How much do evergreen trees cost
Evergreen Trees | Buy Evergreen Trees Online
As interesting and beautiful as deciduous plants can be, there are often situations when developing your property where only plants that stay green all year will do. This is especially true when you want privacy. You may be able to get a nice dense screen for half the year from a deciduous planting, but in winter when everything is bare that screen suddenly becomes a gossamer curtain and hides nothing at all. That is when evergreens really stand out as the best solution.
As well, when constructing interesting and varied gardens, dense, rich green plants that give permanence and structure to the scene are essential. In winter being able to see the ‘bones’ of the garden means there is still some interest and color at that quiet time of the year.
Conifers and Needle Evergreens
There are several distinct groups of evergreens. Firstly there are the conifers, or needle evergreens, plants like cypress, pine and juniper. These are interesting plants that don’t have flowers but instead produce cones of different kinds. Some like pine cones are well known, but other conifers produce much smaller seed structures that can look a bit like strange hard berries.
Perhaps the most famous are the juniper ‘berries’ that are used in cooking venison and even more in flavoring gin. Without junipers there would be no martinis. These plants have narrow leaves that are sometimes like the needles on a pine and other times more scaly and flat against the stem like a cypress, with several kinds in-between as well.
Not all conifers are evergreen. A few are what are often called ‘deciduous conifers’ and the most notable is the Bald Cypress, which naturally grows in wet soil, but which will be happy in ordinary, reasonably moist soil too. Every fall it turns lovely yellow and brown shades before shedding its leaves for the winter as if it was a maple tree.
The second group are usually called broad-leaf evergreens because they are pretty much like other trees and shrubs except that they only lose their leaves after new ones are made, not before like many trees do. This means there is no time of year where there are no leaves on these plants, but otherwise they have flowers and fruits in the same way as deciduous plants do. There are many plants like this, from azalea and boxwood to holly, and they come in all sizes with some of them being big enough to be considered trees.
The third group are quite different. Everyone is familiar with grasses, which produce their stalks each year and then die down leaves in the winter. They can be the wheat and corn we eat, or the grass on our lawns. In warmer areas however grasses figured out how to keep their stems alive all year and started to behave like trees. These are the Bamboo Plants, which are really a giant kind of grass that almost never flowers. These beautiful plants produce clumps of strong canes to carry their leaves and stay green all year round. In some tropical countries they form forests in the same way maple trees do for us. Some can grow an amazing 100 feet tall, but the ones we offer to use in your garden grow between 8 and 30 feet tall, so they are great plants for evergreen structure and screening.
You may have heard horror stories about Bamboo plants taking over and spreading like crazy, but at the Tree Center we are careful that all the bamboo plants we offer are the clump-forming type, not those with underground roots that spread. Clump-forming bamboos are the well-behaved ones and they will stay where you put them. Each clump will grow wider of course but it won’t take over your garden.
Evergreen Trees in Your Garden
Evergreen Trees have many uses and a valuable role to play in our gardens.
Using Evergreens as Hedges
Because they are green all year and often make very dense, leafy growth, one of the main uses for evergreen trees is as hedges and screens. There are so many properties which are either overlooked by neighbours or look out onto something rather ugly, that almost everyone needs to make some kind of a hedge for privacy. Because they stay green all year, evergreens are the first choice when it comes to choosing plants for hedges.
If a quick hedge is needed the Leyland Cypress is often the ‘go-to’ plant of choice. With a growth-rate of 3 to 4 feet a year, soft foliage, drought resistance and the ability to grow in poor soil, urban conditions and even resist salt-spray, Leyland Cypress is a great choice to build an ‘instant’ hedge and solve your screening problems. Perhaps the only problem it has it that you do need to keep cutting it regularly and control the height, or it can get out of hand. For a hedge in a smaller garden Thuja Green Giant or Thuja Emerald Green can be more manageable choices.
Other conifer trees can also be used for hedges – Juniper Wichita Blue is an interesting idea for a different hedge color especially in a location where drought tolerance is a high priority.
When broad-leaf evergreens are used as hedge plants, the effect is different. They give a dense, glossy hedge with an alternative texture to conifer hedges, which are soft and fuzzy. Popular fast-growing choices for broad-leaf hedges include hollies like the American Holly or the Nellie Stevens Holly. Another great broad-leaf choice is the Cherry Laurel which makes a really dense hedge with large, glossy leaves. If you want to grow low ornamental evergreen hedges then Boxwood Shrubs are the classic choice and grow well in sun or partial shade.
Finally, for a completely different, more informal effect, consider using Bamboo Plants for a hedge or screen. With their elegant, often colored canes and their narrow, pointed leaves they give a very special look that is also very low-maintenance. They don’t need to be clipped into shape but naturally form a dense barrier that can be shortened if needed but don’t clip them too much on the sides. The effect is informal, more modern and gives a very different visual look to a green clipped hedge. As well, the wind blowing through bamboo creates a lovely and unique rustling sound that is really charming.
If you use a strip of grass at the foot of the hedge, mowing the grass will stop the bamboo from possibly spreading sideways and keep it growing densely exactly where you want it to be. Multiplex Bamboo is one of the best for hedges. It will rapidly reach 8 to 12 feet tall, but the tops can be trimmed if necessary. It makes a very dense, impenetrable hedge that protects your property as well as giving privacy. For a taller hedge choose Black Bamboo, which is dense and vigorous and can reach 25 to 30 tall in time.
However evergreen trees don’t start and end with hedge plants, as useful as they are for that purpose. Left to grow unclipped, or with perhaps just a little trimming to keep them neat and dense, all the evergreen trees make great specimens for a lawn or as elements in shrub beds. The more upright ones look terrific in clusters of three, five or seven and the broader ones make great single specimens that give permanence, stability and maturity to your landscape and garden.
Shape and Form
With evergreen trees there are lots of shapes to choose from. Striking, dramatic vertical accents come naturally to the Italian Cypress and the Sky Pencil Holly. These plants can reach 40 feet tall and still only be 4 or 5 feet wide without ever having been clipped at all. They add drama and emphasis to the garden and they can also be used to frame an entrance-way or gate or even march along a driveway to great effect. Not so narrow, but still giving strong vertical accents, plants like Thuja Green Giant and the smaller Thuja Emerald Green are popular as specimens too.
For hotter locations where drought-resistance is an important consideration, Juniper Wichita Blue really stands out. For something broader in outline, consider American Holly or the Bald Cypress. Bamboos grown alone look more like the giant grass plants they really are, and as specimens their varied forms, some quite upright like Multiplex Bamboo, other softer in outline, like the Sunset Glow Bamboo, can really be appreciated and enjoyed. They give a unique and graceful form to any garden.
Selecting the Right Evergreen Trees
There are a number of unique variables to consider when choosing which evergreen tree is right for you.
Sun or Shade
All plants have their preferences and evergreens are no exception. If you already have large deciduous trees on your property and are making a garden, then shade is certainly something you need to take into account. Fortunately all the Hollies naturally grow in the shade of larger trees, so they make great choices for shady locations, as specimens or as hedges.
When planting a hedge it is pretty common to have part of it in the sun and another part in the shade. This often leads to uneven growth, or having to switch to another plant, but fortunately Hollies thrive in both sun and shade, so a holly hedge will look thick and healthy whatever amount of sun it is getting. If the shade is only for a part of the day, then Thuja will be happy as long as it gets a little sun. Bamboos are also shade tolerant and will grow well beneath trees as well as when exposed to the full sun. Black Bamboo and Sunset Glow Bamboo are both among the most shade tolerant bamboos available.
If you are gardening in sunny locations, then consider Junipers, which love sunny, drier locations in sandy soils. In fact they don’t like shade and too much water at all. So for a hot, dry garden, choose our Drought Tolerant Evergreen or Juniper Wichita Blue and whether it is a hedge or some specimen trees you want, you can be sure these plants will thrive. Italian Cypress is another evergreen tree that just loves sunshine and dryness and makes a dramatic accent in the landscape.
Wet or Dry
Junipers love the sun and they are happy to live in dry locations too. Once established they are very drought tolerant and they should be the first choices for hot, dry areas. So for dry areas Junipers are the thing, but what if you have a location that is always damp or even wet and boggy? The Bald Cypress naturally grows in swampy locations and although it will be perfectly happy in regular garden situations, it is a terrific choice for low-lying or wet locations, or beside a stream, lake or pond. In between, in regular garden soil that isn’t totally dry all summer, Thuja Green Giant and Thuja Emerald Green will thrive and be perfectly happy. Thuja will also take periods of wet in their stride and even thrive on it as long as it is not all year round.
Bamboos are very adaptable. They will take damp or dry conditions in their stride and our Black Bamboo is known for its outstanding drought tolerance when established. Periods of wet don’t bother them either, but no bamboo really like to live in constantly wet soil.
Evergreen trees vary a lot in how much cold they will take. Some are extremely hardy and Thuja Emerald Green is renowned for growing right up into zone 2 in Canada, so no matter how cold your area is, this is an evergreen that will thrive for you. Most people think that Bamboos need warmth but Sunset Glow Bamboo is hardy all the way into zone 5, which makes it a great choice for nearly everyone. Holly likes it a little warmer and finds zone 6 about as far north as it want to go.
How To Plant and Care for Evergreen Trees
If you are planning an evergreen hedge there are two ways to plant them. For a regular hedge they are placed in a single line – the exact distance apart depends on the type of plant you are using. To work out how many plants to order, measure the total distance you want your hedge to cover, divide by the spacing distance and add one plant more, since you will have one at each end.
For a very dense screen you can also plant a double row. Increase the spacing in one row and then plant a second row behind it with each plant staggered from the first row. This makes a zigzag and gives a really dense, private hedge more quickly than a single row will. You need a few more plants for this kind of hedge but the quicker privacy it gives you makes that worthwhile.
A big mistake a lot of people make with hedges is to wait until they reach the final height wanted before starting to trim them. You should lightly trim the sides and top of your hedge as soon as your new plants start to grow. That way you build a really dense structure that reaches all the way down to the ground. You will notice that the top grows faster than the bottom, so you need to cut more from the upper sides than lower down to keep the top thinner than the bottom. That way the light reaches all the way down and keeps the bottom growing well.
Also, if you have a fat top on your hedge it is more likely to be damaged by a heavy snow-fall. A thinner, rounded top will shed the snow and stay together so much better. Specimen evergreens can also be trimmed as needed to keep them compact and also to control their shape.
Once planted, Evergreen Trees don’t need a lot of special care. When newly planted it is always important to keep your trees well watered. Once a week give them a deep soak, even if there has been a little rain. Until their roots spread out they can only get water from the root-ball that was in the pot when you planted your tree.
Regular fertilizer is a good idea when your evergreen trees are young. They will grow faster and denser that way. Fertilize in early spring and again in mid-summer, but in colder areas you should stop any feeding by late summer so that the trees can develop the necessary cold-hardiness for the coming winter. Mulches are also a good idea and you will find that Bamboo plants in particular thrive on annual mulch because they tend to grow close to the surface of the soil.
Add Structure and Function to Your Garden with Our Evergreens!
Evergreen Trees have so much to offer in giving structure and function in your garden that it is hard to imagine building a landscape without them. For hedges or specimen plants they have a special quality and an all-year permanence that makes them indispensable. There are types suitable for any location, from shade to sun and from wet to dry and here at the Tree Center we have a full range of all the very best forms so no matter what your needs, we have Evergreen Trees to satisfy them.
Dwarf Evergreen Trees | Buy Evergreens Online
Almost our evergreen trees, from towering redwoods to reliable spruce trees, and from the graceful cedars to sturdy pines, all have special relatives that are among the most important garden plants. These are all small versions of their big parents, often with unique forms and foliage in stunning colors. Bred and collected over the years, there are many to choose from, and these versatile little plants can be used for everything from simple low hedges to stunning specimens of beauty and rarity. Dwarf evergreens add year-round interest to our gardens, and it’s hard to imagine gardening without the support of these sturdy little helpers. Whether you use them in the foreground of your regular beds, plant them in a rock garden, make special display beds just for them, or grow them in planters and pots, these fascinating miniature jewels bring grace, elegance and color to your garden – with the bonus of mostly being very easy to grow and largely trouble-free.
These plants are so important in gardens that we have given them their own section on our site, gathered together, where you can come and meet them, instead of searching for them scattered among their larger relatives – which are mostly plants more suitable for big trees, hedges or screening. Let’s see what you can do with these wonderful Dwarf Evergreens and inspire you to create a better garden. Plants in this section won’t be over 5 or 6 feet tall after 10 years, and most will be much smaller.
Using Dwarf Evergreens in Your Garden
When we set up our beds, we want them to play a tune for us. A rhythmic flow of form and color should lead us along them, catching our attention and making us stop to admire one or the other, depending on the season. Dwarf evergreens are always attractive, so you are guaranteed something interesting in your beds on every day of the year. Many change colors, either dramatically or more subtly, as the seasons pass, so there is always something fresh and unique to see.
The forms of Dwarf Evergreens vary enormously, from flat spreaders to pencil-thin upright columns, with everything in between. No matter what kind of accent you want, there will be a plant for that. They can be used alone, or in groups and clusters – either way you will create wonderful looks.
Among Foundation Plants
Considering how prominent the foundation planting is around your home, it is surprising how often we see it planted with the most boring of round, green plants. If you inherit a mature planting around a new home that is like that, you can work miracles with it by adding interesting shapes and colors in the foreground, or between green bushes. Touches of gold, blue or silver will really make it sparkle and draw attention, and you can frame doors and windows elegantly too, with a classy touch.
In Rock Gardens and On Retaining Walls
Dwarf Evergreens have a natural affinity for rock and stone. So, if you have retaining walls, terracing, or a natural rock garden, these plants are perfectly in scale for it, and fit neatly into pockets among the rocks, or along a terrace. Used in this way, perhaps adding tumbling flowers as well, they give more structural form, and with walls and terracing they break up those long vertical lines very effectively, perhaps with something cascading over their edges.
In Xeric Gardens
There is a spreading trend to reduce or eliminate watering in gardens, in response to shortages and environmental concerns. Many (although not all) of the Dwarf Evergreens are very drought resistant, once they are well established, so they fit perfectly into this trend. Many will grow even in poor soil too, so for projects where you want a ‘plant it and forget it’ garden they are often ideal. Make sure you pick tough guys for this, and avoid more delicate, or miniature types, which may need more care than gardens like this have to offer.
In Their Own Display Beds
Some people become entranced and fascinated by Dwarf Evergreens, and find themselves seeking more and more of the rarest and most exciting types. For these collectors – or for anyone who just likes the neat look of these plants – creating a special bed is an ideal way to grow them. In northern zones there are a relatively limited number of plant types available, but fortunately many of the Dwarf Evergreens are very cold resistant, and thrive in zones 3 and 4. You can make a lovely display bed in your yard for them, which will always look colorful, especially in the coldest months, where most of the trees are bare.
Choose a sunny spot, perhaps on a slope if you have one. Sloping ground ensures good drainage. Prepare the bed and plant it with a diverse collection of Dwarf Evergreens. Remember to space them out well and allow enough room for their mature sizes after 10 years at least. You don’t want it to become a crowded mass, where their individual character will be lost. Place some attractive boulders among them, mulch the bed with gravel or broken stone, and you have a display that will look better and better every year, as the plants turn from new arrivals into mature specimens.
The Appearance of Dwarf Evergreens
Among all the groups of plants, it is with Dwarf Evergreens that we see the greatest diversity of forms. Some, often Junipers, are low-growing carpets, just a few inches tall, but covering in time several square feet, or even yards. These are ideal in the front of beds, especially where they can spread unhindered across paving, or flow over the edge of a wall. Others are slender columns, just a few inches wide, but several feet tall. Pick the ones that do this best naturally, as clipping can give a look that is too formal and artificial, as well as needing work.
In between there are a host of shapes. Some are rounded globes, perfect for accents. Others are neat pyramids, and those can be relatively tall, or very short and broad. Then there are weeping plants that can be allowed to cascade over the ground, or trained up to make graceful curtains of foliage. Each one of these becomes a unique individual, with no two looking the same by the time they mature. You can have fun with them, and guide them as you choose, for something very eye-catching and special.
You can easily see from the photographs of each plant what form it has, so browsing for a particular shape is simple.
Colors of Dwarf Evergreens
We all love to see color in our gardens, and getting it from flowers can be hard work, with just a few weeks a year as reward. Dwarf evergreens bring color 365 days of the year, and they come in many colors. Some have stable, all-year colors, perhaps golds, or silver-blues. Others change more, including many that are bright yellow in spring, and turn more chartreuse in summer. Some turn purple or bronze in winter, which is sometimes not desirable if you want green in winter, but for other plants it can be considered a positive feature. The spectrum of colors available is large – golds and yellows, all tones of blues and silvers, grays, blue-greens, purples, and of course many shades of green. All these colors can be used to good effect to lift your garden and make it more interesting.
Tree Forms of Dwarf Evergreens
You will notice that some plants are listed as ‘Tree Form’. This is also called by nurseries, ‘standard’, but that name tells you very little, since it doesn’t mean ‘normal’, but ‘raised above the ground’, like a flag on a pole. It is possible, with skill, to graft a dwarf evergreen onto a strong stem, between 1 and 3 feet long, which lifts it up into the air, making a taller plant. These Tree Form plants turn a mounding dwarf pine, for example, into a miniature tree 3 or 4 feet tall. Our Tree Form versions of Dwarf Evergreens are perfect for giving extra height in narrow beds, and they really show off the beauty of these little plants.
Growing and Caring for Dwarf Evergreens
Almost all these trees are easy to grow, usually free of pests or diseases, and trouble free. Once established they can be left to take care of themselves, and they will do that well, becoming more and more attractive and substantial over the years. When choosing and planting, remember to take note of the size after 10 years, which we list as ‘mature size’, and also remember that these plants keep growing as long as they live, and can easily become double that size in time – there is no final limit, just age. Don’t make the mistake of planting them too close to walls and paths, or to other plants, just because they look so ‘small and cute’ when you plant them.
In general, Dwarf Evergreens lean towards the colder zones, and many are cold-hardy in zones 3 and 4, while relatively few are hardy in zone 9. Large evergreen trees are characteristic of northern climates. This is a real bonus for northern gardener’s, who don’t have such a big range of other garden plants available to them.
Full sun is almost always best for Dwarf Evergreens. The growth will be compact and dense, and the colors will be their strongest. Some golden forms can burn in hot summers, so a little afternoon shade may suit them better, with plenty of sun in the morning.
Soil Conditions & Watering
The majority of Dwarf Evergreens need well-drained soil to thrive. Wetness is their enemy, especially in winter. Otherwise they are rarely fussy, although some have a slight preference for acid soils. Many, such as the spruce, tolerate poor soils, including clays, rocky soils and gravels. Overall, they will grow in ordinary garden soil with no trouble, another plus in their favor.
To Trim or Not to Trim?
Almost all the Dwarf Evergreens are naturally dense, be they globes or columns. They rarely need trimming – much of their appeal is in how they grow neatly all by themselves. You can easily spoil their special look with trimming, so we don’t recommend it. The exception is with plants like dwarf arborvitae (Thuja) grown as hedges, or if you need very formal balls, cones or spirals, where you will need to trim.
When growing most of the weeping and trailing forms, especially with spruce or cedar, you have a choice. You can allow them to grow naturally, and with most varieties that will mean a trailing plant that could spread over a large area. This can be very effective on a slope, among boulders, or spilling over a wall.
The alternative is to train a main stem up a stake, allowing the branches to cascade from it, and creating a tall plant with weeping branches. These trees can be very beautiful as specimens. If you choose this route, start with a strong metal stake, as wood will rot and snap at ground level in time, potentially breaking your tree. You can grow your tree as tall as your stake – above that it will begin to weep and grow downwards. Tie up the chosen branch loosely and check the ties at least once a year to make sure they aren’t cutting into the bark. You could strangle the main stem and kill everything above the tie.
Types of Dwarf Evergreens
It can be confusing, looking at Dwarf Evergreens, to see plants that have very different foliage, yet with the same species name. Many evergreens have two types of foliage. One type has leaves that are flat scales, attached firmly to the smaller stems. These create sprays or fans of foliage, with a smooth feel. This is called ‘adult foliage’. The other type, always seen in seedlings, is called ‘juvenile foliage’, and in nature it protects the plant from being eaten. The leaves grow outwards and they are often sharp, or they give the plant a fuzzy feel and a ‘softer’ look. Either type can be found in Dwarf Evergreens derived from the same plant species, creating some very different looks and textures. You will usually find which type of foliage each plant has in our detailed plant descriptions.
Examples of Dwarf Evergreens
Arborvitae (Thuja) – these hardy plants, growing well even in zones 2 and 3, are well known for hedging, but there are dwarf forms as well. Several are grown as globes, trimmed or untrimmed, and the most popular are ‘Little Giant’, ‘Hetz Midget’, and the well-named ‘Mr Bowling Ball’. These are green, but there are golden varieties too, such as ‘Golden Globe’. A more upright but still small golden arborvitae is ‘Rheingold’, and for winter interest there is ‘Fire Chief’, which turns red in the cold months.
Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria) – most of these are taller trees, but there is a small, round one, more refined than the arborvitae, for zones 5 and warmer. Called ‘Dwarf Globe’ it makes a very neat mound, or consider ‘Mushroom’, which is wider than tall, and again very neat.
Cedar (Cedrus) – the spectacular Himalayan, Atlas and Lebanese Cedars are wonderful large trees if you have the room for them and live in at least zone 6. But there are dwarf forms too, such as the globe-shaped ‘Compressa Dwarf’. There are also some wonderful weeping forms, especially the Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar (‘Glauca Pendula’). It is not really a dwarf, but it’s very suitable for trailing down walls or staking into a unique specimen.
Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) – this Japanese tree offers some of the most beautiful and elegant dwarf evergreens, often with graceful shell-shaped sprays of foliage. They are too numerous to list, and there are both green and golden forms. Some are conical (e.g. ‘Cripsii’, Fernspray Gold, and Koster’s). Others are more rounded (e.g. ‘Nana Gracilis’ and ‘Nana Lutea’)
False (Sawara) Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera) – also from Japan, many of the dwarf varieties of this tree are among the best of the golden evergreens, often with feathery juvenile foliage. Among the best are King’s Gold, Sungold and Gold Mop.
Junipers – among these rugged plants, hardy to zone 3, silver blue is the most common color. The trend is either for flat spreading plants (e.g. ‘Blue Rug’ and ‘Blue Chip’) or very narrow columns (e.g. ‘Pencil Point’). ‘Blue Star’ is a rounded compact plant with a soft look. Many are too large to qualify as ‘dwarf’, but among the bigger ones the Hollywood Juniper deserves mention for its special look, even if it grows over 6 feet tall. Twisting and looping in all directions, each tree is unique, with coral-like clusters of foliage studded with blue berries. Always worthy of a special spot in the garden.
Pine – two of the most widely grown Dwarf Evergreens are pines – the Mugo Pine and the Dwarf White Pine. Mugo pine is available in a range of forms, some more dwarf than others, while a popular Tree Form is made from the Dwarf White Pine. With their distinctive needles these dwarf pines give a look that no other Dwarf Evergreen can bring. Carsten’s Wintergold is a Mugo pine with beautiful golden needles in the winter months, deserving a special place where it can be admired.
Spruce (Picea) – another tough group, all hardy in zone 3, most spruce trees grow well over 6 feet tall. Some are smaller, such as the popular Dwarf Norway Spruce, and the Little Gem Norway Spruce. For a silver-blue globe, consider the Globe Blue Spruce, which is often available on a trunk as a Tree Form. The Columnar Blue Spruce is an attractive narrow column, and for weeping forms the Weeping Norway Spruce (which needs staking) and the beautiful The Blues Weeping Colorado Spruce are stand-outs.
The world of Dwarf Evergreens is a large one, and with so much to choose from there is something for everyone, whatever their taste or garden style. They give us important structural elements in our gardens, especially in smaller space – no garden is too small for a miniature tree, so start growing them in yours, because they bring so much, yet ask so little.
Evergreens - a complete list of the best plants for summer cottages and gardens
Japanese pieris loves full sun, not partial shade. In warmer climates, it should be planted where it is protected from the hot afternoon sun.
The soil should be rich in organic matter and moist but well drained; This shrub does not grow well in wet soils.
Japanese pieris is an acid-loving plant that does not tolerate alkaline soils. Before planting, check the pH of the soil and add a special fertilizer for azaleas, camellias and rhododendrons, which contains sulfur to raise the pH.
In the absence of rain, the shrub needs regular deep watering about once a week. Moisten the soil to a depth of 8 cm.
A layer of pine needle mulch about 5-8 cm thick helps retain moisture in the soil.
And the leaves of coniferous plants, living on average from two to twenty years, may not necessarily be green, but of different shades of yellow and even red.
There are not so many evergreens suitable for growing in household plots. In addition, not every one of them is decorative all year round. Southern evergreens do not tolerate our northern winters well - they die in severe frosts. Strong, gusty winds and other adverse conditions can also lead to their death. On some evergreens, the leaves do not look the best in winter, but still, many such popular trees and shrubs enliven our winter gardens with their colors, change their appearance, standing out brightly against the background of bare deciduous trees.
Some plants, such as St. John's wort and viburnum, are grown for their showy flowers. Others create a decorative effect both with their foliage and inflorescences, such as rhododendrons and bergenia. There are also among the evergreens such plants that are grown solely for the sake of easily tolerating cold leaves.
For every climate, for every garden, there is a suitable evergreen variety in size, color and crown shape.
This article is devoted to those evergreens that are suitable for growing in small garden plots of the Leningrad region.
An important role in the design of the garden is played by low shrubs, semi-shrubs and ground cover plants: they grow rapidly, covering the empty plots of land with a green carpet.
Tall plants, mostly conifers, widely used for hedges. Low conifers are planted in flower beds and in various borders. Also, evergreens are often planted on lawns and in containers.
Do not overdo it with the number of evergreens in the garden, otherwise it will look gloomy and boring. They can play the role of a dominant and, in combination with deciduous crops and bright colors, create unique contrasts. Designers recommend maintaining a balance in the garden between evergreens and deciduous plants.
The most popular are evergreen ornamental shrubs with beautiful flowers (rhododendron, heather, mahonia, viburnum and others). A number of evergreen shrubs are grown solely for their leaves. Spectacular evergreen herbaceous perennials, such as carnation, bergenia, chistets, thyme, hoof.
When choosing plants for your garden, remember that:
- you should purchase seedlings zoned for the location of your site;
- it is better to purchase the most popular varieties tested by your friends;
- some plants wintering well in the conditions of the southern regions of the Leningrad region do not tolerate frosts on the Karelian Isthmus, they should be warmed.
- when choosing a place and purpose of planting - a flower bed, a border, a mixborder, a green hedge, a ground carpet, etc. - both the height of the plant in the adult state, and its shape, color, growth rate should be taken into account. You must also make sure that the selected specimen is suitable for this place, soil acidity, drainage, lighting. Do not forget to set the groundwater level - this is especially important for evergreen trees and shrubs, especially conifers.
- buy an evergreen only in a container or with a clod of earth, because even a short-term drying of the roots can lead to shedding of leaves, after which the plants are hard to recover. In addition, landing in containers is possible without time limit.
Let's take a look at the most popular evergreens in our region.
Azarum leaves are similar in shape to the leaves of cyclamen - they have a heart-shaped or hoof-shaped shape, which is why we call the plant hoof.
Oriental, Siebold and Canadian species are popular species. Some have glossy leaves, some have a fine texture, and some have a striking silver coloration. They differ in the size of the leaves.
Azarum likes rich in organic matter, slightly acidic, moist, well-drained soil, so it should be planted in damp, shady places. This deciduous ornamental plant looks great in the borders of flower beds and in group plantings. Wild hoof is popular for its beautiful leaves, winter hardiness and hardiness. It densely covers the ground with a green carpet, forming ground cover patches of various densities that inhibit the growth of weeds.
Overwintered hoof leaves grow old and fall, however, having lost them, the plant hastily acquires very tender new ones.
Armeria forms a pillow of grass-like leaves, over which in spring bouquets of bright pink, red and white small flowers rise on thin peduncles. May re-bloom in autumn. There are many varieties of armeria, and they are quite affordable.
This is a spectacular ground cover plant with large fleshy leaves up to 30 cm in diameter, which grows rapidly, covering open areas with a carpet. At the end of autumn, with the onset of winter cold, the oval-heart-shaped, blunt-toothed bergenia leaves acquire a beautiful lilac-red or bronze hue.
Overwintered leaves turn black, and new ones grow to replace them. On fleshy peduncles appear medium-sized flowers-bells of lavender-pink, pinkish-purple or white flowers with a waxy coating. The flowers are collected in dense paniculate corymbose inflorescences ranging in size from 8 to 18 cm. There are up to 130 flowers in one inflorescence. The duration of flowering of badan is from late April - early May to the end of June, unless it falls under spring frosts. Possible secondary flowering in August or September.
The best place for bergenia is semi-shady. It also grows well in the sun. This plant prefers neutral to slightly alkaline, loose, nutritious, well-draining soil in elevated positions, with constant moisture. Badan is drought-resistant. During spring frosts, it should be insulated so that the flower buds do not freeze. Badan propagates by seeds and division of overgrown bushes. Seeds are sown in early spring.
You can use this plant in flowerbeds, flowerbeds, alpine hills, rocky gardens.
Rhizome subshrub with procumbent or ascending stems and evergreen overwintering leaves. In spring, on short erect shoots 15-20 cm high, graceful single five-petalled flowers with a diameter of 2 to 5 cm appear, simple or double. Flowers, depending on the variety and growing conditions, differ in number, size, and color: they are pale blue, lilac-blue, dark blue, blue with a purple tint, lilac or white. Elliptical, short-stalked leaves, leathery and shiny, also differ in color: dark green, light green with cream edges, yellow. There are varieties of leaves with a two-color color: golden and silver-motley.
Stems grow 40-60 cm per season and are able to bloom again. The fruit forms two oblong or cylindrical brownish or brown seeds. Roots - numerous and fibrous - appear on all nodes of the stem when they come into contact with the ground.
Periwinkle is a very durable plant. Unfading, dense greens are used to create a wonderful ground carpet in shady, semi-shady and sunny places with good drainage and moist soil. The branches of this plant, growing, are intertwined. Periwinkle is well suited as a groundcover for banks, embankments and other sloping areas. It is also used in ampel form.
Small bergenia rugs are spectacular on rocky hills. It is also used for planting in borders and curtains between trees.
Periwinkle is easy to care for: it can be watered infrequently, and top dressing is optional.
This climbing plant with white and yellow flowers has long been a gardener's favorite. It retains foliage all year round, covering the ground in damp, shady areas. The wild species of this plant grows strongly, but the cultivars are quite compact.
Numerous yellow flowers, up to 2 cm in diameter, bloom from May to August on stems.
One of the most popular and widespread plants. There are up to 300 species of herbaceous one-, two- and perennial carnations. Among the many species there are evergreen and semi-evergreen forms.
Carnations have a simple, branched and erect stem. Leaves sessile, linear, linear-lanceolate, flat or slightly grooved. The color of the leaves are green, reddish or gray. Flowers solitary, collected in racemes or panicles; pink, lilac, white, red or yellow.
With their generous flowers, delightful carved petals and almost always pleasant fragrance, carnations add charm to the garden. Winter hardiness of many types of carnations allows them to be cultivated in the north. To preserve greenery, it should be covered for the winter with spruce branches - not so much from frost, but from mice. There is no need to cover low varieties, as under a layer of snow they retain greenery without additional shelter.
Ground cover plant from the saxifrage family. It has luxurious wide rosettes of leaves. The leaves are lobed, oval, heart-shaped, covered with fluff and pierced with veins. Small charming flowers sit on tall peduncles.
Heuchera is grown for its ornamental leaves. Flowers - white, pink, red and even green - appear on peduncles 45 to 75 cm high. stained leaves), Greenfinch (green flowers and green leaves).
The rhizome of geuchera is short, dense and slightly creeping; the root system is shallow.
Heuchera is easily propagated by sowing seeds, dividing the rhizome and cutting rosettes. Grows well on any garden soil, but prefers loose and fertile. It can go for a very long time without a transplant, but young 2-3-year-old plants look neater and bloom more abundantly.
Heuchera is moisture-loving but drought-resistant. It develops well and blooms in partial shade and in the sun. In snowless periods of winter, it requires dry shelter with coniferous spruce branches.
One of the most interesting ornamental ground cover plants. Propagated by aboveground creeping shoots that end in rooting rosettes. Her root system is fibrous, shallow, but strong.
Blooms at the beginning of summer. Inflorescences up to 30 cm long consist of numerous small blue flowers. She is unpretentious. Good for filling all empty and unattractive places under trees, shrubs, and also looks good among colorful plants in flower beds. On nutritious soils, the tenacious forms chic carpets.
Leaves, as a rule, brown-beetroot or dark green, the color of the leaves becomes more expressive in the bright sun.
Use this plant to create ground cover, borders, and to anchor slopes.
In addition to annual and perennial species, winter-green forms are of particular interest. These are wintering shrubs with small stem oval-lanceolate leaves. The root system of this plant is slightly branched and deep-seated.
Small flowers 2 cm in size are collected in corymbose inflorescences. Growing, the plants completely cover the planting area, turning into a pillow up to 30 cm high, and flowers rise above the evergreen leaves.
Reproduction in Iberis is seed or vegetative - layering and cuttings.
Iberis is grown on soils of medium fertility with good drainage, while also taking into account the fact that he loves full or partial light.
About 90 species of this plant are common in our country, but no more than 15 of them are used to decorate the garden. Saxifraga is a plant from 5 to 70 cm high, which creates thick or loose curtains in the garden.
Leaves vary in shape from lanceolate to rhombic, green to yellow spotted. Flowers five-petal, small, stellate; are white, yellowish, pink, cherry and greenish. The paniculate inflorescences of this plant are very showy. The saxifrage blooms from May to August. The vast majority of species are evergreen.
Saxifragha easily propagates vegetatively: by dividing the clump, by cuttings, by single rosettes after the plants have faded.
These plants are hardy, preferring calcareous soils, full sun and good drainage.
Plant saxifrage on rocky hills, in shady flower beds, decorate the banks of water bodies and create separate curtains.
From evergreen saxifrage species and varieties such as urban (up to 30 cm high), Arendsa (they are sometimes called "Mossy saxifrages"), opposite-leaved (blooms very abundantly with pink-red flowers), shady (creates beautiful dense curtains of flat rosettes about 5 cm in diameter, leaves are round, almost smooth, green and yellowish-spotted), Elizabeth (with yellow flowers), soddy (forms dense, pillow-like thickets up to 20 cm high; flowers are white and pink-cherry), Pennsylvania (grows in damp places).
Cat's foot (antennaria)
Most of the species are ground cover low-growing perennials with small silvery leaves and inflorescences resembling a cat's footprint. The bush grows up to 25 cm in height and up to 45 cm in diameter. Forms dense silvery carpets of small rosettes located at the ends of creeping branching shoots. In June, small inflorescences appear in a range of colors from white to crimson.
Reproduces mainly by dividing clumps in early summer or closer to autumn, at the end of August. Requires regular rejuvenation every 2-3 years.
Cat's paw prefers loose, poor soils; drought-resistant and sun-loving, but shade-tolerant. In addition, this plant is winter-hardy and does not require shelter.
Cat's foot is used for borders in flower beds, planted between path slabs and on dry slopes.
Lungwort is an indispensable border plant, and all its species are extremely interesting. She has bizarre colors: as she ages, the color of the corollas of the lungwort changes from pink or purple to purple or blue. Lungwort blooms for a month. Her flowers are bell-shaped or funnel-shaped with a limb, on long cuttings - delicate pubescent leaves of a heart-shaped ovoid shape, and on the upper side of the leaves - blurry light spots. In winter, bunches of basal, strongly overgrown rough leaves turn out to be under the snow. Lungwort prefers shady places.
Medicinal, narrow-leaved, sugar, red, Folyarsky's lungwort - various types of this plant are widely used in our country to create background curtains, contrasting compositions in flower beds, especially in combination with hostas, ferns and other perennials. It is recommended to plant in shady places.
This succulent is a popular garden plant. Spherical rosettes of fleshy leaves ranging in size from 4 to 15 cm have a different color, density and pubescence. In summer, yellow, red or purple star-shaped flowers bloom, collected in spectacular corymbose-paniculate inflorescences on thick peduncles. Non-flowering rosettes live for several years. The young form dense ground cover clumps.
This plant reproduces by daughter rosettes growing at the ends of ground stolons. It is unpretentious, tolerates any soil, and is also sun-loving and drought-resistant. It is quite frost-resistant, but in severe frosts, the youth should still be covered with spruce branches.
The most common types of juveniles are arachnoid, offspring and roofing. All species look good on rocky hills, in the crevices of the walls.
Euphorbia evergreen is one of many species of Euphorbia. The name of the plant is not accidental - there are species with white milky juice that flows from a wounded plant.
Euphorbia evergreen leaves are dark, shiny and collected in dense rosettes. Flowers form inflorescences, in the middle - one female flower, around - several reduced male flowers.
Euphorbia is planted in rock gardens and borders.
Irreplaceable ground cover plant with dense gray-green pubescent small foliage. In early summer, the leaves are hidden under small flowers of a wide variety of bright colors. After flowering, shaving requires pruning. The root system of this plant, ideal for creating a green carpet, is superficial. Reproduction is seed and vegetative. The main method is division in the spring, at the beginning of growth. Cuttings - in the second half of summer with new shoots that grow back after flowering.
Shabby soil is unpretentious, but prefers well-drained sites, lit by the sun. It is winter-hardy, but still it should be closed for the winter - in case of severe frosts. Stagnant waters are a great danger to shaving in the spring. Popular cultivars are Farsighted (up to 12 cm tall), Aurevariegata (lavender flowers and golden bordered leaves), Bressingham Pink (double pink flowers) and Dr. Malys (purple flowers).
An exquisite plant for a smart green carpet. Fescue is an ornamental grass with blue foliage. The sizes of festukas are varied: from small (for rock garden) to large (for borders, mixborders and solitary plantings). This plant is distinguished by its original shape and interesting for its blue color.
The most popular is the gray-gray fescue (glauca), which forms tussocks of dense gray-blue foliage up to 15 cm high. The Golubaya (Blue Far) variety has pure blue leaves, Amethyst's has gray-blue leaves, and it forms larger hummocks. For the rock garden, the dwarf Velian fescue, the Siberian variety, is widely used.
The soil for fescue requires not very fertile soil, with good drainage, lit by the sun.
This leafy succulent is very popular. By type, sedums are divided into upright, rising, creeping and rooting. The flowers of these beautiful deciduous ornamental plants are star-shaped, white, yellow and pink, collected in corymbose, paniculate or umbellate inflorescences.
Stonecrops are unpretentious, resistant to frost. Used to cover the soil, for rockeries and borders. In our zone, the following varieties of sedum are most common: Caustic, White, Thick-leaved, Bent, False. But this is not a complete list of existing evergreen stonecrops.
Stonecrop, 4-8 cm high, with ascending or recumbent shoots. The leaves, fleshy and short, cover the vegetative shoots. The flowers are golden yellow, up to 1 cm in diameter.
Stonecrop is propagated by seeds and cuttings.
There are few evergreen species among ferns. One of them is multi-row. His wai are assembled into a rosette resembling a shuttlecock. There are dwarf multi-rows for ground cover plantings and rock gardens, there are large ones for borders and flower beds of wooded gardens. In frosts, the fern can freeze, so the sockets are covered with peat or other covering material, and opened in the spring.
The fronds of this fern are up to 1.2 meters long. The leaves of various varieties are strongly or slightly dissected, resembling a feather in shape. Varieties vary in size and leaf shape.
Ferns reproduce in spring by dividing the bush. It should be remembered that they like fertile, well-drained soil and prefer partial shade.
Wormwood is loved by gardeners for its feathery silver fragrant greens. Wormwood comes in different shapes and sizes. Among the types of wormwood there are semi-shrubs, there are border perennials, wormwood is often used as a ground cover for rock gardens. But not all varieties of wormwood are evergreen.
Of the many types and varieties of primroses, only the auricular primrose keeps its leaves green in winter. But even among ear primroses, not everyone can withstand our cold. The most stable curb hybrid Auricula was noted, which has fleshy spoon-shaped leaves and fragrant flowers on peduncles 10-20 cm high. Flowering begins in early summer. The flowers of this primrose not only have a pleasant aroma, but also delight with their beauty and richness of color combinations - there are yellow, gray-blue, raspberry-blue, red-brown-yellow.
Successful cultivation requires well drained soil and partial shade.
Charming unpretentious winter-green ground cover plant with many flowers on overwintered shoots. The flowers are simple, double, white and pink. They create luxurious curtains or are used in rockeries.
Rezuha perfectly reproduces by seeds and vegetatively. Requires periodic rejuvenation. After abundant flowering, pruning of faded shoots is necessary - this provokes the growth of new ones.
Loose, fertile, well-drained, non-acidic soil is preferred for cholera. This plant is photophilous and drought-resistant, but suffers from stagnant waters, and requires shelter in severe frosts.
Rezuha can be used to create decorative groups, curtains, borders, green "spots" in rocky gardens and to fix slopes.
Ornamental plant with panicles of white or creamy white frothy flowers. Small and delicate, they are placed on peduncles up to 45 cm high and bloom from mid-spring for four to six weeks, towering over curtains of beautiful sharp-toothed fluffy leaves. The heart-shaped leaves, moderately green in summer and reddish-bronze or dark purple in autumn, remain into winter. They may have black streaks or spots that give them a peculiar beauty. Growing vigorously, tiarella creates a lovely ground carpet up to 30-45 cm high. It is used for planting along the edges of borders, in rocky gardens or to create a spectacular array in shady places. Its cultivation requires slightly acidic soil, enriched with organic matter and moderately moist.
Creeping deciduous ornamental plant 7-10 cm high; rosetteless tap-rooted evergreen subshrub. Shoots creeping, flower-bearing branches rise above the surface of the earth. Over time, dense tufts form. The leaves of thyme are narrow and oblong, densely covering the shoots; the flowers are small, the inflorescences are capitate. Thyme is winter and drought resistant. It propagates by seeds and division of bushes.
Cultivar Creeping is distinguished by an interesting shape of leaves - they are oblong-elliptical, and long-ciliated along the edge. Inflorescences are compact, 2-3 cm long, bright pink-lilac color.
This is one of the best ground cover plants with silver foliage. Dense oval and lanceolate leaves are completely covered with white or gray hairs. In the middle of summer, most Chistets have pubescent peduncles, on which small purple flowers are located in whorls, which are not of particular decorative value. There are also non-flowering varieties.
The height of chistets in different varieties is from 10 to 45 cm.
The most popular species among gardeners is chistets (stakhis) woolly or bear's ear, which grows into luxurious large loose curtains. Shortened shoots hibernate under the snow.
The rhizome is short, slightly creeping, the root system is strong.
Vegetative propagation is most often used: cuttings, layering or division of bushes.
Chistets is undemanding to soils, but prefers loose earth under the sun or in partial shade. Resistant to winter cold and does not even require shelter.
This beautiful silvery plant is used in borders or in individual groups.
All the information in this article, of course, does not cover the versatile properties of evergreen herbaceous plants in as much detail as possible, but should help you choose worthy decorations for your garden.
T. Barkhatova, florist
Based on Flora Price
Evergreen Boxwood (Buxus sempervires)
The genus Buxus includes about 70 species of slow-growing broad-leaved evergreens. Most garden forms are varieties or hybrids of two species: B. sempervirens and B. microphylla.
Boxwoods are usually large shrubs or small trees, but most varieties used in modern landscaping are dwarf varieties such as B. sempervirens ‘Suffruticosa’ and Buxus sinica var. Insularis.
Reaches an adult height of only 60 cm. These dwarf boxwood shrubs are prized for their thick, light green leaves and rounded, compact forms when growing.
Boxwood is best planted in loamy soil in full sun or partial shade, preferably in places better protected from the wind. Their roots are shallow, so the soil must be protected from the heat.
An 8 cm thick layer of organic garden mulch should be placed around each plant. If this process is carried out close to a bush or tree, then pests can be attracted.
Boxwood tolerates full sun or partial shade but is best planted in dappled shade during the hottest part of the day. Covered by trees, dwarf boxwood roots will benefit from cooler soil temperatures.
Boxwood bushes require well-drained soil or they will suffer from root rot. Although they can tolerate lower pH soils, a soil pH in the range of 6.8 to 7.5 is nevertheless preferred.
Boxwood requires weekly deep watering for the first two years, otherwise moisture will not reach the main root system. With deep watering every 2-4 weeks, mature plants will grow well.
In the spring, before new shoots appear, the bushes should be fertilized with an all-purpose fertilizer.
If you are a lover of exotic plants in the garden, be sure to take a closer look at Trachycarpus. This is the only real palm tree that can take root in the conditions of central Russia.
Landscape design. Palm trees are quite rare outside the southern regions, so they often look a little awkward. Nevertheless, you can find a place for such exotics. Best of all, Trachycarpus will brighten up large areas of grass, and can also perform any composition. In any case, wherever you plant Trachycarpus, the most common question will be “What is this, a palm tree?”.
Care. Trachycarpus is a plant that is quite resistant to cold and other adversities, which in most cases does not require special care. However, an icy wind can destroy a palm tree. Therefore, in winter, Trachycarpus must be sheltered from the wind. This plant does not require any other special care.
When is the best time to prune evergreens?
As a general rule, needle shrubs are pruned in early spring, towards the end of the dormant period and before new shoots appear. Pruning the plants at this time gives enough time for new shoots to appear and also allows them to get stronger until the next winter.
But often broadleaf shrubs (and some needle varieties) require a different approach. For example, if they are flowering shrubs (i.e. plants valued for their flowers), then you will have to wait until the end of the flowering period to prune them. Otherwise, the more flower buds removed during the pruning process, the less enjoyment will be gained from the sight of flowering plants.
And what is the point of growing such a bush if there is no way to admire its flowers? In particular, pruning azaleas and rhododendrons after they've finished flowering makes a lot more sense than pre-pruning them.
Flower lovers should definitely take a closer look at Erica. This beautiful plant looks like a small shrub that rarely exceeds 20-25 cm in height, and during flowering, Erika is filled with a huge number of small buds.
Landscape design. The main feature of Erica is a huge number of varieties that can be selected based on the month of flowering and the desired shade of flowers. Most often, Erica is used to decorate flower beds.
Care. Caring for it is very different depending on the species. For example, Erica ruddy is tolerant of lime, while Erica ash is completely unadapted to it. Therefore, care for this plant should be selected, primarily based on the selected species.
Evergreen trees and shrubs in Russia
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Evergreens: a list and description of species
Evergreens retain their green color throughout the year, regardless of the season. This is a rather specific type of plant, which has a number of undeniable advantages over deciduous plants. Evergreen trees and shrubs can delight with their rich color all year round, which is very important for landscaping the area around the house, in parks and public gardens. We will talk about the features of evergreens in this article.
Where the evergreens grow
Needle evergreen forests grow on our beautiful planet, predominantly the forests of the Northern Hemisphere. Evergreen trees such as spruce, pine, fir, podocarp and others are widespread here. In addition to needle evergreens, there are also deciduous evergreen trees, vines and shrubs that inhabit the temperate rainforests of the Southern Hemisphere. The xerophilic (with thickened, hardened foliage that resists water loss) coastal forests of the Northern Hemisphere are home to evergreen rhododendrons (Pontus, dense rhododendron), laurel cherry, and holly.
Most tropical rainforests contain broad-leaved evergreens. Their foliage is usually thicker and more leathery than that of the deciduous trees we are accustomed to. In addition, each leaf can remain on an evergreen tree for two or more years. An example is the evergreen cocoa tree. In cold-temperate and arctic regions, cone-shaped shrubs or coniferous trees, such as pines and firs, usually grow.
Evergreens in landscaping art
Unusual forest colors of firs and pines serve as an effective basis for any park or garden, and ornamental bushes are a kind of addition. Such a union of tiers will ensure the attractiveness of the site throughout the entire period of life of evergreens.
There are various combinations of needle and deciduous evergreens for planting near the house. For example, spruce, honeysuckle, cypress, juniper, fir, ivy, boxwood, spiny pine, yew, thuja and some types of rhododendron can perfectly zone the landscape, especially in combination with ornamental seasonal plants.
When planning the seating arrangement on your site, it would be right to focus on evergreens. It is they who should form the base on which all other inhabitants of the garden will rely. After the completion of seasonal flowering in such a garden, it will not be boring even in the winter season. If your garden seems empty and bare, this is a sure sign that you should complement the design of the site with winter green plants.
Evergreen trees and shrubs can be planted individually or in groups by combining their different types. Evergreens are suitable for hedges, which is not only practical, but also environmentally friendly.
With the help of evergreens it is possible to satisfy any aesthetic requirement in decoration. Miniature shrubs, which can be given almost any shape, will perfectly fit into small gardens. If the area of \u200b\u200bthe territory allows, then you should definitely plant majestic tall trees. Moreover, both in one and in the other case, the height and size can be adjusted by trimming. Evergreens are a good material for landscape gardening. Shrub sculptures, or as they are also called topiary, can be seen more and more often not only in city parks, but also near residential buildings.
The undeniable advantage of flowering varieties of evergreens is that they do not need much additional care and do not complicate the gardening schedule, as it happens with flowering other crops. Thus, with minimal effort, you can provide a well-groomed look in almost any garden.
The most popular evergreens
Here are some examples of the most famous evergreens:
- Spruces are a good solution for decorating a garden. Of course, not every variety of this majestic tree will suit every garden. European or ordinary spruce is the most common evergreen tree when decorating summer cottages, squares, alleys. Many varieties of this tree have been bred, differing in needle shade, size and growth rate. On average, the height of a spruce is from 30 to 50 meters, and the width is up to 5 meters. This cone-shaped tree can live up to 300 years without any maintenance. Of course, more decorative varieties of spruce are suitable for domestic cultivation: Akrokona, Inverse, Maxveli, Tompa. In addition, in addition to its aesthetic value, common spruce will become a good protection against winds and snow for other plants, and will also serve as a raw material for useful medical tinctures.
- A somewhat less common coniferous plant is the Chilean Araucaria. The cone-shaped crown of this tree in triangular needles looks very original. The younger the tree, the more it is picky about growing conditions and needs additional care, and the older it gets, the more severe conditions it can endure.
- Tuya. A dense crown of unusual needle-shaped leaves and a pleasant aroma make the evergreen thuja a leader in landscape design. To date, more than 100 species of thuja have been bred, among which tall and miniature shrubs with a variety of colors - green, golden, blue and reddish hues enrich the garden with their wide range. These evergreens are excellent for pruning and haircuts, but in order to keep the shape, it is better to tie the thuja with a tight rope for the winter.
- Japanese Umbrella Fir is a pyramidal coniferous tree, quite picky about environmental conditions. Only moist, oxidized soil is suitable for fir to grow well. Needles up to 15 centimeters long resemble umbrellas, which explains its second name "umbrella pine".
- Recently, small evergreen boxwood trees are gaining popularity in household plots, which are used to decorate borders and fences. The ability to grow in shaded areas and shearing in a variety of shapes and levels of difficulty make this plant appropriate anywhere on the site. It is worth remembering that boxwood leaves are poisonous and unsuitable for human consumption. Therefore, after working with the plant, be sure to wash your hands!
- Rhododendron is one of the most famous flowering shrubs, but it is not the only one.
- Several types of Magonia bloom in spring with yellow flowers.
- Hybrid Photinia Fraser will decorate the garden with small white fruits during the flowering season.
- Wintergreen pointed, a showy fruit plant with red berries, ideal for combining with other plant species, as it easily gets along with "competitors".
It is not necessary to focus on large winter green trees and bushes. Small front gardens, alpine hills and narrow flower beds today cannot be imagined without dwarf varieties of evergreens. They, as well as in large areas, are used to create mini-accents in areas limited in area. Due to its small size, it will be easy for anyone, even a completely inexperienced gardener, to maintain a neat shape of plants in perfect condition.
The compact leader of landscape zones is blue spruce, the height of which does not exceed 3 meters, even in old age. It will fit with its thick conical shape into any flower bed. In second place in popularity is the dull cypress, which is slow in growth rate. The Japanese black pine, despite its impressive name, is completely harmless in appearance due to its compact crown and small 2.5-3 meter growth. Eastern thuja is characterized by a meter height and a bright yellow color.
There are many flowering miniature evergreen shrubs that will ennoble the site with their discreet and "intelligent" appearance. Among them is laurel cherry officinalis, the crown diameter of which is more than twice its height. In the flowering season, the inflorescences of creeping rhododendron and Forrest rhododendron completely envelop the entire bush.
Juniper "Blue Carpet" is a very good option for decorating cascades above the walls. This fast-growing plant with silver-blue evergreen foliage reaches 15 cm in height and 15-50 cm in width. Japanese garden juniper is a dwarf evergreen that grows to a height of 60 cm and forms a dense mat 30 to 40 cm wide.
This concludes our brief overview of evergreens. And although we have not mentioned all the representatives of the flora that belong to this category of plants, most evergreen trees, bushes and vines have the same ability to delight our eyes and souls with their bright greenery even in the middle of winter.
Source: Ecological blog (ruslo.info)
Types of trees: what grow in Russia and Moscow, their names, descriptions and features
It is difficult to overestimate the function that trees perform. A huge number of their species pass through incredible volumes of air every second, purifying it from carbon dioxide and other harmful impurities, being the lungs of our planet. It is quite easy to distinguish different types of trees from each other if you know what shape the foliage and crown of a particular type of tree have.
As of 2015, there were more than three trillion trees worldwide. At the same time, Russia occupies the first place in terms of their number. However, due to deforestation and forest fires, the number of trees is steadily declining.
In botany, a species is a collection of individuals with similar characteristics and descended from the seeds of a single plant, the properties of which are inherited. Tree species, in turn, are divided into subspecies, forms and varieties.
Any plant has a two-word name. The first designates its genus, and the second defines its specific name. For example, Norway spruce or European larch.
All plant names have Latin names and are also double. Such names are accepted in all countries and are international. The first Latin word, which always begins with a capital letter, indicates the plant's belonging to a particular genus, and the second indicates its species. For example, Larix decidua (European larch).
In turn, plant varieties can be divided into groups or breeds. The largest of them:
Types of trees in Russia
Apart from Russia, far from all countries can boast of the abundance and diversity of forests. Perhaps only Brazil and Canada are the only closest competitors.
The most famous trees of central Russia have long been sung in songs, poems and prose have been written about them. Birch, aspen, pine, oak, willow and other species have entered folklore since ancient times. It is worth noting that conifers are the most numerous of their species in Russia.
Main names of coniferous trees in Russia:
- Common fir;
- Norway spruce;
- Cedar pine;
- European larch.
Fir grows mainly in the European part of Russia. However, it is found in Siberia and the Caucasus. The height of the plant can reach up to 50 meters, with a meter-thick trunk. The lifespan of this powerful evergreen tree ranges from 500 to 700 years.
Scotch fir has a sharp and well-defined crown cone, and shiny needles with a dark tint are decorated with white stripes in the stomata on the reverse side. The color of the bark of this plant is light gray, but you can find trunks with a reddish tint.
At the age of about 40-50 years fir begins to bear fruit. Fir cones, bark and needles are widely used in folk medicine for the preparation of various infusions and decoctions.
In Russia, spruce is a forest-forming species and grows throughout the country. The height of this plant reaches 35 meters, but there are giants up to 50 meters.
The spruce crown is in the form of a regular cone, which descends to the very ground. The upper part of the crown is always sharp and never changes its shape.
The needles of spruce are four-sided, flattened, shiny and with a dark green tint, having a needle-like shape. The length of such needles reaches 2-3 centimeters or more. Near the ground, the trunk diameter of an adult spruce ranges from 80 to 120 cm. Spruce grows throughout its life, sometimes reaching 300 years of age.
Siberian cedar, or cedar pine, is a plant with a trunk width of up to one and a half meters and a height of up to 45 m. The needles of the cedar pine are trihedral, growing in small bunches. Among the pine family, cedar is one of its most ancient representatives. A tree lives up to 500 - 600 years, and under favorable conditions - up to 800.
In the Cis-Urals in the last century, according to some information, one could meet cedar pines with a trunk up to two meters wide. Now it is unrealistic to meet such giants. They have long been gone, not only in the Urals, but even in Siberia.
The trunk is slender, branching begins at a height of 1.5-2 meters. The bark is in small cracks of a gray or brownish-red hue. The needles are trihedral, collected in bunches of 5 needles. The crown of the cedar has a pyramidal shape of dark green color with a gray tint.
European larch is the most common species among all the rest of its family. Its height can reach 50 meters, but most often - 25-40 m. The crown of a larch does not always have the shape of a regular cone. The bark is scaly and thin, and in mature trees it is cracked.
Larch needles are light green in color, sometimes you can see a color with a bluish coating. On short shoots, the needles grow in bunches.
The tree grows in the European part of the country and in the Urals, and the maximum age of life reaches 500 years.
The most numerous hardwood species in Russia:
- Common birch;
- Small-leaved linden;
- English oak;
- Common aspen;
- Norway maple.
The famous birch grows in central Russia, and its habitat ranges from hot subtropics to areas with a very harsh climate. An adult tree reaches 40 meters in height and up to one and a half meters in width.
The color of the bark of the tree is white or pink with a brown tint, sometimes you can find birches with a yellowish-white trunk. Young birch branches are red-brown in color with characteristic dark warts.
This tree grows from the west of Russia to the Urals. The height of the trunk ranges from 20 to 30 meters, and the crown, which has a spherical shape, gives it a majestic appearance. The diameter of the crown can reach from 15 to 20 meters. The tree lives up to 600 years.
Linden is known for its beneficial properties, due to which its leaves are actively used in cooking. Many traditional medicine recipes are based on leaves, bark and even roots of small-leaved linden.
The tree is an excellent honey plant. Its persistent aroma actively attracts bees, and honey is viscous, healing and tasty, with the highest quality.
Tree of the beech family. Another name is common oak. The crown of the tree is broad-pyramidal or spherical with large massive branches.
Young trees have a gray bark, while mature trees have a dark bark with large cracks. The height of the tree reaches 50 meters, and the width is up to 2 m. The average life expectancy of this plant is 500 years.
Oak leaves are lobed with a characteristic jagged-rounded edge of a simple shape. By mid-autumn, fruits begin to ripen at the oak - acorns.
The habitat of this plant is places with a cold and temperate climate throughout Russia. The aspen trunk, which has a wedge-shaped shape, reaches a height of up to 35 meters, with a diameter of 1 meter.
The tree lives only up to 90 years, and only in rare cases up to 150. Young trees have a greenish-gray smooth bark, while in adults it becomes darker and cracks.
Aspen is very rich in useful properties. Since ancient times, the bark of this tree has been added to food, after being dried and crushed. She relieved fatigue, which was especially important for the taiga residents.
Known for its unique leaf shape, it grows up to 30 meters in height. In good conditions, maple can live up to 200 years. The reddish-gray tint and smooth bark distinguish young trees from older trees, which are darker in color and cracked.
Maple leaves up to 20 cm in diameter with pronounced veins and five lobes, the bottom two being small and the top three being large. In autumn, maple becomes especially beautiful when its leaves begin to turn brown, red, yellow.
Maple is most common in the European part of Russia and the Caucasus, in broad-leaved and mixed forests. Maple juice, leaves and shoots are widely used in folk medicine.
Trees of Moscow
In the parks of the capital you can even find species that are not typical for the area, some of which were planted and grown on purpose.
The main botanical garden of Moscow and the arboretum literally abound with many varieties of trees. Among them, the most common are: mountain ash, poplar, chestnut, aspen, pear, apple tree, oak, elm, ash, willow, willow, lilac, yellow locust, white locust, viburnum, wild rose.
If exotic species of plants can be found in Moscow parks, species that usually grow in the European part of Russia are planted in the yards and streets of the city. Every year, planned events are held to plant new young seedlings throughout Moscow and the region.
Evergreens: types of coniferous, deciduous trees and shrubs in garden landscaping
Evergreens are very popular in garden decoration. Gardeners get the opportunity to create an atmosphere of comfort on their site at any time of the year. Evergreen trees and shrubs create a pleasant partial shade in summer and serve as a backdrop for flowering plants. In late autumn they add variety to the dull gray landscape, and in winter they look very decorative against the backdrop of white snow.
The range of evergreens is very diverse. There are not only well-known conifers, but also deciduous shrubs with powerful and beautiful flowering. Diverse in height, size, growth rate, evergreens are suitable not only for large areas. Low-growing and miniature varieties do not take up much space and are very popular with owners of small plots.
Conifers were once used exclusively for planting on city streets, but now they are often found in home gardens. Many gardeners have become true fans of these plants. The most common varieties of evergreen conifers:
- Spruce. An evergreen tree with hard needles, resistant to severe frosts, tolerates shading. Can grow on any soil, easily tolerates waterlogging. In garden design, medium-sized varieties are most often used, which are planted in mixborders, hedges. Dwarf spruces are located in alpine hills, used in indoor floriculture.
- Cypress. Spectacular tree with original needles, giving the yew a special decorative effect. There are species with a pyramidal and curved crown. The monumental form of cypress has found application in the design of alleys on the territory of sanatoriums and recreation centers. Dwarf varieties of cypress are common in indoor floriculture.
- Fir. The tree has a dense, cone-shaped crown, long, curved, bright green needles and beautiful purple buds. The tree is moisture-loving and in the dry period it needs abundant watering. In addition to the usual varieties, fir has miniature forms that take root perfectly in a small area and can withstand shading. Fir is planted in hedges, group compositions, paths, alleys are decorated.
- Boxwood. A small tree (10−12 m) with small dense leaves. In the axils of the leaves are small white flowers, collected in the form of a spikelet. The shiny foliage of boxwood is very decorative. The tree is planted in parks to frame roads, and various bizarre shapes are given to boxwood by shearing. The tree grows slowly, retains its shape for a long time.
- Tis. An unpretentious tree with dark green needles and bright red berries. The most shade-tolerant tree among conifers. Yew does not have a specific smell of needles. Planted as a background in rock gardens, used in topiary compositions. The poisonous plant is used in classical homeopathy.
- Thuja. A plant with a rich color palette of needles (blue, yellow, green). This allows you to pick it up for any landscape composition. Thuja is photophilous, not all species are resistant to frost. It tolerates a haircut well, it is often planted along alleys and in hedges.
In group plantings with the participation of conifers, it must be taken into account that their roots grow strongly and in the future these trees may occupy a rather large area.
Deciduous trees and shrubs
These plants come from tropical and subtropical countries, many of them are very thermophilic. Popular types of evergreen hardwood:
- Heather. Low shrub (up to 70 cm) with a dark brown crown. The fruit is a capsule 2.5 cm long. Through the efforts of breeders, varieties with silvery, golden foliage and double white flowers were bred. Honey plant. Heather is widely used to create landscape compositions with ferns and low-growing deciduous trees. Looks beautiful in decorative boxes or flowerpots.
- Evergreen honeysuckle. Climbing plant with elliptical or oval dark green leaves. The flowers are large, red or orange, growing in groups. Does not like heavy, damp soil; in winter it can freeze. Like all climbing plants, honeysuckle is used for vertical gardening of walls, balconies, arbors.
- Callistemon. A low shrub with remarkable "brush" flowers, which are collected in cylindrical inflorescences up to 12 cm long. A light-loving plant, the buds may not open and die from a lack of sunlight. The bush blooms for 3-4 years, but its beauty justifies such long expectations.
- Camellia. An evergreen shrub, striking in its beauty, can become an ornament to any site. Dark green foliage is decorative at any time of the year. Luxurious camellia flowers resemble roses. There are 8 varieties of camellia. Flowers are white, pink, red, single or double. The shrub grows quickly, is able to turn the garden into an attractive flowering area in a short time.
- Evergreen laurel. A low tree with beautiful fragrant leaves covered with a dense, shiny skin. All parts of the plant contain essential oils, have a pleasant spicy smell. Laurel flowers are small and inconspicuous. The fruits are like berries, with a stone inside. Since ancient times, laurel leaves have been added to dishes as a fragrant seasoning.
- Holly mahonia. The diverse color palette of mahonia leaves was the reason for the popularity of the plant among gardeners. In spring, the leaves have a reddish tint, then it changes to dark green. By autumn, mahonia becomes golden-bronze. A low-growing shrub is planted in rock gardens, hedges, lawn and group compositions. A lot of outgrowths during the season can form small thickets, so mahonia is successfully used to decorate the "bald" areas of the garden.
Evergreen hardwoods should be planted in places protected from strong winds.
In garden design
The choice of evergreens is great, which makes it possible to use them to decorate any garden landscape. Hedges and group compositions are formed with the participation of the following plants:
Evergreen shrubs are the perfect backdrop for many flowering plants. The following evergreen crops look good in solitary plantings:
- evergreen euonymus;
- Japanese Mahonia
- mountain pine.
Evergreens improve the microclimate, save from monotony. They can become the main focus of the site or combined with other garden crops.
Wild shrubs: species of plants
Ornamental beautiful plants in the country cheer up and decorate the site. When planting flowers, you need to allocate time for caring for them. When choosing wild evergreen shrubs, the situation is much simpler: you just need to choose options that tolerate the climate in which they will grow, and then nature will do everything by itself.
Any plant can have several varieties, based on information from which it becomes clear to gardeners how to care for them. There are several criteria that determine the types of wild shrubs:
- Height. It can be undersized (even dwarf) or tall wild shrubs, similar to trees.
- Leaves. There are both deciduous shrubs with a traditional type of leaves, and conifers - with modified ones.
- Flowering. Separate groups can produce fragrant flowers, berries, or even bear fruit.
- Flowering time. Among the wild shrubs, you can find those that grow only in summer, while others delight the eye all year round. Some fade in one season, while others can be called long-flowers.
In cities and beyond, it is more common to see plants with leaves. They can be of different shapes or sizes depending on the type of particular representative. Wild hardwood shrubs amaze with their diversity: there are both flowering and fruiting ones. Some of them are known to everyone, and the names of others do not say anything. Among the hardwoods can be distinguished:
- Barberry. The shrub has leaves with a pointed top, small yellow flowers, oblong berries.
- Kalina. Leaves are similar to maple.
- Cotoneaster. It resembles a small tree with oval glossy leaves.
- Lilac. Beautifully flowering, belongs to the evergreen shrubs.
- Magnolia. It is a large shrub. There are white, pink or even orange fragrant flowers.
- Wolfberry. A beautiful but poisonous plant.
- Euonymus. It consists of rounded leaves, the flowers do not attract attention.
- Honeysuckle. Elliptical leaves are complemented by small fruits, which are edible in some varieties.
- Raspberry. A shrub with tasty berries has unpaired leaves.
- Rosehip. Fragrant flowers in combination with berries and small leaves present a very beautiful shrub to the eye.
If the plant has no leaves, then most likely they are covered with needles. In fact, this is what modified leaves are called, but shrubs of this type are combined under the class of conifers. Most of these representatives of the flora prefer to grow under the rays of the sun, but there are those who will like partial shade. Coniferous plants: shrubs and trees are unpretentious, therefore they are often used in the design of garden plots. Juniper, yew, cryptomeria are more common among gardeners.
Landscaping of one's own personal plots has been in vogue for a long time. Greenery in front of the house pleases the eye, adds color. Wild shrubs in the garden are an opportunity to decorate the territory without much time spent on further care for them. You need to know their features, so when viewing photos on the pages of gardening catalogs, pay attention to the description. Beautiful shrubs for summer cottages can be, for example, flowering or fruiting, and some require special conditions.
Most gardeners prefer to dilute the greenery in the area with other shades, so they choose options that will bloom. Before growing wild flowering shrubs, provide them with suitable conditions, or you can choose species that are unpretentious to weather changes. The list of shrubs that can bloom is wide: honeysuckle, lilac, dog rose stand out from it.
Late autumn is a period of gradual withering of nature. For some people, a decrease in the amount of sunlight, together with a decrease in the number of shades on the street, causes a depressive state. If you live in a private house or from time to time come to the dacha in winter, then evergreen shrubs will be a good way to decorate the territory, admire the plants all year round. You can plant them anywhere on the site or even make a hedge. In this category, you can add raspberries, barberries, euonymus, cotoneaster, wolfberry, magnolia.
Fruit trees are often planted in summer cottages not so much for beauty, but for the opportunity to harvest their own crops. Wild-growing fruit shrubs cope with both functions. Most of them, in addition to fruits or berries, have beautiful flowers. However, not every flowering fruit shrub can produce an edible crop. For example, it is better to simply admire the wolfberry, since all its parts are poisonous, but rosehip and barberry berries are not only possible, but must be eaten.
Shrubs of Russia - photos and names
Each plant is adapted to certain habitat conditions. On the territory of such a large country as Russia, there are many climatic zones. This explains the diversity of flora in a particular region. There are completely different conditions in the Crimea, in the Kuban, in the Altai Territory, the Volgograd Region, so it is undesirable to transport plants for planting in a garden plot. Some shrubs are unpretentious: with a slight fluctuation in temperature and humidity, they grow as well as in their native climate, while others do not tolerate even the slightest fluctuations in weather.
If we characterize the climate of the south of Russia, then in general it can be described as moderate. Humidity is sufficient here, and the sun is in abundance, which determines the predisposition of wild shrubs to sunny weather. For the most part, there are deciduous plants - both flowering and non-flowering. Wild-growing shrubs of the Krasnodar Territory do not require specific care, which does not prevent them from planting in their summer cottage.
Blood red hawthorn:
- Large leafy, round red berries. Tolerates drought and cloudy weather.
- You can find shrubby hawthorn along the edges of forest belts.
- Hawthorn berries and flowers are used in the manufacture of medicines for the treatment of heart disease.
- The leaves of the shrub are long, elliptical in shape. The greenish-white flowers are often lost among the leaves. Buckthorn berries are poisonous.
- Shrubs grow along the edges of forests or on the banks of rivers.
- Buckthorn bark is useful. It helps to get rid of such a delicate ailment as constipation.
Climate has an indisputable influence on the flora. In the Rostov region, it is moderately continental. The summer months are hot here, and the winter is easy to bear because the temperatures are not too low. The shrubs of this region are adapted to droughts, which often occur in summer. Representatives of the flora of the Krasnodar Territory and the Rostov Region often coincide.
- Shrub with linear-lanceolate leaves and raspberry-colored flowers. There are fruits.
- Grows in sunny areas.
- Almond oil is used in cosmetics for skin and hair regeneration.
- The shrub can look very lush due to the clustering of leaves and flowers. Frost-resistant, not sensitive to drought.
- Grows mainly in forests.
- Caragana parts are often used in non-traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments.
The Central European part of Russia is characterized by not dry, but warm summers and frosty winters. There are predominantly broad-leaved and mixed forest zones. Shrubs of the middle lane, as a rule, are resistant to low temperatures and easily endure the winter season. Often you can find not only deciduous, but also coniferous plants.
- It is an evergreen plant with rounded leaves and inconspicuous flowers.
- Occurs near broad-leaved or mixed forests.
- Often used for hedges.
- Characterized by large beautiful flowers, round red berries arranged in pairs.
- Grows in forests, ravines, near rivers.
- Looks beautiful in the garden. Gives bees pollen with nectar.
The climate of different regions of Russia can vary greatly: for example, in the Astrakhan region it is dry continental. In winter, there is not much snow here, and thaws often occur at this time of the year. From April to July, the largest amount of precipitation falls, representing heavy rains, and sometimes hail. Interesting shrubs of the Astrakhan region grow in the delta and floodplain of the Volga.
- Can reach a height of 6 m, has pinnate elliptical leaves and small but very beautiful flowers.
- The forest edges are the favorite habitat of the amorph.
- Useful for vegetative disorders and neuroses.
- Has thin branches, narrow pointed leaves, catkins, fruits in the form of small boxes.
- Grows in the floodplain of rivers.
- A decoction is made from the bark of a shrub for dyeing fabrics.
It's hard to imagine that in a large densely populated city green spaces live well. However, the shrubs of the Moscow region and Moscow feel great in such conditions. The climate is similar to the middle lane, so the representatives of the flora are repeated. Often, gardeners near Moscow plant beautiful wild shrubs in their dacha, where they have been pleasing to the eye for more than one year.
- You can recognize rose hips by their beautiful flowers with an amazing aroma of roses. Sweet fruits ripen after reaching the age of three years.
- May grow everywhere depending on the species.
- Rosehip parts are used for medicinal purposes. Fruits contain a large amount of vitamins.
- Evergreen shrub with toothed leaves and umbellate inflorescences.
- Unpretentious to the lack of light, but placed where there is more moisture.
- Viburnum berries and bark are used in folk medicine.
Perennial shrubs for Siberia
The vast region located in the north-east of the country is called Siberia. If you dig deeper, the geography and climatic characteristics of these areas differ from each other. Siberian wild shrubs and other flora can be adapted to slightly different conditions depending on the specific location.
- Frost resistant plants with oval leaves arranged in bunches.