How many years for a peach tree to bear fruit
When Does A Peach Tree Bear Fruit? (4 Key Things To Know) – greenupside
If you recently planted peach trees, you might not see any fruit on the branches yet. In that case, you may be wondering when peach trees bear fruit – and if there is anything you can do to help them along.
So, when does a peach tree bear fruit? A peach tree bears fruit 2 to 4 years after planting, in mid to late summer (June to August). Dwarf varieties bear fruit a year sooner (1 to 3 years after planting), and mature trees bear more fruit. Over fertilizing, over pruning, extreme cold, or lack of chill hours can prevent fruit production.
Of course, it may take a longer time for your peach tree to start producing fruit. For example, the time to first fruit depends on the variety you choose and the age of your tree when you buy it.
In this article, we’ll take a closer look at peach trees and when they bear fruit. We’ll also discuss the factors that affect your harvest, including pruning, fertilization, and environment (soil & temperature).
Let’s get started.
When Does A Peach Tree Bear Fruit?
A peach tree (Prunus persica) bears fruit 2 to 4 years after planting. Of course, this assumes that the tree is already 1 to 2 years old when you buy it from a nursery for planting.A peach tree bears fruit 2 to 4 years after planting (it can be one year sooner for dwarf varieties!)
The Penn State University Extension suggests pruning to encourage proper growth and branch structure (during the first 3 years). This may mean fruit thinning, which will also help to produce a healthy tree with a strong root system that can support more fruit in later years.
According to the Texas A&M University Extension, peach trees produce fruit on 2nd year wood. This means that a peach tree needs to produce some new growth each year (since that same growth will produce fruit the following year).
All the more reason to prune your peach tree wisely! (more on this later)
When Does A Dwarf Peach Tree Bear Fruit?
A dwarf peach tree produces fruit 1 to 4 years after planting. According to the University of Vermont Extension, a dwarf peach tree may produce fruit a year sooner than a standard size peach tree.
Dwarf peach trees also take up less space in your yard, and they are easier to harvest fruit from.
The trade-off is that a dwarf tree will not produce as much fruit as a full-size tree. The simple fact is, a smaller tree cannot support as much weight as a large tree (in terms of branches and fruit).
However, a dwarf peach tree might be right for you if you want to:
- grow peaches in a smaller space
- have a more manageable tree (a shorter tree is easier to prune and harvest from)
- get fruit a little sooner (1 year early if you are lucky!)
What Month Do Peach Trees Bear Fruit?
A peach tree may bear fruit as early as June. However, it is more common to harvest ripe peaches later in the summer, in July or August (some late-season varieties bear fruit into September).
The University of Massachusetts suggests planting early, mid, and late-bearing peach trees. That way, you can maximize your harvest window and enjoy peaches for a longer window (just check in the catalog or online to see when a peach tree variety bears fruit).
Generally, the fruit on a peach tree is ripe 3 to 5 months after its flowers are pollinated. Peach trees bloom in spring, often starting in March or April.
When peach trees bloom, the flowers have a strong, pleasant fragrance and vibrant colors (like pink).Peach trees produce beautiful flowers in spring, such as these pink ones in our yard.
A peach tree in bloom produces flowers in various colors, including:
Most varieties of peach trees are self-pollinating. However, keep in mind that self-pollination does not mean guaranteed pollination (more on this later).A peach tree in full bloom, like this one, has a wonderful fragrance.
Do Peach Trees Produce Fruit Every Year?
Peach trees do not produce fruit every year. The most common reason is that they simply are not mature enough yet!
Most peach trees will need 2 to 4 years before they grow to maturity and start producing fruit. Dwarf varieties may start producing fruit 1 year sooner than standard size peach trees.Most peach trees need 2 to 4 years after planting before they will start bearing fruit. Before that, they are not mature enough to support fruit production.
Even after reaching maturity, peach trees may fail to produce fruit for a variety of reasons.
According to the Penn State University Extension, some common causes of no fruit on a peach tree include:
- too much fruit in the prior year – this is known as biennial bearing (lots of fruit one year, but no fruit the next year). Basically, the tree spent all of its energy to produce fruit last year. As a result, it does not have enough energy to produce fruit this year. You can prevent this by thinning the fruit each year to avoid over bearing.
- too much wood production – the tree spent all of its energy to produce new wood. This is often caused by over pruning or over fertilizing. The upside is that this can lead to more fruit in the following years.
- frost damage – warm weather in late winter (false spring) can trick peach trees into flowering too early. A cold snap can kill the flowers that appear, preventing fruit that year.
Keep in mind that these problems can delay fruiting on a peach tree by a year or more!
Also, remember that if you plant a seed (stone) harvested from a peach tree, you may end up growing a tree that will never bear fruit. To ensure production on peach trees, buy established trees from nurseries.Planting your own peach stones takes a long time to produce fruit-bearing trees. Buying established trees is a surefire way to get fruit sooner.
As mentioned above, you may also see what is called “biennial bearing” in your peach trees. This means that they will only flower and produce fruit every other year.
Often, this will happen after a year of very heavy fruit production. Biennial bearing is also more common in younger trees.
As a result of biennial bearing, you may miss a year of fruit here and there.
Essentially, the tree’s resources are exhausted from using so many nutrients to produce a large fruit harvest. The tree then takes a year to gather resources, recover its strength, and prepare for production the following year.
To avoid biennial bearing, use fruit thinning on your peach trees. Fruit thinning is when you cut off fruit in the early stages of growth.
The University of Maryland suggests thinning fruit on peach trees when the peaches are half an inch in diameter. Leave one fruit every 6 to 8 inches (this will prevent moldy fruit, which is more likely when two peaches touch each other).Prune peach trees and thin the fruit to prevent problems like biennial bearing and moldy fruit.
As an added benefit, fruit thinning helps to avoid broken branches on your tree due to the weight of excessive peaches.
Of course, there could be other reasons that your peach harvest is poor or nonexistent (more on this later.)
For more information, check out this article on time to fruit for trees on the Stark Brothers website.
How Much Fruit Does A Peach Tree Produce?
Generally, a peach tree that has reached maturity can produce 3 to 6 bushels of fruit per year. A dwarf variety can produce 1 to 3 bushels of fruit, and a miniature variety can produce up to 1 bushel of fruit.In some cases, fully grown peach trees can produce 150 to 300 pounds of peaches in one year!
A bushel of peaches weighs 50 pounds, so a mature peach tree can produce 150 to 300 pounds of peaches per year! Dwarf varieties may only produce 50 to 150 pounds, and miniature varieties may only produce 50 pounds.
The table below summarizes fruit yield for peach trees of various sizes (miniature, dwarf, and standard sizes):
|Miniature||up to 1||up to 50|
|Dwarf||1 to 3||50 to 150|
|Standard||3 to 6||150 to 300|
peach trees of various sizes:
miniature, dwarf, and standard.
For more information, check out this article on the estimated yield for fruit trees from the Stark Brothers website.
The fruit on a peach tree appears red or yellow on the outside, with yellow or white flesh inside.
Peach trees can live for 15 to 20 years, growing to a height of 15 to 25 feet (6 to 10 feet tall for dwarf varieties).A mature peach tree can produce hundreds of pounds of juicy, ripe peaches like this one.
Peach trees can yield fruit for at least a decade after they first start producing. Remember that peaches bloom and grow on 2nd year wood (branches that are 1 year old).
What Kind Of Peach Tree Should I Plant?
When selecting a peach tree, make sure to choose one that you can grow in your climate! For more information, check out the USDA Zone Hardiness map to see what zone you are in.Make sure the peach tree you choose can survive in your hardiness zone!
Also remember that there are two basic types of fruit on peach trees:
- freestone – the flesh separates easily from the seed (stone) inside
- clingstone – the flesh tends to hold on to the seed inside
Here are some different varieties of peach trees that you might want to try.
- Blushingstar Peach – this peach tree grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces large red fruit that matures in mid-August. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Blushingstar Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Burbank July Elberta Peach – this dwarf peach tree grows in Zones 5 to 9, and produces medium red fruit that matures in late July. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Burbank July Elberta Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Contender Peach – this peach tree grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces medium to large red fruit that matures in mid to late August. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Contender Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Redhaven Peach – this dwarf peach tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces medium red fruit that matures in late July. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Redhaven Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Reliance Peach – this dwarf peach tree grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces medium to large fruit that matures in July. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Reliance Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Stark Early White Giant Peach – this peach tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces extra-large red fruit that matures in June. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Stark Early White Giant Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Stark Saturn Peach – this peach tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces medium to large red fruit that matures in July. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Stark Saturn Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
This information is summarized in the table below.
|Blushingstar||4 to 8||Large |
|Burbank July |
|5 to 9||Medium |
|Contender||4 to 8||Medium |
|Redhaven||5 to 8||Medium |
|Reliance||4 to 8||Medium |
|Stark Early |
|5 to 8||Extra |
|Stark Saturn||5 to 8||Medium |
along with their USDA Hardiness Zones
and fruit size. All of them bear fruit
2 to 4 years after planting.
All of the peach trees listed here are self-pollinating (more on this below).
Do You Need Two Peach Trees To Produce Fruit?
You do not need two peach trees to produce fruit, since most peach varieties are self-pollinating. On a self-pollinating tree, each flower contains both male and female parts.
Under the right conditions, the male part of the flower will release pollen onto the female part of the flower. However, self-pollination does not mean guaranteed pollination.The flowers on most peach tree varieties are self-pollinating, so you only need one tree to get fruit.
The flowers still require some sort of stimulus (such as a bee’s buzzing wings or the wind) to pollinate properly. You can provide this stimulus with an electric toothbrush if there are not many bees in your area.
For more information, check out this article on peaches from Wikipedia.
What Other Factors Affect Fruit On Peach Trees?
The quality of care that you give your peach trees will determine how much fruit you get each year. In some severe cases, you will get no fruit on your peach trees in a given year.
Some of the most important factors that affect fruit on peach trees are:
Let’s start with temperature.
Many varieties of peach trees do well in warmer climates – the phrase “Georgia Peach” comes to mind. However, there are some varieties that can survive winters up to Zone 4.
Peaches can certainly survive frost. However, they are more likely to sustain damage if temperatures drop rapidly or if they were pruned recently.
Temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit (-18 degrees Celsius) can spell trouble for some peach trees. Temperatures below -10 degrees Fahrenheit (-23 degrees Celsius) can damage the wood of peach trees.
On the other hand, mild winters are another situation that can prevent peach trees from producing fruit. The reason is that a peach tree needs a certain number of chilling hours each winter.Peach trees do need hundreds of chilling hours every winter, but a sustained frost with low temperature can kill them.
A chilling hour is an hour between 32 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit (0 to 18 degrees Celsius). Temperatures around 47 degrees Fahrenheit (8 degrees Celsius) seem to contribute more to chilling hours than temperatures that are much higher or lower.
According to the Penn State University Extension, peach trees may need 800 to 1200 chilling hours each winter. Otherwise, they will not break dormancy in the spring, leading to a complete lack of flowers and fruit that year.
One other hazard to your peach harvest is a late spring frost. A cold snap after a peach tree breaks dormancy in the spring can kill all of the flowers on the tree. In fact, this happened to our peach trees a couple of times over the past few years.
This may be frustrating if you live in a warm area, but it is nature’s way of protecting the tree. If the tree flowers too early during a mild winter, a late spring frost can kill all of the flowers and destroy any chance of a peach harvest that year.A late spring frost can kill the flowers on your peach tree, which means no fruit that year!
Before purchasing peach trees online, make sure that your climate gets enough chilling hours in the winter to produce fruit, while also staying warm enough to keep the tree alive.
For more information, check out this article on chilling hours from the University of California.
Avoid letting the soil get too dry for too long if you have young peach trees. If you have a problem with dry soil, check out my article on preventing dry soil.Water peach trees deeply and infrequently, and only if they need it!
On the other hand, over watering can spell death for your peach tree, due to root rot or fungal diseases. For more information, check out my article on over watering.
For older peach trees, give them deep, infrequent waterings. This stimulates the root system to grow deeper and wider, rather than remaining shallow and staying near the surface of the soil. This will help the tree to survive periods of drought or neglect.
You can also check out this article on peaches from the Old Farmer’s Almanac website.
Before you plant a peach tree, add some compost to your soil. It will provide organic material and nutrients for your tree as it grows.
The best part is that you can make compost yourself from ordinary yard and kitchen waste!When compost is done, it will look like this. Compost provides nutrients and organic material for peach trees or other plants as they grow.
For more information, check out my article on how to make your own compost.
According to Stark Brothers, you may also want to add other soil amendments, including aged manure, lime, or sulfur (these last two will help to adjust soil pH if it is too acidic or alkaline).
According to the University of Maine Extension, the ideal soil pH for peach trees is 6. 5 to 7.0 (slightly acidic to neutral).
It may be necessary to use fertilizers as a supplement to compost, in order to provide extra nutrients if your soil is lacking. The best way to tell if you need fertilizer is with a soil test.
For more information, check out my article on soil testing.A soil test can tell you if you need to adjust pH or nutrient levels in the soil.
Finally, remember that it is possible to harm or kill your peach trees by over fertilizing them. For example, too much nitrogen can prevent your peach tree from producing any fruit (although it may have lots of nice green leaves!).
For more information, check out my article on over fertilizing, and my article on low-nitrogen fertilizers.
Regular pruning is recommended for peach trees. Fruit thinning can help to prevent broken branches or biennial bearing (fruit every other year).
Light pruning can be done at any time of year. Heavy pruning should be done in late fall to late winter, before the peach tree breaks dormancy.
According to the Texas A&M University Extension, the goal of pruning is to remove old shoots that will not produce fruit. (One way to tell is by their gray appearance).
When you prune a peach tree, first remove branches that no longer produce. Remember that a peach tree only produces fruit on 2nd year growth (branches that are 1 year old).Peach buds lead to flowers, which produce fruit – but only on 2nd year branches!
Then, trim any remaining branches to 2/3 of their original length. This will stimulate the growth of new wood lower on the tree, where you can reach the fruit.
Another interesting option is to grow the tree against the side of your house, training and pruning it espalier style.
For more information, check out this article on pruning peach trees from the Penn State University Extension.
Now you have a good idea of when peach trees bloom, when they are mature enough to produce fruit (2 to 4 years after planting), and what time of year to expect fruit (mid to late summer, or June to August). You also know a bit more about how to take care of peach trees and how to avoid the problems that can affect your harvest.
I hope you found this article helpful – if so, please share it with someone who can use the information.
If the leaves on your peach tree are curled or swollen, check out this article to find out why (and how to treat it).
If you have other types of fruit trees, you might want to check out my article on when a pear tree bears fruit, my article on when a cherry tree bears fruit, and my article on when a fig tree bears fruit.
You can learn about dwarf fruit trees, which are easier to maintain and harvest from, in my article here.
If you want to read some of my most popular posts, check out the “Best of GreenUpSide” page here. Enjoy!
How Fast Do Peach Trees Grow? (And How Long to Bear Fruit?)
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Growing a peach tree in your yard is something that can make you very happy. Not only are peach trees quite beautiful, but you’ll eventually be able to harvest delicious peaches.
There are all sorts of peach recipes out there that will allow you to bake tasty treats. Your mouth might be watering just thinking about the day when you’re finally able to make a peach pie with peaches from your own tree.
If you just recently planted a peach tree, then you might have to wait a while before that day will come. When you’ve never planted a tree like this before, you might not be too sure about how long it takes to grow.
How fast do peach trees grow? When will you be able to expect fruit to start growing on your tree?
Read on to get more information about peach trees and how they grow. It’ll help you to understand what to expect.
The Growth Rate of Peach Trees
When you take the time to care for peach trees properly, it’s going to be possible to see them grow 18 inches each year. This does mean that it will take quite some time for a sapling to grow into a full-sized tree.
A standard peach tree will reach heights between 18 and 20 feet. It should also be just as wide.
There are also smaller peach trees out there if you don’t want to have such a big tree. Semi-dwarf peach trees will often grow to be 12 feet tall at maximum growth.
Dwarf peach trees are substantially shorter and will only reach heights of six feet tall in most instances. You should consider the available space in your yard when deciding which peach tree you’d like to plant.
To keep the peach tree growing as well as it possibly can, it’s essential to fertilize the tree. Keep reading to learn a bit about the fertilization process.
How to Fertilize a Peach Tree
Fertilizing a peach tree is going to help it to grow as fast as it can. People use fertilizer to help ensure that the peaches on the tree will be as big and delicious as possible, too.
Generally, peach trees are meant to be fertilized twice per year. You fertilize the tree the first time during the early spring, and then you do it again during the early days of summer.
If you just planted your peach tree, then it’s recommended to fertilize it one week after planting it. This helps the tree to establish itself quite a bit.
It’s best to use a balanced fertilizer for this process. Most enthusiasts choose a 10-10-10 fertilizer that has the perfect mix of potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus.
During the fertilization process, it’s best not to place the fertilizer too close to the trunk. Instead, you should fertilize the tree about 10 inches away from the trunk.
It keeps you from damaging the tree in any way while still ensuring that the roots will be able to utilize the fertilizer. If you remember to do this twice each year, then your peach tree will grow strong.
How Long Until the Tree Produces Fruit?
Of course, one of the biggest reasons why you would plant a peach tree in your yard is that you want to enjoy peaches. Peaches are tasty and you want to be able to start enjoying them as soon as possible.
Sadly, you’re going to need to exercise patience if you planted a young tree recently. It’s going to take two to four years for the tree to start producing fruit.
When the tree is younger than this, it won’t be large enough to support full-sized fruit that can be harvested. This means that you just need to focus on helping the tree to grow during these first couple of years.
It’s important to note that there are other factors that can cause a tree to not be able to produce fruit. Colder temperatures can keep trees from being able to produce fruit.
This is why it’s crucial to ensure that you’re planting the tree in an environment where it can thrive. You might need to check whether you’re in the right USDA zone for the peach tree that you chose.
Fertilizing a tree too much can cause it to stop producing fruit, too. This can be corrected, but you will want to avoid using more fertilizer than is recommended.
Even poor pruning practices can cause fruiting issues. Do your best to learn how to prune peach trees so that you can get consistently good results.
How Long Will Peach Trees Produce Fruit?
Once your peach tree finally starts fruiting, it’s going to keep producing fruit for approximately 12 years. You should be able to enjoy an average of 66 pounds of fruit each year from your tree.
The peak yield of the peach tree will occur at the eight-year mark. After this year, the production of fruit will slowly start to decline.
This means that you’ll be able to enjoy many great years of harvesting peaches from your peach tree. So long as you care for the tree to the best of your ability, it’s going to be a good experience.
You’ll be able to look forward to eating fresh peaches each year. Many people choose to plant more peach trees so that they can keep enjoying this process even when some of the trees stop fruiting.
How Long Will the Peach Tree Live?
The peach tree should live for around 15 to 20 years if nothing goes wrong. Unless the peach tree gets a disease or experiences some type of cold shock, it’s going to survive for quite some time.
Even so, this is a short lifespan when compared to many other fruit trees. When you start reaching the end of the tree’s lifespan, it’s going to be appropriate to start thinking about planting new trees.
If you’d like to avoid interruption in your ability to harvest peaches yearly, then you should plant new peach trees before the original tree stops fruiting. This gives the new peach trees the two to four years that they need to grow strong enough to start producing fruit.
Peach trees will usually grow 18 inches per year when you’re caring for them really well. This assumes that you’re fertilizing the tree twice per year and that you planted it in the right USDA zone.
A standard peach tree might grow to be 20 feet tall. Semi-dwarf and dwarf varieties will be quite a bit shorter than that.
It takes a young peach tree two to four years to start producing peaches that can be harvested. This is because the young tree isn’t strong enough to hold the fruit yet.
You just need to encourage growth and keep caring for the tree. So long as you’re doing your best, it’s going to be possible to harvest peaches before too long.
The peach tree will only live between 15 and 20 years. This is still a fairly long time, but it isn’t as long as many other fruit trees.
Hopefully, you feel more knowledgeable about peach trees now. Enjoy your peaches and the overall beauty of the tree.
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Peach - cultivation and care. Planting, reproduction, protection. Varieties for different regions. Photo — Botanichka
Peach is an ancient culture native to northern China. The main peach plantations are concentrated in the subtropics and warm regions of the Caucasus, European and Asian states. The peach culture stepped into the expanses of the southern and some middle regions in the second half of the last century. There is a real peach boom going on right now. Many gardeners prefer peaches to apricots. Peaches are more hardy during spring return frosts. The advantages of peach include the possibility of obtaining a full-fledged crop with the inheritance of maternal characteristics (large fruit, pulp taste, aroma, etc.) when propagated by seeds.Peach tree with fruits. © M. Denise Wilmer Barreto
Health Benefits of Peach
Sweet and sour, honey-sweet peach flesh, tender and aromatic, is not only delicious, but also medicinal. These fruits are high in vitamins, sugars, pectin and organic acids, including quinic, tartaric, citric, and malic. Pectins and antioxidants protect the body from aging. High content of B vitamins, A, PP, K, C, E, a fairly large list of minerals, including potassium, magnesium, iron, copper, calcium, sodium, zinc, fluorine, manganese, selenium, silicon, chlorine, phosphorus, aluminum, sulfur, contribute to the resistance to various diseases, including anemia.
Doctors prescribe peach juice for anemia and heart rhythm disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, neurodermatitis, asthma, influenza and many other diseases. The iodine contained in peach fruits contributes to the normalization of the thyroid gland, which is responsible for the body's immune system. From the seeds, peach oil is obtained, which is used in the manufacture of cosmetics and medicines.
Briefly about the botanical characteristics of peach
Garden or cultivar varieties of peach, which are descended from the common peach (Persica vulgaris), are mainly grown in dachas. These are woody or shrubby forms of perennial fruit crops. Usually 3 - 4 meters in height, but some varieties can grow up to 8-9m. The peach root system does not go deeper into the soil more than 60-70 cm and therefore the crop needs to be watered in dry hot weather.
Skeletal branches of the peach crown have a large angle of deviation from the main trunk, which contributes to the formation of a wide spreading crown. This feature must be taken into account when planting plants. Peaches don't like thickening.
Peach belongs to the group of cross pollinated plants and needs a partner. To get full yields in the country, you need to plant several different varieties. Fruiting begins in the 2nd - 3rd year and lasts up to 20 years with proper care.
The fruits of some varieties of peach reach a mass of 150-200 g of pulp of different colors (from white to yellow and yellow-orange) and fruit colors - from white, pink, yellow with colored red cheeks to red-carmine. When planting different varieties of peach (early, medium, late), fresh fruits can be obtained from July to the end of September. The keeping quality of fruits is determined by the biological properties of the variety, but does not differ in duration.
According to biological features, peaches are divided into 2 varieties.
- Genuine peaches with soft hairy fruit. A varietal sign can be a slight separation of the stone from the pulp. (In some varieties, the stone does not separate from the pulp).
- Nectarines, the main difference of which is the naked fruit (like a plum) and the ability to separate or not separate the pulp from the stone.
Planting peach seedlings by region
Farming peach in country conditions is somewhat different from cultivation in industrial quantities, mainly in terms of protection against diseases and pests.
Peach is a southern plant, belongs to warm and sun-loving crops. The crown and root system are frosted over at frosts of -15 ..-20 ° С. With return spring frosts, last year's growth freezes over, but quickly recovers. Best of all, the peach grows and bears fruit in areas with a warm climate and a large number of sunny days a year.Planted peach trees. © Larry Reynolds
In the southern regions, it is better to plant peach seedlings in autumn in September-October. Weather conditions allow the seedling to adapt to a new planting site before the onset of cold weather, grow young roots, and prepare for an active life when spring comes.
If peach seedlings are planted in the south in spring, they most often fall under the hot May-June sun. Dry air and the sun's rays dry out the kidneys, the bark and subcortical layers coarsen and dry out. To save the spring planting (and at this time there are a lot of other works in the garden and in the garden), you need to protect the peach seedling from the sun's rays with any breathable shelter, spray it with water (not cold), and keep the soil constantly moist, that is, water it 2 once a week. Over time, the shelter is removed, watering is transferred to a one-time per week and the young leaves are sprayed with cineb or 1% Bordeaux liquid. During autumn planting, blossoming peach leaves are also sprayed with this composition. This technique prevents the appearance of leaf curl.
Regions of the middle and northern lanes
In the middle lane, peach seedlings can be planted in autumn and spring, depending on the weather. With the onset of early cold weather with prolonged rains, it is better to dig in the seedlings and plant them in the spring, as soon as the spring frosts have passed. The soil in the upper layer should warm up to + 12 .. + 15 ° С.
To the north, frost-resistant peach varieties take root normally only during spring plantings. Moreover, there is no need to rush to plant young trees early. The soil and air should be warm enough. Having grown stronger during the spring-summer period, peaches more easily endure the winter cold in the middle regions and the northern regions adjacent to them. When grown in cold areas, peaches are covered for the winter.
Purchase and preparation of peach seedlings for planting
1-2 year old peach seedlings provide a high survival rate. Their height ranges from 1.0 to 1.5 meters, the stem in circumference is 1.5-2.0 cm. On the trunk and side shoots, the bark should be smooth, uniform, without gum dots, which after 1-2 years can infect the plant with gum disease.
If peach seedlings are planted in spring in a permanent place, then already on the market the seller can cut the root system and shorten the trunk to 80-90 cm, and side shoots by 1/3. At night, the seedling is placed in a container with a root (you can use another available stimulant) and planted on the second day.
When peach is planted in autumn, the root system is shortened and the aerial part is not touched. The crown in this case is cut in the spring of next year. If 2-4-year-old peach seedlings with normally developed leaves are purchased, it is advisable to cut them off. Reception is necessary so as not to dry out the main trunk and side shoots until the root system of the planted seedling is working.
Soil preparation and peach planting rules
Planting pits for planting peach seedlings are prepared 4-6 months in advance, placing them every 3-4-5 m, depending on the variety type. Thickened plantings form a low-quality crop in taste and often get sick. The pit is dug 40x40x40 or other sizes. Finally, the volume of the planting pit is prepared for the size of the root system of the purchased seedling.
Peaches can grow on any type of soil except saline and acidic. In heavy soils, add 1-2 buckets of humus or 0.5-1.0 bucket of mature compost and up to 100 g of nitrophoska or other complex mineral fertilizer with a low nitrogen content. The introduced humus will increase the air and water permeability of clay soils. If the soil is light, you can use up to 1 bucket of humus or only mineral fertilizers.
Drive a 1.0-1.5 meter wooden stake into the middle of the prepared pit, or preferably a flat support 1-2 cm wide. When planting, the peach seedling must be positioned relative to the support so that it shaded the young plant during the day from the sun's rays. At the bottom of the pit, drainage is formed from crushed stone, sand and other small materials up to 10-15 cm high so that water does not stagnate, and a mound of prepared soil is poured. The roots of the seedling are straightened along the mound, covered up to 2/3 with soil, slightly compressed and a bucket of settled water is poured. After soaking, the pit is completely filled up.
When planting, the root collar should be 3-4 cm above the ground. Some gardeners recommend deepening the root collar to this depth. When freezing from the scion shoots, you can form a new crown or switch to a bushy form of growing a crop. A 5-6 cm shaft is formed around the planted seedling and another 1-2 buckets of water are poured. After water has been absorbed, the soil is mulched without closing the bole. When peach is planted in spring, the buds swell within a month, the leaves unfold. Sometimes a peach seedling does not “wake up”, but the stem remains elastic, the bark does not change color. In this state, the seedling can "sleep" until the next spring, and then begin normal development.Peach tree sapling
Watering and fertilizing
Post-plant care needs special attention in the first 2-3 years. Watering without stagnant water should be carried out 2 times a month, top dressing - 2 times during the growing season. The first feeding of peaches is carried out before flowering in the budding phase with a complete mineral fertilizer. Use nitrophoska, nitroammophoska, urea, kemira and other fats at the rate of 30-40 g under a tree; the second top dressing - after July 15-20 with a phosphorus-potassium mixture, respectively, 50 and 25 g under the tree of superphosphate and potassium sulfate. You can repeat the introduction of Kemira, nitrophoska.
With the onset of fruiting, the number of peach dressings is increased to three. The rate of solid fertilizers is gradually increased to 150-200 g each under a tree. Fertilizers are scattered along the edge of the crown for digging or brought into dug grooves, holes, followed by closure, watering and mulching. One of the top dressings is usually carried out by spraying the tree crown with microelements or by adding a glass of wood ash for irrigation. It is carried out at the beginning of fruit growth, shifting the introduction of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers to the beginning of ripening. Humus, compost, chicken manure (in solution) are applied in autumn or spring once every 3-4 years, 1-2 buckets each. In the year of organic matter introduction, nitrogen fertilizers are not used for top dressing.
Fruiting peaches are sprayed annually before bud break and after leaf fall with a 2-3% solution of Bordeaux mixture. You can use cineb or other preparations containing copper or zinc for spraying. It is useful to spray peaches during the growing season with boric acid or ash extract (a glass / bucket of water). Potassium permanganate and a few drops of iodine can be added to boric acid.
Peach crown formation and annual pruning
Formative peach pruning begins the year following planting. When forming a cup-shaped wide crown, pruning is carried out in March. On the central peach stem, all side shoots are cut to a height of 40-50 cm. A tree stem is formed. Above the trunk, 3-6 shoots are left - these are the future skeletal branches of the first order. Above these branches, the central trunk is removed. The following year, second-order shoots will form on them. The rest of the shoots, especially those growing inward and thickening, are cut into a ring. Shoots of the 1st and 2nd orders are cut to 50-60 cm. On the remaining part of the peach skeletal branches of any order, young shoots grow during the warm season, forming the crop for the next year. These shoots are called fruiting shoots. Fruiting shoots are left after 15-20 cm, the rest are cut into a ring. If you leave a denser arrangement, the crop will be small-fruited.
There is another scheme for the formation of a peach tree. It is called "formation according to the principle of the fruit link." Use this method of crown formation more often in cold areas. The formed link can be tilted to the ground and covered for the winter. The planting pattern is called "meadow garden". Landing pattern thickened. The distance between rows is 2 m, in a row 0.5 m. Each peach tree forms up to 15 fruits.
When forming a fruit link, the crown, as such, is absent. In the first year after planting, the peach is not pruned. It grows freely, forms a large number of shoots. Seedlings are fed and watered in a timely manner, mulched.
In the second year, in April, a peach seedling is cut at a height of 10 cm from the soil, leaving the 2 most developed stems located closer to the ground. One will be the main for fruiting, and the second spare. In summer, thinning is carried out densely located on these 2 branches of lateral shoots, you can shorten them. In this case, the lower 2 do not touch. In autumn, after leaf fall, the peach shoot, left as a spare, is cut to 2 lower branches, and the second is left for fruiting. The following year, in the fall, the fruiting shoot is removed, and the 2 lowest shoots are left on the spare and the rest of the growth is removed. That is, every year they form a fruit link.
Recently, more and more gardeners are turning to growing peach in the form of a bush. This form is most convenient in cold regions. Peach is easy to shelter from winter frosts. They form an above-ground mass of 4-5 to 10 most developed shoots. The rest are cut out. On each shoot, shoots of this year are left, which will form a crop next year. Old branches that practically do not form a crop are periodically removed.Peach fruits on the tree. © Jessica
Propagation of peach in the country
Peaches in the dacha are propagated by grafted seedlings purchased from the relevant companies and seeds.
Moreover, the second is the most common technique that does not require complex manipulations during planting and growing seedlings. Seed propagation of peach is beneficial in that trees grow more resistant to the vagaries of weather and disease. With seed propagation, not all planted seeds can form a culture with maternal characteristics. The ovary in peaches is formed as a result of cross-pollination, and some of the seeds may bear signs of a rootstock. To reduce the selection error, a large number of seeds must be sown. When the first leaves appear on the seedlings, those with a wider leaf blade should be selected. Of course, this is not 100% reliable, but still there is a possibility of selection. When sowing in pots, not one peach seed is also sown, but 3-4, and after germination, 1 strongest seedling is left, and the rest are cut off at the soil surface.
Peach seeds in open ground in the southern regions are sown from October 15 to November 10-15. Previously, the bones are scarified or soaked for 2-3 days in warm water, which is changed daily. For planting seeds, zoned peach varieties are chosen, which is especially important in the middle lane. Seeds of such varieties will be a guarantee of obtaining a crop that forms a crop and is resistant to climatic conditions. Under shelter, plants will freeze less. Imported varieties that are not adapted to our climate may turn out to be barren or freeze out in the first winter. In order for peaches to successfully develop and form a high-quality crop, it is necessary to comply with the requirements of agricultural technology and cover the crop for the period of cold weather.
A sunny place is chosen for the school, the soil is fertilized with humus or mature compost. Peach seeds are placed in holes to a depth of 6-8 cm. The holes are placed at a distance of 7-10 cm. During the winter, the seed undergoes natural stratification, and shoots appear in spring. Peach seedlings grow quickly, but require careful care. The soil should be loose, weed-free, constantly moist (not wet). During the summer season, 3-4 top dressings are carried out, preferably with kemira or crystal at the rate of 30-40 g / sq. m.
When growing peach seedlings at home, after sowing the seeds, containers are placed in a warm place, which is equipped according to the principle of a mini-greenhouse. Before germination, the temperature in the room is maintained at +10..+15 °С, and after germination it is gradually raised to +18..+20 °С. The soil must be constantly moist. When seedlings appear, containers with seedlings must be placed in well-lit places. Peach seedlings are planted in open or closed ground in the spring by transshipment at a soil temperature in the root layer of at least +12 .. +14 ° С with a constant high air temperature.
Varieties of peach for different regions
Like other crops, peaches are classified according to the speed of ripening of the crop into early, medium and late. In the south, crops are formed according to the biological ripeness of all three variety groups, in the middle lane and, especially in the cold zone, even when grown in heated greenhouses and greenhouses, they are limited to growing early and much less often - medium and medium-early varieties.
In the southern regions and areas close to them in the middle zone, the following early and mid-early peach varieties are most acceptable: early Kyiv, Redhaven, Collins, Juicy, Favorit, May flower, Early Sycheva, Rossoshanskaya early ripening, Nadezhny, Fluffy early and others.
Of the mid-ripening in the southern region, the peach variety Cardinal forms high yields of good quality, the fruits of which reach a weight of 140-150 g. Large-fruited. The fruits reach a mass of more than 200 g. Of the other varieties, Veteran, Skazka, Zakatny, Smolensky are in demand.
We can recommend winter-hardy varieties of peaches of American and Canadian selection (nectarines, peaches with fig fruits) - Harbinger, Harnas, Inka, Harko, Suncrest and others for growing on their own plots. Naturally, the listed varieties are given as examples. The market annually offers new, more improved varieties for winter hardiness and resistance to diseases and pests. Before purchasing a new peach variety, it is necessary to carefully familiarize yourself with its characteristics so as not to get into trouble in a few years, when it turns out that the variety is unsuitable for the region.Treatment of peach trees from pests and diseases. © Mary H. Dyer
Protecting Peach from Diseases and Pests
The most common peach diseases are leaf curl, moniliosis, powdery mildew, fruit rot, gum disease. Diseases are caused by pathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses.
Of the pests, aphids, spider mites, scale insects, codling moths cause the greatest damage to the crop and the condition of the crop. According to the way of feeding, they belong to gnawing and sucking pests.
It is not recommended to use chemicals to kill diseases and pests in dachas and adjacent areas. You can get an environmentally friendly crop by using biological products developed on the basis of soil Effective Microorganisms (EM or biological products) to protect against diseases and pests. They are harmless to humans and animals. They can be used almost until harvest. However, using only preparations, the garden cannot be cleared of diseases and pests, because their adult forms, eggs successfully overwinter on weeds and under vegetable garden and garden residues, in fallen fruits and leaves.
Pest and disease control must begin with preventive measures. After harvesting, it is necessary to remove all fruit and leaf litter from under the crown of the fruit-bearing crop. Carry out sanitary pruning of trees (in late autumn or early spring), removing diseased, cracked shoots, covered with points of incipient gum disease. Take it outside the site and burn it.
From diseases to bud break in spring and leaf fall in autumn, peaches should be sprinkled with 2-3% Bordeaux liquid. And after the leaves bloom, switch to treatment with tank mixtures of biofungicides and bioinsecticides. Bioinsecticides lepidocid, fitoverm, bitoxibacillin can be combined with biofungicides mikosan, phytosporin, hamair, alirin. Each of the biological products has its own limits of effective action on plants. Therefore, before proceeding with the preparation of solutions, it is necessary to study the instructions and check the biological products for compatibility.
Tank mixes or individual biological preparations start treatment of plants from the phase of bud break and finish a few days before harvest. Adhesives must be added to the prepared solution so that the preparation does not roll down and is not washed off the leaves. After rains, spraying of plants is repeated. The treatment is carried out after 7-10 days by fine spraying. Proper preparation and use of biological products qualitatively protects the crop from pests and diseases.
What year does a peach bear fruit?
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Why doesn't the peach bear fruit (bloom)?
What to do if a peach does not bear fruit, blooms poorly…
Buying a seedling of a fruit tree always carries the hope that in a few years it will bloom profusely, and then will be covered with juicy fruits. The peach is no exception.
When the period of “gardening waiting” passes, and we see that the peach has either not bloomed at all, or blooms extremely weakly (which means that it will give even less fruit), then it's time to take action. After all, it’s impossible to wait for a peach tree to grow - you can’t transplant it, then you won’t be able to, and as practice shows, if the fruiting is initially bad, then time (the age of the tree) corrects this extremely rarely.
1. First look at the area where the peach is planted. Ideally, this is a sunny, windless place (the south side of the estate), in no case on the open bank of a reservoir. It is good if the tree grows near the wall of the house or the fence, which reflect additional heat and protect it from the wind. The seedlings of the “Persian plum” (as the peach is translated from Latin) are suitable for sandy and loamy soils, and peat bogs and clays are completely contraindicated for them.
2. Tall trees should not shade your sapling, because the wood of young shoots does not have time to mature over the summer, and flower buds are poorly laid on the tree (the future harvest depends on this).
RARE PLANT SEEDS FOR YOUR GARDEN - FREE SHIPPING. PRICES ARE VERY LOW. THERE ARE REVIEWS
3. Every year, during spring digging, nitrogen mineral fertilizers must be applied to the near-stem circle - 70 g of ammonium nitrate or 50 g of urea. In autumn, 40 g of phosphorus and 50 g of potassium are added. Organics are needed (manure or humus) every 2-3 years, it can be replaced with green manure (colza, oilseed radish, lupine or rapeseed), sowing them between rows.
4. Annual pruning is obligatory (from March to mid-April) - the height of the tree should not exceed 2.5-3 m, and the diameter of the crown should not exceed 2-2.5 m. In order for the peach crown not to thicken, thinning is necessary, removing from the center shoots growing vertically and appearing on the inside of the branches.
Fruit-bearing branches are also cut, leaving 3-4 well-developed buds on them. This stimulates shoot formation and prevents the tree from being exposed.
Peach tree care tips and tricks
1. With an abundance of ovaries, in order not to deplete the tree, only the largest ones (2-3 cm) are left after flowering, and small and weak ones are cut off. Of the groups of 2-3 flowers, the largest is left. After shedding the ovary, some of the small fruits are also removed.
2 In the summer, at the end of June - beginning of July, pinching (pinching off) the tips of young branches that have grown to 30-40 cm should be carried out. At this time they are still herbaceous and can be easily plucked off with your fingers.
Pinched branches ripen normally and do not freeze in winter, flower buds are well laid on them.
3. In autumn, the trunk and skeletal branches of the peach should be whitened with a solution of lime with the addition of copper sulphate and liposam (a glue made from natural ingredients). This autumn whitewash protects the peach from frost and sunburn in winter, which usually occur during thaws.
When pruning a peach, in order to easily distinguish fruiting shoots (to be left) from "drones" (to be removed), the "pencil rule" must be followed.
Bring an ordinary pencil to the branches and remove all shoots thinner than it, i.e. all shoots of the second year should be no thinner than a pencil. They will bring you the first peaches.
4. To achieve good results in the cultivation of peach allows forming bush pruning.
To do this, leave 3-4 well-developed young shoots on the bush, which grow from the lower buds.
After 2-3 years, full-fledged branches develop from them, which begin to bear fruit within three years (then they begin to be affected by gum disease).
After this period in the spring, all fruit-bearing branches must be cut off at the level of the root collar, and from the newly grown over the summer shoots form a bush of 7-8 developed branches (5 fruit-bearing and 2-3 young shoots for replacement), which will bear fruit for next 2 years.
Branch tips are not trimmed.
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Reviews and comments: 7
Happy with peaches!
read an article about growing peach and wanted to share her experience. Four years ago, my husband and I bought fragrant peaches at the market, the seeds of which we decided to plant. At the end of autumn, they simply buried them in the ground and ... forgot. What was our surprise when two sprouts sprouted in this place in the spring! For the winter, the roots of young seedlings were insulated - mulched with peat. And this year, in the spring, our peach blossomed, many fruits began to set. Our land is fertile, so the plants were not fed. True, in the heat they watered - two buckets every other day. In mid-September, they tasted their first harvest. What peaches were delicious and juicy! And rather big in size - on average, each weighed 50 g.
Peach pits germinate well when sown in the soil in autumn, so there is no need to break them. In addition, shelled seeds are highly susceptible to fungal diseases. As a result, seedlings are sparse. Will your tree grow? It will grow and produce a crop if it does not die from frost. Therefore, for the winter, it is advisable to dig up an annual seedling and store it in a joke (in the basement) or cover it with straw, spunbond. It is best to transplant to a permanent place in the spring of next year. Peach seedlings begin to bear fruit already in the 3-4th year after planting. In terms of quality, the fruits, quite possibly, will resemble the mother variety.
Seedling from stone
Last year, at the end of summer, a neighbor treated me to peaches from his garden. I decided to try to grow a tree from a stone.
I took them out of the fruit and immediately soaked them in water for three days (I changed the water twice a day). Then he put it in the shade in the garden to dry (it is important that direct sunlight does not fall on the bones).
The next step: with a hammer, he carefully cracked the seeds and took out the seeds, which he kept for some time in a dry, cool cellar
. In October, the seeds were sown in open ground (planting depth - 5 cm, distance in a row - 10 cm). I read that it is undesirable to sow peach seeds next to other fruit-bearing trees - they should be separated by a distance of at least 3 m. Friendly shoots appeared in the spring. During the season, the plants stretched out by about 1.5 m. We are waiting for the trees to grow up ...
Almost all stone fruit trees in the garden, especially peach, apricot and cherry, suffer from the so-called "glue discharge" on the surface of the trunk, skeletal branches (and in peach and apricot glue appears even on the fruit). As practice shows, after this phenomenon, after 1-2 years, the tree dries out. How to save plants from the "glue" scourge?
Gum disease (gommosis) is a common disease of stone fruits (on branches and trunks, a brown-yellow liquid, sticky like glue, is released through the cracks in the bark). Damage appears during unfavorable wintering - after sunburn, frost cracks, freezing; fertilization (especially nitrogen fertilizers) can also provoke gum disease if the trees grow in waterlogged areas and acidic soils.
■ Improving the winter hardiness of plants through the correct and balanced use of top dressings, timely care (protection from diseases and pests).
■ Compliance with agricultural practices: timely watering, reasonable use of nitrogen fertilizers, correct pruning of trees with obligatory putty of cuts with garden pitch.
■ The fight against gum disease should be primarily preventive in nature: in the fall - whitewashing trees with lime or an acrylic-based composition. At the first symptoms, it is necessary to heal the wounds that secrete gum: they are cleaned to a healthy tissue with a grip of 1-2 cm and disinfected with 3% copper sulphate, then treated with garden pitch.
The secret of large peaches
The basis of a generous harvest of peaches is a special cupped shape of the crown, which allows the peach tree to warm up evenly in summer and not freeze in winter. From the first days of planting, such a cupped crown should be formed.
When planting, it is necessary to cut the seedling to 60-70 cm. Make the stem a little more than 0.5 m high. Remove the shoots that form on it in summer. Lay 3-4 lateral branches in the “skeleton” of the bowl, eliminate the rest.
In subsequent years, cut the skeletal branches to 1/3 of the length, gradually begin to form second-order shoots. It is easy to determine them - these are the strongest mo-
Lode twigs, located at a distance of about 40 cm from each other (the same amount should be from the first branches to the trunk).
Cut off young branches that will grow deep into the crown, shorten side shoots to 30-35 cm. Leave only half of the fruit buds on weak rods. If all this is not done, then the crown will thicken, the fruits will become small.
If they promise a frosty winter, in the autumn I carry out a large-scale pruning, leaving a small bush without young shoots. In the spring, he will still release new branches and buds, but he will not freeze even in extreme cold.
Viktor KOCHETKOV, Suzdal
I have a very nice dacha, lots of flowers and a wonderful garden. But for the past few years, the garden has ceased to bear fruit - plums, apricots and cherries bloom, but there are almost no fruits. Why? The garden is not old. Spots appeared on some apple trees - it looks like aphids.
I will share a clipping from a magazine:
Light yellow skin and sweet, juicy flesh - these are the main advantages of the honey peach, which breeders received in the process of crossing apricot and peach.
As a result, aromas of two summer fruits are combined in one fruit. These peaches ripen in July, their fruits have a delicious taste - they are good both fresh and canned. In terms of tree shape, leaves and flowers, this fruit hybrid is very similar to the peach, however it is less prone to leaf curl.
Important: for planting peach, choose a place well lit by the sun and protected from the wind, for example, on the south side of the house. At the same time, areas located in lowlands, where cold air can stagnate, as well as swampy areas with waterlogged soil, are categorically not suitable.
Peach cultivation and care
Peach cultivation occupies a special place in the garden. Undoubtedly, this is everyone's favorite fruit. Few people know that the number of fragrant and sweet fruits in the summer directly depends on the care of the tree in the fall. Flower buds are laid on annual shoots. Peach begins to bear fruit already 2-3 years after planting in open ground.
The choice of planting site is of great importance when growing peach. It largely determines the resistance of the tree to adverse conditions and possible diseases, its survival and fruiting. Peaches prefer moist, slightly acidic soils with good drainage, groundwater should be no closer than 0.8-1.6 m. years. The planting of seedlings between the trees of the old garden inhibits the development and growth of peach.
Planting pits are filled with compost or humus, phosphorus, nitrogen and micronutrient fertilizers. They are mixed with a fertile topsoil and poured into a slide at the bottom of the pit. After that, the seedling is abundantly watered and the soil is mulched with a layer of 8-10 cm of peat or sawdust. The root neck can be deepened by 4-6 cm or left at soil level. Landing is carried out only in early spring. When planted in autumn, peaches do not have time to take root and die during winter frosts.
Fertilizers and pruning
Peach cultivation requires quality care for every tree. Peach is a vigorous crop, the growth of its shoots can reach 55–75 cm per season or more. Regular feeding of the plant ensures not only rapid growth, but also a good, high-quality harvest. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in limited quantities - approximately 8-12 g / m 2. At the same time, it is important to remember that fertilizing with nitrogen compounds is carried out in the spring, in order to activate the vegetation process, in the fall, such treatment can destroy the tree, since it will not go into hibernation in time and may die from frost later.
Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, on the contrary, will help the plant to endure calm winter cold and early spring frosts. Such top dressing is used for autumn digging of the soil in the trunk circle. Up to a quarter of a kilogram of superphosphates, 22–32 kg of organic fertilizers, from potassium complexes are spent on one tree, potassium chloride is used - up to 100 g, wood ash - up to 350-450 g. In addition, it is necessary to feed during the growing season, with an interval of 2–4 weeks. The first feeding is carried out before the start of active sap flow - in the first weeks of April, the second - in the first week of May, the third - at the beginning of summer, but no later than the first week of July, so that the shoots have time to stop growth and ripen, which will help them overwinter.
Successful peach cultivation also means regular rejuvenation pruning. Dried, dying branches should be removed in a timely manner and the crown should be thinned out. Trees must be whitened for the winter. The bases of large branches and stems are tied with thick paper, burlap or spruce branches. The root system is also insulated with a layer of sawdust, peat or needles 25-35 cm thick. Very dense, highly carbonate, highly saline and marshy soils are not suitable for cultivation. It should also be borne in mind that low soil moisture reduces the number of ovaries. Despite the high drought resistance of this plant, without 3-4 single watering, the peach will bring a small amount of fruit. The first abundant watering, in the amount of 3-5 buckets, is carried out at the beginning of flowering. Then after the appearance of the first ovaries and directly, during their maturation.
Poor lighting also significantly affects fruiting. If the peach is grown in a shady area, the generative buds will not set well, resulting in small fruits with poor taste. Since the peach blooms early and its flowering is abundant, it is necessary to normalize the fruits, removing part of the ovaries 3-4 cm in diameter. This prevents the depletion of the tree and ensures the production of large fruits with good taste. Small, shapeless or damaged fruits are removed first. The remaining ovaries after thinning should be at least 18-25 cm apart. On small, underdeveloped branches, do not leave more than 1-2 fruits.
The correct formation of the crown not only affects the yield, but also the cultivation of peach in general. Pruning is carried out in early spring. In this case, the improved bowl method is often used - when all side branches are removed in the bole area. Leave 3-5 skeletal branches at a distance of 15-20 cm relative to each other. The conductor is cut off at the side branch at the top. Shortening is rarely used, only in cases where biennial branches reach 55-65 cm or more. Strongly branched branches that thicken the crown, fatty, one-year growths, as well as damaged, drying branches are regularly removed.
When growing peach, it must be remembered that this tree is prone to such diseases as rosette, small fruit and jaundice. Therefore, seedlings must be bought healthy, with a developed root system. If the rootstock is infected with the listed diseases, it must be burned. Bird cherry should grow in a garden plot no closer than 150-160 m from peaches, since it is she who serves as an intermediate host for some pathogens.
In cases where the foliage of a tree is affected by brown rot or other diseases of a similar nature, it is necessary to fight them with fungicides. The most dangerous pests that cause great damage to the tree are sawflies and weevil larvae. You can destroy them by double spraying with special preparations, immediately after the appearance of the first ovaries. It is also effective to introduce paradichlorobenzene into the soil, in a ring around the trunk 3-7 cm wide.
Peach Growing Secrets Video
The video shows what care is needed to get the annual harvest. He talks about all the possible subtleties and mistakes when growing a peach.
Peach does not bear fruit - what is behind this?
Peach is one of the most popular southern fruits. Useful properties and characteristic taste qualities provide fruits with wide distribution. Many gardeners, having decided to grow their own crop, face various problems during the development period. It is often noted that the peach does not bear fruit, the leaves curl. To obtain the desired result, before planting seedlings, it is necessary to study the conditions for the normal growth of the plant, methods for the prevention of various diseases and the main aspects of the fruiting of the crop.
Reasons for the absence of fruits
Before looking for the reason for the lack of fruits, it is necessary to clarify in which year the crop begins to bear fruit. The peach tree belongs to early crops. Despite this, the beginning of the formation of the first fruits falls on the third year. If the tree in the garden is young, then you should not make hasty conclusions and diagnose plant diseases. After planting a seedling on the site, the tree undergoes acclimatization and gains strength for growth and development. Gets used to the soil composition, strengthens the root system. After two to three seasons, if there are necessary conditions for the formation of fruits, the tree will begin to actively bloom and pick up the first fruits. If the peach does not bear fruit, then the plant conditions are violated. Before planting, it is necessary to study all the requirements for ensuring the growth of the crop. The reasons for the lack of fruits can be various factors:
- Wrong landing site. A heat-loving plant needs a calm place. Shading is excluded, since the tree needs a large amount of sunlight;
- Unsuitable soil composition. For good growth, the culture needs sandy soil. In peaty or clay soil, the tree will grow very poorly;
- Lack of a balanced diet. The peach tree needs regular fertilization of the soil. For this, it is better to use organic. It is necessary to make top dressing at least 2 - 3 times a year;
- Lack of nitrogen in the soil. Insufficient nitrogen content negatively affects the plant. Nitrogen preparations should be added regularly, according to the manufacturer's instructions;
- Poor care. Fruit culture requires seasonal pruning of old branches and dry shoots. This procedure promotes the active growth of young shoots, and is also a prevention of various diseases;
- No barrel whitening. In spring and autumn, a necessary preventive procedure is whitewashing the trunk at least one meter from the ground. For this, a solution of lime is used, which protects the plant from various pests, including insects, rodents (mice and hares).
If a peach blossoms but does not bear fruit, the reason lies in the lack of pollination. The tree is considered self-pollinated. But in some cases, in order to contribute to the beginning of fruiting, a tree is required - a neighbor. To do this, it is recommended to plant a peach or a related apricot nearby. If necessary, you can attract bees to improve the pollination process. If there are no insects, for example, in rainy weather, then the manual method is used.
Another reason that peach does not bear fruit may be an excess of soil acidity. In this case, the ovaries may form, but immediately fall off. An electronic pH meter is used. If necessary, deacidification of the soil is carried out. Insufficient boron content adversely affects fruit ovaries. Lack of fruit may be due to frost. Lowering the temperature to -3 degrees does not allow the formation of fruits.
Methods for activating fruiting
If the peach tree has previously been fruiting and then stops, and there are no signs of disease, it is recommended to provide the plant with proper rest. To do this, in the spring flowering period, it is necessary to cut off all the inflorescences. An unpollinated tree will not waste energy on the formation and growth of fruits, but rather accumulate them for the next season and will delight in a bountiful harvest next year. To obtain a crop, the necessary conditions for crop growth should be observed:
- a variety is selected for planting that can grow well in the local climate;
- planting time is observed, the best period is early spring;
- an open place with sufficient illumination and no drafts is selected;
- the landing pit should be 1 meter wide, at least 60 cm deep. At the same time, compost or humus is laid on the bottom, on top of which fertile soil mixed with 200 g of phosphorus and potassium is poured;
- during the growth process, regular top dressing and soil moistening are observed.
Timely prevention of various diseases and compliance with the rules of agricultural technology allow growing a high-quality and plentiful harvest of healthy fruit.
How to grow a peach
Spring has already fully asserted its rights, and it's time to plant fruit trees. In terms of taste, among many fruit crops, peach, of course, is out of competition. And despite its southern origin, it is becoming more and more popular in our gardens. Let's talk about the basic rules for growing peach in a continental climate.
Peach or Persian Plum “Prúnus pérsica” is the Latin word for this beloved fruit native to China. A peach tree in nature reaches from 5 to 7 meters in height, and in culture its dimensions depend on the variety and the rootstock on which it is grafted. The most commonly used rootstock is almond or wild peach. It is generally accepted that this fruit tree lives 10-15 years, but in fact, life expectancy largely depends on comfortable conditions and proper care.
The most commonly used rootstock is almond or wild peach.
Peach fruits are pubescent or smooth, like a nectarine, and also round or flattened. The juicy pulp of the fruit contains vitamins A, C, E, B2, P and useful minerals: potassium, calcium, phosphorus and iron. It is used with pleasure both fresh and in the preparation of desserts, juices or preparations.
Nevertheless, the peach is considered to be initially a heat-loving crop, which is why many gardeners are afraid to take responsibility and refuse to plant this tree in their garden. Perhaps the reason for the fear lies in a previously unsuccessful experience, which can discourage you from messing with a capricious culture, despite the delicious fruits. But I want to reassure you. Consider the basic rules of agricultural technology, which are fundamental in the cultivation of subtropical peach in a continental climate.
Peach, as already mentioned, the culture is tender, so for planting it is preferable to find places protected from the winds, for example, behind the buildings of houses and sheds located on the south side. The soil should be fertilized, well water and breathable. Planting pits are filled with black soil mixed with 50 g of superphosphate, 50 g of potassium chloride, 200-300 g of wood ash and humus. When planting, the grafting site should be 4-5 cm above the ground.
peach blossom garden
seedling in a place protected from the wind
After buying a seedling, especially in spring, we are in a hurry to plant without prior pruning. And after a short time, the cool spring is replaced by a sharp heat, and the branches intensively begin to suck out moisture from the roots of a young tree that have not had time to take root, which negatively affects the general condition of the plant. Therefore, it is imperative to perform preplant pruning, leaving the trunk at the level of a meter and shortening each branch by two buds.
It is imperative to perform pre-plant pruning, leaving the trunk at the level of a meter and shortening each branch by two buds.
The second and no less important rule before laying a peach orchard is to determine the shape of the future tree. For a peach, the cup-shaped crown, consisting of three skeletal branches of the first order, is considered the best formation. With this molding, the planting pattern is 4 meters in a row, 5 meters between rows.
Peach requires regular spring pruning, but only when the rosebuds appear. However, in early spring, he can make the so-called “short haircut”, cutting off all the branches by two centimeters. This is done so that the pests that settle on the tops are at least partially destroyed.
When the pink buds appear, you can start the main spring peach pruning, which is similar in technique to grape pruning. As with grapes, it is necessary to leave a replacement knot and a fruit branch cut into 8 buds. The replacement knot is left as close to the trunk as possible and cut into three buds. Of the three buds in the future, fruit twigs will wake up and grow. Then we will again leave one branch for fruiting, and cut the other into a replacement knot.
peach pruning by rose bud
If all peach buds are left on the fruiting branch and allowed to ripen, then due to lack of nutrition they will be tasteless and the size of a plum. And also after such a plentiful harvest, the tree, as a rule, weakens and loses its vitality. Therefore, in peach, it is always necessary to ration the fruits ruthlessly. It is necessary to ration the peach when the fruits are still green, the size of a walnut.
Peach should be rationed when the fruit is still green, about the size of a walnut.
We manually cut off the fruits, maintaining a distance of 10-15 cm between them, which will evenly distribute the load on the branch. It is preferable to leave the ovaries larger in size and close to the top so that the fruits receive as much sunlight as possible. On the skeletal branches, you can leave a little more ovaries than on other branches.
Pest and disease control
The most common disease for the peach tree is leaf curl and aphid attacks. Peach does not tolerate cool weather and high humidity during prolonged rains, which is often the cause of various diseases. Both for preventive and therapeutic purposes, it is necessary to carry out timely chemical treatment from diseases and pests.
The first peach treatment should be carried out on the green cone with Maxim, and the second immediately after flowering, while fungicides such as Horus, Quadris, Strobi, Ridomil Gold can be used. The third treatment is recommended to be carried out three weeks after flowering, and for this you should choose one of the preparations that the plants have not previously been treated with. When pests appear, the peach is treated with drugs such as Aktara, Angio, Calypsa or others.
fruits are normalized in green form
Green operations and watering
From the end of May to August, precisely during the growing season, green operations are carried out on peach trees, because in the spring the lignified branches and inflicted wounds will not heal well.
We need to cut out all unnecessary shoots near the skeletal branch - those that grow inside the tree, thickening the crown. For the health of the tree, it is important that the appearance of the crown is translucent.
It is important for the health of the tree that the appearance of the crown be translucent.
It is necessary to make circles around the trunk, mulched with humus, in order to irrigate through them. It is important not to miss the ovary period in order to make water-charging watering, which will increase the quality of future fruits. But excess moisture can also harm the tree. Therefore, in wet weather, watering should be reduced as the soil dries out, and in dry weather, increased to once a week.
Breeders have bred varieties of peach that can tolerate our frosts well, but more often crop death occurs in the spring when they wake up. Peach is a short dormant crop and awakening occurs in early spring when there is a danger of a return frost.