How many trees in usa
How Many Trees Are in the United States? 6 Shocking Stats
How many trees are in the United States?
Earlier this year, a study by Nature magazine claimed that there are more than 3.1 trillion trees in the world. However, the most intriguing new data of all, which the experts, guided by Crowther Thomas of Yale University, produced was the number of trees by country.1
These scientists gave a comprehensive estimate of the number of trees in every country, with the United States coming in fourth in the world, with 228 billion trees.
This comprehensive guide outlines how many trees are in the United States, by each state, as well as some shocking statistics (mainly good surprises) about how many trees there are.
Related Reading: How many trees are in the world? (By County)
Protecting trees has become more of a priority in recent years, which is a very wonderful thing. Tree planting offset programs offered by carbon offset companies are helping to increase the number of trees around the world. And this, in turn, is helping lower the overall carbon footprint of the planet.
Does the US Have More Trees Than 100 Years Ago?
#1. The US has more trees now than it did 100 years ago.
You read that correct. The United States has 10% of the global forests, and it has more trees than it did 100 years ago. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) states that forest growth in the country has surpassed harvest since the 1930s. By 1998, tree growth exceeded harvest by 43% and the forest cover was 380% more than it had been in the 1920s.
The East Coast has witnessed the greatest gains as it was the area heavily logged by early settlers from the 1600s, after their arrival. The increase in forest cover is attributed to sustainable tree-growing, rural-urban migration, and the preservation and conservation of national parks.
The tree planting campaigns that began in the 1950s have been fruitful, and the public is becoming increasingly aware of the importance of forests and trees. 2
How Many Trees Were There 100 Years Ago?
#2. 100 Years ago, the US had only about 70 million trees.
Back then, the US had approximately 70 million trees, because the late 1910s witnessed an exponential growth of the timber industry as a result of the rapid developments in the recreation and construction industry.
This contributed to great deforestation in the United States, a country that by that time had no realistic forest programs and management laws in place. The East Coast was greatly affected during this period.2
#3. In 2020, there were approximately 3 trillion trees in the world out of which, the US contributed 3,100,950 sq. kilometers of forest.3
Trees by State, Territory, or District: What’s the Percentage Coverage?
According to a December news release7 from the United States Department of Agriculture,8 2019 was a successful year for the US forests. It is the year that saw the Forest Service,9 opening thousands of acres of forests, it reduced the risk of wildfire, and it improved the forest conditions. Also,100,000 acres of trees were treated.
#4. In 2019, 5.2 million hours of work were logged by veterans and young people in forest treatment, tree planting, and vegetation management.
Each state in the U.S. has something unique it offers to its residents with regard to the great outdoors. Here’s a list of the states, districts, or territories and their percentage forest cover.4
|Rank||State, district, or territory||Percent forest (2016)|
|4||Northern Mariana Islands||80.37%|
|16||Virgin Islands (U.S.)||57.16%|
|40||District of Columbia||33.90%|
|—||U.S. Minor Outlying Islands||No data|
List By Region
|Rank||Region||Percent forest (2016)|
|3||Pacific Northwest region||37.52%|
|5||Interior West region||28. 14%|
Which Country Has the Most Trees 2020?
Russia has an estimated 642 billion trees, making it the country with the most trees in the world.
The country has forest cover that stretches across it.
Related Reading: How many trees are planted each year?
How Much of the US Is Forest?
How many trees are in the United States? By 2016, approximately 36.2% of the US was forested,10 that is about a third of the country.
#5. The forested area in the United States covers approximately 818,814,000 acres.
While the forest cover has been stable for the past 100 years, there have been huge shifts in the composition and area coverage of the country’s forests.
Large-scale tree planting in the South, reversal of marginal farmlands, and fire suppression have contributed to increased forest cover. Conversion to agriculture, urbanization, natural disasters, and reservoir construction have contributed to the loss of forests. 4
Are US Forests Growing?
In the US, more trees are grown than those harvested.
#6. Since the early 1900s, the total forest cover in the US has increased by approximately 2% to 755 million acres.5
Trees are simply awesome! They not only provide food, shelter and life giving medicines, they also help clean up the carbon emissions humans generate every day. Here are just a few of the excellent benefits trees provide:
- Providing Food
Mangoes, papaya, lemons, oranges, limes, coconuts, peaches, apples, cashews, and many more fruits come from trees. Apart from these delicious and nutritious fruits, most of the world’s favorite spices such as allspice, cinnamon, cloves, and nutmeg come from various parts of trees. Trees also give us maple syrup and chocolate.
- Protecting Land
Trees protect the land from fires, soil erosion, wind, and flooding. Farmers use trees as windbreaks, barriers, and fences. The use of trees as a living fence has proven useful in creating a green wall to provide a boundary, improve the soil, redirect and absorb heavy rains, and keep livestock out.
- Providing Air
Trees clean carbon monoxide and produce oxygen. Without trees, life stops. Trees also purify the air by reducing smog and removing airborne particles, thereby improving air quality, and everyone’s respiratory health. The work trees do in purifying air is among the most critical ways the world benefits from them.
Related Reading: How many pieces of paper in a tree?
- Providing Shade and Shelter
On a hot afternoon, there’s no better feeling than enjoying the shade of an expansive tree canopy. Trees are the natural air conditioner of the environment and they help reduce water evaporation from the earth.
- Providing a Natural Playground
When there is a tree in sight but no playground, one can climb and explore the tree. Climbing and exploring a tree is very exciting, more so in a world where technology has taken over people’s lives.
Children can learn risk-taking and fine motor skills while climbing trees. Adults can also climb for strength building and fitness.
- Encouraging Biodiversity
Many insects, animals, and birds call trees home. The different canopies and levels of trees provide a home for many wildlife from very high to lower-level canopies. One can also use trees to build bee hives to attract the bees, which produce honey and help in pollination.
- Providing Sustainable Wood
While it is best to use alternative energy, the fact is that many people around the world rely on wood to boil water and prepare meals. In Africa for instance, close to 80% of households use charcoal and firewood. While it can be contended that planting trees for wood or fuel competes with food production, both can complement each other. This way, a farmer cannot cut down ancient forests, but grow fast-growing trees sustainably.
Related Reading: How many types of palm trees are there?
- Conserving Water
Tree assists in retaining and filtering water in the soil. They not only improve the quality of water but also prevent flooding and storm water that occur. Their roots split the earth to allow quick recharge of water tables.
- Improving Mental Health
Being close to trees has many health benefits. Spending more time in a forest reduces feelings of depression, anger, and stress.
More Cool Facts and Stats About US Trees
- Trees are the world’s longest-living species, never dying of old age. California is home to the world’s oldest live trees. Some of the state’s gigantic sequoias and bristlecone pines are 4,000-5,000 years old. The ancient Bristlecone Pine Methuselah,11 estimated to be 4,852 years old, is one of the world’s oldest living trees.
- Climate change can be predicted by tree rings. Dendrochronology is the study of a tree’s rings to determine its age. However, tree rings can tell more than just a tree’s age; they can also reveal the presence of natural disasters such as volcanic eruptions or droughts.
- The ring is thick in years of good growth, which are marked by a plentiful supply of resources. When resources in the environment are scarce, it is thin. According to a study conducted by Somaru Ram of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, high potential evapotranspiration—the rate at which plants lose water via their leaves—has had a negative impact on tree development in Sikkim, India. Such research aids scientists in their understanding of climate change.
- Trees defend against misconduct. It sounds strange! However, suburbs and residences with bleak landscapes have been demonstrated to have higher rates of domestic violence than their verdant equivalents. According to studies, urban trees are linked to lower crime rates such as vandalism, graffiti, and littering.
- The earth and its population will receive an additional 260 million tons of oxygen by planting roughly 20 million trees. The 10 million tons of CO2 will be removed by the same 20 million trees.
- Trees are phanerogams, which means they reproduce through seeds and so have specific visible reproductive organs, such as flowers.
- A tree’s limbs are not exactly spherical. They feature an upper (compression) and lower (tension) side that allows them to sustain their own weight as well as the weight of the leaves, nuts, or fruits dangling in mid-air.
- Trees that grow in the shadow have thin bark, but trees that grow in the sun have thicker bark.
- Trees can communicate with one another and defend themselves against insects. When insects attack, scientists have discovered that trees may flood their leaves with compounds called phenolics. They can also alert other trees to danger so that they can begin their own defense.
- The root system absorbs nutrients and water, which are then transferred to the leaves via connective tissue. Sugar is transferred from the leaves to the roots via connective tissue.
- A bristlecone pine tree known as Methuselah is thought to be the world’s oldest tree. To protect it from tourists and vandals, its exact location has been kept a secret.
- Patients who have a view of fresh green trees from their rooms are said to recuperate faster and spend less time in the hospital than those who do not. Patients who have a view of trees spend 8% less time in the hospital.
- Customers are more likely to spend money in shopping districts with trees. They are more willing to pay more for things purchased in a tree-lined shopping zone. In a retail district with trees, the same shoppers indicate they are prepared to remain longer and perceive the products and stores as being of higher quality.
- Utah, USA, is home to the world’s oldest clonal tree cluster. According to DNA tests, the Pando group of quaking aspens is roughly 80,000 years old. It is expected to weigh over 6,000 tons, making it not only the world’s oldest living creature but also the biggest.
- Out of sight, out of mind. Trees can hide unattractive vistas from concrete fences to parking lots. They not only provide a lovely green landscape, but they also reduce sunlight and dust while masking large amounts of sound from adjacent streets and roads.
- Buddha’s initial fig tree is thought to have been cultivated from a tree growing in India in 288 BC. The Ficus Religiosa tree, as its name suggests, is one of the world’s most sacred trees.
Related Reading: How many trees does it take to build a house?
- In a single year, a big oak tree can drop approximately 10,000 acorns. Oaktree nuts are well-known among wildlife. Acorns are a key food source for more than 100 vertebrate species in the United States, yet because of all the attention, they never germinate. However, oak trees have boom and bust cycles, probably as a defense mechanism against acorn-eating predators.
- A single huge oak can drop as many as 10,000 nuts during the acorn boom, also known as the mast year. While most of them will end up as food for mammals and birds, every now and then a lucky acorn will embark on a voyage that will take it hundreds of feet into the sky and a century.
- By delaying and filtering rainwater and safeguarding aquifers and watersheds, trees improve water quality.
- Babies born in places with more trees have a lower risk of being born underweight.
Related Reading: How to tell how old a tree is, explained.
- Palms are huge, woody herbs, not trees, according to the botanical definition.
- Some trees have visited the lunar surface. Seeds sent to the moon during the Apollo 14 mission in early 1971 were grown into “Moon trees.”12 NASA and the United States Forest Service sought to determine if the moon’s orbit affected how seeds grew on Earth. In 1975 and 1976, these trees were donated to state forestry services.
- Bamboo is grass, not a tree. Bamboo is the most massive member of the grass family. The hollow form of bamboo stalks, as well as the vascular tissue, spread randomly throughout bamboo stems, which is a stiff cylindrical trunk, qualify the plant as grass. Therefore, bamboo forests may theoretically be huge grass fields.
- People who live in places with more trees have fewer cardio-metabolic problems and are less likely to die from cardiovascular or pulmonary disease.
- Trees reduce sound waves and hence block noise. They minimize noise by reducing sound intensity, which is a phenomenon known as sound attenuation. To disguise undesired noise, leaves, twigs, and branches on trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants absorb and deflect sound waves.
- Throughout the year, different portions of a tree grow at different periods. The majority of foliage growth occurs in the spring, with trunk growth occurring in the summer and root growth occurring in the fall and winter.
- If one hangs a birdhouse on a tree branch, it will not move up the tree as it grows. Because trees grow from the top down, this is the case. Meristems are patches formed by specialized cells at the terminals of tree shoots. These meristems are the places where a tree’s limbs grow larger and taller.
- Because trees develop from their distal ends, a branch will always remain the same height as when it first emerged from the trunk as a little bud. However, just because tree branches do not increase with the growth of the tree does not indicate they will always be there; many trees shed their lowest branches as they expand.6
So, How Many Trees Are in the United States… With approximately 228 billion trees, the US is number 4 globally. Russia leads at number one with China, Brazil, and the Democratic Republic of Congo featuring in the top 5.
How Many Trees Are In The World? (2021 Updated List)
While it is virtually impossible to know how many trees are in the world, satellite imaging has helped procure a rough estimate. A study in the journal of ‘Nature’ reported close to 3. 04 Trillion trees on earth. And though this might seem like a lot- it’s not! 3.04 Trillion trees make for almost 422 trees per person. But did you know that a lot of trees are just all in the same place? Depending on where you’re from, how many trees there are in the world for you will be a lot less, maybe even more, than 442 trees.
How Many Trees Were There In The World Before Humans?
Before the advent of man, the earth hosted a whopping 6 Trillion trees-double the current number of trees in the world. Historians estimate that the forest spread must have been around 6 billion hectares of land. Still, now the planet only has a fraction of the trees it used to, thanks to intensive agricultural practices and modern civilization infrastructure. Unfortunately, we continue to lose trees at the rate of approximately 10 billion trees a year.
How Many Trees Were There In The World 100 Years Ago?
The 1920s saw exponential growth in the timber industry due to many constructions and recreational sectors’ developments. Interestingly, the number of trees in the world has grown by 400%, and we now have a lot more trees than we did 100 years before.
Where Are All The Trees?
There might be 3.04 Trillion trees in the world, but their distribution is the real problem. 50% of all the trees in the world are present in the five biggest countries, while two-thirds of all trees are in just ten countries. Leaving just 1990 Billion trees for the rest of the world! It doesn’t seem like an awful lot anymore.
Countries With The Most Trees:
For the most part, the larger a country is, the more trees it is likely to have. Brazil, Columbia, and Indonesia have the highest number of native tree species. The top 10 countries in terms of how many trees they have are below.
Russia- The Country With The Most Trees:
Russia has 642 Billion trees which earn it the title of the country with the most trees! Illegal forests occupy vast stretches of the country- yes, the state can ban trees! 10% of Russia, which is almost twice the size of Spain’s whole country, lies in formerly or presently designed regions as ‘agricultural land. ’ For some bizarre reason, the Russian legislation demands that landowners keep these areas free of forests, and they are even liable to pay fines in case of the breach! Yet, most of these areas lie forgotten, covered in scores of trees despite the legal opposition.
How Many Canadian Trees Are There In The World?
The world’s second-largest country is also the second-largest when it comes to how many trees it has. Canada is home to almost 318 Billion trees which occupy around 40% of the region. Not surprisingly, Canada’s forests represent 30% of the whole world’s forests! Spruce trees, which are distinguishable by their needle-like leaves, are the country’s most abundant trees. Pines, much like the Spruce, have needles for leaves but are enclosed within cones. Sugar Maple, known for its beautiful colours and sweet maple syrup, represents the red leaf on the Canadian flag. Another tree, the Eastern White Cedar, labelled the “tree of life,” is also very common in the region.
How Many Trees Are There In Brazil?
Brazil hosts the world’s largest forest- The Amazon. The country has a total of almost 302 Billion trees, but they are in danger! Deforestation rates are incredibly high, and unless prompt action is taken, agribusiness and power generation might collapse, and the country won’t have any trees left to boast about!
How Many Trees Does The United States of America Have?
If you think of the USA, you probably don’t think of trees but maybe you should! Over 55% of the U.S. population gets clean, pollutant-free, drinking-quality water from forested watersheds. The 228 Billion trees of the country include one very special tree as well. The “Great Bristlecone pine” in California’s White Mountains is the World’s Oldest Tree at 5000 years old. Additionally, North America is home to more than 1000 tree species. The country’s national tree is the Oak which symbolizes beauty, diversity, and strength and has linked to the Greek god Zeus.
How Much of China Is Trees?
China has 140 Billion trees which cover approximately 23% of the country’s land. In an attempt to tackle its expanding northern deserts, China launched the Three-North Shelterbelt Project in 1978. Also called the “Great Wall Project,” the plan aims to plant millions of trees along the 2,800-mile border of the northern desert and ultimately increase the world’s forests by 10%. So far, more than 66 billion trees have been planted by the Chinese government. The idea has received mixed reviews but will continue till 2050, as planned. Moreover, the famous Chinese Bamboo tree is the World’s Fastest-Growing Tree at 1.5 inches an hour – and it even holds a Guinness World Record!
Trees of The Democratic Republic Of Congo:
Congo has a total of 101 Billion trees which comprise over 600 tree species. The country has 100-120 Million hectares dedicated to the dense forest, Savannah forests occupy a large part, and protected areas span 26 Million hectares.
How Many Trees Are In Indonesia?
81 Billion of the whole world’s trees are in Indonesia. An estimated 51% of the country is forested, of which 50% is a primary forest- the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forests. Indonesia has 4000 species of trees, but only about 120 hardwood species are suited for commercial use.
How Many Trees Are In Australia?
Australia has around 77 Billion trees, of which most are Eucalypts. Eucalyptus trees (gum trees) which include 2,800 different species, cover about 101 Million hectares which amount to approximately 80% of Australian forests.
How Much Of Peru Is Forest?
Peru boasts the 10th-most forested area in any country in the world, with almost half of the country covered by trees. Peru also has the second-largest amazon jungle, “Peruvian Amazonia,” after Brazil.
How Many Trees Are There In India?
An estimated 21.6% of India’s land is in forests, and the country has pledged to increase this coverage by a massive 95 Million hectares by 2030! In 2017, 1.5 Million volunteers helped plant 66 Million trees in Madhya Pradesh’s state- in under 12 hours!
How Many Trees Are In The Rest of The World?
|Antigua & Barbuda||10,000 ha|
|Bosnia & Herzegovina||2. 115M ha|
|Burkina Faso||5,649,000 ha|
|Côte d’Ivoire||10,405,000 ha|
|Cabo Verde||84,000 ha|
|Central African Republic||23M ha|
|Colombia||60.3 or 64 M ha (disputed)|
|Costa Rica||2,605,000 ha|
|Czech Republic||2,657,000 ha|
|Dominican Republic||1,972,000 ha|
|Ecuador||12. 4M ha|
|El Salvador||287,000 ha|
|Holy See||Data unavailable|
|Honduras||6. 3M ha|
|Jamaica||335 900 ha|
|Marshall Islands||13,000 ha|
|Mongolia||18. 3M ha|
|Myanmar (formerly Burma)||29M ha|
|New Zealand||10M ha|
|North Korea||6,187,000 ha|
|North Macedonia||998,000 ha|
|Papua New Guinea||28,726,000 ha|
|Philippines||5. 7M ha|
|Romania||6,249 million ha|
|Saint Kitts & Nevis||11,000 ha|
|Saint Lucia||47,000 ha|
|Saint Vincent & the Grenadines||Data unavailable|
|San Marino||Almost None|
|Sao Tome & Principe||97,800 ha|
|Saudi Arabia||977,000 ha|
|Sierra Leone||2,726,000 ha|
|Solomon Islands||4,297,600 ha|
|South Africa||9,241,000 ha|
|South Korea||3. 97M ha|
|South Sudan||19,166,700 ha|
|Sri Lanka||1,249,300 ha|
|Trinidad & Tobago||226,000 ha|
|United Arab Emirates||317,000 ha|
|United Kingdom||3. 21M ha|
What Countries Have The Best Tree Density?
Another way to categorize countries is tree density. Some studies have even likened GDP with the tree density of a nation. The countries with the best tree density include Finland, Sweden, Slovenia, Taiwan, French Guiana, and Equatorial Guinea.
Tree Density of Finland:
Finland has a tree density of 72 644 trees per square kilometer. Studies also indicated that Finnish forests are denser than most forests of the world. Finland is Europe’s Most Forested Country, with 70% of the country covered with more than 22 Billion trees. Plus, Finland plants 150 Million trees every year, so the numbers will rise.
Tree Density of Sweden:
Sweden has nearly doubled its forests in the past 100 years. Now, 70% of the country is forested, with 69 161 trees spread per square kilometer. Approximately 10% of the world’s timber, pulp, and paper come from Sweden. Plus, the country plants 380 Million plants annually.
Tree Density of Slovenia:
Slovenia’s tree density is 71,131 trees per square kilometer, and 60% of the region is greenery. The Chamois tree and the Linden tree, both abundant across the country, are two significant national symbols. Over sixty forest associations are present in Slovenia- 45% of these grow deciduous trees while 55% grow conifers.
Tree Density of Taiwan:
With a tree coverage of 62,975 trees per square kilometer, Taiwan is home to the famous Money Tree! The money tree doesn’t require a lot of special care but is thought to attract luck and wealth and be an efficient air purifier. Plus, it’s pet-friendly, so occasional snacking by your feline friends won’t harm them- the pets, at least. Now, you might think the legend of the money tree goes back many centuries, but it dates back to the 1980s. A Taiwanese truckdriver planted the tree in his field and managed to multiply it so many times that he quickly became wealthy, hence the name “money tree.”
Tee Density of French Guiana:
French Guiana is home to at least 1500 tree species which provide a density of almost 60,326 trees per square kilometer. One-fifth of the World’s High Biodiversity Wilderness Areas are here. You’ll be surprised to find out that 98.9% of the country is a majorly virgin forest! But where do all the people live? For one, the population is only 294,071 people, and they are in the metropolitan area of the state capital, Cayenne.
Tree Density of Equatorial Guinea:
Equatorial Guinea has a tree density of 61,791 trees per square kilometer. The green part on the country’s flag symbolizes the Silk-cotton tree, also called the “god tree,” under which the first treaty with Spain was signed. An area of 2.5 Million hectares is forested, which accounts for 93% of the country.
What Countries Have The Most Trees Per Person?
“Tree wealth” can also be measured in terms of the most significant number of trees per person. As per the entire world’s population and tree resources, there are 422 trees for every individual. However, as previously discussed, there is a massive disparity in the three populations of different countries. The countries with the best ratio include Canada with 8,953 trees per person, Russia with 4,461 trees per person, and The Central African Republic with 5,152 trees per person. 53.1 Million hectares of Bolivia account for 5,465 trees per person, while Gabon’sdry’ forests spanning 77% of the region constitute 8,131 trees per person.
Moreover, Guyana and French Guiana also have 14,692 trees and 20,226 trees per person, respectively. However, it is essential to note that their populations are less than a million, so such a high number of trees per person is not surprising. On the contrary, India has a whopping 36 Billion trees, but its population is also more than a billion. Hence, every individual would get just 30 trees each. On the other hand, desert countries have little to no trees, and thus in a country like Egypt, there is only one tree per person.
What Countries Have No Trees?
You might wonder if it’s even possible for a country to not have trees, but apparently, it is! According to the World Bank’s definition, there are four countries without any forest at all- Qatar, Greenland, San Marino, and Oman.
Qatar – A True Desert:
Qatar is a true desert in every way- it has a sub-tropical, dry, hot desert climate with very little to no rainfall. Qatar has everything- from futuristic skyscrapers, ultramodern architecture, large reserves of petroleum and gas, and even the world’s greatest airline, yet it has no trees!
But did you know that Qatar is all set on creating the World’s Largest Manmade Forest with over 95,000 trees! Nakheel Landscapes started the project in November 2016 with an area of 12 square kilometers. Trees selected for the project are ones requiring very little water. Furthermore, treated water from the Doha North Sewage Treatment Works Plant will irrigate the forest through a fully automated process.
Greenland Is Not Really Green!
The Green in Greenland and Ice in Iceland should be the other way around because Greenland is icy, and Iceland is beautifully lush! Well, Greenland wasn’t always green. Historians reckon it was very much green and grassy till the summer of A.D. 982, about 2.5 million years ago. As for the name, Erik Red, a murder who had been exiled to the island, named it to encourage settlement in the area.
Does Oman Not Have Any Forests?
According to the World Bank, Oman does not have any forests. But this might be a thing of the past now as the Sultanate plans to plant millions of trees to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. By planting more than half a trillion trees, 205 gigatons of Carbon can be eliminated from the earth! This elimination almost equals half the carbon dioxide produced by the planet since 1960! In light of a potential crisis, the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs, in collaboration with the Petroleum Development Oman, is working on a national initiative to plant 10 Million trees throughout the Sultanate within the next ten years. This goal is also expected to benefit the region regarding biodiversity, wildlife habitat restoration, countering land degradation, and reaping economic benefits.
Faroe Islands- A land of No Trees:
The country doesn’t have any native trees except for a few woody plants. Archeological findings of trees and branches dating back to 2300 BC indicate that some Hazel and Birch trees had inhabited the area before civilization.
Haiti- A Glimpse of What Deforestation Can Do:
Almost 60% of Haiti’s land was covered in trees until 1923, but the country fell prey to massive deforestation. In 1954, Hurricane Hazel drowned the trees on the island, and along with continued deforestation, only 2% of the region still had trees in 2006. The absence of trees meant the lack of tree products, and therefore, Haiti suffered great economic losses due to this environmental negligence. Only about 1% of the area remains forested, and Haiti has been declared one of the world’s most deforested countries.
How Many Trees Will There Be In The World By 2050?
Studies by the Center For Global Development dictate that the world will lose around 1 million square miles of trees to deforestation by 2050. As the world population increases exponentially, we will need more land, agricultural resources, and forest products to meet their demands. By 2050, middle and small economy countries might have only 1% forest coverage, and the number of trees in the world might be reduced to 2 Trillion. On the bright side, though, with the right policies in place and a global collaborative effort, we can potentially manage to turn the tables and get our tree populations back!
How Many Trees Are In The World- Does It Matter?
With all this tree talk, you might think, “Do we need more trees when we’ve been doing just fine till now?” Apart from the apparent reason for needing oxygen to breathe, trees are an asset to humans. They filter our air, block noise pollution, lessen the blow of floods and even prevent soil erosion. Trees improve water quality and act as sponges that collect and filter rainwater before gradually releasing it into streams. Scientists even speculate that planting enough trees can solve global warming and climate change once and for all!
Additionally, like all forms of nature, trees are therapeutic and render certain psychological and health benefits. The Japanese practice of ‘Topiary therapy’ has proven effects like improved heart rate and blood pressure, stress reduction, and an enhanced immune system. Studies from Harvard have even shown that living near trees increases life expectancy. Not to mention the supply of fruits, leafy vegetables, and other healthy yummy goodies we get from trees. Trees just keep on giving and giving and giving- in short, they are irreplaceable, and we can’t afford to lose them!
Can there be life without trees?
If trees disappeared overnight, so would biodiversity, quite possibly including the human race itself! Trees are at the bottom of the food chain- but that doesn’t mean they’re not important! In fact, that makes them all the more important because they provide the energy to be utilized by other organisms and thus, directly fuel the food chain. As Professor Jayme Prevedello puts it, “There would be massive extinctions of all groups of organisms- both locally and globally.” Truth be told, trees don’t need us as much as we need them! Without trees, our planet might not even be able to sustain us anymore!
Still, if we could somehow manage to survive a tree apocalypse, the real question withstands- ‘Would we want to live in a world without trees?’
Can We Run Out Of Trees?
We are not running out of trees, especially as certain countries continue efforts of reafforestation. But that’s not to say that we can’t ever run out of trees! Deforestation is not the only factor contributing to trees’ loss, but some natural wildfires can also cause significant damage. For instance, the Australian fires caused a loss of 21% of trees in the region. The Amazon
Rainforest has also had 44,013 outbreaks in 2020 alone. Some experts have even estimated that the earth could lose all of its trees within 300 years- definitely not something we can ignore!
The bottom line is that while 3 Trillion may seem like a lot of trees to the common man, we can’t afford to go all “that’s a lot of trees!”- because it’s not! If policies to curb deforestation are not effectively implemented, we might not have any trees left to count! So, when our future generations ask, “How many trees are there in the world?” we must make sure they’ll get an answer! The effort needs to be completed today!
Fewer trees are historically cut down in Russia than in the US and Europe
Why Russia has the most trees in the world, how to deal with deforestation and how many trees have been destroyed by people in the history of mankind, says the science department of Gazeta. Ru.
About the massive study that led scientists to map the world's forest density and published an article in the prestigious journal Nature, Gazeta.Ru, was told by its lead author, Yale University professor Thomas Krauser.
“The main thing is to know the height of the flame”
How forest fires are extinguished in Russia and abroad, why water does not help to effectively and quickly put out...
August 27 18:20
— Thomas, how are the forests on our planet?
- Various. Initially, my colleagues and I set ourselves the goal of creating the world's first forest density map. A map like this has helped us gain a more fundamental understanding of what is happening to the Earth, allowing us to predict the future of many species and understand what is happening with carbon sequestration and storage in forests.
And this map also gave us an idea of how many trees there are in the world. And there are about 3. 04 trillion of them.
At the same time, there are 15 billion more trees every year. But the rate of reduction of forest tracts is also high - about 10 billion disappear every year. And since the appearance of man, about 46% of the forest tracts that covered the Earth's surface have disappeared.
— What are the main causes of deforestation on our planet?
- Initially, the main reason for the disappearance of forests was that people began to engage in agriculture and began to adapt the land for this business. Then industrialization began, and now urbanization is actively going on.
The higher the rate of human activity, the faster the trees disappear. This is an exact rule.
— Which forests are most endangered?
— Most trees are cut down in the tropics. There are almost no virgin forests left on the planet.
The consequences of this can already be seen in northern latitudes.
Regions that historically had the highest rates of production and advanced agriculture experienced the fastest deforestation. So, Europe was originally covered with one giant forest, but for several centuries, little has remained of this forest thanks to people.
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— What is the situation with forests in Russia?
— Russia has more trees than any other country in the world. So, there are twice as many of them as in Canada, which is in second place after Russia in this indicator.
Compared to other forests, historically less forests have been cut down in Russia than in Western Europe and North America. In general, given the scale of Russian forests, it should be noted that they make up a significant part of the global number of forests.
There are also regularities - the closer Russian forests are to city limits, the faster they disappear.
— How can we improve the situation with forests on the scale of Russia and the world?
- The only way to change something is to start gardening. In the long term, this will help not only restore forests destroyed by man, but also somehow compensate for the damage caused by man through new forests. And this will help us not to lose biodiversity in these areas and improve the situation with carbon sequestration and storage.
But that will take a very long time.
— How was the map made?
— We collected data from all over the world, involving scientists who counted the number of trees and forests in their countries. In particular, we were able to obtain information about 429,577 places around the world, as well as understand what is the density of forests in individual countries and around the world. We also used satellite images, which allowed us to clarify the data from scientists.
And this allowed us to develop certain methods. So, knowing that there are always more trees in humid places, we were able to calculate the approximate number of trees in certain areas using the humidity indicator.
We can now make fairly accurate calculations based on the available data and satellite imagery. And this is very useful, because we will definitely not bypass all the forests of the world.
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— Did Russian researchers help you in your work?
— Since vast areas are covered with forests in Russia, we really wanted to get information about the density of Russian forests. Professor Elena Tikhonova from the Center for Problems of Ecology and Forest Productivity of the Russian Academy of Sciences helped us a lot in this.
However, we would like to have access to more information about Russian forests. This would help us to make more accurate calculations concerning Russia.
— Does the difficult political situation affect your cooperation with scientists from Russia?
— Our cooperation with Russian scientists has always been quite good, and communication with Elena Tikhonova can be assessed as very fruitful. The only difficulty is that not all Russian researchers make contact, and this is very important. I hope we will be able to establish cooperation and conduct future research together.
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- Matt McGrath
: she will help you understand the events.
Image copyright, Getty ImagesImage caption,
Many governments have pledged to develop new forests
Large-scale tree planting does more harm than good to the environment and is not very effective in combating climate change, two new studies show.
One study concludes that the grandiose and costly greening commitments made by politicians in many countries could have the exact opposite effect. Excessive forest cover can damage biodiversity, while having a more than modest impact on the absorption of carbon from the atmosphere, for which these projects were announced.
Another study suggests that earlier estimates of the amount of CO2 taken up from the air by new forest plantations turned out to be grossly overestimated.
In recent years, the idea of mass tree planting has become accepted as an easy, relatively inexpensive and effective way to combat global warming. The general conclusion of both scientific papers is that this will not solve the climate problem.
Wanted the best
Previous studies have shown that forest plantations are able to absorb and retain carbon from the atmosphere in incredible quantities. Many countries have launched extensive intensive afforestation campaigns as a key element of their climate change strategy.
Image copyright Cristian EcheverríaPhoto caption
Scientists urge caution against reckless planting of new forests the island has a record number of trees (although this did not help either party win.)
In the United States, President Donald Trump, known for his skepticism about the ability of man to influence global climate processes, nevertheless supported the campaign to plant a trillion trees. A bill to support this idea was submitted to Congress.
Another ambitious project, called the Bonn Challenge, is calling on governments around the world to restore 350 million hectares of deforested and other degraded land around the world by 2030. So far, 40 countries have signed up to this initiative.
However, scientists call for caution and not to be carried away by the reckless planting of new forests.
Image copyright, Getty ImagesImage caption,
Massive campaigns to plant as many trees as possible to influence climate change have been launched in many countries around the world
They draw attention to the fact that under the Bonn Challenge, almost 80% of the greening commitments made so far have been planting mono-crop plantations or a very narrow set of tree species serving utilitarian purposes - fruit growing, rubber production, etc. Further.
The authors of the study took a close look at the mechanisms of financial support provided by governments to private landowners for tree planting.
Such government subsidies are considered a key element of the strategy to help increase forest area significantly.
Image copyright, Getty ImagesImage caption,
Donald Trump supported the trillion tree planting campaign
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As an example, the researchers look at the experience of Chile: from 1974 to 2012, there was a decree subsidizing forest plantations. This experience was perceived by many as an exemplary mechanism for reforestation, capable of serving as an example of policy in this area for the rest of the world.
According to the law, the state reimbursed farmers 75% of the cost of planting new forests.
Although the law did not in principle extend to pre-existing forest areas, weak state control and limited budgets led landowners to simply cut down wild forests and plant plantations of trees in this place that could bring them commercial benefits.
Researchers have found that while subsidizing forest plantations has increased the total area covered by trees, the number of natural forest areas has declined.
Because Chile's natural forests are rich and diverse in flora and fauna and absorb huge amounts of CO2, the government subsidy scheme has done little to help the country increase its natural carbon storage, and has led to a significant loss of biodiversity.
"If policies to promote afforestation are poorly thought out or poorly controlled, there is a significant risk of not only wasting taxpayer money, but also increasing carbon emissions and degrading natural diversity," says study co-author Eric Lambin of Stanford University.
"It's the exact opposite of what it was all about," he adds.
The further into the forest
The authors of the second study tried to find out how much carbon new forest stands can absorb. So far, such calculations have been made on the basis of standard absorption coefficients.
Assuming that this value may vary in different countries, the researchers went to the north of China. Local authorities there have planted a huge number of trees - partly to combat climate change, but mainly to reduce the amount of sand brought by the wind from the Gobi Desert.
After analyzing 11,000 samples of forested soil, scientists found that planting new trees increased organic carbon in low-carbon soils. However, where the soil was saturated with carbon, forest plantations reduced its content.
Photo copyright Robert HeilmayrPhoto caption
Newly planted woodland on Chiloé Island, Chile
This led the study authors to conclude that previous estimates of how much organic carbon could be removed from the atmosphere and stored through tree planting , were apparently overestimated.