How many times a year does an avocado tree bear fruit


How to Grow Your Own Avocado Tree

Everything you need to know about how to grow an avocado tree. Really!

Everything you need to know about how to grow an avocado tree. Really! Want your own avocado tree or houseplant? There are a few ways to do it. This comprehensive guide tells you all you need to know, whether you’re starting from a seed or planting a young tree.

  • Planting
  • Soil
  • Watering
  • Mulching/fertilizing
  • Other growing tips


Planting: Houseplant*

You can start with an avocado seed. Wash it. Use three toothpicks to suspend it broad end down over a water-filled glass to cover about an inch of the seed. Put the glass in a warm place out of direct sunlight and replenish water as needed. You should see the roots and stem start to sprout in about two to six weeks. (If you’ve followed this process so far and have not seen roots or a stem sprout in more than six to eight weeks, try another seed. ) When the stem is 6 to 7 inches long, cut it back to about 3 inches. When the roots are thick and the stem has leaves again, plant it in a rich humus soil in a 10½-inch-diameter pot, leaving the seed half exposed. Water it frequently, with an occasional deep soak. The soil should be moist but not saturated. And don’t forget: the more sunlight, the better. If the plant turns yellow, you may be over-watering; let it dry out for a few days. If the leaves turn brown and fry at the tips, too much salt has accumulated in the soil. Let water run freely into the pot, and drain it for several minutes. When the stem is 12 inches high, cut it back to 6 inches to encourage the growth of new shoots.

*Please note that the odds that your tree will bear fruit are very small.

Planting: Young tree

Remember that avocado trees do best at moderately warm temperatures (60 F to 85 F) with moderate humidity. They can tolerate temperatures, once established, of around 28 F to 32 F with minimal damage. Avoid freezing temperatures. Plant your tree in March through June. If you plant during the summer, there is always the risk of sun damage, because avocado trees don’t absorb water very well when they’re young. Plant it in a non-lawn area and away from sidewalks and, if you can, plant it in a spot protected from wind and frost. Remember, full sun is best. Dig a hole as deep as the current root ball and just as wide as the width plus a little extra so you can get your hands into the hole to plant it. The avocado is a shallow-rooted tree with most of its feeder roots in the top 6 inches of soil, so give it good aeration. Its root system is very sensitive, and great care should be taken not to disturb it when transplanting. If the tree is root-bound, however, loosen up the soil around the edges and clip the roots that are going in circles.

Soil

Avocado trees like the soil’s pH around 6 to 6.5. If you have a heavy clay soil, elevate the tree in a mound for better drainage. Make the mound 1 to 2 feet high and 3 to 5 feet around. Don’t put gravel or anything else like planting media in the hole. The sooner the roots get into the bulk soil, the better the tree will do.

Watering

Trees typically need to be watered two to three times a week. As the roots reach out into the bulk soil, more water can be applied and the frequency of watering can diminish to about once a week after a year. When watering the tree, soak the soil well, and then allow it to dry out somewhat before watering again. As with most plants, you don’t want the tree to get too dry. The rule of thumb for mature trees is about 20 gallons of water a day during the irrigation season. Seedlings will require quite a bit less water, of course. Check the soil before watering each time to make sure it has dried somewhat. If the soil from around the roots can hold the impression of a hand when squeezed, it has enough water.

Mulching and Fertilizing

Mulch with coarse yard mulch. Redwood bark or cocoa bean husks and shredded tree bark will work. Choose something that is woody and about 2 inches in diameter. Coarse yard mulch is available at some garden-supply centers and through tree-trimming operations. Tree-trimming operations sometimes have material that has been pruned from the tops of trees and doesn’t contain any diseased roots. Use online search engines to find a local tree service. Put 20 pounds of gypsum spread around the tree base, and mulch the area with 6 inches of mulch, keeping the material about 6 to 8 inches away from the tree trunk. Fertilize your young avocado trees with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per tree per year. You can spread it out over several applications as long as it totals ½ to 1 pound of nitrogen. The other important nutrient for avocado trees is zinc. Ordinary home fertilizer for houseplants will normally work.

Other growing tips

Be patient about seeing fruit. If you have purchased and planted a tree, you can probably expect to see your first fruit three to four years after planting. If you are growing from a seed, it can take anywhere from five to 13 years before the tree is mature enough to set fruit. When the tree does flower, expect a lot of flowers to fall without setting fruit. This is natural.


FAQs and Troubleshooting
Should I plant a “B” type avocado with an “A” type avocado to help with good pollination?

Avocado flowering patterns fall into two groups: “A” type and “B” type flowers. A-type flowers open female in the morning and male in the afternoon, B-type are male in the morning and female in the afternoon.
It is widely accepted that fruit production can be helped with the presence of another avocado variety, but it isn’t always required.

How does temperature influence pollination and fruit set?

Optimum fruit set occurs at temperatures between about 65 – 75 F. Cooler or warmer temperatures are less ideal.
Under some conditions, you may get a fruit from a flower that did not pollinate properly. These small, elongated fruit will often fall from the tree on their own, but if they “hang on” you can pick them and eat them. These fruit are called “cukes” but are sometimes marketed in stores as “Cocktail” or “Finger” avocados.

What can I do about my avocado tree dropping fruit?

This is called fruit drop. An avocado tree typically produces about one million flowers, but only 100-200 pieces of fruit per tree. In other words, 1 fruit in 10,000 will set and mature. Sometimes the tree will set fruit but drop them when they are pea to walnut size. This is typical.
To minimize fruit drop of good “fertilized” fruit, avoid stressing the tree. Don’t under or overwater it. Research suggests that fruit retention is also better when there are other avocado varieties present to provide cross-pollination, and that these crossed fruit have a higher tendency to stay on the tree.
There is also some indication that over-fertilizing with Nitrogen during the early fruit stages can also somewhat influence fruit drop. Check with your master gardener for help with fertilizers for your climate/location.

How can I tell when my avocados are ripe and ready to pick?

Avocados do not “ripen” on the tree, that is, they do not get soft while on the tree. They mature on the tree.
Once you pick an avocado, it can take from 7-21 days for it to soften when left at room temperature. You can speed the process up slightly by placing the avocado in a bag with some other ripe fruit (like an apple or banana) or slow the process down by keeping the fruit in the refrigerator. More on how to ripen avocados.

So, when should I pick my avocados?

Pick a couple of avocados and try to ripen them. If they shrivel up or seem rubbery instead of soft, they are not mature yet. Keep picking fruit every few weeks. Note on the calendar when they soften instead of turning rubbery.

Also, note the taste of the fruit. The oil content of the fruit usually increases through the season, and there will be a certain point when it tastes “just right. ” That date will usually vary somewhat due to climate conditions, and some years will be better than others. Some varieties can also reach a point where they have too much oil and some will turn rancid (although many types fall from the tree before reaching that point).

The Hass Avocado in California typically comes to maturity in February and is good through September or October. These dates depend a lot on where you live and climate conditions.

How many fruit will a mature tree produce in one year?

It is possible for an avocado tree to produce 200 to 300 fruit per tree once it is about 5-7 years of age. The avocado tree, however, alternates bearing. This means that the tree may produce a large crop one year, and then produce a small crop the following year. There are lots of variables that influence this.

How many years will a normal avocado tree produce fruit?

Typically, an avocado tree will continue to grow and produce fruit until something kills the tree.

When is the best time to prune avocado trees?

Avocados can be pruned any time of the year, but there tends to be less vigorous regrowth if it is done after cold weather in the winter, sometime around February.

How large will my avocado tree get?

Growth is reflected in rootstock, variety, soil depth and texture, windiness, irrigation and pruning. Reed, Bacon and Hass trees can ultimately grow to 35 feet in 30 years. Pruning can keep the trees to a manageable size, under 15 feet, but it must be done on a regular basis.

What’s the creamy-white foamy looking stuff that grows out of the bark where there are cuts, or small branches have died and dropped off?

It is just sap coming from a wound. It dries into that sugary white, fluffy stuff.

What areas of California are most hospitable to avocados?

Most areas of Southern California are suitable for avocados, except for the mountains and high deserts, where it gets too cold and too dry for fruit set. Outside of Southern California, it depends on the climate. Cold is most often the problem faced in other parts of the state. Still, there are home growers with avocado trees in and around San Francisco. There is also an area along the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains where avocados are being grown in Fresno and Tulare Counties. Growing areas in Southern California include:

  • San Diego County
  • Orange County
  • Los Angeles County
  • Riverside County
  • Western San Bernardino County
  • Ventura County
  • Santa Barbara County
  • Some parts of San Luis Obispo and Santa Cruz Counties


More Resources

Not finding what you are looking for? Contact a master gardener* or see the below resources. All links open a new window:

  1. Tips for the Backyard Avocado Grower (PDF) 
    This sheet, developed by the California Avocado Commission, was designed to provide Do-It-Yourself tips on growing an avocado tree
  2. Ventura County Avocado Handbook* 
    This helpful handbook, hosted by the University of California Cooperative Extension, provides text book-like information on growing an avocado tree including grafting, planting, flowering and more
  3. Growing Avocados (YouTube)*
    YouTube offers a helpful selection of avocado growing tips and videos from avocado enthusiasts all over the world
  4. Avocado Source*
    The free, virtual library of avocado knowledge. Search for documents, research and more
  5. Avocado Variety Information*
    Almost 1,000 varieties of avocados are identified on this page. Also available through this site is general avocado information, resources on flowering, irrigation, phenology and rootstocks

For cultural advice on your avocado tree or plant, please contact a master gardener* or nursery nearest you.

For assistance over the phone from a Master Gardner, try one of the following hotlines:

LOS ANGELES323-260-3238
ORANGE COUNTY714-708-1646
SAN DIEGO858-694-2860
SAN LUIS OBISPO805-781-5939 or 805-781-1429
SANTA BARBARA(805) 781-5940
SANTA CLARA408-299-2636
VENTURA805-645-1455

The California Avocado Commission does not sell, produce or have avocados, seeds or trees available for purchase. For information on where avocado trees are sold, please contact a nursery nearest you.

* Please note: The California Avocado Commission provides this information as a convenience to you; it should not be considered an endorsement by the Commission of a third-party website or the company who owns it. The Commission is not responsible for the quality, safety, completeness, or accuracy or nature of the content of the linked websites.

When Does An Avocado Tree Produce Fruit? – greenupside

If you have recently planted avocado trees in your yard, you might not be seeing any fruit on the branches yet.  In that case, you may be wondering when avocado trees bear fruit, and if there is anything you can do differently to help them along.

So, when does an avocado tree produce fruit?  An avocado tree can produce fruit year round, since fruit can be left on the tree for months and harvested when desired.  An avocado tree will produce fruit 3 to 4 years after planting a tree from a nursery, or 5 to 13 years after planting from seed.

Of course, depending on the variety you choose, it may take a longer time for your avocado tree to start producing fruit.  There are other factors like improper pruning, over fertilization, and environmental conditions that can delay the growth of fruit on your avocado tree.

Let’s take a closer look at avocado trees, when they bear fruit, and the factors that can affect your harvest.

When Does an Avocado Tree Produce Fruit?

You can get fruit from an avocado tree practically year-round.  The reason is that the fruit can be left on the tree for months, and picked when you want them.  It takes a few days to a week or more for the fruit to ripen once it has been picked.

Avocados can be left on the tree for months and picked when you want them.

Avocado trees take 3 to 4 years to start producing fruit when planting a young tree from a nursery.  On the other hand, avocado trees can take 5 to 13 years to start producing fruit when planted from seed.

Most trees produce fruit for many months (for instance, April to September), so if you leave some of it on the tree, you can harvest in all seasons.

Do Avocado Trees Produce Fruit Every Year?

No, avocado trees do not produce fruit every year.  For at least the first few years, they will not be mature enough to set fruit.

In the first few years of life, an avocado tree will be focusing its energy on growth and storage of energy and nutrients.  If young trees do produce fruit, it will only be a small amount.

An avocado tree this young and small needs to focus its energy on growth, not fruit!

Also, keep in mind that problems like over pruning and over fertilization can delay fruiting on an avocado tree by a year or more.

In some cases, you will see what is called “biennial bearing” (or alternate bearing) in your avocado trees.  This means that they will only flower and produce fruit every other year.

Often, this will happen after a year of very heavy fruit production.  Essentially, the tree’s resources are exhausted from using so many nutrients to produce a large harvest.  The tree then takes a year to recover its strength and prepare for production the following year.

You may be able to avoid biennial bearing by thinning the flowers and fruit in heavy years.

For more information on avocado trees, check out this article from the University of California.

How Much Fruit Does An Avocado Tree Produce?

A mature avocado tree (5 to 7 years old) can produce 200 to 300 fruits per year.

Here we can see avocado buds. Avocado trees will not produce fruit for at least a few years after planting.

The fruit can weigh as little as a few ounces, to as much as 5 pounds (2.3 kilograms).  Usually, the fruit does not ripen until it is taken from the tree.  Ripening occurs 3 to 8 days after an avocado is picked.

Avocado trees can live to be 400 years old, and some of these ancient trees can still produce fruit!

What Kind Of Avocado Tree Should I Buy?

When selecting an avocado tree, make sure to choose one that you can grow in your climate!  For more information, check out the USDA Zone Hardiness map to see what zone you are in.

Here are some different varieties of avocado trees that you might want to try.

  • Little Cado (Wurtz) Avocado – this tree is sensitive to frost below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius).  It produces green-skinned fruit that weighs 8 to 14 ounces and ripens between May and September (in California). The mature tree is 10 to 15 feet tall.  For more information, check out Little Cado (Wurtz) Avocado Trees on the Four Winds Growers website.
  • Reed Avocado – this tree is sensitive to frost below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius).  It produces large, round, green-skinned fruit that weighs 12 to 18 ounces and ripens between spring and fall (in California). The mature tree is 14 to 20 feet tall.  For more information, check out Reed Avocado Trees on the Four Winds Growers website.
  • Gwen Avocado – this tree is hardy to 30 degrees Fahrenheit (-1 degree Celsius).  It produces medium to large green-skinned fruit that ripens between spring and fall (in California). The mature tree is 15 feet tall.  For more information, check out Gwen Avocado Trees on the Four Winds Growers website.
  • Hass Avocado – this tree is sensitive to frost below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius).  It produces black-skinned fruit that weighs 10 to 12 ounces and ripens between April and September. The mature tree is 25 to 35 feet tall.  For more information, check out Hass Avocado Trees on the Four Winds Growers website.
  • Fuerte Avocado – this tree hardy to 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-2 degrees Celsius).  It produces green-skinned fruit that weighs 10 to 12 ounces and ripens between December and May. The mature tree is 25 to 35 feet tall.  For more information, check out Fuerte Avocado Trees on the Four Winds Growers website.
  • Pinkerton Avocado – this tree is hardy to 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-2 degrees Celsius).  It produces green-skinned fruit that weighs 14 to 16 ounces and ripens between November and April. The mature tree is 25 to 35 feet tall.   For more information, check out Pinkerton Avocado Trees on the Four Winds Growers website.
  • Mexicola Grande Avocado – this tree is hardy to 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 degrees Celsius).  It produces brown-skinned fruit and ripens between late summer and mid-winter. The mature tree is 25 to 35 feet tall.  For more information, check out Mexicola Grande Avocado Trees on the Four Winds Growers website.
  • Sir Prize Avocado – this tree is sensitive to frost below 30 degrees Fahrenheit (-1 degree Celsius).  It produces black-skinned fruit that weighs 10 to 20 ounces and ripens between spring and fall. The mature tree is 25 to 35 feet tall.  For more information, check out Sir Prize Avocado Trees on the Four Winds Growers website.

All of these avocado trees are available on the Four Winds Growers website.

Do You Need Two Avocado Trees To Get Fruit?

No, you do not need two avocado trees to get fruit.  Avocado flowers contain both male and female parts

Bees can help to cross pollinate avocado trees, which can help to increase fruit yield.

However, you will get more fruit with other avocado trees planted nearby.  It may also be beneficial to plant one avocado tree of each type (A type and B type) to ensure proper pollination and optimal fruit set.

For more information, check out this page on avocado trees from the Fast Growing Trees website.

What Other Factors Affect Fruit On Avocado Trees?

The quality of care that you give your avocado trees will determine how much fruit you get each year.  Some of the most important factors are temperature, watering, fertilizing, and pruning.

Temperature for Avocado Trees

Most avocado trees are frost sensitive, meaning that the lowest temperature they can tolerate is 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius).  Some varieties, such as Feurte and Pinkerton, can tolerate temperatures a few degrees colder, down to 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-2 degrees Celsius).

As a result of this cold sensitivity, the best states for growing avocados are California, Arizona, Texas, and Florida.   According to The Tree Center website, the cold-hardy varieties can grow in Zone 9 or warmer parts of Zone 8.

Outside of these areas, you may need to grow the avocado tree indoors.

The Mexicola Grande variety of avocado stands out for cold tolerance, since it can survive temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 degrees Celsius).

Watering For Avocado Trees

If you have young avocado trees, avoid letting the soil get dry for too long.  If you have a problem with dry soil, check out my article on preventing dry soil.

Avocado trees are drought tolerant once they are established.  When you water them, give a deep, thorough watering rather than frequent shallow waterings.  Also, let the soil get dry for a bit between waterings.

Be careful not to over water your avocado tree!

Remember that over watering can spell death for your avocado tree, due to root rot or fungal diseases.  Avocado trees need well-draining soil.  If necessary, you can plant your avocado trees on a mound to assist with drainage.

For more information, check out my article on over watering.

Fertilizing For Avocado Trees

Avocado trees are heavy feeders, so it may be necessary to use fertilizers as a supplement, in order to provide extra nutrients if your soil is lacking. The best way to tell if you need fertilizer is with a soil test.

A soil test will help you to determine if you need fertilizer or a pH adjustment.

For more information, check out my article on soil testing.

Remember that it is possible to harm or kill your avocado trees by over fertilizing them.  For example, too much nitrogen can prevent your avocado tree from producing any fruit.

For more information, check out my article on over fertilizing, and my article on low-nitrogen fertilizers.

Pruning for Avocado Trees

Pruning during the first two years or so should be done to encourage lateral (sideways or horizontal) branches.

After the tree matures, it is helpful to cut the tops of the trees back so that the total height is 10 to 15 feet.   This makes it easier to prune and harvest the tree in future years.

Avocado trees should be pruned to keep them to a manageable height for care and harvest.

For early varieties, you should prune shortly after harvest.  For late varieties, you should prune after the danger of frost has passed.

For more information on pruning, check out this article on avocados from the University of Florida Extension.

Spacing for Avocado Trees

Avocado trees should be planted 23 to 30 feet away from other trees or buildings, depending on their size.

Conclusion

By now, you have a good idea of when avocado trees are mature enough to produce fruit, and what time of year to expect fruit.  You also know a bit more about how to take care of avocado trees and how to avoid the problems that can affect your harvest.

I hope you found this article helpful – if so, please share it with someone who can use the information.  If you have any questions to ask or advice to share about avocado trees, please leave a comment below.

Avocado at home - bears fruit or not, when, at what age it will begin to bear fruit and what is needed for this

Avocado is a tropical plant that requires care. Its bones germinate easily, quickly take root and begin to grow, but with improper care and in inappropriate conditions, they die in 1-2 years. Caring flower growers manage to grow large avocados that will delight for many years.

The main question of indoor plant lovers: will an avocado grown from the stone at home bear fruit? It is difficult to achieve this from a culture, but some agricultural practices will help. 9Ol000

Will an avocado bear fruit at home

Avocado grown in nature (in the garden under suitable conditions) produces up to 200 kg of fruit per year . At the same time, about 2,000,000 flowers are formed on a plant per season, but only from every 5,000 a fruit is tied. The remaining inflorescences fall off.

Avocados have a complex pollination mechanism . Each of its flowers opens twice. On the first day they function as women, and on the second day they function as men. If under natural conditions such a mechanism does not prevent pollination, then it is very difficult to achieve fruiting in a pot.

Help. Avocados are also called alligator pear, American perseus, and agate.

It is possible to get fruits only after the plant has blossomed. In order to produce flowers on an exotic tree, it is important to grow it correctly and follow the basic rules of care. :

  1. Watering. The plant is watered as the soil dries. In the warm season, on average, the soil is moistened 1 time in 10 days, in winter - 1 time in 2-3 weeks.
  2. Humid climate maintenance. A pot of avocados is placed on a pallet of wet sand. In the warm season, the plant is sprayed annually. During the heating season, a humidifier is installed in the room.
  3. Suitable temperature range. In summer, comfortable temperature ranges from +16…+30°C, and in winter — +10…+12°C. In the cold season, the plant goes into a dormant state, begins to turn yellow, dry and shed its leaves.
  4. Formation. When grown, they form an avocado crown. Pinch its top when the tree reaches the optimum height, if necessary, remove excess shoots.
  5. Transplant. Every year, the tree is transplanted into a new, larger pot. In a cramped container, the plant will not bloom and bear fruit. Transplantation is carried out by the method of transshipment.

Interesting site:

Incredible Avocado Benefits for Women

How to lose weight with the avocado diet

How to properly store a cut avocado

When does an avocado grown from the pit begin to bear fruit

At what age does an avocado begin to bear fruit? The tree is ready for this phase 3–6 years after planting .

It is impossible to say more precisely what year an avocado bears fruit. It depends on the conditions in which the plant is located, the correct care of it, the use of additional means to accelerate fruiting.

How to make an avocado fruit in a pot

Even with proper care, fruiting is rare . Most indoor plant lovers believe that this is simply impossible. In fact, there are several tricks that will help you get the desired result.

Stimulation of fruiting

In order for an exotic tree to bear fruit, it is important to stimulate its flowering.

To do this use a few simple tricks :

  1. Pinching . This procedure stimulates the growth of lateral shoots on which fruits are formed. To do this, pinch the top in the spring. The remaining part should reach a height of at least 15 cm, 4 buds or shoots are left on it.
  2. Top dressing . Regular fertilization allows the plant to receive enough nutrients and strength for flowering. Use complex means for exotic cultures. The composition should contain phosphorus and potassium.
  3. Artificial pollination . When flowering, large light green corollas appear on the plant. To pollinate plants, mature pollen is transferred between inflorescences, picking it up with a soft brush. Do this for 3 days in a row, pollinating each new flower. If possible, pollen is spread between several trees. Another way is to mark the flowers. The first time they are revealed as female, they are marked with a green marker. The next day they are already male. Pollen is transferred between male and female flowers.
  4. Planting a few trees . The chances of fruiting increase when growing multiple avocados. They are planted in pots standing side by side, or in one container, twisting the trunks.

When an avocado is fruiting, it needs regular watering and good lighting . So that the plant does not throw off the ovaries at the first fruiting, some of them are removed, leaving 1-2.

Grafting avocados

The most effective way to stimulate fruiting is grafting . It is important to graft the bud of an already fruitful tree.

The procedure is also carried out in a split. Experienced gardeners say that in this case the scion takes root better.

Grafting instructions :

  1. The top of an avocado grown from the pit is cut at a right angle.
  2. A stalk is taken from a fruit-bearing plant, on which at least 3-4 buds should remain. The leaves are cut along with the cuttings.
  3. The lower part of the scion is sharpened with a flat double-sided wedge.
  4. A split is made in the rootstock, the depth of which is equal to or slightly greater than the length of the scion wedge. If the diameter of the scion is larger, the split is not made in the center, but in such a way that the cambial layers coincide on at least one side of the parts.
  5. The rootstock wedge is inserted into the scion split. The cambial layers must match completely.
  6. The junction is wrapped with garden tape or electrical tape with a sticky layer on the outside. The winding is made airtight so that air does not get into the sections. Some gardeners use film and continue wrapping the entire length of the scion, leaving only the buds exposed.

See also:

Instructions for growing figs at home

Planting indoor grapes and care at home

Conclusion

It is difficult to achieve fruiting of an avocado grown from seed at home. In nature, a cultivated plant begins to bear fruit already 2–4 years after planting, and a generatively propagated wild plant may never please with a harvest.

To increase the chances of fruiting, use different techniques and monitor the correct care. However, even when the fetuses appear, they are unlikely to inherit maternal characteristics. To get a tasty and large avocado at home, a tree is grafted by taking a graft from an exotic that has already produced a crop. 9Ol000 avocado grows

  • 4 Does avocado grow in Russia
  • 5 Avocado ripening season
  • 6 Conclusion
  • Avocado grows in regions with a warm climate. Belongs to the genus Perseus, the Lavrov family. The ubiquitous laurel is also one of them. More than 600 varieties of avocados are known. Other names of the plant: "American Persia", "Midshipmen's Oil", "Agakat", "Aguacate". The people have an even stranger name - "Alligator Pear". After all, the fruit has an elongated, pear-shaped shape and is covered with a rough, green skin, resembling a crocodile skin in appearance.

    Avocados are valuable for cooking, cosmetology, perfumery. Fruits contain amino acids, fiber, iron, phosphorus, calcium. According to doctors, an exotic fruit is useful for digestive disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and oncology.

    What an avocado plant looks like

    The avocado is an evergreen fruit tree. Has a wide crown. It grows in height from 6 to 18 m. The trunk is straight, 30-60 cm in diameter, branched towards the top. Foliage lanceolate, elliptical, leathery. The edges are pointed. The leaf plate is shiny. The upper side is dark green, the lower side is whitish. Length - 35 cm. The leaves are saturated with essential oils, contain toxic substances. The green part of Mexican varieties smells like anise. For a short time, the avocado sheds foliage, but the vegetative process does not stop, the tree continues to grow. This is affected by weather conditions.

    Avocado flowers inconspicuous, small, bisexual. The color of the petals is light green or pale yellow. Inflorescences are collected in panicles. Flowering is usually abundant, but the ovaries are solitary. This is due to the complex process of pollination. To get a crop, you need to grow several types of avocados at once in one area. But so that the periods of flowering during growth do not intersect.

    The fruits are pear-shaped, oval or nearly round. There is a neck. Avocado grows 8-33 cm long, up to 15 cm wide. The weight of one fruit, depending on the variety, varies from 50 g to 2 kg. The skin is dense. The color is dark green, purple, yellow-green. Under it is edible pulp. The consistency is oily, the color is bright green, soft structure. The pulp has a rich walnut flavor. In the center of the fruit there is a large seed, oval in shape and 5-6 cm long. The seed is hard, the shell is brown.

    Important! As a result of poor pollination, the fruit may grow without a seed inside.

    How the avocado grows in nature

    The avocado tree is highly adaptable to the weather and location. However, there are differences between varieties:

    • West Indian grows in a tropical climate, prefers humid and hot atmospheric conditions, especially during fruit formation and flowering;
    • Guatemalan varieties grow in mountainous areas, they are more resistant to negative factors and climate change;
    • Mexican avocados can tolerate even slight frosts - 4-6 °C. Grow quickly, but the size of the fruit is small.

    In nature, the avocado tree grows well on red clay, limestone, volcanic loam. The main thing is the presence of drainage. The tree will not survive on excessively moist soil, areas of flooding, even temporary. Groundwater should be 9 m below the surface, then the root system develops fully. The less mineral salts in the water, the higher the yield of the tree. The pH value is irrelevant. The soil must be loose, with full access to oxygen.

    The tree grows well in shady areas. Fruiting is possible only in open areas with intensive installation. In dry air, the pollination process is disrupted, which directly affects the yield. Avocados do not grow well in places blown by cold winds.

    Important! Due to the constant decrease in the area of ​​natural forests, violations of regional ecology, rare varieties of exotic trees are dying.

    In what countries does avocado grow

    Botanists believe that the culture could grow even among the ancient Greeks. The first mention of it appeared in 1518-1520. Sailors compared the fruit to a peeled chestnut. Determining exactly the country of origin of an avocado tree is difficult. Presumably it comes from the territory of modern Mexico. The Aztecs had an integral part of the national cuisine.

    Israel can be considered a second home. There, avocados grew massively, so the locals began to sell the fruit. It is known that seafarers brought fruits from the American continent to Indonesia, then to Brazil, a couple of centuries later - to Australia and Africa. European countries became interested in exotic culture only in the 19th century.

    Natural range - tropics and subtropics. An avocado tree grows in Southeast Asia, the Philippines, Peru, Australia, Malaysia, Chile, and the USA. New Zealand, the countries of Central America, the Caribbean, and Spain are no exception. Each region has its own species. Avocados are commercially grown in Mexico. It is Mexican fruits that can be bought throughout the year in Europe.

    Does avocado grow in Russia

    In the summer season, avocados are also grown in Russia. However, exclusively on the Black Sea coast.

    Important! Culture grows best in Abkhazia. The region is suitable for obtaining exotic fruits. Here they are distinguished by an increased concentration of oils.

    Note that Mexican varieties are suitable for temperate climates. In Russia, there is no chance to get the West Indian variety. Only if the tree will grow in a year-round heated greenhouse. Which way to choose: planting a plant in open ground or growing in a container is determined depending on the weather conditions of a particular region.

    If the temperature drops below -5-7°C in winter, containers should be used. When it gets colder, they are brought into greenhouses or warm rooms and continue cultivation further. In this case, it is worth breeding dwarf varieties or you will have to systematically prune the tree. The tree grows rapidly, so it is recommended to choose large containers or containers with wheels. Then it can be freely moved, taken out to open areas in the warm season.

    The growing shoots of a young tree are quite fragile, so an appropriate support is needed. This support will save the plant from deformation. In nature, the Mexican avocado variety grows in the shape of a cone. Pruning is performed in order to give a rounded contour to the crown. However, when the avocado tree grows, pruning is no longer required.

    During periods of drought, ground monitoring is required. If the soil at a depth of 25 cm is dry, crumbles, then it is required to water immediately. When there is sufficient rainfall, there is no need to specially moisten.

    It is recommended to feed avocado once every 3-4 months. Mineral fertilizers or special complexes are optimal for feeding an exotic species. Mature trees need a moderate amount of nitrogen at the end of winter or early summer in order to grow vigorously.

    There are amateur gardeners who are able to grow a whole tree from a stone. Good results show seeds from purchased fruits. Just make sure that the fruit is fully ripe beforehand. Avocado grows quickly, but does not tolerate transplantation well. Therefore, for planting, it is advisable to immediately pick up a large pot.

    Before the first frost, the fruits must be picked, regardless of the degree of maturity. Overcooling, they will definitely turn black and become unsuitable for eating. In the greenhouse, you need to create favorable temperature and humidity parameters so that the tree continues to grow. You can cover the trunk with foam rubber or other insulation. A young culture that grows on the street must be wrapped in heat-retaining materials.

    Important! In Russia, avocados are grown mainly for decorative purposes.

    Avocado season

    Fruit ripening period is 6-18 months. This long period depends on the variety and climatic conditions of the area where the avocado grows. For example, six months is enough for Mexican varieties to ripen, and Guatemalan fruits grow for a long time and are fully ready only after 17-18 months from the moment of pollination. The tree blooms all year round on any continent. In Thailand, the avocado season begins in September-October. It is believed that the most delicious exotic fruits ripen from August to April.

    Interestingly, the fruits continue to grow on the branches and gain volume even after full ripening. And purple avocados acquire a juicy color long before they reach maturity. Final ripening does not occur while the exotic fruit is attached to the stalk, as it continues to grow. Fruit ripening will occur at room temperature for another 10-14 days after the breakdown.

    California fruit grows and is sold year-round, while Florida fruit is marketed from fall through spring. Guatemalan avocados can be stored at a temperature of + 5-7 ° C for up to a month and a half. Transportation of fruits is carried out at a temperature of + 4 °C.

    Hard fruits are selected for commercial sale. Mexican varieties of avocados, on the contrary, require immediate sale, as they lose color. Israeli avocados stop growing by November. It was during this period that the bulk enters the Russian market.

    Thai stalls often sell unripe fruit. Firm to the touch, with dense pulp, and the taste is reminiscent of green melon. Such a product needs to catch up. The ripeness of the fruit is determined by the condition of the stem. At the finished avocado, it stops growing and disappears, and the place under it becomes a little darker. To speed up the process, the fruits are placed in one bag with bananas or apples. To keep fresh longer, sprinkle the pulp along the cut plane with lemon or lime juice. A ripe avocado tastes like green herb puree with butter and a hint of walnut. The fruits are used for making fresh salads, sauces

    Important! The avocado pit is not suitable for consumption. On the contrary, it can be hazardous to health.

    Conclusion

    Avocado grows on a tall evergreen tree. Inside the fruit has a large bone. It is considered a fruit, but chemical analysis shows that the exotic product is more similar to vegetables.


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