How much do dogwood trees cost
How Much Does a Dogwood Tree Cost?
Written by: Howmuchisit.org Staff
Last Updated: August 14, 2018
The dogwood tree is one of the most visually appealing flowering trees in the country. Best known for its spring blossoms, these trees are widely recognized for its attractive fall foliage. These trees are an ornamental favorite with homeowners as well as landscape professionals due to the multi-season appeal.
“Pink Dogwood Tree” (CC BY 2.0) by Jim, the Photographer
How much does a dogwood tree cost?
Since there are so many varieties, it will really come down to the type that you are looking to purchase. On average, be prepared to spend anywhere from $30 to $75 for a tree smaller than three feet tall. Refer to our table below to see what most popular dogwood species can cost.
For instance, the white and pink dogwood varieties can cost anywhere from $40 to $60, and the red ones can start at $100. The kousa class, being one of the highest priced, can cost $110 to $130 for a smaller 1 to 2-foot tree.
At Lowe’s, a 5.5-gallon pink flowering dogwood tree retails for about $60.
Nature Hills Nursery , for instance, offers a kousa dogwood and the white flowering dogwood varieties for $60 or. The prices for pink flowering dogwoods start at $65, while rates for a red flowering dogwood tree starts at $75.
|Celestial Shadow||- $80 (three feet tall)|
- $100 (five feet tall)
- $120 (six feet tall)
|Cherokee Chief||- $85 (three feet tall)|
|Cloud 9||- $60 (three feet tall)|
- $80 (five feet tall)
|Pink Flowering||- $50 (three feet tall)|
- $120 (six feet tall)
|Red Flowering||- $50 (three feet tall)|
- $120 (six feet tall)
|Red Twig||$20 per quart|
|White||- $75 (three feet tall)|
- $100 (six feet tall)
- $125 (seven feet tall)
|White Kousa||- $60 (three feet tall)|
- $100 (six feet tall)
Dogwood tree overview
Today, there are more than 30 species of dogwood trees, also known as Cornaceae, but there are two varieties: a flowering group, which will have smallish green flowers with the flower clusters surrounded by leaves, and the second group is referred to as a twig dogwood, which will usually have smaller, white flowers and is mostly considered a shrub since there are no bracts. These types can originate from China, Asia and North America.
Most species will produce a typical white petal-like flower and will flower in the early spring. The popular types of flowering dogwood trees include the white, pink, red, kousa, cherokee princess, Cherokee brave and cloud 9.
The average leaf on a dogwood tree can grow around five inches long and two inches wide.
Most dogwoods tend to be a low-branching tree and can grow as high as three to 40 feet, depending on the species. They will all have a very simple oval leaf that’s darker green in color, but some varieties, according to The Tree Center, may have red leaves with white edges. Also, with some types, the leaves may turn bright red or purple during the fall.What are the extra costs?
Most commercial nurseries will deliver the plants for a slight fee. However, if you reach a minimum purchase, you may be able to bypass this fee. Most delivery fees will start at $25 to $50.
Some mail-order companies may require 20% handling charge due to plant preparation and shipping cost add-ons.
A landscaper, if you need a professional to plant a tree, may charge $25+, depending on the size of the tree.Tips to know:
Bare-root Dogwood trees are usually less expensive and are easier to plant.
Some mail order sellers may not ship orders to a number of states due to zone restrictions. Be sure to check with them first before placing any order.
Most dogwoods can only grow in certain zones of the states, particularly five to nine. This means they can grow well just about anywhere, with the exception of the midwestern states and coastal California and Florida. Make sure that you know if your tree can grow in your state before ordering.
Experts advise against transporting dogwood trees from the wild. They can be diseased or contain bugs and allergens that can infest your yard and other plants.
While most trees, once properly planted, do not need much care, dogwood trees need to be watered if there is no rain for a few days. You should also cover the soil around the tree with organic mulch. This will not only look nice, but it will also help to lock in the moisture and nutrients found in the soil. Flowering varieties will do best in a fertile organic soil material.
The twig types will grow best along the banks of the ponds, rivers and streams, where they are often found in the wild.
If using as a hedge, be sure to space them three feet apart.How can I save money?
Consider buying directly from a commercial grower to obtain the plants at considerably lower prices. Buying in bulk can also lead to discounts.
Look out for coupons and special deals from local nurseries. Some nurseries, for example, will have “end of the year” sales where you can save more than 40%.
Advertising Disclosure: This content may include referral links. Please read our disclosure policy for more info.Average Reported Cost: $0
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Gardens need color to bring them alive. Large trees and evergreens are needed too, of course, but your garden should have flowering trees and shrubs to show the changes of the seasons and to brighten our days with their beauty. As well as flowers, some plants have colored leaves and other show their colors in their stems. Dogwoods are great plants for both flowers and colored stems. Some are small trees smothered in spring with large white flowers and others have brightly colored twigs in red, yellow and acid-green.
Dogwoods are trouble-free plants with few serious pests or diseases that will live happily in a wide variety of soils for many years and continue to bring pleasure and color to your garden. Some are especially useful for damp areas, or if you have water in your garden, like a pond or stream, since they will thrive in constantly wet soil where most other plants will fail. They will grow in sun or partial shade and are great choices for almost any garden in cooler parts of the country.
Types Of Flowering Dogwood Trees
|Common Name||Botanical||Mature Height||Mature Width||Spring Flower Color|
|White Flowering Dogwood||Cornus Florida||40-60 ft.||20-30 ft.||White|
|Pink Flowering Dogwood||Cornus florida var. rubra||15-25 ft.||15-25 ft.||Pink|
|Red Flowering Dogwood||Cornus florida ‘Rubra’||15-25 ft.||15-25 ft.||Reddish-Pink|
|Kousa Dogwood||Cornus Kousa||15-25 ft.||15-25 ft.||Varies – White, Pink|
|Cherokee Princess Dogwood||Cornus florida ‘Cherokee Princess’||15-30 ft.||25-35 ft.||White|
|Cherokee Brave Dogwood||Cornus Florida ‘Comco No. 1’ (P.P. 10,166)||15-30 ft.||25-35 ft.||Dark Pink|
|Cloud 9 Dogwood||Cornus florida ‘Cloud 9’||15-20 ft.||10-15 ft.||White|
Using Dogwoods On Your Property
Dogwoods are useful for their flowers and for their natural form. Many are elegant small trees with graceful branches that bring charm and beauty to any garden. Others have bright twigs that bring color to the gray winter garden, when most of our plants are asleep, so that with planning you can have something colorful in your garden twelve months of the year. Some make lovely specimen trees in smaller gardens and some can be grown as low hedges to separate one part of the garden from another.
They are excellent plants for gardens in cooler areas where they will thrive and make a beautiful show every year. They can be used as single specimens or planted in groups if you have a larger garden. They can even be used to make informal barriers and low hedges, and the “Twig” varieties are excellent for wild and natural gardens, since they are mostly native American plants anyway
Dogwood Tree Appearance
Dogwoods are small trees or shrubs that may be anything from 3 to 40 feet in height. They all have simple, oval leaves, usually dark green but some garden varieties have or red leaves or leaves with white edges. In some types the leaves also color well in fall, turning bright red or purple, which is an extra feature to consider when choosing them. The bark of the tree forms is usually smooth and dark grey or dark brown.
Types of Dogwood Trees
There are two distinct types of Dogwood Trees. One group is the Flowering Dogwood. These actually have small greenish flowers, but the flower cluster is surrounded by specialized leaves called bracts which look like large petals. These are usually white but can also be pinkish.
There are American, Japanese and Chinese flowering dogwoods. Flowering varieties do best in both full sun and partial shade, making them very useful for shadier areas beneath large trees. In hotter areas shade from afternoon sun is a good idea. They may grow to around 30 feet tall in time, but most are smaller. They have elegant branches, often growing gracefully horizontal, which is especially charming when they are in flower. The flowers bloom in spring, with the new leaves and the trees are often spectacular, with flowers almost obscuring the leaves completely. After flowering red berries develop, which are sweet and edible – if you can get to them before the birds do!
The White Kousa (Cornus kousa), which grows wild in Japan and parts of China, is one of the best of these and grows in zones 5 through 8, so it is suitable for most Americans gardens. These trees are great choices for cooler gardens and ones with more trees and some shade, where many other plants will not grow as well. They are usually grown as elegant specimens to be admired by you, your family and your neighbors.
The second group are simply called Dogwoods, or Twig Dogwoods, and have small, usually white flowers which are fairly inconspicuous since there are no bracts. They may also have berries that are white or bluish and not edible. Different species of these Dogwoods come from China, parts of Asia and from all over North America. They are mostly shrubs and many have colorful stems which is their main garden feature. Since they grow naturally near water they are great plants to place near ponds and streams or in damp areas where other plants will not grow. They can be planted as individuals, but look best in clumps of 3, 5 or 7, where the twigs can be really admired.
The Yellow Twig (Cornus sericea) is a great shrub for winter effect, with a dense growth of bright yellow branches that bring color to your garden in winter. It is a native plant and so is excellent in wilder areas and the berries are important food for many types of birds.
Dogwood Hardiness and Growing Conditions
Flowering Dogwoods grow in zones 5 to 8, so will grow everywhere except for the coldest mid-western states, coastal California and Florida. The twiggy Dogwoods are very hardy and will grow all the way up into zone 3, so nowhere in the US is too cold for them. Like the Flowering Dogwoods they will also grow right down into zone 8.
Growing Flowering Dogwoods
The flowering do best in fertile soil containing organic material. They prefer damp conditions, but not wet soil. The American species can be quite choosy about soil, but the White Kousa is adaptable to most kinds of soil, which is why it is widely grown in areas where the native trees will not thrive.
Growing Twig Dogwoods
The Twig types thrive in wet conditions and will grow happily along the banks of ponds, streams and rivers, where they are often found in nature. So if you have wet areas in your garden or are lucky enough to have water, Twig varieties are great choices for those areas, which are hard to find plants for. They will also grow happily in regular garden conditions but should not get too dry, especially in spring. They will grow in sun or partial shade, but the twig colors will be stronger when they are grown in the sun. They will grow happily in all kinds of soil except for dry sandy soils.
Planting and Caring For Dogwood Trees
They are easy to grow and needs no special soil preparation. Just dig a hole two or three times the width of the pot, but not much deeper. Break up the soil in the bottom of the hole but leave it in place. Place your plants in the prepared hole and replace most of the soil, which should be firmed down well around the roots. Then water thoroughly and replace the rest of the soil after the water drains away.
For a hedge space the plants 3 feet apart. The Flowering cultivars should be given a little more care, with plenty of organic material being added to the soil and mulch applied over the roots, especially if grown in full sun. For the first year water well once a week and after that only when the soil begins to become dry.
Information on Dogwoods
The timber from these trees is very hard and strong, with a fine grain. It is used for making guitar parts and other things like arrows and solid wooden wheels. The twigs were used as switches for driving horses. A tea made from the bark was used by Civil War soldiers to reduce fevers and pain. Some are also used in Chinese traditional medicine. Wine can be made from the berries of the Flowering Dogwoods.
Flowering Dogwoods need little or no pruning and become more and more beautiful as they mature. Just remove the lower branches as they weaken or die to help develop a trunk and remove any other dead branches that may be seen. It is dangerous to prune these trees hard as it may kill them, so make sure you leave enough room for yours to mature naturally.
The Twig Dogwoods can be left to grow into large shrubs, but the effect of the winter twigs is much more impressive if they are pruned close to the ground every two or three years. This stimulates thick strong stems with brilliant color right to the ground. Prune them towards the end of winter or in very early spring after the snow
The Flowering deserve to be grown more, as they are beautiful and easy to grow as long as they do not suffer from drought. They make a charming small tree that can be the center-piece of even the smallest garden. The twiggy types are better known, but often neglected. A quick hard prune every couple of years will keep those beautiful colored twigs coming thick and strong and turn an ordinary plant into a thing of beauty.
Cultivation of dogwood in central Russia, features of planting and care, as well as varieties for this region
Gardeners and landscape designers are happy to plant dogwood in their gardens: the early blooming of bright flowers is pleasing to the eye after a black and white winter, and how attractive are the clusters of scarlet or maroon berries in autumn! The name of this tart-tasting sour-sweet berry is translated from Turkic as “red”. Dogwood fruits, indeed, most often have this particular color, however, in some varieties, the berries may also be yellow. One of the main features of dogwood is that it can be found both in the form of a shrub and in the form of a tree - it all depends on the area and the conditions of its growth. In a word, no matter what dogwood interests you - the splendor of its greenery or the unique properties of the fruit - acquaintance with it will not disappoint you.
1 Dogwood: area of distribution, plant and berry description
2 Planting dogwood in central Russia
2.1 Basic landing rules
2.2 Dogwood planting step by step
2.3 Video: how to plant a dogwood seedling
3 Growing and caring for dogwood in central Russia
4 Dogwood varieties for growing in central Russia
4.1 Photo gallery: popular varieties of dogwood
Dogwood: area of distribution, description of plant and berries
In the wild form dogwood is most often found in the Caucasus. Although its bones were also found on the territory of modern Switzerland in buildings more than five thousand years old, historians say that the ancient Greeks and Romans used the fruits of this plant for food. Modern cultural forms of dogwood are widespread not only within its natural range, they can be found in the expanses of Central Asia and Moldova, St. Petersburg and the Baltic states. There is no mystery in such a wide distribution of this plant. Dogwood is quite unpretentious and is able to endure frosts down to minus 30-35 about C, in addition, an adult plant is drought-resistant and feels equally good in the sun and in partial shade. Dogwood is also presented in the State Register of Breeding Achievements for 2017, and the entire territory of Russia is indicated as the region of admission. And how much dogwood is distributed in the gardens without any mention in the State Register!
Dogwood is undemanding to the composition of the soil and grows on poor stony lands, sandy soils and loam. However, neutral or slightly alkaline, light fertile soils with a high lime content are most suitable for it. Young cornelian shoots tend upwards and, growing, form a multi-stemmed semicircular shrub up to 3–4 meters high or a tree up to 6 meters high. The root system is fibrous.
Dogwood will decorate any area with its bright flowering appearance
Dogwood is a very ornamental plant. The yellow corollas of its flowers are collected in inflorescences. They bloom in April and fill the air with a delicate sweetish aroma. Flowering dogwood lasts up to two weeks, only then leaves appear. Since the flowers appear early, this plant has problems with pollinators: for insects, the temperature is +8 + 10 about C, when the dogwood blooms, it is not very comfortable. In addition, the dogwood needs suitable "neighbors" - it is self-fertile. A universal pollinator for it can be a forest dogwood or any cultivar of this plant.
Dogwood flowers - beautiful honey plant
Dogwood leaves are ovoid, elongated to the top, bright green. The fruits are usually red, but there are varieties with white, yellow and even maroon, almost black fruits. The shape of the berries in some varieties is elongated, pear-shaped, in others spherical. Weight within 1-9d. The stone is oblong, easily separated, making up 12-30% of the weight of the fetus. Berries ripen at the end of August or September.
In terms of vitamin C content, dogwood berries surpass even lemon, so decoctions of its fruits and leaves are used in medicine as an anti-inflammatory and tonic. Attribute to this decoction and antiscorbutic effect. And in some regions of our country there are legends that claim that dogwood berries can cure any disease.
Dogwood fruit usually dark red in color
The taste of dogwood fruit is unmistakable: it is slightly astringent, tart, sweet and sour or sweet (depending on the variety, as well as the degree of juiciness). Fruit pulp may be smooth or granular. The only thing that does not depend on the variety is the unique aroma of berries. A description of how to use them could be a separate chapter. Dogwood is consumed fresh, jams, compotes, jelly are made from it, jelly, marshmallow, juices are prepared. The berries are dried and added to tea, as are the leaves, and the pits are used as a coffee substitute. And what to hide, dogwood vodka is quite popular, which retains the unique aroma of berries and is considered exquisite.
Dogwood is not an early-growing plant: grafted seedlings enter the fruiting period in the fifth - sixth year. But dogwood is fruitful: 20-25 kg of fruits are harvested from ten-year-old trees, and up to a centner from twenty-five-year-old trees.
The young dogwood tree is already bearing fruit
Dogwood trees are long-lived, their age can exceed one hundred or even two hundred years. Therefore, by planting such a tree on his site, the gardener can be sure that his grandchildren and great-grandchildren will be able to feast on these berries.
Planting dogwood in central Russia
Dogwood is most common in the Caucasus, which means it prefers a warm climate. But it can and should be grown in central Russia, which many gardeners successfully do. The main thing is to protect the plant from adverse factors in the first years after planting, for example, to protect the seedling from drought. Due to the superficial location of the roots, dogwood seedlings can suffer from a lack of water in dry years. Therefore, the plant should be provided with adequate watering, especially when planted in light sandy soils where moisture does not linger. Does not like young dogwood and too strong sun. If possible, after planting and in the first years of growth, the seedling should be provided with light shading.
Basic landing rules
For those who want to grow dogwood on their plot, experienced gardeners recommend choosing two-year-old seedlings. They should be purchased from trusted nurseries. In addition, you need to remember when and how best to plant dogwood.
- The best time to plant dogwood seedlings is autumn.
- Dogwood is a self-fertile plant, so at least two different varieties are planted on the site.
- For young dogwood to take root well, you should choose plants in containers, and not with an open root system.
Two-year-old seedlings are best suited for planting
Dogwood planting step by step
- Prepare a hole 60–70 cm deep and 60–70 cm in diameter. Mix the excavated soil with humus or compost (1 bucket), ash (250–300 g) and superphosphate (200 g).
- Pour half of the earth into the hole. Place a seedling on the formed mound. Tie it to a stake and cover it with the rest of the earth. Make sure that the root neck does not deepen (it should be 2-3 cm above the soil level).
- Compact the soil to form a hole for watering. Water the seedling with two buckets of water.
- Mulch tree trunks with straw, sawdust or humus.
For the winter, young seedlings should be covered with sacking, and in order to protect the superficially located root system, experienced gardeners recommend covering the seedlings with soil in the first years to the place of grafting.
Video: how to plant a dogwood seedling
Growing and caring for dogwood in central Russia
Cases of disease or damage to dogwood by pests in the Moscow region and central Russia are practically not described. And recommendations for care come down to timely abundant watering and pruning. Irrigation for dogwood is important: with a lack of moisture, the fruits become less juicy, the taste is mild. Therefore, the plant must be watered regularly, especially in summer (40-50 liters once or twice a week in the absence of rain).
Young dogwood seedlings grow slowly, but then growth becomes more intense, and some plants are thickened - they need pruning.
If the dogwood is to be shaped like a bush, only the inward-growing or dry shoots are pruned
It is through the pruning procedure that the gardener can give the dogwood the shape of a bush or tree. If the form of a bush is preferred, only incorrectly located, dry, growing branches are removed. If the dogwood needs to be shaped like a tree, shoots located below 50–70 cm are removed in the first years after planting, and then the resulting shape is maintained by cutting the dogwood according to the traditional pattern for fruit trees.
Dogwood can easily be shaped into a tree with regular pruning
Loosening the soil under the dogwood is carried out carefully, no deeper than 10 cm - one should not forget about the surface location of the roots. As for fertilizers, gardeners do not insist on their application, since under natural conditions dogwood grows and bears fruit even on poor soils. However, if there is a desire to fertilize dogwood, it should be noted that nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizers are applied in spring, and potash fertilizers in summer or autumn.
The main factor complicating the cultivation of cornelian cherry in central Russia is recurrent spring frosts. You can protect the plant from them only by smoking (treatment of plantings with smoke in the morning). Another problem: with early flowering (and in dogwood it is always early), pollinating insects may not be available. However, when planting several plants in one area, this problem is perfectly solved.
Dogwood varieties for growing in central Russia
Dogwood varieties differ from each other in terms of ripening, shape and color of berries. They demonstrate approximately the same yield and frost resistance, so it makes no sense to single out these characteristics separately. The most popular and recommended varieties include the following varieties:
- Alyosha: ripens in early August or September, berries are yellow, pear-shaped, large - 6-9 g, sweet and sour.
- Vladimirsky: ripens in August-September, the berries are large - about 8 g, burgundy-black.
- Vydubitsky: mid-season variety, berries are small, dark red.
- Elena: dogwood of this variety bears fruit early - in early August, the berries look like medium-sized lacquered red barrels with a small stone.
- Firefly: mid-season, pear-shaped berries, 6-8 g, dark cherry, sweet and sour, tart.
- Amber: the name was given because of the original color, the ripe berries are almost transparent, with a thin skin, weight up to 4 g, mid-season variety.
Photo gallery: popular dogwood varieties
- Dogwood varieties Alyosha bears fruit with yellow berries
- Variety Elena is characterized by traditional red berries for dogwood
- Firefly has a dark berry color, pear-shaped fruits
- Looking at the berries of the dogwood of the Yantarny variety, you understand why it got its name
Dogwood brought from Pyatigorsk to the Bryansk region has been growing since the late 90s. During this time, the temperature dropped to minus 34. Apple and pear trees froze. Dogwood, at least that, only increases the harvest.
We decided to grow dogwood ourselves, we like wine and dogwood jam, but we have already made several mistakes with the "grandmothers" at the market, so we decided. Despite the existing opinion that dogwood grows poorly or does not bear fruit in the middle lane, our friends proved the opposite, which influenced our desire to learn from their experience. The landing site was chosen slightly shaded. The earth was prepared in the fall: they dug a planting hole about 1 meter in diameter and 80 cm deep, brought in some new earth mixed with fertilizers (organic and mineral). For the winter, we covered the pit with foil, and opened it at the end of February. At the end of March we decided to plant our dogwood. They took humus and compost, mixed it and divided it into two parts. One part was mixed with soil and the hole was filled up to half, making a small mound. They took a seedling, installed it on a mound and covered it with the rest. A young plant requires good watering (30-40 liters). The circle around the trunk was covered with sawdust so that the moisture did not evaporate. Our friends recommended cutting the shoots by 1/3 to balance the root and above-ground parts. We already have some leaves. For those who are interested, we took the Primorsky dogwood, it is believed that it is winter-hardy.Elizabeth
I have been growing these tasty and healthy fruits for a long time. Actually, I have already tried all the ways of growing dogwood - both from the stone and cuttings. My dogwood has grown and formed a hedge. I cut it at the level of 70–100 cm. The harvest of this wonderful, I won’t call it otherwise, my berries are usually very good. The wife makes jam from it and twists compotes for the winter.Vakhtang
There are enthusiasts who grow dogwood in the suburbs. Even while harvesting. Of course, these are not those southern crops. I don’t dare to say that there is already some kind of variety adapted to the middle lane, but I strongly advise you to plant seeds in the fall, since there is such a desire. It is very nice to see how self-planted plants grow. It is only necessary to take into account that the period of stratification of dogwood stones is more than 800 days, so shoots should be expected in two winters, but rather all three. Try it, because how many unusual things are already growing in more northern regions!Anton
For central Russia dogwood is no longer an overseas curiosity and not a quivering stranger in need of greenhouse conditions. This wonderful plant with fragrant and healthy berries can be found in many horticulture and private gardens. And the number of his fans promises to only grow, because dogwood is resistant to cold, ready to grow on almost any soil and bear fruit for up to a hundred years - why not an ideal tenant for your garden?
- Author: Armenuhi Poghosyan
Hello! There are so many different topics in the world! I hope that by collaborating with this site, I will be able to share my thoughts and knowledge with others.
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photos and views, planting and caring for the plant
Dogwood is a perennial fruit plant from the dogwood family. The habitat captures Eastern and Southern Europe, the Caucasus, Japan, China and Asia Minor. The word "kizil" takes its roots in the Turkic language and is translated as "red". This is the color of delicious and even healing berries. There are several legends about dogwood. According to one of them, Allah distributed a plant to all creatures and Satan got dogwood. However, the fruits of the tree were so unripe and bitter for so long that the devil threw the tree away, spitting on it. Soon the berries darkened and people delighted in their taste. In culture, the plant has been used for a long time. It was known in ancient Rome.
Dogwood is a perennial plant that can live up to 100 years. It is a deciduous woody shrub or tree up to 9 m high. Occasionally evergreen herbaceous plants are found in the genus. A thin fibrous rhizome is located mainly in the upper layers of the soil. The smooth stems are covered with red-brown bark. Young, they easily tend to the ground, and when in contact with the soil, they take root.
Short-leaved leaves grow oppositely, sometimes alternately. They have an oval or ovoid plate with embossed parallel veins. Foliage is green or dark green. The sides are solid, the edge is pointed.
Already at the end of March, before the leaves appear, yellowish or milky white flowers bloom. They are collected in dense inflorescences about 5 cm in diameter, which last 2-3 weeks. The corolla consists of 4 free petals and a small but lush core. Dogwood is recognized as a good honey plant, but during the flowering period, the average daily temperature rarely exceeds +12°C. This makes pollination by insects difficult. In order for wind-pollination to be sufficiently effective, it is necessary to plant several plants nearby with one flowering period.
The fruits ripen for a long time. Throughout the summer, they hang on the branches in green clusters, and only from the end of August, or even closer to October, do they become light red or maroon. In some types of dogwood, the berries turn blue-violet or white. Usually they are elongated or cylindrical, but are almost round or pear-shaped. The taste of large (up to 3 cm in length) drupes is sweet and sour, tart. Under the thin skin and tender pulp is a single large bone.
Types and varieties of dogwood
The dogwood genus is divided into 4 subgenera and unites more than 50 species.
Common dogwood (male). Deciduous perennial and multi-stemmed tree up to 5-6 m tall or shrub up to 4 m tall. The fibrous rhizome lies at a depth of up to 40 cm. The open horizontal branches with a smooth black-brown bark are covered with opposite oval bright green leaves. The leaf length is 3.5-8 cm. Small yellowish flowers in umbrellas up to 25 pieces bloom in early April. Juicy elongated drupes are covered with light red skin. Varieties:
- Nana - a small bush with a spherical crown;
- Aurea - plants covered with yellow monochromatic leaves;
- Lukyanovsky - each medium-sized tree with a rounded crown sets up to 10-25 kg of large burgundy berries.
Common dogwood (male)
White dogwood. Branched shrub up to 3 m high with flexible branches with red smooth bark. Opposite short-petiolate leaves of oval shape and bright green color are 2-10 cm long. Dense corymbose inflorescences with white corollas about 1 cm in diameter are formed at the ends of the branches. Flattened fruits are first painted blue, and later become white-blue.
Canadian dogwood. Shrub with creeping shoots not exceeding 20 cm in height. Large oval leaves grow in whorls and resemble plantain leaves. Greenish flowers are arranged in small groups. Bright red cylindrical berries ripen in autumn.
Garden varietal dogwood is propagated exclusively by vegetative methods:
- Cuttings. Green summer shoots, cut from bushes older than 6 years, take root best of all. Branches 10-15 cm long with 2-3 pairs of leaves should be harvested. The lower cut is made diagonally 1.5 cm below the knot. The leaves closest to the cut are removed. The stalk is treated with a growth stimulator ("Heteroauxin") and planted in the garden in a place protected from the sun and wind. The surface of the soil is sprinkled with river sand, and then a small frame is installed and the seedlings are covered with a film. The entire period of rooting the soil should be sufficiently moist. The optimum air temperature is +25°C. On hotter days, the greenhouse is ventilated. After 2-3 weeks, the cuttings take root and they are gradually accustomed to growing without shelter. A transplant to a permanent place is planned for next autumn.
- Grafting (budding). At the end of summer or September, varietal shoots are grafted onto a wild dogwood rootstock. To do this, make a cruciform incision to a depth of 3 cm. A part of the shoot with a bud, bark and leaf is inserted into it. A fixing bandage is applied on top. After 15-20 days, the vaccine will take root, and the retainer can be removed.
- Rooting cuttings. Lower shoots about a year old, which are easily bent, can be rooted. You should start in the middle of spring, after the thaw. The earth is dug up with fertilizer and sprouts are pinned. The top is pinched, but left open. After a few weeks, new shoots will appear on the cuttings. When their height exceeds 10 cm, the shoots are half covered with fresh earth. After 2-3 weeks, the procedure is repeated. In early autumn, the layers are separated and immediately transplanted to a permanent place.
- Growing from seeds. To do this, it is necessary to select ripe fruits without flaws, free them from the pulp and dry. For a whole year, the bones are placed in wet sawdust or moss and kept in a cold room. Such stratification is necessary for seedlings to appear in the first year. Then the bones are planted in pots with sandy-peat soil to a depth of 3 cm. In the first year, only a small sprout appears (no more than 4 cm in height), by the second autumn it will reach 10-15 cm. Next spring, the seedling can be moved to the garden. Fruiting of seedlings occurs from 7-10 years of age.
Planting and care
Dogwood is unpretentious to the structure and composition of the soil, but it is better if the soil is fertile, with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. A place for a plant is better to pick up in the open sun. The width of the crown, especially in the bushes, reaches 3-4 m, so the distance is maintained on the order of 5-6 m. Sometimes they practice a denser planting of dogwood as a green hedge. Plants 1-2 years old and 1.2 m high are planted in a permanent place. A layer of mineral and organic fertilizers (ammonium nitrate, mullein, compost, superphosphate, wood ash) is poured onto the bottom. After planting, the earth is rammed and 2.5-3 buckets of water are poured under each bush. To compensate for damage to the rhizome, the shoots are cut by 30%.
Daily care of dogwoods is easy. It must be watered periodically, but do not allow stagnant water. The trunk circle is loosened and weeds are removed. This is especially important for young plants. It is worth mulching the surface of the soil with crushed sawdust or straw.
It is not necessary to form a crown. It is enough to thin out too dense places and remove dry branches in spring and late summer. Plants aged 10-15 years are rejuvenated by cutting off almost all old shoots.
Dogwood is fed twice a year. In June, a solution of rotted bird or cow droppings is introduced, and at the end of August, ash and superphosphate are scattered on the soil surface.
Dogwood winters well without shelter in temperate climates. It can endure cold snaps down to -30°C. Before severe frosts, the soil is mulched with a layer of peat, and then covered with fallen leaves. Plants planted this year are additionally wrapped with lutrasil or burlap.
Varietal garden dogwood already at the breeding stage received good immunity, so plant diseases rarely bother gardeners. Sometimes on the leaves you can find signs of powdery mildew or rust, from which a systematic treatment with a fungicide will help. Of the parasites, caterpillars of the polyflorum or the snail mealybug appear only occasionally. Whitewashing the trunk with lime and spraying with Parisian greens will help from them.
Useful properties of dogwood
Almost everything in dogwood is useful. In folk medicine, leaves, flowers, bark with young twigs, root and, of course, berries are used. The raw material contains a large amount of the following substances:
- dietary fiber;
- organic acids;