How many pomegranates grow on a tree
How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree: The Complete Guide
One of the fruits growing in popularity across the country is the pomegranate. Lately it seems like there’s been a pomegranate explosion in the food world with the fruit appearing in more and more recipes and showing up in your grocery’s produce section. But as a gardener, have you ever wondered how to grow a pomegranate tree in your own garden? Is is tricky? What does it take? Can it even be done where you live?
Pomegranate trees are pretty resistant to disease and even pests, which makes them a more low-maintenance option for gardens. Some trees are dwarf in size, at around only three feet, while others can grow between 20 to 30 feet in height. In the warmest climates, pomegranate trees can be evergreens and will attract hummingbirds for miles around.
If you are a fan of pomegranates or pomegranate tree and wonder if they’re right for your garden, then keep reading this guide on how to grow a pomegranate tree.
Where Do Pomegranates Like to Grow?
Pomegranates are thought to have originated in Iran (it was called Persia then). It quickly spread throughout the Mediterranean region, the Middle East, India, parts of Africa, and the drier parts of Asia. Pomegranates love it hot and dry.
In the US, pomegranates do best in hardiness zones 7-10. Click here for a map of those zones. If you live in one of those areas, congratulations — you can grow pomegranates!Types of Pomegranate Trees
Before you begin your pomegranate growing adventure, you need to know which tree you will be planting and the purpose for planting the tree. Those who want to grow pomegranates for consumption or sale should not purchase just any pomegranate tree they see without knowing what kind it is first.
Here are three varieties to make you aware of.Nana
The smallest of the pomegranate trees is the Nana Pomegranate tree. It is just over 3 feet and is the most adaptable in a colder growing zone at its tallest. This tree is often found in landscaping and used as border plants. While it does produce small fruit, the eating quality of them isn’t considered to be very good. So if you are looking to grow and harvest edible pomegranates, you should select a different variety.Wonderful
The Wonderful Pomegranate tree is the most commonly found pomegranate across the country and it’s meant for harvesting. The Wonderful variety makes up 95% of the US pomegranate consumer market so if you’ve ever eaten a pomegranate, chances are that it was a Wonderful pomegranate you enjoyed.
The climates this tree grows best in are usually moderate or dry and very warm. The Wonderful Pomegranate tree is meant to yield fruit (lots, in fact), so if you want pomegranates as a source of income or personal consumption, this might be the right tree for you.Sweet
The Sweet Pomegranate tree produces fruit early in the season. These pomegranates are often much sweeter than the Wonderful tree variety. You can expect to get a successful harvest from these pomegranate trees, but their taste may not be what you are expecting if you’re accustomed to the flavor of standard, tart pomegranates.
But You’ll Need a Little Patience…
No matter which pomegranate trees you choose to plant, keep in mind that it will take at least two years before your first fruit harvest. After growing a pomegranate tree for a year and not getting anything the following season, you need not be discouraged. Sometimes it can take up to three years before the first pomegranate fruits start to form and ripen.
How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree: Getting Started
So now that you’ve selected your pomegranate tree variety, you’ll want to carefully plan when and how to plant the new addition to your garden.When to Plant
Before you plant your pomegranate tree, you need to ensure that the last frost has passed, especially for trees that are still really young. The soil around the tree should be loose so that the tree and its roots can become established.
If your soil is too compact, take a hand or rake cultivator to the ground where you are planting the tree and break it up a bit. If you plan to plant a row of these trees, you may want to get an electric tiller to break up the soil in a row.
Either way, make sure that the ground is loose, and the temperature is starting to rise. You do not want to shock pomegranates by putting them in the ground and forcing them to go through an unexpected frost. This could leave your pomegranate tree vulnerable to diseases and pests. The shock could also stunt the growth of your trees for several weeks, even if they are able to survive the weather snap.Space Out Your Trees
If you are planning to plant multiple trees, you want at least 15-20 feet between each tree, especially if harvesting the fruit is the goal. If you have the smaller ornamental shrubs that you are using as a border, your spacing can be anywhere from six to nine feet apart. These trees need enough room to spread out above ground, but the roots also need space below the dirt so that each tree has its own space.Sunlight is Best
If you are not sure where to plant your pomegranate, select the part of your yard or garden that has at least six hours of direct sunlight. This area can be partially shaded, but you do not want full shade since pomegranates enjoy sun and warmth.
If you can put them in a location that gets more than six hours, your pomegranates will do even better.Watering the New Trees
Once your pomegranate tree is planted, you want to ensure that it has adequate water for the first couple of months. Keep in mind that these trees, in general, are pretty tolerant of dry spells. Once they mature and their roots are established in the soil, they can showcase their hardiness when rain is few and far between. To prevent shock and give them the best start, steady irrigation on these trees is necessary.Too Much Water Can Be Dangerous
Because these trees have a high drought tolerance, too much water can be dangerous, especially while the trees are young. If you have had excessive rain over the last week and the ground is getting saturated, you need to try and drain the water from around the trees. While pomegranate trees are usually resistant to disease, overly wet soil can lead to fungal infections, which can be dangerous for a pomegranate tree.
How to Care for YourPomegranate Tree
Pomegranate tree care begins immediately once you plant your trees. You must take several steps weekly and even biannually to encourage the tree’s growth and a successful harvest of pomegranates when the time comes.Weekly Tree Care
Early in the first two months, you want to make sure that the pomegranate trees are getting the right amount of water to keep them hydrated but doing so without drowning them. If you planted your trees and experienced an unusual dry spell, you may want to water twice a day to the trees hydrated. Make sure when you water them, you do so at the base of the tree so that you do not create conditions for fungal infections on the leaves.
As your pomegranate trees start to grow and develop strong roots, you want to cultivate around the base of the plant once a week to keep the soil loose early on. You do not need to keep this up after the first year, but while the tree is getting established, it is good to make sure the soil is well aerated.Biannual Tree Care
Twice a year, you need to add fertilizer to your soil to give your pomegranate trees the nutrients they need. While they can survive in poor soil, they’ll thrive in soil that is amended. By adding fertilizer to the soil during these periods, you can replenish the nutrients that the pomegranate trees have absorbed and even change the pH of the soil to make it more acidic for the trees.
This is only required until you get your first harvest of pomegranates. Once fruit comes in during the growing season, you can dial back the fertilizer to once a year after the season is over and winter is starting to roll into the area.
Too much fertilizer over time can burn a pomegranate tree and its roots. Like water, there is too much of a good thing in over-fertilizing, and the fact that a harvest is producing means the need for fertilizer is reduced.Pruning
The time to prune your pomegranate trees depends on how well they are growing. Once you cut back on your weekly maintenance for watering, you still should step outside once a week and examine your pomegranate tree. Make sure you immediately remove any suckers before they grow much. If they are not pruned properly, the shape of your tree will start to change.
If you want to encourage a higher production yield when the time comes, prune away some of the branches. This lets the tree focus on the fruit and growth. As always, if you see any branches that look diseased or dying on the tree, remove them before infection spreads and causes severe damage to the tree.Reduce Pests and Diseases
While it is no secret that the pomegranate tree is pretty hardy when it comes to diseases and pests, there are some times when they get the best of the trees because of current conditions. Trees that are stressed are most susceptible so keeping your pomegranate tree healthy is the best defense against disease and pests.
Be on the lookout for common pests like scale, mealy bugs, whiteflies, and pomegranate butterflies that take advantage of shrubs and trees that have not been properly pruned. They feed on diseased branches and then get into the trees, causing disaster.
When there is too much water, you can expect diseases like soft rot and fruit spots that are caused by fungal infections. Consider using an organic fungicide and insecticide on your pomegranate trees weekly to prevent either of these from taking over and destroying the trees that you have worked hard to grow.
Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labor:Harvest Time
Now that the first two growing seasons have come and gone, it is year three, and you start to notice baby pomegranates growing on the branches. Make sure you stay on top of that preventative pomegranate tree care to keep the insects and fungus away. There are several signs to look for when it is time to harvest your pomegranates.
The first thing you notice about your pomegranates is that the color has gotten darker and more profound. They do not look shiny or glossy, but their color is so deep that it seems a bit flat and one-note.
If you think that the color has changed, you need to take a closer look at the shape of the fruit. Ripe pomegranates will be longer and look more like a hexagon with corners instead of fully round.
Finally, you want to tap your finger against the pomegranate and see if the sounds bounce back. It will sound tinny or even slightly metallic.
If your pomegranate fruits meet all of these criteria, then it is time to harvest the fruit.Carefully Remove The Fruit
When you start harvesting your pomegranate fruit, you cannot simply pluck it off the tree — doing so can damage both the tree and the fruit. Instead, use pruning shears and cut the stem close to the fruit.
A pomegranate that is fully intact and undamaged will keep at room temperature for 1-3 weeks. When refrigerated, pomegranates will last even longer — about two months.
If a pomegranate has split, it won’t keep and should be used right away. Pomegranate juice and arils can be frozen for up to a year.
Common Culinary Uses for PomegranatesPomegranate Molasses.
After you’ve waited patiently for your pomegranate harvest to come in, you may wonder “How am I going to eat all this fruit?” If you think pomegranates are just for juicing or sprinkling into salads, you’re in for a tasty surprise.
Pomegranates are a versatile fruit with all sorts of culinary uses. There are the well-known ones like salads (both in aril form and also as a salad vinaigrette), juicing, and smoothies. But pomegranates can also be made into beverages like tea or lemonade, be used for desserts, used in baking, and they even have a place in savory dishes.
For inspiration, visit this link to our blog article of 21 recipe ideas for pomegranates.
If you live in the right planting zone, then we hope this guide has been helpful in providing what you need to know for how to grow a pomegranate tree in your garden. By taking steps to get your tree off to the right start, you’ll ensure that it’s healthy enough to fight off diseases and pests. Giving your tree the proper care it needs will result in a bountiful harvest of pomegranates that you can enjoy all winter long.
Excited to learn more about this magical fruit? Then check out our pomegranate trees page for information on pomegranate planting, growing, harvesting, cooking, and more!
Buy Pomegranate Trees Here
Wonderful Pomegranate Tree
Desertnyi Pomegranate Tree
Tom's Red Pomegranate Tree
Gissarskii Rozovyi Pomegranate Tree
Purple Heart (Sharp Velvet) Pomegranate Tree
Pink Satin Pomegranate Tree
How to Grow Pomegranate Trees
Pomegranate trees (Punica granatum) produce delicious fruit, and if you have the right warm climate, they are easy to maintain and not affected by many pests or diseases. The fruits have a red, leathery rind, and the sweet, edible seeds are full of antioxidants and have many health benefits.
The pomegranate can range from a dwarf shrub of 3 feet to a tree of 20 to 30 feet. The average size of a standard pomegranate shrub is 12 to 16 feet tall with a round shape. In most places, they are deciduous, but in warmer climates, they may be evergreen. They are also attractive ornamentally, with glossy leaves and scarlet red, tube-shaped flowers that are attractive to hummingbirds and other pollinators. The pomegranate is a popular choice for bonsai. The bark is a red-brown color, and branches may have spines.
Somewhat drought tolerant, a pomegranate tree is perfect for the sunniest and warmest locations in the yard that might scorch other plants. Young trees should be planted in the spring after any danger of late frost has passed. They usually take two to three years to bear fruit.
|Botanical Name||Punica granatum|
|Plant Type||Shrub, small tree|
|Size||From 3 ft. dwarf forms to 30 ft tall trees|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun|
|Soil Type||Grows in most types, but must be well-drained|
|Soil pH||Acidic, neutral, alkaline (5.5 to 7)|
|Hardiness Zones||7-10 (USDA)|
|Native Area||Iran to northern India|
How to Plant Pomegranate Trees
When planting, make sure the soil is loose and not too wet. The spacing will depend on how you plan to use your pomegranate tree. Some growers use them as a spreading shrub hedge, and they can be spaced around 6 to 9 feet apart. For those being used for fruit production, it is better to space them around 15 feet apart.
Pomegranate Tree Care
The Spruce / K. Dave
The Spruce / K. Dave
The Spruce / K. Dave
Pomegranate shrubs may be grown in part shade but ideally should be placed somewhere with as much sun and warmth as possible. For a good harvest, your tree should get at least six hours of full sun per day.
The pomegranate needs well-drained soil, though it is able to thrive in a wide variety of soils from acid loam (preferred) to poor quality alkaline types.
The pomegranate tree is drought tolerant, though irrigation is needed for proper fruit production. Water deeply every two to four weeks during the dry season when you are establishing new trees.
Be careful, however, not to overwater. Excess water and soggy conditions can lead to a poor harvest. The fruit will also be more prone to splitting, increasing the chances of problems with pests and fungal diseases.
Temperature and Humidity
The optimal growing areas for this fruit are USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 7 to 10. They appreciate cool winters and hot, dry summers. They thrive when growing season temperatures are above 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Pomegranate trees are more cold tolerant than citrus trees, but the levels vary depending on the cultivar. Some can cope with winter temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit. However, when they dip this low, it would be prudent to grow them in containers so they can be moved into a garage or other sheltered location to minimize the chance of frost damage occurring.
Fertilize in November and March for the first two years. Otherwise, not much fertilizer is usually needed in subsequent years. In fact, over-fertilization can result in a poor harvest.
Pomegranate Tree Varieties
There are many cultivars to choose from, including some that are more cold hardy. Some of the popular types include:
- 'Nana': A dwarf form that is cold hardy to zone 7 and typically grows to just 4 feet tall
- 'Sweet': Produces fruit earlier than some cultivars and, as the name suggests, has a very sweet flavor and usually provides a prolific harvest
- 'Wonderful': The most popular cultivar grown in the U. S.; produces large, flavorful, red fruits in abundance late in the season
It takes around three years for a pomegranate tree to produce a proper harvest. You'll know the fruits are ready to be picked when the color has developed, they have a matte rather than glossy sheen, they change from a round to a more hexagonal shape, and they make a metallic sound when tapped. Use a pair of pruning shears to cut the stem above the fruit instead of pulling it off. They can be stored for a long time if kept between 32 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
Pomegranates are prone to producing suckers, so remove them as they appear. If you choose not to prune your pomegranate tree, it will develop a wider spreading bushy, shrub-like form. Regular pruning of branches in the first few years especially will help to encourage healthy new shoot development and a more abundant harvest.
After the tree is established, it may be enough only to prune away any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. It is a good idea to thin out the fruits growing on the branches. This will ensure the pomegranates can grow to full size and reduces the chance of a limb breaking because of excess weight.
Propagating Pomegranate Trees
Propagation is best done through hardwood cuttings taken in winter as those grown from seeds may not stay true to type.
Common Pests and Diseases
Pomegranate shrubs are one of the easier fruits to work with since they are not usually affected by many pests or diseases.
Possible occasional pests include pomegranate butterfly, thrips, scale, mealy bugs, and whiteflies. Diseases are rare in well-maintained trees but include leaf spot, fruit spot, twig dieback, dry rot, and soft rot.
Where and how pomegranate grows at home and in nature + photo
Pomegranate is one of the main fruit species of the subtropical climate, introduced into cultivation since ancient times and since then has spread widely wherever there are soil and climatic conditions suitable for this plant. Pomegranates also successfully grow in the southern regions of Russia in open ground. In addition, this is one of the most popular indoor plants that does not require particularly complex care. There are also decorative varieties of pomegranate, including those with double flowers of different colors.
1 Varieties of pomegranate, their main characteristics and biological features
2 Origin of the pomegranate and main growing areas
2.1 How a pomegranate grows in the wild
2.2 Pomegranate cultivation in Europe
2.3 Pomegranate cultivation in Central Asia
2.4 Pomegranate cultivation in Transcaucasia
2.5 Outdoor pomegranate cultivation in Russia and Ukraine
2.6 Is it possible to grow a pomegranate in the suburbs
3 How pomegranate grows at home
3. 1 Room grenade (video)
Varieties of pomegranate, their main characteristics and biological features
In the modern botanical classification, the pomegranate belongs to the Derbennikov family, earlier it was often distinguished into a separate family of Pomegranates.
There are very few types of pomegranate:
- wild Socotra pomegranate, which grows only in Yemen on the island of Socotra and is not cultivated in any way;
- common pomegranate, widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean and Western Asia in gardens and in the wild, with many cultivated fruit and ornamental varieties;
- dwarf pomegranate is a miniature variety of the common pomegranate, very popular as a houseplant around the world because of its compact size.
Pomegranate is a small multi-stemmed tree or shrub up to 5 meters high. Very often, its branches have sharp spines at the ends, especially in wild forms. The leaves are bright green, narrow, up to 8 centimeters long and up to 2 centimeters wide. In the tropics, pomegranate behaves like an evergreen, in the subtropical zone with relatively cold winters, its leaves fall off in autumn. In a room culture, pomegranate leaves can be preserved all year round or fall completely or partially in the winter, it depends on the light and temperature in the room.
Pomegranate is an important fruit crop in countries with a warm climate
The first flowers and fruits begin to appear on plants already at the age of three. Flowering is very long, in open ground it begins in spring and lasts almost all summer, and individual single flowers can appear even in early autumn.
Many indoor varieties of pomegranate with good care can bloom almost all year round.
Pomegranate flowers are of two types:
- campanulate without ovary, fruitless and falling shortly after flowering;
- pitcher-shaped with a clearly visible ovary of the future fruit, it is from these flowers that the fruit crop is formed after pollination.
Pomegranate fruits grow from flowers with a clearly visible ovary
The wild pomegranate and most of its fruit varieties have bright red flowers. The flowers of its ornamental varieties are red, white or variegated white-red. In wild plants and in fruit varieties, the flowers are simple, in decorative forms they are simple or double.
As a rule, double pomegranate flowers do not form fruits.
Pomegranate is a self-pollinating plant. It takes about 4–5 months from flowering to fruit ripening; for normal ripening, high air temperatures of at least +25°C are required.
Pomegranates take several months to ripen
The fruit of the pomegranate is completely unique in its structure and in scientific botanical terminology it is called “pomegranate”. These fruits are spherical in shape with a crown-like corolla on the opposite side from the stem. Beneath the rough and inedible brownish-red or dark red skin are the pomegranate's many edible "seeds", each surrounded by a layer of tasty juicy pulp. These "grains" are most often dark red, in some varieties light red or pink. The fruits of cultivated forms of pomegranate taste sour, sweet and sweet and sour. They ripen very late, depending on the variety and region, from September to November. Ripe fruits very often crack right on the tree, especially with a lack of moisture.
Pomegranates often crack right on the tree
The average weight of pomegranate fruits in cultivated forms is about 200–250 grams, while in the best large-fruited varieties, fruits reach a weight of 500–800 grams and a diameter of 15–18 centimeters. In industrial culture, the harvest reaches 30-60 kilograms of fruits from one tree or bush. Pomegranate is very durable and in good conditions bears fruit for up to 100 years or more. Harvested ripe fruits can be stored for up to several months at a low positive temperature in a dry room with good ventilation.
Origin of the pomegranate and its main areas of cultivation
Homeland pomegranate - Turkey, Transcaucasia, Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia. This plant has been cultivated since ancient times and spread throughout the Mediterranean. Feral specimens are found in Southern Europe and North Africa. Now pomegranate is grown in almost all countries with a subtropical climate.
In Mediterranean countries, the pomegranate grows in gardens and often runs wild
For a subtropical plant, the pomegranate is quite hardy, some of its varieties withstand short-term frosts down to -15°C almost without damage. But already at -18°C, the entire above-ground part freezes up to the root collar, and at more severe frosts, the plants die completely.
Pomegranate is very photophilous and very drought-resistant, but it requires sufficient moisture to obtain high yields of high-quality fruits. In an arid zone without watering, the plants themselves will not die, but their fruits will be small and crack.
Pomegranate can grow on poor soils, but does not tolerate saline soils, high groundwater levels and waterlogging.
How a pomegranate grows in the wild
In the zone of its natural growth, garnet is found mainly in the lower part of the mountain belt, on stony slopes, and especially on sandy and pebbly alluvial soils along the banks of mountain rivers. In the most favorable conditions, the pomegranate grows into a tree, higher in the mountains it takes the form of a bush.
Pomegranate cultivation in Europe
Pomegranate is widely grown in all Mediterranean countries of Europe as a fruit and ornamental garden plant. There are a lot of pomegranate trees in Spain, Italy, Greece. In addition to traditional fruit varieties, various decorative forms of pomegranate with red, white or variegated red-white flowers, often double, are very popular here.
Ornamental varieties of pomegranate have double flowers
During my trip to Northern Italy, I was very surprised by the appearance of the pomegranate bushes in the village gardens there. They were planted purely for beauty in almost every area, but for most owners, pomegranate bushes growing without any care had a very miserable appearance: disheveled, pale, with single random flowers. Only in some especially well-kept gardens did I see truly spectacular pomegranate specimens, neatly formed and blooming profusely.
Pomegranate cultivation in Central Asia
Pomegranate is often found in the countries of Central Asia, especially in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Here it is one of the most beloved horticultural crops, grown since ancient times. There are many local varieties with large fruits of excellent taste. In the lower part of the mountain slopes, there are also wild garnets, usually taking a bushy shape. Fruit ripening and harvesting takes place from mid-September to mid-October. Without shelter, pomegranates can grow here only in the warmest places. In most Central Asian gardens, pomegranate bushes are bent to the ground for the winter, covered with straw and a layer of earth 20-30 centimeters thick.
In nature, wild pomegranate often grows in the form of a bush
Pomegranate cultivation in Transcaucasia
Pomegranate is very popular and has long been grown in all countries of the Transcaucasian region - Georgia, Abkhazia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Many local varieties with fruits of excellent quality have been created here, Armenian and Azerbaijani pomegranates are especially famous. Harvest is in October. In places, wild pomegranate trees still come across. In the subtropical coastal zone with very mild winters, the pomegranate grows into a tree and winters beautifully without any shelter; in the gardens of the foothill zone, where winters are colder, pomegranate bushes are bent to the ground in late autumn and covered.
Outdoor pomegranate cultivation in Russia and Ukraine
In Russia, pomegranate successfully grows and bears fruit in open ground only in a few southern regions with fairly long hot summers and mild short winters:
- in the southern part of Dagestan;
- in the subtropics of the Krasnodar Territory;
- in the Crimea.
Pomegranates are also grown in the gardens of the Black Sea zone of Ukraine.
Pomegranate grows well and bears fruit in the Crimea
In the Crimea and the Krasnodar Territory, pomegranate blooms in May, the fruits ripen in October.
Is it possible to grow a pomegranate in the suburbs
Pomegranate is a southern plant, and in central Russia it is grown only in a room or greenhouse culture.
However, on one of the garden forums on the Internet there is information from an amateur gardener from the Moscow region, in which a small pomegranate bush successfully survived several winters in the garden with careful winter shelter. In autumn, he builds a “house” over the plant from several automobile tires laid on top of each other, closes it with spruce branches on top and additionally warms it with snow. But the owner himself admits that his pomegranate has never bloomed and is unlikely to ever, because the plant lacks summer heat for full development.
How to grow pomegranate at home
A dwarf variety of pomegranate is grown indoors. These miniature trees rarely grow above one meter, their usual height is about 70 centimeters in adult plants. The leaves are small, with good lighting in warm rooms can be preserved year-round. At low temperatures or with a lack of light, the leaves begin to fall off.
If the indoor pomegranate has completely shed its leaves for the winter, it is better to rearrange it until spring in a cool room with a temperature of about + 6 ° C (non-freezing basement or cellar with sufficient ventilation) and hardly water it until spring.
During cold wintering in a leafless state, indoor pomegranate wakes up in March-April. First, the leaves unfold, and about a month after that, the first flowers appear. Flowering lasts until September - October.
In summer, it is very useful to expose the indoor pomegranate in the open air, in a bright place protected from the winds on a balcony or in a garden.
Fruits of indoor pomegranate do not exceed 2-3 centimeters in diameter. They are edible, but their taste is very mediocre, especially compared to the fruits of garden varieties. These fruitlets can remain on the branches for months, very decorating the pomegranate tree.
My neighbors in their old apartment had a beautiful specimen of a potted pomegranate on their windowsill. It was a beautiful adult tree almost a meter high, growing in a relatively small pot with a volume of about three liters. It stood on the windowsill of a large bright window in a warm room and was decorated with flowers and fruits all year round. In autumn and winter, some of the leaves still fell off, but at the same time there were quite a lot of them on the branches, and the tree retained a very attractive appearance all winter.
Room grenade (video)
Pomegranate is a very beautiful plant and not too demanding to care for. In those regions where winter frosts do not allow growing pomegranate trees in an open field garden, there is always the opportunity to acquire a dwarf indoor pomegranate that grows beautifully in an ordinary flower pot on a windowsill.
- Author: werakulik
Rate this article:
(2 votes, average: 5 out of 5)
Share with friends!
where, in what countries, what it looks like, photo and video
Content whether pomegranate in Krasnodar
- 9000 3.1 grow in nature
Pomegranate is called “grainy apple”, “royal fruit”, “Carthaginian fruit”. The history of the pomegranate begins in ancient times. Trees with granular fruits grew on the planet even before the beginning of our era. For growth and development, pomegranate needs a warm sunny climate and fertile lands. Pomegranate grows on poorer soils or not - it depends on the varietal characteristics and conditions of detention.
What a pomegranate looks like
Pomegranate trees bear fruit for half a century, after which the fruiting becomes unstable, and plantings are changed to younger ones. Trees can stretch up to 6 - 7 m. Hybrid varieties grow like shrubs, reaching a height of 2 m. The growing season lasts from 6 to 8 months.
Pomegranate trees look like single-trunked trees or like shrubs with several equally thick trunks. The bark of the main trunks is dark grey. The structure of the bark is dense, has an equal thickness in all areas. Young branches are covered with gray-green bark, but with time the green tint disappears.
Description of the parts of the pomegranate:
Oval shape, light green shade. Stretched up to 3 cm. Gathered in groups of 5 - 10 sheets.
Inflorescences are bell-shaped or crown-shaped, single or double. They have an orange-red tint.
They form a powerful rod system that can go deep to several tens of meters.
The main wealth of the pomegranate tree is its fruit. They begin to ripen after flowering, the ripening period can stretch up to 180 days. The pomegranate tree blooms beautifully and profusely. The buds are tied with the beginning of summer and bloom, replacing each other, until September.
The fruits gradually increase in size. The color of the peel remains red or pink throughout the entire ripening period, therefore, when harvesting, it is not guided by it.
The structure of the peel is dense, difficult to break. Inside are juicy grains, ripening in separate sectors, protected by a white film. Each sector contains a different number of grains. The main part of the pulp, which is suitable for eating, is located on dense drupes inside the grains. It has a pink-red hue, contains a lot of juice, which is released when pressed.
The fruits have a special botanical term for this variety, they are called "pomegranates". The diameter can reach 12 cm. The weight of one copy can be more than 500 g. The weight of the pulp is noticeably reduced, since the dense peel is half of the total size. One pomegranate contains from 200 to 1500 grains, it depends on the age of the fruit, the degree of ripeness.
The external feature of the fetus is the presence of a crown-shaped "tuft". According to the existing theory, this feature became an incentive for the creation of a crown, which is placed on the heads of monarchs.
Pomegranate fruits are harvested as they ripen. Unripe pomegranates ripen quickly during transportation or storage.
The use of pomegranates is extensive:
- grains are suitable for fresh consumption;
- for making tasty and healthy pomegranate juice;
- peels and pericarp are used in the preparation of medicines;
- flowers are used for making tea, infusions or decoctions with medicinal properties.
Pomegranate is considered the leader among fruit and berry crops in terms of iron content. It is often recommended for anemia of various origins, anemia, symptoms of chronic fatigue and depression.
Where pomegranates grow
Where pomegranates grow depends on the characteristics and preferences of the culture. Thanks to breeding work, the habitat of pomegranates has expanded significantly, but the basic requirements for climate and soil composition have remained the same. There are three types of culture:
- Wild. These shrubs still grow on the island of Socotra, which is territorially located near the Gulf of Aden. The climate of the island is characterized as tropical semi-desert, which is not typical for the culture. There is very little information about how pomegranate bushes got there, it has not been officially confirmed;
- Ordinary. The most common type of fruit that is cultivated everywhere. They need subtropics and high humidity;
- Dwarf, hybrid. Varieties bred specifically for home cultivation. Ornamental pomegranates form inedible fruits, hybrid varieties with edible fruits grow like shrubs.
The territory of modern Iran and the lands adjacent to it are considered the birthplace of the pomegranate. Most often, plantations of pomegranate trees are cultivated in countries with a subtropical climate.
The subtropics are the birthplace of the most ancient civilizations, it was here that the culture of mankind began its birth. This climate zone is characterized by the following features:
- average summer temperature does not fall below +20 °C;
- in winter the air temperature remains between 0 and +4 °C;
- The coastal climate is mild due to the influence of the sea.
Pomegranate grows everywhere in the subtropics, most often:
- Western and Southwestern Asia;
- territory of Northwest India, North Africa;
- Eastern Transcaucasia;
- some parts of Central Asia;
- Southern European countries.
Important! Azerbaijan holds an annual holiday dedicated to this fruit. On October 26, juices, jams, compotes and dishes with pomegranate are tasted everywhere.
Where pomegranates grow in Russia
Pomegranate trees grow in Russia. The climate, which is characteristic of the subtropical zone, promotes the cultivation of selectively bred varieties adapted to winter temperature drops.
Pomegranate grows on the territory of Abkhazia, which is adjacent to the "pomegranate country" - Georgia. On the Black Sea coast, which stretches across the south of the Krasnodar Territory, dwarf varieties can be found. On the foothills of the Caucasus there are classic garnets. In areas of the Sea of \u200b\u200bAzov, across the territory of Crimea, pomegranate trees of mixed types grow.
Does pomegranate grow in Crimea
Crimea is a peninsula that is washed by the Black and Azov seas. In the southern part of it, pomegranate crops are grown without additional shelter for the winter. They grow in parks and gardens. Crimean pomegranate ripens in early October.
Culture appeared on the territory of the peninsula thanks to the Greek colonists. Natural growth conditions are typical only for the southern part of the peninsula, but amateur gardeners successfully grow pomegranates in the northern part of the Crimea, given the characteristics of a heat-loving culture. Here it is additionally covered, helping to endure temperature drops, to which the roots are sensitive.
Does pomegranate grow in Krasnodar
Hard seed varieties of pomegranate grow in the Kuban. For soft-seed varieties, natural conditions are not suitable enough. This is due to the long growing season of pomegranate trees.
Early-maturing varieties of pomegranate are recommended for the regions of the Krasnodar Territory. They feel comfortable with the winter dripping of the near-trunk circle.
Most often in Krasnodar you can find the Gyulosha variety, or Gyuleysha, whose homeland is Azerbaijan. The fruits ripen a little faster than the classic varieties. This allows growing in areas with a shortened summer period and allows pomegranates to reach the lowest degree of maturity.
Attention! The pomegranate of the Krasnodar Territory is harvested by the end of summer. It begins to bloom with the onset of the May or April heat, so it has time to ripen to consumer ripeness.
Does pomegranate grow in Sochi
Sochi is the longest city in Russia: its length is estimated at hundreds of kilometers. On the territory of Sochi, you can find pomegranate trees only from the southwestern side. This is the Black Sea coast, where the climate is as close as possible to subtropical.
The coastal zone allows growing pomegranate by the beginning of October, its collection begins simultaneously along the entire length of the plots. Pomegranates grown in Sochi appear on the markets by mid-autumn.
Does pomegranate grow in Abkhazia
Abkhazia is located in the southern part of the slope of the main Caucasian ridge. The country's mild climate makes it possible to grow classic pomegranate varieties. The fruits are harvested in October. Abkhazian grenades can be stored for a long time, so they can be seen on the territory of central Russia with the onset of spring. An Abkhazian variety has been developed with oval-shaped fruits, characterized by purple-red flesh and a sweet-sour taste. From these pomegranates, delicious valuable juice is obtained, which is distributed throughout Russia.
How pomegranates grow
The most delicious pomegranates grow on the territory of modern Iran. This is the natural habitat of trees. Soft-seeded varieties are grown here. In addition, seedless pomegranates grow on subtropical soils.
How pomegranates grow in nature
Trees begin to bear fruit from the age of 3. Full fruiting occurs by 7 - 8 years. For 30 - 40 years, pomegranates are able to bear fruit stably and fully.
In order for the branches to form ovaries and ripen full-fledged fruits, trees need elevated air temperature and above average humidity levels. In order for the flowers not to fall off and move on to the stage of fruit formation, the trees need consistently warm days with an air temperature of +20 °C to +25 °C. This period for pomegranates is extended for 180 days, so frosts at this stage of development are excluded. Trees in winter can tolerate temperatures as low as -12°C without loss. For the winter, the branches lose their leaves like deciduous crops.
Flowering culture also has some peculiarities. Fruits may not form from every flower that appears: many fall off after flowering.
Important! The soil for pomegranates should have a sufficient level of acidity, not exceeding 7 pH. The more nutritious the soil, the higher the yield.
How pomegranates grow at home
Amateur gardeners successfully grow pomegranates at home. Tree propagation options allow you to create the necessary conditions, regardless of belonging to a certain climatic zone:
Pomegranate tree houses look like dwarf shrub varieties. For this, special varieties have been created. Among the breeding variety for home cultivation, types are selected that are able to form fruits and adapt to changed climatic conditions.
For the summer period, homemade pomegranates are planted in open areas, and in the fall they are removed indoors.
Pomegranate trees, when grown by cuttings, begin to bear fruit in the 3rd year of existence, when planting seeds, adaptation is delayed for up to 7 years.
Attention! When grown at home, pomegranate fruits are much smaller, the height of the tree trunk can reach 2 m.
How to grow pomegranates
Pomegranates are often grown from seeds. To do this, they are harvested from ripe fruits. Then washed, separated from the pulp. Landings are made in the spring and the home tree is cared for according to a certain pattern.
Homemade pomegranates grow under a special temperature regime. At each stage of development, it should be different.
From +20°C to +25°C.
+16 … +20 °C. +10 … +12 °C
Domestic fruits grow up to 6 cm, their weight reaches 200 g. The size of the pulp is half of the total weight. Those who grow homemade pomegranates characterize the taste of the grains as sweet and sour with a predominance of acid.
How long does a pomegranate grow
Pomegranate trees are long-lived. Ordinary varieties of the classical type bear fruit for more than 50-60 years, then gradually begin to wither. If they are not replaced by young plantings, they are able to grow in a permanent place for several more decades.
There are unique specimens among pomegranates. Azerbaijan is known for centuries-old pomegranate trees that have been growing there for over 100 years. On the territory of the southern part of France, you can find a 200-year-old pomegranate tree that grows for beauty, without fruiting.