and ensure that it is never drying out.
The fruit is not easily produced if the plant is dried out.
When you plant a banana plant, you must ensure that you plant a few at the same time.
One plant does not do well all on its own.
They grow best in a cluster of three or four plants.
The best way to do this would be to put at least three plants next to each other, and then they will all rely on each other for shade and support as they grow.
This is how banana plants would grow in the wild, and you will want to try and recreate these situations for growing your banana plant at home.
Overall, growing banana plants is a unique and fun experience.
You are going to have to look up some recipes to use all the bananas that you will get.
Once you get a good batch going, you could find yourself with hundreds of bananas.
Benefits Of Banana Plants
Aside from the fact that you can get great fruit from a banana plant, there are actually several other reasons that you may want to plant a banana plant.
For those who have large properties and are considering putting in a few banana plants, here are some of the things you can expect to get along with your plant.
If you need a privacy screen in your yard, you can put up a row of banana plants.
The plants grow to the perfect height and will give your yard a very tropical look while still providing you with privacy.
In addition, you will reap the benefits of owning this many banana plants and all of the fruit that they can produce.
Since banana plants tend to grow relatively thick, they can also work as a screen to keep wind out.
Although you may be able to block some noise as well, the overall low height may not help as much from a noise perspective.
Feed For Animals
The banana plant produces a large amount of fruit that will work for human or animal consumption.
However, the leaves of the plant can also be fed to horses and cows.
This helps the plant to be an all-around producer and money-saver for you and your animals.
The overall maintenance of banana plants is not that difficult, and the amount of fruit they produce for the work that it takes will be well worth the price that you pay.
If you are a very crafty person, your banana plant will provide even more benefits.
You can take the dried remains of the trunks and use them for weaving baskets and even making mats.
If you are serious about making sure that nothing on your land goes to waste, the banana plant is a great solution.
What Can Bananas Be Used For?
Now that you understand a little more about how bananas grow and what the plants can be used for, let’s take a look at how to use the fruit itself.
After all, if you end up growing bananas and you have 100 of them, you will need to figure out some great ways to use them.
Since bananas can be quite healthy, many people will want to ensure that they use them in their diet.
Here are some of our favorite ways to use bananas, especially when you have a large crop.
Cereal Or Oatmeal
Sometimes cereal and oatmeal can be a bit bland.
One way to make things taste a little better is to add a banana.
Since bananas are not nearly as bad for you as adding sugar, this is a great way to ensure that your meal tastes great but remains relatively healthy.
Adding the banana to your morning meal can help ensure that you are getting some extra potassium in your diet as well.
Replacement For Butter Or Oil
Did you know that banana has a wide range of uses when it comes to baking?
You can mash a banana and use it as a replacement for oil or even for butter when you are cooking.
Mashing a banana is quite easy, and many recipes will include this or give you the exact substitution to use the banana in your cooking.
Keep in mind that the flavor of the dessert that you are making is also going to be somewhat altered by adding in the banana.
This is what makes it best for certain meals like bread and muffins.
The great thing about adding bananas to muffins, cookies, and cakes is that you will not have to worry about how ripe the banana is.
Sometimes when a banana gets too ripe, and it is a little brown, you will not want to just peel it and eat it.
The texture is not always the best, and the overall taste can sometimes be too sweet.
However, you can always mash the banana up and then make muffins like banana oat muffins or something similar.
When the banana is used in baking, you will never be able to tell that it was too ripe.
The fruit blends in perfectly to the meal that you are making, and you will quickly notice that it makes a great ingredient in general.
A smoothie is another great way to use a banana.
You can mix the smoothie with a variety of other fruits, milk, almond milk, even peanut butter to make it a great flavor.
The smoothies that you make can be packed with vitamins and minerals as well to make them even more healthy.
People who worry about smoothies not having enough flavor or tasting a little bland will have no worries when a banana is added to the recipe.
Bananas are high in sugar, but the sugar is healthier for you than processed ingredients.
Many people will add half a banana to a spoonful of peanut butter, some flaxseed, and almond milk to make a healthy and smart lunch choice.
The possibilities for using bananas are almost endless.
In addition, you can easily just take one with you to work.
How great is it to have the ability to grab a fresh piece of fruit and make your way through the day without even having to put it in a container or a wrapper?
With bananas coming with their own cover, this delicious fruit is a clean, healthy, and easy snack to take on the road.
Hopefully, you now feel as though you have an idea of the difference between a banana bunch and a banana hand.
For those who are interested in grabbing a few bananas from the store, expect to get about four to 10 bananas with your purchase.
If you are growing bananas in your yard, and you have a true bunch of bananas that have grown, there could be up to 100.
Be prepared to have some help carrying this as the overall weight of the bananas is going to be extremely heavy.
Don’t let the fact that a few bananas are light in weight fool you about the entire bunch, but be prepared to carry close to 70 pounds or more when you take down an entire bunch of bananas.
This is one of the most popular fruits on the market, so it pays to understand just a bit more about the banana.
50 interesting facts about bananas
2. From a botanical point of view, bananas are berries, like, for example, watermelons, but still, everyone has long been accustomed to considering them fruits.
3. There are about a thousand kinds of bananas, but not all of them are edible.
4. Bananas are the world's second largest by weight of annual harvest, behind oranges, which are grown even more.
5. About 100 billion bananas are consumed worldwide every year.
6. The banana is one of the most popular crops in the world. It ranks fourth in popularity, behind rice, corn and wheat in the top three.
7. India and Brazil produce more bananas than any other country in the world.
8. Up to 40 tons of bananas are sometimes harvested from one hectare of a banana plantation.
9. Bananas are the fruits of a perennial herbaceous plant of the banana family, cultivated since the 4th century BC.
10. Banana is the only fruit that does not give an allergic reaction even in babies.
11. There are many different types of bananas, and although they are all roughly the same shape, they are not all yellow.
12. It is estimated that there are about 1,000 different types of bananas in the world. The yellow we all know and love is the Cavendish type, but there are many other types that are much less well known.
Low Calorie Bananas
12. Bananas taste better when they ripen when picked and still green.
13. One banana contains up to 300 milligrams of potassium, which helps fight high blood pressure and strengthens the heart muscle. Each of us needs 3 or 4 grams of potassium per day.
14. The vast majority of bananas are part of a subgroup called the Cavendish and are sterile.
15. They are soft, ideal for eating, but unable to reproduce. In the past, farmers have kept bananas from extinction by transplanting cuttings, but these plants are usually very vulnerable to diseases and pests.
16. A banana tree, strictly speaking, is not a tree, but a grass. The banana plant is the largest plant without a hard stem. The stalk of banana grass sometimes reaches 10 meters in height, and 40 centimeters in diameter. On one such stem hangs, as a rule, 300 fruits with a total weight of 500 kilograms.
17. Originally from South India, bananas have been cultivated for about 3000 years, but in Europe until the 20th century they were considered a luxury.
18. Bananas are now imported from many countries. They are transported green and brought to maturity at room temperature.
19. Mait Lepik from Estonia won the world's first banana-eating speed competition. He managed to eat.
10 bananas in 3 minutes. His secret was eating the bananas with the peel on, saving time.
20. The world record for eating bananas in 1 hour is 81 bananas.
21. Ecuador supplies the most bananas to other countries. Most likely, those bananas that we buy are grown in this country.
22. Bananas are the most radioactive fruit on Earth, they contain a large amount of the radioactive potassium isotope. True, it is only large in comparison with other cultures, so there is no need to worry - even if you eat only bananas all your life, you will not be able to eat so many of them that this radiation will harm you.
23. Bananas ripen for a very long time - from ten to eighteen months, depending on the variety. That is why bananas, although they grow in the south of Russia, in the vicinity of Sochi, do not ripen, since the Sochi winter is too cold for bananas.
24. Bananas are almost one and a half times more nutritious than potatoes.
25. Bananas help to get rid of such problems as heartburn.
26. Bananas are not only yellow, but also red. Reds have a more tender flesh and they do not tolerate transportation.
27. The red banana has dark red skin and is grown in Ecuador and Colombia.
28. Another type of banana with unusual coloration is the Blue Java, which comes from the Hawaiian Islands and has a characteristic blue hue before ripening. This type of banana is known for its extreme cold weather tolerance and is nicknamed "ice cream bananas" because the ripe fruit is very similar to vanilla ice cream.
29. Even products such as flour and ketchup are made from bananas.
30. Banana ketchup became popular in the Philippines during the Second World War, when real ketchup became an expensive rarity.
In the African country of Burundi
31. Most people eat bananas in the African country of Burundi, where they average just under 200 kilograms per person per year.
32. Jules Verne played a key role in the popularization of bananas. In his 1873 novel Around the World in Eighty Days, the French writer included enthusiastic descriptions of bananas, which first sparked interest in the fruit among Europeans and Americans.
33. During the ripening phase, a banana plant begins to form an inflorescence, most banana trees form only one inflorescence, from which a large bunch of bananas grows. In 2008, there was a unique case in the Philippines when five clusters of bananas formed at once on one banana tree.
34. The high content of potassium in the pulp of a banana saves those who exercise a lot from cramps in the calf muscles.
35. Those suffering from diarrhea are advised to eat bananas. This is a very good restorative product.
36. In Honduras, in the town of La Lima, there is a collection of almost five hundred varieties of bananas.
37. Banana peel can act as a water purifier, removing heavy metal impurities. To do this, the rind must either be dried, crushed, and then added to water or used to create water filters.
38. Bananas increase mental abilities. The high content of potassium in bananas makes a person receptive to new information, this is necessary when preparing for exams.
39. Dried bananas have five times more calories than raw ones.
40. Once the most popular varieties of bananas, they practically died out in the 20th century due to the spread of diseases that affect these plants.
41. Bananas are not always used exclusively as food. One example of this can be seen in Latin America, where banana tree leaves are often turned upside down and become a temporary coat or umbrella during rainy periods.
42. In the Philippines, fabric is made from the fibers of the banana plant. From the fibers of the bark and stem, banana paper is made on an industrial scale.
43. A more unusual alternative use of bananas is found in parts of Central America, where people drink the juice of a red banana before a romantic night, believing it contains an aphrodisiac.
44. Eating bananas significantly reduces swelling in those who suffer from it.
45. Bananas help quit smoking. When weaning from nicotine addiction, you need to eat bananas. A large amount of vitamins, potassium, magnesium help to remove the remnants of nicotine from the body and adapt to life without cigarettes.
46. Dessert bananas are mainly consumed raw in home cooking. In addition, they are used to make wine, beer, vinegar, marmalade, confiture, and ice cream.
47. Banana peel is used in the manufacture of soap.
48. Bananas should never be refrigerated as they turn black at low temperatures.
49. Bananas retain calcium in the body, it is not excreted with urine, but remains in the body and is used to strengthen bones. This is especially important for coffee lovers, which, on the contrary, leaches calcium from the body.
50. When peeling a banana, it is recommended to remove all white threads as well.
photo from the Internet
description, types, calories, useful properties (photo)
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Most of us have been convinced since childhood that bananas grow on palm trees. Therefore, the idea that tasty, sweet, oblong-shaped fruits have nothing to do with this tree does not come to mind at all. And that a plant on which yellow berries (not fruits) grow is actually a grass, even if it is very tall, it is also unbelievable.
- 1 Characteristics
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Description
- 4 Fruits
- 5 Banana plant at home
Bananas are not trees and belong to the genus of perennial large herbaceous plants, which includes about forty species and more than three hundred varieties. The plants have very large leaves arranged in a spiral, which overlap each other, forming a false trunk about ten meters high, making the plant look like a banana tree.
There are four varieties of bananas:
- Ornamentals - very beautiful flowers, but inedible fruit;
- Technical - plant stems are used to build rafts, make seat cushions, in Africa they are often used to make fishing nets;
- Feed or plantains - need heat treatment: the pulp is unsweetened, hard with a high content of starch, and therefore flour is made from them. In addition, bananas of this group are often used as animal feed.
- Fruit or dessert - do not need heat treatment, have a juicy and sweet pulp, and therefore they can be consumed raw, dried or dried.
Bananas are native to the tropical latitudes of Asia and Africa, as well as the Pacific Islands. The northernmost point where bananas grow is the Japanese island of Ryukyu.
Although these plants are inhabitants of tropical latitudes, they do not grow in areas where the drought lasts more than three months, and in order for them to give a good harvest, the monthly rainfall must exceed 100 mm.
Bananas prefer to grow in acidic, mineral-rich soil. The presence of potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen in the soil is especially important: this allows you to collect about 400 centners of fruits per hectare annually. The optimum temperature for plant growth during the day ranges from 25 to 36°C, at night - from 21 to 27°C. If the temperature of the air where bananas grow is low and is 16°C, the growth rate slows down, and stops at 10°C. True, some types of bananas, such as Rajapuri, can withstand temperatures near freezing.
Plants in the mountains feel good. They can usually be seen at an altitude of about 900 meters above the ocean surface. In some latitudes, they are even higher: the maximum height where bananas grow was recorded in New Guinea and is about 2 thousand km above sea level. m.
The plant has numerous powerful roots, going deep into one and a half meters, to the sides - up to five. From the roots comes a short stem that does not protrude above the ground, to which six to twenty leaves are attached. The parts of the leaves adjacent to the stem are superimposed by the bases and form a kind of trunk from two to twelve meters high, together with bamboos being the tallest grasses on the planet.
Since bananas are grass, the stem never becomes woody, and the part above the earth's surface dies off after fruit ripening. Speaking of banana as a herb, one can observe an unusual effect: after the death of the main stem, its place is immediately taken by the largest of the numerous shoots located on the root.
Banana leaves are very large, soft, can be either oblong or oval in shape, arranged in a spiral so that their bases are folded into a dense multi-layered tube, forming a false stem. Once a week, one young leaf appears and grows inside the bundle, at the same time, the old, outer one, begins to die, after which it falls off.
The plant begins to bloom eight to ten months after its appearance on the surface. Before the banana plant blooms, a peduncle appears on the main stem, which penetrates into the false stem, passes through it up, and out.
The inflorescence resembles an elongated round bud of green or purple color, at the base of which are large female flowers, along the edges are small male flowers, and between them are medium-sized bisexual sterile flowers with three petals. When the male flowers open, they fall off almost immediately, leaving the top of the inflorescence exposed.
Flowers are collected in brushes in an amount of 12 to 20 pieces, and one above the other are arranged in layers, each of which is covered with thick waxy leaves on top. The flowers of fruit varieties are white, while the leaves that cover them are dark red on the inside and purple on the outside.
Wild bananas are pollinated by small animals or birds (if the variety blooms in the morning) or bats (if at night), while cultivated plants reproduce vegetatively.
Fruits are formed only in female flowers. As each layer grows, it becomes more and more like a hand with a huge number of fingers, which are a thick-skinned berry (fruits do not grow on herbs).
Depending on the variety of bananas, the berries can vary greatly from each other. Basically, they are characterized by a straight or curved oblong shape. The length of the berries ranges from three to forty centimeters, the diameter is from two to eight. The peel of a banana is usually yellow, but it is often found in green, red, silver colors.
The flesh of the berries is white, yellow, cream or orange. At the initial stage, it is a sticky and hard mass, which eventually turns into a juicy and soft. In fruit varieties, seeds are almost always absent in the berry, so they multiply through the roots. If people did not breed them, they would hardly have been able to exist for a long time and populate the surroundings.
But in plants that grow in the wild, the pulp is filled with a huge number of seeds (in some varieties, their number can reach two hundred). Their length ranges from 3 to 16 mm, so there is very little pulp inside such a fruit, which is one of the reasons why a wild banana is inedible.
Thus, on one layer there can be about three hundred berries, the total weight of which is about sixty kilograms. As soon as the fruits are tied, the growth of all of them is directed downwards, but then several layers unfold and begin to grow vertically upwards.
Berries usually take 10 to 15 months to ripen, with fruit bananas producing a rich harvest for five to six years, while wild plants actively bear fruit for more than twenty-five.
Since ripe berries are very easily damaged and spoil quickly, they are usually cut green when they are only three-quarters ripe (this way they are easier to transport). The berries ripen already on the way or upon arrival at the place, often at buyers' houses.
After the berries ripen, the main stem and leaves of the plant die off, and they are replaced by a nearby new shoot that turns into a stem and releases leaves.
Properties of berries
The benefits of bananas have been noticed for a long time. They are low-fat, but very nutritious product, because it is characterized by an increased amount of carbohydrates. So, one hundred grams of pulp contains:
- 23 g carbs;
- 1.1 g - proteins;
- 89 calories.
For this reason, berries are advised to be consumed after increased physical or mental stress: being high-energy berries, they significantly increase blood sugar levels.
Another benefit of bananas is that they contain a lot of micro and macro elements, primarily magnesium, potassium, zinc, and iron. A lot of antioxidants, minerals, vitamins in a banana also play an important role (first of all, these are vitamins A, B, C, E, PP).
Doctors often advise to introduce these berries into your diet for people with a diseased liver, kidneys, as well as in the presence of hypertension, anemia, heartburn, constipation. Berries have antiseptic and astringent properties, so they are advised for stomach and intestinal ulcers (though not during exacerbations).
Doctors advise to refrain from berries with increased blood clotting, coronary disease, thrombophlebitis: the berry helps to remove fluid from the body, which leads to thickening of the blood, which can clog blood vessels and form a blood clot. Also, bananas are not recommended for people who have recently had a heart attack or stroke.
Banana plant at home
Since the banana plant is a resident of tropical latitudes, it is extremely difficult to breed it at home. The main reasons why a banana is difficult to grow is the need for an optimal combination of temperature, humidity, lighting and soil saturated with the minerals necessary for plant growth.
At home, a banana plant can be grown by planting a seed, or you can buy an already germinated specimen. It should be borne in mind that a variety will grow from the seeds, the fruits of which are inedible (they do not sell seeds of fruit crops, since these plants almost do not have them, therefore they reproduce vegetatively). The process of seed germination at home is a rather long process and seedlings will have to wait at best for two months. But immediately after it appears above the surface, active growth begins.
If you want to grow fruit variety bananas at home, it is better to buy an already germinated plant. For their cultivation at home, breeders bred varieties of bananas that are less demanding on growing conditions, more resistant to diseases and relatively low, up to one and a half meters in height.