How many christmas trees are sold in america
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Revised April 2022
In the United States, Christmas trees are an important part of Christian Christmas celebrations and of the national winter holiday.
Christmas trees have been commercially sold in the United States since about 1850, when most were cut from forests. Midway through the last century, tree farms began to appear, and now most Christmas trees are grown on farms.
Nearly 3,352 operations sold 19.9 million Christmas trees valued at $366 million in 2014. That is a increase from 2009 when the Census of Agriculture reported 2,700 farms growing cut Christmas trees and short-rotation woody crops with sales of $249.8 million (Census of Horticultural Specialties)
While Christmas Trees are grown for sale in 47 U.S. states, the top five tree-producing states in 2014 were as follows: Oregon (8.5 million), North Carolina (5.4 million), Michigan (1.3 million), Pennsylvania (839,000), Wisconsin (657,000). 178,000 acres of land in the United States were in Christmas tree production that year, up from the 174,000 acres of land in 2009 (NASS 2014).
The best-selling species are Fraser fir, Noble fir and Douglas fir, followed by Balsam fir and Scotch pine. North Carolina is the leading producer of Fraser fir, and Oregon is the leading producer of both Noble fir and Douglas fir. An estimated 60 to 70 million Christmas tree seedlings are planted yearly for upcoming years’ crops. The industry employs an estimated 100,000 people (National Christmas Tree Association).
Almost all trees require pruning management (shearing) to attain the proper branch and fascicle (twig/needle) density and a proper cone-shaped Christmas tree shape. Plantation production is the best system for delivering the regularly scheduled pruning, water management and general care necessary to produce the highest-quality product. On tree plantations, more than 2,000 trees are usually planted per acre. On average 1,000 to 1,500 of these trees survive; disease prevention, water and stand management are crucial to successful stand establishment. Roughly three-quarters of a stand remains after six to 10 years or so of culling.
Maturity for harvest usually is determined after the trees reach six to seven feet in height. Christmas trees often are “baled,” tied or similarly wrapped to protect the branches and retain the shape and overall quality of the tree during shipping.
Tree plantations are now a common source both for marketed trees and for the “cut-your-own” agritourism experience where consumers select and harvest their own trees. As of January 1, 2010, there were 2,671 Christmas tree operations raising 157.7 million trees. (National Ag Statistics Service figures suggest that the number of operations will continue to decline, falling below 2,000 within 10 years.) Canada also produces many Christmas trees, and the United States constitutes a sizable export market for those growers.
Consumers have been purchasing increasing numbers of artificial trees in recent years as many of them have been frustrated about the messiness caused by needle drop from trees that were harvested as much as two months before Christmas. Another concern has been ecological: some consumers feel that harvesting a tree for just a few weeks’ display is wasteful. However, environmental groups are now endorsing real trees as an eco-friendly alternative to artificial trees. Eighty percent of artificial trees currently come from China where environmental standards are lax (Real Christmas Trees).
About 24.5 million live Christmas trees were purchased in 2012, down from 30.8 million in 2011, according to the National Christmas Tree Association. The retail value of the live trees was more than $1.0 billion. Of those, 85 percent were pre-cut and 14 percent were harvested at cut-your-own enterprises. In the same year, 24 percent of Christmas trees were sold from cut-your-own tree farms and another 24 percent from chain stores. Significant percentages of Christmas trees were also sold from retail lots (15 percent), nonprofit groups (15 percent) and nursery/garden centers (11 percent).
Although exact figures are not available, the Pacific Northwest Christmas Tree Association notes that overseas markets include Japan, China, Hong Kong, Philippines and Mexico.
If the trends illustrated in magazines continue, some consumers will be seeking live trees that are unique in size (taller and thinner or short and squat) and appearance (less formally sheared, more protruding branches to accommodate broad swaths of decoration).
National, Regional and State Christmas Tree Associations
National Christmas Tree Association
Pacific Northwest (Oregon and Washington)
Southern (Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi)
New Hampshire Christmas Tree Promotion Board
- Census of Horticultural Specialties (2009), National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), USDA, 2010 - The census provides the only comprehensive, detailed data on U. S. floriculture, nursery and specialty crop production at the national and state levels. It provides such information as the number and types of establishments, value of sales, varieties of products and cut Christmas trees sold.
- Christmas Tree Marketing, Alternative Agricultural Enterprises, University of Minnesota, in cooperation with the University of Idaho Cooperative Extension Service, 1992.
- Christmas Trees magazine, Kansas - This print publication has provided relevant information to the live Christmas tree industry for over 35 years. The site contains facts about the real tree industry and information for children including the Christmas Tree Education Kit that explains life on a real Christmas Tree Farm. Other resources include stand management information for wholesale and retail Christmas tree growers.
- Global Agricultural Trade System (GATS), FAS, USDA.
- National Christmas Tree Association - This association represents the growers of trees and greens and of related product producers who support the holiday season.
- Selling Christmas Trees to Mexico, GAIN Report, Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), USDA, 2004 - The Mexican market for U.S. Christmas trees was over $9 million in 2003. The market for imported Christmas trees is growing, and the United States enjoys a 95 percent import market share.
- United States Standards for Grades of Christmas Trees, Ag Marketing Service, USDA, 1989.
- Yankee Woodlot: Christmas Tree Marketing, University of Maine Cooperative Extension, 1998 - Maximize return from Christmas tree culture by developing a marketing plan to help achieve business goals.
- Alternative Enterprise Budget: Christmas Trees, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture and ISU Beginning Farmer Center, 2010 - This publication is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.
- Christmas Tree Budgets, Ohio State University - This site offers sample budgets for pine and single leaf conifer trees.
- Christmas Tree Economics: Establishing and Producing Douglas-Fir Christmas Trees in Western Oregon, Oregon State University Extension Service, 2009.
- Christmas Tree Economics: Establishing and Producing Noble Fir Christmas Trees in Western Oregon, Oregon State University Extension Service, 2009.
- Christmas Tree Farm Network - A directory of Christmas tree farms across the United States.
- Christmas Trees, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension - Various publications covering shaping, retail merchandising, and pests for Christmas tree operations.
- Christmas Trees and More, University of Illinois Extension.
- Christmas Trees Fact Sheets, Rutgers University Extension, New Jersey, 2006 - Five fact sheets including Sources of Christmas Tree Growing Stock.
- Growing Christmas Trees in North Carolina, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, North Carolina State University, 1997 - This publication provides basic information to assist individuals in growing Christmas trees. It attempts to address the wide range of production, marketing, and business issues that may be encountered.
- Growing Christmas Trees in the Pacific Northwest, Oregon State University, revised 2003.
- Integrated Pest Management in Christmas Tree Production, Michigan State University, 1996 - Available in Spanish.
- Ohio Christmas Tree Producers Manual - Thinking of growing Christmas trees?, Ohio State University, 1991 - This online manual provides the necessary guidelines.
- Agroforestry Overview, Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA), NCAT, 2002 - Covers how operations can benefit from adding forestry operations to their existing production cycles.
- Mountain Star Farms, Woodsville, New Hampshire - This farm boasts an online shop for ordering ease.
- Tammen Treeberry Farm, Ag Marketing Resource Center, 2002 - This case study was written about a 50-acre Illinois farm that offers choose-and-cut Christmas trees and pick-your-own blueberries.
Cut Christmas Trees: 2014, 2007 Census of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), USDA, 2009.
Tips for Christmas Tree Care, University of Illinois.
National Christmas Tree Association (NCTA).
Pacific Northwest Christmas Tree Association.
2014 Census of Horticultural Specialties, NASS, USDA, 2010.
Selling Christmas Decorations - Information on latest trends.
Real Christmas Trees Save Water, National Geographic, 2011.
Christmas Tree Facts - Christmas Trees and More
Great Moments in Christmas Tree History
- The use of evergreen trees to celebrate the winter season occurred before the birth of Christ.
- The first decorated Christmas tree was in Riga, Latvia in 1510.
- The first printed reference to Christmas trees appeared in Germany in 1531.
- Besides evergreens, other types of trees such as cherry and hawthorns were used as Christmas trees in the past.
- Using small candles to light a Christmas tree dates back to the middle of the 17th century.
- Thomas Edison's assistant, Edward Johnson, came up with the idea of electric lights for Christmas trees in 1882. Christmas tree lights were first mass-produced in 1890.
- In 1900, large stores started to erect big illuminated Christmas trees.
- The tradition of an official Chicago Christmas tree was initiated in 1913 when one was first lit by Mayor Carter H. Harrison in Grant Park.
- The official Christmas tree tradition at Rockefeller Center began in 1933. Since 2004 the tree has been topped with a 550-pound Swarovski Crystal star. And since 2007, the tree has been lit with 30,000 energy-efficient LED's which are powered by solar panels.
- Every year since 1947, the people of Oslo, Norway have given a Christmas tree to the city of Westminster, England. The gift is an expression of good will and gratitude for Britain's help to Norway during World War II.
- Since 1971, the Province of Nova Scotia has presented the Boston Christmas tree to the people of Boston, in gratitude for the relief supplies received from the citizens of Boston after a ship exploded in 1917 following a collision in the Halifax, Nova Scotia Harbor. Part of the city was leveled, killing and injuring thousands.
Presidential Christmas Trees
- In 1856 Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States, was the first President to place a Christmas tree in the White House.
- President Coolidge started the National Christmas Tree Lighting Ceremony on the White House lawn in 1923.
- Teddy Roosevelt banned the Christmas tree from the White House for environmental reasons.
- From 1948 to 1951, President Truman spent Christmas at his home in Independence, Missouri, and lit the National Community Christmas Tree by remote control. Truman agreed to stay at the White House for Christmas 1952, and personally lit the tree.
- In 1963, the National Christmas Tree was not lit until December 22nd, because of a national 30-day period of mourning following the assassination of President Kennedy.
- Since 1966, the National Christmas Tree Association has given a Christmas tree to the President and first family for display in the Blue Room.
- In 1979, the National Christmas Tree was not lit except for the top ornament. This was done to honor the American hostages in Iran.
- In 1984, the National Christmas tree was lit on December 13thwith temperatures in the 70's, making it one of the warmest tree lightings in history.
A Tree Grows In Brooklyn, and Elsewhere
- Nineteenth century Americans cut their trees in nearby forests. Today most real Christmas trees are grown on farms as sustainable crops like corn or pumpkins.
- 98 percent of all Christmas trees are grown on farms, while only 2% are cut from the wild.
- To ensure enough trees for harvest, growers plant one to three seedlings for every tree harvested.
- In 2012, 46 million Christmas tree seedlings were planted by U.S. growers.
- More than 2,000 trees are usually planted per acre. On average 1,000-1,500 of these trees will survive. In the northern part of the country, perhaps 750 trees will remain.
- Almost all trees require shearing to attain the Christmas tree shape. At six to seven feet, trees are ready for harvest.
- It takes six to ten years of fighting heavy rain, wind, hail and drought to get a mature tree.
- Most Christmas trees are cut weeks before they get to a retail outlet. It is important to keep them watered thoroughly when they reach your home. In the first week, a Christmas tree in your home will consume as much as a quart of water per day.
Is It or Isn't It?
- Artificial Christmas trees were developed in Germany during the 19th century and later became popular in the United States. These "trees" were made using goose feathers that were dyed green and attached to wire branches. The wire branches were then wrapped around a central dowel rod that acted as the trunk.
- In 1930 the U.S.-based Addis Brush Company created the first artificial Christmas tree made from brush bristles. The company used the same machinery that it used to manufacture toilet brushes, but they were dyed green.
- Artificial Christmas trees made largely from aluminum were manufactured in the United States, first in Chicago in 1958.
- Today, most artificial Christmas trees are made from PVC plastic. PVC trees are fire-retardant but not fire-resistant. Eighty percent of artificial trees worldwide are manufactured in China.
- 10.9 million artificial trees were purchased in the United States in 2012.
To Market to Market
- Live Christmas trees have been sold commercially in the United States since about 1850.
- The first Christmas tree retail lot in the United States was started by Mark Carr in New York, in 1851.
- From 1887-1933 a fishing schooner called the "Christmas Ship" would tie up at the Clark Street Bridge in Chicago and sell spruce trees from Michigan to Chicagoans.
- In 2012, 35% of real Christmas trees sold were from chain stores or garden centers/nursery, 24% from cut and harvest farms, 15% from retail tree lots, and 15% from non-profit groups.
- In 2012, 85% of the Christmas trees purchased were pre-cut, and 14% were cut-your-own.
- An estimated 175,000 real Christmas trees are sold via e-commerce or catalogue and shipped mail order.
- The most popular Christmas trees are: Scotch pine, Douglas fir, noble fir, Fraser fir, balsam fir, Virginia pine and white pine.
- Christmas trees are baled to protect the branches from damage during shipping.
- Helicopters help to lift harvested Christmas trees from farms.
The United States of Trees
- In the United States, there are more than 15,000 Christmas tree farms.
- There are approximately 350 million Christmas trees growing on U.S. farms.
- Approximately 100,000 people are employed full or part-time in the Christmas tree industry.
- 24.5 million farm-grown Christmas trees were purchased in the United States in 2012, with a real market value of $1.01 billion.
- The mean average purchase price of a live tree in 2012 was $41. 30.
- Oregon, North Carolina, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Washington, New York, and Virginia are the top Christmas tree producing states.
- 350,000 acres of land in the United States are in production for growing Christmas trees.
- Christmas trees are grown and harvested in all 50 states.
- Michigan ranks third among all states in the production of real Christmas trees, but grows a larger variety of Christmas trees than any other state.
Make Your Christmas Really Green
- 93% of real Christmas tree consumers recycle their tree in community recycling programs, their garden or backyard.
- In the United States, there are more than 4,000 Christmas tree recycling programs.
- Recycled real Christmas trees have been used to make sand and soil erosion barriers and been placed in ponds for fish shelter.
- Growing Christmas trees provides a habitat for wildlife.
- Christmas trees can remove dust and pollen from the air.
- Cook County, IL uses old Christmas trees to rebuild housing structures for natural wildlife that has been destroyed through development.
- Artificial trees will last for six years in your home, but for centuries in a landfill.
- An acre of Christmas trees provides the daily oxygen requirements of 18 people.
- You should not burn your Christmas tree in the fireplace; it can contribute to creosote buildup.
- Live Christmas trees are involved in less than one-tenth of one percent of residential fires, and mostly when ignited by some external ignition sources. The major factors involved in Christmas tree fires are electrical problems, decorative lights, candles, and a heat source too close to the tree.
- In 1971 the government concluded that Christmas tree tinsel made of lead was a health risk and convinced manufactures to voluntarily stop producing lead tinsel. It is now made of plastic.
Sources: National Christmas Tree Association, USDA Census of Agriculture, PolitiFact. com, Christmas Tree Farm Network, Christmas Trees Magazine, Forestry.about.com, Facts about Treecycling, U.S. Commerce Dept., NFPA Fire Analysis and Research.
Special thanks to Rick Dungey of the NCTA for his assistance.
Updated by: University of Illinois Extension Master Gardeners Janice Byron, Carol Stitzer, and MaryAnne Spinner
US Christmas Tree
Christmas tree in the USA Share
A Rasmussen Reports survey showed that 83% of Americans this year installed a Christmas tree in their home (most often this is done by families with children, least of all - unmarried and unmarried without children).
Other data on American Christmas habits are given by the US National Christmas Tree Association. According to her estimates, 70% of American families planned to celebrate Christmas in the presence of a "live Christmas tree", about 16% intended to use an artificial Christmas tree; 9. 5% were going to install both natural and artificial Christmas trees. Only 2% of US residents surveyed by the Association planned to do without a Christmas tree.
Long-term data (for the first time in national statistical reports, these data began to be entered in 1997), the US Department of Commerce shows that 25-30 million natural Christmas trees are sold in the US annually - the vast majority of them are grown on special plantations. As of early 2008, American farmers were growing (that is, preparing for subsequent sale on New Year's Eve) about 270 million trees. Moreover, for each felled Christmas tree, there are 2-3 trees that are planned to be planted next spring. Overall, the natural Christmas tree industry employs about 15,000 farms and 100,000 people.
Rick Ricker, author of The History of the American Christmas And Its Traditions, gives the following information about the Christmas tree tradition: 1747. In 1851, Christmas trees began to be grown in the United States for sale. In 1856, US President Franklin Pierce first ordered a Christmas tree to be put up in the White House. In 1923, President Calvin Coolidge created a new tradition - the National Christmas tree is set up on the White House lawn, and the lights on it are solemnly lit by the president.
The first Christmas tree market appeared in 1851 in New York. Farmer Mark Carr is considered the founder of this branch of the economy. Carr had financial problems, he tried to sell his piece of forest, but there were no buyers, since the forest was spruce, and the trees had not yet grown to the required size. Then Carr harnessed two oxen to a sled, loaded them with freshly cut Christmas trees and took them to sell in New York. For about 15 years, he was the "Christmas tree king" of New York, but gradually lost ground under the pressure of numerous competitors. Already by 1900, one in five American families decorated a tree for Christmas.
The Christmas tree business became especially popular during the Great Depression, the unprecedented economic crisis of the 1920s and 1930s. Due to the lack of money from municipalities and companies, farmers who grow Christmas trees could not sell evergreen trees for gardens and squares, and therefore cut them down on the eve of the Christmas holidays. Specially grown Christmas trees were more popular because they had denser needles and more regular shapes than wild ones.
According to the Department of Commerce for 2007 (2008 data to be released in February), $410 million worth of "live" Christmas trees were sold in the United States. Between January and August 2009, China exported $28 million worth of artificial Christmas trees to the United States. .6 million (China produces approximately 93% of the artificial Christmas trees sold in the US).
According to the US National Christmas Tree Association, this season the average price for a natural Christmas tree up to two meters high was $39-42. In addition to Christmas trees, in recent years, in the US south, the fashion for trimmed cypresses, magnolias and hollies (a tree whose carved leaves serve as a Christmas symbol in the West) has spread. Small trees of these species are usually sold in pots of earth so that after Christmas their owners can plant them near the house.
According to statistics from the National Fire Protection Association, over the past five years, Christmas trees have caused fires in 250 houses and apartments annually. Between 2003 and 2007, Christmas tree fires killed 14 people each year, causing $13.8 million in direct damage. However, overall, less than 0.1% of all residential fires in the country during the year provoked by the fire of Christmas trees. The Association emphasizes that such fires are among the most dangerous - a fatal outcome occurs in every 18 cases of tree fires.
Christmas trees across the ocean, in North America: features and interesting facts - Articles
- Coniferous beauties to whom the inhabitants of the United States and Canada give their hearts
- Fraser Fir Abies Fraseri (Fraser Fir)
- Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii
- Balsam Fir Abies balsamea
- Canaan Fir Abies balsamea var. Fanerolepis
- Giant Fir (Big, White, Oregon) Abies grandis
- Abies Procera (Noble Fir)
- White Fir (Concolor) Abies concolor
- Abies lasiocarpa
- Nordmann fir Abies nordmanianna
- Abies veitchii
- Christmas trees in America are in demand and loved
- Black spruce Picea Mariana
- Spruce White Picea Glauca (White Spruce)
- Engelmann spruce Picea Engelmannii
- Norway spruce Picea abies
- Blue spruce Picea Pungence (Colorado Blue Spruce)
- America's Favorite Christmas Pines
- White Pine (Weymouth) Pinus strobus (White Pine)
- Scotch Pine Pinus sylvestris (Scotch Pine)
- Virginia Pine Pinus virginiana (Virginia Pine)
- Canadian lodgepole pine Pinus contorta
- Black pine Pinus nigra
- Ornamental junipers and cypresses - welcome guests at Christmas
- Juniperus virginiana L.
- Arizona Cypress Cupressus arizonica Greene
- Leyland cypress Cupressocyparis leylandii
- Some interesting facts
- Comparing Christmas trees in Russia and America - what unites us and how do we differ?
New Year and Christmas are holidays without borders. And in Russia, and in America, and in Europe, people are happy to open the doors of their homes to them in anticipation of miraculous changes and the fulfillment of their cherished desires. We traditionally decorate living rooms and halls with elegant coniferous trees.
In our area, the palm as a New Year's guest is traditionally kept by favorites well known from childhood - Christmas trees and pines. However, the undeniable advantages of such still rare beauties as Nordmann, Nobilis, Fraser fir, allow them to increasingly attract the attention of Russian buyers.
And what kind of trees are used as Christmas trees across the ocean, in distant America? Are the tastes of the inhabitants of the other half of the globe very different from ours? Let's find out more about this together. Read, you will be interested!
The middle of the 19th century is the start of massive Christmas tree markets in the United States. The first coniferous trees were brought to the market in New York in 1851 by enterprising businessmen in order to save ordinary Americans from the tedious trip to the forest for a Christmas tree.
Live Christmas tree delivery to the White House
And the production of Christmas trees put on an industrial basis in North America begins in 1901, when in the state of New Jersey, near Trenton, farmer W.W. McGalliard planted 25,000 Norwegian firs (Picea abies). It was the very first Christmas tree farm. After 7 years, when the Christmas trees reached the desired maturity, they were sold for $ 1 apiece. And although this particular type of spruce did not subsequently become the most popular, every year fluffy beauties (first of all, firs growing on the North American continent) increasingly filled the homes of ordinary Americans with a fragrant aroma and freshness of green needles. By 2002, more than 200 million of them were grown in the United States. And now Americans rush to New Year's markets in the winter to buy a Christmas tree, pine or fir.
Various types of fir are very popular in the USA. They are endemic, i.e. domestic varieties for America, growing both in natural conditions and grown for sale in specialized nurseries. In general, these plants are distinguished by very pleasant soft needles and a long “service life” as a cut New Year tree (up to three months without shedding needles!)
We will tell you about firs that are grown in US nurseries as a Christmas tree.
Fraser fir Abies Fraseri
A beautiful evergreen tree with slightly upward-pointing branches is endemic to, and perhaps the most common, Christmas tree in the United States. The natural habitat is the mountain ranges of the states of Virginia, North Carolina and Tennessee. By origin, it is considered a variety of balsam fir (phanerolepis). It is propagated, as a rule, by seeds (pollination of flowers occurs with the help of wind), although sometimes propagation by cuttings is also used for special breeding purposes.
Live Christmas tree plantations - Fraser Fir
It got its name in honor of the Scottish botanist John Fraser, who explored the Southern Appalachians at the end of the 18th century. It was with his filing that fir began to be grown in Europe from the beginning of the 19th century. The tree has a symmetrical pyramidal shape, and in the nursery, over a period of 7 to 10 years, it reaches 1.5 - 2 m in height. It has a pleasant smell and is easy to transport.
Soft needles from 1.3 to 2.5 cm long are flat in shape and dark green in color. Moreover, the lower part (more silvery shade) is lighter than the upper one. They are arranged spirally along the branch, giving the entire tree a lush configuration. Delicate purple cones (5-6 cm) ripen in autumn and protrude from a slightly bent bract.
Fir is very popular as a Christmas tree in the United States due in large part to the fact that the soft fragrant needles do not crumble for a very long time at the cut tree.
Fraser Fir Christmas at the White House
In the White House, this fir is the most popular Christmas tree. As a Christmas tree, it has been erected more than 20 times in over a century of Christmas tree celebrations. In Russia, you can also buy Fraser fir, which has become rapidly gaining popularity in recent years.
Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii
It was named after the Scottish biologist David Douglas, who brought specimens to Europe in the early 19th century. Another interesting "name" of this wonderful coniferous tree is false suga (or Menzies pseudo hemlock). In America, as an endemic, it grows on the Pacific coast (California, Oregon, Washington up to Alaska), and belongs to the pine family.
Christmas trees - Douglas firs in the nursery
Pointed at the tips, but generally soft to the touch, small needles (2.5 - 3 cm) of dark blue or dark green color, have a pleasant sweetish smell and encircle twigs that grow almost horizontally. Small oval reddish-brown cones, not at all like fir cones, more like spruce cones, ripen by early autumn.
The tree has a conical shape. Nurseries usually sell plants that are between 6 and 12 years old. Moreover, it is these Christmas beauties that are traditionally popular on the Pacific coast of the United States as a New Year's tree. In the White House, it is the second most popular tree after phraser fir, having been planted more than 11 times for Christmas celebrations.
Christmas Tree (Douglas Fir) in the Blue Hall
Under natural conditions, Douglas firs grow up to 70-80 m in height. Old firs can be found in forests where there were once fires. After all, it was thanks to the thick bark that these wonderful trees were able to survive in the fiery element. In Russia, it is not sold as a cut Christmas tree, but it is quite available as an ornamental plant. In our online store you can buy Douglas fir in a pot both in the form of a small tree up to 1. 0 -2.5 m high, and large trees from 2 to 6 m high with a large clod of earth for planting on the site.
Christmas Tree - Balsam Fir at the White House in 1961
Representative of the pine family. A slender pyramidal tree with a dark green crown has a pointed top. Fir got its name due to the resinous bubbles located in the bark. According to its characteristics, it resembles Fraser fir, although these are different trees, each with its own habitat. Abies balsamea is native to Canada as well as the northeastern United States, reaching into the Atlantic Ocean. The third most popular tree in the US White House.
Christmas Beauty - Balsam Fir
Soft needles of small (from 2 to 3 cm) size and bright coniferous aroma have a flat shape and rounded tips. Thin branches grow in regular layers, giving the entire crown a surprisingly neat appearance. Cones at the time of ripening acquire a beautiful purple hue. And after the seeds ripen and fall off, peculiar cone rods remain, which can be used to decorate with candles or toys. Therefore, this tree, planted on the site, was so fond of as a Christmas tree. Balsam fir is not sold in Russia.
Canaan Fir Abies balsamea var. phanerolepis
According to many biologists, this is a kind of cross between Fraser fir and balsam fir. It got its name from one of its habitats - the Canaan Valley in West Virginia. It was there that she was first discovered, and subsequently introduced into the nursery. The similarity in many characteristics with the “relatives” indicated above leads to the fact that these trees are often confused with each other. Moreover, the Canaanite is found in the habitat of both species.
Canaan fir needles photo
The tree got its official name “fanerolepis” (literally - noticeable scales) because of the peculiar elongated shape of the scales of balsamic cones. In general, it is customary to consider this tree not as a separate species, but as an ecotype of balsam fir.
Giant (Large, White, Oregon) Abies grandis
In its natural habitat - from British Columbia to Northern California and Montana - fir reaches large sizes (up to 90 m). Beautiful, shiny on top, dark green needles are located horizontally on the branches and give off a strong pleasant aroma of needles. The needles are serrated at the tips and very soft to the touch.
Giant (Large, White, Oregon) fir, photo of needles
First, fir is grown from seeds in a greenhouse, and then young seedlings are transferred to a nursery. In the states of Idaho and Montana, this beautiful tree with a dense crown is the main Christmas decoration. It has interesting traditions and uses in many Indian tribes. The branches were used in cleansing rituals and also as a valuable remedy. Shamans decorated their hats and outfits with fir paws for performing witchcraft actions. Needles served as raw materials for strengthening teas and decoctions. And paints were prepared from the bark. In Russia, giant fir is not available.
Noble fir Abies Procera or Abies nobilis
The tree is not in vain received the title of noble. Strong branches growing upwards give the fir a strict majestic look. This beauty awakens a sense of delight before the perfection of nature. It grows in the mountains of California, Oregon and Washington.
Noble Fir in the nursery, photo of needles
Soft, small (up to 2.5 cm), slightly bent upwards, tetrahedral needles have an amazing bluish-green color with a silvery sheen.
Seedlings grown from seeds are moved to nurseries, where they grow in the open field or in special containers, so that at the age of seven to ten years they become welcome New Year trees in American families. This is a fairly well-known species - it accounts for up to 30% of all Christmas trees on the Pacific coast of the United States. After all, hard branches are able to withstand even the heaviest and most massive toys and decorations. This tree, along with balsam fir, has been installed at least 8 times in the entire history of the celebration of Christmas in the White House of the US government.
Christmas Fir Nobilis at the White House in 2004
Nobilis fir is well known and loved in Europe. The spruce branches of this particular fir are most often used both for the manufacture of New Year's wreaths and Christmas trees. The advantage is that the needles do not crumble for a very long time. You can buy this live Christmas tree on our website or purchase a spruce branch of Nobilis fir for decoration.
Abies concolor White Fir
Official 2014 White House Christmas Tree (Concolor Fir)
This popular New Year's tree grows naturally in the Western United States, reaching a height of 45 m. The light bluish needles, which also have a very pleasant orange aroma, make it also in demand for decorative purposes. The needles (from 2 to 4 cm) are narrow, flat, soft, not prickly, thicker and curved on the upper legs, have a pleasant coniferous-orange smell. They hold firmly at the base, and due to their bluish-green color make the crown elegant and attractive.
Concolor fir in the nursery, photo of needles
The tree has a conical shape, quite lush. Over time, the lower part of the trunk may be slightly exposed. The branches are arranged horizontally, but in older trees they may sag slightly. It is grown in nurseries using seeds.
A special sign is that over time the crown only becomes more beautiful and elegant, unlike many other representatives of coniferous trees. Thanks to these qualities, concolor fir is very popular in Russia and Europe, and it can be easily bought as an ornamental plant for planting on the site. Concolor fir is a great alternative to prickly blue spruce. As a New Year's cut tree in Russia is not available.
The coniferous beauty from afar attracts the eye with its fluffy silvery crown. It is endemic and grows in the subalpine belt in the western United States. Its well-known variety Abies lasiocarpa Compacta was at one time (1879) bred from seeds by breeders of the Boston Dendrological Garden.
Lasiocarpa fir in the nursery
Needles (about 3 cm long) are silver-blue in color, rather soft, not prickly, rounded at the ends. Last without shedding up to 9years. Twigs are small, firm, directed upwards. Fir has a pleasant coniferous smell. It will become an ornament not only as a participant in home New Year's celebrations, but also as an attractive element of the overall country landscape design.
Lasiocarpa fir, photo of needles
It is interesting that this fir was actively grown in Europe and, in particular, in Norway, from where it also comes to us, to Russia, where it is often referred to as Scandinavian. This fir is one of the most elegant Christmas trees for setting up a house for the New Year. You can buy Scandinavian fir in our online store.
Nordmann fir Abies nordmanniana
The evergreen tree, amazing in its strict beauty, was named after A. Nordman, the famous botanist who brought it to Russia from the Caucasus at the end of the 19th century. And then fir received its well-deserved recognition in Europe.
Nordmann firs in the nursery
Under natural conditions, it reaches 80 m in height. The symmetrical cone-shaped lush crown changes the color of the needles from light yellow to dark green. Relatively wide (up to 2.5 mm) and rounded at the ends of the needles, having an attractive sheen, grow up to 4 cm in length. Beautiful, dark brown cones (up to 20 cm in size) grow upwards, resembling original candles.
Very popular in Europe as a Christmas tree. It was also brought to America, it is quite well known, but it is produced on a relatively limited scale. In nurseries, it propagates mainly from seeds. Often sold in pots as an ornamental plant. Nordmann fir, unlike other firs, has almost no smell.
In Russia, as well as in Europe, this is the most popular Christmas tree. Nordmann fir or Danish spruce (more than 10 million of these trees are produced annually in Denmark) can be bought at our online Christmas tree market.
This tree belongs to the pine family. His homeland is the Japanese islands (Shikoku and Honshu). In Europe, it became known thanks to the British biologist John Veitch. Slender cone-shaped fir in natural conditions reaches a height of 25 m. Short branches are arranged horizontally. Glossy, not sharp, green needles grow up to 2.5 cm and have a furrowed shape. Cones up to 6.5 cm long first take on a purple hue and then turn brown.
Vichi (Veicha) fir in the park, photo of needles
As an ornamental tree, Veitch's fir has gained recognition due to its beautiful crown. And in 1978, installed in the Blue Room of the White House, it became the main Christmas tree in the United States.
Manufacturers of Christmas trees in the United States offer buyers not only firs, but also several varieties of spruces. The most popular Christmas trees are Black, White, Blue, Engelman, Norwegian:
Black spruce Picea mariana
This unpretentious resident of North America grows in the cold regions of the forest-tundra. Although it is also found in the southern states. The crown of a cone-shaped (sometimes irregular) shape grows almost from the ground itself. Thin prickly needles of green-blue color (1 - 1.5 cm in length) densely cover the branches and, when rubbed, smell pleasantly of pine needles. Egg-shaped purple cones can decorate a tree for a long time (up to 30 years), if they are not specially cut off.
Black spruce in the park, photo of needles
Interestingly, in its natural habitat, black spruce does not reach 15 meters in height, and brought to Europe in the 18th century, it grows up to 30 meters!
Due to its low maintenance requirements, this tree is excellently used as a decorative element in the garden. As an ornamental plant, it can be purchased in some Russian nurseries.
White spruce Picea Glauca
It grows in the northern United States, Canada and Alaska. The cone-shaped spreading crown extends to the ground. The height of the tree in natural conditions does not exceed 40 m. It looks very nice as an element of landscape design.
The most beautiful Christmas tree - Gray spruce, photo of needles
As a Christmas tree, white spruce is successfully grown in American nurseries both with the help of seeds and vegetatively, which contributes to the development of diverse varieties. In particular, its miniature variety, the gray conic spruce (picea glauca conica), is popular all over the world. Spruce needles are white (gray) bluish-green in color, rather short (up to 2 cm), hard, with a blunt tip. They have a specific coniferous smell when rubbed. In America, because of the specific smell, it is sometimes called "skunk spruce" or "cat spruce. " But this does not prevent those who planned to buy a Christmas tree for Christmas. When warm, on a cut tree, the needles last longer than those of other types of spruce, sometimes up to 4 weeks. Cones are thin, long, crumble after ripening. The Christmas tree is quite in demand as a Christmas tree due to the beautiful color of the needles and the lush crown. In the US White House installed at least 2 times.
Picea Pungence (Colorado Blue Spruce)
This lush blue beauty, up to 1 meter in diameter, is attractive both as a Christmas tree and as part of a landscape design. It has amazing bright tetrahedral needles, up to 3 cm in length, very sharp. This Christmas tree is even called prickly. After grinding, the needles have a smell of resin. Every three or four years, the old needles crumble, giving way to new leaves. Small oval buds, erect and green at the beginning of flowering, then turn brown and sag.
Prickly blue spruce, photo of needles
The natural habitat is from New Mexico and Colorado to Utah and Wyoming. A huge number of popular varieties have been bred from it. It propagates by seeds, but in nurseries they prefer the vegetative method to preserve the most valuable varieties, of which there are about 70. This spruce is quite popular in Russia both as a cut Christmas tree and as an ornamental plant planted in open ground in areas. American prickly spruce can be bought in our store both cut, and in a container with roots and for planting on the site.
Engelmann spruce Picea Engelmannii
The Engelman spruce is native to the mixed forests of the western part of the North American continent. The cone-shaped crown of silver-green color looks great in any suburban landscape. The paws of the Christmas tree are slightly lowered down, giving it a slightly weeping look. This species of the pine family was studied by the German biologist Engelmann, after whom the tree got its name.
Engelman spruce, photo of needles
The needles are flexible, sharp, small (up to 3 cm in length). Moreover, the new shoots are lighter than the old ones, which gives the branches a beautiful contrasting color. Small elongated purplish buds turn yellowish brown over time.
In nurseries, it is easily propagated by both seeds and cuttings. Perhaps the Engelmann spruce is not the most popular Christmas tree, but in any case it looks attractive and dignified.
Norway spruce Picea abies
The plant is not endemic to the Western Hemisphere. It was brought from Europe, but it took root perfectly in the northeastern part of the USA and Canada. Currently cultivated as a Christmas tree in specialized nurseries. Mainly propagated by seeds. At home, spruce grows in vast areas from Scandinavia to the Balkans.
European Christmas tree - Norway spruce
The tree has rather long (10-18 cm) cones with wedge-shaped scales, which fall off after ripening.
Rigid needles (up to 3 cm in length) have a tetrahedral shape, sharp or slightly rounded at the ends. Cut as a New Year's tree, the tree does not hold needles for a long time, which quickly dries and crumbles in warmth. This is perhaps the main drawback of the Christmas tree, because of which it never became a popular New Year's guest in American homes. Due to its low cost and availability, it is very popular in Russia. Norwegian spruce can be easily bought at any online Christmas tree store.
Pine trees, like firs and spruces, have taken their place of honor in American homes as Christmas trees. Long needles, pleasant aroma, graceful twigs - these are just some of the advantages that determined the love of ordinary citizens for this sunny plant.
White Pine (Weymouth) Pinus strobus
White pine is also called Weymouth pine. In America, it has attracted attention since the time of the first settlers, when the main habitat was in the states of Maine and Michigan. Being the largest representative of its kind in the United States, it was used as a ship, for the manufacture of masts. Once installed in the White House as a Christmas tree.
White pine in the nursery
Small cut trees are purchased for the New Year holidays. They are distinguished by soft long needles, which do not crumble for quite some time. It does not have a pronounced aroma, which is appreciated by people with increased allergic sensitivity. Silver-green needles from 5 to 8 cm long are collected in bunches of several things.
In nurseries, pine is grown not only as a Christmas tree, but also for reforestation in the northeastern United States and Canada. It takes 6-8 years to form a full-fledged seedling. Currently, the habitat is almost the entire territory of the United States. In Russia, it is very popular only as an ornamental tree, it can be easily purchased in sizes from 1.0 to 4.0 m.
Scotch pine Pinus sylvestris
Scotch pine is a well-known coniferous tree that grows almost throughout Russia. In America it is called Scottish pine. This coniferous beauty - pines - has many varieties. The color of the needles, which grow in pairs, can vary from yellowish green to light green, and sometimes even blue. The length also ranges from 2.5 to 7.5 cm. In the upper part of the needles are slightly convex, and in the lower part they are concave.
Scots pine (Scotch) in a nursery
In the United States, it is known specifically as the Christmas tree. Rigid twigs perfectly hold New Year's toys. And the narrow needles, sharp at the tips, do not crumble for a long time. If the tray in which the green beauty stands is regularly filled with water, then it will last up to 4 weeks without any problems even in a warm room.
Widely distributed in Europe, this plant was brought to the United States by the first settlers, and took root quite easily due to its unpretentiousness. However, pine did not become a common crop in the North American open spaces. It is often used as an ornamental and Christmas tree, for which it is specially grown in nurseries. It tolerates transportation well, and then, decorated with balls and funny toys, gives joy to lovers of live Christmas trees for several weeks. It also looks great as an element of landscape design in suburban areas.
Volatile phytoncides of Scotch pine purify the air well, and the buds have a pleasant resinous smell. The tree is not in vain considered healing. Decoctions, teas, oils and many other products that it generously gives have long been used by people to treat many diseases, especially colds. So a small Christmas tree is of great benefit. Scotch pine (Russian) can be purchased both in cut form and with roots for planting on the site.
Virgin pine Pinus virginiana
The tree is endemic to the USA. It was brought to Europe in the middle of the 18th century. This is a small tree (up to 33 m in height), which reproduces mainly by seeds. In the southern states - Pennsylvania, Alabama, Georgia - this is the most popular Christmas tree. Moreover, in the 80s of the twentieth century, genetically improved varieties were bred specifically for using the tree as a New Year's tree.
Strong flexible branches are well cut. Paired needles are quite sharp, have a yellowish tint, are twisted in shape, and are inferior in length to other types of pine (from 2.5 to 7 cm). In young trees, the crown is pyramidal, and then acquires a rounded shape with gradually descending paws. After a few years, the lower part of the trunk is exposed.
Canadian lodgepole pine Pinus contorta
A Western American coniferous tree with a cone-shaped rather wide crown is distinguished by its vitality and unpretentiousness. Grows in the mountains and on rocky soils in Oregon, Utah, Colorado. Under the influence of the wind, the trunk can bend, which determined the name of this species. This is especially true for varieties in the form of a bush.
lodgepole pine, photo of needles
Thin branches sometimes have a curved shape. In a young tree, they stretch up, and over time, the lower paws fall, which gives the pine a picturesque look. The needles are collected in two pieces in a bundle, thin, long (up to 8 cm), dark green, strongly twisted. The tips can be both pointed and smoothed.
The tree was brought to Europe, and from there to Russia. And we know it as Canadian pine, and is used mainly as a decorative element of the landscape. You can also buy it on our website as a cut Christmas tree, and for planting on the site.
Black pine Pinus nigra
Black pine in the park, photo of needles
This beautiful majestic tree grows in the mountains of the Mediterranean. In young plants, the crown is pyramidal, and over the years it becomes umbrella-shaped. Long dark green needles (up to 14, and sometimes up to 20 cm) have a beautiful silvery sheen. The needles grow in two pieces in a bundle, hard, sharp, sometimes slightly curved. It was brought to America from Europe, it was very popular in the 60-70s as a New Year's tree. Now grown in small quantities. It is an excellent ornamental evergreen tree. Well decorates a suburban area, giving preference to shaded places. The tree has many varieties, including dwarf and shrub form. Therefore, it can also be used as an ornamental plant in a pot. Black pine for planting and a variant of Crimean pine as a New Year's tree can be bought on our website.
Juniperus virginiana L.
This plant is a juniper (belongs to cypress) and is considered the most common conifer in the eastern United States. It has another name - red cedar. In terms of the shape of the crown, this is a compact pyramid, which largely determines the popularity of the tree as a Christmas tree.
Oriental Redcedar Cedar
The needles are thin, tetrahedral, pointed at the ends. This type of coniferous plant is characterized by very original cones-fruits of blue color, which are kept until the very frost. The needles, due to the wide variety of varieties, can have different shades - bluish-green, silver, dark green and even purple.
Interestingly, the essential oils from the eastern cedar have excellent healing properties, and are used to treat lung and colds.
Arizona Cypress Cupressus arizonica Greene
Studded with small (0.3 cm) needles, tightly attached to the branches, the tree gives the impression of fragility and touching due to its teardrop shape and light silver color. Cypress has a pleasant aroma. In autumn, once every two years, the crown is decorated with small yellow flowers, from which round cones are then formed.
It is found in the nature of such states as Texas, New Mexico, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana. The plant even managed to endure the slight frosts of North Carolina. It is grown most often with the help of seeds, but many varieties bred by breeders are propagated by root cuttings, which allows you to fix the necessary properties.
Elegance, delicate beauty and unpretentiousness in care make it possible to use the Arizona cypress not only as a New Year's tree, but also as a decoration in landscape design.
Leyland cypress Cupressocyparis leylandii
It is the most popular Christmas tree in the southeastern United States. Having a very weak, almost imperceptible aroma, the tree has a pleasant greenish color and a slender cone-shaped crown.
The tree is distinguished by lacy small foliage, which is rather randomly distributed over the crown. Leyland cypress has several varieties, and each of them has its own leaf color - from green to silver.
Elegance, delicate beauty and unpretentiousness in care make it possible to use the Arizona cypress not only as a New Year's tree, but also as a decoration in landscape design.
Nearly 350 million Christmas trees are currently grown on farms and nurseries in the United States. Of these, an average of 25 to 30 million are sold each year. In 2019, 96 million American families bought Christmas trees! Of these, about 20% are living coniferous beauties. Moreover, almost 16% of families order more than one tree for the holidays.
There are Christmas tree nurseries (15,000 farms) in all 50 US states, as well as Canada. The business, which employs nearly 100,000 workers, has about 350,000 acres of land. The largest producers of coniferous beauties are located in the states of Michigan, Pennsylvania, Oregon, Wisconsin, North Carolina, Washington.
The first Christmas tree in the White House appeared in 1853, after which it became a wonderful tradition. Every year a new coniferous beauty is brought to Washington. And it is Fraser's fir that is the most frequent guest. Following her, Douglas fir and balsam fir are favored by American presidents and their families. Such supplies are organized annually by the American Association of Christmas Tree Manufacturers. Specific farms and tree species are constantly changing. To celebrate 2020, a gorgeous 18-foot-tall Fraser Fir was delivered on a traditional wagon. The tree was met by First Lady Melania Trump.
Despite the fact that Christmas is traditionally considered the main winter holiday across the ocean, and we have a New Year's Eve, there is still a lot in common that unites us all in an effort to make the celebrations bright and memorable.
• First, both American and Russian families prefer available endemic trees. In the USA, the palm is given to the “native” Fraser firs, balsam, Douglas, due to their undoubted advantages: soft needles that do not crumble on cut trees for a long time; pleasant peculiar smell; easy disposal. In Russia, spruce and pine trees enjoy well-deserved love due not only to their availability, but also to the familiar coniferous aroma, with which most people associate the New Year. But it should be noted that in recent years, our compatriots have been paying more and more attention to firs, following the Americans in their desire to use Christmas trees as rationally as possible. After all, the needles of an ordinary spruce or pine quickly fall off in the heat and create difficulties in disposal.
Annual tree care in nurseries
• Secondly, we are all adherents of beautiful conical shapes. In the USA, the culture of cutting coniferous beauties is even developed. Residents of our country also tend to acquire Christmas trees with a clearly defined top and symmetrically located spruce branches. That is why, in many ways, junipers, arborvitae and cypresses have not taken root in our country as holiday trees. Although their branches are used to create elegant compositions.
• Thirdly, we are demanding on the smell and pungency of needles. A fluffy beauty should smell like a holiday and expectation of a miracle. And if Americans are accustomed to the aroma of fir, then we are more fond of the fragrant smell of a forest tree or pine, familiar from childhood, for the time being. But more and more Russians are showing favor to different varieties of fir. And not only because the needles do not crumble, but the branches keep their shape for a very long time, even when dried. But also for the amazing softness of the needles. After all, the Norwegian Christmas tree or Scotch pine is quite prickly.
As you can see, we are united by a common approach to creating an atmosphere of unforgettable winter holidays. Although there are quite significant differences in terms of the use of Christmas trees.
Christmas tree fair
• Firstly, Russian families practically do not use exotic coniferous trees and shrubs when decorating their premises for the New Year holidays. First of all, this applies, of course, to junipers and cypresses. But firs are still a rarity in Russian families. Although this trend changes from year to year, also due to the import of trees and their seedlings from Europe and America. Our company, in particular, is the only one in Russia that imports Laziocarpa fir (Scandinavian fir).
Fraser firs, live Christmas trees
• Secondly, the culture of Christmas tree production is very different. In the USA, this is a developed industry, in which for more than a century experience has been accumulated in growing not only endemics, but also coniferous beauties brought from Europe and Asia. We mainly import ready-made Christmas trees. In Russia, the active development of nurseries and breeding farms for coniferous trees for sale to families is just now beginning. At the same time, Nobilis, Fraser, Concolor and other firs are intended in most cases for planting in suburban areas or as an ornamental plant.
Arrangements of decorated Christmas trees in the White House
• Thirdly, the choice of American families is much larger in terms of the number of varieties and varieties of coniferous trees offered for sale in the United States. Our domestic market as a whole is not yet so rich in its assortment. Although local nurseries every year increase the production of new, even exotic for our latitudes, species: Fraser fir, Douglas fir, Black spruce, etc.
Fir spruce Christmas decorations
We can proudly note that our company stands out in the Russian expanses with a very diverse assortment of both coniferous trees and all kinds of related materials and devices. Buyers will be pleased with a large selection of cut Christmas trees - at least 12 types. It is important for us that our customers can satisfy even the most demanding tastes. Those who prefer to make their own Christmas tree will find more than 15 types of spruce branches in our online store! This material, amazing in aroma and color, is useful for creating unique New Year's compositions. Does anyone like American firs or other trees? No problem! We will gladly present to the attention of our compatriots a rich collection of coniferous beauties in pots for subsequent planting: fir, juniper, spruce, pine and arborvitae. Do you want to make a chic gift in the form of a live Christmas tree? To your attention - almost all types of evergreen trees in containers (pots, decorative planters) or on stands.