How much are italian cypress trees
Italian Cypress For Sale Online
There are often times in planning our gardens that we need plants that are tall, but narrow. With evergreens, we can do this by trimming regularly, but that can become a big job on tall trees, so it makes a lot of sense to plant instead something that is naturally tall and narrow. That way we can leave the trimmers in the garage and simply enjoy our gardens. This can also be a real issue when we need a tall screen, but only have a narrow space available to plant it.
If this sounds like your situation, the Italian Cypress sounds like the plant you need. This beautiful but tough plant will stay as a narrow column, no wider than a tenth of its height, with no trimming from you. If you have traveled to, or seen images of Italy, then you have seen these trees, like dark fingers on the hillsides, pointing up into the clear blue sky.
As long as you live in zone 7 or warmer, you can enjoy these wonderful trees in your own garden too. They make a great narrow screen or hedge – you can trim them for an even tighter and more formal look – or a wonderful accent plant among your other plants, or on either side of an entrance. They make great plants for large pots too, giving a classic look to any space.
About the Italian Cypress
The Italian Cypress is a tall, narrow evergreen tree that grows wild across the Mediterranean region, originally in the east, in countries like Turkey, Lebanon, Israel and Greece. However, for centuries it has been cultivated further west, especially in Italy, where it has reached iconic status in the landscape. It also grows in gardens and in the wild in France and Spain, as well as around the world wherever the climate is suitable.
The narrow upright ‘dark finger’ is a prominent feature in the landscape wherever it grows. Other names for this tree are the Mediterranean Cypress, Tuscan Cypress or Pencil Pine. It is closely related to the Monterey cypress, (Cupressus macrocarpa), which grows wild in the southwestern states of America.
The wild trees vary in width and some can be broad, but selection over the centuries has developed the very narrow, pencil-like form grown today in gardens. The tree has a strong central trunk, with branches almost to the ground. The foliage and branches stay on the lowest parts of the tree for many years, but eventually a thick trunk with dark-brown, stringy bark will develop.
The foliage is a very dark, gray-green color and grows in dense, upright sprays. The tiny leaves cling tightly to the stems. Older trees produce round cones, one or two inches across, which eventually fall to the ground. Trees are typically about 40 feet tall, if left unclipped, although old trees can be 100 feet tall. It is always about a tenth of its height in width, so a 30 feet tree will only be about 3 feet wide.
The garden form of this tree – narrow, dense and upright – developed through many years of gardening. Trees grown from seed are variable, so instead our skilled growers select upright pieces from perfect plants and grow young plants from those stem pieces. This means that every plant is identical and gives you the perfect look you want. These perfect plants take longer to produce, so avoid cheaper seedling trees, which vary in width and density.
Italian Cypress Growth Rate
This cypress is a fast growing tree when young, adding as much as 3 feet to its height in a single year under ideal conditions, but it slows as it reaches maturity. For maximum growth during the development stages of your plants, fertilize regularly and water well during dry spells. So when you first plant a hedge or barrier with this tree, it will quickly develop and fill in to give you the barrier you need as soon as possible.
Once established, the trees will naturally slow in growth, so your barrier or hedge will not need constant clipping to keep it under control. This is an ideal situation and helps keep your garden attractive but low maintenance.
Hardiness of the Italian Cypress
The Italian Cypress grows from zone 7, with average winter low temperatures of 0°F, all the way to zone 11, where it never freezes at all in winter. This makes it a great choice for your garden if you live in any of the warmer to hot areas of the country. Combined with its drought-resistance, this is a fantastic tree for xeric or low-water plantings, which are becoming more common, and even required, in some states, such as California.
Even if you live in a cooler area, you can grow this tree in a pot as a lovely specimen for your terrace, where it brings a touch of European charm. For the winter you can store the plants in a cold building during the coldest months. It would be best if there was some light, but if the soil in the pots is dry and the temperatures are cold, ideally below freezing, it will be happy for a couple of months in the dark.
Another feature of the Italian Cypress is how drought resistant it is. Of course, when young and recently planted, you should water your new trees regularly, once or twice a week if the weather is hot. For the first few years, it is best to also water them during long dry periods, both in summer and during winter. In milder areas, plants continue to grow in winter, so if the weather is warm and dry some watering will help your plants.
Once established, this is a truly drought tolerant tree, that will go for long periods without any water at all. This makes it ideally suited for hot, dry areas, like California, New Mexico and southern Texas. There it will grow through long droughts with little or no watering needed at all. This does not mean these are the only places it will grow – not at all. It also grows well in Florida and the Deep South.
Best Soil Type for the Italian Cypress
This tough tree will grow in all types of soil. It will thrive in sandy soils, but also in clay, and of course in every soil in between. The only conditions that are not suitable are poorly drained and wet soils. For those soils, if you are looking for a hedge or barrier, we recommend Thuja Green Giant, which is happy in wetter conditions.
Pests, Diseases and Deer
Serious pests or diseases do not attack Italian Cypress. Deer usually leave them alone, and this tree is even fire-resistant. There are some tips for keeping your trees healthy, especially if you live in areas that can be humid and wet. In those areas, it is best to plant your trees in well-drained soil, and perhaps build a low mound for planting, or a ridge for planting a hedge. This will keep the roots drier and healthy. In humid areas, to avoid disease, do not spray the foliage regularly and adjust your sprinkler system to avoid spraying the trees every time it runs.
Using Italian Cypress as a Hedge or Barrier
With its naturally narrow form, it is easy to make a barrier or hedge with Italian Cypress – a hedge that needs little or no trimming to look good and not become overgrown. This gives the plant a big advantage for low maintenance gardening, since many other fast growing trees need regular trimming. With its narrow profile it can even be used in an area with limited space, and still need little trimming. However, to create an impenetrable barrier with the densest growth, trimming once or twice a year is best.
Because of that narrow form, do not leave a lot of space between plants in a hedge or screen, since they will fill in sideways slowly. The upside to this is that you greatly reduce your overall maintenance when you choose this plant for a hedge. This also means that you can plant closer to walls and fences than with many other evergreens. So you can fit a hedge into a narrower space overall. This is a great benefit in smaller gardens or in urban settings where spaces tend to be reduced. Allow 12 to 18 inches as a minimum distance from a wall or fence or the back part of your plants will eventually lose their branches, making them look thinner and more open.
Using Italian Cypress as an Informal Barrier
For the perfect privacy screen or background, plant your trees between 3 and 5 feet apart. Do not exceed 5 feet or you will wait a long time for the spaces between the trees to fill in. A good way to get a denser screen quicker is to plant a double row. Space the rows 3 feet apart and put the plants 6 to 7 feet apart in the rows. Stagger the planting so that each plant is in the space between the plants in the other row – a zigzag arrangement.
With the Italian Cypress you have chosen, you will not need to trim the trees at all to see an informal but dense screen develop quickly over the course of a few years. It will always stay narrow for a restricted space, and always look graceful and elegant with no trimming needed.
If you want to develop a denser coverage quicker, trim twice a year for the first few years and then once a year after that. Always trim so that there is a slight inward flat slope to the face of the plants. This way light will reach the lower parts and keep them strong and healthy.
Using Italian Cypress as a Hedge
You can also create a wonderful formal hedge with this cypress tree. Plant your trees 2 to 3 feet apart in a single row, or 3 to 4 feet apart in a double row, with the rows 2 feet apart. These distances will give you the best results in the shortest time, as well as keep your hedge healthy for many years.
It can be tempting to push the plants as close together as possible, but this will never produce the dense, thick hedge you are looking for. If you do not want a very tall hedge – perhaps less than 6 feet tall, then planting at 2 feet apart will give good results. For anything taller than this, it is best to use the 3 feet spacing, or plant a double row.
How to Plant the Italian Cypress
You can plant your Italian Cypress trees at any time of year and as soon as you receive them, as long as the ground is not frozen hard. If you need to leave them in the pots for a while, that is OK too; just make sure you water them every few days.
Prepare the ground by digging or tilling an area 2 to 3 feet wide, and 8 to 12 inches deep, taking out weed roots as you go. Do not worry about any stones you see, unless they are bigger than your clenched fist – remove those. Smaller stones help with drainage, so leave them where they are. Add some organic material, such as garden compost, rotted manure, peat moss; or whatever kind of material is available to you locally. Add some starter fertilizer for evergreen trees while preparing the soil.
If you are planting specimen or accent trees, dig or till each spot in a circle 2 to 3 feet across and otherwise do the same things as for a hedge.
For planting a hedge, the best way is to dig out a trench in your prepared area, a little wider than the pots and the same depth as they are. Use a tight string to keep it straight, and measure out from a wall so that it is parallel. Now put the plants into the trench and adjust the spacing to keep them even. If you are using 3-foot spacing, place the first plant 18 inches from where you want the hedge to start. That first plant should always be at half the distance you are using between the plants.
Once you have all your plants spaced out evenly and standing upright, go along the trench and push back about two-thirds of the soil, firming it down around the roots as you go. Then flood the trench with water, filling it to the top. Once the water has drained away completely, put back the rest of the soil. You don’t need to water again unless the soil is very dry. Check that all your plants are standing upright and you are done.
Caring for Your Italian Cypress
Italian Cypress is a tough plant, so it does not take much care to keep them healthy. However paying attention to a few simple things will make the difference between good and fantastic.
In the first season after planting, you should water your trees well once a week. During very hot weather water twice a week. After that, as the trees develop, water as only needed during hot and dry periods. Even young trees are very drought hardy, but they will grow faster if you give them some water during dry weather. Once they are completely established, this is such a hardy tree that you probably will never need to even think about watering it – a great low maintenance plant.
During the first few years, to get the fastest and healthiest growth possible, use a fertilizer suitable for evergreen trees in early spring and again in late summer. These come as granules, slow-release granules or liquids. The slow-release forms are the easiest to use, but regular granular fertilizers work well too.
Liquid fertilizers will give you fast growth when plants are young, but they need to be used every few weeks, so when you plants are more established, switch to a granular form. Follow the recommendations given for the particular fertilizer you use, and do not use too much – more is not usually better when it comes to feeding your trees and shrubs.
Pruning and Trimming
Your Italian Cypress trees will grow perfectly into upright, dense columns without any trimming. The same is true for a privacy screen, but if you want to have the densest and neatest specimens, hedges or screens, some trimming is a good idea. With regular trimming, your plants will always look their perfect best, and grace your garden and home with elegance and style.
Trim your trees at any time of year except during mid-winter. If you do have regular periods below freezing in your area, then stop trimming about a month before the coldest weather usually arrives, and start again once the warmer weather returns. Otherwise, you can trim whenever you wish. Early spring and late summer are the best seasons, but if you need to trim outside those times, that is fine too.
Common Pruning and Trimming Mistakes
The most common mistake is to wait until the trees are the height you want before starting to trim. It is much better to start trimming right from the beginning. This will give you the best and densest hedge possible. Just remove one or two inches of growth, encouraging the shape you want. Trim from side to side, not just upwards, or you will create long upright shoots that can break.
Another good reason for starting early is that this tree will not re-sprout from wood that has no leaves on it. If you cut so hard that you have a woody stump, it will never re-grow leaves. So if you start trimming when plants are young, you will never have to face this problem.
Always trim so that the top of your plants is narrower than the bottom. This is easy to do with the Italian Cypress, as the tree naturally grows this way. Keep a flat front on your hedge that slopes inwards by a few degrees. The sun will be able to reach the lowest parts, and they will stay healthy and green, giving you a hedge that is dense and strong right to the ground.
Interesting Facts About the Italian Cypress
Wild trees of the Italian Cypress grow in Iran. They are widely grown in famous gardens there and the oldest tree is believed to be 4,000 years old. This tree has grown in gardens in Europe since the times of the ancient Greeks and Romans, and it is still a feature today, especially in Italian gardens.
The wood is strong and fragrant. Wine barrels were made of it, as well as doors and furniture. Spectacular doors made of this wood stood at St Peter’s Basilica, at the Vatican, in Rome, for over a thousand years. When replaced in the 19th century, they were still strong.
Buying Italian Cypress at The Tree Center
We sell only trees that are true to the original form and we have a wide range of sizes to give you the best plants, whatever your purpose. Our stock is constantly renewed so that our customers get fresh, healthy plants. This means that supplies of this tree may be limited. To avoid disappointment order now.
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Italian Cypress Evergreen Trees grow best in full sun.
While young trees should be watered once per week, established trees only need rain and groundwater.
Fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 5-10-10 is recommended for these trees.
Planting and Care
by Jo Cosgrove | Ecological Gardener, Horticulturist, and Educator – last update on December 9, 2021
Choose a sunny location that receives at least eight hours of sun daily. Look for moist, well-draining soil and no overhead obstructions. Cypress Trees do not require nutrient-rich soils as long as they are not soggy. Even so, you may want to add some type of organic material such as compost, manure, evergreen starter fertilizer, or peat moss. Mix these ingredients into the soil you remove from the planting hole. Dig a hole that is the same depth as the tree’s root ball and twice its width. Remove any rocks that are fist-sized or larger, leaving smaller ones to help with drainage. Take out pieces of root or other debris from the hole. Amend the soil as noted above and place the tree into the hole. Spread the roots out without damaging them. Keep the base of the tree about an inch or so above the soil line. Continue backfilling and tamp the soil down before watering deeply. If you form a hedge, space the trees two to three feet apart and plant as above.
Watering and nutrients
Young Italian Cypress Trees need regular watering until established. A strict watering schedule can help build strong, upright trees that will not need support as they grow. Once your trees are a year old, you can cut the watering down to a once-a-week deep soaking. Eventually, they will need no supplemental water at all as they will rely on rain and groundwater. One of the most common problems for these trees is due to overwatering. The Cypress Trees do not like soggy ground.
Italian Cypress Evergreen Trees need little to no pruning. These beauties grow straight up into the sky without horizontal branches. Removal of broken or diseased branches is the only pruning that may be needed as the trees mature. You may also choose to remove branches that are crossing or rubbing each other as well. “Flat top” pruning is controlling the height of your Italian Cypress by clipping off the top of the tree. This works well when your tree is near a corner or building eaves.
Pests, diseases, and animals
Italian Cypress Trees do not have any serious, natural enemies. This includes weather extremes and foliage browsing by deer or other animals. Spider mites can become an annoyance if they take up residence in your Cypress Trees. Spraying the trees yourself or having an arborist administer a pest/pathogen management regime can help get rid of them quickly. Check your trees’ health regularly to make sure you do not have any infestations.
Can I grow an Italian Cypress Tree in a container?
Yes, Cypress Trees can be grown in containers. Choose a pot with ample room for your tree’s roots to spread out. Make sure there is plenty of drainage. Container-grown Cypress Trees will need well-drained soil. Use a high-quality potting mix or potting soil to provide nutrients and drainage. You can even do a mixture to get the benefits of both types. Keep the container’s soil moist but not soggy or constantly wet. Trees in pots dry out much quicker than those planted in the ground.
How long does it take an Italian Cypress Tree to grow?
The average growth rate for the Italian Cypress is from 12 to 24 inches per year. The Italian Cypress has a mature height well over 30 feet, with some older trees reaching 100 plus feet. On average, it would take about 15 to 30 years for the tree to get to 30 feet or more. Some Cypress Trees are very long-lived and reach ages approaching 1,000 years or more. If growing your tree in a container, keep it a more manageable height with judicious pruning. Allowing your tree to become slightly rootbound is another way to keep the tree small.
Are Italian Cypress Trees poisonous?
Italian Cypress Trees are considered non-toxic to humans. Even so, it is recommended that no part of the tree be consumed. Cypress Trees are known to be highly poisonous to dogs and horses. Both species may attempt to eat the leaves if left unsupervised. It is good not to plant them where either type of animal has easy access to them.
How are Italian Cypress Evergreen Trees used?
These impressive evergreens provide appealing interest to any location. Plant a single tree to add some instant height and focus to your yard. Install a row of them to act as a privacy screen or windbreak. A vertical line of trees across the landscape adds unexpected drama. However you use it, this tree is a perfect choice for any temperate climate garden.
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Where cypress grows in Russia
Cypress is a stylish garden decoration
The genus Cypress (Cupréssus) includes about twenty plant species. These are coniferous trees or shrubs. The crown is pyramidal or spreading.
Small, bluish leaves. The needles are located very densely, for the most part, fused with a branch: only the upper part of the leaf is free. Because of this, it seems that the branches are covered with scales.
Inconspicuous flowers form small buds that mature towards the end of the second year.
Prefer mild climate: Black Sea coast, China, Himalayas.
Age-old trees reach gigantic sizes, growing up to 35 - 40 m tall.
Representatives of this genus are widely used for decorative purposes. They are an excellent material for green sculptures.
Plants are planted, forming hedges, artificial forest belts. Some species can be grown at home.
A bit of history
Cupréssus of very ancient origin. The first copies appeared even before the onset of the ice age.
The wood of the wonderful tree contains a large amount of resin. Thanks to this, it does not deteriorate for many years. The ancient Egyptians used tree trunks to build sarcophagi. Researchers have an assumption that it was from it that Noah's Ark was built.
The most common types of cypress
As a garden crop, the following types of cypress are most often grown.
Evergreen Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
Mature forms grow up to 30 meters tall, approaching an age of 2000 years. Young trees have a pointed crown, which becomes columnar as it grows, and the crown is rounded. Trees with a pyramidal crown are called pyramidal cypress.
Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica)
Cupressus arizonica is smaller than the previous species, but more frost-resistant. Unpretentious, can grow on dry alkaline soils. The color of the needles is light green. Excellent for forming hedges.
Large-fruited cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
This species grows faster than its predecessors and is resistant to sea winds. Therefore, it is used for windbreaks, planting near the coast. The root system is powerful, requiring a large depth of fertile soil.
Swamp cypress (Taxodium distichum)
Taxodium distichum, has another name - double row taxonium. This is an amazing plant.
Wild specimens reach colossal sizes: about 36 meters high, and a trunk diameter of 1 - 3 meters. Individual trees were noticed, in which the diameter of the trunk was 5 meters.
A significant difference from other species is that it is deciduous. Thick, ten-centimeter bark, red-brown in color, furrowed with longitudinal cracks.
The taxonium is two-rowed, it prefers wet swampy places. This species has root outgrowths - pneumatophores, shown in the photo below. They help the tree to breathe during flooding. Outgrowths can rise above 1 - 2 meters above the ground, have a cone shape. Interestingly, pneumatophores are not always formed, but only if there is waterlogging.
Propagation of cypress
It is quite difficult to buy high-quality bushes. Therefore, many gardeners grow seedlings on their own. Cupréssus is well propagated by seeds, as well as crown shoots.
Growing from seeds
To do this, they are kept in the refrigerator for several months, then subjected to soaking before planting.
Sowing is carried out in a special soil mixture for conifers. Shoots appear in a month. Since seedlings grow slowly, the first 1 - 3 years they are grown at home, like an indoor flower. For the winter, it is desirable to arrange a “wintering”, maintaining a cool air temperature.
Propagation by cuttings
For cuttings, only young twigs are taken, separating them from the crown. The shoots are treated with a root formation stimulator, then buried 1/3 into the ground.
Seedlings are covered with a plastic jar or glass. A kind of greenhouse is ventilated daily. Rooting takes about 2 months.
Preparing the planting site
The plant prefers bright diffused light, however, young plants should be protected from scorching sunlight. The soil must be well-drained and well drained.
Prepare the planting hole as follows:
- Dig the hole at least 80 cm deep;
- good drainage is a must, coarse sand or crushed brick will do;
- the soil mixture is made up of the same parts of turf, humus, sand and peat, or use a mixture of soddy soil and coniferous humus;
- care consists in regular abundant watering and a slight darkening of seedlings.
Bushes are difficult to plant, so they are planted together with an earthen clod. If the roots of a dug seedling are protected by a cloth, then it is not removed during planting. The fabric will rot over time.
Care of plantings
The first 3-4 years of planting are regularly fertilized and watered well. Mature specimens are drought tolerant. On hot days, they are watered by sprinkling, otherwise the needles may turn yellow.
How to grow indoor cypress
Potted cypress at home looks very attractive. Green sculptures give room design a special sophistication.
Houses contain large-fruited cypress, it forms small trees, sometimes reaching two meters in height.
There is another plant that is erroneously called indoor cypress due to its great external similarity. This is Elwoodi cypress. Breeders have bred different varieties for indoor maintenance.
Conifers are quite difficult to grow at home. For this, a number of conditions must be met.
How to care for cypress indoors
- Diffused light, avoid direct sunlight.
- Soil soil special, for coniferous plants.
- Good drainage is essential.
- Regular watering, no standing water.
- Top dressing with special fertilizer.
- In winter, it is desirable for the plant to create cooler conditions, about +15 C.
Plants tolerate root damage quite painfully, so repotting is carried out under certain conditions.
- The procedure is carried out in the spring, after coming out of dormancy.
- The new pot is 3-4 cm larger than the previous one.
- The flower is taken out with a clod of earth, and planted in a new container with it. The top layer of soil is removed. Then all voids are filled with fresh soil.
- Water abundantly, shade from the sun.
How to grow cypress in your backyard
Cupréssus is a gem in every garden. Pyramidal columns give a sophisticated look to the site, protect well from the wind. Therefore, they are used as wind protection.
However, growing trees in the country is not possible in all climatic zones. They are vulnerable to cold: frost damages the root system and crown, right up to freezing. Even frost-resistant varieties will need to be insulated with the onset of cold weather.
- Sites for planting are selected light, open, without stagnant water.
- The planting hole is dug deep enough, approximately 80 cm.
- A drainage layer is placed on the bottom, which is covered with a loose soil mixture.
- Seedlings are shaded from the sun, watered regularly.
Diseases and pests
- This plant is most often susceptible to fungal infections. A very dangerous disease is cypress cancer. It is caused by a fungus, characterized by cracking of the bark. The wounds gradually merge, forming deep cracks from which resin oozes.
- Treatment is to remove diseased branches. Then the wounds are disinfected and treated with a healing composition.
- Aphids can be seen on hedgerows. It gives out the characteristic reddening of the crown sections.
- Drying and yellowing of plants occurs due to the invasion of mealybugs.
From the invasion of pests, appropriate chemicals are used.
Crown formation, pruning
Crown pruning is done for several reasons:
- removal of diseased branches;
- keeping a neat appearance;
- formation of a curly crown;
- hedge clipper.
An informative video will show you how to prune your home tree.
Video: Trimming cypress at home
Evergreen cypress - what it is and what it looks like
Cypress is an evergreen plant that belongs to the Cypress family. These are thermophilic plants. In landscape design it is used as a single plant and in alleys, it can grow in open ground and in pots. In nature, there are about 15 species of cypress, each of which differs in height, color, crown shape, and growing conditions.
Cypress evergreen - what it is and what it looks like
The tree can have a straight or curved trunk. It is covered with a thin, smooth bark, which is light brown in youth, then gradually darkens, becomes gray-brown and covered with grooves.
What cypress looks like
Note! The branches are quadrangular or round in cross-section, the leaves are small. Skeletal branches grow and stretch upwards, tightly fitting to the trunk. Shoots are soft and thin, branched. No wonder the nickname "slender as a cypress" appeared.
Juveniles look more fluffy due to the subulate leaves that lag behind the branch. As they grow, they become scaly and nestle against the shoots. The green color is dark green.
In the first years of life, the leaves are needle-shaped, resembling spruce needles. In the fourth year of life, they become scaly. If you look closely, each leaf has a groove that differs in texture and color. This is an oil gland. The description of cypress would be incomplete without mentioning the incredible aroma of pine needles.
Cypress trees thrive both in the sun and in the shade, and tolerate temperatures as low as -20°C. Thanks to the soft needles, it is easy to cut to give a beautiful shape.
Mature specimens easily tolerate transplantation, but care must be taken not to damage sensitive roots, it is necessary to transplant with an earthen clod. When buying a seedling, its roots must also be covered and protected.
Despite the possibility of self-seeding, at home it is easier and faster to propagate the plant by cuttings. The flowering of the tree begins in the period from March to May. Pollen turns into dirty green shoots and can cause allergies, and woodworms and moths are repelled.
Please note! Cypress wood is used to make furniture. By its properties, it is similar to walnut specimens.
Where cypress grows
Coniferous trees are native to North America. In nature, the tree is widespread in Guatemala and California, it can also be found in other countries of the northern hemisphere. It also grows in the USA, China, Lebanon, Syria, Crimea, the Caucasus, the Himalayas, the subtropics and the tropics of the Mediterranean. On New Year's holidays, they decorate the cypress instead of the Christmas tree.
Cypress - coniferous or deciduous tree
Latin for "Cupressus". It does not have sharp needles, visually its crown looks like foliage, so people are wondering: is cypress a coniferous tree or a deciduous one?
What is cypress, you can understand by studying the classification:
- kingdom - plants;
- department - coniferous;
- class - coniferous;
- order - pine;
- family - Cypress;
- genus - Cypress.
The answer is unequivocal, cypress is a coniferous tree, its crown is correctly called needles. In addition, seeds are used for propagation, which ripen in cones.
Please note! Many people confuse cypress with cypress. These are two different plants that belong to different families.
Cypress is a gymnosperm plant
When a plant is said to be gymnospermous, this means that its seeds are not located in the fruits and are not protected by anything, that is, they are open. Such plants have neither flowers nor fruits.
Almost all gymnosperms are evergreen, they form ovules, which eventually turn into seeds covered with flat scales attached to the stem. In coniferous trees and shrubs, the ovules are shaped like a spiral and form cones.
Cypress is a genus of trees that is monoecious. This means that each tree has both male and female grey-brown cones. The diameter of each is 3.5 cm, under each scale there are several seeds. Maturation of cones occurs in the second year of life.
How long does a cypress grow?
Evergreen cypress shows the fastest growth in youth, in the first three years of life. During this period, the plant reaches 1-2 m, after which it adds another half a meter per year. At the age of 50, growth stops and goes slowly, and reaches its maximum height by the age of 100 and is 30 m.
Is there a cypress shrub
Many people think of cypress as an elongated plant with a triangular or spreading crown. Most of the species are really slender and tall, but there are also lush sprawling shrubs in nature, the maximum height of which is 2 m, for example, the view is horizontal.
Cypress: types and descriptions
Each species has its own characteristics and will perfectly fit into the garden plot. The most popular type is pyramidal. Less known, but no less attractive, is Italian.
Please note! You can also grow the Apollo species in the garden. It is also a tall and narrow tree, but the crown is more fluffy and branched.
The bog cypress or double-row taxodia is radically different from all other species. It grows on swampy soils or along the banks of sluggish rivers. Having chosen the right place for planting, you can grow it yourself by buying seeds or seedlings. The root system of the marsh species is pivotal, so a permanent place of growth is immediately selected. Pseumatophores or lateral rhizomes that grow along the entire trunk and create a wall around the plant give decorativeness. There is no need to take care of such a tree.
Cypress evergreen pyramidal (Cupressus Sempervirens) is a tall coniferous tree. It has a dense crown, which rises like an arrow into the sky.
It grows slowly, the maximum height of cypress is 20-40 m. The peak of growth reaches 80-100 years. The wood is grey-brown, dark.
Please note! The root system is small, but powerful, the roots are branched, like a shrub. That is why it is so easy to transplant even an adult plant.
The roots of the tree are sensitive and should be handled with care when transplanting and when gardening. Even with minor damage, the tree can dry out.
Cypress pyramidal leaves densely cover spreading branched branches. Young leaves are thin and sharp, more like needles. As they grow, they become soft and resemble scales. On the underside there is an oil gland.
Small bright green needles. It is soft to the touch, it is impossible to prick with it. The needles of an elongated-rhombic shape are located crosswise and tightly pressed against the shoots. The length of each scale is 10-15 cm.
Male and female cones reach maturity by the end of the second year of life and are round or oval in shape. Young fruits have a green tint, by the end of ripening they are covered with scales and darken. The diameter of each cone is 3 cm. Seeds remain viable for up to 6 years.
Italian cypress loves the sun. It is planted on loose, drained soil, which requires top dressing every two years.
The leaves are small, needle-shaped and eventually become scaly diamond-shaped. In landscape design, it is used to create an accent on a plot or hedge.
Please note! The shape of the tree is conical, the branches are ascending and pressed against the pole. A monolithic silhouette is created by lateral shoots growing in all directions.
This species is resistant to drought and frost, does not require special care.
The maximum plant height is 20-25 m. The root system of Italian cypress, like other species, is fibrous, shallow and sensitive.
Cypress is not the most expensive tree, but even those who cannot afford to plant a hedge or make a composition of several trees should remember that a coniferous specimen will look great alone. At the same time, you do not need to worry about which side of the plot to plant it on; it is completely picky about growing conditions.
Evergreen cypress - what it is and what it looks like
Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens Pyramidalis or Stricta) from the Cypress family has an evergreen color. Biologists distinguish 25 species that prefer warm climates. It is resistant to pollution from dust and gas, for this reason it is often planted along roads, forming a unique southern ensemble. It is easy to transplant when mature, and can be grown in pots and outdoors. What is cypress, you can find out in this article.
Cypress evergreen - what it is and what it looks like
If you know what a cypress looks like, it is simply impossible to confuse it with other trees. Cypress is a tree found with a straight or curved trunk. When young, the thin bark is light brown in color. As it matures, the bark becomes gray-brown and furrows form on it.
Cypress along the southern roads
The branches are skeletal in shape, as they grow, they stretch upward, pressing against the trunk. Branched shoots are thin and soft. At the very beginning, young trees look like fluffy Christmas trees due to the needle-shaped leaves. Cypress leaves acquire a scaly shape by the age of four.
Interesting! Since ancient times, in various legends, this tree was considered a symbol of harmony.
Each leaf has an oil gland - a textured groove that differs in color. Thanks to her, the tree has a pleasant coniferous aroma. Scientists have found that it has medicinal properties, helps in the treatment of pulmonary diseases.
This genus of trees is drought tolerant and shade tolerant. Will survive temperatures as low as -20°C. Soft needles make it possible for excellent crown formation.
When transplanting an adult species, it is important not to damage the fragile root system. It is recommended to do this together with an earthen clod. The roots must be protected and covered when the seedling is sold. Care is required in the form of top dressing of the soil.
The tree is propagated by self-sowing. It is faster and easier to do this at home, by cuttings. Cypress blooms in spring from March to May. The bright yellow color of pollen from male shoots stains the crown in a dirty green color. In addition, it is considered a strong allergen, causing swelling of the mucous membranes.
Interesting! Wood is used in the manufacture of furniture, valued for its high strength. Its smell repels woodworms and moths.
Where cypress grows
It is believed that the countries of the Mediterranean Sea are the birthplace of cypress. Even in ancient Greece and Rome, there were first reports of the origin of the tree.
In Asia Minor and northern Iran, plants form dense forests. There are specimens in the Middle East that are about 2000 years old. They tried to grow it twice in the Crimea region, the trees suffered from strong winds, often broke off because of this, but they were able to take root. Often found in the Himalayas, China, California. In the north, it is grown in tubs.
Cypress - coniferous or deciduous tree
In Latin, the word "Cupressus" means "immortal". This name was given to the tree because of its base, which does not rot. It is a mistake to assume that all conifers have prickly needles. Classification occurs due to other features, such as reproduction. Seeds are obtained from cones.
- kingdom - plants;
- department - coniferous;
- class - coniferous;
- order - pine;
- family - Cypress;
- genus - Cypress.
Cypress - a gymnosperm plant
The peculiarity of the structure of gymnosperms is the absence of a shell, that is, a flower or fruit. Basically, trees and shrubs that remain evergreen have takis tripling. The ovules are inside scale-like leaves that form into cones.
Cones of both sexes grow on the tree at once - male and female. This means that the cypress tree genus is monoecious. Pollination occurs with the help of wind. Cones mature in the second year of life.
Interesting! Tourists like to take with them these beautifully shaped cones, they look like soccer balls.
How much cypress grows
In the first three years of life, it grows most actively. Its height increases to two meters. For the first three to four years, it is important to fertilize the soil well so that the root system is properly formed. On hot days, watering is required. In subsequent years, half a meter is added, but by 50 growth slows down. The maximum height of a cypress is about 30-40 meters.
There are plants that managed to live under natural conditions for 1-2 thousand years, which differs significantly from domestic ones - up to three centuries.
Is there a cypress shrub
The main part of cypress trees are tall slender trees, but there are also bushes. They are often confused with cypress, but in fact they are different plants. You can prove it just by looking.
Cypress - species and description
Biologists cannot arrive at a total number of species. Basically, from 16 to 25 species are determined. Representatives of this genus are actively used by landscape designers for decoration. New Year's cypress greatly transforms the atmosphere in the house. Crown is an excellent material for sculptures. They are used as hedges and artificial forest belts. There are also those that can grow indoors. Trees can grow both in open ground and in a pot.
Evergreen cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
Another name is Apollo. It is characterized by a crown that is pointed upwards. The shape becomes columnar with a round crown as the tree grows. The height is about 30 meters.
It is shorter than the previous one, more tolerant of frost and more suitable for sculpting. The large-fruited species has a powerful root system and grows the fastest. Suitable for planting near the coast, as it normally tolerates the wind.
Not quite common for this type of tree, it is deciduous. Hence the nickname - bald. Lives in swampy areas. It has processes from the root, pneumatophores, which help to breathe and appear with frequent flooding. The powerful diameter of the trunk sometimes reaches five meters. The height is also amazing - up to 36 meters.
This species has branches that extend from the trunk, forming a pyramid shape, it looks very impressive.
Not tall, up to 10 meters long. The branches are intertwined with each other, forming a spherical shape. This species does not have glands that secrete resin. The color of the needles is even, green, without a bluish tint.
Cypress pyramidal has a pointed crown. With a close landing, the bases can grow together into a hedge. It is recommended not to plant trees too close, so that over the years they do not interfere with the circulation of oxygen near the trunk.
The maximum height of 30-40 meters will be reached by the age of 100, the trunk will turn brown with multiple cracks with age.
When buying a cutting, pay attention to the roots. The root system of cypress is quite capricious, so it must be covered. Before planting, the roots should be placed in a special solution that promotes their development.
Important! A drought tolerant plant requires drainage in the hole, this rule should not be neglected.
In adulthood, the root system develops into a powerful, but small. It's handy for transfers.
At the beginning of life, the leaves resemble spruce needles, but softer in texture, as they grow, they form into scales. They cannot be pricked. The needles are attached crosswise, forming an elongated rhombic shape.
This type of cypress grows up to 25 meters in height and has a spreading crown. It needs to be planted in a sunny place, as it will grow more slowly in the shade. At the same time, it is cold hardy.
This species does not tolerate waterlogging. To prevent this, the soil must be with drainage. It is recommended to dig it up so that there is enough oxygen in the soil. It is required to fertilize the land every two years.
Cypress evergreen is a southern plant that loves warmth very much. Some representatives require planting in the shade, while others prefer the light. The plant will universally fit into the landscape both in one quantity and in an ensemble with relatives. It will become a pearl of the garden due to the fact that it is easy to mold.
Cypress tree has healing properties, essential oils are widely used. The breed is valued in the wood processing industry on a par with walnut, it is not subject to decay. Cypress has been known since ancient times and is still popular today.
Cypress - what is it? Types, description and care of the cypress tree
Since ancient times, representatives of different cultures have repeatedly appreciated the beauty and useful properties of cypress, endowing this tree with special mystical abilities. In the Assyro-Babylonian period, people perceived it as a symbol of the goddess of fertility. The Phoenicians went to bow to him and were convinced that the knowledge of the sacred Tree of Life was given to them by the gods themselves. Direct or indirect references to cypress are found in many ancient written sources, such as ancient Greek mythology and biblical manuscripts. In other words, this plant has always aroused interest and was in the field of view of mankind. We will try to figure out what cypress is and for what advantages it is valued.
A handsome perennial
The genus of cypress (Cupressus) is represented by evergreen large shrubs and trees, whose crown shape has a tent or pyramidal appearance, and the height varies from 5 to 40 meters. The trunk of graceful plants is covered with dark brown bark with narrow flaking lobes, and the branches are highly branched. Small leaves are painted in saturated green (in most species) and are in a cross-pair arrangement: in young specimens they are needle-shaped, but in the process of growing up they change, becoming scaly, tightly adjacent to each other. Cypress seeds develop in rounded cones with a shield-like coating and mature in the second year after pollination.
The fact that cypress belongs to coniferous trees determines its life expectancy, which is on average 500 years, but there are specimens that have far exceeded this limit. Perennial beauties mainly grow in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, are widespread in the Mediterranean, in southern China, the Himalayas, Crimea, the Caucasus and North America. Their very origin is so ancient that the true homeland remains a mystery to mankind.
Cypress on the territory of Russia
On the lands of Russia, cypress was noted in ancient times, when Greek settlers brought it in small quantities to the Crimean peninsula. It is also known that in ancient Georgia, in the palace gardens and parks, he was assigned places of honor. In later periods, the spread of cypress was greatly facilitated by the spread of Christianity. The tree has become a constant companion of places of worship, cathedrals and churches as a symbol of eternal life and hope for rebirth.
After the annexation of Crimea to Russia, many people already knew what a cypress tree looks like. Field Marshal G. A. Potemkin gave an order to increase the planting of an exotic tree, the seedlings of which were shipped from Turkey in 1787. There is a version that during the trip of Catherine II to the Crimea, she personally participated in the planting of cypresses in the Vorontsov garden.
Approximately 30 varieties of cypress are classified in nature, and about 10 subspecies and varieties are distinguished in ornamental horticulture. But apparently, these figures are not yet final, since some populations are isolated and small, which makes it difficult for taxonomists to determine them.
The most famous cypress species are:
Most of the species are concentrated in North America, northern Africa and southeast Asia.
Among the most popular cypress species noted by landscapers is the Evergreen Cypress. Its tree reaches a height of 30 meters, and the girth of the trunk is 60 centimeters. The narrow pyramidal crown consists of thin, densely placed branches, whose shoots are turned in different directions. The bark of the trunk with longitudinal cracks in young trees has a light brown color, in adulthood it is gray. Small leaves have a slight glossiness, they are pressed close to the shoot. Due to the rapid growth, the height of the evergreen cypress is already 4 meters at the age of 8, and fruitfulness comes even earlier - from 4 years. Also, the tree has a well-developed root system, represented by a rod form.
Although all representatives of cypress have “evergreen” leaves, only this species has been honored to have this speaking adjective in its name. The fact is that the epithet was received back in ancient times, when such trees grew in the south of Europe, and therefore they were one of the first to fall under the sight of people of science. But the promising name justifies itself in some way, since the features of cypress are such that the plant is able to tolerate frosts down to -20 degrees, has sufficient fire resistance and withstands prolonged drought.
Macnaba cypress is a branching tree or shrub growing up to 12 meters high. The crown of the plant is wide and very dense, with intensive branching from the trunk itself. Its natural habitat is in California and Southern Oregon.
When describing a cypress tree of this species, its frost resistance (up to -25 °C) and drought tolerance are most often noted. The bark of the trunk can be dark red or blackish brown. Short shoots branch out in all directions. Dark green oval-shaped needles, when rubbed, give a rich smell of lemons. Cones are spherical, may have a slight bluish bloom. After their maturation, they remain on the tree, maintaining the viability of seeds up to 8 years.
Maknaba was brought to Europe in 1854, and 4 years later first appeared on Russian territory. Currently, it is cultivated in small quantities on the Black Sea coast.
Swamp Cypress Tree
Taxodium, or Swamp Cypress, is a large deciduous tree native to North America. Its height reaches 50 meters, and in diameter, at the base of the trunk, the girth reaches 12 meters. A powerful plant prefers waterlogged soils, for which it got its name. This is well shown in the photo, where a cypress tree grows in a swampy area, towering on large "air" roots. Its branches are dressed with needle-shaped leaves directed in two directions, and outwardly resemble a yew.
In the characteristics of this cypress, the needles are of particular interest, which in summer has a light green color, and by autumn it is repainted in a yellowish-crimson color. For the winter, the needles are shed along with the shoots, thanks to which the tree is not just deciduous, but also a rather rare branch-falling species.
Swamp cypress is widely distributed in the subtropical forests of North America, on wetlands. Life expectancy averages 500-600 years, but individual representatives can live 10 times longer.
Cypress shrubs and trees are in great demand in cultivation, which has led to the emergence of new sizes and shapes of this wonderful plant. The most common ornamental types of cypress include: Mexican, evergreen and Arizona.
Mexican cypress reaches a height of 40 meters. Its wide crown resembles a tent, and the dark needles are egg-shaped. The plant does not withstand drought and cold temperatures. The following varieties of cypress are derived from it:
- Bentama - the crown is narrow and regular, the branches are in the same plane, the color of the needles varies from gray to dark green.
- Tristis - columnar crown, flexible branches grow down.
- Lindley - dark green shoots with large buds.
Cypress evergreen - an impressive giant with a pyramidal crown and bluish-green needles. It differs from its counterparts in life expectancy (up to 2000 years or more). Scientists have developed the most compact varieties of such cypress that now it can be grown in home gardens:
- Montrosa, Fastigiata Forlucelu - stunted trees.
- Stricta is a hardy plant with a dense pyramidal crown.
- Indica - the correct crown in the form of a column.
Arizona cypress is a fast-growing variety up to 21 meters high, it tolerates light frosts and droughts well, but at the same time loves the light. Its gray-green crown is represented by a wide pin-shaped form. Based on this plant, breeders bred the following varieties of cypress:
- Konika is a tree with gray-blue needles for warm climates.
- Ashersoniana is a short growing plant.
- Pyramidalis - a variety with a conical crown and gray needles.
- Compacta - shrub form of cypress with a bluish-green tint of needles.
Planting cypress: from seed to tree
Consider the process in more detail. Cypress at home, along with the seed method, can also be bred vegetatively, which involves propagation by layering and cuttings. Important conditions for any chosen method will be: good illumination, isolation from strong winds and drained soils.
Propagation by seeds. Here, a special requirement is placed on the soil, which in equal proportions must contain sand, peat and soddy soil. Seeds are placed in containers to a depth of 2 centimeters and exposed to the sunny side. After a few months, they sprout, provided that the soil is moistened regularly. In spring, at a temperature of 13-15 ° C, grown shoots are planted.
Propagation by layering. This method is the most effective for propagating home cypress. Shoots growing to the ground are bent to the very bottom and an incision is made, inserting a stone into it. Next, the shoot is laid on the ground with an incision and fixed by sprinkling it with soil. After the formation of roots, the layer is separated from the mother plant and transplanted.
Propagation by cuttings. Small cuttings (size 5-15 centimeters) are cut from young shoots in spring and the needles are removed from below. Then they are planted in pots containing sand and coniferous bark, where they take root for several months.
Caring for a young plant
At first, cypress seedlings need abundant watering: on average, a bucket of water per week is needed. In dry weather, watering should be increased, but spraying should also be connected. Weak trees 2 times a month must be fed with complex fertilizers. With the onset of the cold season, there is a need for additional protection: the roots are covered with sawdust, at lower temperatures the plant is covered entirely. The intensity of caring for cypress with the process of growing up gradually decreases, and by the age of 3-4 years only 2 top dressings are given per season, and watering is done only during severe drought.
After planting, the growth rate of young cypress trees allows them to trim the crown after a couple of seasons, creating the desired shape. Dead branches are harvested in March, and with the advent of warm weather, the plant can be cut completely.
The use of cypress
In addition to aesthetic contemplation, cypress has always been famous for its wood. It is well processed by any kind, despite the multiple knots that impede the process. Its mechanical properties are equal to pine wood. Thus, the productivity of cypress is such that it is successfully used in construction, shipbuilding and furniture production. And from its needles and shoots, essential oils are produced, which are so highly valued in medicine and the perfume industry. Also, the content of aromatic resins in wood keeps the tree from being attacked by insects.
As for healing properties, it has long been known that cypress groves have a life-giving effect on the human body. The oxygen produced by evergreen trees effectively destroys pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, simple walks in the park with cypresses help to significantly improve immunity and increase the tone of the body as a whole. On top of that, the clean air next to these plants contains endorphins that lift your spirits.
Where did the cypress trees in Sukko lake come from: review with photo
Rest in Sukko: beach, fishing, boating around cypresses
Why go somewhere far away in search of unusual and amazing places, if in Russia, very close, there are many of them! If you want to relax on the shore of a beautiful reservoir, then Cypress Lake in the village of Sukko is perfect for this.
I think that few people who come to the Krasnodar Territory know about this amazing place. I myself heard about it last year, and saw it with my own eyes only in August of this year. Translated from the Adyghe "Sukko" means "pond for pigs." According to another version, "su" - "water", and "kyo" - "valley". It turns out that "Sukko" is a "river valley".
In the vicinity of Anapa, about a kilometer from the Black Sea, in a small valley lies the picturesque Lake Sukko, surrounded by low mountains covered with forests. The lake is also called Cypress Lake, because trees unique for these places grow right in the water - swamp cypresses. To see the "bog cypress grove", you need to walk along the shore to the opposite end of the lake.
No one knows where thirty-two cypress trees came from in these parts. But it's worth a look. Their homeland is the American continent (from Mexico to Texas). Cypresses were brought to the Kuban as an experiment in the 30s of the XX century. Since then, cypress trees have taken root and have been growing here for more than 80 years. In North America, trees reach a height of 50 meters and are 600 years old or more.
Cypress wood does not rot because of the abundance of resin, so these mighty trees are called "eternal". Thanks to the unique properties of the resin, they can stand here for centuries.
In summer the lake is full of water, and in autumn it becomes shallow, so that the roots of cypresses become visible.
At the end of this summer the cypresses were still green. They will remain so until the end of October. In August, the water level dropped so that it was possible to approach the cypress grove and walk among the trees. Substances secreted by cypresses kill microbes and strengthen the immune system.
Cypress trees are listed in the Red Book of Russia. Interestingly, the coniferous tree is a real "chameleon" and changes color depending on the season. In spring - light green, and in autumn the crown turns brown and red. The needles are shed for the winter. This is a must see!
The coastline is composed of limestone, giving the water a blue-white, and sometimes an emerald hue.
There are a lot of tourists here. The sun bakes so hard that you want to quickly hide in the shade. Lovers of a good bite have long chosen this place. There are many different fish in the lake: crucian carp, carp, grass carp and carp. You will definitely not leave empty-handed from fishing! Enjoy real fishing, after which the catch can be immediately prepared.
This cozy green corner with its unprecedented beauty and fabulousness amazes both adults and young travelers, attracts tourists. They come here to rest, set up tents and fry kebabs and freshly caught fish on the grills they brought, go to the surrounding forests for mushrooms and berries. There is a small beach here, where it is good to spend a fine day. Any caring traveler dreams of visiting this fabulous place.
Walking around the lake creates a wonderful mood. Groves are located around the reservoir, where you can safely walk, enjoying not only the most beautiful view of nature, but also the mountain air. The impressions you get will last a long time.
According to one of the legends that are usually told to tourists, the Natukhais who lived here in ancient times worshiped the pagan gods, honoring them and making offerings. One of the gods - the Thunderer - was offended by the inhabitants, who, as he thought, deprived him of honors. The Thunderer sent hurricanes, thunderstorms and downpours to the Blue Valley. Water destroyed everything in its path, taking with it houses, crops and animals. People despaired because of the incessant elements. Then thirty-two heroes stood up as a wall, blocking the path to their homes and families with bad weather. The Thunderer forgave the friendly people, turned the brave defenders into thirty-two slender cypress trees, and at the site of the battle a beautiful lake was formed with the purest, like a tear, blue water.
My dream came true. I saw this beautiful place! And now it doesn’t matter at all that Lake Sukko was not formed here naturally, and this is not a lake, but a reservoir used by the Kavkaz agricultural company to irrigate fields and breed fish. And cypresses in 1934-1935. were planted here as an experiment.
It is necessary to visit this marvelous corner of nature at least once in your life and enjoy its marvelous beauty! It's worth seeing! Sukko Lake will appeal to everyone.
Cypress coniferous tree: a detailed description and a photo of how it looks
Cypress is one of the landscape designers' favorite plants, often used in gardens and parks.
Coniferous tree looks great in single plantings and in the form of a curly hedge.
Cypress is fairly easy to grow, with varieties for gardens and dwarf varieties for indoors.
In this article we will tell you about what this plant is, what types of it exist, whether it is possible to grow it at home and what conditions must be created for this.
What is this plant?
Cypress, in Latin Cupressus, is a coniferous plant that belongs to the Cypress family and has in its genus, according to various sources, from 14 to 19 species of evergreen trees and shrubs.
Cypress trees are widely distributed in the wild. You can meet them in areas with a tropical and subtropical climate - in Europe, Asia and North America.
The plant is long-lived - under favorable conditions it lives up to 300 years and sometimes more. This coniferous tree has a very ancient origin, and the birthplace of Cypress is not known for certain.
Most of the species are slender trees with a straight trunk and a pyramidal crown, but there are also lush sprawling shrubs in the genus.
The skeletal branches grow upwards, tightly pressed against the trunk, which gives it a special harmony, due to which even the expression “slender as a cypress” was born.
The shoots on the branches of the tree are thin and soft. They actively branch in one or different planes and are covered with small fern-like leaves of a dark green color. In young specimens, the leaves are needle-like, like those of coniferous trees , in adults, as the tree grows, approximately in the fourth year of life, the shape of the leaves changes to scaly.
It should be said that the older this wonderful representative of the flora becomes, the more decorative it is .
We present to your attention detailed information about some of them: Calathea and Clerodendrum.
Cypress is a gymnosperm plant. It bears fruit with male and female roundish cones of a grayish-brown color and with a diameter of no more than 3.5 s. They are covered with thyroid scales, under each of which there are several seeds. Cones mature in the second year of plant life .
Types of cypress with photo
About 10 types of cypress are used as an ornamental crop for landscaping the garden. On their basis, varieties with wide-pyramidal, columnar and squat crown forms were bred.
There are interesting varieties with blue, silver-gray, bluish-green, bright yellow and bluish-gray needles. There are several dwarf forms for growing indoors .
Being a native of warm countries, the plant perfectly takes root and grows in the southern regions of Russia. In the middle lane, it is recommended to grow frost-resistant varieties of cypress that can withstand the harsh winter cold.
Most popular outdoor varieties :
Arizona - drought tolerant and frost tolerant (down to -20°C).
Ordinary or evergreen - heat-loving, shade-tolerant, demanding on moisture and "indulgent" to the composition of the soil.
Large-fruited - does not tolerate drought, frost-resistant (down to -15 ° C).
California or Govena is shade tolerant, drought tolerant and undemanding to soil.
Italian is a sun lover.
Macnaba is drought tolerant and frost tolerant (down to -25°C).
Kashmir - thermophilic and needs abundant watering.
Lusitanian or Mexican - heat-loving and demanding on air humidity.
Siberian cypress is a low shrub with spreading crown. Often used in landscape design.
Cypress is usually purchased already grown. But you can also grow it yourself. For growing cypress from seeds at home, the varieties Goldcrest Vilma, Fastigiata montrosa, Aschersoniana and other dwarf forms, which were specially bred by English breeders for room culture, are well adapted.
Kashmir, Evergreen and Large-fruited cypresses can also be grown indoors if their roots are trimmed each spring.
Read all about growing and caring for Dieffenbachia, Coffee tree and Ficus.
Proper care is the basis for a long life and beautiful appearance of your plant. Cypress growing in open ground needs diffused lighting. Ideally, you need to choose a slightly shaded place for the plant. In the shade, the tree will stretch too much. Sufficient humidity is another main condition for the well-being of cypress.
In autumn, during strong winds, young branches should be tied up so that they do not break. It is desirable to cover it for the winter, and if this is not done, the tree crown damaged by frost will recover for a very long time. Even frost-resistant plant species require insulation .
Do not forget about mulching the tree trunks with sawdust, needles or peat. And top dressing with mineral fertilizers is especially important for cypress in the first 3-4 years of life - it must be applied up to two times a month in the warm season.
Indoor cypress requires high humidity, especially during the heating season. If there is dry air in the room, Cypress begins to hurt and lose its decorative effect.
To avoid this, during the heating season and during the intense summer heat, the plant must be sprayed twice a day with . It should be watered moderately.
At the same time, it is important to remember that drying out and waterlogging of an earthen clod can threaten the death of a green handsome man.
From May to October it is best to place the plant on the balcony , on the terrace or in the garden, providing it with light shade.
Cypress is sometimes confused with Cypress. Although they are very similar, there are differences.
Cypress is a wonderful tree that can decorate not only a garden plot, but also a home interior. With proper care, it will live for many years and delight you with its lush green outfit.
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Types and varieties of cypress trees for the garden. Cypress indoor home care, diseases and pests
There are different types and varieties of cypress for the garden. All of them differ from each other not only in appearance, but also in the method of cultivation. Observing the basic rules of planting and care, the bush will always be lush, healthy and incredibly beautiful.
This kind of coniferous plant came to us from the Eastern Mediterranean. Among the entire large family, the pyramidal cypress is the only "European". In many countries, especially in France, Greece, as well as Italy and Spain, its horizontal varieties are widely found in the wild. A beautiful coniferous plant has been actively cultivated since 1778.
The tree has a crown resembling a column, sometimes up to 35 meters high. True, for this, the cypress will need to grow for about a hundred years. The tree got its shape thanks to the active efforts of breeders. This long-liver also tolerates frost well, he is not afraid of indicators up to -20 °.
The pyramidal cypress loves to grow on hilly terrain, in the mountains, including on poor soils.
The needles of the pyramidal species of cypress are small, rich emerald in color, rather dark. Cones are formed on small twigs, they are brown with a gray tint. When a tree is young, it grows much faster. After 100 years in height, the Italian cypress no longer increases.
Pyramidal cypress is a real decoration for alleys of parks and city squares. It looks great in a country house.
The most compact varieties of cypress:
- Fastigiata Forlucelu.
- Montrosa is a dwarf variety.
- Indica has a columnar crown.
- Strikta is characterized by a pyramidal crown.
Arizona variety of cypress trees (C. arizonica) lives, of course, in America: Mexico and Arizona. Wild representatives of the plant have chosen high mountain slopes and climbed up to 2.4 km in height. In 1882, beautiful trees began to be grown in gardens and parks, as well as at home.
Arizona cypress became the basis for breeders to obtain the following conifer varieties:
- Ashersoniana is a low variety.
- Compacta is a shrub species, its green needles have a blue tint.
- Konika is similar in shape to a skittle, a hard-to-winter variety with characteristic bluish-gray needles.
- Pyramidalis - crown-cone and blue needles.
Representatives of this species of the cypress family live up to 500 years, while growing up to 20 meters. Differs in a bluish tint of needles. The color of the bark of these cypresses varies with the age of the tree. The bark of young twigs is gray, with time it becomes brown.
Change color and buds as they mature: first they are brown with a reddish tint, and then they turn blue.
Arizona cypress stands out from the background of its counterparts with its wood features. It is a bit like, solid and weighs a lot. The tree prefers not too cold winters, but is able to withstand a short cold down to -25 °, it can endure dry periods. In growth adds very quickly.
Сupressus lusitanica Mill – this is the name of the Mexican cypress in Latin, which grows freely in the expanses of Central America. Portuguese naturalists made a portrait of the tree as early as 1600. The Mexican representative of coniferous trees grows up to 40 meters and has a wide crown, shaped like a pyramid. The branches are covered with ovoid needles, dark green. Miniature cones no more than 1.5 cm in diameter are formed on the tree. Young fruits are green with a blue tint, and turn brown as they ripen.
The domesticated Mexican cypress does not withstand severe frosts and dies during drought.
The most popular varieties of it:
- Bentama - its distinguishing feature is that the branches grow in the same plane, because of this, the crown is narrow, and the needles are painted in a bluish color.
- Glauka - distinguished by a blue tint of needles and the same color of cones, the branches are located in the same plane.
- Tristis (sad) - the shoots of this variety are directed downwards, and the crown resembles a column.
- Lindley - characterized by large buds, as well as thick, rich green branches.
As soon as this variety of cypresses is not called: marsh, Taxodium two-row, in Latin it sounds like Taxodium distichum. It owes its name to the fact that it grows in the wild in the wetlands of North America, especially in Louisiana and Florida. The name two-row comes from the characteristic arrangement of leaves on branches. Since the 17th century, this species has been domesticated throughout Europe. A photo of swamp cypress is presented below.
This is a very large and tall tree. There are instances above 35 meters. The massive trunk in diameter reaches 12 m, its bark is dark red, very thick (10-15 cm).
Swamp cypress belongs to deciduous varieties, it sheds needles resembling an awl in shape.
Two-row Toxodium is easily identified by its distinctive horizontal roots. They grow at a height of 1-2 m and look like bottles or cones. Sometimes only a few of them grow, and sometimes so many that a whole wall of pneumatophores is obtained. Such a root system provides additional breathing to the tree, so a long stay in the water is not scary for swamp cypress.
When selecting varieties of cypress for garden decoration, it is necessary to take into account not only its size, features of the crown and needles, but also the resistance of varieties to negative external factors.
Wild varieties of evergreen cypresses are exclusively horizontal representatives that inhabit the mountains of Asia Minor, Iran, and also inhabit the islands of Crete, Rhodes and Cyprus.
Pyramid-like varieties developed when planted in Western Asia and Mediterranean countries. The crown of such trees is narrow due to short branches that sit tightly against the trunk. Common cypress looks like a cone. It can grow up to 30 m in height.
Small needles, like scales, elongated, tightly pressed against the twigs in a cruciform way. Cones hanging on short shoots, they are about 3 cm in diameter, painted gray with brown tints. This species is growing very fast.
There is a red variety of cypress with exotic colors of needles.
The horizontal cypress does well in the shade. Withstands up to -20 ° C. Not capricious about the soil and the presence of stones in it, lime. They do not interfere with its growth. But excessive moisture greatly harms the tree. This variety, like the rest of the cypresses, is a long-liver. Cones begin to appear at the age of five.
Frost-resistant cypress is not afraid of shearing, which is important for decorative purposes. Therefore, neat, pyramid-like trees are actively used by landscape designers in and especially parks. Individuals and in the form of an alley are not planted. Small groups of coniferous representatives look most advantageous.
This type of tree prefers warm regions in the south. It is also called slender because of the particularly narrow, cone-shaped crown. Cypress evergreen Apollo is considered a symbol of youth. Branches, tightly pressed against the trunk, rise up. The buds are round and patterned, and the needles are small and soft. A young plant quickly grows in growth, adult specimens rise to 30 meters.
Apollo cypress is able to winter at -20°C, but prolonged frosts are undesirable for it. An adult tree is resistant to drought, young plants need to be watered at first. Trees should be planted in dark places. A coniferous representative will grow even on slightly saline and fairly dry soils. He is not picky about soils.
Young specimens are not resistant to winds and should be planted in the area between buildings.
Small plants are especially popular because of their compactness. Gardeners liked the caespitosa variety more than others. It develops very slowly, shoots grow by 5 mm in a year. This species looks more like a pillow than a classic tree. The needles are very small, green.
Dwarf cypress has a flat shape. It is presented in the form of a bush no more than half a meter high. The branches of the plant are thin, glossy. The needles have a beautiful color: green with a blue tint.
No less popular is the American cypress. This is a representative who loves a lot of sun. The color of the plant is light green. It differs by a bare crown at the base and a rather lush top. An adult tree will grow up to 7 meters tall.
Cypress in Nikitsky Garden - video
Boecklin Arnold. Island of the Dead
Phallic symbol and emblem of death and burial. It was assumed that cypress can keep the body from decay, hence its use in cemeteries. Crowned by the Sun or the Moon, he personifies the androgyne. The Chinese mean grace, happiness, but also death. In Christianity, it symbolizes endurance (hence its Christian symbolism of perseverance and valor), a just person, mourning and death. In the Greco-Roman tradition, it was used as the emblem of Zeus, Apollo, Venus and Hermes and meant life. As an attribute of the gods of the underworld and fate, it means death. Dedicated to Hades (Pluto). The Phoenicians dedicated to Astarte and Mel-kart, the Tree of Life.
Thus, cypresses are trees that can often be found in cemeteries, because they symbolize the life of the soul after death.
See also Yew / Boxwood / Willow / Resin
An evergreen, perennial tree with strong and resistant wood - a symbol of death and longevity (especially in China). Now a typical "graveyard tree". The cypress is associated with death for many reasons: for example, dark foliage, or the fact that if it is cut down, it will never sprout again. In addition, cypress resin was used mixed with incense for embalming. The basis of this practice was the belief that resin is the undying soul of long-lived trees (the same cypress), capable of providing life after death.
According to one myth, the daughters of King Eteocles were supposed to turn into cypress, according to another legend, a young man named Cypress, the favorite (lover?) of Apollo, who killed the sacred deer, turned into him. (Ovid. Met. 106-142)
Apollo's homosexual inclinations were not always satisfied: he accidentally killed his favorite Hyacinth by sword sword, and then the boy Cypress fell into such sadness that he could no longer respond to the love of God.
In the ancient Mediterranean, it served as a symbol and attribute of Kronos (Saturn), Asclepius (Aesculapius) and (thanks to the flame-shaped crown - Apollo. Cypress was considered the sacred tree of Hebe, but it was dedicated to many other female deities: Cybele, Persephone, Aphrodite, Artemis, Eurynome , Hera, Athena. / Much indicates that the cypress has been a cult-symbolic tree associated with death since pre-Greek times. The Greeks dedicated it (to their infernal deity???), the Romans approved this emblem in the cult of Pluto, associating it with burial , which persists to this day (Curl, 8).0005
It can be found in many cemeteries, both Christian and pagan. The cypress was often depicted in pictures of paradise, for example, in The Martyrdom of St. Perpetua, 11th century (Cambridge, 1891), the dream of St. Saturius is described in which, "having thrown off his mortal flesh, he was carried away to the east by four angels. Climbing a gentle slope , they reached a place filled with the most magnificent light.(...) Before us was Paradise, - he adds, - like a garden, with trees on which roses and many other flowers bloomed; the trees were tall, like cypresses, singing" (46). Perhaps that is why they continued to plant it near Christian graves, reproduced it on sarcophagi as a symbol of hope for the other world. Cypress branches were often carved on many Christian tombstones.
Cypress Remember your death. The symbol of frailty. Cypress branches, like rosemary, are usually brought to the funerals of great people.
Cypress A symbol of beauty devoid of knowledge. "His crown is beautiful, leaf to leaf, But he is not given to bear fruit."
Cypress Cypress wood is resistant and preserved. And it seems to be timeless. Who is prepared for death by the Spirit of God, He is wisely striving towards eternal life. (Emblem on copper. V. X. von Hochberg, 1675)
"Palm and cypress branches intertwined with each other" They must complement each other. A symbol of virtue rewarded after death. From the symbolism of trees.
"Violet growing at the foot of a cypress" I enjoy shade and darkness. A symbol of a humble person who has retired from official affairs, exuding his kindness and favor, and striving to bring joy to others rather than win anyone's admiration.
This very expressive symbol is intended to portray unflaunted virtues who find joy in quietly blooming in the unknown and extending their beneficial influence to people, many of whom have no idea about the source of their well-being. the symbol shows those motives that make these people continue their charitable activities, which are not imposed on the intrusively deprived people, but provide them with the grace of their kindness.
The cypress served as a symbolic plant for such a virtue as Piety.
In the language of flowers "from Guinness" cypress has the meaning of "sorrow".
Due to the ability attributed to him to protect against harmful sorcery, cypress was planted in hedges. Cypress twigs, thrown among the crops, were supposed to protect the crop from pests.
The strength of cypress made it popular in the construction of temples and palaces: in the temple of Solomon, for example, the floor was embedded with cypress boards. Together with cedar, they were considered the best of conifers.
There are ideas about the quaternary nature of the Calvary cross, made from four trees of the cardinal points - cedar, cypress, olive and palm.
Spruce was considered sacred by the Germans, cypress - by the Greeks, pine - by the Phrygians. The ancient Greek legend about Cypress tells how this young man accidentally killed his beloved deer while hunting. And he could not console himself from grief. Apollo turned him into a cypress - a tree of pity.
In the Crimea, it was believed that the crowns of cypress and juniper aimed at the sky show the dead the shortest path to heaven.
Cypress (lat. Cupressus) is a genus of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs of the Cypress family (Cupressaceae). The genus cypress combines 15-20 species - trees and shrubs. It features soft fragrant wood. Representatives of this family differ sharply from most conifers. In general, they are characterized by high drought resistance, low soil requirements, high shade tolerance, combined with slow growth and long life expectancy.
Cypress trees are distinguished by their tall stature (reaching 40 m in height), pyramidal or cylindrical-rounded crown, as well as a pleasant smell. They have cross-paired leaves, small, scaly, adjacent to the shoot or somewhat recurved, convex on the back, with a resin gland. Their cones are rounded, woody, with shield-like, multifaceted scales on legs that fit snugly together. Cypress seeds are flat, with more or less developed wings. This plant is propagated by sowing, cuttings and grafting.
The genus includes about 20 species, which are native to the subtropics of North America and temperate latitudes of the Eurasian continent, North Asia and North Africa. Thirteen species are bred in the Crimea, on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and in some regions of Central Asia. Evergreen cypress (C. sempervirens) is cultivated more often than others, reaching a height of 30 m and a width of 60 cm. The most common species in the United States is large-fruited cypress (C. macrocarpa). This plant grows in nature only on the coast of California. It reaches a height of 8-12 m, and is also distinguished by a compact narrow-conical crown and light or dark green leaves. The diameter of its cones reaches 3.8 cm. Decorative forms of large-fruited cypress grow quickly, tolerate heavy pruning and various climatic conditions. These qualities make them ideal gardening plants in Southern Europe and the temperate regions of South America and Australia. Most often they are used to create hedges.
Also known among gardeners are such species as Himalayan cypress (C. torulosa), Arizona cypress (C. arisonica), Lusitanian cypress (C. lusitanica) and Cashmere cypress (C. cashmeriana) - a small cone-shaped tree with blue-green leaves . In the coastal regions of China, large areas are occupied by the Duclos cypress, a tree up to 26 m high. Its needles are scaly, blunt, up to 1 mm long, with a bluish gland. Due to its decorative effect, this type of cypress is cultivated on the Black Sea coasts of the Caucasus and Crimea.
Also worth mentioning is the weeping cypress (C. fiinebris), which also comes from China, but is also sometimes found in Japan, where it is planted around temples. It reaches a height of 18 m, is distinguished by drooping branches and light green leaves. The diameter of the cones is 1.3 cm.
It is worth noting that in the Old Testament of the Bible, cypress, along with cedar and fir, is mentioned as a tree of paradise. Moreover, it was used to decorate the Temple in Jerusalem.
Since ancient times, some peoples considered cypress a tree of sadness, sadness, death, while others, on the contrary, considered it a symbol of youth, grace and nobility. “Slender as a cypress,” they often say about someone who watches their figure and has a chiseled silhouette.
In antiquity, cypress trees were planted around temples, grottoes, caves and cities, wounds and ulcers were treated with the resin of these trees. The analgesic and antiseptic properties of cypress are used in the treatment of varicose veins, numbness and swelling of the extremities, arthritis and hemorrhoids. In addition, cypress is used as a means of combating fungal diseases. However, not only in medicine, the deodorizing essential oil of cypress is used. In cosmetology, it is one of the main components that make up the care products for sensitive and porous facial skin. Valuable cypress oil soothes and makes the skin of the legs healthier, eliminating unpleasant odors and excessive sweating, and relieves fatigue from them.
Housewives are well aware that the smell of cypress is unbearable for moths and carpenter beetles, therefore, if its branches are distributed around the house, then these pests should not be feared.
The handsome cypress comes to the aid not only of man, but also of many birds: woodpeckers, tits, grosbeaks, robins, wrens, finches and other birds feed on its seeds.
FEATURES OF CULTIVATION, SOIL, RULES OF LANDING
Cypress needs bright sunlight and grows well in open areas.
Cypress branches are usually dense, therefore, it is necessary to start removing excess shoots, in accordance with the chosen form, early. Pruning is possible throughout the year, but it is best to do this in February-March.
Young shoots on the branches are constantly pinched so that only a small part of the corresponding shoot remains. Thus, from time to time the branches become thicker. If the terminal shoot stretches strongly upwards, it must be removed so that the lateral shoot following it can be turned into an apical shoot.
Mixed soil, consisting of turf, sand and humus.
Cypress planting holes must be prepared in advance. If the soils in your garden area are heavy, drainage from gravel or broken bricks with a layer of 20 cm is required, as cypress loves loose soil. Before planting, you need to prepare a special soil - soddy land with the addition of sand and humus. Plants are planted to a depth of at least 80 cm. The distance between them is usually 0.5-1.5 m. When transplanting, make sure that the cypress root neck is not buried in the ground, otherwise the plant may die.
During the first two years after planting, the plant is fertilized with mineral fertilizer in the amount of 30-40 g/cm.
If the weather is hot and dry for a long time, then the trees need to be watered regularly, and sprinkled twice a month.
Too compacted soil around cypress trees should be periodically loosened to a depth of 10-15 cm.
Propagation: seeds (in spring), woody cuttings (in March - April) and grafting.
Seeds moderately moisturize and keep in a bright place. Rooted cuttings and seedlings are planted in a mixture of soddy and leafy soil and sand (4:2:1), adding a handful of crushed bricks.
DISEASES AND PESTS
In general, cypress trees are not susceptible to diseases. The most common diseases that affect these plants are:
- Yellowing of the leaves - due to lack of watering, dry air, lack of nutrients in the soil, excess calcium in the soil, i.e. watering
with too hard water.
- Brown leaf tips - may be due to exposure to cold or dry air or insufficient watering.
- Scale insects and false scale insects: brown plaques on the surface of leaves and stems, suck out cell sap. The leaves dry up and fall off.
Control measures: mechanical pests cannot be collected from cypress. The plant can be sprayed or bathed in a 0.15% actellik solution (1-2 ml per 1 liter of water). Moreover, the procedure will have to be repeated several times. Treatments with actara and karbofos are effective.
Spider mite: appears when the air is too dry - a web appears between the branches, the leaves dry quickly and fall off.
Control measures: Spray with 0.15% actellic solution (1-2 ml per liter of water). Humidify the air around the plant.
Most often, cypress is used as an ornamental tree for avenue, group or single plantings.
The homeland of cypress is the northern part of the Mediterranean, the islands of the Aegean Sea Crete and Cyprus, which gave the tree its name. Cypress was introduced into the culture in antiquity. It is believed that the most beautiful - pyramidal - form of cypress is the result of selection. The living species of cypresses are of very ancient origin; fossils and their well-preserved remains are already found in the Tertiary formation. Currently, the oldest cypress grows in Mexico, it is already over 2000 years old. Back in the twentieth century, a cypress tree, whose age was about three thousand years old, grew in Greece.
In the wild, only the horizontal form (f. horizontalis - see photo on the left) of this species is common - in the mountains of Asia Minor, Iran and on the islands of Cyprus, Crete and Rhodes. Pyramidal (f. stricta - see photo on the right), a more familiar form arose in ancient times in culture and spread widely in plantations of Western Asia and the Mediterranean countries.
The modern name of the cypress comes from the Greek name for the island of Cyprus. (Κυπριακή)
The genus of cypress includes approximately 14 species. The most famous are two varieties of cypress - horizontal, the lateral branches of which are located horizontally, and pyramidal, the lateral branches of which are pressed against the trunk.
In ancient Greece, cypress groves were considered sacred. The ancient Greek satirist Lucian wrote about cypresses growing in the garden near the temple of Aphrodite on the island of Rhodes: “there were those that do not bear fruit, but for which beauty replaces the fruit: cypresses and plane trees up to the sky…”.
In ancient times, Cyprus was covered with impenetrable forests and the most common among the local trees was cypress. The Greeks considered cypress temple groves with healing air to be an earthly image of paradise. Cypress wood is rich in resin and has a wonderful smell. It is durable and does not rot. In ancient times, it was considered priceless, worthy of gods and kings.
Wood used in the manufacture of musical instruments
The origin of the guitar is traced back to the ancient Greek cithara. The side walls of the body itself and the back of the guitar are in most cases made from cypress.
One of the differences between a flamenco guitar and a classical one is the type of wood from which the back and sides are made, for example, a flamenco guitar is made of wood (CYPRUS), while a classical Spanish guitar is made of mahogany (POLYSANDER). This difference gives the flamenco guitar a brighter and richer sound.
In historical times, the wood of the southern cedars, due to its mechanical, aromatic and energetic properties, was used for the construction of temples. In general, cypresses are one of the oldest tree species that have survived on earth to this day.
In cypress caskets and chests, the Romans kept the most valuable scrolls, which are “worthy to be kept in cypress”. Since then, the "cypress casket" has become a symbol of the perpetuity of great poetry, and the famous historian of the ancient world Plutarch recommended that laws be written on cypress boards. It is no coincidence that the ancient Egyptians made sarcophagi from cypress trees, cypress oil was used to embalm mummies,
Star and cypress. The old city of the Copts in Cairo.
Cypress wood releases phytoncides that kill moths. Doors and other objects made of cypress have been stored for centuries, and they look like new. The color of golden ocher that cypress wood has is very beautiful. In Russia, cypress wood was considered the most valuable, and cypress benches, chests, and caskets stood in the palaces of the Russian nobility.
Two cypress trees near a flourishing cross. Relief of the side wall of the sarcophagus of Yaroslav the Wise in St. Sophia Cathedral in Kyiv.
People of a noble family were buried in cypress coffins: for example, Tsarina Maria Ilyichna Miloslavskaya, the wife of the Russian Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, was buried in a cypress log. There is, for example, in Dahl's collection one saying flattering the class feeling of the nobles:
"Cypress bars, elm men"
"Boyars - cypresses"
(Nekrasov Nikolay | To whom it is good to live in Russia)
In Greece, in the annual rituals of mourning by Aphrodite for the dead Adonis, participants in the procession carried a cypress. One of the names of Aphrodite (Cyprida) is also associated with cypress, since the name of the island of Cyprus is given according to the "cypress" sign. According to Greek and Roman authors, cypress was dedicated to Apollo, Venus, Pluto, Silvam, and others. The club of Hercules, Jupiter's scepter, and Cupid's arrows were made from cypress wood. In ancient tradition, cypress was considered as a tree of mourning, dedicated to the god of the underworld and the Erinyes (furies). Once he was a young man who, having accidentally killed his beloved deer, turned into a tree out of grief (Ovid. Met. X, 120 fol.).
The doors of one of the seven wonders of the world - the temple of Artemis in the city of Ephesus - were made of cypress boards, entwined for the fortress with forged patterned copper hinges and brackets and stood unscathed for more than 100 and fifty years, until they died in a fire that was started by Herostat.
The fleet of Alexander the Great was made of cypress. The fast-moving Roman warships were built from cypress wood, pierced with stainless copper nails and coated with natural wax on top.
The value of cypress was so high that the kings and generals who defeated the enemy destroyed the palaces and houses of the vanquished just to extract cypress wood.
The ancient Greek writer Lucian called the cypress, along with the plane tree, "for which beauty replaces the fruit."
Cypress wood was considered indestructible, eternal, and therefore noble Greeks and Romans were buried not in pine coffins, like commoners, but in cypress or marble sarcophagi. Cypress coffins were an honorary award to those who died defending the fatherland. The ancient Greek historian Thucydides noted with satisfaction that everyone who died at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War, without distinction of military and property rank, was buried in cypress coffins promising incorruptibility.
Practical Romans, appreciating the high price and rather big demand for cypress wood, began to plant these trees everywhere. The date of disembarkation was associated with the time of birth in the family of a child, especially a girl. Cypress trees grew up together with children and were considered living capital or future dowry.
If in the south of Europe, in Cyprus or in the Crimea you see a tree whose crown shape reminds of a candle flame or a rocket taking off, be sure that it is a pyramidal cypress.
Cypress has been used medicinally for thousands of years. Ancient doctors noted the warming effect of cypress essential oil, which balances all body systems.
Used parts and active substances of evergreen cypress
● Cypress cones are usually harvested while still green to prepare extracts, powders and infusions. In the pharmaceutical industry, tablets, gelatin capsules and drinking solutions are prepared from them. As a medicinal and cosmetic product, cypress is used for the manufacture of ointments and gels for external use.
● Cones contain oligomeric and dimeric proanthocyanidols and flavonols, which effectively affect the tone of venous vessels, thereby improving peripheral blood circulation. Cypress also contains a small amount of diaterpenic acids and essential oil.
Medicinal properties and indications for use of cypress evergreen
● In vitro experiments on animals and humans have shown that flavonol compounds actively act as enzyme inhibitors. That is why, thanks to these properties, cypress is an excellent angioprotector in the treatment of weakened veins.
● As mentioned above, active substances act on the walls of blood vessels, so cypress cones are recommended for use in varicose veins, heaviness in the legs and hemorrhoids. For greater effectiveness, evergreen cypress is used in combination with witch hazel or horse chestnut.
Cypress is a typically male tree that influences male potency and sexual activity, which not only enhances sexual strength in healthy men, but also heals the sick.
Cypress does not affect the female body, but harmonizes family relationships through the man. True, it does not work at a distance. For a full-fledged interaction with this tree, a person needs only direct "communication" with it or being in close proximity to it. Then the energy of cypress endows the man with an aura of irresistibility, which is difficult to resist.
Cypress demands immediate satisfaction of the arisen desire and assists in this those who turn to him for help.
Different peoples perceived the cypress in different ways: for some it was a symbol of sadness, the other world, while for others it personified longevity, health, immortality, nobility, grace and eternal youth ...
In Phoenicia, it was considered the Tree of Life. And in Iran, probably, there was more romance in relation to cypresses, there, on miniatures depicting young lovers, cypresses were often painted. This beautiful slender tree is revered in the sacred traditions of Eurasia, and is considered sacred in India. In China, it is called the "tree of eternity." But the Persians considered cypress as a particularly sacred tree: they closely associated it with the cult of fire and revered it as a symbol of the god Ormuzd, the ruler of the bright heavenly kingdom, the creator of all the gods and the material world.
Cypress appeared on the territory of our country in ancient times. In Georgia, even before our era, cypress grew in the palace gardens. In later times, the spread of Christianity contributed to the expansion of the cypress culture: it was a constant companion of religious centers and temples as a symbol of eternal sorrow and memories.
This genus includes 14 species of shrubs or evergreen trees that are common in the warm temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere, some of these species are successfully cultivated in home care and are honorably called indoor cypress.
Cypress branching occurs in different planes, rarely occurs in one. The branches are covered with cross-pair scaly needles, which are needle-shaped in young plants. Cones are mostly round in shape, with numerous shield-like scales, ripening in the second year. In the southern part of Russia, they are used for landscaping purposes.
Arizona cypress grows naturally in the highlands of southern North America. In particular, in Arizona at an altitude of up to 2000 m above sea level, where clean air prevails.
Trees up to 15 meters high with a wide-pin-shaped crown, with boughs horizontally spaced apart. The bark is red-brown in color, which peels off in long strips. Sufficiently thick, tetrahedral branches sticking out in all directions. The leaves are thick and sharp, keel-shaped with pronounced holes and a bluish-green color. Rounded buds up to 3 cm thick, with a dark red-brown color. But as soon as the cones reach the maturity phase, they change their color to blue. Six to eight scales with a sharp tip are slightly compressed on the ridge.
The plant is drought-resistant and photophilous, grows rather quickly and propagates by cuttings and seeds. Withstands frosts of minus twenty degrees, being more frost-resistant than Evergreen Cypress. And only at the end of the 19th century it was grown in the culture of the Southern coast of Crimea, and today cypresses have spread to the steppe Crimea, Odessa and even Transcarpathia.
Cypress varieties and species
Arizona Cypress "Compacta" rounded shrub with bluish-green needles.
Arizona cypress "Sonica" is pin-shaped with straight knots, numerous, shaky twigs, the leaves are tightly pressed together and have a bluish-gray color. This species is frost sensitive.
Straight, but at the same time squat growth with a bluish gray color. It is considered an improved form of "Sonica". 'Glauca' is also frost-sensitive, slightly columnar, uniform with a silvery gray color.
Only the horizontal form is distributed in the wild in the mountains of Iran and Asia Minor, as well as on the islands of Crete, Cyprus and Rhodes. But the pyramidal form, which is more familiar to us, arises in the culture of ancient times and is widely distributed in the countries of the Mediterranean and Western Asia.
It grows as a tree, up to 30 meters in height, with a columnar crown and short ascending branches that are tightly pressed against the trunk. The needles are scaly, small, elongated-rhombic in shape, located crosswise and tightly pressed against the shoots. Cones are rounded with a grayish-brown color, reach up to 3 centimeters in diameter, hanging on short twigs. Red-brown seeds, which are located up to 20 pieces under each scale.
Fairly rapid growth in the youth of the plant is noted, the growth rate gradually decreases, and the plant reaches its maximum height, but this happens closer to a hundred years of the plant's life. The plant tolerates long-term drought and short-term temperature drops to minus 20 degrees, is shade-tolerant.
Undemanding to the composition of the soil, easily tolerates calcareous and stony, slightly saline and dry soils, but prefers deep and fresh substrates. It is short-lived and suffers from windblow on excessively wet soils. In urban conditions, he feels stable, tolerates a haircut well, begins to bear fruit from 5-6 years.
In a number of forms that this plant has, the most common is the horizontal f. forizontalis, with long almost horizontal branches, broad pyramidal crown, Indian f. indica, with a columnar crown of especially regular shape, tuelista f. thujaefolia and several dwarf f. fastigiata Forluselu and f. fastigiata montrosa.
The evergreen cypress, with its particularly pyramidal shape, has exceptional decorative qualities, which is due to its wide use in landscape gardening since very ancient times. Often it is used in the creation of small groups of 3-5 trees, less often in alley or single plantings. For arrays and large groups, as well as sheared walls, the horizontal shape of this plant is successfully used.
Or Lusitanian (cupressus lusitanica) is also a beautiful tree, reaching 30-40 meters in height, with a broad pyramidal crown, in older specimens the crown is tent-like spreading, with hanging tips of the branches.
Reddish-brown color of the trunk bark, elongated, tetrahedral shoots, located in different planes. Egg-shaped needles, pressed tightly, with spaced pointed tips. Numerous cones, almost spherical in shape, reaching up to 1.5 centimeters, having a bluish-green color at a young age and brown at maturity. The plant is fast-growing, does not tolerate dry soil and air, and is not winter-hardy.
Lusitanian cypress is a rather variable species in terms of a variety of morphological factors, which determines a large number of decorative forms. These forms are Bentham f. Benthamii with shoots branching only in one plane, and a variety of needle colors from dove to bright green and a regular crown. Godubaya f. glauca has intensive gray-gray needles, and the same long-lasting plaque on cones, the location of shoots in the same plane and a little thicker than typical forms, does not tolerate dry soil and low temperatures. Lindley f. Lindleyi differs only in the larger size of the buds and the dark green color of the shoots. Knight f. Nightiana is somewhat reminiscent of the Bentham form, differing from it only in the bluish color of the needles and a slightly different structure of the shoots. sad f. tristis with flexible downward-pointing branches and twigs, columnar crown.
The decorative forms of cypress trees, which look great in group and row plantings, create a spectacular look with the color of the needles and the shape of the crown.
Cypress room care at home
In summer, keep the plant in the temperature range from 18 to 25 degrees, and in winter from 5 to 10 degrees.
Cypress trees should be kept in bright diffused light, darkened from direct sunlight, especially in summer. In winter, cypress requires a bright room.
If, however, it is impossible to keep the plant on an open window sill of any orientation other than the north during the summer period, then in winter it is necessary to place the cypress as close to the light as possible. Even if this is a south-facing window, but only until the hot spring sun appears. If your plant does not receive enough light, it will stretch and lose its shape, and with an excess, the leaves begin to turn yellow and crumble.
In the spring-autumn period, the plant needs abundant watering, but in winter, keep it moderate. Cypress does not tolerate excess moisture and drying out of an earthen coma. To be more precise, the drying of an earthen coma can be detrimental to the conifer.
In winter, watering depends directly on the temperature in the room itself, for example, at a temperature of 8 degrees, it is necessary to water once every 10 days, and when kept in a temperature range of 12 to 14 degrees, it is necessary to water every 5-7 days.