How much do mature olive trees cost
How Much Do Olive Trees Cost?
Putting together a budget for your landscaping can feel endless at times. Do you want to purchase an olive tree but have no idea how much one should cost? Is it cheaper to buy a younger olive tree or a more mature option? We'll answer these questions and a few others below in this post.
Generally, you can expect to spend around $50-$100 for a young olive tree. On the other hand, if you want to purchase a more established tree, this could set you back over $500.
Your final price will vary depending on your location, the nursery, and the popularity of olive trees at that time of year.
As we start, we will cover all things olive trees and discuss how much one should cost. Whether you're planning a garden or want to add more olive trees to your landscape, we're here to offer some help. With that said, let's dive right into this article below!
Are Olive Trees Expensive?
In general, olive trees will fall into a more expensive category. For example, some nurseries may sell you an olive tree for merely $50 (very immature sizing), while higher-end stores can charge thousands of dollars.
You will often see olive trees come in a few main sizes:
- 24-inch boxes
- 36-inch boxes
- 48-inch boxes
- 60-inch boxes
Again, that doesn't mean your olive tree will fill the entire box, but it will be bigger if you opt for a more expensive package.
Of this size group, a 60-inch olive tree box will usually be the biggest and total around $1,800 at most nurseries.
The location of your tree and nursery will also come into play here. Someone living in Beverly Hills will spend far more on an olive tree than another person in rural Wisconsin.
One of the most expensive and notable olive trees sold for a whopping $70,000 in Portugal to a French millionaire, so this can get pretty pricey, fast.
That said, this tree was 1,000 years old, so you won't be expected to foot the bill anywhere that massive if you stick to a younger tree at a local nursery.
Why Do Olive Trees Cost So Much?
One of the main reasons an olive tree can cost thousands is that they are difficult to ship and plant. Especially for older trees, you could need a crane to lift your olive tree into the backyard.
Olive trees will also produce delicious olives once they mature, which you can use for cooking or even selling. Therefore, many people have these trees for business purposes, although you'd need quite a few to produce enough olives.
Furthermore, olive trees have a unique root system, which can regenerate itself even when the above-ground structure of the tree is destroyed by frost, fire, or disease.
Olive wood is also quite beautiful; people will use these trees as ornamental pieces in their gardens. So, if you're in the market for a gorgeous, self-sustaining, potentially savvy business option, an olive tree could be the answer to your prayers.
Are Olive Trees Hard To Find?
As long as you live somewhere near a nursery, you should be able to find an olive tree. Of course, you may not be able to locate a mature option, but these trees are very popular.
Moreover, olive trees are cultivated worldwide, in places like South Africa, Chile, Peru, Pakistan, Australia, Oregon, and California.
So, if you're in the United States, you have the west coast as a hub for olive tree growing and selling.
In addition, you can purchase a younger olive tree from out of the country in some cases, although this can get tricky logistically.
Older olive trees will be expansive, so moving them will require more time, money, and labor.
You also want to consider how many olive trees you wish to purchase. Usually, there may be some discount for higher quantities, so that's another idea.
What Can You Do With Olive Tree Wood?
One of the other reasons olive trees are so expensive is their wood. Besides producing olives, these trees have a distinct wood that many use to create ornate furniture, kitchenware, carving spoons, fruit bowls, and even chess sets.
For example, you can find high-end olive wood cookware at stores like Pottery Barn, so there's a market for it. That said, olive wood isn't nearly as common as oak or pine, but it's an option to think about.
According to Woodshop News, there is also a high demand for olive wood in the religious market. This material is used to make crucifixes, rosary beads, and other relics.
So, if you enjoy crafting or want to start a business, using olive tree wood could pay off.
Are Olives Trees Difficult To Manage?
Olive trees aren't necessarily "difficult" to manage, but they can be temperamental. For starters, your olive tree will require plenty of sunlight but not too much heat.
This tree species also prefer fresh air, so urban growing doesn't usually work. In general, the more natural and clean your environment, the better an olive tree will do.
It's also vital to consistently water an olive tree. For example, experts recommend watering an olive tree once weekly for the first year and then cutting back to once monthly as the tree matures.
Furthermore, it's essential not to overwater an olive tree's soil. Even though your tree may need watering between your regular schedule, keep it light to avoid root rot.
It's also imperative to ensure the top two inches of your tree's soil is moist during its first year. Like any tree, your olive will need more attention while it develops.
How Messy Are Olive Trees?
Contrary to popular belief, olive trees are not very messy at all. According to Moon Valley Nurseries, olive trees have a slow molting rate, meaning they won't drop as many leaves.
Your tree won't produce much debris either, as it doesn't typically produce more leaves than it needs. For anyone with a fruiting tree (one that makes olives/olive-like fruit), you may have more clean up after everything drops, but this won't be overwhelming.
Like most fruiting or blooming plants, an olive tree will have periods of messiness. You can't enjoy fresh olives without a bit of extra TLC for the surrounding land, so this is a compromise.
If you're worried about a mess, there are plenty of non-fruiting olive tree varieties, so that's another idea to consider. Again, we don't think your olive tree will be messy enough to bother you, but to each their own.
AMERICAN PLANT EXCHANGE Arbequina Olive Tree
This olive tree will come pre-grown, in a six-inch pot, should be between 18 and 20 inches tall, produces delicious olives, has a summer to winter blooming time, and requires full sun.
Check out this olive tree on Amazon.
How Fast Will My Olive Tree Grow?
Although olive trees are classified as slow-growing, you can expect to see one grow up to 12 inches annually. On the other hand, some slower-growing olive tree varieties may only grow a few inches each year, so this can vary.
Many olive trees will grow their fastest within the first year or two. Once an olive tree becomes older, it tends to slow down.
Although this can be disappointing, your olive tree will be beautiful regardless of its growth rate, so don't get discouraged.
For example, it may take your olive tree ten or more years to reach full size. With that said, your tree should start producing fruit within 1-2 years, so you don't have to miss out on all the fun.
Again, every olive tree is different, so you could see more than 12 inches of annual growth or much less.
How Big Do Olive Trees Get?
On average, you can expect an olive tree to reach heights between 25 and 30 feet. One interesting fact about these trees is that their spread (width) can be about the same size as their height.
This could be the perfect choice for anyone wanting a fuller tree in their garden. Olive trees are also known for their twisted trunks, which can become magnificent as they mature.
With that said, we recommend planting multiple olive trees roughly 16-20 feet apart from each other so both trees have the opportunity to thrive.
The same goes for other species, as your olive tree will take over if it feels threatened.
Giving your olive trees enough room can also result in better blooms and fruit production, so spacing can play a significant role here.
Is Buying An Olive Tree A Good Investment?
We would agree that purchasing an olive tree is a good investment. According to Wikifarmer, olive farmers tend to see success in the mid and long term of purchasing their olive trees.
Even if you aren't a farmer, having an olive tree can be a gorgeous ornamental feature to your landscape. As we mentioned, these trees tend to have twisted wood and can grow very wide and tall.
On top of that, if you purchase a fruiting variety, you can enjoy fresh olives every year! Although this may not be super exciting to some, there's nothing better than eating food you grew yourself at home.
To Wrap Things Up
Whether you want to plant an olive tree or already have one, it's always good to create a budget. We found that young olive trees can be as cheap as $50-$100, while more mature trees can cost you upwards of $1,000.
Of course, the final price of your olive tree will greatly vary based on your location, whether you need to rent equipment to plant/move your new tree or according to the current market value.
Regardless, remember to shop around for smaller olive trees if you don't want to spend as much, and don't be afraid to opt for a non-fruiting tree if you prefer less clean-up.
Made it to the end? Check out these helpful related posts below!
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How Much Do Olive Trees Cost To Buy? (Detailed Answer)
If you’re planning to buy an olive tree, you are probably interested in how much it costs to buy an olive tree. I decided to deeply research the market and write this thorough article on olive tree prices. It’s not a small investment, especially if you’re planning to buy more olive trees for your garden or farm.
Olive tree prices depend on various factors, but you can expect to pay them anywhere between $20 and $250 for young olive trees. Mature olive trees will cost anywhere between $200 and $600, while ancient olive trees usually cost $1500+, with prices increasing exponentially with the tree’s age.
That’s the short answer, and I know it’s messed up, so I decided to elaborate on the topic as much as possible so that you can understand everything. By the end of this article, you’ll be able to approximately know the amount of money needed to buy olive trees for yourself, depending on what exactly you want.
The Price Depends On Four Main Factors
Young Olive Trees Price
Mature Olive Trees Price
Ancient Olive Trees Price
Where To Buy Olive Trees in the USA
The Price Depends On Four Main Factors
You can’t expect each olive tree to cost the same. Many factors affect the price of an olive tree, and four main factors are:
- Age of olive tree – the age of an olive tree is the main factor, and it affects the price the most. Younger olive trees are always cheaper than older olive trees.
- Size of the olive tree – the size of an olive tree is somehow related to age, but still, the smallest olive trees usually cost less than more giant olive trees.
- Olive variety – some more popular olive varieties tend to cost more than others, and that’s completely normal. Even though most olive varieties have a similar price
- Your location – Olive trees don’t grow everywhere, and that’s why your location may affect the price too. If you live in a place without olive trees, it’ll probably be more expensive to get one. Luckily, we have internet today, and you can buy olive trees in various online shops, which helps a lot.
Since age is the most critical factor in determining the olive tree price, I’ll organize the data according to the olive ages.
Young Olive Trees Price
Young olive trees are considered all the olive trees up to 5 years old. They’re still not ready to produce fruit, so they’re the cheapest ones to buy, but they require the most care to grow them until they’re able to bear fruit.
You can expect them to cost anywhere between $20 and $250. Everything above that, I would consider too expensive.
|0-1||up to $50|
|1-3||$50 to $100|
|3-5||$100 to $250|
Mature Olive Trees Price
Mature olive trees are the trees that can produce fruit, and they’re usually anywhere between 5 to 70 years old. Mature olive tree prices vary by age, and I made a table below with the price data according to the olive tree age (approximate) to make it easier for you.
You can expect mature olive trees to cost anywhere between $200 and $600 Personally, I wouldn’t pay anything more than that for a mature olive tree unless it’s really a specific one.
|5-10||$200 to $300|
|10-20||$300 to $400|
|20-70||$400 to $600|
Ancient Olive Trees Price
Ancient olive trees are a specific category of olive trees that are more than 70 years old. There are some places online where you can buy a 500-year-old olive tree. There’s no limit to ancient olive trees’ price, and some of them cost more than $50,000. Usually, the prices start at $1500 and up.
It’s simple, the older the tree, the more money it costs, and it’s the same in all three categories. Also, not only are the trees very costly, but the shipping and replanting costs are enormous for ancient olive trees.
If you thoroughly research the market, sometimes you’ll be able to get an ancient tree for less than $1000, but it’s pretty rare. So, always thoroughly research the market, then decide according to olive trees’ look and age.
Where To Buy Olive Trees in the USA
There are literally hundreds, if not thousands, of online shops where you can buy olive trees. After researching the market, I found five online shops with olive trees for sale that I can recommend to you.
The Best Online Shop To Buy Young and Mature Olive Trees in The USA:
- Fast Growing Trees
2 Online Shops To Buy Ancient Olive Trees in The USA:
- Large Olive Trees
- Ancient Olive Trees
Also, if you decide on buying in bulk, you’ll get big discounts in most of these shops (except the ancient ones), so keep that in mind. If you buy olive trees for your farm, you should contact all of these shops and check which shop will give you the best prices. Maybe, depending on your location, you’ll be able to find some offline shops where you’ll be able to get even lower prices. So, don’t accept the first offer, always look for better ones.
I hope that now you know how much olive trees cost to buy, primarily based on their age. The market is enormous, which is suitable for the end customers, and there is some competition out there, which vastly reduces the olive trees’ price.
Even if you’re not looking to buy olive trees immediately, it’s good to know some approximate prices so that you can save up some money and purchase olive trees in the future.
Olive tree. Photo of a plant, fruits, flowers and leaves of an olive or olive tree
The olive tree is an evergreen tree about seven meters high, otherwise called an olive tree. When the trunk of a plant reaches a height of one and a half meters, it is divided into rather thick curved branches, which eventually form countless shoots. The bark of young olive trees is light gray, while adults are dark gray with streaks. The deciduous part is wide, dense.
Olive leaves have a specific coloration: their upper part is characterized by a dark green color, and the lower part is gray. The leaf plate is narrow, dense, leathery. The shape is oval or lanceolate. The edges of each leaf are slightly raised, thereby reducing the surface area heated by the sun's rays and increasing the tolerance of the plant to prolonged droughts. Once a year or two the evergreen leaves change. At the base of the leaf plate is a kidney, which is able to be in a state of sleep for a long time. But in the event that pruning of the shoots or excessive damage to the leaves occurs, it immediately wakes up and enters the phase of active growth.
The flowering period of the olive tree is from mid-spring (April) to early summer (June). The flowers are white, small in size, collected in racemose inflorescences, bisexual. The presence of male flowers with stamens is also possible. The most favorable for increasing the yield of trees is the presence of nearby olives that can cross-pollinate.
Elongated, oval-shaped olive fruits with a large stone and medium juicy oily pulp. The color is dark purple, almost black, and the weight is approximately 14 grams. The fruits reach maturity from October to December.
1 Where does the olive plant grow?
2 Applications of the olive tree
Where does the olive plant grow?
The olive tree is common in areas where winters are quite warm and summers are dry and hot (subtropical climate, southeast Mediterranean). The plant is able to normally tolerate short current frosts within ten degrees. There is no wild form of this plant. The culture grows in South America, Mexico, Transcaucasia, Central Asia, Crimea, Australia.
Loose soil with low acidity and sufficient drainage, as well as bright sunlight, is considered good conditions for growing olives. The olive tree does not experience much need for abundant watering and high environmental humidity, but leaf fall will be a protective reaction to severe drought. If, shortly before the start of flowering (a month and a half), the plant needs moisture and microelements, then the yield will decrease due to the small number of buds formed. But cross-pollination will help to correct the situation with the crop.
Fields of application of the olive tree
There are about 60 species of the olive tree in botany. But only the fruits of the European olive give about 30 kilograms of crop per season and are of economic importance.
Olive fruits are highly valued as a food product. They are used to prepare oil, which contains a very large amount of vitamins and minerals that are vital for the human body. This oil has been widely used in cooking, medicine and cosmetology. Among the countries that actively produce and market olive oil, Greece, France, Spain, Italy and Tunisia have established themselves well in the market.
Unripe fruits are green in color and are used in various types of preservation. Mature ones are painted black and serve as an addition to a variety of dishes.
The yellow-green wood of the olive tree is quite strong and heavy. It is used in the manufacture of furniture due to the fact that it is easily subject to various types of processing.
All components of the olive are used in non-traditional medicine as a raw material for medicinal decoctions and tinctures. The flowers and leaves of this plant are harvested and then dried in the sun or in a well-ventilated area. The fruits are harvested as they ripen, usually in autumn.
The olive tree can be an excellent ornamental plant, decorating your home or garden with its presence. A powerful root system is used to protect the land from landslides and erosion, planting olives in the necessary areas.
In ancient Egypt, the olive was grown about six thousand years ago, it was considered a sacred plant, which was sent by the gods. Olive wreaths adorned the heads of Olympic champions.
The branch of the olive tree is also a symbol of truce and peace. Islam reveres the olive as the tree of life.
The average growth period of an olive tree is about five hundred years. The longest lifespan of this tree is two and a half thousand years. Today, a tree that is two thousand years old grows in Montenegro.
Fruit garden in the apartment Garden: trees and shrubs
Olive tree description useful properties and growing olive at home
Unusual interior gardening or olive tree at home
more than ten thousand years, while in the wild in nature it does not occur at all. Let's look at the possibility and ways to grow one of the oldest and most common plants on our own, references to which are found in the Bible and in the myths of ancient Greece.
Graceful olive trees are a symbol of peace and harmony. Not surprisingly, they have found their place in the modern home interior. Oliva seems to be specially created for lovers not of lush greenery and color, but for connoisseurs of subdued natural sophistication.
Not requiring too close attention to its content, the olive personifies prosperity for a reason, it bears fruit and grows in conditions where most of its green counterparts can not stand it and give up. In room conditions, the tree will gratefully share its delicate pleasant aroma and even fruits. However, such a stylish houseplant is valued not so much for Shrovetide fruits, but for its unusualness and exclusivity as an interior decoration.
How to choose an olive
If you have decided on the choice of a home plant such as European olive or olea europaea, then you will have a number of priority questions as a breeder - where to get it, how to choose and how to grow an olive tree at home.
There are two ways to solve this problem:
1. You can grow an olive tree from seeds. The price for them in the store is very low and affordable even for the most economical gardener. Or, if possible, collect fresh green fruits directly from the tree in early autumn. Also, many tourists bring olive pits from trips to the Mediterranean coast.
Important! Pickled fruit seeds from a jar are not taken as planting material. But the seed of a dried olive may well sprout.
First of all, seeds collected by oneself must be de-pulped. Previously, it is crushed with any object and the seed is soaked in warm water for several hours. For easier cleansing of the bone from the pulp, as well as free germination of the embryo, it is recommended to soak the fruits in a weak alkali solution.
Feel free to throw away the floating olives, they are unsuitable as planting material.
Carefully clean the olive pit from any kind of pulp with a hard sponge, such is in the kitchen of almost every housewife, or sandpaper. Please note that the bone has two completely different tips, one of which is sharp and the other is rounded. The next step is to form a hole from the blunt end of the bone. It is important not to completely cut off the tip, but only slightly incise. Then the seeds are again sent to warm water for another day.
After drying the seed kernels, they are immersed in the soil to a depth of about 2 cm.
For your information! The percentage of seed germination of the Mediterranean plant does not exceed 50%, therefore, in order not to be left without a result, take the number of seeds with a margin.
The evergreen olive tree is long-lived. Some specimens growing on the planet are already more than 2000 years old. Consequently, it grows very slowly, which is why it can live with you as a pet for a dozen years. But here it is important to keep in mind that the germination of a sprout from an olive seed will take up to 3 months. And in order to grow a homemade olive tree from a stone to a full-fledged young shoot, it will take about 2-3 years. Such an ornamental plant will begin to bear fruit after 10 years of your work and patience.
2. For those who want to aspire not so much to growing the plant themselves, but to decorating their own home with a stylish living tree, it is recommended to purchase an already grown seedling in a special botanical nursery. The cost of such an instance, of course, is several times higher than the cost of seeds, but the advantages of this method of starting an evergreen tree are also obvious.
You have the option of choosing the appropriate size olea europaea. Make sure that it is healthy and consult with a specialist regarding the specifics of caring for this particular specimen.
In addition, indoor olive will immediately become a full-fledged decor element of your room and will delight you with the first fruits in a few months.
At home, olea europaea is classified according to the percentage of oil in its fruit. Varieties assigned to the oil group are the most oily. They are used for the production of olive oil. The fruits of trees of the combined group go to the processing of both oils and canning. The fruits of table tree species are suitable for growing only those olives that are eaten unprocessed.
The most popular groups of olive tree varieties among gardeners are European, Cape and golden-leaved olives.
For domestication, you can choose any of the mentioned crops, but most often they grow table olives, for example, Askelano, Razzo, Sevillano, Mession and others.
What an olive tree looks like in interiors
A homemade evergreen olive tree will decorate almost any interior with its elegance. It will perfectly fit into the Mediterranean style of the interior, as it is the native element of its habitat. Combine it with wicker baskets, natural fabrics or wooden furniture.
Wood will look great in Scandinavian-style rooms against a gray and white color scheme.
There is practically no such style in interior design where the olive would look out of place. It does not stand out with a riot of color and does not draw attention to itself, but gracefully complements the harmony of the interior space and fills it with a lively atmosphere. You can verify this by looking at the photo.
Olive tree: description, useful properties and growing olive at home
Olive from the family of olive trees has come to be considered an essential element of various national cultures. The value of olive trees was understood back in the Stone Age, they began to be looked after and propagated to produce fruits.
The olive tree is often found as a bush. This tree or bush is quite symbolic, but it symbolizes peace and longevity.
The olive tree has more than 35 species of which the most popular species is European olive . Well, what's interesting? So let's read on. The homeland of the olive is Africa, it is also common in Australia and Asia.
Tips for home care
Growing the olive tree requires warm microclimatic conditions.
The olive tree prefers warm conditions. In nature, the plant can be found on brightly lit shores. Does not tolerate shaded areas.
Olive wood can withstand temperatures as low as -15 degrees. With severe prolonged frosts, the plant will die.
During the period of active vegetative development, it is recommended to maintain the temperature at a level of + 18 to + 20 degrees. During the flowering stage, return frosts can affect yields. Extreme heat combined with dry air also harms the tree.
The crop responds well to uniform soil moisture. In the spring-summer season, it is advisable to regularly water the substrate. Prolonged exposure to dry soil leads to leaf fall.
Reduce watering in winter. Moisten enough as the substrate dries. For the olive tree, it is advisable to use warm, soft water.
The plant does not require special conditions. In the hot season, it is recommended to increase the level of water content in the air. This will require several times a day to spray the plant with water at room temperature.
In dry seasons, it is advisable to spray warm water on the tree.
The olive tree can survive changing soil and substrate. It is not advisable to transplant adult olive representatives. The root system of a tree is often damaged.
A suitable site must be prepared for the transplant. Growing in rotten, dry soil often results in wilting. In its natural environment, the plant can be found in the rock. Therefore, it is possible to add charcoal and brick pieces to the soil during planting.
The olive tree needs to be sanitized in a timely manner. The plant is often damaged by pests. In the open air in early spring, the affected areas should be removed.
Indoor culture can be compacted. To do this, remove weakened shoots and long branches. The plant tolerates shearing well. For one growing season, the culture will give excellent growth.
If the plant is cultivated for harvest, the characteristics of the olive tree must be taken into account. The fruits are formed exclusively on the shoots of the previous year. Therefore, cardinal pruning can destroy a large number of olives.
How to transplant an olive tree?
The tree only needs to be transplanted annually up to the age of 5-7 years. In the future, the cultural olive moves to a new pot about once every 2-3 years as the root system grows. Each new pot should be deeper and wider than the previous one by 3-5 cm. You can also transplant diseased plants suffering from waterlogging of the earthy coma. The procedure consists of the following steps:
- Choosing the right planter and preparing tools.
- It is important to make sure the new pot has the right number of drainage holes.
- A drainage layer of expanded clay or broken bricks is laid out on the bottom.
- The olive is replanted using the transshipment method, preserving the earthen clod.
- The plant is placed in a new planter and sprinkled with a layer of prepared soil mixture.
- Finally, the tree can be watered with warm water and fertilizer.
Plant on the site
In the open air, the tree perfectly takes root and bears fruit in the southern part of the Crimea and the Mediterranean region. In more severe conditions, the crop can be grown in a spacious room, conservatory, greenhouse or room.
Frost at -5 degrees will damage the weakened branches of the olive tree. At -15 degrees, the whole plant will die. Even with a slight decrease in temperature, a sharp deterioration in the taste of fruits and olive oil was noted.
For abundant fruiting, choose the right tree species.
Garden varieties must be purchased for harvesting. Bred subspecies guarantee regular fruiting.
The nuances of cultivation at home can be found in the video:
Do I need a transplant
If you think about how long an olive tree lives and bears fruit, the question arises of the appropriateness of its transplantation. After all, as the root system develops, the store container becomes cramped. Therefore, when you notice that the size of the plant and flowerpot do not match, you will need a new pot. Experienced gardeners advise replanting olives every 2 years. Otherwise, their roots will be constrained, which will be displayed on the growing season of the crop.
The transplanting process is best carried out by transshipment of an earthen clod. The flower pot should be large, several centimeters in diameter, and must be made of clay. This material allows the roots to breathe.
Any soil suitable for olive trees. The main thing is that it should not be sour. Improves productivity liming. The most commonly recommended traditional potting mix for many indoor and garden plants:
All ingredients are mixed in equal parts and a little mineral fertilizer is added. Expanded clay or broken brick crumbs must be placed at the bottom of the flower container. Alternatively, you can use commercially available potting soil.
Sick olives also need a transplant as a means of resuscitation. This applies to specimens oversaturated with moisture, in which the roots have begun to rot. It is not difficult to understand the problem by the external state of the plant - it sheds foliage and looks lifeless. In this case, in addition to the elimination of damaged root shoots, their disinfection and transplantation, it will also be necessary to cut off the tops of the stems.
Waterlogged substrate and poor soil carrying capacity are the main causes of olive tree wilting. Areas where water accumulates should be avoided. When planting, be sure to make a thick layer of drainage.
You can protect the plant from excessive rainfall by planting on a gentle slope. It is advisable not to use a fertile substrate. An excessive amount of nutrients causes intensive growth of the tree. As a result, the percentage of yield decreases.
The ideal soil for tree cultivation must meet several requirements:
- good drainage;
- fine grit.
If possible, fill the planting hole with a mixture of sandy and loamy soil.
How to feed
Nutrient deficiencies can be replenished with nitrogen. The procedure should be carried out once a year. For one hundred square meters you will need no more than 1.2 kg. Can be planted next to olives natural producers of nitrogen (legumes). It is also recommended to periodically add compost to the soil.
The olive tree should be fed with nitrogen and compost.
For growing olives indoors, the first step is to prepare the right variety. It is advisable to purchase a dwarf culture. The container should initially be chosen large enough. The dimensions of the pot should be at least 60 cm deep and wide.
Be sure to make some additional large holes in the bottom of the container. The main enemy of olives is constant soil moisture. Therefore, loamy or sandy soil should be prepared for growing indoor trees. Before the next watering, the soil should dry at least three centimeters deep.
Container olive is more demanding. For the full development of the indoor tree, it is necessary to regularly carry out gentle pruning. It is not recommended to allow thickening of the main branches. It is enough to leave no more than four main branches on the tree.
Acquaintance with a southern woman
Even primitive people knew about the unique characteristics of olives. The homeland of culture Olea europaea is considered to be the southeastern regions of the Mediterranean. Today, these evergreen trees with a spreading rounded crown are found in Mexico, Peru, Italy, Greece, Spain, Iran, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, Georgia, Crimea and northern India.
There is no place on earth where you can find wild olive trees. Since ancient times, the plant has been introduced into culture and is still massively cultivated for oil.
Botanists attribute olives to the genus Olives and describe them as evergreen trees or shrubs, from 1 to 12 m high with a knotty thick and hollow trunk, gray bark, long and knotty branches, leathery leaves of narrow lanceolate shape, fragrant inflorescences of cream or milky color and oblong-oval fruits with a stone.
A characteristic feature of olive trees is the grey-green coloring of the underside of the foliage, which is silvery on the inside. Moreover, the leaves on the branches are gradually renewed over the course of 2-3 years.
In the subtropics, olives bloom from the second decade of April to the beginning of summer. Up to 40 buds open in each paniculate brush. Over time, hard green, black or dark purple bones with a pointed nose and fleshy flesh grow out of them. They mature in 5 months.
In the natural environment, olives enter the fruiting phase once every 2 years , so when growing indoors, do not worry if it does not bloom one day. Experts say that mature trees are productive for 20 years. After this period, they need to be changed to young seedlings.
Major problems and pests
The evergreen tree is particularly vulnerable to pests and diseases. The greatest danger to the plant is represented by black worms. Excessive use of chemical protective preparations is not the best way to affect the yield of olives. Therefore, it is desirable to support the immunity of the tree with organic and mineral means.
The appearance of tiny black mealybugs on the surface of the bark indicates the damage to the tree by pests. African insects are capable of laying up to two thousand eggs. Often gardeners make the mistake of assuming that parasites settle exclusively on a diseased plant. In fact, pests can attack a perfectly healthy evergreen tree. You can get rid of bugs with systemic insecticides.
The tree has a low resistance to pests and diseases.
The culture is often damaged by whitefly and olive moth. Outdoors, eaten buds and leaves indicate a colony of caterpillars.
Sudden wilt of branches and leaves indicates Verticillium wilt infection. Fungal disease is not treatable. If you do not save the evergreen tree in a timely manner from the affected areas, the plant will die. When infecting in an open area, a place for further planting of olives should be avoided.
Influence of culture
With the right care, cultivation of olives at home is not a problem. It is enough to provide the culture with full coverage and timely nutrition. In a few years, fragrant inflorescences and healthy olives will appear on the tree. A container plant is capable of producing about two kilograms of fruit.
Olive oil contains lecithin. An intolerance to an element causes an allergic reaction. Allergies can also be cross-prone. People prone to reactions to lilacs, olives and jasmine of the genus Paniaceae react especially to olive oil.
Often the occurrence of a reaction is associated with hereditary predisposition. It is advisable to use refined oil to reduce possible manifestations.
Propagation of olives
Evergreen tree can be propagated by seeds and cuttings. The rudiments before sowing must be treated with an alkali solution. Softened shell guarantees better germination. For planting, a permeable substrate should be prepared. The mixture should contain leafy soil and coarse sand. You can also add crushed wood ash and broken bricks to the soil.
Seeding depth should not exceed three centimeters. It is important to constantly maintain the humidity of the substrate. Even freshly harvested seeds have less than fifty percent germination. The olive tree from seeds is characterized by late fruiting. The first inflorescences may appear only after 10 years. The tree can be used for grafting.
The olive tree can be propagated by seeds.
Cuttings will ensure the preservation of all maternal varietal characteristics. Fruiting will come in 2 years. Seedlings need to be placed in the soil under a slope. To create a greenhouse effect, it is desirable to prepare polyethylene. The cuttings should be regularly aired and sprayed. After rooting, you can transplant the olives into separate pots.
How to propagate an olive tree?
To get a beautiful olive tree in a pot at home, it can be propagated in two ways:
Olive tree: growing at home
Is it possible to grow an olive tree at home? The opinions of scientists differ, some believe that the olive can be grown at home, others argue that this is impossible. It is worth considering this objectively. Yes, growing a tree is difficult, but still possible. It's all about the temperature regime, if it is not observed, the plant will not bloom, bear fruit.
At present, the olive is grown in all countries with a warm tropical and subtropical climate. And in some European countries, the olive tree is grown in large glass insulated greenhouses. Until flowering, it is not recommended to use fertilizers that have nitrogen in their composition.
Description of the olive tree and variety
The olive tree belongs to the olive family and includes about 30 species. His homeland is Greece. Varieties with high disease resistance are suitable for growing at home: Della Madonna, Nikitinsky, Razzo.
Thanks to the purposeful work of breeders, miniature varieties of the olive plant have been bred for growing at home in pot culture. Indoor trees are evergreen, low-growing plants with a dense crown that tolerates pruning. The yield of these forms is low, they are of decorative value.
Gardening shops sell olive tree seeds that you can grow at home. It is best to buy 4 or 5 bags of seeds, because it is almost impossible to grow an olive tree on the first try. You will have to spend a lot of time and effort, be patient. But still worth the effort. Currently, interest in this plant has increased due to numerous publications about its beneficial properties.
Conditions and care
Tips for caring for the plant at home
- When the first shoots appear, the film must be removed so that it does not interfere with the development of the plant. You can water the plant only once every two days, more often it is impossible in any case, because then the plant will receive a lot of water, and it may die. If mold appears on the ground, it will need to be eliminated immediately, because it can inhibit the development of the plant.
- The first shoots need special care, because at the moment when they have just sprouted, the plants are very vulnerable and can easily die. Also, you need to maintain a temperature of about 23-25 degrees, otherwise the plant will be cold.
- After the appearance of the first true leaf, you need to slightly increase the soil layer, it should slightly touch the real leaf. This is necessary to make it easier for the plant to take root. If you do not add earth, then the young sprout can stretch out and fall, and this is tantamount to the death of the plant.
- After the appearance of 5 true leaves, the plant can be considered an adult. It will also need to be watered, as necessary, sometimes fertilized (the method of preparing fertilizer will be below). Also, as necessary, it will be necessary to cut off the old leaves of the plant, if they appear, as they interfere with the development of new leaves.
- If mold develops on the ground, it must also be removed immediately, because mold also interferes with the supply of nutrients, like dried leaves.
- The olive tree needs winter rest. It should be taken out to a cooler room, cut off the leaves. In addition to low temperatures, during the dormant period, not only watering, but also top dressing should be limited.
Lighting and location
The room in which you want to grow an olive should be well lit, but at the same time, direct sunlight should not fall on the tree, which can adversely affect development.
In the daytime, the plant should receive the maximum amount of sunlight, while direct sunlight should be avoided. In winter, the olive needs an additional source of light.
Air temperature and humidity
It is important to keep the ambient temperature at fifteen degrees at night.
- The olive tree grows well at temperatures from 18-23°C, the air loves high humidity. But even with normal air, it also grows well, the main thing is that it is not dry, otherwise the leaves will begin to dry out.
- In order for the plant to feel comfortable, it is necessary to ensure optimal air humidity, which can be maintained through regular spraying. In the summer season, the olive tree needs to be sprayed a couple of times throughout the daylight hours, you can moisten the surface of the plant with a wet sponge.
- During the dormant period, the olive does not need additional moisture, during this period the tree grows and develops, drawing vitality from the root.
The soil should not be very acidic (chernozem will do). Various fertilizers and auxiliary substances should be present in the soil, it should be as nutritious as possible.
European olive tree or olive tree
European olive tree or European olive tree (Olea europaea) - is a tree of the Olive family, the fruits of which are used to produce olive oil. An interesting fact: in total, more than 30 representatives of the olive genus are distinguished, but only the olive tree does not occur in nature in the wild.
Over the thousands of years of coexistence with humans, the olive tree has become completely domesticated and has long been a typical horticultural crop. According to the botanical classification of fruits, the olive is a fruit. This is a fairly fertile tree, its yield is about a centner. Relatives of the culture, members of the same family, are ash, jasmine and lilac.
The tree is thermophilic and normally develops and grows only in warm climates. The main distribution area of the olive is Mediterranean (Greece, Italy, Spain) and the Middle East. Olives can also be found in Turkey, Bulgaria, the Crimea and the Caucasus.
An olive tree can be grown in an ordinary apartment.
An olive tree cannot be called unpretentious. Even in some areas of the subtropics, he is uncomfortable, not to mention the temperate climate zone. Attempts to adapt the olive tree in temperate latitudes (even in areas bordering on the subtropics) have not yet been successful: olive trees feel very bad at temperatures below -5°C.
This circumstance still raises questions among botanists, since many peach crops that have the same habitat as the olive adapt perfectly in the north. But if you provide the plant with the necessary temperature conditions, it can be grown in an apartment or a greenhouse without any problems. The article discusses how to plant, grow and propagate an olive tree at home.
The Benefits of the Fruit
If done right, a home-grown olive can begin to bear fruit within a couple of years from planting. You can’t even mention the positive properties of olives, because everyone has heard that moderate eating of these fruits has a positive effect on the digestive, nervous system, general condition of the body and can even help in the fight against such difficult diseases as SARS or influenza.
The inclusion of olives in the diet is recommended for pregnant and lactating women, which only strengthens the position of the olive tree as a new part of your garden composition.
"Berries" will become a litmus test of the master's attitude to his own tree. Delicious fruits sprouted in abundance? Continue to keep the plant in the same spirit! Harvest not satisfied? Perhaps the above points should be reconsidered. The main thing is to love your olive tree and be attentive to the care of this green pet. Thank you for your attention. Good luck!
The olive tree is an evergreen shrub or tree. Its trunk has gray bark and gnarled twisted branches. Olives older than 30 years become hollow. In the plant world, this species is a long-liver.
On average, an olive tree lives for about 500 years (although trees older than 30 years are not used for industrial cultivation - they are replaced with new ones), but there are some specimens that live more than 2000 years.
Leaves and fruits of the olive tree
The leaves of the plant are simple, practically without petioles. Their shape is elongated, the color is gray-green. The leaves are smooth and leathery to the touch. Massive leaves do not fall off. Foliage renewal occurs once every 2-3 years. A variant is possible when the plant sheds part of the leaves during a sudden cold snap.
Flowers are small (not more than 4 mm long), white or yellow-white, united in paniculate racemes of 10-40 pieces. The flowering period, depending on the habitat, stretches from April to July. Blooms once a year.
The fruit of the olive tree is a small drupe 5 mm to 4 cm long, 1-2 cm in diameter, with a pointed nose. Around the fruit is a fleshy pericarp, which, in fact, contains oil. The color of the fruit depends on the varietal variety of the tree and the degree of its maturity.
Generally, there are three types of fruit: green, black and purple. Often there is a wax coating on the surface of the fruit.
All the subtleties of care for lush flowering and fruiting of olive trees at home
Olive trees at home - care instructions
Olive tree care at home consists of regular watering, fertilizing, pruning and transplanting the plant. Also, we must not forget about the prevention of infection with diseases and pests and the fight against existing problems.
Lighting and location
The indoor olive tree will thrive, develop and bear fruit only in bright light conditions. In winter, the plant should be placed on a well-lit window sill or additional light sources should be used.
In summer, it is advisable to take a pot with a tree to a balcony or terrace, preferably on the south side of the building. The olive tree should not be left in the shade, as this slows down its growth.
The olive tree can be grown as an ordinary tub plant - kept outdoors from spring until the first frosts, after which it can be transferred indoors for wintering.
Air temperature and humidity
When caring for an olive tree at home, it is very important to provide it with comfortable temperature conditions. The plant tolerates summer heat well, so it can be both outdoors and indoors.
For wintering, the olive tree must be moved indoors or on a balcony. Optimum temperature conditions are from +5°С to +10°С. It is best to leave a pot with a tree on a glazed balcony - this way it will receive the necessary sunlight and airflow.
In terms of air humidity, the olive is unpretentious. She has enough natural humidity - in the summer in the fresh air, in the winter on the balcony or in the greenhouse.
If the pot with the olive tree is located in a room with the heating turned on, its leaves should be sprayed with a spray bottle twice a day.
Under natural conditions olive trees are drought tolerant and able to adapt to almost any environmental conditions. Their trunks are able to absorb the required amount of moisture.
When caring for the European olive at home, it should be borne in mind that this plant tolerates short-term moisture deficit well, but prolonged drought is detrimental to it. Young olives need regular watering, otherwise their growth slows down.
When caring for mature olive trees, you need to monitor the condition of the soil and water only when it dries out. It is best to water the tree abundantly, leave for a while and drain excess moisture from the pan. This should be done no more than 1-2 times a week.
Too much moisture is more damaging to olives than too little. As a result, the leaves of the olive tree begin to become covered with brown-brown spots, wither and crumble.
In winter, the plant is at rest - at this time, watering should be reduced as much as possible.
Sprinkling will be beneficial for the olive tree. This procedure is necessary for the plant in hot summer. Sprinkling is best done once a week, but if the olive is in a cool room, this procedure can be abandoned.
For the full development of the olive tree, nutrients are needed - nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus:
- To do this, at the end of March or April, the plant is fed with organic or complex mineral fertilizers, which include nitrogen. Feeding should be done at least 2 times a month.
- In the summer season, the olive tree is fertilized with complex liquid formulations containing phosphorus and potassium. Top dressing can be applied both under the root and foliar method. A good effect is given by a solution of succinic acid, which is sprayed with olive branches and leaves.
When growing an olive tree, a thinning pruning is necessary every year to form a neat and well-groomed crown. During pruning, all weakened and diseased shoots are removed, as well as those that grow inward and thicken the crown.
Most often, the cutting procedure is carried out simultaneously with the shaping procedure. During formative pruning, first of all, it is necessary to remove old shoots older than 2-3 years, since only last year's branches can bear fruit.
The best option for an indoor olive tree is the spherical shape of the crown. It not only looks neat and spectacular, but also simplifies the care of the plant. Pruning is done with a regular garden pruner. All cut points must be treated with garden pitch to prevent infection.
If flowering is not important, pruning can be done at any time of the year. To get lush flowering, you need to abandon spring pruning.
As the olive tree ages, it needs to be repotted. Its root system is growing and needs a larger container. Depending on the growth rate of the olive, pruning is carried out every 2-4 years.
When transplanting an olive tree, choose a pot that is about 4-6 cm in diameter larger than the previous container. It should be clay - this material allows air to pass through and allows the root system of the plant to "breathe".
The procedure is carried out by the method of transshipment of an earthen clod. At the bottom of the tank, it is imperative to fill the drainage layer. It can be made of broken brick, small gravel or expanded clay 3-4 cm thick. It will prevent moisture stagnation in the soil.
Flowering olive trees at home
While olive trees are blooming at home, it is important to follow a few rules to ensure fruit set :
- Moisturizing and sprinkling the plant is carried out only after the top layer of the soil has dried. At the same time, you need to water abundantly, to the bottom of the pot, and then drain excess water from the pan.
- A flowering olive tree needs a long day of light - it should be at least 13-15 hours. In cloudy weather, it can be placed under a phytolamp.
- Do not hope for self-pollination - the grower needs to "help" the plant to set fruit. To do this, gently shake the branches so that pollen falls on neighboring inflorescences. For reliability, you can use a small brush and transfer the pollen manually. This is a labor intensive but rewarding process.
Caring for an olive tree at home has several features. It requires providing comfortable conditions for the plant :
- correct temperature and air humidity;
- adequate lighting;
- timely watering and fertilizing.