How many cherries on a tree
A Cherry Tree has About 7,000 Tart Cherries
There are two types of cherries grown in the United States, sweet and tart. Washington, California, Oregon produce about 90% of the nation’s sweet cherries, while Michigan is the largest producer of the tart varieties, producing nearly 74%. The other remaining tart cherries come from Utah, Washington, New York, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania. The U.S. is the second largest producer of cherries, following Turkey. There are more than a thousand varieties in the U.S., but only 10 are produced commercially.
History of Cherries
The fertile areas between the Black and Caspian seas are where sweet cherries originated. It is believed the fruit come to Europe because of birds. Greeks were the first to cultivate the fruits, while the Romans increased production.
The colonists brought the fruit with them to North America in 1629 and the Spanish missionaries introduced them to the west. Pioneers and fur traders also moved cherries to Washington, Oregon, California during their movement in the 1800’s.
Cherry trees are planted in straight rows in the orchards. Typically farms plant about 100 trees per acre. It can take between 4 to 7 years to begin producing sweet cherries, while it can take 3 to 5 years to produce tart cherries. Sweet cherries are not self-pollinating and need to planted with compatible varieties to be pollinated by bees. Whereas tart cherries are considered self-pollinating and do not need to be planted with other varieties. Cherry trees require between 1,000 and 1,500 hours of chilling to induce flowering.
California cherries are the first cherries of the season, which usually begins in mid-April and lasts until early June. Tart cherries are typically harvested in July or August. When the color changes on the fruit and they are in the firm-mature stage they are ready to be harvested. Fresh market sweet cherries are harvested by hand and leave the stems intact. These small fruits can be bruised easily, so they must be handled with care. They’re immediately brought to the packing facility and cooled using cold water. They are then sorted by size and color to be packed into boxes and shipped.
Tart cherries are harvested by a machine that shakes the trees in a figure-eight motion until the cherries are dropped. A conveyor then takes the cherries away to large bins of chilled water to be taken to a processing facility to be rinsed with colder water to retain firmness. These cherries are also pitted to be made into juice, dried, or frozen.
In 2016 over 350 tons of sweet cherries were produced, while about 329 million pounds of tart cherries were yielded. About 75% of sweet cherries are produced for the fresh market, with the remaining used for processing. Since tart cherries are extremely delicate, majority of them are processed into juice, frozen or dried products.
The average American consumes about 2.2 pounds of cherries a year either frozen, canned, fresh, juice, wine, brine and dried. Tart cherries are a multipurpose ingredient. The flavor and bright color are great for cocktails, desserts, salads, and more.
- Michigan has about 3.8 million tart cherry trees and about 0.5 million sweet cherry trees.
- Traverse City, Michigan is considered the Cherry Capital of the World.
- On average, there are about 7,000 cherries in a tart tree and 250 in cherry pie, which means a tree produces about 28 cherry pies.
- There are about 100 whole cherries in an 8-ounce class of cherry juice.
- Harold Robertson set the record for picking the most cherries by hand in one day in 1958. He picked 1,225 pounds of cherries in a 12-hour period.
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How many cherries does a cherry tree produce? 0, 20, 50, 100, 400 kg?
In this publication, we will analyze how many cherries does a cherry tree produce in various growing conditions.
A cherry tree can produce 0, 20, 50, 100, 400 kilos of cherries depending on the weather, terrain, care applied… Personally the most I have caught a cherry tree has been 400 kg . A huge cherry tree of the Sunburst variety.
Factors that influence the kilos that a cherry tree can produce
The kilos a cherry tree can produce are influenced by multiple factors. Variety of planted cherry, weather, pollination, maturation date, planting density, rootstock, tree age, treatments performed, resistance at cherry tree plagues and diseases…
Some varieties of cherry can become very productive, however, the size of the cherries will be greatly affected. Lapins, Sunburst, Van, Frisco, Celeste, Black Star, Royal Tioga, New Star, Crystal, New Moon, Starking, Bing, 4-84, Somerset, Royal Helen, Sweet Heart… They are varieties of cherries that can reach high yields.
Generally, early ripening cherry varieties are less productive. This is because the tree has less time to produce cherries.
Irrigation is a good way to prevent cherry trees from experiencing water stress during the summer. Cherry trees affected by drought weaken and suffer the attack of big-headed worm, which can dry them.
Having strong cherry trees will help us obtain quality cherries, although excess vigor can reduce cherry production.
The self-fertile cherry varietieshave a greater ease of curdling, so they usually outperform the self-sterile varieties.
Cherry tree fertilizer
Cherry trees need to be well nourished to produce.
It is important to control nutritional deficiencies and provide specific fertilizers to improve quality and production.
Control of pests and diseases
The application of phytosanitary treatments is essential to keep diseases and pests of the cherry tree controlled.
Fungi such as moniliacan significantly reduce the kilos of cherries produced by a cherry tree.
Pests such as the black aphid from the cherry treecan steal a large part of its sap from the tree, reducing quality and productivity.
Age of the tree
Cherry trees take several years to bear fruit, they need more than 5-7 years to reach their productive potential.
A smaller distance between cherry trees, these will be smaller and the production of cherries per tree will be smaller.
The accumulation of chill hours is essential for the cherry tree to bloom properly. On the other hand, rainy climates favor the presence of diseases (cherry leaf spot, Stigmina carpophila…) that will need to be controlled.
Size occupied by the tree
The density of plantation influences of important form in the kilos of cherries produced by tree and surface.
Plantation cherry trees made in high density will hardly produce more than 20kg of cherry. Although one hectare can exceed 20,000 kg of cherry produced.
Cherry tree pruning
The cherry tree pruning, is an effective tool for regulating tree load. When cherry trees are not pruned correctly, they can become overloaded. Although trees can produce many kg of cherries, they are of poor quality. In many cases, it will not be profitable to pick up these cherries, which in the end, have to stay in the field, favoring the presence of pests.
So, how many kilos of cherries does a cherry tree produce?
We have seen the factors that can influence the kilos produced by a cherry tree, now I will give several examples of how many kilos of cherries a cherry tree produce. In my case I speak of Kg of cherry net, once the cherries with defects (cracked, chopped by birds…) have been removed. In the cases that are going to be exposed, the gross production of the cherry tree can be between 5 and 15% higher.
Location: Arenas de San Pedro (Ávila).
Care taken: pruning, payment, control of pests and diseases.
Reinforced 15-year-old cherry tree with the variety 3-13, plantation frame 5×5 meters, irrigation of support for. The first interesting production with 10kg, 3 years after crown graft. Caliber 28-32 mm.
30-year-old Sunburst cherry tree, grafted into avium rootstocks and nestled among centuries-old olive trees, the estimated planting frame is 12×10 meters, dry land. Maximum production obtained: 400 kg, regular productions above 200 Kg. Gauge 24-28 mm and 28-32 mm respectively.
30-year-old Summit cherry tree, grafted into avium rootstocks and nestled among centuries-old olive trees, the estimated planting frame is 10×9 meters, dry land. Maximum production obtained: 150 kg, irregular productions, with only 10 kg years. Caliber 24-30 mm and 30-32mm.
15-year-old Lapins cherry tree, grafted onto avium rootstocks and located between cherry trees with 5×5 meter frames, specific supportive risks. Maximum production obtained: 100 kg, with annual productions exceeding 50 kg. Caliber 22-26 mm and 24-28 mm.
The above examples are mainly from very productive cherry varieties. The estimated average production for cherry trees is 30 kilos of cherry per tree and 12,000 Kg / ha.
How many kilos of cherries does one hectare produce?
In commercial plantations in the United States, it is recommended that the kilos of cherry per hectare do not exceed 15,000-20,000 kg. Although some operations allow production of 30-40 tons of cherry per hectare, the quality and sales prices of the cherry plummet.
However, these numbers are for high density plantations and the most productive varieties.
Actually, in Spain the plantations are very old and the production of one hectare of irrigated cherry trees is less than 6,000 kg / h a.
In what month is the cherry picked up?
What properties do cherries have?
We have translated the information on our website from Spanish to English. Note that some words may have seen their meaning altered during their translation.
Cherry tree. Description, photos of fruits and inflorescences
Common cherry has been grown by people everywhere since ancient times, and it is impossible to know for sure where the first wild tree grew, which was then cultivated. Today, more than twenty countries of the world produce sour cherries on a large scale. This is a unique tree that uses not only fruits, but also leaves, bark and wood.
1 Brief description of the plant
2 Cherry flowers
3 Planting and care
4 Cherry varieties
Brief description of the plant
- Appearance: deciduous tree or shrub from 1.5 to 5 meters tall, shedding leaves in autumn and winter.
- Fruit: sweet and sour juicy berry red, dark red or black drupe containing one stone.
- Origin: subgenus of plants of the Plum genus, Rosaceae family.
- Life expectancy: twenty-five to thirty years.
- Frost resistance: high.
- Water: moderate, drought tolerant plant.
- Soil: neutral, well fertilized.
- Light-loving plant.
Common cherry blossoms
Cherry blossoms in spring are a beautiful sight. No wonder this tree is found in the literary works of various writers. Shevchenko's Ukrainian hut in the village is necessarily decorated with a cherry orchard. Everyone knows the work of A.P. Chekhov "The Cherry Orchard". Cherry flowers are small white or pink, collected in inflorescences of umbrellas, bloom in early or late May, early June, depending on the variety and climate. Fragrant flowers are good honey plants. Bees collect pollen and nectar from them.
In Japan, the cherry blossom is a national holiday celebrated at home and at work. They celebrate right in nature near trees fragrant with pink flowers, spreading warm blankets on the ground. Sakura blooms in March, early April. It is an ornamental tree, but some cultivars bear small, sour fruits similar to cherries, which the Japanese consider very healthy and prize highly.
Common cherry, which is the ancestor of most varieties, is also useful and has not only good taste, but also healing properties.
Chemical composition of cherry fruits
There are early, middle and late varieties of cherries. Early varieties bear fruit in June, medium - in July, late - at the end of July, August. The fruits contain:
- 7–17% sugars
- 0.8–2.5% acids
- 0.15–0.88% tannins
- Vitamin complex consisting of carotene, folic acid, B vitamins, vitamin C
Fruit contains sugars in the form of glucose and fructose. Organic acids - citric and malic. Ionizit is a regulator of metabolism. Anthocyanins strengthen the walls of blood vessels and capillaries. Vitamins have a general strengthening and regulating effect on the entire body.
Using cherry fruit
Who hasn't tried delicious cherry jam? This is a traditional cherry preparation, which is prepared in many countries. In addition to jam, compotes, juice and wine are made, dried, added as a filling to dumplings and pies. Cherry fruits are also eaten fresh. Many varieties have good taste, are healthy due to the high content of vitamins, minerals and other useful substances.
There are also contraindications. You can not eat cherries for people suffering from stomach ulcers and gastritis with high acidity. If there is a tendency to allergies, cherries should also be used with caution, like all fruits that have a red color.
Cherry leaves and wood
Cherry leaves, harvested in spring and dried, are used to make vitamin tea. They contain tannins (leaf petioles), dextrose, sucrose, organic acids and coumarins. Leaves are used for salting and pickling various vegetables.
Cherry wood kitchen set
Cherry wood is used to make furniture and various wooden items for everyday use. It has a pleasant dark brown color in different shades and is easy to process. Highly appreciated by both consumers and craftsmen.
Planting and care
Cherry does not like waterlogging of the root system due to groundwater close to the surface. Doesn't grow well in shade. A tree is planted in April or September on neutral, fertilized, not very moist soils, in a well-lit place, protected from the wind.
Scheme of planting a cherry seedling and preparing for winter
If a seedling is bought in late autumn, it is dug into the ground at an angle of forty-five degrees and covered with spruce branches from above, with needles outward, so that in winter the seedling does not freeze and mice do not damage it. Most varieties of cherries begin to bear fruit in the third or fourth year after planting. A young tree needs good care, which consists in loosening the earth in the near-trunk circle, applying mineral fertilizers, regular watering, pruning branches and preventive treatments against diseases with a solution of Bordeaux mixture and copper oxychloride.
There are a large number (about 150) of cherry varieties that differ in fruit weight and taste, tree yield, disease resistance, frost resistance, and flowering and fruiting periods. Consider three varieties common in Russia.
Variety "Chocolate Girl"
Self-fertile, high-yielding variety, bred in Russia in 1996. Tree height up to two and a half meters. The annual growth is seventy centimeters in height. The fruits are dark burgundy almost black, weigh three and a half grams. The taste of berries is sweet and sour. Blooms in early May. The fruits ripen in mid-July. In cooking, it is widely used for making jam, jam, dried berries and compotes. This variety is cold hardy and drought tolerant.
It is considered a symbol of the City of Vladimir, where it has been cultivated since the sixteenth century. It is a tree consisting of several trunks, from three to five meters in height. The amount of harvest depends on the region of cultivation.
Up to twenty kilograms of berries can be harvested from each tree. The variety is self-infertile. In order to set fruit, you need a pollinator cherry variety growing in the neighborhood, flowering at the same time as a self-fertile variety. The size of the fruit is small or larger, the color is dark red. The taste is sweet and sour, very pleasant. Berries are used to make jams and jams, dried and frozen. Planting and care conditions are the same as for most varieties.
Bred in Ukraine by folk selection, a hybrid of cherries and sweet cherries. Tall tree with a rounded crown, self-fertile. Fruiting is plentiful, from an adult tree, which begins to bear fruit in the sixth, seventh year of life, up to 45 kg of cherries are regularly harvested. Red fruits have a colorless, yellowish flesh with a sweet and sour taste. Fruit weight about 5 g. In addition to traditional preparations, this variety of cherries produces good quality wine.
Tree care and planting is no different from other varieties. The variety tolerates severe frosts well, bears fruit better with regular watering and the application of mineral fertilizers, as well as preventive measures against various diseases.
Fruit trees and shrubs Garden: trees and shrubs
maturation, growth, flowering, description, varieties
- Crop characteristics
- Brief description of popular varieties, species of cherry tree/bush
- Timing of maturation
- qualities needed by a gardener
- Other varieties
- Growing cherries in the garden
- Propagation methods
- Rules for leaving
- Protection and Diseases
Vishnie's Berry - Beloved Lakosta of Russians, and Very Frequency in Sades. the process of growing cherries from a seedling or even a stone is not particularly time-consuming. The only resource expended is time, including at least one winter for the cherry to adapt to the conditions of the garden. And after that, a properly cultivated plant will bring a plentiful and healthy harvest.
Cherry is a tree or shrub belonging to the Rosaceae family. The closest relatives of cherries are bird cherry, apricot and other representatives of the Plum genus. The total length of active fruiting of one plant is an average of 25 years.
The cherry tree reaches a height of 6 meters. Cherry shrub grows to half the size and does not have a pronounced main trunk. Usually cherry looks like a bush or a tree, formed by several equivalent curved trunks. The plant forms a dense and lush, highly branched crown, which is why it is imperative to carry out procedures for its formation.
The shrub has dark green rounded leaves with a carved edge and reticulate venation, pointed with a tooth at the top, a characteristic grayish-brown color of the bark of an even texture. The underside of the leaves is often lighter in color due to pubescence. On the branch, the leaves are not located opposite to each other, but in turn.
Cherry flower - white or pale pink, with bright reddish stamens in the middle, five-leaved.
Please note! Pink color is more characteristic of the decorative type of sakura. Each cherry inflorescence contains a pair of flowers. In the Siberian region, cherry begins to bloom in late spring - early summer.
Cherry berry is a fruit of the same name with a single rounded hard stone inside. The pulp is very juicy and sweet, dark pink or burgundy, on top of the berry is covered with a dense and smooth shiny burgundy skin.
Cherry trees prefer sunny locations, rich in humus (organic matter) soil. Cherry tolerates dry periods and frosts well, therefore it grows everywhere and is planted in both warm and temperate regions with long winters and cold springs.
Brief description of popular varieties, species of cherry tree/bush
More than 20 varieties of garden cherries and sweet cherries are grown in Russia, there are more than 150 in the world. Cherries have been fully cultivated over the past centuries, and wild forms are no longer found. In scientific disputes about what a cherry is, it is more often considered a plant derived from crossing wild species of steppe cherries and sweet cherries. The culture obtained in the process of artificial selection ousted its ancestors from the forests due to the fact that it surpassed them in endurance and resistance to negative climatic factors.
Nord Star cherry
Cherry is found only in tree form, felt cherry grows as a shrub. In sweet cherries, the color of the bark varies greatly in the spectrum from red to silver, the fruits of different varieties can be yellow, burgundy or brown when mature.
Important! Despite the cold-resistant qualities of the whole genus, garden cherries are more frost-resistant than sweet cherries.
When do cherries ripen? Varieties are divided into categories by maturity, early, mid-season and late. This important parameter sets how many cherry blossoms, the period of formation of berries and their ripening. In other words, the growing season indicates how soon after the start of the warm season the crop will be obtained.
Early maturing, July-harvesting varieties bear the following names:
- Waiting - chokeberry;
- Consumer goods - large and tasty cherries;
- Crimson - a cherry with a bright crimson color that is weaker in terms of cold resistance.
Medium-term ripening in the following varieties:
- Surprise - resistant non-self-pollinating variety with large red berries;
- Zagoryevskaya - cherry, vulnerable to diseases, but very cold-resistant;
- Anthracite - dark berries, very resistant to frost, pathogens, pollinated independently;
- Cinderella - light berries with excellent resistance to cold and diseases;
- Rossoshanskaya - ripe black berries, tolerates irregular watering, drought, cold;
- Meeting, Note, Companion, Solidarity, Glance, Remarkable, Revival.
Later than all, at the end of the fruiting season, the fruits of the following varieties will ripen:
- Rusinka - dark sour berries, resistant to frost, small shrub up to two meters;
- Lyubskaya - gives a big harvest;
- Belle - tolerates frost well and bears many fruits;
- Nord Star - self-pollinating, not susceptible to fungal diseases;
- Toy and Erudite.
A good solution for a large garden is to plant plants from different categories, which will expand the time frame for harvesting cherries. One after another, early varieties will ripen first, then mid-ripening and at the end of the season, cherries that ripen later than everyone else.
For a site in a temperate zone, in which, for example, the city of Voronezh is located, it is worth choosing varieties with a short ripening period.
Planting cherry seedlings
A combination of qualities needed by a gardener
For the efficiency of their work, the owners of orchards and orchards must think over in advance a plan for growing any fruit and berry plant, including cherries.
Important! The main thing that needs to be identified as the main obstacles is the climatic conditions common in the neighboring areas of the disease and pests, the required variety indicators.
Depending on the needs of the grower, the variety is selected with the most suitable data according to the description. It is better to study in advance the theory that characterizes this variety, familiarize yourself with the common difficulties encountered in growing, the market price of plants.
When there are several varieties in mind that fully satisfy the gardener's wishes with their description, it remains to get the seedlings at the right time. If the owner prefers to buy seedlings from specialized farms or shops, an order should be made in advance. Before planting, you can, by agreement, take cuttings from familiar summer residents who already have fruit-bearing cherries of a suitable variety.
The main selection criteria for cherry varieties to be taken into account are:
- Frost resistance - the ability of a plant to tolerate low ambient temperatures without losing viability. A frost-resistant tree will not suffer from frosts in spring and autumn, and will also begin to bud earlier. Such varieties are less susceptible to damage and death during severe winter frosts, which is one of the main conditions for selecting a garden in a Siberian garden.
- Immunity - some successful breeding products have increased resistance to fungal, viral and bacterial diseases. Disease-resistant cherries will put all their energy into just fruiting and produce a good harvest as a result.
- Pollination - the method of pollination of cherries depending on the type of flowers. In order to form a berry, the flowers must be pollinated, which requires the presence of flowers of both sexes - male and female. Self-pollinating trees have both types of flowers, and non-self-pollinating plants need to be purchased in pairs so that they complement each other.
- The taste of fruits is undoubtedly one of the most important parameters for fruit and berry crops. According to preliminary reviews of other owners, it can be concluded whether the taste qualities of the gardener will suit. Varieties vary in very sweet and sour-sweet berries.
Dwarf cultivars suitable for both ornamental and fruit function - these small, compact cherry bushes or trees will look good in open garden areas during flowering. Cherry bushes of low growth allow you to conveniently harvest the entire crop without residue.
Late large-fruited varieties of cherries give the highest yield. These include Meeting, the sweet variety Leningradskaya.
Growing cherries in the garden
The first task for growing cherries as a new crop on the site is to obtain seedlings or ready-made seedlings. Bones, cuttings, branches can be selected from adult plants for propagation. Fragments of the cherry root system can also give rise to new shoots. The most accessible of these methods is cuttings. The stalk - a fragment with buds, separated from a plant branch - forms new leaves and a root, which over time can grow into a new tree.
Please note! The best cuttings are the top shoots of an adult cherry. They should have 5-6 leaves each, and the average length should be 10-12 cm. The cuttings are planted in a mixture of sand and peat treated with potassium permanganate.
Cherry pits from garden cherries are also able to sprout. They are sown in a specially designated place in open ground for stratification - winter cooling. Coming out of stratification, the bones hatch and sprout in the spring.
A year later, branches of cultivated sweet cherries are grafted onto the seedlings. Without grafting, the fruits on the seedling in the first years will be sour and inappropriate for the characteristics of the parent tree. The seedling or base tree will act as a rootstock.
- An inch notch is made on the bark for grafting;
- A fresh cultivated branch is cut obliquely;
- The branch is attached inside the serif like a natural branch, so that the edges of the woody fibers of the plants touch and have the opportunity to grow together.
Ready or self-grafted seedlings at the age of 2 years can be planted in a permanent place.
Please note! Landing in the ground is carried out in the spring or autumn, always at the beginning of the season. Spring cherries during the warm season will be able to grow and take root in comfortable conditions. It is recommended to plant trees in the evening, certainly before the opening of new buds.
In addition to the timing, it is important to know where the cherry grows best and from which area you should expect a larger harvest. Plants are placed at a distance of at least a couple of meters from each other in a sunny place, in fertilized soil. Be sure to take into account the method of pollination of this variety of cherries and plant paired plants nearby. For the winter, young seedlings are temporarily dug into a recess, covered with pine branches and a thick layer of snow, from where they can be removed without damage next year.
Rules common to all fruit crops also apply to the cherry tree.
The soil around the trunk must be loosened regularly. The roots are located superficially, so this procedure should be performed carefully. Ordinary cherries that have not developed much drought tolerance need frequent watering and do not tolerate dehydration well.
A year later, the cherries are fertilized with organic matter, compounds containing phosphates and potassium. A dosage of 25 g of each type of fertilizer is required per square meter.
Phosphorus fertilizers are most often granular mineral fertilizers that are applied to the soil
Fertilization with nitrogen-containing substances is carried out twice annually, before bud break and during fruiting. Unlike other types of dressings, nitrogen is applied not under the roots, but throughout the entire territory of cherry growth. Nitrogen fertilizer requires about 15 g at a time.
During the period after flowering, when the cherry is ripe, it needs regular watering for intensive metabolism. The gardener in one procedure must moisten a half-meter area of soil around the trunk and the same depth. About 30 liters of water should go at a time.
Learn! At high temperatures and dry weather, the trees are watered every day, during normal times the watering regime is greatly reduced. Greening and flowering trees should normally be watered less frequently than weekly.
The irrigation season starts after cherry blossoms, at the time of fruit formation, and ends after leaf fall in autumn. Finally, before wintering, the plant is watered tightly so that the root soil cools more slowly, and the roots are moistened and fed to increase resistance to cold.
In summer, broken and dead stem branches are cut from the tree, leaving the living shoots with buds and green leaves intact. In order to avoid infection, the pruning sites are treated with charcoal. Old branches that interfere with the gardener are subject to removal. The main trunk, before the start of budding, is cut off if necessary, so that the side branches grow, and the tree stops stretching in height - such pruning is more convenient later for picking berries.
Young trees must be shaped for the convenience of the owner, as well as the achievement of a physiologically favorable form of the bush, which will give a greater yield. So superfluous and too frequent, weak branches are removed so that the strong ones receive more light and air. To expand the shape of the tree to the base, cut off the branches growing towards the trunk. Sections are necessarily treated with special compounds to avoid infection.
Young seedlings and two-year-old cherries should be fed before winter, sprinkled, covered with a layer of coniferous branches and a snow cushion, which will prevent the roots from freezing during severe frosts. To protect against pathogens, the trunk is whitened with lime and treated with a copper composition.
Protection against pests and diseases
Mites and powdery mildew are treated in cherries with sulfur-containing solutions: it is required to treat the plant regularly before flowering as a preventive measure.