How many types of palm trees in florida


31 Types of Palm Trees in Florida (With Pictures and Names)

Tropical palm trees are one of the identifying features of the Florida skyline. Several types of palm trees are native to Florida and grow throughout the state. Many Florida palm trees are tall and majestic and grow near beaches, along roads and in parks. There are also some small and dwarf palm trees native to Florida that are ideal for residential garden landscapes.

Because of the diverse growing zones in Florida, it’s vital to identify the right kind of palm tree for your area. Some Florida palm trees are cold hardy and can withstand some light frost. However, other palms native to the “Sunshine State” only grow in southern Florida, where it’s warm and humid throughout the year.

This article is a guide to identifying the most common palm trees that grow in Florida. Pictures of Florida palm trees along with descriptions of the leaves, trunks, and growth habits will help with palm tree identification.

Growing Zones in Florida

Florida is divided into USDA growing zones 8 – 10, with the Florida Keys being in zone 11.

The northern parts of Florida are in zone 8a, where temperatures can drop as low as 15°F (-9°C) in winter. So, you need to find cold-hardy Florida palms to grow in the northern part of the state.

Miami is in zone 10, where minimum temperatures are between 30°F (-1°C) and 40°F (4°C). Palms need to survive short bouts of cold temperatures but thrive in warm summers.

Palms for Growing in Florida

Florida has some of the best conditions for growing palm trees. Palms tend to thrive growing in sandy soil where the climate is hot and wet in summer and cool and dry in winter.

In northern Florida, temperatures in winters can drop below freezing, and there can be some frost on the ground. Palms native to Florida, such as Pindo palm, dwarf palmetto, Sabal palmetto, and the needle palm all grow well in zones 8 through 11 and are cold hardy.

Cold hardy palms also grow in the southern part of Florida around the Miami area. But native palms such as the royal palm tree and silver palm, which are cold sensitive, will only grow in south Florida.

Florida Palm Tree Facts

Twelve species of palm trees are native to Florida. Some of the most common native Florida palms are cabbage palms, needle palms, royal palms, and silver palms. However, you’ll also see many imported palms growing in different areas of Florida.

Palms belong to the family Arecaceae and are identified by their long thick stems and crown of arching fronds (branches). Some of the most towering Florida palms can grow up to 100 ft. (30 m) tall. The smaller or dwarf native Florida palms can be as short as 20 ft. (6 m)—relatively small for a palm tree.

Types of Palm Trees in Florida (With Pictures) – Identification Guide

Let’s look in more detail at the identifying features of many palms commonly grown in Florida. In this list, you’ll find native Florida palm trees and popular palms that have been imported from other countries.

Dwarf Palmetto (

Sabal minor)

Dwarf palmetto is miniature palm tree that is cold hardy

Dwarf palmetto palm has large fan-shaped leaves, short fat trunk, and smooth branches. As its name suggests, this is a small species of palm, and it doesn’t usually grow taller than 3 ft. (1 m). Being a cold-hardy Florida palm, the dwarf palmetto can survive temperatures as low as 0°F (-18°C).

This dwarf palm is suitable for residential garden landscapes in zones 7 through 10.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: Green fronds identify the dwarf palmetto in the shape of a fan growing on a short, smooth trunk.

Needle Palm (

Rhapidophyllum hystrix)

The cold hardy needle palm looks like a palm bush and is a Florida native palm

The needle palm is more of a short or mini bushy palm rather than a tall, majestic tree. You can identify this native Florida palm by its thick trunk and fronds growing in a fan shape that creates a rounded crown on the palm. The needle palm, native to Florida, is one of the hardiest palms in the Sunshine State. Hardy to 5°F (-15°C), it thrives in zones 6 through 10.

This small hardy palm tree grows between 3 and 4 ft. (1 – 1.2 m) tall.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: Identify the short needle palm by its clumping growth of fan-like leaves, stout trunk, and rounded growth.

Scrub Palmetto (

Sabal etonia)

Scrub palmetto is a short palm native to Florida and is cold hardy

Identifying features of the scrub palmetto are its fan leaves growing at the top of a solitary thin stem. This short palm tree is only native to Florida. Although the trunk can grow up to 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall, it is often entirely below ground. The spiky frond palm leaves are suitable for ground cover.

A cold-hardy Florida palm tree grows in USDA zones 8a through 11 and can survive temperatures as low as 10°F (-12°C).

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The scrub palmetto is identified by thin yellowish-green blades growing in the shape of a fan with a slightly curved growth.

Saw Palmetto (

Serenoa repens)

The small saw palmetto tree is suitable for limited spaces

The saw palmetto Florida palm’s identifying features are its fan-like leaves, sharp spiky branches, and yellowish-white flowers. This is a relatively cold-hardy plant that grows throughout Florida and reaches heights of between 7 and 10 ft. (2 – 3 m). Palm fruit consists of big dark red drupes. This Florida palm is cold hardy to 20°F (6°C) in zones 9a through 11.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: Identify the saw palmetto palm tree by a crooked stem, large leaves with a fan-like appearance, and sharp branches.

Sylvester Palm (

Phoenix sylvestris)

Sylvester palm is a cold hardy and slow growing tree

The Sylvester palm—or silver date palm—is widespread in Florida landscapes, although it’s not native to the state. The medium-sized palm tree has a fat trunk that resembles a pineapple’s skin. The palm ranges in size from 13 ft. to 50 ft. (4 – 15 m) and has a leafy crown that’s 32 ft. (10 m) broad and the same tall. Sylvester palms are drought-tolerant, slow-growing, and very cold-hardy.

Sylvester palms grow in all parts of Florida in zones 8b through 11

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The Sylvester palm is identified by sharp, stiff, pointed leaves, a rough fibrous trunk, and a vast bushy palm crown.

Keys thatch palm (

Leucothrinax morrisii)

The Keys thatch palm is native to the Florida Keys and can vary in size depending on growing conditions

The key thatch palm (also named brittle thatch palm) has fan-shaped (palmate) leaves growing on a single long stem. The leaves have long leaflets up to 2.5 ft. (0.7 m) long and are a pale yellowish-green or bluish-green color. Depending on the growing conditions, this Florida palm can be small-growing to only 3 ft. tall (1 m), or a tall, elegant palm tree growing over 36 ft. (11 m) tall.

The key thatch palm is tolerant of wind and some frost and is cold-hardy to 30°F (-1°C), thriving in zone 9b.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The keys thatch palm is identified by its sizeable spiky foliage growing on multiple branches, a fibrous trunk, and small white fruits.

Florida Thatch Palm (

Thrinax radiata)

Florida Thatch Palm is grown in South Florida and is identified by its skinny trunk

The Florida thatch palm has a single slender trunk and crown of palmate leaves. These cold-sensitive palms grow well in coastal regions and are excellent for garden landscapes or growing in containers. The slow-growing southern palms grow up to 20 ft. (6 m) tall. Grows in USDA zones 10 through 11, so suitable for growing in south Florida.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The Florida thatch palm tree is a species of skinny palm tree with between 10 and 20 green palmate leaves forming a canopy.

Bismarck Palm (

Bismarckia nobilis)

The small Bismarck palm tree has beautiful silvery gray foliage and is cold sensitive

The Bismarck palm is not native to Florida, but it’s one of the most sought-after palms in the southern states. The spectacular palm is easily recognizable by its short, fat, fibrous trunk and showy display of huge silvery-gray fronds. This is a type of small palm tree that grows up to 20 ft. (6 m) tall. The palm leaves can grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) broad and the rounded crown can be over 22 ft. (7 m) wide.

This cold-sensitive plant only grows in the south of Florida in zone 11.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The Bismarck palm is identified by its massive silvery crown of palm leaves and a fat, rough trunk.

Florida Silver Palm (

Coccothrinax argentata)

The native Florida silver palm is a type of slow growing palm tree

The Florida silver palm’s identifying features are its slender, smooth trunk, dark blue-green leaves with a silver underside, and globose purple palm fruits. This small native Florida palm grows to between 6.5 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m).

The Florida silver palm is a type of small palm tree that grows in southern Florida in zones 10b through 11.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: A single smooth upward-growing trunk identifies the Florida silver palm tree. Also, look for palmate compound silvery-gray leaves, giving the palm crown a globular appearance.

Paurotis Palm (

Acoelorrhaphe wrightii)

Paurotis palm is a small to medium sized tree with fanning fronds

The fanning leaves of the Paurotis palm make this species of Florida palm easy to identify. Its slender trunk with fibrous growth identifies the Paurotis palm. With its thin trunk and fanning leaves, the paurotis palm has a skimpy look. This Florida palm tree grows in zones 9 through 11.

The palm tree is also called the everglades palm, Madeira palm, and Cubas palm. It’s a small to moderately tall species of palm tree growing between 16 and 23 ft. (5 – 7 m).

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The paurotis palm is identified by its light green-colored fronds that fan out, giving the slender palm a spiky appearance.

Alexander Palm Tree (

Ptychosperma elegans)

Alexander palm is medium-sized tree suitable to grow in south Florida

The Alexander palm is a small to medium sized palm tree popular in Florida’s garden landscapes where it thrives in warm tropical conditions. Multi-stemmed species of this palm have smooth, thin stems that are self-cleaning. The pinnately compound fronds can grow up to 8 ft. (2.4 m) and appear at the end of the long straight stem. Depending on where it grows, the medium-sized Alexander palm tree grows to between 20 and 40 ft. (6 – 12 m).

Ideal for growing in zone 11, the palm is hardy to 40°F (4.5°C). The palm tree also has names such as elegant palm, Solitaire palm, and cabbage palm—although not to be confused with the tall Sabal palmetto palm tree.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The Alexander palm tree is identified by a smooth, slender gray stem that bulges at the base. Look for pinnate leaves that have an arching growth. Bunches of red palm fruits also help identify the Alexander palm tree.

Buccaneer Palm (

Pseudophoenix sargentii)

Buccaneer palm is medium sized tree which is slow growing and cold sensitive

The buccaneer palm also goes by the name Florida cherry palm. The medium-sized Florida palm can grow up to 26 ft. (8 m) tall and is identified by its long arching fronds and swollen smooth trunk with ringed patterns. The long branches of this slow-growing graceful palm spread out in a flat pattern like a fan. The cold-sensitive palm grows well in zones 10a through 11.

If you like the look of buccaneer palm, you can also grow it in a container and move it indoors during the winter.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The buccaneer palm is identified by its slightly bulging trunk with ring markings and long branches up to 10 ft. (3 m) in length that arch out creating a wide canopy.

Related: Indoor Palm Plants: Types and Care

Foxtail Palm (

Wodyetia bifurcata)

Foxtail palm is a medium sized tree suitable to grow in Southern Florida

The foxtail palm is native to Australia, but it’s a popular species of palm in Florida. The medium-sized palm tree is identified by its arching fronds growing from the top of the silvery-white trunk. The palm gets its name from its branch growth that resembles a fox’s tail. The foxtail palm is a fast-growing palm tree similar to the massive royal palm.

Thriving in zones 10b and 11, the popular Florida palm will only grow in the southern areas of the state. The medium-sized palm grows up to 30 ft. tall (9 m).

Florida Palm Tree Identification: Identify the foxtail palm by its bushy arching fronds, branchless smooth columnar trunk that is white with ringed patterns.

Queen Palm (

Syagrus romanzoffiana)

The Queen palm is a popular ornamental fast growing tree

The Queen palm is an ideal plant for ornamental Florida gardens in zones 9 through 11. The medium-sized palm tree quickly reaches heights of up to 50 ft. (15 m). The long, pinnate leaves have hundreds of leaflets that are about 1.5 ft. (50 cm) in length, giving the palm’s crown a bushy appearance.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The queen palm is identified by its single smooth trunk, glossy bright green leaves, drooping canopy, and golden orange palm dates.

Chinese Fan Palm (

Livistona chinensis)

The Chinese fan palm is a cold hardy decorative tree

The Chinese fan palm is a beautiful tall palm tree that is ideal for ornamental gardens in Florida. These hardy palms thrive in all parts of Florida. Their identifying feature is the drooping fan leaves that create a fountain-like look. The tall, straight trunks and spreading crown grow up 50 ft. (15 m) tall.

Chinese fan palms are cold hardy to 20°F (-12°C) and are suitable for zones 9 through 11.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: Identify the Chinese fan palm by its fan-shaped leaves with an arching growth habit that creates a bushy, drooping crown.

Canary Island Date Palm (

Phoenix canariensis)

Canary Island date palm is a tall and cold hardy tree

The Canary Island date palm is a popular sun-loving palm tree for the south coast. The tall palm eventually grows up to 66 ft. (20 m) high—making it too tall for most residential Florida garden landscapes.

The fat palm tree has a rough straight bronze-colored trunk that has a large bulge at its crownshaft. The pinnate arching leaves grow from a central spot at the top of the long trunk. Suitable for growing in zones 8a through 11 and cold hardy to 10°F (-12°C).

Florida Palm Tree Identification: The Canary Island date palm is identified by its tall upright trunk, with a crown of stiff, sharp leaves, and clusters of palm fruits—bunches of orange-yellow dates.

Ribbon Fan Palm (Livistona decipiens)

The ribbon fan palm is slow growing and commonly found in south and central Florida

The ribbon fan palm is native to Australia but popular in southern and central parts of Florida. The ribbon fan palm tree is identified by its single, upright straight trunk that has a smooth finish. This palm gets its name from the fan-shaped leaves that split into long drooping ribbons. The ribbon fan palm is a slow-growing palm that eventually reaches 60 ft. (18 m).

The ribbon fan plant is suitable for growing in Florida USDA zones 9 through 11.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: Identify the ribbon fan palm plant by its graceful ribbon-like fronds that create an umbrella type of bushy palm crown.

Cabbage Palm (

Sabal palmetto)

Cabbage palm is a tall cold hardy tree native to Florida

The cabbage palm (sabal palmetto) is a tall palm native to Florida and is also the state tree of Florida. The cabbage palm tree has bronze and gray-colored fibrous trunk, fan-shaped leaves, and rounded crown on the top of a long single trunk. An identifying feature of this Florida palm is the brown-colored dead palm leaves hanging at the base of the crown.

The cabbage palmetto palm grows up to 65 ft. (20 m) and grows in zones 8 through 11. Hot, humid summers ensure the ‘Floridian’ palm survives winter temperatures down to 9°F (-12°C).

Florida Palm Tree Identification: Identify Florida’s state palm with the trunk that is smooth and gray at its base, before becoming bronze and rough due to old leaves petioles.

Florida Royal Palm (

Roystonea regia)

The tall Florida royal palm can reach up to 66–98 ft. (20–30 m)

The Florida royal palm is a tall palm tree native to southern Florida and is commonly seen along roads and in parks. The tree is identified by its thick, bulging smooth trunk that is a whitish-gray color. Another identifying feature is the smooth green part of the stem called the crownshaft. The pinnate palm leaves grow up to 13 ft. (4 m) long.

The royal palms are among some of the tallest palm trees that grow in the south of Florida. The regal-looking palms grow in zones 10a through 11 and are cold hardy at 26°F (-3°C).

Florida Palm Tree Identification: To identify the Florida royal palm, look for the green crownshaft near the arching leaves. Also, the thick, fat, tall, straight trunk is a grayish color with rings on it.

Coconut Palm (

Cocos nucifera)

Coconut palms are popular trees in south Florida and thrive in warm tropical conditions

Coconut palms are a popular species of palm tree in Florida that has long curving smooth stem growing up to 100 ft. (30 m) tall. The pinnate leaves grow at the very top of the palm tree and create an arching crown. Of course, another identifying feature of the palm genus Cocos is the fact the fruit is coconuts, not juicy dates.

These cold-sensitive palms grow better in the southern part of Florida in zones 10a and 10b.

Florida Palm Tree Identification: Identify coconut palms by their smooth gray trunk that has a large bulge at its base. The pinnate leaves can grow up to 20 ft. (6 m) long.

King Palm / Bangalow Palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana)

King palm is a tall tree with a slender trunk that grows well in Florida

The king palm tree is a popular palm that thrives in Florida’s humid subtropical climate. The fast-growing palm tree has a single, erect, brownish-gray trunk, arching evergreen fronds, and an attractive crown. Also called the Bangalow palm, the palm is identified by its masses of round red fruits that grow in long dangling clusters.

The king Palm grows around 65 ft. (20 m) tall and 10 to 15 ft. (3 – 4.5 m) wide. The crown consists of 15 to 20 palm fronds measuring up to 15 ft. (4.5 m) long with around 100 to 150 leaflets on each stem.

Florida palm tree identification: The king palm has an identifiable straight, slender grayish trunk slightly wider at the base. Arching green fronds create a spray of foliage at the crown shaft.

Red Latan Palm Tree (Latania lontaroides)

Red latan palm grows in southern Florida and is a medium sized slow growing palm tree

The red latan palm is a slow-growing tropical palm that thrives in Florida’s southern coastal regions. The palm has identifiable ridged fan-shaped light green fronds with a whitish sheen. The upward growing fronds create a large, rounded crown with a spiky appearance. In spring, small yellow flowers bloom, followed by brownish-green palm fruits.

Red latan palm trees thrive in USDA zones 10 through 12. Growing in full sun, the large palm reaches 30 to 40 ft. (9 – 12 m) tall with a rounded crown measuring up to 20 ft. (6 m) wide. Each frond measures 8 ft. (2.4 m) wide, consisting of stiff leaflets growing on 5 ft. (1.5 m) stems.

The common name red latan comes from the reddish frond stems and leaflets that grow on immature red latan palm trees.

Florida palm tree identification: The red latan palm is easy to recognize in Florida. Its distinctive, red-tinged leaves turn green and have a silky, silvery appearance.

Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis)

Fishtail palm is a multi-stemmed tree with distinctive leaves

The fishtail palm is a multi-stemmed plant identified by its unusual bipinnate leaves with leaflets in the shape of a fish’s tail fin. The clustered stems grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a spread of 10 ft. (3 m) wide. The fishtail palm has leaves measuring 10 ft. (3 m) long.

The clustering fishtail palm produces attractive creamy-white flowers in spring that look attractive among the glossy feathery green fronds. Then after blooming, the flowers give way to dark red to purplish poisonous fruits.

In Florida, you will typically find the multi-stemmed fishtail palm growing in wooded areas and hummocks.

Florida palm tree identification: The easiest way to identify the fishtail palm is by observing its ruffled fronds. Each shiny green leaflet is a triangular shape with serrated margins that look like the tail of a fish.

Montgomery Palm (Veitchia arecina)

Montgomery palm is an attractive tall Florida palm tree with a slim trunk and beautiful crown

The Montgomery palm is a tall, slender palm tree characteristic of Florida’s landscapes. Each palm tree has a straight, erect grayish smooth trunk with a crown of long, pinnate fronds measuring up to 10 ft. (3 m). The arching fronds emerge from the whitish crown-shaft. Montgomery palms grow 80 ft. (24 m) tall.

Montgomery palm trees are classed as one of the ten Great Palms for Florida. In spring, the solitary palms bloom with clusters of greenish-white flowers on 3 ft. (1 m) long stems. After blooming, the palm tree produces clusters of red palm fruits 1” to 2” (2.5 – 5 cm) long.

Florida palm tree identification: The Montgomery palm is an easily identifiable Florida palm due to its slender, grayish long trunk, a beautiful crown of arching pinnate fronds, pale green crown shaft, and red fruits.

Red Sealing Wax Palm / Lipstick Palm (Cyrtostachys renda)

Red sealing wax palm is a small tree with distinctive red stems that adds color to Florida gardens

The red sealing wax palm is an eye-catching palm tree in Florida landscapes due to its brightly-colored, red crown-shafts. Also called the lipstick palm, the colorful tropical palm has smooth red stems and dark green palmate leaves with stiff leaflets that grow upward. In gardens, lipstick palms grow 10 – 20 ft. (3 – 6 m) tall.

Red sealing wax palms are multi-stemmed trees with slender trunks. The smooth stems emerge red and turn green as the palm tree grows. However, the bright red crown-shaft remains at the top of the palm. The lipstick palm blooms with small greenish flower stalks before producing inedible oval black fruits.

Florida palm tree identification: The red sealing wax palm has multiple stems, each with an unmistakable scarlet-colored crown-shaft, making the palm tree easy to identify. The upward growing stiff, slender leaflets create an irregular spiky crown.

Arikury Palm (Syagrus schizophylla)

Arikury palm is a dwarf tree suitable for small gardens in Florida

The arikury palm is a perfect small accent palm, ideal for compact Florida landscapes. The super-long palmate fronds extend directly from the ground and clump together into a tree-like plant. The long fronds measure 4 to 6 ft. (1.2 – 1.8 m) long and have an arching and drooping habit.

The attractive arikury palm grows up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) high with a spread of 10 ft. (3 m). The identifying feature of this Florida palm is its distinctive toothed petioles. Unlike other ornamental palms in Florida, the arikury palm lacks a smooth crown-shaft.

Other characteristics of the arikury palm are 2 to 3 ft. (0.6 – 1 m) flowering stems with golden yellow flowers, yellow or orange fruits measuring 1” (2.5 cm) long, and a shaggy-looking trunk.

Florida palm tree identification: The arikury palm is easy to identify in the landscape due to its low height, short trunk consisting of multiple stems, and long arching dark green palmate fronds.

European Fan Palm / Mediterranean Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilis

The Mediterranean dwarf palm has few trunks and is small enough to suit many gardens in Florida

Also called the Mediterranean fan palm, the European palm is a shrub-like palm tree growing between 10 and 20 ft. (3 – 6 m) tall. The stumpy, short palm has a thick, spiny trunk, fan-shaped silvery-green stiff, pointed leaves growing up to 5 ft. (1.5 m) long.

The hardy multi-stemmed Mediterranean fan palm tree is popular for planting in gardens in Florida. The slow-growing palm creates an attractive focal point or corner accent. Its jagged robust stem, fan-shaped palmate evergreen leaves, and compact growth are suitable for small garden landscapes.

Florida palm tree identification: The growth traits of the European fan palm are blue-green, or silver rounded fan-shaped fronds, clumping thick stems covered in jaggy spines, and sharp needle-like spines on the petioles.

Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii

The pygmy date palm is a small palm tree with spiky trunk that is commonly used in Florida landscaping

The pygmy date palm Tree has a single shaggy trunk, a gracefully rounded arching crown of drooping fronds, and black oval palm fruits. The bright green palmate leaves grow up to 4 ft. (1.2 m) long and have sharp spines at the petiole’s base. Creamy-white flowers and black fruits grow on 1 ft. (30 cm) long stems.

When planted in clumps, the trunks tend to curve gracefully away from the center of the plant, creating an especially attractive arrangement.

Pygmy date palm is one of the most widely used palms in landscaping in Florida. The single-trunk palm tree is typically planted with three to five pygmy date palms in a garden landscape. However, not only is the date palm stunning as a focal point in a landscape setting, but it also looks great in a container.

Florida palm tree identification: The pygmy date palm looks like a miniature Florida palm tree with a stumpy short trunk. The palm has a distinctive bushy crown made of feathery palmate leaves over 3 ft. (1 m) long.

African Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis)

Oil palm fruits are commonly used in oil production

The African oil palm is a single-stemmed palm with a slender greenish-brown upright trunk, huge pinnately compound leaves, and large clusters of red oily plum-sized fruits. In the landscape, an African oil palm grows over 66 ft. (20 m) tall and has a broad, spreading crown consisting of arching palmate leaves 16 ft. (5 m) long.

African oil palms are principally grown for their palm oil and are one of the world’s most oil-producing plants. The orangey-red palm fruits grow in bunches weighing between 11 and 66 lbs. (5 – 30 kg).

In addition to the red palm fruits, other recognizable features of the African oil palm are its vase shape, clusters of pale-yellow flowers, and a knobby trunk.

Florida palm tree identification: The African oil palm is identified by its grayish trunk covered in triangular woody ridges. The beautiful shape of the palm tree is due to its upward arching pinnate fronds and colorful fruits dangling in large clusters.

Parlor Palms (Chamaedorea elegans)

The Parlor palm is a small low maintenance tropical palm tree. It is also considered to be one of the lucky plants according to the Feng Shui

The parlor palm is a small shrub-like palm tree characterized by clumping cane-like stems growing from the ground. The palm’s identifying features are dark green pinnate leaves measuring 18” to 24” (45 – 60 cm) with slender lance-shaped leaflets growing alternately. Additionally, golden yellow flowers and small fleshy black fruits grow on the palm.

The parlor palm thrives in USDA zones 10 to 12. In a subtropical garden landscape, the leafy palm shrub may grow around 7 ft. (2.1 m) tall in partial shade to full shade. In early spring, small golden yellow ball-shaped flowers appear, followed by dark palm fruits.

Parlor palms are also popular indoor palms for growing as a houseplant. The easy-to-grow potted palm thrives in normal indoor conditions. The arching evergreen fronds can add natural color to any indoor space. And they have the added advantage of helping to purify household air.

Florida palm tree identification: The parlor palm is a tropical plant with slender green stems, a bushy rounded crown, and crescent-shaped compound palmate leaves.

Lady Palm (Rhapis excelsa)

The lady palm is a multi stem tree that you can grow at home

The lady palm is a spreading shrub-like palm tree with a clustering habit. The large palmately dissected glossy dark green leaves are fan-shaped with three to ten leaflets on a leaf. The bushy palm plant grows between 6 and 15 ft. (1.8 – 4.5 m) and forms a rounded leafy mound in a landscape.

Rhapis excela is also called the clustered finger lady leaf palm. This common name is due to the finger-like narrow leaflets that droop gracefully from long erect reed-like stems. This palm is also called the bamboo palm because of its woody straight stems.

The lady palm is cold-hardy in USDA zones 9 through 11 and is used as an outdoor landscaping plant throughout Florida. The advantage of growing a lady palm is that it’s incredibly tolerant of deep shade and is resistant to drought.

You can also grow a lady palm as a container plant to add greenery to shaded rooms where other plants would struggle due to a lack of sunlight.

Florida palm tree identification: The lady palm is identified by several slender grayish trunks covered in light brown fiber. This medium-sized palm has fan-shaped dark green leaves divided into slender pointed fingers.

  • Find out many other indoor palm plants and how to care for them.
  • Discover the most amazing small or dwarf palm trees.

Related articles:

  • Types of Palm Trees
  • The Best Flowering Trees in Florida

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34+ Types Of Palm Trees In Florida With Pictures

When it comes to palm trees, there is one other palm paradise aside from California and that would be Florida. You would find a dozen palm tree species in Florida alone. Each palm species is distinguishable in terms of height, leaves, trunks, and growth habits. In this post, we shall square everything that we need to know about the types of palm trees in Florida. 

If for some reasons you are curious about what palm trees grow in Florida for landscaping and other purposes, this is the post for you so read on. 

In this article:

  • How many kinds of palm trees are in Florida?
  • What are the 12 native palm trees in Florida?
  • How do I identify a palm tree in Florida?
    • Stems
    • Fronds
    • Fruits
    • Trunk
    • Flowers
    • Height
  • Types of palm trees in Florida
    • 1. African Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis)
    • 2. Alexander Palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae)
    • 3. Areca Palm (Dypsis lutescens)
    • 4. Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia nobilis)
    • 5. Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe Lagenicaulis)
    • 6. Buccaneer Palm (Pseudophoenix sargentii)
    • 7. Cabbage Palm (Sabal Palmetto)
    • 8. Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix Canariensis)
    • 9. Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona Chinensis)
    • 10. Christmas Palm (Adonidia merrillii)
    • 11. Coconut Palm (Cocos Nucifera)
    • 12. Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis)
    • 13. Florida Silver Palm (Coccothrinax argentata)
    • 14. Florida Thatch Palm (Thrinax radiata)
    • 15. Foxtail Palm (Wodyetia bifurcata)
    • 16. Keys thatch palm (Leucothrinax morrisii)
    • 17. Latania Palm (Latania lontaroides)
    • 18. Mexican Palm Tree (Washingtonia Robusta)
    • 19. Montgomery Palm (Veitchia arecina)
    • 20. Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix)
    • 21. Parlor Palms (Chamaedorea elegans)
    • 22. Paurotis Palm (Acoelorrhaphe Wrightii)
    • 23. Piccabeen Palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana)
    • 24. Pindo Palm (Butia Capitata)
    • 25. Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii)
    • 26. Queen Palm (Syagrus Romanzoffiana)
    • 27. Red Sealing Wax Palm (Cyrtostachys renda)
    • 28. Ribbon Fan Palm (Livistona decora)
    • 29. Royal Palm (Roystonea regia)
    • 30. Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)
    • 31. Scrub Palmetto (Sabal etonia)
    • 32. Silver Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia nobilis)
    • 33. Sylvester Palm (Phoenix sylvestris)
    • 34. Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus Fortunei)
  • FAQs
    • Why are there no coconuts on palm trees in Florida?
    • What is the most expensive palm tree in Florida?
    • How long do palm trees live in Florida?
    • What is the fastest growing palm tree in Florida?
    • What city in Florida has the most number of palm trees?
    • Which other US states have the most number of native palm trees?
    • What are the most famous landscape palms in Florida? 
  • Conclusion

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How many kinds of palm trees are in Florida?

Right now, we are looking at more than 30 species of palm trees in Florida thanks to the rise of tourism and the hotel industry. But really, there are just 12 native palm trees which originated in Florida. All else come from Southeast Asia and South America. Nonetheless, the many unique palm species found in Florida makes it a legitimate palm tree state. 

What are the 12 native palm trees in Florida?

With the many palm trees in Florida, these 12 palm tree species are the only ones considered as true Florida palm. Some species are still contested as Florida natives because they could also be seen as endemic in Australia and Asian countries. Nonetheless, here is a list of the ‘listed’ native palm trees in Florida.  

  • Dwarf palmetto 
  • Scrub palmetto
  • Saw palmetto
  • Needle palm
  • Sylvester palm
  • Keys thatch palm
  • Florida thatch palm
  • Florida silver palm
  • Paurotis palm
  • Alexander palm tree
  • Cabbage palm
  • Florida royal palm

How do I identify a palm tree in Florida?

There are some specific identifiers that would help you identify a palm tree. Here are some of the characteristics that you should look for to identify a palm tree. 

Stems

A palm tree would have an unbranched stem with old leaf bases on the trunk called fronds. They are bushy, large leaf bases on the palm stem. Coconuts do not have this, so it is a strong palm identifier. 

Fronds

Different species of palm trees have different frond appearances. Pinnate (feather-like) fronds are seen in date palm, coconut palm, Areca palm, and Queen palm. Palmate (fan-shaped) fronds can be found in Mexican and Chinese fan palm, Windmill palm, and Bismarck palm. 

Fruits

Some palms do not have fruits, but most have one. They bear coconuts, betel nuts, or even acai berries. If you find any of these in a palm like tree, that is a palm.

Trunk

The trunk of palms usually looks like a cluster of wood in a crisscross manner or in a manner that makes it look like woven wood. The trunk’s surface is spiney or rough at the base and becomes smoot as you reach the top. Others have straight trunks while others would have tapered ones. 

Flowers

Palm trees grow flowers discreetly. They come in white, white and grayish colors. Some come with scents while others do not. When you spot a flower on a palm, it means that it will grow coconuts after. 

Height

Dwarf species of palm have a minimum height of 10ft while others could grow to as high as 100ft. 

Types of palm trees in Florida

There are more than 30 species of palm tree that are now endemic in Florida. But if you are looking at some of the most famous Florida palm trees, here is a list of what you could commonly see when you drive-by or fly-in to Florida. 

1.

African Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis)

This one is more than just an ornamental palm. Up to this day, the African oil palm is a steady source of palm oil, supplying the world’s population with oil that we use in the kitchen. It is also culturally significant in many African tribes.

It grows in between 20-60ft. It produces tiny flowers that will grow into red oval fruits at 4cm in size. The red fruit turns black when ripe and is oily. This is where the oil palm is extracted. 

2.

Alexander Palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae)

This small to medium size palm is a famous choice in warmer Florida landscapes. It has a smooth trunk, multi-stemmed with a middle bulge, and has a unique self-cleaning nature. Its leaves are pinnate with an arching growth habit. Its fronds can grow to up to 8ft with a height in between 20-40ft. It is relatively cold hardy, thriving even at 4C. 

3.

Areca Palm (Dypsis lutescens)

This one is a very popular indoor palm but is now considered as an endangered species. It highly resembles bamboo, which grows at a clumping manner. It has a smooth trunk, sometimes golden in color.

It has slim and narrow fronds. Arecas grows slowly and are best planted during spring and are best grown in containers. It grows at 10-30ft in height and 8-15ft in width. 

4.

Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia nobilis)

This is not a Florida native but it is one of the seasoned palm choices for southern states. It is distinct for its short, rough, and fibrous trunk accompanied by a silver-gray frond and a silvery, bushy crown. Its palmate leaves can extend to up to 10ft, and a crown cover of up to 22ft. In terms of height, it could grow to up to 20ft. 

5.

Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe Lagenicaulis)

This one gets its name from its bottle shape trunk. So, although it is a small sized palm, it looks wide and bulky. This makes it unique from the spindle fan palm with a swelling in the middle.

The bottle palm is just 10ft in height and four, large, arching pinnate leaves that can grow to at a maximum of 12ft. The bottle palm can be grown in a container so you can keep it indoors during winter. 

6.

Buccaneer Palm (Pseudophoenix sargentii)

This palm is also called the Florida cherry palm and is considered as a medium sized palm growing at a maximum of just 26ft. It is identifiable for its long fronds with that grows in an arching habit. The trunk is swollen but smooth and its surface has ringed patterns. It can be grown in containers so it could be taken indoors during winter. 

7.

Cabbage Palm (Sabal Palmetto)

It is also called the swamp palm or blue palmetto. It is native to the Bahamas, Cuba and in Florida. As a matter of fact, it is the state tree of Florida. It stands high at 65ft. It is salt, drought and snow tolerant.

It is loved because it is practically disease-free. It is distinguishable for its tan trunk with old leaf bases and crisscross patterns which become smooth and gray in color as it goes top. Its leaf is fan-shaped at the tip, with white and fragrant flowers and black, edible fruits. 

8.

Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix Canariensis)

It is a flowering palm and is also called as pineapple palm. As the name suggests, it is native to the Canary Islands. Its trunk looks like a large pineapple that can grow to up to 30ft in diameter.

Its height can reach to 65ft, a spread of 40ft and dark green pinnate leaves that grows long at 20ft. It has sharp pines by its base so be careful down there. It grows ornamental white-gray flowers and yellow, edible fruits after bloom time. 

9.

Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona Chinensis)

It is naturalized in South Florida but is a native of China, Japan, and Taiwan. It is grown at a regulated rate, however, because it is fast-growing, and it is considered as invasive in some Florida towns.

It can grow to up to 50ft with a spread of 12ft. It has a bluish-green leaf that grows long at 6ft, round and segmented. It produces yellow flowers and blue-green to black fruits after it blooms. 

Related: Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) Care

10.

Christmas Palm (Adonidia merrillii)

This one is another beautiful dwarf palm specie which upscales any ornamental garden. As a matter of fact, it is considered as the most popular dwarf palm out there. Its max height is 25ft distinguishable for its upward arching, large pinnate leaves. It is called the Christmas palm because it produces bright red fruits during the winter. 

Related: 23+ Different Types Of Christmas Trees With Pictures

11.

Coconut Palm (Cocos Nucifera)

This one is fondly called as the ‘tree of life’ and we all love its fruit because it gives healthy juice and an even healthier flesh. It is the symbol of island life. It is one of the most grown palms in Florida growing at a maximum of 80ft.

It can also be grown in containers growing at 20ft. It often has a bushy top containing 30 pinnate leaves and at least 200 leaflets. It only takes 4-6 years for one to harvest coconuts. 

12.

Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis)

This one gets its name from its shaggy leaves that look like a fishtail. It is drought-tolerant, growing in between 8-20ft at a width of 10-35ft. It is low maintenance, with leaves that are blue-green in color with shiny undersides. It thrives well in subtropical to tropical climates.  

13.

Florida Silver Palm (Coccothrinax argentata)

This is a small type of palm endemic in southern Florida. It has a single, slender, and smooth trunk growing in between 6-20ft. It has beautiful deep blue-green leaves that are silver underneath. It also produces inedible purple palm fruits. 

14.

Florida Thatch Palm (Thrinax radiata)

This slender palm is unique for its crown of fan-shaped, palmate leaves. It is a slow-growing palm which can grow at 20ft. It thrives best in subtropical climates making it a good ornamental, container palm for landscapes in South Florida. It can also thrive in coastal regions and in colder climates. 

15.

Foxtail Palm (Wodyetia bifurcata)

It might be an Australian native but it is endemic in Florida. It is a medium-sized palm with a distinguishable slivery-white trunk with arching fronds. It gets its name from the branch growth habit resembling a foxtail. It is fast-growing and can be mistaken for the royal palm. It could grow to up to 30ft. 

16.

Keys thatch palm (Leucothrinax morrisii)

This is also called as the brittle thatch palm which can be identified with its spiny, fan-shaped leaves extending from multiple branches but from a single stem. It is also known for its fibrous trunk and tiny, white fruits. It is a Florida native growing in between 3-36ft. It is cold-hardy as it could thrive on temperatures that are as low as -1C. 

17.

Latania Palm (Latania lontaroides)

This one is all over south Florida with leaves that look a lot like those of Bismarck’s. The leaves are silver-green, with a coarse texture and an upward growth habit. The fronds are fan-shaped that could grow to up to 15ft, and a height that is in between 20-30ft. It is more famously known as the Latan palm found in coastal parks because of its high salt tolerance. 

18.

Mexican Palm Tree (Washingtonia Robusta)

It is also called as the Mexican washingtonia. It is distinct for its palmate fanned leaves which grows at 3ft, leafy top foliage, and narrow, long trunk. At maximum, it grows tall at 82ft. It grows dates-like fruits that are edible but not as nutty as the real dates. 

19.

Montgomery Palm (Veitchia arecina)

It originated in Vanuatu with a moderate drought tolerance. It is a fast-growing palm with a slim trunk that resembles the Christmas palm. It has reduplicating, pinnate leaves, with a drooping nature. It grows a lot in southwest Florida, with feathered fronds and grows in between 25-25ft. 

20.

Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix)

The needle palm is a bushy small to medium sized palm that is perfect as ornamental palm for landscapes. It is native to Florida and is considered as one of the hardiest palm species in the state. It is unique for its fan-shaped fronds creating a round crown at the base of the tree. It also has a notable thick trunk and grows at only 4ft tall.  

21.

Parlor Palms (Chamaedorea elegans)

This one is categorized as an indoor palm because of its small size. It has slender stems resembling a reed. Each stem contains 6-7 pinnate leaves that can look bushy. Overall, it grows to just about 9ft. when grown outdoors and 6ft when grown in a container indoors. It is also a very low maintenance palm that can survive in dark spaces. 

22.

Paurotis Palm (Acoelorrhaphe Wrightii)

This one is native to Central America and Mexico. In Florida, it grows near swamps because it loves dense and sandy soils. The fronds alone can grow to up to 30ft with beautiful fan shaped leaves extending at 3ft.

The trunk is unique for its fibrous mats of red-brown color. The leaves are deep green in color with a silver glow underneath. It grows fruits but they are not edible. 

23.

Piccabeen Palm (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana)

This Australian native is also called the Bangalow palm or King palm. It blooms attractive purple flowers and produces red fruits that are important to wildlife balance because they are well-loved by birds. It has leaves and branches that look like coconut palm and could grow at up to 60ft. It is multi-trunk and is moderately cold hardy but extremely wind tolerant. 

24.

Pindo Palm (Butia Capitata)

It is one of those cold-hardy palms and is also called a jelly palm. It is a slow-growing palm species with a max height of up to 20ft. They make beautiful ornamental palms.

Aside from that, they are also low maintenance as it thrives in all types of soils and in partial shade. It blooms red, yellow, and white flowers and produces orange to brown fruits that are harvested to make jellies, hence, the name jelly palm. 

25.

Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii)

True to its name, this small palm grows at 10ft max. It is identifiable for its long and bushy pinnate fronds and its single stem. The fronds are also arching down. It is a valuable ornamental tree that is perfect for subtropical gardens because they can also grow in containers. It produces date-like fruits but are not edible. 

Related: Pygmy Date Palm (Phoenix roebelenii) Care

26.

Queen Palm (Syagrus Romanzoffiana)

This ornamental palm is a native of South America. It is a fast-growing, single trunk palm which grows at up to 50ft. The leaves are glossy, pinnate shapes, forming multiple leaflets on the crown. It has a shade cover of 25ft making it a good landscape tree. It blooms flowers during the summer, followed by yellow, sticky fruits. 

27.

Red Sealing Wax Palm (Cyrtostachys renda)

This one gets its name for its red stems, a green sock-like structure at the bottom and an emerald green casing on top where the leaves start to extend out. It grows in between 30-45ft and thrives well in tropical to subtropical climates. 

28.

Ribbon Fan Palm (Livistona decora)

True to its name, this palm is identifiable for its ribbon-like leaves, dropping down and forming an umbrella-shaped, bushy crown. It is native to Australia but is endemic in central and southern Florida. It grows in a single stem, and a smooth trunk that grows straight. 

29.

Royal Palm (Roystonea regia)

It is perhaps, the most famous palm tree in the world. This low maintenance palm can survive for up to 100 years and could tolerate various climate conditions. The leaves are curved and its trunk is ringed. It could grow in between 45-90ft with a trunk that grows to up to 18ft. They are generally located in the coastal areas of central and southern Florida. 

30.

Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)

This one is unique for large, fan-shaped leaves, spiky branches, and a unique crooked stem. It is a medium sized palm growing at just 10ft. It grows all around Florida and is relatively cold hardy as it could tolerate temperatures of up to 6C. It blooms yellow-white flowers and dark red palm fruits. 

31.

Scrub Palmetto (Sabal etonia)

The best identifier of a scrub palmetto would be its fan-shaped leaves branching out from a single, thin stem. This species is only native to Florida and a cold-hardy species that can tolerate temperatures at -12C. It is identifiable for its yellow-green, fan-shaped leaves and a curvy growth habit which makes it a good ground cover. It is a small sized palm growing at just 7ft.  

32.

Silver Bismarck Palm (Bismarckia nobilis)

It was named after the first German Chancellor and native to Madagascar. It naturalized well in Southern Florida because it loves moderately moist and well-draining soil. It grows at 40ft and a thick trunk at 18-inches. It has beautiful silver green leaves that can grow at 4ft long. It is low maintenance for landscapes because it is a slow-growing palm. Once the roots are established, it can tolerate colder temperatures (up to -9.5C). 

33.

Sylvester Palm (Phoenix sylvestris)

This one is native in Asian countries such as Pakistan, India, and Nepal. It is the cousin of the Canary Island palm. It grows to a maximum of 50ft. Smaller varieties can grow to just 13ft. It is distinguishable for its large, pinnate, and arching leaves growing out from a single stem. 

34.

Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus Fortunei)

The windmill palm is an Asian native (specifically in China and Japan). It is considered as one of the hardiest palm tree species. It has a palmate, fan shaped leaves extending out in random directions, resonating a windmill. It grows up to 66ft, with a long and slender trunk. 

FAQs

Why are there no coconuts on palm trees in Florida?

There are some palm trees that grow coconuts. The tropical climate of Florida allows coconuts to thrive. But the reason why they are no longer that visible in Florida is because of the whitefly attacks on palm trees in Florida. 

What is the most expensive palm tree in Florida?

Coco de Mer palm tree is not just the most expensive palm tree in Florida but is also considered as the most valuable palm tree in the world. It grows to up to 110ft and requires 40 years of growth before it could produce flowers. A 6ft Coco de Mer palm tree cost $330 and up. 

Related: How Much Do Palm Trees Cost?

How long do palm trees live in Florida?

Depending on the species, palm trees in Florida live at an average of 80 years. Some hybrid types can live to up to 40 years only while hardy types could live to up to 100 years and more. If you want to see some of the oldest palm trees in Florida, head to Naples, the palm tree capital of Florida. 

What is the fastest growing palm tree in Florida?

It is the Carpentaria palm. It is the fastest-growing palm tree in Florida, reaching full maturity in just 5-6 years. It is a medium-sized palm and is the cousin of the Veitchia species. Both are native to Australia but have long been naturalized in South Florida. 

What city in Florida has the most number of palm trees?

Naples, and we have mentioned it previously. According to official reports, Naples has more palm trees than other tree species. For instance, in 2018, it has been reported that this Florida city only has 7,000 hard and softwoods compared to its 13,000 palm trees. 

Which other US states have the most number of native palm trees?

There is no contestation that Florida has the most native palms but the notable honorable mentions for this list would be: 

  • Texas
  • California
  • Hawaii
  • Arizona
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • North and South Carolina

What are the most famous landscape palms in Florida? 

When it comes to this category, we are only looking at five: the Pygmy date palm, the Areca palm, the Christmas palm, the Foxtail palm and the European fan palm. 

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Conclusion

Palm trees are extraordinary ornamental plants. There are a lot of reasons why it is found in many parts of the world, even naturalized in regions where it is not expected to grow and thrive. As far as Florida is concerned, it is one of the states where you could find the most majestic palm trees in the US. With all the things that we have covered here, a Florida drive-by should be an item in your bucket list that you need to tick off immediately.

TYPES OF PALMS IN FLORIDA (WITH IMAGES AND TITLE)

Tropical palm trees are one of the hallmarks of the Florida skyline. Several types of palm trees are native to Florida and grow throughout the state. Many Florida palms are tall and majestic, growing near beaches, along roadsides, and in parks. There are also several small and dwarf palms native to Florida that are ideal for landscaped gardens.


Due to the variety of growing areas in Florida, it is vital to identify the right type of palm for your area. Some Florida palms are frost-hardy and can handle light frost. However, other palms native to the Sunshine State only grow in southern Florida, where it is warm and humid all year round.


This article is a guide to identifying the most common palm trees found in Florida. Photographs of Florida palms, along with descriptions of leaves, trunks, and growth habits, will help identify the palm.

Florida Growing Zones

Florida is divided into USDA Growing Zones 8-10, with the Florida Keys in zone 11.


North Florida is in zone 8a where temperatures can drop to 15°F in winter (-9°C). So, you need to find hardy Florida palms to grow in the upstate.

Miami is in zone 10 where the minimum temperature is between 30°F (-1°C) and 40°F (4°C). Palms need to survive short periods of cold but thrive in warm summers.

Palms to grow in Florida

Florida has some of the best growing conditions for palms. Palm trees tend to grow in sandy soil where the climate is hot and humid in summer and cool and dry in winter.


In northern Florida, temperatures can drop below freezing in the winter, and there can be some frost on the ground. Palms native to Florida, such as the pindo palm, dwarf palm, sabal palm, and needle palm, grow well in zones 8 to 11 and are hardy.

Cold hardy palms also grow in southern Florida in the Miami area. But native palms such as the king palm and silver palm, which are cold sensitive, will only grow in southern Florida.

Florida Palm Facts

Twelve species of palms are native to Florida. Some of Florida's most common native palms are cabbage palms, needle palms, king palms, and silver palms. However, you will also see many imported palm trees growing in different areas of Florida.


Palms belong to the family Arecaceae and are identified by their long thick stems and crowns of curved leaves (branches). Some of Florida's tallest palm trees can reach 30m in height. Smaller or dwarf native Florida palms can be as small as 20 feet (6 m), which is relatively small for a palm.

Florida palm species (with photos)

Let's take a closer look at the distinctive features of many palm trees commonly grown in Florida. In this list, you will find native Florida palms and popular palms brought from other countries.

Dwarf palmetto (

Sabal minor )

Dwarf palmetto - miniature palm, hardy.


The dwarf palm has large fan-shaped leaves, a short thick trunk and smooth branches. As the name suggests, this is a small type of palm and does not usually grow above 3 feet (1 m). Dwarf palmetto, a hardy Florida palm, can withstand low temperatures as low as 0 °F (-18 °C).

This dwarf palm is suitable for landscaped gardens in zones 7 to 10.

Florida Palm Identification: Green leaves identify a fan-shaped dwarf palmetto growing on a short, smooth trunk.

Needle palm (

Rahpidophyllum hystrix )

Cold hardy needle palm looks like a palm bush and is native to Florida.

The needle palm looks more like a short or miniature dense palm than a tall stately tree. You can identify the palm by its thick stem and fan-shaped branches that form a rounded crown on the palm. The needle palm, native to Florida, is one of the hardiest palms in the Sunshine State. Resistant to 5°F (-15°C), it does well in zones 6 to 10.

This small hardy palm grows from 1 to 1.2 m in height.

Florida Palm Identification: Identify the short palm by its densely spreading fan-shaped leaves, strong trunk, and round growth habit.

Scrub Palmetto (

Sabal Etonia )

Scrub palmetto is a short, hardy palm tree native to Florida.

Distinctive features of the bush palm are the fan leaves growing on top of a single thin stem. This short palm grows only in Florida. Although the trunk can grow up to 6.6 feet (2 m) tall, it is often completely underground. Palm leaves thorny fronds are suitable for ground cover plants.

Hardy Florida Palm grows in USDA Zones 8a through 11 and can tolerate low temperatures as low as 10°F (-12°C).

Florida palm identification: Shrub palmetto is indicated by thin, yellowish green fan-shaped lobes with a slightly curved outgrowth.

Saw Palmetto (

Saw Palmetto )

Small saw palmetto suitable for confined spaces.

The Florida saw palm is distinguished by its fan-shaped leaves, sharp, thorny branches, and yellowish-white flowers. It is a relatively hardy plant that grows throughout Florida and reaches a height of 7 to 10 feet (2 to 3 m). The fruits of the palm tree consist of large dark red drupes. This Florida palm is cold hardy down to 20°F (6°C) in zones 9a through 11.

Florida Palm Identification: Identify the palm palm by its curved stem, large fan-shaped leaves, and pointed branches.

Sylvester Palm (

Phoenix sylvestris )

Sylvester Palm is a cold hardy and slow growing tree.

The Sylvester Palm, or silver date palm, is widespread throughout the Florida landscape, though not native to the state. A medium-sized palm tree has a thick trunk that resembles the skin of a pineapple. The palm tree ranges from 13 feet to 50 feet (4–15 m) in size and has a leafy crown 10 m wide and the same height. Sylvester palms are drought tolerant, slow growing and very hardy.

Sylvester palms grow throughout Florida in zones 8b through 11.

Florida palm identification: The Sylvester palm can be identified by its sharp, tough, pointed leaves, rough, fibrous trunk, and huge dense canopy.

Straw palm keys (

Leucothrinax morrisii )

Keys straw palm is native to the Florida Keys and may vary in size depending on growing conditions.

Key straw palm (also called brittle straw palm) has fan-shaped (fingered) leaves growing on a single long stem. The leaves have long leaflets up to 2.5 feet (0.7 m) long and are pale yellowish green or bluish green in color. Depending on growing conditions, this Florida palm can be small, up to just 3 feet (1 m), or a tall, elegant palm growing over 36 feet (11 m) tall.

Thatch palm keyboard is wind and light frost resistant, hardy to 30°F (-1°C), does well in zone 9b.

Florida Palm Identification: Key-straw palm characterized by large thorny foliage growing on many branches, fibrous stem and small white fruit.

Florida Thatch Palm (

Thrinax radiata )

The Florida Straw Palm is grown in South Florida and can be distinguished by its thin trunk.

The Florida straw palm has a single slender trunk and a crown of palmate leaves. These cold-sensitive palms grow well in coastal areas and are great for garden landscapes or growing in containers. Slow growing southern palms grow up to 20 feet (6 m) tall. It grows in USDA zones 10 to 11 and is therefore suitable for growing in South Florida.

Florida palm identification: The Florida thatch palm is a type of scrawny palm with 10-20 green palmate leaves forming a canopy.

Bismarck Palm (

Bismarck Grade )

Small Bismarck Palm has beautiful silver gray foliage and is cold sensitive.

The Bismarck Palm is not native to Florida, but is one of the most popular palm trees in the southern states. The showy palm is easily recognizable by its short, thick, fibrous trunk and showy display of huge silvery gray leaves. This is a type of small palm that grows up to 20 feet (6 m) tall. The palm leaves can grow up to 10 feet (3 m) wide and the rounded crown can be up to 22 feet (7 m) wide.

This cold-sensitive plant grows only in southern Florida in zone 11.

Florida Palm Identification: The Bismarck palm can be identified by its massive, silvery canopy of palm leaves and thick, rough trunk.

Florida Silver Palm (

Silver Coccotrinax )

Native Florida silver palm is a variety of slow growing palm.

Florida's silver palm is distinguished by its thin, smooth trunk, dark blue-green leaves with silver undersides, and globular purple fruits. This small palm tree from Florida grows to 6.5–20 feet (2–6 m).

The Florida Silver Palm is a type of small palm that grows in southern Florida in zones 10b through 11.

Florida Palm Identification: A single, smooth upward growing trunk identifies the Florida Silver Palm. In addition, note the silver-gray leaves of the palm composition, giving the crown of the palm a globular appearance.

Paurothi Palm (

Acoelorrhaphe wrightii )

Paurothis Palm is a small to medium sized tree with fan-shaped branches.

The spreading leaves of the Paurothis palm make it easy to identify this variety of Florida palm. Its thin shaft with fibrous outgrowth identifies the palm. With a thin trunk and fluttering leaves, the paurotis palm looks sparse. This Florida palm grows in zones 9 to 11.

The palm is also called Everglades palm, Madeira palm and Cuba palm. It is a small to moderately tall palm tree growing from 5 to 7 meters.

Florida Palm ID: The paurotis palm can be distinguished by its light green branches that fan out, giving the thin palm a prickly appearance.

Alexandra Palm (

Ptychosperma elegans )

Alexandra Palm is a medium sized tree suitable for growing in southern Florida.

The Alexander Palm is a small to medium sized palm popular in Florida gardens where it grows in warm tropical conditions. The multi-stemmed varieties of this palm have smooth, thin, self-cleaning stems. The pinnately compound leaves can grow up to 8 feet (2.4 m) and appear at the end of a long, straight stem. Depending on where it grows, the medium-sized Alexander palm grows to 20-40 feet (6-12 m).

Ideal for growing in zone 11, the palm is tolerant to 40°F (4.5°C). The palm also has names such as elegant palm, solitaire palm, and cabbage palm - although not to be confused with the tall Sabal palmetto palm.

Florida Palm Identification: The Alexander palm can be identified by its smooth, thin, gray stem that is convex at the base. Look for feathery leaves that have arcuate growth. Clusters of red palms also help identify the Alexander palm.

Buccaneer Palm (

Pseudophoenix Sargentium )

Buccaneer Palm is a medium sized tree, slow growing and sensitive to cold.

The Pirate's Palm is also known as the Florida Cherry Palm. The medium-sized Florida palm can grow up to 26 feet (8 m) tall and is distinguished by its long, curved branches and swollen, smooth ring-patterned trunk. The long branches of this slow-growing graceful palm spread flat like a fan. The cold-sensitive palm grows well in zones 10a to 11.

If you like the look of this palm, you can also grow it in a container and move it indoors during the winter.

Florida Palm Identification: Pirate's palm can be identified by its slightly domed trunk with ring markings and long branches up to 10 feet (3 m) long that curve to form a wide canopy.

Related: Indoor palm plants: species and care

Palm fox tail (

Wodyetia bifurcata )

Foxtail Palm is a medium sized tree suitable for growing in South Florida.

The foxtail palm is native to Australia but is a popular palm species in Florida. A medium-sized palm tree can be identified by the curved branches that grow on top of a silvery-white trunk. The palm tree got its name from the growth of the branches, resembling a fox's tail. The foxtail palm is a fast growing palm that looks like a massive royal palm.

The popular Florida palm, which thrives in zones 10b and 11, will only grow in the south of the state. A medium sized palm tree grows up to 9m in height.

Florida Palm Identification: Identify the foxtail palm by its thick, curved branches, smooth columnar trunk without branches, white with annular patterns.

Queen Palm (

Syagrus romanzoffiana )

The Queen Palm is a popular ornamental fast growing tree.

The Queen Palm is ideal for ornamental gardens in zones 9 to 11. A medium sized palm quickly grows to 50 feet (15 m). The long, feathery leaves have hundreds of leaflets about 50 cm long, giving the crown of the palm a bushy appearance.

Florida Palm Identification: Royal palm can be identified by its smooth trunk, glossy bright green leaves, drooping canopy, and golden orange dates.

Chinese fan palm (

Livistona chinensis )

Chinese fan palm is a cold-resistant ornamental tree.

The Chinese fan palm is a beautiful tall palm that is ideal for Florida ornamental gardens. These hardy palms are found in all parts of Florida. Their distinguishing feature is the drooping fan leaves that create a fountain. High straight trunks and spreading crown reach 15 meters in height.

spider with black front legs

Chinese fan palms are cold hardy down to 20°F (-12°C) and are suitable for zones 9 to 11.

Florida palm identification: Identify the Chinese fan palm by its fan-shaped leaves with a curved growth pattern that forms a dense drooping crown.

Canary Islands date palm (

Canarian Phoenix )

Canary Islands date palm is a tall and hardy tree.

The Canary Islands date palm is a popular sun palm on the south coast. The tall palm eventually grows to 66 feet (20 m) tall, making it too tall for most residential gardens in Florida.

The thick palm has a rough, straight bronze-coloured trunk with a large bulge on the bracket. Pinnate, curved leaves grow from a central point at the top of a long stem. Suitable for growing in zones 8a to 11 and hardy down to 10°F (-12°C).

Florida palm identification: The Canary Islands date palm can be identified by its tall, upright trunk with a crown of hard, sharp leaves and clusters of orange-yellow date palms.

Banded Fan Palm (

Liviston adorns )

Banded Fan Palm grows slowly and is commonly found in south and central Florida.

The ribbon fan palm is native to Australia but popular in south and central Florida. The palm tree can be distinguished by its straight, straight trunk with a smooth surface. This palm gets its name from the fan-shaped leaves that split into long hanging ribbons. The ribbon fan palm is a slowly growing palm that eventually reaches 60 feet (18 m).

Belt fan plant suitable for USDA zones 9 to 11 in Florida.

Florida palm identification: Identify the band fan plant by its graceful band-like branches that form an umbrella-like type of dense palm crown.

Cabbage Palm (

Sabal Palmetto )

Cabbage Palm is a tall hardy tree native to Florida.

The cabbage palm (sabal palmetto) is a tall palm native to Florida and the state tree of Florida. This palm tree has a bronze-gray fibrous trunk, fan-shaped leaves and a rounded crown atop a long single trunk. A distinctive feature of this Florida palm is the brown, dead palm leaves hanging at the base of the crown.

Palmetto palm grows to 65 feet (20 m) and grows in zones 8 to 11. Hot and humid summers ensure that "Florida" palm can withstand winter temperatures as low as 9°F (-12°C).

Florida Palm Identification: Identify the State Palm of Florida by its smooth gray trunk at the base before it turns bronze and rough with old leaf petioles.

Florida Royal Palm (

Royston Direction )

Florida's tall royal palm can reach 66–98 feet (20–30 m).

The Florida Royal Palm is a tall palm native to southern Florida and is often seen along roadsides and in parks. The tree can be distinguished by its thick, convex, smooth, whitish-gray trunk. Another distinguishing feature is the smooth green part of the shaft called the crown shaft. The feathery palm leaves grow up to 13 feet (4 m) long.

Royal palms are one of the tallest palms found in southern Florida. Royal palms grow in zones 10a to 11 and are hardy at 26°F (-3°C).

Florida palm identification: To identify the Florida royal palm, look for a green corolla next to the curved leaves. Also a thick, thick, tall, straight trunk of a greyish color with rings on it.

Coconut Palms (

Cocos nucifera )

Coconut palms are popular trees in southern Florida and thrive in warm tropical conditions.

Coconut palms are a popular type of palm tree in Florida that have a long, curved, smooth stem that reaches 100 feet (30 m) in height. Cirrus leaves grow at the very top of the palm tree and form an arched crown. Of course, another distinguishing feature of the palm genus Coconuts It's a fact that the fruit is coconuts, not juicy dates.

These cold sensitive palms grow best in southern Florida in zones 10a and 10b.

Florida palm identification: Coconut palms can be identified by their smooth gray trunk with a large bulge at the base. The pinnate leaves can grow up to 20 feet (6 m) long.

  • Learn more about indoor palms and how to care for them.
  • Discover the most amazing small or dwarf palms.

Related Articles:

  • Types of palms

How many types of palms are there 1 min

How many types of palms are there?🕔 1 min.

Many of us think of the palm tree as a purely ornamental tree. We have seen in pictures how these majestic trees line the streets in some cities or grow near tropical beaches. In fact, there are about four thousand different types of palms, among which there are trees that bring great benefits to humans. Their fruits, trunks and tender leaves provide a person with food. Leaves, branches, trunks are used to obtain strong wood, the manufacture of canes, roofing and ropes. The bark and leaves are used to make mats, paper, cloth, baskets, hats, and brushes.

Elephant palm nuts are cut into buttons. The sap of some palm trees is processed into sugar, wine or honey. Most palms are the same shape. They have straight, thin trunks without branches with a bunch of leaves at the top. Others have branching trunks, and at least one of them is a climbing vine. In height, they reach from a few centimeters to 23 meters.

All palm trees have in common that their leaves resemble a palm. Shiny, dense leaves resemble a fan or feather in shape. Their sizes range from a few centimeters to 3 meters wide and 9meters in length. Their fruits can be the size of a pea or reach the size of a soccer ball, like a coconut tree. They can be soft, like a date palm, or have a woody shell. Palm trees grow in the southern United States, Mexico, South America, Asia, Africa and southern Europe. On the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean, palm trees grow everywhere.

Some types of palm trees grow in dry desert sands, others require fertile, moist soil. Although palm trees mostly grow in the tropics, there is one species that is found at an altitude of 3960 meters in the northern Andes! Among the wide variety of palms are oil palm, sago palm, palmyra palm, cabbage palm (grows in Australia), button palm, petal palm and coconut palm. Raffia for making baskets is obtained from the Malagasy palm tree.

Common types of palm trees: detailed description, name and photo

About 20 types of palm trees are now grown in indoor floriculture. These plants are becoming more and more popular. There are 9 highly valued0055 decorative qualities.

Indeed, palm trees look unusual against the background of snowdrifts outside the window, they have an interesting shape of leaves and trunks.

In addition, some of them can grow in partial shade, which allows you to create interesting corners in the apartment, the center of which is a palm tree.

Verandas and loggias are greened with their help. Even in places with severe winters, they become an integral part of the garden in the summer, they are taken out there right in tubs.

You will learn about what indoor palm trees are, their names and photos, as well as what is the generic name of the plants of the family in this article.

Distinctive features of palms

There are about 2800 species of palms on the globe. They differ from most plants in that the leaves grow at the top. However, there are palm trees whose leaves come from the root bud.

Let's take a closer look at all types with names and photos.

There is the following division of indoor palms, based on the characteristics of the leaves and trunk :

Cane . Some Hamedorei, Rapusa. Their stems are thin, tall, reed-like.

Pinnate . Hamedorea elegant, Hovei Forster and Belmore, date - Roblen and Canary dates, Raffia, Gomuti. These palms have narrow, arched leaves that can be straight and grow upwards. Crowns of this group are both soft and hard.

Fan . Chamerops is squat and tall, Washingtonia, Rapis is high, Livistonia chinensis. The crowns of such palms are split into many segments extending from the center and look like a round fan; they grow very large, their petioles have spines.

Sagas . False, but have the appearance of real palms, only one species is grown for decorative purposes - Cycad turned away, a low plant with a cone-shaped small trunk, from which long feathery leaves diverge.

Fishtail . This species includes Karyota. The leaves are similar to the tail of a fish - a diamond-shaped or triangular fin, hence the name, these are one of the fastest growing palm trees.

Plants that resemble them in appearance are often mistaken for palms. For example, dracaena and yucca.

Indoor and decorative

Palm trees in a room are not only exotic, hello from the rainforest, they are an important interior detail that can often change it dramatically. However, not all palms are suitable for growing indoors.

Here are some particularly interesting varieties.

Date . The most common, there are more than 17 species of such palms, they grow wild in Asia and Africa. And if you plant a seed from an ordinary date, it will sprout. Their germination is almost one hundred percent, but they will germinate for about a month. Such a tree will become decorative in five years. Better buy Date finger . This species does not grow in the wild. Indoors, it grows up to 6 meters. True, it takes more than a decade.

Very ornamental plant - Robelin date , its fruits are not edible. The palm tree has a crown with leaves gracefully curved down, and an original, as if shaggy trunk.

Indoor grow Areca Chrysalidocarpus which grows naturally in the forests of India. Her crown is a huge bunch of meter-long leaves on the top of the trunk, covered with a large number of scars, arranged in rings.

The bottle-shaped trunk and leaves look original - a fan of Trachycarpus . It is ideally suited for indoor cultivation. Trachycarpus blooms and bears fruit. There are two types: Martius and Fortune.

Grows fastest in rooms Karyota . It differs markedly from other such plants. Vai resemble a triangle stretched upwards. Kariota lives only 20 years.

Washingtonia - an ornamental palm tree with a crown in the form of a bright green huge fan. Caring for it requires certain knowledge.

The hardest thing to grow indoors is the coconut tree. It requires a lot of light and is more suitable for winter gardens. There are mainly two types grown in the room: nut-bearing coconut and Weddell coconut.

Ideal for growing indoors Hamedorea , especially the Hamedorei are graceful, solid, tall and oblong.

Liviston palms have been grown indoors for centuries. They are very decorative, but they require special conditions for successful cultivation.

Rapis is an undemanding slow growing shrub with soft dark green leaves. Perfect for rooms. Easily tolerates all inconveniences: poor lighting, dry air, drafts.

Another feathery palm with soft leaves - Govea , or Kentia, popular plant, very decorative.

Chamerops are widespread houseplants, unpretentious and very ornamental, grow slowly. The trunk is gradually overgrown with brown fibers, the leaves are pinnate with thorns.

One of the most capricious - Butia . But if you find an approach to it, it will please you with a surprisingly elegant crown of feathery leaves.

Rare Giophorba . It is small, with fan-shaped foxes and a trunk resembling a bottle at the bottom.

Sabal is another rarity from the subtropics of America. Low, bluish-green leaves, grow on short petioles.

Betel - only passionate palm lovers know about it, it is distinguished by the splendor of crowns and a beautiful small trunk. In nature, it grows up to 20 meters in height and has two-meter leaves. In room conditions, it grows for a long time and has a much more modest size.

Not grown indoors

Many remain unknown in indoor floriculture for many reasons. Most often due to the gigantic size or features of growth.

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10 Surprising Facts About Palm Trees

A typical image of a tropical paradise, palm trees are much more significant than you think. Most people think of a sunny beach when they see a palm tree - but these robust plants can grow elsewhere. Here are 10 things you may not have known about these tropical beauties:

1. There are over 2500 types of palm trees. The Arecaceae plant family includes an amazing variety of species found throughout the world, from deserts to rainforests.

2. Not all palms are "trees" and not all plants called palms are true palms. These evergreens can grow as shrubs, trees or long woody vines called vines. Plants such as the yucca palm, Torbay palm (pictured), sago palm, and traveler's palm are not part of the Arecaceae family.

3. Palm trees have two different types of leaves: palmate and pinnate. Palmate leaves, like hands, grow in a bunch at the end of the stem. Pinnate leaves are like feathers growing on either side of the stem.

4. Palm trees are important religious symbols. In the Bible, the people of Jerusalem greeted the triumphant Jesus just a week before his death and resurrection, and this tradition is now known and celebrated as Palm Sunday the week before Easter. Palm trees are mentioned dozens of times in the Bible and the Koran. In Judaism, palm trees represent peace and abundance.

5. Many staples come from palm trees. Coconuts are the obvious product of palm trees, but did you know that dates, betel nuts, and acai fruit also come from palm trees? Palm oil, as its name indicates, also comes from the fruit of the oil palm.

Ceroxylon quindiuense, or the Quindio wax palm, rises above the Cocora Valley in Colombia.

7. The tallest palm tree can grow up to 60 meters! The Quindio wax palm (seen above), the national tree of Colombia, is the tallest growing palm species.

8. The coconut palm tree has the largest seeds of any plant on Earth. Seeds can be up to 20 inches in diameter and weigh up to 66 pounds!

9. Palm trees have a history with people as old as the first societies. Archaeological finds have shown that the date palm was widely used in Mesopotamian society for food and other purposes. The Romans gave palm branches as a symbol of triumph to the winners of games and wars.

10. Have you ever heard of palm wine? Also called "kallu", palm wine is a common alcoholic spirit in regions of Asia and Africa. It can be created from coconut palms, date palms, Chilean wine palms and other species.

Although many palm species are robust and abundant, as many as 100 species are endangered due to deforestation and unsustainable cultivation practices, such as the heart palm, which comes from a part of the tree that cannot be regenerated. The rarest palm is Hyophorbe amaricaulis. The only one left currently lives in the Curepipe Botanical Garden in Mauritius (pictured).

Palm varieties

United States

California and Arizona are places where palm trees grow, and numerous species grow here today.

One of the most notable varieties is California or Desert Palm.

Of course, there are many varieties of dates.

The state tree of South Carolina and Florida is the Sabal palmetto.

You will find these trees growing wild throughout the state.

This is a fairly cold hardy palm that is extremely good with these natives.

There are many coconut trees to be found in the south, especially around the Florida Keys.

Texas has many types of palm trees in the desert to the south and other salt tolerant varieties along the coast.

The varied climate of the Hawaiian Islands results in many impressive trees growing there.

Europe

There are several places in Europe to grow palm trees that are ideal for their growth.

All over the Mediterranean you can find them without trying too hard.

One of the most popular is the date palm of the Canary Islands. Originating on this island in Spain, they have made their way to various places around the world.

You will even find a Pindo palm growing in England along with a windmill and needles.

Believe it or not, you will also find many palm trees growing in England.

The English Riviera is famous for its palm trees.

Africa and the Middle East

The most popular varieties in the Middle East and Africa are dates and oilseeds.

The Middle East is the world's largest producer of dates. Africa is rapidly becoming one of the world's leading palm oil producers.

The largest producers are India and Malaysia in the world oil market. Both produce oil for human consumption and for biodiesel.

Caribbean

The Caribbean is one of the most popular holiday destinations in the world.

You can't imagine a tropical beach where you can relax without remembering the palm trees.

As in many cultures around the world, indigenous peoples use palm trees for many things.

Trees protect them. They feed them fruits. Quench their thirst with water.

These trees play an important role in providing them with the basic necessities of life.

Coconut trees are the main habitat, but under ideal growing conditions there are many varieties in the region.

A trip to the Dominican Republic will allow you to explore palm trees during your vacation:

South and Central America

South and Central America has many places to grow palm trees.

The large wax palms of Brazil and Colombia are among the tallest species in the world.

They reach 60 meters in height and rise above the canopy of other trees.

Let's not forget the rain forests. Not only in South America, but all over the world. They are home to many wet varieties, while dry varieties thrive in the deserts of the world.

Australia and Asia

Asia and Australia are home to many types of palm trees used in landscape design today.

Popular foxtails and Kentian palms are threatened by their natural habitat in Australia.

Both are now on display all over the world in different landscapes.

Canadian and Russian palm

Canada is not the place to find palms, but we do have a few varieties that grow outdoors on the west coast in the Vancouver area.

Many others are imported for use in pots on patios in the summer and indoors during the colder months.

We may be the "Great White North", but we deserve a tropical feel too - especially when the arctic winds blow!

You might think that Russia is an unlikely place for palm trees.

Sochi, host of the 2014 Winter Olympics, has several different exhibits.

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Palm tree: varieties, description, homeland of the plant

The word "palm tree" always evokes associations with distant and hot exotic countries, warm oceans and seas. A picture appears before your eyes - a tall tree with a bare thin trunk and leaves located closer to its top. However, these plants do not always look the same, since the Palm family consists of a large number of genera and many species. There are approximately 20 indoor varieties from this family.

The article provides interesting information about these plants.

General information

Almost all palm trees are ornamental, so they often decorate cities and towns in southern countries. Palms or Arecaceae are a family of monocot plants.

Most of them are woody plants with unbranched trunks, in which primary thickening occurs due to the activity of the main meristem and protoderm. There are several varieties with characteristic climbing or creeping shoots. In total, this family consists of 185 genera and more than 3,400 species of palm trees.

There are five main genera:

  • Coconut palm (Cocos).
  • Date (Phoenix).
  • Roystonea.
  • Bismarckia.
  • Sabal.

The most common and well-known types of palms used by gardeners as decorative: brachea, butia, giophorba, hamedorea and others.

Distribution

Most palm trees naturally grow in the tropics and subtropics. Especially many varieties are noted in Colombia and Madagascar. In France (in the south) and in Spain, a fan variety grows - the squat hamerops, which can withstand frosts down to -12 degrees. In the south of mainland Greece and on the island of Crete there are groves of pinnate date palms.

On the territory of Russia in zones with subtropical climatic conditions (the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, Crimea), as well as in Georgia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and in the south of Kazakhstan, introduced palm trees of several genera grow.

Varieties at a glance

The trunk of a palm tree does not usually branch. Often these plants have the form of shrubs, and some representatives do not have stems at all, only leaves. The thickness of the trunk can reach one meter (jube), and the height is up to 60 meters (ceroxylon). In addition, among the palm trees there are climbing vines, the stems of which reach a thickness of up to 3 centimeters and a length of up to 300 meters (rattan).

Their leaves are fan-shaped (trachycarpus, chamerops, liviston and others), pinnate (chamedorea, coconut, date, foxtail palms, howea and others), bipinnate (in caryota). In fan leaves, the leaves grow from one part of the petiole, forming an umbrella or fan, while in pinnate leaves, they are attached to the petiole along the entire length.

Indoor palm trees

Any room without plants looks lifeless and dull. They create a cozy atmosphere, bring freshness and life. Green pets are more than just decoration, as they are able to change the energy of the room, even influence the residents. Palms have been cultivated as houseplants since ancient Rome. It was believed that this beautiful tropical plant is an attribute of a prosperous and wealthy home.

One of the most ornamental among all Arecaceae are palm trees that require certain conditions of maintenance. It must be taken into account that they are all representatives of hot countries, so they should be grown indoors in conditions of sufficient humidity, high temperature and good lighting. If you study all the features of this plant, it is quite possible to grow a palm tree yourself from seeds. These plants are long-lived. With proper care, they can please the eye for more than 100 years.

Chamedorea palm

This is a relatively short tree native to Central America. The plant hamedorea elegans (or graceful) is also called bamboo palm, reed palm or graceful collinium. It has a thin trunk and beautiful feathery leaves. At a young age, the trunk has a green color, which eventually becomes chestnut.

In indoor conditions, the plant can grow up to two meters in height, but most often it is much lower. In general, this palm tree is quite compact, so it is suitable for growing even in small spaces. Chamedorea elegans blooms at the age of 3-4 years. Fragrant flowers are small, yellow, collected in panicles. The fruits of the palm tree of this variety are dark small berries with seeds. Flower growers use them for reproduction.

Like other varieties of palms, Chamedorea is moisture and thermophilic. In terms of illumination, it is not capricious, so a slightly shaded place is enough for it, where direct sunlight does not fall.

Date palms

Sweet exotic fruits sold in Russian shops ripen on the palmate type of date, which has long been cultivated by people in the open air. This plant has another name - "Bedouin bread". You can also grow this palm tree indoors. However, to a greater extent, other varieties are preferred in homes and offices, for example, the Canarian date.

Date palms have been cultivated by humans for about 8,000 years. There are 17 species of plants in the genus, each of which has both male and female forms. Under natural conditions, they grow in the territories of the countries of the Middle East, Africa, as well as in the Philippines and India. These exotic plants are preferred by areas rich in groundwater.

Halls and rooms are also good for growing Robelin dates. This plant has one or more trunks with beautiful feathery leaves up to 50 centimeters long. Theophrastus date is another species that can be successfully settled in your home or office. The plant is native to Crete.

Canarian date

The most popular among palms is the Canarian variety - Phoenix canariensis. The trunk of a young date is practically not expressed. Under natural growing conditions, its height can reach up to 15 meters. This is a fairly fast-growing palm tree with a columnar trunk and a large number of feathery leaves 3-5 meters long.

At home, it grows to a height of 2.5 to 3 meters. To limit the too rapid growth of the palm tree, it should be transplanted only when the roots no longer fit in the containers.

At home, the plant does not bloom. From the name it becomes clear where the date palm of this species grows. Her homeland is the Canary Islands.

Growing at home

Air temperature should be between 12 and 28°C. On dry summer days, you should ventilate the room more often. In winter, the temperature can fluctuate between 12-16°C. Lighting should be sunny and bright enough. A date palm tub is best placed near a southeast or south window. For uniform development of the crown, an exotic beauty should be periodically turned to the light in different directions.

Regular watering required. In summer and spring, it should be plentiful, but excess moisture should not be allowed in the container. In winter, water the palm tree should be moderate (the soil should always be slightly damp). It is useful to spray the leaves with settled warm water (more often in summer, less often in winter).

How to grow a palm tree from date seeds? It is very easy to do this. The date bone should be soaked for 2-3 days in water (temperature 30-35 degrees). Then it must be planted in a container with earth. The bone will grow pretty quickly. The soil for dates should be neutral or slightly acidic. A mixture of humus, sand, peat and sod land is suitable in a ratio of 2: 1: 2: 2. In gardening stores you can buy a special ready-made soil mixture for palm trees. It is profitable to acquire it, since it already takes into account all the preferences of this plant. However, with its growth and transplanting such land into a tub, quite a lot will be required. Therefore, it is important to learn how to prepare the soil mixture yourself.

Use

In many countries, palm trees are grown as crops (coconut, dates). The fruits of many species are used for food. The wood of rattan and many other representatives of the Arekov family is used in the manufacture of wicker furniture.

The huge leaves of these plants are traditionally used in the manufacture of roofs of some buildings, porches, gazebos, beach shelters from the sun, hats and other items. Many of the varieties of palms are used as ornamental plants (both in home gardens and indoors). In southern countries, they are an indispensable element of city streets and parks.

It should also be noted that palm trees in many cultures were symbols of peace and victory.

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Palm tree description and features

Often, palm plants can be seen on the sea coast of popular resorts or as decorative elements in the interior of a home. At the same time, decorative representatives of this family have no less exotic appearance than their relatives growing in their natural environment. In this article, we will look at what a palm tree is and what types of this plant exist.

General description of the species

Palm trees are one of the oldest plant species. Initially, the traditional method of reproduction for them was seed. As a rule, in the natural environment, these plants are able to grow up to 10 meters. An exception is considered to be a palm tree, which is a recognized symbol of Colombia. The name of the palm is "Wax". It can grow up to 50 meters in height.

The very name of this plant species comes from the Latin palma, which literally translates as “hand” or “palm”. It was not chosen randomly, since the foliage of the tree resembles a human brush in its shape.

What is a palm tree and what are its characteristics? Such plants are great for building exotic corners in the interior of the house, landscaping loggias and hallways. The type of palm trees is very diverse. To date, over 2800 varieties of this plant are known to science. The main distinguishing feature of this culture is the unique arrangement of the leaves.

Unlike other species, palm leaves are located at the very top. But in nature there are also those whose leaf plates come from the very roots.

In addition, ornamental palms intended for home cultivation are divided into several types. This is due to differences in the structure of the leaves and trunk. They are divided as follows:

  • Reed - experts include Hamedorei and Rapus to this species. A distinctive feature of these plants is their thin and rather high trunk, outwardly very similar to the stem of a young reed.
  • Pinnate - the type of palm that has received the greatest popularity among flower growers. It includes Hamedorea elegant, Forester, Gomuti, Raffia. In addition, the species includes the very popular date palm, a tree that almost every grower knows. This type of palms is distinguished by arcuately bent narrow leaf plates, the growth of which can occur both upwards and at a right angle.
  • Fan. What is a fan palm is known to many, because it is this type that is often used to decorate the halls of administrative buildings, hotels and restaurants. This variety includes Chamerops, Rapis and Washingtonia. In this species, the trunk is divided into several segments, extending from the center and acquiring the form of a round fan. Such palms have thorns at the cuttings and grow to quite large sizes.
  • Sago. This type is a false palm, but has the appearance of real ones. For decoration, only one type is grown - the cycad turned away. The plant has a low cone-shaped stem, from which long feathery leaf plates extend.

The main features of care and cultivation

The most important parameter in the cultivation of palm trees is air humidity and room illumination. This is due to the fact that the plant in its natural environment grows exclusively in a humid tropical climate in conditions of abundant light. Unfortunately, this crop is quite difficult to grow in rooms with central heating. The air in them is often too dry, and this can have a strong negative effect on the palm tree and even lead to death. Therefore, before you start breeding, you need to study well the features of palm care.

Humidity and watering

The main principle of care is regular irrigation of palm leaves. This procedure is no less important than watering. It is noteworthy that the palm tree is able to survive for quite a long time without proper watering, but it will definitely not endure dry air and will die.

This crop needs to be watered twice a week during the summer. It should be done using warm water. In winter, when the room is heated, spraying should be done daily. It should be noted that it is best to irrigate a palm tree with distilled water, since running tap water contains chlorine impurities that will damage the leaves and leave whitish marks on them.

Sheet plates are sprayed both from the surface and from the inside. The palm tree requires moderate watering so that the soil is always slightly moist. During the growing season, the plant requires more intensive watering, which should be carried out on a daily basis. During the winter months, the palm tree requires less water, so it is watered no more than three times a week. It is noteworthy that for irrigation, as well as for spraying, you can not use tap water, but only distilled.

Required temperature and features of the room

The palm tree is a representative of the tropical fauna, and therefore, in indoor growing conditions, it also requires heat. The optimal conditions for species such as, for example, Chamerops, Trachycarpus, Washingtonia will be a temperature of 15 degrees. Absolutely all types of this crop do not like drafts, and the root system is vulnerable to cold, so it is not recommended to place a container with a plant on a cold floor or an unsealed windowsill. The ideal option would be the corner of a warm, well-lit room.

Palm trees not for growing at home

Many amateur gardeners often wonder which palm trees are not suitable for growing at home. The answer to this question lies in the size of plants, their requirements for climate and natural features. At home, it is impossible to breed, for example, Oilseed, whose homeland is Africa. This is a huge tree - a palm tree, which is impossible to grow at home because of its size, sometimes reaching 30 meters. Also not adapted to the conditions of the room is Creeping Serenou, which grows in South America and the Caribbean. In height, this species can reach 4 meters.

In addition, it is impossible to breed at home: Carnauba palm, which has disgraced leaves that form a magnificent beautiful scarf, Bismarckia, whose homeland is Madagascar and Calamus, whose leaves grow from buds on the stem. It is noteworthy that Calamus has the title of the longest plant in the world.

Palm trees have come to the dwellings of people from bygone eras. When the "designers" of antiquity learned what a palm tree is, what exquisite decorative qualities it has, they began to use it in the arrangement of royal palaces and galleries. Today, this plant can be found in the homes of almost every grower. It transforms the interior and creates an exotic, but cozy space.

Betel palm: description, features, care, cultivation and reviews

Betel palm, or Areca catechu - a kind of tree plant from the palm genus. The species includes about 50 subspecies of the plant. Several of them are grown at home. They decorate offices or spacious halls.

The betel palm is distinguished by its long thin trunk without branches, on which traces of fallen leaves are clearly visible. After all, with age, they fall off and remain only under the top. Leaf segments are divided, have a hard surface, belt-like. The foliage of the plant is bright green in color with a long stem, growing from the trunk.

Inflorescences are formed on the site of scars from fallen leaves and have a meter length. The flowers are small, white, closed. The fruits have the appearance of a pink drupe up to 7 cm long. The seeds are white, sometimes with a brown pattern.

Palm fruits contain alkaloids, so they have a slight narcotic effect when chewed. In ancient times, the Indians chewed the leaves of this plant to induce hallucinations. At home, the palm rarely blooms and even less often bears fruit. Medicine uses this feature of the fruit to lower intraocular pressure. In veterinary medicine, preparations based on betel nuts are used as an anthelmintic.

Varieties of domestic palm

Only a few varieties of betel palm can be cultivated indoors due to the large height of the plant. There are several species, the size of which makes it possible to grow a palm tree at home:

  1. Stamen areca is a tree with a maximum height of 2-2.5 m, the diameter of the plant is about 2 m. The foliage is sprawling, with almost no bend. The base of the tree is always divided into 2 or 3 stems.
  2. Areca betel is a slender betel palm that can grow up to 20 m in height, making it suitable for outdoor cultivation. Leaves reach a length of 2 m, and leaf segments up to 60 cm.

Due to the slow growth of the tree, it is quite suitable for living at home, however, it should be remembered that the palm tree is only suitable for rooms with large spaces and high ceilings.

Lighting and air temperature

Betel palm is quite difficult to care for, it requires ideal growing conditions. Lighting should be diffused so that the plant does not suffer from burns - up to 6 years old palm trees are especially susceptible to bright light. To form a crown of the correct shape, it is recommended to rotate it periodically relative to the light source.

Since the betel palm belongs to tropical plants (its homeland is the Philippines, Madagascar, Indonesia and Fiji), it loves high temperatures - about +30 degrees. In a temperate climate, it is almost impossible to create such conditions all the time, except perhaps in summer. Therefore, it is important to protect the tree from low temperatures - reduce the amount of ventilation in winter and prevent the plant from being in a draft.

Palm loves high humidity, so it is recommended to periodically spray the leaves with a spray bottle. This advice is especially relevant in the summer.

Soil Requirements and Transplanting

Planting thin, slender betel palm in the wrong soil can result in unsightly appearance or even death. The soil should be nutritious, with a neutral or slightly acidic ph. Experienced flower growers recommend mixing the soil for growing a tree with a moderate amount of bone meal, pumice, pine bark, charcoal, peat.

It is important to create good drainage in the pot where the palm grows. For this, expanded clay is used, which is laid in a thick layer on the bottom of the container. It is designed to prevent possible stagnation of water in the root system of the palm tree.

Transplantation is carried out exclusively in the spring and only when the tree becomes crowded in a pot. An earthen ball always remains on the roots, as the plant does not tolerate any manipulations. And in stores you often come across betel palms, which grow several in one pot. Separating them is not recommended.

Care: top dressing and pest control

Fertilizers are recommended to be applied in spring and summer 1 time in 2 weeks, in winter and autumn the frequency is reduced to 1 time per month. Gardeners recommend using universal mineral fertilizers for indoor plants and diluting them according to the dosage indicated by the manufacturer.

It is important to monitor changes in the appearance of the palm tree in order not to miss the infestation by pests - mealybug, scale insect, spider mite, whitefly. Upon detection of the first symptoms, you should immediately treat the palm with the appropriate drug.

Betel palm can be affected by diseases of the root system and leaves, in which the roots rot and the leaves turn yellow and dry at the ends. The reason for this may be improper care of the tree. With a lack of light, cold air, poor watering, the palm tree loses its attractive appearance, becomes lethargic and stops growing.

Palm propagation

The ideal season for areca palm propagation is spring or summer. There are 2 ways:

  1. Seeds are planted in a moist substrate and left in a warm, dark place until germination. The optimum temperature is plus 28-30 degrees. Subject to the necessary conditions, sprouts may appear as early as 1.5-2 months after planting. The plant is transplanted into a pot after the appearance of several leaves.
  2. By dividing the bush, the tree can be propagated in May. For this, containers with nutrient soil are prepared in advance, where the separated bushes are transplanted. Until full rooting, it is important not to disturb the plant and remove it away from direct sunlight. Gardeners recommend maintaining the air temperature around 25 degrees above zero and periodically spraying the leaves with water.

Reproduction of the betel palm tree is a troublesome business, which does not give a positive result in all cases. When dividing a bush, there is a high probability of damage to the root system and, as a result, the death of the plant. When propagated by seeds, the probability of viability of seedlings is also relatively small.

Gardeners who ventured to cultivate an exotic tree at home note the difficulty of growing due to the mismatch of climatic conditions. A palm that requires high humidity and heat often wilts and dies in winter. In addition to the difficulties associated with growing, its attractive appearance is noted, thanks to which it is so popular.

Growing betel palm at home in an average apartment is difficult - the small volume of the pot will not allow it to develop. However, as a decoration of large halls, it has no equal.

Common types of palm trees: detailed description, name and photo

About 20 types of palm trees are now grown in indoor floriculture. These plants are becoming more and more popular. Their decorative qualities are highly valued.

Indeed, palm trees look unusual against the background of snowdrifts outside the window, they have an interesting shape of leaves and trunks.

In addition, some of them can grow in partial shade, which allows you to create interesting corners in the apartment, the center of which is a palm tree.

Verandas and loggias are greened with their help. Even in places with severe winters, they become an integral part of the garden in the summer, they are taken out there right in tubs.

You will learn about what indoor palm trees are, their names and photos, as well as what is the generic name of the plants of the family in this article.

Characteristics of palm trees

There are about 2800 species of palms on the globe. They differ from most plants in that the leaves grow at the top. However, there are palm trees whose leaves come from the root bud.

Let's take a closer look at all types with names and photos.

There is the following division of indoor palms, based on the characteristics of the leaves and trunk :

Reed . Some Hamedorei, Rapusa. Their stems are thin, tall, reed-like.

Pinnate . Hamedorea elegant, Hovei Forster and Belmore, date - Roblen and Canary dates, Raffia, Gomuti. These palms have narrow, arched leaves that can be straight and grow upwards.


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