How many types of fig trees are there

Popular Fig Varieties | All About Figs

Fig fruit is in the mulberry family. There are some 800 types of figs, genus Ficus, but the most popular fig varieties that we grow for the delicious fruits are all varieties of Ficus carica, the common fig tree.

Most Popular Fig Trees

The edible fig tree types (that is, common fig plant varieties) do not require cross pollination, so you need only one tree to get large fruits. Learn more about why figs do not need require pollination in our Fruit Tree Pollination blog.

Most varieties grow into medium sized trees, usually maxing out around 20 feet tall and 20 feet across. Some varieties are susceptible to hard freezes, sometimes dying back in winter, but returning in spring and even bearing a crop before the growing season ends when producing fruit. They have large root systems so choose a planting site that is permanent.

Figs in a container is a great option if you are in the northern states where you can move it inside or in a greenhouse for the winter!
In colder climates, small fig trees can be grown in containers and kept small by regular pruning. Some people in the northern United States go to great lengths to protect their fig trees in winter. Growing figs in containers is a great option but they really do thrive best in the ground! These trees will get fairly big and need some space to grow and produce the fresh fig fruit.
A breba crop on this kind of fig tree produced figs in early spring
Figs can produce two crops depending on your USDA zone. Figs often bear a first crop in spring on the previous year’s growth called the breba crop. The main crop is born later in the summer or early fall on new growth. The breba crop is much smaller than the main crop and is sometimes destroyed by a late spring frost. Read more about breba crops here.

Figs develop in a multitude of colors including green skinned fruit that ripens into dark purple skin or even brown skin with red flesh or sometimes pink flesh depending on the variety and type of fig tree.

Fig trees are deciduous meaning they lose their leaves in the dormant seasons. Some different types of fig trees are more cold hardy than others. Figs prefer full sun for best fruit production performance and are drought tolerant once established.

There are more than 700 named cultivars of common fig out there. Characteristics of some of the best fig varieties are provided in the table below…

Perfect Plants is proud to offer 5 varieties of fig trees!

Common Fig Tree Varieties

Fig Climate Tree Fruit Main Crop Breba Outer Inside
Cultivar USDA Zones Size Size Season Crop Color Color
Brown Turkey 7-9 large medium late yes, small brownish strawberry red
LSU Purple 7-10 medium medium mid yes reddish purple amber
Black Mission 7-10 large medium-large late yes, small purplish black strawberry red
Celeste Fig 7-10 medium small-medium early-mid yes brownish violet amber
Green Ischia 7-9 small medium mid-late yes, large greenish strawberry red
Chicago Hardy 5-10 medium small-medium late no brownish violet strawberry red
Desert King 7-11 medium medium early yes, large green strawberry red
LSU Gold 7-10 small very large late yes, variable yellow pink
O’Rourke 7-10 medium medium early-mid yes purplish green pink
Kadota 7-10 medium medium mid yes, fair yellowish green amber
Find your zone here

Tree Size

is given as Large = 25’ x 25’ or larger; Medium = around 15’ x 15’; and Small = less than 15’ x 15’. The entries for

Fruit Size


Main Crop Season

are relative; precise numbers will be dependent on local growing conditions and climate. Breba crops vary from year to year, also based on local conditions.

In conclusion, growing figs can be an easy and rewarding fruit tree to have in your garden and landscape. The high yields of these sweet fruits, the low maintenance qualities, and their adaptiveness to many climates makes them a favorite of ours here at Perfect Plants! Check out the Brown Turkey fig and Black Mission fig for the most common edible fig tree varieties grown! Figs are great eaten fresh, as dried figs, in preserves or baking.

Home gardeners rejoice! Go fig or go home!!

We will have a fig grow guide coming soon for more information on how fig trees grow and how to harvest figs.

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

More from: edible fruit fruit fruit trees trees

Back to Blog

18 Fantastic Fig Tree Varieties to Grow at Home ~ Homestead and Chill

Welcome to the wonderful wide world of figs! Fig trees are beautiful and easy to grow at home, and will provide you with bountiful delicious fruit. There are a number of well-known types of figs, along with dozens (if not hundreds) of unique fig tree varieties for you to try. Big trees, little trees, those that thrive in high heat, others that bear best in cooler climates, and some that are exceptionally cold-hardy. Not sure where to start? Read along as we explore 18 fantastic varieties of figs to grow. 

This article will cover the preferred climate, hardiness, growth habits, fruit characteristics, and other unique facts about 18 different types of fig trees. Then you can choose what tickles your fig fancy most! 

Growing Fig Trees

This article is intended to be a follow-up to our “How to Grow Figs” guide. Please check that out here for in-depth information on planting, pruning, fertilizing, overwintering, pests, recipes and more. 

In summary, fig trees are considered subtropical or Mediterranean plants. They generally grow best in areas with long, warm, dry summers and mild winters (zones 7 through 10). However, certain hardy varieties can survive in zones 5 and 6, especially if additional protection is provided over winter. Furthermore, some fig tree varieties are adapted to more humidity or rain. 

Fig trees like ample sunshine, well-draining soil amended with compost or other organic matter, moderate to low water once established, and have modest fertilizer requirements. They can be pruned to maintain a petite size, and also take well to growing in large containers. Fig trees attract very few pests or diseases, making them an all-around low maintenance addition to your garden.

Fig Tree Varieties: At a Glance

Before we go into detail about each type of fig below, here is a quick list of fig varieties grouped by similar ideal growing conditions (though note that many of these can be grown in a wide range of climates too):

  • Best fig tree varieties for cooler coastal climates or the Pacific Northwest: Desert King, Corky’s Honey Delight, White Genoa, Excel, Osborne Prolific, Olympian
  • Best figs for hot dry climates: Penache Tiger Stripe, Black Mission, Violette de Bordeaux, Brown Turkey, Peter’s Honey, Ronde de Bordeaux, Yellow Long Neck
  • Figs that grow well in the South or humid climates: LSU Gold, LSU Purple, Celeste, Kadota, Peter’s Honey, Violette de Bordeaux
  • Most cold-hardy fig varieties: Chicago Hardy, followed by Celeste, Olympian, Brown Turkey, Peter’s Honey and Desert King

Fig Tree Size & Containers

In the fig descriptions below, you’ll see growth habits and average mature tree size for each variety listed. Note that is the size the tree will reach if left unpruned and in the ground. Since figs take kindly to pruning, every variety can easily be maintained smaller than the sizes listed! Visit our fig grow guide for more information about pruning. Growing figs in containers will slightly constrict their growth and therefore naturally lend to a more petite tree as well. When growing figs in containers, we recommend choosing dwarf and semi-dwarf fig tree varieties when possible.

Figs & Cold Hardiness

Also listed below are the USDA hardiness zones and minimum temperatures that each type of fig can withstand. The zone range provided applies to trees planted in the ground. Unlike those planted in the ground, container tree roots are less insulated, leaving them more vulnerable and less hardy. Therefore, potted fig trees must be brought inside and/or protected during freezing conditions. 

Additionally, you can push the limits and grow a particular variety of fig in lower zones than those listed by keeping it in a container and protecting it over winter. Bring potted fig trees indoors or to another sheltered location such as a shed, garage, basement, or other place it will be protected from freezing. 

Furthermore, keep in mind that established fig trees are more cold-hardy than saplings. Offer young trees additional winter protection with deep mulch, frost blankets, and/or the shelter of a nearby wall or fence. 

Last but not least, rootstock is more resilient to the cold. In extreme freezing events, a fig tree may lose limbs or appear to die above ground, but the roots should survive and produce new growth come spring. Keeping this in mind, cold-climate gardeners may want to choose fig tree varieties that bear a good main crop, since extreme cold may kill last year’s wood growth and the associated breba crop.

Chicago Hardy figs from Fast Growing Trees

Breba Crop versus Main Crop

Fig trees often produce several crops per year. Some varieties are renowned for their main crop, while others produce an especially impressive breba crop. Some do a little of both! Breba figs are the fruit that grow on the previous year’s wood and ripen early in the season, generally in spring to early summer. The main crop develops on the new branches grown the same year, and ripen in late summer to fall. 

Where to buy fig trees?

We like to buy fig trees from our local nurseries. In addition to supporting local small businesses, they usually stock fig varieties that grow well in our area! They’ll often special-order certain varieties we’re interested in when they’re not in stock too. Yet when we’re on the hunt for a particular cultivar that is hard to come by, we don’t shy away from online retailers as well. Fast Growing Trees, Four Winds Nursery, Monrovia, Nature Hills Nursery, Peaceful Valley, and Stark Brothers are a few reputable places to buy fig trees online. 

Now without further ado (and in no particular order), let’s dig deeper into our featured figs!


1) Black Mission

Zones: 7-10 

Cold-Hardy to: Down to 10 to 15°F for short periods of time.  

Growth Habits: Moderate and spreading growth, 15 to 30 feet tall and wide.

Fruit Characteristics: Black Mission figs bear medium to large purplish black fruit with strawberry jam colored flesh and sweet berry-like flavor. 

Breba or Main Crop: Light breba crop with heavy main crop 

Other Unique Facts: Black Mission is the most popular fig tree variety grown in California, as it produces best in hot and dry climates.

Buy Black Mission fig trees online from Fast Growing Trees or Nature Hills Nursery

Black Mission Figs from Fast Growing Trees

2) Brown Turkey

Zones: 7-10

Cold-Hardy to: Brown Turkey fig trees will need protection (e.g. frost blankets) when temperatures reach 10°F, and is slightly more cold-hardy than Black Mission.

Growth Habits: Moderate growth rate, reaching 10 to 20 feet tall and wide

Fruit Characteristics: Brown Turkey figs are medium in size, and have brownish rusted purple skin with light pink-amber flesh inside. Their flavor is described as quintessentially “figgy” with mild sweetness reminiscent of melon and honey, but less complex or intense than many other fig varieties. 

Breba or Main Crop: Brown Turkey fig trees boast two crops per year, with a large breba crop in late spring and a main crop in early fall.

Other Unique Facts: The main crop is reported to be much more sweet and flavorful than the breba crop. The figs are prone to splitting at the bottom when they’re ripe and ready to harvest, revealing some of the flesh. 

Buy Brown Turkey fig trees online from Fast Growing Trees or Nature Hills Nursery

Brown Turkey figs from Fast Growing Trees

3) Celeste

Zones: 6-10

Cold-Hardy to: Withstands temperatures down to 10°F when planted outside. Celeste fig trees are considered one of the more cold-hardy fig varieties.

Growth Habits: Dwarf fig variety. Trees will grow 5 to 10 feet tall and wide when mature.  

Fruit Characteristics: Small to medium sized fruit. Bronzed purple skin color with reddish pink flesh. Also known as the “Sugar Fig”, Celeste figs have a light refreshing berry flavor, chewy texture, and crunchy seeds – great for fresh eating or preserving.

Breba or Main Crop: Very light breba crop with most fruit production coming during the main crop

Other Unique Facts: Celeste figs usually ripen earlier in the season than many other fig varieties, and can bear fruit in the first year of growth. They’re also known for being especially prolific, packing on a lot of fruit on compact trees. Between their exceptionally large leaves and “closed eye” feature (on the bottom end of the fig), Celeste fig trees have increased resistance to pests, disease, humidity, and splitting when ripe. 

Buy Celeste fig trees online from Fast Growing Trees or Nature Hills Nursery

Celeste Figs, available from Fast Growing Trees

4) Penache Tiger Stripe

Zones: 8-10

Cold-Hardy to: The Panache Tiger fig is best-suited for climates with hot summers, warmer winters, and is not as cold-hardy as other fig varieties (down to about 15°F for short periods of time). Does very well in the southwest. 

Growth Habits: A semi-dwarf fig tree variety that reaches 12-15 feet at maturity.

Fruit Characteristics: Panache Tiger Stripe figs are incredibly striking and unique, with green and pale yellow striped skin and dark red flesh. Once ripe, they boast a ripe strawberry and raspberry flavor with jam-like consistency. Top-notch for fresh eating, dried figs, or preserves.

Breba or Main Crop: Late-ripening main crop. 

Other Unique Facts: Panache Tiger Stripe figs require a long, warm growing season. During that time, they develop a high sugar content that makes them so delicious!

Buy Penache Tiger Stripe fig trees online here

Tiger Stripe Figs from One Green World

5) Desert King aka King

Zones: 6-10

Cold-Hardy to: down to 5°F once established

Growth Habits: Fast-growing compared to other fig tree varieties, and can grow to 15 to 25 tall and wide.

Fruit Characteristics: A green-skinned or “white” fig that stays green as it ripens. Because of this, we find the birds are less attracted to pecking at the ripe fruit. Bears very large fruit with green to pale yellow skin and exceedingly sweet, juicy berry-flavored reddish pink flesh.

Breba or Main Crop: Desert King is known for its exceptional breba crop, with a possible small main crop in warm regions.

Other Unique Facts: Despite it’s dry heat-invoking name, Desert King figs thrive in cool climates – making it a favorite fig variety in the Pacific Northwest. It reliably bears good fruit in the rain, and also grows well in coastal or high-elevation regions. We love our Desert King here on the foggy Central Coast of California!

Buy Desert King fig trees online here

One of the largest Desert King figs we’ve ever grown

6) Kadota

Zones: 7-9

Cold-Hardy to: Generally hardy to 15°F, though the rootstock of in-ground trees may overwinter outdoors down to 5°F in zones 5 and 6 with proper winter protection – such as a sheltered planting location, use of frost blankets, and deep mulch.

Growth Habits: Moderate growth rate, reaching 15 to 25 feet

Fruit Characteristics: Fruit are small to medium in size with yellowish green skin and amber colored flesh. Ripens in the fall. The fruit becomes increasingly sweet with hot summer weather. With a slightly coarse texture, Kadota figs are ideal for drying, canning, or preserves.  

Breba or Main Crop: Main crop producing with little-to-no breba crop

Other Unique Facts: Kadota is the fig variety used in the classic chewy Fig Newton cookies! It’s also known to have good humidity tolerance. 

Kadota Figs

7) Violette de Bordeaux 

Zones: 7-9

Cold-Hardy to: 5°F

Growth Habits: Violette de Bordeaux is a semi-dwarf fig tree variety that is great for small spaces. It can reach 10 to 12 feet if planted in the ground, but is container-friendly where the size can be further managed.

Fruit Characteristics: Small purplish black fruit with red pulp and a luscious complex berry flavor. Excellent for fresh eating, baking, or preserving.

Breba or Main Crop: Both, but with a heavier main crop.

Other Unique Facts: Violette de Bordeaux is known to have one of the most sweet and rich flavor profiles of all the fig varieties! Thrives in dry heat as well as humidity, though fruit may crack more in wet conditions.

Buy Violette de Bordeaux fig trees online here

Violette de Bordeaux figs

8) Chicago Hardy

Zones: 5-10

Cold-Hardy to: One of the more cold-hardy fig varieties. While the branches may die off during such extreme cold, the rootstock can survive down to negative 20 degrees F!

Growth Habits: Compact bushy growth and container-friendly. Mature trees reach 10 to 12 feet.

Fruit Characteristics: Chicago Hardy figs are medium size and have burgundy purple skin with light pink flesh. The flavor is light, sweet, and strawberry-like, described as “fruity berry” (rather than deeply rich or complex).

Breba or Main Crop: An early producing main crop (late summer to early fall) with a very light or lacking breba crop – especially if the old growth was hit by extreme cold the previous winter.

Other Unique Facts: Chicago Hardy figs are prized for their cold-hardiness, easygoing nature, versatile fruit use (great fresh or preserve) and also their abundant yield! Mature Chicago Hardy figs can bear upwards of 100 figs per season.

Buy Chicago Hardy fig trees online from Fast Growing Trees or Nature Hills Nursery

Chicago Hardy figs from Fast Growing Trees

9) Excel

Zones: 7-10

Cold-Hardy to: Down to 5°F when provided extra winter protection. Like Desert King, the Excel fig variety is well-adapted to a wide range of climates and produces sweet fruit even in areas with cooler summers.

Growth Habits: 12 to 20 feet, most commonly maxing out at 12 to 15 high and wide at full maturity 

Fruit Characteristics: Medium to large sized yellow-green fruit with amber pulp. Very sweet, rich, delicious honey flavor. The fruit are resistant to splitting as they become ripe, even under adverse conditions. 

Breba or Main Crop: Two crops per year, with a light breba crop and more robust main crop.

Other Unique Facts: Dubbed one of “the best all-around white fig varieties”, Excel is actually a fairly new type of fig – created as a hybrid from Kadota figs in 1975. 

Buy Excel fig trees online here

Excel Figs, available from Nature Hills Nursery

10) Corky’s Honey Delight

Zones: 7-10

Cold-Hardy to: 5°F

Growth Habits: A semi-dwarf fig tree variety, growing up to 10 to 12 feet.

Fruit Characteristics: The green skin changes to a light yellowish green when ripe and has amber pink colored flesh. Living up to its name, the flavor is delightfully sweet with notes of honey.

Breba or Main Crop: Known for two bountiful crops per year, a strong breba and main crop. 

Other Unique Facts: The Corky’s Honey Delight fig variety was bred and created by Monrovia. This is one of our personal favorite types of figs; we’ve planted several!

Corky’s Honey Delight figs (with some Desert King in background too) from our trees on the Central Coast of CA.

11) White Genoa

Zones: 7-9

Cold-Hardy to: Rootstock hardy down 5°F

Growth Habits: Semi-dwarf fig variety growing 12 to 15 feet

Fruit Characteristics: Very large fruit with yellowish-green skin and light honey yellow to rose colored pulp. Wonderful sweet honey berry flavor, excellent for fresh eating but also great for preserving. 

Breba or Main Crop: Light breba crop with heavier main cop

Other Unique Facts: This fig tree variety tends to be a heavy and consistent bearer, even from a young age. White Genoa grows and ripens best in cooler coastal or temperate climates. It’s not recommended to grow in hot humid environments since the fruit has a large open “eye” on the bottom that leads to easy spoilage in wet summer conditions.

12) Peter’s Honey 

Zones: 6-10

Cold-Hardy to: 5°F

Growth Habits: Medium growth rate. Some sources say Peter’s Honey is a semi-dwarf fig variety and reaches 12 to 18 feet tall, while others claim it may grow to 15 to 25 feet tall with a 12 to 15 foot spread. Either way, it is known to be container-friendly.

Fruit Characteristics: Medium-size, round figs with greenish yellow skin and amber colored flesh. Reliably bears very sweet, tender, high quality fruit with a syrup-like honey flavor. Superb for eating fresh.

Breba or Main Crop: Produces two crops per year

Other Unique Facts: Native to Sicily, this fig variety ripens best in climates with warm summers. Temperate coastal zones can create warmer microclimates by planting the tree along a sunny south-facing wall or fence. 

Buy Peter’s Honey fig trees online here

Peter’s Honey figs from Mountain Figs

13) LSU Gold

Zones: 8-11

Cold-Hardy to: 15 to 20°F

Growth Habits: Fast-growing, medium-size tree that will reach 8 to 15 feet tall and 8 to 10 feet wide

Fruit Characteristics: Very large fruit with light yellow green skin and a rosy blush, and pink to red inner pulp. Offers a richly sweet flavor and is excellent for fresh eating, drying or preserves.

Breba or Main Crop: Main crop, ripening in midsummer

Other Unique Facts: Grows especially well in the Southern US. Known to be a heavy producer. This fig tree variety was bred and introduced by the Louisiana State University AgCenter in 2001. Container-friendly and heat tolerant.  

LSU Gold figs from the LSU AgCenter

14) LSU Purple

Zones: 8b-11

Cold-Hardy to: 15 to 20°F

Growth Habits: LSU purple is a smaller fig tree variety, reaching 8 to 10 feet and considered fully mature at 5 years of age. Ideal for containers.

Fruit Characteristics: Medium-sized purple fruit with light raspberry colored flesh. Extra-sweet flavor with hints of caramel, brown sugar, dates and persimmon. 

Breba or Main Crop: May bear up to three crops per year in climates with warm winters – with a light breba crop in spring, the heaviest main crop in summer, and potential small crop in fall through winter.

Other Unique Facts: The LSU purple fig variety was introduced in 1991 by the LSU AgCenter, where it was bred for superior disease resistance and the sweetest fruit possible. Known to produce quality fruit earlier than most fig tree varieties, in the first year or two after planting. Grows very well in the Southeast despite the high heat and humidity.

Buy LSU Purple fig trees online here

LSU Purple figs. Image from the LSU AgCenter. Trees available to buy online from

15) Osborne Prolific

Zones: 7-9

Cold-Hardy to: down to 5°F 

Growth Habits: Moderate growth rate, reaching 12 to 20 feet tall and wide

Fruit Characteristics: Medium size bronzed purple fruit with honey amber flesh. Delicate figgy flavor with notes of caramel, sweet berry and honey. Said to be pleasantly moist but not as juicy as some fig varieties.

Breba or Main Crop: Modest spring breba crop with a heavier main crop in late summer or fall

Other Unique Facts: As its name suggests, this fig tree variety has a reputation for being a prolific producer. Also happily grows in cooler coastal climates and can bear fruit in partial shade.  

Buy Osborne Prolific fig trees online here

Osborne Prolific figs, available to from Nature Hills Nursery

16) Yellow Long Neck

Zones: 7-10

Cold-Hardy to: Down to 5 to 10°F  when provided extra winter protection.

Growth Habits: One of the most petite fig tree varieties on this list, ranking in at only 4 to 8 feet tall on average.

Fruit Characteristics: Large round figs with a long neck, bright yellow skin, and light amber colored flesh. With it’s very thin skin and luscious honey flavor, Yellow Long Neck is considered to be one of the finest figs for fresh eating by fig connoisseurs. 

Breba or Main Crop: Both breba and main, offering two crops per year

Other Unique Facts: Yellow Long Neck figs can grow nearly as large as a tennis ball in size! This fig variety was first discovered at the San Diego Botanic Gardens. Fruits best when it receives at least 8 hours of sun.

Yellow Long Neck figs from Urban Tropicals

17) Olympian

Zones: 6-10

Cold-Hardy to: Down to 5°F ; an extra-hardy fig tree variety for both cold and coastal climates. Once established, the rootstock can survive down to zero degrees, though the above-ground growth will die back. It will re-grow in the spring and bear fruit the following summer.

Growth Habits: Compact size and shape, reaching 6 to 10 feet

Fruit Characteristics: Striped green and purple skin with red to violet flesh. Very large fruit, thin skin, and exceptionally sweet flavor.

Breba or Main Crop: Two good crops per year. The breba crop is known to be especially cold-hardy and withstand temperatures in the teens, providing a late spring harvest. Main crop harvest in late summer to fall. 

Other Unique Facts: The Olympian fig variety was first discovered in Olympia Washington by a retired biologist Denny McGaughy.  

Buy Olympian fig trees online here

Olympian fig from LeBeau Bamboo Nursery

18) Ronde de Bordeaux

Zones: 6-10

Cold-Hardy to: Rootstock hardy down to 5°F , winter protection recommended for zones 6-7

Growth Habits: 8 to 15 feet, usually grows in a bushy shape with long finger-like leaves.

Fruit Characteristics: Small to medium fruit size with dark purple skin and bright reddish pink flesh. Rich sweet flavor with notes of grape, strawberry, molasses, or syrup.

Breba or Main Crop: Produces an earlier main crop than most fig varieties. The breba crop is not noteworthy.

Other Unique Facts: This fig variety is similar to the more well-known Violette de Bordeaux, but bears slightly smaller and lighter-colored fruit. “Ronde” means round in French, as the fruit is exceptionally spherical and plump. Highly sought-after fig variety and reliable producer for cool-climate gardeners.

Ronde de Bordeaux figs courtesy of Galgoni

And that concludes this exploration of 18 fantastic fig varieties to grow.

Now that we’re all officially craving sweet and juicy fresh figs… I hope you discovered a few new fig varieties, and feel excited to expand your fig tree collection at home! Or, did I miss any of your favorite fig varieties? Please drop a comment and let us know below! Also feel free to Pin or share this article if you found it valuable. Don’t forget to check out the accompanying fig grow guide for more tips. We appreciate you tuning in!

Keen on growing figs? You may dig these too:

  • How to Grow Pineapple Guava (Feijoa): Cold-Hardy Tropical Fruit
  • How to Grow Purple Passion Fruit vs Maypops
  • Growing Avocados: Varieties, Climate, Planting & Care
  • 20 Awesome Avocado Varieties (Type A & Type B Avocados)
  • How to Grow Turmeric in Containers, in Any Zone

Varieties of figs with photos and descriptions

Choosing which fruit tree to plant on the site, you can stop at Figs . This culture, whose homeland is the territory of Asia Minor and the Mediterranean, is one of the most ancient fruit trees on earth. Many varieties of are available for its cultivation, so choosing one of them and growing it on the site will not be difficult. How to do it right, I hasten to tell you today.

Different methods are used to grow the plant:

  • cuttings;
  • seed sowing.

It should be planted in an area where lime is desired. This ensures good fruiting. The best soil options are light, warm, clayey, deep, evenly moist soils of medium density.

Varieties of Figs

In total, there are more than 1000 varieties of plants. During the fruiting period, it is strewn with fruits of different sizes and shapes, colors and tastes. These parameters vary depending on the plant variety. They differ in both yield and fruit ripening time. I propose to consider the most famous types of Figs below.

Crimean Black

This variety of European origin belongs to self-fertile and early-growing species, it can be grown outdoors with cover. A tree up to 3 meters high brings a crop 2 times - in July and early autumn. To achieve high yields allows:

  • pruning;
  • crown formation.

The first harvest is fruits weighing about 80 g, the second time they grow smaller, have a black-violet hue of the peel, and taste with sourness.


A self-fertile variety that produces twice a season. The first time the fruits are large, up to 180 g in weight. They are pear-shaped and have a grey-green skin tone. Inside the fruit - sweet, sour, reddish flesh. Bushes give a good harvest from the third year of life.

Since Fig Dalmatian tolerates temperatures down to -15 degrees, it can be considered frost-resistant. It is the best among other varieties in terms of taste characteristics.

Sukhumi violet

This variety bears fruit 2 times a season:

  1. for the first time at the end of August;
  2. the second time - in early November.

Brown-violet elongated fruits appear on the trees by this time. Inside they have juicy, sweet, red-orange flesh. The average weight of the fruits of the first harvest is 80 g, the second -50 g.


A variety that is considered the most frost-resistant, because it can withstand temperatures as low as -27 degrees.

It is a self-fertile tree that produces twice a year. The first time a small amount of large fruits weighing about 200 g appears. The second time smaller figs grow. They are pear-shaped and have a characteristic light green hue. Inside the fruit you can see raspberry, juicy and tasty pulp.

Brunsvik fig has a large growth, to adjust the size at the level of 2 meters the bush is cut. At the 5th year of life, it is cut at the root to ensure good yields in the future.


Self-pollinating and fast-growing variety, its fruits grow twice a season. They have a pear-shaped, rounded shape, and are distinguished by a light green tint. Their average weight is 60 g. Inside the fruit is bright pink, sweet pulp.

The crop is characterized by good transportability over long distances. It is considered frost-resistant, because it can withstand temperatures down to -10 degrees, with further cooling it needs shelter.

White Adriatic

This self-fertile variety was bred in the Nikitsky Garden, it does not need additional pollination, it produces a crop 2 times a season. The fruits are distinguished by:

  • oval shape and flat top;
  • weighing up to 60 g;
  • pink, sugary pulp;
  • yellow-green skinned.

The culture is resistant to gray rot, its fruits are well preserved due to the thick skin.

San Pedro Black

An ancient self-fertile species native to Spain. The fruits of a tall tree are distinguished by the shape of a beveled egg, they are up to 10 cm in diameter.

The fruit is characterized by a sweet, pinkish flesh with an almost black skin. They appear twice a season.


Self-fertile, one of the sweetest varieties. It differs:

  • small size;
  • thermophilic;
  • unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil.

The fruits of the bush are distinguished by a light green shade of the peel. They do not appear all together, so the harvesting process continues from June to October. From one bush up to 3 m high it is possible to get up to 80 kg.


  1. Figs are a fruit crop known to mankind since ancient times. Her homeland was the territory of Asia Minor and the Mediterranean Sea. This is a heat-loving plant that propagates by cuttings or by sowing seeds. For good fruiting, you need to plant it on the site with the addition of lime.
  2. Today there are more than 1000 varieties of culture. They differ in size and color, shape and taste characteristics of the crop. The timing of fruit ripening also differs.
  3. Among all types of culture it is worth noting the Crimean Black, Dalmatian and Brunsvik. San Pedro Black and many other varieties of Figs are also popular. Which one to choose for planting on the site can be determined taking into account the climate of the region and the requirements of a particular variety for growing conditions.

Liked the article? Share it:

The most productive varieties of figs for household plots

For many centuries the fig tree was considered a symbol of prosperity, peace and eternal life. More than a thousand varieties of this culture are known. They differ in the taste of fruits, their shape and yield, characteristics of frost and drought resistance, requirements for agricultural technology. Consider those varieties of figs that are most popular among amateur gardeners. 9Ol000 black - unpretentious and high-yielding

  • Video about the Crimean black fig
  • Brunswick fig - the most frost-resistant
    • Video: Brunswick figs
  • White Adriatic fig - small and bold

    This variety is widespread in many countries. It gained popularity thanks to the Nikitsky Garden, which from the 30s to the 60s was intensively engaged in its cultivation. He also distributed seedlings and donated them to various scientific institutions. It is also known as Sochi. Well suited for outdoor cultivation with advanced technology.

    White Adriatic is considered self-fertile and does not require additional pollination

    White Adriatic is considered self-fertile and does not require additional pollination, but in its presence the quality and quantity of fruits increases. Fruiting - 2 times a year. The fruits are small, up to 60g, have an oval shape with a flat top. The flesh is pink, very sweet, the skin of the fruit is yellow-green.

    Video: fig variety White Adriatic

    The peculiarity of this variety is resistance to gray rot, good preservation for a long time, and all this is due to the thick skin.

    Dalmatian - the best table variety

    Dalmatian or Turkish white variety. It is one of the best among table varieties of early ripening. Refers to self-fertile, bears fruit 2 times per season. Its peculiarity is that at the first harvest the fruits reach a very large size - up to 180g. Trees give a rich harvest after three years.

    The plant can withstand temperatures ranging from 0 to -15 C. That is why Dalmatian figs can be called frost-resistant. The fruits are pear-shaped, the skin is gray - green, the flesh is reddish, juicy, sweet with a slight sourness. In terms of taste, it is considered the best.

    The plant is quite resistant to temperatures ranging from 0 to -15 C

    Did you know that among all dried fruits, the first place in terms of fiber content belongs to figs? Therefore, it is recommended for use to normalize the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, this unique fruit contains a lot of potassium, which is good for the cores. A rich enzyme composition allows you to normalize the work of the liver, stomach and kidneys. In terms of iron and calcium content, amazing figs are also significantly superior to other fruits and are recommended for nutrition with iron deficiency anemia and for patients during the recovery period after operations and injuries.

    Video: Dalmatian fig

    Kadota fig is good for harvesting

    This self-pollinating variety has gained particular popularity in California. Later it spread to many countries of the world. Refers to self-fertile and fast-growing varieties. Fruits reach a weight of 60g. The shape of the fruit is pear-shaped, slightly rounded, light green in color. The flesh of the fruit is bright pink, juicy, sweet. The variety is well transported over long distances.

    The fruits tend to wither directly on the tree, good for jam, jam and drying.

    Fruits of the Kadota variety tend to wither directly on the tree, good for jam, jam and drying.

    Did you know that regular consumption of figs paralyzes the reproduction of cancer cells and promotes the regeneration of the retina? But it is not recommended to use it for diabetics, patients with metabolic disorders and obese, because the fruit has a high sugar content.

    Crimean black - unpretentious and high-yielding

    Scientists of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden distinguish the variety among other samples by its European origin. Refers to early and self-fertile varieties. The Crimean black fig gives a harvest twice a year. When caring for trees, it is recommended to pay special attention to pruning and crown formation. The variety responds well to this procedure and gives a high yield annually.

    When caring for trees, it is recommended to pay special attention to pruning and crown formation.

    Ripening time is extended. The fruits of the first harvest are rounded figs of medium size. The second harvest is characterized by smaller black fruits with a purple tint. The taste of the fruit is sour, which makes the variety unique and in demand. Great for making jams and drying. It is Crimean Black that is perfect for planting in open ground covering structures.

    Video about Crimean black fig

    Brunswick fig is the most frost-resistant

    This variety is also called Chapla or Buzoy Burnu. Refers to self-fertile. The first harvest forms a small number of fruits. But they are large, reaching two hundred grams. The second harvest pleases with a large number of smaller figs. The fruits have a light green color with a raspberry core. The variety has proven itself with excellent taste and frost resistance down to -28°C.

    Brunswick Figs are popular all over the world

    Sometimes in markets and fruit shops you may be offered to buy royal figs. There is no such variety in the register. Most often, this is the name of large-sized fruits with a dark blue or purple skin color. Such a name is not evidence of a variety, but an indicator of quality.

    Video: Brunswick figs

    The fig is one of the most ancient fruit crops on Earth, and in our latitudes it is more often found in winter gardens or grown as a houseplant.

    Learn more